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The Network

Artist:
Lincoln Schatz, born 9 Dec 1963  Search this
Sitter:
Haley Barbour, born 22 Oct 1974  Search this
Robert B. Barnett, born 26 Aug 1946  Search this
Xavier Becerra, born 26 Jan 1958  Search this
Robert Stephen Bennett, born 2 Aug 1939  Search this
Thomas Hale Boggs Jr., 18 Sept 1940 - 9 Sep 2014  Search this
William Joseph Bratton, born 6 Oct 1947  Search this
Brauchli Marcus Walker, born 19 Jun 1961  Search this
Brownstein Norman, born 23 May 1943  Search this
Eric Ivan Cantor, born 6 Jun 1963  Search this
James Carney, born 22 May 1965  Search this
Stephen M. Case, born 21 Aug 1958  Search this
Vinton Gray Cerf, born 23 Jun 1943  Search this
Peter W. Chiarelli, born 23 Mar 1950  Search this
Aneesh Paul Chopra, born 13 Jul 1972  Search this
Steven Chu, born 28 Feb 1948  Search this
G. Wayne Clough, born 24 Sept 1941  Search this
Francis Collins, born 14 Apr 1950  Search this
Thomas A. Daschle, born 9 Dec 1947  Search this
Dempsey E. Martin, born 1952  Search this
Thomas J. Donohue, born 12 Aug 1938  Search this
Shaun L. Donovan, born 24 Jan 1966  Search this
Beth Dozoretz, born c. 1952  Search this
Regina E. Dugan, born 19 Mar 1963  Search this
Donna F. Edwards, born 28 Jun 1958  Search this
Anthony Stephen Fauci, born 12 Dec 1940  Search this
Michèle A. Flournoy, born 14 Dec 1961  Search this
Barney Frank, born 31 Mar 1940  Search this
Julius Genachowski, born 19 Aug 1962  Search this
David Richmond Gergen, born 9 May 1942  Search this
W. Scott Gould, born 19 Jul 1957  Search this
Lanny Griffith, born 13 Aug 1951  Search this
E. J. Holland Jr., born 19 Apr 1943  Search this
Lisa Perez Jackson, born 8 Feb 1962  Search this
Vernon E. Jordan Jr., born 15 Aug 1935  Search this
Michael M. Kaiser, born 27 Oct 1953  Search this
David A. Keene, born 20 May 1945  Search this
Richard Gil Kerlikowske, born 1949  Search this
Ray H. LaHood, born 6 Dec 1945  Search this
Rocco Landesman, born 20 Jun 1947  Search this
James A. Leach, born 15 Oct 1942  Search this
Theodore Leonsis, born 8 Jan 1965  Search this
Peter L. Levin, born 1961  Search this
Judith L. Lichtman  Search this
Jane Lubchenco, born 4 Dec 1947  Search this
Mohamed Magid, born 1965  Search this
Marcia Kemper McNutt, born 19 Feb 1952  Search this
Ellen S. Miller  Search this
George Miller III, born 17 May 1945  Search this
George Mitchell, born 20 Aug 1933  Search this
Cecilia Muñoz, born 27 Jul 1962  Search this
Janet Ann Napolitano, born 29 Nov 1957  Search this
Thomas R. Nides, born 1958/1959  Search this
Grover Glenn Norquist, born 19 Oct 1956  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor, born 26 Mar 1930  Search this
Raymond T. Odierno, born 1954  Search this
Farah Anwar Pandith, born 13 Jan 1968  Search this
Nancy Patricia Pelosi, born 26 Mar 1940  Search this
John David Podesta, born 8 Jan 1949  Search this
Stephen W. Porter  Search this
Martha Raddatz, born 14 Feb 1953  Search this
Addison Barry Rand, born 5 Nov 1944  Search this
John Francis Reed, born 12 Nov 1949  Search this
Corinne Boggs Roberts, 27 Dec 1943 - 17 Sep 2019  Search this
Alec Ross, born 30 Nov 1971  Search this
Peter M. Rouse, born 15 Apr 1946  Search this
Karl Christian Rove, born 25 Dec 1950  Search this
Mera Rubell, born 1943  Search this
Stephanie Schriock, born 1973  Search this
Lawrence Schuette  Search this
Kathleen Sebelius, born 15 May 1948  Search this
Sonal Shah, born 20 May 1968  Search this
James H. Shelton III  Search this
Peter Warren Singer, born 1974  Search this
Hilda Lucia Solis, born 20 Oct 1957  Search this
Joe Solmonese  Search this
Gene B. Sperling, born 1958  Search this
Kathy Stack  Search this
John Paul Stevens, born 20 Apr 1920  Search this
Steve Stivers, born 24 Mar 1965  Search this
Geoffrey R. Stone, born 1946  Search this
Dan M. Tangherlini, born 1967  Search this
David Stephen Tatel, born 16 Mar 1942  Search this
Laurence Tribe, born 10 Oct 1941  Search this
Richard Trumka, born 24 Jun 1949  Search this
Denis Van Roekel  Search this
Harold Varmus, born 18 Dec 1939  Search this
Melanie Verveer, born 24 Jun 1944  Search this
Michael G. Vickers, born 1953  Search this
Diane Pamela Wood, born 4 Jul 1950  Search this
Medium:
Digital generative video with sound; screen
Dimensions:
Variable
Type:
Time-Based Media
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
United States\Illinois\Cook\Chicago
Date:
2011 - 2012
Topic:
Sandra Day O'Connor: Female  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor: Politics and Government\State Senator\Arizona  Search this
Sandra Day O'Connor: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
John Paul Stevens: Male  Search this
John Paul Stevens: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
John Paul Stevens: Military\Navy  Search this
John Paul Stevens: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
David Richmond Gergen: Male  Search this
David Richmond Gergen: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
David Richmond Gergen: Communications\Journalist  Search this
David Richmond Gergen: Politics and Government\Assistant to US President  Search this
Stephen M. Case: Male  Search this
Stephen M. Case: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
Stephen M. Case: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Information technology  Search this
Harold Varmus: Male  Search this
Harold Varmus: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Microbiologist  Search this
Harold Varmus: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Physiologist  Search this
Harold Varmus: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Virologist  Search this
Harold Varmus: Nobel Prize  Search this
Vernon E. Jordan Jr.: Male  Search this
Vernon E. Jordan Jr.: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Civil rights leader  Search this
Thomas A. Daschle: Male  Search this
Thomas A. Daschle: Politics and Government\US Senator\South Dakota  Search this
Thomas A. Daschle: Politics and Government\US Congressman\South Dakota  Search this
Thomas A. Daschle: Military\Air Force  Search this
George Mitchell: Male  Search this
George Mitchell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Mitchell: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
George Mitchell: Politics and Government\US Attorney  Search this
George Mitchell: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
George Mitchell: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Francis Collins: Male  Search this
Francis Collins: Health and Medicine\Administrator  Search this
Francis Collins: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Geneticist  Search this
Francis Collins: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Barney Frank: Male  Search this
Barney Frank: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Barney Frank: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Haley Barbour: Male  Search this
Haley Barbour: Politics and Government\Governor\Mississippi  Search this
Robert B. Barnett: Male  Search this
Robert B. Barnett: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Xavier Becerra: Male  Search this
Xavier Becerra: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Xavier Becerra: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
Xavier Becerra: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Robert Stephen Bennett: Male  Search this
Robert Stephen Bennett: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Hale Boggs Jr.: Male  Search this
Thomas Hale Boggs Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Hale Boggs Jr.: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist  Search this
William Joseph Bratton: Male  Search this
William Joseph Bratton: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Chief  Search this
William Joseph Bratton: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Commissioner  Search this
William Joseph Bratton: Military\Army  Search this
Brauchli Marcus Walker: Male  Search this
Brauchli Marcus Walker: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Brownstein Norman: Male  Search this
Brownstein Norman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Eric Ivan Cantor: Male  Search this
Eric Ivan Cantor: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Eric Ivan Cantor: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
James Carney: Male  Search this
James Carney: Communications\Journalist\Reporter  Search this
James Carney: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Press Secretary  Search this
Vinton Gray Cerf: Male  Search this
Vinton Gray Cerf: Science and Technology  Search this
Vinton Gray Cerf: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Peter W. Chiarelli: Male  Search this
Peter W. Chiarelli: Military\Army  Search this
Aneesh Paul Chopra: Male  Search this
Steven Chu: Male  Search this
Steven Chu: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Steven Chu: Nobel Prize  Search this
Steven Chu: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Energy  Search this
G. Wayne Clough: Male  Search this
G. Wayne Clough: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
G. Wayne Clough: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Secretary  Search this
G. Wayne Clough: Education\Administrator\College\Dean  Search this
G. Wayne Clough: Education\Educator\Professor\Engineering  Search this
Dempsey E. Martin: Male  Search this
Dempsey E. Martin: Military\Joint Chiefs of Staff\Chairman  Search this
Dempsey E. Martin: Military\Army  Search this
Dempsey E. Martin: Distinguished Service Medal  Search this
Thomas J. Donohue: Male  Search this
Thomas J. Donohue: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Shaun L. Donovan: Male  Search this
Shaun L. Donovan: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Housing and Urban Development  Search this
Beth Dozoretz: Female  Search this
Regina E. Dugan: Female  Search this
Regina E. Dugan: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Regina E. Dugan: Science and Technology\Engineer\Mechanical  Search this
Regina E. Dugan: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Computer\Internet  Search this
Donna F. Edwards: Female  Search this
Donna F. Edwards: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Donna F. Edwards: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
Anthony Stephen Fauci: Male  Search this
Anthony Stephen Fauci: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Anthony Stephen Fauci: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Immunologist  Search this
Anthony Stephen Fauci: Health and Medicine\Physician\Allergist  Search this
Michèle A. Flournoy: Female  Search this
Michèle A. Flournoy: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Julius Genachowski: Male  Search this
Julius Genachowski: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
W. Scott Gould: Male  Search this
W. Scott Gould: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
W. Scott Gould: Military\Navy  Search this
Lanny Griffith: Male  Search this
Lanny Griffith: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Lanny Griffith: Politics and Government\Assistant to US President  Search this
Lisa Perez Jackson: Female  Search this
Lisa Perez Jackson: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Lisa Perez Jackson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Chemical  Search this
Michael M. Kaiser: Male  Search this
Michael M. Kaiser: Performing Arts  Search this
David A. Keene: Male  Search this
Richard Gil Kerlikowske: Male  Search this
Richard Gil Kerlikowske: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Richard Gil Kerlikowske: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Chief  Search this
Ray H. LaHood: Male  Search this
Ray H. LaHood: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Ray H. LaHood: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Ray H. LaHood: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Transportation  Search this
Rocco Landesman: Male  Search this
Rocco Landesman: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Rocco Landesman: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Rocco Landesman: Performing Arts\Theater Manager  Search this
James A. Leach: Male  Search this
James A. Leach: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
James A. Leach: Education\Educator\Professor\Political Science  Search this
Theodore Leonsis: Male  Search this
Theodore Leonsis: Sports and Recreation\Team Owner  Search this
Theodore Leonsis: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Information technology  Search this
Peter L. Levin: Male  Search this
Peter L. Levin: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Judith L. Lichtman: Female  Search this
Judith L. Lichtman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Judith L. Lichtman: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Jane Lubchenco: Female  Search this
Jane Lubchenco: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Jane Lubchenco: Science and Technology\Scientist\Ecologist  Search this
Mohamed Magid: Male  Search this
Mohamed Magid: Religion and Spirituality\Religious Leader  Search this
Marcia Kemper McNutt: Female  Search this
Marcia Kemper McNutt: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth Scientist\Oceanographer  Search this
Ellen S. Miller: Female  Search this
George Miller III: Male  Search this
George Miller III: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Miller III: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Cecilia Muñoz: Female  Search this
Janet Ann Napolitano: Female  Search this
Janet Ann Napolitano: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Janet Ann Napolitano: Politics and Government\Governor\Arizona  Search this
Janet Ann Napolitano: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Homeland Security  Search this
Thomas R. Nides: Male  Search this
Grover Glenn Norquist: Male  Search this
Grover Glenn Norquist: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
Raymond T. Odierno: Male  Search this
Raymond T. Odierno: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Raymond T. Odierno: Distinguished Service Medal  Search this
Farah Anwar Pandith: Female  Search this
Farah Anwar Pandith: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Nancy Patricia Pelosi: Female  Search this
Nancy Patricia Pelosi: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Nancy Patricia Pelosi: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
John David Podesta: Male  Search this
John David Podesta: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John David Podesta: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Stephen W. Porter: Male  Search this
Stephen W. Porter: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Martha Raddatz: Female  Search this
Martha Raddatz: Communications\Journalist\Correspondent  Search this
Addison Barry Rand: Male  Search this
John Francis Reed: Male  Search this
John Francis Reed: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Francis Reed: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
John Francis Reed: Politics and Government\State Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
John Francis Reed: Military\Army\Officer\Major  Search this
Corinne Boggs Roberts: Female  Search this
Corinne Boggs Roberts: Literature\Writer  Search this
Corinne Boggs Roberts: Communications\Journalist\Correspondent  Search this
Alec Ross: Male  Search this
Alec Ross: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Peter M. Rouse: Male  Search this
Peter M. Rouse: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Karl Christian Rove: Male  Search this
Karl Christian Rove: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Mera Rubell: Female  Search this
Mera Rubell: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
Stephanie Schriock: Female  Search this
Lawrence Schuette: Male  Search this
Kathleen Sebelius: Female  Search this
Kathleen Sebelius: Politics and Government\Governor\Kansas  Search this
Kathleen Sebelius: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Health and Human Services  Search this
Sonal Shah: Female  Search this
Sonal Shah: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Sonal Shah: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
James H. Shelton III: Male  Search this
James H. Shelton III: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Peter Warren Singer: Male  Search this
Peter Warren Singer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Peter Warren Singer: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Hilda Lucia Solis: Female  Search this
Hilda Lucia Solis: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Hilda Lucia Solis: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Hilda Lucia Solis: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Joe Solmonese: Male  Search this
Gene B. Sperling: Male  Search this
Gene B. Sperling: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Gene B. Sperling: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
Kathy Stack: Female  Search this
Kathy Stack: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Steve Stivers: Male  Search this
Steve Stivers: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Steve Stivers: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
Steve Stivers: Military\Army  Search this
Geoffrey R. Stone: Male  Search this
Geoffrey R. Stone: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Geoffrey R. Stone: Literature\Writer  Search this
Geoffrey R. Stone: Education\Administrator\College\Dean  Search this
Dan M. Tangherlini: Male  Search this
Dan M. Tangherlini: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
David Stephen Tatel: Male  Search this
David Stephen Tatel: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
David Stephen Tatel: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Laurence Tribe: Male  Search this
Laurence Tribe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Laurence Tribe: Education\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Richard Trumka: Male  Search this
Richard Trumka: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Denis Van Roekel: Male  Search this
Denis Van Roekel: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Melanie Verveer: Female  Search this
Melanie Verveer: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Michael G. Vickers: Male  Search this
Michael G. Vickers: Literature\Writer  Search this
Michael G. Vickers: Politics and Government\Government Official\Intelligence Agent\CIA Officer  Search this
Michael G. Vickers: Military\Army  Search this
Diane Pamela Wood: Female  Search this
Diane Pamela Wood: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Diane Pamela Wood: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
C/NPG.2013.124
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Lincoln Schatz
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm421e3dd93-d946-4f06-95a7-a87fc408f8dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_C_NPG.2013.124

Albert F. Hegenberger Collection

Creator:
Hegenberger, Alfred F.  Search this
Names:
Maitland, Lester J., 1898-  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Diaries
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1895-1983
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of biographical material on Albert F. Hegenberger, including photographs of his Hawaii flight and papers concerning his work with the development of instrument flying and aerial navigation.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert Francis Hegenberger (1895-1983) graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) as an aeronautical engineer and served as a flight instructor during World War I. In 1927, Hegenberger and Lester Maitland became the first persons to fly from California to Hawaii, in the Fokker C-2 , Military, "Bird of Paradise." For this achievement they received the MacKay Trophy and the Distinguished Flying Cross from President Coolidge. Hegenberger went on to develop a blind landing system, and in 1932 he made the world's first solo instrument-only flight at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. His system was adopted for both military and civilian use and earned him a second Distinguished Flying Cross and the Collier Trophy in 1934. Hegenberger rose to the rank of major general in the United States Army.
Provenance:
Robert F. Hegenberger, Gift, 1986
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Gardens -- Arizona -- Paradise Valley  Search this
Instrument flying  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Navigation (Aeronautics)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Diaries
Photographs
Citation:
Albert F. Hegenberger Collection, Accession 1987-0039, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0039
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0039

Exhibition Records, 1950, 1959-1988, 1996, 2004, 2006

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Subject:
Post, Robert C  Search this
Withuhn, William L  Search this
Bishop, Philip W  Search this
Schlebecker, John T  Search this
White, John H. 1933-  Search this
Hoffman, John Nathan 1923-  Search this
Klose, Claudine  Search this
Vogel, Robert M  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Industrial Cooperation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of the History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Transportation  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Mining  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Manufacturing  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Nuclear Energy  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Mining  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Agriculture  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Petroleum  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Iron and Steel  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Farming Machinery  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Hall of Forest Products  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
A Material World (Exhibition) (1988-2002: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Loose the Mighty Power: Impressions of the Steam Engine in America (Exhibition) (1978-1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Abandoned Mine Scenes (Exhibition) (1969: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
On Time (Exhibition) (1999-2006: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Time and Navigation: The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There (Exhibition) (2013- : Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
1.69 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Exhibition catalogs
Pamphlets
Clippings
Compact discs
Electronic records
Floor plans
Drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1950
1950-2006
1950, 1959-1988, 1996, 2004, 2006
Topic:
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Time--Systems and standards  Search this
Mining engineering  Search this
Agriculture machinery  Search this
Agriculture--History  Search this
Forest products  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Steel  Search this
Iron  Search this
Loans  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 19-221
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years. until Jan-01-2022; Transferring office; 2/1/2011 memorandum, Johnstone to Jones; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1915-2014 [National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Work and Industry]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398614

Aleš Hrdlička papers

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Correspondent:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Names:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Institute of Population  Search this
International Congress of Americanists  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology. Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska) -- Archaeology
Australia
Alaska -- Archaeology
Mexico -- Anthropology
Florida -- Archaeology
Egypt -- Archaeology
Czechoslovakia
Peru -- Physical anthropology
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Date:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Summary:
The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of both professional and personal materials. The professional material includes honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). The personal material primarily consists of correspondence with his first wife (Marie Dieudonnée Strickler) and other family members, but there are also financial records. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Hrdlička investigated all major questions confronting physical anthropologists of his day (the fossil record of early humans, the arrival of humans in the Americas, human variation, and evolution) and made valuable contributions in all these areas. Hrdlička's interests in the establishment of physical anthropology as a distinct and important field, the welfare of the Czech people, early hominids, and variation within the human species are all documented in the collection as are the services he performed for various United States government agencies. He pursued field studies in many different parts of the world, but there are relatively few field notes as such among his papers. There is instead the edited journal "My Journeys," photographs, and physical anthropological forms. There is also relatively little material on his administrative involvement in the USNM. There is no material from Hrdlička's time at the Pathological Institution of the New York State Hospitals; after he resigned, fire destroyed the anthropological records Hrdlička collected as a member of the staff. There are materials in the collection which contradict, or at least complicate, many long-held criticisms of Hrdlička, particularly claims that he was racist and opposed feminist ideas. The collection contains materials of interest to genetic research, including anthropometric measurements, hair clippings and fingerprints.

There are a few items in the collection which are dated earlier than the collection's date span. These are publication dates, and the folders containing the items have been dated accordingly, but they have not affected the dates of the series or collection. There are also a few items which are dated after Hrdlička's death. These dates reflect the fact that the collection was added to by the Department of Physical Anthropology after Hrdlička's death and have been taken into account when formulating dates for the series and collection.

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 37 series:

(1) Miscellaneous Personal Papers, 1875-1940

(2) Early Personal Correspondence, 1883-1919

(3) Correspondence, 1885-1953

(4) News Clippings and Printed Matter, 1893-1953

(5) Financial Papers, 1910-1943

(6) Journeys to the Southwestern United States and Mexican Indians, 1898-1919

(7) Journeys to the Dakota, Chippewa, Kickapoo, and Shawnee, 1916-1917

(8) Florida Survey, 1918, 1918-1927

(9) Alaska Archeological Expeditions, 1912-1938 (bulk 1926-1938)

(10) Panama-California Exposition Expeditions, 1912-1914

(11) Journey to Egypt, Europe, and Russia, 1908-1909

(12) Journey to South America, 1910, 1910-1912

(13) Journey to the Far East, 1920, 1900-1930

(14) Journey to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1924-1925

(15) Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum, 1904-1905, most undated

(16) Bone Studies, 1893-1929, most undated

(17) Old Americans, 1914-1930

(18) Children Who Run on All Fours, 1928-1936

(19) Early Man Studies, 1906-1930

(20) European Ethnic History, 1908-1938

(21) Miscellaneous Research Notes, 1887-1930

(22) Manuscripts of Writings, 1901-1944, most undated

(23) Writings by Other Authors, 1877-1942

(24) Anthropometry, undated

(25) "From My Journeys", 1898-1938

(26) -- American Journal of Physical Anthropology -- , 1918-1931

(27) American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1924-1931

(28) International Congress of Americanists, 1900-1928

(29) Institute of Population, 1942

(30) Department of Anthropology, 1914-1943

(31) Lecture Notes, 1920-1932

(32) Maps and Charts, 1900-1932

(33) Miscellany, 1895-1954

(34) Index Cards, 1899-1948

(35) Bibliographic Index, undated

(36) Physical Anthropology Folios, undated

(37) Photographs, 1887-1944
Biographical Note:
Aleš Hrdlička was born in Bohemia in 1869 and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. This set in motion developments that would eventually lead him to become one of the world's most prominent anthropologists who has sometimes been referred to as "the founder of physical anthropology in America."

In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals, Hrdlička went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlička arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

It was thus that Hrdlička became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. With this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlička came fully into the world of anthropology. In 1903, he was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum.

While in his position at the Smithsonian, Hrdlička returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children in 1905 and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Indian tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

From 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlička amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlička founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president from 1928 to 1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association from 1925 to 1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences from 1928 to 1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlička was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Chronology

1869 March 29 -- Alois Ferdinand Hrdlička (Aleš Hrdlička) born in Humpolec, Bohemia

1882 September -- Emigrated to New York City

1888 -- While stricken with typhoid, met M. Rosenbleuth, a physician who arranged for Hrdlička to enroll at the Eclectic Medical College of New York City

1892 -- Enrolled in the New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital Published first article, "Scheme of Examination (Medical)," Publications of the Eclectic Medical College Graduated first in his class from the Eclectic Medical College

1894 -- Graduated first from his class from the Homeopathic Medical College Became research intern at the State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane in Middletown, New York, where he began his studies in physical anthropology Passed state board examination (allopathic)

1895 -- Joined staff of the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals as associate in anthropology

1896 -- Studied anthropology under Leon Manouvrier in Paris

1896 August 6 -- Married Marie Stickler (Dieudonnée)

1898 March-July(?) -- Accompanied Carl Lumholtz on his expedition to northern Mexico, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), and visited the Tarahumara, Huichol, and Tepecan Indians

1899 Spring -- Resigned from the Pathological Institute to take charge of physical and medical anthropological research on the Hyde Expeditions of the AMNH to the southwestern United States

1899 August -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to excavate the site of Pueblo Bonito and to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; visited Grand Gulch caves in southern Utah; included visits to the Navahos and southern Utes

1900 -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; included visits to the Apaches, Yumas, and Pueblo Indians

1902 January-September -- Hyde expeditions for AMNH to southwestern Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico to conduct somatological surveys; included visits to the Tepecanos, Papagos, Opatas, Pimas, Yaquis, Mayos, Huichols, Otomis, Tepehuanes, Maricopas, Yumas, Yavapais, Paiutes, Walapais, and Havasupais

1902 October-December -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Mexico for Hrdlička to complete his somatological investigations; included visits to the Tepehuanes, Coras, Huichols, "Nahuas," "Aztecs," and Tarascans

1903 May 1 -- Became assistant curator in charge of the new Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, at the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Expedition under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology to Arizona and New Mexico to complete the observations on the tribes of this region; Hrdlička especially studied Apache and Pima Indian children

1906 February -- Expedition to western Florida to investigate remains of alleged ancient man

1907 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1908 -- Expedition to Indian schools and reservations in Wisconsin, Washington, California, Arizona, and South Dakota to study tuberculosis for a report to the International Congress of Tuberculosis

1908 December - 1909 May -- Traveled to Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, Poland, and Germany to examine human skeletal remains from an excavation in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to study peoples of the Near East

1910 March 28 -- Promoted to curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology

1910 April-September -- Attended the 17th International Congress of Americanists in Buenos Aires and Mexico City Traveled to Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Panama

1912 -- Planned and directed seven expeditions for the physical anthropology exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition held at San Diego in 1915; expeditions included Hrdlička to Siberia and Mongolia and later to Peru; Riley D. Moore to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska; Philip Newton to the Philippine Islands; Vojtech Suk to Africa; Stanislaw Poniatowski to eastern Siberia; Kazimir Stolyhwo to the Birusa caves in Siberia and to the Ukraine; and Jindřich Matiegka to Bohemia

1912 May-Summer -- Traveled to London to attend 18th International Congress of Americanists Traveled to Siberia and Mongolia for the Panama-California Exposition

1912 September -- Traveled to Geneva for the 14th International Congress of Prehistoric Anthropology and Archaeology

1913 January-April -- Expedition to Peru as part the effort for the Panama-California Exposition

1914 November 18 - 1915 January 18 -- Attended Panama-California Exposition

1915 May -- Research for the Department of Justice at the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota to determine non-Indian mixture among Chippewas

1915 December -- Served as General Secretary for the 19th International Congress of Americanists held in Washington

1916 Fall -- Traveled to Florida to examine remains of supposed ancient man

1917 March-July -- Served as Secretary on the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council

1917 Summer -- "Old American" research at Yale University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia and in Tennessee

1917 August -- Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, traveled to Oklahoma to visit the Shawnee Agency in eastern Oklahoma and the Kickapoo Indians in McCloud to search for adequate samples of pure blood Indians

1918 -- Elected to the American Philosophical Society Served as Chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and became its long-time editor Surveyed prehistoric sites on the southwest coast of Florida

1918 October 8 -- Death of his wife Marie

1920 -- Anthropometry published by the Wistar Institute Elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1920 Summer -- Married Mina (Vilemina) Mansfield

1920 January-May -- Visited Japan, Korea, Manchuria, northern China, Mongolia, and Hawaii Lectured at Peking Union Medical College in China

1920 Fall -- Visited Minnesota Chippewa (at the White Earth Reservation?) to help the Department of Justice setter the question of mixed and pure bloods among the Chippewa

1921 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1922 -- Visited Spain, France, Germany, Moravia, and England Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from the University of Prague Chairman of the American delegation to the 20th International Congress of Americanists in Rio de Janiero

1923 -- Served three and one-half months as Director of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies Visited England, Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Croatia, and Italy

1925 -- The Old Americans published by Williams and Wilkins Co.

1925 March-October -- Traveled to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe on a trip sponsored by the Buffalo [New York] Society of Natural Science to obtain cranial measurements of Australian aborigines and Tasmanians, to investigate the Rhodesian Man site in South Africa, to survey the field of early man, and to collect data to support his hypothesis about the peopling of the Earth

1925-1926 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1926 -- Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from University of Brno and D.Nat.Sc. degree from Brunn University

1926 May-September -- First fieldwork in Alaska: reconnaissance down the Yukon River to its mouth, around the Bering Sea and through the Bering Strait along the Alaskan coast to Point Barrow

1927 -- Received Huxley Memorial Medal and gave Huxley Lecture on "the Neanderthal Phase of Man" before the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1928 -- Helped found the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)

1928-1929 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1928-1932 -- Served as first president of the AAPA

1929 -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Yukon River from Tanana to its mouth, to St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands, to Cape Prince of Wales, up to Point Barrow and back to Unalaska Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from Charles University, Prague

1930 -- Published The Skeletal Remains of Early Man, Vol. 83 Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections Published "Anthropological Survey in Alaska," Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 21-374

1930 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Kuskokwim River from Bethel down river to Apogak and up river to Stony River

1931 -- Children Who Run on All Fours published by McGraw-Hill Book Co.

1931 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1932 -- Kober Foundation lecturer of Georgetown University

1932 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1934 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed Cooks Inlet sites and the mainland opposite the Our Point site

1935 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site

1936 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed the Dutch Harbor caves, some of the Aleutian Islands, and the mummy cave on Kagamil Island

1937 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands and Commander Islands

1938 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor caves, and Commander Islands

1939 April 4 -- Testimonial dinner given by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in honor of his 70th birthday

1939 April-June -- Recuperated in London hospital after suffering a coronary occlusion

1942 March 31 -- Retired from curatorship at United States National Museum, becoming an associate in anthropology

1942 December -- Resigned as editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology

1943 -- Alaska Diary published by Cattell Press

1943 September 5 -- Died of heart attack

1944 -- Anthropology of Kodiak Island published by Wistar Institute

1945 -- The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants published by Wistar Institute

1969 -- Tenth Anthropological Congress of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences dedicated to Hrdlička in the 100th anniversary year of his birth

Selected Bibliography

1908 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Bulletin 34, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1908.

1912 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Early Man in South America. Bulletin 52, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912.

1919 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physical Anthropology: Its Scope and Aims. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1919.

1920 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropometry. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1920.

1925 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Old Americans. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925.

1930 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Vol. 83, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. City of Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1930. Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropological Survey in Alaska. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930.

1931 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Children Who Run on All Fours, and Other Animal-like Behaviors in the Human Child. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1931.

1943 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Alaska Diary, 1926-1931. Lancaster, PA: The Jacques Cattell Press, 1943.

1944 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropology of Kodiak Island. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1944.

1945 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1945.
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Aleš Hrdlička can be found in the papers of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, and Frank Spencer; records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution); and glass negatives of Indians collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution illustrations.

Additional related photographs can be found in Photo Lot 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; Photo Lot 9, Photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; Photo Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; Photo Lot 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; Photo Lot 78, Miscellaneous negatives; Photo Lot 97, Division of Ethnology collection ("USNM" Collection); Photo Lot 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs relating to the Panama-California Exhibition; Photo Lot 73-26G, Miscellany; Photo Lot 77-48, Group portraits of International Congress; Photo Lot 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; Photo Lot 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and Photo Lot 92-46, Anthropology lantern slides.

Related films can be found in the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1982.2.1, 1982.2.2, 1986.12.1, and 2015.13.1.

Hrdlička's extensive collection of reprints is maintained in the Division of Physical Anthropology.

Frank Spencer's doctoral dissertation "Aleš Hrdlička, M.D., 1869-1943: A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist" (1979) is the only book length biography of Hrdlička. The Frank Spencer papers, 1836-1999, are available at the NAA and contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece; and an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute.

Further material may be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
Hrdlička bequeathed his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. The Division of Physical Anthropology maintained them until they were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives in the 1960s. Some papers have come into the collection since then, most recently in 2018. These new accretions came to the collection through Donald Ortner, David Hunt, T. Dale Stewart, the Department of Anthropology, and the University of Alaska.
Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human evolution  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Children -- Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-31
Online Media:

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Names:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Advertisements  Search this
Cunningham & Walsh.  Search this
Hixson & Jorgenson  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc. -- Advertisements  Search this
Ayer, Francis Wayland  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (1169 boxes )
7 Film reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Business records
Interviews
Oral history
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Date:
1817-1851
1869-2006
Summary:
Collection consists of records documenting one of the oldest advertising agencies created in Philadelphia. The company then moves to New York and expanses to international markets. During its history NW Ayer & Sons acquires a number of other advertising agencies and is eventually purchased. The largest portion of the collection is print advertisements but also includes radio and television. NW Ayer is known for some of the slogans created for major American companies.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of proof sheets of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son, Incorporated for their clients. These materials are in series one through thirteen and consist primarily of print advertisements. There are also billboards, radio and television commercials. The advertisements range from consumer to corporate and industrial products. The majority of the advertisements were created for Ayer's New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and international offices. Printed advertisements created by Cunningham & Walsh, Hixson & Jorgensen and Newell-Emmett are also included among these materials. Researchers who are interested in records created by Ayer in the course of operating an advertising agency will find these materials in Series fourteen-nineteen.

Series fourteen consists of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son to promote their services to potential clients.

Series fifteen are scrapbooks of some of the earliest advertisements created by the company. Series sixteen are publications. Some of the publications were created by Ayer while others were about Ayer or the advertising industry in general. Provides good background materials and puts the company in perspective. Series eighteen are the legal records. Materials relating to employees including photographs, oral histories etc. are found in series nineteen.

Series twenty is one of the smallest amounts of materials and includes information relating to the history of NW Ayer & Son.

The container lists for series one-thirteen are part of a database and are searchable. The list has been printed for the convenience of the researcher and is included in this finding aid. Series fourteen-twenty container lists are also a part of the finding aid but are not in a searchable format.

Series 1, Scrapbooks of Client Advertisements, circa 1870-1920, is arranged into three boxes by chronological date. There are two bound scrapbooks and one box of folders containing loose scrapbook pages. NW Ayer & Son compiled an assortment of their earliest ads and placed them into scrapbooks. Besides the earliest advertisements, the scrapbooks contain requests to run advertisements, reading notices and listings of papers Ayer advertised in. The early advertisements themselves range from medical remedies to jewelry to machines to clothing to education and more. Most of the advertisements in the bound scrapbooks are dated.

Series 2, Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930, NW Ayer was fond of creating scrapbooks containing proofsheets. The series contains proofsheets created between 1892 and 1930, organized into 526 boxes. For convenience of storage, access and arrangement, the scrapbooks were disassembled and the pages placed in original order in flat archival storage boxes. The proofsheets are arranged by book number rather than client name. Usually the boxes contain a listing of the clients and sometimes the dates of the advertisements to be found within the box.

Series 3, Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975, is organized into 532 oversize boxes, and contain proofsheets and tearsheets created between 1920 and 1972. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by company name (occasionally subdivided by brand or product), and thereunder chronologically by date of production. Many major, national advertisers are represented, including American Telephone & Telegraph, Armour Company, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Carrier Corporation, Domino Sugar, Caterpillar tractor company, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, Goodyear, Hills Bros. Coffee, Ladies Home Journal, National Dairy, Plymouth (Chrysler Corporation), Steinway, TV Guide, United Airlines and the United States Army. Also contained in this series are three scrapbooks of client advertisements including Canada Dry, Ford Motor, and Victor Talking Machine.

Series 4, 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001, is organized into ninety three oversized boxes,one folder and contains proofsheets for select Ayer clients, created between 1975 and 2001. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by client name and there under chronologically by date of production. Major national advertisers represented include American Telephone & Telegraph, Avon, the United States Army, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Dupont, TV Guide, Sealtest, Kraft Foods, Gillette, General Motors, Cannon Mills.

Series 5, Billboards, circa 1952-1956, consists of mounted and un-mounted original art/mock-ups. Twenty-two pieces of original art created as mock-ups for Texaco billboards.

Series 6, Film and Video Commercials, 1967-1970,

Series 7, Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated, is arranged into eight boxes and includes radio scripts, television scripts, and story boards for commercials.

Subseries 7.1, Scripts and storyboards for Radio and Television Commercials, dates Scripts for radio and television commercials includes title, date, length of commercial, advertising agency, client information

NW Ayer's radio and television materials mainly focus on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Some of Ayer's materials relate to Bell Telephone Hours.

Storyboards are used in television and film to assist the director in working with crew to tell the story. To show the viewer through the use of figures, visual effects and camera angles. When directors first start thinking about their storyboard they create a story in their mind. They think of all the camera angles, visual effects and how the figures will interact in their mind. They try to create an extraordinary story in their head to attract the viewer (YOU) In order for the storyboard to be entirely effective it can't be a passive document. When done properly, a storyboard serves as a central design, meeting the needs of many team members including graphics artists, video personnel and programmers.

Another function of a storyboard is to help the team communicate during the training development process. This communication is very important in working with a large team as in the movie King, produced in 1996. Figures help the director explain to the crew how they are going to record the film and how to present it to the audience. Sometimes the director wants special effects to be added to the film, but his budget might not be that big so the director will have to change the story to fit their budget.

The Visual Effects are an important part in the storyboards it adds a special touch of creativity to your film. Camera angles are an important expects in your film because the camera angles determine where the viewing audience will look. If you want your audience to look at a certain object you must turn their attention to it by focusing on that object and maybe you might try blocking something out. Then you will have your audience's attention and you may do whatever else you have to, it could be scaring them are just surprising them or whatever you do.

Also included is talent information and log sheets relating to the storage of the commercials.

Bell Telephone Hour Program, 1942-[19??], The Bell Telephone Hour, also known as The Telephone Hour, was a five minute musical program which began April 29, 1940 on National Broadcasting Company Radio and was heard on NBC until June 30, 1958. Sponsored by Bell Telephone showcased the best in classical and Broadway music, reaching eight to nine million listeners each week. It continued on television from 1959 to 1968.

Earlier shows featured James Melton and Francia White as soloists. Producer Wallace Magill restructured the format on April 27, 1942 into the "Great Artists Series" of concert and opera performers, beginning with Jascha Heifetz. Records indicate that the list of talents on the program included Marian Anderson, Helen Traubel, Oscar Levant, Lily Pons, Nelson Eddy, Bing Crosby, Margaret Daum, Benny Goodman, José Iturbi, Gladys Swarthout and .The series returned to radio in 1968-1969 as Bell Telephone Hour Encores, also known as Encores from the Bell Telephone Hour, featuring highlights and interviews from the original series.

National Broadcasting television specials sponsored by the Bell System, 1957-1987includes information relating to Science series, Bell system Theshold Series, Bell telephone hour and commercial and public sponsored programs

Series 8, Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the client in ninety boxes and six oversize folders. Clients include Illinois Bell Telephone (1955-1989), Microswitch (1969-1989), Teletype (1975-1984), John Deere (1974-1989) and Caterpillar (1966-1972) are particularly well represented. Other clients of interest include Dr. Scholl's shoes (circa 1968-1972), the Girl Scouts (1976-1980), Sunbeam Personal Products Company (1973-1981), Bell and Howell (1974-1983) and Alberto Culver shampoos (1967-1971), Honeywell, Incorporated, Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations, Kraft, Incorporated, Sears, Roebuck and Company, and YMCA.

Series 9, Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987, include printed advertisements created by this office and information relating to the employees.

Subseries 9.1, Print Advertisements, 1977-1987, printed advertisements arranged in one box alphabetically by client. There is a sparse sampling of clients from this particular Ayer branch office. The majority of the advertisements contained within this series are from Pizza Hut (1986-1987). Also included are Computer Automation (1977-1978), State of the Art, Incorporated (1982) and Toshiba (1986).

Subseries 9.2, Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s, includes cards of employees who worked in the Los Angeles office. Information on the cards includes name, address, telephone number, birthday, date hired, departure date and why (retired, terminated, resigned, etc) and position. Not all cards have all information. There is also a photograph of the employees on the cards.

Series 10, Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated, NW Ayer maintained partnerships with international companies such as Sloanas Ayer in Argentina, Connaghan & May Paton Ayer in Australia, Moussault Ayer in Belgium, NW Ayer, LTD. in Canada, GMC Ayer in France, Co-Partner Ayer in Germany, Wong Lam Wang in Hong Kong, MacHarman Ayer in New Zealand, Grupo de Diseno Ayer in Spain, Nedeby Ayer in Sweden, and Ayer Barker in United Kingdom. This group of material is a small sampling of advertisements created from these International offices. It is arranged alphabetically by client. There are quite a few automobile advertisements (i.e. Audi, Fiat, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen). In addition there are numerous advertisements for various personal items from MacLean's toothpaste to Quick athletic shoes to Labello lip balm, etc. Most of the advertisements have the creator's name printed on the advertisements.

Series 11, Cunningham & Walsh, Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated contains 98 boxes 11 folders materials from the New York advertising agency acquired by NW Ayer in the 1960s. The company began with Newel-Emmett, an agency of nine men which broke up in 1949. Two of the men Fred Walsh and Jack Cunningham formed this agency in bearing their names in 1950. The agency created "let your fingers for the walking campaign for American Telephone & Telegraph, Mother Nature for Chiffon, and Mrs. Olson for Folgers's coffee and let the good times roll for Kawasaki motorcycle. In 1986, NW Ayer Incorporated purchased Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated.

Subseries 11.1, Print Advertisements, 1915-1987, are contained in ninety eight boxes of primarily print advertisements arranged alphabetically by client name. Clients that are particularly well represented are Graybar (electrical implements, circa1926-1937), Johns-Manulle (circa1915-1971), Smith and Corono typewriters (circa 1934-1960), Sunshine Biscuit Company (circa 1925-1961), Texaco Company (circa 1936-1961), Western Electric (circa 1920- 1971) and Yellow Pages (circa 1936-1971). Cunningham and Walsh also represented several travel and tourism industry clients, including Cook Travel Services (circa 1951-1962), Italian Line (circa 1953-1961), Narragansett and Croft (circa 1956-1960) and Northwest Airlines (circa 1946-1955). There are photographs of Texaco advertisements dating from 1913-1962. There is also a scrapbook of advertisements from the Western Electric Company dating from 1920-1922.

Subseries 11.2, Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967, consist of materials created for Western Electric. Materials are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 11.3, Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated include client lists, information relating to NW Ayer purchase and annual report 1962.

Series 12, Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, a Los Angeles advertising company, merged with Ayer in 1969. This series is housed in one box. Within the box are four scrapbooks and folders with a hodgepodge of materials relating to advertising. Of most interest are the scrapbooks. Two scrapbooks deal with Hixson and Jorgensen's self promotion ad campaign "the right appeal gets action" (1953-1957). The other two scrapbooks contain news clippings about the company and its activities (1959-1971).

Series 13, Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957, founded in 1919 and governed in the 1940s by a partnership of nine men. The partnership broke up in 1949 when the men went their separate ways. The materials consist of print advertisements for one of client, Permutit Company, a water conditioning company. The materials are arranged in one box in chronological order.

Series 14, House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991, 16 boxes consists of advertisements or self-promotion advertisements to campaign for new clients. The series is arranged chronologically by date into fifteen boxes. Within the series are two scrapbooks containing self promotion ads from 1888-1919 and 1892-1895. Numerous house ads relate to Ayer's "Human Contact" campaign. In addition to the self promotion ads, Ayer ran advertisements expounding about particular concepts or themes for example, one month the concept would "understand" while another month would be "teamwork" and yet another would be on "imagination". Some of the self promotion ads target specific groups like Philadelphia businessmen. Other advertisements incorporate the fine arts.

Series 15, Scrapbooks, 1872-1959, relates to company events, records and news clippings about Ayer's history. The six boxes are arranged by chronological date. Two of the boxes focus solely on the death of founder F.W. Ayer (1923). Another box houses a scrapbook that showcases Ayer's annual Typography Exhibition (1931-1959). One box contains a scrapbook that specifically deals with correspondences relating to Ayer's advertising. Yet another box's contents are folders of loose pages from scrapbooks that have newspaper clippings, order forms, correspondences and other company records. In one box, a bound scrapbook houses a variety of materials relating to Ayer and advertising (i.e. newspaper clippings, competitor's advertisements, NW Ayer's advertisements, correspondences for advertisements, clippings regarding the "theory of advertising."

Series 16, Publications, 1849-2006, are housed in thirty four boxes and are arranged into three main categories.

Subseries 16.1, House Publications, 1876-1994, covers diverse topics; some proscriptive works about the Ayer method in advertising, some commemorating people, anniversaries or events in the life of the agency. Materials consist of scattered issues of the employee newsletter The Next Step 1920-1921. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date of publication. Ayer in the News, The Show Windows of an Advertising Agency, 1915, book form of advertisements published on the cover of Printer's Ink, highlighting Ayer's relations with advertisers. The Story of the States, 1916, Reprint in book form of a series of articles published in Printer's Ink for the purpose of adding some pertinent fact, progressive thought and prophetic vision to the Nationalism of Advertising highlights major businesses, manufacturer, natural resources and other qualities or attractions of each state. The Book of the Golden Celebration, 1919, includes welcome address and closing remarks by founder F. Wayland Ayer, The Next Step, 1920 employee newsletter with photographs, employee profiles, in-house jokes, etc., Advertising Advertising: A Series of Fifty-two Advertisements scheduled one time a week. Twenty-seven, thirty and forty inches, a day of the week optional with publisher, 1924

Subseries 16.2, Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-2006, includes a book first published in 1939. Includes articles, documenting events and is arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Subseries 16.3, General Publications about Advertising, 1922-1974, are arranged chronologically by date of publication and relate primarily to the history of advertising.

Subseries 16.4, Publications about Other Subjects, 1948-1964, include four books about the tobacco industry primarily the history of the American Tobacco Company and Lorillard Company from the Cunningham and Walsh library.

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1, Contracts, 1885-1908, undated, are arranged alphabetically and span from 1885-1908. The majority of the contracts are with newspaper and magazine publishers from around the country.

Subseries 17.2, General client information, 1911-1999, undated, including active and cancelled lists with dates, client gains, historical client list, (should move this to series 20) Ayer Plan User Guide Strategic Planning for Human Contact, undated

Subseries 17.3, Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated, contain information used by Ayer to create advertisements for some of its clients. American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate Case History, American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate advertisement memo, commissioned artists for DeBeers advertisements, DeBeers information relating to the creative process and photography credits, a case history for DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., The Diamond Engagement Ring, Managing Communication at all levels, DuPont publications, JC Penny Marketing Communication Plan Recommendation, Leaf, Incorporated, Saturn presentation, and USAREC oral presentation.

Subseries 17.4, Potential Clients, 1993, includes grouping has a questionnaire sent to Ayer by a potential client. Questionnaire response for Prudential Securities, 1993 Prudential Securities advertising account review, 1993.

Subseries 17.5, Financial Records, 1929-1938, includes balance sheet, 1929 May 1 Balance sheet and adjustments Consolidated statement of assets and liabilities, Expenses 191936-37 Business review and expenses, 1937 and 1938 Business review and expenses comparative statement, 1937 and 1938.

Series 18, Legal Records, circa 1911-1982, Ayer's legal records are arranged by twelve subject groupings within four boxes. The twelve groupings are advertising service agreements (circa 1918-1982), bylaws, copyright claims, correspondences, international correspondences, dissolution of trusts, stock information, agreements between partners, incorporation materials, reduction of capital, property information and miscellaneous materials. The bulk of the materials are the advertising service agreements. These agreements are between Ayer and their clients and state the services Ayer will offer and at what cost. The bylaws are Ayer's company bylaws from 1969 and 1972. The copyright claims are certificates stating Ayer's ownership over certain published materials (i.e. "Policy", Media Equalizer Model, and Don Newman's Washington Square Experiment). The correspondences relate to either the voting trust and receipts for agreement or the New York Corporation. The international correspondences are from either Ayer's Canadian office or London office. The dissolutions of trusts contains materials about the dividend trust of Wilfred F. Fry, the investment trust of Winfred W. Fry, the voting trust, and the New York corporation. The stock information has stock certificates and capital stock information. The agreements between partners (1911-1916) specify the terms between F.W. Ayer and his partners. The incorporation materials (circa 1929-1977) deal with Ayer advertising agency becoming incorporated in the state of Delaware. The reduction of capital grouping is a notification that shares of stock have been retired. The property information grouping contains property deeds and insurance policy (circa 1921-1939), a property appraisal (1934), and a bill of sale (1948). The miscellaneous grouping contains a house memo regarding a set of board meeting minutes and a registry of foreign companies in Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1929-1954).

Subseries 18.1, Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2, Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4, Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5, International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6, Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7, Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8, Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9, Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10, Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11, Property Information, 1921-1948

Subseries 18.12, Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19, Personnel Records, circa 1889-2001, are arranged into eight groupings within eight boxes. The groupings are employee card files, photographs, Ayer alumni, biographies, speeches, recollections, oral histories, and miscellaneous. Typed manuscript of book A Copy Writer Speaks by George Cecil, NW Ayer, Incorporated copy head 1920s-1950s

Subseries 19.1, Employee card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963, consists of index cards with the name, age, job title, date and wage increases, date of hire/fire, as well as remarks about the employee's service and/or reasons for seeking or leaving the job. Materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee within three boxes.

Subseries 19.2, Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated, are housed in two boxes. The photographs grouped together by subjects i.e. personnel, company events, Ayer buildings, and miscellaneous. This grouping primarily consists of personnel photographs. Includes a glass plate negative dated 1924 of NW Ayer.

Subseries 19.3, Ayer Alumni, circa 1989-98, include employees who have left Ayer. There is a listing of Ayer "graduates" and their current job. Emeritus, Ayer's alumni newsletter 1989-1996, makes up the majority of materials in this grouping. The newsletter keeps the alumni up to date with the happenings of Ayer and what has become of former Ayer employees. Emeritus is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the activities, thoughts and feelings of Ayer alumni a body of people who consists of retirees and former employees.

Subseries 19.4, Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994, undated, prominent members of Ayer's operations had biographical sketches completed of them. This was true for the bio sketches of Robert Ervin, Louis T. Hagopian, and George A. Rink. There is a substantial file on Dorothy Dignam ("Mis Dig"), a leading woman in the advertising world from the 1930s to the 1950s. Also of interest is a video ("The Siano Man") compiled by Ayer employees to commemorate Jerry Siano's retirement from Ayer in 1994. The series is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 19.5, Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975, contains speeches made by Wilfred W. Fry and Neal W. O'Connor. Wilfred W. Fry had various speaking engagements connected with Ayer. Contained in this group is a sampling of his speeches from 1919 to 1931. Neal O'Connor's speech "Advertising: Who Says It's a Young People's Business" was given at the Central Region Convention for the American Association of Advertising Agencies in Chicago on November 6, 1975. The speeches are arranged alphabetically by the speaker's last name.

Subseries 19.6, Recollections, 1954-1984, undated, are arranged alphabetically by last name. These are recollections from Ayer employees about the company and its advertisements. Some recollections are specifically about certain types of advertisements, like farm equipment while others reflect on F. W. Ayer and the company.

Subseries 19.7, Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991, include interviews with key NW Ayer personnel, conducted by Ayer alumnae Howard Davis, Brad Lynch and Don Sholl (Vice President creative) for the Oral History Program. The materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.8, Oral History Interview Audio Tapes, 1985-1990, include interviews on audiotape the materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.9, Internal Communications, 1993-1999, includes information sent to employees relating to retirements, management changes, awards won by the company, promotions, potential new accounts, free items, grand opening of Ayer Café, donation events, sponsorship programs, holiday schedules, discounts for employees from clients, Ayer joins MacManus Group.

Subseries 19.10, General Materials, 1940; 1970, includes agency directory entry including a list of the employees, 1970s, annual banquet program for the Curfew Club May 22, 1940 a group formed by the Philadelphia employee in 1938. It sponsored numerous sports, social and educational activities. Groups were formed in public speaking, music appreciation and a series of talks on Monday evenings title the modern woman. The front page was a series of talks for general interest. A list of officers, 1991, Twenty five year club membership, 1973 December 1, List of NW Ayer graduates, 1970, List of Officers, 1991 May 31, Obituary for Leo Lionni, 1999 October 17, List of photographers of advertisements, 2001

Series 20, Background and History Information, 1817-1999, undated includes a chronology, 1817-1990, quick reference timeline, 1848-1923, loose pages from a scrapbook containing examples of correspondence, envelopes, advertisements dating from 1875-1878; slogans coined by NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1899-1990, history of management, 1909-1923, articles and photographs about the building and art galleries, 1926-1976, publications about the Philadelphia building, 1929, pamphlet relating to memories of NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1930s-1950s, television history, 1940-1948, Article about the history of the company, 1950 January, pocket guide, 1982, AdWeek reports about standings for advertising agencies, information relating to Human Contact which is NW Ayer's Information relating to Human Contact, undated which is their philosophy on advertising.

Series 21, Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated, consists of print advertisements collected by Ayer from other major advertising companies. The companies include Doyle Dane Bernback, Incorporated, Leo Burnett Company, Grey Advertising Agency, D'Arcy Ad Agency, Scali, McCabe, Sloves, Incorporated and Erwin Wasey Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by client and include products from Ralston Purina and Van Camp (Chicken of the Sea), Kellogg, American Export Lines and No Nonsense Fashions.

Series 22, 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1999, undated, includes material given to the Archives Center in 2010. It is organized into seventy one oversized boxes and contains proofsheets of print advertisements for select Ayer clients. These are arranged alphabetically by client name and include substantial quantities of materials from American Telephone &Telegraph (1945-1996), Bahamas Ministry of Tourism (1967-1987), Carrier (1971-1981), Citibank (1973-1991), DeBeers (1940s-1960s and1990s), Electric Companies Advertising Program [ECAP] (1942-1970s), General Motors (1989-1998), J.C. Penney (1983-1986), Newsweek (1966-1975), and Proctor and Gamble (1980s-1890s). There are also numerous other clients represented by smaller quantities of materials.

Subseries 22.1, Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2, Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated, include Cannon towels, Cheny Brothers silks, Cornish & Company organs and pianos, Enterprise Manufacturing Company, 1879 sad iron, an ad from Harper's Weekly 1881 for ladies clothing, Ostermoor & Company mattresses, Pear's soap, Porter's cough balsam, Steinway pianos.

Series 23, Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985, consists of three boxes of printed advertisements for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Some of the same advertisements might also be found in series two, three and four.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks of Client Print Advertisements, circa 1870-1920

Series 2: Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930

Series 3: Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975

Series 4: 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001

Series 5: Billboards, circa 1952-1956

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials

Series 7: Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated

Series 8: Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989

Series 9: Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987

Subseries 9.1: Printed Advertisements, 1977-1987

Subseries 9.2: Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s

Series 10: Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated

Series 11: Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated

Subseries 11.1: Printed Advertisements, 1915-1987

Subseries 11.2: Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967

Subseries 11.3: Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated

Series 12: Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, undated

Series 13: Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957

Series 14: House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991

Series 15: Scrapbooks, 1872-1959

Series 16: Publications, 1849-2006

Subseries 16.1: House Publications, 1876-1994

Subseries 16.2: Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-1995

Subseries 16.3: General Publications about Advertising, 1922-2006

Subseries 16.4: Publications about other Subjects, 1948-1964

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1: Contracts, 1885-1908, undated

Subseries 17.2: General Client Information, 1911-1999, undated

Subseries 17.3: Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated

Subseries 17.4: Potential Clients, 1993

Subseries 17.5: Financial Records, 1929-1938

Series 18: Legal Records, circa 1911-1984

Subseries 18.1: Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2: Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4: Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5: International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6: Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7: Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8: Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9: Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10: Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11: Property Information

Subseries 18.12: Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19: Employee Materials, circa 1889-2001

Subseries 19.1: Employee Card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963

Subseries 19.2: Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated

Subseries 19.3: Alumni Publications, circa 1989-1998

Subseries 19.4: Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994

Subseries 19.5: Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975

Subseries 19.6: Recollections, 1954-1984, undated

Subseries 19.7: Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991

Subseries 19.8: Oral History Audiotapes, 1985-1990

Subseries 19.9: Internal Communications, 1993-1999

Subseries 19.1: General Materials, 1940-2001

Series 20: History and Background Information about the Company, 1817-1999, undated

Series 21: Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated

Series 22: 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1990s, undated

Subseries 22.1: Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2: Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated

Series 23: Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, NW Ayer & Son is one of the oldest and largest advertising agencies in America. For most of its history, it was the undisputed leader and innovator in the field of advertising. In 1876, NW Ayer & Son pioneered the "open contract", a revolutionary change in the method of billing for advertising which became the industry standard for the next hundred years. NW Ayer pioneered the use of fine art in advertising and established the industry's first art department. It was the first agency to use a full-time copywriter and the first to institute a copy department. The agency relocated to New York City in 1974. During its long history, the agency's clients included many "blue-chip" clients, including American Telephone & Telegraph, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Ford Motor Company, Nabisco, R. J. Reynolds and United Airlines. However, in later years, the Ayer's inherent conservatism left the agency vulnerable to the creative revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the advertising industry restructuring of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s. The agency was bought out by a Korean investor in 1993. In 1996, NW Ayer merged with another struggling top twenty United States advertising agency, Darcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, under the umbrella of the McManus Group. Ayer continues to operate as a separate, full-service agency.

Through a series of buyouts and mergers, Ayer traces its lineage to the first advertising agency founded in the United States, a Philadelphia agency begun by Volney Palmer in 1841. Palmer began his career in advertising as a newspaper agent, acting as middleman between newspaper publishers and advertisers across the country. By 1849, Palmer had founded his own newspaper, V. B. Palmer's Register and Spirit of the Press, and had developed a complete system of advertising which included securing advertising space and placing ads in scores of commercial, political, religious, scientific and agricultural journals across the country. Palmer went one step further than the "space jobbers" of the day when he began offering "advertisements carefully drawn for those who have not the time to prepare an original copy." Always an enthusiastic promoter of advertising as an incentive to trade and American economic growth, Palmer promised advertisers that "every dollar paid for advertising in country newspapers will pay back twenty-fold" and encouraged skeptical consumers that "he who wishes to buy cheap should buy of those who advertise." When Palmer died in 1863, the agency was bought by his bookkeeper, John Joy, who joined with another Philadelphia advertising agency to form Joy, Coe & Sharpe. That agency was bought out again in 1868 and renamed Coe, Wetherill & Company. In 1877, Coe, Wetherill and Company was bought out by the newly formed NW Ayer & Son.

Francis Wayland Ayer was an ambitious young schoolteacher with an entrepreneurial streak. Having worked for a year soliciting advertisements on a commission basis for the publisher of the National Baptist weekly, Francis Ayer saw the potential to turn a profit as an advertising agent. In 1869, Ayer persuaded his father, Nathan Wheeler Ayer, to join him in business, and with an initial investment of only $250.00, NW Ayer & Son was born. Notwithstanding a smallpox epidemic in Philadelphia in 1871 and the general economic depression of the early 1870s, the agency flourished. The senior Ayer died in 1873, leaving his interest in the agency to his wife, but Francis W. Ayer bought her out, consolidating his interest in the company's management. In 1877, with Coe, Wetherill & Company (the successor to Palmer's 1841 agency) on the verge of bankruptcy and heavily indebted to Ayer for advertising it had placed in Ayer publications, Ayer assumed ownership of that agency. Thus did NW Ayer lay claim to being the oldest advertising agency in the country.

Both Nathan Wheeler and Francis Wayland Ayer began their careers as schoolteachers, and one of their legacies was a commitment to the cause of education: correspondence schools and institutions of higher learning were historically well-represented among Ayer clients. Just after World War I, the agency was heralded as "co-founder of more schools than any citizen of this country" for its conspicuous efforts to advertise private schools. Well into the 1960s, an "Education Department" at Ayer prepared advertisements for over three hundred private schools, camps and colleges, representing almost half the regional and national advertising done for such institutions. In fact, to its clients Ayer presented advertising itself as being akin to a system of education. In 1886, Ayer began promoting the virtues of the Ayer way advertising with the slogan, "Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success."

The agency's goals were simple: "to make advertising pay the advertiser, to spend the advertiser's money as though it were our own, to develop, magnify and dignify advertising as a business." Initially, Ayer's fortunes were tied to newspapers, and the agency began to make a name for itself as compiler and publisher of a widely used American Newspaper Annual. During the first years, Ayer's singular goal was "to get business, place it [in newspapers] and get money for it"; after several years as an independent space broker, however, Francis Ayer resolved "not to be an order taker any longer." This decision led NW Ayer and Son to a change in its mode of conducting business which would revolutionize the advertising industry: in 1876, Ayer pioneered the "open contract" with Diggee & Conard, Philadelphia raised growers and agricultural suppliers. Prior to the open contract, NW Ayer & Sons and most agencies operated as "space-jobbers," independent wholesalers of advertising space, in which the opportunities for graft and corrupt practices were virtually unlimited. In contrast, the open contract, wherein the advertiser paid a fixed commission based on the volume of advertising placed, aligned the advertising agent firmly on the side of the advertiser and gave advertisers access to the actual rates charged by newspapers and religious journals. The open contract with a fixed commission has been hailed by advertising pioneer Albert Lasker as one of the "three great landmarks in advertising history." (The other two were Lasker's own development of "reason-why" advertising copy and J. Walter Thompson's pioneering of sex appeal in an advertisement for Woodbury's soap.) Although the transition to the open contract did not happen overnight, by 1884, nearly three-quarters of Ayer's advertising billings were on an open contract basis. Since Ayer was, by the 1890s, the largest agency in America, the switch to direct payment by advertisers had a significant impact on the advertising industry, as other agencies were forced to respond to Ayer's higher standard. Just as important, the open contract helped to establish N W Ayer's long-standing reputation for "clean ethics and fair dealing" -- a reputation the agency has guarded jealously for over a century. The open contract also helped to establish Ayer as a full service advertising agency and to regularize the production of advertising in-house. From that point forward, Ayer routinely offered advice and service beyond the mere placement of advertisements. Ayer set another milestone for the industry in 1888, when Jarvis Wood was hired as the industry's first full-time copywriter. Wood was joined by a second full time copywriter four years later, and the Copy Department was formally established in 1900. The industry's first Art Department grew out of the Copy Department when Ayer hired its first commercial artist to assist with copy preparation in 1898; twelve years later Ayer became the first agency to offer the services of a full time art director, whose sole responsibility was the design and illustration of ads.

Ayer's leadership in the use of fine art in advertising has roots in this period, but achieved its highest expression under the guidance of legendary art director Charles Coiner. Coiner joined Ayer in 1924, after graduating from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Despite early resistance from some clients, Coiner was adamant that "the use of outstanding palette and original art forms bring a greater return in readership, in impact and prestige for the advertiser." To this end, Coiner marshaled the talents of notable painters, illustrators and photographers, including N.C. Wyeth and Rockwell Kent (Steinway), Georgia O'Keefe (Dole), Leo Lionni (DuPont), Edward Steichen (Steinway, Cannon Mills), Charles Sheeler (Ford), and Irving Penn (DeBeers). Coiner believed that there was a practical side to the use of fine art in advertising, and his success (and Ayer's) lay in the marriage of research and copywriting with fine art, an arrangement Coiner termed "art for business sake." Coiner's efforts won both awards and attention for a series completed in the 1950s for the Container Corporation of America. Titled "Great Ideas of Western Man" the campaign featured abstract and modern paintings and sculpture by leading U.S. and foreign artists, linked with Western philosophical writings in an early example of advertising designed primarily to bolster corporate image. In 1994, Charles Coiner was posthumously named to the American Advertising Federation's Hall of Fame, the first full time art director ever chosen for that honor.

Coiner and fellow art director Paul Darrow also created legendary advertising with the "A Diamond Is Forever" campaign for DeBeers; ads featured the work of Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and other modernist painters. The "A Diamond is Forever" tagline was written in 1949 by Frances Gerety, a woman copywriter at Ayer from 1943 to 1970. In 1999, Ad Age magazine cited "A Diamond is Forever" as the most memorable advertising slogan of the twentieth century.

Coiner also earned respect for his volunteer government service during World War II; he designed the armbands for civil defense volunteers and logos for the National Recovery Administration and Community Chest. As a founding member of the Advertising Council in 1945, Ayer has had a long-standing commitment to public service advertising. In the mid-1980s, Ayer became a leading force in the Reagan-era "War on Drugs". Lou Hagopian, Ayer's sixth CEO, brokered the establishment of the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a media coalition which generated as much as a million dollars a day in donated advertising space and time to prevent the use and abuse of illegal drugs. Famous names appear among NW Ayer's clientele from the very earliest days of the agency. Retailer John Wanamaker, Jay Cooke and Company, and Montgomery Ward's mail-order business were among the first Ayer clients. The agency has represented at least twenty automobile manufacturers, including Cadillac, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Plymouth, and Rolls-Royce. Other major, long-term clients through the years have included American Telephone & Telegraph, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Kellogg's, R. J. Reynolds, Steinway and Sons, United Airlines, and the United States Army. By the time of Ayer's hundredth anniversary in 1969, some of these companies had been Ayer clients for decades if not generations, and the longevity of those relationships was for many years a source of Ayer's strength.

But the advertising industry began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, due in part to a "creative revolution." Small advertising agencies won attention with provocative copywriting and art direction that more closely resembled art than advertising. Advances in market research allowed clients to more narrowly tailor their advertising messages to distinct groups of consumers, and this led to a rise in targeted marketing which could more readily be doled out to specialized small agencies than to larger, established firms like NW Ayer & Son. The civil rights and anti-war movements also contributed to increasing public skepticism with the values of corporate America, and by extension, with some national advertising campaigns. Older, more conservative firms like Ayer were hard pressed to meet these new challenges.

About 1970, in an effort to meet these challenges and to establish a foothold on the West Coast, Ayer bought out two smaller agencies--Hixson & Jorgenson (Los Angeles) and Frederick E. Baker (Seattle). The agency relocated from Philadelphia to New York City in 1974 in an attempt both to consolidate operations (Ayer had operated a New York office since the 1920s) and to be closer to the historic center of the advertising industry. Riding the wave of mergers that characterized the advertising industry in the late 1980s and 1990s, Ayer continued to grow through the acquisition of Cunningham & Walsh in 1986 and Rink Wells in 19xx.

During this transitional period, Ayer received widespread acclaim for its work for the United States Army, which included the widely recognized slogan "Be All You Can Be". Ayer first acquired the Army recruitment account in 1967 and with help from its direct marketing arm, the agency was widely credited with helping the Army reach its recruitment goals despite an unpopular war and plummeting enlistments after the elimination of the draft in 1973. Ayer held the account for two decades, from the Vietnam War through the Cold War, but lost the account in 1986 amid government charges that an Ayer employee assigned to the account accepted kickbacks from a New York film production house. Despite Ayer's position as the country's 18th largest agency (with billings of $880 million in 1985), the loss of the agency's second largest account hit hard.

NW Ayer made up for the loss of the $100 million dollar a year Army account and made headlines for being on the winning end of the largest account switch in advertising history to date, when fast food giant Burger King moved its $200 million dollar advertising account from arch-rival J. Walter Thompson in 1987. Burger King must have had drive-thru service in mind, however, and Ayer made headlines again when it lost the account just eighteen months later in another record-breaking account switch. Another devastating blow to the agency was the loss of its lead position on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Ayer pioneered telecommunications advertising in 1908, when the agency was selected to craft advertising for the Bell System's universal telephone service. Despite valiant efforts to keep an account the agency had held for most of the twentieth century, and for which they had written such memorable corporate slogans as American Telephone &Telegraph "The Voice with a Smile" and "Reach Out and Touch Someone", the agency lost the account in 1996.

After a wave of mergers and acquisitions in the late 1980s, the economic recession of the early 1990s hit Madison Avenue hard, and Ayer was particularly vulnerable. Despite the agency's long history and roster of "blue-chip" clients, Ayer was not known for cutting-edge creative work. Moreover, though the agency had offices overseas, Ayer had never built a strong multinational presence, and many of the smaller international offices were sold during the financial turmoil of the 1980s. This left a real void in the new climate of global marketplace consolidation. By about 1990, earnings were declining (although Ayer was still among the top twenty United States agencies in billings), and the agency was suffering from client defections, high management turnover, expensive real estate commitments and deferred executive compensation deals, all fallout of the high-flying 1980s. This was the atmosphere in 1993, when W.Y. Choi, a Korean investor who had already assembled a media and marketing empire in his homeland, began looking for an American partner to form an international advertising network. Jerry Siano, the former creative director who had recently been named Ayer's seventh CEO, was in no position to refuse Choi's offer of $35 million to buy the now floundering agency. The infusion of cash was no magic bullet, however. Choi took a wait-and-see approach, allowing his partner Richard Humphreys to make key decisions about Ayer's future, including the purging of senior executives and the installation of two new CEOs in as many years.

The agency's downward trend continued with the loss of another longtime client, the DeBeers diamond cartel in 1995. Adweek reported that Ayer's billings fell from $892 million in 1990 to less than $850 million in 1995. Several top executives defected abruptly, and the agency failed to attract major new accounts. Ayer was facing the loss not merely of revenue and personnel, but the loss of much of the respect it once commanded. Ayer remained among the twenty largest U.S. agencies, but an aura of uncertainty hung over the agency like a cloud. A new CEO was appointed, and Mary Lou Quinlan became the agency's first woman CEO in 1995. A year later, Ayer and another struggling top twenty agency, D'arcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, combined as part of the McManus Group of companies. In 1998, the McManus Group had worldwide billings of more than $6.5 billion.

Under the McManus Group, Ayer was able to expand its international operations and begin to rebuild a stronger global presence. Several important new clients were won in 1997 and 1998, including Avon, General Motors, Kitchenaid, several Procter & Gamble brands and, most notably, Continental Airlines worldwide accounts. Born in the nineteenth century, Ayer may be one of a very few advertising agencies to successfully weather the economic and cultural transitions of both the twentieth and twentieth first centuries. Ayer was eventually acquired by the Publicis Groupe based in Paris, France which closed down the N.W. Ayer offices in 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated Records (AC0395)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by N W Ayer ABH International, April 15, 1975 and by Ayer & Partners, October 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must use microfilm copy. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Technical Access: Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. Publication and production quality duplication is restricted due to complex copyright, publicity rights, and right to privacy issues. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 1840-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Citation:
NW Ayer & Sons, incorporated Advertising Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0059
See more items in:
N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0059
Online Media:

Millard Sheets papers

Creator:
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Names:
Dalzell Hatfield Galleries  Search this
Millard Sheets & Associates Designs  Search this
Sheets, Mary Baskerville  Search this
Extent:
27.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Date:
circa 1907-2000
Summary:
The Millard Sheets papers comprise 27.6 linear feet of material dating from circa 1907 to 2000 with bulk dates spanning 1956 to 1981. The collection documents Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, and his personal and professional interests through correspondence, writings, lectures, printed material, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera. A small addition donated 2018 by Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter. There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Scope and Content Note:
The personal papers of Millard Sheets (1907-1990) measure 27.6 linear feet and date from circa 1907-2000, with bulk dates of 1956-1981. The collection reflects Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, as well as his other personal and professional interests, through correspondence, writings, lectures, clippings, blueprints, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera.

The Project Files comprise the largest group of materials in the collection and document design work undertaken by Sheets through his company Millard Sheets & Associates Designs. Sheets and his associates produced concept drawings and blueprints and supervised the construction for a wide range of design projects that ranged in scale from architectural plans for private residences to bid proposals for shopping malls and financial institutions located in California and the Southwest.

Sheets designed interior and exterior plans for over forty Home Savings and Loan bank branches in California. The distinctive modular design which Sheets created and then customized by integrating interior and exterior art elements that highlighted local historical events or natural features became synonymous with the image of Home Savings and Loan. Sheets also teamed up with the architect Edward Durrell Stone to produce a proposal for the Capitol Mall Project, an urban renewal project for the Redevelopment Agency of the City of Sacramento. Researchers will find correspondence, job costs and billing statements, and notes that trace the development of these and other building construction projects. In some instances the documents are supplemented by blueprints, photographs, and/or drawings of the project, but in many cases, visual documentation is missing.

The Project Files also document work done by Millard Sheets on public projects such as the Family of Man mural in the Los Angeles City Hall Annex, a mosaic dome in the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., and the Word of Life mural at the University of Notre Dame, Ind., along with numerous other murals and mosaics created for private individuals and corporations.

The Correspondence Series primarily reflects the interaction between Sheets and his clients, colleagues, and personal acquaintances. These files will prove valuable to researchers who are interested in the way that Sheets's beliefs about the role of art in everyday life impacted the way he conducted business and managed both large and small design projects. The correspondence also reflects Sheets's interest in popular American culture, travel, political issues of the day, and art collecting.

The Membership Files document the wide variety of interests that Sheets maintained through active membership in associations and organizations. The material in this series consists primarily of correspondence, minutes of meetings, and notes which Sheets created or used as he served as a board member or trustee on a number of organizational boards, such as the California Institute of the Arts, the Claremont Colleges, Virginia Steele Scott Foundation, Webb School of California, and Goodwill Industries of Southern California.

Also found in this series is material that documents his interest and participation in various recreational and professional organizations. Sheets maintained a long association with the Economic Roundtable, a group of businessmen who met regularly to give presentations and share discussion on contemporary political and social issues. Sheets was a frequent speaker and his talks given at the Economic Roundtables can be found in Lectures and Speeches, a subseries of the Writings Series.

Included in the Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, Inc. series are records that reflect the day-to-day operations of Sheets's design firm. Found here are chronological copies of correspondence that were sent out, files Sheets maintained on various independent contractors that the design firm frequently used, resumes and letters of recommendation that Sheets received regarding potential employees, as well as records relating to the cost and maintenance of Sheets's office building.

The Teaching and Workshop Files document the instructional activities undertaken by Sheets throughout his career in the arts. Although Sheets became pivotal in establishing a regionally recognized art department at Scripps College in Claremont, California, the files that reflect his academic position there are limited in scope and depth. Researchers will find more substantive the files that he maintained on the numerous art demonstrations and paintings workshops that he conducted privately throughout his career. Sheets traveled extensively around the world through his teaching activities and the files in this series track his path.

Closely related to the Teaching and Workshop Files is the Painting Trips series. The material in these files document Sheets's service as an American Specialist in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the USIS, Department of State. Sheets served two times as a cultural arts representative in Turkey in 1960 and in the former USSR in 1961. Sheets also made numerous trips to South East Asia, which had proved an area of fascination for him since his experiences as a war correspondent in Burma and India in World War II. The files in this series document his painting trips to Tahiti, the Pacific Ocean Rim, and Hawaii. Also found are files that detail his painting activities in Mexico.

The Exhibition Files reflect the records that Sheets maintained regarding his participation in art exhibitions, as well as his files on art shows that he personally directed or organized for public or private groups or organizations. Although Sheets exhibited his work predominantly in the West and Southwest, the files in this series demonstrate that he exhibited both nationally and internationally as well.

Also found within the records for this series are files relating to Sheets's representation of his artwork through established galleries and art agents. The Dalziel Hatfield Galleries of Los Angeles, California, served as his primary agent for most of his painting career. Correspondence between Sheets and the Hatfields provide insight into Sheets's development into a regionally and nationally significant watercolorist and painter. The files relating to the Kennedy Galleries in New York and the Circle Gallery in Chicago reflect Sheets's efforts to maintain a national presence in the arts community.

The Jury Files document Sheets's involvement as a juror in regional, as well, as national shows. The files reveal the great variety of professional watercolor and painting exhibitions in which Sheets participated as either a jury panelist or solo judge.

The Writings Files provide an excellent source for researchers interested in Sheets's philosophical beliefs about the relationship between art and everyday life. His articles, lectures, and speeches predominantly address the role of the artist, the relationships that exist between artists and the community, and the role that art can play in making a fuller, more productive life. Also found in the files of this series are articles written by others about Sheets.

The Biographical Material series provides a short introduction to Millard Sheets. The files consist of the calendars maintained by Sheets and his wife and staff, which were used to coordinate his many commitments and appointments. Also found in the files of this series are family chronologies that were created by Mary Baskerville Sheets. Medical records and resumes provide personal information about Sheets's background and health. A small file of military memorabilia provides information about Sheets's contributions to the war effort in World War II.

The Printed Matter series documents family activities and personalities through publicity clippings. Also found are exhibition catalogs and announcements that Sheets saved regarding other artists. Miscellaneous interests and activities of Sheets are found through magazine articles, brochures, and flyers.

The Photographs series includes photographic documentation for Sheets's artwork, horses, and major projects. A small group of photographs of Sheets are also in this series.

The files in the Artwork series include original drawings by Mary Baskerville Sheets and Millard Sheets.

There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series. Small series, such as Biographical Material are generally based on type of document. Larger series, such as Correspondence or Project Files, are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent or project. General correspondence has been made into its own series, but other series or subseries may also contain some correspondence. Within particular series, materials have been further divided into subseries which represent particular aspects of the project or event. For example, the Writings Series is further divided into subseries of books and articles, eulogies, and lectures and speeches. An outline listing series and subseries titles and dates follows.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1907-1982, undated (boxes 1-2; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1929-1990, undated (boxes 2-4; 2.75 linear ft.)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1933-1980, undated (boxes 5-6; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 4: Membership Files, 1946-1982, undated (boxes 6-8; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, 1934-1982, undated (boxes 8-9; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 6: Project Files, 1956-1981, undated (boxes 9-18; 8.25 linear ft.)

Series 7: Teaching and Workshop Files, 1932-1982 (box 18; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Painting Trips, 1959-1980, undated (box 18; 16 folders)

Series 9: Exhibition Files, 1932-1937, 1951-1988, undated (box 19; 0.75 linear ft.)

Series 10: Jury Files, 1941-1982 (boxes 19-20; 42 folders)

Series 11: Writings, 1936-1988, undated (boxes 20-22; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 12: Printed Matter, 1936-1922, undated (boxes 22-23; 20 folders)

Series 13: Photographs, 1934-1983, undated (box 23; 17 folders)

Series 14: Artwork, circa 1929, undated (box 23; 2 folders)

Series 15: Unprocessed Addition, circa 1930-2000 (boxes 24, 26-30, OV25: 4.6 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
"Your painting is a measure of your mind"-Millard Sheets

Millard Sheets, as one of the founding members of the "California Scene Painters," exerted a lasting influence upon subsequent generations of Western painters. He and the small group of painters who worked in California during the 1930s and 1940s, developed a new style of watercolor painting that was at the forefront of the American watercolor movement of the time, and that later gave rise to a subsequent generation of painters who became known as the California Regionalist school.

Sheets was born in Pomona, California on June 24, 1907. His mother died in childbirth, and his father, John Sheets, unprepared to raise a baby alone, sent Millard to Pomona, California to be raised by his maternal grandparents, Lewis and Emma Owen. Sheets's grandfather proved to be a guiding force in his life, and when Sheets's father remarried and offered Millard the opportunity to return to the Sheets household, Millard chose instead to remain with his grandparents.

Sheets's love of horses can be directly traced back to his childhood years spent living at his grandfather's horse ranch. Millard rode his first horse when he was three years old. Throughout his life, Sheets returned to the theme of horses in his paintings, as well as maintaining a private stable of horses, and raising and breeding racehorses.

His interest in art also began in childhood. When he was still a young boy, his two maternal aunts encouraged him to play with crayons and pencils. Sheets took his first painting lesson from a neighbor at the age of seven, and by 1919 he had already submitted artwork to the copy division of the Los Angeles County Fair fine arts show competition. He submitted a drawing he had copied of a tinted photograph of Lake KIlarney, California. Sheets won first prize in his division.

It was through this competition that Millard met Theodore B. Modra, a Polish artist who had retired to the Pomona area. After giving Sheets a lecture on the evils of copying art, Modra offered to give him art lessons.

Sheets continued to pursue his interest in art and enrolled in the Choinard School of Art in Los Angeles, California. By the time that he graduated in 1929, Sheets had also managed to come to the attention of Dalzell and Ruth Hatfield of the Dalzell Hatfield Galleries in Los Angeles, California. The Hatfields were one of the most influential art dealers in Southern California, and that same year, they sponsored Sheets in his first one-man exhibition in 1929. The exhibition brought Sheets to the attention of Western Coast art critics and launched Sheets on his painting career.

In 1929 Sheets also learned that he had won second place in the annual Edgar B. Davis art competition held in San Antonio, Texas. The award came with a cash prize and Sheets made plans to travel to Europe to study and paint. Shortly before his departure, however, he met an art student, Mary Baskerville, and they began a whirlwind romance. With Baskerville's enthusiastic support for European plans, and with her promise that she would wait for him, Sheets departed for New York and then Europe.

While overseas during 1929 and 1930, Sheets studied under Dorfinant, a master printer in Paris. Through his work at this studio workshop, he met Henri Matisse.

Five months after Millard returned to the California in 1930, Sheets and Mary Baskerville married. Sheets worked as the director of the Fine Arts Exhibition of the Los Angeles County Fair. In 1932 Sheets returned to school to study art and humanities at Scripps College in Claremont, California. After graduating from Scripps, school officials approached Sheets with an offer to set up a separate fine arts program and asked him to chair the new department. This was the beginning of a twenty year association with the school. In 1938, he also became the Director of Art at Claremont Graduate School.

Sheets left the school during the years of World War II to serve as a war-time artist and journalist for Life magazine, and from 1943-1944 was stationed on the Burma-India Front. His experiences in Asia appeared to affect him deeply. In contrast to his earlier works which featured backgrounds with neutral tones and brilliant shades that highlighted and punctuated the compositions, the paintings from the wartime featured somber tones. Sheets remarked of this time:

During the fighting and the time I spent in the C-B-1 theater, I was too shaken and intellectually stunned to do any complete paintings. I made many, many sketches, though, as well as a real effort to remember each scene that particularly affected me. Then, once I returned to America, I painted frantically, for months, exorcising demons. [Lovoos, Janice and Edmund F. Penney, Millard Sheets: One-Man Renaissance, Northland Press, Flagstaff, AZ, 1984]

Sheets returned from the war in 1944 and resumed his position at Scripps College until 1955 when he was approached by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors and asked to overhaul the fledgling Los Angeles County Art Institute. Sheets accepted the position and spent the next five years reshaping the mission and format of the school, renaming it the Otis Art Institute. In the years after Sheets left the directorship, the school eventually became part of the Parson's School of Design on the West Coast.

In 1953 Sheets founded the Millard Sheets Designs company. He hired between twenty-five and thirty artisans for large projects, with Susan Hertel, a former student of his, serving as his assistant in all the operations of the design studio. The working staff included engineers, registered architects, draftsmen, and artists, and the projects that the firm produced included murals, mosaics, stained glass, and sculpture for private homes and public and commercial businesses.

The design studio completed several major architectural projects throughout the late 1950s through the mid 1970s, including the design and construction of Cal Aero, a flight training school for the US Air Force, the National American Insurance Company offices for the California financier, Howard Ahmanson, Ahmanson Bank and Trust Company in Beverly Hills, many Home Savings and Loan Association Buildings, private residences, and the Scottish Rite Memorial Temples in Los Angeles and San Francisco, among many other projects.

Sheets also designed and completed mural and mosiac work for numerous public buildings in the Los Angeles area, as well as across the nation. Many of the murals and mosiacs were for those buildings designed by his firm while others were done as independent commissions.

In 1968 Sheets first proposed the murals he designed for the Los Angeles City Hall. His design was approved and he was awarded a commission to complete The Family of Man murals over the two main entrances to the Los Angeles City Hall. The murals were completed in 1971 and installed in 1972. Sheets also designed mosiacs and murals for the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, the Library at Notre Dame University, the Scottish Rite Masonic Temple in Los Angeles, several Home Savings and Loan Association buildings in the Los Angeles area, the Detroit Public Library, and the Dome of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC.

During the early 1960s Sheets participated in the American Specialist Program of the US Department of State. His first assignment was to Turkey in 1960, where he served as a visiting artist. The following year he went to the USSR in the same capacity.

During the early to mid 1950s Sheets became involved with Columbia Pictures and was technical advisor and production designer for a few years.

Millard Sheets was a member of the National Watercolor Society, the American Watercolor Society, the National Academy of Design, the Society of Motion Picture Art Directors, and the Century Association. Sheets actively promoted his own work and was a businessman, an active and prolific artist, instructor, and designer. Millard Sheets died on March 31, 1989 in Gualala, California.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels LA 10) including a biographical sketch, career resume, and a list of sheets' work prepared in 1964. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Millard Sheets lent material for microfilming in 1965. Mary B. Sheets, Millard's widow, donated the papers to the Archives of American Art in 1992. Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter, gave a small addition of material in 2018.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Millard Sheets papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- California  Search this
Art and society  Search this
Horses -- Breeding  Search this
Watercolorists -- California  Search this
Muralists -- California  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Designers -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Citation:
Millard Sheets papers, circa 1907-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sheemill
See more items in:
Millard Sheets papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sheemill
Online Media:

LeRoy Neiman papers

Creator:
Neiman, LeRoy, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
ABC Sports  Search this
CBS Sports  Search this
Playboy Enterprises  Search this
Ali, Muhammad, 1942-  Search this
Super Bowl  Search this
Extent:
70.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-2005
Summary:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938-2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938 to 2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.

Biographical material pertains to the artist's family, military service, education and teaching experience and representing galleries and publishers and includes artist biographies, awards, distinctions, and membership information.

Correspondence includes personal and business correspondence as well as collections of cards and literature on other artists, Neiman's notes and jottings, art work by children, and office records.

Project files document specific projects or art events in which Neiman was involved, including commissions, promotions, collaborations, serigraph printings, and publications.

Printed material includes newspapers, magazines, catalogs, fliers, invitations, brochures, press releases, film scripts and small posters.

Artifacts include three-dimensional items, clothing, souvenirs and LeRoy Neiman paraphernalia.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2004, undated (Boxes 1-3, 77; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1960s-2004, undated (Boxes 3-19)

Series 3: Project Files, 1949-2005, undated (Boxes 20-39, 78-81)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1940s-circa 2005, undated (Boxes 40-61, 82-83, OV 85)

Series 5: Artifacts, 1953-2002, undated (Boxes 69-76, 84)
Biographical Note:
LeRoy Neiman has been described as the most popular living painter in America. While strikingly original, his work reflects the varied influences of Toulouse-Lautrec, Dufy, the New York Social Realists, and the Abstract Expressionists. Probably best known as a portrayer of sporting and social events, he virtually invented the modern genre of sports art and remains its most accomplished and acclaimed practitioner.

Among many other accomplishments, he was the first and only on-camera official artist for ABC-TV at the Olympics in Munich, 1972 and Montreal, 1976, and covered several other winter and summer Olympiads as an official artist. He was the first artist to create live, on-camera computer art while covering the 1978 Super Bowl in New Orleans for CBS-TV. In 1997 he was selected as the first official artist of the Kentucky Derby. But Neiman's interests range far and wide. As a painter, printmaker, and author, his subjects have included Parisian cafés, African safaris, famous bars, five-star restaurants, urban street scenes, the opera, political figures, jazz musicians, entertainers, stage and screen stars, gambling casinos, portraits, international stock exchanges, and much more.

For the past quarter-century, Neiman has created limited-edition serigraphs (silk-screen prints). Published and distributed exclusively by Knoedler Publishing, they are sold in selected galleries throughout the United States. By one estimate, the more than 150,000 Neiman prints that have been purchased to date have an estimated market value exceeding $400 million. Neiman is the author of twelve books: Horses, LeRoy Neiman Posters, Winners, which was also published in Japanese, Big Time Golf, LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris, LeRoy Neiman on Safari, and LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, all published by Harry N. Abrams, as well as Art and Life Style, Carnaval, Monte Carlo Chase, Casey at the Bat, and the newly-released limited edition LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/ Ali vs. Liston 1965, 2004. Knoedler Publishing has published The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, Volumes I-III, a catalogue raisonnes on Neiman's limited edition prints.

Over the years the artist has donated scores of his artworks to dozens of charitable causes and organizations. Through his work with the Good Tidings Foundation, two LeRoy Neiman Art Centers for Youth have been built in elementary schools in California. In 1995, he gave the School of the Arts at Columbia University in New York City an endowment of $6 million to create the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, dedicated to the study of fine art printmaking and the development of new methods of printmaking, and including a scholarship program. A 1998 donation led to the creation of the LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Culture and Society at UCLA.

Neiman's work is represented in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Minneapolis Museum of Art, the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and numerous other museums and public and private collections worldwide. A past member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, Neiman has received five honorary degrees and, among other honors, an Award of Merit from the American Athletic Union, a Gold Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in addition to being named Boxing Artist of 1966 by Lonsdale, London.

1921 -- Born June 8 in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1942-46 -- Leaves high school to enlist in the army; serves four years in Europe.

1946 -- Studies at the St. Paul Gallery and School of Art with Clement Haupers.

1946-50 -- Student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; studies with Boris Anisfeld; studies liberal arts at University of Illinois and De Paul University, Chicago.

1950-60 -- Member of the Faculty, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, teaching figure drawing and fashion drawing.

1952 -- Exhibits in Twin City Show at Minneapolis Institute of Arts; wins Chicago Art Directors Award.

1953 -- Begins using enamel house paints; develops interest in drawing horse racing at Arlington Park; wins First Prize for painting "Idle Boats", a purchase prize, at Twin City Show, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

1954 -- Begins association with Playboy magazine illustrating Charles Beaumont story, which wins Chicago Art Directors Award; exhibits for first time in Chicago Artists and Vicinity Show, where he continues to show for next six years; wins Second Prize, Minnesota State Show; exhibits at Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1955 -- Instructor of painting at Elmwood Park Art League and North Shore Art League; exhibits at the Carnegie Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting; creates the "Femlin" symbolic character which appears in Playboy for next 47 years; wins New York Art Directors Award.

1956 -- Included in "New Talent in America in 1956", published in Art in America, February 1956; delves deeper into Chicago sports scene, draws Chicago Bears, Blackhawks and boxing.

1957 -- Exhibits in Corcoran Gallery of Art "American 25th Biennial Exhibition", Washington, D.C.; awarded most popular prize out of 3,000 entries as well as the juried Clark Memorial Prize and Vicinity Show; first television appearance on Art Institute of Chicago TV show, "Artist's Choice"; painting instructor at School of the Art Institute of Chicago Summer Session and for two years at Ox-Bow Summer School, Saugatuck, Michigan teaching landscape painting; marries art student Janet Byrne.

1958 -- Exhibits at the "Society of Contemporary American Art Exhibition", Art Institute of Chicago, for three years; begins extensive travels for Playboy magazine, creating a feature on the high life called "Man at His Leisure", which appears regularly for the next 15 years; wins Municipal Art Award at "Chicago Artist and Vicinity Show", and Hamilton & Graham Cash Prize, Ball State Teachers College Drawing Show, Muncie, Indiana.

1959 -- Holds one-man show of racing scenes at Arlington Park Race Track, Chicago; shows in "Jazz Exhibition" and "Social Observation and Comment in Art Show" in Chicago.

1960 -- Paints at Squaw Valley Winter Olympic Games; travels six months through Europe covering sporting and social events, the Grand National Steeplechase, Epsom Derby, Ascot, and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race in England, Maxim's Tour d'Argent, the Lido and Folies Bergere in Paris, the Cannes Film Festival and St. Tropez, Fiesta de San Isidro bullfights in Madrid, the Grand Prix in Monaco auto race.

1960-1970 -- Executes over one hundred paintings and two murals for eighteen Playboy Clubs.

1961 -- Takes studio in Paris; does studies of Deauville social season and sketches the great restaurants of France; sketches Dublin Horse Show and cricket at Lord's in London; wins gold medal for oil painting at the "Salon d'Art Moderne", Paris.

1962 -- Sketches Bordeaux wine country, Paris fashion shows, racing at Longchamp, and Giraglia Yacht Race on Riviera; paints Regatta of the Gondoliers in Venice; does studies of Fellini directing "8 ½" and sketches at Cine Citta studios in Rome; visits U.S. to work on commission for 12 paintings of the Indianapolis 500.

1963 -- Returns from Paris; establishes a studio in New York; teaches painting at Arts and Crafts, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; holds first one-man exhibition in New York at Hammer Galleries; travels to Mexico with Shel Silverstein; sketches in Mexico City and Acapulco.

1964 -- Starts series of Muhammad Ali sketches and paintings which spans the next 15 years; sketches America's Cup Challenge at Newport, Rhode Island; returns to England to sketch London night life and Prince Phillip playing polo at Windsor; paints the Tour de France in Paris.

1965 -- Commemorates Sugar Ray Robinson with 8' x 6' portrait "Farewell to Boxing" unveiled at Madison Square Garden ceremony; paints portrait of Mae West and poet Marianne Moore.

1966 -- Sketches Kentucky Derby; in London paints personalities and scenes including the Beatles and Carnaby Street, Kenneth Tynan, Sir Ralph Richardson; paints surfing in California; executes mural for Swedish-Lloyd Ship, S. S. Patricia; creates art for film "Casino Royale"; sketches indoor polo for opening of Houston Astrodome.

1967 -- Sketches and paints leading figures in the arts, sports and entertainment world, including Leonard Bernstein, Joe Louis, Frank Sinatra, Brigitte Bardot and ballerina Suzanne Farrell; paints "24 Hours of LeMans", nudist scenes on the Dalmatian Coast of Yugoslavia, the Fiesta at Pamplona, the dolce vita of Rome.

1968 -- Paints the Kirov and Bolshoi ballets in Russia; is named artist-in-residence from the bench of the New York Jets football team; executes critical sketches of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; paints Bobby Hull for Time magazine cover; contributed drawings for Harpers magazine articles on Cassius Clay and on Bobby Kennedy and race relations; initiates art class for Atlanta Poverty Program.

1969 -- Sketches civil rights figures and teaches art in Atlanta Poverty Program; creates poster for Kurt Weill Off-Broadway show and program cover for Oh! Calcutta; sketches New York City Ballet; appears regularly on TV as New York Jets artist-in-residence; collaborates with Dave Anderson on book, Countdown to Super Bowl; covers horse racing at Ascot and Longchamp, camel racing in Morocco.

1970 -- Paints backdrop for Broadway play Borstal Boy and does album cover for Fifth Dimension; exhibits in the Time magazine "Covers Show" at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; sketches sporting and social events in Dublin, and holds one-man show at the Abbey Theatre; travels with Hugh Hefner in Europe, Greece and Africa; sketches wildlife on safari in Africa; creates poster for Ali-Quarry fight, Ali's return to the ring in Atlanta; paints $100,000 baseball players for book, This Great Game; paints New York Stock Exchange.

1971 -- Has one-man exhibition at Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas; travels to Monte Carlo, London, Paris and Switzerland; develops interest in printmaking; creates two-part TV program on the art of lithography and produces etchings and lithographs at Atelier Weber in Zurich; creates official poster and draws pre-fight sketches of Ali-Frazier Super Fight I at Madison Square Garden for The New York Times Magazine cover and post-fight sketches for ABC-TV; illustrates Jose Torres' book on Ali, Sting Like a Bee.

1972 -- Covers Fischer-Spasky world champion chess tournament at Reykjavik, Iceland and Munich Olympic Games, both on camera for ABC-TV; covers World Series for NBC-TV; creates serigraph of Knicks-Lakers championship game; paints Super Bowl for Time magazine cover; and cover for Golf Digest.

1973 -- Creates Super Bowl art for CBS-TV; sketches the Masters Golf Tournament for Golf Digest magazine; paints commission for Museum of Jazz; creates serigraph of Triple Crown winner Secretariat; sketches Foreman-Frazier fight in Jamaica; travels on multi-city tour and exhibit of Olympic serigraphs; nineteen serigraphs chosen by the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, for its permanent collection.

1974 -- Has exhibition in Tokyo and sketches sumo, baseball and horse racing for Japanese TV; covers Stanley Cup hockey playoffs for NBC-TV; creates poster for Newport Jazz Festival and for next 5 years; creates poster for Ali-Foreman fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, and for Frank Sinatra concert at Carnegie Hall; Art and Lifestyle is published.

1975 -- Creates official St. Paul Bicentennial poster; given major retrospective at the Minnesota Museum of Art; creates official program cover for World Series; creates poster for Ali-Frazier III and paints cockfights in Manila; creates first of four annual posters for Robert F. Kennedy Pro-Celebrity Tennis Tournament; book The Artist's Limited Edition of Moby Dick is published.

1976 -- Paints mural on camera as ABC-TV Official Artist at Olympic Games, Montreal; paints on French Riviera; holds one-man show at Knoedler Gallery in London; exhibits in national invitational "Watercolor USA Show" at Springfield Art Museum, Missouri, and "Drawings USA Show" at the Minnesota Museum of Art; paints Harlem scene for Jazzmobile poster; paints Chris Evert for Saturday Evening Post cover.

1977 -- Holds one-man shows in Stockholm and Helsinki; works in Paris; paints NBA All-Star game; creates poster for Lacrosse USA.

1978 -- Performs first live execution of computer art for CBS-TV coverage of Super Bowl, New Orleans; creates poster for Bill Bradley senatorial campaign; creates poster for Ali-Spinks II match in New Orleans.

1979 -- Appointed Grand Marshal with Jesse Owens at The Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa; paints the Ginza, Kamakura Buddha, Mount Fuji in Japan, Royal Ascot in London, and Pan-Am Games in Puerto Rico, for CBS-TV; book Horses is published.

1980 -- Appointed Official Artist of the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games and Official Artist of the Democratic National Convention, New York; paints commission for Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; sketches Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro; presents painting commemorating signing of Arab-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David to President Carter at the White House; book Posters is published.

1981 -- Holds two-man exhibition with Andy Warhol at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, California; executes 24' x 16' portrait of Sylvester Stallone for Rocky film; creates art and appears as ring announcer in Rocky films II, III, IV and V; book Carnaval is published.

1982 -- Has one-man exhibition at Harrod's, and paints the "The Stock Exchange, London"; creates poster for Kool Jazz Festival; paints and exhibits in Tokyo.

1983 -- Has one-man exhibitions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New Orleans; executes billboard, television commercial and program for Lido show at the Tropicana, Las Vegas; book Winners is published.

1984 -- Appointed Official Artist, Winter Olympics, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia and Summer Olympics, Los Angeles.

1985 -- Returns to Brazil to paint Gavea Golf and Country Club in Rio de Janeiro and stock exchange in Sao Paulo; named Honorary Marshal at St. Paul Winter Carnival; Japanese version of Winners is published.

1986 -- Appointed Official Artist, Goodwill Games in Moscow for Turner Broadcasting Network; paints America's Cup commission for the New York Yacht Club.

1987 -- Paints and makes video documentaries of Old St. Andrews in Scotland and the Riviera in France; paints Indianapolis 500 auto race commission; presents "Minute Man" poster to President Reagan at the White House.

1988 -- Holds one-man exhibitions in Japan and Moscow; executes mural for Golden Nugget, Las Vegas; paints commission for the Caribbean Classic at Caliente Racetrack in Tijuana, Mexico; paints and makes video documentary of "Napoleon at Waterloo"; book Monte Carlo Chase is published.

1989 -- Paints Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli and Sammy Davis, Jr. at Royal Albert Hall, London; sketches the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco during earthquake; does sketches and paintings and video documentary of New York's Central Park, and holds exhibition at the boathouse in the park.

1990 -- Executes commemorative painting for 100th anniversary of Los Angeles Dodgers; holds one-man exhibition for inaugural Grand Prix auto race in Denver; paints the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia; travels and sketches in Rome, Paris and Hong Kong.

1991 -- Executes commissioned paintings for 25th anniversary of Spectrum Stadium, Philadelphia, and 10th anniversary of Miami Grand Prix and of Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; travels to Japan to paint geishas, the Ginza and golf; creates Michael Jordan serigraph and poster; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Paris and Berlin.

1992 -- Paints Tom Seaver for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; paints suite of four famous golf courses in conjunction with publication of Big-Time Golf; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Venice, Milan and Rome; honored by the Art Institute of Chicago as an outstanding alumnus; commissioned to paint Bobby Orr by Polaroid.

1993 -- Paints Reggie Jackson for Baseball Hall of Fame induction, Larry Bird for Boston Garden, and Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville; creates poster for CBS-TV film Call of the Wild; holds one-man exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; paints Frank Sinatra for cover of "Duets" album.

1994 -- Paints Pebble Beach Golf Clubhouse; creates poster for CBS-TV film The Yearling, attends and paints Super Bowl XXVIII in Atlanta; paints in Monte Carlo and Venice; goes on to paint safari in Kenya; sketches Luciano Pavarotti at Metropolitan Opera; paints Frank Sinatra for "Duets II" album; book An American in Paris is published.

1995 -- Paints Babe Ruth for the Baseball Hall of Fame, U.S. Open at Shinnecock Golf Course, and Rockefeller Center; creates 40-foot mural on Broadway theater for Tommy Tune's musical, Busker Alley; gives 30-year retrospective exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; appointed a member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs; honored by Playboy for the 40th anniversary of the Femlin character.

1996 -- Commissioned by United Nations to create six postage stamps for the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta; paints Super Bowl XXX in Phoenix, Arizona; honored by Boxing Writers and England's Lonsdale Boxing Club; paints "Hall of Famer" for the Baseball Hall of Fame's permanent art exhibition; creates serigraph of "The 3 Tenors", Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti.

1997 -- Inauguration of the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University, New York; introduction of LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigar; narrates and appears in film documentary on Cuba and cigars, Rhythm and Smoke; creates poster commemorating 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking of racial barrier in Major League Baseball; creates first official Kentucky Derby poster; travels to South Africa to present commissioned portrait of President Nelson Mandela; book LeRoy Neiman on Safari is published.

1998 -- Inaugurates LeRoy Neiman Center for Study of American Culture and Society, UCLA, Los Angeles; unveils baccarat painting for Desert Inn, Las Vegas; exhibits and participates in seminar on Frank Sinatra at Hofstra University; paints and creates serigraph of Joe DiMaggio; creates label for Duval-Leroy champagne; creates official poster for Breeders' Cup, Louisville; cover art for Good Will Games New York official program, and for article in The Nation; honored at Ox-Bow Gala at the Art Institute of Chicago, and by Sportscasters.

1999 -- Creates art for Givenchy perfumes; presents portrait of Mark McGwire and creates serigraph edition commemorating record home run hitter. Paints John Elway and creates serigraph celebrating retirement from football; releases serigraph of Mickey Mantle; participates in Olympic Games seminar on Queen Elizabeth II ocean liner crossing; gambling prints installed in Salle Privée at Paris Casino in Las Vegas; creates poster for Taxicab Chronicles Off-Broadway play; visits Havana to sketch Cuban rhythms. Sketches Army-Navy game in Philadelphia for West Point commission.

2000 -- Creates boxing painting for use as poster for Heavyweight Explosion cable TV program; book The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000 is published; releases serigraphs of Mike Piazza and Cal Ripken, Jr.; the first LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in San Francisco; commissioned to create artwork for 125th Preakness Stakes and 2000 PGA Championship Tournament at Valhalla Golf Course.

2001 -- Salutes Muhammad Ali as "Athlete of the Century" with oversized portrait and limited edition serigraphs. Commissioned to paint Mardi Gras official poster for 2002; commissioned to paint Phoenix Suns star Charles Barkley on retirement of uniform number; commissioned to paint UCLA basketball coach John Wooden; holds retrospective drawing exhibition at the Fairfield Public Gallery, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; creates poster for 2001 All-Star Jockey Championship; attends 25th year reunion of ABC-TV coverage of 1976 Munich Olympics. Commissioned by New York City Fire Department to commemorate September 11 terrorist attack for benefit of NYFD Widows and Orphans Fund; creates image of NYFD fireman's helmet and for the first time allows an image to be used and sold on t-shirts; also donates original painting to auction for Widows and Orphans Fund. Honorary Chairman at the annual Bare Walls event at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; the second LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in Watsonville, California; the largest serigraph yet by artist, "Circus", having image size of 43 ¾" x 65", is completed after 2 years work.

2002 -- Commissioned to paint Wayne Gretzky, Gold Medal winning coach of the Canadian Olympic Hockey Team; commissioned to create official tournament poster for the first U.S. Open to be held at a public golf course, Bethpage on Long Island, New York; illustrates "Casey at the Bat", published as a trade edition by Ecco Press, with Foreword by New York Yankees manager Joe Torre; creates the Tyson/Lewis poster for the boxing heavyweight championship fight in Memphis; creates the official poster and program cover for the Oscar de la Hoya/Fernando Valenzuela championship boxing match in Las Vegas; honored with a tribute dinner at the Friar's Club in New York City; painting of Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Larry Bird is unveiled during Johnson's induction ceremonies at the Basketball Hall of Fame; Gallagher's Steak House in New York City unveils a permanent collection of Neiman artwork portraying the city's greatest athletes; receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions to golf and sport art at the Art of Golf Festival at Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina; inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame.

2003 -- Unveiled commissioned painting of the racehorse Funnycide at Saratoga; opens exhibition "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" at the Wildlife Experience museum in Denver, CO; S.T. Dupont releases special edition LeRoy Neiman Golf pen and lighter set; mounts exhibition "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" at the Pratt Institute; paints the Breeders Cup at Santa Anita; publishes book LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades with Harry N. Abrams.

2004 -- Commissioned to paint poster design for the 2005 Special Olympics in Nagano; paints portrait of Secretariat for the Secretariat Museum; paints program cover design for the Newport Jazz Festival and participates in a group exhibition at the festival; receives Medal of Honor at Ellis Island from NECO; paints portraits of Oscar De La Hoya and Bernard Hopkins for their fight program and presents the paintings to the fighters; completes a set of seven jazz lithographs at Columbia's Neiman Center for Print Studies; films a cameo appearance for Sylvester Stallone's television show "The Contender"; produces a set of five limited edition prints of Martha Graham for the Martha Graham Dance Company; publishes limited edition artist's book LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/Ali vs. Liston 1965 with powerHouse Books and Meridian Printing.
Appendices:
Appendix A: Notable Correspondents from Series 2: Correspondence

This appendix is an alphabetical listing of notable correspondents primarily from Series 2, but may include references to other series. The numbers following the entry indicate the series number, subseries number if appropriate, and date where the material is filed. For example: Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991 indicates that the correspondence for that person is found in Series 2.1 in the 1983 and 1991 folders.

ABC Sports (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC

Abel, Patty Otis - 2.1: 1998

Abraham, Seth - 2.1: 1989

Abrams, Charles - 2.1: 1982

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Abrams, Richard Irwin - 3.1: Montreal Olympics 1976

The Actors' Fund - 2.1: 2000

Adamonis, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Adams, Cindy - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: Royal Doulton Collectible Plates 1974-78

Addison, Bob and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 2004

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Ali, Muhammad - 2.1: 1977

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Alzado, Lyle - 2.1: 1984

American Diabetes Association - 2.1: 2001

Andrews, Benny - 2.3

Appel, Marty - 3.1: Thurman Munson 1977-2002

Aretsky, Ken - 2.1: 1989

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC

Arledge, Roone Jr. - 2.1: 2004

Art Aid - 2.1: 1986

Art Institute of Chicago - 2.1: 1990

Ashwood, Donald - 2.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983

Association du Salon d'Automne - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99

Athletic Role Model Educational Institute, Inc. - 2.1: 1992

Australia - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

Avers, Jeffrey - 2.1: 2002

BBC Television (British Broadcasting Corporation) - 2.1: 1989

Bailey, Pearl - 2.1: 1990

Baker, Jean -Claude - 3.2.11

Bank of New York - 2.1: 2002

Barletta, Joseph - 2.1: 1993

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001

Baylos, Gene - 2.1: 1991

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bennet, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett

Berman, Len - 2.1: Undated 1990s

Bigelow, Vaughn - 2.1: 1984, 1988, see also Chabot Galleries

Bingham, Howard - 2.1: 1993

Binns, James - 2.1: 1989, 2001

Blair, Buckingham - 2.1: undated

Blatnik, Sonny - 2.1: 1986

Blecker, Tom - 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bollinger, Lee - 3.1: Columbia University 1995-present

Bowles, Franklin - 1.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Boykin - 1.1: Awards, Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley Political Campaigns 1978-2000, 3.2. -- Winners -- , Harry N. Abrams, 1983, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Brown, Keith Henry - 2.1: 2004

Brown, Sally - 2.1: 1997

Buchwald, Art - 3.2: -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Bugatti, Charles and Stephanie - 2.1: 1991

Burger King - 2.1: 1976

Bush, President George H. W. and Barbara - 2.1: 1989, 1990

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003, 3.2. 13

Butler Institute of American Art - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Byrne, Mayor Jane M. - 2.1: 1981

CBS -TV - see Wolf, Warner

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Camber Porter, Melinda - 2.3

Carnesale, Chancellor Albert - 3.2.15

Carousel of Hope - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-2002

Carter, President Jimmy and Rosalynn, and family - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Cass, Hilary Volkman - 2.1: 1992

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1983, 1989

Chapin, Dwight ( -- San Francisco Examiner -- ) - 2.1: 1991

Chase, Bob - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

The Chicago Board of Trade - 2.1: 1977

Cirillo, John - 1.1: Awards d. Lonsdale International Sporting Club 1996, 2.1: 2001

Cirrincione, Wanda Hightower - 2.1: 1994

Clark, Ed and Jane Forbes - 2.1: 2000

Clinton, Bill - 2.1: 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Clough, Charles - 2.1: 1997

Clough, Susan - 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams

Cohen, Jason - 2.1: 2004

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Cooke, Jack Kent - 2.1: 1986

Cooney, Gerry - 2.1: 2000

Cooper, Pat - 2.1: 1992

Cosell, Howard and Mary Edith - 2.1: 1991

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

Cremins, Bobby - 2.1: 1990

Culinary Institute of America - 2.1: 2000

Cunningham, Jeffrey - 2.1: 1994

D., E. (unnamed WWII buddy?) - 2.1: 1997

Dahlgren, Doug - 2.1: 1999

Daley, Robert - 2.1: 1999

Daub, Mayor Hal - 2.1: 1997

Davis, Altavise (wife of Sammy) - 2.1: 1989

Davis, Barbara and Marvin - 2.1: 1985, 2001, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Patty - 2.1: 1983

Dawkins, Peter and Judi - 3.1: Senatorial Candidate Pete Dawkins Poster 1988

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

DeCinces, Doug - 2.1: 1990

Decker, Bob ( -- New York Post -- ) - 2.1: 1991

DeLaVega, James - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2.3

Del Greco, Maria - 2.3

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998

deVarona, Donna - 2.1: 1991

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

Diles, Dave - 2.1: 2001

Dill, Bob Jr. - 2.1: 1997

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Dillon, Gregory - 2.1: 2003

Dinkins, Mayor David and Joyce - 2.1: 1990

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Dunphy, Don - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Dyansen Gallery - 2.2: Dyansen Gallery 1989-96

Eaton, Roy - 2.1: 1981

Editions Limited - 2.1: 1986

Edward Fields, Inc. - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Eger, Joseph - 2.1: 1991

Eisele, Albert - 2.1: 2002

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

Everson, Cory - 2.1: 1994

Evert, Chris - 2.1: 1999, 2000, 2001

Evert, Colette - 2.1: 1995

Fantasy Productions - see Berman, Len

Feinstein, Mayor Diane - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Felder, Raoul Lionel - 2.1: 1996

Felicie, Inc, - 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989

Ferguson, Glenn - 2.1: 1993

Field, Marshall - 2.1: 2004

Fineman, Jodie and Matthew - 2.1: 1999

Fireman, Sheldon - 2.1: 2004

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Foley, Ray and Jackie - 2.1: 1995

Folkman, David - 2.1: 1999, 2000

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

Foster Harmon Galleries - 2.1: 1975, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freedman, Ann - 2.1: 2001

French, John - 2.1: 1987

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Fujita family - see Tele Planning International, Tokyo

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte

Galleria Ramona - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Gallery Mack - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975-87, 3.1: Gallery Mack 1974, 3.1: Gaylord Perry 1982

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Garnier, Yves - 2.1: 1991

Garvey, Steve and Cyndi - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Gavea Golf Club - 2.1: 1985

Gere-Suson, Gary - 2.1: 1999

Gilbert, Patti - 2.1: 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Gottlieb, Paul - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Graime, Arlene (US Olympic Committee) - 2.1: 1996

Grasso, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Gray, Joel - 2.1: 2003

Green Hills Farm - 2.1: 1987

Green, Tammie - 2.1: 1993

Greentree Stud, Inc. - 2.1: undated

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - 2.1: 1983

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-98

Grenon, Robert - 2.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Guest, C. Z. - 2.1: 2003

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

Hackett, Buddy and Sherry - 2.1: 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998

Halvorsen, Robert - 2.1: 1994

Hammer, Armand - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence

Hammer, Michael - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence, see also Hammer, Armand Hammer, Victor - see Hammer, Armand

Hanson Art Galleries - 2.2: Hanson Art Galleries 1983-1991, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997, see also exhibitions: Hanson Art Galleries in index for more file references

Harden, Richard - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Harriman, Ambassador Pamela - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Hartman, David - 2.1: 1981

Harvey, Paul - 2.1: 1987

Haskell, Nikki - 2.1: 1997, 2001, 2002

Harris, Earl - 2.1: 1987

Harris, Franco - 2.1: 1990

Hatton, Pat - 2.1: 1993

Hawkins, Tommy - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990

Healy, Katherine - 2.1: 1986

Hedgecock, Mayor Roger - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars by Don Diego 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 2.1: 1983, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Hefner, Keith - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1982, 1987, 1988, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Hentoff, Nat - 2.1: 1992

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Hesburgh, Theodore - 2.1: 1992

Hiebert, Gary - 2.1: 1994

Hilliard, Kent - see Hilliard Gallery

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 1985, 1989, IV: 1986, 1992, 2001

Hilton, Barron - 2.1: 1992, 1999, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981 -1985, 3.2.10

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990 -2000

Hoelscher, Lydia (Neiman's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hoffman, Michael - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989

Holder, Geoffrey - 2.3

Honolulu Symphony Society - 2.1: 1976

Hoover, Tom - 2.1: 1993

Hunt - 2.1: 1981

Hunt, Lamar - 2.1: 1998

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996

Ivester, M. Douglas - 2.1: 1994

Izenberg, Jerry - 2.1: 2003

Jackson, Michael - 2.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2001

Jacobs, Loraine and Jim - 2.1: 1992

Jimmy the Greek - 2.1: 1974, 1982

JoAnn Perse Gallery - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Johnson, Bill and Ellenor - 2.1: 1994

Jones, Gene and Jerry - 2.1: 2002

Jones, Tony - 2.1: 1996

Jordan, Mayor Frank - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Jordan, Michael - 2.1: 1991

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Kaufman, Bart - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89

Kennedy, Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy

King, Don - 2.1: 1978, 1979

King, Congressman Peter - 2.1: 2001

King Graphics - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Kitt, Eartha - 2.1: 1997

Kleiman, Melodie - 2.1: 1991

Knoedler & Co. -

Koch, Mayor Ed - 2.1: 1981, 1989, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Kosinski, Jerzy - 2.1: 1981

Kravitt, Shirley - 2.1: 1990

Kriendler, Pete - 2.1: 1983, 1991, 1993

Krimstein, Jordie - 2.1: 1997, 2001

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - 2.1: 1982, 1984, 1992, 1997

Kurzman, Adele - 2.1: 2000

Lake, Cynthia - 2.1: 1994

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1993-96

Lang, Jenifer and George - 2.1: 2000, 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 2003

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2003

La Russa, Tony - 2.1: 1993

Latin Recording Academy - 2.1: 2001

The Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989

Leeds, Eric - 2.1: 1991, 1993

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999

Liberace - 2.1: 1982

Lieber, Marvin - 2.1: 2004

Lombardi, Vince - 2.1: 1980

Lomonaco, Michael - 2.1: 1996

Lone Ranger Television, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

Lorenzi, Henri - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Los Angeles Dodgers - see Hershiser, Orel

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Neiman-Warhol 1981

Louie, May - 2.1: 1992

Lownes, Victor and Marilyn - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Lugosi, Bela (Jr. ) - 2.1: 1991

Macalester College - 2.1: 2001

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1992

Mann, Perry - 2.1: 1999

Manpower - 2.1: 1977

Manufacturers Hanover Trust - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

Maples, Marla - 2.2: Trump

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1985

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Marlborough Galleries - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Marsh, Rita - 2.1: 2000

Maser Fine Art, Maser Galleries - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont 1983

Matthias, Bob - 2.1: 1998

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1988, 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

McDougal, Little & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon and Bonnie - 2.1: 2001

McGillicuddy, John F. - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

McMullen, John - 2.1: 1998

Mercante, Arthur - 2.1: 1990

Merchant, Larry - 2.1: 2000

Merrill Chase Galleries - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89

Michael, Gene - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House, "The Neiman Collection" 2002

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980

Miles, Sylvia - 2.1: 1994

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

Mize, Johnny - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

de Monaco, Prince Albert - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all files)

Montevecchi, Lilianne - 2.1: 1997

Moreno, Linda - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgenstein, Evan - 2.1: 1995

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1995, 1996

Murcer, Bobby - 2.1: 1993

Murdock, David and Maria - 2.1: 1995

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-98

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972, IV: 1972

Museum of Modern Art - 2.1: 2001

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Nation -- - 2.1: 1998

Neiman, Earl (Neiman's brother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88

Newark Public Library - 2.1: 1995

Newman, Eric - 2.1: 1996

New York Athletic Club (NYAC) - 2.1: 2000

New York Post -- - see Adams, Cindy, or Decker, Bob

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Niagara University - 2.1: 1976

Nicholson, Jack - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Nicholson, John - 2.1: 2000

Nureyev, Rudolph - 2.1: 1983

Oakland Athletics - see La Russa, Tony

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Ono, Yoko - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Orr, Bobby - 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992

Osti, Nino - 2.1: 1987

O'Sullivan, Thomas (Minnesota Historical Society) - 2.1: 1994

Oxendine, Thomra (Kit) - 1.1: Lynn Quayle

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978

Parvin, Al and Phyllis - 2.1: 1991, 1993

Paschke, Ed - 2.3

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pelkey, Joe - 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1972, 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Perry, Gaylord - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Perse, Jo Ann - see Jo Ann Perse Gallery

Petruccio, Joe - 2.1: 2002

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Pick Galleries - 2.1: 1977

Pignatano, Joe - 2.1: 1996

Playboy Enterprizes, Inc. - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Policy, Carmen - 2.1: 1995

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Raphael, James - 2.1: 1991

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-1988

Rechtschaffen, Dr. Joseph - 2.1: 1995

Reed, Rex - 2.1: 1985

Reeve, Christopher - 2.1: 1995

Reid, Senator Harry - 2.1: 1990, 1994

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1995

Revelli, Cynthia - 2.1: 1995

Ribbs, Willie T. - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Robinson, Sugar Ray and Millie - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Rockwell, Bill - 2.1: 1995

Rooney, Art - 2.1: 1977

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - 2.1: 1976

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998

Safir, Police Commissioner Howard - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

San Francisco 49ers - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Santaniello, Carmine - 2.3

Sassi, Etienne - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Scaffidi, Marie - 2.1: 1980s Undated

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schmidt, Mike - 2.1: 1980

Schulberg, Budd - 2.1: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004

Schuman, Rhoda - 2.1: 1992

Schumsky, Felicie - see Felicie, Inc.

Schuster, Gary and family - 2.1: 2000

Scully, Vin - 2.1: 1990, 2000

Schwartz, Louis O. - 1.1: Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Schwartz, Richard - 2.1: 2000

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Seidman, Jay - 2.1: 2001

Seitz, Nick - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Serline, Ollie - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s

Sharp Electronics Corporation - 2.1: 1988

Sherman, Allie - 2.1: 2002

Shula, Coach Donald - 2.1: 1991

Siering, David - 2.1: 1987

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.2: Shel Silverstein

Sinatra, Barbara - 2.2: Sinatra family

Sinatra, Frank - 2.2: Sinatra family, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Sinatra, Nancy - 2.2: Sinatra family

Skelton, Red - 2.1: 1985

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1982

Solomone, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Sony - 2.1: 1978

Sorenson, Jackie - 2.1: 1981

Spectrum, Philadephia - 2.1: 1991

Spectrum Fine Art - 2.1: 1978, 1983

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986

Stack, Edward - 2.1: 1996

Staebler, Tom - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Stanley, Melvin - 2.1: 1993

Steffens, John L. - 2.1: 1996

Stein, Bill - 2.1: 1982

Steinbrenner, George - 2.1: 2004

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1977

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphony for United Nations - 2.1: 1991

TV Guide -- Magazine - 2.1: 1975, 1990, 1993

Talese, Gay - 2.1: 1992

Tate, Evelyn - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Tenenbaum, Harold and Judy - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tiefel, William R. - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2001

Torrenzano, Richard - 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Torykian, Richard - 2.1: 1997

Touvell, Audra - 2.1: 2002

Trenchard, Peter - 2.1: 2001

Trovato, Liz - 2.1: 1994

Trump, Donald - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, see also Trump in Index

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

United States Department of State - 2.1: 1984

United States Olympic Committee - 2.1: 1985

Universal Pictures - 2.1: 1991

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: The Upstairs Gallery 1980-89

Valentine, Bobby and Mary - 2.1: 2002

Vorhaus, Louis - 2.1: 1992

war buddy (unnamed) - 2.1: 1997

Ward, Katherine Lecube - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Warner Brothers Television - 2.1: 1990

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Wein, George - 2.1: 1991, 1993, 1995, 2000

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1985, 1987

Weisman, Maria - 2.1: 2002

Welch, Herb and Lisa - 2.1: 1989, 1992

Welzer, Irv - 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

Whitaker, Jack - 2.1: 1996

The White House - see Harden, Richard or Clough, Susan, or search by name of President

White, Willye - 2.1: 1989

Williams, Ted - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-91

Wilson, Senator Pete - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Winer, Jessica - 2.3

Wirin, R. Michael - 2.1: 1998

Wolf, Warner and Sue - 2.1: 2003

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Wrather Corporation (the Lone Ranger), Jack and Bonita G. Wrather - 2.1: 1977, 1988

Yarger, Timothy - 2.2: Franklin Bowles

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Youngman, Henry - 2.1: 1992

Zabrin, Michael - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Zimmer, Don (Coach, New York Yankees) and Soot - 2.1: 1997

Appendix B: History of LeRoy Neiman's Representation: Felicie Schumsky, Hammer Galleries, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer Galleries, New York, had its first show of LeRoy Neiman works in 1963 and has represented him ever since.

Armand Hammer was the proprietor of Hammer Galleries, which he founded in 1929 upon returning from the Soviet Union with a load of Czarist art. His brother Victor was in charge of running the gallery.

Armand became the chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation in 1957.

Maury Leibowitz became a partner with the Hammers at the gallery around the same time they began representing Mr. Neiman.

Hammer and O.P.C. bought the respected M.K. Knoedler & Co. gallery in New York in 1971 with Leibowitz as a partner. Knoedler merged with Modarco, a Swiss investment firm, during the 1970s after its purchase by O.P.C.

Knoedler-Modarco now has three divisions: M. Knoedler & Co. (founded in 1846), Knoedler Publishing (created for the sole business of publishing and distributing the prints and posters of LeRoy Neiman), and Hammer Galleries.

Felicie Schumsky was LeRoy Neiman's publisher and distributor before Knoedler. Felicie, Inc. is named alone in advertising until 1973, when ads appear naming FKH Editions as publisher (presumably 'Felicie Knoedler Hammer') and Hammer Galleries as gallery/distributor. This continues until 1975, when ads begin naming Knoedler as publisher and Hammer as gallery.

Hammer Graphics Gallery, a part of Hammer Galleries, was started in 1979 for the sole purpose of distributing and exhibiting the graphic work of LeRoy Neiman.

Victor Hammer died in July 1985, and Armand Hammer died in 1990 at age 92 (less than a year after losing his wife Frances), leaving his son Michael Hammer as the chairman and president of The Armand Hammer Foundation. Maury Leibowitz died in 1992.

Appendix C: A Listing of Major Public Collections of LeRoy Neiman WorksAnchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage, Alaska

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Baltimore Museum of Fine Art, Baltimore, Maryland

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware

Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Football Hall of Fame, Canton, Ohio

Grunwald Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Armand Hammer Collection, Los Angeles, California

Harding Museum, Chicago, Illinois

Hayward Museum, Hayward, California

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, USSR

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Joslyn Museum, Omaha, Nebraska

Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York

Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian, Mississippi

Michigan State University, Kesage Art Center Gallery, East Lansing, Michigan

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minnesota Historical Society

Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota

Mobile Art Gallery and Museum, Mobile, Alabama

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

National Museum of Sport in Art, New York, New York

Niagara University, Niagara, New York

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, Massachusetts

Tennis Hall of Fame, Newport, Rhode Island

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona

Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota

University Art Gallery, Binghamton, New York

University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

Utah Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas

Whitney Museum. New York, New York

Wodham College, Oxford, England

Yuma Fine Arts Association, Yuma, Arizona

Appendix D: A Listing of LeRoy Neiman Serigraph Releases This list corresponds to newspaper and magazine ads in files 3.3: Felicie Inc. - Advertising and 3.3: Knoedler & Co. - Advertising. This is not a complete inventory. DateSerigraphUnknown -- Bar '21' (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Delacroix Tiger

Unknown -- Elephant Family

Unknown -- Gorilla Family

Unknown -- Kenya Leopard

Unknown -- Lion Pride (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Lion Couple

Unknown -- Polar Bears

Unknown -- Serengeti Leopard

Unknown -- Zebra Family

Unknown -- The Plaza Square

Unknown -- Stock Market (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Neiman Montreal '76 (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Winter Olympic Skier, Lake Placid 1980

Unknown -- P.J. Clark's

Unknown -- Olympic Slalom

Unknown -- Dublin Bar

Unknown -- Le Grand Cuisine

Unknown -- Little Hitter

Unknown -- Little Fielder

1975 -- Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

1975 -- Toots Shor Bar

1975 -- Club House Turn

1975 -- Black Panther

1976 -- Sun Serve

1976 -- Satchmo

1976 -- High Seas Sailing

1976 -- Vegas Blackjack

1976 -- Golf Landscape

1976 -- Elephant Stampede

1976 -- Nadia

1976 -- America's Cup

1977 -- Marlin!

1977 -- High Altitude Skiing

1977 -- Basketball Superstars

1977 -- Café aux Deux Magots

1977 -- The Mallet Men

1977 -- Bengal Tiger

1977 -- Giraffe Family

1977 -- Show Jumper

1977 -- Outrigger Canoe Race

1978 -- Metropolitan Opera

1978 -- Moby Dick Portfolio

1978 -- Bucking Bronc

1978 -- The Wildcats

1979 -- Kentucky Derby

1979 -- Chateau Hunt

1979 -- Stretch Stampede

1979 -- Aegean Sailing

1979 -- American Bald Eagle

1980 -- Lake Placid, Eighty, 1980

1981 -- Stenmark

1981 -- The Race of the Year

1981 -- Tour de France

1981 -- Before the Race

1984 -- Rush Street Bar

1984 -- Regents Park

1984 -- Elephant Nocturne

1985 -- Six Golfers, 1984

1985 -- Lady Skier

1985 -- Harry's Wall Street Bar

1986 -- Nob Hill

1986 -- Buena Vista Bar

1986 -- America's Cup, Australia

1987 -- Great Dane

1987 -- Giants - Broncos Classic

1987 -- 24 Hours of Le Mans

1987 -- Bistro Garden

1987 -- Left Bank Café

1988 -- Diamond Head, Hawaii

1988 -- Napoleon at Waterloo

1988 -- Piazza del Popolo - Rome

1988 -- Monte Carlo Suite

1988 -- Harbor at Monaco

1988 -- Salle Prive - Monte Carlo

1988 -- Borzoi

1988 -- In the Pocket

1988 -- Magic (Johnson)

1988 -- Clubhouse at Old St. Andrew's

1989 -- Polo Lounge

1989 -- Superplay

1989 -- President's Birthday Party

1989 -- Chicago Key Club Bar

1990 -- Secretariat II

1990 -- Chicago Options

1990 -- April at Augusta

1990 -- Gaming Table

1990 -- The '21' Club

1991 -- Homage to Ali

1991 -- Ted Williams

1991 -- Café Rive Gauche

1991 -- Cougar

1991 -- The Bordello

1992 -- Hunt Rendezvous

1992 -- Kilimanjaro Bulls

1992 -- Paddock at Chantilly

1993 -- The Maulers

1993 -- Fouquets

Appendix F: A Listing of "Man at His Leisure" Features in Playboy MagazineDateSubject/Pages1958 April -- Painter of the Urban Scene, p. 49-51

1958 December -- The Pump Room, Ambassadors East, Chicago, p. 60-61

1959 January -- Le Café Chambord, p. 52-53

1959 June -- Romanoff's, p. 62-63

1959 December -- Moore County Hounds (Southern Pines), p. 68-72

1960 February -- Hialeah Race Course, p. 52-54

1960 June -- The Colony, p. 74-75

1960 August -- Forest Hills, p. 76-77

1961 January -- Squaw Valley, p. 84-87

1961 March -- Ernie's, p. 94-95

1961 June -- The S.S. United States, p. 60-61

1961 July -- Longchamp - Auteuil, p. 82-85

1961 September -- La Plaza de Toros, p. 109-111

1961 December -- Maxim's, p. 130-131

1962 January -- The French Riviera, p. 103-105

1962 March -- The Grand National Steeplechase, p. 94-95

1962 May -- The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race, p. 96-97

1962 August -- Las Vegas, p. 86-89

1963 May -- Monte Carlo, p. 122-125

1963 July -- Air France, p. 102-103

1963 September -- Sardi's, World Billiard Championship, p. 150-151

1963 December -- Madison Square Garden, p. 169-171

1964 April -- Epsom Derby, p. 120-121

1964 August -- St. Tropez, p. 62-65

1964 October -- Chantilly, p. 144-147

1964 December -- The Lido, p. 159-193

1965 March -- The New York Playboy Club, p.116-117

1965 August -- The Girallia Yacht Race, p. 110-111

1965 December -- The Plaza, Manhattan, p. ?

1966 July -- The Royal Ascot, p. 110-113

1966 September -- The America's Cup, p. 168-169

1967 January -- Discotheques, p. 180-181

1967 June -- Surfing, p. 112-115

1967 November -- National Horse Show, p. 143-145

1967 Winter -- VIP Magazine, Assignment London

1968 January -- Rosati's, Via Venito, p.?

1969 January -- The Bolshoi Ballet, p. 199-201

1969 June -- Le Mans, p. 124-125

1969 August -- Yugoslavia, p. 126-129

1970 January -- Morocco, p. 203-207

1970 November -- Can-Am Race, p. 179-181

1971 January -- Jamaica, p. 191-193

1972 January -- Sotheby's Auction Room, p. 171-173

1973 January -- Super Bowl, p. 187-189

1973 July -- Summer of '72 - The Hamptons, p. 152-157

Playboy Magazine's "Neiman Sketchbook" Features

DateSubject/Pages1979 December -- Teofilo Stevenson, p. 221

1980 January -- Senator Ted Kennedy, p. 137

1980 February -- Roller Skating, p. 166 -167

1980 March -- Charles Mingus, p. 179

Appendix E: Exhibitions

Below is a chronological list of Neiman exhibitions. See the index for an alphabetical list of exhibitions (listed by name of venue under the item "exhibitions") and reference to locations of pertinent archive files.

DateSolo ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 3-31, 1961 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 9-March 9, 1962 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 1962 -- O'Hana Gallery, London

Nov. 27-Dec. 11, 1962 -- Galerie O. Bosc, Paris

Oct. 8-19, 1963 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

January-February, 1965 -- "Vie de France," Astor Tower French Center, Chicago

Nov. 23-Dec. 4, 1965 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

March 5-25, 1966 -- Gallery Richelle, St. Louis

1976 -- "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective 1949-75," Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Nov. 1967 -- Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 7, 1967 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 26-31, 1968 -- New York Jets Sketches, Hammer Galleries, New York

May 1-June 10, 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," Choate School, Wallingford, CT

May 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta," Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Jan. 20-31, 1970 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 19-Nov. 2, 1971 -- "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery, New York

April-May, 1972 -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Dec. 1972 -- Circle Gallery, Chicago

Oct. 31-Nov. 11, 1972 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 22, 1972-Jan. 7, 1973 -- "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art

Jan.-Feb. 1973 -- Circle Gallery, Los Angeles

1973 -- Circle Gallery, Dallas

March 24, 1973 -- The Hang -Up Gallery Open House

April-May 1973 -- Circle Gallery, New York

June 2-23, 1973 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Jan. 24-Feb. 5, 1974 -- "Ali - Frazier," Circle Gallery, New York

Feb. 3-March 17, 1974 -- Springfield Museum of Art

1974 -- Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

April 30-May 11, 1974 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

June 22-July 6, 1974 -- Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, Honolulu

Sept. 1974 -- Abercrombie & Fitch

1974 -- Tobu Gallery, Tokyo

Nov. 1974 -- Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1974 -- Windsor Gallery, New York

Feb. 1975 -- Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, NY

March 1975 -- Art Gallery -Studio 53 Ltd., New York

April 1975 -- "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

June-July 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket

Aug. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Sag Harbor, Long Island

Sept. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Pittsfield, MA

July 1975 -- Waller's Gallery, Tampa, FL

Sept. 1975 -- Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA

Nov. 1975 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

Dec. 4-26, 1975 -- Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul

Dec. 4, 1975-Jan. 24, 1976 -- Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Dec. 10, 1975-Jan. 10, 1976 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan. 21-March 10, 1976 -- Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank

Feb.-May 1976 -- Emerald Art Galleries, Coronado, CA

March 14-28, 1976 -- Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT

June 1976 -- M. Knoedler & Co., London

Aug. 1976 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 27, 1976 -- Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Recency

Sept. 12-Oct. 6, 1976 -- Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls

1976 -- Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York

Oct. 1976 -- Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1976 -- "The Olympic Ring," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 12-19, 1976 -- Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden

March 1977 -- Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN

March 1977 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 1977 -- Galerie Marc, San Francisco

Aug. 31-Sept. 11, 1977 -- Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden

Sept. 1977 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Sept. 2-23, 1977 -- Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland

Oct.-Nov. 1977 -- St. Lawrence National Bank, Ogdensburg NY

May 1978 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

June 1978 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

July 1978 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

Oct. 12-Nov. 12, 1978 -- Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis

Dec. 1978 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

Jan. 23-Feb. 10, 1979 -- Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

April 7-May 1, 1979 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

April 28-May 26, 1979 -- Percival Galleries, Des Moines

May 1979 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Dec. 4, 1979-Jan. 5, 1980 -- "Horses," Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan.-Feb. 1980 -- Olympic Benefit Exhibition, Famous -Barr, St. Louis

June 1980 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

July 1980 -- Nicolas Helion, Paris

July 1-19, 1980 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct.-Nov. 1980 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Dec. 1980 -- Horizon Gallery, Waikiki

April 28-May 16, 1981 -- "LeRoy Neiman Drawings: A Retrospective," Hammer Galleries, New York

Summer 1981 -- Exhibition of Graphic Works 1971-81, Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

July-Aug. 1981 -- Foster Harmon Gallery, Sarasota, FL

July-Aug. 1981 -- Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art

1981 -- "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery

Sept. 1981 -- State National Bank, Tiara Gallery

Oct. 1981 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1981 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

1982 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

Feb. 1982 -- Grigsby Galleries One, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1982 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

April 8-24, 1982 -- Dean Day Gallery

May 1982 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

June 1982 -- Nevada County Arts Council

Summer 1982 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 4-16, 1982 -- Harrod's Picture Gallery, London

1983 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

July 1983 -- Tokyo, (Gallery?)

Sept. 13-Oct. 1, 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Hammer Galleries, New York

October-Nov. 1983 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

Dec. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock

Dec. 8-24, 1983 -- Dean Day Gallery

Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 15, 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, New Orleans

Jan.-Feb. 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, Carmel

July 10-Aug. 10, 1984 -- "The Olympics: Past and Present," Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

Aug.-Sept. 1984 -- "The Olympic Spirit," Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov.-Dec. 1984 -- "LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibit," Springfield College Babson Library Hastings Gallery, Springfield, MA

Jan. 1985 -- Superbowl XIX Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Feb. 1985 -- Center Art Galleries, Honolulu

March 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

May 1985 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

Nov. 1985 -- "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov.-Dec. 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

Feb. 1986 -- Nob Hill Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

May 1986 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

June 1986 -- Peri -Renneth Gallery, Southampton, NY

July 26-Aug. 17, 1986 -- Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, CA

Oct. 1986 -- Buena Vista Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1986 -- Krannert School of Management

Nov. 1986 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

1987 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 24-April 11, 1987 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1987 -- New York Friars Club

May 1987 -- Marlborough Galleries, Boston

June 1987 -- "Neiman's Neimans," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco

Oct.-Nov. 1987 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

April-May 1988 -- "Neiman's World" Touring Exhibition, Japan

April-May 1988 -- In the Pocket Superbowl XXII painting premier, Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD

May 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Sept. 27-Oct. 4, 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

1988 -- Tretyakov Museum, Moscow

Oct. 1988 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

Nov. 19-Dec. 10, 1988 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan. 1989 -- Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan

Feb. 1989 -- Surf Club, New York

April 1989 -- "Soft Paintings," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 30-May 15, 1989 -- Polo Lounge Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

May-June 1989 -- "Select Works by LeRoy Neiman," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

June-July 1989 -- Steiner & Young Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA

June 6-Sept. 9, 1989 -- L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

Sept. 1989 -- Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, New York

Aug. 1989 -- Baja, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1989 -- "A Salute to Central Park," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 1989 -- Galerie 224, Laguna Beach, CA

May 1989-Feb. 1990 -- "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition, New York, Beverly Hills, Atlantic City, San Francisco, Boston, SoHo

April 1990 -- Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, Butler Institute of American Art

May 1990 -- Merv Griffin Resorts Casino Hotel, Atlantic City

May 12-31, 1990 -- Bay Area Baseball Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

July-Aug. 1990 -- "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield Art Association, Springfield, IL

Aug. 1990 -- Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver

Sept.-Oct. 1990 -- Allyson Louis Gallery

Oct. 1990 -- Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Sept. 1990 -- Base Art Collection

Jan. 1991 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure," Playboy offices, Chicago

May 1991 -- "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Oct.-Nov. 1991 -- "San Francisco," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, San Francisco

Feb.-March 1992 -- The Beatles Debut, Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City

Feb. 17-March 13, 1992 -- University of Charleston Art Gallery

March 14-April 12, 1992 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, SoHo, NY

March 15-April 3, 1992 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct. 9-24, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 22-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 24-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Nov. 7-Dec. 1, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct.-Nov. 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Nov. 13-Dec. 13, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

March-April 1993 -- City by the Bay Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

April-May 1993 -- "An Exhibition of Equine Art," Kentucky Derby Museum

Oct. 7-31, 1993 -- "Un Américain à Paris," Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris

Nov. 1993 -- Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas

Dec. 1993 -- La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

April 1994 -- Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO

Sept. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept.-Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

Dec. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago and Buffalo Grove

April-June, 1995 -- "Racing Retrospective," Kentucky Derby Museum

March-April 1995 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan.-Feb. 1996 -- "Superbowl XXX," American Fine Art Editions, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1-May 1, 1996 -- Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ

July 1996 -- Trump Plaza, Atlantic City

Sept.-Oct. 1996 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Portraits of Our Times, 1946 -96" Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, Beverly Hills and San Francisco

April-June 1997 -- "The Art of Sport," Kentucky Derby Museum

April 3-May 2, 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," La Galleria D'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

May 23-June 30, 1997 -- "The Safari Suite," Centaur Sculpture Galleries, Las Vegas

1997 -- Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Bowles Galleries, San Francisco and Beverly Hills

2000 -- "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," Hanson Gallery, New Orleans, LA

2000 -- "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, Colorado

Nov. 7-Dec. 11, 2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York

DateTwo-Person ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1973 -- Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY

1978 -- LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago

1981 -- LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles

1988 -- "The Mustache Show," Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York

DateGroup Exhibitions1948 -- Art Institute of Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1948 -- Minnesota State Fair

1950 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1951 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Oct. 10-Nov. 9, 1952 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Oct. 14 -Nov. 15, 1953 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

1953 -- Annual Exhibit, Art Directors Club of Chicago

1953 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

May 2-30, 1954 -- Exhibitions of Prints and Drawings by Twin City Artists, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1954 -- Minnesota State Fair

Oct. 29-Nov. 12, 1954 -- Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, Art Directors Club of Chicago

June 2-July 4, 1955 -- Instructors Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1955 -- Carnegie International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh

Aug. 27-Sept. 5, 1955 -- Minnesota State Fair

March 8-April 12, 1956 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

April 22-May 11, 1956 -- Chicago Area Show, North Shore Art League

1957 -- Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Jan. 17-March 3, 1957 -- "American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago

Feb. 12-26, 1957 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

June-July 1957 -- Chicago Art Institute

Sept. 15, 1957 -- Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Festival

Oct. 7-27, 1957 -- Collectors Club Exhibition

1958 -- Chicago Public Library

Jan. 17-26, 1958 -- Art:USA:58

1958 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

1958 -- "Brotherhood in Art," Marshall Field & Co. Gallery

July 6-Aug. 16, 1958 -- Ravinia Festival

Sept. 1958 -- Chicago Artists, Anna Werbe Gallery, Detroit, MI

Sept. 6-7, 1958 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Dec. 1958 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

June 8, 1959 -- Bal Tabarin Room, Hotel Sherman, Chicago

July 27-Aug. 10, 1959 -- Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, Sherman Art Gallery

Sept. 12-13, 1959 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Nov. 1959 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 1960 -- Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival

March 31-May 28, 1961 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

Dec. 13, 1962-Jan. 26, 1963 -- "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," O'Hana Gallery, London

1964 -- North Mississippi Valley Exhibition

1965 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March-July 1966 -- Aqueduct Gallery, New York

May 23-Aug. 24, 1969 -- "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," National Portrait Gallery Traveling Exhibition

May 27, 1969 -- National Art Museum of Sport

Nov. 1969 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1971 -- "Beyond Illustration: The Art of Playboy," Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Spring 1972 -- Odyssey House Art Gallery

Sept.-Oct. 1973 -- Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois

1974 -- "Group Show of FKH Artists," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 2, 1974-Jan. 4, 1975 -- Holiday Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

Feb. 10-22, 1975 -- "Hammer Galleries Graphics," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept. 2-Nov. 21, 1975 -- "Drawings USA 75," Minnesota Museum of Art (Traveled Jan. 1976 -Dec. 1977)

May 2-July 4, 1976 -- "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO

Aug. 2-7, 1976 -- Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY

July 3-Sept. 30, 1977 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

June-July 1978 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

1977 -- "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

Sept. 12-16, 1978 -- Spectrum Fine Art, Royal Orleans Hotel

1979 -- "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

May 4-July 8, 1979 -- "Panorama of American Art," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

July 15-20, 1979 -- "Treasures of Island Creek," Louisville, KY

Jan. 2-Feb. 2, 1980 -- "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 29-Aug. 31, 1980 -- "That Belmont Look," New -York Historical Society (NYS Museum, Albany, Jan. -March, 1981)

Nov. 1980 -- "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary Inn, Alberta, Canada

1982 -- "When They Were Very Young," Amherst College Student Art Gallery, Amherst, MA

March 1982 -- Northampton County Area Community College Foundation

March 1983 -- "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," Museum of the City of New York

Sept. 25-Oct. 22, 1983 -- "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83," Greenwich Workshop Gallery

June 1984 -- "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," San Diego Museum of Art

March 1985 -- "Americana," Whitney Museum, New York

April-Aug. 1985 -- "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

May 1985 -- "Art," Area Club, New York

Dec. 1985-Jan. 1986 -- "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 15-June 28, 1987 -- "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," The Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ

April-May 1987 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 1987 -- "Athletes and Heroes," Bank One, Youngstown, OH

May 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA

Sept. 1987 -- El Paso Museum of Art

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1987 -- "Master Prints of the 19th-20th Century," Hammer Galleries, New York

June 1988 -- Mickey Mantle's Sports Art Gallery, New York

June 9-Sept. 24, 1988 -- L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, New York

Aug. 1988 -- "The Famous Show," China Club, New York

Sept. 1988 -- "New Perspectives on Contemporary Art," Tunnel Club, New York

Oct. 1988 -- "Women in Sports," Springfield College, Springfield, MA

Oct.-Nov. 1988 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Dec. 1988 -- "The Most Famous Artist Alive," Tunnel Club, New York

Jan. 1989 -- "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," Baja Club, New York

March 1989 -- "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show," Tunnel Club, New York

July-Aug. 1989 -- "20/20 Exhibition," Steiner& Young Galleries, Marietta, Georgia

June 1990 -- Amnesty International Exhibition, New York

Summer 1990 -- "Director's Choice," Park Shore Gallery, Naples, FL

Sept. 1991 -- "Expose Yourself to Art," University of Southern Florida

May 1-June 10, 1992 -- "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago

1993 -- "Salon d'Automne," Grand Palais, Paris

1993 -- "Equine Art" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1995 -- "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1994-1995 -- "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," Queens Museum of Art, New York

June 14, 1996 -- Cig Art, National Arts Club Exhibition and Benefit

1996 -- "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

2005 -- "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries

Appendix F: Index to CollectionA

ABC (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 4.1: 1977

ABC's Wide World of Sports - 4.1: 1987, see also Olympic Games

AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis) - 4.1: 1977, 1978

ASPCA - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988

Aaron, Hank - 4.1: 1972

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-1976, and Johnson, Earvin Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984 - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984

Abramowitz, A.N. (Avie) - 2.2: A. N. Abramowitz 1974-1978, 3.2.1

Abrams, Harry N. - see 3.2 - Publications files, 4.1: 1999

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Absolut Vodka - see promotions

Academie Internationale des Arts Contemporains, Belgium - 2.1: 1992

accountant - see Jacobs, Jason

Adams, Joey - 1.1: Friars Club

Adamowski, Benjamin - 4.1: 1960

Addams, Charles - 4.1: 2000

Addison, Robert and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 4.1: 1985, 1987, 1991 in two-person exhibition with LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Advanced Materials and Processes -- Magazine - 4.1: 1989

Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - see Long, Captain Elgen

Adventuress, 1970s - see Earhart, Amelia

aerobics - 2.1: 1984, see also dance: Jacki Sorenson, 1981

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Africa - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Afsary, Cyrus - 2.1: 1978

Air France - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

airlines

American Airlines - 2.1: 1999

Continental Airlines - see Fitzgerald, Ella

Albany, New York - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach - see promotions

Ali, Muhammad - see boxing

All - Sports Hall of Fame - 4.1: 1999

Allied Artists Council, Artists and Models Masque Ball, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Amateur Athletic Association - 4.1: 1998

Amateur Athletic Union - 2.1: 1976

Ambassadors Hotel, East and West, Chicago - 3.1: Ambassadors 1960s, see also restaurants: The Pump Room

America's Cup - see sailing

American Academy of Achievement - see awards

American Beauty Association - 4.1: 1994

American Broadcasting Company - see ABC

American Cancer Society - 4.1: 1986, 1989, 1997, 2004

American Carnival, Japan - 4.1: 1988

American Diabetes Association - 4.1: 1990, see Appendix A

American Embassy, Nairobi, Kenya - 2.1: 1984

American Federation of Television and Radio Artists - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards

American Flag, 2002 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998

American Fine Art Editions, Inc. - 4.1: 2004, see exhibitions

American Heart Association - 4.1: 1991

American in Paris, An - see -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris

American Sport Art Museum - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1986; Hall of Fame Awards Dinner - 3.1: Long Term Projects

American Stock Exchange - see Stock Market

Amnesty International - see exhibitions, group: Blumhelman Gallery

Ampex Video Art - see television

Anderson, Dave - 4.1: 1983, see also Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson

Anheuser-Busch - see promotions, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

animals -- - see exhibitions, horse racing, 3.2.12

Animal Fair Magazine - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000

Polar Bears - 4.1: 1979, 1984, 1993

birds - see also animals: roosters

Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984 - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Fighting Cocks, Manila, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Manila Cock -Pit, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Parrots, 1982 - 4.1: 1984

Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

cheetah

Kilimanjaro Cheetah, 1971 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Cheetah, 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Cougar, 1981 painting and 1993 serigraph - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1993

cow - see Cow Parade

dog - 4.1: 1998

Black Labrador, 1977 - 4.1: undated 1990s

Borzoi - see also Pelkey, Joe (serigraph)

dog walkers - VC: 1983

The Great Dane, Hamlet, 1986 - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988, 4.1: 1986

Hounds of Chantilly - 2.1: 1980, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Moore County Hounds, Southern Pines, North Carolina - 4.1: 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

eagle, American Bald Eagle, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

elephant

Elephant Charge, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Elephant Nocturne - 4.1: 1984, 1993

Elephant Stampede - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1976, 1989, 1993, 1995 Shikar, 1980 - 4.1: 1982, 1993

giraffe, Giraffe Family - 4.1: 1978, 1993

gorilla, Gorilla Family - 4.1: 1993

horse - see horses

jaguar, Jaguar Family, 1984 - 4.1: 1993

leopard

Kenya Leopard, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Leopard, 1971 serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Serengeti Leopard, 1976 - 4.1: 1993

lion

Lion, 1968 - 4.1: 1993

Lions, date? - 4.1: 1974

Lion Couple - IV: 1984, 1993

Lion Family, 1974 - 2.1: 2004, 4.1: 1993

Lion's Pride II, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ocelot - 4.1: 1993

panther, Black Panther, 1975 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975 -76, 4.1: 1975

rescue - see ASPCA, Bide-A-Wee, PAWS/LA, Humane Society of New York, Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter

rooster - Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1975 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

safari - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003, 3.2.12

tiger

Bengal Tiger - 4.1: 1993

Caspian Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Delacroix's Tiger - 4.1: undated, 1993

Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Young Tiger - 4.1: 1993

unicorn

The Hunt of The Unicorn, late 1960s mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

whale - see Moby Dick

wolf - see Call of the Wild, 1993

zebra, Zebra Family - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79, 4.1: 1984, 1993

zoo - 3.2.12d

Anisfeld, Boris - 2.1: 1988

Anthony, Earl - see bowling

Antonacci, Joe - 4.1: 1982

Apollo Theater - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1998

Area nightclub, New York - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

arenas - see The Spectrum, Madison Square Garden

Arizona Heart Institute - see The Open Heart, 1982

Arizona Landscape, 1979 - 2.1: 1979

Arkansas - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 3.1: Olympics Munich 1972, 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 3.1: Olympics, Montreal 1976 Roone Arledge, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 2003

Arliss - 4.1: 1996

Armory Art Fair, Washington DC - 4.1: 1977

Armstrong, Louis - see jazz

Army, U.S., service in - 1.1: Military Service

Army vs. Navy 1946, 2000 - 4.1: 2001

Arnstein, Vera Daphne - 4.1: 1990

Arrow shirts - see promotions

Art Aid - 4.1: 1986

L'art et l'automobile - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1988, 2002, see also exhibitions

Art Brokerage Inc. - see Rose, Donna

Art Collection House Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Art Directors Club of Oklahoma City - 4.1: 1967, VII

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art for Education - 4.1: 1998

The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, by Arthur Flowers and Anthony Curtis, foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, Huntington Press, 2000

Art Institute of Boston - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1975

Art Institute of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 1987, 1989, 1996, 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992, 4.1: 1978 ov, 2001, 2002, see also exhibitions

Auxiliary Board - 2.1: 1990

Barewalls, 2001 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Reunion 2001

Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - see LeRoy Neiman: Art and LifeStyle, 1974, 3.2.1

ArtExpo New York - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, 1998, 2001

Art-o-gram: News of the art world for art dealers only - 4.1: 1977

Arthur Andersen & Co. - 4.1: 1981

Les Arts de France - 2.1: 1988

Arum, Bob and Lovee - 2.1: 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1996

Ascent, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Ashford, Evelyn - see running

Aspen, CO - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards Dinner 1977-present

Astaire, Fred

Fred Astaire - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998 -, 4.1: 1985

Athens International Festival - 4.1: 1993

Atlanta, GA - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968

Atlanta International Film Festival - 4.1: 1974 and ov, V: 1974

Atlanta Magazine - 4.1: 1969, 1975, 1996

Atlanta's Poor People Art School - 4.1: 1969

Atlantic City, New Jersey - see also casinos, promotions, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989

attorney - see Shaw, Robert

auction - 4.1: 1978, 1997, 1998, 1999

Augusta National Golf Club, The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 4.1: 1994

auto racing -- - 4.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, 1999

Andretti, Mario - 4.1: 1975, 1992

Andretti, Michael - 4.1: 1992

Brayton, Scott - 4.1: 1996

Beni Hana Grand Prix - 2.1: 1978

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1981 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1982 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1983 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Can-Am Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Dallas Grand Prix, 1984 - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Dallas Grand Prix 1984

Denver Grand Prix, 1990 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Denver Grand Prix, 1991 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Ferrari - 4.1: 1989

Fittipaldi, Emerson

Fittipaldi, 1989 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi 1989, 4.1: 1990

Grand Prix Heart Ball - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-91

Grand Prix de Monaco - 2.1: 1986, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Grand Prix de Monaco, 1976 - 4.1: 1993, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Indianapolis 500 - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Pits at Indy, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

Le Mans - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams Notes on Auto Racing and Basketball, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s, see Appendix E

Miami Grand Prix - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Toyota Grand Prix of Miami, 1991 (for 1992 race) - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Penske, Roger - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Revson, Peter

Peter Revson, Can-Am Race, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Toyota Monterey Grand Prix, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Laguna Seca Raceway, 1989 - 4.1: 1990

automobiles - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1993, 1999, 2001, see also l'Art et l'Automobile, and auto racing

The Robb Report Magazine - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1983, 1987

Rolls-Royce - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries Exhibitions 1985, 4.1: undated, 1983

awards - 1.1: Awards

B

Baden Baden - 2.1: 1997

Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Bailey, Jim - see golf: Atlanta National Golf Club

Baker, Dusty - 4.1: 1998

Bal de la Mer - 3.1: Monaco 1994, 4.1: 1994

Baldwin, James, James Baldwin, 1961 and 1964 drawings - 2.1: 2002

ballet -- - 4.1: 1987, V: Kathy Healey, 1981, see also dance

Ballet Arkansas - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: undated 1980s

Ballet: The Daring Project, Joyce Theater, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

Ballet Theater Foundation, Inc. - 4.1: 1976

Baryshnikov, Mikhail, Baryshnikov, 1983 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bolshoi Ballet - 4.1: 1968, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969

Gregory, Cynthia - 2.1: 1986, 2.1: 1990

Nureyev, Rudolph, Nureyev, 1974 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76, Nureyev, 1986 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Prima Ballerina 'Assoluta' - 2.1: 1986, 1989, 4.1: 1989

Ballot, Isabelle - 4.1: 1996, 1998, 2001

Barber, Tiki - 4.1: 2001, 2002

Barclays Bank - 4.1: 1993

Bardot, Brigitte - 4.1: 1961

BareWalls - 1.1: Education and Teaching-Art Institute of Chicago after 1959

Barkley, Charles - 4.1: 1999, 2001, V: Photographs

Charles Barkley, 1997 - V: Photographs

Barnet, Will - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Barnett, Dick - 4.1: 1990

"Baroque Bravura Today?" undated article by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: undated

Barrington Enterprises Inc. - see Landau, Barry

bars - see restaurants and bars

Bartender Magazine -- - 2.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book II - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Baryshnikov, Mikhail - see ballet

baseball -- - 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974 -1994, 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975 -1994, 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985 -87, 3.1: Dodgers Centennial, 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999, 3.2.13, 4.1: 1992, also search for individual players and coaches by name in Index and Appendix A

All-Stars - 4.1: undated

Baseball Players, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Baseball Writers Association of America - 4.1: 1990, 1993

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990, 4.1: 1991

Boston Red Sox - 4.1: 1975, 1982, 1986

Brooklyn Dodgers - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, see also Los Angeles Dodgers

Chicago Cubs - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter Thad Bosley 1985

Cincinnati Reds - 4.1: 1975, 1986

Cleveland Indians - 4.1: 1975

etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Florida Marlins, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1992

Hollywood All-Stars - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings 1962-1999

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - 3.2.13

Japan - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Kansas City Royals - 4.1: 1990

Los Angeles Dodgers - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 4.1: 1992; Dodgers Centennial, 1990 - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1991

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - 2.1: 1978, 1996, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1990, 1993 (yearbook), 1994, 1995

New York Giants - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

New York Mets - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2002

New York Yankees - 2.1: 2004, 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1977, 2000

Oakland Athletics - 2.1: 1993, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league) - 2.1: 1998

Philadelphia Phillies - 4.1: 1993

Pittsburgh Pirates - 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1984; Pittsburgh Pirates, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Saint Louis Cardinals - 4.1: 1999

San Francisco Giants - 4.1: 1988-89

Seattle Mariners - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Sliding Home, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1978, 1988, 1989; team yearbooks - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1973, 1977, 1979, 2001

World Series: 1966 - VII; 1972 - 4.1: 1972; 1975 - 4.1: 1975, 1986; 1976 - 2.1: 1976; 1986 - 4.1: 1986; 1989 - 4.1: 1989

basketball

Basketball, 1972 - 4.1: 1992

Basketball Superstars, 1975-76 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

college basketball - 4.1: 1992, 1994

Indiana University Hoosiers; Hoosier Hoopla, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1976, 1978, 1989, VII: Pendants

North Carolina Tar Heels - 4.1: 1977

Oregon State University - 4.1: 1977

University of Kentucky Wildcats; The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats 1978

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 4.1: 1983

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 1978-91

NBA basketball - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Orlando Magic commission, 1990, 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1977, 1979

All-Stars - 4.1: 1977

NBA All -Star Game - 4.1: 1978

Boston Celtics - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1989 ov

Buffalo Braves - 2.1: 1976

Chicago Bulls - 4.1: 1989

Houston Rockets - 4.1: 1975

Los Angeles Clippers - 2.1: 1989

Los Angeles Lakers - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 4.1: 1989 ov

Milwaukee Bucks - 4.1: 1977

New York Knicks - 4.1: 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1989, 1993

Orlando Magic - 3.1: Orlando Magic commission 1990, 4.1: 1989

Philadelphia 76ers - 4.1: 1999

Washington Bullets - 4.1: 1980

Battig, Joseph - 2.1: 1996

Battle of the Bay, serigraph - 4.1: 1989

Baumgartner, Bruce - see wrestling

Beard, James - 3.1: James Beard 1985-2002, 4.1: 1996

The Beatles

The Beatles, 1966, serigraph 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Beatty, Warren - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

beauty pageants

ITMSA Miss Legs Competition - 2.1: 1983

Miss America - 3.1: Miss America Pageant 1983-1984

Miss Asia - 3.1: Miss Asia Pageant 1986

Miss J.A.P. and Miss Purim Pageants - 4.1: 1982

Miss Legs America - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1984

Miss Teen USA - 3.1: Miss Teen USA Pageant 1983

Miss Universe - 3.1: Miss Universe Pageant 1981

Miss USA - 3.1: Miss USA Pageant 1978

Miss World -USA - 3.1: Miss World-USA Beauty Pageant 1975

Mrs. America - 3.1: Mrs. America Pageant 1982

Playboy Bunny of the Year Pageant - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Beaux Arts, Inc. Award - 1.1: Awards

Begin, Menachem - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Behan, Brendan - see Borstal Boy

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bench, Johnny - 4.1: 1972

Bench, The Catcher, 1989 - 3.1: Johnny Bench 1989

Bennett, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett 1998 -2000, 4.1: 2002, John Bennett, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988, 1998

Bennett, Tony - 4.1: 1963, 1973, 1985

Berra, Yogi - 4.1: 1985, 1998

Yogi Berra Museum - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum, 2000

Bernstein, Leonard, Leonard Bernstein, 1972 - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, undated drawing - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, 1967 drawing - 4.1: 1998

Bethany College - 4.1: 1979

Bethesda Fountain; View of Bethesda Fountain, 1989 - 3.1: A Salute to Central Park Exhibition 1989

Better Boys Foundation - 4.1: 1974

Beverly Hills, California - 2.1: 1985, 1989, see exhibitions: Lawrence Ross Galleries

Beverly Hills Hotel - 2.1: 1989

Bide-A-Wee - 4.1: 1992

Big Time Golf, by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2:10

billboard - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983, VC: 1980s

Billboard Magazine International Billie Awards - 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993

billiards -- - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Billiard World Magazine - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Pool Game, 1966 - 4.1: 1998

Pool Room, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Sardi's World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Bimini, Bahamas - 2.1: 1977, 1979

Bingo, 1973 - 4.1: 1989

Binns, James - 4.1: 1996, 2000

Bird, Larry, Larry Bird, 1992 - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, see also Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

birthday - 4.1: 1999

Black Labrador, 1977 - see animals

Black Panther, 1975 - see animals

Blackwood, Glenn - 4.1: 1993

Bland, Bobby Blue - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blaukmer, Professor Frederika - 4.1: 1979

Blecker, Tom, Kathy, and Barbra - 2.2: Artwork by Children, 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bloomberg, Mayor Michael - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 1990s-2000s

Blue Moon Bay Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1997

bloopers - 4.1: 1978, 1997

Bluebird Café - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Blues Ball - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blum's - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

B'nai B'rith - 1.1: Awards

Boathouse Restaurant - see Central Park Boathouse

boats - see sailing, or Showboats International; The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Bochette, Liston - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

bodybuilding -- - 4.1: 1977, 1982, 1990

Everson, Cory - 4.1: 1990

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - see Schwarzenegger, Arnold

Boek, Louis - 1.1: Military Service

Boggs, Bill - 4.1: 2002 ov., 2004

Bonaventure - see St. Bonaventure University

Bond, Julian - 4.1: 1969

Bonds, Barry - Barry Bonds, 2003 pastel - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-present book jacket illustrations - 3.1: folder 1, 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 4.1: 1973, 1982, 1988-89

Book of the Month Club - 3.2.5, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams , Text Drafts

books

by Mr. Neiman - see Publications files in Series 3.2

by others, containing Mr. Neiman's works - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli, Skip Singleton tennis books, see also book jacket illustrations

bookstores - see Publications files in series 3.2 for information on book signings at bookstores

Borg, Bjorn - see tennis

Borstal Boy - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970

Bosley, Thad - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Bourgeois, Louise - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Bourne, Bob - 4.1: 1983

Bowe, Riddick - see boxing

Bowlers Journal - see bowling

Bowles, Franklin - see Bowles Galleries

Bowles Galleries - 1.2: Bowles Galleries, see exhibitions, see also Timothy Yarger Fine Art

bowling -- - 2.1: 1976

Anthony, Earl - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Carter, Don - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Esposito, Frank - 2.1: 1986, 1996, 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Varipapa, Andy - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

boxing -- - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 3.1: Ali vs. Holmes 1980, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 3.1: Mike Tyson Portraits 1986-1990s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, undated 1990s, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Ali, Muhammad - see Ali vs. Frazier, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, .2.1: 2001, 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004, 3.2.1, 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s, 4.2: The Ring Magazine as artist - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1970 ov, 1979

Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000 - 3.1: Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000-2002

Muhammad Ali - The Greatest Collector's Edition Magazine, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ali vs. Foreman, Zaire poster, 1974 - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Ali vs. Frazier

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999 - 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier II, 1974, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 1990

Fight of the Century poster, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Thrilla in Manila poster, 1975 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Holmes, 1980 - 3.1: Ali -Holmes 1980, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Spinks, 1978 - 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 4.1: 2000

Bobrick - 4.1: 1977

Bowe, Riddick - 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1996, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Boxers Ball - 4.1: 1997

Boxing Beat Magazine - 4.1: 1988

Boxing Illustrated - 4.1: 1993

Boxing at the Ritz - 4.1: 1993

Boxing Writers Association of America - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1967, 1985, 2004

Brenner, Teddy - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1978, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Camacho, Hector - 4.1: 1986, 1997

Chavez, Julio Cesar - 4.1: 1993, 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, pastel - 4.1: 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, 1996 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Clay, Cassius - see Muhammad Ali

Coetzee - 4.1: 1984

Cooney, Gerry - see Holmes vs. Cooney, 2.1: 1989, 2000, 4.1: 1981, 1987, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

De La Hoya, Oscar - 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Oscar De La Hoya, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

De La Hoya vs. Mosely poster 2000 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Mosley 2000

De La Hoya vs. Whitaker, 1997 - 4.1: 1997

Dundee, Angelo - 3.1: Angelo Dundee Tribute 2002

Duran, Roberto - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980 -1989, 4.1: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1994, 1995, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1973 ov

F.I.S.T. - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000, 2001

film, documentary - see Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972

Foreman, George - see Ali vs. Foreman, 2.1: 1989, 4.1: undated, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1995, 1999, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Foreman Frazier Fight - 4.1: undated

Foreman vs. Holmes, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Frazier, Joe - see Ali vs. Frazier, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: undated, 1969 ov, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1998, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Golden Gloves Championships - 4.1: 2000, 2001

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Grant, Michael - see Lewis vs. Grant, 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 2001

Graziano, Rocky - 4.1: 1990, 1991

HBO - 4.1: 2003, 2004

Hagler, Marvin - 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 1984, 2000

Hearns, Thomas - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 2000, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Thomas Hearns, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - 4.1: 1970, VII: Box 3

Heavyweight Collision - 4.1: 2003

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - 3.1: Heavyweight Explosion 2000

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Holmes vs. Coetzee, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes, Larry - see Ali vs. Holmes, Holmes vs. Cooney, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.1: 1984, 1999, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes vs. Shavers poster, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 2000

Holmes vs. Spinks, 1985 poster - 4.1: 1985

Holyfield, Evander - see Tyson vs. Holyfield, 3.1: Holyfield-Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2003

Hopkins, Bernard - Bernard Hopkins, 2004 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004 Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - 4.1: 1965, 1983

Jones, Jr., Roy - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000; Roy Jones, Jr. - 4.1: 2000

King, Don - 4.1: 1977, 2003

Latin Legends - 4.1: 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 4.1: 1980 ov, 1997, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Lewis, Lennox - see Lewis vs. Grant, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 2001

Lewis vs. Grant poster, 2000 - 4.1: 2000 and ov

Lewis vs. Tyson poster, 2002 - 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002

Liston, Sonny - 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1974 ov, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Louis, Joe - 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks fight) 1981

Joe Louis, 1983 - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991, 4.1: 1991

Malave, Chu Chu - 4.1: 1973

Mathis, Buster - 4.1: 1971

The Maulers 1993 lithograph - 4.1: 1993

Mayweather, Floyd - 4.1: 2000

McGirt, James "Buddy" - 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993

Morrison, Tommy - 4.1: 1993, 1995

Mosely, Shane - see De La Hoya vs. Mosely

North American Boxing Federation - 4.1: 2000

Norton, Ken - 4.1: 1976, 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame - 1.1: Awards - Inductions, 4.1: 2000

Olympic boxing - see Olympics

Patterson, Floyd - 4.1: 1972

Quarry, Jerry - 4.1: 1969 ov, 1970, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Red Boxers, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Reid, David

David Reid, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Ring Magazine - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1966, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ringside and Training Principles, by Goodman and Homansky 2001 - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Robinson, Sugar Ray - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1994; Sugar Ray Robinson, 1969 - 4.1: 1969, 1998

Rocky - see Rocky films

Salute to Boxing Greats Award - 1.1: Awards

Shavers, Earnie - see Holmes vs. Shavers, 4.1: 1973 ov, 1977, 4.2: The Ring Magazine Spinks, Leon - see Ali vs. Spinks, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Spinks, Michael - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 4.1: 1987, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1972

Thornton, Wayne - 4.1: 1966

Toney, James - 4.1: 2003, James Toney, 1994 - 4.1: 2004

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Trinidad, Felix - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999

Tyson, Mike - 3.1: Mike Tyson portraits 1986-90s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 4.1: 1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 portraits - 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 1999, 2001

Tyson vs. Holyfield, 1996 - 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996

Vargas, Fernando - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Veteran Boxers Association of NY - 4.1: 1993

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Williams, Cleveland - 4.1: 1966, 1967

World Boxing Association Annual Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000

World Boxing League - 4.1: Undated 2000s

Boy Scouts of America - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989 ov

Boys' Athletic League - 4.1: 1974

Boys and Girls Clubs of America - 4.1: 1977, All Sports Hall of Fame Dinner - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1996, 1997, Legends & Fans Dinner - 4.1: 1990

Boys Town of Italy - 4.1: 1987, 1988, 1992

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978 -2000, 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 4.1: 1981, 1999

Branca, Ralph - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1994

Brayton, Scott - see auto racing

Brazil Stock Exchange, 1985 - 2.1: 1985

Brenner, Teddy - see boxing

Brett, George - 4.1: 1990; George Brett, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Brice, Bobbie - 4.1: 1982

Bride's Magazine -- - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

Broadway - see musicals or Times Square, 2001

Brooklyn Bridge, 1995 - 1.1: Honorary Degrees - Saint Francis College, 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1998

brothel - see Mustang Ranch

Brown, Jim - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Brown, Larry

Larry Brown - 4.1: 1972

Bruce, Lenny - 4.1: 1976

Jeffrey Bryan Fine Art - 4.1: 1989

Bryant, Coach Paul "Bear," Coach Bear Bryant, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 4.1: 1981

Budweiser - see Anheuser-Busch

Buena Vista Bar - 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992

bull riding - see rodeo

bullfight - 4.1: 1960

Kneeling Matador, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

El Matador, 1965 - 2.1: 1986

Matador, 1967 - 4.1: 1989

La Plaza de Toros - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

Toreador, 1968 - 4.1: 1984

Burgdorff Cultural Center - 4.1: 1999

Burger King - see promotions

Burns, George - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Burr & Associates (Cameron Burr) - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 3.1: The Texas Longhorns, 1985, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Bush, President George H.W. and Barbara - 1.1: Honorary Degrees c., 2.1: 1989

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003

Bushkin, Joe - 4.1: 1997

Busker Alley - 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995

Byrams, Gina - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Byrne, Janet - see Neiman, Janet

C

CBS Sports television - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: CBS Sports, 4.1: 1978, 1985

CD ROM - VII

Caesar's Palace - see casinos

Cahill, Very Reverend Joseph - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, St. John's University, Honorary Doctorate, 1980, St. John's University, Gold Medal of Honor, 1985

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Calder, Alexander - 4.1: 1973 (see exhibitions, two-person)

calendars - 4.1: 1974 ov, 1976, 3.1: Wild Animals and Art of Sport Calendars 1992-94 and ov, 3.1: Golf Courses Calendar 1996

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Call of the Wild -- , by Jack London - 3.1: -- Call of the Wild -- 1993

Camacho, Hector - see boxing

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - see Carter, President Jimmy

Campbell, Earl - 2.1: 1982

Campbell's Soup - 4.1: 2004

Cannes Film Festival - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984

Cape Town, South Africa - 4.1: 1997

Capone, Al, Al Capone - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1972, 1992, 1995

Cappy Productions - 2.1: 2000

Caracas, Venezuela - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, see exhibitions: Museo de Bellas Artes

"Caring is Fashionable" - 4.1: 1981

Carlson, Bill - see "Neiman's Cuba"

Carnaval, 1981 - 3.2.6, 3.2 ov., see Haskell, Nikki

Carousel, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

The Carousel of Hope - see also Appendix A, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Carpenter, Rob - 4.1: 1982

carpet - see tapestry

Carreras, Jose - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

cars - see automobiles

Carter, Don - see bowling

Carter, Lillian - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, V: 1970s

Carter, President Jimmy -- - 4.1: 1978, 1989

Peace Treaty, 1980 - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Casey at the Bat, by Ernest L. Thayer, illustrated by LeRoy Neiman - 3.2.13

casinos and gambling -- - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1984, 1997, 1998, see also The Art of Gaming Through the Ages

Baden Baden, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Bally's Park Place, Atlantic City - 2.1: 1999

Bally's, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999

Le Casino de Monte Carlo, 1969 - 4.1: 1984

Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Caesar's Palace 1980, 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Holmes-Cooney 1982, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1976, 1979, undated 1980s, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1993

Desert Inn - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1998

Les Femmes du Caesar's Palace - 4.1: undated 1980s

Chemin de Fer, 1966 (1991 serigraph release) - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1991, 1998

Craps Kinshasa - 4.1: 1976

Fiesta Casino Hotel - 2.1: 1997

Gambling Times -- Magazine - 4.1: 1984

Gaming Table, 1958 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

The Golden Nugget, Las Vegas - 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

Green Table, 1972 - 4.1: undated, 1984

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

High Stakes, 1974 - 4.1: 1984

The Hustler -- - see -- The Hustler

International Poker, 2004 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2004

Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino and Hotel, Atlantic City - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

The Poker Game - 4.1: 1980

Rio Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1997

Roulette, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Roulette, 1970 - 2.1: 1970, 4.1: 1995

Roulette II, 1996 serigraph - 3.2:11, 4.1: 1996, 1997

Sands Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1994, 1997

Slots-change Girl, 1980 - 4.1: 1984

Stud Poker - 4.1: 1984

Tropicana Resort & Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999, VII: Artifacts

Casino Legends Hall of Fame, LeRoy Neiman Award - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1999

Folies Bergere - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana 1983, 3.1: Folies Bergere Neiman Chips 1999, 4.1: 1999

t.v. commercial - 4.1: 1984

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Vegas Blackjack - 4.1: 1984, 1996

catalogue raisonnes - 3.2.5, 3.2.9, 3.2.14

Cavett, Dick - 2.1: 1999

"Celebration 2000" Exhibition - 3.2.14

Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993 - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas - see exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Hawaii - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii 1985, 4.1: 1984, 1987

Central Park Boathouse - see restaurants

cereal box - see Wheaties

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1989

Chamberlain, Wilt - see 3.1: Basketball Superstars, 1975 -76, 3.1: Kareem Abdul -Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Wilt Chamberlain 2000, 4.1: 1981

champagne - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne 1999-2001

Champagne Taittinger - 3.1: 1993

Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.1: Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly 1996

Champions vs. MS - 2.1: 1977

Champs-Elysses

Le Champs- Elysses, 1992 - 4.1: 1996

The Champs-Elysees, la Voie Triomphale, 1994 - 4.1: 1997

Chandler, Charlotte - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Channel Thirteen, New York - 2.1: 1984, 4.1: 1983

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

charity - 2.1: Charities (all files), see also AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis), American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC), Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Boys Town of Italy, Carousel of Hope (Children's Diabetes Foundation), Champions vs. MS, Children's Hearing Institute, Citymeals-on-Wheels, Concern's Charity of Champions, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Doodle for Hunger, Good Tidings Foundation, Hope House Ministries, Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean, International Heart Foundation, International Sephardic Education Foundation, Jackie Robinson Foundation (under Robinson, Jackie), Jimmy Fund, Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, Leukemia Society of America, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Monmouth Park Charity Ball, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association, Race to Erase MS, Rock for the Cure, Ronald McDonald House, Special Olympics, United Cerebral Palsy Association, United Way, 4.1: 1981, 1992, 1999; see also animals: rescue

Charlie Cosmetics - see promotions

Chavez, Julio Cesar - see boxing

chef - 3.1: James Beard 1985-87, see also Bennett, Chef John; Clark, Chef Patrick; Kopf, Stefan; Lomonaco, Chef Michael; food; restaurants; Soltner, Chef Andre

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, VII: Box 3

Cher - 4.1: 1981

chess - see Fischer, Bobby

Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75 - 2.1: 1977, 1989, 4.1: 1977

Chicago Public Library - 4.1: 1955-59

Chicago Serigraphic Workshop - 2.1: 1977

children, artwork by - 2.2: Artwork from Children

children, letters from - 2.2: Mrs. Vladimir's Class 1975-85, 2.2: Hutchinson KS, Elementary Schools, 1976-78, 2.2: Mr. Silver's Class 1978-81, see also various letters in 2.1 Fan Mail files

Children at Heart - 4.1: 1996

Childrens Diabetes Foundation - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Children's Hearing Institute - 4.1: 1994

China - 2.1: 1983

Chinaglia, Georgio - see soccer

Choate School - 4.1: 1969

Christie's - 4.1: 1978

Christina Galice Gallery - 2.1: 1990

churches -- - 4.1: 1964, 1965; The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

cigars -- - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1996, 1997, 1998

Cigar Aficionado -- Magazine - 2.1: 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Components of Fire by (Aaron Sigmond or Jim Mauro) with Foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1997

Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego, 1997

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Industry Video 1997-1998

Wine, Women and Cigar, 1996 - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1996, 4.1: 1999, 4.2: -- Bartender -- Magazine Cincotti, Peter - 4.1: 2002 ov.

Circle Galleries, Chicago and New York - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1989, 1.2: Felicie Correspondence, see exhibitions, solo: Circle Galleries and "Ali-Frazier"

Circus, 2000 - 3.1: Circus 2000, 4.1: 2001

Cirker - Hayes Warehouse - IID: Inventory of Prints Stored in Warehouse 1970s-80s

Cities in Schools - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981, 4.2: Arts Magazine

City by the Bay, 1993 - see San Francisco

City By The Bay, by Charles Fracchia, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Citymeals-on-Wheels - see Beard, James

Clark, Chef Patrick Dean - 4.1: 1998

Classic Leather - see promotions

Classic Moments Watches - 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989

Classico Postcards - 2.1: 1992

Claude-Jobrack, Madeleine - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Clay, Cassius - see boxing: Ali, Muhammad

Clayton, Derek - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Clemens, Roger, The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003 - 3.1: The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003

Clemente, Roberto - 4.1: 1992, Roberto Clemente - 4.1: 1973

Clinton, President Bill - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, 4.1: 1992

clothing - VII

clothing stores - see Marshall Fields, Neiman Marcus, Pallack, Rick, and Saks Fifth Avenue, 4.1: 1958

Clough, Charles - 4.1: 1986

Club El Morocco - 4.1: 1979

Clubhouse Turn, 1975 - see horse racing

Coalition for the Homeless - 4.1: 1986

Coca-Cola Company - 2.1: 1994

Coetzee - see boxing

Coghlan, Eamon - see running

Cohen, Mouli - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

collectibles - see promotions

collectors - 4.1: 1969, 1980, 1981, see Wolfson

college sports - see basketball, football

Columbia Space Shuttle - 4.1: Undated ov

Columbia University - School of the Arts - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present; School of General Studies - 2.1: 1977

Comaneci, Nadia - see gymnastics

Comedia dell' Arte - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78

comic strips - see -- Doonesbury

commercials - see Promotions

Commodities Magazine - see The Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75

Concern Foundation

Concern's Charity of Champions - 4.1: 1983

conductors - see Bernstein, Leonard; Slatkin, Leonard

Contemporary University - 4.1: 1980

Cooney, Gerry - see boxing

computer art - 4.1: 1975

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Converse - 2.1: 1982

Bill Corum Award - 1.1: Awards

Corvette, Limited Edition Neiman - 3.1: Corvette 1984, V: 1980s, Rendezvous a la Corvette, 1984 - 3.1: Corvette 1984

Cosby, Bill - 4.1: 1991, 1997

Cosell, Howard - 4.1: 1987, 1995, V: 1991

cosmetics - see promotions

Cotton Club - 4.1: undated

Countdown to Superbowl, by Dave Anderson - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969

Country Rambler -- Magazine - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976 ov

Couples - 4.1: 1976

Cow Parade, NYC - 3.1: Cow Parade NYC, 2000

cowboys - see The Lone Ranger, National Cowboy Hall of Fame, rodeo

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

cricket - 4.1: 1961

Crosby, Bing - 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

crossword puzzles - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995, 1998, 1999

Crozier, William - V: 1995

Csonka, Larry - 4.1: 1973, 1974; Larry Csonka - 4.1: 1972

Cuba - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003, 4.1: 1979

Cuban Dancers, 1997 - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video 1997-98

The Culinary Arts exhibition - 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998

Culinary Institute of America - 4.1: 2000

Cunningham, Merce - see dance

Current Biography - 4.1: 1996

Curtis, Mike - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973

Curtis, Tony - 2.1: 1988

cycling

3.1: Tour de Trump

Boul Mich Bike Rally, 1978 - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1978 ov

Indoor Cycling - 4.1: 2000, 2002

Tour de France - 4.1: 1984

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - 4.1: 1996

D

Daily Double - see Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center

Dalai Lama - 2.1: 2003

Daley, Robert - 4.1: 1966

Daley, Mayor Richard - 4.1: 1968

Dali, Salvador - 4.1: 1977, 1986, 1991, 2002 (mentioned throughout 1980s and 1990s)

Dan's Papers - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 4.1: 1997 ov

dance -- - see also ballet

Cunningham, Merce

Merce Cunningham Studio - 4.1: 2004

"Fringe TOMAR 2000" Festival Internacional de Danca Contemporanea, 2000 - VII

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Jacki Sorenson, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Davidson Gallery - 4.1: 1986

Davis, Marvin and Barbara - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Jr. , Sammy - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989, 4.1: 1964, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, V: early 1960s, Bojangles, 1984 - 4.1: 1986

Dawkins, Peter - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988

De la Hoya, Oscar - see boxing

De La Vega, James - 4.1: 1999

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, see also exhibitions

Dear Muffo, by Harold Conrad - 4.1: 1982

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

DeBusschere, Dave - 4.1: 1974

The Dedication - 4.1: 1969

Deer Path Art League - 4.1: 1950s

Defiant, 1987 - see sculpture

Degregorio, Ernie - 2.1: 1976

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Del Coronado Petit Galop, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Del Greco, Maria -2.3: Letters from Artists, 4.1: undated, 1996

Delacroix's Tiger - see animals

Delligatti, Ralph - 4.1: 1992

Denver, CO - see auto racing

Denver, John - 4.1: 1994

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1985

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines Ballet - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Des Moines Symphony - 4.1: 1979

Desert Inn, Las Vegas - see casinos: Caesar's

Desert Symphony - see music: classical

designers - 4.1: 1997

Dewar's - 4.1: 1971

Dial-A-Dinner - 4.1: 1994

Diamond, Neil - 4.1: 1984

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

A Dictionary of Sporting Artists, by Mary Ann Wingfield - 4.1: 1992

Dill, Bob - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1995, 1996, 1999

DiMaggio, Joe - 4.1: 1992

Joe DiMaggio: Yankee Clipper, 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999, 4.1:1998 Joe DiMaggio: Study for "Yankee Clipper", 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999

DiPietro, Marylou - 2.1: 1979, 3.2.3

diving - see swimming and diving

Dixon, Rod - see running

dog - see animals

Dokes, Michael - 4.1: 1993

Domingo, Placido - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

Doodle for Hunger - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Doonesbury -- - 4.1: 1981

Door County - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Dorfman, Fred - see Fred Dorfman, Inc.

Dorset, Tony - 2.1: 1982

Doubletake Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Douglas, Kirk, Kirk Douglas, 1984 - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

dreams - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Driscoll, John (President of Iona College) - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, Iona College, Honorary Doctorate, 1985

Dubai - 2.1: 1988

Dublin Bar "The Stag's Head" - see The Stag's Head Bar, 1961

Dufresne, Isabelle - 4.1: 1988

Duguay, Ron - 4.1: 1982

Dundee, Angelo - see boxing

Duneier, Clyde - 4.1: 1993

Dupont, Andre - 4.1: 1974

Dupont pens - see promotions

Duran, Roberto - see boxing

Durocher, Leo - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1968, Leo Durocher - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94

Duval LeRoy, Carol - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne, 1999

Dyansen Gallery - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997

Van Dyke, Dick - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Dylan, Bob, Bob Dylan, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

E

Earhart, Amelia - The Adventuress, 1970s - 4.1: 1982

Eaton, Roy, Roy Eaton, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Roy Eaton, 1980, 1980-1992, 4.1: 1986

Economic Opportunity Atlanta - 3.1: 1968

Editions Limited - see Pelkey, Joe

education - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 4.1: 1980

Egypt - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Eiffel Tower - 4.1: 1995 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Eight Nation Athletic Games - 4.1: 1978

Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein, 1992 drawing - 2.1: 1991

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg, 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73, 4.1: undated, 1963, 1986, 1994

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 4.1: 2001, see also exhibitions

elephant paintings - see animals

Elkins Entertainment - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video, 1997

Elles & Eux -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961

Ellington, Duke - see jazz

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1971

Ellis Island Medal of Honor - 1.1: Awards

Elway, John - 3.1: John Elway, 1999

Emerald Art Gallery - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition 1976

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

equestrian - see horses

Erte -- - 4.1: 1990, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Erving, Julius - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-76, Julius Erving, 1975 - 3.1: Julius Erving 1975-76

Esposito, Frank - see bowling

Esposito, Phil - 4.1: 1975

Esquire -- Magazine - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970 ov, 4.1: 1999

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

etchings - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Malletmen etching Certificate, 1977, 1.2: Bowles Galleries Correspondence 1970s, see also boxing: Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974, and soccer: Soccer, 1989 etching, The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 Knoedler booklet - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov)

Eve Models, Ltd. - 4.1: 1971, 1974

Everson, Cory - see bodybuilding

Evert, Chris - see tennis

Ewbank, Weeb - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1978

exhibitions -- - Note: Solo and group exhibitions are listed alphabetically by the venue name

solo exhibitions

750 Studio, Chicago, 1953 - 3.1: 750 Studio, Chicago, Solo Exhibition 1953

Abercrombie & Fitch, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, V: 1990

American Fine Art Editions, Inc., "Superbowl XXX," Jan 1996 - 3.1: Superbowl XXX Exhibition 1996

American Fletcher National Bank - see Indianapolis Museum of Art

l'art et l'automobile gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," New York 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

l'art et l'automobile gallery, New York, 1989 - no materials

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1978 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1979 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Astor Tower French Center, Chicago, "Vie de France," 1965 - 3.1: "Vie de France" Solo Exhibition, Astor Tower, Chicago 1965

Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan - 4.1: 1989

Baja - 4.1: 1989

Base Art Collection, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1977 - 3.1: Bowles Hopkins Solo Exhibition, San Francisco, 1977

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, "The Olympic Spirit," San Francisco, 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating the Superbowl, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, February 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, October 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Neiman's Neimans: A Retrospective," San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Solo Exhibitions, San Francisco ("Neiman's Neimans") and Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," San Francisco 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Polo Lounge Debut, Beverly Hills, April 1989 - 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1989

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, May 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

Bowles/Sorokko, Beverly Hills, October 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980 -1990," Beverly Hills, 1991 - 3.2. The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980-1990, 1991

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman's San Francisco," San Francisco 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," New York 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, City by the Bay Debut, San Francisco, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series, 1991-1993

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "An American in Paris," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, 1995 - 4.1: 1995

Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, "Portraits of Our Times 1946-1996", Beverly Hills and San Francisco 1996 - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Butler Institute of American Art, Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, April 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland, 1977 - 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

"Celebration 2000," 2000 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1991-2000, 2001

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Centaur Sculpture Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Las Vegas 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985 - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

Chabot Galleries, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Choate School, "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Circle Gallery, Chicago 1972 - 3.1: Circle Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago, 1972

Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, and NYC, 1973 - 3.1: Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, NYC, 1973

Circle Gallery, New York, "Ali - Frazier," 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Dean Day Gallery, 1983 - 4.1: 1982, 1983

Dyansen Gallery, "The Playboy Collection," 1989-90 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90

Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis, MN, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978

Emerald Art Gallery, Coronado, CA, 1976 - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Fairfield Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Famous-Barr, St. Louis, MO, 1980 - 3.1: Famous-Barr Olympic Benefit Solo Exhibition, St. Louis 1980

The Far Gallery, "Recent Graphics and Drawings", 1971 - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

Fingerhut Gallery, La Jolla, CA, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Forsyth Gallery, St. Louis, MO, 1970 - 4.1: 1970

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980, V: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Animals: The Wild and the Tame", 1998 - 3.1: "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco, October 1998

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco 2001

Frankin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," 2002 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco 2002

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Looking Back: The Life & Times of America's Artist", Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, February 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," San Francisco, February 2005 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries 2005

Friars Club, 1987 - see exhibitions: New York Friars Club

Galerie 224, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galerie O. Bosc, Paris 1962 - 4.1: 1962

Galerie Marc, San Francisco, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Galerie Marcel Bernheim, "Un Américain à Paris," Paris 1993 - 3.1: "Un Américain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993

Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden, 1977 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA, 1993 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 4.1: 1993, V: 1993

La Galleria d'Arte, "An American in Paris," Newport Beach, CA, 1994 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

La Galleria d'Arte, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," Newport Beach, CA 1996 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996, Related Exhibitions

Gallery One American Design, Aurora, Colorado, August 1990 - 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver, August 1990 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi, 1989, 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery 36, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Regency, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1978 - 3.1: Gallery Mack Solo Exhibition, Seattle 1978

Gallery Mack, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Seattle, 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1982 - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win 1982

Gallery of Modern Art, Frank Sinatra drawings, New York, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Gallery Richelle, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Grigsby Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, 1963 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1963

Hammer Galleries, 1965 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1965

Hammer Galleries, 1967 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967

Hammer Galleries Exhibition of New York Jets Drawings, 1968 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Hammer Galleries, 1970 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Hammer Galleries, 1972 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1972

Hammer Galleries, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 1975-76 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympic Ring," 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

Hammer Galleries, "Horses," 1979-80 - 3.2. Horses, 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity, Reviews, and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "Drawings: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings" A Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1981

Hammer Galleries, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions; Photos, Proofs, and BLAD

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympics, Past and Present," 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

Hammer Galleries, "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," 1985 - 3.1: "The LeRoy Neiman Collection" Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, 1985

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," April 1987 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987

Hammer Galleries, "Soft Paintings," April 1989 - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: A Salute to Central Park," September 1989 - 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1989

Hammer Galleries, "Big Time Golf," 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "An American in Paris," 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," New York, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "A View from the Table," Solo Exhibition, New York, 2003 - 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York, 2003

Hammer Graphics Gallery, 1979 - 3.1: Hammer Graphics Gallery Solo Exhibition 1979

Hammer Graphics Gallery exhibition of graphic works 1971-81, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Hanae Mori Building, "Neiman's World - Japan '88," Tokyo, 1988 - 3.1: "Neiman's World" Exhibition, Japan 1988

Hang-Up Gallery, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1983-84 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, Carmel, CA, 1984 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, 1986 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, La Jolla, 1986

Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, San Francisco Bay Area, 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1997 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Hanson Art Galleries, "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," 2000 - 3.1: "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman" 2000

Harrod's, London, 1982 - 3.1: Harrod's Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1982

Heath Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta", Atlanta, GA, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ, 1976 - 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Nicholas Helion, Paris, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA, 1975 - 3.1: Hess's Gallery Solo Exhibition, Allentown, PA, 1975

Hilliard Gallery, Kansas City, October 1989 - V: 1989

Hilliard Gallery, "The Safari Suite," Kansas City, MO, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Horizon Gallery, Kuhio Mall, Waikiki Beach 1980 - 4.1: 1980 and ov

Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Indianapolis Museum of Art, "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Miliken Gallery, 1972-73 - 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 3.1: Indianapolis Museum of Art Solo Exhibition 1976

Japan - see exhibitions: Backstage Gallery, exhibitions: Hanae Mori Building and exhibitions: Tobu Gallery

Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

JoAnn Perse Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," Little Rock 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

John Miller Gallery, Carmel, CA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Kentucky Derby Museum, "An Exhibition of Equine Art," 1993 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "A Racing Retrospective," 1995 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "The Art of Sport," 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby and Derby Day Paddock 1997

M. Knoedler & Co., Ltd., London, 1976 - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976 Krannert School of Management, 1986 - no materials

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1985 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lincoln College, 1953 - 4.1: 1953

Marlborough Galleries, Boston, 1987 - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Mayfair Art Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Merrill Chase Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Chicago 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "An American in Paris," Chicago 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Chicago 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Merv Griffin Resorts International Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, 1990 - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Midwest Museum of Art, "Selected Works by LeRoy Neiman", 1989 - 3.1: Midwest Museum of Art Exhibition, 1989

Minnesota Museum of Art, "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective," St. Paul, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial 1975-76

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1983 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1983

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1984 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1984

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1985 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1985

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1988 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984 -1994, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Related Exhibitions, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., 4.1: 1988

Minotaur Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Las Vegas 1992 - 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas 1993 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1993

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, 1972 - 2.1: 1972, 4.1: 1972, V: 1970s

Myrtle Todes Gallery, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957 - 3.1: Myrtle Todes Gallery Solo Exhibition, Glencoe, Illinois 1957

National Art Museum of Sport, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport, 2001

Nevada County Arts Council, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

New York Friars Club, 1987 - 3.1: New York Friars Club Solo Exhibition, 1987

Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

O'Hana Gallery, London, 1962 - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1959 - 3.1: Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago 1959

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1962 - no material

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman," Oklahoma Art Center 1981

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, 1996 - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Percival Galleries, Des Moines, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton, 1986 - 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket, 1975 - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Playboy offices, "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure" 1991 - V: 1991

Pratt Institute, "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

"Profiles: Six Decades of Work" 1996 - 3.1: "Profiles" Exhibition 1996

Purdue University, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Quinn-Pollak Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," San Diego 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Richelle Gallery, St. Louis, 1966 - see Gallery Richelle

Rosenbaum Galleries, Palm Beach, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976

St. Lawrence National Bank, 1977 - 3.1: St. Lawrence National Bank Solo Exhibition, Ogdensburg, NY, 1977

Sher Gallery, Florida, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Springfield Art Association, "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield, IL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Springfield College - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibition, Springfield, MA, 1984

Springfield Museum of Art, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

State National Bank, El Paso, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Steiner & Young Fine Arts Galleries, 1989 - 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Surf Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "The Culinary Arts" 1998 - 3.1: "The Culinary Arts" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art, Beverly Hills 1998

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty-Year Retrospective Exhibition" - 3.1: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Exhibition 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "LeRoy Neiman: A Fifty-Year Retrospective", Beverly Hills, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

The Toy Store, Hartford, CT, 1985 and 1986 - 3.1: The Toy Store 1985-86

Tobu Gallery, Tokyo, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow 1988 - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

Turnbery Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibition, 1981, 1982, 1983 - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1981-83

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, 1981 - 2.1: 1981

University of Charleston, West Virginia, Art Gallery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, Exhibition celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Waller's Gallery, Tampa, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Wichita State University Ulrich Museum of Art Exhibition 1981 - 4.1: 1981

The Wildlife Experience, "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

Windsor Gallery, "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Los Angeles, 1975 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

two-person exhibitions

LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY 1973 - 4.1: 1973

"The Mustache Show", Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York, 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/ Warhol Exhibition 1981

group exhibitions

Amherst College, "When They Were Very Young," Amherst, MA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Amnesty International Exhibition and Sale, New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Anna Werbe Gallery, Chicago Artists, Detroit 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival, 1960 - 4.1: 1960

Aqueduct Art Gallery, New York, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Area, "Art," New York, 1985 - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

L'art et l'automobile, Ferrari Collection exhibition, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Art Directors Club of Chicago, Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1950 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1951 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, American Painting and Sculpture, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Art Institute of Chicago, "Drawing New Conclusions," 1992 - 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992

Baja Club, "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," New York, 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

Bal Tabarin Room, Sherman Hotel, Chicago 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Bank One, "Athletes and Heroes," Youngstown, Ohio, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

"Beyond Illustration - The Art of Playboy," Traveling Exhibition, 1971-74 - 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1970s

Blumhelman Gallery and Germans van Eck Gallery, "Artists for Amnesty," New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Butler Institute of American Art, "The Artist at Ringside," 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1990

Calgary Inn, "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Carnegie Institute of Arts, International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Chicago Navy Pier, Chicago Artists, 1957 - 4.1: 1957

Chicago Public Library, 1958 - 4.1: 1955-59

China Club, "The Famous Show," New York, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Cig Art

"Cig Art," National Arts Club, New York, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

"Cig Art 2: The Smoke Continues", National Arts Club, New York, 1997 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

"Cig Art 4: Where There's Smoke", Art Museum of Southern Texas, 2000 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Collectors Club Exhibition, 1957 - no materials

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Washington, DC, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Fair, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

El Paso Museum of Art, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "American Masters Exhibition," Sarasota, FL, annual - 4.1: 1981, 1987

Gimbel's, "Playboy's Art of Fashion Exhibition," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1979 - 4.2: Grand Palais, "Salon d'Automne," Paris, 1993 - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99, 4.1: 1993

Greenwich Workshop Gallery, "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83" - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1983

Hammer Galleries, "Group Show of FKH Artists," 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, Holiday Exhibitions, New York, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "Hammer Galleries Graphics," New York, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hammer Galleries, "Master Prints of the 19th -20th Century," 1987 - 4.1: 1987, V: 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA - 4.1: 1987

Harmon Gallery, "20th Century American Masters," Naples, FL, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois 1973 - 4.1: 1973

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1977 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1978 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Los Angeles County Fair - see group exhibitions: Millard Sheets Gallery

Marshall Field & Co. Gallery, "Brotherhood in Art," 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Mickey Mantle's, New York - 4.1: 1988

Midwest Museum of American Art, "Panorama of American Art," Elkhart, IN, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Millard Sheets Gallery, Fairplex, "Art and the Athlete," Los Angeles County Fair, 1996 - 3.1: "Art and the Athlete" Group Exhibition, Los Angeles County Fair 1996

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1952 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota Museum of Art, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Minnesota Museum of Art, "Drawings USA 75," St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Minnesota State Fair, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota State Fair, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

The Monmouth Museum, "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," Lincroft, NJ 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Museum of the City of New York, "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," 1983 - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

Mystic Seaport Museum, "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," 1985 - 4.1: 1985 National Art Museum of Sport, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

National Portrait Gallery, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," Washington, DC, 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Navy Pier Art Show, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

New Orleans Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

New-York Historical Society, "That Belmont Look," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

North Mississippi Valley Exhibition, 1964 - 4.1: 1964

North Shore Art League, Chicago Area Show, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s ov

Northampton County Area Community College Foundation, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Odyssey House Art Gallery, New York, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "Twentieth Anniversary Show," Chicago 1969 - 4.1: 1969

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," 1985 - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

O'Grady Galleries, "Collectors' Show," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

O'Hana Gallery, "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," London, 1962-63 - 4.1: 1962

Old Orchard Art Festival - see exhibitions: North Shore Art League

Park Shore Gallery, "Director's Choice," Naples, FL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Queens Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

Ravinia Festival, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

San Diego Museum of Art, "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Sherman Art Gallery, Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Sherman Hotel, Chicago, 1959 - see Bal Tabarin

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ball, Bat, and Glove," New York, 1977 - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York, 1977

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1979

Springfield Art Museum, "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield, MO, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Springfield College, "Women in Sports," 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Steiner & Young Galleries, "20/20 Exhibition," Marietta, Georgia, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Treasures of Island Creek, Louisville, KY, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Tunnel Club, "New Perspectives in Contemporary Art," New York, September 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Mustache Show", New York, November 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Most Famous Artist Alive", New York, December 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show", New York 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

University of Southern Florida, "Expose Yourself to Art," 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Whitney Museum, "Americana," New York, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Yogi Berra Museum, "Viva el Beisbol!" 2000 - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum 2000

Exotic Erotic Halloween Ball - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1996

F

F.I.S.T. - see boxing

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1980 - see bars

Fairfield Gallery - see exhibitions

Fairmont Hotel - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

fan auction - 4.1: 1992

Far Gallery, New York - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

fashion - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for The Domino Catalog 1950s -60s, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only), 4.1: 1958, 1971, undated 1990s

F.D.N.Y. (Fire Department of New York)

F.D.N.Y. Painting - 3.1: F.D.N.Y. Painting 2002

F.D.N.Y Pipes and Drums - 2.1: 1984

Felicie, Inc. - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, see Madison Square Garden

Femlin - see Playboy

Festival Internacioal de Danca Contemporanea - 4.1: 2000

Fields, Edward - see tapestry

The Fifth Dimension - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-1982

Fight of the Century - see boxing

figure skating -- - 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships, V: 1980s, see also Olympic Games

Healey, Kathy - V: Kathy Healey, 1981

Superskates - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1981, V: 1980s

United States Figure Skating Association - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships

film -- - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984, 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990, 3.1: Wine Country Film Fest 1990, 4.1: 1972, 1990, see also Screen Actors Guild

"Ali," 2002 film with Will Smith - 2.1: 2001

"American Rider" motorcycle documentary - 2.1: 1991

"Donnie Darko" 2001 film - 2.1: 2000

The Family Man" 2000 film with Nicholas Cage - 2.1: 1999

"The Ice Storm" 1997 film - 2.1: 1996

"Jerry Maguire" 1997 film with Tom Cruise - 2.1: 1996

"The Lone Ranger", 1978 feature film - 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

"Mr. Baseball," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1991

"My Old Man," 1979 CBS TV movie - 2.1: 1979, 1990

"Quarterback Princess," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1983, 1992

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990

"Rooster," 1981 - 3.1: "Rooster," 1981

1976 documentary, Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1976

finance

Mr. Neiman's own finances - 2.1: 1975, IID: Invoices Paid, see International Management Group, Inc.

represented in art - see investing, Stock Market, Chicago Board of Trade

Finland - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

Fireman, Shelly - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Firestone, Roy - 4.1: 1986

Fischer, Bobby - 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1987

fishing - see Marlin!

Fittipaldi, Emerson - see auto racing

Fitzgerald, Ella - see jazz

Flagg, Special Agent Warren M. - 4.1: 1998

Florida Racing - 4.1: undated

Floyd, Ray - see golf

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Focus Midwest Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1967, 1970, 1980

Foley, Jaclyn - 4.1: 1996, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1993-2002

Folies Bergere - see casinos

food - 3.1: James Beard 1982-87, 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

football -- - search for individual players listed alphabetically

college football

Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Georgia Tech - 4.1: 1983

Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982 - 4.1: 1983, 1984

Nebraska Football - 2.1: 1976

Northwestern University - 4.1: 1996

Ohio State Buckeyes, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

Penn State University - 4.1: 1996

Pioneer Bowl - 4.1: 1976, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

University of Florida, The Gators, 1995 - 3.1: Florida Gators, 1995

Universities of Iowa - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Michigan, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

University of Southern California - see football: college: Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993

University of Texas, The Texas Longhorns, 1985 - 3.1: The Texas Longhorns 1985, 4.1: 1986

University of Minnesota - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Nebraska, The Devaney Era serigraph suite - 2.1: 1997, 4.1: 1974, 1975, 1988, 1992

Football Game, 1960s - 4.1: 1998

Game of the Century, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Gridiron Football News - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

NFL football - 4.1: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 ov, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996

Buffalo Bills - 3.1: O.J. Simpson, 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXVIII

Dallas Cowboys - 2.3: March 1993, 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, see also Superbowl XXVIII

Denver Broncos - see Superbowl XXII, 3.1: John Elway, 1999, 4.1: 1972, 1978, 1999

etchings - 4.1: 1976

Giants-Broncos Classic - 4.1: 1988

Green Bay Packers - 4.1: 1992, 1997

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football: Superbowl XXII

Kansas City Chiefs - 4.1: 1997

Legends Magazine - see NFL Alumni

Miami Dolphins - 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1993

Minnesota Vikings - 4.1: 1975, 1977

Mirage Bowl - 4.1: 1978

NFL Alumni - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992

Legends Official Magazine of the NFL Alumni - 4.2: Legends NFL Alumni Magazine, 1982-2002

NFL Alumni Player of the Year Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987

Yearbooks - 4.1: 1980

NFL Players Association - 4.1: 1974

New England Patriots - 4.1: 1997, 2004, 2005

New York Giants - 4.1: 1987, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003

New York Jets - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: New York Jets 1966 -, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Oakland Raiders - 4.1: 1977

Pittsburgh Steelers - 4.1: 1975, 1979

San Francisco 49ers - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1991, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Superbowl, general - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969, 4.1: 1997

Superbowl stamps - see stamps or U.S. Postal Service

Superbowl II, 1969 - 4.1: 1969 and ov

Superbowl V, 1972 - 4.1: 1972 and ov

Superbowl VI, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E

Superbowl IX, 1975 - 4.1: 1975 ov

Superbowl X, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Superbowl XI, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Superbowl XII, 1978 - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1983

Superbowl XIX, 1985 - 3.1: Superbowl XIX, 1985

Superbowl XXI, 1987 - 4.1: 1988

Superbowl XXII, In the Pocket, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988, 4.1: 1989 ov

Superbowl XXIII, 1989, Superplay, 1989 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Superbowl XXIII painting, Superplay, 1989

Superbowl XXIV, Silverdome Superbowl, 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Superbowl XXV, 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Superbowl XXVII, 1993 - 2.1: 1993

Superbowl XXVIII, 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII, 1994

Superbowl XXX, 1996 - 2.1: 1997, see exhibitions

Superbowl XXXVIII, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Superbowl XXXIX, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Superplay - see football: Superbowl XXIII, 1989

Washington Redskins - 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXII

foreign language articles, Finnish - 4.1: 1977, Italian - see auto racing

Foreman, George - see boxing

forgery - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: 1989, 1994, 1995 ov, see also theft and vandalism

Forrester, Bruce (event photographer) - see photograph files for Bowles/Sorokko Gallery openings

Foster Harmon Gallery of American Art - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1989, 1992, 1993, 4.1: 1974, see also exhibitions

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fouquet's - see restaurants

Fox, Manheim - 2.1: 1979

Fox, Virgil - 4.1: 1965

Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center - 4.1: 1998

Francis, Emile - 4.1: 1975

Franey Langkop, Dorothy - V: 1990s

Frank, Morris - 4.1: 1975

Franklin Bowles Gallery - see Bowles Galleries

Franklin Pierce College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees

fraud - see forgery

Frazier, Joe - see boxing

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freeman, Morgan - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Freidman, Joann - 2.1: 1978

French Riviera - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E, see also Monaco

Friars' Club - 1.1: New York Friar's Club

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Frost, David - see golf

Fujita family - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

G

Gable, Dan - 3.1: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinner 1984 -present

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galice, Christina - see Christina Galice Gallery

Gallagher's Steak House - see restaurants

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, see also exhibitions

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1979

Gallery Mack, Seattle - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 4.1: 1974, 1981, see also exhibitions

Gallery One, Denver, Colorado - see exhibitions

Gallo, Bill - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002, 4.1: 2002

gambling - see casinos

Game of the Century, 1983 - see football

Ganassi, Cara and Chip - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Gardiner, John - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Garret, Lesly - 4.1: 1982

Garvey, Steve - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1980, 1988, 1989, VII: Bags

Gene Michael Fund - 4.1: 1994

General Electric - see promotions

General Mills - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Gere, Gary - see The Taxicab Chronicles

Germany, Baden Baden - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 1988

Gibson Guitars - 2.1: 1997

"Art of Guitars II" exhibition - 3.1: Gibson "Art of Guitars II" 2000

The Gifts of Music, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert, Rod -- - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1968 drawing - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1974 drawing - 4.1: 1974

Rod Gilbert, 1976 - 4.1: 1976, 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Giulianni, Mayor Rudy - 3.1: Mayor Giulianni and NYC Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, 1994-2001

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gleason, Jackie - see -- The Hustler

Goff, Bill - see Spectrum Fine Art

Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Goldberg, Whoopie - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Golden Apple Awards - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1977, 1990, 1995, 1996

Golden Boy - see musicals

golf - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988-89, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2000, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

16th at Cypress, 1983 - 3.1: 43rd Crosby, 1984, 4.1: 1982

An Queens Cup, Japan - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1990 and ov

Atlanta National Golf Club

Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot - 2.1: 1996, 2000, 4.1: 1996

Augusta

The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

April at Augusta, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, 1995

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Bethpage Black, The 18th at Bethpage Black - 3.1: U.S. Open at Bethpage Black 2002, 4.1: 2002

caddies - 4.1: 1976

Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship - 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

Excalibur Classic, Palm Springs - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995

Floyd, Ray - 4.1: 1987

Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament - 4.1: 1998

Frost, David

David Frost Wines - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro, 1985 (also appears as International Golf Foursome) - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 2001

golf bars - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 1993-2002

Golf Courses Calendar 1996 - VII: Artifacts 1996

Golf Digest -- Magazine - 2.1: 1972, 1974, 1976, 4.1: 1976, 2000

Golf Winners, 1984 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984, 1986

Golf's Threesome - 3.1: Advertizing Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1979

Harbour Town, 18th at Harbour Town - 4.1: 2000

International Golf Foursome, 1985 - see Gavea Golf and Country Club

International Golfer - 4.1: 1994

International Golf Leisure and Lifestyle Magazine - 4.1: 2001

Joe Pagliei Invitational - 4.1: 1985

Masters - 4.1: 1990

Mystic Rock at Nemacolin Woodlands - 4.1: 1995

Natural Golfer -- Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Nicklaus, Jack - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973 -74, 4.1: 1972, 1983, 1990

The Golden Bear, 1992 painting and serigraph - 4.1: 1993, VII

Oakmont, 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983 - 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Robert H. Ogle Invitational - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 1998

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1983

Arnie in the Rain, 1973 - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 4.1: 1974

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Pebble Beach Golf Club

18th at Pebble Beach - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1997-2002, 4.1: 1984, 2001, 2002

The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1995 - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 4.1: 1995

pens - see Promotions - S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pens

Pinehurst - 4.1: 2002

Piping Rock Golf Club - 4.1: 1993, 2002

Player, Gary

Gary Player, 1971 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rodriguez, Chi Chi - 4.1: 1973

Royal Golf - Club de Belgique

Chateau de Ravenstein, 1968 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Sara Lee Classic - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Sarazen, Gene - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Shinnecock Hills - 4.1: 1995

The 18th at Shinnecock or The Home Hole at Shinnecock - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1995, 2002

Six Golfers - see Golf Winners

Snead, Sam

Sam Snead - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2001

Southampton U.S.P.G.A. Open - 4.1: 1984, 1986

Spyglass, #1 at Spyglass - 4.1: 1991, 1999

St. Andrews, Scotland - 4.1: 1987

The Clubhouse at Old St. Andrews, 1988 serigraph - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1995, 1998, 2002

The Jigger Inn Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002 St. Cloud

Clubhouse Bar at St. Cloud, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

U.S. Open - 4.1: 1977, see also golf: Oakmont

Valhalla - 4.1: 2000

Vintage

Vintage Charities - 4.1: undated 1980s

Vintage Invitational - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1988

Vintage Cove

The Cove at Vintage - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries, 1986, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1989 ov

Vintage Palm Springs, Sam Snead Teeing Off at Vintage Palm Springs - 4.1: 2001

Wall Street Charity Fund Pro-Am Golf Tournament - 4.1: 2002

Westchester - 4.1: 1981, 1989, 1993

Winged Foot Golf Club - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1997

The 18th at Winged Foot - 4.1: 2002

Winged Foot, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Woods, Tiger - 4.1: 1997, 1999, -- Playboy -- 1998

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Gone with the Wind, 1989 - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989, 4.1: 2004

Gonzalez, Jorge Luis - 4.1: 1995

Gonzmart, Cesar - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Good Tidings Foundation - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation LeRoy Neiman Art Centers, 1998-present, 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998

Gooden, Dwight - 4.1: 2001

Goodman, Dr. Margaret - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Goodwill Games - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: Goodwill Games 1998

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 3.2: Big Time Golf, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Gourmet Gala - see March of Dimes

Grady, John - 2.1: 1976

John Grady, Midnight Mass, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1990

Graham, Martha - see dance

Grand Ballroom, 1987 etching - 4.1: 1987

Le Grand Escalier de L'Opera, 1969 - 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads, 2.1: 1996

grand prix - see auto racing

Grant, Michael - see boxing

Gray, Anthony John - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin

Graziano, Rocky - see boxing

Great American Workout - 2.1: 1990

Great Gatsby's Auction House - 4.1: 1998

Great Irish Fair, NY 1982 - 3.1: The Great Irish Fair poster 1982

Green, Rev. Al - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Greene, "Mean Joe" - 2.1: 1981

Greenberg, Hank - 4.1: 1968

Greenspan, Bud - 2.1: 2000

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - see exhibitions: group

Gregory, Cynthia - see ballet

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-1998

Gretzky, Wayne

The Great Gretzky, 1981 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Wayne Gretzky, 2002 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Gridiron Football News - see football

Griese (Miami Dolphins quarterback 1972) - 4.1: 1972

Griffey, Ken - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Griffin, Merv - see television

Grosset and Dunlap Inc. Publishers - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, Correspondence

Guanzon, Carol - 2.1: 1987, 1988, 1989

Gumbel, Bryant - 4.1: 1997

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

gymnastics

Comaneci, Nadia

Nadia Comaneci, 1976 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1982, 1984, 1987

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1986

H

HBO - see listing for HBO under boxing

Hagler, Marvin - see boxing

Haifa University - 3.2: 1972 Olympics Munich

Halas, George - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, George Halas, Jr. Sports Center - 4.1: 1979

Hall, Jim - 4.1: 1997

Hall of Famer, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1998

Halle, David - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present; A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Halmi, Robert - 3.2.12 and 4.1: undated ov

Hammer Galleries - see exhibitions, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer, Armand - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988, 3.1: Tokyo exhibition 1988

Hammer, Michael - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammer, Victor - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammond, IN - see Mercantile Bank

Hampton, Kym - 4.1: 2000

The Hamptons, New York - 3.1: Hamptons notes 1972, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E handball - see Jacobs, Jim

Hanson Gallery, New Orleans - see exhibitions, 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Painting 2002, 4.1: 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004

Hanson Gallery, San Diego - 4.1: 1987

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hardy, Joseph A. - 1.1: Collectors

Harlem Streets, 1981 - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981

harlequin

Harlequin, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1989

Harlequin and a Nude, 1971 - 4.1: 1991

Harlequin with Sword, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Harlequin's Entry into Venice, 1971 mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Haring, Keith - 4.1: 1997

Harmon Galleries - see Foster Harmon Galleries

Harper's -- Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1968

Harrod's, London - 4.1: 1982

Harry, Deborah - 2.1: 1978

Harry's Wall Street Bar - see bars

Hartack, Bill - 2.1: 1977

Harvard University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Haskell, Nikki -- - 4.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004

Nikki, 1984 (in Carnaval garb) - 4.1: 1985, 1987

Nikki Haskell, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Nikki Haskell, 2002 - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

hats - VII

Hawaii - 4.1: 1980 ov

Hayes, Isaac - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Healey, Kathy - see figure skating

Hearns, Thomas - see boxing

Heartland Celebrity Cookbook - 4.1: 1991

Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA - 4.1: 1969

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - see boxing

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - see boxing

Hebner, Richie

Richie Hebner - 4.1: 1973

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., 1.1: Friars ov., 2.1: 1996, 1999, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy Scrapbook 1961-67, 4.1: 1985, V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63, see also -- Playboy -- Magazine

Heiden, Eric - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1987, 1988, see also exhibitions

helicopter - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-1995

Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho & his Friends - see Chandler, Charlotte

Helsinki, Finland - see exhibitions

"Here's Looking at You, Kid," 1990 - see Wine Country Film Festival

Hernandez, Genaro - 4.1: 1995

Hernquist, Lee - 4.1: 2002

Herrick, Norton - 4.1: 1998

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Heyden, Eric - see Knoedler

High Ball Homer, 1962 - see Mantle, Mickey

High Seas Sailing - see sailing

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - see sailing

high society - see socialites

Hill, Calvin - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence, 4.1: 1973, Calvin Hill - 4.1: 1979

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1989, 4.1: 1986, 1992, 2001, see exhibitions

Hilliard, Chet - 4.1: 1995

Hilliard, Kent - 4.1: 1990, see Hilliard Gallery

Hilton Hotels - 2.1: 1991

Hinds, Bobby - see boxing

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - see opera

Hispanic Sports Awards Dinner - 2.1: 1991

"History of Sport in Art" film series - 2.1: 1972

HOBY - 4.1: 1997

hockey -- - search for individual players by name, see also Olympic Games

Choate Prep School hockey - 4.1: 1970

The French Connection, 1976 - 4.1: 1978

Hockey etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Hockey Magazine - 2.1: 1977

NHL hockey - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky portraits 1981-2002, 4.1: 1967

Boston Bruins - see Orr, Bobby

Heisman Trophy - 2.1: 1982

Houston Aeros - 4.1: 1975

NHL Challenge Cup (USA All -Stars vs. USSR National) - 4.1: 1979

New Jersey Devils - 4.1: 1998

New York Rangers - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1976, 1998, 1999, 2000

Phoenix Coyotes - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Ottawa Senators - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Stanley Cup - 4.1: 1974

Hoelscher, Lydia (LeRoy's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hofstra University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1996

Hogan, Hulk - see wrestling

Hoglund, William - 2.1: 1983

Holder, Geoffrey - 4.1: 1978

holiday, Christmas - 4.1: 1992, 1995, 1997

Hollywood Women's Press Club - see Golden Apple Awards

Holmes, Larry - see boxing

Holyfield, Evander - see boxing

Holzman, Red - 4.1: 1990

Homage to Boucher - 4.1: 1974

Homansky, Dr. Flip - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Home Remodeling Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - see baseball

honorary degrees - 1.1: Honorary degrees

Hope, Bob - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, 4.1: 1984, Bob Hope (Playing Golf), 1988 - 3.1: Bob Hope portrait, 1988

Hope House Ministries - 4.1: 1995, 1996

Horizon Gallery - 4.1: 1980

Horse of a Different Color, Ltd. - 4.1: 1963

horses -- - see also polo, rodeo, sculpture

Arabians - 4.1: 1978

Arabians Magazine - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986

Bucking Bronco - 4.1: 1984

Carousel, 195? - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1950s

Color Horse - 4.1: 1984

Clydesdales - see promotions

Daily Double - 4.1: 1982, 1984

French Hunt, 1965 - V: Early 1960s Photos of Work

Horses, 1979 - 3.2.3

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal drawing - 2.1: 1973, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1950s

horse racing - 4.1: 1997

Aintree - 4.1: 1960

Ascot - see Royal Ascot

Belmont Park - 4.1: 1980, 2003

The Paddock at Belmont - 4.1: 1979

Bellocq, Pierre - 4.1: 1998

The Black Stallion - see television

Breeders' Cup - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 2003

Breeders' Cup Championship poster, 1998 - 3.1: Breeders' Cup Painting 1998

Caliente Race Track, Tijuana, Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhib. and Painting 1989, 4.1: 1991

Chantilly, Backstretch at Chantilly - 4.1: 1969

The Charging Cavalcade, silkscreen - 4.1: 1980

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

Churchill Downs - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1996, VII: Box 3

Club House Turn, 1975 serigraph - 1.2: Knoedler Serigraph Release Ads, 4.1: 1975, undated 1990s, 1989

Curragh, Ireland, 1976 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Epsom Derby - 4.1: 1960, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Equestrianne - 4.1: 1981, 2000

Equestrian, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

The Feria in Seville - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985

The Finish - 4.1: undated

Florida Derby - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1993

Four Acres, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Front Runners, 1994 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Funnycide - 4.1: 2003

Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool - 4.1: 1960 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Grand Prairie, Lone Star Park - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

Hambletonian - 3.1: Cadillac Hambletonian Harness Race Painting 1995

Hialeah Race Track - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Hialeah Race Track, 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Hong Kong Jockey Club - 4.1: 2004

Hoof Beats Magazine - 4.1: 1975

horse named after LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1987

Horse Racing, 1972 watercolor - 4.1: 1998

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - see sculpture

Horse and Rider, 1971 gouache - 2.1: 1974

Horse Sense: An Inside Look at the Sport of Kings, by Bert Sugar, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

In the Stretch, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

International Horse Show - 4.1: 1973

Iroquois Steeplechase, 1993 - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

jockeys -- - jockeys - see also horse racing, 3.1: "Dress the Jockeys", '21' Club 2001

The Backview of Jockey, 1961 - 4.1: Four Jockeys - 4.1: undated

Hartack, Bill, Bill Hartack, 1959 - 3.1: Hialeah Race Track 1959, 4.1: 1974, 1995

Jockey, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Jockey - 4.1: 1961

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Solomon, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Kelso, 1968 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby - 2.1: 1982, 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1978, VII: Box 3

Derby Day Paddock, 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997

Kentucky Derby Museum - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Long Island Equestrienne - 4.1: 1982, 1984

Longchamps - 4.1: 1960

Menlo Charity Horse Show - 4.1: 2003

Mission Valley Pony Club - 4.1: 1990

Monmouth Park - 4.1: 1969

Monmouth Park Centennial, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1971, 1975

National All -Star Jockey Championships - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

National Horse Show - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

National Showcase, Louisville, KY - 4.1: 1982

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Paddock, 1957 painting - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98

Paddock, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95 4.1: 1973

Pegasus, 1979 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

polo horses - see polo

Pimlico - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000, VII: Box 3

Preakness Stakes - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000

The Race, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, V: 1970s

Race of the Year, 1979 - 3.1: Race of the Year 1979

Racing, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Reinsman - 4.1: 1963

The Rider, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Rotz with Windener Coulours, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Royal Ascot - 4.1: 1960, 1961, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

Ascot Finish - 4.1: 1976

Ascot Paddock - 4.1: undated, 1979

The Queen at Ascot - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Saratoga Harness, 1969, 1974 - 3.1: Saratoga Harness 1969, 1974

Seattle Slew - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1975

Secretariat, Secretariat at the Lead, 1974 - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95, 4.1: 1975, 1981, 1993 ov, VII: Pendants

Secretariat II - 4.1: 1990

Show Jumper - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

Steeplechase, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Stretch Stampede, 1975 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Study for Gericault Horse without Rider - 4.1: 1982

Tentam - 4.1: 1973

Thoroughbred Times - 4.1: 1993

T.O.B.A. - 2.1: 2000

Wayne Newton's State of the Art September Sale - 4.1: 1985

Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean - 4.1: 1984

Hotel des Artistes - 1.1: Residences - Hotel des Artistes

House Beautiful -- Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Houston Astrodome - 4.1: 1971

Houston International Film Festival - 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990

Howard, Frank, Frank Howard, 1970s - 4.1: 1998

Howe, Gordie - 4.1: 1975

Gordie Howe, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hudson Valley Writers Center - 4.1: 1990

Hull, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Bobby Hull - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and St. Paul Art Center 1969, 4.1: 1968, 1986

Humane Society of New York - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998

Humphrey, President Hubert, Hubert Humphrey, date unknown - 2.1: 1994

Hunt, Lamar

Lamar Hunt, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Hunt for the Unicorn, late 1960s mural - see animals: unicorn

The Hustler -- - 4.1: 1985

Hutscnecker, Dr. Arnold A. - 4.1: 1981

I

I Am Third by Gale Sayers - 4.1: 1970, 1975

Ibis Art Productions - 4.1: 1988

Ice Palace, 1985 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Iceland - 4.1: 1972

Idle Boat - 4.1: 1950s

Iglesias, Julio

Julio Iglesias, 1984 - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Julio Iglesias, 1984, 4.1: 1998, 2001

Illinois Art Education Association - 4.1: 1974

imitators - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football - Superbowl XXII

income - IID: Invoices Paid

India - 2.1: 1982

Indianapolis 500 - see auto racing

Indianapolis Museum of Art - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1977, see also exhibitions

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - see tennis

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - see tennis

International Heart Foundation - see The Open Heart, 1982

International Management Group, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

International Poker, 2004 serigraph and earlier painting - see casinos

International Sephardic Education Foundation - 4.1: 1987

Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - see boxing

investing, investors - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980, 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Iona College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees ov., 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 3.1: Iona College

Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 2000

Irish Fair - see Great Irish Fair

Iron Horse Steak House - 4.1: Undated

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Israel - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

J

Jackson, Bo - 4.1: 1992

Jackson, Michael - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Jackson, Phil - 4.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 1978

Reggie Jackson, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Jacobs, Jason, Accountant - 2.1: 1977, 1984

Jacobs, Jim

Jim Jacobs, 1970 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1970, 1992

Jamaica - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1971, see Appendix E

Japan - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 2.2: CBS Sports Correspondence, 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974, 3.1: Japan Trip 1977, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1983, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Correspondence, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1984

jazz

Armstrong, Louis - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995, 4.1: undated 1990s

Louis Armstrong, 1963 - 4.1: 1965

Louis Armstrong, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Louis Armstrong, 1976 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975 -2004, 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1979

Satch, 1959 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

Davis, Miles

Miles Davis, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Ellington, Duke

Duke, 1978 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1979, 1981

"Duke", 1998 - 3.1: UCLA 1998-present

Fitzgerald, Ella

Ella in Flight, 1983 - 3.1: Ella in Flight, 1983

Gillespie, Dizzy

Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Holiday, Billie

"Lady", 1979 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Jazz Horns, 2004 painting and serigraph - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 2004, 2005

Jazzmobile - 2.2: Jazzmobile 1980-84

Jazzmobile, 1975 silkscreen - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Kenton, Stan

Stan Kenton, 1976 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1985

Kool Jazz Festival - 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1981, 1982, 1985, V: 1980s

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz, 2004 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz Festival Poster, 1974 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Orchestra - 4.1: 1964

Parker, Charlie - Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973, Charlie 'Bird' Parker - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

The Jeanie Johnston, 1998 - 4.1: 1999

Jenner, Bruce - see track and field

The Jennifer, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Jeopardy! -2.1: 1998

Jimmy Fund - 3.1: Ted Williams and Jimmy Fund 1991

JoAnn Perse Gallery -2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Jock Magazine - 4.1: 1970

jockeys - see horses: horse racing

Johnson, Cecile Ryden - 4.1: 1975

Johnson, Earvin "Magic" - Magic, 1988 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1989 ov, Magic Johnson, 1991 - 2.1: 1996

Jones, Baird - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1987, 1988

Jones, Robert Trent - 4.1: 1995

Jones, Jr., Roy - see boxing

Jones, Tony - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., see AppendixA for correspondence

Jordan, Michael, Michael Jordan - 4.1: undated 1990s, 2000, Michael Jordan, serigraph - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1998

Joyner -Kersee, Jackie - see track and field

J.R. Fine Arts - 4.1: 1998

judo - 4.1: 1977, 1987

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995

K

Kabl Citizen of the Day Award - 1.1: Awards

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, George Kalinsky with his Olympus, 1986 drawing - 4.1: 1986

Kaplan, Fred - 2.1: 1960s, 1970s

Kapp, Joe - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1970

Kaufman, Bart and Judy - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89, 4.1: 1970s

Kay, Leslie - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Kelly, Bob - 4.1: 1974

Kennedy Onassis, Jackie, Jackie, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 1970

Kennedy, Robert and Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79, 4.1: 1968, 1971, 1972 see also golf, tennis

Ethel Kennedy - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

R.F.K., 1968 watercolor - 4.1: 1968

Robert F. Kennedy, 1971 engraving - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 4.1: 1972, 1974

Kennedy, Ted

Sen. Ted Kennedy, 1981 drawing on napkin - 4.1: 1981

Kenneth Behm Galleries - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, V: 1991

Kenton, Stan - see jazz

Kentucky Derby - see horse racing

Kerner, Otto - 4.1: 1960

Kershaw, Tom - 4.1: 1995

Key Club Bar, 1956 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kidd, Billy - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy, 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

King, Don - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 4.1: 1975

King, Larry - 4.1: 1988 (radio), Larry King, 1996 - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present

King, Mark - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

King's Palace, 1960 drawing - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kitt, Eartha - 4.1: 1994

Knight, Bobby, Bobby Knight, 1979 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, Knoedler & Co. - IID: Price Lists, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, see also Appendix B, Hammer Galleries - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Exhibition 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1972, 1976, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

Knoedler Publishing - 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 3.2 Publications, 1.2: Knoedler & Co and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1976, 1989

Kohl Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Kool Jazz Festival - see jazz

Koosman, Jerry, Jerry Koosman, 1976 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

Kopf, Chef Stefan - 4.1: 1986

Kozlova, Valentina - V: 1991

Kramer, Paul - 4.1: 1980

Kravtiz, Brenda - 1.1: Friars

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - see television, see also Appendix A

Kushner, Cedric - see Heavyweight Explosion

L

La Cuisine Francaise - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994 -1999, 3.1: The Culinary Arts 1998, 4.1: 1995, 1998, Le Grand Cuisine, 1977 - 2.1: 2000, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1977, 2001

La Nuit de Paris, 1988 - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Lacrosse - 4.1: 1977, 2005, see also McEneaney, Eamon

U.S.A. Lacrosse Team - 4.1: 1978

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal - see horses

Lagerfeld, Karl - 4.1: 1992

Lake Tahoe - VC: 1983

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96

Landry, Tom - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, Tom Landry, 1984 - 4.1: 1984 ov., 1989

Lanier Business Products, Inc. - see Stock Market, 1976

Largent, Steve - 4.1: 1994

Lark Creek Inn - 4.1: 1990

Larry Harper Company - 4.1: 1998

LaRussa, Tony - 2.1: 1993, Manager of the Year, 1992 - 4.1: 1993

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1985, 1987

Lasorda, Tommy - 4.1: 1993

Las Vegas - see casinos, 1.1: Awards, 3.1: Las Vegas Centennial 2005

Las Vegas Celebrity Cookbook - 2.1: 1984

Latin Legends film - 4.1: Undated 1990s

Latin Recording Academy - see Appendix A

law suits -- - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 4.1: 1975, see also forgery, theft

against Felicie Schumsky, by LeRoy Neiman, 1976 - 1.2

against Robert Gold d/b/a Gallery Artists, 1976 - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

against LeRoy Neiman and Knoedler, Inc. by Emerald Art Gallery, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Lawrence Ross Galleries - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

lawyers - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

Lazar, Irving "Swifty" - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Leahy, Pat - 4.1: 1992

Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Lebow, Fred - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

lectures - 2.2: Royce Carlton Lecture Agents 1978-86, 4.1: 1989, see also Learning Annex

Leibowitz, Maury - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Leifer, Neil - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 2003

Leija, James - 4.1: 1995

LeMieux, Mario, Mario LeMieux, 1989 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Lendl, Ivan - see tennis

Lennon, John - 2.1: 1999, 2000, see also The Beatles, and Ono, Yoko

John Lennon, pre 1982 drawing - 4.1: 1982

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990, 4.1: 1990, 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - see boxing

LeRoy, Minnesota - 4.1: 1978 and ov, V: 1970s

LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII 1994, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

LeRoy Neiman: Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, 1.2: Felicie, Inc. Advertising, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present

LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, University of California at Los Angeles - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, 1997, 4.1: 1997 (ov), 1998

LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996 - 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1997-present, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1998, 1999, V: 1991, see also Tavern on the Green

Let's Celebrate - 4.1: undated

Leukemia Society of America - 4.1: 1992

Levin, Meyer - 4.1: 1955-59

Lewis, Carl - see track and field

Lewis, Jerry Lee - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, The Killer - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Lewis, Lennox - see boxing

Liberace - 4.1: 1988

Licensing Art and Design, by Cynthia Revelli - 2.1: 1995

Lido - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Lifeline Inc. (fitness equipment) - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Lifestyle -- Magazine - 4.1: Undated 1980s

Lilly, Bob, Bob Lilly, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

Limbaugh, Rush - 4.1: 1991

Limoges enamels - 2.1: 1988

Lincoln, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, 1968 - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 4.1: 1968, 1981, 1987

Lindberg, Elayne - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981 (photo)

Lipofsky, Mary and Steve - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1995

Liston, Sonny - see boxing

Little, Floyd - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 4.1: 1973 ov

Floyd Little - 4.1: 1972

The Littlest Clown - 4.1: undated

Liverpool, England - 4.1: 1960 ov

Lollobrigida, Gina - 4.1: 1981

Loma Linda University - 2.1: 1983

Lombardi, Vince, Vince, 1981 - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1985

Lomonaco, Chef Michael - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1999

London, England - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1960 ov, 1961, 1962, 1966, see also Liverpool

The Lone Ranger, 1977 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

Long, Captain Elgen, The Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975 -87, 4.1: 1982

Lonsdale International Sporting Club - 1.1: Awards

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Louganis, Greg - see swimming and diving

Louis, Allyson - see Allyson Louis Gallery

Louis, Joe - see boxing

Lowery, Nick

Nick Lowery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 1997

Lubel, William - 2.1: 1973

Lynch, David - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

M

Maccioni, Sirio - 4.1: 2004

Mack, Barbara - see Gallery Mack

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Madison Square Garden (silkscreen) - 4.1: 1978

Madrid, Spain - 4.1: 1960 ov

A Magic Moment, 1990 - see Orlando Magic under "baseball"

magical creatures - see animals: unicorn

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1995

Mailer, Norman - 4.1: 1982

Maitland, Vic - 2.2: NFL Alumni

Make-a-Wish Foundation - 4.1: 2000

Maki, Mary Ann - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Malave, Chu Chu - see boxing

Malinowski, Mark "Scoop" - 4.1: 2000

Malletmen, 1977 etching - see polo

Manager of the Year, 1992 - see LaRussa, Tony

Mandalay Bay - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Mandela, Nelson - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997

Mangione, Chuck - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Bride -- Magazine - 4.1: 1999

Manhattan Concert Club - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Magazine - 1.1: Awards, 2.1: 1989, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995 - present, 4.1: 1984, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999 Manila, Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

Mannochia, Adriano - 4.1: 1983

Mantle, Mickey - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999, 4.1: 1968

Mickey Mantle (or) High Ball Homer, 1962 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Mickey Mantle - Switcher, 1967 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995, see also Chemical Bank and McCabe, Charles

marathon - see running

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1981, 1982, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985, 4.1: 1974, 1981, 1983, 1985

Mardi Gras - 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Poster Painting 2002, 4.1: 1987, 2001

Marichal, Juan, Juan Marichal - 4.1: 1995

marionette - 4.1: 1981, 1984

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Marlin!, 1977 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1977 ov

Marmel, David - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-85

Marquis Who's Who - 1.1: Who's Who

Marshall Field & Company - 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only)

Marshall, Leonard, Leonard Marshall, 1991 - 4.1: 1991, 1992

Martin, Billy, Billy Martin, 1990 drawing - 2.1: 1990

Marx, Groucho - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84

Maser Galleries, Maser Fine Arts - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983

Mashburn, Jamal - 4.1: 1990

mask auction - 4.1: 1988

Mason, Jackie - 4.1: 1994

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - 1.1: Awards: Citations, 4.1: 1982

matador - see bullfights

Mathis, Buster - see boxing

Matsui, 2004 - 3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005

The Maulers -- 1993 lithograph - see boxing

Max, Peter - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Mayo Clinic - 2.1: 1983

mayoral debate - 4.1: 1989, see also politics

Mays, Willie - 4.1: 1992, Wille Mays - 2.2: 1978, 4.1: 1979, 1982, 2001

Mazeroski, Bill, Bill Mazeroski - 4.1: 1973

Mazzilli, Lee, Lee Mazzilli, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 2001 4.1: 2001, Lee Mazzilli Celebrity Golf and Tennis Classic - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 1987, 1997, see also Chemical Bank

McCormack, Mark H. - see The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack under golf

McDonald, Kitt - 4.1: 1986

McDougal, Little & Company - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon - 4.1: 2001, 2005

McEnroe, John - see tennis

McFagan, Helen - 2.1: 1993

McGirt, James "Buddy" - see boxing

McGraw-Hill Publishers - 2.1: 1999

McGuire, Al - 4.1: 1980

McGwire, Mark, Mark McGwire, 1998 - 3.1: Mark McGwire 1998-99, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-2002

McHale, Kevin - see Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

McNeely, Peter - 4.1: 1995

McNichol, Kristy - 2.1: 1980

Mead, Margaret, Margaret Mead, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 1977 ov

Meigs, Kris - 2.1: 1981

Melville, Herman - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Memphis Blues Ball - 4.1: 1998

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

menus - 4.1: 1977, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, see also food, restaurants

medical - see The Open Heart, 1982

Mercantile Bank, Chicago and Hammond, IN - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966

merchandise - see promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89, 4.1: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982 see exhibitions

Metropolitan Museum of Art - 2.1: 1981

Metropolitan Opera - see opera

Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhibition and Painting 1989

MGM Grand Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Miami Sound Machine - see Estefan, Emilio and Gloria

Michael Zabrin Fine Art - 2.1: 1989

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980, see also football: New York Jets

Midwest Museum of American Art - 4.1: 1979, 1989, see also exhibitions

Miles, Sylvia - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1991

Minelli, Liza - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

miniatures - 4.1: 1983

Minnesota Historical Society - 2.1: 1994

Minnesota Museum of Art - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting 1975-76, see also exhibitions

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1986, see also exhibitions

John Miles Bonded Travel Agency - 4.1: undated

military - 1.1: Military Service

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - see bowling

Millionaire Magazine - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-99

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Milt Gross Fund - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2001

Minuteman, 1987 - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Mirrer, Louise - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

The Mixologist, 1959 - see bars

Moby Dick -- , 1975 - 2.1: 1993, 3.2.2

models - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, see also Eve Models, Inc., search for individual models by name

Monaco - see also Bal de la Mer, Monte Carlo, auto racing, French Riviera

Monaco Rendezvous, 1994 - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all dates, 1980s, 1990s)

Monroe, Earl, Earl "The Pearl" Monroe, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Montana, Joe, Joe Montana, 1982 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Montanez, Willie - 4.1: 1979

Monte Carlo, Monaco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E, see auto racing, Monaco

Monte Carlo, 1994 - 4.1: 1999

Monte Carlo Chase, 1988 - 2.2: Neiman -Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Solo Exhibition 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Japanese Edition - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Moore, Wayland - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Moorer, Michael - 4.1: 1994

Morbelli, Jean - 2.1: 1988

Moreno, Linda "Eva" - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgan, Joe, Joe Morgan, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morley, Malcolm - 4.1: 1984

Morocco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Morrel Wines - 4.1: 1984

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Morrison, Tommy - see boxing

Morton's of Chicago - see restaurants

Moscow - 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, V: 1960s

Tretyakov Museum - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Mosley, Shane - see boxing

Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter - 4.1: 2000

Mozartfest - 4.1: 1998

Mthembu, Nomusa - 2.1: 1992

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1998

multiple sclerosis - see National Multiple Sclerosis Society, or Race to Erase MS

Munich, Germany - see Olympic Games

Municipal Art League of Chicago Award - 1.1: Awards

Munson, Thurman - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002, Thurman Munson, 1976 - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002

murals - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966, 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural 1976, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981, 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Murphy Brown - see Warner Brothers Television in Appendix A

Murphy, Dale - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 4.1: 1993

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-1998, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Murphy, Father Terrence - 4.1: 2004

Muscle Builder & Power Magazine - 4.1: 1977

Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America - 4.1: 1971, 1987

Lifetime Achievement Award - 1.1: Awards

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972 see also exhibitions

Museum of the City of New York, Theater Collection - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

music -- - 4.1: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1992, see also Gibson Guitars

blues - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see Paul, Les

classical - 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1998, see also Bernstein, Leonard; Eaton, Roy; Fox, Virgil; Grady, John; Raphael, James

Arkansas Symphony Orchestra - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Desert Symphony - 4.1: 1997

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965, 1967

Symphantasy - 3.1: Symphantasy 1988

Symphony for United Nations, 1991 - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1991

country - 4.1: 1994, see Tennessee

jazz - see jazz

opera - see opera

popular - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-82, 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993, 4.1: 1993, see The Beatles; Bennet, Tony; Blues Ball; Davis, Sammy; Iglesias, Julio; Jackson, Michael; Lennon, John; Paul, Les; Sinatra, Frank

musicals - see Times Square, 2001

Angels on Horseback - 4.1: undated 1980s

Golden Boy - 4.1: 1964

My Fair Lady - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Oh! Calcutta - 4.1: 1967

Porgy and Bess - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

West Side Story - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation - 4.1: 1978

Myers, Farlan - 2.1: 1986

Mystic Seaport, CT - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Mystic Rock, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

N

NAMTA - 4.1: 1984

NBC - see television

NECO (National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations) - 1.1: Awards, Citations and Miscellaneous Prizes

Nabisco - see promotions

Nahan, Kenneth - 4.1: undated

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - see basketball

Namath, Joe - 3.1: New York Jets 1966-, 4.1: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1982

Napoleon at Waterloo, 1988 serigraph - 4.1: 1988

Nash, Beau - 3.1: The Ambassadors, 1960s

The Nation -- Magazine - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1998

National Art Museum of Sport (NAMOS) - 2.1: 1972, 1979, 4.1: 1980, 2003 see also exhibitions

National Arts Club - 4.1: 1994

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - see baseball

National Bowling Hall of Fame and Museum - see bowling - Million Dollar Strike, 1982

National Cowboy Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

National Fitness Classic - 4.1: 1982, 1983

National Multiple Sclerosis Society - 4.1: 1969, 1976, 1980, 1988

National Sports Collectors Convention - 4.1: 1992 ov.

NBA - see basketball

negative press - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983

Neiman, Earl - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman, Janet - 1.1: Family, 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955, 4.1: 1985

Neiman News - 3.1: Neiman News 1977-1985

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1983, 1984

Neiman, Robert B - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

"Neiman's Cuba" film project - 2.1: 1979, 1982

Neiman's Restaurant & Lounge - see restaurants and bars

Nepal - 2.1: 1982

Nevada County Arts Council - 4.1: 1982

New Jersey State Opera Ball - see opera

New Milford Hospital - 4.1: 1991

New Orleans, Louisiana - 2.1: 1993, 1997, 1998, see also Hanson Art Galleries and Mardi Gras

New School for Social Research, NY - 4.1: 1978

New Times Magazine - 2.1: 1978

New Year's Eve, 1997 - 4.1: 1997 and ov

New York City Marathon - see running

New York Friars Club - 4.1: 1999

New York Giants - see Football

New York and Los Angeles: Politics, Society, and Culture by David Halle - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present

New York Public Library - 4.1: 2002

New York State Governor's Arts Awards - 4.1: 2000

New York Times Magazine -- - 4.1: 1971

The New Yorker -- Magazine - 4.1: 1994, 1999

Newman, Eric - V: 1975

Newman, Paul - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, see also -- The Hustler

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newsweek -- Magazine - 4.1: 1972, 1992

Newton, Wayne - 4.1: 1988

NFL - see football

NHL - see hockey

Niarchos, Stavros

Stavros Niarchos, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Nicholson, Jack - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

Nicklaus, Jack - see golf

Nitschke, Ray - 4.1: 1988

Noah, Yannick - see tennis

Nob Hill, 1986 serigraph - 3.1: Nob Hill and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Norman, Greg, Greg Norman - 2.1: 1990

North Shore Art League - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association - 4.1: 1986, 1987

Northern Indiana Art Association - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Northwest Orient Magazine - 4.1: 1986

Northwest Paper Company - 3.1: 1972 Olympics

Northwestern University - 2.1: 1978

Norton, Ken - see boxing

Norton Herrick Fine Arts Group - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

Norway - 2.1: 1988

Notre Dame - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Nureyev, Rudolph - see ballet

O

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

Everett Oehlschlaeger Galleries, Chicago - 2.1: 1960s, 4.1: 1973, 1975

Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Oh! Calcutta - see musicals

Oklahoma - see Bennett, Chef John, and baseball: Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league)

Olin Corporation - see promotions

Olympic Games -- - 4.1: 1984

1972 Olympics, Munich - 3.1: 1972 Olympics, Munich, 4.1: 1987

1976 Olympics, Montreal - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal, 4.1: 1987

Games of the XXI Olympiad, 1976 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983

Olympic Boxers, 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

1980 Winter Olympics, Lake Placid - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Olympic Figure Skating, 1978 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Winter Olympic Skiing, 1980 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo - 3.1: Sarajevo Winter Olympics 1984

1984 Olympics, Los Angeles - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

American Gold, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Opening Ceremonies - XXIII Olympiad 1984, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

1988 Olympics, Seoul - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

1988 Winter Olympics, Calgary - 2.1: 1986, 1987

1992 Olympics, Barcelona - 2.1: 1989

1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer - 3.1: 1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer

1996 Olympics, Atlanta - 3.1: Atlanta Olympics 1996

2000 Olympics - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

2004 Olympic bid - 2.1: 1989

boxing - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

Olympic Boxing - 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Olympics of Tomorrow - 4.1: 1978

U.S. Olympic Fight Night - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1996

Spring Serenade 2004 - 4.1: 2004

OMTI (Opera Music Theatre International) LeRoy Neiman Recital Hall - see opera

On Safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Onassis, Aristotle, Aristotle Onassis, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

O'Neal, Shaquille, Shaquille O'Neal, 2000 - 3.1: Shaquille O'Neal, 2000

Ono, Yoko - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

The Open Heart, 1982 - 3.1: The Open Heart, 1982

opera - see also Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Ballroom Scene from 'La Traviata', 1980 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 2.1: 2002, 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83, 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995

Jerome Hines as Boris Godunov, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 2002

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

New Jersey State Opera Ball - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

A Night at the Opera, drawing - 4.1: 1989

Opera Music Theater International - 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995, 4.1: 1989, 4.1: 1991

Pagliacci, 1982 - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

The Three Tenors, 1996 serigraph release - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

organists - see Fox, Virgil; Grady, John

Original Print Collectors' Group, Ltd. - 4.1: 1989

Orr, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Orr for the Defense, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Oslo, Norway - 2.1: 1988

Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center - 4.1: 1997

Outrigger Canoe Race, 1976 - 4.1: undated 1970s

Owens, Jesse - see track and field

Ox-Bow, the Summer School of Painting, Saugatuck, Michigan - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Ox -Bow 1998

Oxendine, Kit - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, V:1990s

P

P.J. Clarke's, New York - see restaurants

P.O.V. Magazine - 4.1: 1998

Pacino, Al - 2.1: 1983

Paige, Satchel - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999, 4.1: 1996

Palm Beach, Florida - V: 1970s

Palm Springs, California - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin, 1987-88

Palmer, Arnold - see golf

Palmer, Jim, Jim Palmer, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Papp, L. Roy - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980

Pappas, Thomas, Thomas A. Pappas, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Paris, France - 3.1: "Un Americain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993, 4.1: 1963

Paris, 1989 - 3.1: Kentucky Derby 1995-97

Paris Match -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961, 1962

Parker, Charlie - see jazz

Parks Council - 4.1: 1976

Paschke, Ed - 2.1: 1988, 1990, 2.3

Pastorini, Dan - 2.1: 1989

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Patrick, John 'Malt Liquor' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Patterson, Floyd - see boxing

Paul, Les - 2.1: 1997

Pavarotti, Luciano - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

PAWS/LA - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 2000

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pazienza, Vinny - 4.1: 1995

Peaches and Pits Awards - 4.1: 1987, 2000

Pebble Beach - see golf

Pele - see soccer

Pelkey, Joe - 2.1: 1990, 1993, 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

pendant - VII: Painting pendants, undated

Peninsula Sports Club - 4.1: 1973

Penn, Esther - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999

Penske, Roger - see auto racing

Penthouse -- Magazine - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1979, see also exhibitions

perfume - see promotions

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1984

Perkins, Carl - 2.2: Libby Murphy

Perry, Gaylord - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Perse, Joanne - 4.1: 1986

PESO - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990

Philadelphia Sports Writers Association - 4.1: 2000

Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

pianists - see Eaton, Roy; Raphael, James, see also music: classical

Piazza, Mike, Mike Piazza, 1999 - 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999

Piazza San Marco, 1990 - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Pierrot, drawing - 4.1: 1975

Pierrot, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Pierrot the Juggler, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

The Pitman Company - 4.1: 1984

Pizza Hut - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1992 ov

La Plage de Deauville, 1990 - 2.1: 1990

plates, collectible - see Royal Doulton

Plate Collector Magazine - 2.1: 1980

The Playboy, painting - 4.1: 1990

Playboy Enterprises International - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.1: 2001 art auction - 4.1: 1989, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

New York Playboy Club - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Playboy Art Collection - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1975, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Playboy -- Magazine and Man at His Leisure - see Appendix E, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 4.1: 1959, 1966, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, V: Playboy Clubs 1961-63

Femlin - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 1995, 2001, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, 4.2: -- Playboy -- - Femlin Paraphernalia

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Special Editions, Ltd. - 4.1: 1992

Players Hotel, New Orleans - 2.1: 1984

The Plaza Hotel, New York - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

The Plaza Square, 1985 - 4.1: 1985, 1986

tapestry - 2.1: 1990

Poland - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Plunkett, Sherman - 4.1: 1967

Police Athletic League - 2.1: 1981

politics - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988, 3.1: Rudy Giulianni and Commission on Cultural Affairs 1994-2001, 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 4.1: 1960, 1968, 1988, 1989, 1992, see also Thurmond, Strom, and The White House

Pollock, Jackson - 4.1: 1984

polo - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1988

Attack, 1965 - 4.1: 1967

elephant polo - 2.1: 1982

H.R.H. Prince Charles, 1982 - 4.1: 1985

Malletmen, 1977 etching - 3.1: Malletmen Certificate 1977

Polo Player, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Polo Players, 1964 - 4.1: 1991

Polo Lounge, 1988 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Bev Hills 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1995, 1996, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

The Pope Flies Over New York, detail - 4.1: 1981

Pope, Kerig - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s

Porgy and Bess - see musicals

Porter, David - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Portola Valley Classic Equestrian Festival - 4.1: 1999

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - see animals

portraits -- - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

of LeRoy Neiman, by other artists - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.1: 1986 ov

by LeRoy Neiman - search by name of subject

Posner Gallery - 2.1: 1989

posters - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1981, 1993

Posters, 1980 - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 3.2 ov.

Pratt Institute, New York - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

Preakness Stakes - see horse racing

Prentice - Hall Publishers - 2.1: 1978

President of the United States - see politics, or search by name of President (Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton)

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1982, 1983

Presley, Elvis - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1978 (July)

price lists - IID: Price Lists

Prince Charles, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

prints - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov), see also The Prints of LeRoy Neiman below

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980, Knoedler Publishing

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990, 1991 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City 1992, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000, 2001 - 3.2.14

Professional Picture Framers Association - 4.1: 1984

promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

AMF Incorporated (soccer equipment) - 3.1: AMF Soccer Equipment Promotion 1979

Absolut Vodka

Absolut Neiman, 1970 - 3.1: Absolut Vodka ad 1991, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach, 1985 commercial - 3.1: Alexander Hotel Promotion 1985

Anheuser-Busch - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

Clydesdales, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 1983

World Cup Soccer poster 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Arrow shirts, The Arrow Man, 1986 - 3.1: Arrow shirts promotion 1986

Atomic skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Burger King - 3.1: Burger King Promotion 1976

Canadian Club Whiskey - 4.1: 1979

Charlie Cosmetics - 3.1: Charlie Cosmetics promotion 1981

Classic Leather, 1978 catalog - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Corvette - see Corvette

Dewars Scotch Whiskey - 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970

S.T. DuPont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter set - 3.1: S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter Set, 2003

Folger's Instant Coffee - 4.1: undated 1960s

Footwear - 2.1: 1989

Fragrances - 4.1: 1985 see promotions: Givenchy

General Electric Cellular Car Phone - 3.1: General Electric Phone Promotion 1984

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gone with the Wind perfume - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989

Hager hinges - 4.1: 1988

Hanes Hosiery - 2.1: 1980

Merrill Chase - 2.1: 1978

Miller Brewing Company - 4.1: 1984

Nabisco - 2.1: 1988

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - 3.1: Ocean Club, Atlantic City 1982-1990

Olin Corporation, Olin Skier, 1976 - 4.1: 1976 and ov.

PuzzleStix - 3.1: PuzzleStix product idea 1999

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Saks Fifth Avenue - see Saks Fifth Avenue

Sharp Color Copier - 3.1: Sharp copier promotion 1986

skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Skoal chewing tobacco - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Sports Commemorative Satinwood whiskey decanters - 3.1: Sports Commemorative Whiskey Decanter 1979

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

Tropicana Hotel and Casino - see casinos

watches - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995

Wheaties - see Wheaties

publications - Series 3.2

publicists - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puerto Rico - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - see bars

Punchinello, 1971 lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1973, 1974

Purdue University - 4.1: 1986

puzzles - see promotions, product and service, and collectibles

Q

Quarry, Jerry - see boxing

Quayle, Lynn - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, IIID: Datebooks, 4.1: 1988

Queen Elizabeth of England - 4.1: 1959

The Queen Elizabeth II - 3.1: Queen Elizabeth II Cruise, 1999

R

race car - see auto racing

Race to Erase MS - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 2001

>radio -- - 4.1: 1974, 1985, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

King, Larry - see King, Larry

Stern, Howard - 3.1: Howard Stern, 1994

WNBC Radio - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981

WPRO Radio Providence, RI - 2.1: 1990

Rangers Hockey Magazine - 4.1: 1967

Raphael, James

James Raphael, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Rattiner, Dan - see Dan's Papers

Rawlings Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy -- - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Ronald Reagan, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

real estate - 2.1: 1986

recipe - see Heartland Celebrity Cookbook

Red Square - see Moscow

Redgrave, Vanessa - 4.1: 1994

Regatta of the Gondoliers - 2.1: 1984

Regis & Ann Show - 4.1: 1984

Reiner, Rob - 1.1: Friars

representations of LeRoy Neiman by other artists - 4.1: 1989

restaurants and bars

Al Schacht's Restaurant - 4.1: 1967, 1968 and ov

Alexis Tangier, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958

The Bistro Garden - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987, 4.1: undated

Bruxelles Restaurant - 4.1: 1950s

The Buena Vista Café, San Francisco, 1986 - 3.1: 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986, 4.1: 1987

Le Café Chambord - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Café de Flore, Paris, 1964 - 4.1: 1996

Le Café Lautrec, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Café de la Paix - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Central Park Boathouse - 3.1: Central Park Boathouse Painting 2002-2003

Chumley's - 4.1: 1968

Le Cirque - 3.1: Circus, 2000, 4.1: 2004

Corona Café, Chicago - 4.1: 2001

Duke's Fish & Grill - 4.1: 1985

Ernie's, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1979 - 3.1: F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar 1979-80, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992 and 1993-2002, 4.1: 1995

Fouquet's - 2.1: 1993

Fouquet's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1996

Fouquet's, 1977 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Gallagher's Steak House, New York - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002

Le Grand Vefour - 2.1: 1993

Harry's at Hanover Square - 4.1: 1985

Harry's Bar, 1985 - 4.1: 1995

Harry's Wall Street Bar - 4.1: 2002, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Iron Horse Restaurant - 4.1: undated

Jak-Nicholas Restaurant - 4.1: 1973

Lark Creek Inn - see California Cuisine

Left Bank Café

London House, Chicago - 4.1: undated

Maxim's de Paris - 4.1: 1963, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

McSorley's Irish Pub, New York - 4.1: 1980

Mister Kelly's - 4.1: undated

The Mixologist, 1959 - 4.1: 1999

Moose's Restaurant, San Francisco - 4.1: 2003, 2004, 2005

Morton's of Chicago - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.2.12, 4.1: 1997, 1998, 2000

Neil De Vaughn's - 4.1: 1987

Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge, Carlsbad, CA - 3.1: Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge 1980s, VII: Neiman's Restaurant, Carlsbad, CA, 1980s

Nello - 4.1: 1999

P.J. Clarke's, New York, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992, 4.1: 1978, 1989, 1995

Peppy's Pomme Soufflee - 4.1: 1973

Pierro's on the Park - 4.1: 1994

Polo Bar, Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Polo Lounge - see Polo Lounge, 1988

Pump Room - 4.1: 1974, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1958, see Appendix E, see also The Ambassadors Hotel

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974, 4.1: 1950s

Rao's - 2.1: 2002

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2005

Restaurant Antoine - 4.1: undated

Romanoff's - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Rosati's, Via Venito - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1968, see Appendix E

Rush Street Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Sardi's, World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Spago, Los Angeles - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Tavern on the Green - 4.1: 1991, 1998

Tavern on the Green, 1990 painting and 1991 serigraph - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1991, V: 1991

Carriage at Tavern on the Green, 1997 drawing - 4.1: 1997

Toots Shor Bar - 2.1: 1988, 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads

Tratoria del'Arte - 4.1: 1991

'21' Club - 3.1: Dress the Jockeys at '21' Club, New York, 2001

Bar at 21 - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: undated

'21' Club (exterior), 1990 - 3.1: '21' Club 1990

Two Bar Men, 1965 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

The Wimbledon - 4.1: 1975

retail prices, list of prints, 1986 - 2.1: 1986

retail stores - see Neiman-Marcus

Revelli, Cynthia - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli

Revlon - 2.1: 1992

Rhino Records - 4.1: 1991

Rhythm & Smoke - see cigars

Rice, Jerry - 4.1: 1995

Riggins, John, John Riggins - 4.1: 1972

Riker, Lyn - V: 1980s

The Ring Magazine - see boxing

Ringside Madison Square Garden, 1964-65 - see boxing - Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65

Rivalry, 1975 - see college sports: football: Ohio State Buckeyes

Rivera, Chita - 4.1: 1995

Rizzuto, Phil, The Scooter, 1994 - 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994

The Robb Report Magazine - see automobiles

Robinson, Jackie - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson, 1993 - see Jackie Robinson Foundation

Jackie Robinson, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Sliding Home, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Foundation - 3.1: Jackie Robinson Foundation 1993

Robinson, Patrick - 2.1: 1977

Robinson, Sugar Ray - see boxing

Robinson's, Los Angeles - 4.1: undated

Rock for the Cure - 4.1: 2004

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-90

Rocky - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

rodeo - 4.1: 1977, 2000

Rogers, Kenny - 4.1: 1999

Kenny Rogers, 1982 watercolor - 3.1: Childrens Diabetes Foundation Carousel Ball

Rolling Stone Press - 4.1: 1982

Rolls Royce - see automobiles

Ronald McDonald House - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003

Rooney, Art, Art Rooney, 1972 - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1972

Roosevelt University, Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

"Rooster," 1981 film - see film

Roques, Karin Adrian v. - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Rose, Donna - 2.2: Donna Rose and Art Brokerage Inc. Correspondence

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - see exhibitions

Rote, Jr., Kyle - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rotonda Superstars - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1994, 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1994, Jeanette Rudy, 1994 - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1996

running -- - see also track and field

Ashford, Evelyn - 4.1: 1987

Barron, Gayle - 2.1: 1983, 1984

Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon, 1979 - 4.1: 1981, 1990

Coghlan, Eamonn, Eamonn Coghlan Winning the 1985 Wanamaker Mile, 1985 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Dixon, Rod - 4.1: 1998

New York City Marathon - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Classic Marathon Finish, 1985 serigraph - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Fred, This Run's For You, 1990 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

New York City Marathon, 1987 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Runner's World Magazine - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Shorter, Frank - 2.1: 1973

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - see television

Rush, Rick - 4.1: 1999

Rush Street Bar - see bars

Russell, Bill - 4.1: 1968

Ruth, Babe - 4.1: 1973, 1995

Ryan, Nolan

Nolan Ryan, 1981 - 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 4.1: 1991

S

Sadat, Anwar - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

sailing -- - 4.1: 1950s, 1964, 1985, 1994, America II, 1986 - 3.1: America II, 1986, 4.1: 1986

America's Cup - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

America's Cup, 1964 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

America's Cup, Australia, 1987 - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1987

America's Cup Stars and Stripes, 1987 - 2.1: 1987

Boat Club, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Boats and Boats, 1960 oil on board - 2.1: 1978

Girallia Yacht Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hawaiian Sailing - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984

High Seas Sailing - 4.1: 1999

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Sail Boats, 1953 - 4.1: 1998

Sailing - 4.1: 1985

Swell Sailing - 4.1: 1983

Turnberry Isle Yacht Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Yawl Sailing, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

St. Bonaventure University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees: St. Bonaventure University 1999

St. Clare's Hopital and Health Center - 4.1: 1995

St. Francis College, Brooklyn Heights, New York - 1.1: Honorary Degrees (ov), 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

St. John's University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1985

St. Paul, Minnesota, bicentennial painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76

St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce - 2.1: 1976

St. Paul Museum - 4.1: 1997

Winter Carnival painting, Ice Palace, 1985 - 3.1: Ice Palace 1985-86

St. Tropez - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

St. Tropez, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999

Saks Fifth Avenue - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

View from Saks, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Saleski, Don - 4.1: 1974

Salon d'Automne - see exhibitions, group: Grand Palais

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

Salvation Army - 2.1: 1999

San Diego Zoo - 2.1: 1977

San Francisco, CA

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

City by the Bay, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Day, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Night, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Washington Square (Moose's), 2002 - 4.1: 2003

Sandburg, Carl - V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63

Sandusky, Joe, Joe Sandusky - 4.1: undated 1990s

Santa Claus - 4.1: 1992

Sapir, Judge Eddie - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 1983, 1988

Satchmo - see Armstrong, Louis

Satinwood Whiskey - see promotions and collectibles

Saugatuck - see Ox-Bow

Saviano, Rudy - 2.1: 1999

savings bonds - see U.S. Savings Bonds

Sayers, Gale - see I Am Third, by Gale Sayers

Scaffidi, Phil - 2.1: 1981

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schaefer Brewing Company - 2.1: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1981, 4.1: 1976

Schoenfield, Ed - 4.1: 1986

Schmeling, Max - 4.1: 1989

Schmidt, Michael - 2.1: 1980

The Slugger, 1979 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1990, 1999

Schulberg, Budd, Budd Schulberg, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 2004

Schulz, Axel - 4.1: 1995

Schultz, Charles - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Schultz, Dave (hockey player) - 4.1: 1974

Schultz, Dave (wrestler) - see wrestling

Schumsky, Felicie - V: 1970s, see also Felicie, Inc.

Screiber, Al - 4.1: 1994

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: LongTerm Projects: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinners, 4.1: 1977, 1981, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 1977-78, 4.1: 1977, 1985, 2005

The Scooter, 1994 - see Rizzuto, Phil

Scott Foresman & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

Screen Actors Guild - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards, 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

sculpture

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987, 4.1: 1978

Defiant, 1987 - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987 Seaver, Tom

The Franchise, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 2001

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Sehorn, Jason - 4.1: 1999

Seitz, Nick - see golf: -- Golf Digest -- Magazine

Self Portrait (at easel) - 4.1: 2000

Self Portrait (close up with cigar and pen), 1997 - 4.1: 1998

Serline, Ollie (LeRoy's aunt) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s, 4.1: 1972

Sharp color copier - 4.1: 1986

The Sharper Image - 4.1: 1997

Shavers, Earnie - see boxing

Shaw, Robert - 2.1: 1977, 1978

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York 2000

Shenker, Morris A. - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1982

Sher Galleries - 4.1: 1987

Sherman, Nettie - 4.1: 1981

Sherry -Lehmann - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1997 and ov

ship - see The Jennifer

shoes - VII

Shore, Dinah - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-77

Shorter, Frank - see running

The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991 - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Showboats International - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Shula, Don - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Siegfried & Roy - 2.1: 1998, V: 1999

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.1: 1973

Silverwood Products - 2.1: 1992

Simon Weisenthal Center - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Simpson, O.J. - 4.1: undated 1990s, see football: Cross-Town Rivalry 1967, 1993, O.J. Simpson - 4.1: 1972, 1974

Sinatra, Frank -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 2.2: Sinatra Family Correspondence, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Portraits for Duets and Duets II Albums 1993-1995, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Classic Duets Album Cover 2002, 4.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 1998, see also golf, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph - 4.1: 2005

Frank Sinatra, 1993 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Duets and Duets II Album Covers 1993-1995

Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall, 1974 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall Poster 1974

Frank Sinatra as the Detective, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Frank Sinatra at Madison Square Garden, 1974 drawing for poster - 4.1: 1974

Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall, 1989 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

Singleton, Isaiah - 2.1: 1996

Singleton, Skip - see tennis: Intelligent Doubles and Intelligent Tennis

skating - see figure skating

skiing -- - 4.1: 1983, 1995, see also Olympics: skiing

Lady Skier - 4.1: 1998

Little Skier - 4.1: 1974

The Skier, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Skiing, etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Slalom, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Squaw Valley - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, V: 1960s, see Appendix E

Vail Race to Erase MS painting, 1994 - 4.1: 1995

Skoal Pinch Hitter of the Year Award - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Slatkin, Leonard, Leonard Slatkin, 1980? - 4.1: 1980

Sliding Home - see baseball

slot machine - 4.2: Playboy - Femlin Paraphernalia

The Slugger, 1979 - see Schmidt, Michael

Smith, Charley - 1.1: Military Service

Smith, Emmitt

Emmitt Smith, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Smith, Liz - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Smith Jones, Nancy - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Smithsonian Institution, The Smithsonian Associate Magazine - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Smothers, Tom and Dick (The Smothers Brothers) - 1.1: New York Friars Club

Snead, Sam - see golf - Frost, David

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1974, 1991, Jimmy the Greek - 4.1: 1982

soccer -- - 2.1: 1984, 1985, 4.1: 1977, 1979, 1994

AMF soccer equipment - see promotions

Anheuser Busch World Cup poster, 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Chinaglia, Georgio - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1979, 1998

Cosmos - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977

Fairfax Police Youth Club Tournament poster, 1988 - 3.1: Fairfax Police Youth Club Soccer Tournament Poster 1988

Maradona, Diego - 2.1: 1980, Maradona, 1982 - 3.2. Winners, Harry N. Abrams, 1983, Magazines and Catalogs

Pele - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov., 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975, 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1988

The Black Pearl, 1975 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Pele, 1975 - 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988

Pele, watercolor - 2.1: 1983

Soccer, 1989 etching - 4.1: 1990

Tampa Bay Rowdies: Soccer is a Kick in the Grass, 1975 - 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975

socialites - 3.1: Notes on Hamptons high society 1972

Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles - 1.1: Awards: Citations

soft paintings - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhibition 1989

Solange - 4.1: 1973

Soltner, Chef Andre - 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Sony - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1977

The Sopranos - 4.1: 1999

Sosa, Merqui - 4.1: 1996

Sosa, Sammy, Sammy Sosa, 1999 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998-99

Sorenson, Jacki - see dance

Sorokko, Serge - see exhibitions: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries

Sotheby's - see Carousel of Hope, 4.1: 1986, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1972, see Appendix E

souvenirs - see promotions

space shuttle - see Columbia Space Shuttle

Spago - 4.1: 1999

speaking engagements - 4.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988

Special Olympics -3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005, 4.1: 1986, 1996, Mississippi Special Olympics - 2.1: 1977

The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA - 2.1: 1991, 1996, 3.1: Philadelphia Spectrum Painting 1991, 4.1: 1992, V: Photographs

Spectrum Fine Art, New York - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove", Spectrum Fine Art, 1977, 4.1: 1978

Spelling, Aaron - 2.1: 1985

Spinks, Leon - see boxing

Spinks, Michael - see boxing

Spirit Foundation - 2.1: 1999

Spitz, Mark - see swimming and diving

The Sporting Life - 4.1: undated

The Sporting News - 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95

sports - listed alphabetically by name of sport (i.e. "baseball," "soccer"), with teams listed under heading of appropriate; in some cases college and professional sports are indexed separately. Also search for names of specific athletes.

sports arenas - see Madison Square Garden, Philadelphia Spectrum

sports cards - see trading cards

Sports Collectors Digest - 4.1: 1997

Sports Commemorative Decanters - see promotions and collectibles

sportscasters - see also Cosell, Howard, and Rooney, Art

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards

Sportsman's Ball - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

SportsWise Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Springfield Art Association, Illinois - 2.1: 1990

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - see tennis

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - see bars

Stallone, Sylvester - see Rocky, 4.1: 1987

stamps - 4.1: 1974

"Health in Sports" stamps, 1988 - 3.1: United Nations "Health in Sports" Stamps 1988

"Sport and the Environment" stamps, 1996 - 3.1: United Nations "Sport and the Environment" Stamps 1996

"Superbowl History" Stamps, 1988 - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988

Standard Oil - 4.1: 1974

Stanford University - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993

Stanley, Dr. M. Lee - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1996

Stargell, Willie, Willie Stargell, 1980 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988

Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty, 1985 - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985, 4.1: 1992 Staub, Rusty - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover

Rusty Staub's Le Grand Orange wine label - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 4.1: 2001 Staubach, Roger - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 3.1: Wheaties 1997, 4.1: 1972, 1973, 1982

Roger Staubach, 1982 - 2.1: 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1982

Stengel, Casey, Casey Stengel, 1993 - 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 2001

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sterling/Winters Company - 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Stern, Howard - see radio

Stiller, Jerry - 1.1: Friars

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - see boxing

Stock Market

American Stock Exchange, 1986 serigraph - 4.1: 1986

New York Stock Exchange, serigraph - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Winter Olympics Lake Placid, 1980, 4.1: 1974

Stock Exchange, silk tapestry - 4.1: 1990

Stock Exchange, London - 4.1: 1983

Stock Market, 1976 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1976

Stop Cancer - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Stop or My Mom Will Shoot, 1992 film - 2.1: 1991

Strahan, Michael - 4.1: 2002

Strasberg, Lee - 2.1: 1983

Strawberry, Darryl - 4.1: 1990, 2001

Stroh Brewing Company - 2.1: 1988

Stud Poker - see casinos

Studio 54 - 4.1: 1984

Styria Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1972, 1977, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999, see also boxing: Sting Like a Bee

Summer in Saugatuck, 1960 painting - 2.1: 1987

The Summer School of Painting - see Ox-Bow

sumo - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Superbowl - see NFL football

Superstars - see Rotonda Superstars

Supreme Court of the State of New York - 2.1: 1980, 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990 -1999

Supreme Court of the United States - 2.1: 1992

Surfing - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

The Surfer, 1980 - 4.1: 1980 ov

surgery - see The Open Heart, 1982

Swahn Fine Arts - 4.1: 1989, 1991

Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

swimming and diving -- - 4.1: 1987, 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics

Chandler, Jennifer - 4.1: 1987

International Swimming Hall of Fame Museum - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Louganis, Greg - 3.2.9, 4.1: 1987

Olympic Swimmer - 4.1: 1986

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, Mark Spitz, 1972 - 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, 4.1: 1973, 1987

United States Swimming Long Course Championships - 4.1: 1982

Switzerland - 2.1: 1985, 1989

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphantasy - see music

T

Takamiyama, Jesse - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

James Talcott, Inc. - 3.1: James Talcott, Inc. 1975

tapestry - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Taschen Publishers - 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004

Tavern on the Green - see restaurants

Taxicab Chronicles - 3.1: Taxicab Chronicles 1999, 4.1: 1999

Taylor, Elizabeth - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Taylor, Lawrence - 4.1: 1996

television - 2.1: 1970, 1978, 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1994, 1995, 3.1: Call of the Wild 1993, see also ABC, CBS, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, The Lone Ranger

ABC Sports - 2.2: ABC Sports

Ampex Video Art - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1980

Arlene Herson Show - 4.1: 1989

The Black Stallion television show - 2.1: 1990

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports, 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978

Channel 13 - 2.1: 1976

Cityscope - 4.1: 1989

Dinah! (Dinah Shore) - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-1977

KCTA -TV St. Paul - 2.1: 1976

Larry King - see King, Larry

Kup's Show (Irv Kupcinet) - 4.1: 1972, 1982

Merv Griffin Show - 2.1: 1976, 1983, 4.1: 1980, 1989

NBC - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-87, 3.1: NBC Peacock Project 1997

"The New Odd Couple," ABC TV - 2.1: 1982

Regis and Kathie Lee - 4.1: 1988, 1996

Shukan T.V. Guide, Japan - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

TV Food Network - 2.1: 1993

TV Gallery with Ron Parris - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

T.V. Guide - 2.1: 1975

T.V. Guide Japan - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1984

TV Shopper - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1973, 1980

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Today Show - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-93

WGBH TV Boston - 2.1: Charities 1994, Charities 1996

Wonderama TV Show - 4.1: undated 1970s

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - 4.1: 1979

Tenenbaum, Judy and Harold - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tennessee - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see also Gregory, Jack; Morris, Gary and Elizabeth; Murphy, Libby; Perkins, Carl; Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell; Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr

tennis -- - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1988-89, 1997, 1999

Adoption Guild Annual Tennis Tournament, Tennis Country - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980

Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic - 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83

American Airlines Tennis Games - 2.1: 1976

Ashe, Arthur, Arthur Ashe, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980, 1984

Association of Tennis Professionals - 4.1: 1984

The Ball is in Your Court - 4.1: 1979

Blanchard, Mike - 4.1: 1975

Blood Tennis, 1980 serigraph - 4.1: 1980

Borg, Bjorn - 4.1: 1977, Bjorn Borg - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77, 4.1: 1980

Casals, Rosey - 4.1: 1975

Center Court, Madison Square Garden - 4.1: 1986

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Connors, Jimmy - 4.1: 1977, 1988, 1994

Court, Margaret - 4.1: 1975

Doubles - 4.1: 1973, 1977

Emerson, Roy - 4.1: 1998, see Laver, Rod

Evert, Chris - 4.1: 1976, 1994 and ov, see Appendix A

Back Hand - Chris Evert - 4.1: undated, 1981 ov

Chris, 1973 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Forest Hills - 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

Get Shot - 4.1: undated

Gonzales, Richard (Pancho) - 4.1: 1972, 1975, 1977, Pancho Gonzales, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1972

I Love New York Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 2.1: Charities 1982, 4.1: 1982

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

International Tennis Hall of Fame - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Kennedy, Robert F. - see Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament

King, Billie Jean - 4.1: 1973 ov

Laver, Rod

Rod Laver at Wimbledon, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rod Laver, 1980 watercolor - 4.1: 1996

Rod Laver and Roy Emerson, 1980 watercolor - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980, 4.1: 1998

Lendl, Ivan - 4.1: 1989

McEnroe, John - 4.1: 1983, 1989, 1994

Men's Doubles - 4.1: 1977

Mixed Doubles - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89, 4.1: 1978, 1981

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1977

Net Shot, undated - 4.1: undated

Noah, Yannick - 4.1: 1997

Palm Beach Tennis Masters - 4.1: 1973 ov

Racketeers, 1975 silkscreen - 4.1: 1975

Riggs, Bobby - 4.1: 1973 ov

Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Roche, Tony - 4.1: 1973 ov

Rosewall, Ken - 4.1: 1975

Sabatini, Gabriela - 4.1: 1996, 1997

Smash - Stan Smith - 4.1: undated

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981

Tennis - Sudden Death, 1973 - 4.1: 1998

Tennis Magazine - 4.1: 1973, 1975

Tennis Masters (McEnroe and Lendl) - 4.1: 2000

Tennis Players, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979

Turnberry Isle Racquet Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Volvo Masters serigraph, 1983 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983, VC: 1983

Washington, Malivai - 4.1: 1997

wheelchair tennis - 2.1: 1980

The Wimbledon Restaurant - see restaurants and bars

Texas Is... - 4.1: 1986

textbook (usage of art in) - 2.1: 1998, 2000, 2002, 4.1: undated, undated 1990s, 1992, 1996

theater - 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970, 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995, 4.1: 1964, 1969, 1981, 1991, 1999, see also musicals

Inherit the Wind - 4.1: 1956 ov

Theater Collection of the Museum of the City of New York - 4.1: 1983

theft - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1990, see also forgery and vandalism

Thomas, Duane - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Thompson, Bobby - see The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Thornton, Tony - 4.1: 1995

Thornton, Wayne - see boxing

The Three Tenors - see opera

The Thrill of Victory, by Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Thurmond, Strom - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Miss U.S.A. Pageant 1978

TIME Magazine - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Times Square, 2001 - 4.1: 2003

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Time Out New York Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art - see exhibitions

Timoney, John - 4.1: 1996

To, Bobbie - 4.1: 1984

Toney, James - 4.1: 1994

Top Secret! 1984 film - 4.1: 1984

Topps - see trading cards

Torre, Joe - 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 4.1: 2002

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Tour Eiffel, 1993 - 4.1: 1995

Tour de Trump - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Tour de Trump, 1989 - 3.1: Tour de Trump

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

track and field - see also running, 4.1: 1982, 1987, V: Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards 1983-2000s

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Drake Relays - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979

Jenner, Bruce - 2.1 1977, 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980, 4.1: 1987

Joyner-Kersee, Jackie - 4.1: 1999, V:1990s, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, 1993 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Lewis, Carl - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-95

Muhammad Ali Invitational - 4.1: 1977

Off and Running, 1978 - 4.1: undated 1980s

Owens, Jesse -- - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979, 4.1: 1990, 1998, 2000

Jesse Owens, 1983 - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 2000

Jesse Owens Foundation - 2.2: Jesse Owens Foundation Board of Directors 1990-2000

Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 2000, V: 1990s

Jesse Owens Track Classic - 4.1: 1990

U.S. Olympic Track and Field Trials - 4.1: 1980

trading cards

Kayo - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991

Topps - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Topps Celebrity Trading Cards 1992

Upper Deck - 2.1: 1992

travel agency - 4.1: undated

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow - see exhibitions

Trinidad, Felix - see boxing

Tropicana Resort & Casino - see casinos

Trottier, Bryan - 4.1: 1976

Truax - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Trump, Donald -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club c., 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989, 4.1: 1987

Donald Trump, 1986 - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump Plaza - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence, 4.1: 1996

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - 3.1: Harrah's Trump Plaza Opening, Atlantic City 1984

Baccarat at Harrah's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 4.1: 1984

Harrah's Polo - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

Trump Polo Club - 4.1: 1985

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump, Ivana - 2.2: Trump

A Tribute to the Movies, 1989 - 3.1: Houston Film Fest

Tulane University - 4.1: 1974

Tunnel Club, New York - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1988

Turkey - 2.1: 1975

Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Clubs - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Exhibitions 1982-83

Turner, Tina - 4.1: 1981

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

'21' Club - see restaurants

Two Bar Men, 1965 - see bars

Tyson, Mike - see boxing

U

UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

U.S. Army - 1.1: Military Service, see also Army vs. Navy

U.S. Postal Service - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988, 3.1 ov.

U.S. Savings Bonds - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University - 2.1: 1981

The Ultimate Seduction, by Charlotte Chandler - see Chandler, Charlotte

Ultraviolet - see Dufresne, Isabelle

unicorn - see animals: unicorn

Unitas, Johnny - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Johnny Unitas, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Johnny Unitas, 1997 - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

United Airlines - 4.1: 1983

United Cerebral Palsy Association - 4.1: 1988, 1992

United Nations, U.N. Postal Administration - 3.1: United Nations Stamps 1988-96

United States Sports Academy - 2.1: 1989

United Way - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Universal Geneve Timepieces - 3.1: Universal Geneve Watch Promotion 1995-96

University of California at Los Angeles - see UCLA

University of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

University of Denver - 2.1: 1979

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

University of San Francisco - 4.1: 1988

University of Southern California - 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics 1984

University of Texas at Austin - 4.1: 1994

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: Upstairs Gallery 1980-89, 4.1: 1973, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

V

Vail, CO - see skiing

Van Der Marck Editions - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

vandalism - 4.1: 1978, see also theft, forgery

Vanity Fair Magazine - 4.1: 1996

Varga, Alberto - see -- Playboy -- Magazine

Vargas, Fernando - see boxing

Variety Clubs International Distinguished Artist Award - 1.1: Awards

Varipapa, Andy - see bowling

Venice, Italy - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Ventura, Jesse - see wrestling

Vernon, Jackie - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Versace, Gianni - 4.1: 2001

Via Video - 2.1: 1983

Viagem E Tourismo Magazine - 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

Victor Awards - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985, 4.1: 2003

Video Magazine - 2.1: undated

Vienna, Austria - 2.1: 1996

Village Nursing Home - 4.1: 1982

W

WNBC - see helicopter

Wajima - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Walker, Doug - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Wall Street Journal -- - 4.1: 1969 ov

Walsh, Coach Bill, Bill Walsh, 1993 - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993, 4.1: 1993

Ward, Laura - 4.1: 2004, see also Merce Cunningham Studio under "dance"

Warhol, Andy - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol 1981, 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985, 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1986, 1987, 1988

Warwick Hotel - see Players Hotel

Washington, Malivai - see tennis

watch - see Classic Moments Watches or Universal Geneve Timepieces

Watergate hearings - 2.1: 1973

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80, 4.1: 1979

Wayne, George - 4.1: 1996

Webb, Eugene 'Fat Daddy' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Weeb - see Ewbank, Weeb

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1987

Weisberg, Tim - 2.1: 1977

Welles, Orson - 4.1: 1989

Welzer, Irv - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

West Side Story - see musicals

Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Westheimer, Dr. Ruth - 4.1: 1999

Wheaties - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - see boxing

White House - 2.1: 1978, 1980, 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1978, Easter at the White House - 4.1: 1988

Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennial - 4.1: 1985, 1989

Who's Who - see Marquis Who's Who

Whores, Wars & Tin Pan Alley - 4.1: 1969

The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats, 1978 file

wildlife - see animals, LeRoy Neiman On Safari

The Wildlife Experience - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Williams, Bernie, Bernie Williams, 2003 - 3.1: Bernie Williams, 2003

Williams, Cleveland - see boxing

Williams, Ted -- - see also television: WGBH

The Splendid Splinter - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1993, 2002

Williams at Bat, 1980 painting and 1991 serigraph - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 2002

Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972 boxing documentary film - 4.1: 1972

Windsor Gallery - 4.1: undated 1970s

wine -- - 4.1: 1997, see also champagne

labels - 3.1: David Frost Wines 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1996, see also golf: Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot

Wine Country Film Festival - 3.1: Wine Country Film Festival 1990

Wine, Women, and Cigar, 1996 - see cigars

Winged Foot - see golf

Wingmead - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Winners, 1983 - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Wisconsin - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Wittnauer International - see Universal Geneve

Wolf, Martin B. - 4.1: 1964

Wolfberg, Lee - 4.1: undated 1980s

Wolfson, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. - 4.1: 1967, 1980

Women of Excellence - 2.1: 1985

Women's Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993

Women's Sports Foundation - 2.1: 1983

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1991, 1997, 1998

Wooden, John, Coach John Wooden, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 1985, 4.1: 2001

Woods, Tiger - see golf

Word, Rob - 4.1: 1977

World Biographical Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1991

World War II - 1.1: Military Service, 4.1: 1998

world wide web - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

wrestling -- - 4.1: 1973, 1992, 1999

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1999

Schultz, Dave, Dave Schultz, 1996 - 3.1: Dave Schultz 1996

Ventura, Jesse - 3.1: Jesse Ventura 1999

Wyeth, Andrew - 4.1: 1987

Wyland - 4.1: 1993

X

Y

YMCA - 4.1: 1992

Yale University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Yarger, Timothy - see exhibitions: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, also Bowles Galleries

The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings - 4.1: 1994

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Young, Trip - 4.1: 1970

Youngman, Henny - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: undated, 1987

Henny Youngman, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Yugoslavia - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, see Appendix

Z

Zabrin, Michael - see Michael Zabrin Fine Art

Zaire - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Ziegenfuss Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 4.1: undated 1990s

zoo - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Zoo Tour correspondence
Provenance:
The papers of artist LeRoy Neiman were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2005 by LeRoy Neiman.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility. This collection is publication restricted by the donor.
Rights:
Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from: Leroy Neiman Foundation, One West 67th Street, New York, NY 10023; info@leroyneimanfoundation.org
Topic:
Olympics in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sports artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.neimlero
See more items in:
LeRoy Neiman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neimlero

John Clifford Shaw Papers

Topic:
JOHNNIAC computer
JOSS (Electronic computer system)
Creator:
Shaw, J. Clifford (John Clifford), 1922-1991  Search this
Names:
ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)  Search this
Association for Computing Machinery.  Search this
Dartmouth College  Search this
Digital Equipment Corporation  Search this
IBM (International Business Machines)  Search this
Massachusetts General Hospital  Search this
UCRL (University of California Radiation Lab)  Search this
Extent:
20.5 Cubic feet (59 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Technical reports
Diagrams
Notes
Memorandums
Place:
Palo Alto (Calif.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Santa Monica (Calif.) -- 1950-1980
Cambridge (Mass.)
Date:
1933-1993
bulk 1950-1971
Summary:
The John Clifford Shaw papers contain reports, research notes, correspondence, memorandum, and diagrams documenting Shaw's development of one of the earliest list processing languages (IPL) and an early interactive, time sharing program, the JOHNNIAC Open Shop System (JOSS). The collection also contains printed material on the RAND Corporation and the evolution of the artificial intelligence and electronic computer industry in the 1950s and 1960s. In addition there is biographical material documenting Shaw's personal interests, family, and academic career.
Scope and Contents:
The John Clifford Shaw Papers contain reports, research notes, correspondence, memoranda, and diagrams documenting Shaw's development of one of the earliest list processing languages (IPL) and an early interactive, time sharing program, the JOHNNIAC Open Shop System (JOSS). The collection also contains printed material on the RAND Corporation and the evolution of the artificial intelligence and electronic computer industry in the 1950s and 1960s. In addition, there is biographical material documenting Shaw's personal interests, family, and academic career.

Series 1: Shaw's Career at Rand, 1950-1971, documents Shaw's most significant work. The subseries are arranged by specific projects and illustrate his pioneering work on programming languages, interactive time-sharing systems, heuristic problem solving, logic programming, stored programs, and artificial intelligence. This work included his role in the development of the JOHNNIAC computer and programs such as the Logic Theorist (LT), General Problem Solver (GPS), and the JOHNNIAC Open-Shop System (JOSS).

The materials include technical reports, research notes, correspondence, memorandum, coding sequences, and system tests. In addition, there are reports documenting the collaborative nature of the NSS team's work on human problem solving, computer simulation of human thinking, and complex information processing. The subject files in Series 1 document the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) role in the JOSS research and other work done by Shaw.

Series 2: Rand Environment, 1951-1986, is arranged into three subseries containing technical reports that document other computer related research being conducted at RAND during Shaw's tenure. These materials are not directly related to his work, including reports documenting defense related research. The series contains memoranda and correspondence illustrating the internal workings and daily operations at RAND from 1950 to 1971 and various sets of annual reports, progress reports, and newsletters from 1960 to 1971. In addition, there are historical materials commemorating RAND anniversaries, profiles of the company, and indexes to RAND publications and abstracts.

Series 3: Computer Industry, 1947-1973, consists of printed matter that documents developments at other institutions and companies engaged in artificial intelligence and programming research. The printed matter includes reports, manuals, brochures, and reprints of articles about research by other institutions, companies, and individuals. Also, there are materials from trips, conferences and seminars attended by Shaw.

Series 4: Consulting Work, 1972-1990, comprises Shaw's work after he left RAND in 1971. It consists of reports and reprints from companies and institutions for which Shaw worked or from those he saw as potential clients. Of particular interest are the research notes, on note cards and 8.5" x 11" paper that illuminate Shaw's ideas and thoughts regarding artificial intelligence and programming languages during this period.

Series 5: Biographical Information, 1933-1993, consists of printed matter regarding Shaw's life and accomplishments. It contains resumes, list of publications and lectures, salary history, and the outline for a book on JOSS. Material on Shaw's personal life includes information about his family, personal correspondence with Herbert Simon, Allen Newell and his wife, Marian, Chuck Baker, Edward Feigenbaum, and correspondence from authors requesting information or comment on future publications. Additionally, there are reprints and clippings that reveal Shaw's personal interests in political issues such as the Pentagon Papers, Watergate, the making of the hydrogen bomb, and Star Wars Defense Technology.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into five series.

Series 1: Shaw's Career at Rand, 1950-1971

Subseries 1.1: JOHNNIAC, 1950-1968

Subseries 1.2: Logic Therorist [See also Complex Information Processing], 1956-1963

Subseries 1.3: General Problem Solver (G.P.S.) and Heuristic Problem Solving, 1955-1967

Subseries 1.4: Chess Program, 1954-1973

Subseries 1.5: Complex Information Processing (C.I.P.), 1953-1972

Subseries 1.6: Information Processing Languages (IPL), 1956-1977

Subseries 1.7: JOHNNIAC Open Shop System (JOSS), 1959-1977

Subseries 1.8: Subject Files, 1954-1971

Series 2: Rand Environment, 1951-1986

Subseries 2.1: Related Papers and Reports (RM-Series), 1951-1972

Subseries 2.2: Reports and Papers—General, 1949-1971

Subseries 2.3: RAND Material, 1948-1988

Series 3: Computer Industry, 1947-1973

Series 4: Consulting Work, 1972-1990

Series 5: Biographical Information, 1933-1993
Biographical / Historical:
John Clifford Shaw (1922-1991) was born in Southern California. Shaw went to Fullerton High School, the same high school as Richard Nixon. Shaw's English teacher was Nixon's high school debate team coach. Shaw attended Fullerton Junior College from 1939 until February 1943. At the same time, he worked as a timekeeper at the Douglas Aircraft Company, where he was responsible for time-card calculations and reports. He served in the Army Air Force for three years during World War II as a navigation instructor and then aircraft navigator in the 4th Emergency Rescue Squadron in Iwo Jima, Japan. Shaw returned to California in 1947 and began working for the Beneficial Standard Life Insurance Company as an assistant to the actuary, compiling actuarial calculations of premium rates, reserve liabilities, and annual reports. Shaw and his wife Marian had four children: Doug (b. 1948), David (b. 1950), Donna (b. 1952), and John (b. 1962). By 1948, Shaw received his Bachelor's degree in Mathematics from UCLA and in 1950 joined the newly formed RAND Corporation as a mathematician.

The RAND Corporation evolved during the years after World War II amidst the escalating Cold War. Project RAND was originally carried out under a contract with the Douglas Aircraft Company. RAND was incorporated in May 1948. RAND, a California nonprofit corporation, was one of the earliest Cold War "think tanks" that functioned as an interdisciplinary research and development facility; it received large sums of money from the Air Force and Atomic Energy Commission. Throughout the 1950s, other agencies such as the Department of Defense, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) solicited scientific and foreign policy research from RAND. During Shaw's tenure (1950-1971), money flowed into RAND and enabled many scientists and researchers, including Shaw and his colleagues in the Math and Numerical Analysis Department, to explore new avenues of discovery.

Shaw's early work at RAND involved administrative matters, such as improving the processes of company management through automation of the computation and calculation techniques. This work included collaboration with Allen Newell on a radar simulator. In the mid-1950s, Newell and Shaw, and later Dr. Herbert Simon of the Carnegie Institute of Technology, formed the team known by the mid-1950s in the artificial intelligence field as NSS (Newell, Shaw, and Simon). The NSS team broke much ground in the field of artificial intelligence, programming languages, computer simulation of human problem solving, and man-machine communication. The radar simulator project involved studying how humans made decisions and whether one could design a program that could simulate human decision-making. While Newell and Simon concentrated on the human behavior aspect, Shaw focused on creating a programming language that would implement Simon and Newell's concepts.

When Shaw began working in 1950, RAND was using six IBM 604 calculators to satisfy its scientific computing needs. In the early 1950s, RAND decided that it needed more computational power to accomplish projects for the Air Force and decided to build a Princeton-type computer named JOHNNIAC, after computer designer John von Neumann. The Princeton Class computer was considered state-of-the-art and was running at RAND by the first half of 1953. William Gunning was the project leader and Shaw worked on the selection of the instruction set and the design of the operator's console. The JOHNNIAC became the basis for Shaw's work on conversational time-sharing in the 1960s.

During the early 1950s, the dynamic of the innovative process was at work as Shaw and Newell in California, and Simon in Pittsburgh, were theorizing about human decision making, programming languages, and how computers could be manipulated to process information more productively. Air Force funding enabled Shaw and his colleague's considerable intellectual and academic freedom to explore various hypotheses. In the mid-1950s, NSS began forming the theoretical basis for what they called Complex Information Processing (C.I.P.). C.I.P was the basis for the three main computer programs developed by NSS: the Chess Program, Logic Theorist (LT), and the General Problem Solver (GPS). By 1954, Shaw's focus was on utilizing the power of the JOHNNIAC to develop a viable language that could simulate human behavior.

In early 1954, Newell left RAND for Pittsburgh to work with Simon; Shaw remained at RAND. The NSS team focused on creating programs that would enable a machine to exhibit intelligent behavior and "think" like a human. Chess and the Logic Theorist (LT) were the first programs that evolved from their work. Shaw dealt with the programming aspects, as Simon devoted his time to human thinking processes for chess, logic, and problem solving. Newell, who was still employed by RAND, was the middle man who worked both in programming and human behavior. He flew back to California every couple of months in 1954 and 1955 to confer with Shaw. Because of language limitations, the chess program was temporarily put aside as NSS decided to finish the LT. Known as IPL (Information Processing Language), the language developed by Shaw was one of the first list processing languages. Through experimentation with assemblers, compilers, and interpreters, Shaw developed list processing sequences that allowed the computer to arrange and store data more effectively. The effectiveness stemmed from links that formed the lists. From a storage point of view, lists were inefficient. Shaw translated Simon and Newell's ideas into IPL. The IPL interpreter was able to compile and translate higher level language statements into machine language. The interpreters process the statements and carry out the indicated operations without generating machine code which must then be executed. Although not specifically programmed so, one of LT's innovative characteristics was that it proved mathematical theorems from Whitehead and Russell's Principia Mathematica, including a proof from Theorem 2.85 that the authors had missed. This was the most fascinating aspect of the program because LT was not programmed to find alternative proofs.

The NSS team's work on the LT was completed by the end of 1955, and it perfected the program language in the winter and spring of 1956. LT was one of the earliest programs to investigate the use of heuristics in problem solving. It was capable of discovering and working out proofs for theorems in symbolic logic. In the summer of 1956, NSS presented the LT program to the artificial intelligence community at the Dartmouth Artificial Intelligence Conference. Relatively unknown at the time, NSS excited the conference with the LT and the possibilities it opened in the study of programming languages and artificial intelligence.

The NSS team continued to focus on developing artificial intelligence. By 1957, NSS had constructed the General Problem Solver (GPS) program that attempted to demonstrate various human thinking processes in a variety of environments. At RAND and Carnegie Tech, studies were conducted that had human subjects think aloud in hopes of identifying human problem solving techniques and simulating them in GPS. NSS codified some human problem solving techniques such as means-end analysis, planning, and trial and error. Through the end of the 1950s, NSS produced improved versions of the IPL language and studied heuristic methods of decision making.

By 1960, when the JOHNNIAC was of insufficient computing power to support the level of computation needed, and IPL had been reprogrammed for the IBM 7090, List Processing (LISP), a high-level programming language had overtaken IPL as the language of choice for Artificial Intelligence research. Shaw's interests had shifted towards attempting to simplify the use of computers for all types of computer users. Simon and Newell continued to study how they could simulate human cognitive processes on a computer. Until this point, a user would have to be adequately trained in programming or need assistance from a programmer to use a computer like JOHNNIAC. Shaw was interested in programming the JOHNNIAC so RAND staff could utilize the computer for small as well as large scientific computations. The JOHNNIAC was available for experimental research projects because RAND owned a newer IBM 7090 (acquired in 1960) which handled the bulk of RAND's production computing load. Although JOHNNIAC was no longer state-of-the-art by this time, its major appeal was its reliability and capability for experimentation.

These factors were the impetus for the initiation of the JOHNNIAC Open-Shop System (JOSS) project in November 1960. JOSS was intended to be an easy to use, on-line, time sharing system. The JOSS research, conducted under the Information Processor Project, was formalized in 1959 as part of the RAND Computer Science Department and was heavily funded by the Air Force. The innovative character of JOSS was in the ease of use for the non-programmer, its remote access capabilities, the establishment of an interactive environment between user and computer, and the capability for RAND scientists and engineers to use the computer without an intermediary programmer. It was hoped that the JOSS project would bridge the communication gap between man and machine. JOSS's user language achieved this goal. It featured a small set of English verbs and algebraic symbols which did not need a programmer as intermediary between user and computer. During 1961-1962, Shaw selected the character set that would be used to write JOSS programs, its syntax, and grammar. The conversational environment included a Model B IBM Electric Typewriter. Tom Ellis and Mal Davis directed the hardware configurations and Ike Hehama, Allen Newell, and Keith Uncapher participated in the project discussions with Shaw.

The very limited JOSS experiments on the JOHNNIAC began in May 1963, with five consoles, one connected to the JOHNNIAC and four others located in the offices of various RAND staff. By June, a schedule of operations was in place and by January 1964, JOSS was fully implemented. The use of JOSS by RAND staff was higher than expected as users taught other users how to run the system. However, Shaw and the other designers worried that JOHNNIAC's hardware placed limitations on speed and storage which might taint the evaluation of JOSS. In July 1964, a second version of JOSS was proposed on a more powerful computer. C.L. Baker was named project head, and Shaw focused on developing the programming language for JOSS II.

After accepting numerous bids to replace JOHNNIAC, a contract was signed with Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) promising the installation of a PDP-6 computer and thirty consoles at RAND. The installation was completed by October 31, 1965. At the Fall Joint Computer Conference in Las Vegas in December 1965, the first demonstration of remote use of JOSS II was given. JOHNNIAC was retired on February 18, 1966, with Willis Ware delivering a eulogy and Shaw loading a final JOSS I program. By the end of 1966, JOSS II was available to users 24 hours a day, seven days a week on the new PDP-6/JOSS computer, which had thirty times the speed and five times the storage capacity as the JOHNNIAC version. In April 1967, the maintenance and improvement of JOSS II was transferred from the development group to a small staff under G.W. Armending. In 1971, at age 49, Shaw left the RAND Corporation.

In 1971, Shaw took a one-year appointment as a Research Associate in the Information Science Department at the California Institute of Technology. In 1972, he began working as a consultant which he continued for the rest of his professional career. Much of his work in the 1970s and 1980s consisted of formulating new ideas on operations research, video games, man-machine interfaces, interactive computer systems, time-sharing, information architecture design, and artificial intelligence. During the 1980s, Shaw also became more involved in church-related activities.

Shaw's work on creating the Information Processing Language in the 1950s and the JOSS program in the 1960s were the two major contributions he made to the fields of programming and artificial intelligence. His IPL-I programming language is one of the earliest examples of list processing languages now in widespread use. The JOSS program was one of the first easy-to use, remotely accessible, interactive programs that allowed non-programmers to utilize the power of a computer.
Related Materials:
Material in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Computer Oral History Collection, AC0196

Material in Other Institutions

Charles Babbage Institute

L.A. County Museum

For RAND reports see www.RAND.org
Provenance:
The collection was donated by John Clifford Shaw's eldest son, Doug Shaw, March 1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mathematicians  Search this
Computer programmers  Search this
Computers -- military applications  Search this
Decision making -- Mathematical models  Search this
System analysts  Search this
Online data processing  Search this
Computer industry -- 1950-1980 -- United States  Search this
Computational linguistics  Search this
Computer industry -- 1950-1980 -- Soviet Union  Search this
Mathematical models  Search this
Programming languages (electronic computers) -- 1950-70  Search this
Iph (Computer Program Language)  Search this
List processing (Electronic computers)  Search this
Job Control Language (Computer program language)  Search this
GPS (General Problem Solver)  Search this
Problem solving -- Data processing  Search this
Logic machines  Search this
Time-sharing computer systems  Search this
Heuristic programming  Search this
Logic programming  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Technical reports -- 1950-1980
Diagrams
Notes -- 1950-1980
Memorandums -- 1950-1980
Citation:
John Clifford Shaw papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0580
See more items in:
John Clifford Shaw Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0580
Online Media:

Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers

Creator:
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Names:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Greene, Gertrude, 1904-1956  Search this
Greene, Terryn  Search this
Extent:
9.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Short stories
Collages
Photographs
Poems
Theses
Articles
Interviews
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1880s-2009
Summary:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880s-2009, bulk circa 1905-1990, measure 9.8 linear feet. Balcomb Greene's career as a painter, educator, and writer - and to a lesser extent his personal life - is documented by biographical material, letters, subject files,writings, artwork, audio-visual recordings, printed material, and photographs. Documentation about sculptor Gertrude Greene, from 1926 until her death in 1956, consists of printed material, photographs, two letters to her, and a brief handwritten list of paintings and constructions.
Scope and Content Note:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880s-2009, bulk circa 1905-1990, measure 9.8 linear feet. Balcomb Greene's career as a painter, educator, and writer - and to a lesser extent his personal life - is documented by biographical material, letters, subject files,writings, artwork, audio-visual recordings, printed material, and photographs. Documentation about sculptor Gertrude Greene, from 1926 until her death in 1956, consists of printed material, photographs, two letters to her, and a brief handwritten list of paintings and constructions.

All biographical material relates to Balcomb Greene. Letters are almost exclusively incoming letters; two copies of outgoing letters written by Terryn Greene are included. Those addressed to Balcomb Greene regard articles, his will, an appraisal of a painting by him, and greeting cards with notes from friends. The two letters addressed to Gertrude Greene are photocopies. One from A. E. Gallatin concerns her work selected for the permanent collection of the Museum of Living Art at New York University; the other, a fragment from an unidentified correspondent, is about American Abstract Artists dues and exhibitions. The letters addressed to Terryn Greene concern her husband's career or mention him.

Subject files relate to activities and topics of interest to Greene or aspects of Greene's career; some concern estate matters. Of particular interest are: "Balcomb and Gertrude Greene in the WPA," consisting of Terryn Greene's research correspondence on the subject; and a file documenting a Judith Rothschild Foundation grant for conservation of paintings damaged in the 1996 fire that destroyed Balcomb Greene's studio.

Writings are by Balcomb Greene, Gertrude Greene, and other authors. Balcomb's writings include articles, novels, short stories, poems, journal entries, lecture notes, student writings, and a thesis. Gertrude Greene's writings consist of a handwritten list of paintings and constructions, noting the dimensions, date, and price of each piece. The writings of other authors are about Balcomb and Gertrude Greene. They include notes for an interview, a poem, student papers, and a thesis.

Art work consists of a collage probably by Balcomb Greene, and a sketchbook containing two of his drawings dated January 1976. Another drawing is signed [H?.] R. Balcomb Greene's register of paintings documents each completed painting on a separate sheet containing a small photograph or sketch, title, date of execution, and code or negative number, along with notes relating to exhibitions, loans, and ownership; some sheets bear the notation "destroyed." The register is incomplete, and the surviving portion bears evidence of the 1996 fire that gutted his studio. The least damaged portion documents works from 1941-1948, 1963-1964, and 1980-1982; the remaining part of the register consists of partial pages that are missing titles, dates of execution, or other salient information.

Exhibition catalogs and articles from newspapers and periodicals represent the majority of the printed material about or mentioning Balcomb and Gertrude Greene. In addition, there are articles by Balcomb published in a number of periodicals. Museum publications, annual reports, bulletins and newsletters mention the Greenes. Also found are issues of Art Front, 1934-1938 (Balcomb served on the editorial board and contributed articles), and his well-used copy of Modern Art by Katherine S. Drier.

Audio-visual recordings consist of interviews with Balcomb Greene and a "McCarthy tape" (Balcomb and Terryn helped organize "Montauk's Day for McCarthy"). Among the video recordings is a videocassette of Greene's 1990 memorial service.

Photographs are of art work, events, exhibition installations, miscellaneous subjects, people, and places. Art work of both Balcomb and Gertrude is documented. Among the photographs of people are images of Balcomb Greene, Gertrude Greene, Terryn Greene, family, friends and other individuals (identified and unidentified). Greene family photographs, some surviving from the 19th century, portray three generations. Photographs of events include documentation of the damage caused by the 1996 fire that destroyed Balcomb Greene's studio. Installation photographs document exhibitions that featured Balcomb Greene, the couple, and Gertrude Greene. Of particular interest is a view of Gertrude's contribution to the American Abstract Artists' 1937 show at Squibb Gallery. Miscellaneous subjects are Greene's Rolls Royce and pets. Places recorded include Greene's boyhood homes and churches, the house Balcomb built at Montauk, Gertrude's studio, and travel pictures of Europe and Asia. Also found are a small number of negatives, 35-mm slides, and color transparencies of art work, miscellaneous subjects, and people.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1926-1981 (Box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 2: Letters, 1936-2005 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1939-2008 (Box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1927-1984 (Boxes 1-3; 2.1 linear ft.)

Series 5: Art Work, 1976 (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 6: Register of Paintings, undated (Box 3; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1930-2009 (Boxes 4-7, 11, OV 12; 3.9 linear ft.)

Series 8: Audio-visual Recordings, 1963-1990 (Box 7; 0.3 linear ft.)

Series 9: Photographs, circa 1880s-1996 (Boxes 7-11; 2.6 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Balcomb (1904-1990) and his wife Gertrude (1904-1956) were painters in New York, N.Y. John Wesley Greene (known professionally as Balcomb Greene), born May 22, 1904 in Millville, New York, was the youngest child of Reverend Bertram Stillman Greene, a Methodist minister. After his wife died in 1907, Reverend Greene and the children moved several times when he accepted assignments at small town churches in Iowa, South Dakota, and Colorado.

The recipient of a scholarship for sons of Methodist ministers, Greene entered Syracuse University in 1922, intending to become a minister. He studied philosophy, psychology, literature, and art, eventually deciding to pursue a career as a writer. When visiting the Metropolitan Museum during his senior year, Greene was introduced to Gertrude Glass by her cousin. They married soon after his graduation in 1926.

The newlyweds moved to Austria where he had a fellowship to study psychology at the University of Vienna. Greene was very interested in Freud's work and hoped to become his student; although he attended Freud's lectures and met the eminent psychologist once, this ambition was not realized. After returning to New York in 1927, Greene began studying for a master's degree in English literature at Columbia University. He specialized in the novel, and wrote three (none were published). When his thesis about prostitutes as portrayed in seventeenth century literature was submitted, Greene's major professor was on sabbatical; although the subject had been approved, the interim replacement rejected it as unsuitable. Greene left Columbia without obtaining a degree.

Greene then accepted a position at Dartmouth College where he taught literature from 1928-1931. The Greenes spent summers together in the city and visited frequently throughout the academic year. He continued writing and in 1930 began painting. Because there were already two artists named John Green then in New York, Greene soon adopted the name Balcomb (his maternal grandmother's maiden name). Although he was known as Balcomb for the remainder of his life, his name was never changed legally.

Balcomb Greene's first solo exhibition was held at Dartmouth College in 1931. After his resignation from the Dartmouth faculty in 1931, Balcomb and Gertrude spent a year in Paris. She found a studio and set to work. He planned to write, but was distracted by the desire to paint. He began independent study at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and in 1932 exhibited his work in Paris. Throughout the 1930s and into the 1940s Greene produced very flat geometric abstractions, adding biomorphic and anthropomorphic forms over time. By the mid-1940s, he found himself bored by pure abstraction and introduced figures, focusing on mass and space rather than line.

Greene quickly established himself as an artist, developed a wide circle of friends and was recognized as a leader of the abstract movement. He and Gertrude were both drawn to political causes that affected artists; along with friends they began the Unemployed Artists' Group (which later became the Artists' Union) and staged public demonstrations demanding government assistance so that artists would not be completely dependent on private patronage. He published articles in Art Front, the magazine of the Artist's Union, and served on its editorial board between 1935 and 1936. Balcomb and Gertrude Greene were among the founding members of American Abstract Artists; he served as the group's first chairman.

Like many artists during the Great Depression, Balcomb Greene found it very difficult to maintain a steady income. During this period he held many different jobs, among them: writing for the sensationalist newspapers Broadway Brevities and Graft, serving on the crew of a schooner searching for pirate gold in the South Pacific, and working at the non-profit Emily Francis Contemporary Gallery. Eventually, he secured a teaching position with the Federal Art Project. He later switched to the mural section where assignments included painting murals for the Williamsburg Housing Project in Brooklyn and the Federal Hall of Medicine at the 1939 World's Fair, and designing a stained glass window for a school in the Bronx.

Because he did not want to support his career by teaching painting, in 1940 Balcomb Greene began graduate work in art history at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University. He earned a master's degree in 1942 and that same year began teaching history of art and culture at Carnegie Institute of Technology, a position he held until 1959. Gertrude set up a studio in their Pittsburgh home, but continued to maintain her New York studio, commuting between the two cities until war conditions made the trip too difficult. They returned to New York each summer, and in 1947 bought property on Long Island at Montauk Point where Balcomb constructed a modern house of cement blocks.

In addition to teaching and painting, Greene continued to write. Several articles about art and philosophy appeared between 1936 and 1950 in publications such as Art Front, College Art Journal, Art News, and Art Journal. He also wrote many poems. During his tenure at Carnegie Tech Balcomb Greene worked on but did not complete a book tentatively titled "The Villain and the School" and formulated ideas for another.

While Gertrude was terminally ill with cancer, and after her death in 1956, Balcomb reduced his teaching commitments, staying in Pittsburgh for only one semester each year. After retiring in 1959, he painted at Montauk and traveled. While in Paris, Greene met journalist Terryn Trimpen, whom he married in 1961.

Balcomb Greene was represented by Bertha Schaefer Gallery, Saidenberg Gallery and ACA Gallery, in New York, and by the Harmon-Meek Gallery in Naples, Florida. He exhibited widely, participating in the annual exhibitions of the Whitney Museum of American Art and Art Institute of Chicago, and in group shows at the Walker Art Center, Brooklyn Museum, and other venues. Solo shows included exhibitions at the Forum Gallery, ACA Gallery, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York; Fairweather-Hardin Gallery, Chicago; and the Oceanographic Institute and Harmon-Meeks Gallery in Florida. Greene's work is in the permanent collections of many museums, among them the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

During the last five years of his life, Balcomb Greene was in frail health and unable to paint. He died November 12, 1990 at his Montauk Point home.

Gertrude Glass (who worked as an artist using her married name Gertrude Greene) was the daughter of Siegfried and Berta Glass, prosperous Latvian immigrants who owned a Brooklyn department store. At age 18, Gertrude and an older sister left home and organized a pre-school. From 1924 to 1928, Gertrude attended evening sculpture classes at the newly opened Leonardo Da Vinci Art School, a very traditional school in Manhattan that offered free instruction. Although the school itself was conservative, there Gertrude met and identified with a group of fairly radical students who were interested in the abstract art then emerging.

Glass and Greene were married in 1926 and spent the next year in Vienna. Upon returning to New York, she continued to make sculpture. Once they relocated to New Hampshire Gertrude was able to have her own sculpture studio. New Hampshire did not suit her and she gradually drifted back to the art world of New York. After Balcomb resigned from the Dartmouth faculty in 1931, the couple spent a year in Paris. They met many artists and frequented galleries where they saw the latest contemporary art. Gertrude worked on her sculpture and Balcomb, who had planned to write, began concentrating on painting; this was the only time the two shared a studio. When they moved to Pittsburgh, Gertrude kept her New York studio, expecting to commute regularly between the two cities, but war constraints soon made that plan impractical.

Gertrude Greene was active in liberal political causes, especially ones that affected artists and encouraged the formation of WPA programs to help struggling artists. She was an active member of the Federation of Painters and Sculptors, the Artists' Union, and a founding member of American Abstract Artists. As AAA's first paid employee, Gertrude served as gallery attendant. Before moving to Pittsburgh, both Greenes were very active on AAA committees, worked to further acceptance of abstract art, and picketed on many occasions. Typical of AAA actions was a 1937 demonstration against Museum of Modern Art exhibition policies that gave short shrift to abstract work by American artists.

Gertrude Greene was among the very earliest of American artists - quite possibly the first - to produce non-objective relief sculptures in the early 1930s. Over time, she absorbed Cubist tradition and ideas of the Russian Constructivists, synthesizing them into her own work. By the 1940s, she had become interested in Mondrian and Neo-Plasticism, influences that are reflected in her constructions of the period. Her final sculpture was produced in 1946 and for the remainder of her career she focused exclusively on abstract painting.

She participated in many group exhibitions, the first of which was at Wildenstein Gallery in 1945. Grace Borgenicht Gallery presented the first solo exhibition of Gertrude Greene's work in 1952, and another was held at the Bertha Schaefer Gallery in 1955. In 1982, there was a major retrospective of her work at ACA Gallery. Gertrude Greene's work is represented in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Berkshire Museum in Pittsfield, Mass.

Gertrude Greene's health began deteriorating in 1956; eventually, cancer was diagnosed. Later that year, on November 25, she died at a New York City hospital.
Related material:
Among the Bertha Schaefer papers and gallery records, 1914-1975, owned by the Archives of American Art are 58 letters from Balcomb Greene about sales and exhibitions (reel 271), and a scrapbook containing printed material about him (reel 42).

The holdings of the Archives of American Art include several interviews with Balcomb Greene. In 1972, he was interviewed by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art's oral history program (reel 4210). Greene is included among the Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists conducted 1963-1985 (not transcribed). Marian L. Gore's "Art Scene" interviews aired on Los Angeles radio station KPFK, 1962-1964, include one with Balcomb Greene (not transcribed). An interview with Balcomb Greene (transcribed) is among the Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists conducted by Arlene Jacobowitz, circa 1965-1985. The Anne Bowen Parsons collection of interviews on art, 1967-1968, contains an interview with Balcomb Greene (transcribed). Susan C. Larsen's interview with Balcomb Greene is part of oral history interviews relating to the American Abstract Artists Group, 1973-1978 (not transcribed).

Also available at the Archives of American Art is a video recording (VHS videocassette) "Balcomb Greene: 50 Years of Painting, Harmon Gallery," edited and directed by George Mauro, 1982.
Provenance:
Donated in 2009 by Terryn Trimpen Greene, widow of Balcomb Greene.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Short stories
Collages
Photographs
Poems
Theses
Articles
Interviews
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Citation:
Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greebalc2
See more items in:
Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greebalc2
Online Media:

Fred Wiseman Scrapbook

Creator:
Wiseman, Fred, 1875-1961  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Wiseman-Peters (Fred Wiseman and J. W. Peters) (Aircraft manufacturer)  Search this
Extent:
0.59 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Tickets
Correspondence
Clippings
Date:
1909-1968
bulk [ca. 1910s, 1950s]
Summary:
Fred Wiseman, along with J. W. Peters and D.C. Prentiss, built a biplane named the Wiseman-Peters. During July 1910, both Peters and Wiseman flew the Wiseman-Peters and the following year Wiseman entered the 1911 Aviation Meet at Selfridge Field, Michigan. On February 17, 1911, Wiseman made the first airplane-carried mail flight officially sanctioned by any local U.S. post office and made available to the public when he carried mail, a bundle of newspapers and a sack of groceries from Petaluma, CA, to Santa Rosa, CA. After the 1911 season, Wiseman gave up flying.

This collection consists of a large scrapbook. Inside the scrapbook are newspaper clippings, correspondence, 1st Day Covers, race tickets, and photographs chronicling both Wiseman's automobile and aviation careers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a large scrapbook. Inside the scrapbook are newspaper clippings, correspondence, 1st Day Covers, race tickets, and photographs chronicling both Wiseman's automobile and aviation careers.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Materials are in the order the donor attached them to the scrapbook. Correspondence is often located within the envelope that is attached to the scrapbook. Some materials are loose and have been left in the arrangement in which they were found, unless a portion of a newspaper article could be matched to its other parts.
Biographical / Historical:
Fred Wiseman (1875-1961) was born in Santa Rosa, California, and after attending local schools he engaged in both the bicycle and automotive businesses. Wiseman won considerable fame racing Stoddard-Dayton cars on the West Coast as well as in the Chicago area. He became interested in aviation after attending the Wright brothers' homecoming celebration in 1909 and the first Los Angeles aviation meet at Dominguez Field in 1910.

After these two events, Wiseman was convinced he wanted to learn to fly and so he returned to his home in Santa Rosa and persuaded Ben Noonan to put up $10,000 to build a plane. Wiseman, along with J. W. Peters and D.C. Prentiss, built a biplane named the Wiseman-Peters. During July 1910, both Peters and Wiseman flew the Wiseman-Peters and the following year Wiseman entered the 1911 Aviation Meet at Selfridge Field, Michigan.

On February 17, 1911, Wiseman made the first airplane-carried mail flight officially sanctioned by any local U.S. post office and made available to the public when he carried mail, a bundle of newspapers and a sack of groceries from Petaluma, CA, to Santa Rosa, CA. (The first air mail flight sanctioned by the U.S. Post Office in Washington, D.C., took place on September 23, 1911, when Earle Ovington carried mail from Garden City, Long Island, to Mineola; and the first continuously scheduled U.S. air mail service began on May 15, 1918, with routes between Washington, Philadelphia, and New York.)

During 1911, Wiseman had an active season of exhibition work, including flying for one week at the California State Fair. However, after this season Wiseman gave up flying because he thought there was no future in it. He sold his plane and returned to the automobile business. He later worked for Standard Oil Company of California. Wiseman was a member of the Early Birds of Aviation, an organization of pilots who flew solo in an aircraft prior to December 17, 1916.

Weldon Cooke, another pioneer aviator from California, bought and modified the Wiseman-Peters aircraft, renaming it the Wiseman-Cooke. Cooke flew the Wiseman-Cooke for exhibition and air mail flights. The Wiseman-Cooke aircraft is currently part of the Smithsonian Institution's collections.
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift?, unknown, XXXX-0618, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Automobile racing  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Wiseman-Peters #2 Biplane (1910)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Tickets
Correspondence
Clippings
Citation:
Fred Wiseman Scrapbook, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0618, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0618
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0618
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Online Media:

Waco Aircraft Company records

Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Names:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Weaver Aircraft Company  Search this
Brukner, Clayton J., 1896-1977  Search this
Junkin, Elwood J. (Elwood James), 1897-1926  Search this
Weaver, George E. "Buck", 1895-1924  Search this
Extent:
184.1 Cubic feet (168 Legal document boxes; 35 drawers)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Financial records
Drawings
Reports
Date:
1930-1950
Summary:
This collection consists of the records of the Waco Aircraft Company. The material includes office files of the company, marketing and sales information, and design data. Also included are original engineering drawings and report files.
Scope and Contents note:
In 1920 Clayton J. Bruckner, Elwood "Sam" Junkin and George "Buck" Weaver formed Weaver Aircraft Co. In April of 1923, they renamed the company Advanced Aircraft Co. and, in May of 1929, Waco Aircraft Co. By the 1930s the company was a leader in the design of wood and fabric aircraft. At their most widespread use, Waco aircraft were operated by public, private, military and corporate owners in thirty-five countries. During World War II, Waco devoted itself entirely to war production, manufacturing large numbers of troop- and cargo-carrying gliders. Following the war Waco attempted to market a wholly new design, but the post- war slump in the private aviation market and the high development costs of the aircraft forced Waco to withdraw from aircraft manufacture in June 1947. During its twenty-seven year existence Waco produced sixty-two different aircraft models and led all its competitors in the number of aircraft registered.

The Waco collection is divided into two parts. Part One comprises 24,855 drawings. The locations and descriptive information of these drawings are listed on an electronic database entitled the Waco Aircraft Engineering Drawings Data Base. The drawings vary greatly in size from small drawings of 4x5" to large sheets of over 150" in length. The majority of the drawings included in Part One are numbered, but many of the drawings are unnumbered. These drawings span most of the Company's existence and depict many of its powered and glider aircraft. There are several smaller sets of drawings which include layout drawings, tool drawings and stress analyses. Production charts and data charts are also among these drawings.

Part Two includes the business records of the Waco Aircraft Company. These documents can be generally divided between the engineering and sales departments. Most of the drawings within Part Two are from sub-contractors and U.S. Government agencies.

Waco aircraft company designations are confusing. Many variations exist regarding the practice of assigning model designations. Despite these exceptions, some basic rules serve as a guideline. Prior to 1930, Waco models were designated by a single number, 1 through 10. The last aircraft designated in this manner, the Waco 10, became the Waco Model O under the new scheme of designation.

Waco early models were additionally referred to by their horsepower. This may have been a practice of distributors and salesmen.

Since 1930, The Waco Aircraft Company used a combination of three letters with which to name its models. An example would be the Model ASO. The letters are best read from right to left. The letter on the right represents the fuselage, i.e. Model O. The middle letter represents a modification to the basic model, i.e. CSO for straight wing or CTO for tapered wing. The letter on the left represents the engine, i.e. CSO for Wright J-6, 225 horse power engine. Additionally, Waco models were often followed by a number indicating the year in which the aircraft was built. A YPF-6, for example, was manufactured in 1936.

Waco World War II gliders, designed for the U.S.A.A.F, were designated by an alpha-numeric combination. The four unpowered gliders produced shared the same letter prefixes of CG, which stood for cargo glider. The numeric suffix distinguishes the aircraft. They were the Models CG-3A, CG-4A, CG-13A and CG-15A. An X preceding the designation denotes experimental, i.e. XCG-4A. An addition of two letters denotes the manufacturer, i.e. CG-4A- TI for Timm Aircraft Co. Many of the Waco designed gliders were constructed by various companies. Powered versions of the gliders were referred to by the prefix PG for powered gliders.
Arrangement note:
Series 1: Numbered Engineering Reports

Series 2: Model Engineering Reports

Series 3: Engineering Documents

Series 4: Government Contracts

Series 5: Contractor Reports

Series 6: Correspondence

Series 7: Publications

Series 8: Sales

Series 9: Blueprints & Drawings

Series 10: Drawings Lists

Series 11: Model Indexes

Series 12: Contractor Drawings
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1920 Clayton J. Bruckner, Elmwood "Sam" Junkin, and Buck Weaver formed an aircraft company known as the Weaver Aircraft Company in Troy, OH. By the 1930s the company, known as Waco Aircraft Co. since 1929, was a leader in the design of wood and fabric aircraft, with Waco aircraft being operated by public, private, and corporate owners in thirty-five countries. During World War II Waco devoted itself entirely to war production, manufacturing large numbers of troop- and cargo-carrying gliders. Following the war Waco attempted to market a wholly new design but the postwar slump in the private aviation market and the high development costs of the aircraft forced Waco to withdraw from aircraft manufacture in June 1947. During its twenty-eight year existence Waco produced sixty-two different aircraft models and led all its competitors in number of aircraft registered.
Related Archival Materials note:
Other collections within the Archives Division of the National Air and Space Museum which are relevant to Waco are as follows:

The Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers(1906-1982), Accession #XXXX-0171. Junkin was married first to George Weaver and later to Elwood Junkin, both founders of the Waco Aircraft Company.

The A. Francis Arcier(1890-1969) Collection, Accession #XXX-0072. Arcier was one of the leading engineers with the Waco Aircraft Company.

The National Air and Space Museum Archival Video Discs. Included in this collection are three blocks of Waco Aircraft photographs; prints listed by model type under the Company name in the Aircraft Finding Aid, prints listed under "Glider Aircraft" in the U.S. Air Force Collection finding aid and prints listed under the Company name in the "General Subjects" of the U.S. Air Force Collection Finding Aid.

The NASM Archives Technical Files. The documents filed under "Waco" include mostly photographs and newspaper articles. Information about some of the individual Waco employees, including Hattie Junkin and George Weaver, can be found filed under the individual's name in the biographical section of the Technical Files.
Provenance:
Ray Brandley, gift, 1970-1971, XXXX-0151
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Waco Aircraft Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Financial records
Drawings
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0151
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151
Online Media:

Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records

Inventor:
Del Mar, Bruce  Search this
Source:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Former owner:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1951-2011
Summary:
Collection documents the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity for an extended period, through engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials documenting the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity.

The records document the successful collaboration of an independent inventor and a manufacturing firm to identify problems, develop solutions and bring to market diagnostic technologies. Bruce Del Mar's role as an innovator and collaborator with Holter is especially important, because Del Mar's work spurred the development of an entire diagnostic industry. In addition, the records also chronicle how "Holter technology" was affected by progressive technological innovations in the industry, as vacuum tubes were replaced by transistors, as microprocessors gave way to microchips and circuit boards, and as analog recordings were replaced by digital formats.

Documenting manufacturing developments (highs and lows) and marketing considerations is an important element in better understanding the invention process. Del Mar Avionics was the first to design and manufacture instrumentation for long-term monitoring of the human heart for the medical profession. Today, Holter Monitors continue to be an important diagnostic tool for monitoring the health of the heart.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated, consists of biographical materials for Bruce Del Mar, founder of Del Mar Avionics, company histories, copies of the Del Mar Avionics newsletter Pacemaker, employee information, newspaper clippings and ephemera, and photographs of some employees. The employee information contains a 1979 handbook, explaining company policies and the benefits of employment with Del Mar Avionics and a 1951 memo detailing overtime working hours for women, presumably from Douglas Aircraft, where Bruce Del Mar was employed.

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976; Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969; and Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968. The documentation consists primarily of correspondence from the engineering department, 1965 to 1976, related to the development, design, budgeting, testing, and marketing of the Holter Monitor. The majority of the documentation is correspondence and is written by engineering staff members, but also included are quotation requests, trip reports, and technical reports. Correspondence between Holter and Del Mar about the development of the Holter Minotor is in Series 6. The drawings, 1958-1968, include six drawings (22" x 34" or smaller) for Avionics Research Products projects (panel assembly, chassis assembly, and battery chargers for model 602), and Electromation Company (degausser single coil).

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated, consists of copies of patents by Norman J. Holter, W.E. Mills, and W.E. Thornton, Cliff Sanctuary. and Isaac Raymond Cherry related to the development of the Holter Monitor. Also included are lists of United States patents issued to Del Mar Avionics employees, as well as lists of registered trademarks and activities for Del Mar Avionics and copies of trademarks issued to the company.

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated, consists of product literature for Del Mar Avionics products and some of its competitors. The product literature for Del Mar Avionics is arranged chronologically by model number, and the competitor literature is arranged alphabetically. All of the product literature is related to medical instrumentation with the exception of the Hydra Set, a precision load positioner which is the only product Del Mar Avionics sells today.

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985, consists of price lists, price catalogs (both domestic and international) and sales objectives for medical instrumentation sold by Del Mar Avionics.

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005 and undated, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005 and undated; Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978; and Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated, and consists of materials documenting the relationship between Norman J. Holter, an inventor, and Del Mar Avionics.

Holter and Wilford R. Glassock were issued United States Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means. Dr. Eliot Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968 which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

The materials include biographical materials about Norman J. Holter, journal articles about the Holter Monitor, correspondence, engineering notebooks, a licensing agreement, product literature, reports, price lists, catalogs, operating manuals and specific information about the Dynamic Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977, and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both models were developed by Del Mar's medical device manufacturing staff. The licensing agreement and correspondence detail in chronological order the relationship between Norman Holter and Del Mar Avionics, specifically president Bruce Del Mar, in the rapid commercial marketing and development of Holter's electrocardiorecorder. Although Holter assigned exclusive rights to his patent to Del Mar Avionics, he was involved in the design and development process, albeit from a distance. The engineering staff at Del Mar kept Holter informed, and it is clear that Holter regularly visited the company.

The engineering notebooks relate to the models 445 and 660. The notebooks were maintained by engineering staff members D. Anderson, N. Mohammedi, Ray Cherry and Fike. The notebooks are handwritten, although in some instances memos and other information have been inserted. For example, N. Mohammedi's notebook documenting Model 445 contains black-and-white prints, magnetic tape samples, and recorder tape (EKG graph paper) samples with data from the monitor. The notebooks are bound and paginated, and individual pages are stamped sequentially.

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s, consists of color slides used for presentations by Del Mar Avionics staff to discuss and promote the marketing of the Holter Monitor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976

Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969

Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 1, Del Mar Avionics, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 2, Competitors, 1974 and undated

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978

Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Jefferis "Jeff" Holter (1914-1983) was born in Helena, Montana, to a prominent Montana pioneering family. After attending public schools in Helena, he earned master's degrees in chemistry from the University of Southern California (1938) and physics from the University of California, Los Angeles (1940). During these years Holter also organized Applied Micro Sciences, a scientific photography business, and began working with Dr. Joseph A. Gengerelli of UCLA on nerve stimulation in frogs and brain stimulation in rats. Holter's interest in studying electrical activity in humans in their daily activities without touching them, spawned his lifelong pursuit to develop the Holter Monitor.

During World War Two, Holter served as a senior physicist for the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Ships, conducting research into the behavior of ocean waves in preparation for wartime amphibious operations. After the war, in 1946, Holter headed a staff of oceanographic engineers at Bikini Atoll during Operation Crossroads, the first postwar atomic bomb tests, measuring wave actions and underwater disturbances caused by the explosions.

Because of demands of his family's business affairs, Holter returned to Helena in 1947 to continue his research activities. In 1947 he formed the Holter Research Foundation, with a laboratory originally located in the rear of the Holter Hardware Company building. From 1956 to 1971 the laboratory facilities were located in the Great Northern Railroad depot building in Helena. The foundation was initially funded by Holter and other members of his family, but in 1952 Holter began to receive grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Holter continued his collaboration with Dr. Gengerelli of UCLA in attempting to transmit information, primarily brain waves, by radio. Holter turned his attention from the brain to the heart because the heart's greater voltage made the electronics easier, and because heart disease was far more prevalent than cerebral disease. Holter's introduction to Dr. Paul Dudley White (1886-1973), a renowned physician and cardiologist, helped convince him to focus his research on recording electrical activity from the heart. Holter's goal was to radio broadcast and record the more obvious electrophysiological phenomena occurring in humans while carrying on their normal activities, rather than having to lie quietly on a couch.

The first broadcast of a radioelectrocardiogram (RECG) took place circa 1947 and required eighty to eighty-five pounds of equipment, which Holter worn on his back while riding a stationary bicycle. This was not practical and in no way could be worn by a patient. The initial transmitter and receiver required that the subject remain in the general area of the laboratory, so a portable and lighter RECG receiver-recorder had to be developed.

Next, Holter created a briefcase-like device that could be carried by a patient. By using very thin magnetic recording tape, twenty-four hours of RECG could be captured on a reel five inches in diameter. The initial method of examining the voluminous records from the tape recordings developed by Holter was called Audio-Visual Superimposed ECG Presentation (AVSEP). AVSEP made it possible to examine twenty-four hours of RECGs in twenty minutes, with signals being presented visually on an oscilloscope and audibly through a speaker.

With the development of transistors, radioelectrocardiography was made obsolete, and it became possible for the amplifier, tape recorder, temperature-control circuits, motor speed control circuits, and batteries to be placed in a single unit small enough for a coat pocket or purse. In 1952, Holter succeeded in creating a small unit that weighed 1 kilogram. Wilford R. Glassock, a senior engineer working with Holter, traveled to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital (now Cedars-Sinai Hospital of Los Angeles) in 1962 to demonstrate the Holter monitor system and discuss making it more practical. At Cedars, Dr. Eliot Corday observed the practicality of the system and not only embraced the technology, but collaborated with Holter's team and was an early promoter of the technology to both industry and physicians. Holter and Glassock were issued US Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means.

As articles describing the foundation's invention of these devices began to appear in the professional literature, there was considerable demand from doctors and hospitals for the equipment. Dr. Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968, which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

Later known as Del Mar Avionics, a team of engineers diverted their attention from successful manufacturing of military weapons training devices to focus on improving the speed and accuracy of computerized ECG analysis and they became the acknowledged leader in Holter monitoring technology for over 40 years. In 1969, because of the increased amount of required paper work and red tape, Holter canceled the grant funding his foundation had been receiving from NIH. He was also in constant conflict with the Internal Revenue Service over the foundation's non-profit status, rights to patents, and commercial production of equipment. The foundation continued to maintain a laboratory and conduct varied scientific work, but on a much smaller scale. The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was dissolved in 1985, two years after Holter's death.

Del Mar Avionics was founded on January 9, 1952, as Del Mar Engineering Laboratories in Los Angeles, California by Bruce Del Mar, who led the development of aircraft cabin pressurization systems. Del Mar was born in Pasadena, California in 1913. An engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and businessman, Del Mar graduated from the University of California, Berkeley (1937) with a Bachelor of Science degree. Del Mar worked for Douglas Aircraft (1933-1951) as a research engineer on many projects before founding Del Mar Engineering Laboratories. In 1938, Del Mar married Mary Van Ness. The couple had two daughters, Patrica Jean Parsons and Marna Belle Schnabel.

In 1958, Del Mar formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Electromation Inc., which manufactured tape recording and communication equipment. He later established, Aeroplastics Corporation to manufacture plastic products and Avionics Research Products Corporation to develop and produce biomedical instrumentation. By the mid-1960s, the company had become a leading U.S. Defense Department prime contractor in the development and production of aerial tow target systems for weapons training and instrumented ground targets for scoring air-to-ground automatic weapons delivery. It also produced helicopter target drones and helicopter flight trainers for the U.S. Army.

In 1961, the company entered the growing medical instrumentation market with the development of the first long-term ambulatory monitoring systems.

In 1965, the company introduced the Hydra Set Load Positioner that controls the precise vertical positioning of loads up to 300 tons (272,000 kg) in increments as small as 0.001 inch (0.025mm). This unique product, mounted between the load and the crane (or hoist), permits precise mating and de-mating of critical components, thus eliminating unforeseen damage to valuable loads. Hydra Set Load Positioners are in use worldwide in the aerospace, military/commercial aviation, nuclear and fossil fuel power generating industries and in various industrial applications. In 1975, the company, then re-named Del Mar Avionics, moved to its current location in Irvine, California.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Project Bionics Artificial Organ Documentation Collection [videotapes], 2002 (AC0841) documents the invention and development of artifical internal organs through oral history interviews with scientists and others involved.

The James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951 (AC0200) documents Halkett and Wesolowski's experiments on an early mechanical heart. Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols.

The George Edward Burch Papers, 1984-1986 (AC0316) documents Burch's pioneering work in clinical cardiology and research through technical notes, diagrams, and correspondence regarding laboratory work on the "2-pump heart model," 1984-1986.

Wilson Greatbatch Innovative Lives Presentation, 1996 (AC0601) documents the invention of the implantable cardiac pacemaker in 1958.

The Ronald J. Leonard Papers, circa 1980-1997 (AC1109) documents Leonard's development of pumps and oxygenators used in cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery.

Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The Division of Medicine and Science holds two monitors: the Dynamic and the Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977 and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both were developed by Del Mar's Medical Device Manufacturing staff. See accession #: 2011.0196.

Materials at the Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives

Holter Family papers, 1861-1968

Includes documentation about the Holter Research Foundation, Inc.

Holter Research Foundation, Inc. records, 1914-1985

The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was a private, non-profit, scientific research foundation started in Helena, Montana, in 1947 by Norman J. "Jeff" Holter. Records (1914-1985) include correspondence, financial records, laboratory records, subject files, photographs, etc. Also included are subgroups for N.J. Holter; his work in the U.S. Navy on bombs and waves; his work as assistant chancellor at University of California, San Diego; and the Society of Nuclear Medicine.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Del Mar Avionics through Bruce Del Mar, President on September 12, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Patents  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1249
See more items in:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1249
Online Media:

William R. Hutton Papers

Creator:
Hutton, William R., 1826-1901  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (33 boxes, 21 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Letterpress copybooks
Blueprints
Diaries
Drawings
Cashbooks
Business records
Business letters
Notebooks
Topographic maps
Tax records
Technical drawings
Stock certificates
Technical literature
Photoengravings
Notes
Maps
Microfilms
Linen tracings
Letter books
Letters
Land titles
Legal documents
Sketches
Salted paper prints
Reports
Receipts
Plans (drawings)
Photostats
Photographic prints
Architectural drawings
Administrative records
Albumen prints
Albums
Annual reports
Booklets
Account books
Books
Family papers
Financial records
Cyanotypes
Correspondence
Deeds
Printed material
Contracts
Harlem river bridge
Photograph albums
Specifications
Christmas cards
Menus
Place:
France
Maryland
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
Panama Canal (Panama)
New Jersey
New York (N.Y.)
Hudson River
Baltimore (Md.)
Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)
New York
Washington Bridge
New Croton Aqueduct
Kanawha River Canal
Washington Aqueduct
Potomac River -- 19th century
Washington Memorial Bridge
Hudson River Tunnel
Date:
1830-1965
Summary:
The papers document the life and work of William R. Hutton, a civil engineer during the late 1800s to the early 1900s. Materials include diaries, notebooks, correspondence, letterpress copy book, printed materials, publications, specifications, photographs, drawings, and maps that document the construction of several architectural and engineering projects during this period. Most notable are the records containing information related to the construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Hudson River Tunnel, the Washington Aqueduct, the Kanawha River Canal, and the Washington/Harlem River Bridge. There are also several records about railroads in the state of Maryland, the District of Columbia and elsewhere, including the Western Maryland Railroad, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Colorado Midlands Railway, Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad, the Northern Adirondack Railroad, and the Pittsfield and Williamstown Railroad. The records can be used to track the progression of these projects, and engineering innovation during the late 1800s to the early 1900s.
Scope and Contents:
These papers document William R. Hutton's professional career as a civil engineer and his personal affairs. Although the personal materials in the collection provide insight into a man and a family that have been largely forgotten by biographers, it is the professional materials that are perhaps the most interesting to researchers. They provide a compelling narrative of the push to the West that occurred in 19th century America and the internal improvements movement typified by the American System plan proposed by Henry Clay. Perhaps best remembered for the high tariffs that accompanied it, the American System plan was also concerned with the advancement of internal improvements, such as canals, that would unite the East and West in communication, travel, and trade. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal can be seen as one of the products of this movement (1) and was in fact initially heralded as the first great work of national improvement (2).

The papers in this collection that are related to the construction and maintenance of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal are an invaluable documentation of efforts during this turbulent time to unite the eastern and western United States. They provide details of the canal from its initial construction to its decline with the incline at Georgetown project. The canal also serves as an example, or perhaps a warning against, federal involvement in state improvement efforts as it was the first project to be directly funded and staffed by the federal government (3). The groundbreaking ceremony was attended by then President John Quincy Adams whose toast, "to the canal: perseverance," (4) became an ironic omen, as construction of the canal took over twenty-two years to be completed. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal materials can be used as a case study for the problems encountered during canal building (5). These problems are best typified in the collection by the papers relating to the Georgetown incline. This project was headed by Hutton and was plagued with construction problems, boating accidents, and obsolescence from the moment of its completion. Despite these issues, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal remains a structure of historical significance in America. As the third and last effort to construct an all-water route to the West (6), the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is an important artifact of 19th century attitudes and efforts towards commerce, trade, travel, and communication between the eastern and western United States. Other significant canals and water structures represented in the collection are the Kanawha Canal, the Washington Aqueduct, and a large collection of materials relating to the Kingston Water Supply (New York).

One of the most significant internal improvements made during this time was the railroad. The legal conflicts that arose between the canal companies and railroads is also represented in the materials relating to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. These materials specifically deal with the legal conflict's between the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The development and construction of the railroads is also represented in the materials documenting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad, the Northern Adirondack Railroad, the Western Maryland Railroad, the Mexican National Railroad, the Colorado Midlands Railroad, and the Columbia Railroad.

The collection also demonstrates the spirit of innovation and invention that was prevalent in the engineering field in the nineteenth century. Joseph Gies writes, "...one of the distinctive characteristics of the great nineteenth century engineering adventurers was their readiness to gamble on the translation of theory into practice" (7). In this quote, he is speaking of the civil engineer Dewitt Clinton Haskins and a project that truly encapsulates engineering invention in the nineteenth century, the Hudson River Tunnel. Responding to the increase in the population of the City of New York in the late nineteenth century from sixty thousand to three and a half million, the Hudson River Tunnel was originally devised as a way to alleviate traffic and to transport train passengers directly across the Hudson River (8). Beginning with records dating from 1881 to 1901, the Hutton papers can be used to document not only the advances in engineering during this time but also the costs of progress. Haskins' initial efforts to build the tunnel using submerged air pressurized caissons were marked by failure and in some cases fatalities. Workers on the tunnel often suffered from what came to be known as "caisson disease" or "the bends," caused by the immense forces of compression and decompression experienced while working in the tunnels (9). This problem was so prevalent that as construction progressed the rate of worker deaths caused by "the bends" rose to twenty-five percent (10). Materials in the collection document worker complaints and deaths resulting from this disease as well as providing a technical record of the construction of the tunnel. The highlight of the materials relating to the Hudson River Tunnel is an album that contains photographs of workers in the tunnel and a detailed daily report of the construction progress on the tunnel that was maintained by Hutton's assistant, Walton Aims. The first hand account in these reports provides insight not only into the construction of the tunnel, but also the problems encountered.

Another project featured in the Hutton collection that was devised in response to the population explosion in the City of New York in the nineteenth century is the Harlem River Bridge, or as it is now known, the Washington Bridge. Known as one of the longest steel arch bridges of its time, the Harlem River Bridge also represents that spirit of invention and innovation that was prevalent in the civil engineering field during the nineteenth century. The collection provides an invaluable resource for those wishing to track the construction of the bridge from early concept drawings and proposals to finalized plans. Also present are photographs of the construction and workers. Societal response to the bridge in the form of newspaper and magazine clippings help to create the narrative of the Washington Bridge, and these are supplemented by correspondence from the builders, suppliers, and planners.

This collection also includes diaries, 1866-1901; letterpress copybooks, 1858-1901; correspondence on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Hudson River Tunnel, Washington Bridge over the Harlem River, and Maryland and Colorado railroads, 1861-1901, and on Hutton's financial and real estate affairs, 1835-1921; construction photographs of the Harlem River, Cairo, Poughkeepsie, Niagara bridges and the Hudson River Tunnel, Washington Aqueduct, and Capitol Dome (in the form of albumen, cyanotype, salted paper print); data and drawings; rolled land profile drawings; canal notes, 1828-1892; Hudson River Tunnel construction reports, 1889-1891; publications, drawings, and maps of railroad routes; pamphlets and reprints on hydraulic works and water supply; road, railway, bridge, and hydraulic construction specifications, 1870-1900; drawings (linen, oil cloth, and heavy drawing paper), and blueprints; account books, 1891-1899; and plans, drawings, field notebooks, and publications on American and European construction projects, especially in Maryland, New York, and France; personal correspondence detailing his role as executor for the estates of Benjamin H. Hutton, Joseph Hutton, Annie Theller, and the Countess H. De Moltke-Hvitfeldt and his relationships with his children, siblings, cousins, and colleagues, 1850-1942.

Materials are handwritten, typed, and printed.

Special note should be made that any materials dated after the year 1901 were added to the collection by another creator who is unidentified. It can be speculated that professional materials added after this date were contributed by his brother and colleague Nathanial Hutton or his son Frank Hutton. Personal materials contributed after this date may have been added by his wife, daughters, or other members of his extended family.

Series 1, Letterpress Copybooks, 1858-1901, consists of twenty seven letterpress copybooks containing correspondence between Hutton and other engineers, architects, and building suppliers. The letterpress copybooks in this series have been arranged chronologically. The books involve a process by which ink is transferred through direct contact with the original using moisture and pressure in a copy press. The majority of the correspondence is business- related. Some letterpress copybooks are devoted to specific projects such as the Washington/Harlem River Bridge, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad, Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad, and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The letterpress copybooks provide a record of correspondence written by Hutton, which makes it distinctive from the other correspondence in the collection. Most of the other correspondence has Hutton as recipient.

The letterpress copybooks also document Hutton's various residences throughout his life and provide a glimpse into the civil engineering profession at the time by demonstrating how engineers shared ideas and comments about projects. This can be supplemented with the printed materials in the collection as many of the authors also appear in the correspondence. Other topics covered in the letterpress copybooks include business reports (specifically the report of the president and directors of the Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad), records of people and companies involved in projects, pasted in engineering sketches, engineering specifications and notes, travel expenses and estimates, construction histories and progress, legal issues with family estates, tax information, Colorado Railroad, payment certificate schedules, St. Paul Railroad, personal correspondence, title guarantees, Hudson River Tunnel, financial matters, real estate matters, insurance information, sketches and drawings, supply lists, cost estimates, the Memorial Bridge, Coffin Valve Company, engineering expenses, engineering calculations, payroll notes for Kingston Water Supply, proposals, account information, Hutton Park, reservoirs, contract drafts, French Society of Civil Engineers, inspection results (specifically Piedmont Bridge), land descriptions, damage reports, Morse Bridge, Illinois Central Railroad, North Sea Canal, moveable dams, iron works, site histories, Potomac Lock and Dock Company, Kanawha River canal (lock quantities, specifications, payroll information), Pennsylvania Canal, and bills for services.

Series 2, Professional Correspondence, 1861-1901, consists of correspondence that relates to Hutton's architectural and engineering projects. This series is further subdivided into two subseries: Project Correspondence and General Correspondence. Subseries 1, Project Correspondence, 1876-1899, correspondence is divided by project and arranged alphabetically. Subseries 2, General Correspondence, 1861-1901, is arranged chronologically. Both series contain handwritten and typed letters. Some letters are on letterpress copybook pages and are most likely copies. Some materials are in French and Spanish. Special note should be made that this series does not contain all of the professional correspondence in the collection. Some correspondence has been separated according to project and placed in Series 8, Professional Projects, 1830-1965, in order to make it easier for researchers to access materials related to those subjects.

Subseries 1, professional correspondence topics include comparisons between construction projects (specifically comparisons of the Kanawha River Canal to other canals), supply lists, location recommendations, sketches, construction plans and modifications, bills for supplies and works, leaks in the gates, cost estimates, Brooklyn Water Supply, use of lake storage (Ramapo Water Supply), water supply to states and counties, damages to water supply pipes, estimates of water quantities, responses to construction reports, legal issues related to projects, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and payment for services.

Subseries 2, general correspondence topics include employment opportunities, committee meetings and elections, land surveys, sketches, engineering plans and ideas, work on projects, dismissal from projects, notes on supplies, Washington Aqueduct, construction progress, land purchases, Civil War, Jones Falls, cost of water pumps, steam drills, lots divisions and prices, repairs, report of the engineering bureau, tidewater connection at Annapolis, bridge construction, construction costs, statement of vessels that entered and cleared Baltimore, technical questions from colleagues, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, supply costs, letters of introduction, requests for reference, changes to plans and designs, survey reports, St. Andrew's lot, Canal Coal Company, publication process, American Society of Civil Engineers and its members, responses to project inquiries, Graving Dock gross revenue, job offers, specifications, trade figures, contracts, water levels, appointment dates and times, moveable dams, proposals for membership, salaries, Piedmont Coal Lands, maps, land profiles, Washington Bridge, board payments, Nicaragua Canal, Grant Coal Company, statistics, engineering notes, Hartford Bridge, water pressures, coal deposits, Colorado Coal, pipe lines, reservoirs, boat costs for canals, floods, bridges, letters of resignation, engines, Ruxton Viaduct, Colorado and Midland Railroad, Morse Bridge, share values, railroad locations, membership invitations, call for submissions, structural tests, record of accounts for room and board, appointments, water rights (Putnam County), publications, blueprints, visitation programs, cotton compresses, street trenches, pressures in dams, level tests, Portland Transportation bureau, trade information, concrete steel, Chicago drainage canal, ship canals, Augusta Cotton and Compress Company, Sooysmith case, Consolidated Gas Company, masonry, book binding, Columbia Railway Company, jetties, land grades, Chesapeake and Delaware canal, water wheels, pneumatic lock, tunnel arches, rifton power, Hutton's health, elevators, Brooklyn Bridge Terminals, girder weights, legal issues and their results, rating table for the Potomac, land profiles, transmission lines, transformers, water turbines, and water power on the Potomac River.

Correspondents for this series include the following: Captain Montgomery C. Meigs, Captain T.W. Symons, William Bryan, Ernest Flagg, John Hurd, Jake Wolfe, J.C. Saunders, J.H. Dolph, Charles J. Allen, G.H. Mendell, Virgil S. Bogue, B.A. Mounnerlyn, Edward Burr, H.G. Prout, R. William, H. Dodge, C.R. Suter, M. Mink, W.R. King, John Lyons, Alex Brown and Sons, John G. Butler, D. Condon, Bernard Carter, R.P. McCormick, D.R. Magruder, Andrew Banks, Isaac Solomon, C.J. Mayer, C.W. Kern, John Herring, James S. Mackie, D.R. Magunde, D. Rittaguide, R.S. Stevens, J.L. Raudolph (Baltimore and Ohio Railroad), J.M. Lane, W.D. Stuart, W.G.P. Palmer (Committee Church of the Ascension), C. Crozet, General W. Hughes, V.R. Maus, J.M. Hood (Western Maryland Railroad Company), Ernest Pontzen, M. Haus, William F. Craighill, Harry Hutton, John W. Pearce, Reverend James A. Harrald, William Watson, A.L. Rives, Thomas Monro, A.F. Croswan (Commander United States Navy), H.R. Garden, William McAlpine, James Forrest, Wm. Bloomsfield, Daniel Ammen, Linel Wells, A. and Otto Sibeth, Alfred Noble, Clemens Hershel, Sidney Warner, E.H. de Rheville, Theodore Cooper, William Findlay Shunk, Lewis S. Wolfe, Rufus Mead, Theodore F. Taylor, John Bogart, J. Whaler, B. Williamson, Colonel F.V. Greene, Robert H. Sayre (Lehigh Valley Railroad Company), Charles W. Pussey, Louis Q. Rissel, V.C. Bogue, H.C. Eckenberger, Melville E.G. Leston, Edwin Parson, Rudolph Hering, R.S. Hale, F.M. Turner, Thosl Martindale, Justus C. Strawbridge, William M. Ayresm, R.L. Austin, A.M. Miller, P. Livingston Dunn, T.J. Cleaver, C.S. Dutton, H.A. Carson, William Bainbridge Jaudon, H.A. Presset, Thomas H. McCann, Russel Sturgis, H.G. Prout, Alexis H. French, John K. Cowen, F.W. Williams, J. Waldorf, B.H. Byrant, B.H. Jones, M.H. Rogers, J.W. Ogden, General W. Cashing, William Longhudge, A.J. Cameron, T.L. Patterson, J.J. Hagerman, H. Wigglesworth, Charles B. Rowland, E. Bantz, W.G. Lathrop, Clarence King, George Rowland, George A. Tibbals (Continental Iron Works), George N. Vanderbilt, Eugene C. Lewis, F.P. Burt, Colonel John C. Clarke, Lieutenant Thomas Turtle, W.S.M. Scott, E. Bates Dorsey, Bernard Carter, George M. Shriver (Baltimore and Ohio Railroad), Russel Sturgis, Macmillan Publishing, James Abernethy, B. Baker, J.G.W. Fynje, A. Mallet, Jean Hersuy, L.F. Vernon Horcourt, Robert Lilley, A.J. Johnson, F.M. Colby, Henry D. Loney, A.S. Cameron, James A. Harrald, William Watson, John B. Lervis, A.L. Rives, Edwin F. Bidell, Frank H. Stockett, E. McMahon, C.F. Elgin, Enrique Budge, G. Clayton Gardiner, Dwight Porter, William A. Chapman, T.E. Sickels, Theodore Cooper, C.J. Warner, Institution of Civil Engineers, Robert Gordon, United States Coast of Geodetic Survey Office, C.P. Pattun, J.N. Putnam, Sidney B. Warner, H.D. Fisher, Union Pacific Railway Company, Lewis S. Wolle, George E. Waring Junior, The American Exhibition, G.F. Swain, American Society of Civil Engineers, N.H. Whitten, U.S. Engineer Office, Government Works Committee, J.J. Hagerman, D. Jackson, Sterling Iron and Railway Company, E.P. Alexander, E. Williamson, Central Railway Company of New Jersey, William A. Underwood, F. Collingwood, James Dun (Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company), Henry F. Kilburn, Louis A. Bissell, Virgil G. Boque, H.C. Eckenberger, Melville Egleston, Charles Parson, George Swain, Continental Iron Works, Rudolph Hering, J.B. Gordon, Mayor's Office (Baltimore), Harry Robinson, Pennsylvania Railway Company, W.H. Gahagan, L. Luiggi, B.H. Bryant, T.J. Cleaver (Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company), H.A. Carson, H.A. Presset (Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey), John K. Cowen, Vernon H. Brown, J. Waldorf, B.H. Bryant, L.F. Root, P.W. White, Metropolitan Railroad Company, Charles F. Mayer (Consolidated Coal Company, Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad Company), J.M. Lane (Western Maryland Railroad), Dr. R.S. Stewart (Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad), Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad (John Lyons, John G. Butler, D. Candon, R.P. McCormick, Andrew Banks), Thomas F. Rowland, J.A. Bensel, Walton Aims, S.D. Coykendall, H.C. Rogers, John F. Ward, T.B. Jewell, H.A. Pressey, C.S. Armstrong, J. Nennett, V.G. Bague.

Series 3, Personal Correspondence, 1850-1942, contains correspondence with immediate and extended family, specifically the heirs to the Benjamin H. Hutton and Joseph Hutton estates and Adele Gorman. Correspondence is primarily arranged chronologically, but some files have been divided based on subject or author (the Deer Park and Adele Gorman files), or by form (the Telegrams, and Cablegrams file). Special note is made of the posthumous correspondence file, which includes correspondence both relating to Hutton's death and correspondence that was written by family members after the years of his death. The series contains both hand written and typed letters. Some correspondence is in French. The correspondence demonstrates his relationship with his children specifically Elizabeth (Bessie) Hutton, and illuminates his role in his family. This series also provides details about nineteenth century upper class society and activities. Special note should be made that this folder does not contain all of the personal correspondence contained in the collection. Some correspondence has been separated according to recipient, or subject in order to make researching these recipients or subjects easier.

Series 3 correspondence topics include: estate payments, distribution of assets, funds transfers, estate lines, conflicts with tenants, sketches, lot maintenance, real estate sales, deeds, real estate sales negotiations, congratulations wishes on new babies, family illnesses, family affairs and travels, traveling directions, personal investments, invitations for social occasions, family debts, professional interests, professional and personal appointments, family issues, requests for money, sketches, advice to children (specifically Frank Hutton), life insurance, books, letters of introduction, legal issues, funeral expenses, charity donations, advertisements, minutes from professional organizations, army enlistment, deaths of friends and family, recipes, estimates of personal expenses, renovations, stock certificates (Great Northern Railway Company, New York), food, social activities, the weather, marriages, real estate and construction plans, and loan agreements.

Correspondents include the following: Frank Hutton, Thomas B. Brookes, J.L. Marcauley, C.M. Matthews, Edward J. Hancy, John M. Wilson, H.A. Carson, William H. Wiley (of John Wiley and Sons Scientific Publishers, New York), Georgina Hutton, Pierre and Jane Casson, George McNaughlin, Henrietta Hutton, Aaron Pennington Whitehead, J.B. Wheeler, B. Williamson, Robert De Forest, Elizabeth (Bessie) Hutton, Grace Beukard, J.C. Saunders, Mary Hutton, William J. Pennington, C.S. Hurd, Henry C. Cooper, Henry J. Segers, S.F. Miller, Annie Theller, Alfred Noble, Maria Burton, Joseph Hobson, E. Lennon, F. Hulberg, Charles Gordon Hutton, Edward C. Ebert, A. William Lewin, E.R. Dunn, William P. Craighill, Theodore Cooper, P.I. Chapelle, Anita McAlpine, Clarence King, Victoria Raymond, and Adele Gorman.

Series 4, Personal Materials, 1835-1946, contains documentation about Hutton's personal finances, role as executor of the Benjamin H. Hutton, Joseph Hutton, Annie Theller, and Countess H. De Moltke-Hvitfeldt estates, Mary Augusta Hutton (wife), Mary Hutton (daughter), Frank Hutton, John Caulfield (son-in-law), and B.F. and C.H. Hutton. The series has been divided into four subseries: Financial Records, 1876-1901, Estate and Real Estate Records, 1835-1921, Other Huttons, 1876-1936, and Personal Material, 1878-1946. Subseries 2, Estate and Real Estate Records, 1835-1921, contains correspondence relating to specific family estates and family members. This correspondence was separated from Series 3, Personal Correspondence, 1850-1942, to make it easier for researchers to access all records relating to the family estates. This series includes hand written, typed, and printed materials. Some materials are in French. All material dated after 1901 has been added to the collection by other creators such as Hutton's wife and children.

Subseries 1, Financial Records, 1876-1901, includes account books, account records, correspondence related to bank accounts, bank statements, financial notes, bills and proofs of payment, rent receipts, tax bills (New York, Flatbush, Montgomery County), checks, money exchanges, receipts for tax payments, real estate receipts, stock and bond certificates, loan agreements, executor accounts, rebate calculation sheet, and tax and insurance payments.

Subseries 2, Estate and Real Estate Records, 1835-1921, includes property maps and information (rent, mortgage costs, deeds), correspondence, notes on estate distribution, estate assets, value of estate and estate payments, account records, loan agreements, receipts, proof of payments, checks, financial records, legal documents, insurance documents, tax bills, auction receipts, and wills relating to the estates of Benjamin H. Hutton, Joseph Hutton, Countess H. de Moltke-Hivtfeldt, Annie Theller, and William R. Hutton. Also included are correspondence, property maps and information, and deeds and mortgages on Hutton properties.

Subseries 2, the estate and real estate records correspondence topics include: Virginia state building codes, construction costs, construction notices, purchasing offers for property, real estate prices, receipts of payments, property lines, real estate purchases and sales, real estate sales negotiations, deeds insurance estimates and costs, loan costs, property estimates, renovation costs, mortgages, property damages and repairs, property tax payments, insurance rates and payments, rent payments, telephone installation, building permits, rental agreements, reports on property condition, contracts of sale, conflicts with tenants, changes of address, deeds, distribution of estate monies, details about the Countess' illness, estate arrangements, changes of address, problems arising out of estate distribution, payment of debts, will details, selling of mortgage shares, accounts, estate settlement, money cables and transfers, dealings with lawyers, rent on Hutton Park property, legal and accounting fees, power of attorney transfer, investments, property security, land appraisals, lists of assets, legacy taxes, mortgages transfers, property management, Flatbush property, property rent and values, and physicians bills.

Correspondents include the following: A.C. Weeks, Walter I. Green, John D. Probsh, A.G. Darwin, Thomas H. McCann, Allan Farguhar, Thomas Dawson, Potter and Crandall Real Estate and Insurance Brokers, George C. Tilyou, H.D. Olephant, F. Winston, Richard E. Calbraith, Frank P. Martin, Henry DeForest, Henry C. Cooper, Metropolitan Telephone and Telegraph Company, John Ecker, C.K. Avevill, Georgina Hutton, Edward J. Hancy, Robert Graham, W.M. Bennett, Willis E. Merriman, Nathan L. Miller, Harry Hutton, Marquise de Portes (Adele Gorman), Annie Theller, Samuel L. Theller, Mrs. R. Locke, Frank Z. Adams, John Palmer (Secretary of State, New York), J.T. Cammeyer, Frank P. Martin, Florence Theller, Francis H. Seger, Henry C. Cooper, D.W.G. Cammeyer, Campbell W. Adams, Jane Casson, Elizabeth Hutton, Rene de Portes, H.G. Atkins, Grace Beukard, Aaron Pennington Muikhead, J.E. Delapalme, T.H. Powers, Egerton L. Winthrop Junior, George B. Glover, William Jay and Robert W. Candler, B. Williamson, J.E. Knaff, Cornelius C. Vermeule, S.V. Hayden, Charles G. Landon[?], H.A. Hurlbert, F.A. Black, John L. Calwalder, the Health Department of New York, A.G. Darwin, William Laue, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Charles S. Brown, Henrietta Hutton, Edward Gelon.

Subseries 3, Other Huttons, 1874-1936, includes professional drawings and proposals, checks, insurance information, correspondence, tax information, medical information, tax bills, relating to Mary Augusta Hutton (wife), Mary Hutton (daughter), Henry and Harry Hutton, Frank Hutton (son), John Caulfield (son-in-law), B.F. Hutton, and C.H. Hutton.

Subseries 4, Personal Materials, 1878-1946, contains handwritten property notes, school notes, sermons, travel documents, menus, Christmas cards, jewelry box, postal guide, typed religious materials and flyers.

Series 5, Diaries, 1866-1901, contains twenty nine diary books that document both Hutton's personal and professional life. These diaries provide not only a record of Hutton's life, but were also used by Hutton himself as a reference tool. When working on projects he would refer to notes and observations he made in his diary (as evidenced by notes made in his diaries). The first pages of the diaries often list his height, weight and clothing sizes as they varied from year to year. A researcher could probably use the cashbooks (see Series 7) and the diaries in conjunction as both detail the purchases made by Hutton. Many of the diaries also include a short record of accounts in the back. The diaries are arranged chronologically.

Topics found in the diaries include short form accounts of daily activities and appointments, records of the weather, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal project, construction progress on projects, steam pumps, sketches and calculations, extension of Washington railroads, cost of food, work supplies, travel costs, costs of goods and food, work deadlines, home renovations, visits to family, cash accounts, accounts of household duties, produce on Woodlands property, records of deaths, debts owed, account of clearing Woodlands property, church visits, Hancock and Tonoloway Aqueduct, canals, Drum Point Railroad, Montgomery C. Meigs, Washington Aqueduct, Annapolis Water Works, telegram costs, wages for Chesapeake and Ohio Canal project, William Craighill, Morris Canal, Annapolis Railroad and Canal, professional duties (inspections), Kanawha River Canal, travel schedules, professional expenses, cash received from Chesapeake and Ohio Canal project, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, John's Dam, cathedral construction (St. Patricks?), Piedmont Bridge, Cumberland, account of farm property belonging to Major Campbell Bruns, Cunard Pier, Marquise de Portes, rent costs, Baltimore Canal, Kingston Water Supply, Croton Orange Estate, Pierre Casson, Hudson River Tunnel, Washington/Harlem River Bridge, entertainment costs, Greenwood cemetery, train schedule, notes on illness, real estate sales, Hutton Park, Benjamin H. Hutton estate and heirs, estimates, accounts of correspondence received and sent, Central Railroad, rent on Orange properties, addresses, contracts and building supplies for projects, personal finances, Joseph Hutton property on Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, amounts paid and received, medical appointments, Ramapo Water Company, drawing progress of maps and diagrams, Harbor Board (New York), property repairs, inspection and test reports, reservoirs, lists of birthdays, Boston Tunnel, family financial issues, tax payments, and prayers.

Series 6, Notebooks, 1860-1900, document the engineering and architectural projects worked on by Hutton. The series has been divided into three subseries: Subseries 1, Engineering and Survey Field Notes, 1860-1899; Subseries 2, Notebooks, 1871-1886; and Subseries 3, Notes, 1863-1900. Subseries 1, Engineering and Survey Field Notes, 1860-1899, contains sixteen field notebooks used by Hutton. Subseries 2, Notebooks, 1871-1886, contains seven notebooks. Subseries three, Notes, 1863-1900, contains four documents.

Some notebooks correspond to specific projects such as the Kanawha River Canal (lockgate and Phoenix Waterline), Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Buffalo Reservoir, Potomac Lock and Dock Company, Northern Adirondack Railroad account, Washington Aqueduct, Little Rock Bridge, Wilson-Adam Dock, Croten Brick Works, Hutton Park, Centennial Iron Works, Cumberland Canal, Williamsport Aqueduct, Catoctin Aqueduct, Alexandria Canal, Miller's Saw Mill, Seneca Dam, Union Tunnel, Cumberland Waterworks, Victoria Bridge, Welland Canal, North Sea Canal, Ramapo Water Company, Annapolis Water Company, Antietam Aqueduct, Interoceanic Canal, San Quentin Canal, Suez Canal, Amsterdam Canal, Harlem Bulkhead, Morris Canal, Blue Lake Canal, and Nicaragua Canal.

These notebooks should be used in conjunction with the other materials in the collection related to professional projects, as they often provide more detailed accounts of the construction and land surveys. Some of the notebooks contain entries from several different sources. The notebooks were probably shared among the engineers working on these projects. The notebooks also contain looseleaf ephemera such as hand written calculations, newspaper clippings, and blueprints. Languages found in this series are English and French.

Notebook topics include construction projects, supply needs, costs for labor, sketches (Woodland Mills, landscapes, dams, railway cars, Noland Tunnel), costs of crops, survey measurements, cost of livestock, aqueducts, inspections, canal bridges, seed prices, dams, measurements, coffer dam, canal maintenance, worker salaries, calculations, towpath sketches and measurements, shipping rates, worker accidents, water and coal used, geometrical sketches (Washington Aqueduct), locks, damage reports, interactions with other engineers (William Reading), coal shipments on the canal, travel expenses, land survey notes, drafts for correspondence, William Craighill, Victoria docks, lists of personal supplies used, construction time estimates, surveying expenses, telegram costs, sand pump, canal from Sherling to Tuxedo Bay, analysis of several artificial lakes and reservoirs, distances of reservoirs to main pipes, calculations for the Austin Wheel, engine construction, bridges, gauging water depth, results and observations of tests and performance, problems with construction, to-do lists, cost of land surrounding towpaths, Fawcett's Lock, Tarman's Lock, comparison of costs in transporting coal by water and by rail, inspection notes, iron work, drainages, leaks, cost of supplies, watergates, harbor ferries, railroad station distances, flood protection, Panama Canal via the Nicaraguan route, cost of jetties, water levels, pressure of steam, boilers, steam and water cycle, water depth, cement, Great Falls, Virginia, waterflow, soundings, time of floats, flow of currents, rain fall measurements, tunnel measurements, cost of trenching San Francisco water supply, record of livestock, cost of food, rates of sawing woods and mills, preliminary railroad line measurements, profile of final line, and railroad line profiles.

Series 7, Cash Books, 1856-1899, contains seven cashbooks which list prices for personal items purchased by Hutton. Topics include groceries, church dues, clothes, hygiene products, cigars, some short journal entries about his work (Williamstown), concerts, dinners, family addresses, cakes, meals, cars, stamps, office supplies (pencils and papers), valentines, glasses, gloves, fabric, medicine, needles, diapers, tobacco, shoes (adult and childrens), travel expenses, telegrams, candles, newspapers, liquor, coal oil, jewelry, allowances given to family members, bank deposits, monies paid and received, taxes, subscriptions, tailoring costs, deposits and payments into estate trusts, and notes about payments to Benjamin H. Hutton heirs. The cashbooks also contain some personal loose leaf ephemera such as prayers, sketches, and engineering notes collected by Hutton.

Series 8, Professional Projects, 1830-1965, contains documents about engineering and architectural projects throughout Hutton's career, including information about the professional organizations and the legal issues in which he was involved. This series has been divided into eight subseries based on project, document form, and document subject. Some materials are in French and Italian.

Series 8, Professional Projects, also includes correspondence related to specific projects, primarily the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the Hudson River Tunnel, the Washington/Harlem River Bridge, and the Georgetown Incline.

Topics include construction and repair to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, engineering and use of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, worker contracts, supply and labor purchases, design plans and proposals, construction and repair costs, supply notes and costs of supplies, water pressure and power, shipping materials and routes (specifically the shipping of coal), inspections and their findings, condition of canal dam and locks, water supply, drainage, sketches, board proceedings, business meetings, deeds, cost comparisons to other shipping methods, hiring processes, wages, cost estimates, Hutton's consulting fees, measurements and calculations, funding issues, worker conflicts, negotiations with municipal governments, payment schedules, bills for services, air pressure in Hudson River Tunnel, permission for construction, specifications, mortality rate among workers on the Hudson River Tunnel, construction reports, outlet incline, proposals for construction, letters of introduction, railroad versus water for trade, controversy with Tiersey, construction contracts, construction schedules, construction issues, construction progress, construction damage, basis for estimates, supply requests, internal politics, changes to construction plans, contract and price adjustments, issues with suppliers, construction delays, work permits, bills, worker issues, engineering notes, construction excavations, expenses, construction instructions, Union Bridge Company, lighting installations, construction processes, hiring practices, electrical conductors, water proofing, hydraulics, cement, concrete, payment of contributors, processes of approval for construction, meeting dates of the Harlem River Bridge Commission, and contract restrictions.

Correspondents include the following: W.W.M. Kaig, Henry Dodge, E. Mulvany, John Shay, James Clarke, H.D. Whitcomb, Horace Benton, J. Rellan, J.R. Maus, W.E. Merrill, A.P. Gorman, J.H. Staats, Vernon H. Brown, Charles H. Fisher (New York Central and Hudson River Railway Company), B. Baker, John Fowler, Benjamin and John Dos Passos, Charles B. Colby, Charles B. Brush, S. Pearson, Stanford White, Horace E. Golding, R.H. Smith, Daniel Lord, A. Fteley, Herbert Hinds, J.R. Bartlett, D.M. Hirsch, M.H. Bartholomew, Thomas O. Driscoll, W.E. Porter, Thomas F. Rowland, George Edward Harding, R.H. Dames, William Watson, James B. Eads, J.D. Bright, H. Aston, Charles Suley, A.M. Maynard, W.R. Henton, G. Geddes, H.P. Gilbut, Malcolm W. Niver (Secretary of the Harlem River Bridge Commission), J.D. Patterson, George Devin (Assistant Engineer Washington/ Harlem River Bridge), J.B. Wheeler, John Bogart, Charles Burns, J. McClellon, Rob Bassee, B. Williamson, Theodore Cooper, Lewis Cass Ledyard, R.M. Hunt, John Cooper, Henry Wilson, A.A. Caille, Myles Tierney, W. Pentzen, L.B. Cantfield, George Q. Grumstaid Junior, M.J. Funton, George Pierce, W.O. Fayerweather, Noah S. Belthen, Herbert Steward, W.M. Habirsham. Subseries 1, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 1828-1965, consists of plans, blueprints, land profiles, drawings, boat rates, contract forms, order forms, descriptions of the canal, design information, engineering data, sketches, cost estimates, land titles, microfilm, business papers, supply bills, patent bills, news clippings, reports, specifications, stockholder's reports, receipts, water leases, printed materials, and correspondence.

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal project was started in 1828 and completed twenty two years later in 1850. The canal's main objective was to connect Georgetown to the coal banks above Cumberland, Maryland, providing a short and cheap trade route between the eastern and western United States. It was also hoped that the canal would provide greater communication and travel between these two regions. Plagued by natural disasters, and construction setbacks, the canal was never completed in time to be useful and became obsolete shortly after its completion. Canal trade was eventually put out of business by the increase of railroads. Although it was an important development in engineering at its inception, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is no longer in use and has become what locals affectionately refer to as "the old ditch." The canal was designated a National Historical Park in 1971 and consists of 184.5 miles of hiking and biking trails.

Subseries 2, Hudson River Tunnel, 1887-1901, consists of agreements for construction, certificates, contracts, and cost estimates, construction reports, engineering notebooks, engineering notes, sketches, land profiles, maps, progress profiles, plans, proposals, printed material, statements of expenses, and correspondence.

The Hudson River Tunnel project was started in 1874, and the final tubes were opened in 1910 after several construction setbacks. The tunnel connects Weehawken, New Jersey and Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, New York City. Today the Hudson River Tunnel, known as the North River Tunnels is used by Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and New Jersey Transit rail lines.

Subseries 3, Harlem River Bridge, 1878-1982, consists of blueprints, printed materials, photographs, engineer's estimates, schedules, costs, reports, proposals, contracts, specifications, and correspondence.

The Harlem River Bridge project was started in 1885 and was completed in 1889. It spans the Harlem River in New York City, New York and connects the Washington Heights section of Manhattan with the Bronx. It was later named and is still known as the Washington Bridge and has been adapted over time to carry highway traffic. These adaptations have allowed the bridge to remain in use today.

Subseries 4, Other Projects, 1858-1832, consists of drawings, maps, blueprints, plans, proposals, cost estimates, bills, correspondence, sketches, land profiles, dimensions, engineering notes, account records, photostats, supply lists, calculations, legal documents, surveys, inspection reports, financial data, and measurements on architectural and engineering projects. Highlights of this subseries include: Western Maryland Railroad, Washington Aqueduct, Panama Canal, Ramapo Water Company, Piedmont Bridge, Northern Adirondack Railroad, Columbia Railroad, Morris Canal, Pittsfield and Williamstown Railroad, Suez Canal, St. Gothard Canal, Tansa Dam, Colorado Midland Railroad Company, Memorial Bridge, Mersey Tunnel, Little Rock Bridge, Kingston Water Supply, Kanawha River Canal, Florida Ship Canal, East Jersey Water Company, Consolidated Coal Company, Dismal Swamp Canal, Boston and Baltimore Tunnels, St. Patrick's Cathedral, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Annapolis Water Company, Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad Company, and the Baltimore Beltline.

Subseries 5, Unidentified Project Files, 1872-1900, consists of bills of sale, engineering forms and regulations, cement test results and methods, census bulletin, contracts, cost estimates, correspondence, notes on publications, engineering data and notes, drawings, surveys, sketches, payrolls, photographs, and reports.

Subseries 6, Specifications, 1870-1900, consists of documents related to some of Hutton's projects, including specifications for bridges, reservoirs, canals, viaducts, docks, buildings, water works, and tunnels. Some specifications are more general, and some are blank proposal/specification forms. There are also proposals for estimates and a "call" or advertisement to contractors to bid on certain projects. Many of the specifications deal with projects in New York State, but projects in Pennsylvania, the City of Baltimore, and Europe are represented. The materials are arranged alphabetically by project name. There is one folder of documentation for the Potomac River Bridge (Arlington Memorial Bridge) in Washington, D.C. The Arlington Memorial Bridge was part of the 1901 McMillan Commission's plan for restoring Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's original plan for the capital. Two decades passed before construction was initiated by the architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White. The documentation for the Memorial Bridge consists of calculations and monetary figures for materials such as granite.

Subseries 7, Legal Documents, 1886, contains documents related to a patent infringement suit for moveable dams involving Alfred Pasqueau vs. the United States. This file contains both a printed version of the case and a handwritten statement from Hutton.

Subseries 8, Professional Organizations, 1870-1902, contains documents related to professional organizations where Hutton held membership. Specific organizations represented are American Institute of Architects, American Society of Civil Engineers, Institution of Civil Engineers, Boston Society of Civil Engineers, Societe des Ingenieurs Civils de France, Librarie Polytechnique, American Agency of "Engineering" in London, Imperial Institute, League of Associated Engineers, Railroad Corporation, American Institute of Mining Engineers, and the Century Association. Material in the subseries includes correspondence, candidates for membership, membership payments, membership lists, meeting minutes, schedule of terms, professional practices, charges, articles of association, invitations for membership, and election notes. Some materials are in French.

Series 9, Printed Materials, 1850-1913, contains a variety of printed materials relating to engineering and architectural projects written by Hutton and fellow engineers. This series can be used to examine not only professional developments of the period and responses to those developments, but also to track how ideas were transferred between engineers across countries and continents. This series should be used in conjunction with the professional correspondence found in this collection, as many of the authors also appear there. Some materials are in French, German, Spanish, and Italian.

Subseries 1, Printed Materials by Hutton, 1852-1900, includes printed papers on the Missouri flood wave, the Ravine du Sud, the Potomac waterfront, the Colorado midlands, and the application of water supply machinery.

Subseries 2, Printed Materials by Others, 1826-1913, includes printed materials on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canals, Tehuantec Ship Railway, Interoceanic canals and railways, jetties, Nicaragua Canal, uses of cements, mortars, concretes, steam power, harbors, Niagara Falls, Kanawha River canal, Mississippi River, Hudson River Bridge, sewage disposal, Washington Aqueduct, specifications, construction progress reports, hydraulic experiments, water supply, drainage, road surfacing, sea walls, water-cooling apparatus, pollution reports, bridges, pipes, channels, reservoirs, irrigation, water power, and sewers.

Subseries 2 contains an issue of The North American Review in which Hutton has specifically highlighted an article entitled, "The Inter-Oceanic Canal." Please see the container list for names of authors.

Subseries 3, Printed Materials with No Author, 1852-1903, includes printed materials on harbor reports, Annapolis Water Company, Ramapo Water Company, water departments and boards, maps, engineer's reports, sea walls, preservation of structures, annual reports, Coal and Iron Railway Company, sewers, Baltimore and Drum Point Railroad, contract specifications, proposals, social club life, Croton Water Supply, law suits, water supplies, moveable dams, reservoirs, East River Bridge, Eastern Canal, water filtration, Kingston New Water Supply, water pipes, locks, docks, contracts, construction reports, Croton Water Supply, and surveys. Also included are issues of journals such as Le Correspondant, Circular of the Office of Chief Engineers, The Club, VIII Congres International de Navigation, Journal of the Association of Engineering Studies, and Journal of the Franklin Institute.

Subseries 4, Newspaper, Journals and Magazine Clippings, 1873-1900, contains clippings from a variety of newspapers such as Scientific American, andRailroad Gazette. Subjects included are the Union Tunnel opening in Baltimore, Drum Point Railroad, railroad company conflicts, Washington/Harlem River Bridge, Metropolitan Railroad, Western Maryland Railroad, crop prospects, lumber trade, North Avenue Bridge, Nicaraguan Canal, harbors, river improvements, reactions to engineering projects, Belt tunnel, city transit, Washington, D.C. flood in 1880, tunnel shields, Springfield Bridge, railroad patents, Panama Canal, jetties, Hudson Tunnel, steel boilers, composition and use of cement, and the Brooklyn Bridge.

Subseries 5, Oversized Printed Materials, 1889-1892, contains large printed materials related to the Washington Aqueduct, General Post Office Building, subway arches, cornices, Warwick's Castle, Neuschwanstein Castle, Renaissance paintings, botanical drawings, school buildings, church architecture, the Hospital for the Insane of the Army and Navy and the District of Columbia, the Panama Canal, Morningside Park, and the Mississippi Jetties. Also includes engravings of Hutton, T.N. Talfound, and F. Jeffrey and photographs of Montgomery C. Meigs, and Hutton. Some materials are in German and French.

References:

1. Ward, George Washington, "The Early Development of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Project," Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Series XVII, no. 9-11 (1899): 8.

2. Ibid., 88.

3. Ibid., 55.

4. Ibid., 90.

5. Sanderlin, Walter S., "The Great National Project: A History of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal," Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Series LXIV, no. 1 (1946): 21.

6. Ibid., 282.

7. Gies, Joseph, Adventure Underground (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Company Inc., 1962): 134.

8. Ibid., 131-132.

9. Ibid., 135-136.

10. Ibid., 145.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into ten series.

Series 1, Letterpress Copybooks, 1858-1901

Series 2, Professional Correspondence, 1861-1901

Subseries 1, Project Correspondence, 1876-1899

Subseries 2, General Correspondence, 1861-1901

Series 3, Personal Correspondence, 1850-1942

Series 4, Personal Materials, 1835-1946

Subseries 1, Financial Records, 1876-1901

Subseries 2, Estate and Real Estate Records, 1835-1921

Subseries 3, Other Huttons, 1874-1936

Subseries 4, Personal Materials, 1878-1946

Series 5, Diaries, 1866-1901

Series 6, Notebooks, 1860-1900

Subseries 1, Engineering and Survey Field Notes, 1860-1899

Subseries 2, Notebooks, 1871-1886

Subseries 3, Notes, 1863-1900

Series 7, Cashbooks, 1856-1899

Series 8, Professional Projects, 1830-1965

Subseries 1, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 1828-1965

Subseries 2, Hudson River Tunnel, 1887-1901

Subseries 3, Harlem River Bridge, 1878-1892

Subseries 4, Other Projects, 1858-1932

Subseries 5, Identified Project Files, 1872-1900

Subseries 6, Specifications, 1870-1900

Subseries 7, Legal Documents, 1886

Subseries 8, Professional Organizations, 1870-1902

Series 9, Printed Materials, 1826-1913

Subseries 1, Printed Materials by Hutton, 1852-1900

Subseries 2, Printed Materials by Others, 1826-1913

Subseries 3, Newspaper, Journals, and Magazine Clippings, 1855-1901

Subseries 4, Oversized Printed Material, 1889-1892

Series 10: Drawings, 1875, 1883
Biographical / Historical:
Not much is known about the history of William Rich Hutton outside of his role in architectural and engineering projects of the late 1800s and early 1900s. In many cases, he is spoken of only in reference to his projects, and the short biographies that have been written read more like a resume than a life story. Because of this lack of information, this note will focus on Hutton's professional accomplishments, but will attempt to make some comments on his personal life.

William Rich Hutton was born on March 21, 1826 in Washington, D.C., the eldest son of James Hutton (died 1843) and his wife, the former Salome Rich (1). He was educated at the Western Academy (Washington, D.C.) from 1837-1840 under George J. Abbot and then at Benjamin Hallowell's School in Alexandria, Virginia, where he received special training in mathematics, drawing, and surveying (2). Hutton began his professional career in California when he, along with his younger brother James, accompanied their uncle William Rich to work for the United States Army. His uncle was a paymaster for the army and Hutton became his clerk. They traveled around the new state paying the various platoons stationed there, but Hutton also occupied his time by drawing the landscapes and structures he saw in the settlements of Los Angeles, San Francisco, La Paz, Mazatlan, Santa Barbara, Monterey, San Pedro, San Diego, and Cape San Lucas (3). These drawings are now held by the Huntington Library in San Marino, California. Hutton held the position of clerk until the spring of 1849, and in July of that year he began working with Lieutenant Edward O.C. Ord and completed the first survey of Los Angeles and its surrounding pueblo lands and islands. Hutton continued surveying in California from 1850-1851. He was hired by William G. Dana to survey the Nipomo Ranch in San Luis Obispo County and also surveyed the ranches Santa Manuela and Huer-Huero, both owned by Francis Z. Branch. After his employment with Dana, he became the county surveyor for San Luis Obispo County, where he prepared the first survey and map of the region. He also continued to survey ranches for Captain John Wilson during this time. In August 1851, he resigned from his position as county surveyor and moved to Monterey where he worked as an assistant to Captain (later General) Henry W. Hallack, superintendent of the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine in Santa Clara County (4). He remained in this position until March, 1853 when he returned to Washington, D.C. by way of Mexico (5).

Hutton began his career as a civil engineer in Washington, D.C. He was first assigned to the position of assistant engineer on a survey of the projected Metropolitan Railroad in 1853, which was chartered to connect Washington, D.C. with the mainline of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In 1855 he began his professional relationship with Montgomery C. Meigs when he was appointed to the position of assistant engineer on the Washington Aqueduct. He also served as division engineer on this project until construction was shut down in 1861 because of the outbreak of the Civil War. Fortunately for Hutton, the construction on the Aqueduct was resumed in 1862, and when Congress transferred the supervision of the aqueduct project from the War Department to the Department of the Interior, Hutton was made chief engineer. By the end of the Civil War, Hutton's reputation as a civil engineer was established (6).

During this decade Hutton also served as the chief engineer for the Annapolis Water Works (1866) and as chief engineer for one of his most famous projects, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (1869-1871). Although some historians minimize Hutton as just one of many engineers to work on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, he did make one major contribution to its construction: the Georgetown Canal Incline. Perhaps the final effort of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal company to compete with the emerging and fast expanding railroad, the Georgetown Incline was designed to allow canal boats to travel through the canal with low water levels and to alleviate canal congestion. Unfortunately, by the time the incline was completed use of the canal had decreased so significantly that it was no longer needed to help control traffic (7). Despite this, Hutton continued to work as a consulting engineer for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company until 1881, when he was let go because of the dwindling fortunes of the company (7).

In the 1870s and 1880s Hutton was busy with several engineering projects. During 1871-1873, he was the chief engineer in the completion of the Western Maryland Railroad to Hagerstown and Williamsport (9). He also practiced as an architect with his brother, the prominent Baltimore architect Nathanial Henry Hutton, during the years 1873-1880. He relocated to New York in 1880, serving as chief engineer for the Washington Bridge in 1888 and 1889 and the Hudson River Tunnel from 1889 to 1891. In 1886, he became the consulting engineer for the New Croton Aqueduct and served in the same position for the Colorado Midland Railway between the years of 1886-1889 (10).

As his personal and professional correspondence shows, Hutton continued to work on various engineering and architectural projects until his death on December 11, 1901. In addition to these projects, he also invented the innovative system of locks and moveable dams used in the Kanawha River Canal. He was awarded the Diplome d'Honneur for this featat the Paris Exposition in 1878 (11). His correspondence also demonstrates how Hutton was respected within his professional community. These letters refer to the accuracy of his work, his willingness to help other colleagues and supply them with reference materials and information, and, in addition to all this, his politeness. It seems that these qualities defined not only his personality but also his ideology. In one of the cashbooks in the collection, dated 1899, a hand written note contains a religious parable of "The Straw." The phrase in this parable that speaks most to Hutton's work ethic, and to the spirit of inventors everywhere, is this: "Even so however lowly may be the act, however little opportunities we may have of assisting others, we may still do something. Let us beg to fulfil our duty in this regards by making ourselves useful to others by some little act of thoughtful charity..." (12). Hutton, in his dedication to civil engineering, seems to have lived up to this virtue, and in his work he changed the landscape of Washington, D.C. and New York.

The Fairy Godfather: Hutton's Personal History

His professional records reveal a man who was fiercely dedicated to his work. His obituary references his professional life more than his personal life (13). Despite his reputation in the professional engineering community, his personal records demonstrate that Hutton was also dedicated to his family and children. In 1855, he married Montgomery County native Mary Augusta Clopper (died 1915). Together they lived on her family's estate known as the Woodlands, and had five children: Frank C. Hutton, Mary Hutton, Elizabeth Hutton (later Caulfield), Rosa Hutton, and Annie Salome Hutton (14). It is at this estate that Hutton died and was buried. The personal letters to his wife found in the Woodlands Collection held at the Montgomery County Historical Society show a man in love and willing to take time from his work to write to his wife. His letters to his children show a similar interest and compassion. In the many letters found in this collection from his daughter Elizabeth (Bessie) one can see a father who is interested in not only his daughter's activities abroad, but also in her opinion. This interest also extends to his son Frank Hutton, as their correspondence shows Hutton offering his son advice on his own engineering projects.

Hutton also served as executor to many of his extended family's estates. Many letters show the conflicts that Hutton had to mediate and the dependence of his cousins on him for advice and money. Although his family was wealthy (his cousin was Benjamin H. Hutton whose daughters married into the court of Napoleon III), they were volatile, and his records seem to indicate that he served as a mediator for many of their disputes. In addition to this, as his nickname of Fairy Godfather suggests, Hutton was always willing to lend his family either financial or moral support when needed. Unfortunately, little other documentation concerning Hutton's personal life exists outside of this collection and the one held at the Montgomery County Historical Society.

References:

1. Waters, Willard O., "Introduction," California 1847-1852 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942).

2. Waters, Willard O., "Memoir," Glances at California 1847-1853 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942): ix.

3. Waters, Willard O., "Introduction," California 1847-1852 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942). and Waters, Willard O., "Memoir," Glances at California 1847-1853 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942): x-xi.

4. Waters, Willard O., "Introduction," California 1847-1852 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942).

5. Waters, Willard O., "Memoir," Glances at California 1847-1853 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942): xvii.

6. Waters, Willard O., "Memoir," Glances at California 1847-1853 (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1942): xvii-xviii.

7. Skramstad, Harold, "The Georgetown Canal Incline," Technology and Culture, Vol. 10, no. 4 (Oct. 1969): 555.

8. Business Correspondence, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 22 February 1881, William R. Hutton Papers, 1830-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number 27, folder number 29.

9. "William Rich Hutton," The Club: A Journal of Club Life for Men and Women,(July 1894):37

10. Ibid.

11. Monzione, Joseph, "William R. Hutton," A.P.W.A. Reporter (Sept. 1977): 7.

12. Cashbook, 1899, William R. Hutton Papers, 1830-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number 23, folder number 5.

13. The Woodlands Collection, Montgomery County Historical Society.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, 1870-1890, (AC0987). Contains materials relating to the construction of the Washington Aqueduct including a book of drawings illustrating reservoirs, tunnels, culverts, and other structural elements, a Government Senate Document relating to construction progress, scrapbooks created by Meigs that include newspaper clippings about the Washington Aqueduct project, water supply, engineering projects, building construction, architecture and other subjects. Collection is currently unprocessed, but is available for research.

Materials in Other Organizations:

The William Rich Hutton Papers, 1840-1961, are located at the Huntington Library in California (see http://catalog.huntington.org).

The collection contains 95 drawings, 13 letters, and 39 facsimile copies of letters and manuscripts. The illustrative material includes both watercolor and pencil drawings of California (including Los Angeles, Monterey, San Francisco, the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, and the California missions), Baja California, Mexico, and Peru. There are also five pieces in the collection related to the author María Amparo Ruiz de Burton. In 1942, the Huntington Library published Glances at California 1847--853: Diaries and Letters of William Rich Hutton, Surveyor and California 1847--852: Drawings by William Rich Hutton.

The Hutton family papers are located at the Montgomery County Historical Society, Sween Library (see http://www.montgomeryhistory.org/sites/default/files/Family_Files.pdf).

The collection contains account books from the Woodlands estate, recipe books, livestock records, records of Mary Augusta Hutton (wife), Mary and Rose Hutton (daughters), newspaper clippings (including his obituary), correspondence, record books, deeds, bills and receipts, engineering papers, religious momentos (funeral service cards), and insurance papers.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Mr. and Mrs. James J. Madine, a relative of Hutton's and last owners of the Woodlands estate; the Department of Forests and Parks, Maryland; Louis Fischer; and Mr. and Mrs. Mayo S. Stuntz, 1965-1966, 1974.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dams  Search this
Hydraulic engineering  Search this
Canals  Search this
Underwater tunnels  Search this
Railroad bridges  Search this
Railroad construction  Search this
Water-supply  Search this
Construction workers  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Concrete construction  Search this
Concrete  Search this
Coal -- Transportation  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Civil engineering  Search this
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Canals -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Canals -- Maryland  Search this
Canals -- Design and construction  Search this
Bridges -- United States  Search this
Waterworks  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Tunnels -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Construction -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Underground construction  Search this
Locks and dams  Search this
Shipping  Search this
Iron and steel bridges  Search this
Sewage disposal  Search this
Railroads -- Maryland  Search this
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Railroad companies  Search this
Aqueducts  Search this
Arch bridges  Search this
Architects -- 19th century  Search this
Books  Search this
Bridges -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Bridge construction industry -- United States  Search this
Engineering notebooks  Search this
Docks  Search this
Domestic and family life  Search this
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Architecture -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Western Maryland Railroad  Search this
Annapolis Waterworks  Search this
Steam engineering  Search this
Harlem River Bridge Commission  Search this
Washington (D.C.) -- 19th century  Search this
Reservoirs  Search this
Patents  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Letterpress copybooks
Blueprints
Diaries
Drawings
Photographs -- 19th century
Cashbooks
Business records -- 19th century
Business letters
Notebooks
Topographic maps
Tax records
Technical drawings
Stock certificates
Technical literature
Photoengravings
Notes
Maps -- 19th century
Microfilms
Linen tracings
Letter books
Letters
Land titles
Legal documents
Sketches
Salted paper prints
Reports
Receipts
Plans (drawings)
Photostats
Photographic prints
Architectural drawings
Administrative records
Albumen prints
Albums
Annual reports
Booklets
Account books -- 19th century
Books -- 19th century
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Financial records -- 19th century
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Drawings -- 19th century
Cyanotypes
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Deeds
Printed material
Correspondence
Contracts
Harlem River Bridge
Photograph albums
Specifications
Christmas cards
Menus
Citation:
William R. Hutton Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0987
See more items in:
William R. Hutton Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0987
Online Media:

Robinson and Via Family Papers

Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Names:
Capital Transit Company (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Serenity Farm, Inc.  Search this
Howes, Grace Bourne, ?-1976  Search this
Robinson, Adina Theresa, 1963-  Search this
Robinson, Amanda Baden, 1849-1940  Search this
Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1892-1976  Search this
Robinson, Frank A., 1883-1970  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., 1841-1905  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Sr., 1932-  Search this
Robinson, Martha Walls, 1807-1897  Search this
Robinson, Robert David, 1962-  Search this
Robinson, Robert Henry, 1851-1937  Search this
Robinson, Thomas Wells, 1803-1869  Search this
Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1880-1961  Search this
Via, Adina Mae, 1937-1966  Search this
Via, Robert Delano, 1933-  Search this
Via, Robert Milton, 1906-1983  Search this
Creator:
Conner, Mary Robinson, 1930-2009  Search this
Via, Ida Virginia Woods, 1914-2010 -- 20th century  Search this
Extent:
22.1 Cubic feet (67 boxes, 3 map-size folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Correspondence
Photographs
Postcards
Baby books
Phonograph records
Postcard albums
Ephemera
School yearbooks
Diaries
Albums
Housebooks
Snapshots
Home movies
Family papers
Scrapbooks
Funeral registers
Cookbooks
Architectural drawings
Place:
Maryland -- Family farms
Washington (D.C.)
Prince George's County (Md.)
Arizona -- Motion pictures
Benedict (Md.)
Charles County (Md.) -- Family farms
Calvert County (Md.) -- Family farms
California -- Motion pictures
Bahamas -- Motion pictures
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Puerto Rico -- Motion pictures
Washington -- motion pictures
Oregon -- Motion pictures
Disneyland (California)
Brandywine (Md.)
St. Thomas, V.I. -- Motion pictures
Florida -- Motion pictures
Date:
1838-2017, undated
bulk 1872-1985
Summary:
Papers documenting the farming and family life of the Robinson family of Prince George's County and after 1975, Charles County, Maryland. Papers documenting the farming and family of the Via family of Greene County, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Prince George's and Calvert Counties, Maryland, by 1949.
Scope and Contents:
An extensive and comprehensive collection of papers relating to family, farming, and the Southern Maryland tobacco culture, the Robinson and Via Family Papers cover many aspects of family and farm life. The papers are particularly important in regard to the tobacco culture that defined Southern Maryland for generations. The papers concern two distinct family groups, the Robinson and Via families who are connected through the marriage of Franklin A. Robinson and Adina Mae Via. The papers consist of material generated by the Robinson and Via families in their personal and working lives and as farm owners and operators.

The papers are especially strong in 20th century material. They consist of various types of farm records: account books, bills, receipts, tenant farming agreements, ephemera, land rental and purchase agreements, insurance policies, photographs and 8mm and 16mm films of farming practices and procedures, equipment and landscapes, related to the farming of tobacco, small grains, and livestock. The personal records include diaries, letters both personal and business, greeting cards, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, high school yearbooks, baby books, house plans, recipe books, photographs and 8mm films of birthdays, holidays, weddings, baptisms, family occasions, and family travel, oral histories, and funeral ephemera including photographs, and transcription discs. Of particular interest are the "Serenity Farm Tobacco Production Photographs" documenting the crop year 1999-2000 and the films detailing agricultural practices. There is a memorandum book for Black Walnut Thicket, 1885-1901, the Baden farm in Baden, Prince George's County.

This collection includes a comprehensive range of 8mm and 16mm films and photographs documenting farming practices and landscapes as well as family gatherings, birthdays, holidays, and vacations. The researcher is alerted to the fact that in some cases with the memorandum and account books, books printed for a given year were often saved and used for subsequent years, some were dated, some were not.

The collection is divided into seven series arranged by subject and most often chronologically at folder level within each series.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1: Ferndale Farm (Potomac Landing), Prince George's County, Maryland, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.1: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, and publications, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.2: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, 1945-1960, undated

Subseries 1.3: Farm papers, bills, and receipts, 1960-1965, undated

Series 2: Robinson Family, 1845-2017, undated

Subseries 2.1: Family Papers and Publications, 1845-1993, undated

Subseries 2.2: Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1896-1961, undated

Subseries 2.3: Robinson, Frank A., 1899-1970, undated

Subseries 2.4: Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1841-1976, undated

Subseries 2.5: Conner, Mary Robinson, 1938-1985, undated

Subseries 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A., 1932-1997, undated

Subseries 2.6.1: Farming, 1948-1976, undated

Subseries 2.6.2: Financial, 1948-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6.3: 4-H and Future Farmers of America (FFA), 1945-1954, undated

Subseries 2.6.4: Travel, 1959-1970, undated

Subseries 2.7: Robinson, Jr., Franklin A., 1959-2001, undated

Series 3: Serenity Farm, Charles County, Maryland, 1962-2000, undated

Series 4: Via Farm, Calvert County, Maryland, 1954-1987, undated

Series 5: Via Family, 1932-2010, undated

Subseries 5.1: Family papers, 1941-1983, undated

Subseries 5.2: Via, Robert M., 1933-1987, undated

Subseries 5.3: Via, Ida Virginia, 1928-2010, undated

Subseries 5.4: Via, Robert D., 1933-1988, undated

Subseries 5.5: Robinson, Adina Via, 1937-1966, undated

Series 6: Photographs, 1872-2000, undated

Subseries 6.1: Photographs, 1872-2000, undated

Subseries 6.2: Photographic negatives, 1927--2000, undated

Series 7: AudioVisual, 1943-1988
Biographical / Historical:
Robinson Family

The Robinson family is thought to be of Scottish origin and appear in the records of Prince George's County, Maryland by the early 18th century. The line has been definitively traced to James Robinson (?-1849). James' father was probably Benjamin Robinson (?-1810), of Prince George's County, Maryland. (Will Book TT1, pg. 15, Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Maryland State Archives (MSA))

James Robinson and Sarah Wynn were issued a marriage license on February 28, 1802 in Prince George's County, Maryland. (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland) Eleven children lived to maturity (not listed in birth order); Thomas Wells (1803-1869), Ann, Priscilla, James Monroe, Benjamin (1813-1882), John C. (1819-1895), Mary Sophia, Thomas Stanley (1800-1874), Alfred, Sarah Ann, Matilda, and Rebecca Maria.

James worked as overseer for Benjamin Oden on Oden's estate Bellefields near Upper Marlborough, Prince George's County. (Oden Papers, Maryland Historical Society) The Robinsons and their children, moved to Wood County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on April 18, 1818 where James acted as Oden's land agent (Deed Book 6, pg. 123, Land Records of Wood County, West Virginia). They brought with them three slaves described in the above reference as, "Kate a woman 45 years of age very black; Colonel a boy aged 8 years yellow complexion: and George a boy aged six years of a dark brown complexion." They settled on part of what was known as the "Burnt Mill" tract in the general area where the Hughes River meets the Little Kanawha River. (Deed Book 9, pg. 110 and Deed Book 14, pg. 40, Land Records of Wood County)

Thomas Wells Robinson may not have accompanied his family to Virginia as he has a presence in Prince George's County prior to 1822 and was employed as overseer for Benjamin Oden at least until 1832. He married Elizabeth I. Richards on December 15, 1829 (Robinson Family Bible). They had nine children; Richard Thomas (1831 1906), Rebecca Maria (1832-1895), Mary Wynn (1834-1916), James George (1835-1883), Virlinda Victoria (1837-1838), Elizabeth Ann (1839-1916), Sarah Ann Sophia (1840-1874), Franklin Alexander (1841-1905) and John Alfred (1843); seven lived to maturity. (Robinson Family Bible) Elizabeth died on August 17, 1843 from complications in childbirth. She was buried in the churchyard of Page's Chapel (later known as St. Thomas Episcopal Church), Croom, Prince George's County. In 1843, Thomas purchased the plantation of Dr. Benjamin B. Hodges for $10,000 or approximately $15 an acre. Hodges was a brother-in-law of Benjamin Oden. The deed dated September 7, 1843 describes the parcel as containing, "Six hundred and twenty nine acres of land more or less and constitute that plantation or Estate of the said Benjamin Oden heretofore commonly called "Brown's Quarter Place" being the Land tracts and parcels of land sold by the said Benjamin Oden to the said Benjamin B. Hodges and by deed bearing date the tenth day of December eighteen hundred and thirty five and recorded in Liber AB no. 10 folio 162 also one of the land Records of the County aforesaid". (JBB no. 3 pgs. 312 314, Land Records of Prince George's County) The land was level to rolling bordered on the north by a tributary of Piscataway Creek and generally termed "white oak land". Underlying the whole property was a large strata of gravel and sand. The entire parcel went by the name, Potomac Landing.

Thomas supplemented his land holdings with later purchases. With the exception of twenty acres purchased from Sarah Talbert in 1844, (JBB no. 3 pg. 475, Land Records of Prince George's County) and the purchase of lot #3 consisting of 195 acres, part of the estate of John Townshend in 1856, these purchases were not contiguous to Potomac Landing. By the time of his death in 1869 these non-contiguous parcels had been sold. Thomas sold eighty-six acres of Potomac Landing and Jeffries to Edward Eversfield in October of 1843. (JBB no. 3, pg. 198, Land Records of Prince George's County) On January 13, 1846 Thomas married the widow Martha Ann Walls, daughter of George and Martha Naylor Walls. They had two sons; Benjamin Wells (1848-1849) and Robert Henry (1851-1937).

In addition to his sons, Thomas owned slaves. The number varied from six in 1849 (JBB 6, folio 186, Land Records of Prince Georges' County) to eleven as noted in the census for 1850, and finally six as noted in the census of 1860. The 1867 Maryland Slave Statistics noted that, "at the time of the adoption of the Constitution of Maryland, in the year 1864, . . ." Thomas owned six slaves, their names and ages being; Isaac Franklin age 31, Alfred West age 19, Susan West age 17, Margaret Franklin age 14, Fannie Franklin age 12, and Peter Franklin age 9. All were noted as being in good physical condition. (Prince Georges' County Slave Statistics 1867 1869, C 1307 1, MdHR:6198, page 185, MSA)

In April 11, 1855 Thomas excuted a deed of trust to J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore for securing a loan. At that time the farm was described as, "about five hundred and seventy acres . . . also the following personal property to wit Eight head of horses, nine cows, two mules, twelve work oxen, twenty Eight Sheep, one bull, two colts and all other stock of every description now on the aforesaid land, also the farming utensils and the following named Slaves, Stephen aged Sixty three years, Isaac aged twenty six years, Elvia aged twenty Eight years Alfred aged twelve years, Hanson aged ten years, Henrietta aged twelve years Susanna aged eight years, and Margaret aged three years. Together with the crop of Tobacco now in the house and the crop of wheat now growing." (EWB 1 pages 155 156, Land Records of Prince Georges' County)

Thomas's financial problems began in the mid-1800s when Deeds of Trust appear in the county records securing outstanding loans. In 1856 and 1857 Thomas joined with others as bondsman for his son, Richard who was serving as "Collector of the State and County Taxes" for the 4th collection district, making he and the other signatories liable for any uncollected taxes. This, coupled with poor investments, led to his almost being "sold out" in 1859-1860 by J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore to pay his debts. He executed three drafts on Penn & Mitchell, also of Baltimore, to pay off J.W. & E. Reynolds. (Equity Case #597, Prince Georges' County) Thomas was in poor health and his son James managed the plantation in 1857 and 1858, and again from 1861 to October of 1862 (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County)

In October of 1862 Thomas' two sons, James and Franklin, traveled to Richmond to join the Confederate States Army. James enrolled in the 5th Battalion, Local Defense Arsenal and Franklin enrolled in the 5th Virginia Infantry, the Stonewall Brigade. (CSA Military Records, National Archives) James visited home frequently but was captured by the Union Army in St. Mary's County, Maryland on May 15, 1864 and spent the remainder of the war in Point Lookout Prison Camp. He was released on May 14, 1865. Franklin was not able to visit home at all during the war but survived to return home in 1865. In 1865, Thomas surveyed a parcel of 172 acres for his daughter Rebecca Maria. Rebecca had married her second cousin, William B. Robertson, on November 18, 1855. He made a gift of fifty acres, and Rebecca agreed to purchase the remainder. The Robertsons named this parcel Holly Grove. In Equity Case #849 (1872) filed after Thomas' death, his widow Martha and Samuel H. Berry, as executrix and executor, sought to recover payment for this land. At that time, William B. Robertson described this 172 acres of Potomac Landing: "There was no fences on the line which separated this land from the old gentleman's land, but he was to put a fence on it which he agreed to do before we agreed to come there. The land was thin, unimproved, with gullies and scrubby pine. If witness had been a judge of land he would not have given five dollars for it. All the improvements were one comfortable quarter the other indifferent with a poor oak shingle roof, worn out which made it not tenantable." Further along in his testimony, William gave an account of a conversation, "In a few days my father in law Thos. W. Robinson came to Washington and told me there his children had returned from the South, his two sons, that his debts were small and he was a happy man." Rebecca and William built a house on the property, a side-hall, double parlor plan that most likely her brother James was builder. They also built accompanying farm structures. (Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Equity Case #849, MSA)

Thomas' son, Franklin, managed the farm after the War. In December 1868 Thomas entered into a sharecropping agreement with Edward Hanson, an African-American. After about a year-long illness, on May 16, 1869, Thomas died, deeply in debt. He was buried beside Elizabeth in the graveyard at St. Thomas' Church. He named as executrix his wife, Martha, and his friend and lawyer, Samuel H. Berry, as executor. His will divided the farm into thirds, one third going to his wife and their son Robert Henry, one third to his son James, and one third to his son Franklin. The land was surveyed according to the will. His personal property was sold but not enough profit was realized to pay off his creditors. The Commissioners of Prince George's County sued the estate on behalf of Thomas' creditors. The outcome was that in 1876 the property was sold at public auction. The Notice of Sale dated September 1, 1876 in the local county newspaper, The Prince Georgian, describes the farm as, "containing 514 2/3 acres More or less. The Improvements consist of a SMALL DWELLING, Three Barns, Stabling, and other necessary outbuildings. It is well wooded and watered, and the soil of fair quality. It has recently been divided into three lots and will be offered in lots, a description of which will be given at the time of sale." The sale was held on September 27, 1876, Lot No. 1 was purchased by Robert for $6.00 an acre, Lot #2 was purchased by Franklin for $5.00 an acre and Lot #3 was purchased by James for $4.00 per acre. Robert and Franklin eventually paid off their mortgage, but James defaulted on his purchase and later moved to St. Mary's County, Maryland. His portion later came to be owned by the Hawkins family, some members who had worked on the Robinson farm. (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County, MSA)

Lot #1, purchased by Robert from his fathers' estate, consisted of 177-1/3 acres, including the dwelling and farm buildings. On July 24, 1872, he married Amanda Malvina Baden (1849-1940), daughter of Robert W. G. and Margaret Caroline Early Baden. The Baden and Early families were both prominent south county families. Robert and Amanda had eight children; Caroline Early (1873 1967), Lucy Tennent (1875 1958), Albert Henry (1878 1914), Martha Perry (1880 1961), Robert Gover (1882 1882), Frank Alexander (1883 1970), Margaret Baden (1886 1956) and Grace Malvina (1889 1965).

By 1880 Robert had paid off his debt on the property and was fully engaged in farming. Unlike his father, or perhaps because of his father, Robert did not add to his land holdings, choosing to remain relatively debt free for his lifetime. The only land transactions he participated in were the sales of 79-3/4 acres in 1921 of Amanda's inheritance from her father and her interest in two smaller parcels of her father's land sold in 1894 and 1928 respectively. In 1928 he transferred 3.09 acres to his son Frank.

As late as the Federal census of 1880, Franklin was living with Robert and his household, both men engaged in farming. Sometime after 1880, Franklin took up residence on his part of Potomac Landing. His brother James most likely built the side-hall double parlor house that copied the main house at Potomac Landing. On February 18, 1897, Martha Robinson, died at the age of ninety. She was buried in the graveyyard of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden, Prince George's County. Robert continued cultivation of tobacco and small grains as his father before him. The first reference to the farm being named Ferndale is found in the "Communion Record" of Robert's daughter, Martha Perry "Pattie", dated 1896. (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The exact origin or reason for this new name is lost but perhaps the name Potomac Landing held such bitter memories of debt and hardship that, as a symbolic break with the past, a new name was found. It also may have simply been a way to distinguish this portion of Potomac Landing from the others. The farm continued to be listed on tax bills as Potomac Landing well into the 20th century, but was known to the general public and businesses as the Ferndale Farm. (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Robert served as deputy inspector at the State Tobacco Warehouse in Baltimore for eight years under W.B. Bowie. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Bank of Brandywine. In July of 1905, Franklin died, a bachelor farmer. He was buried facing south in the graveyard of the Church of the Atonement, Cheltenham, (a chapel in St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish) where he had served as vestryman, treasurer, and cemetery custodian. Franklin died intestate and a lengthy process of dividing his estate began. This resulted in the sale of his part of Potomac Landing (Lot #2) in July 1908 to William E. Boswell. The court declared Robert ineligible for any inheritance due to his being " . . . a brother of the half blood." The Boswell family later sold the property to the Billingsley family of St. Mary's County. (Equity Case 3209, Prince George's County)

In 1910, after living in the farm's original home for approximately sixty seven years, the Robinson family built a new home. It was described in a 1956 insurance policy as, "2 story, frame, metal roof, 16x43, wing 14x28, 9 rooms." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The house design was a simple Victorian with plastered walls, and lit by carbide gas. Electrical lighting was installed in 1951. The house was built with monies from Robert and Amanda, and their son Frank, who served as builder and contractor.

On Tuesday March 9, 1937, "During a celebration in honor of his wifes birthday anniversary, Mr. Robinson collapsed at the table and died immediately without a word or a sigh." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) Robert was buried beside his mother in the cemetery at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden.

At Robert's death, Ferndale Farm was valued at $30.00 an acre, the total acreage, 174 acres, being valued in the whole at $5,220.00. Robert died intestate, again the fate of the land was in question. He left eight heirs, his widow, Amanda, six of his children and his son Albert Henry's only surviving child, R. Henry Robinson. Rather than have the farm sold and his mother's life disrupted, Frank purchased the estate and personal property from the heirs. Before this could take place, a deed had to be granted the heirs for the property since one had never been recorded after the 1876 sale. Equity case 873 was reopened sixty-two years after its supposed resolution. Frank testified, "over a period of about thirty years I would on a number of occasions, talk about the fact that he had purchased and paid for this property and that a deed had never been executed to him and [he] kept saying he was going to have someone straighten this matter out for him." It was discovered that Robert had fully paid for his part of Potomac Landing. On February 14, 1938 the farm was deeded from Amanda along with Robert''s heirs to Frank. (Book 499, page 334, Land Records of Prince George's County) According to the deed and a 1937 fire insurance policy the farm consisted of 177 1/3 acres, "1 two story dwelling, one tenant house, 1 barrack, 1 tobacco barn, 1 corn house & cow stable, 1 Stable, and 1 Granary & Stable." (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Frank A. Robinson, now the sole owner of Ferndale Farm, was born August 17, 1883. He learned farming and in addition took up the trade of builder and contractor. As a young man, he worked in the general store of his uncle Robert Baden. He was the contractor for the first Bank of Brandywine and many homes in and around the town of Brandywine, including the home of his cousin Robert E. Baden, DDS. He was secretary of the Building Committee for construction of the Chapel of the Incarnation in Brandywine, a mission chapel for St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish. His success in the building trade gave him disposable income that he invested in land. His first purchase was in August, 1915 of a 2-9/100 acre of land in Brandywine that was being sold by the Board of County School Commissioners; the purchase price was $300. In March 1916 he purchased 38.09 acres of his Uncle Franklin's farm. This property adjoined Ferndale Farm. Over the next fifty-four years of his life, Frank bought and sold many pieces of real estate. Perhaps his most significant purchases were: 18-1/3 acres purchased from The German American Colonization Land Company of Maryland in October 1915 (Book 115, pg. 140, Land Records of Prince George's County); 147.99 acres purchased from August and Wilhelmina Noltensmeir in December 1917 (Book 129, pg. 263, Land Records of Prince George's County) and 320 acres called the Vineyard purchased from William M. Wilson in March 1928. Frank used these three parcels as collateral for other purchases. Never once did he mortgage Ferndale Farm, insuring that no matter what financial stormy seas might blow, his home was secure. Over the course of his life, especially in the case of the Noltensmeir farm, when cash was needed a parcel of land would be surveyed off and sold. He inherited his grandfather Thomas' love of land but had fortunately developed a shrewd business sense to go along with it.

On November 20, 1929, he married Elizabeth Freeland Bourne, daughter of Joseph Blake and Maria Gantt Bourne of Calvert County, Maryland. They had three children: Mary Elizabeth (1930-2009), Franklin Alexander (1932), and Robert Lee (1935-1997). In addition to his construction business he continued farming, raising tobacco, hay, and small grains. He engaged in sharecropping with tenants on his various properties. He was active in community affairs serving on the Board of The Maryland Tobacco Growers Association (MTGA), the Vestry of St. Thomas Parish, and as sheriff of Brandywine. On January 9, 1940 Amanda Baden Robinson died. She was buried next to her husband at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden. In February 1958, Frank and Elizabeth conveyed 1.57 acres of Ferndale Farm to son Franklin where he and his fiancée, Adina M. Via, were building their new home prior to their marriage in July of that same year.

The booming economy and suburbanization of the Washington metropolitan area in the early 1960's led to the high quality gravel lying beneath Ferndale into becoming a valuable commodity. In October 1962, Franklin and his parents granted a three-year lease to William C. Nolte for mining sand and gravel on the Ferndale Farm at .174 per yard. (Book 2747, pg. 11, Land Records of Prince George's County) From now until 1975 when the property was sold, gravel would be mined from under the farm by various companies. In November 1962, Elizabeth and Frank transferred to Franklin the 38.09 acres Frank had purchased from Fitzhugh Billingsley in 1916. (Book 2754, pg. 99, Land Records of Prince George's County) That same year they transferred 6.754 acres, part of the Vineyard, to son Robert and his wife Lois, (Book 2765, pg. 201, Land Records of Prince George's County)

On December 28, 1965, Frank and Elizabeth participated in a land exchange/purchase of the farm of Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown located along the Patuxent River in Benedict, Charles County, Maryland. Franklin had rented this farm the year before and was impressed enough by its location and arability to work out a purchase. Frank and Elizabeth traded 65.9920 acres that would eventually become Franklin's under Frank's will. On February 21, 1966 they deeded the Charles County farm to Franklin and Adina. Adina named this property Serenity Farm. The property consisted of 480.66 acres. (Liber 179, page 708 etc., Land Records of Charles County)

On February 5, 1970, after a short illness, Frank died at Cafritz Memorial Hospital. He was buried at St. Paul's Episcopal Church near his parents. In his will, probated March 4, 1970 he left thirty acres of the property purchased from the German American Land Company and A. Noltensmeir to Elizabeth. He willed forty acres of the same parcel to daughter Mary Robinson Conner. The remainder of Ferndale Farm was willed to Franklin and the remaining acreage of the Vineyard was left to Robert Lee. Franklin Alexander Robinson was born August 13, 1932 at the Garfield Hospital in Washington, D.C.. He received his schooling in the public school system of Prince George's County, graduating from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. He was a charter member of Gwynn Park's chapter of The Future Farmers of America. He was extremely active in FFA, achieving the Degree of Maryland Farmer in 1950 and their highest award, the Degree of American Farmer at their convention in Kansas City, Missouri in October 1953. He obtained his private pilots license in 1954. He entered the United States Army in February 1955 and went through basic training at Camp Gordon, Augusta, Georgia. After basic training he was transferred to Camp Hanford, Washington State. There he worked part time on the farm of Dick and Theresa Laurent during his off duty hours and began a lifelong friendship with them. He returned home to farming on an agricultural discharge in October of 1956. On July 27, 1958 he married his high school sweetheart, Adina Mae Via, daughter of Robert Milton and Virginia Woods Via. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962), and Adina Theresa (1963).

Franklin continued expanding and improving the farming operation by modern methods and means. At times, he farmed over one thousand acres, both owned and rented. On February 21, 1966, his parents deeded their purchase of the Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown farm in Benedict to he and Adina, later known as Serenity Farm Franklin and Adina engaged an architect to draft house plans for an anticipated new residence. A small A frame vacation home was built on the property so the family could spend weekends there.

On December 14, 1966, after a long illness, Adina died from complications associated with Hodgkin's Disease. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Waldorf, Charles County. Franklin married Margaret Walker Lennox (nee Tallen, known as Rita) on August 21, 1970 (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland). This marriage ended in divorce in 1977. There were no children from this marriage.

On July 14, 1975 the Robinson family, Franklin, his second wife, Margaret, her daughter Margaret W. Lennox, Franklin, Jr., R. David, A. Theresa and Elizabeth B. Robinson, moved to Serenity Farm. On July 17, 1975 Franklin and Elizabeth sold the remaining acreage of Ferndale Farm to Brandywine Sand and Gravel, thus ending 131 years of ownership by the Robinson family. Elizabeth Bourne Robinson died on July 15, 1976 and was buried beside her husband at St. Paul's Church, Baden. Franklin married Hiltrud (Ceddie) Harris (nee Sedlacek) on July 15, 1978. (Robinson Family Bible) This marriage ended in divorce in 1986. There were no children from this marriage. Franklin married Diedre Gale Merhiage on April 19, 1989; this marriage ended in divorce in 1997. There were no children from this marriage. He married Remelda Henega Buenavista on January 13, 2007.

The Robinson family continue day-to-day operations of Serenity Farm. The land is well suited to the growing of tobacco and small grains, which crops, (with the exception of tobacco) along with a flock of sheep, are cultivated there to the present time. After the crop year 2001 the Robinson family took the tobacco buyout program offered by the state of Maryland and ceased growing tobacco. Franklin is active in farming and community affairs having served on the vestry of St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of Directors of MTGA, the Board of the Production Credit Association, the Boards of three schools, Holy Trinity Day School, Queen Anne School, and Calverton School, and numerous other organizations. Currently the farm consists of approximately 275 acres. In 1981 a state agricultural land preservation district of 222.755 acres was created. This was the first such district in Charles County and one of the first in the state of Maryland.

In 1985, R. David began a greenhouse business for the sale of spring flowering bedding plants and hanging baskets but currently works in conjunction with Farming 4 Hunger to grow produce for local area foodbanks. A. Theresa is involved in the daily running of the farm along with Franklin. Franklin, Jr., obtained a BFA degree in Drama from The Catholic University of America in 1981 and an MA from The American University in Film and Video Production in 1988. He was a civilian employee of the United States Air Force (USAF) from November 1981 to January 1986. He pursued a full time career as a professional actor from 1986-2007 and is a published author and produced playwright. The three siblings have been involved in community affairs, with R. David sitting on the Charles County Agricultural Preservation Board, A. Theresa having served on the vestry of Trinity Episcopal Parish, Charles County, and Franklin, Jr. having served on the vestries of both Trinity Parish and St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of the Washington Literacy Council, a choir member of the choir at St. Thomas Church, among other church related posts and as chair of the Charles County Historic Preservation Commission.

Via Family

The Via family traces its origins to the colony of Virginia, where the probable progenitor of the line, Amer Via, a French Huguenot, settled in Manakin Town, Albemarle County between 1670-1700. It is impossible to trace the Via line definitively due to the loss of Virginia county records during the Civil War.

The Via family line covered in this collection can be definitively traced to William Via of Fredericksville Parish, Louisa (later Albemarle) County, Virginia. The William Via family lived west of the present day town of Whitehall at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains, an area commonly known as Sugar Hollow. William Via III served in the Virginia Line during the Revolutionary War. He married Mary Craig, daughter of Thomas Craig and Jane Jameson, on March 17, 1784. William died on June 27, 1836, in Albemarle County (Rev. War Pension Appl. 6363, National Archives). His son Thomas married Sally, widow Griffin, on January 1, 1811 (Albemarle County Marriage Records). Their son, Hiram Karl Via (1812-1893), married Harriet Ardenia Naylor by license dated March 7, 1836 (Albemarle County Marriage Records).

Hiram and Harriet's son, Robert St. Clair Via (1844-1925), served as a private in Company I, 7th Virginia Infantry of the Confederate States Army (CSA Military Service Records, National Archives). After the war he married his first cousin, Mary Frances Naylor, daughter of Samuel Chapman Naylor and Eliza Jane Gardner, on April 3, 1866 in Rockingham County (Rockingham County, Virginia, Marriage Records). Sometime between 1870 and 1872, they moved to Linn County, Missouri, and settled about seven miles from the town of Bucklin. Their son, Hiram Chapman Via (1872-1933), was born there. In 1893, the family returned to Virginia, and settled on a farm in Greene County near the town of Stanardsville.

Hiram Chapman Via operated a mill as well as a farm. On March 15, 1899, he married Adina Eleanor Eusebia Runkle, daughter of Milton D. L. Runkle and Roberta A. Beadles (Greene County, Virginia, Marriage Records). They had three children: Bernice Olive (1902-1999), Robert Milton (1906-1983), and Deward Daniel (1909-1977).

Robert moved to Washington, D.C.. In December 1927 he began employment with the Capitol Traction Company as a streetcar conductor (Robinson and Via Family Papers). During the early 1930s, Robert rented a townhouse at 715 A St., SE, where he lived with his sister Bernice V. McMullan and her son, William C. McMullan; his brother and sister in law, and his parents. Next door, at 717, lived the Moses Albright family, including Moses's stepdaughter Ida Virginia Woods (1914-2010), daughter of Jesse Lee Woods (1894-1918) and Donna Mae Barker (1896-1928) of Frederick County, Maryland. Robert and Virginia began a courtship and on September 3, 1932 were married in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland (Frederick County, Maryland, Marriage Records).

After their marriage, Robert and Virginia lived in various locations in the Washington metropolitan area. Their first child, Robert Delano, was born on March 24, 1933, and their second child, Adina Mae, was born on April 12, 1937. Virginia was employed outside the home while her children were in school. Her first job before her marriage had been with Woolworth's in Martinsburg, WV working the candy counter and then before the birth of her son at The Hecht Company on F St. in Washington, D.C.. After her marriage she worked briefly for the United States Postal Service in Capitol Heights, Maryland. Beginning in the 1950s, she worked for Charles of the Ritz as a receptionist in their beauty salon located in Woodward & Lothrop's F Street store in Washington, D.C.. She also worked as salon manager at the Charles of the Ritz salons in the Woodward & Lothrop stores in Seven Corners, Virginia, and Chevy Chase, Maryland. She retired due to health reasons in 1973.

On September 10, 1941, Robert and Virginia purchased Lot #43 in Woodlane subdivision in Prince George's County. (Book 619, pg. 12, Land Records of Prince George's County) A house was designed for them for this lot by Clyde E. Phillips. They did not construct a home on this property due to the outbreak of World War II. Robert, due to his employment in public transportation, did not serve with the Armed Services in World War II. On October 18, 1946, they purchased approximately thirty acres bordering on Burch's Creek near the towns of Clinton, also know as Surrattsville, and T.B. in Prince George's County from Joseph H. and M. Pauline Blandford. (Book 873, pg. 483, Land Records of Prince George's County) Over the next three years, hiring private contractors, doing work themselves, and with the help of Robert's brother Deward, they built the two story house designed by Phillips in 1941. They moved to the farm from Capitol Heights in 1949. Robert raised hogs, small grains and a crop of tobacco yearly on this farm and also maintained his job with Capitol Transit (formerly Capitol Traction). In 1954, Robert and Virginia purchased a farm of approximately 150 acres in Island Creek, Calvert County, Maryland. The intention was for Robert and his son to enter into a full time farming operation on expanded acreage. Robert D. Via, known as Delano, graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. Delano was a part-time farmer and pursued a career as a country and western singer with Bashful Bob and the Rhythm Rangers, he being Bashful Bob. He was employed in various jobs, and began a tour in the Army in 1953. By the time the Via family moved to Calvert County in 1956, he decided to pursue careers other than farming. He eventually traveled and worked in various parts of the United States. He married first Delores Cooper, second Gloria J. Irick, and finally Candice Marinelli in December 1974, they had two children, Robert Marin (1975) and Kirstin Marin (1976).

On June 1, 1956 Robert resigned from his position at Capitol Transit due to health reasons. He and his family moved to the farm in Island Creek, Calvert County where he began full time farming. He and Virginia sold the thirty-acre farm in Prince George's County on June 21, 1956 to Melvin C. and Geraldine H. Rardia. (Book 2003, pg. 564, Land Records of Prince George's County) Virginia continued her employment with Charles of the Ritz. Adina, now a graduate of Gwynn Park High School, was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs, Maryland. They both commuted daily from Calvert County to their places of employment.

Robert farmed in Calvert County, raising hogs, cattle, small grains and tobacco. Over the course of the next twenty-seven years, Robert and Virginia sold smaller parcels off the farm. In 1974, Robert and Virginia built a small retirement home designed for them by Calvert Masonry Contractors. Robert died on December 22, 1983. He was buried beside his daughter Adina in Trinity Memorial Gardens. At the time of Robert's death, the farm consisted of 28.694 acres. In 1998, Virginia deeded the remainder of the farm, then less than six acres, to her grandson, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. who sold all but a one-acre lot in April 1999.

Virginia continued to live on the farm in Calvert County, maintaining a small herd of cattle. In the fall of 1989 Franklin, Jr. went to live with her. In 1993, the onset of Alzheimer's Disease required her to move to Serenity Farm and take up residence with her granddaughter A. Theresa. Virginia participated in various studies on Alzheimer's Disease conducted by the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland beginning in 1992. She was profiled in the September 1997 issue of Washingtonian Magazine. In October of 1998 she moved to All American Senior Care in Brandywine, Maryland and in 1999 she moved to Morningside, an elderly care facility in Waldorf, Maryland. In 2002, she moved to St. Mary's Nursing Center in Leonardtown, Maryland. The remainder of the farm was sold in 1999 and 2002. She died January 14, 2010 and was buried at Trinity Memorial Gardens in Waldorf.

Adina Mae Via was born April 12, 1937 at the Homeopathic Hospital in Washington, D.C.. Adina grew up in Washington, D.C. attending public schools. She moved with her family to the Burch's Creek farm, Prince George's County, in 1949. She enrolled in the Prince George's County school system, and graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June of 1955. After graduation, she was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs.

In July of 1956, she moved with her family to the Via farm in Island Creek, Calvert County. On July 27, 1958 she married Franklin A. Robinson at the Chapel of the Incarnation. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962) and Adina Theresa (1963). In the fall of 1958, she and Franklin took up residence in the home they had built on Ferndale Farm. She resigned from her position with the USAF in 1959.

On December 14, 1966, at Providence Hospital in Washington, DC, Adina died from complications due to Hodgkin's Disease. She had been battling this disease for many years prior to her death. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Charles County.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The Maryland Historical Society holds items (costume, farming related implements) related to the Robinson and Via families.
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry (Agriculture Collection) holds agricultural implements and artifacts associated with both the Robinson farms and the Via farm; the Division of Home and Community Life holds clothing, textiles (crib quilt), jewelry, cosmetics and Adina M. Robinson's sewing box and dress patterns; (Costume and Textiles Collection). See accession numbers: 1989.0688, 1990.0394, 1991.0010; 1991.0722, 1992.0184, 1992.0283, 1992.0321, 1992.0474, 1992.3106, 1994.0064, 1994.0304, 1997.0327, 1998.0038, 1998.0129, 2001.0196, 2002.0087, 2003.0015, 2005.0009.

Division of Armed Forces History (National Numismatics Collection) holds the Robert M. Via Trolley Token Collection.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center, by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., in November 1993.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site to portions of collection, but some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
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