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Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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Online Media:

Victor and Christine Romero film of Allan Houser

Film producer:
Romero, Victor  Search this
Film director:
Romero, Christine Solinski  Search this
Names:
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Houser, Allan, 1914-1994  Search this
Extent:
6 Film reels (16mm)
3 Sound tape reels (1/4 inch)
5 videocassettes (betacam)
0.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Sound tape reels
Videocassettes (betacam)
Date:
May 12, 1992
Summary:
This collection contains an unpublished documentary film shot on May 12, 1992 that depicts an interview with artist Allan Houser [Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)] discussing his remembrances of painting murals at the U.S. Department of the Interior headquarters in Washington, DC in 1939-1940. The film was shot by Victor Romero (Isleta Pueblo) and Christine Romero.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains an unpublished documentary film that was shot by filmmakers Victor Romero (Isleta Pueblo) and Christine Romero, which depicts an interview with artist Allan Houser [Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)]. The footage was shot on May 12, 1992 in the Department of the Interior penthouse in Washington, DC with Houser providing remembrances of his life and his perspective of painting murals there in 1939-1940 as part of the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture public art program. In the documentary, Houser views the murals for the first time since he painted them 50 years before and recalls his experiences with fellow artists- Velino Shije Herrera (Zia Pueblo), Gerald Nailor [Diné (Navajo)], and Woody Crumbo (Potawatomi)- who were painting their own murals in the penthouse at the same time. At the time of filming, the penthouse was closed and off-limits and the murals were about to undergo restoration.

The materials in this collection include six 16mm processed film reels; three 1/4" sound reels; three BetacamSP transfers of reels 1 through 6; a BetacamSP master of a 2:30 promo edit; a BetacamSP transfer of music by David Spotted Eagle licensed for the promo; an interview transcript; a log of avid bins; a disc of avid bins; and other textual documents.

Victor E. Romero served as the Producer, Christine Solinski Romero as Director, Gary Geboy as Cinematographer, and Haven McKinney as the Audio Recordist. Unfortunately, the Kodak film stock they used was defective and the footage turned out grainy, while the audio of the interview turned out clear. Subsequently, the intended documentary about the restoration of the murals was not completed other than a short demo reel.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged by media.
Allan Houser and the Department of the Interior Murals:
Allan Houser is considered one of the most renown Native American painters and sculptors of the 20th century. Born Allan Capron Houser (originally Haozous) on June 30, 1914 near Apache, Oklahoma, Houser was a member of the Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache tribe.

He left Oklahoma in 1934 to study painting with Dorothy Dunn at her Santa Fe Indian School and remained a student there until 1938. In addition to painting murals at the Department of the Interior in Washington, D.C. in 1939, he also painted murals for the Golden Gate Exposition in San Francisco and the New York World's Fair.

In 1940, Houser studied with Swedish artist Olle Nordmark at the Fort Sill Indian School art program and was encouraged to take up sculpture. Eight years later, the Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas commissioned his first sculpture, Comrades in the Mourning. Houser taught art at Intermountain Indian School in Brigham City, Utah beginning in 1952 and left in 1962 to teach sculpture at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He retired from academic life in 1975. Allan Houser died in Santa Fe in 1994.

The murals that are depicted in this documentary were commissioned by the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture public art program, which was often referred to as the "Section." Created in 1934 during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, the program was designed to increase employment for artists. The Section artists were commissioned to create art to decorate public buildings often in the form of murals or reliefs. At the Department of the Interior headquarters in Washington, DC, six artists were commissioned from five tribes including artists Velino Shije Herrera (Ma Pe Wi [Red Bird]), Zia Pueblo, 1902-1973; Gerald Nailor (To Yah), Diné (Navajo), 1917-1952; and Woody Crumbo (Woodrow Wilson Crumbo), Potawatomi [Oklahoma], 1912-1989. The Section program was discontinued in 1943.
Victor and Christine Romero:
Victor Eugene Romero (Pueblo of Isleta) is a graduate of New Mexico State University (BA, Journalism and Mass Communications, 1976). Following a stint as an independent video producer, Victor transitioned to a career at the U.S. Census Bureau, including varied service as manager of video/photo/radio production, and team leader for promotions and branding initiatives. His high-level contributions feature extensive work on Census 1990, 2000, 2010, 2020.

Christine Solinski Romero is a graduate of the University of Texas at Austin (BS, Radio-TV-Film, 1976). Her extensive documentary production credits as Producer, Director, Editor include programs for PBS, National Geographic Television, Discovery Channel, Smithsonian Channel, and an award-winning independent documentary feature, Besa: The Promise, the story of Albanians Muslims who protected refugee Jews during the Holocaust. In 2012, Christine transitioned to a career as a Yoga Instructor and Therapist.
Provenance:
Gift of Victor and Christine Romero, 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to the media materials in this collection are closed until the materials have been digitized. Textual materials are available to view for reference purposes only. Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu.
Topic:
American Indian art and culture  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Victor and Christine Romero film of Allan Houser, box # and folder #, NMAI.AC.401; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.401
See more items in:
Victor and Christine Romero film of Allan Houser
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-401

The Crisis Vol. 13 No. 4

Published by:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Edited by:
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Subject of:
Richard T. Greener, American, 1844 - 1922  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
9 3/4 x 6 3/4 x 1/8 in. (24.8 x 17.1 x 0.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 1917
Topic:
African American  Search this
Literature  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Bobbie Ross in memory of Elizabeth Dillard
Object number:
2012.84.9
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Making a Way Out of No Way
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50b650817-b743-4378-bfc4-d5dc91c485f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.84.9
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Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
38 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes articles, newspaper clippings, letters and photographs from various events and marches Grace participated in regarding the fight for returning surplus lands to Native peoples. These events and materials include--Fishing Rights March (1970) in Yelm, Washington with the McCloud family; Fort Lawton "Surplus" March (1970) in Seattle, Washington; Pit River versus P.G..E. (1970) in Big Bend, California; DQU, Deganawidah Quetzalcoatl University founding (1971) in Davis, California; and documentation as National Commitee Director for the "Return Surplus Lands to Indian People".
Separated Materials:
The cover and back of the scrapbook binder are in Box 12 since they are oversized.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref108
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Brannock Device Company Records

Creator:
Park-Brannock.  Search this
Park, Ernest N.  Search this
Brannock, Otis C.  Search this
Brannock, Charles F., 1903-1992  Search this
Brannock Device Company.  Search this
Names:
Selby Shoe Company  Search this
United States. Armed Forces -- Supplies and stores  Search this
United States. Army -- Supplies and stores  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (34 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Date:
1925 - 1998
Summary:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device, a tool to measure foot length and width at the same time, by inventor and businessman Charles F. Brannock. Early in his career Brannock worked as a shoe salesman at the Park-Brannock shoe store, and in 1962 he became the CEO of the company. This collection documents both the Park-Brannock store and the Brannock Device. Materials in The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, include of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, N.Y.
Scope and Contents:
The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, consist of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, NY. The collection is useful to researchers for its stories of invention and entrepreneurship and its exemplification of the patent and trademark process in the United States and internationally in the early 20th century. The process of manufacturing and marketing in the shoe industry, and manufacturing of military supplies during World War II is also highlighted.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two subgroups.

Subgroup 1, The Brannock Device Company, 1925-1998

Series 1: Historical Background, 1928-1995

Series 2: Operational Records, 1926-1980

Subseries 1: Book for Recording Devices on Hand, 1927-1929

Subseries 2: Correspondence, 1926-1951

Subseries 3: Census, 1947-1980

Subseries 4: Insurance Inventory, 1956

Subseries 5: Royalties Accrued, 1946-1951

Subseries 6: Time Records, 1952-1958

Subseries 7: Notes, undated

Series 3: Product Development Records, 1925-1981

Subseries 1: Competitors' Devices and Other Products, c. 1928-1981

Subseries 2: Fitting Stool, 1936-1947

Subseries 3: Design, 1925-1975

Subseries 4: Manufacture, 1927-1959

Series 4: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1926-1998

Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1926-1998

Subseries 2: Mailing Lists, 1947-1950

Subseries 3: Ideas and Copy, undated

Subseries 4: Printed Materials with the Brannock Device Name (stationery, business cards, leases), undated

Subseries 5: Advertisements and Product Information, 1934-1980

Subseries 6: Measuring Device Instructions, undated

Subseries 7: Advertising and Merchandising Plans, 1938-1956

Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, 1925-1986

Subseries 1: United States--Private Sector, 1925-1973

Subseries 2: United States--Military, 1928-1972

Subseries 3: Foreign, 1937-1986

Series 6: Photographs, c. 1930-1997

Subseries 1: Personal, undated

Subseries 2: Foot-Measuring Devices, undated

Subseries 3: Military, undated

Subseries 4: Employees and Factory, undated

Subseries 5: Negatives of Brannock Device, 1933-1958

Subgroup 2, Park-Brannock Shoe Store Records, 1916-1918, 1927-1981

Series 1: Historical Background, 1936-1981

Series 2: Operational Records, 1936-1972

Subseries 1: Financial Materials, 1936-1972

Subseries 2: Financial Materials, 1937-1961

Subseries 3: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, undated

Subseries 4: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, 1935-1961

Subseries 5: New York City Business Trips, 1945-1952

Subseries 6: Miscellaneous Notes, undated

Series 3: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1933-1962

Series 4: Sales Records, 1916-1977

Subseries 1: Customer Correspondence, 1928-1977

Subseries 2: Supplier Correspondence, 1927-1944

Subseries 3: Florsheim Sales Instruction Manual, undated

Subseries 4: Inventories, 1961

Subseries 5: Promotions, undated

Subseries 6: Receipts, 1916-1918

Subseries 7: Sales Floor Management, undated

Series 5: Photographs, 1932-1967
Biographical / Historical:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device by Charles F. Brannock. Charles Brannock was working as a salesman in the Park-Brannock shoe store, co-owned by his father Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park, in Syracuse, New York when he saw the need for an improved foot-measuring device. The Brannock Device soon gained favor over size-sticks because it measured foot length and width at the same time. Additionally, it measured heel-to-ball length, a feature which aided in fitting heeled shoes.

Charles F. Brannock (1903-1992) was an inventor and businessman. He began tinkering with the idea of a new foot-measuring device while attending Syracuse University, where he would get up in the middle of the night and work on sketches and calculations. Brannock obtained a patent for the device on August 28, 1928, but by then manufacture and sale of the device was already underway. Brannock assembled the device in the Park-Brannock shoe store and gave the device a trial on the sales floor. In 1926, Charles Brannock began offering the device to shoe retailers first on a rental basis and then by sale through the use of salesmen who lived throughout the country and each covered a geographic area. By 1929, the company began to phase out salesmen because it offered quantity discounts to shoe companies which distributed the devices to their stores at a lower price than salesmen could offer.

Brannock sold his device internationally beginning in 1929 through Mr. I. Singer of London, England. In 1936 distribution rights transferred to Henry Maitland Marler of Feature Shoes Limited of London, an affiliate of the Selby Shoe Company. Renewing and protecting foreign trademarks proved to be a legal challenge. Due to some confusion, Brannock's British patent was allowed to lapse. In order to prevent other companies from using the Brannock name in England, H.M. Marler set up Brannock Fitting Device Limited in October 1937. The company began manufacturing Brannock Devices in January 1946, but royalties accrued through European sale by 1951 did not even cover a third of the cost of trademarks, patents, and designs.

Fortunately for the Brannock Device Company, these costs were absorbed by the Selby Shoe Company, with whom it had entered into agreements about foreign distribution in November 1941. Selby had exclusive rights to distribute the Brannock Device in South America, South Africa, and other countries, and assisted Brannock in securing trademarks in many foreign countries.

In 1933 a United States Navy captain asked a shoe salesman to find the source of many sailors' foot problems. The salesman, after measuring sailors' feet with the Brannock device, declared that the Navy shoe was not the cause of the problem; the sailors were simply wearing the wrong size shoes. The captain was so happy that he would not have to order special shoes for his men that he wrote an article in the July 1933 issue of United States Naval Institute Proceedings which described how the Brannock Device had eliminated foot troubles aboard the ship. This gave Brannock an opportunity to promote his device in the Navy by sending the article to other ships. He calibrated his device for use in other branches of the military and by World War II the Brannock Device was being used by most of the armed forces. Several articles were written about the greater foot comfort enjoyed by the military after the introduction of the device. Charles Brannock was proud of his small but widespread role in the war effort and in the comfort of America's enlisted men and women.

Through the years Charles Brannock developed many different models of his device, including the women's, men's, junior, growing girl's, athletic, ski-boot, and military models. In 1947, Brannock moved the device company to a machine shop at 509 East Fayette Street in Syracuse, where it remained for 50 years.

Brannock advertised both the store and the device in local papers, and the device in trade literature such as Boot and Shoe Recorder. He encouraged other shoe stores to promote themselves by using the device in their advertising. He also attended the annual National Shoe Fair in Chicago from 1938 to 1968 in order to promote the device as well as learn about shoe-fashion trends for the Park-Brannock shoe store.

Concurrently, Charles Brannock also played a significant role in the Park-Brannock shoe store. His father, Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park founded Park-Brannock in 1906 in a small store at 321 South Salina Street, focusing on women's shoes. In February 1937, they moved to a three-story building at 427 South Salina Street. Finally, in 1946, a six-story store was built at 473-475 South Salina Street through 129 East Onondaga Street. While waiting for the newest store to be built, Park-Brannock temporarily moved to the Chimes Building at 510-512 South Salina Street and 113 West Onondaga Street. Park-Brannock gained fame in Syracuse for a wide selection of men's, women's and children's shoes, handbags, millinery, hose, and accessories. In an advertisement, the store declared itself "one of America's finest shoe stores." The design of the two newer stores was state-of-the-art, and Park-Brannock was featured in shoe magazine articles. For example, the men's department was designed to look like a great room inside a ship. Charles Brannock became the CEO of Park-Brannock after both his father and Ernest Park died in 1962. Park-Brannock closed its doors in 1981, after the Hotel Syracuse offered to purchase the property for its new Hilton Tower.

Charles Brannock died on November 22, 1992, at the age of 89. The company was purchased in 1993 from the Brannock Estate by Salvatore Leonardi. Leonardi continues to manufacture Brannock devices in a small factory in Liverpool, New York. Over a million Brannock Devices have been manufactured, and it remains the shoe industry standard
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts (several Brannock Devices and competitors' devices) are in the Division of Culture and the Arts and the Division of Armed Forces History.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by Salvatore Leonardi on November 4, 1998.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Show-windows -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Sizes  Search this
Shoe industry -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Fitting  Search this
Shoe machinery  Search this
Foot -- Measurement  Search this
Design, Industrial -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Military supplies  Search this
Measuring instruments industry  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1920
Photographs -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Citation:
Brannock Device Company Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0672
See more items in:
Brannock Device Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0672
Online Media:

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Names:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Advertisements  Search this
Cunningham & Walsh.  Search this
Hixson & Jorgenson  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc. -- Advertisements  Search this
Ayer, Francis Wayland  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (1169 boxes )
7 Film reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Business records
Interviews
Oral history
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Date:
1817-1851
1869-2006
Summary:
Collection consists of records documenting one of the oldest advertising agencies created in Philadelphia. The company then moves to New York and expanses to international markets. During its history NW Ayer & Sons acquires a number of other advertising agencies and is eventually purchased. The largest portion of the collection is print advertisements but also includes radio and television. NW Ayer is known for some of the slogans created for major American companies.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of proof sheets of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son, Incorporated for their clients. These materials are in series one through thirteen and consist primarily of print advertisements. There are also billboards, radio and television commercials. The advertisements range from consumer to corporate and industrial products. The majority of the advertisements were created for Ayer's New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and international offices. Printed advertisements created by Cunningham & Walsh, Hixson & Jorgensen and Newell-Emmett are also included among these materials. Researchers who are interested in records created by Ayer in the course of operating an advertising agency will find these materials in Series fourteen-nineteen.

Series fourteen consists of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son to promote their services to potential clients.

Series fifteen are scrapbooks of some of the earliest advertisements created by the company. Series sixteen are publications. Some of the publications were created by Ayer while others were about Ayer or the advertising industry in general. Provides good background materials and puts the company in perspective. Series eighteen are the legal records. Materials relating to employees including photographs, oral histories etc. are found in series nineteen.

Series twenty is one of the smallest amounts of materials and includes information relating to the history of NW Ayer & Son.

The container lists for series one-thirteen are part of a database and are searchable. The list has been printed for the convenience of the researcher and is included in this finding aid. Series fourteen-twenty container lists are also a part of the finding aid but are not in a searchable format.

Series 1, Scrapbooks of Client Advertisements, circa 1870-1920, is arranged into three boxes by chronological date. There are two bound scrapbooks and one box of folders containing loose scrapbook pages. NW Ayer & Son compiled an assortment of their earliest ads and placed them into scrapbooks. Besides the earliest advertisements, the scrapbooks contain requests to run advertisements, reading notices and listings of papers Ayer advertised in. The early advertisements themselves range from medical remedies to jewelry to machines to clothing to education and more. Most of the advertisements in the bound scrapbooks are dated.

Series 2, Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930, NW Ayer was fond of creating scrapbooks containing proofsheets. The series contains proofsheets created between 1892 and 1930, organized into 526 boxes. For convenience of storage, access and arrangement, the scrapbooks were disassembled and the pages placed in original order in flat archival storage boxes. The proofsheets are arranged by book number rather than client name. Usually the boxes contain a listing of the clients and sometimes the dates of the advertisements to be found within the box.

Series 3, Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975, is organized into 532 oversize boxes, and contain proofsheets and tearsheets created between 1920 and 1972. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by company name (occasionally subdivided by brand or product), and thereunder chronologically by date of production. Many major, national advertisers are represented, including American Telephone & Telegraph, Armour Company, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Carrier Corporation, Domino Sugar, Caterpillar tractor company, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, Goodyear, Hills Bros. Coffee, Ladies Home Journal, National Dairy, Plymouth (Chrysler Corporation), Steinway, TV Guide, United Airlines and the United States Army. Also contained in this series are three scrapbooks of client advertisements including Canada Dry, Ford Motor, and Victor Talking Machine.

Series 4, 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001, is organized into ninety three oversized boxes,one folder and contains proofsheets for select Ayer clients, created between 1975 and 2001. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by client name and there under chronologically by date of production. Major national advertisers represented include American Telephone & Telegraph, Avon, the United States Army, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Dupont, TV Guide, Sealtest, Kraft Foods, Gillette, General Motors, Cannon Mills.

Series 5, Billboards, circa 1952-1956, consists of mounted and un-mounted original art/mock-ups. Twenty-two pieces of original art created as mock-ups for Texaco billboards.

Series 6, Film and Video Commercials, 1967-1970,

Series 7, Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated, is arranged into eight boxes and includes radio scripts, television scripts, and story boards for commercials.

Subseries 7.1, Scripts and storyboards for Radio and Television Commercials, dates Scripts for radio and television commercials includes title, date, length of commercial, advertising agency, client information

NW Ayer's radio and television materials mainly focus on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Some of Ayer's materials relate to Bell Telephone Hours.

Storyboards are used in television and film to assist the director in working with crew to tell the story. To show the viewer through the use of figures, visual effects and camera angles. When directors first start thinking about their storyboard they create a story in their mind. They think of all the camera angles, visual effects and how the figures will interact in their mind. They try to create an extraordinary story in their head to attract the viewer (YOU) In order for the storyboard to be entirely effective it can't be a passive document. When done properly, a storyboard serves as a central design, meeting the needs of many team members including graphics artists, video personnel and programmers.

Another function of a storyboard is to help the team communicate during the training development process. This communication is very important in working with a large team as in the movie King, produced in 1996. Figures help the director explain to the crew how they are going to record the film and how to present it to the audience. Sometimes the director wants special effects to be added to the film, but his budget might not be that big so the director will have to change the story to fit their budget.

The Visual Effects are an important part in the storyboards it adds a special touch of creativity to your film. Camera angles are an important expects in your film because the camera angles determine where the viewing audience will look. If you want your audience to look at a certain object you must turn their attention to it by focusing on that object and maybe you might try blocking something out. Then you will have your audience's attention and you may do whatever else you have to, it could be scaring them are just surprising them or whatever you do.

Also included is talent information and log sheets relating to the storage of the commercials.

Bell Telephone Hour Program, 1942-[19??], The Bell Telephone Hour, also known as The Telephone Hour, was a five minute musical program which began April 29, 1940 on National Broadcasting Company Radio and was heard on NBC until June 30, 1958. Sponsored by Bell Telephone showcased the best in classical and Broadway music, reaching eight to nine million listeners each week. It continued on television from 1959 to 1968.

Earlier shows featured James Melton and Francia White as soloists. Producer Wallace Magill restructured the format on April 27, 1942 into the "Great Artists Series" of concert and opera performers, beginning with Jascha Heifetz. Records indicate that the list of talents on the program included Marian Anderson, Helen Traubel, Oscar Levant, Lily Pons, Nelson Eddy, Bing Crosby, Margaret Daum, Benny Goodman, José Iturbi, Gladys Swarthout and .The series returned to radio in 1968-1969 as Bell Telephone Hour Encores, also known as Encores from the Bell Telephone Hour, featuring highlights and interviews from the original series.

National Broadcasting television specials sponsored by the Bell System, 1957-1987includes information relating to Science series, Bell system Theshold Series, Bell telephone hour and commercial and public sponsored programs

Series 8, Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the client in ninety boxes and six oversize folders. Clients include Illinois Bell Telephone (1955-1989), Microswitch (1969-1989), Teletype (1975-1984), John Deere (1974-1989) and Caterpillar (1966-1972) are particularly well represented. Other clients of interest include Dr. Scholl's shoes (circa 1968-1972), the Girl Scouts (1976-1980), Sunbeam Personal Products Company (1973-1981), Bell and Howell (1974-1983) and Alberto Culver shampoos (1967-1971), Honeywell, Incorporated, Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations, Kraft, Incorporated, Sears, Roebuck and Company, and YMCA.

Series 9, Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987, include printed advertisements created by this office and information relating to the employees.

Subseries 9.1, Print Advertisements, 1977-1987, printed advertisements arranged in one box alphabetically by client. There is a sparse sampling of clients from this particular Ayer branch office. The majority of the advertisements contained within this series are from Pizza Hut (1986-1987). Also included are Computer Automation (1977-1978), State of the Art, Incorporated (1982) and Toshiba (1986).

Subseries 9.2, Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s, includes cards of employees who worked in the Los Angeles office. Information on the cards includes name, address, telephone number, birthday, date hired, departure date and why (retired, terminated, resigned, etc) and position. Not all cards have all information. There is also a photograph of the employees on the cards.

Series 10, Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated, NW Ayer maintained partnerships with international companies such as Sloanas Ayer in Argentina, Connaghan & May Paton Ayer in Australia, Moussault Ayer in Belgium, NW Ayer, LTD. in Canada, GMC Ayer in France, Co-Partner Ayer in Germany, Wong Lam Wang in Hong Kong, MacHarman Ayer in New Zealand, Grupo de Diseno Ayer in Spain, Nedeby Ayer in Sweden, and Ayer Barker in United Kingdom. This group of material is a small sampling of advertisements created from these International offices. It is arranged alphabetically by client. There are quite a few automobile advertisements (i.e. Audi, Fiat, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen). In addition there are numerous advertisements for various personal items from MacLean's toothpaste to Quick athletic shoes to Labello lip balm, etc. Most of the advertisements have the creator's name printed on the advertisements.

Series 11, Cunningham & Walsh, Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated contains 98 boxes 11 folders materials from the New York advertising agency acquired by NW Ayer in the 1960s. The company began with Newel-Emmett, an agency of nine men which broke up in 1949. Two of the men Fred Walsh and Jack Cunningham formed this agency in bearing their names in 1950. The agency created "let your fingers for the walking campaign for American Telephone & Telegraph, Mother Nature for Chiffon, and Mrs. Olson for Folgers's coffee and let the good times roll for Kawasaki motorcycle. In 1986, NW Ayer Incorporated purchased Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated.

Subseries 11.1, Print Advertisements, 1915-1987, are contained in ninety eight boxes of primarily print advertisements arranged alphabetically by client name. Clients that are particularly well represented are Graybar (electrical implements, circa1926-1937), Johns-Manulle (circa1915-1971), Smith and Corono typewriters (circa 1934-1960), Sunshine Biscuit Company (circa 1925-1961), Texaco Company (circa 1936-1961), Western Electric (circa 1920- 1971) and Yellow Pages (circa 1936-1971). Cunningham and Walsh also represented several travel and tourism industry clients, including Cook Travel Services (circa 1951-1962), Italian Line (circa 1953-1961), Narragansett and Croft (circa 1956-1960) and Northwest Airlines (circa 1946-1955). There are photographs of Texaco advertisements dating from 1913-1962. There is also a scrapbook of advertisements from the Western Electric Company dating from 1920-1922.

Subseries 11.2, Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967, consist of materials created for Western Electric. Materials are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 11.3, Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated include client lists, information relating to NW Ayer purchase and annual report 1962.

Series 12, Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, a Los Angeles advertising company, merged with Ayer in 1969. This series is housed in one box. Within the box are four scrapbooks and folders with a hodgepodge of materials relating to advertising. Of most interest are the scrapbooks. Two scrapbooks deal with Hixson and Jorgensen's self promotion ad campaign "the right appeal gets action" (1953-1957). The other two scrapbooks contain news clippings about the company and its activities (1959-1971).

Series 13, Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957, founded in 1919 and governed in the 1940s by a partnership of nine men. The partnership broke up in 1949 when the men went their separate ways. The materials consist of print advertisements for one of client, Permutit Company, a water conditioning company. The materials are arranged in one box in chronological order.

Series 14, House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991, 16 boxes consists of advertisements or self-promotion advertisements to campaign for new clients. The series is arranged chronologically by date into fifteen boxes. Within the series are two scrapbooks containing self promotion ads from 1888-1919 and 1892-1895. Numerous house ads relate to Ayer's "Human Contact" campaign. In addition to the self promotion ads, Ayer ran advertisements expounding about particular concepts or themes for example, one month the concept would "understand" while another month would be "teamwork" and yet another would be on "imagination". Some of the self promotion ads target specific groups like Philadelphia businessmen. Other advertisements incorporate the fine arts.

Series 15, Scrapbooks, 1872-1959, relates to company events, records and news clippings about Ayer's history. The six boxes are arranged by chronological date. Two of the boxes focus solely on the death of founder F.W. Ayer (1923). Another box houses a scrapbook that showcases Ayer's annual Typography Exhibition (1931-1959). One box contains a scrapbook that specifically deals with correspondences relating to Ayer's advertising. Yet another box's contents are folders of loose pages from scrapbooks that have newspaper clippings, order forms, correspondences and other company records. In one box, a bound scrapbook houses a variety of materials relating to Ayer and advertising (i.e. newspaper clippings, competitor's advertisements, NW Ayer's advertisements, correspondences for advertisements, clippings regarding the "theory of advertising."

Series 16, Publications, 1849-2006, are housed in thirty four boxes and are arranged into three main categories.

Subseries 16.1, House Publications, 1876-1994, covers diverse topics; some proscriptive works about the Ayer method in advertising, some commemorating people, anniversaries or events in the life of the agency. Materials consist of scattered issues of the employee newsletter The Next Step 1920-1921. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date of publication. Ayer in the News, The Show Windows of an Advertising Agency, 1915, book form of advertisements published on the cover of Printer's Ink, highlighting Ayer's relations with advertisers. The Story of the States, 1916, Reprint in book form of a series of articles published in Printer's Ink for the purpose of adding some pertinent fact, progressive thought and prophetic vision to the Nationalism of Advertising highlights major businesses, manufacturer, natural resources and other qualities or attractions of each state. The Book of the Golden Celebration, 1919, includes welcome address and closing remarks by founder F. Wayland Ayer, The Next Step, 1920 employee newsletter with photographs, employee profiles, in-house jokes, etc., Advertising Advertising: A Series of Fifty-two Advertisements scheduled one time a week. Twenty-seven, thirty and forty inches, a day of the week optional with publisher, 1924

Subseries 16.2, Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-2006, includes a book first published in 1939. Includes articles, documenting events and is arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Subseries 16.3, General Publications about Advertising, 1922-1974, are arranged chronologically by date of publication and relate primarily to the history of advertising.

Subseries 16.4, Publications about Other Subjects, 1948-1964, include four books about the tobacco industry primarily the history of the American Tobacco Company and Lorillard Company from the Cunningham and Walsh library.

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1, Contracts, 1885-1908, undated, are arranged alphabetically and span from 1885-1908. The majority of the contracts are with newspaper and magazine publishers from around the country.

Subseries 17.2, General client information, 1911-1999, undated, including active and cancelled lists with dates, client gains, historical client list, (should move this to series 20) Ayer Plan User Guide Strategic Planning for Human Contact, undated

Subseries 17.3, Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated, contain information used by Ayer to create advertisements for some of its clients. American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate Case History, American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate advertisement memo, commissioned artists for DeBeers advertisements, DeBeers information relating to the creative process and photography credits, a case history for DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., The Diamond Engagement Ring, Managing Communication at all levels, DuPont publications, JC Penny Marketing Communication Plan Recommendation, Leaf, Incorporated, Saturn presentation, and USAREC oral presentation.

Subseries 17.4, Potential Clients, 1993, includes grouping has a questionnaire sent to Ayer by a potential client. Questionnaire response for Prudential Securities, 1993 Prudential Securities advertising account review, 1993.

Subseries 17.5, Financial Records, 1929-1938, includes balance sheet, 1929 May 1 Balance sheet and adjustments Consolidated statement of assets and liabilities, Expenses 191936-37 Business review and expenses, 1937 and 1938 Business review and expenses comparative statement, 1937 and 1938.

Series 18, Legal Records, circa 1911-1982, Ayer's legal records are arranged by twelve subject groupings within four boxes. The twelve groupings are advertising service agreements (circa 1918-1982), bylaws, copyright claims, correspondences, international correspondences, dissolution of trusts, stock information, agreements between partners, incorporation materials, reduction of capital, property information and miscellaneous materials. The bulk of the materials are the advertising service agreements. These agreements are between Ayer and their clients and state the services Ayer will offer and at what cost. The bylaws are Ayer's company bylaws from 1969 and 1972. The copyright claims are certificates stating Ayer's ownership over certain published materials (i.e. "Policy", Media Equalizer Model, and Don Newman's Washington Square Experiment). The correspondences relate to either the voting trust and receipts for agreement or the New York Corporation. The international correspondences are from either Ayer's Canadian office or London office. The dissolutions of trusts contains materials about the dividend trust of Wilfred F. Fry, the investment trust of Winfred W. Fry, the voting trust, and the New York corporation. The stock information has stock certificates and capital stock information. The agreements between partners (1911-1916) specify the terms between F.W. Ayer and his partners. The incorporation materials (circa 1929-1977) deal with Ayer advertising agency becoming incorporated in the state of Delaware. The reduction of capital grouping is a notification that shares of stock have been retired. The property information grouping contains property deeds and insurance policy (circa 1921-1939), a property appraisal (1934), and a bill of sale (1948). The miscellaneous grouping contains a house memo regarding a set of board meeting minutes and a registry of foreign companies in Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1929-1954).

Subseries 18.1, Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2, Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4, Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5, International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6, Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7, Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8, Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9, Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10, Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11, Property Information, 1921-1948

Subseries 18.12, Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19, Personnel Records, circa 1889-2001, are arranged into eight groupings within eight boxes. The groupings are employee card files, photographs, Ayer alumni, biographies, speeches, recollections, oral histories, and miscellaneous. Typed manuscript of book A Copy Writer Speaks by George Cecil, NW Ayer, Incorporated copy head 1920s-1950s

Subseries 19.1, Employee card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963, consists of index cards with the name, age, job title, date and wage increases, date of hire/fire, as well as remarks about the employee's service and/or reasons for seeking or leaving the job. Materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee within three boxes.

Subseries 19.2, Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated, are housed in two boxes. The photographs grouped together by subjects i.e. personnel, company events, Ayer buildings, and miscellaneous. This grouping primarily consists of personnel photographs. Includes a glass plate negative dated 1924 of NW Ayer.

Subseries 19.3, Ayer Alumni, circa 1989-98, include employees who have left Ayer. There is a listing of Ayer "graduates" and their current job. Emeritus, Ayer's alumni newsletter 1989-1996, makes up the majority of materials in this grouping. The newsletter keeps the alumni up to date with the happenings of Ayer and what has become of former Ayer employees. Emeritus is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the activities, thoughts and feelings of Ayer alumni a body of people who consists of retirees and former employees.

Subseries 19.4, Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994, undated, prominent members of Ayer's operations had biographical sketches completed of them. This was true for the bio sketches of Robert Ervin, Louis T. Hagopian, and George A. Rink. There is a substantial file on Dorothy Dignam ("Mis Dig"), a leading woman in the advertising world from the 1930s to the 1950s. Also of interest is a video ("The Siano Man") compiled by Ayer employees to commemorate Jerry Siano's retirement from Ayer in 1994. The series is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 19.5, Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975, contains speeches made by Wilfred W. Fry and Neal W. O'Connor. Wilfred W. Fry had various speaking engagements connected with Ayer. Contained in this group is a sampling of his speeches from 1919 to 1931. Neal O'Connor's speech "Advertising: Who Says It's a Young People's Business" was given at the Central Region Convention for the American Association of Advertising Agencies in Chicago on November 6, 1975. The speeches are arranged alphabetically by the speaker's last name.

Subseries 19.6, Recollections, 1954-1984, undated, are arranged alphabetically by last name. These are recollections from Ayer employees about the company and its advertisements. Some recollections are specifically about certain types of advertisements, like farm equipment while others reflect on F. W. Ayer and the company.

Subseries 19.7, Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991, include interviews with key NW Ayer personnel, conducted by Ayer alumnae Howard Davis, Brad Lynch and Don Sholl (Vice President creative) for the Oral History Program. The materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.8, Oral History Interview Audio Tapes, 1985-1990, include interviews on audiotape the materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.9, Internal Communications, 1993-1999, includes information sent to employees relating to retirements, management changes, awards won by the company, promotions, potential new accounts, free items, grand opening of Ayer Café, donation events, sponsorship programs, holiday schedules, discounts for employees from clients, Ayer joins MacManus Group.

Subseries 19.10, General Materials, 1940; 1970, includes agency directory entry including a list of the employees, 1970s, annual banquet program for the Curfew Club May 22, 1940 a group formed by the Philadelphia employee in 1938. It sponsored numerous sports, social and educational activities. Groups were formed in public speaking, music appreciation and a series of talks on Monday evenings title the modern woman. The front page was a series of talks for general interest. A list of officers, 1991, Twenty five year club membership, 1973 December 1, List of NW Ayer graduates, 1970, List of Officers, 1991 May 31, Obituary for Leo Lionni, 1999 October 17, List of photographers of advertisements, 2001

Series 20, Background and History Information, 1817-1999, undated includes a chronology, 1817-1990, quick reference timeline, 1848-1923, loose pages from a scrapbook containing examples of correspondence, envelopes, advertisements dating from 1875-1878; slogans coined by NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1899-1990, history of management, 1909-1923, articles and photographs about the building and art galleries, 1926-1976, publications about the Philadelphia building, 1929, pamphlet relating to memories of NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1930s-1950s, television history, 1940-1948, Article about the history of the company, 1950 January, pocket guide, 1982, AdWeek reports about standings for advertising agencies, information relating to Human Contact which is NW Ayer's Information relating to Human Contact, undated which is their philosophy on advertising.

Series 21, Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated, consists of print advertisements collected by Ayer from other major advertising companies. The companies include Doyle Dane Bernback, Incorporated, Leo Burnett Company, Grey Advertising Agency, D'Arcy Ad Agency, Scali, McCabe, Sloves, Incorporated and Erwin Wasey Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by client and include products from Ralston Purina and Van Camp (Chicken of the Sea), Kellogg, American Export Lines and No Nonsense Fashions.

Series 22, 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1999, undated, includes material given to the Archives Center in 2010. It is organized into seventy one oversized boxes and contains proofsheets of print advertisements for select Ayer clients. These are arranged alphabetically by client name and include substantial quantities of materials from American Telephone &Telegraph (1945-1996), Bahamas Ministry of Tourism (1967-1987), Carrier (1971-1981), Citibank (1973-1991), DeBeers (1940s-1960s and1990s), Electric Companies Advertising Program [ECAP] (1942-1970s), General Motors (1989-1998), J.C. Penney (1983-1986), Newsweek (1966-1975), and Proctor and Gamble (1980s-1890s). There are also numerous other clients represented by smaller quantities of materials.

Subseries 22.1, Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2, Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated, include Cannon towels, Cheny Brothers silks, Cornish & Company organs and pianos, Enterprise Manufacturing Company, 1879 sad iron, an ad from Harper's Weekly 1881 for ladies clothing, Ostermoor & Company mattresses, Pear's soap, Porter's cough balsam, Steinway pianos.

Series 23, Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985, consists of three boxes of printed advertisements for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Some of the same advertisements might also be found in series two, three and four.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks of Client Print Advertisements, circa 1870-1920

Series 2: Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930

Series 3: Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975

Series 4: 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001

Series 5: Billboards, circa 1952-1956

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials

Series 7: Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated

Series 8: Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989

Series 9: Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987

Subseries 9.1: Printed Advertisements, 1977-1987

Subseries 9.2: Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s

Series 10: Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated

Series 11: Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated

Subseries 11.1: Printed Advertisements, 1915-1987

Subseries 11.2: Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967

Subseries 11.3: Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated

Series 12: Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, undated

Series 13: Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957

Series 14: House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991

Series 15: Scrapbooks, 1872-1959

Series 16: Publications, 1849-2006

Subseries 16.1: House Publications, 1876-1994

Subseries 16.2: Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-1995

Subseries 16.3: General Publications about Advertising, 1922-2006

Subseries 16.4: Publications about other Subjects, 1948-1964

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1: Contracts, 1885-1908, undated

Subseries 17.2: General Client Information, 1911-1999, undated

Subseries 17.3: Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated

Subseries 17.4: Potential Clients, 1993

Subseries 17.5: Financial Records, 1929-1938

Series 18: Legal Records, circa 1911-1984

Subseries 18.1: Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2: Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4: Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5: International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6: Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7: Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8: Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9: Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10: Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11: Property Information

Subseries 18.12: Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19: Employee Materials, circa 1889-2001

Subseries 19.1: Employee Card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963

Subseries 19.2: Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated

Subseries 19.3: Alumni Publications, circa 1989-1998

Subseries 19.4: Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994

Subseries 19.5: Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975

Subseries 19.6: Recollections, 1954-1984, undated

Subseries 19.7: Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991

Subseries 19.8: Oral History Audiotapes, 1985-1990

Subseries 19.9: Internal Communications, 1993-1999

Subseries 19.1: General Materials, 1940-2001

Series 20: History and Background Information about the Company, 1817-1999, undated

Series 21: Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated

Series 22: 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1990s, undated

Subseries 22.1: Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2: Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated

Series 23: Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, NW Ayer & Son is one of the oldest and largest advertising agencies in America. For most of its history, it was the undisputed leader and innovator in the field of advertising. In 1876, NW Ayer & Son pioneered the "open contract", a revolutionary change in the method of billing for advertising which became the industry standard for the next hundred years. NW Ayer pioneered the use of fine art in advertising and established the industry's first art department. It was the first agency to use a full-time copywriter and the first to institute a copy department. The agency relocated to New York City in 1974. During its long history, the agency's clients included many "blue-chip" clients, including American Telephone & Telegraph, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Ford Motor Company, Nabisco, R. J. Reynolds and United Airlines. However, in later years, the Ayer's inherent conservatism left the agency vulnerable to the creative revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the advertising industry restructuring of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s. The agency was bought out by a Korean investor in 1993. In 1996, NW Ayer merged with another struggling top twenty United States advertising agency, Darcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, under the umbrella of the McManus Group. Ayer continues to operate as a separate, full-service agency.

Through a series of buyouts and mergers, Ayer traces its lineage to the first advertising agency founded in the United States, a Philadelphia agency begun by Volney Palmer in 1841. Palmer began his career in advertising as a newspaper agent, acting as middleman between newspaper publishers and advertisers across the country. By 1849, Palmer had founded his own newspaper, V. B. Palmer's Register and Spirit of the Press, and had developed a complete system of advertising which included securing advertising space and placing ads in scores of commercial, political, religious, scientific and agricultural journals across the country. Palmer went one step further than the "space jobbers" of the day when he began offering "advertisements carefully drawn for those who have not the time to prepare an original copy." Always an enthusiastic promoter of advertising as an incentive to trade and American economic growth, Palmer promised advertisers that "every dollar paid for advertising in country newspapers will pay back twenty-fold" and encouraged skeptical consumers that "he who wishes to buy cheap should buy of those who advertise." When Palmer died in 1863, the agency was bought by his bookkeeper, John Joy, who joined with another Philadelphia advertising agency to form Joy, Coe & Sharpe. That agency was bought out again in 1868 and renamed Coe, Wetherill & Company. In 1877, Coe, Wetherill and Company was bought out by the newly formed NW Ayer & Son.

Francis Wayland Ayer was an ambitious young schoolteacher with an entrepreneurial streak. Having worked for a year soliciting advertisements on a commission basis for the publisher of the National Baptist weekly, Francis Ayer saw the potential to turn a profit as an advertising agent. In 1869, Ayer persuaded his father, Nathan Wheeler Ayer, to join him in business, and with an initial investment of only $250.00, NW Ayer & Son was born. Notwithstanding a smallpox epidemic in Philadelphia in 1871 and the general economic depression of the early 1870s, the agency flourished. The senior Ayer died in 1873, leaving his interest in the agency to his wife, but Francis W. Ayer bought her out, consolidating his interest in the company's management. In 1877, with Coe, Wetherill & Company (the successor to Palmer's 1841 agency) on the verge of bankruptcy and heavily indebted to Ayer for advertising it had placed in Ayer publications, Ayer assumed ownership of that agency. Thus did NW Ayer lay claim to being the oldest advertising agency in the country.

Both Nathan Wheeler and Francis Wayland Ayer began their careers as schoolteachers, and one of their legacies was a commitment to the cause of education: correspondence schools and institutions of higher learning were historically well-represented among Ayer clients. Just after World War I, the agency was heralded as "co-founder of more schools than any citizen of this country" for its conspicuous efforts to advertise private schools. Well into the 1960s, an "Education Department" at Ayer prepared advertisements for over three hundred private schools, camps and colleges, representing almost half the regional and national advertising done for such institutions. In fact, to its clients Ayer presented advertising itself as being akin to a system of education. In 1886, Ayer began promoting the virtues of the Ayer way advertising with the slogan, "Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success."

The agency's goals were simple: "to make advertising pay the advertiser, to spend the advertiser's money as though it were our own, to develop, magnify and dignify advertising as a business." Initially, Ayer's fortunes were tied to newspapers, and the agency began to make a name for itself as compiler and publisher of a widely used American Newspaper Annual. During the first years, Ayer's singular goal was "to get business, place it [in newspapers] and get money for it"; after several years as an independent space broker, however, Francis Ayer resolved "not to be an order taker any longer." This decision led NW Ayer and Son to a change in its mode of conducting business which would revolutionize the advertising industry: in 1876, Ayer pioneered the "open contract" with Diggee & Conard, Philadelphia raised growers and agricultural suppliers. Prior to the open contract, NW Ayer & Sons and most agencies operated as "space-jobbers," independent wholesalers of advertising space, in which the opportunities for graft and corrupt practices were virtually unlimited. In contrast, the open contract, wherein the advertiser paid a fixed commission based on the volume of advertising placed, aligned the advertising agent firmly on the side of the advertiser and gave advertisers access to the actual rates charged by newspapers and religious journals. The open contract with a fixed commission has been hailed by advertising pioneer Albert Lasker as one of the "three great landmarks in advertising history." (The other two were Lasker's own development of "reason-why" advertising copy and J. Walter Thompson's pioneering of sex appeal in an advertisement for Woodbury's soap.) Although the transition to the open contract did not happen overnight, by 1884, nearly three-quarters of Ayer's advertising billings were on an open contract basis. Since Ayer was, by the 1890s, the largest agency in America, the switch to direct payment by advertisers had a significant impact on the advertising industry, as other agencies were forced to respond to Ayer's higher standard. Just as important, the open contract helped to establish N W Ayer's long-standing reputation for "clean ethics and fair dealing" -- a reputation the agency has guarded jealously for over a century. The open contract also helped to establish Ayer as a full service advertising agency and to regularize the production of advertising in-house. From that point forward, Ayer routinely offered advice and service beyond the mere placement of advertisements. Ayer set another milestone for the industry in 1888, when Jarvis Wood was hired as the industry's first full-time copywriter. Wood was joined by a second full time copywriter four years later, and the Copy Department was formally established in 1900. The industry's first Art Department grew out of the Copy Department when Ayer hired its first commercial artist to assist with copy preparation in 1898; twelve years later Ayer became the first agency to offer the services of a full time art director, whose sole responsibility was the design and illustration of ads.

Ayer's leadership in the use of fine art in advertising has roots in this period, but achieved its highest expression under the guidance of legendary art director Charles Coiner. Coiner joined Ayer in 1924, after graduating from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Despite early resistance from some clients, Coiner was adamant that "the use of outstanding palette and original art forms bring a greater return in readership, in impact and prestige for the advertiser." To this end, Coiner marshaled the talents of notable painters, illustrators and photographers, including N.C. Wyeth and Rockwell Kent (Steinway), Georgia O'Keefe (Dole), Leo Lionni (DuPont), Edward Steichen (Steinway, Cannon Mills), Charles Sheeler (Ford), and Irving Penn (DeBeers). Coiner believed that there was a practical side to the use of fine art in advertising, and his success (and Ayer's) lay in the marriage of research and copywriting with fine art, an arrangement Coiner termed "art for business sake." Coiner's efforts won both awards and attention for a series completed in the 1950s for the Container Corporation of America. Titled "Great Ideas of Western Man" the campaign featured abstract and modern paintings and sculpture by leading U.S. and foreign artists, linked with Western philosophical writings in an early example of advertising designed primarily to bolster corporate image. In 1994, Charles Coiner was posthumously named to the American Advertising Federation's Hall of Fame, the first full time art director ever chosen for that honor.

Coiner and fellow art director Paul Darrow also created legendary advertising with the "A Diamond Is Forever" campaign for DeBeers; ads featured the work of Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and other modernist painters. The "A Diamond is Forever" tagline was written in 1949 by Frances Gerety, a woman copywriter at Ayer from 1943 to 1970. In 1999, Ad Age magazine cited "A Diamond is Forever" as the most memorable advertising slogan of the twentieth century.

Coiner also earned respect for his volunteer government service during World War II; he designed the armbands for civil defense volunteers and logos for the National Recovery Administration and Community Chest. As a founding member of the Advertising Council in 1945, Ayer has had a long-standing commitment to public service advertising. In the mid-1980s, Ayer became a leading force in the Reagan-era "War on Drugs". Lou Hagopian, Ayer's sixth CEO, brokered the establishment of the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a media coalition which generated as much as a million dollars a day in donated advertising space and time to prevent the use and abuse of illegal drugs. Famous names appear among NW Ayer's clientele from the very earliest days of the agency. Retailer John Wanamaker, Jay Cooke and Company, and Montgomery Ward's mail-order business were among the first Ayer clients. The agency has represented at least twenty automobile manufacturers, including Cadillac, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Plymouth, and Rolls-Royce. Other major, long-term clients through the years have included American Telephone & Telegraph, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Kellogg's, R. J. Reynolds, Steinway and Sons, United Airlines, and the United States Army. By the time of Ayer's hundredth anniversary in 1969, some of these companies had been Ayer clients for decades if not generations, and the longevity of those relationships was for many years a source of Ayer's strength.

But the advertising industry began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, due in part to a "creative revolution." Small advertising agencies won attention with provocative copywriting and art direction that more closely resembled art than advertising. Advances in market research allowed clients to more narrowly tailor their advertising messages to distinct groups of consumers, and this led to a rise in targeted marketing which could more readily be doled out to specialized small agencies than to larger, established firms like NW Ayer & Son. The civil rights and anti-war movements also contributed to increasing public skepticism with the values of corporate America, and by extension, with some national advertising campaigns. Older, more conservative firms like Ayer were hard pressed to meet these new challenges.

About 1970, in an effort to meet these challenges and to establish a foothold on the West Coast, Ayer bought out two smaller agencies--Hixson & Jorgenson (Los Angeles) and Frederick E. Baker (Seattle). The agency relocated from Philadelphia to New York City in 1974 in an attempt both to consolidate operations (Ayer had operated a New York office since the 1920s) and to be closer to the historic center of the advertising industry. Riding the wave of mergers that characterized the advertising industry in the late 1980s and 1990s, Ayer continued to grow through the acquisition of Cunningham & Walsh in 1986 and Rink Wells in 19xx.

During this transitional period, Ayer received widespread acclaim for its work for the United States Army, which included the widely recognized slogan "Be All You Can Be". Ayer first acquired the Army recruitment account in 1967 and with help from its direct marketing arm, the agency was widely credited with helping the Army reach its recruitment goals despite an unpopular war and plummeting enlistments after the elimination of the draft in 1973. Ayer held the account for two decades, from the Vietnam War through the Cold War, but lost the account in 1986 amid government charges that an Ayer employee assigned to the account accepted kickbacks from a New York film production house. Despite Ayer's position as the country's 18th largest agency (with billings of $880 million in 1985), the loss of the agency's second largest account hit hard.

NW Ayer made up for the loss of the $100 million dollar a year Army account and made headlines for being on the winning end of the largest account switch in advertising history to date, when fast food giant Burger King moved its $200 million dollar advertising account from arch-rival J. Walter Thompson in 1987. Burger King must have had drive-thru service in mind, however, and Ayer made headlines again when it lost the account just eighteen months later in another record-breaking account switch. Another devastating blow to the agency was the loss of its lead position on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Ayer pioneered telecommunications advertising in 1908, when the agency was selected to craft advertising for the Bell System's universal telephone service. Despite valiant efforts to keep an account the agency had held for most of the twentieth century, and for which they had written such memorable corporate slogans as American Telephone &Telegraph "The Voice with a Smile" and "Reach Out and Touch Someone", the agency lost the account in 1996.

After a wave of mergers and acquisitions in the late 1980s, the economic recession of the early 1990s hit Madison Avenue hard, and Ayer was particularly vulnerable. Despite the agency's long history and roster of "blue-chip" clients, Ayer was not known for cutting-edge creative work. Moreover, though the agency had offices overseas, Ayer had never built a strong multinational presence, and many of the smaller international offices were sold during the financial turmoil of the 1980s. This left a real void in the new climate of global marketplace consolidation. By about 1990, earnings were declining (although Ayer was still among the top twenty United States agencies in billings), and the agency was suffering from client defections, high management turnover, expensive real estate commitments and deferred executive compensation deals, all fallout of the high-flying 1980s. This was the atmosphere in 1993, when W.Y. Choi, a Korean investor who had already assembled a media and marketing empire in his homeland, began looking for an American partner to form an international advertising network. Jerry Siano, the former creative director who had recently been named Ayer's seventh CEO, was in no position to refuse Choi's offer of $35 million to buy the now floundering agency. The infusion of cash was no magic bullet, however. Choi took a wait-and-see approach, allowing his partner Richard Humphreys to make key decisions about Ayer's future, including the purging of senior executives and the installation of two new CEOs in as many years.

The agency's downward trend continued with the loss of another longtime client, the DeBeers diamond cartel in 1995. Adweek reported that Ayer's billings fell from $892 million in 1990 to less than $850 million in 1995. Several top executives defected abruptly, and the agency failed to attract major new accounts. Ayer was facing the loss not merely of revenue and personnel, but the loss of much of the respect it once commanded. Ayer remained among the twenty largest U.S. agencies, but an aura of uncertainty hung over the agency like a cloud. A new CEO was appointed, and Mary Lou Quinlan became the agency's first woman CEO in 1995. A year later, Ayer and another struggling top twenty agency, D'arcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, combined as part of the McManus Group of companies. In 1998, the McManus Group had worldwide billings of more than $6.5 billion.

Under the McManus Group, Ayer was able to expand its international operations and begin to rebuild a stronger global presence. Several important new clients were won in 1997 and 1998, including Avon, General Motors, Kitchenaid, several Procter & Gamble brands and, most notably, Continental Airlines worldwide accounts. Born in the nineteenth century, Ayer may be one of a very few advertising agencies to successfully weather the economic and cultural transitions of both the twentieth and twentieth first centuries. Ayer was eventually acquired by the Publicis Groupe based in Paris, France which closed down the N.W. Ayer offices in 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated Records (AC0395)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by N W Ayer ABH International, April 15, 1975 and by Ayer & Partners, October 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must use microfilm copy. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Technical Access: Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. Publication and production quality duplication is restricted due to complex copyright, publicity rights, and right to privacy issues. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 1840-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Citation:
NW Ayer & Sons, incorporated Advertising Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0059
See more items in:
N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0059
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Names:
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange), d. 1965  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold, 1870-1932  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques, 1858-1923  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Extent:
203.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gallery records
Date:
1904-1978
bulk 1913-1974
Summary:
The records of Jacques Seligmann & Co. measure approximately 203.1 linear feet and date from 1904 to 1978, with bulk dates from 1913 to 1974. The collection includes extensive correspondence files, reference material on American and European collectors and their collections, inventory and stock records, financial records, exhibition files, auction files, and the records of subsidiary companies. The collection is an invaluable resource in tracing the provenance of particular works of art and provides a comprehensive view of the activities of collectors and art dealers in the years leading up to and following World War II.
Scope and Contents note:
The Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., records measure approximately 203.1 linear feet and date from between 1904 and 1978, with bulk dates of 1913-1974. The records include extensive correspondence files, reference material on American and European collectors and their collections, inventory and stock records, financial records, exhibition files, auction files, and the records of subsidiary companies, including de Hauke & Co., Inc., and Modern Paintings, Inc.

Historians and researchers will find the collection an invaluable resource in tracing the provenance of particular works of art. Although in the early 1940s many records in the Paris office were destroyed by Seligmann staff to keep them from falling into the hands of the occupying German military forces, many records survive, as much of the firm's business had previously come to center in the New York office. In all, the remaining records provide a comprehensive view of the activities and transactions of collectors and art dealers in the years leading up to and following World War II.

Correspondence (Series 1) is the largest series of the collection (80 linear feet) and is comprised of extensive correspondence files, primarily between Germain Seligman and his New York office staff with domestic and foreign private clients, collectors, dealers, individuals representing public museums and collections, and international scholars. The New York Office Correspondence (Series 1.1) concerns a wide variety of topics, including routine business matters, but focuses primarily on potential and realized sales and purchases and provenance documentation. Also found is detailed information on financial transactions, commissions, stock inventory, and the travel of Germain Seligman and other staff. Paris Office Correspondence (Series 1.2) is separated into a small subseries and contains correspondence written primarily by Jacques Seligmann from Paris. The subseries General Correspondence (Series 1.3) is the largest subsection of the Correspondence series and contains letters written to and received from clients and other business associates concerning business transactions and inquiries. The subseries Museum Correspondence (Series 1.4) contains letters between the firm and art institutions and museums. The subseries Germain Seligman's Correspondence (Series 1.5), contains not only personal letters but a wealth of information concerning the affairs of the firm. Much personal correspondence was marked "private."

Also of note in the Correspondence series are the Legal Correspondence Files (Series 1.6) and the Inter-Office Correspondence (Series 1.9) and Inter-Office Memoranda (Series 1.13). The Legal Correspondence Files subseries houses correspondence with both U.S. and Paris attorneys and concerns legal affairs and specific lawsuits. Of particular interest are Germain Seligman's attempts to recover Seligmann family and Paris gallery artwork and other assets stolen or confiscated by the Germans in World War II. This small subseries also contains limited information on the stock and inventory holdings of several of the firm's and Germain Seligman's subsidiary corporations, family legal affairs and lawsuits, and other related legal matters. The subseries Inter-Office Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda (called fiches by Seligmann staff) include memos between Germain Seligman and his staff about clients, collectors, sales, acquisitions, and other matters. These offer interesting commentary clearly intended to be read by staff only.

Also prominent is Collectors Files (Series 2), which contains numerous reference files documenting the collections of existing and potential clients with whom Seligmann & Co. maintained contacts. The files are arranged by either individual name or institution and reflect the wide scope of collector references maintained by the firm throughout its operating years. The files contain a variety of reference materials, such as photographs, provenance notes, and sales, purchase, and inventory information in cases where the collector purchased from the firm or the firm purchased from the collector. Researchers will find that many of the private and public names that appear in General Correspondence (Series 1.3) appear in the Collectors Files as well. Also found in this series are specific files relating to the Duc d'Arenberg Collection, the Clarence H. Mackay Collection, the Mortimer L. Schiff Collection, and the Prince of Liechtenstein Collection. The firm either handled substantial estate sales for these collections or purchased and sold important pieces from these collections.

Auction Files (Series 3) and Exhibition files (Series 4) trace the sales and exhibition activities undertaken by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. In the Auction files, researchers will find documentation of auctions of individual works of art owned by the firm and handled by Christie's, Parke-Bernet, and other auction houses. Of particular interest is the 1948-1949 Parke-Bernet auction of the C. S. Wadsworth Trust, a "dummy" trust set up by the firm to dispose of a portion of its unsold inventory. The Exhibition Files house a variety of documentation, such as catalogs and correspondence, concerning the firm's active exhibition history. Many of the exhibitions featured works of art recently acquired by the firm, such as the 1937 exhibition, Twenty Years in the Evolution of Picasso, which included a number of Picassos the firm acquired from Madame Jacques Doucet that year.

Reference Files (Series 5) includes a card catalog to books and catalogs in the library maintained by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and a photograph reference index of works of art. Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) tracks the firm's inventory through a series of stock books and supporting documentation that include sales and provenance information.

Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7) consists primarily of records of the New York office, but some Paris office documents can be found scattered throughout. Found in this series is a wide variety of financial records including purchase receipt files, credit notes, invoices, consignment invoices and books, invoices, consular invoices, sales and purchase account books, ledgers, and tax records. The records appear to be quite complete and date from 1910 to 1977. Of particular interest are the purchase receipts and credit notes and memoranda that contain detailed documentation on acquisitions and sales. The consignment invoices provide information about works of art sold on behalf of other galleries and dealers, as well as which galleries and dealers were handling works of art for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Although quite large and complex, the financial records offer a comprehensive overview of the firm's business and financial transactions.

The records of subsidiary companies that were part of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., such as Contemporary American Department, de Hauke & Co., Inc., Modern Paintings, Inc., and Gersel Corp. are arranged in their own series. In 1935, the firm established the Contemporary American Department to represent young American artists. Under the direction of Theresa D. Parker, a longtime gallery employee, the department initiated an exhibition and loan program. Contemporary American Department (Series 8) includes mostly correspondence files and exhibition files.

The largest subsidiary company to operate under Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., was de Hauke & Co., Inc. De Hauke & Co., Inc., Records (Series 9) dates from 1925 through 1949 and contains domestic and foreign correspondence with clients, collectors, and dealers; inter-office correspondence and memoranda with Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc.; administrative and legal files; and financial records. Modern Paintings, Inc., records (Series 10) contains the legal and financial files of this subsidiary company, which was established in 1930 to incorporate most of the stock of the liquidated de Hauke & Co., Inc. Gersel Corp. Records (Series 11) contains a small amount of material from this company.

Researchers should note that a scattering of records from most of the subsidiary companies may also be found throughout additional series, particularly Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) and Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7). Records for the firms Tessa Corp. and Georges Haardt & Co., which were also owned by Germain Seligman, are not part of the Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., Records, although scattered references to these two firms may be encountered throughout the collection.

German Seligman's Personal papers (Series 12) includes scattered family and biographical materials, his research and writings files, and documentation of his personal art collection. Found in Family and Biographical Material (Series 12.1) are photographs of family members, including Jacques Seligmann, and of the Paris gallery. Also found is a limited amount of correspondence concerning Germain Seligman's residency status and his desire to obtain an army commission during World War II. Germain Seligman's research and writing files are found in this series and include material for his books: Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné (1969); Merchants of Art, 1880-1960: Eighty Years of Professional Collecting (1961); The Drawings of Georges Seurat (1947); and Oh! Fickle Taste; or, Objectivity in Art (1952). Documentation of Germain Seligman's private art collection is arranged in this series and includes provenance and research files and correspondence concerning his art collection.

Overall, the historical records of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., offer researchers a comprehensive and detailed resource for studying one of the most active dealers in decorative arts, Renaissance, and European contemporary art. The records clearly document the firm's numerous acquisitions and sales of important works of art to well-known European and American collectors and museums as well as Germain Seligman's extensive client contacts and references. The collection offers an insightful, intriguing, and often fascinating view into the complex field of art sales, trading, and acquisition during the first half of the twentieth century, when many major collections in the United States were formed.

Researchers interested in tracing the provenance of individual works of art should carefully check each series of the collection for information to obtain a complete history for any work. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., staff set up many different files to cross-reference works of art from various angles, such as artist or creator; collector or collection; most recent owner or repository location; stock inventory number, if owned by Seligmann & Co.; and photographic reference files. The task is made somewhat more difficult by the number of commission sales and joint ownership of works of art, often documented solely in the Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) or the Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7). Only by tracing a name or date through the various series can one find all of the information relating to a particular work of art and its provenance.
Arrangement note:
Following is an outline of the arrangement of the collection by series and corresponding box numbers and extent. More detailed information for each series and subseries, along with a box and folder inventory, is found in the Series Descriptions/Container Listings, which can be found by following the series links below. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1913-1978 (1-174, 80 linear feet)

Series 2: Collectors Files, 1875, 1892-1977, undated (Boxes 175-252, 35 linear feet)

Series 3: Auction Files, 1948-1975, undated (Boxes 253-259, 2.75 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1925-1977, undated (Boxes 260-272, 5.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Reference Files, 1877-1977, undated (Boxes 273-278, 2.25 linear feet)

Series 6: Inventory and Stock Files, 1923-1971, undated (Boxes 279-289, 4.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Financial Files and Shipping Records, 1910-1977 (Boxes 290-357, 30.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Contemporary American Department, 1932-1978 (Boxes 358-381, 10 linear feet)

Series 9: De Hauke & Co., Inc., Records, 1925-1949, undated (Boxes 382-416; 16 linear feet)

Series 10: Modern Paintings, Inc., Records, 1927-1950 (Boxes 417-420, 1.25 linear feet)

Series 11: Gersel Corp. Records, 1946-1969 (Box 421, 0.25 linear feet)

Series 12: Germain Seligman's Personal Papers, 1882, circa 1905-1984, undated (Boxes 422-459, OV 460, 17 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., was counted among the foremost French and American art dealers in antiquities and decorative arts and was among the first to foster and support the growth and appreciation for collecting in the field of contemporary European art. The company's clients included most of the major American and European art collectors of the era, and the art that passed through its galleries often ended up in the collections of prominent American and European museums through the donations of the wealthy benefactors who purchased them from the company. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., took an active part in promoting such donations as well as providing its own donations and selling paintings, sculpture, and decorative arts directly to many museums.

The company was first established as Jacques Seligmann & Cie. in 1880 on the Rue des Mathurins in Paris by Jacques Seligmann (1858-1923), a German émigré who came to France in 1874 and soon thereafter became a French citizen. The company experienced so much success that in 1900 a new, larger Galerie Seligmann was opened on the Place Vendôme, and Jacques's two brothers, Simon and Arnold, joined the business as partners. Simon served as the company's accountant, and Arnold was in charge of correspondence with the firm's many clients. Jacques remained as the manager and was in charge of all purchases for the firm.

Prominent clients of the company included Baron Edmond de Rothschild of France, the Stroganoff family of Russia, Sir Philip Sassoon of England, and American collectors Benjamin Altman, William Randolph Hearst, J. P. Morgan, Henry Walters, and Joseph Widener. As American clients increasingly came to dominate the company's sales activities, a New York office at 7 West Thirty-sixth Street was opened in 1904. Five years later, Jacques purchased the Hôtel de Sagan (also called the Palais de Sagan by the Seligmann family) in Paris as a location where Jacques Seligmann & Cie. could stage larger exhibitions and receive its most distinguished clients.

In 1912 a family quarrel resulted in a lawsuit that split the company. Arnold remained at the Place Vendôme location, reorganized under the name Arnold Seligmann & Cie., while Jacques consolidated his operations and moved the headquarters for Jacques Seligmann & Cie. to the Hôtel de Sagan. Jacques also opened an additional gallery at 17 Place Vendôme to retain a presence near the company's original location, but this branch soon relocated to 9 Rue de la Paix. The New York office, which formerly had operated out of a single room, was upgraded to larger office space and a gallery at 705 Fifth Avenue.

Jacques's son, Germain Seligman (1893-1978), showed an interest in art connoisseurship from his early years and often accompanied his father to work in the galleries. (In 1943, when Germain Seligman became an American citizen, he dropped the second "n" from his surname, and for clarity his name appears with this spelling throughout this finding aid.) His father taught him how to deal with clients and often assigned him tasks to help in the completion of sales. Germain accompanied Jacques on many business trips and in 1910 was sent to St. Peterburg, Russia, to secure information about the selling price of the Swenigorodskoi enamels owned by the Russian collector M. P. Botkine.

Germain continued to work informally in the firm's galleries until the outbreak of World War I. Within hours of the mobilization order in 1914, Germain joined the French army as a second lieutenant in the 132nd Infantry Regiment of Rheims. By 1916 he was promoted to first lieutenant in the Twenty-fourth Infantry Brigade and in the following year achieved the rank of captain in the Fifty-sixth Infantry Division. Also in the same year, he was assigned as the first French liaison officer to the First Division of the American Expeditionary Force in France, serving as translator for Major George C. Marshall. Seligman was discharged from the French army in 1919 and was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with six citations. (In 1938 Seligman also was awarded the Office of the Legion of Honor from France, and in 1939 he was decorated by General John Joseph Pershing with the Distinguished Service Medal of the United States, in recognition for his service during World War I.)

After his discharge from military service, Germain Seligman actively joined his father's company as a partner in 1920. Jacques Seligmann & Cie. was changed to Jacques Seligmann et Fils, and Germain was placed in charge as the president of the New York office. The strong American art market necessitated Germain's making numerous cross-Atlantic trips each year. Upon the death of his father in 1923, Germain took over as president of both the Paris and New York offices, and the company was once again renamed Jacques Seligmann & Cie.

In the early years of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., the firm carried few paintings, as collectors focused their interest mostly on small objects, enamels, ivories, and other decorative pieces from the Byzantine to the Renaissance eras. Stone and bronze sculptures, medieval and Renaissance tapestries, and eighteenth-century French furniture were the most avidly collected pieces of the era. The galleries of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., reflected its clients' tastes, but soon after the turn of the century art trends began to change.

The 1913 Armory Show introduced many Americans to contemporary European art, and collectors in the United States began to show marked interest in it. The advent of World War I brought much of the art market to a standstill in Europe, but interest in the Impressionists continued in the United States, and it quickly resumed in Europe, as well, after the war. Both collectors and dealers began buying modern art, led by such progressive American collectors as Walter Arensberg, Albert C. Barnes, A. E. Gallatin, Mrs. Horace O. Havemeyer, Mrs. Potter Palmer, Duncan Phillips, and John Quinn, among others.

Under Germain's leadership, Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., began acquiring works by Pierre Bonnard, Paul Cézanne, Honoré Daumier, Edgar Degas, Pablo Picasso, Henri Rousseau, and Vincent van Gogh. While Germain promoted this trend for modern art in the New York gallery, other family partners did not approve as this was a new direction for the firm. For this reason Germain Seligman looked to establish a new, independent business venture in the evolving field of modern art. He selected as his partner César Mange de Hauke.

César Mange de Hauke was born on March 8, 1900, the son of a French engineer and a Polish mother. After completing academic and art studies in England and France in the years following World War I, de Hauke arrived in the United States in 1926. While in New York City, he was introduced to Germain Seligman by Germain's cousin, René Seligmann, and by 1927 de Hauke had joined Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., as a sales representative.

With their shared interest in modern French painting, Seligman and de Hauke decided to explore the feasibility of sales in this area by forming a subsidiary to Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., that would specialize in contemporary European artists. In 1926 Seligman personally financed the fledgling company, first called International Contemporary Art Company, Inc., and he appointed de Hauke its director, but even before the legal documents setting up the company were completed the name was changed to de Hauke & Co., Inc. Although the bulk of the new company's art purchases took place in Paris and London, the majority of its sales occurred in the United States.

Seligman and de Hauke worked out an agreement allowing de Hauke to purchase works of art that could then be sold as stock inventory of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., or privately under de Hauke's own name. Ownership of paintings was often shared among various art dealers, involving complicated commission transactions upon completion of sale. Seligman provided display space for de Hauke & Co., Inc., at the new, larger gallery of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., now located at 3 East Fifty-first Street. The two businesses were deeply intertwined, as evidenced by the facts that Seligman's financial records include a great deal of de Hauke material and many of de Hauke's records are written on the stationery of Jacques Seligmann Co., Inc.

During the second half of the 1920s, de Hauke showed the work of modern French School artists in New York City. He exhibited works by Pierre Bonnard, Amedeo Modigliani, Odilon Redon, Ker-Xavier Roussel, Edouard Vuillard, and many others. De Hauke was equally interested in French School drawings and watercolors, and the scope of his exhibitions also included works by nineteenth-century masters such as Paul Cézanne, Jacques-Louis David, Eugè00E8;ne Delacroix, Jean Ingres, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Georges Seurat.

Among the exhibitions held at the New York gallery were two highly successful shows featuring the works of Pablo Picasso. The first one, held in 1936, displayed paintings from the Blue and Rose Periods and was soon followed by the 1937 exhibition, Twenty Years in the Evolution of Picasso. The star of this exhibition was Les Demoiselles d'Avignon which Germain had recently acquired from the Jacques Doucet Estate sale.

Despite the bleak economic conditions of the 1930s, the new business venture proved so successful that the other family members of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., withdrew their opposition to expanding into the field of modern art, and de Hauke & Co., Inc., was dissolved and re-formed under the new name, Modern Paintings, Inc. César M. de Hauke was appointed its director, but tensions had crept into the relationship between the former partners, and by 1931, de Hauke had resigned and returned to Paris.

The mid-1930s appear to have been a period of reorganization for the company. By 1934 Modern Paintings, Inc., was also dissolved, and it assets were assumed by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and by Tessa Corp., another subsidiary of the firm. In 1935, however, the firm established a new subsidiary, the Contemporary American Department, to represent young American artists. Theresa D. Parker, a longtime gallery employee, was selected to head the department, and she initiated an exhibition and loan program. Soon thereafter, the City of Paris offered to buy the company's building at the Hôtel de Sagan as part of a complicated negotiation for a site for the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la vie Modern 1937. The Paris office of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., reestablished itself at 9 Rue de la Paix, but Germain selected the New York office as the headquarters for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Subsequently he filed his legal residence as New York City. Germain's half-brother, François-Gerard, was left in charge of the Paris office operations, although Germain continued to commute between the two offices until the summer of 1939.

During the New York World's Fair of 1939, Germain served as a member of the Exhibition Committee, which coordinated the art section. When the fair was extended for an additional year, Seligman was asked to take responsibility for planning the French art section. World political events intruded, however, and rumors of impending war affected both the European and American economies as well as the international art world. Speculative sales, particularly in Europe, made for a chaotic and unpredictable market. In June 1940 German forces invaded France and occupied Paris. Business for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., took a dramatic downturn. In the summer of 1940 the Seligmann galleries and family holdings were seized by the Vichy government, along with Germain's private art collection. The family house and its contents, along with almost the entire stock of the Paris firm, was sold at public auction. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., staff burned the Paris office archives in an effort to keep the records relating to works of art from falling into the hands of the Nazi occupiers, who were looting and shipping art to Germany.

Family members also experienced the pains and changes brought on by the war. Jean Seligmann, a cousin of Germain and the head of Arnold Seligmann & Cie., was captured and shot in Vincennes, France. François-Gerard, a half-brother, was drafted into the army and subsequently joined the French Resistance. Another brother, André, fled France in September 1940 and arrived in New York City, where he opened his own gallery. (He would later return to Paris after the war, but died shortly thereafter from a heart attack.)

Germain applied for a commission in the United States Army in 1942, but his application was initially turned down due to his noncitizen status. Soon thereafter, however, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the second War Power Act, which stipulated that naturalization could be expedited if the individual served in the military during the war. This act prompted Germain to further press his application for a post overseas, citing his citizenship status as fairly inconsequential or at least no longer a grave hindrance. Despite numerous letters exchanged with the War Department, however, his application was eventually rejected due to changes in military personnel policy.

During the war years, the Seligmann company in New York moved from its 3 East Fifty-first Street location to smaller quarters at 5 East Fifty-seventh Street. The first exhibition in this space was held in the spring of 1944. By 1945 the Contemporary American Department was reactivated, with Theresa D. Parker as its head.

In the years following the war, a rapprochement occurred among the family members who had been split since the family quarrel between Jacques and Arnold Seligmann. With the death of Jean Seligmann during the war, Arnold Seligmann & Co. had been left without a director. Germain consolidated the two family businesses, but made separate financial and administrative entities of the Paris and New York offices. Henceforth they were affiliated "only by ties of affection."

During the early to mid-1950s, many of the activities involving Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., centered upon the recovery of looted artwork and property as well as resolving outstanding issues from the consolidation of the various family businesses. The firm was also involved in the sale of several significant collections.

In 1951 Germain was commissioned by the family of the Duc d'Arenberg to sell the family's collection of important illuminated manuscripts, engravings, and select paintings. Jan Vermeer's Portrait of a Young Girl was purchased for over a quarter million dollars.

Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., also handled the 1953 sale of works from the Prince of Liechtenstein's collection and negotiated the purchase of seven Italian marble sculptures that were eventually sold to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation in 1954. From the late 1950s up until the closing of the company in 1977-1978, the exhibitions mounted by the firm seem to indicate a gradual focus back toward drawings and more traditional art. Contemporary American artists continued to be shown as well, but the firm no longer maintained its leading edge in the art market.

Germain, who during the 1940s had written several works, among them a monograph on Roger de La Fresnaye in 1945 and The Drawings of Georges Seurat in 1947, devoted himself more and more to writing. In Oh! Fickle Taste; or, Objectivity in Art, published in 1952, Seligman addressed the importance of political and social climates in understanding the evolution of art collecting in the United States. He followed this book with the 1961 publication of Merchants of Art, 1880-1960: Eighty Years of Professional Collecting which memorialized his father and traced the history of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Germain's most significant work, Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné (1969), was lauded by art critics and listed among the 1969 "Best Ten Books of the Year" by the New York Times.

With the death of Germain Seligman in 1978, the firm doors closed, leaving behind a legacy of collecting that helped to establish American collectors and museums in the forefront of the international art world. A survey of the major art museums and collections in the United States reveals the significant number of works that were acquired either by sales or through donation from Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. The influence the company wielded is also demonstrated through the network of relationships it built with collectors, art museums and institutions, and other dealers, such as Dr. Albert C. Barnes, Bernheim-Jeune, George Blumenthal, Sen. William A. Clark, the Detroit Institute of Arts, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art, Marjorie Merriweather Post, Henry Walters, and Wildenstein & Co., among others.

1858, September 18 -- Jacques Seligmann born in Frankfurt, Germany.

1874 -- Jacques Seligmann leaves Germany to work in Paris, France, as an assistant at Maître Paul Chevallier, a leading Paris auctioneer. Soon after he leaves to work for Charles Mannheim, an expert in medieval art.

1880 -- Jacques Seligmann opens his own shop at the Rue des Mathurins. An early client is Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

1893, February 25 -- Germain Seligman is born in Paris, France. His mother's maiden name is Blanche Falkenberg (d. 1902).

1900 -- Jacques Seligmann & Cie. is formed when Jacques's brothers, Arnold and Simon, join him as partners and the business moves to the Place Vendôme.

1904 -- The New York City office of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is established, with Eugene Glaenzer as the manager. Beginning in 1905, Seligmann begins yearly visits to the New York office.

1907 -- Jacques Seligmann is elected a Fellow for Life of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

1909 -- Jacques Seligmann & Cie. acquires the Hôtel de Sagan on the Rue Saint Dominique. Jacques moves the headquarters for the company to this location and reserves its use for the most exclusive and important clients, but his brother Arnold continues to oversee the general operations of the company at the Place Vendôme.

1912 -- A lawsuit between Jacques Seligmann and his brother, Arnold, results in a split in the family company. Arnold remains at Place Vendôme under the name Arnold Seligmann & Cie. Jacques consolidates his activities at the Hôtel de Sagan. He also opens another gallery at 17 Place Vendôme, but this is soon moved to 9 Rue de la Paix.

1914 -- As a result of the split in the family business, a new office and gallery are opened at 705 Fifth Avenue, and Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is incorporated within the State of New York.

1914-1919 -- Germain Seligmann serves in the French army as a second lieutenant in the 132nd Infantry Regiment of Rheims. Later he is assigned as the first French liaison officer to the First Division of the American Expeditionary Force in France. He is discharged from active service in 1919.

1920 -- Germain Seligman becomes a partner with his father and formally joins Jacques Seligmann & Fils as the president of the New York office.

1923, October -- Jacques Seligman dies.

1924 -- Germain Seligman becomes the president of both the Paris and New York offices. Several of his brothers and sisters become partners in the firm. Theresa D. Parker joins the New York office.

1926 -- The New York office moves to 3 East Fifty-first Street. Germain Seligman, with César Mange de Hauke, sets up de Hauke & Co., Inc., to sell modern European paintings to American clients.

1930 -- De Hauke & Co., Inc., becomes Modern Paintings, Inc.

1931 -- De Hauke resigns as head of Modern Paintings, Inc., and returns to Paris.

1934 -- Modern Paintings, Inc., is dissolved, and its assets are assumed by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and by Tessa Corp., another subsidiary of the parent company.

1935 -- The Contemporary American Department is created as a part of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and Theresa D. Parker directs its operations.

1936-1937 -- Jacques Seligmann et Fils moves out of its gallery space at the Hôtel de Sagan and briefly reestablishes its headquarters at 9 Rue de la Paix. By 1937, however, the company headquarters moves to New York City. Germain Seligman establishes his legal residence there.

1939 -- World War II begins.

1940 -- During the summer, the Seligmann family house and its contents (at Rue de Constantine) are seized and sold by order of the Vichy government, along with Germain's private art collection and the gallery's stock. The Paris archives of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is destroyed by the Seligmann staff in order to keep the records from falling into the hands of the Nazis. René Seligmann dies in a New York hospital in June; François-Gerard, Germain's half-brother, is called up to serve in the army and joins the French Resistance. Another brother, André, escapes to the United States and opens a gallery in New York. Jean Seligmann, a cousin of Germain and the head of Arnold Seligmann & Cie., is captured and shot at Vincennes, France.

1943 -- Germain Seligman becomes an American citizen (and drops the second "n" from his original surname).

1944, Spring -- The New York gallery holds its first exhibition in the new 5 East Fifty-seventh Street location in New York City. During the war years, the firm had moved from its Fifty-first Street location to smaller quarters.

1945 -- The Contemporary American Department is reactivated.

1946 -- After the war, Arnold Seligmann & Cie. is left without a director, although it remains at the Rue de la Paix location. Germain consolidates the two firms but organizes the Paris and New York offices as separate financial and administrative entities.

1969 -- Germain Seligman publishes Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné. The book receives acclaim and is listed on the 1969 New York Times "Ten Best Books of the Year."

1978, March 27 -- Germain Seligman dies.
Provenance:
The records of the Paris and New York art dealer Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1978 by Mrs. Ethlyne Seligman, widow of Germain Seligman. A small addition of 19 linear feet was donated in 1994.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The records of Jacques Seligmann & Co. are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gallery records
Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.jacqself
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jacqself
Online Media:

Millard Sheets papers

Creator:
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Names:
Dalzell Hatfield Galleries  Search this
Millard Sheets & Associates Designs  Search this
Sheets, Mary Baskerville  Search this
Extent:
27.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Date:
circa 1907-2000
Summary:
The Millard Sheets papers comprise 27.6 linear feet of material dating from circa 1907 to 2000 with bulk dates spanning 1956 to 1981. The collection documents Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, and his personal and professional interests through correspondence, writings, lectures, printed material, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera. A small addition donated 2018 by Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter. There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Scope and Content Note:
The personal papers of Millard Sheets (1907-1990) measure 27.6 linear feet and date from circa 1907-2000, with bulk dates of 1956-1981. The collection reflects Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, as well as his other personal and professional interests, through correspondence, writings, lectures, clippings, blueprints, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera.

The Project Files comprise the largest group of materials in the collection and document design work undertaken by Sheets through his company Millard Sheets & Associates Designs. Sheets and his associates produced concept drawings and blueprints and supervised the construction for a wide range of design projects that ranged in scale from architectural plans for private residences to bid proposals for shopping malls and financial institutions located in California and the Southwest.

Sheets designed interior and exterior plans for over forty Home Savings and Loan bank branches in California. The distinctive modular design which Sheets created and then customized by integrating interior and exterior art elements that highlighted local historical events or natural features became synonymous with the image of Home Savings and Loan. Sheets also teamed up with the architect Edward Durrell Stone to produce a proposal for the Capitol Mall Project, an urban renewal project for the Redevelopment Agency of the City of Sacramento. Researchers will find correspondence, job costs and billing statements, and notes that trace the development of these and other building construction projects. In some instances the documents are supplemented by blueprints, photographs, and/or drawings of the project, but in many cases, visual documentation is missing.

The Project Files also document work done by Millard Sheets on public projects such as the Family of Man mural in the Los Angeles City Hall Annex, a mosaic dome in the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., and the Word of Life mural at the University of Notre Dame, Ind., along with numerous other murals and mosaics created for private individuals and corporations.

The Correspondence Series primarily reflects the interaction between Sheets and his clients, colleagues, and personal acquaintances. These files will prove valuable to researchers who are interested in the way that Sheets's beliefs about the role of art in everyday life impacted the way he conducted business and managed both large and small design projects. The correspondence also reflects Sheets's interest in popular American culture, travel, political issues of the day, and art collecting.

The Membership Files document the wide variety of interests that Sheets maintained through active membership in associations and organizations. The material in this series consists primarily of correspondence, minutes of meetings, and notes which Sheets created or used as he served as a board member or trustee on a number of organizational boards, such as the California Institute of the Arts, the Claremont Colleges, Virginia Steele Scott Foundation, Webb School of California, and Goodwill Industries of Southern California.

Also found in this series is material that documents his interest and participation in various recreational and professional organizations. Sheets maintained a long association with the Economic Roundtable, a group of businessmen who met regularly to give presentations and share discussion on contemporary political and social issues. Sheets was a frequent speaker and his talks given at the Economic Roundtables can be found in Lectures and Speeches, a subseries of the Writings Series.

Included in the Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, Inc. series are records that reflect the day-to-day operations of Sheets's design firm. Found here are chronological copies of correspondence that were sent out, files Sheets maintained on various independent contractors that the design firm frequently used, resumes and letters of recommendation that Sheets received regarding potential employees, as well as records relating to the cost and maintenance of Sheets's office building.

The Teaching and Workshop Files document the instructional activities undertaken by Sheets throughout his career in the arts. Although Sheets became pivotal in establishing a regionally recognized art department at Scripps College in Claremont, California, the files that reflect his academic position there are limited in scope and depth. Researchers will find more substantive the files that he maintained on the numerous art demonstrations and paintings workshops that he conducted privately throughout his career. Sheets traveled extensively around the world through his teaching activities and the files in this series track his path.

Closely related to the Teaching and Workshop Files is the Painting Trips series. The material in these files document Sheets's service as an American Specialist in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the USIS, Department of State. Sheets served two times as a cultural arts representative in Turkey in 1960 and in the former USSR in 1961. Sheets also made numerous trips to South East Asia, which had proved an area of fascination for him since his experiences as a war correspondent in Burma and India in World War II. The files in this series document his painting trips to Tahiti, the Pacific Ocean Rim, and Hawaii. Also found are files that detail his painting activities in Mexico.

The Exhibition Files reflect the records that Sheets maintained regarding his participation in art exhibitions, as well as his files on art shows that he personally directed or organized for public or private groups or organizations. Although Sheets exhibited his work predominantly in the West and Southwest, the files in this series demonstrate that he exhibited both nationally and internationally as well.

Also found within the records for this series are files relating to Sheets's representation of his artwork through established galleries and art agents. The Dalziel Hatfield Galleries of Los Angeles, California, served as his primary agent for most of his painting career. Correspondence between Sheets and the Hatfields provide insight into Sheets's development into a regionally and nationally significant watercolorist and painter. The files relating to the Kennedy Galleries in New York and the Circle Gallery in Chicago reflect Sheets's efforts to maintain a national presence in the arts community.

The Jury Files document Sheets's involvement as a juror in regional, as well, as national shows. The files reveal the great variety of professional watercolor and painting exhibitions in which Sheets participated as either a jury panelist or solo judge.

The Writings Files provide an excellent source for researchers interested in Sheets's philosophical beliefs about the relationship between art and everyday life. His articles, lectures, and speeches predominantly address the role of the artist, the relationships that exist between artists and the community, and the role that art can play in making a fuller, more productive life. Also found in the files of this series are articles written by others about Sheets.

The Biographical Material series provides a short introduction to Millard Sheets. The files consist of the calendars maintained by Sheets and his wife and staff, which were used to coordinate his many commitments and appointments. Also found in the files of this series are family chronologies that were created by Mary Baskerville Sheets. Medical records and resumes provide personal information about Sheets's background and health. A small file of military memorabilia provides information about Sheets's contributions to the war effort in World War II.

The Printed Matter series documents family activities and personalities through publicity clippings. Also found are exhibition catalogs and announcements that Sheets saved regarding other artists. Miscellaneous interests and activities of Sheets are found through magazine articles, brochures, and flyers.

The Photographs series includes photographic documentation for Sheets's artwork, horses, and major projects. A small group of photographs of Sheets are also in this series.

The files in the Artwork series include original drawings by Mary Baskerville Sheets and Millard Sheets.

There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series. Small series, such as Biographical Material are generally based on type of document. Larger series, such as Correspondence or Project Files, are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent or project. General correspondence has been made into its own series, but other series or subseries may also contain some correspondence. Within particular series, materials have been further divided into subseries which represent particular aspects of the project or event. For example, the Writings Series is further divided into subseries of books and articles, eulogies, and lectures and speeches. An outline listing series and subseries titles and dates follows.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1907-1982, undated (boxes 1-2; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1929-1990, undated (boxes 2-4; 2.75 linear ft.)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1933-1980, undated (boxes 5-6; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 4: Membership Files, 1946-1982, undated (boxes 6-8; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, 1934-1982, undated (boxes 8-9; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 6: Project Files, 1956-1981, undated (boxes 9-18; 8.25 linear ft.)

Series 7: Teaching and Workshop Files, 1932-1982 (box 18; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Painting Trips, 1959-1980, undated (box 18; 16 folders)

Series 9: Exhibition Files, 1932-1937, 1951-1988, undated (box 19; 0.75 linear ft.)

Series 10: Jury Files, 1941-1982 (boxes 19-20; 42 folders)

Series 11: Writings, 1936-1988, undated (boxes 20-22; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 12: Printed Matter, 1936-1922, undated (boxes 22-23; 20 folders)

Series 13: Photographs, 1934-1983, undated (box 23; 17 folders)

Series 14: Artwork, circa 1929, undated (box 23; 2 folders)

Series 15: Unprocessed Addition, circa 1930-2000 (boxes 24, 26-30, OV25: 4.6 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
"Your painting is a measure of your mind"-Millard Sheets

Millard Sheets, as one of the founding members of the "California Scene Painters," exerted a lasting influence upon subsequent generations of Western painters. He and the small group of painters who worked in California during the 1930s and 1940s, developed a new style of watercolor painting that was at the forefront of the American watercolor movement of the time, and that later gave rise to a subsequent generation of painters who became known as the California Regionalist school.

Sheets was born in Pomona, California on June 24, 1907. His mother died in childbirth, and his father, John Sheets, unprepared to raise a baby alone, sent Millard to Pomona, California to be raised by his maternal grandparents, Lewis and Emma Owen. Sheets's grandfather proved to be a guiding force in his life, and when Sheets's father remarried and offered Millard the opportunity to return to the Sheets household, Millard chose instead to remain with his grandparents.

Sheets's love of horses can be directly traced back to his childhood years spent living at his grandfather's horse ranch. Millard rode his first horse when he was three years old. Throughout his life, Sheets returned to the theme of horses in his paintings, as well as maintaining a private stable of horses, and raising and breeding racehorses.

His interest in art also began in childhood. When he was still a young boy, his two maternal aunts encouraged him to play with crayons and pencils. Sheets took his first painting lesson from a neighbor at the age of seven, and by 1919 he had already submitted artwork to the copy division of the Los Angeles County Fair fine arts show competition. He submitted a drawing he had copied of a tinted photograph of Lake KIlarney, California. Sheets won first prize in his division.

It was through this competition that Millard met Theodore B. Modra, a Polish artist who had retired to the Pomona area. After giving Sheets a lecture on the evils of copying art, Modra offered to give him art lessons.

Sheets continued to pursue his interest in art and enrolled in the Choinard School of Art in Los Angeles, California. By the time that he graduated in 1929, Sheets had also managed to come to the attention of Dalzell and Ruth Hatfield of the Dalzell Hatfield Galleries in Los Angeles, California. The Hatfields were one of the most influential art dealers in Southern California, and that same year, they sponsored Sheets in his first one-man exhibition in 1929. The exhibition brought Sheets to the attention of Western Coast art critics and launched Sheets on his painting career.

In 1929 Sheets also learned that he had won second place in the annual Edgar B. Davis art competition held in San Antonio, Texas. The award came with a cash prize and Sheets made plans to travel to Europe to study and paint. Shortly before his departure, however, he met an art student, Mary Baskerville, and they began a whirlwind romance. With Baskerville's enthusiastic support for European plans, and with her promise that she would wait for him, Sheets departed for New York and then Europe.

While overseas during 1929 and 1930, Sheets studied under Dorfinant, a master printer in Paris. Through his work at this studio workshop, he met Henri Matisse.

Five months after Millard returned to the California in 1930, Sheets and Mary Baskerville married. Sheets worked as the director of the Fine Arts Exhibition of the Los Angeles County Fair. In 1932 Sheets returned to school to study art and humanities at Scripps College in Claremont, California. After graduating from Scripps, school officials approached Sheets with an offer to set up a separate fine arts program and asked him to chair the new department. This was the beginning of a twenty year association with the school. In 1938, he also became the Director of Art at Claremont Graduate School.

Sheets left the school during the years of World War II to serve as a war-time artist and journalist for Life magazine, and from 1943-1944 was stationed on the Burma-India Front. His experiences in Asia appeared to affect him deeply. In contrast to his earlier works which featured backgrounds with neutral tones and brilliant shades that highlighted and punctuated the compositions, the paintings from the wartime featured somber tones. Sheets remarked of this time:

During the fighting and the time I spent in the C-B-1 theater, I was too shaken and intellectually stunned to do any complete paintings. I made many, many sketches, though, as well as a real effort to remember each scene that particularly affected me. Then, once I returned to America, I painted frantically, for months, exorcising demons. [Lovoos, Janice and Edmund F. Penney, Millard Sheets: One-Man Renaissance, Northland Press, Flagstaff, AZ, 1984]

Sheets returned from the war in 1944 and resumed his position at Scripps College until 1955 when he was approached by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors and asked to overhaul the fledgling Los Angeles County Art Institute. Sheets accepted the position and spent the next five years reshaping the mission and format of the school, renaming it the Otis Art Institute. In the years after Sheets left the directorship, the school eventually became part of the Parson's School of Design on the West Coast.

In 1953 Sheets founded the Millard Sheets Designs company. He hired between twenty-five and thirty artisans for large projects, with Susan Hertel, a former student of his, serving as his assistant in all the operations of the design studio. The working staff included engineers, registered architects, draftsmen, and artists, and the projects that the firm produced included murals, mosaics, stained glass, and sculpture for private homes and public and commercial businesses.

The design studio completed several major architectural projects throughout the late 1950s through the mid 1970s, including the design and construction of Cal Aero, a flight training school for the US Air Force, the National American Insurance Company offices for the California financier, Howard Ahmanson, Ahmanson Bank and Trust Company in Beverly Hills, many Home Savings and Loan Association Buildings, private residences, and the Scottish Rite Memorial Temples in Los Angeles and San Francisco, among many other projects.

Sheets also designed and completed mural and mosiac work for numerous public buildings in the Los Angeles area, as well as across the nation. Many of the murals and mosiacs were for those buildings designed by his firm while others were done as independent commissions.

In 1968 Sheets first proposed the murals he designed for the Los Angeles City Hall. His design was approved and he was awarded a commission to complete The Family of Man murals over the two main entrances to the Los Angeles City Hall. The murals were completed in 1971 and installed in 1972. Sheets also designed mosiacs and murals for the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, the Library at Notre Dame University, the Scottish Rite Masonic Temple in Los Angeles, several Home Savings and Loan Association buildings in the Los Angeles area, the Detroit Public Library, and the Dome of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC.

During the early 1960s Sheets participated in the American Specialist Program of the US Department of State. His first assignment was to Turkey in 1960, where he served as a visiting artist. The following year he went to the USSR in the same capacity.

During the early to mid 1950s Sheets became involved with Columbia Pictures and was technical advisor and production designer for a few years.

Millard Sheets was a member of the National Watercolor Society, the American Watercolor Society, the National Academy of Design, the Society of Motion Picture Art Directors, and the Century Association. Sheets actively promoted his own work and was a businessman, an active and prolific artist, instructor, and designer. Millard Sheets died on March 31, 1989 in Gualala, California.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels LA 10) including a biographical sketch, career resume, and a list of sheets' work prepared in 1964. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Millard Sheets lent material for microfilming in 1965. Mary B. Sheets, Millard's widow, donated the papers to the Archives of American Art in 1992. Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter, gave a small addition of material in 2018.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Millard Sheets papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- California  Search this
Art and society  Search this
Horses -- Breeding  Search this
Watercolorists -- California  Search this
Muralists -- California  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Designers -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Citation:
Millard Sheets papers, circa 1907-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sheemill
See more items in:
Millard Sheets papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sheemill
Online Media:

LeRoy Neiman papers

Creator:
Neiman, LeRoy, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
ABC Sports  Search this
CBS Sports  Search this
Playboy Enterprises  Search this
Ali, Muhammad, 1942-  Search this
Super Bowl  Search this
Extent:
70.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-2005
Summary:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938-2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938 to 2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.

Biographical material pertains to the artist's family, military service, education and teaching experience and representing galleries and publishers and includes artist biographies, awards, distinctions, and membership information.

Correspondence includes personal and business correspondence as well as collections of cards and literature on other artists, Neiman's notes and jottings, art work by children, and office records.

Project files document specific projects or art events in which Neiman was involved, including commissions, promotions, collaborations, serigraph printings, and publications.

Printed material includes newspapers, magazines, catalogs, fliers, invitations, brochures, press releases, film scripts and small posters.

Artifacts include three-dimensional items, clothing, souvenirs and LeRoy Neiman paraphernalia.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2004, undated (Boxes 1-3, 77; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1960s-2004, undated (Boxes 3-19)

Series 3: Project Files, 1949-2005, undated (Boxes 20-39, 78-81)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1940s-circa 2005, undated (Boxes 40-61, 82-83, OV 85)

Series 5: Artifacts, 1953-2002, undated (Boxes 69-76, 84)
Biographical Note:
LeRoy Neiman has been described as the most popular living painter in America. While strikingly original, his work reflects the varied influences of Toulouse-Lautrec, Dufy, the New York Social Realists, and the Abstract Expressionists. Probably best known as a portrayer of sporting and social events, he virtually invented the modern genre of sports art and remains its most accomplished and acclaimed practitioner.

Among many other accomplishments, he was the first and only on-camera official artist for ABC-TV at the Olympics in Munich, 1972 and Montreal, 1976, and covered several other winter and summer Olympiads as an official artist. He was the first artist to create live, on-camera computer art while covering the 1978 Super Bowl in New Orleans for CBS-TV. In 1997 he was selected as the first official artist of the Kentucky Derby. But Neiman's interests range far and wide. As a painter, printmaker, and author, his subjects have included Parisian cafés, African safaris, famous bars, five-star restaurants, urban street scenes, the opera, political figures, jazz musicians, entertainers, stage and screen stars, gambling casinos, portraits, international stock exchanges, and much more.

For the past quarter-century, Neiman has created limited-edition serigraphs (silk-screen prints). Published and distributed exclusively by Knoedler Publishing, they are sold in selected galleries throughout the United States. By one estimate, the more than 150,000 Neiman prints that have been purchased to date have an estimated market value exceeding $400 million. Neiman is the author of twelve books: Horses, LeRoy Neiman Posters, Winners, which was also published in Japanese, Big Time Golf, LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris, LeRoy Neiman on Safari, and LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, all published by Harry N. Abrams, as well as Art and Life Style, Carnaval, Monte Carlo Chase, Casey at the Bat, and the newly-released limited edition LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/ Ali vs. Liston 1965, 2004. Knoedler Publishing has published The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, Volumes I-III, a catalogue raisonnes on Neiman's limited edition prints.

Over the years the artist has donated scores of his artworks to dozens of charitable causes and organizations. Through his work with the Good Tidings Foundation, two LeRoy Neiman Art Centers for Youth have been built in elementary schools in California. In 1995, he gave the School of the Arts at Columbia University in New York City an endowment of $6 million to create the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, dedicated to the study of fine art printmaking and the development of new methods of printmaking, and including a scholarship program. A 1998 donation led to the creation of the LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Culture and Society at UCLA.

Neiman's work is represented in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Minneapolis Museum of Art, the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and numerous other museums and public and private collections worldwide. A past member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, Neiman has received five honorary degrees and, among other honors, an Award of Merit from the American Athletic Union, a Gold Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in addition to being named Boxing Artist of 1966 by Lonsdale, London.

1921 -- Born June 8 in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1942-46 -- Leaves high school to enlist in the army; serves four years in Europe.

1946 -- Studies at the St. Paul Gallery and School of Art with Clement Haupers.

1946-50 -- Student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; studies with Boris Anisfeld; studies liberal arts at University of Illinois and De Paul University, Chicago.

1950-60 -- Member of the Faculty, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, teaching figure drawing and fashion drawing.

1952 -- Exhibits in Twin City Show at Minneapolis Institute of Arts; wins Chicago Art Directors Award.

1953 -- Begins using enamel house paints; develops interest in drawing horse racing at Arlington Park; wins First Prize for painting "Idle Boats", a purchase prize, at Twin City Show, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

1954 -- Begins association with Playboy magazine illustrating Charles Beaumont story, which wins Chicago Art Directors Award; exhibits for first time in Chicago Artists and Vicinity Show, where he continues to show for next six years; wins Second Prize, Minnesota State Show; exhibits at Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1955 -- Instructor of painting at Elmwood Park Art League and North Shore Art League; exhibits at the Carnegie Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting; creates the "Femlin" symbolic character which appears in Playboy for next 47 years; wins New York Art Directors Award.

1956 -- Included in "New Talent in America in 1956", published in Art in America, February 1956; delves deeper into Chicago sports scene, draws Chicago Bears, Blackhawks and boxing.

1957 -- Exhibits in Corcoran Gallery of Art "American 25th Biennial Exhibition", Washington, D.C.; awarded most popular prize out of 3,000 entries as well as the juried Clark Memorial Prize and Vicinity Show; first television appearance on Art Institute of Chicago TV show, "Artist's Choice"; painting instructor at School of the Art Institute of Chicago Summer Session and for two years at Ox-Bow Summer School, Saugatuck, Michigan teaching landscape painting; marries art student Janet Byrne.

1958 -- Exhibits at the "Society of Contemporary American Art Exhibition", Art Institute of Chicago, for three years; begins extensive travels for Playboy magazine, creating a feature on the high life called "Man at His Leisure", which appears regularly for the next 15 years; wins Municipal Art Award at "Chicago Artist and Vicinity Show", and Hamilton & Graham Cash Prize, Ball State Teachers College Drawing Show, Muncie, Indiana.

1959 -- Holds one-man show of racing scenes at Arlington Park Race Track, Chicago; shows in "Jazz Exhibition" and "Social Observation and Comment in Art Show" in Chicago.

1960 -- Paints at Squaw Valley Winter Olympic Games; travels six months through Europe covering sporting and social events, the Grand National Steeplechase, Epsom Derby, Ascot, and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race in England, Maxim's Tour d'Argent, the Lido and Folies Bergere in Paris, the Cannes Film Festival and St. Tropez, Fiesta de San Isidro bullfights in Madrid, the Grand Prix in Monaco auto race.

1960-1970 -- Executes over one hundred paintings and two murals for eighteen Playboy Clubs.

1961 -- Takes studio in Paris; does studies of Deauville social season and sketches the great restaurants of France; sketches Dublin Horse Show and cricket at Lord's in London; wins gold medal for oil painting at the "Salon d'Art Moderne", Paris.

1962 -- Sketches Bordeaux wine country, Paris fashion shows, racing at Longchamp, and Giraglia Yacht Race on Riviera; paints Regatta of the Gondoliers in Venice; does studies of Fellini directing "8 ½" and sketches at Cine Citta studios in Rome; visits U.S. to work on commission for 12 paintings of the Indianapolis 500.

1963 -- Returns from Paris; establishes a studio in New York; teaches painting at Arts and Crafts, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; holds first one-man exhibition in New York at Hammer Galleries; travels to Mexico with Shel Silverstein; sketches in Mexico City and Acapulco.

1964 -- Starts series of Muhammad Ali sketches and paintings which spans the next 15 years; sketches America's Cup Challenge at Newport, Rhode Island; returns to England to sketch London night life and Prince Phillip playing polo at Windsor; paints the Tour de France in Paris.

1965 -- Commemorates Sugar Ray Robinson with 8' x 6' portrait "Farewell to Boxing" unveiled at Madison Square Garden ceremony; paints portrait of Mae West and poet Marianne Moore.

1966 -- Sketches Kentucky Derby; in London paints personalities and scenes including the Beatles and Carnaby Street, Kenneth Tynan, Sir Ralph Richardson; paints surfing in California; executes mural for Swedish-Lloyd Ship, S. S. Patricia; creates art for film "Casino Royale"; sketches indoor polo for opening of Houston Astrodome.

1967 -- Sketches and paints leading figures in the arts, sports and entertainment world, including Leonard Bernstein, Joe Louis, Frank Sinatra, Brigitte Bardot and ballerina Suzanne Farrell; paints "24 Hours of LeMans", nudist scenes on the Dalmatian Coast of Yugoslavia, the Fiesta at Pamplona, the dolce vita of Rome.

1968 -- Paints the Kirov and Bolshoi ballets in Russia; is named artist-in-residence from the bench of the New York Jets football team; executes critical sketches of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; paints Bobby Hull for Time magazine cover; contributed drawings for Harpers magazine articles on Cassius Clay and on Bobby Kennedy and race relations; initiates art class for Atlanta Poverty Program.

1969 -- Sketches civil rights figures and teaches art in Atlanta Poverty Program; creates poster for Kurt Weill Off-Broadway show and program cover for Oh! Calcutta; sketches New York City Ballet; appears regularly on TV as New York Jets artist-in-residence; collaborates with Dave Anderson on book, Countdown to Super Bowl; covers horse racing at Ascot and Longchamp, camel racing in Morocco.

1970 -- Paints backdrop for Broadway play Borstal Boy and does album cover for Fifth Dimension; exhibits in the Time magazine "Covers Show" at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; sketches sporting and social events in Dublin, and holds one-man show at the Abbey Theatre; travels with Hugh Hefner in Europe, Greece and Africa; sketches wildlife on safari in Africa; creates poster for Ali-Quarry fight, Ali's return to the ring in Atlanta; paints $100,000 baseball players for book, This Great Game; paints New York Stock Exchange.

1971 -- Has one-man exhibition at Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas; travels to Monte Carlo, London, Paris and Switzerland; develops interest in printmaking; creates two-part TV program on the art of lithography and produces etchings and lithographs at Atelier Weber in Zurich; creates official poster and draws pre-fight sketches of Ali-Frazier Super Fight I at Madison Square Garden for The New York Times Magazine cover and post-fight sketches for ABC-TV; illustrates Jose Torres' book on Ali, Sting Like a Bee.

1972 -- Covers Fischer-Spasky world champion chess tournament at Reykjavik, Iceland and Munich Olympic Games, both on camera for ABC-TV; covers World Series for NBC-TV; creates serigraph of Knicks-Lakers championship game; paints Super Bowl for Time magazine cover; and cover for Golf Digest.

1973 -- Creates Super Bowl art for CBS-TV; sketches the Masters Golf Tournament for Golf Digest magazine; paints commission for Museum of Jazz; creates serigraph of Triple Crown winner Secretariat; sketches Foreman-Frazier fight in Jamaica; travels on multi-city tour and exhibit of Olympic serigraphs; nineteen serigraphs chosen by the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, for its permanent collection.

1974 -- Has exhibition in Tokyo and sketches sumo, baseball and horse racing for Japanese TV; covers Stanley Cup hockey playoffs for NBC-TV; creates poster for Newport Jazz Festival and for next 5 years; creates poster for Ali-Foreman fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, and for Frank Sinatra concert at Carnegie Hall; Art and Lifestyle is published.

1975 -- Creates official St. Paul Bicentennial poster; given major retrospective at the Minnesota Museum of Art; creates official program cover for World Series; creates poster for Ali-Frazier III and paints cockfights in Manila; creates first of four annual posters for Robert F. Kennedy Pro-Celebrity Tennis Tournament; book The Artist's Limited Edition of Moby Dick is published.

1976 -- Paints mural on camera as ABC-TV Official Artist at Olympic Games, Montreal; paints on French Riviera; holds one-man show at Knoedler Gallery in London; exhibits in national invitational "Watercolor USA Show" at Springfield Art Museum, Missouri, and "Drawings USA Show" at the Minnesota Museum of Art; paints Harlem scene for Jazzmobile poster; paints Chris Evert for Saturday Evening Post cover.

1977 -- Holds one-man shows in Stockholm and Helsinki; works in Paris; paints NBA All-Star game; creates poster for Lacrosse USA.

1978 -- Performs first live execution of computer art for CBS-TV coverage of Super Bowl, New Orleans; creates poster for Bill Bradley senatorial campaign; creates poster for Ali-Spinks II match in New Orleans.

1979 -- Appointed Grand Marshal with Jesse Owens at The Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa; paints the Ginza, Kamakura Buddha, Mount Fuji in Japan, Royal Ascot in London, and Pan-Am Games in Puerto Rico, for CBS-TV; book Horses is published.

1980 -- Appointed Official Artist of the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games and Official Artist of the Democratic National Convention, New York; paints commission for Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; sketches Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro; presents painting commemorating signing of Arab-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David to President Carter at the White House; book Posters is published.

1981 -- Holds two-man exhibition with Andy Warhol at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, California; executes 24' x 16' portrait of Sylvester Stallone for Rocky film; creates art and appears as ring announcer in Rocky films II, III, IV and V; book Carnaval is published.

1982 -- Has one-man exhibition at Harrod's, and paints the "The Stock Exchange, London"; creates poster for Kool Jazz Festival; paints and exhibits in Tokyo.

1983 -- Has one-man exhibitions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New Orleans; executes billboard, television commercial and program for Lido show at the Tropicana, Las Vegas; book Winners is published.

1984 -- Appointed Official Artist, Winter Olympics, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia and Summer Olympics, Los Angeles.

1985 -- Returns to Brazil to paint Gavea Golf and Country Club in Rio de Janeiro and stock exchange in Sao Paulo; named Honorary Marshal at St. Paul Winter Carnival; Japanese version of Winners is published.

1986 -- Appointed Official Artist, Goodwill Games in Moscow for Turner Broadcasting Network; paints America's Cup commission for the New York Yacht Club.

1987 -- Paints and makes video documentaries of Old St. Andrews in Scotland and the Riviera in France; paints Indianapolis 500 auto race commission; presents "Minute Man" poster to President Reagan at the White House.

1988 -- Holds one-man exhibitions in Japan and Moscow; executes mural for Golden Nugget, Las Vegas; paints commission for the Caribbean Classic at Caliente Racetrack in Tijuana, Mexico; paints and makes video documentary of "Napoleon at Waterloo"; book Monte Carlo Chase is published.

1989 -- Paints Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli and Sammy Davis, Jr. at Royal Albert Hall, London; sketches the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco during earthquake; does sketches and paintings and video documentary of New York's Central Park, and holds exhibition at the boathouse in the park.

1990 -- Executes commemorative painting for 100th anniversary of Los Angeles Dodgers; holds one-man exhibition for inaugural Grand Prix auto race in Denver; paints the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia; travels and sketches in Rome, Paris and Hong Kong.

1991 -- Executes commissioned paintings for 25th anniversary of Spectrum Stadium, Philadelphia, and 10th anniversary of Miami Grand Prix and of Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; travels to Japan to paint geishas, the Ginza and golf; creates Michael Jordan serigraph and poster; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Paris and Berlin.

1992 -- Paints Tom Seaver for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; paints suite of four famous golf courses in conjunction with publication of Big-Time Golf; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Venice, Milan and Rome; honored by the Art Institute of Chicago as an outstanding alumnus; commissioned to paint Bobby Orr by Polaroid.

1993 -- Paints Reggie Jackson for Baseball Hall of Fame induction, Larry Bird for Boston Garden, and Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville; creates poster for CBS-TV film Call of the Wild; holds one-man exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; paints Frank Sinatra for cover of "Duets" album.

1994 -- Paints Pebble Beach Golf Clubhouse; creates poster for CBS-TV film The Yearling, attends and paints Super Bowl XXVIII in Atlanta; paints in Monte Carlo and Venice; goes on to paint safari in Kenya; sketches Luciano Pavarotti at Metropolitan Opera; paints Frank Sinatra for "Duets II" album; book An American in Paris is published.

1995 -- Paints Babe Ruth for the Baseball Hall of Fame, U.S. Open at Shinnecock Golf Course, and Rockefeller Center; creates 40-foot mural on Broadway theater for Tommy Tune's musical, Busker Alley; gives 30-year retrospective exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; appointed a member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs; honored by Playboy for the 40th anniversary of the Femlin character.

1996 -- Commissioned by United Nations to create six postage stamps for the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta; paints Super Bowl XXX in Phoenix, Arizona; honored by Boxing Writers and England's Lonsdale Boxing Club; paints "Hall of Famer" for the Baseball Hall of Fame's permanent art exhibition; creates serigraph of "The 3 Tenors", Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti.

1997 -- Inauguration of the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University, New York; introduction of LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigar; narrates and appears in film documentary on Cuba and cigars, Rhythm and Smoke; creates poster commemorating 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking of racial barrier in Major League Baseball; creates first official Kentucky Derby poster; travels to South Africa to present commissioned portrait of President Nelson Mandela; book LeRoy Neiman on Safari is published.

1998 -- Inaugurates LeRoy Neiman Center for Study of American Culture and Society, UCLA, Los Angeles; unveils baccarat painting for Desert Inn, Las Vegas; exhibits and participates in seminar on Frank Sinatra at Hofstra University; paints and creates serigraph of Joe DiMaggio; creates label for Duval-Leroy champagne; creates official poster for Breeders' Cup, Louisville; cover art for Good Will Games New York official program, and for article in The Nation; honored at Ox-Bow Gala at the Art Institute of Chicago, and by Sportscasters.

1999 -- Creates art for Givenchy perfumes; presents portrait of Mark McGwire and creates serigraph edition commemorating record home run hitter. Paints John Elway and creates serigraph celebrating retirement from football; releases serigraph of Mickey Mantle; participates in Olympic Games seminar on Queen Elizabeth II ocean liner crossing; gambling prints installed in Salle Privée at Paris Casino in Las Vegas; creates poster for Taxicab Chronicles Off-Broadway play; visits Havana to sketch Cuban rhythms. Sketches Army-Navy game in Philadelphia for West Point commission.

2000 -- Creates boxing painting for use as poster for Heavyweight Explosion cable TV program; book The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000 is published; releases serigraphs of Mike Piazza and Cal Ripken, Jr.; the first LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in San Francisco; commissioned to create artwork for 125th Preakness Stakes and 2000 PGA Championship Tournament at Valhalla Golf Course.

2001 -- Salutes Muhammad Ali as "Athlete of the Century" with oversized portrait and limited edition serigraphs. Commissioned to paint Mardi Gras official poster for 2002; commissioned to paint Phoenix Suns star Charles Barkley on retirement of uniform number; commissioned to paint UCLA basketball coach John Wooden; holds retrospective drawing exhibition at the Fairfield Public Gallery, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; creates poster for 2001 All-Star Jockey Championship; attends 25th year reunion of ABC-TV coverage of 1976 Munich Olympics. Commissioned by New York City Fire Department to commemorate September 11 terrorist attack for benefit of NYFD Widows and Orphans Fund; creates image of NYFD fireman's helmet and for the first time allows an image to be used and sold on t-shirts; also donates original painting to auction for Widows and Orphans Fund. Honorary Chairman at the annual Bare Walls event at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; the second LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in Watsonville, California; the largest serigraph yet by artist, "Circus", having image size of 43 ¾" x 65", is completed after 2 years work.

2002 -- Commissioned to paint Wayne Gretzky, Gold Medal winning coach of the Canadian Olympic Hockey Team; commissioned to create official tournament poster for the first U.S. Open to be held at a public golf course, Bethpage on Long Island, New York; illustrates "Casey at the Bat", published as a trade edition by Ecco Press, with Foreword by New York Yankees manager Joe Torre; creates the Tyson/Lewis poster for the boxing heavyweight championship fight in Memphis; creates the official poster and program cover for the Oscar de la Hoya/Fernando Valenzuela championship boxing match in Las Vegas; honored with a tribute dinner at the Friar's Club in New York City; painting of Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Larry Bird is unveiled during Johnson's induction ceremonies at the Basketball Hall of Fame; Gallagher's Steak House in New York City unveils a permanent collection of Neiman artwork portraying the city's greatest athletes; receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions to golf and sport art at the Art of Golf Festival at Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina; inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame.

2003 -- Unveiled commissioned painting of the racehorse Funnycide at Saratoga; opens exhibition "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" at the Wildlife Experience museum in Denver, CO; S.T. Dupont releases special edition LeRoy Neiman Golf pen and lighter set; mounts exhibition "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" at the Pratt Institute; paints the Breeders Cup at Santa Anita; publishes book LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades with Harry N. Abrams.

2004 -- Commissioned to paint poster design for the 2005 Special Olympics in Nagano; paints portrait of Secretariat for the Secretariat Museum; paints program cover design for the Newport Jazz Festival and participates in a group exhibition at the festival; receives Medal of Honor at Ellis Island from NECO; paints portraits of Oscar De La Hoya and Bernard Hopkins for their fight program and presents the paintings to the fighters; completes a set of seven jazz lithographs at Columbia's Neiman Center for Print Studies; films a cameo appearance for Sylvester Stallone's television show "The Contender"; produces a set of five limited edition prints of Martha Graham for the Martha Graham Dance Company; publishes limited edition artist's book LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/Ali vs. Liston 1965 with powerHouse Books and Meridian Printing.
Appendices:
Appendix A: Notable Correspondents from Series 2: Correspondence

This appendix is an alphabetical listing of notable correspondents primarily from Series 2, but may include references to other series. The numbers following the entry indicate the series number, subseries number if appropriate, and date where the material is filed. For example: Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991 indicates that the correspondence for that person is found in Series 2.1 in the 1983 and 1991 folders.

ABC Sports (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC

Abel, Patty Otis - 2.1: 1998

Abraham, Seth - 2.1: 1989

Abrams, Charles - 2.1: 1982

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Abrams, Richard Irwin - 3.1: Montreal Olympics 1976

The Actors' Fund - 2.1: 2000

Adamonis, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Adams, Cindy - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: Royal Doulton Collectible Plates 1974-78

Addison, Bob and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 2004

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Ali, Muhammad - 2.1: 1977

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Alzado, Lyle - 2.1: 1984

American Diabetes Association - 2.1: 2001

Andrews, Benny - 2.3

Appel, Marty - 3.1: Thurman Munson 1977-2002

Aretsky, Ken - 2.1: 1989

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC

Arledge, Roone Jr. - 2.1: 2004

Art Aid - 2.1: 1986

Art Institute of Chicago - 2.1: 1990

Ashwood, Donald - 2.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983

Association du Salon d'Automne - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99

Athletic Role Model Educational Institute, Inc. - 2.1: 1992

Australia - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

Avers, Jeffrey - 2.1: 2002

BBC Television (British Broadcasting Corporation) - 2.1: 1989

Bailey, Pearl - 2.1: 1990

Baker, Jean -Claude - 3.2.11

Bank of New York - 2.1: 2002

Barletta, Joseph - 2.1: 1993

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001

Baylos, Gene - 2.1: 1991

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bennet, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett

Berman, Len - 2.1: Undated 1990s

Bigelow, Vaughn - 2.1: 1984, 1988, see also Chabot Galleries

Bingham, Howard - 2.1: 1993

Binns, James - 2.1: 1989, 2001

Blair, Buckingham - 2.1: undated

Blatnik, Sonny - 2.1: 1986

Blecker, Tom - 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bollinger, Lee - 3.1: Columbia University 1995-present

Bowles, Franklin - 1.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Boykin - 1.1: Awards, Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley Political Campaigns 1978-2000, 3.2. -- Winners -- , Harry N. Abrams, 1983, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Brown, Keith Henry - 2.1: 2004

Brown, Sally - 2.1: 1997

Buchwald, Art - 3.2: -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Bugatti, Charles and Stephanie - 2.1: 1991

Burger King - 2.1: 1976

Bush, President George H. W. and Barbara - 2.1: 1989, 1990

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003, 3.2. 13

Butler Institute of American Art - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Byrne, Mayor Jane M. - 2.1: 1981

CBS -TV - see Wolf, Warner

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Camber Porter, Melinda - 2.3

Carnesale, Chancellor Albert - 3.2.15

Carousel of Hope - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-2002

Carter, President Jimmy and Rosalynn, and family - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Cass, Hilary Volkman - 2.1: 1992

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1983, 1989

Chapin, Dwight ( -- San Francisco Examiner -- ) - 2.1: 1991

Chase, Bob - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

The Chicago Board of Trade - 2.1: 1977

Cirillo, John - 1.1: Awards d. Lonsdale International Sporting Club 1996, 2.1: 2001

Cirrincione, Wanda Hightower - 2.1: 1994

Clark, Ed and Jane Forbes - 2.1: 2000

Clinton, Bill - 2.1: 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Clough, Charles - 2.1: 1997

Clough, Susan - 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams

Cohen, Jason - 2.1: 2004

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Cooke, Jack Kent - 2.1: 1986

Cooney, Gerry - 2.1: 2000

Cooper, Pat - 2.1: 1992

Cosell, Howard and Mary Edith - 2.1: 1991

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

Cremins, Bobby - 2.1: 1990

Culinary Institute of America - 2.1: 2000

Cunningham, Jeffrey - 2.1: 1994

D., E. (unnamed WWII buddy?) - 2.1: 1997

Dahlgren, Doug - 2.1: 1999

Daley, Robert - 2.1: 1999

Daub, Mayor Hal - 2.1: 1997

Davis, Altavise (wife of Sammy) - 2.1: 1989

Davis, Barbara and Marvin - 2.1: 1985, 2001, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Patty - 2.1: 1983

Dawkins, Peter and Judi - 3.1: Senatorial Candidate Pete Dawkins Poster 1988

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

DeCinces, Doug - 2.1: 1990

Decker, Bob ( -- New York Post -- ) - 2.1: 1991

DeLaVega, James - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2.3

Del Greco, Maria - 2.3

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998

deVarona, Donna - 2.1: 1991

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

Diles, Dave - 2.1: 2001

Dill, Bob Jr. - 2.1: 1997

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Dillon, Gregory - 2.1: 2003

Dinkins, Mayor David and Joyce - 2.1: 1990

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Dunphy, Don - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Dyansen Gallery - 2.2: Dyansen Gallery 1989-96

Eaton, Roy - 2.1: 1981

Editions Limited - 2.1: 1986

Edward Fields, Inc. - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Eger, Joseph - 2.1: 1991

Eisele, Albert - 2.1: 2002

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

Everson, Cory - 2.1: 1994

Evert, Chris - 2.1: 1999, 2000, 2001

Evert, Colette - 2.1: 1995

Fantasy Productions - see Berman, Len

Feinstein, Mayor Diane - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Felder, Raoul Lionel - 2.1: 1996

Felicie, Inc, - 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989

Ferguson, Glenn - 2.1: 1993

Field, Marshall - 2.1: 2004

Fineman, Jodie and Matthew - 2.1: 1999

Fireman, Sheldon - 2.1: 2004

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Foley, Ray and Jackie - 2.1: 1995

Folkman, David - 2.1: 1999, 2000

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

Foster Harmon Galleries - 2.1: 1975, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freedman, Ann - 2.1: 2001

French, John - 2.1: 1987

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Fujita family - see Tele Planning International, Tokyo

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte

Galleria Ramona - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Gallery Mack - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975-87, 3.1: Gallery Mack 1974, 3.1: Gaylord Perry 1982

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Garnier, Yves - 2.1: 1991

Garvey, Steve and Cyndi - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Gavea Golf Club - 2.1: 1985

Gere-Suson, Gary - 2.1: 1999

Gilbert, Patti - 2.1: 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Gottlieb, Paul - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Graime, Arlene (US Olympic Committee) - 2.1: 1996

Grasso, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Gray, Joel - 2.1: 2003

Green Hills Farm - 2.1: 1987

Green, Tammie - 2.1: 1993

Greentree Stud, Inc. - 2.1: undated

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - 2.1: 1983

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-98

Grenon, Robert - 2.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Guest, C. Z. - 2.1: 2003

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

Hackett, Buddy and Sherry - 2.1: 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998

Halvorsen, Robert - 2.1: 1994

Hammer, Armand - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence

Hammer, Michael - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence, see also Hammer, Armand Hammer, Victor - see Hammer, Armand

Hanson Art Galleries - 2.2: Hanson Art Galleries 1983-1991, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997, see also exhibitions: Hanson Art Galleries in index for more file references

Harden, Richard - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Harriman, Ambassador Pamela - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Hartman, David - 2.1: 1981

Harvey, Paul - 2.1: 1987

Haskell, Nikki - 2.1: 1997, 2001, 2002

Harris, Earl - 2.1: 1987

Harris, Franco - 2.1: 1990

Hatton, Pat - 2.1: 1993

Hawkins, Tommy - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990

Healy, Katherine - 2.1: 1986

Hedgecock, Mayor Roger - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars by Don Diego 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 2.1: 1983, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Hefner, Keith - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1982, 1987, 1988, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Hentoff, Nat - 2.1: 1992

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Hesburgh, Theodore - 2.1: 1992

Hiebert, Gary - 2.1: 1994

Hilliard, Kent - see Hilliard Gallery

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 1985, 1989, IV: 1986, 1992, 2001

Hilton, Barron - 2.1: 1992, 1999, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981 -1985, 3.2.10

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990 -2000

Hoelscher, Lydia (Neiman's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hoffman, Michael - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989

Holder, Geoffrey - 2.3

Honolulu Symphony Society - 2.1: 1976

Hoover, Tom - 2.1: 1993

Hunt - 2.1: 1981

Hunt, Lamar - 2.1: 1998

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996

Ivester, M. Douglas - 2.1: 1994

Izenberg, Jerry - 2.1: 2003

Jackson, Michael - 2.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2001

Jacobs, Loraine and Jim - 2.1: 1992

Jimmy the Greek - 2.1: 1974, 1982

JoAnn Perse Gallery - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Johnson, Bill and Ellenor - 2.1: 1994

Jones, Gene and Jerry - 2.1: 2002

Jones, Tony - 2.1: 1996

Jordan, Mayor Frank - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Jordan, Michael - 2.1: 1991

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Kaufman, Bart - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89

Kennedy, Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy

King, Don - 2.1: 1978, 1979

King, Congressman Peter - 2.1: 2001

King Graphics - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Kitt, Eartha - 2.1: 1997

Kleiman, Melodie - 2.1: 1991

Knoedler & Co. -

Koch, Mayor Ed - 2.1: 1981, 1989, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Kosinski, Jerzy - 2.1: 1981

Kravitt, Shirley - 2.1: 1990

Kriendler, Pete - 2.1: 1983, 1991, 1993

Krimstein, Jordie - 2.1: 1997, 2001

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - 2.1: 1982, 1984, 1992, 1997

Kurzman, Adele - 2.1: 2000

Lake, Cynthia - 2.1: 1994

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1993-96

Lang, Jenifer and George - 2.1: 2000, 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 2003

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2003

La Russa, Tony - 2.1: 1993

Latin Recording Academy - 2.1: 2001

The Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989

Leeds, Eric - 2.1: 1991, 1993

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999

Liberace - 2.1: 1982

Lieber, Marvin - 2.1: 2004

Lombardi, Vince - 2.1: 1980

Lomonaco, Michael - 2.1: 1996

Lone Ranger Television, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

Lorenzi, Henri - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Los Angeles Dodgers - see Hershiser, Orel

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Neiman-Warhol 1981

Louie, May - 2.1: 1992

Lownes, Victor and Marilyn - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Lugosi, Bela (Jr. ) - 2.1: 1991

Macalester College - 2.1: 2001

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1992

Mann, Perry - 2.1: 1999

Manpower - 2.1: 1977

Manufacturers Hanover Trust - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

Maples, Marla - 2.2: Trump

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1985

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Marlborough Galleries - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Marsh, Rita - 2.1: 2000

Maser Fine Art, Maser Galleries - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont 1983

Matthias, Bob - 2.1: 1998

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1988, 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

McDougal, Little & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon and Bonnie - 2.1: 2001

McGillicuddy, John F. - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

McMullen, John - 2.1: 1998

Mercante, Arthur - 2.1: 1990

Merchant, Larry - 2.1: 2000

Merrill Chase Galleries - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89

Michael, Gene - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House, "The Neiman Collection" 2002

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980

Miles, Sylvia - 2.1: 1994

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

Mize, Johnny - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

de Monaco, Prince Albert - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all files)

Montevecchi, Lilianne - 2.1: 1997

Moreno, Linda - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgenstein, Evan - 2.1: 1995

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1995, 1996

Murcer, Bobby - 2.1: 1993

Murdock, David and Maria - 2.1: 1995

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-98

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972, IV: 1972

Museum of Modern Art - 2.1: 2001

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Nation -- - 2.1: 1998

Neiman, Earl (Neiman's brother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88

Newark Public Library - 2.1: 1995

Newman, Eric - 2.1: 1996

New York Athletic Club (NYAC) - 2.1: 2000

New York Post -- - see Adams, Cindy, or Decker, Bob

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Niagara University - 2.1: 1976

Nicholson, Jack - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Nicholson, John - 2.1: 2000

Nureyev, Rudolph - 2.1: 1983

Oakland Athletics - see La Russa, Tony

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Ono, Yoko - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Orr, Bobby - 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992

Osti, Nino - 2.1: 1987

O'Sullivan, Thomas (Minnesota Historical Society) - 2.1: 1994

Oxendine, Thomra (Kit) - 1.1: Lynn Quayle

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978

Parvin, Al and Phyllis - 2.1: 1991, 1993

Paschke, Ed - 2.3

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pelkey, Joe - 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1972, 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Perry, Gaylord - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Perse, Jo Ann - see Jo Ann Perse Gallery

Petruccio, Joe - 2.1: 2002

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Pick Galleries - 2.1: 1977

Pignatano, Joe - 2.1: 1996

Playboy Enterprizes, Inc. - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Policy, Carmen - 2.1: 1995

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Raphael, James - 2.1: 1991

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-1988

Rechtschaffen, Dr. Joseph - 2.1: 1995

Reed, Rex - 2.1: 1985

Reeve, Christopher - 2.1: 1995

Reid, Senator Harry - 2.1: 1990, 1994

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1995

Revelli, Cynthia - 2.1: 1995

Ribbs, Willie T. - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Robinson, Sugar Ray and Millie - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Rockwell, Bill - 2.1: 1995

Rooney, Art - 2.1: 1977

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - 2.1: 1976

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998

Safir, Police Commissioner Howard - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

San Francisco 49ers - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Santaniello, Carmine - 2.3

Sassi, Etienne - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Scaffidi, Marie - 2.1: 1980s Undated

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schmidt, Mike - 2.1: 1980

Schulberg, Budd - 2.1: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004

Schuman, Rhoda - 2.1: 1992

Schumsky, Felicie - see Felicie, Inc.

Schuster, Gary and family - 2.1: 2000

Scully, Vin - 2.1: 1990, 2000

Schwartz, Louis O. - 1.1: Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Schwartz, Richard - 2.1: 2000

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Seidman, Jay - 2.1: 2001

Seitz, Nick - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Serline, Ollie - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s

Sharp Electronics Corporation - 2.1: 1988

Sherman, Allie - 2.1: 2002

Shula, Coach Donald - 2.1: 1991

Siering, David - 2.1: 1987

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.2: Shel Silverstein

Sinatra, Barbara - 2.2: Sinatra family

Sinatra, Frank - 2.2: Sinatra family, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Sinatra, Nancy - 2.2: Sinatra family

Skelton, Red - 2.1: 1985

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1982

Solomone, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Sony - 2.1: 1978

Sorenson, Jackie - 2.1: 1981

Spectrum, Philadephia - 2.1: 1991

Spectrum Fine Art - 2.1: 1978, 1983

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986

Stack, Edward - 2.1: 1996

Staebler, Tom - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Stanley, Melvin - 2.1: 1993

Steffens, John L. - 2.1: 1996

Stein, Bill - 2.1: 1982

Steinbrenner, George - 2.1: 2004

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1977

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphony for United Nations - 2.1: 1991

TV Guide -- Magazine - 2.1: 1975, 1990, 1993

Talese, Gay - 2.1: 1992

Tate, Evelyn - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Tenenbaum, Harold and Judy - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tiefel, William R. - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2001

Torrenzano, Richard - 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Torykian, Richard - 2.1: 1997

Touvell, Audra - 2.1: 2002

Trenchard, Peter - 2.1: 2001

Trovato, Liz - 2.1: 1994

Trump, Donald - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, see also Trump in Index

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

United States Department of State - 2.1: 1984

United States Olympic Committee - 2.1: 1985

Universal Pictures - 2.1: 1991

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: The Upstairs Gallery 1980-89

Valentine, Bobby and Mary - 2.1: 2002

Vorhaus, Louis - 2.1: 1992

war buddy (unnamed) - 2.1: 1997

Ward, Katherine Lecube - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Warner Brothers Television - 2.1: 1990

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Wein, George - 2.1: 1991, 1993, 1995, 2000

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1985, 1987

Weisman, Maria - 2.1: 2002

Welch, Herb and Lisa - 2.1: 1989, 1992

Welzer, Irv - 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

Whitaker, Jack - 2.1: 1996

The White House - see Harden, Richard or Clough, Susan, or search by name of President

White, Willye - 2.1: 1989

Williams, Ted - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-91

Wilson, Senator Pete - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Winer, Jessica - 2.3

Wirin, R. Michael - 2.1: 1998

Wolf, Warner and Sue - 2.1: 2003

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Wrather Corporation (the Lone Ranger), Jack and Bonita G. Wrather - 2.1: 1977, 1988

Yarger, Timothy - 2.2: Franklin Bowles

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Youngman, Henry - 2.1: 1992

Zabrin, Michael - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Zimmer, Don (Coach, New York Yankees) and Soot - 2.1: 1997

Appendix B: History of LeRoy Neiman's Representation: Felicie Schumsky, Hammer Galleries, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer Galleries, New York, had its first show of LeRoy Neiman works in 1963 and has represented him ever since.

Armand Hammer was the proprietor of Hammer Galleries, which he founded in 1929 upon returning from the Soviet Union with a load of Czarist art. His brother Victor was in charge of running the gallery.

Armand became the chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation in 1957.

Maury Leibowitz became a partner with the Hammers at the gallery around the same time they began representing Mr. Neiman.

Hammer and O.P.C. bought the respected M.K. Knoedler & Co. gallery in New York in 1971 with Leibowitz as a partner. Knoedler merged with Modarco, a Swiss investment firm, during the 1970s after its purchase by O.P.C.

Knoedler-Modarco now has three divisions: M. Knoedler & Co. (founded in 1846), Knoedler Publishing (created for the sole business of publishing and distributing the prints and posters of LeRoy Neiman), and Hammer Galleries.

Felicie Schumsky was LeRoy Neiman's publisher and distributor before Knoedler. Felicie, Inc. is named alone in advertising until 1973, when ads appear naming FKH Editions as publisher (presumably 'Felicie Knoedler Hammer') and Hammer Galleries as gallery/distributor. This continues until 1975, when ads begin naming Knoedler as publisher and Hammer as gallery.

Hammer Graphics Gallery, a part of Hammer Galleries, was started in 1979 for the sole purpose of distributing and exhibiting the graphic work of LeRoy Neiman.

Victor Hammer died in July 1985, and Armand Hammer died in 1990 at age 92 (less than a year after losing his wife Frances), leaving his son Michael Hammer as the chairman and president of The Armand Hammer Foundation. Maury Leibowitz died in 1992.

Appendix C: A Listing of Major Public Collections of LeRoy Neiman WorksAnchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage, Alaska

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Baltimore Museum of Fine Art, Baltimore, Maryland

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware

Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Football Hall of Fame, Canton, Ohio

Grunwald Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Armand Hammer Collection, Los Angeles, California

Harding Museum, Chicago, Illinois

Hayward Museum, Hayward, California

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, USSR

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Joslyn Museum, Omaha, Nebraska

Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York

Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian, Mississippi

Michigan State University, Kesage Art Center Gallery, East Lansing, Michigan

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minnesota Historical Society

Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota

Mobile Art Gallery and Museum, Mobile, Alabama

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

National Museum of Sport in Art, New York, New York

Niagara University, Niagara, New York

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, Massachusetts

Tennis Hall of Fame, Newport, Rhode Island

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona

Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota

University Art Gallery, Binghamton, New York

University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

Utah Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas

Whitney Museum. New York, New York

Wodham College, Oxford, England

Yuma Fine Arts Association, Yuma, Arizona

Appendix D: A Listing of LeRoy Neiman Serigraph Releases This list corresponds to newspaper and magazine ads in files 3.3: Felicie Inc. - Advertising and 3.3: Knoedler & Co. - Advertising. This is not a complete inventory. DateSerigraphUnknown -- Bar '21' (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Delacroix Tiger

Unknown -- Elephant Family

Unknown -- Gorilla Family

Unknown -- Kenya Leopard

Unknown -- Lion Pride (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Lion Couple

Unknown -- Polar Bears

Unknown -- Serengeti Leopard

Unknown -- Zebra Family

Unknown -- The Plaza Square

Unknown -- Stock Market (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Neiman Montreal '76 (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Winter Olympic Skier, Lake Placid 1980

Unknown -- P.J. Clark's

Unknown -- Olympic Slalom

Unknown -- Dublin Bar

Unknown -- Le Grand Cuisine

Unknown -- Little Hitter

Unknown -- Little Fielder

1975 -- Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

1975 -- Toots Shor Bar

1975 -- Club House Turn

1975 -- Black Panther

1976 -- Sun Serve

1976 -- Satchmo

1976 -- High Seas Sailing

1976 -- Vegas Blackjack

1976 -- Golf Landscape

1976 -- Elephant Stampede

1976 -- Nadia

1976 -- America's Cup

1977 -- Marlin!

1977 -- High Altitude Skiing

1977 -- Basketball Superstars

1977 -- Café aux Deux Magots

1977 -- The Mallet Men

1977 -- Bengal Tiger

1977 -- Giraffe Family

1977 -- Show Jumper

1977 -- Outrigger Canoe Race

1978 -- Metropolitan Opera

1978 -- Moby Dick Portfolio

1978 -- Bucking Bronc

1978 -- The Wildcats

1979 -- Kentucky Derby

1979 -- Chateau Hunt

1979 -- Stretch Stampede

1979 -- Aegean Sailing

1979 -- American Bald Eagle

1980 -- Lake Placid, Eighty, 1980

1981 -- Stenmark

1981 -- The Race of the Year

1981 -- Tour de France

1981 -- Before the Race

1984 -- Rush Street Bar

1984 -- Regents Park

1984 -- Elephant Nocturne

1985 -- Six Golfers, 1984

1985 -- Lady Skier

1985 -- Harry's Wall Street Bar

1986 -- Nob Hill

1986 -- Buena Vista Bar

1986 -- America's Cup, Australia

1987 -- Great Dane

1987 -- Giants - Broncos Classic

1987 -- 24 Hours of Le Mans

1987 -- Bistro Garden

1987 -- Left Bank Café

1988 -- Diamond Head, Hawaii

1988 -- Napoleon at Waterloo

1988 -- Piazza del Popolo - Rome

1988 -- Monte Carlo Suite

1988 -- Harbor at Monaco

1988 -- Salle Prive - Monte Carlo

1988 -- Borzoi

1988 -- In the Pocket

1988 -- Magic (Johnson)

1988 -- Clubhouse at Old St. Andrew's

1989 -- Polo Lounge

1989 -- Superplay

1989 -- President's Birthday Party

1989 -- Chicago Key Club Bar

1990 -- Secretariat II

1990 -- Chicago Options

1990 -- April at Augusta

1990 -- Gaming Table

1990 -- The '21' Club

1991 -- Homage to Ali

1991 -- Ted Williams

1991 -- Café Rive Gauche

1991 -- Cougar

1991 -- The Bordello

1992 -- Hunt Rendezvous

1992 -- Kilimanjaro Bulls

1992 -- Paddock at Chantilly

1993 -- The Maulers

1993 -- Fouquets

Appendix F: A Listing of "Man at His Leisure" Features in Playboy MagazineDateSubject/Pages1958 April -- Painter of the Urban Scene, p. 49-51

1958 December -- The Pump Room, Ambassadors East, Chicago, p. 60-61

1959 January -- Le Café Chambord, p. 52-53

1959 June -- Romanoff's, p. 62-63

1959 December -- Moore County Hounds (Southern Pines), p. 68-72

1960 February -- Hialeah Race Course, p. 52-54

1960 June -- The Colony, p. 74-75

1960 August -- Forest Hills, p. 76-77

1961 January -- Squaw Valley, p. 84-87

1961 March -- Ernie's, p. 94-95

1961 June -- The S.S. United States, p. 60-61

1961 July -- Longchamp - Auteuil, p. 82-85

1961 September -- La Plaza de Toros, p. 109-111

1961 December -- Maxim's, p. 130-131

1962 January -- The French Riviera, p. 103-105

1962 March -- The Grand National Steeplechase, p. 94-95

1962 May -- The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race, p. 96-97

1962 August -- Las Vegas, p. 86-89

1963 May -- Monte Carlo, p. 122-125

1963 July -- Air France, p. 102-103

1963 September -- Sardi's, World Billiard Championship, p. 150-151

1963 December -- Madison Square Garden, p. 169-171

1964 April -- Epsom Derby, p. 120-121

1964 August -- St. Tropez, p. 62-65

1964 October -- Chantilly, p. 144-147

1964 December -- The Lido, p. 159-193

1965 March -- The New York Playboy Club, p.116-117

1965 August -- The Girallia Yacht Race, p. 110-111

1965 December -- The Plaza, Manhattan, p. ?

1966 July -- The Royal Ascot, p. 110-113

1966 September -- The America's Cup, p. 168-169

1967 January -- Discotheques, p. 180-181

1967 June -- Surfing, p. 112-115

1967 November -- National Horse Show, p. 143-145

1967 Winter -- VIP Magazine, Assignment London

1968 January -- Rosati's, Via Venito, p.?

1969 January -- The Bolshoi Ballet, p. 199-201

1969 June -- Le Mans, p. 124-125

1969 August -- Yugoslavia, p. 126-129

1970 January -- Morocco, p. 203-207

1970 November -- Can-Am Race, p. 179-181

1971 January -- Jamaica, p. 191-193

1972 January -- Sotheby's Auction Room, p. 171-173

1973 January -- Super Bowl, p. 187-189

1973 July -- Summer of '72 - The Hamptons, p. 152-157

Playboy Magazine's "Neiman Sketchbook" Features

DateSubject/Pages1979 December -- Teofilo Stevenson, p. 221

1980 January -- Senator Ted Kennedy, p. 137

1980 February -- Roller Skating, p. 166 -167

1980 March -- Charles Mingus, p. 179

Appendix E: Exhibitions

Below is a chronological list of Neiman exhibitions. See the index for an alphabetical list of exhibitions (listed by name of venue under the item "exhibitions") and reference to locations of pertinent archive files.

DateSolo ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 3-31, 1961 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 9-March 9, 1962 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 1962 -- O'Hana Gallery, London

Nov. 27-Dec. 11, 1962 -- Galerie O. Bosc, Paris

Oct. 8-19, 1963 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

January-February, 1965 -- "Vie de France," Astor Tower French Center, Chicago

Nov. 23-Dec. 4, 1965 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

March 5-25, 1966 -- Gallery Richelle, St. Louis

1976 -- "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective 1949-75," Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Nov. 1967 -- Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 7, 1967 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 26-31, 1968 -- New York Jets Sketches, Hammer Galleries, New York

May 1-June 10, 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," Choate School, Wallingford, CT

May 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta," Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Jan. 20-31, 1970 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 19-Nov. 2, 1971 -- "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery, New York

April-May, 1972 -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Dec. 1972 -- Circle Gallery, Chicago

Oct. 31-Nov. 11, 1972 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 22, 1972-Jan. 7, 1973 -- "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art

Jan.-Feb. 1973 -- Circle Gallery, Los Angeles

1973 -- Circle Gallery, Dallas

March 24, 1973 -- The Hang -Up Gallery Open House

April-May 1973 -- Circle Gallery, New York

June 2-23, 1973 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Jan. 24-Feb. 5, 1974 -- "Ali - Frazier," Circle Gallery, New York

Feb. 3-March 17, 1974 -- Springfield Museum of Art

1974 -- Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

April 30-May 11, 1974 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

June 22-July 6, 1974 -- Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, Honolulu

Sept. 1974 -- Abercrombie & Fitch

1974 -- Tobu Gallery, Tokyo

Nov. 1974 -- Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1974 -- Windsor Gallery, New York

Feb. 1975 -- Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, NY

March 1975 -- Art Gallery -Studio 53 Ltd., New York

April 1975 -- "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

June-July 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket

Aug. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Sag Harbor, Long Island

Sept. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Pittsfield, MA

July 1975 -- Waller's Gallery, Tampa, FL

Sept. 1975 -- Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA

Nov. 1975 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

Dec. 4-26, 1975 -- Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul

Dec. 4, 1975-Jan. 24, 1976 -- Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Dec. 10, 1975-Jan. 10, 1976 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan. 21-March 10, 1976 -- Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank

Feb.-May 1976 -- Emerald Art Galleries, Coronado, CA

March 14-28, 1976 -- Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT

June 1976 -- M. Knoedler & Co., London

Aug. 1976 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 27, 1976 -- Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Recency

Sept. 12-Oct. 6, 1976 -- Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls

1976 -- Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York

Oct. 1976 -- Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1976 -- "The Olympic Ring," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 12-19, 1976 -- Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden

March 1977 -- Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN

March 1977 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 1977 -- Galerie Marc, San Francisco

Aug. 31-Sept. 11, 1977 -- Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden

Sept. 1977 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Sept. 2-23, 1977 -- Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland

Oct.-Nov. 1977 -- St. Lawrence National Bank, Ogdensburg NY

May 1978 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

June 1978 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

July 1978 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

Oct. 12-Nov. 12, 1978 -- Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis

Dec. 1978 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

Jan. 23-Feb. 10, 1979 -- Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

April 7-May 1, 1979 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

April 28-May 26, 1979 -- Percival Galleries, Des Moines

May 1979 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Dec. 4, 1979-Jan. 5, 1980 -- "Horses," Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan.-Feb. 1980 -- Olympic Benefit Exhibition, Famous -Barr, St. Louis

June 1980 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

July 1980 -- Nicolas Helion, Paris

July 1-19, 1980 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct.-Nov. 1980 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Dec. 1980 -- Horizon Gallery, Waikiki

April 28-May 16, 1981 -- "LeRoy Neiman Drawings: A Retrospective," Hammer Galleries, New York

Summer 1981 -- Exhibition of Graphic Works 1971-81, Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

July-Aug. 1981 -- Foster Harmon Gallery, Sarasota, FL

July-Aug. 1981 -- Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art

1981 -- "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery

Sept. 1981 -- State National Bank, Tiara Gallery

Oct. 1981 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1981 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

1982 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

Feb. 1982 -- Grigsby Galleries One, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1982 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

April 8-24, 1982 -- Dean Day Gallery

May 1982 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

June 1982 -- Nevada County Arts Council

Summer 1982 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 4-16, 1982 -- Harrod's Picture Gallery, London

1983 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

July 1983 -- Tokyo, (Gallery?)

Sept. 13-Oct. 1, 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Hammer Galleries, New York

October-Nov. 1983 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

Dec. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock

Dec. 8-24, 1983 -- Dean Day Gallery

Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 15, 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, New Orleans

Jan.-Feb. 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, Carmel

July 10-Aug. 10, 1984 -- "The Olympics: Past and Present," Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

Aug.-Sept. 1984 -- "The Olympic Spirit," Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov.-Dec. 1984 -- "LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibit," Springfield College Babson Library Hastings Gallery, Springfield, MA

Jan. 1985 -- Superbowl XIX Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Feb. 1985 -- Center Art Galleries, Honolulu

March 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

May 1985 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

Nov. 1985 -- "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov.-Dec. 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

Feb. 1986 -- Nob Hill Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

May 1986 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

June 1986 -- Peri -Renneth Gallery, Southampton, NY

July 26-Aug. 17, 1986 -- Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, CA

Oct. 1986 -- Buena Vista Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1986 -- Krannert School of Management

Nov. 1986 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

1987 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 24-April 11, 1987 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1987 -- New York Friars Club

May 1987 -- Marlborough Galleries, Boston

June 1987 -- "Neiman's Neimans," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco

Oct.-Nov. 1987 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

April-May 1988 -- "Neiman's World" Touring Exhibition, Japan

April-May 1988 -- In the Pocket Superbowl XXII painting premier, Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD

May 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Sept. 27-Oct. 4, 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

1988 -- Tretyakov Museum, Moscow

Oct. 1988 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

Nov. 19-Dec. 10, 1988 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan. 1989 -- Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan

Feb. 1989 -- Surf Club, New York

April 1989 -- "Soft Paintings," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 30-May 15, 1989 -- Polo Lounge Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

May-June 1989 -- "Select Works by LeRoy Neiman," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

June-July 1989 -- Steiner & Young Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA

June 6-Sept. 9, 1989 -- L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

Sept. 1989 -- Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, New York

Aug. 1989 -- Baja, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1989 -- "A Salute to Central Park," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 1989 -- Galerie 224, Laguna Beach, CA

May 1989-Feb. 1990 -- "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition, New York, Beverly Hills, Atlantic City, San Francisco, Boston, SoHo

April 1990 -- Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, Butler Institute of American Art

May 1990 -- Merv Griffin Resorts Casino Hotel, Atlantic City

May 12-31, 1990 -- Bay Area Baseball Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

July-Aug. 1990 -- "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield Art Association, Springfield, IL

Aug. 1990 -- Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver

Sept.-Oct. 1990 -- Allyson Louis Gallery

Oct. 1990 -- Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Sept. 1990 -- Base Art Collection

Jan. 1991 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure," Playboy offices, Chicago

May 1991 -- "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Oct.-Nov. 1991 -- "San Francisco," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, San Francisco

Feb.-March 1992 -- The Beatles Debut, Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City

Feb. 17-March 13, 1992 -- University of Charleston Art Gallery

March 14-April 12, 1992 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, SoHo, NY

March 15-April 3, 1992 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct. 9-24, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 22-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 24-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Nov. 7-Dec. 1, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct.-Nov. 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Nov. 13-Dec. 13, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

March-April 1993 -- City by the Bay Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

April-May 1993 -- "An Exhibition of Equine Art," Kentucky Derby Museum

Oct. 7-31, 1993 -- "Un Américain à Paris," Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris

Nov. 1993 -- Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas

Dec. 1993 -- La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

April 1994 -- Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO

Sept. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept.-Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

Dec. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago and Buffalo Grove

April-June, 1995 -- "Racing Retrospective," Kentucky Derby Museum

March-April 1995 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan.-Feb. 1996 -- "Superbowl XXX," American Fine Art Editions, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1-May 1, 1996 -- Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ

July 1996 -- Trump Plaza, Atlantic City

Sept.-Oct. 1996 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Portraits of Our Times, 1946 -96" Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, Beverly Hills and San Francisco

April-June 1997 -- "The Art of Sport," Kentucky Derby Museum

April 3-May 2, 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," La Galleria D'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

May 23-June 30, 1997 -- "The Safari Suite," Centaur Sculpture Galleries, Las Vegas

1997 -- Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Bowles Galleries, San Francisco and Beverly Hills

2000 -- "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," Hanson Gallery, New Orleans, LA

2000 -- "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, Colorado

Nov. 7-Dec. 11, 2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York

DateTwo-Person ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1973 -- Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY

1978 -- LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago

1981 -- LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles

1988 -- "The Mustache Show," Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York

DateGroup Exhibitions1948 -- Art Institute of Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1948 -- Minnesota State Fair

1950 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1951 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Oct. 10-Nov. 9, 1952 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Oct. 14 -Nov. 15, 1953 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

1953 -- Annual Exhibit, Art Directors Club of Chicago

1953 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

May 2-30, 1954 -- Exhibitions of Prints and Drawings by Twin City Artists, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1954 -- Minnesota State Fair

Oct. 29-Nov. 12, 1954 -- Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, Art Directors Club of Chicago

June 2-July 4, 1955 -- Instructors Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1955 -- Carnegie International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh

Aug. 27-Sept. 5, 1955 -- Minnesota State Fair

March 8-April 12, 1956 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

April 22-May 11, 1956 -- Chicago Area Show, North Shore Art League

1957 -- Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Jan. 17-March 3, 1957 -- "American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago

Feb. 12-26, 1957 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

June-July 1957 -- Chicago Art Institute

Sept. 15, 1957 -- Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Festival

Oct. 7-27, 1957 -- Collectors Club Exhibition

1958 -- Chicago Public Library

Jan. 17-26, 1958 -- Art:USA:58

1958 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

1958 -- "Brotherhood in Art," Marshall Field & Co. Gallery

July 6-Aug. 16, 1958 -- Ravinia Festival

Sept. 1958 -- Chicago Artists, Anna Werbe Gallery, Detroit, MI

Sept. 6-7, 1958 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Dec. 1958 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

June 8, 1959 -- Bal Tabarin Room, Hotel Sherman, Chicago

July 27-Aug. 10, 1959 -- Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, Sherman Art Gallery

Sept. 12-13, 1959 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Nov. 1959 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 1960 -- Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival

March 31-May 28, 1961 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

Dec. 13, 1962-Jan. 26, 1963 -- "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," O'Hana Gallery, London

1964 -- North Mississippi Valley Exhibition

1965 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March-July 1966 -- Aqueduct Gallery, New York

May 23-Aug. 24, 1969 -- "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," National Portrait Gallery Traveling Exhibition

May 27, 1969 -- National Art Museum of Sport

Nov. 1969 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1971 -- "Beyond Illustration: The Art of Playboy," Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Spring 1972 -- Odyssey House Art Gallery

Sept.-Oct. 1973 -- Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois

1974 -- "Group Show of FKH Artists," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 2, 1974-Jan. 4, 1975 -- Holiday Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

Feb. 10-22, 1975 -- "Hammer Galleries Graphics," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept. 2-Nov. 21, 1975 -- "Drawings USA 75," Minnesota Museum of Art (Traveled Jan. 1976 -Dec. 1977)

May 2-July 4, 1976 -- "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO

Aug. 2-7, 1976 -- Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY

July 3-Sept. 30, 1977 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

June-July 1978 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

1977 -- "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

Sept. 12-16, 1978 -- Spectrum Fine Art, Royal Orleans Hotel

1979 -- "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

May 4-July 8, 1979 -- "Panorama of American Art," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

July 15-20, 1979 -- "Treasures of Island Creek," Louisville, KY

Jan. 2-Feb. 2, 1980 -- "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 29-Aug. 31, 1980 -- "That Belmont Look," New -York Historical Society (NYS Museum, Albany, Jan. -March, 1981)

Nov. 1980 -- "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary Inn, Alberta, Canada

1982 -- "When They Were Very Young," Amherst College Student Art Gallery, Amherst, MA

March 1982 -- Northampton County Area Community College Foundation

March 1983 -- "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," Museum of the City of New York

Sept. 25-Oct. 22, 1983 -- "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83," Greenwich Workshop Gallery

June 1984 -- "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," San Diego Museum of Art

March 1985 -- "Americana," Whitney Museum, New York

April-Aug. 1985 -- "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

May 1985 -- "Art," Area Club, New York

Dec. 1985-Jan. 1986 -- "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 15-June 28, 1987 -- "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," The Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ

April-May 1987 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 1987 -- "Athletes and Heroes," Bank One, Youngstown, OH

May 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA

Sept. 1987 -- El Paso Museum of Art

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1987 -- "Master Prints of the 19th-20th Century," Hammer Galleries, New York

June 1988 -- Mickey Mantle's Sports Art Gallery, New York

June 9-Sept. 24, 1988 -- L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, New York

Aug. 1988 -- "The Famous Show," China Club, New York

Sept. 1988 -- "New Perspectives on Contemporary Art," Tunnel Club, New York

Oct. 1988 -- "Women in Sports," Springfield College, Springfield, MA

Oct.-Nov. 1988 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Dec. 1988 -- "The Most Famous Artist Alive," Tunnel Club, New York

Jan. 1989 -- "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," Baja Club, New York

March 1989 -- "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show," Tunnel Club, New York

July-Aug. 1989 -- "20/20 Exhibition," Steiner& Young Galleries, Marietta, Georgia

June 1990 -- Amnesty International Exhibition, New York

Summer 1990 -- "Director's Choice," Park Shore Gallery, Naples, FL

Sept. 1991 -- "Expose Yourself to Art," University of Southern Florida

May 1-June 10, 1992 -- "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago

1993 -- "Salon d'Automne," Grand Palais, Paris

1993 -- "Equine Art" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1995 -- "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1994-1995 -- "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," Queens Museum of Art, New York

June 14, 1996 -- Cig Art, National Arts Club Exhibition and Benefit

1996 -- "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

2005 -- "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries

Appendix F: Index to CollectionA

ABC (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 4.1: 1977

ABC's Wide World of Sports - 4.1: 1987, see also Olympic Games

AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis) - 4.1: 1977, 1978

ASPCA - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988

Aaron, Hank - 4.1: 1972

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-1976, and Johnson, Earvin Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984 - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984

Abramowitz, A.N. (Avie) - 2.2: A. N. Abramowitz 1974-1978, 3.2.1

Abrams, Harry N. - see 3.2 - Publications files, 4.1: 1999

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Absolut Vodka - see promotions

Academie Internationale des Arts Contemporains, Belgium - 2.1: 1992

accountant - see Jacobs, Jason

Adams, Joey - 1.1: Friars Club

Adamowski, Benjamin - 4.1: 1960

Addams, Charles - 4.1: 2000

Addison, Robert and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 4.1: 1985, 1987, 1991 in two-person exhibition with LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Advanced Materials and Processes -- Magazine - 4.1: 1989

Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - see Long, Captain Elgen

Adventuress, 1970s - see Earhart, Amelia

aerobics - 2.1: 1984, see also dance: Jacki Sorenson, 1981

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Africa - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Afsary, Cyrus - 2.1: 1978

Air France - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

airlines

American Airlines - 2.1: 1999

Continental Airlines - see Fitzgerald, Ella

Albany, New York - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach - see promotions

Ali, Muhammad - see boxing

All - Sports Hall of Fame - 4.1: 1999

Allied Artists Council, Artists and Models Masque Ball, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Amateur Athletic Association - 4.1: 1998

Amateur Athletic Union - 2.1: 1976

Ambassadors Hotel, East and West, Chicago - 3.1: Ambassadors 1960s, see also restaurants: The Pump Room

America's Cup - see sailing

American Academy of Achievement - see awards

American Beauty Association - 4.1: 1994

American Broadcasting Company - see ABC

American Cancer Society - 4.1: 1986, 1989, 1997, 2004

American Carnival, Japan - 4.1: 1988

American Diabetes Association - 4.1: 1990, see Appendix A

American Embassy, Nairobi, Kenya - 2.1: 1984

American Federation of Television and Radio Artists - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards

American Flag, 2002 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998

American Fine Art Editions, Inc. - 4.1: 2004, see exhibitions

American Heart Association - 4.1: 1991

American in Paris, An - see -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris

American Sport Art Museum - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1986; Hall of Fame Awards Dinner - 3.1: Long Term Projects

American Stock Exchange - see Stock Market

Amnesty International - see exhibitions, group: Blumhelman Gallery

Ampex Video Art - see television

Anderson, Dave - 4.1: 1983, see also Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson

Anheuser-Busch - see promotions, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

animals -- - see exhibitions, horse racing, 3.2.12

Animal Fair Magazine - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000

Polar Bears - 4.1: 1979, 1984, 1993

birds - see also animals: roosters

Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984 - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Fighting Cocks, Manila, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Manila Cock -Pit, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Parrots, 1982 - 4.1: 1984

Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

cheetah

Kilimanjaro Cheetah, 1971 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Cheetah, 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Cougar, 1981 painting and 1993 serigraph - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1993

cow - see Cow Parade

dog - 4.1: 1998

Black Labrador, 1977 - 4.1: undated 1990s

Borzoi - see also Pelkey, Joe (serigraph)

dog walkers - VC: 1983

The Great Dane, Hamlet, 1986 - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988, 4.1: 1986

Hounds of Chantilly - 2.1: 1980, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Moore County Hounds, Southern Pines, North Carolina - 4.1: 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

eagle, American Bald Eagle, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

elephant

Elephant Charge, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Elephant Nocturne - 4.1: 1984, 1993

Elephant Stampede - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1976, 1989, 1993, 1995 Shikar, 1980 - 4.1: 1982, 1993

giraffe, Giraffe Family - 4.1: 1978, 1993

gorilla, Gorilla Family - 4.1: 1993

horse - see horses

jaguar, Jaguar Family, 1984 - 4.1: 1993

leopard

Kenya Leopard, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Leopard, 1971 serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Serengeti Leopard, 1976 - 4.1: 1993

lion

Lion, 1968 - 4.1: 1993

Lions, date? - 4.1: 1974

Lion Couple - IV: 1984, 1993

Lion Family, 1974 - 2.1: 2004, 4.1: 1993

Lion's Pride II, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ocelot - 4.1: 1993

panther, Black Panther, 1975 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975 -76, 4.1: 1975

rescue - see ASPCA, Bide-A-Wee, PAWS/LA, Humane Society of New York, Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter

rooster - Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1975 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

safari - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003, 3.2.12

tiger

Bengal Tiger - 4.1: 1993

Caspian Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Delacroix's Tiger - 4.1: undated, 1993

Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Young Tiger - 4.1: 1993

unicorn

The Hunt of The Unicorn, late 1960s mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

whale - see Moby Dick

wolf - see Call of the Wild, 1993

zebra, Zebra Family - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79, 4.1: 1984, 1993

zoo - 3.2.12d

Anisfeld, Boris - 2.1: 1988

Anthony, Earl - see bowling

Antonacci, Joe - 4.1: 1982

Apollo Theater - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1998

Area nightclub, New York - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

arenas - see The Spectrum, Madison Square Garden

Arizona Heart Institute - see The Open Heart, 1982

Arizona Landscape, 1979 - 2.1: 1979

Arkansas - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 3.1: Olympics Munich 1972, 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 3.1: Olympics, Montreal 1976 Roone Arledge, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 2003

Arliss - 4.1: 1996

Armory Art Fair, Washington DC - 4.1: 1977

Armstrong, Louis - see jazz

Army, U.S., service in - 1.1: Military Service

Army vs. Navy 1946, 2000 - 4.1: 2001

Arnstein, Vera Daphne - 4.1: 1990

Arrow shirts - see promotions

Art Aid - 4.1: 1986

L'art et l'automobile - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1988, 2002, see also exhibitions

Art Brokerage Inc. - see Rose, Donna

Art Collection House Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Art Directors Club of Oklahoma City - 4.1: 1967, VII

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art for Education - 4.1: 1998

The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, by Arthur Flowers and Anthony Curtis, foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, Huntington Press, 2000

Art Institute of Boston - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1975

Art Institute of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 1987, 1989, 1996, 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992, 4.1: 1978 ov, 2001, 2002, see also exhibitions

Auxiliary Board - 2.1: 1990

Barewalls, 2001 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Reunion 2001

Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - see LeRoy Neiman: Art and LifeStyle, 1974, 3.2.1

ArtExpo New York - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, 1998, 2001

Art-o-gram: News of the art world for art dealers only - 4.1: 1977

Arthur Andersen & Co. - 4.1: 1981

Les Arts de France - 2.1: 1988

Arum, Bob and Lovee - 2.1: 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1996

Ascent, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Ashford, Evelyn - see running

Aspen, CO - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards Dinner 1977-present

Astaire, Fred

Fred Astaire - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998 -, 4.1: 1985

Athens International Festival - 4.1: 1993

Atlanta, GA - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968

Atlanta International Film Festival - 4.1: 1974 and ov, V: 1974

Atlanta Magazine - 4.1: 1969, 1975, 1996

Atlanta's Poor People Art School - 4.1: 1969

Atlantic City, New Jersey - see also casinos, promotions, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989

attorney - see Shaw, Robert

auction - 4.1: 1978, 1997, 1998, 1999

Augusta National Golf Club, The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 4.1: 1994

auto racing -- - 4.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, 1999

Andretti, Mario - 4.1: 1975, 1992

Andretti, Michael - 4.1: 1992

Brayton, Scott - 4.1: 1996

Beni Hana Grand Prix - 2.1: 1978

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1981 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1982 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1983 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Can-Am Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Dallas Grand Prix, 1984 - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Dallas Grand Prix 1984

Denver Grand Prix, 1990 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Denver Grand Prix, 1991 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Ferrari - 4.1: 1989

Fittipaldi, Emerson

Fittipaldi, 1989 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi 1989, 4.1: 1990

Grand Prix Heart Ball - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-91

Grand Prix de Monaco - 2.1: 1986, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Grand Prix de Monaco, 1976 - 4.1: 1993, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Indianapolis 500 - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Pits at Indy, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

Le Mans - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams Notes on Auto Racing and Basketball, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s, see Appendix E

Miami Grand Prix - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Toyota Grand Prix of Miami, 1991 (for 1992 race) - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Penske, Roger - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Revson, Peter

Peter Revson, Can-Am Race, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Toyota Monterey Grand Prix, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Laguna Seca Raceway, 1989 - 4.1: 1990

automobiles - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1993, 1999, 2001, see also l'Art et l'Automobile, and auto racing

The Robb Report Magazine - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1983, 1987

Rolls-Royce - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries Exhibitions 1985, 4.1: undated, 1983

awards - 1.1: Awards

B

Baden Baden - 2.1: 1997

Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Bailey, Jim - see golf: Atlanta National Golf Club

Baker, Dusty - 4.1: 1998

Bal de la Mer - 3.1: Monaco 1994, 4.1: 1994

Baldwin, James, James Baldwin, 1961 and 1964 drawings - 2.1: 2002

ballet -- - 4.1: 1987, V: Kathy Healey, 1981, see also dance

Ballet Arkansas - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: undated 1980s

Ballet: The Daring Project, Joyce Theater, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

Ballet Theater Foundation, Inc. - 4.1: 1976

Baryshnikov, Mikhail, Baryshnikov, 1983 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bolshoi Ballet - 4.1: 1968, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969

Gregory, Cynthia - 2.1: 1986, 2.1: 1990

Nureyev, Rudolph, Nureyev, 1974 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76, Nureyev, 1986 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Prima Ballerina 'Assoluta' - 2.1: 1986, 1989, 4.1: 1989

Ballot, Isabelle - 4.1: 1996, 1998, 2001

Barber, Tiki - 4.1: 2001, 2002

Barclays Bank - 4.1: 1993

Bardot, Brigitte - 4.1: 1961

BareWalls - 1.1: Education and Teaching-Art Institute of Chicago after 1959

Barkley, Charles - 4.1: 1999, 2001, V: Photographs

Charles Barkley, 1997 - V: Photographs

Barnet, Will - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Barnett, Dick - 4.1: 1990

"Baroque Bravura Today?" undated article by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: undated

Barrington Enterprises Inc. - see Landau, Barry

bars - see restaurants and bars

Bartender Magazine -- - 2.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book II - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Baryshnikov, Mikhail - see ballet

baseball -- - 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974 -1994, 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975 -1994, 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985 -87, 3.1: Dodgers Centennial, 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999, 3.2.13, 4.1: 1992, also search for individual players and coaches by name in Index and Appendix A

All-Stars - 4.1: undated

Baseball Players, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Baseball Writers Association of America - 4.1: 1990, 1993

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990, 4.1: 1991

Boston Red Sox - 4.1: 1975, 1982, 1986

Brooklyn Dodgers - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, see also Los Angeles Dodgers

Chicago Cubs - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter Thad Bosley 1985

Cincinnati Reds - 4.1: 1975, 1986

Cleveland Indians - 4.1: 1975

etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Florida Marlins, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1992

Hollywood All-Stars - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings 1962-1999

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - 3.2.13

Japan - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Kansas City Royals - 4.1: 1990

Los Angeles Dodgers - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 4.1: 1992; Dodgers Centennial, 1990 - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1991

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - 2.1: 1978, 1996, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1990, 1993 (yearbook), 1994, 1995

New York Giants - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

New York Mets - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2002

New York Yankees - 2.1: 2004, 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1977, 2000

Oakland Athletics - 2.1: 1993, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league) - 2.1: 1998

Philadelphia Phillies - 4.1: 1993

Pittsburgh Pirates - 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1984; Pittsburgh Pirates, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Saint Louis Cardinals - 4.1: 1999

San Francisco Giants - 4.1: 1988-89

Seattle Mariners - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Sliding Home, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1978, 1988, 1989; team yearbooks - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1973, 1977, 1979, 2001

World Series: 1966 - VII; 1972 - 4.1: 1972; 1975 - 4.1: 1975, 1986; 1976 - 2.1: 1976; 1986 - 4.1: 1986; 1989 - 4.1: 1989

basketball

Basketball, 1972 - 4.1: 1992

Basketball Superstars, 1975-76 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

college basketball - 4.1: 1992, 1994

Indiana University Hoosiers; Hoosier Hoopla, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1976, 1978, 1989, VII: Pendants

North Carolina Tar Heels - 4.1: 1977

Oregon State University - 4.1: 1977

University of Kentucky Wildcats; The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats 1978

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 4.1: 1983

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 1978-91

NBA basketball - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Orlando Magic commission, 1990, 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1977, 1979

All-Stars - 4.1: 1977

NBA All -Star Game - 4.1: 1978

Boston Celtics - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1989 ov

Buffalo Braves - 2.1: 1976

Chicago Bulls - 4.1: 1989

Houston Rockets - 4.1: 1975

Los Angeles Clippers - 2.1: 1989

Los Angeles Lakers - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 4.1: 1989 ov

Milwaukee Bucks - 4.1: 1977

New York Knicks - 4.1: 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1989, 1993

Orlando Magic - 3.1: Orlando Magic commission 1990, 4.1: 1989

Philadelphia 76ers - 4.1: 1999

Washington Bullets - 4.1: 1980

Battig, Joseph - 2.1: 1996

Battle of the Bay, serigraph - 4.1: 1989

Baumgartner, Bruce - see wrestling

Beard, James - 3.1: James Beard 1985-2002, 4.1: 1996

The Beatles

The Beatles, 1966, serigraph 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Beatty, Warren - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

beauty pageants

ITMSA Miss Legs Competition - 2.1: 1983

Miss America - 3.1: Miss America Pageant 1983-1984

Miss Asia - 3.1: Miss Asia Pageant 1986

Miss J.A.P. and Miss Purim Pageants - 4.1: 1982

Miss Legs America - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1984

Miss Teen USA - 3.1: Miss Teen USA Pageant 1983

Miss Universe - 3.1: Miss Universe Pageant 1981

Miss USA - 3.1: Miss USA Pageant 1978

Miss World -USA - 3.1: Miss World-USA Beauty Pageant 1975

Mrs. America - 3.1: Mrs. America Pageant 1982

Playboy Bunny of the Year Pageant - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Beaux Arts, Inc. Award - 1.1: Awards

Begin, Menachem - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Behan, Brendan - see Borstal Boy

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bench, Johnny - 4.1: 1972

Bench, The Catcher, 1989 - 3.1: Johnny Bench 1989

Bennett, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett 1998 -2000, 4.1: 2002, John Bennett, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988, 1998

Bennett, Tony - 4.1: 1963, 1973, 1985

Berra, Yogi - 4.1: 1985, 1998

Yogi Berra Museum - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum, 2000

Bernstein, Leonard, Leonard Bernstein, 1972 - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, undated drawing - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, 1967 drawing - 4.1: 1998

Bethany College - 4.1: 1979

Bethesda Fountain; View of Bethesda Fountain, 1989 - 3.1: A Salute to Central Park Exhibition 1989

Better Boys Foundation - 4.1: 1974

Beverly Hills, California - 2.1: 1985, 1989, see exhibitions: Lawrence Ross Galleries

Beverly Hills Hotel - 2.1: 1989

Bide-A-Wee - 4.1: 1992

Big Time Golf, by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2:10

billboard - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983, VC: 1980s

Billboard Magazine International Billie Awards - 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993

billiards -- - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Billiard World Magazine - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Pool Game, 1966 - 4.1: 1998

Pool Room, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Sardi's World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Bimini, Bahamas - 2.1: 1977, 1979

Bingo, 1973 - 4.1: 1989

Binns, James - 4.1: 1996, 2000

Bird, Larry, Larry Bird, 1992 - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, see also Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

birthday - 4.1: 1999

Black Labrador, 1977 - see animals

Black Panther, 1975 - see animals

Blackwood, Glenn - 4.1: 1993

Bland, Bobby Blue - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blaukmer, Professor Frederika - 4.1: 1979

Blecker, Tom, Kathy, and Barbra - 2.2: Artwork by Children, 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bloomberg, Mayor Michael - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 1990s-2000s

Blue Moon Bay Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1997

bloopers - 4.1: 1978, 1997

Bluebird Café - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Blues Ball - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blum's - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

B'nai B'rith - 1.1: Awards

Boathouse Restaurant - see Central Park Boathouse

boats - see sailing, or Showboats International; The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Bochette, Liston - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

bodybuilding -- - 4.1: 1977, 1982, 1990

Everson, Cory - 4.1: 1990

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - see Schwarzenegger, Arnold

Boek, Louis - 1.1: Military Service

Boggs, Bill - 4.1: 2002 ov., 2004

Bonaventure - see St. Bonaventure University

Bond, Julian - 4.1: 1969

Bonds, Barry - Barry Bonds, 2003 pastel - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-present book jacket illustrations - 3.1: folder 1, 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 4.1: 1973, 1982, 1988-89

Book of the Month Club - 3.2.5, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams , Text Drafts

books

by Mr. Neiman - see Publications files in Series 3.2

by others, containing Mr. Neiman's works - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli, Skip Singleton tennis books, see also book jacket illustrations

bookstores - see Publications files in series 3.2 for information on book signings at bookstores

Borg, Bjorn - see tennis

Borstal Boy - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970

Bosley, Thad - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Bourgeois, Louise - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Bourne, Bob - 4.1: 1983

Bowe, Riddick - see boxing

Bowlers Journal - see bowling

Bowles, Franklin - see Bowles Galleries

Bowles Galleries - 1.2: Bowles Galleries, see exhibitions, see also Timothy Yarger Fine Art

bowling -- - 2.1: 1976

Anthony, Earl - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Carter, Don - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Esposito, Frank - 2.1: 1986, 1996, 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Varipapa, Andy - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

boxing -- - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 3.1: Ali vs. Holmes 1980, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 3.1: Mike Tyson Portraits 1986-1990s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, undated 1990s, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Ali, Muhammad - see Ali vs. Frazier, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, .2.1: 2001, 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004, 3.2.1, 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s, 4.2: The Ring Magazine as artist - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1970 ov, 1979

Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000 - 3.1: Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000-2002

Muhammad Ali - The Greatest Collector's Edition Magazine, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ali vs. Foreman, Zaire poster, 1974 - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Ali vs. Frazier

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999 - 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier II, 1974, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 1990

Fight of the Century poster, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Thrilla in Manila poster, 1975 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Holmes, 1980 - 3.1: Ali -Holmes 1980, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Spinks, 1978 - 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 4.1: 2000

Bobrick - 4.1: 1977

Bowe, Riddick - 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1996, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Boxers Ball - 4.1: 1997

Boxing Beat Magazine - 4.1: 1988

Boxing Illustrated - 4.1: 1993

Boxing at the Ritz - 4.1: 1993

Boxing Writers Association of America - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1967, 1985, 2004

Brenner, Teddy - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1978, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Camacho, Hector - 4.1: 1986, 1997

Chavez, Julio Cesar - 4.1: 1993, 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, pastel - 4.1: 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, 1996 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Clay, Cassius - see Muhammad Ali

Coetzee - 4.1: 1984

Cooney, Gerry - see Holmes vs. Cooney, 2.1: 1989, 2000, 4.1: 1981, 1987, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

De La Hoya, Oscar - 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Oscar De La Hoya, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

De La Hoya vs. Mosely poster 2000 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Mosley 2000

De La Hoya vs. Whitaker, 1997 - 4.1: 1997

Dundee, Angelo - 3.1: Angelo Dundee Tribute 2002

Duran, Roberto - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980 -1989, 4.1: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1994, 1995, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1973 ov

F.I.S.T. - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000, 2001

film, documentary - see Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972

Foreman, George - see Ali vs. Foreman, 2.1: 1989, 4.1: undated, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1995, 1999, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Foreman Frazier Fight - 4.1: undated

Foreman vs. Holmes, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Frazier, Joe - see Ali vs. Frazier, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: undated, 1969 ov, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1998, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Golden Gloves Championships - 4.1: 2000, 2001

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Grant, Michael - see Lewis vs. Grant, 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 2001

Graziano, Rocky - 4.1: 1990, 1991

HBO - 4.1: 2003, 2004

Hagler, Marvin - 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 1984, 2000

Hearns, Thomas - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 2000, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Thomas Hearns, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - 4.1: 1970, VII: Box 3

Heavyweight Collision - 4.1: 2003

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - 3.1: Heavyweight Explosion 2000

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Holmes vs. Coetzee, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes, Larry - see Ali vs. Holmes, Holmes vs. Cooney, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.1: 1984, 1999, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes vs. Shavers poster, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 2000

Holmes vs. Spinks, 1985 poster - 4.1: 1985

Holyfield, Evander - see Tyson vs. Holyfield, 3.1: Holyfield-Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2003

Hopkins, Bernard - Bernard Hopkins, 2004 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004 Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - 4.1: 1965, 1983

Jones, Jr., Roy - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000; Roy Jones, Jr. - 4.1: 2000

King, Don - 4.1: 1977, 2003

Latin Legends - 4.1: 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 4.1: 1980 ov, 1997, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Lewis, Lennox - see Lewis vs. Grant, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 2001

Lewis vs. Grant poster, 2000 - 4.1: 2000 and ov

Lewis vs. Tyson poster, 2002 - 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002

Liston, Sonny - 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1974 ov, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Louis, Joe - 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks fight) 1981

Joe Louis, 1983 - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991, 4.1: 1991

Malave, Chu Chu - 4.1: 1973

Mathis, Buster - 4.1: 1971

The Maulers 1993 lithograph - 4.1: 1993

Mayweather, Floyd - 4.1: 2000

McGirt, James "Buddy" - 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993

Morrison, Tommy - 4.1: 1993, 1995

Mosely, Shane - see De La Hoya vs. Mosely

North American Boxing Federation - 4.1: 2000

Norton, Ken - 4.1: 1976, 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame - 1.1: Awards - Inductions, 4.1: 2000

Olympic boxing - see Olympics

Patterson, Floyd - 4.1: 1972

Quarry, Jerry - 4.1: 1969 ov, 1970, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Red Boxers, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Reid, David

David Reid, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Ring Magazine - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1966, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ringside and Training Principles, by Goodman and Homansky 2001 - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Robinson, Sugar Ray - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1994; Sugar Ray Robinson, 1969 - 4.1: 1969, 1998

Rocky - see Rocky films

Salute to Boxing Greats Award - 1.1: Awards

Shavers, Earnie - see Holmes vs. Shavers, 4.1: 1973 ov, 1977, 4.2: The Ring Magazine Spinks, Leon - see Ali vs. Spinks, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Spinks, Michael - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 4.1: 1987, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1972

Thornton, Wayne - 4.1: 1966

Toney, James - 4.1: 2003, James Toney, 1994 - 4.1: 2004

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Trinidad, Felix - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999

Tyson, Mike - 3.1: Mike Tyson portraits 1986-90s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 4.1: 1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 portraits - 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 1999, 2001

Tyson vs. Holyfield, 1996 - 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996

Vargas, Fernando - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Veteran Boxers Association of NY - 4.1: 1993

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Williams, Cleveland - 4.1: 1966, 1967

World Boxing Association Annual Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000

World Boxing League - 4.1: Undated 2000s

Boy Scouts of America - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989 ov

Boys' Athletic League - 4.1: 1974

Boys and Girls Clubs of America - 4.1: 1977, All Sports Hall of Fame Dinner - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1996, 1997, Legends & Fans Dinner - 4.1: 1990

Boys Town of Italy - 4.1: 1987, 1988, 1992

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978 -2000, 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 4.1: 1981, 1999

Branca, Ralph - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1994

Brayton, Scott - see auto racing

Brazil Stock Exchange, 1985 - 2.1: 1985

Brenner, Teddy - see boxing

Brett, George - 4.1: 1990; George Brett, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Brice, Bobbie - 4.1: 1982

Bride's Magazine -- - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

Broadway - see musicals or Times Square, 2001

Brooklyn Bridge, 1995 - 1.1: Honorary Degrees - Saint Francis College, 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1998

brothel - see Mustang Ranch

Brown, Jim - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Brown, Larry

Larry Brown - 4.1: 1972

Bruce, Lenny - 4.1: 1976

Jeffrey Bryan Fine Art - 4.1: 1989

Bryant, Coach Paul "Bear," Coach Bear Bryant, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 4.1: 1981

Budweiser - see Anheuser-Busch

Buena Vista Bar - 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992

bull riding - see rodeo

bullfight - 4.1: 1960

Kneeling Matador, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

El Matador, 1965 - 2.1: 1986

Matador, 1967 - 4.1: 1989

La Plaza de Toros - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

Toreador, 1968 - 4.1: 1984

Burgdorff Cultural Center - 4.1: 1999

Burger King - see promotions

Burns, George - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Burr & Associates (Cameron Burr) - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 3.1: The Texas Longhorns, 1985, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Bush, President George H.W. and Barbara - 1.1: Honorary Degrees c., 2.1: 1989

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003

Bushkin, Joe - 4.1: 1997

Busker Alley - 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995

Byrams, Gina - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Byrne, Janet - see Neiman, Janet

C

CBS Sports television - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: CBS Sports, 4.1: 1978, 1985

CD ROM - VII

Caesar's Palace - see casinos

Cahill, Very Reverend Joseph - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, St. John's University, Honorary Doctorate, 1980, St. John's University, Gold Medal of Honor, 1985

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Calder, Alexander - 4.1: 1973 (see exhibitions, two-person)

calendars - 4.1: 1974 ov, 1976, 3.1: Wild Animals and Art of Sport Calendars 1992-94 and ov, 3.1: Golf Courses Calendar 1996

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Call of the Wild -- , by Jack London - 3.1: -- Call of the Wild -- 1993

Camacho, Hector - see boxing

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - see Carter, President Jimmy

Campbell, Earl - 2.1: 1982

Campbell's Soup - 4.1: 2004

Cannes Film Festival - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984

Cape Town, South Africa - 4.1: 1997

Capone, Al, Al Capone - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1972, 1992, 1995

Cappy Productions - 2.1: 2000

Caracas, Venezuela - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, see exhibitions: Museo de Bellas Artes

"Caring is Fashionable" - 4.1: 1981

Carlson, Bill - see "Neiman's Cuba"

Carnaval, 1981 - 3.2.6, 3.2 ov., see Haskell, Nikki

Carousel, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

The Carousel of Hope - see also Appendix A, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Carpenter, Rob - 4.1: 1982

carpet - see tapestry

Carreras, Jose - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

cars - see automobiles

Carter, Don - see bowling

Carter, Lillian - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, V: 1970s

Carter, President Jimmy -- - 4.1: 1978, 1989

Peace Treaty, 1980 - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Casey at the Bat, by Ernest L. Thayer, illustrated by LeRoy Neiman - 3.2.13

casinos and gambling -- - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1984, 1997, 1998, see also The Art of Gaming Through the Ages

Baden Baden, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Bally's Park Place, Atlantic City - 2.1: 1999

Bally's, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999

Le Casino de Monte Carlo, 1969 - 4.1: 1984

Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Caesar's Palace 1980, 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Holmes-Cooney 1982, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1976, 1979, undated 1980s, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1993

Desert Inn - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1998

Les Femmes du Caesar's Palace - 4.1: undated 1980s

Chemin de Fer, 1966 (1991 serigraph release) - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1991, 1998

Craps Kinshasa - 4.1: 1976

Fiesta Casino Hotel - 2.1: 1997

Gambling Times -- Magazine - 4.1: 1984

Gaming Table, 1958 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

The Golden Nugget, Las Vegas - 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

Green Table, 1972 - 4.1: undated, 1984

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

High Stakes, 1974 - 4.1: 1984

The Hustler -- - see -- The Hustler

International Poker, 2004 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2004

Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino and Hotel, Atlantic City - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

The Poker Game - 4.1: 1980

Rio Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1997

Roulette, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Roulette, 1970 - 2.1: 1970, 4.1: 1995

Roulette II, 1996 serigraph - 3.2:11, 4.1: 1996, 1997

Sands Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1994, 1997

Slots-change Girl, 1980 - 4.1: 1984

Stud Poker - 4.1: 1984

Tropicana Resort & Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999, VII: Artifacts

Casino Legends Hall of Fame, LeRoy Neiman Award - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1999

Folies Bergere - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana 1983, 3.1: Folies Bergere Neiman Chips 1999, 4.1: 1999

t.v. commercial - 4.1: 1984

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Vegas Blackjack - 4.1: 1984, 1996

catalogue raisonnes - 3.2.5, 3.2.9, 3.2.14

Cavett, Dick - 2.1: 1999

"Celebration 2000" Exhibition - 3.2.14

Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993 - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas - see exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Hawaii - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii 1985, 4.1: 1984, 1987

Central Park Boathouse - see restaurants

cereal box - see Wheaties

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1989

Chamberlain, Wilt - see 3.1: Basketball Superstars, 1975 -76, 3.1: Kareem Abdul -Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Wilt Chamberlain 2000, 4.1: 1981

champagne - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne 1999-2001

Champagne Taittinger - 3.1: 1993

Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.1: Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly 1996

Champions vs. MS - 2.1: 1977

Champs-Elysses

Le Champs- Elysses, 1992 - 4.1: 1996

The Champs-Elysees, la Voie Triomphale, 1994 - 4.1: 1997

Chandler, Charlotte - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Channel Thirteen, New York - 2.1: 1984, 4.1: 1983

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

charity - 2.1: Charities (all files), see also AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis), American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC), Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Boys Town of Italy, Carousel of Hope (Children's Diabetes Foundation), Champions vs. MS, Children's Hearing Institute, Citymeals-on-Wheels, Concern's Charity of Champions, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Doodle for Hunger, Good Tidings Foundation, Hope House Ministries, Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean, International Heart Foundation, International Sephardic Education Foundation, Jackie Robinson Foundation (under Robinson, Jackie), Jimmy Fund, Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, Leukemia Society of America, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Monmouth Park Charity Ball, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association, Race to Erase MS, Rock for the Cure, Ronald McDonald House, Special Olympics, United Cerebral Palsy Association, United Way, 4.1: 1981, 1992, 1999; see also animals: rescue

Charlie Cosmetics - see promotions

Chavez, Julio Cesar - see boxing

chef - 3.1: James Beard 1985-87, see also Bennett, Chef John; Clark, Chef Patrick; Kopf, Stefan; Lomonaco, Chef Michael; food; restaurants; Soltner, Chef Andre

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, VII: Box 3

Cher - 4.1: 1981

chess - see Fischer, Bobby

Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75 - 2.1: 1977, 1989, 4.1: 1977

Chicago Public Library - 4.1: 1955-59

Chicago Serigraphic Workshop - 2.1: 1977

children, artwork by - 2.2: Artwork from Children

children, letters from - 2.2: Mrs. Vladimir's Class 1975-85, 2.2: Hutchinson KS, Elementary Schools, 1976-78, 2.2: Mr. Silver's Class 1978-81, see also various letters in 2.1 Fan Mail files

Children at Heart - 4.1: 1996

Childrens Diabetes Foundation - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Children's Hearing Institute - 4.1: 1994

China - 2.1: 1983

Chinaglia, Georgio - see soccer

Choate School - 4.1: 1969

Christie's - 4.1: 1978

Christina Galice Gallery - 2.1: 1990

churches -- - 4.1: 1964, 1965; The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

cigars -- - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1996, 1997, 1998

Cigar Aficionado -- Magazine - 2.1: 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Components of Fire by (Aaron Sigmond or Jim Mauro) with Foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1997

Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego, 1997

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Industry Video 1997-1998

Wine, Women and Cigar, 1996 - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1996, 4.1: 1999, 4.2: -- Bartender -- Magazine Cincotti, Peter - 4.1: 2002 ov.

Circle Galleries, Chicago and New York - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1989, 1.2: Felicie Correspondence, see exhibitions, solo: Circle Galleries and "Ali-Frazier"

Circus, 2000 - 3.1: Circus 2000, 4.1: 2001

Cirker - Hayes Warehouse - IID: Inventory of Prints Stored in Warehouse 1970s-80s

Cities in Schools - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981, 4.2: Arts Magazine

City by the Bay, 1993 - see San Francisco

City By The Bay, by Charles Fracchia, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Citymeals-on-Wheels - see Beard, James

Clark, Chef Patrick Dean - 4.1: 1998

Classic Leather - see promotions

Classic Moments Watches - 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989

Classico Postcards - 2.1: 1992

Claude-Jobrack, Madeleine - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Clay, Cassius - see boxing: Ali, Muhammad

Clayton, Derek - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Clemens, Roger, The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003 - 3.1: The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003

Clemente, Roberto - 4.1: 1992, Roberto Clemente - 4.1: 1973

Clinton, President Bill - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, 4.1: 1992

clothing - VII

clothing stores - see Marshall Fields, Neiman Marcus, Pallack, Rick, and Saks Fifth Avenue, 4.1: 1958

Clough, Charles - 4.1: 1986

Club El Morocco - 4.1: 1979

Clubhouse Turn, 1975 - see horse racing

Coalition for the Homeless - 4.1: 1986

Coca-Cola Company - 2.1: 1994

Coetzee - see boxing

Coghlan, Eamon - see running

Cohen, Mouli - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

collectibles - see promotions

collectors - 4.1: 1969, 1980, 1981, see Wolfson

college sports - see basketball, football

Columbia Space Shuttle - 4.1: Undated ov

Columbia University - School of the Arts - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present; School of General Studies - 2.1: 1977

Comaneci, Nadia - see gymnastics

Comedia dell' Arte - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78

comic strips - see -- Doonesbury

commercials - see Promotions

Commodities Magazine - see The Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75

Concern Foundation

Concern's Charity of Champions - 4.1: 1983

conductors - see Bernstein, Leonard; Slatkin, Leonard

Contemporary University - 4.1: 1980

Cooney, Gerry - see boxing

computer art - 4.1: 1975

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Converse - 2.1: 1982

Bill Corum Award - 1.1: Awards

Corvette, Limited Edition Neiman - 3.1: Corvette 1984, V: 1980s, Rendezvous a la Corvette, 1984 - 3.1: Corvette 1984

Cosby, Bill - 4.1: 1991, 1997

Cosell, Howard - 4.1: 1987, 1995, V: 1991

cosmetics - see promotions

Cotton Club - 4.1: undated

Countdown to Superbowl, by Dave Anderson - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969

Country Rambler -- Magazine - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976 ov

Couples - 4.1: 1976

Cow Parade, NYC - 3.1: Cow Parade NYC, 2000

cowboys - see The Lone Ranger, National Cowboy Hall of Fame, rodeo

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

cricket - 4.1: 1961

Crosby, Bing - 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

crossword puzzles - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995, 1998, 1999

Crozier, William - V: 1995

Csonka, Larry - 4.1: 1973, 1974; Larry Csonka - 4.1: 1972

Cuba - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003, 4.1: 1979

Cuban Dancers, 1997 - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video 1997-98

The Culinary Arts exhibition - 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998

Culinary Institute of America - 4.1: 2000

Cunningham, Merce - see dance

Current Biography - 4.1: 1996

Curtis, Mike - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973

Curtis, Tony - 2.1: 1988

cycling

3.1: Tour de Trump

Boul Mich Bike Rally, 1978 - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1978 ov

Indoor Cycling - 4.1: 2000, 2002

Tour de France - 4.1: 1984

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - 4.1: 1996

D

Daily Double - see Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center

Dalai Lama - 2.1: 2003

Daley, Robert - 4.1: 1966

Daley, Mayor Richard - 4.1: 1968

Dali, Salvador - 4.1: 1977, 1986, 1991, 2002 (mentioned throughout 1980s and 1990s)

Dan's Papers - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 4.1: 1997 ov

dance -- - see also ballet

Cunningham, Merce

Merce Cunningham Studio - 4.1: 2004

"Fringe TOMAR 2000" Festival Internacional de Danca Contemporanea, 2000 - VII

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Jacki Sorenson, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Davidson Gallery - 4.1: 1986

Davis, Marvin and Barbara - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Jr. , Sammy - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989, 4.1: 1964, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, V: early 1960s, Bojangles, 1984 - 4.1: 1986

Dawkins, Peter - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988

De la Hoya, Oscar - see boxing

De La Vega, James - 4.1: 1999

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, see also exhibitions

Dear Muffo, by Harold Conrad - 4.1: 1982

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

DeBusschere, Dave - 4.1: 1974

The Dedication - 4.1: 1969

Deer Path Art League - 4.1: 1950s

Defiant, 1987 - see sculpture

Degregorio, Ernie - 2.1: 1976

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Del Coronado Petit Galop, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Del Greco, Maria -2.3: Letters from Artists, 4.1: undated, 1996

Delacroix's Tiger - see animals

Delligatti, Ralph - 4.1: 1992

Denver, CO - see auto racing

Denver, John - 4.1: 1994

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1985

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines Ballet - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Des Moines Symphony - 4.1: 1979

Desert Inn, Las Vegas - see casinos: Caesar's

Desert Symphony - see music: classical

designers - 4.1: 1997

Dewar's - 4.1: 1971

Dial-A-Dinner - 4.1: 1994

Diamond, Neil - 4.1: 1984

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

A Dictionary of Sporting Artists, by Mary Ann Wingfield - 4.1: 1992

Dill, Bob - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1995, 1996, 1999

DiMaggio, Joe - 4.1: 1992

Joe DiMaggio: Yankee Clipper, 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999, 4.1:1998 Joe DiMaggio: Study for "Yankee Clipper", 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999

DiPietro, Marylou - 2.1: 1979, 3.2.3

diving - see swimming and diving

Dixon, Rod - see running

dog - see animals

Dokes, Michael - 4.1: 1993

Domingo, Placido - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

Doodle for Hunger - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Doonesbury -- - 4.1: 1981

Door County - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Dorfman, Fred - see Fred Dorfman, Inc.

Dorset, Tony - 2.1: 1982

Doubletake Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Douglas, Kirk, Kirk Douglas, 1984 - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

dreams - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Driscoll, John (President of Iona College) - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, Iona College, Honorary Doctorate, 1985

Dubai - 2.1: 1988

Dublin Bar "The Stag's Head" - see The Stag's Head Bar, 1961

Dufresne, Isabelle - 4.1: 1988

Duguay, Ron - 4.1: 1982

Dundee, Angelo - see boxing

Duneier, Clyde - 4.1: 1993

Dupont, Andre - 4.1: 1974

Dupont pens - see promotions

Duran, Roberto - see boxing

Durocher, Leo - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1968, Leo Durocher - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94

Duval LeRoy, Carol - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne, 1999

Dyansen Gallery - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997

Van Dyke, Dick - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Dylan, Bob, Bob Dylan, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

E

Earhart, Amelia - The Adventuress, 1970s - 4.1: 1982

Eaton, Roy, Roy Eaton, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Roy Eaton, 1980, 1980-1992, 4.1: 1986

Economic Opportunity Atlanta - 3.1: 1968

Editions Limited - see Pelkey, Joe

education - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 4.1: 1980

Egypt - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Eiffel Tower - 4.1: 1995 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Eight Nation Athletic Games - 4.1: 1978

Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein, 1992 drawing - 2.1: 1991

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg, 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73, 4.1: undated, 1963, 1986, 1994

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 4.1: 2001, see also exhibitions

elephant paintings - see animals

Elkins Entertainment - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video, 1997

Elles & Eux -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961

Ellington, Duke - see jazz

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1971

Ellis Island Medal of Honor - 1.1: Awards

Elway, John - 3.1: John Elway, 1999

Emerald Art Gallery - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition 1976

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

equestrian - see horses

Erte -- - 4.1: 1990, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Erving, Julius - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-76, Julius Erving, 1975 - 3.1: Julius Erving 1975-76

Esposito, Frank - see bowling

Esposito, Phil - 4.1: 1975

Esquire -- Magazine - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970 ov, 4.1: 1999

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

etchings - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Malletmen etching Certificate, 1977, 1.2: Bowles Galleries Correspondence 1970s, see also boxing: Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974, and soccer: Soccer, 1989 etching, The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 Knoedler booklet - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov)

Eve Models, Ltd. - 4.1: 1971, 1974

Everson, Cory - see bodybuilding

Evert, Chris - see tennis

Ewbank, Weeb - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1978

exhibitions -- - Note: Solo and group exhibitions are listed alphabetically by the venue name

solo exhibitions

750 Studio, Chicago, 1953 - 3.1: 750 Studio, Chicago, Solo Exhibition 1953

Abercrombie & Fitch, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, V: 1990

American Fine Art Editions, Inc., "Superbowl XXX," Jan 1996 - 3.1: Superbowl XXX Exhibition 1996

American Fletcher National Bank - see Indianapolis Museum of Art

l'art et l'automobile gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," New York 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

l'art et l'automobile gallery, New York, 1989 - no materials

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1978 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1979 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Astor Tower French Center, Chicago, "Vie de France," 1965 - 3.1: "Vie de France" Solo Exhibition, Astor Tower, Chicago 1965

Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan - 4.1: 1989

Baja - 4.1: 1989

Base Art Collection, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1977 - 3.1: Bowles Hopkins Solo Exhibition, San Francisco, 1977

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, "The Olympic Spirit," San Francisco, 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating the Superbowl, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, February 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, October 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Neiman's Neimans: A Retrospective," San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Solo Exhibitions, San Francisco ("Neiman's Neimans") and Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," San Francisco 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Polo Lounge Debut, Beverly Hills, April 1989 - 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1989

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, May 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

Bowles/Sorokko, Beverly Hills, October 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980 -1990," Beverly Hills, 1991 - 3.2. The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980-1990, 1991

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman's San Francisco," San Francisco 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," New York 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, City by the Bay Debut, San Francisco, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series, 1991-1993

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "An American in Paris," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, 1995 - 4.1: 1995

Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, "Portraits of Our Times 1946-1996", Beverly Hills and San Francisco 1996 - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Butler Institute of American Art, Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, April 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland, 1977 - 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

"Celebration 2000," 2000 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1991-2000, 2001

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Centaur Sculpture Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Las Vegas 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985 - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

Chabot Galleries, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Choate School, "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Circle Gallery, Chicago 1972 - 3.1: Circle Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago, 1972

Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, and NYC, 1973 - 3.1: Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, NYC, 1973

Circle Gallery, New York, "Ali - Frazier," 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Dean Day Gallery, 1983 - 4.1: 1982, 1983

Dyansen Gallery, "The Playboy Collection," 1989-90 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90

Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis, MN, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978

Emerald Art Gallery, Coronado, CA, 1976 - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Fairfield Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Famous-Barr, St. Louis, MO, 1980 - 3.1: Famous-Barr Olympic Benefit Solo Exhibition, St. Louis 1980

The Far Gallery, "Recent Graphics and Drawings", 1971 - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

Fingerhut Gallery, La Jolla, CA, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Forsyth Gallery, St. Louis, MO, 1970 - 4.1: 1970

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980, V: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Animals: The Wild and the Tame", 1998 - 3.1: "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco, October 1998

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco 2001

Frankin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," 2002 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco 2002

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Looking Back: The Life & Times of America's Artist", Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, February 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," San Francisco, February 2005 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries 2005

Friars Club, 1987 - see exhibitions: New York Friars Club

Galerie 224, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galerie O. Bosc, Paris 1962 - 4.1: 1962

Galerie Marc, San Francisco, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Galerie Marcel Bernheim, "Un Américain à Paris," Paris 1993 - 3.1: "Un Américain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993

Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden, 1977 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA, 1993 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 4.1: 1993, V: 1993

La Galleria d'Arte, "An American in Paris," Newport Beach, CA, 1994 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

La Galleria d'Arte, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," Newport Beach, CA 1996 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996, Related Exhibitions

Gallery One American Design, Aurora, Colorado, August 1990 - 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver, August 1990 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi, 1989, 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery 36, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Regency, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1978 - 3.1: Gallery Mack Solo Exhibition, Seattle 1978

Gallery Mack, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Seattle, 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1982 - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win 1982

Gallery of Modern Art, Frank Sinatra drawings, New York, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Gallery Richelle, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Grigsby Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, 1963 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1963

Hammer Galleries, 1965 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1965

Hammer Galleries, 1967 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967

Hammer Galleries Exhibition of New York Jets Drawings, 1968 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Hammer Galleries, 1970 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Hammer Galleries, 1972 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1972

Hammer Galleries, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 1975-76 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympic Ring," 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

Hammer Galleries, "Horses," 1979-80 - 3.2. Horses, 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity, Reviews, and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "Drawings: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings" A Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1981

Hammer Galleries, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions; Photos, Proofs, and BLAD

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympics, Past and Present," 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

Hammer Galleries, "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," 1985 - 3.1: "The LeRoy Neiman Collection" Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, 1985

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," April 1987 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987

Hammer Galleries, "Soft Paintings," April 1989 - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: A Salute to Central Park," September 1989 - 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1989

Hammer Galleries, "Big Time Golf," 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "An American in Paris," 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," New York, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "A View from the Table," Solo Exhibition, New York, 2003 - 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York, 2003

Hammer Graphics Gallery, 1979 - 3.1: Hammer Graphics Gallery Solo Exhibition 1979

Hammer Graphics Gallery exhibition of graphic works 1971-81, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Hanae Mori Building, "Neiman's World - Japan '88," Tokyo, 1988 - 3.1: "Neiman's World" Exhibition, Japan 1988

Hang-Up Gallery, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1983-84 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, Carmel, CA, 1984 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, 1986 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, La Jolla, 1986

Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, San Francisco Bay Area, 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1997 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Hanson Art Galleries, "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," 2000 - 3.1: "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman" 2000

Harrod's, London, 1982 - 3.1: Harrod's Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1982

Heath Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta", Atlanta, GA, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ, 1976 - 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Nicholas Helion, Paris, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA, 1975 - 3.1: Hess's Gallery Solo Exhibition, Allentown, PA, 1975

Hilliard Gallery, Kansas City, October 1989 - V: 1989

Hilliard Gallery, "The Safari Suite," Kansas City, MO, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Horizon Gallery, Kuhio Mall, Waikiki Beach 1980 - 4.1: 1980 and ov

Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Indianapolis Museum of Art, "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Miliken Gallery, 1972-73 - 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 3.1: Indianapolis Museum of Art Solo Exhibition 1976

Japan - see exhibitions: Backstage Gallery, exhibitions: Hanae Mori Building and exhibitions: Tobu Gallery

Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

JoAnn Perse Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," Little Rock 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

John Miller Gallery, Carmel, CA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Kentucky Derby Museum, "An Exhibition of Equine Art," 1993 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "A Racing Retrospective," 1995 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "The Art of Sport," 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby and Derby Day Paddock 1997

M. Knoedler & Co., Ltd., London, 1976 - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976 Krannert School of Management, 1986 - no materials

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1985 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lincoln College, 1953 - 4.1: 1953

Marlborough Galleries, Boston, 1987 - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Mayfair Art Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Merrill Chase Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Chicago 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "An American in Paris," Chicago 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Chicago 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Merv Griffin Resorts International Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, 1990 - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Midwest Museum of Art, "Selected Works by LeRoy Neiman", 1989 - 3.1: Midwest Museum of Art Exhibition, 1989

Minnesota Museum of Art, "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective," St. Paul, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial 1975-76

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1983 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1983

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1984 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1984

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1985 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1985

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1988 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984 -1994, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Related Exhibitions, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., 4.1: 1988

Minotaur Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Las Vegas 1992 - 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas 1993 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1993

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, 1972 - 2.1: 1972, 4.1: 1972, V: 1970s

Myrtle Todes Gallery, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957 - 3.1: Myrtle Todes Gallery Solo Exhibition, Glencoe, Illinois 1957

National Art Museum of Sport, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport, 2001

Nevada County Arts Council, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

New York Friars Club, 1987 - 3.1: New York Friars Club Solo Exhibition, 1987

Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

O'Hana Gallery, London, 1962 - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1959 - 3.1: Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago 1959

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1962 - no material

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman," Oklahoma Art Center 1981

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, 1996 - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Percival Galleries, Des Moines, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton, 1986 - 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket, 1975 - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Playboy offices, "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure" 1991 - V: 1991

Pratt Institute, "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

"Profiles: Six Decades of Work" 1996 - 3.1: "Profiles" Exhibition 1996

Purdue University, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Quinn-Pollak Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," San Diego 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Richelle Gallery, St. Louis, 1966 - see Gallery Richelle

Rosenbaum Galleries, Palm Beach, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976

St. Lawrence National Bank, 1977 - 3.1: St. Lawrence National Bank Solo Exhibition, Ogdensburg, NY, 1977

Sher Gallery, Florida, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Springfield Art Association, "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield, IL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Springfield College - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibition, Springfield, MA, 1984

Springfield Museum of Art, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

State National Bank, El Paso, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Steiner & Young Fine Arts Galleries, 1989 - 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Surf Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "The Culinary Arts" 1998 - 3.1: "The Culinary Arts" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art, Beverly Hills 1998

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty-Year Retrospective Exhibition" - 3.1: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Exhibition 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "LeRoy Neiman: A Fifty-Year Retrospective", Beverly Hills, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

The Toy Store, Hartford, CT, 1985 and 1986 - 3.1: The Toy Store 1985-86

Tobu Gallery, Tokyo, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow 1988 - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

Turnbery Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibition, 1981, 1982, 1983 - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1981-83

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, 1981 - 2.1: 1981

University of Charleston, West Virginia, Art Gallery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, Exhibition celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Waller's Gallery, Tampa, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Wichita State University Ulrich Museum of Art Exhibition 1981 - 4.1: 1981

The Wildlife Experience, "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

Windsor Gallery, "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Los Angeles, 1975 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

two-person exhibitions

LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY 1973 - 4.1: 1973

"The Mustache Show", Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York, 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/ Warhol Exhibition 1981

group exhibitions

Amherst College, "When They Were Very Young," Amherst, MA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Amnesty International Exhibition and Sale, New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Anna Werbe Gallery, Chicago Artists, Detroit 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival, 1960 - 4.1: 1960

Aqueduct Art Gallery, New York, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Area, "Art," New York, 1985 - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

L'art et l'automobile, Ferrari Collection exhibition, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Art Directors Club of Chicago, Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1950 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1951 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, American Painting and Sculpture, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Art Institute of Chicago, "Drawing New Conclusions," 1992 - 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992

Baja Club, "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," New York, 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

Bal Tabarin Room, Sherman Hotel, Chicago 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Bank One, "Athletes and Heroes," Youngstown, Ohio, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

"Beyond Illustration - The Art of Playboy," Traveling Exhibition, 1971-74 - 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1970s

Blumhelman Gallery and Germans van Eck Gallery, "Artists for Amnesty," New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Butler Institute of American Art, "The Artist at Ringside," 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1990

Calgary Inn, "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Carnegie Institute of Arts, International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Chicago Navy Pier, Chicago Artists, 1957 - 4.1: 1957

Chicago Public Library, 1958 - 4.1: 1955-59

China Club, "The Famous Show," New York, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Cig Art

"Cig Art," National Arts Club, New York, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

"Cig Art 2: The Smoke Continues", National Arts Club, New York, 1997 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

"Cig Art 4: Where There's Smoke", Art Museum of Southern Texas, 2000 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Collectors Club Exhibition, 1957 - no materials

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Washington, DC, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Fair, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

El Paso Museum of Art, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "American Masters Exhibition," Sarasota, FL, annual - 4.1: 1981, 1987

Gimbel's, "Playboy's Art of Fashion Exhibition," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1979 - 4.2: Grand Palais, "Salon d'Automne," Paris, 1993 - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99, 4.1: 1993

Greenwich Workshop Gallery, "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83" - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1983

Hammer Galleries, "Group Show of FKH Artists," 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, Holiday Exhibitions, New York, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "Hammer Galleries Graphics," New York, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hammer Galleries, "Master Prints of the 19th -20th Century," 1987 - 4.1: 1987, V: 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA - 4.1: 1987

Harmon Gallery, "20th Century American Masters," Naples, FL, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois 1973 - 4.1: 1973

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1977 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1978 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Los Angeles County Fair - see group exhibitions: Millard Sheets Gallery

Marshall Field & Co. Gallery, "Brotherhood in Art," 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Mickey Mantle's, New York - 4.1: 1988

Midwest Museum of American Art, "Panorama of American Art," Elkhart, IN, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Millard Sheets Gallery, Fairplex, "Art and the Athlete," Los Angeles County Fair, 1996 - 3.1: "Art and the Athlete" Group Exhibition, Los Angeles County Fair 1996

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1952 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota Museum of Art, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Minnesota Museum of Art, "Drawings USA 75," St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Minnesota State Fair, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota State Fair, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

The Monmouth Museum, "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," Lincroft, NJ 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Museum of the City of New York, "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," 1983 - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

Mystic Seaport Museum, "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," 1985 - 4.1: 1985 National Art Museum of Sport, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

National Portrait Gallery, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," Washington, DC, 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Navy Pier Art Show, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

New Orleans Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

New-York Historical Society, "That Belmont Look," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

North Mississippi Valley Exhibition, 1964 - 4.1: 1964

North Shore Art League, Chicago Area Show, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s ov

Northampton County Area Community College Foundation, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Odyssey House Art Gallery, New York, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "Twentieth Anniversary Show," Chicago 1969 - 4.1: 1969

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," 1985 - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

O'Grady Galleries, "Collectors' Show," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

O'Hana Gallery, "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," London, 1962-63 - 4.1: 1962

Old Orchard Art Festival - see exhibitions: North Shore Art League

Park Shore Gallery, "Director's Choice," Naples, FL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Queens Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

Ravinia Festival, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

San Diego Museum of Art, "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Sherman Art Gallery, Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Sherman Hotel, Chicago, 1959 - see Bal Tabarin

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ball, Bat, and Glove," New York, 1977 - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York, 1977

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1979

Springfield Art Museum, "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield, MO, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Springfield College, "Women in Sports," 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Steiner & Young Galleries, "20/20 Exhibition," Marietta, Georgia, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Treasures of Island Creek, Louisville, KY, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Tunnel Club, "New Perspectives in Contemporary Art," New York, September 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Mustache Show", New York, November 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Most Famous Artist Alive", New York, December 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show", New York 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

University of Southern Florida, "Expose Yourself to Art," 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Whitney Museum, "Americana," New York, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Yogi Berra Museum, "Viva el Beisbol!" 2000 - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum 2000

Exotic Erotic Halloween Ball - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1996

F

F.I.S.T. - see boxing

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1980 - see bars

Fairfield Gallery - see exhibitions

Fairmont Hotel - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

fan auction - 4.1: 1992

Far Gallery, New York - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

fashion - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for The Domino Catalog 1950s -60s, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only), 4.1: 1958, 1971, undated 1990s

F.D.N.Y. (Fire Department of New York)

F.D.N.Y. Painting - 3.1: F.D.N.Y. Painting 2002

F.D.N.Y Pipes and Drums - 2.1: 1984

Felicie, Inc. - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, see Madison Square Garden

Femlin - see Playboy

Festival Internacioal de Danca Contemporanea - 4.1: 2000

Fields, Edward - see tapestry

The Fifth Dimension - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-1982

Fight of the Century - see boxing

figure skating -- - 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships, V: 1980s, see also Olympic Games

Healey, Kathy - V: Kathy Healey, 1981

Superskates - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1981, V: 1980s

United States Figure Skating Association - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships

film -- - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984, 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990, 3.1: Wine Country Film Fest 1990, 4.1: 1972, 1990, see also Screen Actors Guild

"Ali," 2002 film with Will Smith - 2.1: 2001

"American Rider" motorcycle documentary - 2.1: 1991

"Donnie Darko" 2001 film - 2.1: 2000

The Family Man" 2000 film with Nicholas Cage - 2.1: 1999

"The Ice Storm" 1997 film - 2.1: 1996

"Jerry Maguire" 1997 film with Tom Cruise - 2.1: 1996

"The Lone Ranger", 1978 feature film - 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

"Mr. Baseball," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1991

"My Old Man," 1979 CBS TV movie - 2.1: 1979, 1990

"Quarterback Princess," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1983, 1992

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990

"Rooster," 1981 - 3.1: "Rooster," 1981

1976 documentary, Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1976

finance

Mr. Neiman's own finances - 2.1: 1975, IID: Invoices Paid, see International Management Group, Inc.

represented in art - see investing, Stock Market, Chicago Board of Trade

Finland - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

Fireman, Shelly - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Firestone, Roy - 4.1: 1986

Fischer, Bobby - 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1987

fishing - see Marlin!

Fittipaldi, Emerson - see auto racing

Fitzgerald, Ella - see jazz

Flagg, Special Agent Warren M. - 4.1: 1998

Florida Racing - 4.1: undated

Floyd, Ray - see golf

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Focus Midwest Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1967, 1970, 1980

Foley, Jaclyn - 4.1: 1996, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1993-2002

Folies Bergere - see casinos

food - 3.1: James Beard 1982-87, 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

football -- - search for individual players listed alphabetically

college football

Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Georgia Tech - 4.1: 1983

Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982 - 4.1: 1983, 1984

Nebraska Football - 2.1: 1976

Northwestern University - 4.1: 1996

Ohio State Buckeyes, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

Penn State University - 4.1: 1996

Pioneer Bowl - 4.1: 1976, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

University of Florida, The Gators, 1995 - 3.1: Florida Gators, 1995

Universities of Iowa - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Michigan, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

University of Southern California - see football: college: Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993

University of Texas, The Texas Longhorns, 1985 - 3.1: The Texas Longhorns 1985, 4.1: 1986

University of Minnesota - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Nebraska, The Devaney Era serigraph suite - 2.1: 1997, 4.1: 1974, 1975, 1988, 1992

Football Game, 1960s - 4.1: 1998

Game of the Century, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Gridiron Football News - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

NFL football - 4.1: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 ov, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996

Buffalo Bills - 3.1: O.J. Simpson, 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXVIII

Dallas Cowboys - 2.3: March 1993, 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, see also Superbowl XXVIII

Denver Broncos - see Superbowl XXII, 3.1: John Elway, 1999, 4.1: 1972, 1978, 1999

etchings - 4.1: 1976

Giants-Broncos Classic - 4.1: 1988

Green Bay Packers - 4.1: 1992, 1997

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football: Superbowl XXII

Kansas City Chiefs - 4.1: 1997

Legends Magazine - see NFL Alumni

Miami Dolphins - 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1993

Minnesota Vikings - 4.1: 1975, 1977

Mirage Bowl - 4.1: 1978

NFL Alumni - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992

Legends Official Magazine of the NFL Alumni - 4.2: Legends NFL Alumni Magazine, 1982-2002

NFL Alumni Player of the Year Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987

Yearbooks - 4.1: 1980

NFL Players Association - 4.1: 1974

New England Patriots - 4.1: 1997, 2004, 2005

New York Giants - 4.1: 1987, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003

New York Jets - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: New York Jets 1966 -, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Oakland Raiders - 4.1: 1977

Pittsburgh Steelers - 4.1: 1975, 1979

San Francisco 49ers - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1991, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Superbowl, general - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969, 4.1: 1997

Superbowl stamps - see stamps or U.S. Postal Service

Superbowl II, 1969 - 4.1: 1969 and ov

Superbowl V, 1972 - 4.1: 1972 and ov

Superbowl VI, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E

Superbowl IX, 1975 - 4.1: 1975 ov

Superbowl X, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Superbowl XI, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Superbowl XII, 1978 - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1983

Superbowl XIX, 1985 - 3.1: Superbowl XIX, 1985

Superbowl XXI, 1987 - 4.1: 1988

Superbowl XXII, In the Pocket, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988, 4.1: 1989 ov

Superbowl XXIII, 1989, Superplay, 1989 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Superbowl XXIII painting, Superplay, 1989

Superbowl XXIV, Silverdome Superbowl, 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Superbowl XXV, 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Superbowl XXVII, 1993 - 2.1: 1993

Superbowl XXVIII, 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII, 1994

Superbowl XXX, 1996 - 2.1: 1997, see exhibitions

Superbowl XXXVIII, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Superbowl XXXIX, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Superplay - see football: Superbowl XXIII, 1989

Washington Redskins - 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXII

foreign language articles, Finnish - 4.1: 1977, Italian - see auto racing

Foreman, George - see boxing

forgery - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: 1989, 1994, 1995 ov, see also theft and vandalism

Forrester, Bruce (event photographer) - see photograph files for Bowles/Sorokko Gallery openings

Foster Harmon Gallery of American Art - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1989, 1992, 1993, 4.1: 1974, see also exhibitions

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fouquet's - see restaurants

Fox, Manheim - 2.1: 1979

Fox, Virgil - 4.1: 1965

Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center - 4.1: 1998

Francis, Emile - 4.1: 1975

Franey Langkop, Dorothy - V: 1990s

Frank, Morris - 4.1: 1975

Franklin Bowles Gallery - see Bowles Galleries

Franklin Pierce College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees

fraud - see forgery

Frazier, Joe - see boxing

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freeman, Morgan - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Freidman, Joann - 2.1: 1978

French Riviera - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E, see also Monaco

Friars' Club - 1.1: New York Friar's Club

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Frost, David - see golf

Fujita family - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

G

Gable, Dan - 3.1: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinner 1984 -present

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galice, Christina - see Christina Galice Gallery

Gallagher's Steak House - see restaurants

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, see also exhibitions

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1979

Gallery Mack, Seattle - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 4.1: 1974, 1981, see also exhibitions

Gallery One, Denver, Colorado - see exhibitions

Gallo, Bill - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002, 4.1: 2002

gambling - see casinos

Game of the Century, 1983 - see football

Ganassi, Cara and Chip - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Gardiner, John - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Garret, Lesly - 4.1: 1982

Garvey, Steve - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1980, 1988, 1989, VII: Bags

Gene Michael Fund - 4.1: 1994

General Electric - see promotions

General Mills - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Gere, Gary - see The Taxicab Chronicles

Germany, Baden Baden - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 1988

Gibson Guitars - 2.1: 1997

"Art of Guitars II" exhibition - 3.1: Gibson "Art of Guitars II" 2000

The Gifts of Music, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert, Rod -- - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1968 drawing - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1974 drawing - 4.1: 1974

Rod Gilbert, 1976 - 4.1: 1976, 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Giulianni, Mayor Rudy - 3.1: Mayor Giulianni and NYC Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, 1994-2001

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gleason, Jackie - see -- The Hustler

Goff, Bill - see Spectrum Fine Art

Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Goldberg, Whoopie - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Golden Apple Awards - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1977, 1990, 1995, 1996

Golden Boy - see musicals

golf - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988-89, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2000, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

16th at Cypress, 1983 - 3.1: 43rd Crosby, 1984, 4.1: 1982

An Queens Cup, Japan - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1990 and ov

Atlanta National Golf Club

Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot - 2.1: 1996, 2000, 4.1: 1996

Augusta

The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

April at Augusta, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, 1995

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Bethpage Black, The 18th at Bethpage Black - 3.1: U.S. Open at Bethpage Black 2002, 4.1: 2002

caddies - 4.1: 1976

Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship - 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

Excalibur Classic, Palm Springs - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995

Floyd, Ray - 4.1: 1987

Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament - 4.1: 1998

Frost, David

David Frost Wines - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro, 1985 (also appears as International Golf Foursome) - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 2001

golf bars - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 1993-2002

Golf Courses Calendar 1996 - VII: Artifacts 1996

Golf Digest -- Magazine - 2.1: 1972, 1974, 1976, 4.1: 1976, 2000

Golf Winners, 1984 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984, 1986

Golf's Threesome - 3.1: Advertizing Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1979

Harbour Town, 18th at Harbour Town - 4.1: 2000

International Golf Foursome, 1985 - see Gavea Golf and Country Club

International Golfer - 4.1: 1994

International Golf Leisure and Lifestyle Magazine - 4.1: 2001

Joe Pagliei Invitational - 4.1: 1985

Masters - 4.1: 1990

Mystic Rock at Nemacolin Woodlands - 4.1: 1995

Natural Golfer -- Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Nicklaus, Jack - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973 -74, 4.1: 1972, 1983, 1990

The Golden Bear, 1992 painting and serigraph - 4.1: 1993, VII

Oakmont, 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983 - 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Robert H. Ogle Invitational - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 1998

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1983

Arnie in the Rain, 1973 - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 4.1: 1974

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Pebble Beach Golf Club

18th at Pebble Beach - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1997-2002, 4.1: 1984, 2001, 2002

The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1995 - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 4.1: 1995

pens - see Promotions - S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pens

Pinehurst - 4.1: 2002

Piping Rock Golf Club - 4.1: 1993, 2002

Player, Gary

Gary Player, 1971 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rodriguez, Chi Chi - 4.1: 1973

Royal Golf - Club de Belgique

Chateau de Ravenstein, 1968 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Sara Lee Classic - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Sarazen, Gene - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Shinnecock Hills - 4.1: 1995

The 18th at Shinnecock or The Home Hole at Shinnecock - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1995, 2002

Six Golfers - see Golf Winners

Snead, Sam

Sam Snead - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2001

Southampton U.S.P.G.A. Open - 4.1: 1984, 1986

Spyglass, #1 at Spyglass - 4.1: 1991, 1999

St. Andrews, Scotland - 4.1: 1987

The Clubhouse at Old St. Andrews, 1988 serigraph - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1995, 1998, 2002

The Jigger Inn Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002 St. Cloud

Clubhouse Bar at St. Cloud, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

U.S. Open - 4.1: 1977, see also golf: Oakmont

Valhalla - 4.1: 2000

Vintage

Vintage Charities - 4.1: undated 1980s

Vintage Invitational - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1988

Vintage Cove

The Cove at Vintage - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries, 1986, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1989 ov

Vintage Palm Springs, Sam Snead Teeing Off at Vintage Palm Springs - 4.1: 2001

Wall Street Charity Fund Pro-Am Golf Tournament - 4.1: 2002

Westchester - 4.1: 1981, 1989, 1993

Winged Foot Golf Club - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1997

The 18th at Winged Foot - 4.1: 2002

Winged Foot, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Woods, Tiger - 4.1: 1997, 1999, -- Playboy -- 1998

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Gone with the Wind, 1989 - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989, 4.1: 2004

Gonzalez, Jorge Luis - 4.1: 1995

Gonzmart, Cesar - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Good Tidings Foundation - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation LeRoy Neiman Art Centers, 1998-present, 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998

Gooden, Dwight - 4.1: 2001

Goodman, Dr. Margaret - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Goodwill Games - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: Goodwill Games 1998

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 3.2: Big Time Golf, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Gourmet Gala - see March of Dimes

Grady, John - 2.1: 1976

John Grady, Midnight Mass, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1990

Graham, Martha - see dance

Grand Ballroom, 1987 etching - 4.1: 1987

Le Grand Escalier de L'Opera, 1969 - 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads, 2.1: 1996

grand prix - see auto racing

Grant, Michael - see boxing

Gray, Anthony John - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin

Graziano, Rocky - see boxing

Great American Workout - 2.1: 1990

Great Gatsby's Auction House - 4.1: 1998

Great Irish Fair, NY 1982 - 3.1: The Great Irish Fair poster 1982

Green, Rev. Al - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Greene, "Mean Joe" - 2.1: 1981

Greenberg, Hank - 4.1: 1968

Greenspan, Bud - 2.1: 2000

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - see exhibitions: group

Gregory, Cynthia - see ballet

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-1998

Gretzky, Wayne

The Great Gretzky, 1981 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Wayne Gretzky, 2002 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Gridiron Football News - see football

Griese (Miami Dolphins quarterback 1972) - 4.1: 1972

Griffey, Ken - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Griffin, Merv - see television

Grosset and Dunlap Inc. Publishers - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, Correspondence

Guanzon, Carol - 2.1: 1987, 1988, 1989

Gumbel, Bryant - 4.1: 1997

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

gymnastics

Comaneci, Nadia

Nadia Comaneci, 1976 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1982, 1984, 1987

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1986

H

HBO - see listing for HBO under boxing

Hagler, Marvin - see boxing

Haifa University - 3.2: 1972 Olympics Munich

Halas, George - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, George Halas, Jr. Sports Center - 4.1: 1979

Hall, Jim - 4.1: 1997

Hall of Famer, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1998

Halle, David - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present; A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Halmi, Robert - 3.2.12 and 4.1: undated ov

Hammer Galleries - see exhibitions, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer, Armand - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988, 3.1: Tokyo exhibition 1988

Hammer, Michael - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammer, Victor - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammond, IN - see Mercantile Bank

Hampton, Kym - 4.1: 2000

The Hamptons, New York - 3.1: Hamptons notes 1972, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E handball - see Jacobs, Jim

Hanson Gallery, New Orleans - see exhibitions, 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Painting 2002, 4.1: 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004

Hanson Gallery, San Diego - 4.1: 1987

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hardy, Joseph A. - 1.1: Collectors

Harlem Streets, 1981 - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981

harlequin

Harlequin, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1989

Harlequin and a Nude, 1971 - 4.1: 1991

Harlequin with Sword, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Harlequin's Entry into Venice, 1971 mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Haring, Keith - 4.1: 1997

Harmon Galleries - see Foster Harmon Galleries

Harper's -- Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1968

Harrod's, London - 4.1: 1982

Harry, Deborah - 2.1: 1978

Harry's Wall Street Bar - see bars

Hartack, Bill - 2.1: 1977

Harvard University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Haskell, Nikki -- - 4.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004

Nikki, 1984 (in Carnaval garb) - 4.1: 1985, 1987

Nikki Haskell, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Nikki Haskell, 2002 - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

hats - VII

Hawaii - 4.1: 1980 ov

Hayes, Isaac - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Healey, Kathy - see figure skating

Hearns, Thomas - see boxing

Heartland Celebrity Cookbook - 4.1: 1991

Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA - 4.1: 1969

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - see boxing

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - see boxing

Hebner, Richie

Richie Hebner - 4.1: 1973

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., 1.1: Friars ov., 2.1: 1996, 1999, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy Scrapbook 1961-67, 4.1: 1985, V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63, see also -- Playboy -- Magazine

Heiden, Eric - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1987, 1988, see also exhibitions

helicopter - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-1995

Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho & his Friends - see Chandler, Charlotte

Helsinki, Finland - see exhibitions

"Here's Looking at You, Kid," 1990 - see Wine Country Film Festival

Hernandez, Genaro - 4.1: 1995

Hernquist, Lee - 4.1: 2002

Herrick, Norton - 4.1: 1998

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Heyden, Eric - see Knoedler

High Ball Homer, 1962 - see Mantle, Mickey

High Seas Sailing - see sailing

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - see sailing

high society - see socialites

Hill, Calvin - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence, 4.1: 1973, Calvin Hill - 4.1: 1979

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1989, 4.1: 1986, 1992, 2001, see exhibitions

Hilliard, Chet - 4.1: 1995

Hilliard, Kent - 4.1: 1990, see Hilliard Gallery

Hilton Hotels - 2.1: 1991

Hinds, Bobby - see boxing

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - see opera

Hispanic Sports Awards Dinner - 2.1: 1991

"History of Sport in Art" film series - 2.1: 1972

HOBY - 4.1: 1997

hockey -- - search for individual players by name, see also Olympic Games

Choate Prep School hockey - 4.1: 1970

The French Connection, 1976 - 4.1: 1978

Hockey etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Hockey Magazine - 2.1: 1977

NHL hockey - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky portraits 1981-2002, 4.1: 1967

Boston Bruins - see Orr, Bobby

Heisman Trophy - 2.1: 1982

Houston Aeros - 4.1: 1975

NHL Challenge Cup (USA All -Stars vs. USSR National) - 4.1: 1979

New Jersey Devils - 4.1: 1998

New York Rangers - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1976, 1998, 1999, 2000

Phoenix Coyotes - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Ottawa Senators - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Stanley Cup - 4.1: 1974

Hoelscher, Lydia (LeRoy's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hofstra University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1996

Hogan, Hulk - see wrestling

Hoglund, William - 2.1: 1983

Holder, Geoffrey - 4.1: 1978

holiday, Christmas - 4.1: 1992, 1995, 1997

Hollywood Women's Press Club - see Golden Apple Awards

Holmes, Larry - see boxing

Holyfield, Evander - see boxing

Holzman, Red - 4.1: 1990

Homage to Boucher - 4.1: 1974

Homansky, Dr. Flip - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Home Remodeling Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - see baseball

honorary degrees - 1.1: Honorary degrees

Hope, Bob - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, 4.1: 1984, Bob Hope (Playing Golf), 1988 - 3.1: Bob Hope portrait, 1988

Hope House Ministries - 4.1: 1995, 1996

Horizon Gallery - 4.1: 1980

Horse of a Different Color, Ltd. - 4.1: 1963

horses -- - see also polo, rodeo, sculpture

Arabians - 4.1: 1978

Arabians Magazine - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986

Bucking Bronco - 4.1: 1984

Carousel, 195? - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1950s

Color Horse - 4.1: 1984

Clydesdales - see promotions

Daily Double - 4.1: 1982, 1984

French Hunt, 1965 - V: Early 1960s Photos of Work

Horses, 1979 - 3.2.3

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal drawing - 2.1: 1973, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1950s

horse racing - 4.1: 1997

Aintree - 4.1: 1960

Ascot - see Royal Ascot

Belmont Park - 4.1: 1980, 2003

The Paddock at Belmont - 4.1: 1979

Bellocq, Pierre - 4.1: 1998

The Black Stallion - see television

Breeders' Cup - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 2003

Breeders' Cup Championship poster, 1998 - 3.1: Breeders' Cup Painting 1998

Caliente Race Track, Tijuana, Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhib. and Painting 1989, 4.1: 1991

Chantilly, Backstretch at Chantilly - 4.1: 1969

The Charging Cavalcade, silkscreen - 4.1: 1980

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

Churchill Downs - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1996, VII: Box 3

Club House Turn, 1975 serigraph - 1.2: Knoedler Serigraph Release Ads, 4.1: 1975, undated 1990s, 1989

Curragh, Ireland, 1976 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Epsom Derby - 4.1: 1960, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Equestrianne - 4.1: 1981, 2000

Equestrian, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

The Feria in Seville - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985

The Finish - 4.1: undated

Florida Derby - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1993

Four Acres, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Front Runners, 1994 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Funnycide - 4.1: 2003

Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool - 4.1: 1960 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Grand Prairie, Lone Star Park - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

Hambletonian - 3.1: Cadillac Hambletonian Harness Race Painting 1995

Hialeah Race Track - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Hialeah Race Track, 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Hong Kong Jockey Club - 4.1: 2004

Hoof Beats Magazine - 4.1: 1975

horse named after LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1987

Horse Racing, 1972 watercolor - 4.1: 1998

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - see sculpture

Horse and Rider, 1971 gouache - 2.1: 1974

Horse Sense: An Inside Look at the Sport of Kings, by Bert Sugar, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

In the Stretch, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

International Horse Show - 4.1: 1973

Iroquois Steeplechase, 1993 - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

jockeys -- - jockeys - see also horse racing, 3.1: "Dress the Jockeys", '21' Club 2001

The Backview of Jockey, 1961 - 4.1: Four Jockeys - 4.1: undated

Hartack, Bill, Bill Hartack, 1959 - 3.1: Hialeah Race Track 1959, 4.1: 1974, 1995

Jockey, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Jockey - 4.1: 1961

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Solomon, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Kelso, 1968 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby - 2.1: 1982, 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1978, VII: Box 3

Derby Day Paddock, 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997

Kentucky Derby Museum - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Long Island Equestrienne - 4.1: 1982, 1984

Longchamps - 4.1: 1960

Menlo Charity Horse Show - 4.1: 2003

Mission Valley Pony Club - 4.1: 1990

Monmouth Park - 4.1: 1969

Monmouth Park Centennial, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1971, 1975

National All -Star Jockey Championships - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

National Horse Show - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

National Showcase, Louisville, KY - 4.1: 1982

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Paddock, 1957 painting - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98

Paddock, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95 4.1: 1973

Pegasus, 1979 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

polo horses - see polo

Pimlico - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000, VII: Box 3

Preakness Stakes - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000

The Race, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, V: 1970s

Race of the Year, 1979 - 3.1: Race of the Year 1979

Racing, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Reinsman - 4.1: 1963

The Rider, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Rotz with Windener Coulours, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Royal Ascot - 4.1: 1960, 1961, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

Ascot Finish - 4.1: 1976

Ascot Paddock - 4.1: undated, 1979

The Queen at Ascot - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Saratoga Harness, 1969, 1974 - 3.1: Saratoga Harness 1969, 1974

Seattle Slew - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1975

Secretariat, Secretariat at the Lead, 1974 - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95, 4.1: 1975, 1981, 1993 ov, VII: Pendants

Secretariat II - 4.1: 1990

Show Jumper - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

Steeplechase, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Stretch Stampede, 1975 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Study for Gericault Horse without Rider - 4.1: 1982

Tentam - 4.1: 1973

Thoroughbred Times - 4.1: 1993

T.O.B.A. - 2.1: 2000

Wayne Newton's State of the Art September Sale - 4.1: 1985

Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean - 4.1: 1984

Hotel des Artistes - 1.1: Residences - Hotel des Artistes

House Beautiful -- Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Houston Astrodome - 4.1: 1971

Houston International Film Festival - 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990

Howard, Frank, Frank Howard, 1970s - 4.1: 1998

Howe, Gordie - 4.1: 1975

Gordie Howe, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hudson Valley Writers Center - 4.1: 1990

Hull, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Bobby Hull - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and St. Paul Art Center 1969, 4.1: 1968, 1986

Humane Society of New York - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998

Humphrey, President Hubert, Hubert Humphrey, date unknown - 2.1: 1994

Hunt, Lamar

Lamar Hunt, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Hunt for the Unicorn, late 1960s mural - see animals: unicorn

The Hustler -- - 4.1: 1985

Hutscnecker, Dr. Arnold A. - 4.1: 1981

I

I Am Third by Gale Sayers - 4.1: 1970, 1975

Ibis Art Productions - 4.1: 1988

Ice Palace, 1985 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Iceland - 4.1: 1972

Idle Boat - 4.1: 1950s

Iglesias, Julio

Julio Iglesias, 1984 - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Julio Iglesias, 1984, 4.1: 1998, 2001

Illinois Art Education Association - 4.1: 1974

imitators - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football - Superbowl XXII

income - IID: Invoices Paid

India - 2.1: 1982

Indianapolis 500 - see auto racing

Indianapolis Museum of Art - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1977, see also exhibitions

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - see tennis

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - see tennis

International Heart Foundation - see The Open Heart, 1982

International Management Group, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

International Poker, 2004 serigraph and earlier painting - see casinos

International Sephardic Education Foundation - 4.1: 1987

Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - see boxing

investing, investors - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980, 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Iona College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees ov., 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 3.1: Iona College

Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 2000

Irish Fair - see Great Irish Fair

Iron Horse Steak House - 4.1: Undated

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Israel - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

J

Jackson, Bo - 4.1: 1992

Jackson, Michael - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Jackson, Phil - 4.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 1978

Reggie Jackson, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Jacobs, Jason, Accountant - 2.1: 1977, 1984

Jacobs, Jim

Jim Jacobs, 1970 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1970, 1992

Jamaica - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1971, see Appendix E

Japan - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 2.2: CBS Sports Correspondence, 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974, 3.1: Japan Trip 1977, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1983, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Correspondence, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1984

jazz

Armstrong, Louis - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995, 4.1: undated 1990s

Louis Armstrong, 1963 - 4.1: 1965

Louis Armstrong, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Louis Armstrong, 1976 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975 -2004, 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1979

Satch, 1959 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

Davis, Miles

Miles Davis, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Ellington, Duke

Duke, 1978 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1979, 1981

"Duke", 1998 - 3.1: UCLA 1998-present

Fitzgerald, Ella

Ella in Flight, 1983 - 3.1: Ella in Flight, 1983

Gillespie, Dizzy

Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Holiday, Billie

"Lady", 1979 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Jazz Horns, 2004 painting and serigraph - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 2004, 2005

Jazzmobile - 2.2: Jazzmobile 1980-84

Jazzmobile, 1975 silkscreen - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Kenton, Stan

Stan Kenton, 1976 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1985

Kool Jazz Festival - 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1981, 1982, 1985, V: 1980s

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz, 2004 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz Festival Poster, 1974 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Orchestra - 4.1: 1964

Parker, Charlie - Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973, Charlie 'Bird' Parker - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

The Jeanie Johnston, 1998 - 4.1: 1999

Jenner, Bruce - see track and field

The Jennifer, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Jeopardy! -2.1: 1998

Jimmy Fund - 3.1: Ted Williams and Jimmy Fund 1991

JoAnn Perse Gallery -2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Jock Magazine - 4.1: 1970

jockeys - see horses: horse racing

Johnson, Cecile Ryden - 4.1: 1975

Johnson, Earvin "Magic" - Magic, 1988 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1989 ov, Magic Johnson, 1991 - 2.1: 1996

Jones, Baird - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1987, 1988

Jones, Robert Trent - 4.1: 1995

Jones, Jr., Roy - see boxing

Jones, Tony - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., see AppendixA for correspondence

Jordan, Michael, Michael Jordan - 4.1: undated 1990s, 2000, Michael Jordan, serigraph - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1998

Joyner -Kersee, Jackie - see track and field

J.R. Fine Arts - 4.1: 1998

judo - 4.1: 1977, 1987

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995

K

Kabl Citizen of the Day Award - 1.1: Awards

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, George Kalinsky with his Olympus, 1986 drawing - 4.1: 1986

Kaplan, Fred - 2.1: 1960s, 1970s

Kapp, Joe - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1970

Kaufman, Bart and Judy - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89, 4.1: 1970s

Kay, Leslie - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Kelly, Bob - 4.1: 1974

Kennedy Onassis, Jackie, Jackie, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 1970

Kennedy, Robert and Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79, 4.1: 1968, 1971, 1972 see also golf, tennis

Ethel Kennedy - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

R.F.K., 1968 watercolor - 4.1: 1968

Robert F. Kennedy, 1971 engraving - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 4.1: 1972, 1974

Kennedy, Ted

Sen. Ted Kennedy, 1981 drawing on napkin - 4.1: 1981

Kenneth Behm Galleries - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, V: 1991

Kenton, Stan - see jazz

Kentucky Derby - see horse racing

Kerner, Otto - 4.1: 1960

Kershaw, Tom - 4.1: 1995

Key Club Bar, 1956 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kidd, Billy - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy, 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

King, Don - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 4.1: 1975

King, Larry - 4.1: 1988 (radio), Larry King, 1996 - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present

King, Mark - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

King's Palace, 1960 drawing - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kitt, Eartha - 4.1: 1994

Knight, Bobby, Bobby Knight, 1979 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, Knoedler & Co. - IID: Price Lists, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, see also Appendix B, Hammer Galleries - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Exhibition 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1972, 1976, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

Knoedler Publishing - 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 3.2 Publications, 1.2: Knoedler & Co and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1976, 1989

Kohl Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Kool Jazz Festival - see jazz

Koosman, Jerry, Jerry Koosman, 1976 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

Kopf, Chef Stefan - 4.1: 1986

Kozlova, Valentina - V: 1991

Kramer, Paul - 4.1: 1980

Kravtiz, Brenda - 1.1: Friars

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - see television, see also Appendix A

Kushner, Cedric - see Heavyweight Explosion

L

La Cuisine Francaise - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994 -1999, 3.1: The Culinary Arts 1998, 4.1: 1995, 1998, Le Grand Cuisine, 1977 - 2.1: 2000, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1977, 2001

La Nuit de Paris, 1988 - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Lacrosse - 4.1: 1977, 2005, see also McEneaney, Eamon

U.S.A. Lacrosse Team - 4.1: 1978

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal - see horses

Lagerfeld, Karl - 4.1: 1992

Lake Tahoe - VC: 1983

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96

Landry, Tom - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, Tom Landry, 1984 - 4.1: 1984 ov., 1989

Lanier Business Products, Inc. - see Stock Market, 1976

Largent, Steve - 4.1: 1994

Lark Creek Inn - 4.1: 1990

Larry Harper Company - 4.1: 1998

LaRussa, Tony - 2.1: 1993, Manager of the Year, 1992 - 4.1: 1993

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1985, 1987

Lasorda, Tommy - 4.1: 1993

Las Vegas - see casinos, 1.1: Awards, 3.1: Las Vegas Centennial 2005

Las Vegas Celebrity Cookbook - 2.1: 1984

Latin Legends film - 4.1: Undated 1990s

Latin Recording Academy - see Appendix A

law suits -- - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 4.1: 1975, see also forgery, theft

against Felicie Schumsky, by LeRoy Neiman, 1976 - 1.2

against Robert Gold d/b/a Gallery Artists, 1976 - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

against LeRoy Neiman and Knoedler, Inc. by Emerald Art Gallery, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Lawrence Ross Galleries - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

lawyers - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

Lazar, Irving "Swifty" - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Leahy, Pat - 4.1: 1992

Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Lebow, Fred - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

lectures - 2.2: Royce Carlton Lecture Agents 1978-86, 4.1: 1989, see also Learning Annex

Leibowitz, Maury - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Leifer, Neil - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 2003

Leija, James - 4.1: 1995

LeMieux, Mario, Mario LeMieux, 1989 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Lendl, Ivan - see tennis

Lennon, John - 2.1: 1999, 2000, see also The Beatles, and Ono, Yoko

John Lennon, pre 1982 drawing - 4.1: 1982

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990, 4.1: 1990, 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - see boxing

LeRoy, Minnesota - 4.1: 1978 and ov, V: 1970s

LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII 1994, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

LeRoy Neiman: Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, 1.2: Felicie, Inc. Advertising, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present

LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, University of California at Los Angeles - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, 1997, 4.1: 1997 (ov), 1998

LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996 - 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1997-present, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1998, 1999, V: 1991, see also Tavern on the Green

Let's Celebrate - 4.1: undated

Leukemia Society of America - 4.1: 1992

Levin, Meyer - 4.1: 1955-59

Lewis, Carl - see track and field

Lewis, Jerry Lee - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, The Killer - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Lewis, Lennox - see boxing

Liberace - 4.1: 1988

Licensing Art and Design, by Cynthia Revelli - 2.1: 1995

Lido - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Lifeline Inc. (fitness equipment) - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Lifestyle -- Magazine - 4.1: Undated 1980s

Lilly, Bob, Bob Lilly, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

Limbaugh, Rush - 4.1: 1991

Limoges enamels - 2.1: 1988

Lincoln, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, 1968 - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 4.1: 1968, 1981, 1987

Lindberg, Elayne - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981 (photo)

Lipofsky, Mary and Steve - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1995

Liston, Sonny - see boxing

Little, Floyd - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 4.1: 1973 ov

Floyd Little - 4.1: 1972

The Littlest Clown - 4.1: undated

Liverpool, England - 4.1: 1960 ov

Lollobrigida, Gina - 4.1: 1981

Loma Linda University - 2.1: 1983

Lombardi, Vince, Vince, 1981 - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1985

Lomonaco, Chef Michael - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1999

London, England - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1960 ov, 1961, 1962, 1966, see also Liverpool

The Lone Ranger, 1977 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

Long, Captain Elgen, The Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975 -87, 4.1: 1982

Lonsdale International Sporting Club - 1.1: Awards

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Louganis, Greg - see swimming and diving

Louis, Allyson - see Allyson Louis Gallery

Louis, Joe - see boxing

Lowery, Nick

Nick Lowery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 1997

Lubel, William - 2.1: 1973

Lynch, David - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

M

Maccioni, Sirio - 4.1: 2004

Mack, Barbara - see Gallery Mack

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Madison Square Garden (silkscreen) - 4.1: 1978

Madrid, Spain - 4.1: 1960 ov

A Magic Moment, 1990 - see Orlando Magic under "baseball"

magical creatures - see animals: unicorn

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1995

Mailer, Norman - 4.1: 1982

Maitland, Vic - 2.2: NFL Alumni

Make-a-Wish Foundation - 4.1: 2000

Maki, Mary Ann - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Malave, Chu Chu - see boxing

Malinowski, Mark "Scoop" - 4.1: 2000

Malletmen, 1977 etching - see polo

Manager of the Year, 1992 - see LaRussa, Tony

Mandalay Bay - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Mandela, Nelson - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997

Mangione, Chuck - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Bride -- Magazine - 4.1: 1999

Manhattan Concert Club - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Magazine - 1.1: Awards, 2.1: 1989, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995 - present, 4.1: 1984, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999 Manila, Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

Mannochia, Adriano - 4.1: 1983

Mantle, Mickey - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999, 4.1: 1968

Mickey Mantle (or) High Ball Homer, 1962 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Mickey Mantle - Switcher, 1967 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995, see also Chemical Bank and McCabe, Charles

marathon - see running

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1981, 1982, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985, 4.1: 1974, 1981, 1983, 1985

Mardi Gras - 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Poster Painting 2002, 4.1: 1987, 2001

Marichal, Juan, Juan Marichal - 4.1: 1995

marionette - 4.1: 1981, 1984

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Marlin!, 1977 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1977 ov

Marmel, David - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-85

Marquis Who's Who - 1.1: Who's Who

Marshall Field & Company - 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only)

Marshall, Leonard, Leonard Marshall, 1991 - 4.1: 1991, 1992

Martin, Billy, Billy Martin, 1990 drawing - 2.1: 1990

Marx, Groucho - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84

Maser Galleries, Maser Fine Arts - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983

Mashburn, Jamal - 4.1: 1990

mask auction - 4.1: 1988

Mason, Jackie - 4.1: 1994

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - 1.1: Awards: Citations, 4.1: 1982

matador - see bullfights

Mathis, Buster - see boxing

Matsui, 2004 - 3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005

The Maulers -- 1993 lithograph - see boxing

Max, Peter - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Mayo Clinic - 2.1: 1983

mayoral debate - 4.1: 1989, see also politics

Mays, Willie - 4.1: 1992, Wille Mays - 2.2: 1978, 4.1: 1979, 1982, 2001

Mazeroski, Bill, Bill Mazeroski - 4.1: 1973

Mazzilli, Lee, Lee Mazzilli, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 2001 4.1: 2001, Lee Mazzilli Celebrity Golf and Tennis Classic - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 1987, 1997, see also Chemical Bank

McCormack, Mark H. - see The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack under golf

McDonald, Kitt - 4.1: 1986

McDougal, Little & Company - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon - 4.1: 2001, 2005

McEnroe, John - see tennis

McFagan, Helen - 2.1: 1993

McGirt, James "Buddy" - see boxing

McGraw-Hill Publishers - 2.1: 1999

McGuire, Al - 4.1: 1980

McGwire, Mark, Mark McGwire, 1998 - 3.1: Mark McGwire 1998-99, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-2002

McHale, Kevin - see Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

McNeely, Peter - 4.1: 1995

McNichol, Kristy - 2.1: 1980

Mead, Margaret, Margaret Mead, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 1977 ov

Meigs, Kris - 2.1: 1981

Melville, Herman - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Memphis Blues Ball - 4.1: 1998

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

menus - 4.1: 1977, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, see also food, restaurants

medical - see The Open Heart, 1982

Mercantile Bank, Chicago and Hammond, IN - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966

merchandise - see promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89, 4.1: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982 see exhibitions

Metropolitan Museum of Art - 2.1: 1981

Metropolitan Opera - see opera

Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhibition and Painting 1989

MGM Grand Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Miami Sound Machine - see Estefan, Emilio and Gloria

Michael Zabrin Fine Art - 2.1: 1989

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980, see also football: New York Jets

Midwest Museum of American Art - 4.1: 1979, 1989, see also exhibitions

Miles, Sylvia - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1991

Minelli, Liza - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

miniatures - 4.1: 1983

Minnesota Historical Society - 2.1: 1994

Minnesota Museum of Art - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting 1975-76, see also exhibitions

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1986, see also exhibitions

John Miles Bonded Travel Agency - 4.1: undated

military - 1.1: Military Service

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - see bowling

Millionaire Magazine - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-99

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Milt Gross Fund - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2001

Minuteman, 1987 - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Mirrer, Louise - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

The Mixologist, 1959 - see bars

Moby Dick -- , 1975 - 2.1: 1993, 3.2.2

models - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, see also Eve Models, Inc., search for individual models by name

Monaco - see also Bal de la Mer, Monte Carlo, auto racing, French Riviera

Monaco Rendezvous, 1994 - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all dates, 1980s, 1990s)

Monroe, Earl, Earl "The Pearl" Monroe, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Montana, Joe, Joe Montana, 1982 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Montanez, Willie - 4.1: 1979

Monte Carlo, Monaco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E, see auto racing, Monaco

Monte Carlo, 1994 - 4.1: 1999

Monte Carlo Chase, 1988 - 2.2: Neiman -Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Solo Exhibition 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Japanese Edition - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Moore, Wayland - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Moorer, Michael - 4.1: 1994

Morbelli, Jean - 2.1: 1988

Moreno, Linda "Eva" - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgan, Joe, Joe Morgan, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morley, Malcolm - 4.1: 1984

Morocco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Morrel Wines - 4.1: 1984

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Morrison, Tommy - see boxing

Morton's of Chicago - see restaurants

Moscow - 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, V: 1960s

Tretyakov Museum - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Mosley, Shane - see boxing

Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter - 4.1: 2000

Mozartfest - 4.1: 1998

Mthembu, Nomusa - 2.1: 1992

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1998

multiple sclerosis - see National Multiple Sclerosis Society, or Race to Erase MS

Munich, Germany - see Olympic Games

Municipal Art League of Chicago Award - 1.1: Awards

Munson, Thurman - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002, Thurman Munson, 1976 - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002

murals - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966, 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural 1976, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981, 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Murphy Brown - see Warner Brothers Television in Appendix A

Murphy, Dale - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 4.1: 1993

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-1998, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Murphy, Father Terrence - 4.1: 2004

Muscle Builder & Power Magazine - 4.1: 1977

Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America - 4.1: 1971, 1987

Lifetime Achievement Award - 1.1: Awards

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972 see also exhibitions

Museum of the City of New York, Theater Collection - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

music -- - 4.1: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1992, see also Gibson Guitars

blues - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see Paul, Les

classical - 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1998, see also Bernstein, Leonard; Eaton, Roy; Fox, Virgil; Grady, John; Raphael, James

Arkansas Symphony Orchestra - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Desert Symphony - 4.1: 1997

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965, 1967

Symphantasy - 3.1: Symphantasy 1988

Symphony for United Nations, 1991 - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1991

country - 4.1: 1994, see Tennessee

jazz - see jazz

opera - see opera

popular - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-82, 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993, 4.1: 1993, see The Beatles; Bennet, Tony; Blues Ball; Davis, Sammy; Iglesias, Julio; Jackson, Michael; Lennon, John; Paul, Les; Sinatra, Frank

musicals - see Times Square, 2001

Angels on Horseback - 4.1: undated 1980s

Golden Boy - 4.1: 1964

My Fair Lady - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Oh! Calcutta - 4.1: 1967

Porgy and Bess - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

West Side Story - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation - 4.1: 1978

Myers, Farlan - 2.1: 1986

Mystic Seaport, CT - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Mystic Rock, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

N

NAMTA - 4.1: 1984

NBC - see television

NECO (National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations) - 1.1: Awards, Citations and Miscellaneous Prizes

Nabisco - see promotions

Nahan, Kenneth - 4.1: undated

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - see basketball

Namath, Joe - 3.1: New York Jets 1966-, 4.1: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1982

Napoleon at Waterloo, 1988 serigraph - 4.1: 1988

Nash, Beau - 3.1: The Ambassadors, 1960s

The Nation -- Magazine - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1998

National Art Museum of Sport (NAMOS) - 2.1: 1972, 1979, 4.1: 1980, 2003 see also exhibitions

National Arts Club - 4.1: 1994

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - see baseball

National Bowling Hall of Fame and Museum - see bowling - Million Dollar Strike, 1982

National Cowboy Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

National Fitness Classic - 4.1: 1982, 1983

National Multiple Sclerosis Society - 4.1: 1969, 1976, 1980, 1988

National Sports Collectors Convention - 4.1: 1992 ov.

NBA - see basketball

negative press - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983

Neiman, Earl - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman, Janet - 1.1: Family, 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955, 4.1: 1985

Neiman News - 3.1: Neiman News 1977-1985

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1983, 1984

Neiman, Robert B - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

"Neiman's Cuba" film project - 2.1: 1979, 1982

Neiman's Restaurant & Lounge - see restaurants and bars

Nepal - 2.1: 1982

Nevada County Arts Council - 4.1: 1982

New Jersey State Opera Ball - see opera

New Milford Hospital - 4.1: 1991

New Orleans, Louisiana - 2.1: 1993, 1997, 1998, see also Hanson Art Galleries and Mardi Gras

New School for Social Research, NY - 4.1: 1978

New Times Magazine - 2.1: 1978

New Year's Eve, 1997 - 4.1: 1997 and ov

New York City Marathon - see running

New York Friars Club - 4.1: 1999

New York Giants - see Football

New York and Los Angeles: Politics, Society, and Culture by David Halle - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present

New York Public Library - 4.1: 2002

New York State Governor's Arts Awards - 4.1: 2000

New York Times Magazine -- - 4.1: 1971

The New Yorker -- Magazine - 4.1: 1994, 1999

Newman, Eric - V: 1975

Newman, Paul - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, see also -- The Hustler

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newsweek -- Magazine - 4.1: 1972, 1992

Newton, Wayne - 4.1: 1988

NFL - see football

NHL - see hockey

Niarchos, Stavros

Stavros Niarchos, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Nicholson, Jack - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

Nicklaus, Jack - see golf

Nitschke, Ray - 4.1: 1988

Noah, Yannick - see tennis

Nob Hill, 1986 serigraph - 3.1: Nob Hill and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Norman, Greg, Greg Norman - 2.1: 1990

North Shore Art League - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association - 4.1: 1986, 1987

Northern Indiana Art Association - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Northwest Orient Magazine - 4.1: 1986

Northwest Paper Company - 3.1: 1972 Olympics

Northwestern University - 2.1: 1978

Norton, Ken - see boxing

Norton Herrick Fine Arts Group - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

Norway - 2.1: 1988

Notre Dame - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Nureyev, Rudolph - see ballet

O

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

Everett Oehlschlaeger Galleries, Chicago - 2.1: 1960s, 4.1: 1973, 1975

Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Oh! Calcutta - see musicals

Oklahoma - see Bennett, Chef John, and baseball: Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league)

Olin Corporation - see promotions

Olympic Games -- - 4.1: 1984

1972 Olympics, Munich - 3.1: 1972 Olympics, Munich, 4.1: 1987

1976 Olympics, Montreal - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal, 4.1: 1987

Games of the XXI Olympiad, 1976 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983

Olympic Boxers, 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

1980 Winter Olympics, Lake Placid - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Olympic Figure Skating, 1978 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Winter Olympic Skiing, 1980 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo - 3.1: Sarajevo Winter Olympics 1984

1984 Olympics, Los Angeles - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

American Gold, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Opening Ceremonies - XXIII Olympiad 1984, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

1988 Olympics, Seoul - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

1988 Winter Olympics, Calgary - 2.1: 1986, 1987

1992 Olympics, Barcelona - 2.1: 1989

1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer - 3.1: 1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer

1996 Olympics, Atlanta - 3.1: Atlanta Olympics 1996

2000 Olympics - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

2004 Olympic bid - 2.1: 1989

boxing - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

Olympic Boxing - 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Olympics of Tomorrow - 4.1: 1978

U.S. Olympic Fight Night - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1996

Spring Serenade 2004 - 4.1: 2004

OMTI (Opera Music Theatre International) LeRoy Neiman Recital Hall - see opera

On Safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Onassis, Aristotle, Aristotle Onassis, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

O'Neal, Shaquille, Shaquille O'Neal, 2000 - 3.1: Shaquille O'Neal, 2000

Ono, Yoko - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

The Open Heart, 1982 - 3.1: The Open Heart, 1982

opera - see also Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Ballroom Scene from 'La Traviata', 1980 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 2.1: 2002, 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83, 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995

Jerome Hines as Boris Godunov, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 2002

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

New Jersey State Opera Ball - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

A Night at the Opera, drawing - 4.1: 1989

Opera Music Theater International - 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995, 4.1: 1989, 4.1: 1991

Pagliacci, 1982 - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

The Three Tenors, 1996 serigraph release - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

organists - see Fox, Virgil; Grady, John

Original Print Collectors' Group, Ltd. - 4.1: 1989

Orr, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Orr for the Defense, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Oslo, Norway - 2.1: 1988

Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center - 4.1: 1997

Outrigger Canoe Race, 1976 - 4.1: undated 1970s

Owens, Jesse - see track and field

Ox-Bow, the Summer School of Painting, Saugatuck, Michigan - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Ox -Bow 1998

Oxendine, Kit - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, V:1990s

P

P.J. Clarke's, New York - see restaurants

P.O.V. Magazine - 4.1: 1998

Pacino, Al - 2.1: 1983

Paige, Satchel - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999, 4.1: 1996

Palm Beach, Florida - V: 1970s

Palm Springs, California - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin, 1987-88

Palmer, Arnold - see golf

Palmer, Jim, Jim Palmer, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Papp, L. Roy - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980

Pappas, Thomas, Thomas A. Pappas, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Paris, France - 3.1: "Un Americain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993, 4.1: 1963

Paris, 1989 - 3.1: Kentucky Derby 1995-97

Paris Match -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961, 1962

Parker, Charlie - see jazz

Parks Council - 4.1: 1976

Paschke, Ed - 2.1: 1988, 1990, 2.3

Pastorini, Dan - 2.1: 1989

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Patrick, John 'Malt Liquor' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Patterson, Floyd - see boxing

Paul, Les - 2.1: 1997

Pavarotti, Luciano - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

PAWS/LA - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 2000

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pazienza, Vinny - 4.1: 1995

Peaches and Pits Awards - 4.1: 1987, 2000

Pebble Beach - see golf

Pele - see soccer

Pelkey, Joe - 2.1: 1990, 1993, 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

pendant - VII: Painting pendants, undated

Peninsula Sports Club - 4.1: 1973

Penn, Esther - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999

Penske, Roger - see auto racing

Penthouse -- Magazine - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1979, see also exhibitions

perfume - see promotions

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1984

Perkins, Carl - 2.2: Libby Murphy

Perry, Gaylord - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Perse, Joanne - 4.1: 1986

PESO - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990

Philadelphia Sports Writers Association - 4.1: 2000

Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

pianists - see Eaton, Roy; Raphael, James, see also music: classical

Piazza, Mike, Mike Piazza, 1999 - 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999

Piazza San Marco, 1990 - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Pierrot, drawing - 4.1: 1975

Pierrot, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Pierrot the Juggler, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

The Pitman Company - 4.1: 1984

Pizza Hut - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1992 ov

La Plage de Deauville, 1990 - 2.1: 1990

plates, collectible - see Royal Doulton

Plate Collector Magazine - 2.1: 1980

The Playboy, painting - 4.1: 1990

Playboy Enterprises International - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.1: 2001 art auction - 4.1: 1989, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

New York Playboy Club - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Playboy Art Collection - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1975, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Playboy -- Magazine and Man at His Leisure - see Appendix E, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 4.1: 1959, 1966, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, V: Playboy Clubs 1961-63

Femlin - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 1995, 2001, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, 4.2: -- Playboy -- - Femlin Paraphernalia

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Special Editions, Ltd. - 4.1: 1992

Players Hotel, New Orleans - 2.1: 1984

The Plaza Hotel, New York - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

The Plaza Square, 1985 - 4.1: 1985, 1986

tapestry - 2.1: 1990

Poland - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Plunkett, Sherman - 4.1: 1967

Police Athletic League - 2.1: 1981

politics - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988, 3.1: Rudy Giulianni and Commission on Cultural Affairs 1994-2001, 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 4.1: 1960, 1968, 1988, 1989, 1992, see also Thurmond, Strom, and The White House

Pollock, Jackson - 4.1: 1984

polo - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1988

Attack, 1965 - 4.1: 1967

elephant polo - 2.1: 1982

H.R.H. Prince Charles, 1982 - 4.1: 1985

Malletmen, 1977 etching - 3.1: Malletmen Certificate 1977

Polo Player, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Polo Players, 1964 - 4.1: 1991

Polo Lounge, 1988 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Bev Hills 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1995, 1996, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

The Pope Flies Over New York, detail - 4.1: 1981

Pope, Kerig - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s

Porgy and Bess - see musicals

Porter, David - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Portola Valley Classic Equestrian Festival - 4.1: 1999

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - see animals

portraits -- - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

of LeRoy Neiman, by other artists - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.1: 1986 ov

by LeRoy Neiman - search by name of subject

Posner Gallery - 2.1: 1989

posters - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1981, 1993

Posters, 1980 - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 3.2 ov.

Pratt Institute, New York - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

Preakness Stakes - see horse racing

Prentice - Hall Publishers - 2.1: 1978

President of the United States - see politics, or search by name of President (Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton)

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1982, 1983

Presley, Elvis - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1978 (July)

price lists - IID: Price Lists

Prince Charles, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

prints - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov), see also The Prints of LeRoy Neiman below

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980, Knoedler Publishing

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990, 1991 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City 1992, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000, 2001 - 3.2.14

Professional Picture Framers Association - 4.1: 1984

promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

AMF Incorporated (soccer equipment) - 3.1: AMF Soccer Equipment Promotion 1979

Absolut Vodka

Absolut Neiman, 1970 - 3.1: Absolut Vodka ad 1991, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach, 1985 commercial - 3.1: Alexander Hotel Promotion 1985

Anheuser-Busch - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

Clydesdales, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 1983

World Cup Soccer poster 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Arrow shirts, The Arrow Man, 1986 - 3.1: Arrow shirts promotion 1986

Atomic skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Burger King - 3.1: Burger King Promotion 1976

Canadian Club Whiskey - 4.1: 1979

Charlie Cosmetics - 3.1: Charlie Cosmetics promotion 1981

Classic Leather, 1978 catalog - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Corvette - see Corvette

Dewars Scotch Whiskey - 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970

S.T. DuPont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter set - 3.1: S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter Set, 2003

Folger's Instant Coffee - 4.1: undated 1960s

Footwear - 2.1: 1989

Fragrances - 4.1: 1985 see promotions: Givenchy

General Electric Cellular Car Phone - 3.1: General Electric Phone Promotion 1984

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gone with the Wind perfume - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989

Hager hinges - 4.1: 1988

Hanes Hosiery - 2.1: 1980

Merrill Chase - 2.1: 1978

Miller Brewing Company - 4.1: 1984

Nabisco - 2.1: 1988

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - 3.1: Ocean Club, Atlantic City 1982-1990

Olin Corporation, Olin Skier, 1976 - 4.1: 1976 and ov.

PuzzleStix - 3.1: PuzzleStix product idea 1999

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Saks Fifth Avenue - see Saks Fifth Avenue

Sharp Color Copier - 3.1: Sharp copier promotion 1986

skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Skoal chewing tobacco - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Sports Commemorative Satinwood whiskey decanters - 3.1: Sports Commemorative Whiskey Decanter 1979

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

Tropicana Hotel and Casino - see casinos

watches - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995

Wheaties - see Wheaties

publications - Series 3.2

publicists - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puerto Rico - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - see bars

Punchinello, 1971 lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1973, 1974

Purdue University - 4.1: 1986

puzzles - see promotions, product and service, and collectibles

Q

Quarry, Jerry - see boxing

Quayle, Lynn - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, IIID: Datebooks, 4.1: 1988

Queen Elizabeth of England - 4.1: 1959

The Queen Elizabeth II - 3.1: Queen Elizabeth II Cruise, 1999

R

race car - see auto racing

Race to Erase MS - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 2001

>radio -- - 4.1: 1974, 1985, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

King, Larry - see King, Larry

Stern, Howard - 3.1: Howard Stern, 1994

WNBC Radio - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981

WPRO Radio Providence, RI - 2.1: 1990

Rangers Hockey Magazine - 4.1: 1967

Raphael, James

James Raphael, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Rattiner, Dan - see Dan's Papers

Rawlings Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy -- - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Ronald Reagan, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

real estate - 2.1: 1986

recipe - see Heartland Celebrity Cookbook

Red Square - see Moscow

Redgrave, Vanessa - 4.1: 1994

Regatta of the Gondoliers - 2.1: 1984

Regis & Ann Show - 4.1: 1984

Reiner, Rob - 1.1: Friars

representations of LeRoy Neiman by other artists - 4.1: 1989

restaurants and bars

Al Schacht's Restaurant - 4.1: 1967, 1968 and ov

Alexis Tangier, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958

The Bistro Garden - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987, 4.1: undated

Bruxelles Restaurant - 4.1: 1950s

The Buena Vista Café, San Francisco, 1986 - 3.1: 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986, 4.1: 1987

Le Café Chambord - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Café de Flore, Paris, 1964 - 4.1: 1996

Le Café Lautrec, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Café de la Paix - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Central Park Boathouse - 3.1: Central Park Boathouse Painting 2002-2003

Chumley's - 4.1: 1968

Le Cirque - 3.1: Circus, 2000, 4.1: 2004

Corona Café, Chicago - 4.1: 2001

Duke's Fish & Grill - 4.1: 1985

Ernie's, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1979 - 3.1: F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar 1979-80, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992 and 1993-2002, 4.1: 1995

Fouquet's - 2.1: 1993

Fouquet's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1996

Fouquet's, 1977 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Gallagher's Steak House, New York - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002

Le Grand Vefour - 2.1: 1993

Harry's at Hanover Square - 4.1: 1985

Harry's Bar, 1985 - 4.1: 1995

Harry's Wall Street Bar - 4.1: 2002, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Iron Horse Restaurant - 4.1: undated

Jak-Nicholas Restaurant - 4.1: 1973

Lark Creek Inn - see California Cuisine

Left Bank Café

London House, Chicago - 4.1: undated

Maxim's de Paris - 4.1: 1963, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

McSorley's Irish Pub, New York - 4.1: 1980

Mister Kelly's - 4.1: undated

The Mixologist, 1959 - 4.1: 1999

Moose's Restaurant, San Francisco - 4.1: 2003, 2004, 2005

Morton's of Chicago - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.2.12, 4.1: 1997, 1998, 2000

Neil De Vaughn's - 4.1: 1987

Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge, Carlsbad, CA - 3.1: Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge 1980s, VII: Neiman's Restaurant, Carlsbad, CA, 1980s

Nello - 4.1: 1999

P.J. Clarke's, New York, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992, 4.1: 1978, 1989, 1995

Peppy's Pomme Soufflee - 4.1: 1973

Pierro's on the Park - 4.1: 1994

Polo Bar, Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Polo Lounge - see Polo Lounge, 1988

Pump Room - 4.1: 1974, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1958, see Appendix E, see also The Ambassadors Hotel

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974, 4.1: 1950s

Rao's - 2.1: 2002

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2005

Restaurant Antoine - 4.1: undated

Romanoff's - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Rosati's, Via Venito - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1968, see Appendix E

Rush Street Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Sardi's, World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Spago, Los Angeles - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Tavern on the Green - 4.1: 1991, 1998

Tavern on the Green, 1990 painting and 1991 serigraph - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1991, V: 1991

Carriage at Tavern on the Green, 1997 drawing - 4.1: 1997

Toots Shor Bar - 2.1: 1988, 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads

Tratoria del'Arte - 4.1: 1991

'21' Club - 3.1: Dress the Jockeys at '21' Club, New York, 2001

Bar at 21 - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: undated

'21' Club (exterior), 1990 - 3.1: '21' Club 1990

Two Bar Men, 1965 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

The Wimbledon - 4.1: 1975

retail prices, list of prints, 1986 - 2.1: 1986

retail stores - see Neiman-Marcus

Revelli, Cynthia - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli

Revlon - 2.1: 1992

Rhino Records - 4.1: 1991

Rhythm & Smoke - see cigars

Rice, Jerry - 4.1: 1995

Riggins, John, John Riggins - 4.1: 1972

Riker, Lyn - V: 1980s

The Ring Magazine - see boxing

Ringside Madison Square Garden, 1964-65 - see boxing - Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65

Rivalry, 1975 - see college sports: football: Ohio State Buckeyes

Rivera, Chita - 4.1: 1995

Rizzuto, Phil, The Scooter, 1994 - 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994

The Robb Report Magazine - see automobiles

Robinson, Jackie - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson, 1993 - see Jackie Robinson Foundation

Jackie Robinson, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Sliding Home, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Foundation - 3.1: Jackie Robinson Foundation 1993

Robinson, Patrick - 2.1: 1977

Robinson, Sugar Ray - see boxing

Robinson's, Los Angeles - 4.1: undated

Rock for the Cure - 4.1: 2004

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-90

Rocky - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

rodeo - 4.1: 1977, 2000

Rogers, Kenny - 4.1: 1999

Kenny Rogers, 1982 watercolor - 3.1: Childrens Diabetes Foundation Carousel Ball

Rolling Stone Press - 4.1: 1982

Rolls Royce - see automobiles

Ronald McDonald House - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003

Rooney, Art, Art Rooney, 1972 - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1972

Roosevelt University, Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

"Rooster," 1981 film - see film

Roques, Karin Adrian v. - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Rose, Donna - 2.2: Donna Rose and Art Brokerage Inc. Correspondence

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - see exhibitions

Rote, Jr., Kyle - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rotonda Superstars - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1994, 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1994, Jeanette Rudy, 1994 - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1996

running -- - see also track and field

Ashford, Evelyn - 4.1: 1987

Barron, Gayle - 2.1: 1983, 1984

Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon, 1979 - 4.1: 1981, 1990

Coghlan, Eamonn, Eamonn Coghlan Winning the 1985 Wanamaker Mile, 1985 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Dixon, Rod - 4.1: 1998

New York City Marathon - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Classic Marathon Finish, 1985 serigraph - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Fred, This Run's For You, 1990 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

New York City Marathon, 1987 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Runner's World Magazine - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Shorter, Frank - 2.1: 1973

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - see television

Rush, Rick - 4.1: 1999

Rush Street Bar - see bars

Russell, Bill - 4.1: 1968

Ruth, Babe - 4.1: 1973, 1995

Ryan, Nolan

Nolan Ryan, 1981 - 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 4.1: 1991

S

Sadat, Anwar - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

sailing -- - 4.1: 1950s, 1964, 1985, 1994, America II, 1986 - 3.1: America II, 1986, 4.1: 1986

America's Cup - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

America's Cup, 1964 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

America's Cup, Australia, 1987 - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1987

America's Cup Stars and Stripes, 1987 - 2.1: 1987

Boat Club, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Boats and Boats, 1960 oil on board - 2.1: 1978

Girallia Yacht Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hawaiian Sailing - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984

High Seas Sailing - 4.1: 1999

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Sail Boats, 1953 - 4.1: 1998

Sailing - 4.1: 1985

Swell Sailing - 4.1: 1983

Turnberry Isle Yacht Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Yawl Sailing, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

St. Bonaventure University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees: St. Bonaventure University 1999

St. Clare's Hopital and Health Center - 4.1: 1995

St. Francis College, Brooklyn Heights, New York - 1.1: Honorary Degrees (ov), 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

St. John's University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1985

St. Paul, Minnesota, bicentennial painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76

St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce - 2.1: 1976

St. Paul Museum - 4.1: 1997

Winter Carnival painting, Ice Palace, 1985 - 3.1: Ice Palace 1985-86

St. Tropez - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

St. Tropez, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999

Saks Fifth Avenue - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

View from Saks, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Saleski, Don - 4.1: 1974

Salon d'Automne - see exhibitions, group: Grand Palais

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

Salvation Army - 2.1: 1999

San Diego Zoo - 2.1: 1977

San Francisco, CA

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

City by the Bay, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Day, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Night, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Washington Square (Moose's), 2002 - 4.1: 2003

Sandburg, Carl - V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63

Sandusky, Joe, Joe Sandusky - 4.1: undated 1990s

Santa Claus - 4.1: 1992

Sapir, Judge Eddie - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 1983, 1988

Satchmo - see Armstrong, Louis

Satinwood Whiskey - see promotions and collectibles

Saugatuck - see Ox-Bow

Saviano, Rudy - 2.1: 1999

savings bonds - see U.S. Savings Bonds

Sayers, Gale - see I Am Third, by Gale Sayers

Scaffidi, Phil - 2.1: 1981

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schaefer Brewing Company - 2.1: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1981, 4.1: 1976

Schoenfield, Ed - 4.1: 1986

Schmeling, Max - 4.1: 1989

Schmidt, Michael - 2.1: 1980

The Slugger, 1979 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1990, 1999

Schulberg, Budd, Budd Schulberg, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 2004

Schulz, Axel - 4.1: 1995

Schultz, Charles - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Schultz, Dave (hockey player) - 4.1: 1974

Schultz, Dave (wrestler) - see wrestling

Schumsky, Felicie - V: 1970s, see also Felicie, Inc.

Screiber, Al - 4.1: 1994

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: LongTerm Projects: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinners, 4.1: 1977, 1981, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 1977-78, 4.1: 1977, 1985, 2005

The Scooter, 1994 - see Rizzuto, Phil

Scott Foresman & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

Screen Actors Guild - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards, 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

sculpture

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987, 4.1: 1978

Defiant, 1987 - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987 Seaver, Tom

The Franchise, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 2001

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Sehorn, Jason - 4.1: 1999

Seitz, Nick - see golf: -- Golf Digest -- Magazine

Self Portrait (at easel) - 4.1: 2000

Self Portrait (close up with cigar and pen), 1997 - 4.1: 1998

Serline, Ollie (LeRoy's aunt) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s, 4.1: 1972

Sharp color copier - 4.1: 1986

The Sharper Image - 4.1: 1997

Shavers, Earnie - see boxing

Shaw, Robert - 2.1: 1977, 1978

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York 2000

Shenker, Morris A. - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1982

Sher Galleries - 4.1: 1987

Sherman, Nettie - 4.1: 1981

Sherry -Lehmann - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1997 and ov

ship - see The Jennifer

shoes - VII

Shore, Dinah - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-77

Shorter, Frank - see running

The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991 - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Showboats International - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Shula, Don - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Siegfried & Roy - 2.1: 1998, V: 1999

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.1: 1973

Silverwood Products - 2.1: 1992

Simon Weisenthal Center - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Simpson, O.J. - 4.1: undated 1990s, see football: Cross-Town Rivalry 1967, 1993, O.J. Simpson - 4.1: 1972, 1974

Sinatra, Frank -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 2.2: Sinatra Family Correspondence, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Portraits for Duets and Duets II Albums 1993-1995, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Classic Duets Album Cover 2002, 4.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 1998, see also golf, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph - 4.1: 2005

Frank Sinatra, 1993 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Duets and Duets II Album Covers 1993-1995

Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall, 1974 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall Poster 1974

Frank Sinatra as the Detective, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Frank Sinatra at Madison Square Garden, 1974 drawing for poster - 4.1: 1974

Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall, 1989 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

Singleton, Isaiah - 2.1: 1996

Singleton, Skip - see tennis: Intelligent Doubles and Intelligent Tennis

skating - see figure skating

skiing -- - 4.1: 1983, 1995, see also Olympics: skiing

Lady Skier - 4.1: 1998

Little Skier - 4.1: 1974

The Skier, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Skiing, etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Slalom, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Squaw Valley - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, V: 1960s, see Appendix E

Vail Race to Erase MS painting, 1994 - 4.1: 1995

Skoal Pinch Hitter of the Year Award - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Slatkin, Leonard, Leonard Slatkin, 1980? - 4.1: 1980

Sliding Home - see baseball

slot machine - 4.2: Playboy - Femlin Paraphernalia

The Slugger, 1979 - see Schmidt, Michael

Smith, Charley - 1.1: Military Service

Smith, Emmitt

Emmitt Smith, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Smith, Liz - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Smith Jones, Nancy - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Smithsonian Institution, The Smithsonian Associate Magazine - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Smothers, Tom and Dick (The Smothers Brothers) - 1.1: New York Friars Club

Snead, Sam - see golf - Frost, David

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1974, 1991, Jimmy the Greek - 4.1: 1982

soccer -- - 2.1: 1984, 1985, 4.1: 1977, 1979, 1994

AMF soccer equipment - see promotions

Anheuser Busch World Cup poster, 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Chinaglia, Georgio - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1979, 1998

Cosmos - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977

Fairfax Police Youth Club Tournament poster, 1988 - 3.1: Fairfax Police Youth Club Soccer Tournament Poster 1988

Maradona, Diego - 2.1: 1980, Maradona, 1982 - 3.2. Winners, Harry N. Abrams, 1983, Magazines and Catalogs

Pele - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov., 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975, 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1988

The Black Pearl, 1975 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Pele, 1975 - 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988

Pele, watercolor - 2.1: 1983

Soccer, 1989 etching - 4.1: 1990

Tampa Bay Rowdies: Soccer is a Kick in the Grass, 1975 - 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975

socialites - 3.1: Notes on Hamptons high society 1972

Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles - 1.1: Awards: Citations

soft paintings - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhibition 1989

Solange - 4.1: 1973

Soltner, Chef Andre - 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Sony - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1977

The Sopranos - 4.1: 1999

Sosa, Merqui - 4.1: 1996

Sosa, Sammy, Sammy Sosa, 1999 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998-99

Sorenson, Jacki - see dance

Sorokko, Serge - see exhibitions: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries

Sotheby's - see Carousel of Hope, 4.1: 1986, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1972, see Appendix E

souvenirs - see promotions

space shuttle - see Columbia Space Shuttle

Spago - 4.1: 1999

speaking engagements - 4.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988

Special Olympics -3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005, 4.1: 1986, 1996, Mississippi Special Olympics - 2.1: 1977

The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA - 2.1: 1991, 1996, 3.1: Philadelphia Spectrum Painting 1991, 4.1: 1992, V: Photographs

Spectrum Fine Art, New York - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove", Spectrum Fine Art, 1977, 4.1: 1978

Spelling, Aaron - 2.1: 1985

Spinks, Leon - see boxing

Spinks, Michael - see boxing

Spirit Foundation - 2.1: 1999

Spitz, Mark - see swimming and diving

The Sporting Life - 4.1: undated

The Sporting News - 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95

sports - listed alphabetically by name of sport (i.e. "baseball," "soccer"), with teams listed under heading of appropriate; in some cases college and professional sports are indexed separately. Also search for names of specific athletes.

sports arenas - see Madison Square Garden, Philadelphia Spectrum

sports cards - see trading cards

Sports Collectors Digest - 4.1: 1997

Sports Commemorative Decanters - see promotions and collectibles

sportscasters - see also Cosell, Howard, and Rooney, Art

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards

Sportsman's Ball - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

SportsWise Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Springfield Art Association, Illinois - 2.1: 1990

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - see tennis

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - see bars

Stallone, Sylvester - see Rocky, 4.1: 1987

stamps - 4.1: 1974

"Health in Sports" stamps, 1988 - 3.1: United Nations "Health in Sports" Stamps 1988

"Sport and the Environment" stamps, 1996 - 3.1: United Nations "Sport and the Environment" Stamps 1996

"Superbowl History" Stamps, 1988 - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988

Standard Oil - 4.1: 1974

Stanford University - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993

Stanley, Dr. M. Lee - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1996

Stargell, Willie, Willie Stargell, 1980 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988

Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty, 1985 - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985, 4.1: 1992 Staub, Rusty - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover

Rusty Staub's Le Grand Orange wine label - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 4.1: 2001 Staubach, Roger - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 3.1: Wheaties 1997, 4.1: 1972, 1973, 1982

Roger Staubach, 1982 - 2.1: 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1982

Stengel, Casey, Casey Stengel, 1993 - 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 2001

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sterling/Winters Company - 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Stern, Howard - see radio

Stiller, Jerry - 1.1: Friars

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - see boxing

Stock Market

American Stock Exchange, 1986 serigraph - 4.1: 1986

New York Stock Exchange, serigraph - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Winter Olympics Lake Placid, 1980, 4.1: 1974

Stock Exchange, silk tapestry - 4.1: 1990

Stock Exchange, London - 4.1: 1983

Stock Market, 1976 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1976

Stop Cancer - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Stop or My Mom Will Shoot, 1992 film - 2.1: 1991

Strahan, Michael - 4.1: 2002

Strasberg, Lee - 2.1: 1983

Strawberry, Darryl - 4.1: 1990, 2001

Stroh Brewing Company - 2.1: 1988

Stud Poker - see casinos

Studio 54 - 4.1: 1984

Styria Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1972, 1977, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999, see also boxing: Sting Like a Bee

Summer in Saugatuck, 1960 painting - 2.1: 1987

The Summer School of Painting - see Ox-Bow

sumo - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Superbowl - see NFL football

Superstars - see Rotonda Superstars

Supreme Court of the State of New York - 2.1: 1980, 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990 -1999

Supreme Court of the United States - 2.1: 1992

Surfing - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

The Surfer, 1980 - 4.1: 1980 ov

surgery - see The Open Heart, 1982

Swahn Fine Arts - 4.1: 1989, 1991

Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

swimming and diving -- - 4.1: 1987, 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics

Chandler, Jennifer - 4.1: 1987

International Swimming Hall of Fame Museum - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Louganis, Greg - 3.2.9, 4.1: 1987

Olympic Swimmer - 4.1: 1986

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, Mark Spitz, 1972 - 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, 4.1: 1973, 1987

United States Swimming Long Course Championships - 4.1: 1982

Switzerland - 2.1: 1985, 1989

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphantasy - see music

T

Takamiyama, Jesse - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

James Talcott, Inc. - 3.1: James Talcott, Inc. 1975

tapestry - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Taschen Publishers - 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004

Tavern on the Green - see restaurants

Taxicab Chronicles - 3.1: Taxicab Chronicles 1999, 4.1: 1999

Taylor, Elizabeth - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Taylor, Lawrence - 4.1: 1996

television - 2.1: 1970, 1978, 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1994, 1995, 3.1: Call of the Wild 1993, see also ABC, CBS, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, The Lone Ranger

ABC Sports - 2.2: ABC Sports

Ampex Video Art - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1980

Arlene Herson Show - 4.1: 1989

The Black Stallion television show - 2.1: 1990

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports, 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978

Channel 13 - 2.1: 1976

Cityscope - 4.1: 1989

Dinah! (Dinah Shore) - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-1977

KCTA -TV St. Paul - 2.1: 1976

Larry King - see King, Larry

Kup's Show (Irv Kupcinet) - 4.1: 1972, 1982

Merv Griffin Show - 2.1: 1976, 1983, 4.1: 1980, 1989

NBC - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-87, 3.1: NBC Peacock Project 1997

"The New Odd Couple," ABC TV - 2.1: 1982

Regis and Kathie Lee - 4.1: 1988, 1996

Shukan T.V. Guide, Japan - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

TV Food Network - 2.1: 1993

TV Gallery with Ron Parris - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

T.V. Guide - 2.1: 1975

T.V. Guide Japan - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1984

TV Shopper - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1973, 1980

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Today Show - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-93

WGBH TV Boston - 2.1: Charities 1994, Charities 1996

Wonderama TV Show - 4.1: undated 1970s

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - 4.1: 1979

Tenenbaum, Judy and Harold - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tennessee - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see also Gregory, Jack; Morris, Gary and Elizabeth; Murphy, Libby; Perkins, Carl; Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell; Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr

tennis -- - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1988-89, 1997, 1999

Adoption Guild Annual Tennis Tournament, Tennis Country - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980

Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic - 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83

American Airlines Tennis Games - 2.1: 1976

Ashe, Arthur, Arthur Ashe, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980, 1984

Association of Tennis Professionals - 4.1: 1984

The Ball is in Your Court - 4.1: 1979

Blanchard, Mike - 4.1: 1975

Blood Tennis, 1980 serigraph - 4.1: 1980

Borg, Bjorn - 4.1: 1977, Bjorn Borg - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77, 4.1: 1980

Casals, Rosey - 4.1: 1975

Center Court, Madison Square Garden - 4.1: 1986

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Connors, Jimmy - 4.1: 1977, 1988, 1994

Court, Margaret - 4.1: 1975

Doubles - 4.1: 1973, 1977

Emerson, Roy - 4.1: 1998, see Laver, Rod

Evert, Chris - 4.1: 1976, 1994 and ov, see Appendix A

Back Hand - Chris Evert - 4.1: undated, 1981 ov

Chris, 1973 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Forest Hills - 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

Get Shot - 4.1: undated

Gonzales, Richard (Pancho) - 4.1: 1972, 1975, 1977, Pancho Gonzales, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1972

I Love New York Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 2.1: Charities 1982, 4.1: 1982

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

International Tennis Hall of Fame - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Kennedy, Robert F. - see Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament

King, Billie Jean - 4.1: 1973 ov

Laver, Rod

Rod Laver at Wimbledon, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rod Laver, 1980 watercolor - 4.1: 1996

Rod Laver and Roy Emerson, 1980 watercolor - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980, 4.1: 1998

Lendl, Ivan - 4.1: 1989

McEnroe, John - 4.1: 1983, 1989, 1994

Men's Doubles - 4.1: 1977

Mixed Doubles - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89, 4.1: 1978, 1981

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1977

Net Shot, undated - 4.1: undated

Noah, Yannick - 4.1: 1997

Palm Beach Tennis Masters - 4.1: 1973 ov

Racketeers, 1975 silkscreen - 4.1: 1975

Riggs, Bobby - 4.1: 1973 ov

Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Roche, Tony - 4.1: 1973 ov

Rosewall, Ken - 4.1: 1975

Sabatini, Gabriela - 4.1: 1996, 1997

Smash - Stan Smith - 4.1: undated

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981

Tennis - Sudden Death, 1973 - 4.1: 1998

Tennis Magazine - 4.1: 1973, 1975

Tennis Masters (McEnroe and Lendl) - 4.1: 2000

Tennis Players, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979

Turnberry Isle Racquet Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Volvo Masters serigraph, 1983 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983, VC: 1983

Washington, Malivai - 4.1: 1997

wheelchair tennis - 2.1: 1980

The Wimbledon Restaurant - see restaurants and bars

Texas Is... - 4.1: 1986

textbook (usage of art in) - 2.1: 1998, 2000, 2002, 4.1: undated, undated 1990s, 1992, 1996

theater - 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970, 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995, 4.1: 1964, 1969, 1981, 1991, 1999, see also musicals

Inherit the Wind - 4.1: 1956 ov

Theater Collection of the Museum of the City of New York - 4.1: 1983

theft - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1990, see also forgery and vandalism

Thomas, Duane - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Thompson, Bobby - see The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Thornton, Tony - 4.1: 1995

Thornton, Wayne - see boxing

The Three Tenors - see opera

The Thrill of Victory, by Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Thurmond, Strom - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Miss U.S.A. Pageant 1978

TIME Magazine - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Times Square, 2001 - 4.1: 2003

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Time Out New York Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art - see exhibitions

Timoney, John - 4.1: 1996

To, Bobbie - 4.1: 1984

Toney, James - 4.1: 1994

Top Secret! 1984 film - 4.1: 1984

Topps - see trading cards

Torre, Joe - 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 4.1: 2002

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Tour Eiffel, 1993 - 4.1: 1995

Tour de Trump - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Tour de Trump, 1989 - 3.1: Tour de Trump

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

track and field - see also running, 4.1: 1982, 1987, V: Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards 1983-2000s

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Drake Relays - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979

Jenner, Bruce - 2.1 1977, 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980, 4.1: 1987

Joyner-Kersee, Jackie - 4.1: 1999, V:1990s, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, 1993 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Lewis, Carl - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-95

Muhammad Ali Invitational - 4.1: 1977

Off and Running, 1978 - 4.1: undated 1980s

Owens, Jesse -- - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979, 4.1: 1990, 1998, 2000

Jesse Owens, 1983 - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 2000

Jesse Owens Foundation - 2.2: Jesse Owens Foundation Board of Directors 1990-2000

Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 2000, V: 1990s

Jesse Owens Track Classic - 4.1: 1990

U.S. Olympic Track and Field Trials - 4.1: 1980

trading cards

Kayo - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991

Topps - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Topps Celebrity Trading Cards 1992

Upper Deck - 2.1: 1992

travel agency - 4.1: undated

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow - see exhibitions

Trinidad, Felix - see boxing

Tropicana Resort & Casino - see casinos

Trottier, Bryan - 4.1: 1976

Truax - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Trump, Donald -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club c., 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989, 4.1: 1987

Donald Trump, 1986 - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump Plaza - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence, 4.1: 1996

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - 3.1: Harrah's Trump Plaza Opening, Atlantic City 1984

Baccarat at Harrah's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 4.1: 1984

Harrah's Polo - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

Trump Polo Club - 4.1: 1985

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump, Ivana - 2.2: Trump

A Tribute to the Movies, 1989 - 3.1: Houston Film Fest

Tulane University - 4.1: 1974

Tunnel Club, New York - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1988

Turkey - 2.1: 1975

Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Clubs - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Exhibitions 1982-83

Turner, Tina - 4.1: 1981

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

'21' Club - see restaurants

Two Bar Men, 1965 - see bars

Tyson, Mike - see boxing

U

UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

U.S. Army - 1.1: Military Service, see also Army vs. Navy

U.S. Postal Service - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988, 3.1 ov.

U.S. Savings Bonds - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University - 2.1: 1981

The Ultimate Seduction, by Charlotte Chandler - see Chandler, Charlotte

Ultraviolet - see Dufresne, Isabelle

unicorn - see animals: unicorn

Unitas, Johnny - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Johnny Unitas, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Johnny Unitas, 1997 - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

United Airlines - 4.1: 1983

United Cerebral Palsy Association - 4.1: 1988, 1992

United Nations, U.N. Postal Administration - 3.1: United Nations Stamps 1988-96

United States Sports Academy - 2.1: 1989

United Way - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Universal Geneve Timepieces - 3.1: Universal Geneve Watch Promotion 1995-96

University of California at Los Angeles - see UCLA

University of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

University of Denver - 2.1: 1979

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

University of San Francisco - 4.1: 1988

University of Southern California - 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics 1984

University of Texas at Austin - 4.1: 1994

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: Upstairs Gallery 1980-89, 4.1: 1973, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

V

Vail, CO - see skiing

Van Der Marck Editions - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

vandalism - 4.1: 1978, see also theft, forgery

Vanity Fair Magazine - 4.1: 1996

Varga, Alberto - see -- Playboy -- Magazine

Vargas, Fernando - see boxing

Variety Clubs International Distinguished Artist Award - 1.1: Awards

Varipapa, Andy - see bowling

Venice, Italy - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Ventura, Jesse - see wrestling

Vernon, Jackie - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Versace, Gianni - 4.1: 2001

Via Video - 2.1: 1983

Viagem E Tourismo Magazine - 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

Victor Awards - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985, 4.1: 2003

Video Magazine - 2.1: undated

Vienna, Austria - 2.1: 1996

Village Nursing Home - 4.1: 1982

W

WNBC - see helicopter

Wajima - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Walker, Doug - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Wall Street Journal -- - 4.1: 1969 ov

Walsh, Coach Bill, Bill Walsh, 1993 - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993, 4.1: 1993

Ward, Laura - 4.1: 2004, see also Merce Cunningham Studio under "dance"

Warhol, Andy - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol 1981, 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985, 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1986, 1987, 1988

Warwick Hotel - see Players Hotel

Washington, Malivai - see tennis

watch - see Classic Moments Watches or Universal Geneve Timepieces

Watergate hearings - 2.1: 1973

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80, 4.1: 1979

Wayne, George - 4.1: 1996

Webb, Eugene 'Fat Daddy' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Weeb - see Ewbank, Weeb

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1987

Weisberg, Tim - 2.1: 1977

Welles, Orson - 4.1: 1989

Welzer, Irv - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

West Side Story - see musicals

Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Westheimer, Dr. Ruth - 4.1: 1999

Wheaties - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - see boxing

White House - 2.1: 1978, 1980, 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1978, Easter at the White House - 4.1: 1988

Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennial - 4.1: 1985, 1989

Who's Who - see Marquis Who's Who

Whores, Wars & Tin Pan Alley - 4.1: 1969

The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats, 1978 file

wildlife - see animals, LeRoy Neiman On Safari

The Wildlife Experience - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Williams, Bernie, Bernie Williams, 2003 - 3.1: Bernie Williams, 2003

Williams, Cleveland - see boxing

Williams, Ted -- - see also television: WGBH

The Splendid Splinter - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1993, 2002

Williams at Bat, 1980 painting and 1991 serigraph - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 2002

Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972 boxing documentary film - 4.1: 1972

Windsor Gallery - 4.1: undated 1970s

wine -- - 4.1: 1997, see also champagne

labels - 3.1: David Frost Wines 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1996, see also golf: Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot

Wine Country Film Festival - 3.1: Wine Country Film Festival 1990

Wine, Women, and Cigar, 1996 - see cigars

Winged Foot - see golf

Wingmead - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Winners, 1983 - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Wisconsin - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Wittnauer International - see Universal Geneve

Wolf, Martin B. - 4.1: 1964

Wolfberg, Lee - 4.1: undated 1980s

Wolfson, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. - 4.1: 1967, 1980

Women of Excellence - 2.1: 1985

Women's Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993

Women's Sports Foundation - 2.1: 1983

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1991, 1997, 1998

Wooden, John, Coach John Wooden, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 1985, 4.1: 2001

Woods, Tiger - see golf

Word, Rob - 4.1: 1977

World Biographical Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1991

World War II - 1.1: Military Service, 4.1: 1998

world wide web - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

wrestling -- - 4.1: 1973, 1992, 1999

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1999

Schultz, Dave, Dave Schultz, 1996 - 3.1: Dave Schultz 1996

Ventura, Jesse - 3.1: Jesse Ventura 1999

Wyeth, Andrew - 4.1: 1987

Wyland - 4.1: 1993

X

Y

YMCA - 4.1: 1992

Yale University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Yarger, Timothy - see exhibitions: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, also Bowles Galleries

The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings - 4.1: 1994

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Young, Trip - 4.1: 1970

Youngman, Henny - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: undated, 1987

Henny Youngman, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Yugoslavia - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, see Appendix

Z

Zabrin, Michael - see Michael Zabrin Fine Art

Zaire - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Ziegenfuss Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 4.1: undated 1990s

zoo - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Zoo Tour correspondence
Provenance:
The papers of artist LeRoy Neiman were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2005 by LeRoy Neiman.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility. This collection is publication restricted by the donor.
Rights:
Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from: Leroy Neiman Foundation, One West 67th Street, New York, NY 10023; info@leroyneimanfoundation.org
Topic:
Olympics in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sports artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.neimlero
See more items in:
LeRoy Neiman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neimlero

Kraushaar Galleries records

Creator:
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Cleveland Museum of Art  Search this
Ernest Brown and Co.  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New Britain Institute. Art Museum  Search this
Toledo Museum of Art  Search this
University of Nebraska--Lincoln. Department of Art  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Wichita Art Museum  Search this
Albrizio, Humbert, 1901-1970  Search this
Allard, J.  Search this
Arnest, Bernard, 1917-  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Beal, Reynolds, 1866-1951  Search this
Bignou, Etienne  Search this
Bouché, Louis, 1896-1969  Search this
Brueming, Karen  Search this
Cantene, David  Search this
Cowles, Russell, 1887-1979  Search this
DeLonga, Leonard  Search this
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Evett, Kenneth Warnock, 1913-  Search this
Fausett, Dean, 1913-  Search this
Flannery, Vaughn  Search this
Glackens, Edith  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Guillaume, Paul, 1891-1934  Search this
Halberstadt, Ernst, 1910-1987  Search this
Hardy, Thomas, 1921-  Search this
Harrison, Preston  Search this
Hartell, John  Search this
Heliker, John, 1909-2000  Search this
Juley, Peter A., 1862-1937  Search this
Kirsch, Frederick D. (Frederick Dwight), b. 1899  Search this
Kraushaar, Antoinette M., 1902-1992  Search this
Kraushaar, John F., 1871-1946  Search this
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston, 1882-1935  Search this
Lasker, Joe  Search this
Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970  Search this
Lechay, James  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Miller, Harriette  Search this
Morris, Carl, 1911-1993  Search this
Murdock, Roland P. -- Art collections  Search this
Navas, Elizabeth S., 1885-1979  Search this
Penney, James, 1910-1982  Search this
Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966  Search this
Prendergast, Charles, 1863-1948  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Smalley, David, 1940-  Search this
Smith, Vernon, 1894-1969  Search this
Stanley, Alix W.  Search this
Williams, Esther, 1907-1969  Search this
Wilson, Ralph L.  Search this
Extent:
91.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Drawings
Exhibition catalogs
Financial records
Notes
Sketchbooks
Date:
1877-2006
Summary:
The records of New York City Kraushaar Galleries measure 91.9 linear feet and date from 1877 to 2006. Three-fourths of the collection documents the gallery's handling of contemporary American paintings, drawings, and sculpture through correspondence with artists, private collectors, museums, galleries, and other art institutions, interspersed with scattered exhibition catalogs and other materials. Also included are John F. Kraushaar's estate records; artists' files; financial ledgers documenting sales and gallery transactions; consignment and loan records; photographs of artwork; sketchbooks and drawings by James Penney, Louis Bouché, and others; and two scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of New York City Kraushaar Galleries measure 91.9 linear feet and date from 1877 to 2006. Three-fourths of the collection documents the gallery's handling of contemporary American paintings, drawings, and sculpture through correspondence with artists, private collectors, museums, galleries, and other art institutions, interspersed with scattered exhibition catalogs and other materials. Also included are John F. Kraushaar's estate records; artists' files; financial ledgers documenting sales and gallery transactions; consignment and loan records; photographs of artwork; sketchbooks and drawings by James Penney, Louis Bouché, and others; and two scrapbooks.

The collection reflects all activities conducted in the day-to-day administration of the business and relates to the acquisition, consignment, loan, sale, and exhibition of art by twentieth-century American artists and European artists of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The records document specific arrangements for loans and exhibitions, artist-dealer relations, relationships with public and private collectors, interaction with the art dealer community, and routine requests for information.

Much of the artist correspondence relates to practical arrangements for exhibitions of artwork, but in many cases also documents the development of individual artists and the effect of their relationship with the galleries on their ability to produce marketable work. Many of the artists represented in the collection also wrote lengthy letters, particularly to Antoinette Kraushaar, describing their attitudes to their work and providing insight into how that work was shaped by events in their personal lives.

The bulk of the correspondence with museums and institutions concerns practical arrangements for loans of artwork and provides detailed information about market prices and insurance values. It offers insight into the general climate of opinion toward particular artists and styles at any given time. Correspondence with other galleries and dealers also concerns loans and sales of artwork but, due to the typically cordial and cooperative nature of relations between the Kraushaars and their contemporaries, may also provide a more extensive and personal view of relationships and trends in the art dealer community. Similarly, while a portion of the correspondence with private collectors concerns routine requests for information and loans of art on approval, there is also substantive correspondence documenting the development of the artistic vision of collectors such as Preston Harrison, Elizabeth S. Navas, and Duncan Phillips.

From 1917 to the mid-1930s correspondence was handled mainly by John Kraushaar, and the bulk of that relating to European galleries and European art can be found during these years. Although there are only a handful of materials before 1926, records from the 1920s and 1930s document Kraushaar Galleries' growing commitment to American artists and the climate of the market for their work. The financial hardships of the Depression are vividly depicted in the numerous letters written during the 1930s seeking payment on accounts receivable and requesting extensions on accounts payable.

From the mid-1930s to 1968 correspondence was conducted primarily by Antoinette Kraushaar and, to some degree, by her assistants in later years. As the galleries' focus on American art increased, so did the volume of correspondence with artists, and the collection is particularly rich during the 1940s and early 1960s. In later years to 2006, most of the correspondence was conducted by Carol Pesner and gallery assistants.

The exhibition catalogs included in the collection do not represent a complete set. Those found are working copies used by the galleries in preparation for exhibitions and are often annotated with prices or insurance values. Additional exhibition catalogs can be found on the microfilm described in the Administrative Information section of this finding aid.

The majority of Kraushaar Galleries' insurance records can be found in files relating to the company Wm. E. Goodridge & Son, later known as Wm. E. Goodridge, Inc. Shipping and transportation records are generally filed under the names of the companies used for such transactions and can primarily be found under Davies, Turner & Co., Hudson Forwarding & Shipping Co., Railway Express Agency, Inc., and W. S. Budworth & Son, and to a lesser degree under American Railway Express Company, Arthur Lenars & Cie., C. B. Richard & Co., De La Rancheraye & Co., Hayes Storage, Packing & Removal Service, Inc., and Willis, Faber & Co. Ltd.

The 2008-2009 accretion includes additional correspondence similar in content and with correspondents as described above, as well as some artists' Christmas cards. However, the bulk of the additional correspondence dates from 1965-2006, with a handful of miscellaneous correspondence from 1877 to the mid-twentieth century. Also found are financial and business records including records from the closing of the John F. Kraushaar estate; over 40 ledgers providing nearly complete documentation of the gallery's sales and transactions from its establishment to 1946; incoming consignment records, including account statements and correspondence with artists, from the 1940s to 2006; and outgoing consignment and loan records from 1899-2006. The gallery's representation of its stable of artists is documented through artists' files containing printed materials, exhibition catalogs and announcements, price lists, and biographical information, as well as containers of photographs and negatives of artwork. Also found is a 1933 sketchbook by James Penney, drawings and sketchbooks by Louis Bouché, and two scrapbooks.

See Appendix for a list of Kraushaar Galleries exhibitions
Arrangement:
Kraushaar Galleries generally filed all types of records together with correspondence in a combination of alphabetical and chronological files. Thus financial records, insurance records, receipts, photographs, and exhibition catalogs can be found interfiled with general correspondence in Series 1-3. A group of photographs of artwork maintained separately by Kraushaar Galleries constitutes Series 4. Series 6 was minimally processed separately from Series 1-5, and the arrangement reflects the original order of the addition for the most part.

Records in Series 1-3 were originally filed alphabetically by name of correspondent and then by month, by a span of several months, or by year. The alphabetical arrangement has been retained, but to facilitate access the collection was rearranged so that correspondence was collated by year. From 1901 to 1944 outgoing letters and incoming letters are filed separately; in 1945 some outgoing letters are filed separately, with the bulk of the material filed together as correspondence; from 1946 to 1968 incoming and outgoing letters are filed together as correspondence.

For Series 1-3 organizations or individuals represented by at least 15 letters are filed in separate file folders. All other correspondents are arranged in general files by letters of the alphabet, with selected correspondents and subjects noted in parentheses after the folder title.

Series 2 and several boxes in Series 3 contain a variety of notes and receipts received and created by Kraushaar Galleries that were originally unfoldered. The notes can be found in folders adjacent to the receipts and include handwritten notes of customer names and addresses, financial notes and calculations, catalogs of exhibitions, invitations and announcements to exhibitions frequently used as note paper, and other miscellany. Although most of the miscellaneous notes are undated, they are filed, with the receipts, at the end of the year to which they appear to relate. For the years 1929 and 1930 Kraushaar Galleries created separate alphabetical files for some of the billing statements received from other businesses. These have been filed adjacent to "Miscellaneous Notes" and "Receipts" in the appropriate years.

Kraushaar Galleries tended to file correspondence with businesses alphabetically according to the letter of the last name: for example, Wm. E. Goodridge & Son would be filed under G rather than W.

Series 1: Outgoing Letters, 1920-1945 (boxes 1-9; 9 linear ft.)

Series 2: Incoming Letters (boxes 10-26; 16.25 linear ft.)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1945-1968 (boxes 26-53; 27.75 linear ft.)

Series 4: Photographs, undated (box 54; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, [1926, 1938] (box 53; 2 items)

Series 6: Addition to the Kraushaar Galleries Records, 1877-2006 (boxes 55-99, BV100; 38.4 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Charles W. Kraushaar established Kraushaar Galleries in 1885 as a small store on Broadway near Thirty-first Street in New York City. Initially the store sold artist materials, photogravures, and reproductions. Drawing on his previous experience working with William Schause, a leading dealer in European paintings, Kraushaar soon progressed to selling original watercolors, paintings, and engravings by European artists, primarily landscapes of the Barbizon School.

In 1901 Kraushaar moved the business to 260 Fifth Avenue and with the assistance of his brother, John F. Kraushaar, began adding more modern French and American painters to the inventory. Of particular interest to John Kraushaar was the group of American realists known as "The Eight," who had held a self-selected, self-organized exhibition at the Macbeth Gallery in 1908. The Eight were Arthur B. Davies, William Glackens, Robert Henri, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Maurice Prendergast, Everett Shinn, and John Sloan. Luks, whom John Kraushaar met around 1902, was probably the first major American artist represented at Kraushaar Galleries. In 1917 John Sloan was invited to hold his first one-person show at the galleries despite accusations that his exhibition at the Whitney Studio the previous year had represented a brutal depiction of life that lacked subtlety and sensitivity.

When Charles Kraushaar died suddenly in 1917, John assumed control of the galleries and soon enlisted the assistance of his daughter, Antoinette Kraushaar. Antoinette had suffered a bout of pneumonia during the influenza epidemic of 1918 that cut short her education; grooming her for a career in the galleries was a logical step. Following the end of the First World War, Kraushaar resumed his buying trips to Europe, often accompanied by Antoinette, and exhibited works by European artists such as André Derain, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Vincent Van Gogh. However, it was the increasing commitment to contemporary American artists for which the galleries would become best known. In addition to The Eight, the Kraushaars developed their inventory of American paintings and etchings with exhibitions of work by artists such as Gifford Beal, Charles Demuth, Guy Pène Du Bois, Gaston Lachaise, Jerome Myers, Charles Prendergast, and Henry Schnakenberg.

Returning from a buying trip to Europe in 1929, John Kraushaar wrote to California collector Preston Harrision on July 26 that "the prices over there, especially for modern pictures are astounding." Nevertheless, Kraushaar believed that investing in modern art would yield benefits within the next five years, and he refused to be influenced by museums and critics outside of New York who were reluctant to agree. He exhibited a healthy disrespect for museum directors in general, whom he referred to in his letters to Harrision as "dead heads" who ought to be sent to different art centers of the world in order to "get in touch with what is going on there" (March 11, 1929).

Like most of its contemporaries, Kraushaar Galleries suffered considerably during the Depression of the 1930s and struggled to collect and, in turn, pay accounts due. On October 5, 1931, John Kraushaar confessed to H. S. Southam, "Business is very bad with us, and I know that you will treat it confidentially when I tell you that I have had to sacrifice a good part of my personal holdings to provide cash for my own business." By 1934 the rent on the galleries' current location at 680 Fifth Avenue, where Kraushaar had moved in 1919, was out of all proportion to the amount of business that was being generated. In 1936, a timely move to 730 Fifth Avenue allowed the family to effect substantial economies without a disproportionate loss of business.

During the 1930s, John Kraushaar's health began to fail, and he was frequently absent from the galleries. Consequently, Antoinette Kraushaar took on greater responsibility for the operation of the business with the assistance of her brother Charles. Although Antoinette was one of few women to hold such a prominent position in the art business at that time, there is no evidence in the records to suggest that artists or customers who had been accustomed to dealing with John Kraushaar had any difficulty accepting the transition in management from father to daughter.

Nevertheless, collecting accounts remained difficult, and although business had improved by 1938 it was now stymied by the threat of war in Europe. The warmth of relations between the Kraushaars and the artists they handled, and their colleagues, was crucial to Antoinette during these years. She repeatedly expressed her gratitude for their understanding and assistance in her letters as she struggled to meet financial obligations and operate the business in her father's absence, experimenting with different strategies as she evolved an approach that would sustain the business. In a letter to Gifford Beal dated August 6, 1941, she spoke of "hellish times" and stressed, "I have learned a great many things during the past few years and hope that we are groping our way towards a working solution of our own affairs at least."

While there is no question that Antoinette Kraushaar shared her father's genuine interest in contemporary American artists, the growing commitment to these artists that was forged during these years was driven in large part by necessity. By increasing her stock of American art and adding "younger painters of promise," she was able to sell work in a much broader price range. Consequently she could reach a wider audience and increase the likelihood that the business would remain solvent. This method of business also suited her personality far more than having a very specialized inventory of highly priced work, an approach that she confessed to J. Lionberger Davis on December 3, 1940, "requires a particular kind of temperament, and frankly I neither like it nor believe in it."

Throughout her career Antoinette imbued the business with her personal style. She understood that elitism alienated art buyers of moderate income, who constituted her bread and butter, and believed strongly that the gallery environment should not be intimidating to potential customers. She corresponded at length with old and new clients alike, patiently offering advice when asked and maintaining liberal policies for those who wished to borrow artwork on approval. She also participated in events that promoted efforts to make art available to a wider audience, such as a 1951 exhibition and seminar at the Florida Gulf Coast Art Center that addressed problems of buying and selling art. She was a two-time board member of the Art Dealers Association of America and considered the organization to be an important source of support for the gallery community.

In her dealings with other commercial galleries and art institutions, Antoinette Kraushaar exhibited a strong spirit of cooperation and enthusiasm, consistently lending art to small, locally owned businesses and community organizations as well as to more established galleries and world-class museums. She also developed long and mutually beneficial associations with the art departments of many educational institutions across the country, which proved to be fertile ground for young and upcoming artists.

Antoinette Kraushaar exhibited the same honesty and fairness in dealing with artists as her father had, expressing her opinions of their work in a forthright manner and maintaining a policy of always looking at the work of any artist who came to her. She understood the inherent difficulties of dealing with living artists but relished the excitement of encouraging their work and watching them develop. On November 14, 1947, in reply to a letter from the artist Bernard Arnest, in which Arnest apologized for burdening her with his worries, she reminded him, "One of the functions of a dealer is to act as a safety valve. Didn't you know?"

Although she would not retain artists indefinitely if she felt their work had deteriorated in quality, Antoinette often stressed that she was prepared to accept little or no initial financial return on the work of artists who showed promise or whose work held a particular appeal for her. In a letter of December 30, 1940, she reassured Walt Dehner that the lack of sales from his recent exhibition would not lead her to withdraw his work from the galleries. In typically unassuming style she advised Dehner to "go on painting whatever interests you. We have found that there is no recipe for success, either artistic or material."

In the early 1940s Antoinette Kraushaar implemented two changes to her inventory. Sensing that interest in sculpture was growing, she rearranged the space to give that medium more room and attention. The market for etchings had been declining since the late 1930s, and as she reduced this part of her inventory she also acted on her personal passion for drawings by opening a small gallery devoted to contemporary American drawings that were priced well within the range of most customers.

By the time Kraushaar Galleries moved to 32 East Fifty-seventh Street, late in 1944, American art had become the main focus of the business. While the long-standing interest in The Eight and other artists of that period continued, the galleries also handled contemporaries such as Louis Bouché, Samuel Brecher, John Heliker, Andrée Ruellan, and Karl Schrag. When John Kraushaar died in December 1946, Antoinette and Charles legally assumed control of the business. This partnership continued until 1950, when Antoinette assumed sole ownership of the gallery.

In 1955 the galleries moved uptown to smaller quarters at 1055 Madison Avenue, and Antoinette Kraushaar gave up the greater part of her print business. She was inundated with requests from artists to be allowed a chance to show her their work, and the galleries' exhibition schedule was always full. Contemporary artists she now represented included Bernard Arnest, Peggy Bacon, Russell Cowles, Kenneth Evett, William Dean Fausett, William Kienbusch, Joe Lasker, and George Rickey, and she continued to exhibit artwork by Charles Demuth, William Glackens, George Luks, Maurice Prendergast, Boardman Robinson, and John Sloan.

By the late 1950s the artists of the generation that her father had promoted in the early part of the century had died, but Antoinette Kraushaar had the pleasure of seeing his faith in them come to fruition. In a letter to Ralph Wilson dated October 20, 1958, she stated with satisfaction, "The Boston Museum is taking (at long last) a deep interest in (Maurice) Prendergast, and they will probably do an important show within the next year." Her correspondence with William Glackens's son Ira in the 1960s reveals the extent to which Glackens's popularity had grown since his death in 1938, and the market for John Sloan's work had been increasing steadily since the late 1920s. In 1962 James Penney summed up Kraushaar Galleries' success in the foreword of a catalog for an exhibition of paintings and sculpture the galleries had organized with the Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute at Hamilton College:

1854 -- Charles W. Kraushaar born

1871 -- John F. Kraushaar born

1885 -- Kraushaar Galleries established on Broadway near Thirty-first Street

1901 -- Galleries moved to 260 Fifth Avenue

1902 -- Antoinette Kraushaar born

1917 -- Charles W. Kraushaar died; John Kraushaar assumed control of the business, increasing inventory of modern American and European artists; first John Sloan exhibition

1919 -- Galleries moved to 680 Fifth Avenue

[1920] -- Antoinette Kraushaar began assisting with the business

1924 -- Maurice Prendergast died

1936 -- Galleries moved to the Heckscher Building at 730 Fifth Avenue

1938 -- William J. Glackens died

1944 -- Galleries moved to the Rolls Royce Building at 32 East Fifty-seventh Street; American art now the main focus of the business

1946 -- John Kraushaar died; Antoinette and Charles Kraushaar assumed control of the business

1948 -- Charles Prendergast died

1950 -- Antoinette Kraushaar assumed sole ownership of Kraushaar Galleries

1951 -- John Sloan died

1955 -- Galleries moved to 1055 Madison Avenue

1959 -- Carole Pesner joined Kraushaar Galleries

1964 -- Galleries extended into adjacent building

1981 -- Galleries moved to 724 Fifth Avenue

1986 -- Katherine Kaplan joined Kraushaar Galleries

1988 -- Antoinette Kraushaar retired from day-to-day management of the business

1992 -- Antoinette Kraushaar died
Appendix: List of Kraushaar Galleries Exhibitions:
The Archives of American Art does not hold a complete collection of catalogs from exhibitions held at Kraushaar Galleries; therefore the dates and titles of exhibitions provided in this appendix are inferred from a variety of sources including correspondence, notes, artists' files, and requests for advertising. Italics indicate that the exact title of an exhibition is known.

Jan., 1912 -- Paintings by Gustave Courbet and Henri Fantin-Latour

Apr., 1912 -- Paintings by Frank Brangwyn and Henri Le Sidaner

Jan., 1913 -- Paintings by Ignacio Zuloaga

May, 1913 -- Etchings by Seymour Haden

June, 1913 -- Paintings and Lithographs by Henri Fantin-Latour

Oct., 1913 -- Etchings by Frank Brangwyn

Jan., 1914 -- Ignacio Zuloaga

Mar., 1914 -- Paintings by Alphonse Legros

Apr., 1914 -- George Luks

May, 1914 -- Seven Modern Masterpieces including Gustave Courbet, Henri Fantin-Latour, Alphonse Legros, Matthew Maris, and James McNeill Whistler

undated, 1915 -- Paintings by John Lavery

Jan.-Feb., 1917 -- James McNeill Whistler's White Girl

Feb.-Mar., 1917 -- Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar.-Apr., 1917 -- Paintings and Etchings by John Sloan

Summer, 1917 -- Works by French artists including A. L. Bouche, Josef Israels, Gaston La Touche, and Alphonse Legros

Oct., 1917 -- Monoprints by Salvatore Antonio Guarino

Nov., 1917 -- Etchings and Mezzotints by Albany E. Howarth

Jan., 1918 -- Recent Paintings by John Lavery

Jan.-Feb., 1918 -- Paintings and Watercolors by George Luks

Feb.-Mar., 1918 -- Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar., 1918 -- Paintings by John Sloan

Apr.-May, 1918 -- Paintings by A. L. Bouche

May, 1918 -- War Paintings by J. Mortimer Block, Charles S. Chapman, Guy Pène Du Bois, H. B. Fuller, George Luks, W. Ritschell, John Sloan, and Augustus Vincent Tack

Oct., 1918 -- Oil Paintings by William Scott Pyle

Nov., 1918 -- Paintings by Gustave Courbet, Henri Fantin-Latour, Alphonse Legros, Edouard Manet, Antoine Vollon, James McNeill Whistler, and Ignacio Zuloaga, and bronzes by Antoine Louis Bayre, Emile Antoine Bourdelle, and Mahonri Young

Apr., 1919 -- Paintings and Monoprints by Salvatore Anthonio Guarino

Jan.-Feb., 1919 -- Decorative Panels and Other Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar., 1919 -- Paintings and Drawings by John Sloan

May, 1919 -- Paintings by George Luks, Monticelli, and A. P. Ryder

Sept., 1919 -- Work by Jean Louis Forain

Oct., 1919 -- Etchings and Lithographs by Alphonse Legros

Jan., 1920 -- Recent Paintings by George Luks

Feb., 1920 -- Recent Paintings by John Sloan

Feb., 1920 -- Paintings by William Scott Pyle

Mar., 1920 -- Recent Paintings by Gifford Beal

Apr., 1920 -- Recent Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Apr., 1920 -- Paintings by Henri Le Sidaner

Apr., 1920 -- Paintings and Drawings by Jean Louis Forain

Apr.-May, 1920 -- Paintings and Drawings by Jerome Myers

May, 1920 -- Paintings by Henrietta M. Shore

Jan., 1921 -- Paintings by French and American Artists

Jan.-Feb., 1921 -- Paintings by George Luks

Feb., 1921 -- New Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Apr., 1921 -- John Sloan Retrospective

Summer, 1921 -- French and American Artists

Oct., 1921 -- Paintings of Mountford Coolidge

Oct., 1921 -- Works by Henri Fantin-Latour and Henri Le Sidaner

Nov., 1921 -- Frank Van Vleet Tompkins

Dec., 1921 -- Paintings and Bronzes by Modern Masters of American and European Art

Jan., 1922 -- Exhibition of Recent Paintings and Watercolors by George Luks

Feb., 1922 -- Paintings by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar., 1922 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Gifford Beal

Apr., 1922 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Summer, 1922 -- Paintings by Modern Masters of American and European Art

Oct., 1922 -- Recent Paintings of the Maine Coast by George Luks

Jan., 1923 -- Exhibition of Paintings by George Luks

Feb., 1923 -- Paintings and Decorative Panels by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar., 1923 -- Landscapes by Will Shuster

Mar., 1923 -- Paintings by Samuel Halpert

Apr., 1923 -- Marine Figures and Landscapes by Gifford Beal

Apr.-May, 1923 -- Paintings by John Sloan

May, 1923 -- Paintings by Frank Van Vleet Tompkins

June, 1923 -- Etchings by Marius A. J. Bauer

Oct., 1923 -- American Watercolors by Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, George Luks, Maurice Prendergast, and William Zorach

Dec., 1923 -- Etchings and Lithographs by Alphonse Legros

Dec., 1923 -- Paintings, Drawings, and Pastels by Charles Adolphe Bischoff

Jan., 1924 -- Paintings by Celebrated American Artists

Mar., 1924 -- Paintings and Drawings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Apr., 1924 -- New Paintings by George Luks

May, 1924 -- Paintings by Marjorie Phillips

Summer, 1924 -- French and American Modern Artists

Oct., 1924 -- Painting, Watercolors, and Sculpture by William Zorach

Nov., 1924 -- Watercolors by Seven Americans

Dec., 1924 -- French Paintings

Jan., 1925 -- Paintings by John Sloan

Jan.-Feb., 1925 -- Maurice Prendergast Memorial Exhibition

Mar., 1925 -- Plans and Photographs of Work in Landscape Architecture by Charles Downing Lay

Apr., 1925 -- Paintings by William J. Glackens

Dec., 1925 -- Watercolors by Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, Carl Broemel, Richard Lahey Jerome Myers, Maurice Prendergast, Henry E. Schnakenberg, Abraham Walkowitz, and William Zorach

undated, 1926 -- Lower Broadway by W. Walcot

Feb., 1926 -- Paintings by Paul Burlin

Feb., 1926 -- Portraits of Duncan Phillips, Esq. Charles B. Rogers, Esq. & The Hon. Elihu Root Painted by Augustus Vincent Tack

Mar., 1926 -- Paintings, Watercolors, and Drawings by Gifford Beal

Apr., 1926 -- John Sloan

Sept.-Oct., 1926 -- Exhibition of Etchings by C. R. W. Nevinson

Oct., 1926 -- Drawings, Etchings, and Lithographs by Nineteenth-Century French Artists

Oct., 1926 -- Paintings and Drawings by Mathieu Verdilhan

Dec., 1926 -- Exhibition of Watercolors by Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, Carl Broemel, Guy Pène Du Bois, Ernest Fiene, Samuel Halpert, Henry Keller, Louis Kronberg, Richard Lahey, Charles Lay, Jerome Myers, Maurice Prendergast, Henry

Dec., 1926 -- Schnakenberg, A. Walkowitz, Martha Walters, William Zorach

Jan., 1927 -- French Drawings and Prints

Feb., 1927 -- Paintings, Drawings, Etchings, and Lithographs by John Sloan

Mar., 1927 -- Gifford Beal

Mar.-Apr., 1927 -- Decorative Panels and Watercolors by Margarett Sargent

Mar.-Apr., 1927 -- Exhibition of Drawings and Lithographs of New York by Adriaan Lubbers

Apr., 1927 -- Paintings and Etchings by Walter Pach

Apr.-May, 1927 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Leopold Survage

Apr.-May, 1927 -- Etchings and Woodcuts by D. Galanis

May, 1927 -- Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Summer, 1927 -- Paintings by American Artists

Summer, 1927 -- Paintings, Watercolors, and Drawings by Georges Braque, Honoré Daumier, Edgar Degas, André Derain, Henri Fantin-Latour, Jean Louis Forain, Constantin Guys, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Edouard Manet, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Claude Monet, Morissot, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pissarro, Odilon Redon, Segonzac, and Georges Seurat

Oct.-Nov., 1927 -- Exhibition of Etchings in Color by Bernard Boutet de Monvel

Nov., 1927 -- Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings, Lithographs, and Watercolors by Ernest Fiene

Dec., 1927 -- Watercolors by American Artists including Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, Carl Broemel, Charles Demuth, Guy Pène Du Bois, Ernest Fiene, Henry G. Keller, Richard Lahey, Charles Downing Lay, Howard Ashman Patterson, [Maurice] Prendergast, Henry E. Schnakenberg, Abraham Walkowitz, Frank Nelson Wilcox, and [William] Zorach

Dec., 1927 -- Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Dec., 1927 -- Paintings, Sculpture, and Decorative Media by George Biddle

Jan.-Feb., 1928 -- Paintings by S. J. Peploe

Feb., 1928 -- Drawings by Henri Fantin-Latour

Feb., 1928 -- Pastels and Drawings by Margarett Sargent

Feb., 1928 -- Drawings for Balzac's Les Contes Drolatiques by Ralph Barton

Feb.-Mar., 1928 -- Sculpture by William Zorach

Mar., 1928 -- Recent Paintings by Marjorie Phillips

Mar.-Apr., 1928 -- Exhibition of Paintings by William Glackens

Apr., 1928 -- Paintings, Drawings and Lithographs by R. H. Sauter of London, England

Oct., 1928 -- Modern French Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings

Oct.-Nov., 1928 -- Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings, Etchings, and Lithographs by Richard Lahey

Nov., 1928 -- Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture by J. D. Fergusson

Nov.-Dec., 1928 -- Paintings, Drawings and Etchings by Walter Pach

Dec., 1928 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Abraham Walkowitz

Jan., 1929 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Margarett Sargent

Jan., 1929 -- Watercolors by Rodin

Jan.-Feb., 1929 -- Exhibition of Sculpture by Arnold Geissbuhler

Feb., 1929 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Guy Pène Du Bois

Feb.-Mar., 1929 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal

Mar., 1929 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Adriaan Lubbers

Mar.-Apr., 1929 -- Exhibition of Etchings by Gifford Beal, Frank W. Benson, Childe Hassam, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and John Sloan

Apr., 1929 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Arnold Friedman

Apr., 1929 -- Sculpture by Harriette G. Miller

May, 1929 -- Paintings by Howard Ashman Patterson

May, 1929 -- Paintings by William Meyerowitz

Oct., 1929 -- Exhibition of Modern French Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings

Nov., 1929 -- Modern French and American Paintings, Watercolors, Prints, and Sculpture (at Gage Galleries in Cleveland)

Jan., 1930 -- Paintings by Paul Bartlett

Feb., 1930 -- Watercolors by Auguste Rodin

Feb.-Mar., 1930 -- Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Summer, 1930 -- Paintings by American Artists

Oct., 1930 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Maurice Prendergast

Nov., 1930 -- Paintings by Ruth Jonas

Nov., 1930 -- Sculpture by Harriette G. Miller

Jan., 1931 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Richard Lahey

Jan.-Feb., 1931 -- Paintings by Erle Loran Johnson

Feb.-Mar., 1931 -- Paintings, Watercolors and Etchings by Gifford Beal

Mar., 1931 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Walter Pach

Mar.-Apr., 1931 -- Paintings, Drawings, and Etchings by Rudolf H. Sauter

May, 1931 -- Exhibition of Watercolors by John La Farge, Gifford Beal, H. E. Schnakenberg, Maurice Prendergast, Guy Pène Du Bois, Richard Lahey

Fall, 1931 -- Modern French Paintings, Watercolors, and Drawings

Dec., 1931 -- Exhibition of Drawings and Watercolors by D. Y. Cameron, Joseph Gray, Henry Rushbury, Muirhead Bone, Edmund Blampied, Gwen John

Dec., 1931 -- Lithographs and Posters by H. de Toulouse-Lautrec

Jan., 1932 -- Watercolors by Pierre Brissaud

Feb., 1932 -- Paintings and Drawings by A. S. Baylinson

Mar., 1932 -- Watercolors and Pastels by French and American Artists

Apr., 1932 -- Paintings by Nan Watson

May, 1932 -- Sculpture by Behn, Bourdelle, Geissbuhler, Lachaise, Maillol, Miller, Nadelman, Renoir, Young, Zorach; Decorative Panels by Max Kuehne, and Charles Prendergast

June-Aug., 1932 -- Paintings and Watercolors by American Artists

Oct.-Nov., 1932 -- Paintings, Watercolors, and Drawings by Various Artists

Jan., 1933 -- Paintings by Paul Bartlett

Jan.-Feb., 1933 -- Lithographs by Henri Fantin-Latour

Feb., 1933 -- Etchings of Dogs by Bert Cobb

Feb.-Mar., 1933 -- Paintings by American Artists

Feb.-Apr., 1933 -- Paintings by Contemporary Americans

Apr., 1933 -- Paintings by Maurice Prendergast

Oct., 1933 -- Exhibition of French Paintings, Watercolors, and Drawings

Oct.-Nov., 1933 -- Drawings by Emily W. Miles

Oct.-Nov., 1933 -- Exhibition of Etchings and Lithographs

Nov., 1933 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Henry E. Schnakenberg

Dec., 1933 -- Watercolors by Gifford Beal

Jan., 1934 -- Exhibition of Drawings by Denys Wortman for "Metropolitan Movies"

Summer, 1934 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, Isabel Bishop, Ann Brockman, Preston Dickinson, Guy Pène Du Bois, William J. Glackens, Richard Lahey, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Harriette Miller, Maurice Prendergast, Henry E. Schnakenberg, and John Sloan

Oct.-Nov., 1934 -- Exhibition of Etchings and Lithographs

Nov.-Dec., 1934 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal

Mar., 1935 -- Complete Collection of Etchings by Mahonri Young

July-Aug., 1935 -- Paintings by American Artists including Gifford Beal, Reynolds Beal, Ann Brockman, Guy Pène Du Bois, William J. Glackens, Max Kuehne, Richard Lahey, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Harriette G. Miller, Maurice Prendergast, Henry E. Schnakenberg, John Sloan, and Abraham Walkowitz

Oct.-Nov., 1935 -- Decorative Panels by Charles Prendergast

Nov., 1935 -- Exhibition of Paintings by H. E. Schnakenberg

Mar., 1936 -- Paintings by Louis Bouché

Apr., 1936 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal

Oct.-Nov., 1936 -- Loan Collection of French Paintings

Dec., 1936 -- Monotypes in Color by Maurice Prendergast

Jan., 1937 -- Recent Watercolors by H. E. Schnakenberg

Jan., 1937 -- Paintings of Flowers by William J. Glackens

Feb., 1937 -- Etchings by John Sloan

Feb., 1937 -- A Group of American Paintings

Sept., 1937 -- A Group of Paintings by Gifford Beal, Louis Bouché, Guy Pène Du Bois, William J. Glackens, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Maurice Prendergast, Theodore Robinson, John Sloan, J. Alden Weir

Oct.-Nov., 1937 -- Decorative Panels by Charles Prendergast

Dec., 1937 -- American Watercolors

Jan.-Feb., 1938 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal

Feb.-Mar., 1938 -- Drawings by William Glackens, Guy Pène Du Bois, John Sloan, Denys Wortman

Apr., 1938 -- Paintings by Louis Bouché

May, 1938 -- Paintings and Pastels by Randall Davey

Oct., 1938 -- Selected Paintings by Modern French and American Artists

Nov., 1938 -- Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois from 1908 to 1938

Nov., 1938 -- Paintings and Sculpture by Harriette G. Miller

Dec., 1938 -- Watercolors by Prendergast, Keller, Demuth, Wilcox and Others

Jan., 1939 -- Paintings by H. H. Newton

Oct., 1939 -- French and American Paintings

Oct.-Nov., 1939 -- Drawings by William Glackens of Spanish-American War Scenes

Nov., 1939 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Russell Cowles

Jan.-Feb., 1940 -- Recent Paintings by Louis Bouché

Feb.-Mar., 1940 -- Paintings by Henry Schnakenberg

Mar.-Apr., 1940 -- Paintings by Maurice Prendergast

Apr.-May, 1940 -- Watercolors by Charles Kaeselau

May-June, 1940 -- A Group of Recent Paintings by Gifford Beal, Russell Cowles, John Koch, Henry Schnakenberg, Esther Williams, Louis Bouché, Guy Pène Du Bois, Harriette G. Miller, John Sloan, Edmund Yaghjian

Oct., 1940 -- Drawings by American Artists

Nov., 1940 -- Walt Dehner

Mar., 1941 -- John Koch

May-June, 1941 -- Watercolors and Small Paintings by Gifford Beal

Oct.-Nov., 1941 -- Recent Paintings by Russell Cowles

Nov.-Dec., 1941 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Henry E. Schnakenberg

Dec., 1941 -- Charles Prendergast

Jan., 1942 -- Paintings by Samuel Brecher

Jan.-Feb., 1942 -- Recent Paintings by Guy Pène Du Bois

Mar.-Apr., 1942 -- Recent Paintings by Louis Bouché

Mar.-Apr., 1942 -- Illustrations by Boardman Robinson Commissioned by the Limited Editions Club for Edgar Lee Masters' "Spoon River Anthology"

Dec., 1942 -- Paintings from the Period of the Last War

Feb., 1943 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Dean Fausett

Mar., 1943 -- Paintings by John Hartell

May-July, 1943 -- Watercolors by Contemporary American Artists

Feb.-Mar., 1944 -- Samuel Brecher

Feb.-Mar., 1944 -- Paintings, Gouaches, and Drawings by Andrée Ruellan

Mar., 1944 -- Vaughn Flannery

Mar.-Apr., 1944 -- Recent Paintings by Russell Cowles

Apr.-May, 1944 -- Recent Paintings by Louis Bouché

May-June, 1944 -- Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings and Watercolors by Henry G. Keller

Oct., 1944 -- Esther Williams

Nov.-Dec., 1944 -- Paintings and Watercolors of France by Maurice Prendergast

Dec., 1944 -- William J. Glackens Sixth Memorial Exhibition

Dec., 1944 -- Kraushaar Galleries Sixtieth Anniversary Exhibition of Paintings by William J. Glackens, Ernest Lawson, George Luks, Maurice Prendergast, and John Sloan

Jan.-Feb., 1945 -- Paintings by Gifford Beal

Feb.-Mar., 1945 -- Paintings by Andrée Ruellan

Apr.-May, 1945 -- Charles Locke

May-June, 1945 -- William Dean Fausett

Oct., 1945 -- Paintings by John Hartell

Nov.-Dec., 1945 -- Recent Watercolors by Marion Monks Chase

Nov.-Dec., 1945 -- Gouaches by Cecil Bell

Dec., 1945 -- Memorial Exhibition of Paintings and Watercolors by Ann Brockman

undated, 1946 -- Russell Cowles

Jan.-Feb., 1946 -- Richard Lahey

Feb., 1946 -- John Koch

Feb.-Mar., 1946 -- Paintings by Ernst Halberstadt

Mar., 1946 -- Paintings of Mexico and Guatemala by Henry E. Schnakenberg

Mar., 1946 -- Iver Rose

Apr., 1946 -- Louis Bouché

Apr.-May, 1946 -- Russell Cowles

May-June, 1946 -- Paintings by Bernard Arnest, Charles Harsanyi, Irving Katzenstein, Anna Licht, James Penney, Etienne Ret, and Vernon Smith

Sept., 1946 -- Retrospective Exhibition of the Work of Boardman Robinson

Nov., 1946 -- Guy Pène Du Bois

Nov.-Dec., 1946 -- William J. Glackens Eighth Memorial Exhibition

Jan., 1947 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1947 -- Sculpture by Robert Laurent

Feb.-Mar., 1947 -- Paintings by Iver Rose

Feb.-Mar., 1947 -- Recent Paintings by Vernon Smith

Apr., 1947 -- Charles Prendergast

Apr., 1947 -- Louis Bouché

Apr.-May, 1947 -- Esther Williams

Oct.-Nov., 1947 -- Anna Licht

Nov., 1947 -- William J. Glackens Ninth Memorial Exhibition, with Works by Lenna Glackens

Mar., 1948 -- Russell Cowles

Apr.-May, 1948 -- Bernard Arnest

Aug.-Sept., 1948 -- New York Paintings and Watercolors

Oct.-Nov., 1948 -- Kenneth Evett

Nov.-Dec., 1948 -- Watercolors and Pastels by Harriette G. Miller

Jan.-Feb., 1949 -- John Hartell

Sept.-Oct., 1949 -- Contemporary American Watercolors and Gouaches

Oct., 1949 -- Contemporary Paintings

Jan., 1950 -- Maurice Prendergast Retrospective of Oils and Watercolors

Jan.-Feb., 1950 -- James Penney

Feb.-Mar., 1950 -- Paintings by Karl Schrag

Mar.-Apr., 1950 -- Russell Cowles

Jan.-Feb., 1951 -- William Sommer

Feb., 1951 -- Prints and Drawings by Various Artists

Feb., 1951 -- Paintings by Louis Bouché

Mar., 1951 -- Kenneth Evett

Apr.-May, 1951 -- Paintings by Gallery Artists

May-July, 1951 -- Contemporary American Watercolors

July-Aug., 1951 -- Paintings on the Summer Theme

Sept.-Oct., 1951 -- Vaughn Flannery

Oct.-Nov., 1951 -- Recent Paintings by Gallery Artists

Nov., 1951 -- Paintings by John Koch

Nov.-Dec., 1951 -- Joe Lasker

Dec., 1951 -- Small Prints and Drawings

Jan., 1952 -- Recent Gouaches by William Kienbusch

Jan., 1952 -- John Sloan: Recent Etchings from 1944-1951, and Etchings and Drawings Selected from All Periods of His Career

Feb.-Mar., 1952 -- Andrée Ruellan

Mar.-Apr., 1952 -- Bernard Arnest

Apr.-May, 1952 -- Recent Sculpture by Robert Laurent

May, 1952 -- Recent Paintings by Contemporary American Artists

May-June, 1952 -- Watercolors by Joseph Barber, Edward Christiana, Walt Dehner, Sidney Eaton, Wray Manning, and Woldemar Neufeld

July-Aug., 1952 -- Color Prints (Woodcuts, Etchings, and Lithographs) by Eleanor Coen, Caroline Durieux, Max Kahn, Tom Lias, Woldemar Neufeld, James Penney, George Remaily, Ann Ryan, and Karl Schrag

Nov., 1952 -- Karl Schrag

Dec., 1952-Jan. 1953 -- Eight Oregon Artists

Jan., 1953 -- Charles Prendergast Memorial Exhibition

Jan.-Feb., 1953 -- John Hartell

May, 1953 -- John Heliker

June, 1953 -- Humbert Alberizio, Vaughn Flannery, William Kienbusch, George Rickey, Andrée Ruellan, and Karl Schrag

Sept., 1953 -- Works by Gifford Beal, Kenneth Evett, Tom Hardy, John Koch, and James Lechay

Sept.-Oct., 1953 -- Paintings by Glackens, Lawson, Prendergast, Sloan

Oct.-Nov., 1953 -- Paintings by E. Powis Jones

Oct.-Nov., 1953 -- Recent Works by John Koch

Nov., 1953 -- Kenneth Evett: Drawings from Greek Mythology

Nov.-Dec., 1953 -- Recent Metal Sculptures by Tom Hardy

Nov.-Dec., 1953 -- Pastels, Drawings and Prints by Peggy Bacon

Nov.-Dec., 1953 -- Recent Paintings by Ralph Dubin

Feb.-Mar., 1954 -- Russell Cowles

Mar.-Apr., 1954 -- James Penney

Nov.-Dec., 1954 -- Tom Hardy: Metal Sculptures

Jan., 1955 -- Mobiles, Machines, and Kinetic Sculpture by George Rickey

Jan.-Feb., 1955 -- James Lechay

Feb., 1955 -- Mobiles by George Rickey

Feb.-Mar., 1955 -- Drawings, Etchings, and Lithographs by John Sloan (with a selection of prints by artists whose work influenced him in his early years: Rembrandt, Hogarth, Goya, Rops, Daumier, Rowlandson and others, to mark the publication of John Sloan: A Painter's Life by Van Wyck Brooks)

Mar.-Apr., 1955 -- Jane Wasey

Apr., 1955 -- Recent Work by Joe Lasker

May-June, 1955 -- Sculpture and Drawings by Contemporary American Artists

Jan., 1956 -- Carl Morris

Jan.-Feb., 1956 -- John Laurent

Feb.-Mar., 1956 -- William Kienbusch

Mar., 1956 -- Andrée Ruellan

Mar.-Apr., 1956 -- Karl Schrag

Apr.-May, 1956 -- John Heliker

May, 1956 -- Monotypes by Maurice Prendergast

Oct., 1956 -- The Eight

Jan.-Feb., 1957 -- Paintings by John Hartell

Apr., 1957 -- James Penney

Apr.-May, 1957 -- John Heliker

May-June, 1957 -- Fourteen Painter-Printmakers (American Federation of Arts exhibition)

June-July, 1957 -- 20th Century American Artists

Nov., 1957 -- William Glackens and His Friends (based on the book by Ira Glackens)

Nov., 1957 -- Marguerite Zorach

Jan., 1958 -- Gouches, Drawings and Small Glyphs by Ulfert Wilke

Jan.-Feb., 1958 -- Tom Hardy

Feb.-Mar., 1958 -- John Koch

Feb.-Mar., 1958 -- Still Life Exhibition with Works by William J. Glackens and Maurice Prendergast

Feb.-Mar., 1958 -- Cecil Bell

Mar., 1958 -- Karl Schrag

Mar., 1958 -- Carl Morris

Mar.-Apr., 1958 -- Louis Bouché

Apr., 1958 -- Paintings and Drawings by Joe Lasker

Apr.-May, 1958 -- Paintings and Drawings by Walter Feldman

Apr.-May, 1958 -- Sculpture by Henry Mitchell

May-June, 1958 -- Works in Casein and Gouache by Bernard Arnest, William Kienbusch, Carl Morris, and Karl Schrag

July, 1958 -- Still Life Paintings and Watercolors by American Artists

Oct.-Nov., 1958 -- Kenneth Evett

Nov., 1958 -- Elsie Manville

Nov.-Dec., 1958 -- John Laurent

Jan., 1959 -- Kinetic Sculpture by George Rickey

Jan.-Feb., 1959 -- Bernard Arnest

Mar., 1959 -- Karl Schrag

Mar.-Apr., 1959 -- Paintings by Joe Lasker

Apr.-May, 1959 -- Henry Mitchell

Sept.-Oct., 1959 -- Robert Searle

Oct.-Nov., 1959 -- Russell Cowles

Nov., 1959 -- Caseins and Paintings by William Kienbusch

Dec., 1959 -- Paintings by Vaughn Flannery

Feb., 1960 -- James Lechay

Apr., 1960 -- Landscapes by John Sloan

Apr.-May, 1960 -- John Guerin

May-June, 1960 -- Drawings and Small Sculpture by Gallery Artists

Oct., 1960 -- Ainslie Burke

Oct.-Nov., 1960 -- Leon Goldin

Nov.-Dec., 1960 -- Ulfert Wilke

Jan., 1961 -- Leonard DeLonga

Jan., 1961 -- Kenneth Evett

Jan.-Feb., 1961 -- Walter Feldman

Feb.-Mar., 1961 -- Watercolors and Pastels by Early Twentieth-Century American Artists

Mar., 1961 -- Paintings by Ralph Dubin

Mar.-Apr., 1961 -- James Penney

Apr.-May, 1961 -- John Koch

June, 1961 -- Works by Humbert Albrizio, Bernard Arnest, Cecil Bell, Louis Bouché, Ralph Dubin, Kenneth Evett, Walter Feldman, John Hartell, John Heliker, William Kienbusch, John Koch, Robert Laurent, James Lechay, Elsie Manville, Henry Mitchell, James Penney, George Rickey, Andrée Ruellan, Henry E. Schnakenberg, Karl Schrag, Jane Wasey, and Marguerite Zorach

Sept., 1961 -- Works by Contemporary Americans

Oct., 1961 -- George Rickey: Kinetic Sculpture

Oct.-Nov., 1961 -- Carl Morris

Nov.-Dec., 1961 -- Peggy Bacon

Dec., 1961 -- Selected Works by Twentieth-Century Americans

Jan., 1962 -- Polymer Resin and Sumi Ink Paintings by Kenneth Evett

Jan.-Feb., 1962 -- Louis Bouché

Feb.-Mar., 1962 -- Karl Schrag

Mar., 1962 -- Marguerite Zorach

Apr., 1962 -- John Laurent

Apr.-May, 1962 -- Sculpture by Tom Hardy

May-June, 1962 -- Drawings by Contemporary American Artists

July-Aug., 1962 -- Group Exhibitions - Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture by 20th Century American Artists

Oct., 1962 -- Bernard Arnest

Feb., 1963 -- William Kienbusch

Feb.-Mar., 1963 -- John Guerin

Mar., 1963 -- John Hartell

Sept.-Oct., 1963 -- Andrée Ruellan

Oct.-Nov., 1963 -- Ainslie Burke

Nov., 1963 -- Walter Feldman

Dec., 1963 -- Drawings by John Koch

Dec., 1963 -- Paintings by Contemporary Americans

Jan., 1964 -- Leonard DeLonga

Jan.-Feb., 1964 -- Joe Lasker

Feb.-Mar., 1964 -- Leon Goldin

Mar., 1964 -- Paintings by Ralph Dubin

Apr., 1964 -- Carl Morris

Apr.-May, 1964 -- Paintings and Drawings by John Heliker

Oct.-Nov., 1964 -- Louis Bouché

Nov.-Dec., 1964 -- Karl Schrag

Dec., 1964 -- Kenneth Evett

Feb., 1965 -- Russell Cowles

Feb.-Mar., 1965 -- James Lechay

Mar.-Apr., 1965 -- James Penney

Apr.-May, 1965 -- Gifford Beal

Feb., 1966 -- Dennis Leon

Feb.-Mar., 1966 -- Henry Schnakenberg

Mar.-Apr., 1966 -- John Hartell

Apr., 1966 -- Elsie Manville

Oct., 1966 -- Contrasts - Early and Late Works by Selected Contemporaries

Oct.-Nov., 1966 -- Tom Hardy

Nov.-Dec., 1966 -- Francis Chapin

Dec., 1966-Jan., 1967 -- Karl Schrag: Etchings and Lithographs

Jan.-Feb., 1967 -- Leonard DeLonga

Feb.-Mar., 1967 -- Carl Morris

Mar.-Apr., 1967 -- Ainslie Burke

Apr.-May, 1967 -- John Heliker: Paintings, Drawings, and Watercolors

May-June, 1967 -- William Glackens

Oct., 1967 -- Kenneth Callahan

Oct.-Nov., 1967 -- John Laurent

Jan.-Feb., 1968 -- Dennis Leon

Feb.-Mar., 1968 -- Robert La Hotan

Apr., 1968 -- John Guerin

Apr.-May, 1968 -- Leon Goldin

Sept.-Oct., 1968 -- Contemporary Sculpture and Drawings

Oct.-Nov., 1968 -- Karl Schrag

Nov.-Dec., 1968 -- James Lechay: Portraits and Landscapes

Dec., 1968-Jan., 1969 -- Group Exhibition

Jan., 1969 -- Elsie Manville

Mar., 1969 -- Kenneth Evett

Apr.-May, 1969 -- James Penney

Sept.-Oct., 1969 -- New Works by Contemporary Artists

Oct.-Nov., 1969 -- John Hartell: Exhibition

Nov., 1969 -- Peggy Bacon

Dec., 1969 -- Selected Examples by American Artists 1900-1930

Jan., 1970 -- Leonard DeLonga

Feb., 1970 -- Joe Lasker

Mar., 1970 -- Group Exhibition

Mar.-Apr., 1970 -- Dennis Leon

Apr.-May, 1970 -- Jerome Myers

Oct.-Nov., 1970 -- Tom Hardy

Jan.-Feb., 1971 -- Jane Wasey

Mar.-Apr., 1971 -- Kenneth Callahan

Oct., 1971 -- Ainslie Burke

Nov.-Dec., 1971 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1972 -- John Koch

Mar.-Apr., 1972 -- Robert La Hotan

Apr.-May, 1972 -- Leon Goldin

May-June, 1972 -- Selected Works by 20th Century Americans

Sept.-Oct., 1972 -- Gallery Collection: American Watercolors and Drawings

Oct.-Nov., 1972 -- John Hartell

Nov.-Dec., 1972 -- Peggy Bacon

Dec., 1972 -- 20th Century Americans

Jan., 1973 -- Leonard DeLonga

Feb., 1973 -- Carl Morris

Mar., 1973 -- James Lechay

Mar.-Apr., 1973 -- Russell Cowles: Landscape Paintings

Apr.-May, 1973 -- Jerome Witkin

May-June, 1973 -- Kenneth Evett: Watercolors

Oct.-Nov., 1973 -- Kenneth Callahan

Jan., 1974 -- Joe Lasker

Jan.-Feb., 1974 -- Bernard Arnest

Feb.-Mar., 1974 -- Concetta Scaravaglione

Oct., 1974 -- Ainslie Burke

Oct.-Nov., 1974 -- James Penney

Jan., 1975 -- Tom Hardy

Jan.-Feb., 1975 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1975 -- Robert La Hotan

Mar.-Apr., 1975 -- William Kienbusch

Apr., 1975 -- Elsie Manville

Apr.-May, 1975 -- Gifford Beal

Oct.-Nov., 1975 -- John Hartell

Nov., 1975 -- Daniel O'Sullivan

Mar., 1976 -- Jerome Witkin

May, 1976 -- Linda Sokolowski

Sept.-Oct., 1976 -- Joe Lasker, Illustrations from Merry Ever After

Oct., 1976 -- Leonard DeLonga

Nov.-Dec., 1976 -- Kenneth Callahan

Jan., 1977 -- James Lechay

Mar., 1977 -- Karl Schrag

Mar.-Apr., 1977 -- David Cantine

Oct.-Nov., 1977 -- John Hartell

Nov.-Dec., 1977 -- Ainslie Burke

Feb., 1978 -- Robert La Hotan

Apr., 1978 -- Elsie Manville

Oct., 1978 -- Tom Hardy

Oct.-Nov., 1978 -- Jerome Witkin

Jan.-Feb., 1979 -- Joe Lasker

Feb., 1979 -- Kenneth Evett

Feb.-Mar., 1979 -- Karl Schrag

Mar.-Apr., 1979 -- Carl Morris

Apr.-May, 1979 -- Linda Sokolowski

Oct.-Nov., 1979 -- Daniel O'Sullivan

Feb.-Mar., 1980 -- Kenneth Callahan

Mar., 1980 -- Ainslie Burke

Oct., 1980 -- John Hartell

Jan., 1981 -- Leonard DeLonga

Feb., 1981 -- James Lechay

Feb.-Mar., 1981 -- Robert La Hotan

Mar.-Apr., 1981 -- Jerry Atkins

Apr.-May, 1981 -- Ben Frank Moss

Jan.-Feb., 1982 -- Jerome Witkin

Feb.-Mar., 1982 -- Elsie Manville

Mar.-Apr., 1982 -- Karl Schrag

Apr.-May, 1982 -- Linda Sokolowski

May-June, 1982 -- David Cantine

Sept.-Oct., 1982 -- Kenneth Callahan

Oct.-Nov., 1982 -- Joe Lasker

Nov.-Dec., 1982 -- Daniel O'Sullivan

Jan.-Feb., 1983 -- William Kienbusch: Memorial Exhibition

Feb.-Mar., 1983 -- Jerry Atkins

Mar.-Apr., 1983 -- John Hartell

Apr.-May, 1983 -- John Heliker

May-June, 1983 -- Kenneth Evett

Oct., 1983 -- Concetta Scaravaglione

Oct.-Nov., 1983 -- Ben Frank Moss

Nov.-Dec., 1983 -- Russell Cowles

Dec., 1983-Jan., 1984 -- 20th Century Americans

Jan.-Feb., 1984 -- Marguerite Zorach: Paintings at Home and Abroad

Feb.-Mar., 1984 -- Robert La Hotan

Mar., 1984 -- David Smalley

Apr., 1984 -- Carl Morris

May, 1984 -- Karl Schrag

July, 1984 -- Drawings by 20th Century Americans

July-Aug., 1984 -- Collages and Drawings by Joseph Heil

Aug.-Sept., 1984 -- Drawings and Prints by Tom Hardy

Sept.-Oct., 1984 -- James Penney: Memorial Exhibition

Oct.-Nov., 1984 -- Paintings and Drawings by Leon Goldin

Nov.-Dec., 1984 -- Isabelle Siegel

Dec., 1984-Jan., 1985 -- Group Exhibition: Contemporary American Paintings and Sculpture

Jan.-Feb., 1985 -- James Lechay

Feb.-Mar., 1985 -- Ainslie Burke

Mar., 1985 -- Karen Breunig

Apr., 1985 -- Kenneth Callahan

Oct., 1985 -- Elsie Manville

Oct.-Nov., 1985 -- William Glackens

Jan.-Feb., 1986 -- Linda Sokolowski

Feb.-Mar., 1986 -- Jerry Atkins

Apr.-May, 1986 -- Jane Wasey

Oct.-Nov., 1986 -- John Hartell

Nov.-Dec., 1986 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1987 -- Kenneth Evett

Apr.-May, 1987 -- Ben Frank Moss

May-June, 1987 -- David Smalley

Oct.-Nov., 1987 -- Isabelle Siegel

Feb.-Mar., 1988 -- Karen Breunig

Mar.-Apr., 1988 -- Leon Goldin

Sept.-Oct., 1988 -- Elsie Manville

Oct.-Nov., 1988 -- James Lechay

Jan.-Feb., 1989 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1989 -- Linda Sokolowski

Jan.-Feb., 1990 -- Kenneth Callahan: Works of the Fifties

Jan.-Feb., 1990 -- Gifford Beal: Watercolors

Mar., 1990 -- Robert La Hotan: Recent Paintings

Mar.-Apr., 1990 -- Sonia Gechtoff: New Paintings

May-June, 1990 -- David Smalley: Recent Sculpture

May-June, 1990 -- Andrée Ruellan: Sixty Years of Drawing...

Oct., 1990 -- Isabelle Siegel

Nov., 1990 -- Leon Goldin

Jan.-Feb., 1991 -- Karl Schrag

Feb.-Mar., 1991 -- Joe Lasker

Apr., 1991 -- Ainslie Burke

Nov.-Dec., 1991 -- Linda Sokolowski: Oils, Collages, Monotypes

Dec., 1991-Jan., 1992 -- Elsie Manville: Small Works on Paper

Mar., 1992 -- Tabitha Vevers

May-June, 1992 -- Sonia Gechtoff

Oct.-Nov., 1992 -- James Lechay

Nov.-Dec., 1992 -- Karl Schrag

Mar., 1993 -- Leon Goldin: Works on Paper

Apr.-May, 1993 -- Robert La Hotan

Oct., 1993 -- David Smalley: Sculpture Inside and Out

Oct., 1993 -- Andrée Ruellan: Works on Paper 1920-1980

Mar.-Apr., 1994 -- Kenneth Evett: Travels: Themes and Variations (Watercolors of Italy, Greece, Arizona, Maine and California)

Mar.-Apr., 1994 -- Tabitha Vevers

Oct.-Nov., 1994 -- Linda Sokolowski

Nov.-Dec., 1994 -- Karl Schrag

Jan.-Feb., 1995 -- Langdon Quin

Mar.-Apr., 1995 -- Robert La Hotan

Sept.-Oct., 1995 -- Sonia Gechtoff

Jan.-Feb., 1996 -- Elsie Manville: Paintings and Works on Paper

Oct.-Nov., 1996 -- Karl Schrag: A Self Portrait Retrospective, 1940-1995

Jan.-Feb., 1997 -- Joe Lasker: Paintings and Watercolors

Mar.-Apr., 1997 -- Tabitha Vevers

Oct.-Nov., 1997 -- James Lechay

Feb.-Mar., 1998 -- Linda Sokolowski: Canyon Suite: Works from the Southwest

Mar.-Apr., 1998 -- Leon Goldin: Paintings on Paper

Sept.-Oct., 1998 -- Sonia Gechtoff: Mysteries in the Sphere

Oct.-Nov., 1998 -- Langdon Quin: Recent Paintings

Nov.-Dec., 1998 -- John Gill

Jan.-Feb., 1999 -- Robert La Hotan

Feb.-Mar., 1999 -- Ann Sperry: Where Is Your Heart

Nov.-Dec., 1999 -- Kathryn Wall

Jan.-Feb., 2000 -- Elsie Manville

Sept.-Oct., 2000 -- Joe Lasker

Oct.-Nov., 2000 -- James Lechay

Oct.-Nov., 2000 -- Tabitha Vevers

May-June, 2001 -- Kenneth Callahan: Drawings

Dec., 2001-Jan., 2002 -- Sur La Table: A Selection of Paintings and Works on Paper

Jan.-Feb., 2002 -- Karl Schrag: Theme and Variations II: The Meadow

undated, 2003 -- Ann Sperry

Jan.-Feb., 2003 -- Andrée Ruellan: Works on Paper from the 1920s and 1930s

Oct.-Nov., 2003 -- Joe Lasker: Muses and Amusements

Nov.-Dec., 2003 -- Tabitha Vevers

Mar.-Apr., 2004 -- Leon Goldin: Five Decades of Works on Paper

May-July, 2004 -- Anne Frank: A Private Photo Album

Jan.-Feb., 2005 -- John Gill: Ceramics

Sept.-Oct., 2005 -- Karl Schrag: The Painter of Bright Nights
Related Material:
An untranscribed oral history interview with Antoinette Kraushaar was conducted for the Archives of American Art by Avis Berman in 1982, and is available on five audio cassettes at the Archives' Washington D.C. research facility.
Separated Material:
In addition to the records described in this finding aid, the following materials were lent to the Archives for filming in 1956 and are available on microfilm reels NKR1-NKR3 and for interlibrary loan: a book of clippings from 1907 to 1930, primarily of exhibition reviews; loose clippings and catalogs of exhibitions from 1930 to 1946; and a group of photographs and clippings relating to George Luks and other artists. These materials were returned to Kraushaar Galleries after microfilming.
Provenance:
53.5 linear feet of records were donated to the Archives of American Art by Kraushaar Galleries in three separate accessions in 1959, 1994, and 1996. Katherine Kaplan of Kraushaar Galleries donated an additional 38.4 linear feet in 2008-2009.
Restrictions:
Use of originals requires an appointment. A fragile original scrapbook is closed to researchers.
Rights:
The Kraushaar Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. The collection is subject to all copyright laws. Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce from the records requires written permission from: Katherine Kaplan, Kraushaar Galleries, 724 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10019.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Depressions -- 1929  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Drawings
Exhibition catalogs
Financial records
Notes
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Kraushaar Galleries records, 1877-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kraugall
See more items in:
Kraushaar Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kraugall

Western Union Telegraph Company Records

Creator:
United Telegraph Workers.  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Company  Search this
Extent:
452 Cubic feet (871 boxes and 23 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Scrapbooks
Contracts
Drawings
Articles
Administrative records
Clippings
Books
Photographs
Newsletters
Photograph albums
Specifications
Technical documents
Date:
circa 1820-1995
Summary:
The collection documents in photographs, scrapbooks, notebooks, correspondence, stock ledgers, annual reports, and financial records, the evolution of the telegraph, the development of the Western Union Telegraph Company, and the beginning of the communications revolution. The collection materials describe both the history of the company and of the telegraph industry in general, particularly its importance to the development of the technology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection is useful for researchers interested in the development of technology, economic history, and the impact of technology on American social and cultural life.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is divided into twenty-six (26) series and consists of approximately 400 cubic feet. The collection documents in photographs, scrapbooks, notebooks, correspondence, stock ledgers, annual reports, and financial records, the evolution of the telegraph, the development of the Western Union Telegraph Company, and the beginning of the communications revolution. The collection materials describe both the history of the company and of the telegraph industry in general, particularly its importance to the development of the technology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection is useful for researchers interested in the development of technology, economic history, and the impact of technology on American social and cultural life.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into twenty-six series.

Series 1: Historical and Background Information, 1851-1994

Series 2: Subsidiaries of Western Union, 1844-1986

Series 3: Executive Records, 1848-1987

Series 4: Presidential Letterbooks and Writings, 1865-1911

Series 5: Correspondence, 1837-1985

Series 6: Cyrus W. Field Papers, 1840-1892

Series 7: Secretary's Files, 1844-1987

Series 8: Financial Records, 1859-1995

Series 9: Legal Records, 1867-1968

Series 10: Railroad Records, 1854-1945

Series 11: Law Department Records, 1868-1979

Series 12: Patent Materials, 1840-1970

Series 13: Operating Records, 1868-1970s

Series 14: Westar VI-S, 1974, 1983-1986

Series 15: Engineering Department Records, 1874-1970

Series 16: Plant Department Records, 1867-1937, 1963

Series 17: Superintendent of Supplies Records, 1888-1948

Series 18: Employee/Personnel Records 1852-1985

Series 19: Public Relations Department Records, 1858-1980

Series 20: Western Union Museum, 1913-1971

Series 21: Maps, 1820-1964

Series 22: Telegrams, 1852-1960s

Series 23: Photographs, circa 1870-1980

Series 24: Scrapbooks, 1835-1956

Series 25: Notebooks, 1880-1942

Series 26: Audio Visual Materials, 1925-1994

Series 27: Materials for Interfile (Series 1; Series 3; Series 13; Series 15-23; Series 25-26)
Biographical / Historical:
In 1832 Samuel F. B. Morse, assisted by Alfred Vail, conceived of the idea for an electromechanical telegraph, which he called the "Recording Telegraph." This commercial application of electricity was made tangible by their construction of a crude working model in 1835-36. This instrument probably was never used outside of Professor Morse's rooms where it was, however, operated in a number of demonstrations. This original telegraph instrument was in the hands of the Western Union Telegraph Company and had been kept carefully over the years in a glass case. It was moved several times in New York as the Western Union headquarters building changed location over the years. The company presented it to the Smithsonian Institution in 1950.

The telegraph was further refined by Morse, Vail, and a colleague, Leonard Gale, into working mechanical form in 1837. In this year Morse filed a caveat for it at the U.S. Patent Office. Electricity, provided by Joseph Henry's 1836 "intensity batteries", was sent over a wire. The flow of electricity through the wire was interrupted for shorter or longer periods by holding down the key of the device. The resulting dots or dashes were recorded on a printer or could be interpreted orally. In 1838 Morse perfected his sending and receiving code and organized a corporation, making Vail and Gale his partners.

In 1843 Morse received funds from Congress to set-up a demonstration line between Washington and Baltimore. Unfortunately, Morse was not an astute businessman and had no practical plan for constructing a line. After an unsuccessful attempt at laying underground cables with Ezra Cornell, the inventor of a trench digger, Morse switched to the erection of telegraph poles and was more successful. On May 24, 1844, Morse, in the U.S. Supreme Court Chambers in Washington, sent by telegraph the oft-quoted message to his colleague Vail in Baltimore, "What hath God wrought!"

In 1845 Morse hired Andrew Jackson's former postmaster general, Amos Kendall, as his agent in locating potential buyers of the telegraph. Kendall realized the value of the device, and had little trouble convincing others of its potential for profit. By the spring he had attracted a small group of investors. They subscribed $15,000 and formed the Magnetic Telegraph Company. Many new telegraph companies were formed as Morse sold licenses wherever he could.

The first commercial telegraph line was completed between Washington, D.C., and New York City in the spring of 1846 by the Magnetic Telegraph Company. Shortly thereafter, F. O. J. Smith, one of the patent owners, built a line between New York City and Boston. Most of these early companies were licensed by owners of Samuel Morse patents. The Morse messages were sent and received in a code of dots and dashes.

At this time other telegraph systems based on rival technologies were being built. Some companies used the printing telegraph, a device invented by a Vermonter, Royal E. House, whose messages were printed on paper or tape in Roman letters. In 1848 a Scotch scientist, Alexander Bain, received his patents on a telegraph. These were but two of many competing and incompatible technologies that had developed. The result was confusion, inefficiency, and a rash of suits and counter suits.

By 1851 there were over fifty separate telegraph companies operating in the United States. This corporate cornucopia developed because the owners of the telegraph patents had been unsuccessful in convincing the United States and other governments of the invention's potential usefulness. In the private sector, the owners had difficulty convincing capitalists of the commercial value of the invention. This led to the owners' willingness to sell licenses to many purchasers who organized separate companies and then built independent telegraph lines in various sections of the country.

Hiram Sibley moved to Rochester, New York, in 1838 to pursue banking and real estate. Later he was elected sheriff of Monroe County. In Rochester he was introduced to Judge Samuel L. Selden who held the House Telegraph patent rights. In 1849 Selden and Sibley organized the New York State Printing Telegraph Company, but they found it hard to compete with the existing New York, Albany, and Buffalo Telegraph Company.

After this experience Selden suggested that instead of creating a new line, the two should try to acquire all the companies west of Buffalo and unite them into a single unified system. Selden secured an agency for the extension throughout the United States of the House system. In an effort to expand this line west, Judge Selden called on friends and the people in Rochester. This led, in April 1851, to the organization of a company and the filing in Albany of the Articles of Association for the "New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company" (NYMVPTC), a company which later evolved into the Western Union Telegraph Company.

In 1854 there were two rival systems of the NYMVPTC in the West. These two systems consisted of thirteen separate companies. All the companies were using Morse patents in the five states north of the Ohio River. This created a struggle between three separate entities, leading to an unreliable and inefficient telegraph service. The owners of these rival companies eventually decided to invest their money elsewhere and arrangements were made for the NYMVPTC to purchase their interests.

Hiram Sibley recapitalized the company in 1854 under the same name and began a program of construction and acquisition. The most important takeover was carried out by Sibley when he negotiated the purchase of the Morse patent rights for the Midwest for $50,000 from Jeptha H. Wade and John J. Speed, without the knowledge of Ezra Cornell, their partner in the Erie and Michigan Telegraph Company (EMTC). With this acquisition Sibley proceeded to switch to the superior Morse system. He also hired Wade, a very capable manager, who became his protege and later his successor. After a bitter struggle Morse and Wade obtained the EMTC from Cornell in 1855, thus assuring dominance by the NYMVPTC in the Midwest. In 1856 the company name was changed to the "Western Union Telegraph Company," indicating the union of the Western lines into one compact system. In December, 1857, the Company paid stockholders their first dividend.

Between 1857 and 1861 similar consolidations of telegraph companies took place in other areas of the country so that most of the telegraph interests of the United States had merged into six systems. These were the American Telegraph Company (covering the Atlantic and some Gulf states), The Western Union Telegraph Company (covering states North of the Ohio River and parts of Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Minnesota), the New York Albany and Buffalo Electro-Magnetic Telegraph Company (covering New York State), the Atlantic and Ohio Telegraph Company (covering Pennsylvania), the Illinois & Mississippi Telegraph Company (covering sections of Missouri, Iowa, and Illinois), and the New Orleans & Ohio Telegraph Company (covering the southern Mississippi Valley and the Southwest). All these companies worked together in a mutually friendly alliance, and other small companies cooperated with the six systems, particularly some on the West Coast.

By the time of the Civil War, there was a strong commercial incentive to construct a telegraph line across the western plains to link the two coasts of America. Many companies, however, believed the line would be impossible to build and maintain.

In 1860 Congress passed, and President James Buchanan signed, the Pacific Telegraph Act, which authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to seek bids for a project to construct a transcontinental line. When two bidders dropped out, Hiram Sibley, representing Western Union, was the only bidder left. By default Sibley won the contract. The Pacific Telegraph Company was organized for the purpose of building the eastern section of the line. Sibley sent Wade to California, where he consolidated the small local companies into the California State Telegraph Company. This entity then organized the Overland Telegraph Company, which handled construction eastward from Carson City, Nevada, joining the existing California lines, to Salt Lake City, Utah. Sibley's Pacific Telegraph Company built westward from Omaha, Nebraska. Sibley put most of his resources into the venture. The line was completed in October, 1861. Both companies were soon merged into Western Union. This accomplishment made Hiram Sibley leader of the telegraph industry.

Further consolidations took place over the next several years. Many companies merged into the American Telegraph Company. With the expiration of the Morse patents, several organizations were combined in 1864 under the name of "The U.S. Telegraph Company." In 1866 the final consolidation took place, with Western Union exchanging stock for the stock of the other two organizations. The general office of Western Union moved at this time from Rochester to 145 Broadway, New York City. In 1875 the main office moved to 195 Broadway, where it remained until 1930 when it relocated to 60 Hudson Street.

In 1873 Western Union purchased a majority of shares in the International Ocean Telegraph Company. This was an important move because it marked Western Union's entry into the foreign telegraph market. Having previously worked with foreign companies, Western Union now began competing for overseas business.

In the late 1870s Western Union, led by William H. Vanderbilt, attempted to wrest control of the major telephone patents, and the new telephone industry, away from the Bell Telephone Company. But due to new Bell leadership and a subsequent hostile takeover attempt of Western Union by Jay Gould, Western Union discontinued its fight and Bell Telephone prevailed.

Despite these corporate calisthenics, Western Union remained in the public eye. The sight of a uniformed Western Union messenger boy was familiar in small towns and big cities all over the country for many years. Some of Western Union's top officials in fact began their careers as messenger boys.

Throughout the remainder of the nineteenth century the telegraph became one of the most important factors in the development of social and commercial life of America. In spite of improvements to the telegraph, however, two new inventions--the telephone (nineteenth century) and the radio (twentieth century)--eventually replaced the telegraph as the leaders of the communication revolution for most Americans.

At the turn of the century, Bell abandoned its struggles to maintain a monopoly through patent suits, and entered into direct competition with the many independent telephone companies. Around this time, the company adopted its new name, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T).

In 1908 AT&T gained control of Western Union. This proved beneficial to Western Union, because the companies were able to share lines when needed, and it became possible to order telegrams by telephone. However, it was only possible to order Western Union telegrams, and this hurt the business of Western Union's main competitor, the Postal Telegraph Company. In 1913, however, as part of a move to prevent the government from invoking antitrust laws, AT&T completely separated itself from Western Union.

Western Union continued to prosper and it received commendations from the U.S. armed forces for service during both world wars. In 1945 Western Union finally merged with its longtime rival, the Postal Telegraph Company. As part of that merger, Western Union agreed to separate domestic and foreign business. In 1963 Western Union International Incorporated, a private company completely separate from the Western Union Telegraph Company, was formed and an agreement with the Postal Telegraph Company was completed. In 1994, Western Union Financial Services, Inc. was acquired by First Financial Management Corporation. In 1995, First Financial Management Corporation merged with First Data Corporation making Western Union a First Data subsidiary.

Many technological advancements followed the telegraph's development. The following are among the more important:

The first advancement of the telegraph occurred around 1850 when operators realized that the clicks of the recording instrument portrayed a sound pattern, understandable by the operators as dots and dashes. This allowed the operator to hear the message by ear and simultaneously write it down. This ability transformed the telegraph into a versatile and speedy system.

Duplex Telegraphy, 1871-72, was invented by the president of the Franklin Telegraph Company. Unable to sell his invention to his own company, he found a willing buyer in Western Union. Utilizing this invention, two messages were sent over the wire simultaneously, one in each direction.

As business blossomed and demand surged, new devices appeared. Thomas Edison's Quadruplex allowed four messages to be sent over the same wire simultaneously, two in one direction and two in the other.

An English automatic signaling arrangement, Wheatstone's Automatic Telegraph, 1883, allowed larger numbers of words to be transmitted over a wire at once. It could only be used advantageously, however, on circuits where there was a heavy volume of business.

Buckingham's Machine Telegraph was an improvement on the House system. It printed received messages in plain Roman letters quickly and legibly on a message blank, ready for delivery.

Vibroplex, c. 1890, a semi-automatic key sometimes called a "bug key," made the dots automatically. This relieved the operator of much physical strain.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Additional moving image about Western Union Telegraph Company can be found in the Industry on Parade Collection (AC0507). This includes Cable to Cuba! by Bell Laboratory, AT & T, featuring the cable ship, the C.S. Lord Kelvin, and Communications Centennial! by the Western Union Company.

Materials at Other Organizations

Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, Delaware.

Western Union International Records form part of the MCI International, Inc. Records at the First Data Corporation, Greenwood Village, Colorado.

Records of First Data Corporation and its predecessors, including Western Union, First Financial Management Corporation (Atlanta) and First Data Resources (Omaha). Western Union collection supports research of telegraphy and related technologies, and includes company records, annual reports, photographs, print and broadcast advertising, telegraph equipment, and messenger uniforms.

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Western Union Telegraph Expedition, 1865-1867

This collection includes correspondence, mostly to Spencer F. Baird, from members of the Scientific Corps of the Western Union Telegraph Expedition, including Kennicott, Dall, Bannister, and Elliott; copies of reports submitted to divisional chiefs from expedition staff members; newspaper clippings concerning the expedition; copies of notes on natural history taken by Robert Kennicott; and a journal containing meteorological data recorded by Henry M. Bannister from March to August, 1866.
Separated Materials:
Artifacts (apparatus and equipment) were donated to the Division of Information Technology and Society, now known as the Division of Work & Industry, National Museum of American History.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Western Union in September of 1971.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements must be made to view some of the audio visual materials. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Electric engineering  Search this
Electric engineers  Search this
Electrical equipment  Search this
Communication -- International cooperation  Search this
Electrical engineers  Search this
Electrical science and technology  Search this
Communications equipment  Search this
Telegraphers  Search this
Telegraph  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Contracts
Drawings
Articles
Administrative records
Clippings
Books
Photographs -- 19th century
Newsletters
Photograph albums
Specifications
Photographs -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 19th century
Technical documents
Citation:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0205
See more items in:
Western Union Telegraph Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0205
Online Media:

Downtown Gallery records

Creator:
Downtown Gallery  Search this
Names:
American Folk Art Gallery  Search this
Boris Mirski Gallery (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Ernest Brown & Phillips  Search this
Our Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Breinin, Raymond, 1910-  Search this
Broderson, Morris, 1928-2011  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Burlin, Paul, 1886-1969  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Carlen, Robert, 1906-1990  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai, 1894-  Search this
Coleman, Glenn O., 1887-1932  Search this
Crawford, Ralston, 1906-1978  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Doi, Isami, 1903-1965  Search this
Dole, William, 1917-  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield, 1880-1946  Search this
Felix Landau Gallery  Search this
Fredenthal, David, 1914-1958  Search this
Garbisch, Edgar  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis, 1906-1956  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Halpert, Samuel, 1884-1930  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Hart, George Overbury, 1868-1933  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Karfiol, George  Search this
Karolik, Maxim  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Lane, William H.  Search this
Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Lea, Wesley  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Lewandowski, Edmund, 1914-  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Morris, George L. K., 1905-  Search this
Nakian, Reuben, 1897-1986  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Osborn, Robert Chesley, 1904-1994  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Pattison, Abbott L. (Abbott Lawrence), 1916-1999  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Pollet, Joseph C., 1897-1979  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Rockefeller, Abby Aldrich  Search this
Saklatwalla, Beram K.  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell, 1910-1976  Search this
Spencer, Niles, 1893-1952  Search this
Stasack, Edward  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Steig, William, 1907-  Search this
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Storrs, John Henry Bradley, 1885-1956  Search this
Tam, Reuben  Search this
Tannahill, Robert Hudson  Search this
Tseng, Yu-ho, 1924-  Search this
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Walters, Carl, 1883-1955  Search this
Webb, Electra Havemeyer  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Wilde, Isabel Carleton, 1877?-1951  Search this
Zajac, Jack, 1929-  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Photographer:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Bry, Doris  Search this
Karfiol, Bernard, 1886-1952  Search this
Klein, Carl  Search this
Maya, Otto  Search this
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Reynal, Kay Bell, 1905-1977  Search this
Siegel, Adrian  Search this
Sunami, Soichi, 1885-1971  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
109.56 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1824-1974
bulk 1926-1969
Summary:
The records of the Downtown Gallery date from 1824 to 1974 (bulk 1926-1969) and measure 109.56 linear feet. The records present a comprehensive portrait of a significant commercial gallery that operated as a successful business for more than forty years, representing major contemporary American artists and engendering appreciation for early American folk art. There is an unprocessed addition to this collection dating circa 1970 of a single financial/legal document.
Scope and Content Note:
The Downtown Gallery records constitute 109.56 linear feet on 167 reels of microfilm. The records are dated 1824 to 1974 with bulk dates from 1926 to 1969. There is an unprocessed addition to this collection dating circa 1970 of a single financial/legal document.

The Downtown Gallery was established in 1926 as Our Gallery and operated under the name Downtown Gallery from 1927 until 1973. Nineteenth-century material consists of items acquired by Edith Gregor Halpert for research purposes or to document works of art in the gallery's inventory. The few records postdating the closing of the gallery relate to the estate of Edith Gregor Halpert.

The extensive records of the Downtown Gallery present a comprehensive portrait of a significant commercial gallery that operated as a successful business for more than forty years, representing major contemporary American artists and engendering appreciation for early American folk art. Edith Halpert, the gallery's founder and director, was an influential force in the American art world for a large part of the twentieth century.

Personal papers are intermingled with the business records of the Downtown Gallery. Many of the artists represented by the gallery were Halpert's personal friends, and over the years she developed social relationships and friendships with many clients. These relationships are reflected by the contents of the records, especially the correspondence, some of which is purely personal. In addition, there are a small number of letters from relatives, photographs of Halpert's family, home and friends, and limited information about her country house and personal finances.

The Downtown Gallery records consist largely of correspondence with collectors, including Edgar and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Preston Harrison, Mr. and Mrs. Maxim Karolik, William H. Lane, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, Beram K. Saklatwalla, Robert Tannahill, and Electra Havemeyer Webb; with dealers, including robert Carlen, Landau Gallery, Leicester Galleries, Mirski Gallery, and Isabel Carleton Wilde; and with large numbers of curators and museum directors, including many affiliated with university museums. In addition, there is correspondence concerning routine gallery business and administrative affairs.

Artist files and an extensive series of notebooks (American Folk Art Gallery notebooks, artist notebooks, and publicity notebooks) compiled by gallery staff contain a wide variety of material and are a rich source of information about individual artists and the Downtown Gallery's exhibition history.

Business records include exhibition records, stock records, sales records, transit records, financial records, lists of artwork and clients, legal documents, minutes, insurance records, research files, and architectural plans.

Writings by Edith Gregor Halpert consist of articles on American folk art, speeches, and short stories; also included are her school notebooks and "Daily Thoughtlets" compiled at age seventeen. All writings by other authors are on art subjects, and most are texts or introductions for exhibition catalogs.

Among the miscellaneous records are biographical material on Edith Gregor Halpert and Samuel Halpert, works of art by Edith Gregor Halpert and other artists, artifacts, and audiovisual materials. The artifacts include wooden weather vane molds and supporting documentation as well as awards presented to Halpert. Audiovisual materials are 16-mm motion picture films of the Westinghouse Broadcasting Corporation television series, America: The Artist's Eye, produced between 1961 and 1963 in association with Jensen Productions. An additional 16-mm motion picture film includes "tails out" footage of Charles Sheeler at home and at work, circa 1950. A copy of the program about Sheeler, along with the "tails out" material, is also on videocassette. In addition, there is a sound recording of a talk on collecting given by Halpert's client, folk art collector Maxim Karolik, in 1962.

Printed matter consists of items produced by the Downtown Gallery, including exhibition catalogs, checklists, invitations, announcements, and press releases. There are also news clippings about Halpert, the Downtown Gallery, and the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection; other art-related clippings are arranged topically. Miscellaneous printed matter not produced by the Downtown Gallery includes newsletters, press releases, publications of art organizations, and reproductions of artwork. A selection of twenty-five volumes from the personal library of Edith Gregor Halpert has been retained.

The photographs series includes images of people: Edith Gregor Halpert, family, friends, also many images of her dog, Adam, and views of her country home in Newtown, Connecticut. Other photographs of people include portraits of artists, most of whom were affiliated with the Downtown Gallery. There are also photographs of works of art (with a large number of black-and-white negatives, 35-mm color slides, and glass plate negatives) and of exhibitions, of the exterior and interior of the Downtown Gallery, and of an award presented to Halpert.

See Appendix B for a chronological list of Downtown Gallery exhibitions.
Arrangement:
It is not certain how well arranged the files were while still the property of the gallery, though Halpert's background as an efficiency expert and her talents as an organizer suggest that the gallery's records were well maintained. It is clear, however, that much of the original order has been lost; Halpert is known to have removed files, including many records concerning the Harnett-Peto controversy.

Correspondence (Series 1) is arranged chronologically, and Artist Files (Series 2) is arranged alphabetically. The remaining series are organized into subseries that reflect either a function or specific record type, and the arrangement of each is explained in the detailed series descriptions. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

The Downtown Gallery records are arranged into eight series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1926-1974, undated (Boxes 1-22; 22 linear ft.; Reels 5488-5545)

Series 2: Artist Files, A - Z, 1917-1970, undated (Boxes 23-27; 5 linear ft.; Reels 5545-5558)

Series 3: Notebooks, 1835, 1874, circa 1880-1969, undated (Boxes 28-59; 32.5 linear ft.; Reels 5558-5603)

Series 4: Business Records, 1925-1974, undated (Boxes 60-94, OV 95, OV 96, OV 97; 34.5 linear ft.; Reels 5603-5636)

Series 5: Writings, 1917-1968, undated (Box 98; 1 linear ft.; Reels 5636-5638)

Series 6: Miscellaneous Material, circa 1835, 1883, 1913-1970, undated (Boxes 99-101, 103, OV 102, OV 104, FC 120-124; 3.25 linear ft.; Reels 5638-5639)

Series 7: Printed Matter, 1824-1865, 1920-1969, undated (Boxes 105-108; 4 linear ft.; Reels 5640-5647)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1880-1960s, undated (Boxes 109-118, OV 119, MGP 4; 8.75 linear ft.; Reels 5647-5654)
Historical Note:
As a very young woman, Edith Gregor Halpert (1900-1970) attended art school sporadically while pursuing a business career that began in advertising and included work as a personnel manager and efficiency expert. She continued her business career after marrying artist Samuel Halpert (1884-1930) in 1918 and eventually became a highly paid executive with an investment firm. Well-invested bonuses provided the capital for Halpert to open her own business.

In November 1926, Halpert and business partner Berthe (Bea) Kroll Goldsmith opened Our Gallery at 113 West 13th Street for the purpose of promoting a group of progressive American artists, many of whom were friends of Edith and Samuel Halpert. The following year, at the suggestion of William Zorach, the gallery changed its name to Downtown Gallery--emphasizing its Greenwich Village location, unique for the time--and the name survived despite relocation to midtown Manhattan (to 43 East 51st Street in 1940, to 32 East 51st Street in 1945, and to the Ritz Tower Concourse at 465 Park Avenue in 1965).

The Downtown Gallery specialized in contemporary American art. An early gallery brochure states: "The Downtown Gallery has no prejudice for any one school. Its selection is driven by quality--by what is enduring--not by what is in vogue." Some of the artists affiliated with the Downtown Gallery from its early years were Stuart Davis, "Pop" Hart, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Charles Sheeler, Max Weber, and William and Marguerite Zorach. In its original location, the gallery served as a place where artists (many of whom lived and worked in the neighborhood), collectors, and others interested in American art met in the evenings for coffee, conversation, and sometimes lectures or other formal programs. Holger Cahill (1887-1960) entered into a partnership with Halpert and Goldsmith in 1929 when they founded the American Folk Art Gallery, the first ever of its kind; the American Folk Art Gallery opened on the second floor of the Downtown Gallery in 1931. Folk art was an important feature of the gallery throughout its history, though the name American Folk Art Gallery does not appear to have been used consistently. Because the profit margin was high and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller bought avidly for her growing collection, folk art revenues subsidized contemporary art exhibitions and helped the gallery survive the Depression. The Daylight Gallery, also run by Halpert and Goldsmith, opened in 1930 in a separate structure behind the main gallery, and continued until the Downtown Gallery moved to East 51st Street in 1940. Its purpose was to exhibit painting and sculpture to best advantage in a gallery designed to diffuse light perfectly and to demonstrate how works of art may be used as architectural embellishments in a modern building. Other subsidiary galleries operated by the Downtown Gallery were the John Marin Room, opened in 1950 and run by John Marin, Jr., and the Ground-Floor Room, 1951, "dedicated to the adventurous, less experienced collector willing to gamble on his taste and ours."

From the beginning, Halpert endeavored to hold prices at reasonable levels; she employed aggressive marketing and advertising techniques learned from her career in business and banking, offering extended payment plans without interest to buyers of modest means. She recognized the value of placing representative works by Downtown Gallery artists in important art museums and public collections, even if a price reduction was necessary to achieve this goal.

After purchasing Goldsmith's share of the business in 1935, Halpert, needing to earn a profit, reorganized the gallery as a more overtly commercial venture. The roster of artists was reduced to twelve. Those eliminated tended to be younger artists, most of whom were supported by WPA work. Eventually, the roster expanded; new additions were usually artists not based in New York, whom Halpert learned of through her work as an adviser to the WPA Federal Art Project. Halpert had long courted Alfred Stieglitz's artists, and in the years following his death in 1946 a number of them affiliated with the Downtown Gallery. Another change was that the Downtown Gallery no longer represented only living American artists; the gallery began handling a number of estates, most notably that of Arthur Dove. In 1953, the roster of Downtown Gallery artists shifted dramatically when Halpert entered into an agreement with Charles Alan. Alan had been hired in 1945 with the understanding that he was being trained to run the Downtown Gallery upon Halpert's retirement five years in the future. Eight years later, it became apparent that Halpert was not going to retire; without consulting the artists, she transferred representation of all artists who had joined the Downtown Gallery since 1936 to the newly established Alan Gallery.

Exhibitions at the Downtown Gallery included both solo exhibitions and group shows usually built around a theme; most lasted about a month. Annual exhibitions (sometimes titled anniversary exhibitions) opened the exhibition season each fall and showcased the gallery's artists. The Downtown Gallery's Christmas show, a long-standing event that encouraged purchases of original art for holiday gift giving, was eagerly anticipated as it featured fine artwork at very reasonable prices. Between 1927 and 1935, the Downtown Gallery was the site of the American Print Makers Society annual exhibitions. During its forty-seven years in operation, the Downtown Gallery organized many important, influential exhibitions. American Ancestors (1931) presented American folk art as the precursor to and direct influence on the contemporary art featured by the Downtown Gallery. The title was used for a number of subsequent exhibitions and became a synonym for folk art. American Folk Art Sculpture: Index of American Design, Federal Art Project (1937) featured drawings by WPA artists recording objects that documented America's material culture and artistic heritage. Along with the Index of American Design drawings, the exhibition included a number of the original sculptures from the Downtown Gallery's inventory and borrowed from folk art collector Abby Aldrich Rockefeller.

William Harnett: "Nature-Vivre" (1939) reintroduced the nineteenth-century artist whose trompe l'oeil paintings had been collected by Halpert over a period of years expressly for this purpose. Between 1947 and 1949, a controversy ensued over paintings--some of which had been sold by the Downtown Gallery--with the signature of William Harnett but discovered by San Francisco Chronicle art critic Alfred Frankenstein to be the work of Harnett's student, John Peto. Halpert had purchased the questionable pieces in good faith, completely unaware of the added signatures, and she defended her attributions, despite evidence to the contrary. Frankenstein publicized his discovery widely; while neither Halpert nor the Downtown Gallery were named directly, their identity was apparent to his well-informed readers. The situation was further inflamed when additional articles by Frankenstein failed to include new evidence favorable to Halpert and the Downtown Gallery.

Another major exhibition was American Negro Art, 19th and 20th Centuries (1941-1942), the first show of its kind held at a commercial gallery. Held at the Downtown Gallery, the exhibition was sponsored by a committee of prominent citizens including Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, Archibald MacLeish, A. Philip Randolph, and Eleanor Roosevelt. Among its aims were to raise money for the Negro Art Fund, to promote museum acquisitions of work by black artists, and to encourage galleries to represent the living participants. In addition to providing its facilities, the Downtown Gallery donated all sales commissions to the Negro Art Fund and added Jacob Lawrence to its roster of artists.

Edith Gregor Halpert played important roles in a number of exhibitions and major art projects that were not connected with the Downtown Gallery. She served as organizer and director of the First Municipal Exhibition of American Art, Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1929. Beginning in 1932, Halpert was extensively involved with Radio City Music Hall arts projects. She conceived, organized, and handled publicity for the First Municipal Art Exhibition (also known as the Forum Exhibition) sponsored by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and held at Radio City Music Hall in 1934. As an adviser to the WPA Federal Art Project, Halpert spent the summer of 1936 in Washington, D.C., developing its Exhibition and Allocation Program, which registered works of art arriving from regional project centers and selected pieces for traveling exhibitions that circulated throughout the country. In 1937, she formed the Bureau for Architectural Sculpture and Murals, a central clearinghouse from which architects could review and select work by artists and sculptors experienced in working in architectural settings. Halpert served as curator of the art section of the American National Exhibition, sponsored by the United States Information Agency and the U.S. Department of Commerce; she traveled to the Soviet Union with the exhibition, installed the show, and gave daily gallery talks in Russian. In 1952, to promote art history, Halpert established the Edith Gregor Halpert Foundation. Its activities included assisting universities to fund scholarships for the study of contemporary American art and championing the rights of artists to control the sale and reproduction of their work. For her "outstanding contribution to American art," Halpert received the Art in America Award in 1959. She also received a USIA Citation for Distinguished Service in 1960, and the University of Connecticut awarded her its First Annual International Silver Prize for "distinguished contribution to the arts" in 1968.

In addition to being an art dealer, Edith Gregor Halpert was also a collector of contemporary American art and American folk art. For many years, Halpert and the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., discussed a gift of a substantial number of paintings to form the nucleus of a new wing to be called the Gallery of 20th-Century American Art. After numerous disagreements and misunderstandings by both parties, the plan was abandoned. While negotiations were still in progress, the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection was exhibited in two installments, 1960 and 1962, at the Corcoran Gallery of Art. During the following two years, portions of her collection traveled to Santa Barbara, Honolulu, and San Francisco. Other exhibitions, drawn completely from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection, include American Modernism: The First Wave, Painting from 1903-1933, presented at Brandeis University Museum of Art, 1963; Six Decades of American Art, shown at Leicester Galleries, London, 1965; Image to Abstraction, held at Amon Carter Museum, 1967; and Edith Halpert and the Downtown Gallery, exhibited at the University of Connecticut, 1968. The Edith Gregor Halpert Collection was eventually sold at auction by Sotheby Parke-Bernet, 1973.

Dr. Dianne's Tepfer's dissertation (1989) on Edith Gregor Halpert was an invaluable resource in arranging and describing the records of Downtown Gallery; her chronology was consulted often in constructing this Historical Note.

1900 -- born Edith Gregoryevna Fivoosiovitch to Gregor and Frances Lucom Fivoosiovitch, Odessa, Russia

1906 -- arrived in New York City with recently widowed mother and older sister; family name changed to Fivisovitch

1916 -- employed as a comptometer operator at Bloomingdale's department store; studied drawing with Leon Kroll and Ivan Olinsky at the National Academy of Design; further shortened name to Fein

1916-1917 -- attended life drawing and anatomy classes taught by George Bridgeman at the Art Students' League; employed in foreign and advertising offices, R. H. Macy department store

1917 -- met artist Samuel Halpert at John Weichsel's People's Art Guild

1917-1918 -- employed as advertising manager, Stern Brothers department store

1918-1919 -- employed as systematizer (efficiency expert), investment firm of Cohen, Goldman

1918 -- married Samuel Halpert

1919-1920 -- employed as systematizer, investment firm of Fishman & Co.; attended writing courses, Columbia University

1921-1925 -- employed as personnel manager, systematizer, and head of correspondence at investment banking firm of S. W. Strauss & Co.; eventually appointed to the board of directors

1924 -- first exposed to folk art at the home of sculptor Elie Nadelman

1925 -- visited Paris with Samuel Halpert (June-September)

1926 -- visited Ogunquit, Maine, with Samuel and was further exposed to antiques and folk art; other summer guests included artists Stefan Hirsch, Bernard Karfiol, Walt Kuhn, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Robert Laurent, Katherine Schmidt, Niles Spencer, and Marguerite and William Zorach; opened Our Gallery, devoted to modern American art, at 113 West 13th Street with business partner Berthe Kroll Goldsmith

1927 -- separated from Samuel, who moved to Detroit to teach at the Society for Arts and Crafts; changed name of Our Gallery to Downtown Gallery, at the suggestion of William Zorach

1928 -- Abby Aldrich Rockefeller first visited the Downtown Gallery; published George O. "Pop" Hart: 24 Selections from His Work by Holger Cahill, first of a projected series of ten Downtown Gallery monographs

1929 -- initiated divorce proceedings in Detroit; founded the American Folk Art Gallery, the first of its kind, with business; partners Berthe Kroll Goldsmith and Holger Cahill; served as organizer and director of the First Municipal Exhibition of American Art, Atlantic City

1930 -- divorce granted; present at the death of Samuel Halpert; opened the Daylight Gallery in a separate structure behind the Downtown Gallery specially designed to display works of art under optimal conditions; published Max Weber by Holger Cahill, second (and last) of the Downtown Gallery monographs

1931 -- opened the American Folk Art Gallery on second floor of the Downtown Gallery

1932 -- purchased house in Newtown, Connecticut; became extensively involved with Radio City Music Hall arts projects

1934 -- conceived, organized, and handled publicity for the First Municipal Art Exhibition, also called the Forum Exhibition, sponsored by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and held at Radio City Music Hall

1935 -- bought Goldsmith's share of the business and, as sole owner, reorganized the gallery

1936 -- served as adviser to WPA Federal Art Project, charged with developing the Exhibition and Allocation Program

1937 -- formed Bureau for Architectural Sculpture and Murals

1939 -- organized Nature-Vivre; exhibition of paintings by the rediscovered William Harnett, rekindling interest in trompe l'oeil painting

1940 -- Downtown Gallery moved to 43 East 51st Street; cataloged and installed the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Collection of American Folk Art at Williamsburg, Virginia

1941 -- American Negro Art, 19th and 20th Centuries

1945 -- Downtown Gallery moved to 32 East 51st Street; hired Charles Alan as assistant director

1946 -- Downtown Gallery began representing former Alfred Stieglitz artists Charles Demuth, Marsden Hartley, John Marin, and Georgia O'Keeffe

1947-1949 -- embroiled in controversy over paintings with the signature of William Harnett but discovered to be the work of Harnett's student John Peto

1950 -- opened the John Marin Room, operated by John Marin, Jr.

1951 -- opened the Ground-Floor Room, for works by new artists

1952 -- established the Edith Gregor Halpert Foundation

1953 -- transferred representation of newer Downtown Gallery artists to the Alan Gallery

1954 -- published The ABCs for Collectors of Contemporary Art by John I. H. Baur

1959 -- traveled to Moscow as curator of the art section, "American National Exhibition," and gave daily gallery talks in Russian; received Art in America Award

1960 -- exhibited selections from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; awarded USIA Citation for Distinguished Service and the Merit Award Emblem

1962 -- second exhibition of the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection at the Corcoran Gallery of Art; began discussions, ultimately abandoned, for the transfer and installation of a large gift of paintings from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection to a special wing of the Corcoran Gallery of Art

1963 -- American Modernism: The First Wave, Painting from 1903-1933, an exhibition based entirely on the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection, Brandeis University Museum of Art

1965 -- Downtown Gallery moved to smaller quarters, Ritz Tower Concourse, 465 Park Avenue; open by appointment only; Six Decades of American Art, from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection, Leicester Galleries, London

1967 -- Image to Abstraction, an exhibition based entirely on the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection, Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas

1968 -- the Downtown Gallery ceased to be the exclusive representative of Abraham Rattner, Ben Shahn, Georgia O'Keffe, and Max Weber, and the estates of Stuart Davis, and Marguerite and William Zorach were withdrawn from the gallery; Edith Halpert and the Downtown Gallery exhibition at the Museum of Art, the University of Connecticut; awarded the First Annual International Silver Prize medal for "distinguished contribution to the arts," University of Connecticut

1970 -- died, New York City

1970-1973 -- the Downtown Gallery continued limited operation under the direction of niece, Nathaly Baum

1972-1978 -- the Downtown Gallery records donated to the Archives of American Art by Nathaly Baum, executor of the Edith Gregor Halpert estate

1973 -- Sotheby Parke-Bernet auction sale of the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection

1997-1999 -- arrangement, description, and microfilming of Downtown Gallery records and publication of this finding aid funded by a grant from the Henry Luce Foundation, Inc.
Appendix B: Chronological List of Downtown Gallery Exhibitions:
Below is a chronological listing of Downtown Gallery exhibitions, culled from catalogs and checklists, invitations and announcements, press releases, newspaper reviews, advertisements, lists compiled by gallery staff, and The Archives of American Art Collection of Exhibition Catalogs (1979). Exhibition titles indicated on the announcement or used in a published review sometimes differ from the title of the corresponding exhibition catalog or printed checklist. Catalogs or announcements for most shows will be found with the printed matter produced by the Downtown Gallery (Series 7.1), in the publicity notebooks (Series 3.3.), and/or with artist files (Series 2). Microfilm reel and frame number(s) are noted in parentheses for catalogs or exhibition announcements recorded in The Archives of American Art Collection of Exhibition Catalogs that are not among the Downtown Gallery records.

Undated -- Jan. 24-Feb. 12: American Landscapes: Paintings and Water Colors Mar. 3-28 [1964?]: Abraham Rattner: New Paintings, 1961-1963 June: Art for 13,000,000 Sept. 17-27: Abraham Rattner: Stained Glass Window Designed for the De Waters Art Center, Flint, Michigan

1926 -- Nov. [6-?}: Opening Exhibition: Small Works by Leading American Contemporary Artists Dec. [4-?]: The Christmas Exhibition, $10-50

1927 -- Jan. 8-Feb. 4: American Marines Jan. 8-Feb. 4: Print Room Selection Nov. 26-Dec. 9: Frank Osborn: Sculpture Lamps Nov. 26-Dec. 9: Stuart Davis May [10-?]: Portfolio Selection, $5-25 Dec. 10-31: American Print Makers Exhibition Nov. 3-23: "Pop" Hart: One-Man Show Oct. 13-Nov. 3: Ogunquit Exhibition: Summer Work by 12 Ogunquit Residents Mar. 1-19: George C. Ault: Water Colors and Drawings Feb. [5-?]: George Overbury "Pop" Hart Apr. [11-?]: Spring Exhibitions: Pictures Suggestive of the Season Mar. 21-Apr. 9: Walt Kuhn Lighographs: `New Trapeze Ladies'

1928 -- Feb. 14-Mar. 4: Walt Kuhn: Recent Works Jan. 24-Feb. 12: 75 Years of American Landscapes Mar. 6-25: Samuel Halpert: Recent Work Dec. 10-31: American Print Makers 2nd Annual Exhibition Jan. 3-22: Joseph Pollett: Recent Paintings and Watercolors Oct. 7-28: Paris by Americans Oct. 29-Nov. 17: Max Weber: New Lithographs, $10-50 Nov. 19-Dec. 8: George C. Ault: Paintings, $30-300 Apr. 23-May 13: May Flowers May 19-June 13: Art for Everybody, $10-50 Mar. 26-Apr. 15: Ernest Fiene: Lithographs Apr. 2-22: Marguerite Zorach: Paintings and Drawings

1929 -- Nov. [19-?]: Glenn Coleman: Temperas June 3-14: Oils, Sculpture, Water Colors, Monotypes, Drawings, Pottery May [14-?]: Joseph Pollet: Watercolors May [14-?]: Lithographs by A. Walkowitz Mar. 26-Apr. 14: José Orozco: Paintings of New York City Apr. 23-May 14: Walt Kuhn: Loan Paintings Feb. 12-Mar. 23: Stefan Hirsch: Paintings Mar. 4-Apr. 14: Duncan Ferguson: Sculpture Jan. 21-Feb. 10: Drawings by 8 American Artists (Hart, Karfiol, Kuhn, Pascin, Walkowitz, Weber, M. Zorach, and W. Zorach) Jan. 2-20: Ann Goldthwaite: Recent Work Dec. 10-31: American Print Makers 3rd Annual Exhibition Oct. 29-Nov. 17: Joseph Pollet: Recent Paintings Oct. 7-28: Americans Abroad (Davis, Fiene, Ganso, Hart, Hirsch, Pascin, and Wilenchick)

1930 -- Oct. [25-?]: Reuben Nakian: Sculpture Nov. 18-Dec. 16: Glenn Coleman: Paintings Sept. 30-Oct. 25: Summer Landscapes, 1930: Paintings by American Contemporary Artists Summer: Important Painting and Sculpture by Leading American Artists in the Daylight Gallery May 26-July 1: Small Painting, Sculpture, and Drawings by Leading American Contemporary Artists, $100 or Less Apr. 19-May 10: Daylight Gallery Opening Exhibition Oct. [25-?]: Julia Kelly: Painting Apr. [8-?]: Ben Shahn: Paintings and Drawings Mar. 11-30: Wood Gaylor: Paintings Feb. [11-?]: Marguerite Zorach: Recent Paintings of New England and New York Jan. 28-Feb. 15: 33 Moderns: The Downtown Gallery Exhibition of Paintings, Sculpture, Watercolors, Drawings, and Prints by 33 American Contemporary Artists [at the Grand Central Galleries] Jan. [25-?]: Stuart Davis: Recent Paintings Dec. 8-31: American Print Makers 4th Annual Exhibition Jan. [2-?]: Abraham Walkowitz: Heads and Flowers May [10-?]: "Pop" Hart: Paintings from Africa and Europe

1931 -- Jan. 3-25: Jules Pascin Memorial Exhibition Jan. [27-?]: William Zorach: New Sculpture Feb. [14-?]: Joseph Pollett: Paintings Feb. 2-16: Isabella Howland: Paintings Dec. 14-31: American Ancestors: Masterpieces by Little Known and Anonymous American Painters, 1790-1890 Mar. 16-30: 7 Masters of Water Color (Demuth, Dickinson, Hart, Marin, Sheeler, Walkowitz, Zorach) Apr. [29-?]: Peggy Bacon: Caricature Portraits Mar. 31-Apr. 9: Stuart Davis: Recent Paintings Nov. [18-?]: Charles Sheeler: Recent Paintings May 12-31: Flowers: Paintings in Oil and Water Color by American Contemporary Artists Oct. 5-25: `Artists' Models,' Figure Paintings by Leading Contemporary American Artists June 2-22: Paintings, Water Colors, Drawings, Sculpture by Leading Contemporary American Artists Oct. 28-Nov. 17: Karl Knaths: Paintings Dec. 7-31: American Print Makers 5th Annual Exhibition

1932 -- May 31-June 30: Paintings and Sculpture by Outstanding American Artists Dec. 28-Jan. 14: William Zorach: Spirit of the Dance in Original Plaster Dec.: Christmas Exhibition: Drawings, Paintings, Sculpture, $10-100 Feb. 20-Mar. 3: Peggy Bacon: Recent Paintings (N433: 515) Jan. 5-18: American Modern Art [arranged by the Downtown Gallery at Knoedler &amp; Co., Inc., Chicago] Oct. 4-22: Prelude to the Season: New Paintings and Sculpture by American Contemporaries Dec. 9-31: Carl Walters: Sculpture and Pottery in Ceramic Jan. 5-24: Alexander Brook: Recent Paintings Jan. [24-?]: Paintings by Contemporary American Painters Feb. 23-Mar. 7: Wood Gaylor: Recent Paintings Oct. 4-22: Bernard Sanders: Graphics Dec. 5-31: American Print Makers 6th Annual Exhibition Feb. [24-?]: Winter in Maine: Recent Watercolors by William Zorach Mar. 22-Apr. 3: Joseph Pollet: Recent Paintings Nov. 18-Dec. 9: Stefan Hirsch: Recent Work--New York and Mexico Apr. 5-17: The Passion of Sacco-Vanzetti: Gouaches by Ben Shahn Apr. 19-May 15: Pictures of New England by a New Englander: Recent Paintings of Dogtown, Cape Ann, Mass., by Marsden Hartley [errata slip stapled to cover of the copy filmed on Br10: 660-663 indicates the dates were changed to Apr. 26-May 15, 1932] May 17-29: 3 Painters: Baum, Botkin, Schultz Oct. 25-Nov. 13: Dorothy Varian: Recent Paintings

1933 -- Jan. 17-Feb. 4: Bernard Karfiol: Paintings and Drawings Mar. 21-Apr. 8: Major Works by Distinguished American Artists Feb. [28-?]: Watercolors by Stuart Davis Feb. 27-Mar. 18: Reuben Nakian: Sculpture Portraits of 10 Artists Feb. 7-25: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Recent Paintings Oct. 3-14: American Ancestors, 2nd Exhibition: Masterpieces by Little Known and Anonymous American Artists: 1720-1870 May 23-June 30: Paintings and Sculpture: Recent Works by Leading American Contemporaries, at $100 May 2-20: Ben Shahn: The Tom Mooney Case Apr. 11-29: Nicolai Cikovsky: Recent Paintings Nov. 14-Dec. 14: Drawings and Rare Prints by "Pop" Hart Dec. 5-31: American Print Makers 7th Annual Exhibition Oct. 24-Nov. 11: Painting and Sculpture by Leading Contemporaries

1934 -- Jan. 23-Feb. 10: Alexander Brook: Recent Paintings Feb. 13-Mar. 3: Babe Ruth by Reuben Nakian Jan. 3-20: Ernest Fiene: Painter of the American Scene Dec. 13-31: Practical Manifestations in American Art Apr. 3-21: Katherine Schmidt: Paintings Apr. 25-May 12: Stuart Davis: Recent Paintings Dec. [3-?]: Group Show Mar. 13-31: Recent Paintings by Joseph Pollet Oct. 1-14: Hamilton Easter Field Art Foundation Collection of Paintings and Sculpture Oct. 23-Nov. 3: Marguerite Zorach: Paintings and Drawings May 15-June 15: Paintings and Sculpture: Selected Works by Leading American Contemporaries, Extraordinary Values at $100 Dec. 3-29: American Print Makers 8th Annual Exhibition Feb. 20-Mar. 3: Recent Work by Peggy Bacon Nov. 20-Dec. 8: Peggy Bacon: `Off with Their Heads,' Caricature Portraits of 38 Contemporary American Celebrities Nov. 6-17: American Drawings: Recent Work by Charles Sheeler, John Marin, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Charles Locke, Stuart Davis, Alexander Brook

1935 -- May 1-18: Nakian: The New Deal in Portraiture Apr. 13-28: Reuben Nakian: Portrait Heads of the Present Administration May 21-June 14: Paintings and Sculpture by Leading American Artists Dec.: Carl Walters: Ceramic Sculpture and Pottery Mar. 12-30: Exhibition of 14 Paintings by 14 American Contemporaries Feb. 20-Mar. 9: Nicolai Cikovsky: Recent Paintings Apr. 10-27: Watercolor and Pastels by 14 American Artists Dec. 2-28: American Print Makers 9th Annual Exhibition Nov.: Ernest Fiene: Paintings Nov. [5-?]: American Folk Art: Recently Acquired Paintings and Sculpture Jan. 16-Feb. 2: Charles Burchfield and Charles Sheeler Dec. 11-28: Anne Goldthwaite: Murals of the South Jan. 16-Feb. 9: Bernard Karfiol: Watercolors and Drawings Oct. 22-Nov. 9: Opening Exhibition: Important Recent Painting and Sculpture May 21-June 14: $100 Exhibition: Extraordinary Values for Discriminating Collectors

1936 -- Oct. [28-?]: Tenth Anniversary Exhibition: American Art, 1800-1936 Dec. 13-24: American Print Makers 10th Anniversary Annual Exhibition (N428:304-305) Dec.: Christmas Gift Show Dec.: Ceramics by Carl Walters Feb. [25-?]: Watercolors by William Zorach Mar. 17-Apr. 4: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Paintings May [5-?]: Joseph Pollet: Paintings May 26-June 12: Paintings and Sculpture: Recent Work by Leading American Contemporaries, Extraordinary Values at $100 Apr. 14-May 2: Portraits by 6 Contemporary and Early American Artists Jan. 30-Feb. 15: American Birds in Sculpture, 1785-1935 Jan. 6-25: Alexander Brooke: Paintings Dec. 2-31: Vital Statistics

1937 -- Dec. 7-31: Christmas Exhibition: Fine Works of Art as Original Gifts through June 25: Paintings and Sculpture, 1800-1937 Oct. 5-23: Paintings by 12 Younger Artists Oct. 19-Nov. 6: Fall Exhibition May 18-June 5: Joseph Steig: Watercolors May 5-29: Major Examples by Major Artists Apr. 13-May 1: Children in American Folk Art, 1725-1865: Children's Art, Their Portraits, and Their Toys Apr. [10-?]: Contemporary Americans Sept. 28-Oct. 9: American Folk Art Sculpture: Index of Design, WPA Federal Art Project Sept.: Drawings by the Index of American Design Oct. 20-Nov. 10: An Exhibition of Contemporary American Art from the Downtown Gallery of New York, Sponsored by the Atlanta Georgian and Sunday American at the High Museum of Art Mar. 9-27: The 1920s: Oils, Sculpture, Watercolors, and Drawings by 18 American Contemporaries Mar. 30-Apr. 10: Younger Artists Nov.: Dorothy Varian: Paintings Feb. 9-27: American Dogs: Recent Portraits in Oil of Champion Dogs by Fenelle and Paintings and Sculpture Portraying Dogs of the Period 1820-1860 from the American Folk Art Gallery Jan. [15-?]: David Fredenthal Feb.: Group Show

1938 -- Oct. 4-22: Americans at Home: 32 Painters and Sculptors Sept. 4-22: Folk Art Apr. [27-?]: David Fredenthal: Paintings May 25-June 17: Art for the Summer House, $15-100 Apr. 5-23: Preston Dickinson, 1891-1930: 13 Pastels Dec. 6-30: Christmas Exhibition Mar. 16-Apr. 2: Paintings by Americans: New Paintings by Karfiol, Kuniyoshi, Sheeler, and Recent Oils by Marin and O'Keeffe Nov. [15-?]: Louis Guglielmi: Paintings Feb. 15-Mar. 5: 50 American Watercolors and Pastels, 1800-1938 Dec. 6-30: Carl Walters: Ceramic Sculpture Jan. 18-Feb. 15: American Genre Paintings, 1785-1887 Nov. 2-20: John Stenvall: Paintings Jan. 5-22: Isabella Howland: 25 Sculpture Heads Jan. 25-Feb. 11: Nicolai Cikovsky: Paintings Nov. 1-12: American Ancestors: Masterpieces in American Folk Art, 1720-1860 Nov. [2-?]: Georgia O'Keeffe: Paintings

1939 -- Oct. 3-14: Paintings on Velvet, 1800-1840 Feb. [14-?]: Nathaniel Kaz: Sculpture Nov. 7-25: Contemporary American Genre: 27 Painters and Sculptors Mar. [7-?]: Katherine Schmidt: Paintings May [8-?]: Group Show Jan. 24-Feb. 11: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Paintings Dec. 6-30: Carl Walters: Ceramic Sculpture Jan. [24-?]: Jack Levine: Paintings Mar. 28-Apr. 15: William Steig: Sculpture June 7-30: American Art, Past and Present Apr. 18-May 16: William Harnett: `Nature-Vivre' Oct. [17-?]: John Marin: 20 Drawings Jan. 4-21: Important New Paintings by American Artists: Cikovsky, Karfiol, Marin,, O'Keeffe, Sheeler, and Varian Dec. 6-30: Christmas Exhibition: Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture, $100 or Less May [16-?]: Raymond Breinin: Paintings

1940 -- Jan. [3-?]: Mitchell Siporin: Paintings Jan. [23-?]: Rainey Bennett: Paintings Dec. 2-21: Charles Sheeler: `Power,' 6 Original Paintings Commissioned for Reproduction in the December 1940 Issue of Fortune(N433:550 551) Mar. [25-?]: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Lithographs Mar. [25-?]: Group Show: Paintings Feb. [20-?]: Julien Levi: Paintings Mar. [18-?]: Gallery Group Dec. [9-?]: Christmas Exhibition Oct. 17-Nov. 16: Opening Exhibition [43 East 51st Street] May 13-24: Artist's Fund Exhibition Apr. 23-May 11: Review of the Season: Paintings by Leading American Artists

1941 -- Dec. 9-Jan. 3, 1942: American Negro Art: 19th and 20th Centuries Sept. 16-Oct. 11: American Folk Sculpture: Weather Vanes in Metal and Wood: 18th and 19th Centuries [?]-June 27: Summer Exhibition and William Harnett May 6-30: What Is Wrong with This Picture? Nov. 13-Dec. 6: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Recent Paintings (Br10: 699-700) Nov. 11-Dec. 6: Bernard Karfiol Oct. 21-25: American Folk Art Sale Oct. 7-Nov. 1: New Examples by Leading American Artists Apr. 8-26: Spring: New Paintings by Outstanding Americans Feb. 25-Mar. 22: Masterpieces in American Folk Art Jan. 7-Feb. 1: The Painter Looks at Music Feb. 4-21: 13 American Paintings

1942 -- Oct. 13-31: Paintings, Cartoons, Photographs of the St. Louis Post Office Murals by Mitchell Siporin and Edward Millman Dec. 22-Jan. 9, 1943: Inter-American Folk Arts, 1700-1900: Paintings and Sculpture by Little Known and Anonymous Artists of Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Haiti, Mexico, Peru, U.S.A. Jan. 7-24: Watercolors and Drawings by Leading American Artists Feb. 3-28: Julian Levi Mar. 3-28: Battles &amp; Symbols of the U.S.A.: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture by American Folk Artists Apr. 7-May 2: Spring Exhibition: New Paintings and Newly Discovered Paintings by William M. Harnett Apr. 7-May 2: American Folk Art May 5-29: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Retrospective Loan Exhibition, 1921-1941 (Br10: 703-705) June 10-26: Paintings, Sculpture, Drawings by Leading American Artists Sept. 22-Oct. 10: Opening Exhibition: New Paintings and Sculpture

1943 -- Jan. 12-30: Breinin: Recent Paintings (D55: 77) Mar. 2-27: William Zorach: Selected Sculpture (D57: 632-634) Mar. 31-Apr. 24: Spring Exhibition and American Folk Art June 8-25: Summer Exhibition: American Art Oct. 5-30: 18th Annual Exhibition: American Art Oct. 27-Nov. 20: Recent Paintings in Encaustic by Karl Zerbe Nov. 23-Dec. 11: Demuth, Dickinson, "Pop" Hart, Pascin

1944 -- Nov. 14-Dec. 2: Ben Shahn: Paintings in Tempera (Br10: 707-708) Feb. 1-12: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture Apr. 11-May 6: Spring: New Important Paintings &amp; Sculpture by Leading Americans Feb. 15-Mar. 11: Horace Pippin May 31-June 30: Summer Exhibition May 9-27: William Zorach Oct. 3-28: 19th Annual Exhibition: American Art Sept. 13-30: American Folk Art from the Collection of Mrs. Isabel C. Wilde

1945 -- Jan. 3-20: Suba: First One-Man Exhibition of Paintings Mar. 6-31: Julian Levi Feb. 13-Mar. 3: George L. K. Morris: Paintings, 1944 and 1945, and Sculpture, 1934-1945 (Br10: 712-714) May 1-26: 19th Annual Spring Exhibition Apr. 3-28: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: New Paintings and Drawings Oct. 15-Nov. 3: Loan Exhibition Oct. 15-Nov. 3: 20th Anniversary [opening of new quarters on East 51st Street] Dec. 4-29: Christmas Exhibition Nov. 6-Dec. 1: 20th Annual Exhibition: American Art Dec. 4-29: Jacob Lawrence: John Brown, A Series of 22 Paintings in Gouache

1946 -- Dec. 3-31: Christmas Exhibition Sept. 4-21: Masterpieces in American Folk Art: Recently Discovered Examples Sept. 24-Oct. 19: 21st Annual Exhibition: New Paintings by Leading American Artists June: New Important Paintings by Leading Americans July 2-Aug. 30: Summer Exhibition: Recent Paintings and Sculpture... Combined with a Selection of Important American Folk Art Mar. 26-Apr. 13: Paul Burlin May 7-25: 6 Artists Out of Uniform: New Post-War Paintings by 6 Important Americans Jan. 29-Feb. 16: Stuart Davis Retrospective Exhibition: Gouaches, Watercolors, Drawings, 1912-1941 (N126: 369-370)

1947 -- Apr. 1-26: Spring 1947 Apr. 29-May 17: Boston/New York: First Exchange Exhibition [Boston portion at Downtown Gallery and New York portion at Boris Mirski Gallery, Boston] Feb. 4-Mar. 1: Important New Drawings Mar. 4-29: William Zorach Jan. 7-25: Arthur Dove Nov. 11-29: Niles Spencer Dec. 2-27: Christmas Exhibition Sept. 23-Oct. 18: 22nd Annual Exhibition Sept. 3-20: 20th-Century American Watercolors Aug. 12-29: Exhibition of American Folk Art: Recent Acquisitions June 10-Aug. 8: American Art, 1800-1947 and American Folk Art May 20-June 7: National Parks: A Fortune Portfolio

1948 -- Sept. 28-Oct. 23: 23rd Annual Exhibition Sept. 8-28: The American Family: Folk Paintings, 1750-1850 Aug. 10-Sept. 2: Marin - New York (N126: 407-408) June 29-Aug. 6: Art for the 8,060,000 May 10-20: Mexican Folk Art Apr. 13-May 1: William Harnett Centennial Exhibition Mar. 22-Apr. 3: American Art: A Multiple Exhibition Arranged by the Association of Dealers in American Art [Downtown Gallery participating] Jan. 20-Feb. 7: Paintings by Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Jack Levine, John Marin, Ben Shahn Dec. 7-31: Christmas 1948 Nov. 16-Dec. 14: Jacques Maroger: Recent Paintings (N126: 411-412) undated: American Art... 20th Century Image to Abstraction [Amon Carter Museum; entire exhibition drawn from the collections of Edith Gregor Halpert and the Downtown Gallery] Dec. 7-31: William Zorach

1949 -- Nov. 15-Dec. 3: Reuben Tam Dec. 6-24: Christmas Exhibition May 10-28: Mexican Folk Art July 6-29: Art and/or Money Sept. 7-24: Important Paintings and Sculpture by Little Known and Unknown Artists of the 18th and 19th Century Oct. 3-22: 24th Annual Exhibition Mar. 15-Apr. 2: Paul Burlin Apr. 5-23: The Artist Speaks Apr. 25-10: 26 Teenage Artists Presented by Seventeen Magazine May 3-21: Arthur G. Dove: Watercolors, 1929-1946 (N126: 424) Sept. 7-24: American Folk Art

1950 -- Apr. 25-May 13: In 1950... Jan. 23-28: Creative Art for Commerce Dec. 5-23: Christmas Exhibition Oct. 24-Nov. 11: Jacob Lawrence (D56: 298-300) May 16-June 2: A Museum Collection: American Folk Sculpture Apr. 4-22: Yasuo Kuniyoshi Sept. 26-Oct. 21: 25th Annual Exhibition: New Paintings and Sculpture June: Art for 13,000,000 Jan. 31-Feb. 18: Ralston Crawford Dec. 27-Jan. 27, 1951: John Marin Mar. 14-Apr. 1: In 1940... Feb. 21-Mar. 11: Aquamedia

1951 -- Dec. 11-29: Christmas Exhibition May 1-19: Newcomers: Paintings by Artists from 15 States Nov. 20-Dec. 8: O. Louis Guglielmi Apr. 3-28: Spring 1951 Oct. 2-27: 26th Annual Exhibition: New Paintings and Sculpture by Leading American Artists July 10-Aug. 17: Summer Exhibition: American Art Sept. 5-22: Contemporary American Drawings June 12-29: Masterpieces in American Folk Art Mar. 13-31: Charles Sheeler: Paintings, 1949-1951 Feb. 20-Mar. 1: William Zorach: Sculpture, 1947-1951

1952 -- Oct. 28-Nov. 15: Niles Spencer Oct. 14-Nov. 15: The Ground-Floor Room 2nd Annual Exhibition Dec. 9-27: Stuart Davis and Yasuo Kuniyoshi Mar. 11-29: Ben Shahn: Paintings (D56: 1075-1076) Mar. 4-20: Recent Arrivals Jan. 2-26: John Marin: Oils and Watercolors June 3-27: Art for the 67% May 12-29: Lithographs, Woodcuts, Theorems, Serigraphs, and Other Prints by Leading American Artists Apr. 22-May 10: Arthur G. Dove Apr. 1-19: Spring '52 Oct. 1-25: 27th Annual Exhibition Nov. 18-Dec. 16: Shop for Art Early at the Downtown Gallery Sept. 9-27: American Amateur Art of 100 Years Ago July 1-Aug. 1: Pertaining to Summer: An Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture by Leading American Artists

1953 -- Jan. 7-Feb. 14: Performance: A New Series of Paintings in Tempera by Jacob Lawrence Feb. 17-Mar. 7: Celebrating the Tercentenary of New York, MDCLIII - MCMLIII: Paintings of New York by Leading American Artists Apr. 21-May 9: David Aronson May 12-29: 8 Younger Artists Mar. 10-28: Paul Burlin Mar. 31-Apr. 18: Reuben Tam Nov. 17-Dec. 7: Art in the Office Dec. 8-31: Art Gems for Christmas Sept. 22-Oct. 17: 28th Annual Exhibition: Recent Paintings and Sculpture Oct. 20-Nov. 14: Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Ink Paintings

1954 -- Sept. 14-Oct. 2: Artists of Chicago May 25-June 25: Summer 1954 Nov. 9-20: Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture: A Benefit Exhibition by Its Faculty and Visiting Artists for the Scholarship Fund Oct. 5-30: 29th Annual Exhibition: New Paintings and Sculpture Nov. 23-Dec. 24: Christmas Exhibition Apr. 6-May 1: Dove and Demuth: Watercolor Retrospective May 4-22: American Folk Art: Painting and Sculpture Feb. 2-27: International Exhibition: American, Belgian, British, Canadian, French, Italian, Mexican Painters under 40 Mar. 2-31: Stuart Davis: Recent Paintings

1955 -- Mar. 20-Apr. 23: Georgia O'Keeffe May 24-June 11: Gallery Purchases: Contemporary Art Apr. 26-May 21: Spring 1955 Sept. 13-Oct. 1: Painters of Los Angeles June 14-30: Gallery Purchases: American Folk Art Nov. 1-26: Arthur Dove: Collages Oct. 4-29: 30th Annual Exhibition Dec. 28-Jan. 21, 1956: William Zorach: A Selection, 1914-1955

1956 -- May 1-26: Bernard Karfiol: The Figure (N126L529-531) May 29-June 29: Spring 1956 Sept. 5-29: Americans in Europe Oct. 9-Nov. 3: 31st Annual Exhibition Nov. 6-Dec. 1: Stuart Davis: Exhibition of Recent Paintings, 1954-1956 Dec. 4-22: 31st Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery Jan. 31-Feb. 25: The Recurrent Image Apr. 3-28: Charles Sheeler: Selections from the Collection of the William H. Lane Foundation Feb. 28-Mar. 24: Arthur Dove: Paintings

1957 -- Dec. 31-Jan. 25, 1958: 32nd Annual Exhibition [?]-May 4: Spring Exhibition Dec. 9-21: Art Our Children Live With: A Loan Exhibition of American Art Jan. 8-Feb. 7: Max Weber Feb. 12-Mar. 2: New Acquisitions: Wm. M. Harnett (1848-1892) Feb. 12-Mar. 2: American Folk Art: Paintings and Sculpture Mar. 2-30: New Mexico as Painted by Stuart Davis, Marsden Hartley, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, John Marin, Georgia O'Keeffe, John Sloan May 7-31: Important Drawings by Leading American Artists June 4-28: Summer 1957 Oct. 7-Nov. 2: Group Show Nov. 5-27: Last Judgments by Abraham Rattner (D203: 76) Nov. 25-Dec. 7: 32nd Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery

1958 -- Sept. 30-Oct. 11: Arthur Dove: Watercolors June 9-27: 100 Church Street, `Portrait of a Building' by 10 American Artists May 20-June 7: Charles Demuth Apr. 29-May 10: Spring 1958 Mar. 5-Apr. 19: Charles Sheeler Jan. 28-Feb. 21: C. S. Price Dec. 8-27: 33rd Annual Christmas Exhibition Nov. 11-Dec. 6: Max Weber: The Figure in Retrospect, 1906-1958 Oct. 14-Nov. 8: 33rd Annual Exhibition

1959 -- Dec. 8-24: Ben Shahn: Silk-Screen Prints Dec. 29-Jan. 23, 1960: New Acquisitions Oct. 20-Nov. 14: 34th Annual Exhibition Nov. 17-Dec. 5: 34th Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery Sept. 22-Oct. 17: The Dial and the Dial Collection: A Special Loan Exhibition of Paintings, Sculpture &amp; Graphics by 30 American Artists Apr. 29-June 2: Spring 1959 Apr. 7-25: Robert Osborn Mar. 3-28: Ben Shahn Jan. 6-31: New Acquisitions: American Folk Art Painting and Sculpture

1960 -- Feb. 23-Mar. 19: Gallery Group Mar. 22-Apr. 9: Jack Zajac Mar. 11-[?]: Signs &amp; Symbols, U.S.A., 1760-1960 Jan. 21-Feb. 20: 7 Artists in Hawaii Dec. 5-24: Robert Osborn: Paintings and Drawings from `The Vulgarians' Nov. 8-Dec. 3: Abraham Rattner Dec. 5-24: 35th Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery through June 30: Summer 1960 Oct. 11-Nov. 5: 35th Annual Exhibition Apr. 19-may 7: Tseng Yu-Ho May 10-June 4: Stuart Davis

1961 -- June 13-30: Selections 1961 May 16-June 9: Spring 1961 Dec. 4-23: 36th Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery Sept. 12-Oct. 7: New Acquisitions Feb. 15-Mar. 11: Aquamedia in American Art Jan. 25-Feb. 11: Yasuo Kuniyoshi Apr. 11-May 2: Gallery Group Mar. 15-Apr. 8: Alfred Duca Jan. 9-Feb. 6: New Acquisitions

1962 -- Nov. 3-28: Robert Osborn Dec. 3-22: 37th Annual Christmas at Downtown Gallery May 22-June 15: 36th Annual Spring Exhibition: The Figure Apr. 24-May 19: Stuart Davis Oct. 16-Nov. 10: 37th Anniversary Exhibition Sept. 25-Oct. 13: American Roots: Folk Art in Painting and Sculpture Feb. 27-Mar. 17: Robert Osborn: Clowns and Non-Clowns Jan. 9-27: Tseng Yu-Ho: 18 Dsui Paintings Mar. 27-Apr. 21: Abstract Painting in America, 1903-1923 Mar. 10-31: Max Weber Memorial Exhibition

1963 -- Mar. 12-Apr. 16: Signs &amp; Symbols * U.S.A., 1780-1960 May 7-[?]: Max Weber Dec. 2-21: 38th Annual Christmas at Downtown Gallery June 11-July 3: Summer 1963 Apr. 9-May 3: Spring 1963 Jan. 8-Feb. 2: John Marin Oct. 1-26: 38th Anniversary Exhibition Oct. 29-Nov. 16: Ben Shahn: Retrospective Exhibition, Paintings and Drawings, 1901-1958 Oct. 29-Nov. 16: Homage to e. e. cummings Oct. 29-Nov. 16: Gallery Group Aug. 6-Sept. 15: Loan Exhibition from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection [Santa Barbara Museum of Art] Nov. 7-Dec. 8: Loan Exhibition from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection [Honolulu Academy of Arts] Sept. 9-14: Visual Art by Performing Artists Dec. 3-Jan. 7, 1964: American Signs and Symbols

1964 -- Sept. 9-Oct. 3: 20th Century American Drawings Oct. 6-31: 39th Anniversary Exhibition Dec. 1-24: 39th Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery Jan. 11-Feb. 9: Loan Exhibition from the Edith Gregor Halpert Collection [California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco] Jan. 28-Feb. 21: George L. K. Morris Mar. 3-28: Supplement to the Rattner Exhibition May 12-June 5: New York City: Paintings, 1913-1963, by American Artists

1965 -- Jan. 5-23: Charles Sheeler and Yasuo Kuniyoshi Nov. 30-Dec. 18: Warner Brothers Co. Mural by Willard Cummings and Emilio A. Serio Mar. 23-Apr. 17: John Storrs Sept. 8-Oct. 2: A Gallery Survey of American Art [inaugural show, Ritz Tower Concourse, 465 Park Avenue] Nov. 3-20: Edward Stasack Nov. 30-Dec. 18: 40th Annual Christmas at the Downtown Gallery

1966 -- Nov. 5-Dec. 12: Morris Broderson Oct. 18-Nov. 12: 41st Anniversary Exhibition: Contemporary American Art Mar. 1-26: Balthus: New Paintings, 1963-1966 May 3-27: Charles Sheeler Sept. 20-Oct. 8: "Popular Art" in America, 18-19th Century

1967 -- Apr. 18-May 13: John Storrs Mar. 15-Apr. 8: Arthur Dove Nov. 7-25: O. Louis Guglielmi Sept. 26-Oct. 21: 42nd Anniversary Exhibition Feb. 14-Mar. 11: George L. K. Morris Jan. 10-Feb. 14: William Zorach: The Last Decade Dec.: Gallery Group

1968 -- Sept. 10-Oct. 5: 43rd Anniversary Exhibition

1969 -- Mar.: The Performing Arts
Related Material:
Berman, Avis. Pioneers in American Museums: Edith Halpert. Museum News 54, no. 2 (November/December 1975): 34-37, 61-64.

Bragazzi, Olive. The Story Behind the Rediscovery of William Harnett and John Peto by Edith Halpert and Alfred Frankenstein. American Art Journal 15, no. 3 (Spring 1984): 51-65.

Tepfer, Diane. Edith Gregor Halpert and the Downtown Gallery/Downtown, 1926-1940: A Study in American Art Patronage. Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan, 1989.

Edith Gregor Halpert, interview by Harlan Phillips, 1962-1963. Oral History Program, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Edith Gregor Halpert, interview by Harlan Phillips, January 20, 1965. New Deal and the Arts Project, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Edith Gregor Halpert, lecture delivered at the Brooklyn Museum of Art, October 19, 1959, on the 1959 American National Art Exhibition in Moscow. Tape-recorded by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, and transcribed by the the Downtown Gallery staff.

In addition, the Archives of American Art has among its collections personal papers and oral history interviews of artists and collectors associated with the Downtown Gallery. Researchers are advised to conduct a name search in the Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS).
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (ND-1- ND-71), the mojority of which was subsequently donated. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Between 1957 and 1967, the Downtown Gallery loaned portions of its records to the Archives of American Art for microfilming. Because the microfilming was done in increments, the material was not always filmed in logical sequence, and overlapping and duplication of records occurred. Since files loaned for microfilming were, for the most part, still working records used to conduct ongoing gallery business, their contents changed and shifted over time. After Edith Halpert's death in 1970, the records of the Downtown Gallery were received by the Archives of American Art, 1972-1978, as a gift from her niece and executor, Nathaly Baum. In addition to the previously microfilmed material, the gift includes correspondence, inventories and sales records, financial records, photographs, and printed matter, as well as artifacts.One additional document received 2016 by Karen Freeman, daughter of Arthur H. Freeman, who did business at L.D. Landau and Co. Freeman represented halpert as an insurance agent.
Restrictions:
The microfilm of this collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
The Downtown Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws. Prior to publishing information regarding sales transactions, researchers are responsible for obtaining written permission from both artist and purchaser involved. If it cannot be established after a reasonable search whether an artist or purchaser is living, it can be assumed that the information may be published sixty years after the date of sale.
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fraktur art  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- United States  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Weather vanes  Search this
Chalkware  Search this
Figureheads of ships  Search this
Folk art -- United States  Search this
Folk artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Downtown Gallery records, 1824-1974, bulk 1926-1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.downgall
See more items in:
Downtown Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-downgall
Online Media:

Fred Wiseman Scrapbook

Creator:
Wiseman, Fred, 1875-1961  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Wiseman-Peters (Fred Wiseman and J. W. Peters) (Aircraft manufacturer)  Search this
Extent:
0.59 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Tickets
Correspondence
Clippings
Date:
1909-1968
bulk [ca. 1910s, 1950s]
Summary:
Fred Wiseman, along with J. W. Peters and D.C. Prentiss, built a biplane named the Wiseman-Peters. During July 1910, both Peters and Wiseman flew the Wiseman-Peters and the following year Wiseman entered the 1911 Aviation Meet at Selfridge Field, Michigan. On February 17, 1911, Wiseman made the first airplane-carried mail flight officially sanctioned by any local U.S. post office and made available to the public when he carried mail, a bundle of newspapers and a sack of groceries from Petaluma, CA, to Santa Rosa, CA. After the 1911 season, Wiseman gave up flying.

This collection consists of a large scrapbook. Inside the scrapbook are newspaper clippings, correspondence, 1st Day Covers, race tickets, and photographs chronicling both Wiseman's automobile and aviation careers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a large scrapbook. Inside the scrapbook are newspaper clippings, correspondence, 1st Day Covers, race tickets, and photographs chronicling both Wiseman's automobile and aviation careers.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Materials are in the order the donor attached them to the scrapbook. Correspondence is often located within the envelope that is attached to the scrapbook. Some materials are loose and have been left in the arrangement in which they were found, unless a portion of a newspaper article could be matched to its other parts.
Biographical / Historical:
Fred Wiseman (1875-1961) was born in Santa Rosa, California, and after attending local schools he engaged in both the bicycle and automotive businesses. Wiseman won considerable fame racing Stoddard-Dayton cars on the West Coast as well as in the Chicago area. He became interested in aviation after attending the Wright brothers' homecoming celebration in 1909 and the first Los Angeles aviation meet at Dominguez Field in 1910.

After these two events, Wiseman was convinced he wanted to learn to fly and so he returned to his home in Santa Rosa and persuaded Ben Noonan to put up $10,000 to build a plane. Wiseman, along with J. W. Peters and D.C. Prentiss, built a biplane named the Wiseman-Peters. During July 1910, both Peters and Wiseman flew the Wiseman-Peters and the following year Wiseman entered the 1911 Aviation Meet at Selfridge Field, Michigan.

On February 17, 1911, Wiseman made the first airplane-carried mail flight officially sanctioned by any local U.S. post office and made available to the public when he carried mail, a bundle of newspapers and a sack of groceries from Petaluma, CA, to Santa Rosa, CA. (The first air mail flight sanctioned by the U.S. Post Office in Washington, D.C., took place on September 23, 1911, when Earle Ovington carried mail from Garden City, Long Island, to Mineola; and the first continuously scheduled U.S. air mail service began on May 15, 1918, with routes between Washington, Philadelphia, and New York.)

During 1911, Wiseman had an active season of exhibition work, including flying for one week at the California State Fair. However, after this season Wiseman gave up flying because he thought there was no future in it. He sold his plane and returned to the automobile business. He later worked for Standard Oil Company of California. Wiseman was a member of the Early Birds of Aviation, an organization of pilots who flew solo in an aircraft prior to December 17, 1916.

Weldon Cooke, another pioneer aviator from California, bought and modified the Wiseman-Peters aircraft, renaming it the Wiseman-Cooke. Cooke flew the Wiseman-Cooke for exhibition and air mail flights. The Wiseman-Cooke aircraft is currently part of the Smithsonian Institution's collections.
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift?, unknown, XXXX-0618, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Automobile racing  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Wiseman-Peters #2 Biplane (1910)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Tickets
Correspondence
Clippings
Citation:
Fred Wiseman Scrapbook, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0618, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0618
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0618
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Online Media:

Marcel Breuer papers

Creator:
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-  Search this
Names:
Marcel Breuer Associates/Architects and Planners  Search this
Extent:
37.6 Linear feet
0.14 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1920-1986
Summary:
The Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986, contain biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document the career of architect and designer Marcel Breuer.
Scope and Contents note:
The Marcel Breuer papers span the years 1920 to 1986 and measure 37.6 linear feet and 0.14 gigabytes. They consist of biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document Breuer's career as an architect and designer. This material reflects the prolificacy and diversity of his creations, from tubular steel chairs to private residences, college campuses, factories, department stores, and international, municipal, and corporate headquarters and complexes.

The Biographical Material Series contains documents that list or certify significant events or associations attained by Breuer during his career, such as résumés, licenses, and certificates. The number of awards contained in this series attest to the esteem in which he was held by his colleagues.

Breuer's Correspondence Series illustrates the interaction of his various colleagues and the operation of his architectural offices in the execution of their projects, many of which were in progress simultaneously. This series includes letters from Joseph Albers, Jean Arp, Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Naum Gabo, Sigfried Giedion, Walter and Ise Gropius, Louis I. Kahn, György Kepes, László Moholy-Nagy, Henry Moore, Eero Saarinen, and José Luis Sert.

The Business and Financial Records Series contains documents which reflect Breuer's commercial transactions that do not directly relate to one specific project. Two project books pertain to 36 architectural projects and record their basic physical and financial details, such as site measurements and cost projections. There are also miscellaneous invoices and receipts, and one of Breuer's personal income tax returns.

The Interviews Series contains typescripts of interviews. Of particular interest is the audiotape interview of Breuer, who discusses his early years as a student and his first impressions of the Bauhaus. There are also untranscribed audiotape interviews of his colleagues György Kepes and Harry Seidler, and his patrons Mr. A. Elzas, and the Koerfers, who discuss their business relationships with Breuer.

There are address lists of colleagues and patrons and résumés from architects contained within the series on Notes, while the Writings Series contains typescripts of lectures and articles written by Breuer concerning architecture and its history. Writings by others are about Breuer and his work, including typescripts, galleys, and photographs of architectural and design projects used in the publication of the book Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961 by Cranston Jones.

The Sketches Series consists of 3 small, hand-drawn depictions of unidentified floor plans.

The largest and most comprehensive series houses the Project Files, which consist of approximately 300 project files containing letters, legal documents, and photographs that record the planning and execution of many of Breuer's most important architectural projects. These include the UNESCO Headquarters Building (Paris, France), St. John's Abbey and University (Collegeville, Minnesota), the IBM Corporation Research Center (La Gaude, France), the HUD Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), the De Bijenkorf Department Store (Rotterdam, The Netherlands), and the third power plant and forebay dam for the Grand Coulee Dam (Washington state). The file for the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York contains an interesting set of photographs of Breuer showing Jacqueline Kennedy through the construction site.

Of equal importance are the additional Project Files for the 100 residences designed by Breuer, including prefabricated houses such as Kleinmetalhaus and Yankee Portables, and commissioned residences such as the two Gagarin Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut), the two Harnischmacher Houses (Wiesbaden, Germany), Koerfer House (Moscia, Switzerland), the Neumann House (Croton-on-Hudson, New York), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Staehelin House (Feldmeilen, Switzerland), the Starkey House (Duluth, Minnesota), and the three Rufus Stillman Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut). There are also files concerning the four houses Breuer designed for himself in Lincoln and Wellfleet, Massachusetts, and in New Canaan, Connecticut.

The Project Files for Breuer's furniture designs are not as comprehensive as those for his architectural creations but contain many photographs of his early conceptions for chairs, tables, desks, cabinets, rugs, and tapestries.

The Exhibition Files Series contains primarily photographs of exhibitions in which Breuer participated. The extent of his participation is sometimes difficult to determine, because it ranged from designing a single chair, designing rooms for an apartment or an entire house specifically to be shown in an exhibition, to designing an exhibition building. Breuer was also the subject of a retrospective exhibition sponsored by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This traveling exhibition was seen in New York City, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin.

Images contained in the Photographs Series are of Breuer, including one of him in Philip Johnson's house, Breuer family members, and colleagues, including Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Walter and Ise Gropius, and Matta. Three photograph albums in this series contain more than 1,000 photographs of 59 architectural projects.

The Printed Material Series houses general clippings that concern groups of projects, rather than one specific project. There is also a scrapbook of tearsheets concerning architectural projects, exhibition announcements, and catalogs for others, and miscellaneous press releases and brochures.
Arrangement:
The Marcel Breuer papers are arranged into 11 series, based on type of document. Each series, except Project Files, has been arranged chronologically. The Project Files Series has been divided into 19 subseries of related architectual and design project types. The overall arrangement reflects Breuer's original arrangement. Each subseries or file group within is arranged alphabetically according to the surname of an individual, or a location name of a university. The contents of each project file have been arranged according to material type and a chronology that best reflects the progression of the project toward completion.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1981 (Boxes 1, 36; Reel 5708; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1923-1986 (Boxes 1-6, OV 47; Reels 5708-5717; 5.3 linear ft.)

Series 3: Business and Financial Records, 1933-1980 (Box 6; Reels 5717-5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 4: Interviews, 1963-1985 (Boxes 6-7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft., ER01; 0.14 GB)

Series 5: Notes, 1934-1976 (Box 7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 6: Writings, 1923-1981 (Boxes 7-8; Reels 5718-5720; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sketches, circa 1920s-circa 1980 (Box 8; Reel 5720; 1 folder)

Series 8: Project Files, 1921-1986 (Boxes 8-23, 36-40, OVs 43-57; Reels 5720-5737; 27.6 linear ft.)

Series 9: Exhibition files, 1922-1974 (Box 34, OV 49; Reels 5737-5738; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1928-1979 (Boxes 34, 41-42; Reel 5738; 0.3 linear ft.)

Series 11: Printed Material, 1925-1984 (Boxes 35, 42; Reels 5738-5739; 1.0 linear ft.)
Biographical/Historical note:
Marcel Lajos Breuer was born on May 21, 1902, in the Danube valley town of Pécs, Hungary, to Jacques Breuer, a physician, and Franciska (Kan) Breuer. His siblings were Hermina and Alexander. Throughout his life, Breuer used his first name only on official documents and preferred that his friends use his middle name, the Hungarian form of "Louis." The diminutive form of this name was usually spelled "Lajkó" and pronounced "Lye-ko."

In 1920, Breuer graduated from the Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola in Pécs. He had received a scholarship to study art in Vienna but took an immediate dislike to the Art Academy there, so searched elsewhere for training. He started working in the studio of a Viennese architect and soon became interested in training in the cabinetmaking shop of the architect's brother. Breuer was not satisfied with this arrangement either, and, upon hearing about the year-old Bauhaus school in Germany, he departed for Weimar in 1921.

Founded and directed by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus combined the teaching of the pure arts with training in functional technology. Breuer received a master's degree from the Bauhaus in 1924, then studied architecture in Paris, where he first met Le Corbusier.

In 1925, Gropius enticed Breuer to return to the Bauhaus, now relocated in Dessau, by offering him a post as master of the carpentry workshop and a commission to design the interiors of the new Bauhaus buildings. Inspired by his new bicycle's handlebars, Breuer designed his first tubular steel chair, the Wassily chair, named for his friend Wassily Kandinsky. This chair and dozens of other Breuer designs for furnishings were mass-produced by the Thonet Brothers in Germany.

Two years later, in 1928, Breuer left the Bauhaus to begin a private architecture practice in Berlin, emphasizing prefabricated housing and the use of concrete in building. During this time Breuer worked on a designs for the Potsdamer Platz, Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, and a hospital in Elberfeld, and he completed work on the Lewin House and the Harnischmacher Apartment. Due to the deteriorating economic and political conditions in Germany, Breuer closed his Berlin office in 1931 and traveled to Budapest, Zurich, Morocco, Greece, and Spain. Returning to Germany in the following year, he began designing furniture in aluminum. Breuer established his reputation as an architect upon completion of the Harnischmacher House in Wiesbaden, a house notable for the use of contrasting materials and distinctive interiors.

The Nazis closed the Bauhaus in 1933. The following year, Breuer designed the Dolderthal Apartments in Zurich for the Swiss architectural historian Sigfried Giedion. From 1935 to 1937, Breuer settled in London, and became partners with F. R. S. Yorke. During this time he designed for the Isokon ("isometric unit construction") Control Company laminated plywood furniture that became widely imitated.

In 1937, Breuer accepted an invitation from Walter Gropius to join the faculty of the School of Design at Harvard University to teach architecture, and he moved to the United States. Among his students were Edward Larrabee Barnes, Ulrich Franzen, Philip Johnson, I. M. Pei, and Paul Rudolph. Breuer formed a partnership with Gropius in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1937 to 1941. Their firm was engaged primarily in the design of private homes.

In 1946, Breuer moved to New York City, where he established an office in an East 88th Street townhouse. The number of his commissions began to grow slowly, and it was during this time he constructed his own notable residence in New Canaan, Connecticut. He developed the bi-nuclear, or "two-center" house, which was designed to meet the living requirements of modern families by creating functional areas for separate activities.

Breuer's architectural reputation was greatly enhanced when, in 1953, he was commissioned to design, in collaboration with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Headquarters in Paris. During this year, he also began work on a series of innovative buildings for St. John's Abbey and University in Collegeville, Minnesota.

Between 1963 and 1964, Breuer began work on what is perhaps his best-known project, the Whitney Museum of American Art, in New York City. He also established an office with the name Marcel Breuer Architecte, in Paris, to better orchestrate his European projects. Also during this time, Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, Hamilton Smith, and Robert F. Gatje became partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. When Murray Emslie left a year later, he was replaced by Tician Papachristou, who had been recommended by Breuer's former student, I. M. Pei.

After several moves to increasingly larger office space in New York, Breuer established his largest office at 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street in 1965. After suffering the first of a series of heart attacks, Breuer reduced his travel to Europe, eventually leaving the management of the Paris office in the hands of Mario Jossa.

Between 1965 and 1973, Marcel Breuer and Associates continued to receive many diverse and important commissions, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), showrooms for Scarves by Vera (New York City), the IBM Corporation (La Gaude, France), the Baldegg Convent (Lucerne, Switzerland), Bryn Mawr School for Girls (Baltimore, Maryland), a third power plant for the Grand Coulee Dam, the Australian Embassy (Paris, France), the Armstrong Rubber Company (New Haven, Connecticut), and the State University of New York Engineering Complex (Buffalo). Breuer also designed residences including a second Gagarin House (Litchfield, Connecticut), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Soriano House (Greenwich, Connecticut), and a third Rufus Stillman House (Litchfield, Connecticut).

Due to failing health in 1972, Breuer sold his New Canaan house and moved into Manhattan so he could more easily commute to the office. By 1976, Breuer's health had declined further, and he retired from practice. The name of his firm was subtly changed from Marcel Breuer and Associates to Marcel Breuer Associates, and later to MBA/Architects and Planners.

Marcel Breuer died on July 1, 1981, in New York City.

This chronology below is based on evidence found within the Marcel Breuer Papers. The dating of projects reflects the range of dates encompassed by the files for each project, not the project's actual construction time. Most architectural projects have several equally significant dates from which it is difficult to assign a single date. Significant dates for a building may include the date of groundbreaking, the laying of the cornerstone, or the first opening day. When a project's dates are unknown or uncertain, a question mark in brackets appears at the end of the entry.

1902 -- Marcel Lajos Breuer is born on May 21 in Pécs, Hungary.

1920 -- Breuer graduates from Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola (high school) in Pécs. Breuer travels to Vienna to study art.

1921 -- Breuer enrolls at the Bauhaus, Wiemar, Germany. Furniture designs: tea table; wooden cabinet.

1922 -- Furniture designs: poltrana chair; side chairs. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin, Germany Haus-am-Horn

1923 -- Architectural project: apartment house (multistory duplex with continuous terrace gardens). Furniture designs: miscellaneous bureaus.

1924 -- Breuer earns a master's degree from the Bauhaus. Breuer studies architecture in Paris, where he meets Le Corbusier. Furniture designs: desk and bookcase.

1925 -- Breuer returns to the Bauhaus, now located in Dessau, and takes post of master of the carpentry workshop. Architectural projects: Canteen, Bauhaus-Dessau, Germany; Kleinmetallhaus (prefabricated house in steel); Gropius House, Dessau, Germany; Wissinger Apartment, Berlin, Germany [1925?]. Furniture designs: Wassily chair; Rückenlehnstuhl ("back-leaning chair"); tubular steel stool; modular system for cabinets.

1926 -- Breuer marries Martha Erps. Architectural projects: Gröte Residence, Dessau, Germany; Moholy-Nagy Apartment and Studio, Berlin, Germany; Muche House, Dessau, Germany; Piscator Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Thost House, Hamburg, Germany. Furniture designs:(modular) system for unit furniture; dining room chair; tubular steel chair; office chair; storage wall unit. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Dessau, Germany; table for Kandinsky's Master's Studio.

1927 -- Architectural project: Bambos Houses, Dessau, Germany. Furniture designs: folding chair; theater chairs; tubular steel and wood desks.

1928 -- Breuer leaves the Bauhaus and establishes business in Berlin. Architectural projects: Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, Germany; Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, Spandau, Germany; Elberfeld Hospital, Elberfeld, Germany; Breuer Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Heinersdorff House, Berlin, Germany; Melder House, Mährisch-Ostrau, Czechoslovakia. Furniture designs: folding chair; Cesca dining room chair; tubular steel coffee table; tea wagon

1929 -- Architectural projects: Fuld Factory Competition, Frankfurt, Germany; Kharkov Theater, Kharkov, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.; De Francesco Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Harnischmacher Apartment, Wiesbaden, Germany; Heydt Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Lewin House, Berlin, Germany; Schneider House, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture design: armchair.

1930 -- Breuer meets György Kepes in Berlin. Architectural project: Boroschek Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Exhibitions: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin-Germany, House for a Sportsman, Cork Industry Display; Paris Werkbund Exhibition, Paris, France, Wohn Hotel, Vitrine and Cabinets, and Klubraum Gropius.

1931 -- Breuer closes the Berlin office and travels in Europe and North Africa. Architectural project: Reidemeister Residence, Berlin, Germany. Furniture design: bookcase. Exhibition: Bauausstellung Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, Mitarbeiter Hassenpflug Apartment.

1932 -- Breuer returns to Germany.

1933 -- Nazis close the Bauhaus. Architectural project: Harnischmacher House I, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture designs: aluminum chairs; aluminum tables.

1934 -- Breuer divorces Martha Erps. Architectural project: Dolderthal Apartments, Zurich, Switzerland. Exhibition Building Competition, Budapest Spring Fair, Budapest, Hungary.

1935 -- Breuer moves to London and forms partnership with F. R. S. Yorke. Furniture designs: Isokon chairs; plywood nesting tables; plywood dining table. Exhibition: Heal's "Seven Architects" Exhibition, London, England; Designs for two chairs.

1936 -- Architectural projects: Motley Fashion Shop, London, England; London Theatre Studio, London, England; Clifton House (Crofton Gane House), Bristol, England; Sea Lane House, Angmering-on-Sea, Sussex, England; Ventris Apartment, London, England. Exhibitions: Royal Show, Bristol, England, Gane's Pavilion; British Cement and Concrete Association Exhibition, London, England, Garden City of the Future (civic center).

1937 -- Breuer and Yorke dissolve their partnership. Breuer moves to the United States to teach at Harvard. Breuer and Walter Gropius establish Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, Associated Architects. Architectural project: Obergurgl Ski Lodge, Obergurgl, Austria.

1938 -- Architectural projects: Wheaton College Competition, Art Center, Norton, Massachusetts; Fischer House and Studio, Newtown, Pennsylvania; Gropius House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Haggerty House, Cohasset, Massachusetts; Margolius House, Palm Springs, California. Furniture design: cabinet with hinged drawers. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer and the American Tradition in Architecture," Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1939 -- Architectural projects: Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina; Breuer House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Ford House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Frank House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Exhibition: New York World's Fair, Flushing Meadows, New York; Pennsylvania Pavilion.

1940 -- Breuer marries Constance Crocker Leighton. Architectural projects: Chamberlain Cottage, Wayland, Massachusetts; Weizenblatt House, Asheville, North Carolina.

1941 -- Breuer and Gropius dissolve their partnership. Architectural project: New Kensington Defense Housing, New Kensington, Pennsylvania.

1942 -- Architectural projects: Plas-2-Point Demountable Houses; Yankee Portables.

1943 -- Architectural projects: South Boston Redevelopment Project, Boston, Massachusetts; Stuyvesant Six (housing development), New York, New York; Wellfleet Housing Development, Bi-Nuclear "H" House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts.

1944 -- Architectural projects: Van Leer Vatenfabrieken N.V., Office Building, Amstelveen, The Netherlands; 1200 Square Foot House, Florida; Geller House I, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; East River Apartments, New York, New York; Long Beach Nurses' Residence, Long Beach, Long Island, New York.

1945 -- Architectural projects: Eastern Airlines Ticket Office, Boston, Massachusetts; Smith College Competition, Dormitories, Northampton, Massachusetts; Unidentified Memorial, [location unknown]; Cambridge War Memorial, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Florida House, Miami Heights, Florida; Tompkins House, Hewlett Harbor Village, Long Island, New York.

1946 -- Breuer and family move to New York City. Breuer establishes an office on East 88th Street. Architectural projects: Small House Competition; Martine House, Stamford, Connecticut; Preston Robinson House, Williamstown, Massachusetts.

1947 -- Architectural projects: Breuer House I, New Canaan, Connecticut; Scott House, Dennis, Massachusetts; Thompson House, Ligonier, Pennsylvania.

1948 -- Architectural projects: Ariston Club, Mar del Plata, Argentina; Breuer Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts; Kniffin House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Witalis House, Saddle Rock, Kings Point, New York; Wise Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Low Cost Furniture Competition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, Cutout plywood chair.

1949 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer: Architect and Designer, by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: United States Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Headquarters, Paris, France; Clark House, Orange, Connecticut; Herrick House, Canajoharie, New York; Hooper Residence Additions, Baltimore, Maryland; Marshad House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Smith House, Aspen, Colorado; Tilley House, Middletown, New Jersey; Wolfson Trailer House, Pleasant Valley, New York. Exhibition: Museum of Modern Art Exhibition, New York, New York, House in museum garden.

1950 -- Breuer moves his office to East 37th Street, New York. Architectural projects: Alaska Air Terminal, Anchorage, Alaska [1950?]; Sarah Lawrence College, Arts Center, Bronxville, New York; Vassar College, Dwight Ferry House (a cooperative dormitory), Poughkeepsie, New York; Aspen House, Aspen, Colorado; Englund House, Pleasantville, New York; Hanson House, Lloyd Harbor, Huntington, Long Island, New York; Lauck House, Princeton, New Jersey; McComb House, Poughkeepsie, New York; Mills House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Pack House, Scarsdale, New York; Rufus Stillman House I, Litchfield, Connecticut.

1951 -- Architectural projects: Grosse Pointe Public Library, Grosse Pointe, Michigan; Aufricht House Addition, Mamaroneck, New York; Breuer House II, New Canaan, Connecticut; Caesar House, Lakeville, Connecticut. Furniture design: Canaan desk.

1952 -- Architectural projects: Scarves by Vera, Showroom, New York, New York; Levy House, Princeton, New Jersey; George Robinson House, Redding Ridge, Connecticut; Tibby House, Port Washington, New York.

1953 -- Architectural projects: Bantam Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Litchfield High School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Northfield Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Monastery Wing, Abbey Church and Bell Banner, Collegeville, Minnesota; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Oakville, Ontario, Canada; De Bijenkorf Department Store and Garage, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Calabi House, Lagrangeville, New York; Crall House, Gates Mills, Ohio; Gagarin House I, Litchfield, Connecticut; Neumann House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Snower House, Kansas City, Missouri; Edgar Stillman House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Tile Council of America Exhibition, New York, New York, Patio-Bathroom.

1954 -- Architectural projects: New London Railroad Station, New London, Connecticut; Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; Grieco House, Andover, Massachusetts; Harnischmacher House II, Wiesbaden, Germany; Karsten House, Owings Mills, Maryland; Starkey House (formerly Alworth House), Duluth, Minnesota.

1955 -- Publication of book, Sun and Shadow: The Philosophy of an Architect, edited by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, Train "X," Budd "Hot Rod," Budd "Flying Cloud," and ACF Talgo Locomotives and Passenger Cars, Rye Railroad Station, Rye, New York [1955?]; Connecticut Junior Republic Association Dormitory, Litchfield, Connecticut; Torrington High School, Torrington, Connecticut; Hunter College, Library, Classrooms, and Administration Building, Bronx, New York; Annunciation Priory, Bismarck, North Dakota; O. E. McIntyre, Inc. Plant, Westbury, Long Island, New York; Laaff House, Andover, Massachusetts; McGinnis Apartment, Biltmore, New York, New York; McGinnis House, Charlmont, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Good Design Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, Hyperbolic Paraboloid.

1956 -- Breuer moves his office to Third Avenue and 57th Street, New York. Breuer is the first recipient of La Rinascente's Compasso d'Oro Prize. Architectural projects: U.S. Embassy, The Hague, The Netherlands; Boston and Maine Railroad, North Station Industrial Building; Boston and Maine Railroad, Fairbanks Morse Locomotive and Passenger Cars; New Haven Railroad Station, New Haven, Connecticut; New York University, University Heights Campus, Bronx, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Van Nuys, California; Wohnbedarf Furniture Showroom, Zurich, Switzerland; Hooper House, Baltimore, Maryland; Krieger House, Bethesda, Maryland; Staehelin House, Feldmeilen, Switzerland.

1957 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Budapest. Architectural project: Westchester Reform Temple, Scarsdale, New York. Exhibitions: International Autumn Fair, Vienna, Austria, U.S. Pavilion; "Amerika Baut" ("America Builds"), Marshall House, Berlin, Germany.

1958 -- Breuer becomes a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. Architectural projects: El Recreo Urban Center, Caracas, Venezuela; St. John's Abbey and University, St. Thomas Aquinas Residence Hall, Collegeville, Minnesota; Halvorson House, Dryberry Lake Area, Kenora, Ontario, Canada; Recreational Apartments, Tanaguarena, Venezuela. Exhibitions: "Ars Sacra" Exhibition, Louvain, France; Concrete Industries Exposition, Cleveland, Ohio, The Pavilion.

1959 -- Architectural projects: Whitby Elementary School, Greenwich, Connecticut; Ustinov House, Vevey, Switzerland. Exhibitions: "U.S. Architecture in Moscow," Moscow, U.S.S.R.; "1960 National Gold Medal Exhibition of the Building Arts," Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, New York, Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects; "Form Givers at Mid-Century" (traveling exhibition), Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects.

1960 -- Architectural projects: Flaine Ski Resort Town, Haute-Savoie, France; St. John's Abbey and University, Library, Collegeville, Minnesota; Brookhaven National Laboratory (for Nuclear Research), Upton, Long Island, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Rochester, Indiana; Abraham & Straus Department Store, Facade, Hempstead, Long Island, New York; McMullen Beach House, Mantoloking, New Jersey.

1961 -- Architectural projects: St. Francis de Sales Church, Church and Rectory, Muskegon, Michigan; Temple B'Nai Jeshurun, Short Hills, Millburn Township, New Jersey; One Charles Center, Baltimore, Maryland; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Research Center, La Gaude, France; Fairview Heights Apartments, Ithaca, New York. Exhibitions: "Bauhaus" [location unknown]; "New Forms in Concrete," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1962 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961, by Cranston Jones. Architectural projects: Torrington Manufacturing Company, Machine Division, Torrington, Connecticut; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, Los Angeles, California; Kacmarcik House, St. Paul, Minnesota. Exhibition: "Fourth Biennale of Present-Day Christian Art," Salzburg Dome, Salzburg, Austria.

1963 -- Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, and Hamilton Smith become partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Headquarters Building, Washington, D.C.; Hoboken Terminal Building, Hoboken, New Jersey; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York; Grand Central Air Rights Building, 175 Park Avenue, New York, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Nivelles, Belgium; Koerfer House, Moscia, Tessin, Switzerland; Van der Wal House, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Exhibitions: "Recent American Synagogue Architecture," The Jewish Museum, New York, New York; "Churches and Temples: Postwar Architecture," American Institute of Architects, Pepsi Cola Gallery, New York, New York; "On Campus: Recent Buildings," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1964 -- Breuer establishes an office near the Parc des Expositions, Paris, France. Robert F. Gatje becomes a partner in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Murray Emslie leaves, and Tician Papachristou joins Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Boston Redevelopment Parcel 8 Competition, Boston, Massachusetts; ZUP (Zone à Urbaniser par Priorité/"Zone Designated for Priority Urbanization") Community, Bayonne, France; New York University, University Heights Campus, Technology Building II, Bronx, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Science Hall, and Auditorium, Collegeville, Minnesota; Yale University, Becton Center for Engineering and Applied Science, New Haven, Connecticut; St. Luke's Church, Fairport, New York; Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Washington, D.C.; Scarves by Vera, Showroom and Offices, 417 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York; De Gunzburg Houses, Megève, Haute-Savoie, France; Rufus Stillman House II, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Art in the United States" Part III, ("Architecture in the U.S.A."), Brearley School, New York, New York.

1965 -- Breuer's Paris office (Marcel Breuer Architecte) moves to 48 rue Chapon in the third arrondissement. Breuer's New York office moves to 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street. Breuer suffers the first of a series of heart attacks while in New York in August. Architectural projects: Interama (Community for Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay), Miami, Fla.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; State School for the Mentally Retarded, Nassau County, New York; Cardinal Stritch College (Tri-Arts Center), Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mary College, Bismarck, North Dakota; University of Massachusetts, Murray Lincoln Campus Center and Parking Structure, Amherst, Massachusetts; Laboratoires Sarget, Corporate Headquarters and Pharmaceutical Plant, Bordeaux, France; Purdue Frederick Company, Corporate Headquarters, Bordeaux, France; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Swindon, England; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Administration Building, Torrington, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Architecture of Industry," Architectural League of New York, (traveling exhibition).

1966 -- Breuer and Robert F. Gatje move back to the New York office. Eric Cercler and Mario Jossa are left in charge of the Paris office. Architectural projects: Sports Park, Corona-Flushing Meadow Park, Queens, New York; Charlotte Hungersford Hospital, Torrington, Connecticut; Stables Competition, Central Park, New York, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Student Residence Hall II and Student Center and Swimming Pavilion, Collegeville, Minnesota. Furniture design: Tapestries. Exhibitions: Svoboda & Company Furniture Exhibition," Selection 66," Vienna, Austria; School of Architecture Exhibition, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma; "Rugs," Stephen Radich Gallery, New York, New York; "Bauhaus: A Teaching Idea," Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1967 -- Architectural projects: Campus High School, Secondary Education Complex, Madison Park Urban Renewal Area, Boston, Massachusetts; Kent School, Girls' Chapel, Kent, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Ecumenical and Cultural Research Center, Collegeville, Minnesota; Cleveland Museum of Art, Education Wing, Cleveland, Ohio; Baldegg Convent, Mother House Institute, near Lucerne, Switzerland; Cleveland Trust Company, Bank and Office Building, Cleveland, Ohio; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia Basin Project Third Power Plant and Forebay Dam, Douglas County, Washington; Geller House II, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; Kreizel House Addition, [location unknown]; Soriano House, Greenwich, Connecticut.

1968 -- Breuer is awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects. Breuer is awarded the Jefferson Foundation Medal in Architecture from the University of Virginia. Architectural projects: Olgiata Parish Church, Rome, Italy; Harrison-State Development Corporation, Office Building, Bristol Center, Syracuse, New York; Armstrong Rubber Company, New Haven, Connecticut; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Expansion of Headquarters Facility, Armonk, New York; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Offices, Laboratories, and Manufacturing Facility, Boca Raton, Florida; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, 1411 Broadway, New York, New York; Rosenberg House, [location unknown].

1969 -- Mario Jossa is made sole director of the Paris office. Architectural projects: West Queens High School, Long Island City, Queens, New York; Harvard University, Bio-Chemistry Building, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Boston Office Building, 60 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts. Exhibition: "Le Bauhaus: 1919-1969," Musée National d'Art Moderne et Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.

1970 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from Harvard University. Publication of book, Marcel Breuer New Buildings and Projects, by Tician Papachristou. Architectural projects: Australian Embassy, Paris, France; Bryn Mawr School for Girls, Baltimore, Maryland; State University of New York at Buffalo, Engineering and Applied Science Complex, Buffalo, New York; University of Virginia, Physics Building, Charlottesville, Virginia. Exhibition: ["Marcel Breuer"?], Szépmuvészeti Múzeum (Museum of Fine Arts), Budapest, Hungary.

1971 -- Architectural projects: Acquitaine Coast Resort, Port Contis, France; Atlanta Central Library, Atlanta, Georgia; Pine Ridge High School, Pine Ridge, South Dakota; Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, New York; European Investment Bank, Kirchberg Plateau, Luxembourg; Torin Corporation, Tech Center, Building 1, Torrington, Connecticut.

1972 -- Breuer suffers another heart attack in Kabul, Afghanistan. Breuer sells his house in New Canaan and moves to 63rd Street, New York. Architectural projects: Clarksburg Public Library, Clarksburg, West Virginia; Southern New England Telephone Company (SNET), Traffic Service Position; Systems Building, Torrington, Connecticut; American Press Institute, Conference Center, Reston, Virginia; Afghanistan Hotels, Kabul and Bamyan, Afghanistan; Picker House, Lake Carmel, New York; Saier House, Glanville-Calvados, France. Exhibitions: "Breuer en France," Knoll International, Paris, France; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

1973 -- Architectural projects: Heckscher Museum, Expansion Project, Huntington, New York; Defendon Pharma, Limburg an der Lahn, Germany; Torin Corporation, Sculpture, Torrington, Connecticut; Torin Corporation, Assembly Plant, Lawton, Oklahoma; Gagarin House II, Litchfield, Connecticut; Rufus Stillman House III, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

1974 -- Architectural projects: Strom Thurmond Courthouse and Federal Office Building, Columbia, South Carolina; Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, Red Line Subway Expansion, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Exhibitions: "The Flowering of American Folk Art," Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, Installation designed by Breuer and Hamilton Smith; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Centre de Création Industrielle, Pavillon de Marsan, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France.

1975 -- Architectural projects: Lawton Community, Lawton, Oklahoma; Mundipharma, Limburg, Germany; Andrew Geller Shoes, Inc., Showroom, New York, New York; Mt. Tochal Hotel, Tehran, Iran. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Bauhaus-Archiv, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany.

1976 -- Breuer retires from practice. Marcel Breuer and Associates becomes Marcel Breuer Associates and later MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: Sadat City Ministries Complex, Cairo, Egypt; National Museum of American Amusement, [location unknown]; Torin Corporation, Penrith, Australia; Mideast Market (fish, meat, and vegetable market), Kuwait; Cairo Airport Hotel, Cairo, Egypt; Bratti House, New Canaan, Connecticut.

1977 -- Mario Jossa becomes a partner in MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: BAFO Warehouse, Springfield, Virginia; ITT Palm Coast Condominiums, Flagler Beach, Florida. Exhibition: "Art and Contemporary Architecture," David Findlay Galleries, New York, New York.

1978 -- Breuer receives the Grand Médaille d'Or from the Academy of Architecture, France. Architectural projects: Litchfield County Courthouse, Litchfield, Connecticut; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia River Basin Project, Visitors Arrival Center, Douglas County, Washington.

1979 -- Architectural project: Boyarsky House, Lawrence, New York.

1980 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the Parsons School of Design. MBA/Architects and Planners moves to 26th Street, New York. MBA/Architects and Planners sells the Paris practice to Mario Jossa. Architectural projects: Pall Corporation, Headquarters and Parking Structure, Glen Cove, New York; Philip Morris, Inc., Manufacturing Facility, Cabarrus County, North Carolina; Pittsburgh Convention Center Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1981 -- Marcel Breuer dies on July 1 in New York City. Architectural projects: N F & M Corporation, Jericho, New York; Garces House, Cali, Colombia.

1982 -- Herbert Beckhard leaves the partnership in November. Architectural projects: Xerox Corporation, [location unknown]; General Electric Company, Waldorf Towers Apartment, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Chairman's Office Competition, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Corporate Guest Facility and Helipad, Lewisboro, New York.

1983 -- Partnership now called Gatje Papachristou Smith, and is located in offices on lower Fifth Avenue, New York. Architectural project: 44th Street Precinct House, Bronx, New York.

1986 -- Partnership of Gatje Papachristou Smith dissolved.
Related Archival Materials note:
Additional blueprints and drawings by Breuer are located at Syracuse University.

A presentation book for the IBM Research Center in La Gaude, France, is located in the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in five installments, 1985-1999, by Constance Breuer, widow of Marcel Breuer.
Restrictions:
The microfilm for this collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
The Marcel Breuer papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Architecture, German  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- Germany  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architects -- United States  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architects -- Germany  Search this
Design -- Germany -- Munich  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.breumarc
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-breumarc
Online Media:

International Salt Company Records

Creator:
International Salt Company  Search this
Costain, Harold Haliday  Search this
Rittase, William M., 1894-1968  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Date:
1881-1993
bulk 1920-1929
Summary:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains business records and photographic materials documenting the International Salt Company. The business records include correspondence, account and ledger books, a payroll book, patent and trademark information, print advertising and marketing materials, and a salesman salt display kit. The photographic materials include a series of photographs by William M. Rittase, a series of photographs by Harold Haliday Costain, a small photograph album, snapshots, and slides. The images cover all facets of the salt manufacturing and packaging operations, and include photographs taken in New York State, Michigan, and Louisiana.

The scrapbooks contain advertisements for the International Salt Company's Sterling Salt label and other leading salt companies, especially Morton's. Much of the ephemera consists of labels, but there are also small pamphlet cookbooks. The cookbooks, prepared and marketed by various salt companies, tout recipes for tasty dishes using specific salts and expound upon the merits of salt in general, especially the medical benefits. Other clever salt-related advertising appears in conjunction with maps, buttons, song books, calendars, and health exercises.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937, consists primarily of financial materials--ledgers, cash books, monthly statements, timekeeping and payroll information--for the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company (A.R.S.M.Co.), Detroit Rock Salt Company, Detroit Salt Company, International Salt Company, and the Restof Mining Company. Additionally, there is one annual report for the International Salt Company (1957) and the newsletter Saltmaker, 1964.

There are two A.R.S.M.Co. ledgers, 1898-1907 and 1907-1922. The first ledger, 1898-1907, predates the founding of the International Salt Company, and it is likely that A.R.S.M.Co was absorbed by International Salt during a merger. Documentation recorded including inventories, merchandise, labor, surplus, insurance, office expenses, legal expenses, taxes, bills receivable, directors' committee fees, fuel, candles, oil, waste and packing, rental, repairs and maintenance, interest, labor, feed, outside salary account, Cuban consignment account, and loan account. Specific persons, such as superintendents F. Rundio and Sidney Bradford, are mentioned and specific companies including Restof Mining, Joy Morton Company, Havana Mill, G. Lawton Childs & Company, International Salt of New York and various others (pages 193-212), are listed with expenses.

The Detroit Salt Company (general ledger), 1911-1913, consists of one bound volume documenting the company's assets, liabilities, expenses, earnings, advance accounts, and old accounts.

Detroit Rock Salt Company (cash record), 1912 October-1913 January, consists of one bound volume documenting cash received and cash disbursed.

International Salt Company, Inc., Independent Salt Company Division (monthly statements), 1933 October-1937 December, consists of one bound volume of general ledger trial balance sheets organized chronologically. Detailed documentation includes general expenses, assets, capital assets, liabilities, special reserves, net worth, profit and loss statements, warehousing costs and tonnage purchased.

Restof Mining Company (time and payroll), 1894 July 1-1895 March 31, consists of one bound volume of 400 pages, documenting the time and payroll for employees. The volume contains the name of the employee, the number of days worked, hourly wage earned per day, the amount earned, advances, board due, store (supplies due), rent, and any balances due. A portion of the volume is severely water-damaged.

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935, consists of copies of issued trademark declarations from the United States Patent Office. The trademarks are for company names, logos, salt containers and packages, and various salt products. The trademarks are arranged alphabetically by the name of the trademark. For example, Amaessa, a trademark for baking powder and salt is filed with other trademarks beginning with the letter "A." Additional materials consist of one file folder of correspondence and printed materials about patents, trademarks and copyright laws. The correspondence relates specifically to the ownership of certain trademarks by International Salt Company, and there is correspondence from John L. Ryon, assistant sales manager and W.T. Chisolm, vice-president of International Salt Company. There are compiled lists of brand names, trademarks, and package designs for which International Salt registered at the United States Patent Office, 1926-1927. There are two examples of small cloth bags branded with "Ideal Salt" and some packaging, such as "White Lily High Grade Salt" and labels such as "Purex Free Running Table Salt." The Peter J.L. Searing trademark for salt (No. 52,963) and Chicago Sawed Salt-Block Company (No. 15,174) provide examples of ethnic imagery. A trademark is a brand name. A trademark or service mark includes any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination used or intended to be used to identify and distinguish the goods/services of one seller or provider from those of others, and to indicate the source of the goods/services. Although federal registration of a mark is not mandatory, it has several advantages, including notice to the public of the registrant's claim of ownership of the mark, legal presumption of ownership nationwide, and exclusive right to use the mark on or in connection with the goods/services listed in the registration.

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993, is divided into five subseries: Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, 1934; Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934; Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993; Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s; and Subseries 5, Album (unidentified), undated.

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934, consists of three photographs (approximately 10 1/2" x 13") black-and-white prints mounted to 16" x 20" boards. The prints are numbered #6, #42, and #44 and depict a salt mine and equipment used in salt manufacturing located in Avery Island, Louisiana.

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934, consists of black-and-white prints (10" x 14") signed by Ritasse which are mounted on 18 1/2" x 20" boards. The photographs are arranged numerically from #350 to #480. Many of the photographs are captioned. American photographer William Rittase (1887-1968), active in the 1920s-1930s, is known for his industrial photography. Rittase's images provide insight into International Salt Company activities such as salt manufacturing, packaging operations, general factory processes, printing salt bags, can labeling, brine storage, exteriors of buildings, crushing salt, men in the salt mines, machine shop views, and equipment.

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993, consists of black-and-white and color prints, as well as transparencies depicting salt mines and related activities. Some of the photographs document a visit by International Salt Company executives to the Jefferson Island, Louisiana salt plant.

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s, consists of seventeen color slides documenting salt plants, equipment and salt miners.

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated, consists of twenty-two 4" x 6 1/2" black-and-white photographs documenting the damage to a salt manufacturing plant. The photographs are captioned, but there is no indication of the geographic location of the salt plant.

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948, consists of two scrapbooks (14" x 17" and 11" x 16") that contain primarily tear sheets, unbound periodical pages showing an advertisement as printed, or as a proof, newspaper clippings, magazine clippings, correspondence, pamphlets, price lists, recipes, labels, periodicals, and other ephemera.

The scrapbook, 1920-1931, consists primarily of advertisements and newspaper clippings related to advertising salt products, especially for Morton's Salt and Diamond Crystal Salt. Other companies represented include Colonial Salt Company, Carey Salt Company, Jefferson Island Salt Company, Kerr Salt Company, Mulkey Salt Company, Myles Salt Company, Ohio Salt Company, Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Company, Remington Salt Company, Star Salt Corporation, Union Salt Company, Worcester Salt Company, and Watkins Salt Company.

The scrapbook from 1945-1948 is devoted to advertisements for the International Salt Company and Sterling Salt, which promoted salt uses for the home (table salt, curing meats, and brines), industry (rock salt for winter weather) and agriculture (killing weeds). Many of the advertisements were part of the "Pass the Salt" campaign and were featured in publications such as Woman's Day, National Provisioner, Food Industries, Hide, Leather and Shoes, Chemical Previews, and Public Works. The scrapbook is divided into three sections: institutional, weed prevention, and Lixate, a process developed by the International Salt Research Laboratory for making brine. Many of the advertisements were prepared by J.M. Mathes Incorporated.

Also included is a traveling salt kit for Sterling Salt Company salesmen, undated, featuring small glass vials of sterling salt from mines in Detroit, Avery Island, Louisiana, and Restof, New York. Each vial notes the types of salts--purified, softener, iodized, medium flake, coarse flake, granular flour, and meat.

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s, consists of oversize advertising posters for Worcester Salt Company. There is one set of labels from an exhibit titled "I Eat Rocks! Salt of the Earth."
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1, Business Records, 1894-1937

Series 2, Trademarks, 1881-1935

Series 3, Photographs, 1934-1993

Subseries 1, Harold Haliday Costain, circa 1934

Subseries 2, William Ritasse, circa 1934

Subseries 3, Loose Photographs, 1969-1993

Subseries 4, Slides, circa 1970s

Subseries 5, Album (damaged mine), undated

Series 4, Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1920-1948

Series 5, Posters, circa 1920s
Biographical / Historical:
The International Salt Company incorporated on August 22, 1901, and in 1902, the company purchased the stock and assets of the National Salt Company, which had failed. By 1934, International Salt was a holding company for six subsidiaries: Avery Salt Company (West Virginia), Detroit Rock Salt Company (Michigan), Eastern Salt Company (Massachusetts), Independent Salt Company (New York), International Salt Company, Inc. (New York), and Retsof Mining Company (New York). All of the subsidiaries operated rock salt mines and evaporated salt plants and distributed salt. In 1940, the International Salt Company decided to sell four of its subsidiaries--Avery Salt Company, Detroit Rock Salt Company, International Salt Company, Inc., and Retsof Mining Company.

John M. Avery discovered rock salt at Petite Anse, Louisiana in 1862. Petite Anse Island was renamed Avery Island in the late 19th century. Ownership and mining of salt at Petite Anse involved numerous parties until 1886, when New Iberia Salt Company took over operations. In 1896, the Avery family began operating the mine, and they founded the Avery Rock Salt Mining Company. In 1899, the International Salt Company leased the mine.

The Detroit Salt and Manufacturing Company was founded in 1906. The company quickly went bankrupt during construction of a shaft and was acquired in 1910 by the Watkins Salt Company, which incorporated the new organization under the name Detroit Rock Salt Company. The company experienced success and the International Salt Company purchased the mine circa 1914. In 1983, International Salt closed the mine's operations and in 1985, Crystal Mines, Inc., purchased the mine as a potential storage site.

In 1885 the Empire Salt Company of New York was renamed the Retsof Mine Company, and the Village of Retsof was founded near the mine shaft. During the next 110 years, the mine grew to become the largest salt-producing mine in the United States and the second largest in the world. Before the initial collapse in March 1994, the mine encompassed an underground area of more than 6,000 acres, and the mine footprint (outer edge of mined area) extended over an area of nearly ten square miles. At the time of the collapse, the Retsof Mine was owned by Akzo-Nobel Salt Incorporated (ANSI) and, during the winter of 1993--994 operated at full capacity to meet demands for road salt throughout the northeastern United States. The Retsof Mine ceased operations on September 2, 1995, and by December, twenty-one months after the initial collapse, the mine was completely flooded.
Related Materials:
Materials held at the Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of American History

Trade catalogs from International Salt Company Inc., 1900s

Materials held at Other Organizations

Harvard University Archives

Ritasse, William M., 1894-1968. Photographs of Hardvard University campus and environs taken by William M. Ritasse, circa 1930.

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs

Avery Rock Salt Mining Company, Plan. June 16, 1924 (AKZO No. 7-77-02) - Avery Island Salt Works, Akzo Salt Incorporated, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Salt Mine Village, Salt Workers' Houses No. 6, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

Avery Island Sugarhouse, Avery Island, Iberia Parish, LA

State Library of Louisiana

Historic Photograph Collection contains images of salt mining at Avery Island, Louisiana.

University of North Carolina, Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Library

Papers for the Avery Family of Louisiana, 1796-1951
Provenance:
Tom Maeder donated the collection on June 13, 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Salt  Search this
Salt workers  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Michigan  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- New York  Search this
Salt industry and trade  Search this
Salt mines and mining -- Louisiana  Search this
advertising  Search this
Industrial photography -- 1990-2000 -- Texas  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Louisiana  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- New York  Search this
Mines and mineral resources -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Transparencies
Time books
Scrapbooks
Cashbooks
Annual reports
Ledgers (account books)
Financial records
Patents
Letters
Newsletters
Citation:
International Salt Company Records, 1881-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1158
See more items in:
International Salt Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1158
Online Media:

Boston Water Works Collection

Creator:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Boston Water Works.  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (5 Boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Later prints
Place:
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1895-1932
Summary:
The collection consists of cyanotype and silver gelatin photographs, print negatives, publications, stamps, and a glass plate negative, documenting the Metropolitan Water Works during its construction.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four series. Series 1,Cyanotype photographs and Series 2,Cyanotype photographs contain a total 877 cyanotype photographs.

Series 3, contains 128 silver gelatin photographs, 14 print negatives.

Series 4, contains one glass plate negative, two stamps and two publications.

The material's from 1895 to 1919. The material is arranged by number.

Overall the cyanotype photographs are in good condition while some show signs of water damage. Images depict different installations of the Boston Waterworks system, views of pumping stations being installed and in operation as well as views of water mains. The first publication relates to the Metropolitan District Water supply tunnel from the Ware River to the Wachusett Reservoir and the second publication relates to the Boston Society of Civil Engineers excursion to water supply from the Metropolitan District, October 22, 1932. The stamps were used to label the cyanotype photographs with the name of the collection, date it was received, and the museum division name.
Arrangement:
The Collection is organized into three series.

Series 1: Cyanotype Photographs, 1897-1919

Series 2: Silver Gelatin Photographs, 1896-1921

Series 3: Glass Plate Negative, Stamps, and Publications, 1932
Biographical:
In 1846, the city of Boston established the first municipal water utility in order to maintain and operate the Cochituate Water Works, known as the Boston Water Commissioners. In 1850, the Cochituate Water Board is established.In 1865, the Mystic Water Board was established. In 1875 the Cochituate Water Board and Mystic Water Board merge to create the Boston Water Board. Later in 1895, the Boston Water Board was abolished, which lead to the establishment of the Metropolitan Water Board, resulting in the transfer of maintenances and operations of the Boston Water Board to the Metropolitan Water Board as well as the Spot Pond Water Works of the towns of Melrose, Malden and Medford. The Boston Water Board then became known as the Boston Water Department. In 1901, the Metropolitan Water Board merged with the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners to form the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. In 1919, the Metropolitan Park Commission merges with the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board to form the Metropolitan District Commission (MDC).

Source

Historical note was provided courtesy of: Sean M. Fisher, Archivist, DCR Archives, Office of Cultural Resources, Bureau of Planning and Resource Protection, MA Department of Conservation and Recreation, 251 Causeway St., Suite 600, Boston, MA 02114-2119
Related Materials:
Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives

Metropolitan Water Works photograph collection, 1876-1930 (bulk 1895-1921)

Series includes photographic documentation of the Boston Water Board's construction between 1890 and 1895, representing the Hopkinton Reservoir and Dam, and Sudbury Reservoir and Dam; and the photographic documentation of the Metropolitan Water Works system through three successive state agencies between 1895 and 1926.
Provenance:
The collection was acquired by Curator Robert Vogel, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, 1964-1965.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Water utilities -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water supply -- Massachusetts  Search this
Tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Pumping stations  Search this
Dams -- Massachusetts  Search this
Waterworks -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineering -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1890-1900
Later prints
Citation:
Boston Water Works Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1117
See more items in:
Boston Water Works Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1117

Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records

Inventor:
Del Mar, Bruce  Search this
Source:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Former owner:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1951-2011
Summary:
Collection documents the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity for an extended period, through engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials documenting the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity.

The records document the successful collaboration of an independent inventor and a manufacturing firm to identify problems, develop solutions and bring to market diagnostic technologies. Bruce Del Mar's role as an innovator and collaborator with Holter is especially important, because Del Mar's work spurred the development of an entire diagnostic industry. In addition, the records also chronicle how "Holter technology" was affected by progressive technological innovations in the industry, as vacuum tubes were replaced by transistors, as microprocessors gave way to microchips and circuit boards, and as analog recordings were replaced by digital formats.

Documenting manufacturing developments (highs and lows) and marketing considerations is an important element in better understanding the invention process. Del Mar Avionics was the first to design and manufacture instrumentation for long-term monitoring of the human heart for the medical profession. Today, Holter Monitors continue to be an important diagnostic tool for monitoring the health of the heart.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated, consists of biographical materials for Bruce Del Mar, founder of Del Mar Avionics, company histories, copies of the Del Mar Avionics newsletter Pacemaker, employee information, newspaper clippings and ephemera, and photographs of some employees. The employee information contains a 1979 handbook, explaining company policies and the benefits of employment with Del Mar Avionics and a 1951 memo detailing overtime working hours for women, presumably from Douglas Aircraft, where Bruce Del Mar was employed.

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976; Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969; and Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968. The documentation consists primarily of correspondence from the engineering department, 1965 to 1976, related to the development, design, budgeting, testing, and marketing of the Holter Monitor. The majority of the documentation is correspondence and is written by engineering staff members, but also included are quotation requests, trip reports, and technical reports. Correspondence between Holter and Del Mar about the development of the Holter Minotor is in Series 6. The drawings, 1958-1968, include six drawings (22" x 34" or smaller) for Avionics Research Products projects (panel assembly, chassis assembly, and battery chargers for model 602), and Electromation Company (degausser single coil).

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated, consists of copies of patents by Norman J. Holter, W.E. Mills, and W.E. Thornton, Cliff Sanctuary. and Isaac Raymond Cherry related to the development of the Holter Monitor. Also included are lists of United States patents issued to Del Mar Avionics employees, as well as lists of registered trademarks and activities for Del Mar Avionics and copies of trademarks issued to the company.

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated, consists of product literature for Del Mar Avionics products and some of its competitors. The product literature for Del Mar Avionics is arranged chronologically by model number, and the competitor literature is arranged alphabetically. All of the product literature is related to medical instrumentation with the exception of the Hydra Set, a precision load positioner which is the only product Del Mar Avionics sells today.

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985, consists of price lists, price catalogs (both domestic and international) and sales objectives for medical instrumentation sold by Del Mar Avionics.

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005 and undated, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005 and undated; Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978; and Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated, and consists of materials documenting the relationship between Norman J. Holter, an inventor, and Del Mar Avionics.

Holter and Wilford R. Glassock were issued United States Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means. Dr. Eliot Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968 which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

The materials include biographical materials about Norman J. Holter, journal articles about the Holter Monitor, correspondence, engineering notebooks, a licensing agreement, product literature, reports, price lists, catalogs, operating manuals and specific information about the Dynamic Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977, and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both models were developed by Del Mar's medical device manufacturing staff. The licensing agreement and correspondence detail in chronological order the relationship between Norman Holter and Del Mar Avionics, specifically president Bruce Del Mar, in the rapid commercial marketing and development of Holter's electrocardiorecorder. Although Holter assigned exclusive rights to his patent to Del Mar Avionics, he was involved in the design and development process, albeit from a distance. The engineering staff at Del Mar kept Holter informed, and it is clear that Holter regularly visited the company.

The engineering notebooks relate to the models 445 and 660. The notebooks were maintained by engineering staff members D. Anderson, N. Mohammedi, Ray Cherry and Fike. The notebooks are handwritten, although in some instances memos and other information have been inserted. For example, N. Mohammedi's notebook documenting Model 445 contains black-and-white prints, magnetic tape samples, and recorder tape (EKG graph paper) samples with data from the monitor. The notebooks are bound and paginated, and individual pages are stamped sequentially.

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s, consists of color slides used for presentations by Del Mar Avionics staff to discuss and promote the marketing of the Holter Monitor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976

Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969

Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 1, Del Mar Avionics, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 2, Competitors, 1974 and undated

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978

Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Jefferis "Jeff" Holter (1914-1983) was born in Helena, Montana, to a prominent Montana pioneering family. After attending public schools in Helena, he earned master's degrees in chemistry from the University of Southern California (1938) and physics from the University of California, Los Angeles (1940). During these years Holter also organized Applied Micro Sciences, a scientific photography business, and began working with Dr. Joseph A. Gengerelli of UCLA on nerve stimulation in frogs and brain stimulation in rats. Holter's interest in studying electrical activity in humans in their daily activities without touching them, spawned his lifelong pursuit to develop the Holter Monitor.

During World War Two, Holter served as a senior physicist for the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Ships, conducting research into the behavior of ocean waves in preparation for wartime amphibious operations. After the war, in 1946, Holter headed a staff of oceanographic engineers at Bikini Atoll during Operation Crossroads, the first postwar atomic bomb tests, measuring wave actions and underwater disturbances caused by the explosions.

Because of demands of his family's business affairs, Holter returned to Helena in 1947 to continue his research activities. In 1947 he formed the Holter Research Foundation, with a laboratory originally located in the rear of the Holter Hardware Company building. From 1956 to 1971 the laboratory facilities were located in the Great Northern Railroad depot building in Helena. The foundation was initially funded by Holter and other members of his family, but in 1952 Holter began to receive grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Holter continued his collaboration with Dr. Gengerelli of UCLA in attempting to transmit information, primarily brain waves, by radio. Holter turned his attention from the brain to the heart because the heart's greater voltage made the electronics easier, and because heart disease was far more prevalent than cerebral disease. Holter's introduction to Dr. Paul Dudley White (1886-1973), a renowned physician and cardiologist, helped convince him to focus his research on recording electrical activity from the heart. Holter's goal was to radio broadcast and record the more obvious electrophysiological phenomena occurring in humans while carrying on their normal activities, rather than having to lie quietly on a couch.

The first broadcast of a radioelectrocardiogram (RECG) took place circa 1947 and required eighty to eighty-five pounds of equipment, which Holter worn on his back while riding a stationary bicycle. This was not practical and in no way could be worn by a patient. The initial transmitter and receiver required that the subject remain in the general area of the laboratory, so a portable and lighter RECG receiver-recorder had to be developed.

Next, Holter created a briefcase-like device that could be carried by a patient. By using very thin magnetic recording tape, twenty-four hours of RECG could be captured on a reel five inches in diameter. The initial method of examining the voluminous records from the tape recordings developed by Holter was called Audio-Visual Superimposed ECG Presentation (AVSEP). AVSEP made it possible to examine twenty-four hours of RECGs in twenty minutes, with signals being presented visually on an oscilloscope and audibly through a speaker.

With the development of transistors, radioelectrocardiography was made obsolete, and it became possible for the amplifier, tape recorder, temperature-control circuits, motor speed control circuits, and batteries to be placed in a single unit small enough for a coat pocket or purse. In 1952, Holter succeeded in creating a small unit that weighed 1 kilogram. Wilford R. Glassock, a senior engineer working with Holter, traveled to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital (now Cedars-Sinai Hospital of Los Angeles) in 1962 to demonstrate the Holter monitor system and discuss making it more practical. At Cedars, Dr. Eliot Corday observed the practicality of the system and not only embraced the technology, but collaborated with Holter's team and was an early promoter of the technology to both industry and physicians. Holter and Glassock were issued US Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means.

As articles describing the foundation's invention of these devices began to appear in the professional literature, there was considerable demand from doctors and hospitals for the equipment. Dr. Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968, which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

Later known as Del Mar Avionics, a team of engineers diverted their attention from successful manufacturing of military weapons training devices to focus on improving the speed and accuracy of computerized ECG analysis and they became the acknowledged leader in Holter monitoring technology for over 40 years. In 1969, because of the increased amount of required paper work and red tape, Holter canceled the grant funding his foundation had been receiving from NIH. He was also in constant conflict with the Internal Revenue Service over the foundation's non-profit status, rights to patents, and commercial production of equipment. The foundation continued to maintain a laboratory and conduct varied scientific work, but on a much smaller scale. The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was dissolved in 1985, two years after Holter's death.

Del Mar Avionics was founded on January 9, 1952, as Del Mar Engineering Laboratories in Los Angeles, California by Bruce Del Mar, who led the development of aircraft cabin pressurization systems. Del Mar was born in Pasadena, California in 1913. An engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and businessman, Del Mar graduated from the University of California, Berkeley (1937) with a Bachelor of Science degree. Del Mar worked for Douglas Aircraft (1933-1951) as a research engineer on many projects before founding Del Mar Engineering Laboratories. In 1938, Del Mar married Mary Van Ness. The couple had two daughters, Patrica Jean Parsons and Marna Belle Schnabel.

In 1958, Del Mar formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Electromation Inc., which manufactured tape recording and communication equipment. He later established, Aeroplastics Corporation to manufacture plastic products and Avionics Research Products Corporation to develop and produce biomedical instrumentation. By the mid-1960s, the company had become a leading U.S. Defense Department prime contractor in the development and production of aerial tow target systems for weapons training and instrumented ground targets for scoring air-to-ground automatic weapons delivery. It also produced helicopter target drones and helicopter flight trainers for the U.S. Army.

In 1961, the company entered the growing medical instrumentation market with the development of the first long-term ambulatory monitoring systems.

In 1965, the company introduced the Hydra Set Load Positioner that controls the precise vertical positioning of loads up to 300 tons (272,000 kg) in increments as small as 0.001 inch (0.025mm). This unique product, mounted between the load and the crane (or hoist), permits precise mating and de-mating of critical components, thus eliminating unforeseen damage to valuable loads. Hydra Set Load Positioners are in use worldwide in the aerospace, military/commercial aviation, nuclear and fossil fuel power generating industries and in various industrial applications. In 1975, the company, then re-named Del Mar Avionics, moved to its current location in Irvine, California.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Project Bionics Artificial Organ Documentation Collection [videotapes], 2002 (AC0841) documents the invention and development of artifical internal organs through oral history interviews with scientists and others involved.

The James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951 (AC0200) documents Halkett and Wesolowski's experiments on an early mechanical heart. Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols.

The George Edward Burch Papers, 1984-1986 (AC0316) documents Burch's pioneering work in clinical cardiology and research through technical notes, diagrams, and correspondence regarding laboratory work on the "2-pump heart model," 1984-1986.

Wilson Greatbatch Innovative Lives Presentation, 1996 (AC0601) documents the invention of the implantable cardiac pacemaker in 1958.

The Ronald J. Leonard Papers, circa 1980-1997 (AC1109) documents Leonard's development of pumps and oxygenators used in cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery.

Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The Division of Medicine and Science holds two monitors: the Dynamic and the Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977 and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both were developed by Del Mar's Medical Device Manufacturing staff. See accession #: 2011.0196.

Materials at the Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives

Holter Family papers, 1861-1968

Includes documentation about the Holter Research Foundation, Inc.

Holter Research Foundation, Inc. records, 1914-1985

The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was a private, non-profit, scientific research foundation started in Helena, Montana, in 1947 by Norman J. "Jeff" Holter. Records (1914-1985) include correspondence, financial records, laboratory records, subject files, photographs, etc. Also included are subgroups for N.J. Holter; his work in the U.S. Navy on bombs and waves; his work as assistant chancellor at University of California, San Diego; and the Society of Nuclear Medicine.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Del Mar Avionics through Bruce Del Mar, President on September 12, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Patents  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1249
See more items in:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1249
Online Media:

William R. Hutton Papers

Creator:
Hutton, William R., 1826-1901  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (33 boxes, 21 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Letterpress copybooks
Blueprints
Diaries
Drawings
Cashbooks
Business records
Business letters
Notebooks
Topographic maps
Tax records
Technical drawings
Stock certificates
Technical literature
Photoengravings
Notes
Maps
Microfilms
Linen tracings
Letter books
Letters
Land titles
Legal documents