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Alma Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Bader, Franz, 1903-1994  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Johnson, Nathalie J. Cole  Search this
Sarg, Tony, 1882-1942  Search this
Tarbary, Celine  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Thomas, J. Maurice (John Maurice), 1900 or 1901-  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1894-2001
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.

Biographical material includes identity cards, chronologies, an audio recording including a biographical account, and scattered documentation of Thomas's education and teaching careers with D.C. Public Schools, Howard University, and Thomas Garrett Settlement in Wilmington, Delaware. Also found are records relating to Thomas's participation in a summer marionette class taught by Tony Sarg in 1934, and a tour of European art centers which Thomas took in 1958.

Letters relate primarily to the exhibition of Thomas's work and related events and are from galleries, museums, other art institutions, colleagues, and friends including Franz Bader, Adelyn Breeskin, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Howard University Gallery of Art, Martha Jackson Gallery, Nathalie J. Cole Johnson, Vincent Melzac, Celine Tabary, and Joshua Taylor.

Notes and writings include four notebooks and autobiographical writings by Thomas, a "Birthday Book," and an annotated engagement calendar. J. Maurice Thomas's writings about Alma Thomas, her research for a bibliography on James Weldon Johnson, and writings by others, including Jacob Kainen, about Alma Thomas, are also found here.

Exhibition files contain a wide variety of documentation for many group and solo exhibitions of Thomas's work from the early 1950s through a 1998-2000 traveling retrospective exhibition, including solo exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1972. The records include letters from Franz Bader Gallery, David Driskell at Fisk University, and Vincent Melzac. Photographs include Thomas with individuals including William Buckner, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, James W. Herring, and Vincent Melzac. Also found is a photograph of the 1951 Little Paris Studio Group picturing Lois Mailou Jones, Celine Tabary, Alma Thomas, and others. Two video recordings are of events related to the 1998-2000 retrospective at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Columbus Museum of Art. Records documenting a 1981-1982 exhibition at the Smithsonian National Museum of American Art, A Life in Art: Alma Thomas, includes the script of a video written by Adolphus Ealey.

Personal business records include price lists, gift and loan receipts, and files concerning the Art in Embassies Program, the Martha Jackson Gallery, a benefit auction for the Corcoran School of Art, and the designation of the Thomas family home in Washington, D.C. as a historic property.

Eleven scrapbooks document Thomas's teaching career through the activities of the art classes she taught at Shaw Junior High School.

Printed materials include announcements and catalogs for exhibitions and other events; clippings which document Thomas's career and subjects of interest to her; Christmas cards featuring block prints designed by Thomas; and other programs and publications featuring Thomas.

Photographs are of Alma Thomas, family, and friends and colleagues including Sam Gilliam, James V. Herring, and Nathalie V. Cole Johnson; art classes taught by Thomas; Thomas's homes in Columbus, Georgia and Washington, D.C.; and exhibitions not documented in Series 4: Exhibition Files, including photographs of Alma Thomas at an opening at Barnett Aden Gallery with Alonzo Aden and others.
Arrangement note:
The papers have been arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1911-2001 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Letters, circa 1930-2001 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1920s-circa 1998 (Box 2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1951-2000 (Boxes 2-3, OV 7; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1950s-1994 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1908-2000 (Boxes 3-5, OV 7; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1930-1946 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1894-2001 (Boxes 5-6; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas (1891-1978) was known for her abstract paintings filled with dense patterns of color, and was considered a major artist of the Washington Color School.

Thomas was born in Columbus, Georgia, in 1894, and was the eldest of the four daughters of John Harris Thomas and Amelia Cantey Thomas. The family moved to Washington, D.C. in 1906 and Thomas was first introduced to art classes at Armstrong Technical High School. Following her graduation in 1911 she took a course in kindergarten teaching at the Miner Normal School, and subsequently worked as a substitute teacher in the Washington, D.C. public school system until 1914, when she took a teaching position on the Eastern shore of Maryland. From 1916 to 1923 she taught kindergarten at Thomas Garrett Settlement House in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thomas originally enrolled at Howard University in Washington, D.C. as a home economics major in 1921, but after studying under Lois Mailou Jones amd James V. Herring in Herring's newly established art department, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Fine Art in 1924, and became the first person to graduate from the program. Thomas then began her teaching career at Shaw Junior High School in Washington, D.C. that lasted from 1924, until her retirement in 1960. During this time she established community arts programs that would encourage her students to develop an appreciation of fine arts. Activities included marionette programs, distribution of student-designed holiday menu cards for dinners given for soldiers at the Tuskegee Veterans' Hospital, art clubs, lectures, and student exhibitions. In 1943 she became the founding vice president of Barnett Aden Gallery, which was established by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden and was the first integrated gallery in Washington, D.C.

In 1934 Thomas earned an M.A. degree in Art Education from Columbia University. At American University in Washington, D.C., she studied creative painting under Joe Summerford, Robert Gates, and Jacob Kainen from 1950 to 1960, and began to break away from representational painting and experiment more seriously with Abstract Expressionism. In 1958 she participated in a tour of the art centers of Western Europe under the auspices of the Tyler School of Fine Arts at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Following her retirement from teaching in 1960, Thomas devoted herself full-time to painting, and continued to develop her signature style. She was inspired by nature and the desire to express beauty through composition and color, and refused to be constrained by societal expectations related to her race, gender, and age, achieving her greatest success in the last decade of her life. Her work was exhibited at the Dupont Theatre Art Gallery, Franz Bader Gallery, and the Howard University Gallery of Art, before she was honored in 1972 with exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Thomas's work has been exhibited at the White House and can be found in the permanent collections of major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Separated Materials note:
In 1979, J. Maurice Thomas loaned papers for microfilming. Most, but not all, of the loaned material was later donated and is described in this finding aid. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are available on reels 1541-1543 and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
J. Maurice Thomas, the artist's sister, loaned portions of the collection for microfilming in 1979. Most, but not all of this material was then later donated in several accretions by J. Maurice Thomas, between 1979 and 2004. Charles Thomas Lewis, Thomas' nephew, gave additional papers in 2010.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alma Thomas papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Alma Thomas papers, circa 1894-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.thomalma
See more items in:
Alma Thomas papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomalma
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Rudolph Schaeffer papers

Creator:
Schaeffer, Rudolph  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Frey, Caroline  Search this
Frey, Fred  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1880s-1997
Summary:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997 and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997, and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.

Correspondence documents Schaeffer's personal and professional activities as well as the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design. Subject files contain various combinations of correspondence, photographs, printed material, and drawings reflecting Schaeffer's activities, projects, and interests. Within the subject files is correspondence with artists, including Mark Tobey. Extensive writings include manuscripts for published and unpublished articles and drafts, notes, and manuscripts of several unpublished books including Collected Lectures of Rudolph Schaeffer on Color and Design, Color and Design, Prismatic Color Theory, and Rhythmo-Chromatics, all undated. Diaries include a volume recording Schaeffer's 1936 trip to Japan. 42 volumes of journals, compiled between 1954 and 1987, contain entries on a wide range of subjects including lists of errands, invitation lists, class notes, drafts of letters, notes including staff assignments and staff meetings, autobiographical notes and reminiscences, and musings on religion and philosophy.

The Artwork series houses artwork by Schaeffer and his students. Found are hand-made Christmas cards, designs, sketches, and sketchbooks. Seven scrapbooks document Rudolph Schaeffer's career, his school and former students, and the San Francisco art scene. They contain printed material, photographs, letters, and a small amount of artwork. Volume 3 is devoted to East West Gallery, and volume 7 documents Rudolph Schaeffer's 90th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Most untranscribed sound recordings (audio cassettes and reels) are of lectures by Schaeffer and others delivered at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Miscellaneous records includes a series of hand-baticked fabric samples from the Wiener Werkstatte, as well as transcripts of an oral history with Schaeffer and other interviews.

Printed material concerns the career of Rudolph Schaeffer, his school and former students, the San Francisco art scene, and general art topics. Included are articles and a book by Schaeffer, catalogs and other items produced by the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and miscellaneous items about or mentioning Schaeffer and his school. Items of note are announcements of courses taught by Schaeffer in Piedmont and San Francisco prior to the opening of his school, and theatre programs from productions with sets and some costumes designed by Schaeffer in the early 1920s.

Photographs are of artwork, people, places, events, stage designs, and miscellaneous subjects. Artwork includes some designs by Rudolph Schaeffer; people include Schaeffer, his family, friends, and students. Of particular note are a photograph of Frank Lloyd Wright's visit to the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and one of Rudolph Schaeffer and Imogen Cunningham. Places include interior and exterior views of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design at its St. Anne Street and Mariposa Street locations. Also included are photographs by Ansel Adams of the home of Ed and Caroline Fey.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1900-1988 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1989 (Box 1, 19; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1907-1988 (Boxes 1-2, OV 16; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 2-6, 15, 19, 21; 4.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, 1911-1957 (Boxes 6-15, 19, 21 OV 17; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1933-1976 (Boxes 6, 14, 19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sound Recordings, 1949-1986 (Boxes 11-13; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1905-1986 (Box 7, 19, 22; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-1994 (Boxes 7-8, 15, 19, 22; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1880s-circa 1988 (Boxes 8-10,15, 20, 22, OV 18; 1.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Rudolph Schaeffer (1886-1988), a proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, aspired to unite technology, science, and lifestyle in order to live in harmony with nature. An individual with many talents and interests, he was best known for his work in the field of color study and as a teacher and the founder of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Born on a farm in Clare, Michigan in 1886, Rudolph Schaeffer displayed musical and artistic talent from a young age. Although he initially wanted to become a professional musician, he began focusing more on art when his musical abilities were compromised by an improperly set broken wrist. Schaeffer received his first formal art training as a high school student and then attended the Thomas Normal Training School in Detroit, where he studied music, art, and design. He continued studying independently, developing interests in calligraphy and metal craft.

In 1907, Schaeffer taught manual training courses in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The following summer he traveled to Paris and London. While in London he saw an exhibition of Josef Hoffman's modern interiors that had a great impact on his own design ideas. He then returned to Michigan and taught in schools close to home. In 1909, Schaeffer attended a design course in Minneapolis taught by A. E. Batchelder, director of Throop Polytechnic Institute in Pasadena. Both Batchelder and his course were strong influences on Schaeffer, as was Ralph Johnot, a proponent of Arthur Wesley Dow's design principles. In 1910 Schaeffer joined the faculty of Throop Polytechnic Institute, where he remained for five years.

The U. S. Commission on Education selected Schaeffer to be part of a delegation of twenty-five American teachers sent to Munich for several months in 1914 to investigate the exemplary industrial design curriculum offered in their secondary schools. Schaeffer subsequently expected to begin teaching at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles at the start of the 1914 school year, but World War I erupted while he was in Germany and his return to the United States was delayed so long that another teacher had to be hired to fill his place.

In 1915 Schaeffer was a manual training instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (formerly the Hopkins School), and taught design and metal crafts at the University of California Berkeley. For a number of years afterwards, he did free lance design work, taught private classes, and ran a small summer school in his Piedmont studio. Schaeffer was a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1918 when he was drafted and sent to drafting and surveying courses by the Army. Between 1917 and 1924 Schaeffer was on the faculty of the California College of Arts and Crafts where he taught design, color, handicrafts, and interior design. During this period he developed a new approach to teaching color and design based on the prismatic color wheel.

During the early 1920s Schaeffer worked as a set designer and as Art Director of Greek Theatre at the University of California at Berkeley, Schaeffer began applying prismatic color theory to set and costume design. He also designed sets for productions in Detroit. In 1925, Schaeffer saw the Paris Exposition and researched interior and stage design while in France.

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design which, in its early days was called the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Rhythmo-Chromatic Design, opened on St. Anne Street in San Francisco's Chinatown in 1926. In 1951 the school then moved to Union Street on Telegraph Hill where it remained for nearly a decade. In 1960, the school purchased a former boys' school on Mariposa Street, Portero Hill. Rudolph Schaeffer lived in a small cottage built for him at the rear of the property where he designed and tended a remarkable "Peace Garden."

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was best known for its courses in color and interior design. Schaeffer was the first person in the United States to teach prismatic color theory, is credited with being the first to use the term "interior design" rather than "interior decoration" and the first to incorporate the use of models into interior design coursework. In 1959 the school's courses were expanded from 2 to 3-year programs and a diploma was awarded. Former students include many successful interior designers, textile designers, furniture designers, industrial designers, commercial artists, color consultants, teachers, and master flower arrangers.

In addition to the interior design and color diploma courses, the school offered a summer session, classes for children, a brief lecture series for the general public, and a wide variety of classes including advertising art, architecture and design, art history, art in public schools, calligraphy, color design, color for television, color for weavers, color theory, design, drawing, environmental aesthetics, fashion design, fashion illustration, flower arrangement, industrial design, interior design, Notan, sculpture, space planning, textile design, and weaving. Always struggling financially and sometimes lacking adequate enrollment, the school nevertheless managed to stay open for nearly 60 years. In 1984, the Board of Directors voted to remove Schaeffer from the board and close the school. Two years earlier the board had forced Schaeffer to retire, appointed him Director Emeritus, and brought in a new director charged with making the institution financially solvent, reorganizing the curriculum, and working toward accreditation. Unable to separate himself from the school (though he had done so legally when it was incorporated in 1953), Schaeffer balked and refused to cooperate with plans for revitalizing the institution.

One of the aims of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was to interpret Asian esthetic principles. To this end the East West Gallery was established at the school in 1950. A membership organization, it offered exhibitions, lectures, concerts, and other programs that encouraged cultural integration. Exhibitions alternated between East (Asian art and artifacts from Rudolph Schaeffer's collection or other sources) and West (student work or work of local artists illustrating the influence of the Asian esthetic on contemporary art and design). East West Gallery was a membership organization, the first space of its kind in San Francisco for Asian art and operated in each of the school's locations.

In addition to running the school Schaeffer was involved in many other activities. He wrote several articles about flower arrangement, color, and color theory that were published in popular magazines. In 1935, he published Flower Arrangement Folio I (said to be the first on the subject published in this country) and in 1942 edited and wrote the introduction to Sunset's Flower Arrangement Book by Nell True Welch. Over a period of many years, he worked on several monographs on color, design, and "rhythmo-chromatics." None were ever published.

A sought-after speaker on the subjects of color, interior design, flower arrangement, and myriad other art topics, Schaeffer frequently served as a juror for art exhibitions and flower shows. From the 1930s on, the San Francisco department store Emporium used his services as a color consultant, as did Dutch Boy paints, and numerous textile and clothing manufacturers. Builders also asked Schaeffer to select interior and exterior colors for suburban housing developments.

Schaeffer worked on planning and designing the decorative arts exhibition at the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. In 1943-44, he participated in the Red Cross's Arts and Skills program, using color therapy with shell-shocked soldiers in a psychiatric unit.

The Rudolph Schaeffer Collection of Asian Art began as a collection of ceramics, both historical and contemporary examples chosen for their form and color, which he used for flower arrangements and in set-ups for still life classes. It soon expanded to include color prints, paintings, screens, and other works of art and portions were exhibited frequently in the East West Gallery. Selections from this collection were exhibited in Kansas City in 1960 and at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 1976.

The City of San Francisco declared June 26, 1986, Schaeffer's 100th birthday, "Rudolph Schaeffer Day" and it was observed with great fanfare. He died at home on March 5, 1988, a few months before his 102nd birthday.
Provenance:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers were donated in 1991 by Rudolph Schaeffer and the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design administrator Peter Docili, and in 1999 and 2000 by James Alexander, a friend of both Schaeffer and Docili, who had been storing portions of Docili's estate after his death in 1998, with the assistance of Frances Valesco, a fiber artist and researcher. An addition was received in 2007 by William Woodworth, a close friend and caretaker of Schaeffer's and in 2017 and 2018 by Frances Valesco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Designers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art teachers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Color -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers, 1880s-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.scharudo
See more items in:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-scharudo

Henry Varnum Poor papers

Creator:
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970  Search this
Names:
Montross Gallery  Search this
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
Benton, William, 1900-1973  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Billing, Jules  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Caniff, Milton Arthur, 1907-1988  Search this
Ciardi, John, 1916-  Search this
Czebotar, Theodore  Search this
Deming, MacDonald  Search this
Dickson, Harold E., 1900-  Search this
Dorn, Marion, 1896-1964  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Esherick, Wharton  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Garrett, Alice Warder  Search this
Houseman, John, 1902-1988  Search this
Marston, Muktuk  Search this
Meredith, Burgess, 1907-1997  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Padro, Isabel  Search this
Poor, Anne, 1918-  Search this
Poor, Bessie Breuer  Search this
Poor, Eva  Search this
Poor, Josephine Graham  Search this
Poor, Josephine Lydia  Search this
Poor, Peter  Search this
Sargent, Elizabeth S.  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968  Search this
Watson, Ernest William, 1884-1969  Search this
Extent:
12.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Motion pictures (visual works)
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Watercolors
Sketchbooks
Date:
1873-2001
bulk 1904-1970
Summary:
The papers of Henry Varnum Poor measure 12.9 linear feet and date from 1873-2001, with the bulk from the period 1904-1970. Correspondence, writings, artwork, printed material and photographs document Poor's work as a painter, muralist, ceramic artist and potter, architect, designer, writer, war artist, educator and a co-founder of the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. Also found is extensive information about the design and construction of Crow House, his home in New City, New York, commissions for other architectural projects, and his personal life.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Henry Varnum Poor measure 12.9 linear feet and date from 1873-2001, with the bulk from the period 1904-1970. Correspondence, writings, artwork, printed material and photographs document Poor's work as a painter, muralist, ceramic artist and potter, architect, designer, writer, war artist, educator and a co-founder of the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. Also found is extensive information about the design and construction of Crow House, his home in New City, New York, commissions for other architectural projects, and his personal life.

Henry Varnum Poor's correspondence documents his personal, family, and professional life. Correspondents include family and friends, among them George Biddle, Charles Burchfield, John Ciardi, Marion V. Dorn (who became his second wife), Philip Evergood, Lewis Mumford, John Steinbeck, David Smith, and Mrs. John Work (Alice) Garrett. Among other correspondents are galleries, museums, schools, organizations, fans, former students, and acquaintances from his military service and travels. Family correspondence consists of Henry's letters to his parents, letters to his parents written by his wife, and letters among other family members.

Among the writings by Henry Varnum Poor are manuscripts of his two published books, An Artist Sees Alaska and A Book of Pottery: From Mud to Immortality. as well as the text of "Painting is Being Talked to Death," published in the first issue of Reality: A Journal of Artists' Opinions, April 1953, and manuscripts of other articles. There are also film scripts, two journals, notes and notebooks, lists, speeches, and writings by others, including M. R. ("Muktuk") Marston's account of Poor rescuing an Eskimo, and Bessie Breuer Poor's recollections of The Montross Gallery.

Subject files include those on the Advisory Committee on Art, American Designers' Gallery, Inc., William Benton, Harold Dickson, Reality: A Journal of Artists' Opinions Sales, and War Posters. There are numerous administrative files for the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture.

Artwork by Henry Varnum Poor consists mainly of loose drawings and sketches and 45 sketchbooks of studies for paintings, murals, and pottery. There is work done in France, 1918-1919, and while working as a war correspondent in Alaska in 1943. There are commissioned illustrations and some intended for his monograph, A Book of Pottery: From Mud to Immortality. Also found are a small number of watercolors and prints. Work by other artists consist of Anne Poor's drawings of her father's hands used for the Lincoln figure in The Land Grant Frescoes and interior views of Crow House by Ernest Watson.

Documentation of Poor's architectural projects consists of drawings and prints relating to houses designed and built for Jules Billing, MacDonald Deming, John Houseman, Burgess Meredith, Isabel Padro, and Elizabeth S. Sargent. Also found is similar material for the new studio Poor built in 1957 on the grounds of Crow House.

Miscellaneous records include family memorabilia and two motion picture films, Painting a True Fresco, and The Land Grant Murals at Pennsylvania State College.

Printed material includes articles about or mentioning Poor, some of his pottery reference books, family history, a catalog of kilns, and the program of a 1949 Pennsylvania State College theater production titled Poor Mr. Varnum. Exhibition catalogs and announcements survive for some of Poor's shows; catalogs of other artists' shows include one for Theodore Czebotar containing an introductory statement by Henry Varnum Poor. Also found is a copy of The Army at War: A Graphic Record by American Artists, for which Poor served as an advisor. There are reproductions of illustrations for An Artist Sees Alaska and Ethan Frome, and two Associated American Artists greeting cards reproducing work by Poor.

Photographs are of Henry Varnum Poor's architectural work, artwork, people, places, and miscellaneous subjects. This series also contains negatives, slides, and transparencies. Images of architectural work include exterior and interior views of many projects; Poor's home, Crow House, predominates. Photographs of artwork by Poor are of drawings, fresco and ceramic tile murals, paintings, pottery and ceramic art. People appearing in photographs include Henry Varnum Poor, family members, friends, clients, juries, students, and various groups. Among the individuals portrayed are Milton Caniff, Marcel Duchamp, Wharton Esherick, M. R. ("Muktuk") Marston, and Burgess Meredith. Among the family members are Bessie Breuer Poor, Marion Dorn Poor, Anne Poor, Eva Poor, Josephine Graham Poor, Josephine Lydia Poor, Peter Poor, and unidentified relatives. Photographs of places include many illustrating village life in Alaska that were taken by Poor during World War II. Other places recorded are French and California landscapes, and family homes in Kansas. Miscellaneous subjects are exhibition installation views, scenes of Kentucky farms, and a photograph of Poor's notes on glazes.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1919-1987 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, OV 18)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1873-1985 (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1944-1974 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1928-1975 (0.8 linear feet; Box 3, OV 23)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1890s-circa 1961 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 4-6, 9-10, OV 19-22)

Series 6: Architectural Projects, circa 1940-1966 (0.7 linear feet; Box 6, OV 24-26, RD 14-17)

Series 7: Miscellaneous Records, 1882-1967 (Boxes 6, 11, FC 30-31; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1881-2001 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 6-7, 11, OV 27-29)

Series 9: Photographs, 1893-1984 (2.3 linear feet; Boxes 7-8, 12-13)
Biographical Note:
Henry Varnum Poor (1888-1970), best known as a potter, ceramic artist, and a co-founder of the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, was also an architect, painter, muralist, designer, educator, and writer who lived and worked in New City, New York.

A native of Chapman, Kansas, Henry Varnum Poor moved with his family to Kansas City when his grain merchant father became a member of the Kansas Board of Trade. From a young age he showed artistic talent and spent as much time as possible - including school hours - drawing. When a school supervisor suggested that Henry leave school to study at the Art Institute of Chicago, the family disagreed. Instead, he enrolled in the Kansas City Manual Training High School where he delighted in learning skills such as carpentry, forge work, and mechanical drawing. In 1905, he moved with his older brother and sister to Palo Alto, California and completed high school there. Because Poor was expected to join the family business, he enrolled at Stanford University as an economics major, but much to his father's disappointment and displeasure, soon left the economics department and became an art major.

Immediately after graduation in 1910, Poor and his major professor at Stanford, Arthur B. Clark, took a summer bicycling tour to look at art in London, France, Italy, and Holland. As Poor had saved enough money to remain in London after the summer was over, he enrolled in the Slade School of Art and also studied under Walter Sickert at the London County Council Night School. After seeing an exhibition of Post-Impressionism at the Grafton Galleries in London, Poor was so impressed that he went to Paris and enrolled in the Académie Julian. While in Paris, Poor met Clifford Addams, a former apprentice of Whistler; soon he was working in Addams' studio learning Whistler's palette and techniques.

In the fall of 1911, Poor returned to Stanford University's art department on a one-year teaching assignment. During that academic year, his first one-man show was held at the university's Old Studio gallery. He married Lena Wiltz and moved back to Kansas to manage the family farm and prepare for another exhibition. Their daughter, Josephine Lydia Poor, was born the following year. Poor returned to Stanford in September 1913 as assistant professor of graphic arts, remaining until the department closed three years later. During this period, Poor began to exhibit more frequently in group shows in other areas of the country, and had his first solo exhibition at a commercial gallery (Helgesen Gallery, San Francisco). In 1916, Poor joined the faculty of the San Francisco Art Association. He and his wife separated in 1917 and were divorced the following year. Poor began sharing his San Francisco studio with Marion Dorn.

During World War I, Poor was drafted into the U. S. Army, and in 1918 went to France with the 115th Regiment of Engineers. He spent his spare time drawing; soon officers were commissioning portraits, and Poor was appointed the regimental artist. He also served as an interpreter for his company. Discharged from the Army in early 1919, Poor spent the spring painting in Paris. He then returned to San Francisco and married Marion Dorn.

Once Poor realized that earning a living as a painter would be extremely difficult in California, he and his new wife moved to New York in the autumn of 1919. They were looking for a place to live when influential book and art dealer Mary Mowbray-Clarke of the Sunwise Turn Bookshop in Manhattan suggested New City in Rockland County, New York as good place for artists. In January of 1920, the Poors purchased property on South Mountain Road in New City. The skills he acquired at the Kansas City Manual Training High School were of immediate use as Poor designed and constructed "Crow House" with the assistance of a local teenager. Influenced by the farmhouses he had seen in France, it was made of local sandstone and featured steep gables, rough plaster, chestnut beams and floors, and incorporated many hand-crafted details. Poor designed and built most of their furniture, too. Before the end of the year, he and Marion were able to move into the house, though it remained a work in progress for many years. Additions were constructed. Over time, gardens were designed and planted, and outbuildings - a kiln and pottery, work room, garage, and new studio - appeared on the property.

In 1925, two years after his divorce from Marion Dorn, Poor married Bessie Freedman Breuer (1893-1975), an editor, short story writer, and novelist. Soon after, he adopted her young daughter, Anne (1918-2002), an artist who served as his assistant on many important mural commissions. Their son, Peter (b. 1926) became a television producer. Crow House remained in the family until its sale in 2006. In order to prevent its demolition, Crow House was then purchased by the neighboring town of Ramapo, New York in 2007.

Between 1935 and 1966 Poor designed and oversaw construction of a number of houses, several of them situated not far from Crow House on South Mountain Road. Poor's designs, noted for their simplicity, featured modern materials and incorporated his ceramic tiles. Among his important commissions were houses for Maxwell Anderson, Jules Billig, Milton Caniff, MacDonald Deming, and John Houseman.

Poor's first exhibition of paintings in New York City was at Kevorkian Galleries in 1920, and sales were so disappointing that he turned his attention to ceramics. His first pottery show, held at Bel Maison Gallery in Wanamaker's department store in 1921, was very successful. He quickly developed a wide reputation, participated in shows throughout the country, and won awards. He was a founder of the short-lived American Designers' Gallery, and the tile bathroom he showed at the group's first exposition was critically acclaimed. Poor was represented by Montross Gallery as both a painter and potter. When Montross Gallery closed upon its owner's death in 1932, Poor moved to the Frank K. M. Rehn Gallery.

Even though Poor's pottery and ceramic work was in the forefront, he continued to paint. His work was acquired by a number of museums, and the Limited Editions Club commissioned him to illustrate their republications of Ethan Frome, The Scarlet Letter, and The Call of the Wild.

Poor's first work in true fresco was shown in a 1932 mural exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art. Between 1935 and 1949 he was commissioned to produce several murals in fresco for Section of Fine Arts projects at the Department of Justice and the Department of the Interior, The Land Grant Frescoes at Pennsylvania State College, and a mural for the Louisville Courier-Journal. Ceramic tile mural commissions included: the Klingenstein Pavilion, Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City; Travelers Insurance Co., Boston; the Fresno Post Office, California; and Hillson Memorial Gallery, Deerfield Academy, Deerfield, Mass.

As a member of the War Artists' Unit, Poor was a "war correspondent" with the rank of major in World War II, and for several months in 1943 was stationed in Alaska. An Artist Sees Alaska, drawing on Poor's observations and experiences, was published in 1945. A Book of Pottery: From Mud to Immortality, his second book, was published in 1958. It remains a standard text on the subject. While on the faculty of Columbia University in the 1950s, Poor and other artists opposed to the growing influence of Abstract Expressionism formed the Reality Group with Poor the head of its editorial committee. Their magazine, Reality: A Journal of Artists' Opinions, first appeared in 1953 featuring "Painting is Being Talked to Death" by Poor as its lead article. Two more issues were published in 1954 and 1955.

Along with Willard Cummings, Sidney Simon, and Charles Cuttler, in 1946 Henry Varnum Poor helped to establish the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Skowhegan, Maine. He served as its first president. Poor and his daughter, Anne, were active members of the Board of Trustees and were instructors for many years. The summer of 1961 was Henry Varnum Poor's last as a full-time teacher, though he continued to spend summers at Skowhegan.

Henry Varnum Poor exhibited widely and received many awards, among them prizes at the Carnegie Institute, Syracuse Museum of Fine Arts, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Architectural League of New York. Poor was appointed to the United States Commission of Fine Arts by President Roosevelt in 1941 and served a five year term. He was elected a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1943. The National Academy of Design named him an Associate Artist in 1954 and an Academician in 1963. He became a trustee of the American Craftsman's Council in 1956. The work of Henry Vernum Poor is represented in the permanent collections of many American museums including the Cleveland Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Museum, Addison Gallery of American Art, and Syracuse Museum of Fine Arts.

Henry Varnum Poor died at home in New City, New York, December 8, 1970.
Related Material:
An oral history interview with Henry Varnum Poor was conducted by Harlan Phillips for the Archives of American Art in 1964.
Provenance:
Gift of Henry Varnum Poor's son, Peter V. Poor, in 2007. A smaller portion was loaned to the Archives in 1973 by Anne Poor for microfilming and returned to the lender; this material was included in the 2007 gift.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Henry Varnum Poor papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
War artists  Search this
Topic:
Architects -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
War posters  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Pottery -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Motion pictures (visual works)
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Watercolors
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Henry Varnum Poor papers, 1873-2001, bulk 1904-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.poorhenr
See more items in:
Henry Varnum Poor papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-poorhenr
Online Media:

Marchal Landgren Papers

Creator:
Landgren, Marchal E.  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Contemporary Arts (Gallery)  Search this
Joseph Mitchell Gallery  Search this
Municipal Art Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Old Print Shop (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
University of Maryland at College Park  Search this
Washington, D.C.. Public Library  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Cox, George Collins, 1851-1902  Search this
De Laittre, Eleanor, 1911-  Search this
Fitch, Clyde, 1865-1909  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Fruhauf, Aline, 1909-1978  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Geist, Sidney  Search this
Gershwin, George, 1898-1937  Search this
Glackens, Ira, 1907-1990  Search this
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Harari, Hananiah, 1912-2000  Search this
Higgins, Eugene, 1874-1958  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Hunt, William Morris, 1824-1879  Search this
Janauschek, Francesca Romana Magdalena, 1830-1904  Search this
Kane, John, 1860-1934  Search this
Kipling, Rudyard, 1865-1936  Search this
Laufman, Sidney, 1891-  Search this
Logasa, Charles, 1883-1936  Search this
Mitchell, Donald Grant, 1822-1908  Search this
Newman, Robert Loftin, 1827-1912  Search this
Orr, Elliot, 1904-1997  Search this
Portinari, Cândido, 1903-1962  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971  Search this
Extent:
15.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Date:
1881-circa 1982
bulk 1930-1975
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.

Biographical material includes address cards, an appointment book, curriculum vitaes, genealogical materials, and military records. Correspondence is with artists, clients, colleagues, museums, and universities, and is predominantly professional in nature. Correspondents include Albert E. Gallatin, George Gershwin, Ira Glackens, Sidney Laufman, Elliot Orr, Candido Portinari, and Carl Sprinchorn, among others.

Writings include miscellaneous published and unpublished writings and drafts by Marchal Landgren primarily those not associated with his major research projects. These include various articles written for magazines and journals, manuscript drafts, research notes, and notebooks. There is also a file of writings by others that includes the John Mitchell Gallery Notes.

Professional and organizational files document Landgren's positions and work for educational institutions and arts organizations, including the American Abstract Artists Group, Art Students League of New York, Association of Artists Equity of Washington D. C., Contemporary Arts, D. C. Public Library, Library Journal, New York City Municipal Art Committee, Old Print Shop, Inc., and the University of Maryland, among others. These files also contain correspondence, perhaps the most notable found in the file on the American Abstract Artists Group which includes letters from Josef Albers, Eleanor de Laittre, Sidney Geist, Balcomb Greene, Hananiah Harari, and Harry Holtzman.

Well over one-half of the collection consists of files for Landgren's ongoing research projects on numerous artists and photographers, Latin American art, as well as his bibliographic reference projects. The bulk of the files cover his research, writing, and curatorial work on Robert Loftin Newman. Files are also found for Berenice Abbott, Milton Avery, George Constant, George Collins Cox, Aline Fruhauf, Eugene Higgins, William Morris Hunt, John Kane, Charles Logasa, Elliot Orr, and Albert Pinkham Ryder, among many others.

Personal business records include personal and general expense documentation and scattered exhibition price lists. Printed materials include clippings, exhibition catalogs, and miscellaneous published articles and essays. There are two scrapbooks of clippings.

There are photographs, slides, and negatives of images of Landgren, other artists and notable figures in the art world, and of artwork. Of note is a portrait photograph of Juliana Force by Cecil Beaton, one photograph by Berenice Abbott, "Barclay Street Ferry", and 14 taken by George C. Cox of Rudyard Kipling, Clyde Fitch, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Madame Fanny Janauschek, Donald G. Mitchell, and others.

The papers also include scattered artwork, including holiday cards illustrated by artists, and sketches and drawings by other artists.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 10 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1890-circa 1981 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-circa 1982 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1932-circa 1982 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Professional and Organizational Files, circa 1910-circa 1977 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-6)

Series 5: Research Projects' Files, 1881-circa 1982 (6.9 linear feet; Boxes 6-13, 15)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1934-circa 1982 (0.4 linear feet; Box 13)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1927-circa 1981 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 13-14)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, circa 1931-circa 1979 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 9: Photographic Materials, circa 1930s-circa 1978 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1940s (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)
Biographical / Historical:
Marchal E. Landgren (1907-1983) was an art historian, librarian, educator, author, and art consultant, active in New York and Washington, D. C.

As associate director and board member of Contemporary Arts, Inc. in New York, Landgren established a program for providing artists with their first solo exhibition in New York, including those of John Kane and Mark Tobey. In 1932, he directed the exhibition schedule at the New School for Social Research; and in 1935, Landgren served as the director of art activities for the New York City Municipal Art Committee where he facilitated many exhibitions over the course of five years, including Recent Paintings by Boris Aronson at Babcock Galleries in 1938.

Working as a freelance art consultant, researcher, and author, Landgren organized numerous exhibitions between 1932 and 1950 of the work of Milton Avery, George C. Cox, Elliot Orr, Robert Loftin Newman, and Albert Pinkham Ryder. He also edited several arts publications, including the Old Print Shop Portfolio, John Mitchell Gallery Notes, and arts manuscripts for Oxford University Press.

In 1939, Landgren was selected by the New York World's Fair Commision to prepare historical notes on Latin American art for the exhibition catalogs of the Latin American art exhibition. After the Fair, he continued his research on this topic and wrote several articles, as well as lecturing on Latin American painting at the Art Students League of New York, the Newark Art Club, and the National Education Association at the Boston Museum.

After serving in the U. S. Army Air Force during World War II, Landgren moved to Washington, D. C. in 1950 and began work as the arts division readers' advisor for the D. C. Public Library. For seventeen years, he built up the library's general collection of art books and created extensive files of art exhibition catalogs.

In 1967, he took a position as a bibliographic consultant for the fine arts department at the University of Maryland. He became director of the University's art gallery and of the art department museum training program. During his tenure at the University of Maryland, Landgren conducted graduate seminars in art history, edited and published exhibition catalogs, and organized exhibitions, including The Late Landscapes of William Morris Hunt in 1976.

Landgren was a visiting scholar at the Smithsonian Institution's National Collection of Fine Arts and curated an exhibition of paintings by Robert Loftin Newman held there from 1973 to 1974 and at the Tennessee Fine Arts Center in 1974.

Marchal Landgren authored two books: Years of Art: The Story of the Art Students League of New York (Robert M. McBride and Company, 1940), and Robert Loftin Newman (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1974). He was a regular reviewer of art books for the Library Journal from 1958 to 1972, and contributed reviews to Trend, Magazine of Art, and other journals. He was awarded a research grant by the American Council of Learned Societies in 1963 for his study of George C. Cox and did a great deal of research in American art and American art institutions for an unfinished manuscript. He also worked on a bibliography of art literature which he never completed.
Provenance:
The Marchal Landgren papers were donated by Landgren in 1974, and by the Landgren estate via David Huddle in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Marchal Landgren papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Librarians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Authors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art consultants -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art historians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Citation:
Marchal Landgren papers, 1881-circa 1982, bulk 1930-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.landmarc
See more items in:
Marchal Landgren Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-landmarc

Reginald R. Isaacs papers

Creator:
Isaacs, Reginald R., 1911-  Search this
Names:
Bauhaus  Search this
Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Extent:
22.54 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Exhibition catalogs
Writings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1842-1991
bulk 1928-1991
Summary:
The papers of Reginald R. Isaacs measure 22.54 linear feet and date from 1842 to 1991, with the bulk of the material from 1928 to 1991. The collection includes Isaacs's personal and professional papers, as well as extensive research material he collected and created for his two-volume biography, Walter Gropius: The Man and His Work.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of of architect, instructor, writer, and city planner Reginald R. Isaacs (1911-1986) measure 22.54 linear feet and date from 1842 to 1991 with the bulk of the material dating from 1883 to 1985. The collection includes Isaacs's personal and professional papers, as well as extensive research material he collected and created for his two volume two-volume biography of Bauhaus architect, Walter Gropius: Walter Gropius: The Man and His Work. The bulk of Walter Gropius' papers are housed at the Busch Reisinger Museum at Harvard University, and the Bauhaus Archiv in Germany.

Series 1 to 12 contain contain biographical, legal, and financial material; personal and professional correspondence; project and subject files; writings and publications; teaching files; works of art; scrapbooks; printed material; and photographs relating to Isaacs' personal and professional career.

Series 13 forms the bulk of the collection and pertains specifically to the writing and publication of Isaacs' biography of Gropius. It contains research material, correspondence (much of it with Gropius), drafts of the manuscript, publication correspondence, photographs and illustrations, and printed material. Some of the research material, including some of the photographs and illustrations that were used in the biography, appear to have been original documents of Walter Gropius, while large portions of the material are photocopies of the originals, many of them in German.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into fourteen series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1935-1986, undated (Boxes 1, 22; 8 folders)

Series 2: Legal Material, 1976-1984, undated (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 3: Financial Material, 1945-1969 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Correspondence, circa 1891, 1936-1986 (Boxes 1-2; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Project Files, 1948-1980, undated (Box 2, OV 23; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1961-circa 1982, undated (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 7: Writings, 1940-1986, undated (Boxes 3-4, 22; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 8: Teaching Files, 1954-1973 (Boxes 4-5; 1.0 linear foot)

Series 9: Works of Art, 1965-1967, undated (Box 5, OV 23; 3 folders)

Series 10: Scrapbooks, 1929-1969 (Box 5; 2 folders)

Series 11: Printed Material, 1842-1844, 1913-1986, undated (Box 5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 12: Photographs, 1959-1981, undated (Boxes 5, 22; 7 folders)

Series 13: Walter Gropius Biography, circa 1880s-1991, undated (Boxes 6-22, OV 23, MGP 1, MGP 2, MGP 4; 16.0 linear feet)

Series 14: Unprocessed Addition, 1974-1985 (Box 24; 1.0 linear foot)
Biographical Note:
Born in Canada in 1911, Reginald R. Isaacs began working in architectural offices at age 14, later coming under the influence of "Beaux-Arts diplomes" at the University of Minnesota and Harvard and subsequently under that of Walter Gropius at Harvard University. He later studied sociology and planning at the University of Chicago under Louis Wirth and Rexford Guy Tugwell.

Isaacs served on the staffs of city planning commissions in Minneapolis, Syracuse, and Chicago, and in the federal government in the National Youth Agency, Public Housing Authority, and Housing and Home Finance Agency. His architectural practice in Minneapolis, Washington, D.C., Chicago, and other cities included the design of housing, colleges, and hospitals. He was director of planning and development for Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, 1945-1953, where Walter Gropius, planner Walter Blucher, and sociologist Louis Wirth collaborated with him as consultants. He was a United Nations expert on regional planning in South America, and a planning consultant for the Ford Foundation, the U.S. State Department, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Recommended by Walter Gropius, Isaacs served as the Charles Dyer Norton Professor of Regional Planning at Harvard University from 1953-1978. He was also Chairman of the Graduate School of Design's Departments of City and Regional Planning as well as Landscape Architecture. Throughout his career he lectured at universities throughout the United States and in almost every country of Central and South America and in the Caribbean.

In 1962 Isaacs and Gropius began their collaboration on Walter Gropius: The Man and his Work, until the death of Gropius in 1969. The first volume of the biography was published in German in 1983, with the second volume following in 1984. Isaacs died of a massive heart attack in 1986, never realizing his goal to see an English-language edition which was published posthumously in 1991 by the Estate of Reginald Isaacs.

1911 -- Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

1935 -- Received Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Minnesota

1939 -- Received Masters of Architecture degree from Harvard University, Graduate School of Design

1947-1950 -- Studied sociology and planning with Louis Wirth and Rexford Guy Tugwell at the University of Chicago

1945-1953 -- Director of planning at Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

1951-1953 -- Guest lecturer at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design with Walter Gropius and also served a two-year term as a member of the Board of Overseers Committee to Visit the Graduate School of Design

1953-1978 -- Named the Charles Dyer Norton Professor of Regional Planning

1953-1964 -- Chairman of the Department of City and Regional Planning

1953-1958 -- Chairman of the Department of Landscape Architecture

1962 -- Began collaboration with Walter Gropius on the biography Walter Gropius - The Man and his Work

1969 -- Walter Gropius dies

1983 -- Walter Gropius, Der Mensch und Sein Werk, Volume 1 published by Gebr. Mann Nerlag, Berlin

1984 -- Walter Gropius, Der Mensch und Sein Werk, Volume 2, published by Gebr. Mann Nerlag, Berlin

1986 -- Isaacs dies

1991 -- Walter Gropius: An Illustrated Biography of the Creator of the Bauhaus, published by the Estate of Reginald Isaacs. The Papers of Reginald R. Isaacs donated to the Archives of American Art by his son, Henry Isaacs.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Henry Isaacs, son of Reginald Isaacs, in January 1991. An additional 1.0 linear foot was donated by Merry White, daughter of Reginald Isaacs, in 1997.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is restricted to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The papers of Reginald R. Isaacs are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights, as possessed by the donor, have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Architecture and society  Search this
Schools of architecture  Search this
Architectural writing  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Architects and community  Search this
Architects and housing developers  Search this
Architects in government  Search this
Architects  Search this
International style (Architecture)  Search this
Authors  Search this
Industrial designers  Search this
City planning  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
City planners  Search this
Educators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Exhibition catalogs
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Reginald R. Isaacs papers, circa 1842-1991, bulk 1928-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.isaaregi
See more items in:
Reginald R. Isaacs papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-isaaregi
Online Media:

Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers

Creator:
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Names:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Greene, Gertrude, 1904-1956  Search this
Greene, Terryn  Search this
Extent:
9.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Short stories
Collages
Photographs
Poems
Theses
Articles
Interviews
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1880s-2009
Summary:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880s-2009, bulk circa 1905-1990, measure 9.8 linear feet. Balcomb Greene's career as a painter, educator, and writer - and to a lesser extent his personal life - is documented by biographical material, letters, subject files,writings, artwork, audio-visual recordings, printed material, and photographs. Documentation about sculptor Gertrude Greene, from 1926 until her death in 1956, consists of printed material, photographs, two letters to her, and a brief handwritten list of paintings and constructions.
Scope and Content Note:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880s-2009, bulk circa 1905-1990, measure 9.8 linear feet. Balcomb Greene's career as a painter, educator, and writer - and to a lesser extent his personal life - is documented by biographical material, letters, subject files,writings, artwork, audio-visual recordings, printed material, and photographs. Documentation about sculptor Gertrude Greene, from 1926 until her death in 1956, consists of printed material, photographs, two letters to her, and a brief handwritten list of paintings and constructions.

All biographical material relates to Balcomb Greene. Letters are almost exclusively incoming letters; two copies of outgoing letters written by Terryn Greene are included. Those addressed to Balcomb Greene regard articles, his will, an appraisal of a painting by him, and greeting cards with notes from friends. The two letters addressed to Gertrude Greene are photocopies. One from A. E. Gallatin concerns her work selected for the permanent collection of the Museum of Living Art at New York University; the other, a fragment from an unidentified correspondent, is about American Abstract Artists dues and exhibitions. The letters addressed to Terryn Greene concern her husband's career or mention him.

Subject files relate to activities and topics of interest to Greene or aspects of Greene's career; some concern estate matters. Of particular interest are: "Balcomb and Gertrude Greene in the WPA," consisting of Terryn Greene's research correspondence on the subject; and a file documenting a Judith Rothschild Foundation grant for conservation of paintings damaged in the 1996 fire that destroyed Balcomb Greene's studio.

Writings are by Balcomb Greene, Gertrude Greene, and other authors. Balcomb's writings include articles, novels, short stories, poems, journal entries, lecture notes, student writings, and a thesis. Gertrude Greene's writings consist of a handwritten list of paintings and constructions, noting the dimensions, date, and price of each piece. The writings of other authors are about Balcomb and Gertrude Greene. They include notes for an interview, a poem, student papers, and a thesis.

Art work consists of a collage probably by Balcomb Greene, and a sketchbook containing two of his drawings dated January 1976. Another drawing is signed [H?.] R. Balcomb Greene's register of paintings documents each completed painting on a separate sheet containing a small photograph or sketch, title, date of execution, and code or negative number, along with notes relating to exhibitions, loans, and ownership; some sheets bear the notation "destroyed." The register is incomplete, and the surviving portion bears evidence of the 1996 fire that gutted his studio. The least damaged portion documents works from 1941-1948, 1963-1964, and 1980-1982; the remaining part of the register consists of partial pages that are missing titles, dates of execution, or other salient information.

Exhibition catalogs and articles from newspapers and periodicals represent the majority of the printed material about or mentioning Balcomb and Gertrude Greene. In addition, there are articles by Balcomb published in a number of periodicals. Museum publications, annual reports, bulletins and newsletters mention the Greenes. Also found are issues of Art Front, 1934-1938 (Balcomb served on the editorial board and contributed articles), and his well-used copy of Modern Art by Katherine S. Drier.

Audio-visual recordings consist of interviews with Balcomb Greene and a "McCarthy tape" (Balcomb and Terryn helped organize "Montauk's Day for McCarthy"). Among the video recordings is a videocassette of Greene's 1990 memorial service.

Photographs are of art work, events, exhibition installations, miscellaneous subjects, people, and places. Art work of both Balcomb and Gertrude is documented. Among the photographs of people are images of Balcomb Greene, Gertrude Greene, Terryn Greene, family, friends and other individuals (identified and unidentified). Greene family photographs, some surviving from the 19th century, portray three generations. Photographs of events include documentation of the damage caused by the 1996 fire that destroyed Balcomb Greene's studio. Installation photographs document exhibitions that featured Balcomb Greene, the couple, and Gertrude Greene. Of particular interest is a view of Gertrude's contribution to the American Abstract Artists' 1937 show at Squibb Gallery. Miscellaneous subjects are Greene's Rolls Royce and pets. Places recorded include Greene's boyhood homes and churches, the house Balcomb built at Montauk, Gertrude's studio, and travel pictures of Europe and Asia. Also found are a small number of negatives, 35-mm slides, and color transparencies of art work, miscellaneous subjects, and people.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1926-1981 (Box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 2: Letters, 1936-2005 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1939-2008 (Box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1927-1984 (Boxes 1-3; 2.1 linear ft.)

Series 5: Art Work, 1976 (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 6: Register of Paintings, undated (Box 3; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1930-2009 (Boxes 4-7, 11, OV 12; 3.9 linear ft.)

Series 8: Audio-visual Recordings, 1963-1990 (Box 7; 0.3 linear ft.)

Series 9: Photographs, circa 1880s-1996 (Boxes 7-11; 2.6 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Balcomb (1904-1990) and his wife Gertrude (1904-1956) were painters in New York, N.Y. John Wesley Greene (known professionally as Balcomb Greene), born May 22, 1904 in Millville, New York, was the youngest child of Reverend Bertram Stillman Greene, a Methodist minister. After his wife died in 1907, Reverend Greene and the children moved several times when he accepted assignments at small town churches in Iowa, South Dakota, and Colorado.

The recipient of a scholarship for sons of Methodist ministers, Greene entered Syracuse University in 1922, intending to become a minister. He studied philosophy, psychology, literature, and art, eventually deciding to pursue a career as a writer. When visiting the Metropolitan Museum during his senior year, Greene was introduced to Gertrude Glass by her cousin. They married soon after his graduation in 1926.

The newlyweds moved to Austria where he had a fellowship to study psychology at the University of Vienna. Greene was very interested in Freud's work and hoped to become his student; although he attended Freud's lectures and met the eminent psychologist once, this ambition was not realized. After returning to New York in 1927, Greene began studying for a master's degree in English literature at Columbia University. He specialized in the novel, and wrote three (none were published). When his thesis about prostitutes as portrayed in seventeenth century literature was submitted, Greene's major professor was on sabbatical; although the subject had been approved, the interim replacement rejected it as unsuitable. Greene left Columbia without obtaining a degree.

Greene then accepted a position at Dartmouth College where he taught literature from 1928-1931. The Greenes spent summers together in the city and visited frequently throughout the academic year. He continued writing and in 1930 began painting. Because there were already two artists named John Green then in New York, Greene soon adopted the name Balcomb (his maternal grandmother's maiden name). Although he was known as Balcomb for the remainder of his life, his name was never changed legally.

Balcomb Greene's first solo exhibition was held at Dartmouth College in 1931. After his resignation from the Dartmouth faculty in 1931, Balcomb and Gertrude spent a year in Paris. She found a studio and set to work. He planned to write, but was distracted by the desire to paint. He began independent study at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and in 1932 exhibited his work in Paris. Throughout the 1930s and into the 1940s Greene produced very flat geometric abstractions, adding biomorphic and anthropomorphic forms over time. By the mid-1940s, he found himself bored by pure abstraction and introduced figures, focusing on mass and space rather than line.

Greene quickly established himself as an artist, developed a wide circle of friends and was recognized as a leader of the abstract movement. He and Gertrude were both drawn to political causes that affected artists; along with friends they began the Unemployed Artists' Group (which later became the Artists' Union) and staged public demonstrations demanding government assistance so that artists would not be completely dependent on private patronage. He published articles in Art Front, the magazine of the Artist's Union, and served on its editorial board between 1935 and 1936. Balcomb and Gertrude Greene were among the founding members of American Abstract Artists; he served as the group's first chairman.

Like many artists during the Great Depression, Balcomb Greene found it very difficult to maintain a steady income. During this period he held many different jobs, among them: writing for the sensationalist newspapers Broadway Brevities and Graft, serving on the crew of a schooner searching for pirate gold in the South Pacific, and working at the non-profit Emily Francis Contemporary Gallery. Eventually, he secured a teaching position with the Federal Art Project. He later switched to the mural section where assignments included painting murals for the Williamsburg Housing Project in Brooklyn and the Federal Hall of Medicine at the 1939 World's Fair, and designing a stained glass window for a school in the Bronx.

Because he did not want to support his career by teaching painting, in 1940 Balcomb Greene began graduate work in art history at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University. He earned a master's degree in 1942 and that same year began teaching history of art and culture at Carnegie Institute of Technology, a position he held until 1959. Gertrude set up a studio in their Pittsburgh home, but continued to maintain her New York studio, commuting between the two cities until war conditions made the trip too difficult. They returned to New York each summer, and in 1947 bought property on Long Island at Montauk Point where Balcomb constructed a modern house of cement blocks.

In addition to teaching and painting, Greene continued to write. Several articles about art and philosophy appeared between 1936 and 1950 in publications such as Art Front, College Art Journal, Art News, and Art Journal. He also wrote many poems. During his tenure at Carnegie Tech Balcomb Greene worked on but did not complete a book tentatively titled "The Villain and the School" and formulated ideas for another.

While Gertrude was terminally ill with cancer, and after her death in 1956, Balcomb reduced his teaching commitments, staying in Pittsburgh for only one semester each year. After retiring in 1959, he painted at Montauk and traveled. While in Paris, Greene met journalist Terryn Trimpen, whom he married in 1961.

Balcomb Greene was represented by Bertha Schaefer Gallery, Saidenberg Gallery and ACA Gallery, in New York, and by the Harmon-Meek Gallery in Naples, Florida. He exhibited widely, participating in the annual exhibitions of the Whitney Museum of American Art and Art Institute of Chicago, and in group shows at the Walker Art Center, Brooklyn Museum, and other venues. Solo shows included exhibitions at the Forum Gallery, ACA Gallery, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York; Fairweather-Hardin Gallery, Chicago; and the Oceanographic Institute and Harmon-Meeks Gallery in Florida. Greene's work is in the permanent collections of many museums, among them the Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

During the last five years of his life, Balcomb Greene was in frail health and unable to paint. He died November 12, 1990 at his Montauk Point home.

Gertrude Glass (who worked as an artist using her married name Gertrude Greene) was the daughter of Siegfried and Berta Glass, prosperous Latvian immigrants who owned a Brooklyn department store. At age 18, Gertrude and an older sister left home and organized a pre-school. From 1924 to 1928, Gertrude attended evening sculpture classes at the newly opened Leonardo Da Vinci Art School, a very traditional school in Manhattan that offered free instruction. Although the school itself was conservative, there Gertrude met and identified with a group of fairly radical students who were interested in the abstract art then emerging.

Glass and Greene were married in 1926 and spent the next year in Vienna. Upon returning to New York, she continued to make sculpture. Once they relocated to New Hampshire Gertrude was able to have her own sculpture studio. New Hampshire did not suit her and she gradually drifted back to the art world of New York. After Balcomb resigned from the Dartmouth faculty in 1931, the couple spent a year in Paris. They met many artists and frequented galleries where they saw the latest contemporary art. Gertrude worked on her sculpture and Balcomb, who had planned to write, began concentrating on painting; this was the only time the two shared a studio. When they moved to Pittsburgh, Gertrude kept her New York studio, expecting to commute regularly between the two cities, but war constraints soon made that plan impractical.

Gertrude Greene was active in liberal political causes, especially ones that affected artists and encouraged the formation of WPA programs to help struggling artists. She was an active member of the Federation of Painters and Sculptors, the Artists' Union, and a founding member of American Abstract Artists. As AAA's first paid employee, Gertrude served as gallery attendant. Before moving to Pittsburgh, both Greenes were very active on AAA committees, worked to further acceptance of abstract art, and picketed on many occasions. Typical of AAA actions was a 1937 demonstration against Museum of Modern Art exhibition policies that gave short shrift to abstract work by American artists.

Gertrude Greene was among the very earliest of American artists - quite possibly the first - to produce non-objective relief sculptures in the early 1930s. Over time, she absorbed Cubist tradition and ideas of the Russian Constructivists, synthesizing them into her own work. By the 1940s, she had become interested in Mondrian and Neo-Plasticism, influences that are reflected in her constructions of the period. Her final sculpture was produced in 1946 and for the remainder of her career she focused exclusively on abstract painting.

She participated in many group exhibitions, the first of which was at Wildenstein Gallery in 1945. Grace Borgenicht Gallery presented the first solo exhibition of Gertrude Greene's work in 1952, and another was held at the Bertha Schaefer Gallery in 1955. In 1982, there was a major retrospective of her work at ACA Gallery. Gertrude Greene's work is represented in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Berkshire Museum in Pittsfield, Mass.

Gertrude Greene's health began deteriorating in 1956; eventually, cancer was diagnosed. Later that year, on November 25, she died at a New York City hospital.
Related material:
Among the Bertha Schaefer papers and gallery records, 1914-1975, owned by the Archives of American Art are 58 letters from Balcomb Greene about sales and exhibitions (reel 271), and a scrapbook containing printed material about him (reel 42).

The holdings of the Archives of American Art include several interviews with Balcomb Greene. In 1972, he was interviewed by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art's oral history program (reel 4210). Greene is included among the Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists conducted 1963-1985 (not transcribed). Marian L. Gore's "Art Scene" interviews aired on Los Angeles radio station KPFK, 1962-1964, include one with Balcomb Greene (not transcribed). An interview with Balcomb Greene (transcribed) is among the Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists conducted by Arlene Jacobowitz, circa 1965-1985. The Anne Bowen Parsons collection of interviews on art, 1967-1968, contains an interview with Balcomb Greene (transcribed). Susan C. Larsen's interview with Balcomb Greene is part of oral history interviews relating to the American Abstract Artists Group, 1973-1978 (not transcribed).

Also available at the Archives of American Art is a video recording (VHS videocassette) "Balcomb Greene: 50 Years of Painting, Harmon Gallery," edited and directed by George Mauro, 1982.
Provenance:
Donated in 2009 by Terryn Trimpen Greene, widow of Balcomb Greene.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Short stories
Collages
Photographs
Poems
Theses
Articles
Interviews
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Citation:
Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers, circa 1880-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greebalc2
See more items in:
Balcomb and Gertrude Greene papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greebalc2
Online Media:

Barry Faulkner papers

Creator:
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Names:
MacDowell Colony  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Gibran, Kahlil, 1922-  Search this
Grimes, Frances, 1869-1963  Search this
Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974  Search this
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer, b. 1880  Search this
Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950  Search this
Sweeney, James Johnson, 1900-  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Tonetti, Mary Lawrence  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
White, Lawrence Grant  Search this
Young, Mahonri Sharp, 1911-1996  Search this
Extent:
2.82 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Travel diaries
Photograph albums
Place:
New Hampshire
Date:
circa 1858-1973
Summary:
The papers of muralist, painter, and teacher Barry Faulkner measure 2.82 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1973. Faulkner's career; his relationships with family, friends, and fellow-artists; and his thoughts on art and artists are documented in biographical materials, correspondence, writings, sketchbooks, five diaries, two photograph albums and photographs, and one scrapbook. Correspondents include family members, Witter Bynner, Ann and Eric Gugler, Leon Kroll, Isabel Manship, James Johnson Sweeney, Maxfield Parrish and others. An unprocessed addition to the collection dating 1942 includes a one page letter mounted on board from Maxfield Parrish to Barry Faulkner.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of muralist, painter, and teacher Barry Faulkner measure 2.82 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1973. Faulkner's career; his relationships with family, friends, and fellow-artists; and his thoughts on art and artists are documented in biographical materials, correspondence, writings, sketchbooks, five diaries, photograph albums and photographs, and one scrapbook. An unprocessed addition to the collection dating 1942 includes a one page letter mounted on board from Maxfield Parrish to Barry Faulkner.

Biographical materials include biographical sketches, awards, and records documenting Faulkner's military service. Also found are a list of medications, a list of Faulkner's writings, party guest lists, an address book, a calendar, and materials related to the posthumous publication of Sketches From an Artist's Life. Of special interest are oversized architectural drawings by Eric Gugler for Faulkner's Keene, New Hampshire house.

Correspondence includes letters from Faulkner's friends, family, fellow artists, and art organizations and institutions. Faulkner's correspondence with his parents document his 1900-1901 trip to Italy with the Thayer family. Of special interest is his correspondence with writer Witter Bynner about Faulkner's daily life in New Hampshire, his travels through Europe, his artistic practice and career, Bynner's writings, his opinions on artistic and literary works, and his service in World War One. Many of the letters to Bynner include sketches by Faulkner of Abbott Handerson Thayer, Rockwell Kent, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Homer Saint-Gaudens, George de Forest Brush, Kahlil Gibran, and Mark Twain. Additional correspondents include sculptor Frances Grimes, architect Eric Gugler, painter Leon Kroll, and museum director James Johnson Sweeney.

Faulkner's writings are about art, artists, and the New Hampshire art community. Found are essays on Gifford Beal, George de Forest Brush, James Earle Fraser, Harriet Hosmer, Paul Manship, Charles Adams Platt, Hiram Powers, Edward Willis Redfield, Joseph Lindon Smith, Mary Lawrence Tonetti, Mark Twain, Lawrence Grant White, and Mahonri Young. Other writings discuss Faulkner's mural commissions, various aspects of New Hampshire history, and the history of the Dublin and Cornish art colonies whose inhabitants included George de Forest Brush, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Abbott Handerson Thayer. Of special interest is a manuscript for Faulkner's posthumously published memoir Sketches From an Artist's Life, and an unpublished manuscript titled A Neighborhood of Artists about the history and culture of the Connecticut River Valley.

Four sketchbooks by Faulkner contain drawings of landscapes, city scenes, architecture, people, nature, and studies of artwork by others. Also found are two loose sketches.

Five diaries document Faulkner's 1922-1924 trip through Europe, Africa, and Asia including stops in France, Italy, Egypt, and Turkey. Diaries record Faulkner's thoughts on architecture, tourist sites, and travel amenities. Found is one diary from 1956 that discusses social events, the Saint-Gaudens Memorial, the MacDowell Colony of artists, and various artists including Gifford Beal, Maxfield Parrish, Paul Manship, and Eric Gugler.

The bulk of printed material consists of clippings which document published writings by Faulkner, obituaries and published rememberances of Faulkner, local events in Keene, New Hampshire, and reproductions of Faulkner's artwork. Also found are exhibition catalogs of other artists, an announcement of Faulklner's death from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and a publication illustrated with reproductions of Faulkner's murals for the National Archives.

Photographs include formal and informal images of Faulkner throughout his life, and photographs of his family and friends, his studio, and reproductions of his artwork. Also included are two photograph albums, one of which contains photographs of Faulkner during his youth and one that contains photographs primarily from the 1930s of Faulkner's Keene, New Hampshire house, himself, and his friends and family.

The collection also includes a scrapbook prepared for Faulkner's seventieth birthday containing photographs, cards, telegrams, and placecards with hand drawn illustrations which show the "taste and characteristics" of Faulkner.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1914-1971 (Box 1, 3, RD1; 13 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1900-1973 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1912-1966 (Boxes 1-2; 1.0 linear foot)

Series 4: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1910s-1930s (Boxes 2-3; 8 folders)

Series 5: Diaries, 1922-1956 (Box 2; 6 folders)

Series 6: Printed Materials, circa 1858-1966 (Boxes 2-3; 8 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1892-1960s (Boxes 2-3; 15 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbook, 1951 (Box 3; 2 folders)
Biographical Note:
Francis Barrett Faulkner was born on July 12, 1881 in Keene, New Hampshire. He attended Phillips Exeter Academy and went on to study at Harvard College. Around this same time, Faulkner began an apprenticeship with his cousin and painter Abbott Handerson Thayer and painter George de Forest Brush. He also met sculptors James Earle Fraser and Augustus Saint-Gaudens, both of whom became Faulkner's lifelong friends.

In 1901, Faulkner traveled to Italy for the first time with Thayer and his family. He returned to New York in 1902 and studied at the Art Students League and Chase School. He also completed illustration work for Century magazine.

In 1907, Faulkner won the Rome Prize Fellowship from the American Academy in Rome. shortly thereafter, he left to study in Italy for three years, studying with George de Forest Brush and befriending sculptor Paul Manship. Upon his return in 1910, he started working on his first mural, commissioned by the wife of railroad executive E.H. Harriman. Having found his niche, Faulkner continued taking mural commissions until his career was interrupted by World War I and his service in the camouflage section of the army. Shortly after the war, he completed a mural for the marine headquarters in Quantico, Virginia.

Between 1923-1924, Faulkner worked in collaboration with Eric Gugler and Paul Manship to create the American Academy in Rome war memorial. Also following the war, Faulkner completed murals for the Eastman School of Music in 1922, the Rockefeller Center in 1932, and the National Archives in 1936. That same year, Faulkner bought and refurbished a house named "The Bounty" in Keene, New Hampshire, and built a studio nearby. In 1930, he was elected as a trustee of the American Academy in Rome.

During the 1940s, Faulkner created murals for numerous public buildings and sites around New Hampshire including the Senate Chambers in Concord, the Elliot Community Hospital, Keene National Bank, and the Cheshire County Savings Bank in Keene. During his final decades, Faulkner wrote an unpublished manuscript on the history of art in the Connecticut River Valley entitled A Neighborhood of Artists, and his posthumously published memoirs, Sketches of an Artist's Life. Faulkner died in 1966, in Keene, New Hampshire.
Related Material:
Found in the Nancy Douglas Bowditch papers at the Archives of American Art is correspondence, photographs, and printed materials related to Barry Faulkner. The Library of Congress, Manuscript Division also holds a small collection of Barry Faulkner's papers. Additional correspondence from Faulkner is found in the papers of Witter Bynner at the University of New Mexico and at Harvard University.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Francis Faulkner, Barry Faulkner's nephew, in 1974. An addition to the collection was donated by Jocelyn Faulkner Bolle in 2014.
Restrictions:
The bulk of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Barry Faulkner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Painters -- New Hampshire -- Keene  Search this
Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Peterborough  Search this
Artists' studios in art  Search this
Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Dublin  Search this
Educators -- New Hampshire  Search this
Artists' studios -- New Hampshire  Search this
Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Cornish  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New Hampshire -- Keene  Search this
Muralists -- New Hampshire -- Keene  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Artists -- New Hampshire  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Travel diaries
Photograph albums
Citation:
Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.faulbarr
See more items in:
Barry Faulkner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-faulbarr
Online Media:

Samuel Pierpont Langley

Artist:
Seymour Smith, 1855 - 1955?  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Pierpont Langley, 22 Aug 1834 - 27 Feb 1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil on board
Dimensions:
40.5cm x 30cm (15 15/16" x 11 13/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1885-1906
Topic:
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Male  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Secretary  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronomer  Search this
Samuel Pierpont Langley: Science and Technology\Aviator\Aeronaut  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Website: www.nhm.org/
Object number:
CA170052
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e2a666c5-3592-434b-bdb4-f6af4385fb8f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_CA170052

Col. West A. Hamilton papers

Creator:
Hamilton, West A., Col.  Search this
Names:
District of Columbia. Board of Trustees of Public Schools  Search this
Dunbar High School (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Public Schools of the District of Columbia  Search this
Hamilton, West A., Col.  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Linear feet (9 boxes; 1 folder oversize)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Certificates
Minutes
Yearbooks
Photographic prints
Ledgers (account books)
Correspondence
Reports
Awards
Photographs
Books
Diaries
Magazines (periodicals)
Greeting cards
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1887-1991
bulk 1937-1978
Summary:
The Col. West A. Hamilton papers, which dates from 1887 to 1991 and measures 4.50 linear feet, are the personal papers of West A. Hamilton most noted for his service on the Board of Education for Washington, D.C. The papers comprise books, certificates, correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers which date from 1887-1991, bulk dates 1937-1978, document the personal and public life of Col. West A. Hamilton. The majority of material relates to Col. Hamilton's involvement with Washington D.C.'s educational system, both as a teacher and civic activist. A series of letters in particular highlight his efforts to help Dunbar High School, which he was an alum. There are also documents and photographs from his long serving military career and printing business.
Arrangement note:
The papers are arranged into six series. Folders are arranged alphabetically within series, while documents are organized chronologically. Four series contain oversized material and include: Biographical Files, Career, Photographs, and Printed material. Non archival materials associated with the papers are housed in the Collections Department.

Series 1: Biographical files

Sub-series 1.1: Correspondence

Sub-series 1.2: Education

Sub-series 1.3: General

Series 2: Books

Sub-series 2.1: Club Books

Sub-series 2.2: Fiction

Sub-series 2.3: Religious Books

Sub-series 2.4: Text Books

Series 3: Career

Sub-series 3.1: Committee Work

Sub-series 3.2: Correspondence

Sub-series 3.3: General

Series 4: Financial Records

Series 5: Photographs

Series 6: Printed Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Col. West A. Hamilton was born in 1886 to John A. Hamilton, a missionary and social worker, and Julia West Hamilton, a prominent club woman and activist in the Washington D.C. area. Mrs. Hamilton socialized with some of the most well known African American intellectuals of her time, including Mary McLeod Bethune. It was the early experiences of his parents' work with their community that would influence Hamilton later in life.

Throughout his life Col. Hamilton's activities could be divided into three areas: the military, public service, and private business. As a child Hamilton earned his education through Washington's public school system. He graduated from Dunbar High School and went on to receive his teaching degree from Minor Teachers College. After working as a teacher for ten years, Hamilton enlisted with the National Guard for the first time in 1905. It would be the first of many reenlistments and would include World War I, riding with the 10th Cavalry Regiment Buffalo Soldiers near the Mexican border, and commanding the 366th Infantry in North Africa and Italy during World War II. In 1983 Col. Hamilton became an honorary Brigadier General at the age of 96 for his long and distinguished service with the U.S. Armed Forces.

While working as a teacher and joining the military, Hamilton was also an entrepreneur. Joining forces with his brother Percival Y. Hamilton, the Hamilton brothers went into the publishing business and produced their own newspaper called the Sentinel. They established the Hamilton Printing Company in 1910 and worked from two previous locations before permanently locating on the corner of 14th and U St from 1922 to the 1970s.

Outside his many careers Hamilton carried on his mother's altruistic pursuits and involved himself heavily in club work and civic organizations. He served on Washington D.C.'s Board of Education, the Board of Elections, the recreation board, as well as, the American Legion and the Masons. For many years his mother, Julia West Hamilton, served as President of the Phyllis Wheatley YWCA and Col. Hamilton continued her work with the organization.

Col. Hamilton married twice but never had children. He died in 1985 just shy one year from his 100th birthday.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Col. West A. Hamilton papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American educators  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Certificates
Minutes
Yearbooks -- 1940-1950
Photographic prints
Ledgers (account books)
Correspondence
Reports
Awards
Photographs
Books
Diaries
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Greeting cards
Citation:
The Col. West A. Hamilton papers, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Col. West A. Hamilton estate.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-006
See more items in:
Col. West A. Hamilton papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-006

First Board of Trustees of the Detroit Museum of Art

Artist:
Percy Ives, 1864 - 1928  Search this
Sitter:
William Henry Brearley, 18 Jul 1846 - 26 Mar 1909  Search this
Donald McDonald Dickinson, 1846 - 1917  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry, 1833 - 1907  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives, 3 Aug 1833 - 13 Dec 1894  Search this
James Mcmillan, 1838 - 1902  Search this
William Austin Moore, 17 Apr 1823 - 25 Sep 1906  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer, 25 Jan 1830 - 1 Jun 1913  Search this
James Edmund Scripps, 1835 - 1906  Search this
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
190.5 × 281.9cm (75 × 111")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1907
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair\Armchair  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Interior\Office  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Male  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Politics and Government\US Senator\Michigan  Search this
Thomas Witherell Palmer: Politics and Government\State Senator\Michigan  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry: Male  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
Dexter Mason Ferry: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Insurance  Search this
James Edmund Scripps: Male  Search this
James Edmund Scripps: Communications\Publisher  Search this
James Edmund Scripps: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
William Henry Brearley: Male  Search this
William Henry Brearley: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
William Henry Brearley: Literature\Writer  Search this
William Henry Brearley: Communications\Publisher  Search this
William Henry Brearley: Military\Soldier\Civil War\Union  Search this
James Mcmillan: Male  Search this
James Mcmillan: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
James Mcmillan: Politics and Government\US Senator  Search this
James Mcmillan: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
James Mcmillan: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
James Mcmillan: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives: Male  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist  Search this
Lewis Thomas Ives: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
William Austin Moore: Male  Search this
William Austin Moore: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Austin Moore: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
William Austin Moore: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
William Austin Moore: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
William Austin Moore: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
William Austin Moore: Visual Arts\Benefactor  Search this
William Austin Moore: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Insurance  Search this
Donald McDonald Dickinson: Male  Search this
Donald McDonald Dickinson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Donald McDonald Dickinson: Visual Arts\Administrator\Art Museum\Trustee  Search this
Donald McDonald Dickinson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Detroit Institute of Arts
Website: www.dia.org
Object number:
07.4 DIA
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4510ff010-eb2e-44b1-83c8-ee6d5e0ce3f3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_07.4_DIA

Eminent Women

Artist:
Notman Photographic Company, active 1878 - 1927  Search this
Eugene L'Africain, 1859 - 1892  Search this
Copy after:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, 19 Dec 1820 - 23 May 1905  Search this
Sara Orne Jewett, 3 Sep 1849 - 24 Jun 1909  Search this
Grace Atkinson Oliver, 24 Sep 1844 - 21 May 1899  Search this
Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson, 15 Oct 1830 - 12 Aug 1885  Search this
Nora Perry, 1841 - 13 May 1896  Search this
Lucy Larcom, 5 Mar 1824 - 17 Apr 1893  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett, 24 Nov 1849 - 29 Oct 1924  Search this
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward, 1844 - 1911  Search this
Ellen Louise Chandler Moulton, 10 Apr 1835 - 10 Aug 1908  Search this
Louisa May Alcott, 29 Nov 1832 - 6 Mar 1888  Search this
Julia Ward Howe, 27 May 1819 - 17 Oct 1910  Search this
Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe, 14 Jun 1811 - 1 Jul 1896  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 54.4cm x 44.2cm (21 7/16" x 17 3/8")
Mount: 64cm x 53.9cm (25 3/16" x 21 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1884
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair\Armchair  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace  Search this
Architecture\Fountain  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett: Female  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Louisa May Alcott: Female  Search this
Louisa May Alcott: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Louisa May Alcott: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Sara Orne Jewett: Female  Search this
Sara Orne Jewett: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Female  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Lucy Larcom: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe: Female  Search this
Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson: Female  Search this
Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward: Female  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Female  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Social Reformer  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance  Search this
Julia Ward Howe: Female  Search this
Julia Ward Howe: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Julia Ward Howe: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Julia Ward Howe: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Suffragist  Search this
Grace Atkinson Oliver: Female  Search this
Grace Atkinson Oliver: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Grace Atkinson Oliver: Education\Administrator\Board of Education  Search this
Nora Perry: Male  Search this
Nora Perry: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Nora Perry: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Nora Perry: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Nora Perry: Communications\Journalist\Correspondent  Search this
Ellen Louise Chandler Moulton: Female  Search this
Ellen Louise Chandler Moulton: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.180
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42ce5a6dd-81d1-45d8-85c4-1dfd097eb26d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.180

Anti-Slavery Constitutional Amendment Picture

Artist:
Powell & Co.  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin, 27 Aug 1809 - 4 Jul 1891  Search this
Schuyler Colfax, 23 Mar 1823 - 13 Jan 1885  Search this
Augustus Frank, 17 Jul 1826 - 29 Apr 1895  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell, 22 Dec 1821 - 31 Mar 1891  Search this
John Henry Hubbard, 24 Mar 1804 - 30 Jul 1872  Search this
Henry Winter Davis, 16 Aug 1817 - 30 Dec 1865  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley, 14 Nov 1824 - 16 Sep 1896  Search this
Leonard Myers, 13 Nov 1827 - 11 Feb 1905  Search this
Charles O'Neill, 21 Mar 1821 - 25 Nov 1893  Search this
Daniel Wheelwright Gooch, 8 Jan 1820 - 11 Nov 1891  Search this
Samuel Hooper, 3 Feb 1808 - 14 Feb 1875  Search this
John Adam Kasson, 11 Jan 1822 - 19 May 1910  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck, 4 Oct 1809 - 23 Mar 1890  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne, 23 Sep 1816 - 22 Oct 1887  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington, 9 Feb 1828 - 29 Jul 1909  Search this
Freeman Clarke, 22 Mar 1809 - 24 Jun 1887  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell, 28 Jan 1818 - 27 Feb 1905  Search this
James Sidney Rollins, 19 Apr 1812 - 9 Jan 1888  Search this
William Windom, 10 May 1827 - 29 Jan 1891  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster, 31 Mar 1829 - 24 Apr 1893  Search this
William Darrah Kelley, 12 Apr 1814 - 9 Jan 1890  Search this
George Washington Julian, 5 May 1817 - 7 Jul 1899  Search this
Hiram Price, 10 Jan 1814 - 30 May 1901  Search this
James Edward English, 13 Mar 1812 - 2 Mar 1890  Search this
James Gillespie Blaine, 31 Jan 1830 - 27 Jan 1893  Search this
Nathaniel Barratt Smithers, 8 Oct 1818 - 16 Jan 1896  Search this
James Willis Patterson, 2 Jul 1823 - 4 May 1893  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow, 15 Jul 1817 - 11 Sep 1875  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair, 11 Apr 1821 - 12 Feb 1901  Search this
Portus Baxter, 4 Dec 1806 - 4 Mar 1868  Search this
James Falconer Wilson, 19 Oct 1828 - 22 Apr 1895  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens, 4 Apr 1792 - 11 Aug 1868  Search this
Charles Upson, 19 Mar 1821 - 5 Sep 1885  Search this
James Tracy Hale, 14 Oct 1810 - 5 Apr 1865  Search this
Giles Waldo Hotchkiss, 25 Oct 1815 - 5 Jul 1878  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins, 3 Oct 1824 - 31 Jul 1889  Search this
Joseph Bailey, 18 Mar 1810 - 26 Aug 1885  Search this
John Wesley Longyear, 1820 - 1875  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill, 14 Apr 1810 - 28 Dec 1898  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont, 23 Nov 1814 - 16 Apr 1871  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin, 24 Dec 1817 - 21 Jan 1903  Search this
Francis Kellogg, 30 May 1810 - 13 Jan 1879  Search this
John Rogers McBride, 22 Aug 1832 - 20 Jul 1904  Search this
Orlando Kellogg, 18 Jun 1809 - 24 Aug 1865  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon, 1 May 1812 - 11 Apr 1881  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy, 24 Sep 1807 - 11 Apr 1886  Search this
Sidney Perham, 27 Mar 1819 - 10 Apr 1907  Search this
William Gay Brown, 25 Sep 1800 - 19 Apr 1884  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes, 30 Oct 1816 - 5 Feb 1903  Search this
Anson Herrick, 21 Jan 1812 - 6 Feb 1868  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley, 9 Dec 1811 - 27 Mar 1908  Search this
Ebon Clark Ingersoll, 12 Dec 1831 - 31 May 1879  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg, 22 Feb 1818 - 2 Dec 1900  Search this
Thomas Allen Jenckes, 2 Nov 1818 - 4 Nov 1875  Search this
John Martin Broomall, 19 Jan 1816 - 3 Jun 1894  Search this
Amasa Cobb, 27 Sep 1823 - 5 Jul 1905  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley, 6 May 1821 - 20 May 1876  Search this
Francis Thomas, 3 Feb 1799 - 22 Jan 1876  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard, 19 Jan 1819 - 22 Sep 1879  Search this
William Higby, 18 Aug 1813 - 27 Nov 1887  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly, 3 Nov 1831 - 1 Jan 1901  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer, 9 Mar 1845 - 14 Oct 1906  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman, 28 Jun 1814 - 27 Sep 1882  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh, 4 Sep 1821 - 1 Aug 1888  Search this
Oakes Ames, 10 Jan 1804 - 8 May 1873  Search this
Rufus Paine Spalding, 3 May 1798 - 20 Aug 1886  Search this
Archibald McAllister, 12 Oct 1813 - 18 Jul 1883  Search this
Ithamar Conkey Sloan, 9 May 1822 - 24 Dec 1898  Search this
Austin Augustus King, 21 Sep 1802 - 22 Apr 1870  Search this
Daniel Morris, 4 Jan 1812 - 22 Apr 1889  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton, 25 Dec 1812 - 3 Aug 1875  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice, 30 Aug 1818 - 22 Jul 1895  Search this
John Crispell, 1820 - 1920?  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead, 7 Sep 1806 - 6 Mar 1884  Search this
John Bassett Alley, 7 Jan 1817 - 19 Jan 1896  Search this
Calvin Tilden Hulburd, 5 Jun 1809 - 25 Oct 1897  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot, 20 Mar 1808 - 14 Jun 1870  Search this
James Madison Marvin, 27 Feb 1809 - 25 Apr 1901  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold, 1815 - 1884  Search this
John Ashley Griswold, 18 Nov 1822 - 22 Feb 1902  Search this
Thomas Williams, 28 Aug 1806 - 16 Jun 1872  Search this
Thomas Treadwell Davis, 22 Aug 1810 - 2 May 1872  Search this
Moses Fowler Odell, 24 Feb 1818 - 13 Jun 1866  Search this
Augustus Brandegee, 15 Jul 1828 - 10 Nov 1904  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Coffroth, 18 May 1828 - 2 Sep 1906  Search this
William Radford, 24 Jun 1814 - 18 Jan 1870  Search this
William Barrett Washburn, 31 Jan 1820 - 5 Oct 1887  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth, 22 Apr 1817 - 16 Dec 1882  Search this
William Harrison Randall, 15 Jul 1812 - 1 Aug 1881  Search this
Glenni William Scofield, 11 Mar 1817 - 30 Aug 1891  Search this
DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn, 7 Jan 1818 - 27 Oct 1892  Search this
George Helm Yeaman, 1 Nov 1829 - 23 Feb 1908  Search this
Cornelius Cole, 17 Sep 1822 - 3 Nov 1924  Search this
Lucian Anderson, 23 Jun 1824 - 18 Oct 1898  Search this
John Hovey Rice, 5 Feb 1816 - 14 Mar 1911  Search this
John Benedict Steele, 28 Mar 1814 - 24 Sep 1866  Search this
John Farson Starr, 25 Mar 1818 - 9 Aug 1904  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy, 31 Dec 1824 - 23 Mar 1905  Search this
Walter Duncan McIndoe, 30 Mar 1819 - 22 Aug 1872  Search this
John Fletcher Driggs, 8 Mar 1813 - 17 Dec 1877  Search this
Homer Augustus Nelson, 31 Aug 1829 - 25 Apr 1891  Search this
William Boyd Allison, 2 Mar 1829 - 4 Aug 1908  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller, 27 May 1827 - 16 Mar 1892  Search this
Ezra Wheeler, 23 Dec 1820 - 19 Sep 1871  Search this
Ambrose Williams Clark, 19 Feb 1810 - 13 Oct 1887  Search this
James Abram Garfield, 19 Nov 1831 - 19 Sep 1881  Search this
Amos Myers, 23 Apr 1824 - 18 Oct 1893  Search this
Thomas Bowles Shannon, 21 Sep 1827 - 21 Feb 1897  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder, 18 Mar 1828 - 22 Dec 1875  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge, 29 Aug 1818 - 25 Apr 1888  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike, 9 Dec 1816 - 2 Dec 1886  Search this
John Franklin Fransworth, 27 Mar 1820 - 14 Jul 1897  Search this
John Ganson, 1 Jan 1818 - 28 Sep 1874  Search this
John Denison Baldwin, 28 Sep 1809 - 8 Jul 1883  Search this
Benjamin Franklin Loan, 4 Oct 1819 - 30 Mar 1881  Search this
Green Clay Smith, 4 Jul 1826 - 29 Jun 1895  Search this
Wells Andrews Hutchins, 8 Oct 1818 - 25 Jan 1895  Search this
Henry Champion Deming, 23 May 1815 - 8 Oct 1872  Search this
Samuel Knox, 21 Mar 1815 - 7 Mar 1905  Search this
Sempronius Hamilton Boyd, 28 May 1828 - 22 Jun 1894  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard, 10 Jul 1805 - 2 Apr 1871  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe, 24 Feb 1816 - 25 Mar 1883  Search this
Benjamin Franklin Wade, 27 Oct 1800 - 2 Mar 1878  Search this
William Sprague, 12 Sep 1830 - 11 Sep 1915  Search this
Edgar Cowan, 19 Sep 1815 - 29 Aug 1885  Search this
Alexander Ramsey, 8 Sep 1815 - 22 Apr 1903  Search this
Daniel Clark, 24 Oct 1809 - 2 Jan 1891  Search this
Henry Smith Lane, 24 Feb 1811 - 18 Jun 1881  Search this
Zachariah Chandler, 13 Dec 1813 - 1 Nov 1879  Search this
James Dixon, 5 Aug 1814 - 27 Mar 1873  Search this
Peter Godwin Van Winkle, 7 Sep 1808 - 15 Apr 1872  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown, 28 May 1826 - 13 Dec 1885  Search this
John Conover Ten Eyck, 12 Mar 1814 - 24 Apr 1875  Search this
William Pitt Fessenden, 16 Oct 1806 - 9 Sep 1869  Search this
James Willis Nesmith, 23 Jul 1820 - 17 Jun 1885  Search this
Waitman Thomas Willey, 18 Oct 1811 - 2 May 1900  Search this
Morton Smith Wilkinson, 22 Jan 1819 - 4 Feb 1894  Search this
Benjamin Franklin Harding, 4 Jan 1823 - 16 Jun 1899  Search this
John Conness, 22 Sep 1821 - 10 Jan 1909  Search this
Lyman Trumbull, 12 Oct 1813 - 25 Jun 1896  Search this
Henry Wilson, 16 Feb 1812 - 22 Nov 1875  Search this
Jacob Collamer, 8 Jan 1792 - 9 Nov 1865  Search this
John Sherman, 10 May 1823 - 22 Oct 1900  Search this
Charles Sumner, 6 Jan 1811 - 11 Mar 1874  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster, 22 Nov 1806 - 19 Sep 1880  Search this
James Harlan, 26 Aug 1820 - 5 Oct 1899  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan, 8 Feb 1811 - 14 Feb 1883  Search this
James Henry Lane, 22 Jun 1814 - 11 Jul 1866  Search this
Ira Harris, 31 May 1802 - 2 Dec 1875  Search this
Henry Bowen Anthony, 1 Jan 1815 - 2 Sep 1884  Search this
Samuel Clarke Pomeroy, 3 Jan 1816 - 27 Aug 1891  Search this
John Brooks Henderson, 16 Nov 1826 - 12 Apr 1913  Search this
Reverdy Johnson, 21 May 1796 - 10 Feb 1876  Search this
John Parker Hale, 31 Mar 1806 - 19 Nov 1873  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill, 3 May 1812 - 10 Jan 1883  Search this
Solomon Foot, 19 Nov 1802 - 28 Mar 1866  Search this
James Wilson Grimes, 20 Oct 1816 - 7 Feb 1872  Search this
James Rood Doolittle, 3 Jan 1815 - 23 Jul 1897  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 20.6 x 17.9cm (8 1/8 x 7 1/16")
Mount: 43.7 x 34.7cm (17 3/16 x 13 11/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1865
Topic:
James Edward English: Male  Search this
James Edward English: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
James Edward English: Politics and Government\US Senator\Connecticut  Search this
James Edward English: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Connecticut  Search this
James Edward English: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Lumber  Search this
James Edward English: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
James Edward English: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Connecticut  Search this
James Edward English: Politics and Government\State Senator\Connecticut  Search this
James Edward English: Politics and Government\Governor\Connecticut  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Male  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Politics and Government\US Senator\Connecticut  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Connecticut  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Education\Administrator\School  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Norwich, CT  Search this
Lafayette Sabine Foster: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Connecticut  Search this
John Conover Ten Eyck: Male  Search this
John Conover Ten Eyck: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Conover Ten Eyck: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Jersey  Search this
James Henry Lane: Male  Search this
James Henry Lane: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Henry Lane: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
James Henry Lane: Politics and Government\US Senator\Kansas  Search this
James Henry Lane: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
James Henry Lane: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Indiana  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Male  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Thaddeus Stevens: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Charles Sumner: Male  Search this
Charles Sumner: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Charles Sumner: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Male  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Hampshire  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New Hampshire  Search this
James Willis Patterson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New Hampshire  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Male  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Laurens Dawes: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Daniel Clark: Male  Search this
Daniel Clark: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Daniel Clark: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Daniel Clark: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Hampshire  Search this
Daniel Clark: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New Hampshire  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Male  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Majority Leader  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Iowa  Search this
William Boyd Allison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Male  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Male  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Politics and Government\State Senator\Missouri  Search this
James Sidney Rollins: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Male  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Military\Soldier  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Politics and Government\US Senator\Vermont  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Vermont  Search this
Jacob Collamer: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Vermont  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Male  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Politics and Government\Loyalist  Search this
John Wesley Longyear: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
William Sprague: Male  Search this
William Sprague: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
William Sprague: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
William Sprague: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
William Sprague: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
William Sprague: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
William Sprague: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Printer  Search this
William Sprague: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard: Male  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Michigan  Search this
Jacob Merritt Howard: Politics and Government\US Senator\Michigan  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Male  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Politics and Government\Governor\Missouri  Search this
Benjamin Gratz Brown: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Male  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Literature\Writer  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Minnesota  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Minnesota  Search this
Ignatius Donnelly: Politics and Government\State Senator\Minnesota  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Male  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Politics and Government\US Senator\Vermont  Search this
Justin Smith Morrill: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Vermont  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Male  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Iowa  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Iowa  Search this
James Falconer Wilson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Iowa  Search this
Hiram Price: Male  Search this
Hiram Price: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Hiram Price: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Hiram Price: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Hiram Price: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Hiram Price: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Hiram Price: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Hiram Price: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Male  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Elihu Benjamin Washburne: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Male  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Cumming Schenck: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Ohio  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Male  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Military\Soldier  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Printer  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Governor\Maine  Search this
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maine  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Male  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
Schuyler Colfax: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Accounting\Auditor  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Male  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Politics and Government\Governor\Maine  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Politics and Government\State Senator\Maine  Search this
Lot Myrick Morrill: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Male  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Politics and Government\Legislator  Search this
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Male  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Literature\Writer\Biographer  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
Isaac Newton Arnold: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Male  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\US Attorney General  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Maryland  Search this
Reverdy Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maryland  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Male  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Hampshire  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New Hampshire  Search this
Edward Henry Rollins: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New Hampshire  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow: Male  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow: Politics and Government\State Senator\Missouri  Search this
Henry Taylor Blow: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Mining  Search this
Henry Wilson: Male  Search this
Henry Wilson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Henry Wilson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Henry Wilson: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Wilson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Wilson: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Henry Wilson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Wilson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Wilson: Military\Officer  Search this
Henry Wilson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Shoe  Search this
Henry Wilson: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Cobbler  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Male  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
John Adam Kasson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Iowa  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Male  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Natural Resources\Miner\Gold  Search this
Cornelius Cole: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Henry Bowen Anthony: Male  Search this
Henry Bowen Anthony: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Bowen Anthony: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Henry Bowen Anthony: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Male  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Military\Army\Officer  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Politics and Government\State Senator\Indiana  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Politics and Government\US Senator\Indiana  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana  Search this
Henry Smith Lane: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Solomon Foot: Male  Search this
Solomon Foot: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Solomon Foot: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Solomon Foot: Politics and Government\US Senator\Vermont  Search this
Solomon Foot: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Vermont  Search this
Solomon Foot: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Vermont  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Male  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
James Rood Doolittle: Politics and Government\US Senator\Wisconsin  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Male  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Theodore Medad Pomeroy: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Auburn, NY  Search this
James Wilson Grimes: Male  Search this
James Wilson Grimes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Wilson Grimes: Politics and Government\US Senator\Iowa  Search this
James Wilson Grimes: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Iowa  Search this
James Wilson Grimes: Politics and Government\Governor\Iowa  Search this
John Parker Hale: Male  Search this
John Parker Hale: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Parker Hale: Politics and Government\US Attorney  Search this
John Parker Hale: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
John Parker Hale: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
John Parker Hale: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
John Brooks Henderson: Male  Search this
John Brooks Henderson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Brooks Henderson: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
John Brooks Henderson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
John Brooks Henderson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Male  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Edwin Denison Morgan: Society and Social Change\Benefactor  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Male  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
George Sewall Boutwell: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Male  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Politics and Government\US Senator\Wisconsin  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
Timothy Otis Howe: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Wisconsin  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Male  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Michigan  Search this
Zachariah Chandler: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Detroit, MI  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Male  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minnesota  Search this
Alexander Ramsey: Politics and Government\Governor\Minnesota  Search this
Augustus Frank: Male  Search this
Augustus Frank: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Augustus Frank: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Augustus Frank: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
John Henry Hubbard: Male  Search this
John Henry Hubbard: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Henry Hubbard: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Connecticut  Search this
John Henry Hubbard: Politics and Government\State Senator\Connecticut  Search this
Henry Winter Davis: Male  Search this
Henry Winter Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Winter Davis: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Male  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
James Mitchell Ashley: Politics and Government\Governor\Montana  Search this
Leonard Myers: Male  Search this
Leonard Myers: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Leonard Myers: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Leonard Myers: Military\Militia\Officer  Search this
Charles O'Neill: Male  Search this
Charles O'Neill: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles O'Neill: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Charles O'Neill: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Charles O'Neill: Politics and Government\State Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Daniel Wheelwright Gooch: Male  Search this
Daniel Wheelwright Gooch: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Daniel Wheelwright Gooch: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Male  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Importer  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Samuel Hooper: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Male  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Military\Militia\Officer  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Politics and Government\State Legislator\California  Search this
Henry Gaither Worthington: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Nevada  Search this
Freeman Clarke: Male  Search this
Freeman Clarke: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Freeman Clarke: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Freeman Clarke: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Freeman Clarke: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Accounting\Accountant\Comptroller  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Male  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
Edwin Hanson Webster: Politics and Government\State Senator\Maryland  Search this
William Darrah Kelley: Male  Search this
William Darrah Kelley: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Darrah Kelley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
William Darrah Kelley: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
William Darrah Kelley: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Jeweler  Search this
George Washington Julian: Male  Search this
George Washington Julian: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Washington Julian: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
George Washington Julian: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington Julian: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Nathaniel Barratt Smithers: Male  Search this
Nathaniel Barratt Smithers: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Nathaniel Barratt Smithers: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Delaware  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Male  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Politics and Government\US Congressman\West Virginia  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Jacob Beeson Blair: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Wyoming  Search this
Portus Baxter: Male  Search this
Portus Baxter: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Vermont  Search this
Charles Upson: Male  Search this
Charles Upson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Upson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Charles Upson: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Charles Upson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Charles Upson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Michigan  Search this
Charles Upson: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\Michigan  Search this
Charles Upson: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Coldwater, MI  Search this
James Tracy Hale: Male  Search this
James Tracy Hale: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Tracy Hale: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Tracy Hale: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Giles Waldo Hotchkiss: Male  Search this
Giles Waldo Hotchkiss: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Giles Waldo Hotchkiss: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Male  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Crafts and Trades  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Joseph Bailey: Politics and Government\State Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont: Male  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
Ebenezer Dumont: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Male  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Michigan  Search this
Augustus Carpenter Baldwin: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Pontiac, MI  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Male  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Lumber  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Alabama  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Francis Kellogg: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Michigan  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Male  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Education\Administrator\Superintendent  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Politics and Government\State Senator\Oregon  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Oregon  Search this
John Rogers McBride: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Idaho  Search this
Orlando Kellogg: Male  Search this
Orlando Kellogg: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Orlando Kellogg: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon: Male  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Rhode Island  Search this
Nathan Fellows Dixon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Rhode Island  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy: Male  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Henry Wells Tracy: Business and Finance\Contractor  Search this
Sidney Perham: Male  Search this
Sidney Perham: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Sidney Perham: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Sidney Perham: Politics and Government\Governor\Maine  Search this
Sidney Perham: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maine  Search this
Sidney Perham: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
Sidney Perham: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Appraiser  Search this
William Gay Brown: Male  Search this
William Gay Brown: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Gay Brown: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
William Gay Brown: Politics and Government\US Congressman\West Virginia  Search this
William Gay Brown: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Anson Herrick: Male  Search this
Anson Herrick: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Anson Herrick: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Anson Herrick: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Printer  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Male  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Ohio  Search this
Ephraim Ralph Eckley: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Ebon Clark Ingersoll: Male  Search this
Ebon Clark Ingersoll: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ebon Clark Ingersoll: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
Ebon Clark Ingersoll: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Male  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Shipping  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Mining  Search this
Joseph Washington McClurg: Politics and Government\Governor\Missouri  Search this
Thomas Allen Jenckes: Male  Search this
Thomas Allen Jenckes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Allen Jenckes: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Rhode Island  Search this
Thomas Allen Jenckes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Rhode Island  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Male  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
John Martin Broomall: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Male  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Wisconsin  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Mining  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Lincoln, NE  Search this
Amasa Cobb: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Nebraska  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley: Male  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Lumber  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\West Virginia  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Kellian Van Rensalear Whaley: Politics and Government\Government Official\Customs Agent  Search this
Francis Thomas: Male  Search this
Francis Thomas: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Francis Thomas: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Francis Thomas: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Company President  Search this
Francis Thomas: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
Francis Thomas: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Francis Thomas: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maryland  Search this
Francis Thomas: Politics and Government\Governor\Maryland  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Male  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Mining  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Iowa  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana  Search this
Asahel Wheeler Hubbard: Crafts and Trades\Mason  Search this
William Higby: Male  Search this
William Higby: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Higby: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
William Higby: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Horticulturist  Search this
William Higby: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
William Higby: Politics and Government\State Senator\California  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer: Male  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Martin Russell Thayer: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Male  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Fernando Cortez Beaman: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Adrian, MI  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Male  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Robert Bruce Van Valkenburgh: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Florida  Search this
Oakes Ames: Male  Search this
Oakes Ames: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Oakes Ames: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Oakes Ames: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad\Railroad Promoter  Search this
Oakes Ames: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Tool  Search this
Rufus Paine Spalding: Male  Search this
Rufus Paine Spalding: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Rufus Paine Spalding: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Ohio  Search this
Rufus Paine Spalding: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Ohio  Search this
Archibald McAllister: Male  Search this
Archibald McAllister: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Archibald McAllister: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Male  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Law and Law Enforcement\Jurist  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Austin Augustus King: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
Ithamar Conkey Sloan: Male  Search this
Ithamar Conkey Sloan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ithamar Conkey Sloan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Wisconsin  Search this
Ithamar Conkey Sloan: Education\Administrator\University\Dean  Search this
Daniel Morris: Male  Search this
Daniel Morris: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Daniel Morris: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Daniel Morris: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton: Male  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
Jesse Olds Norton: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice: Male  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Rice: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Boston, MA  Search this
John Crispell: Male  Search this
John Crispell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Crispell: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
John Crispell: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
John Crispell: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
John Crispell: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maryland  Search this
John Crispell: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
John Crispell: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maryland  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead: Male  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Company President  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Leatherworker\Tanner  Search this
James Kennedy Moorhead: Business and Finance\Contractor  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Male  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Shoe  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Cobbler  Search this
John Bassett Alley: Business and Finance\Transportation\Riverboat Captain  Search this
Calvin Tilden Hulburd: Male  Search this
Calvin Tilden Hulburd: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Calvin Tilden Hulburd: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Tilden Hulburd: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot: Male  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Thomas Dawes Eliot: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
James Madison Marvin: Male  Search this
James Madison Marvin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
James Madison Marvin: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
James Madison Marvin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
James Madison Marvin: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Hotelier  Search this
John Ashley Griswold: Male  Search this
John Ashley Griswold: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Ashley Griswold: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
John Ashley Griswold: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Thomas Williams: Male  Search this
Thomas Williams: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Williams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Thomas Williams: Politics and Government\State Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Thomas Treadwell Davis: Male  Search this
Thomas Treadwell Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Treadwell Davis: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Moses Fowler Odell: Male  Search this
Moses Fowler Odell: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Moses Fowler Odell: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Appraiser  Search this
Augustus Brandegee: Male  Search this
Augustus Brandegee: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Augustus Brandegee: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Connecticut  Search this
Augustus Brandegee: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Connecticut  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Coffroth: Male  Search this
Alexander Hamilton Coffroth: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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Alexander Hamilton Coffroth: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
William Radford: Male  Search this
William Radford: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
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William Barrett Washburn: Male  Search this
William Barrett Washburn: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
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William Barrett Washburn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
William Barrett Washburn: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
William Barrett Washburn: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth: Male  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Godlove Stein Orth: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Indiana  Search this
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William Harrison Randall: Male  Search this
William Harrison Randall: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Harrison Randall: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
William Harrison Randall: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Kentucky  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Male  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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Glenni William Scofield: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Printer  Search this
Glenni William Scofield: Politics and Government\State Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn: Male  Search this
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DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Oswego, NY  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Male  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Literature\Writer  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Kentucky  Search this
George Helm Yeaman: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Kentucky  Search this
Lucian Anderson: Male  Search this
Lucian Anderson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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John Hovey Rice: Male  Search this
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John Hovey Rice: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maine  Search this
John Benedict Steele: Male  Search this
John Benedict Steele: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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John Farson Starr: Male  Search this
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Walter Duncan McIndoe: Male  Search this
Walter Duncan McIndoe: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
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John Fletcher Driggs: Male  Search this
John Fletcher Driggs: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
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John Fletcher Driggs: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
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John Fletcher Driggs: Crafts and Trades\Mechanic  Search this
John Fletcher Driggs: Crafts and Trades\Carpenter  Search this
Homer Augustus Nelson: Male  Search this
Homer Augustus Nelson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Homer Augustus Nelson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
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Homer Augustus Nelson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Homer Augustus Nelson: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Male  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Lumber  Search this
Samuel Franklin Miller: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Ezra Wheeler: Male  Search this
Ezra Wheeler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Ezra Wheeler: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Ezra Wheeler: Business and Finance\Land developer  Search this
Ezra Wheeler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Wisconsin  Search this
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Ambrose Williams Clark: Male  Search this
Ambrose Williams Clark: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Ambrose Williams Clark: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Ambrose Williams Clark: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Amos Myers: Male  Search this
Amos Myers: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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Amos Myers: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
Thomas Bowles Shannon: Male  Search this
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Thomas Bowles Shannon: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Thomas Bowles Shannon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Thomas Bowles Shannon: Politics and Government\State Legislator\California  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Male  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Kansas  Search this
Abel Carter Wilder: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Rochester, NY  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Male  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Railroad  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Vermont  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Vermont  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Vermont  Search this
Frederick Enoch Woodbridge: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Vergennes, VT  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike: Male  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maine  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
Frederick Augustus Pike: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Calais, ME  Search this
John Franklin Fransworth: Male  Search this
John Franklin Fransworth: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Franklin Fransworth: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
John Franklin Fransworth: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
John Ganson: Male  Search this
John Ganson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Ganson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
John Ganson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
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John Denison Baldwin: Male  Search this
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John Denison Baldwin: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Pastor  Search this
John Denison Baldwin: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
John Denison Baldwin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Benjamin Franklin Loan: Male  Search this
Benjamin Franklin Loan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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Benjamin Franklin Loan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Green Clay Smith: Male  Search this
Green Clay Smith: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Green Clay Smith: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Green Clay Smith: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister  Search this
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Wells Andrews Hutchins: Male  Search this
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Henry Champion Deming: Male  Search this
Henry Champion Deming: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
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Edgar Cowan: Male  Search this
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James Willis Nesmith: Male  Search this
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Waitman Thomas Willey: Male  Search this
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Benjamin Franklin Harding: Male  Search this
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John Conness: Male  Search this
John Conness: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
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John Conness: Natural Resources\Miner  Search this
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John Conness: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Pianoforte maker  Search this
Ira Harris: Male  Search this
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Ira Harris: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
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Ira Harris: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
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Samuel Clarke Pomeroy: Male  Search this
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James Gillespie Blaine: Male  Search this
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James Gillespie Blaine: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
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Benjamin Franklin Wade: Male  Search this
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William Pitt Fessenden: Male  Search this
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William Pitt Fessenden: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
William Pitt Fessenden: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
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William Pitt Fessenden: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
Lyman Trumbull: Male  Search this
Lyman Trumbull: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Lyman Trumbull: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
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Lyman Trumbull: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Illinois  Search this
John Sherman: Male  Search this
John Sherman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
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John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Majority Leader  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minority Leader  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
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Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
James Harlan: Male  Search this
James Harlan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Harlan: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
James Harlan: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
James Harlan: Education\Administrator\School  Search this
James Harlan: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
James Harlan: Politics and Government\US Senator\Iowa  Search this
William Windom: Male  Search this
William Windom: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Windom: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
William Windom: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minnesota  Search this
William Windom: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Minnesota  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of John O'Brien
Object number:
NPG.91.207
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm448742bca-3f29-4802-993c-4d7d5601bc38
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.91.207

Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Alice Cogswell [sculpture] / (photographer unknown)

Title:
Gallaudet and His First Deaf Mute Pupil [sculpture] / (photographer unknown)
Artist:
French, Daniel Chester 1850-1931  Search this
Subject:
Gallaudet, Thomas Hopkins  Search this
Cogswell, Alice  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1888
Topic:
Portrait group  Search this
Portrait male--Full length  Search this
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Occupation--Education--Teacher  Search this
Occupation--Education--Student  Search this
State of Being--Handicapped--Deaf  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0000911
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_127621
Online Media:

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