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Lee Ya-Ching Papers

Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Cubic feet (22 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Date:
1938-1970
Summary:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitation; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Scope and Content note:
This collection consists of 11.9 cubic feet of material chronicling Lee Ya-Ching's role as a pilot trying to raise funds for China during World War II. The collection contains the following types of material: correspondence, both official and personal; maps; publications; newspapers; invitations; programs from events; lecture notes; scripts from radio shows; photographs, both official and snapshots; trip schedules and agendas; address books; scrapbooks; and official paperwork and licenses.
Arrangement:
This collection of materials listed in the finding aid is arranged into two series, Ms Lee's personal papers and her professional papers. Within each series, items are arranged by material type then chronologically. No attempt was made to translate foreign language material in the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Lee Ya-Ching was born in Canton, China in 1912. As an only child who lost her mother at a young age, Ya-Ching was raised by her father and grandmother. Under her father's guidance she learned many skills, including martial arts, some previously restricted to male children. Ya-Ching attended English schools in Hong Kong and Shanghai and at the age of 16 was sent to London to attend finishing school.

In 1929 at the age of 17, Ya-Ching went to Geneva, Switzerland. It is there that she took her first ride in an airplane and vowed to learn how to fly. She enrolled in Ecole Aero Club de Suisse and, in 1934, became the first woman to receive a pilot's license from the school. Determined to continue her education, Ya-Ching went to the United States and attended the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California in 1935. In November of that year she became the first woman licensed through the Boeing School. Upon completion of her training at the Boeing school Ya-Ching returned to China and began campaigning for a Chinese pilot's license, eventually obtaining the license in 1936. Seeing a need to train new pilots, Ya-Ching and some fellow pilots opened a civilian flying school in Shanghai in 1936.

When Japan invaded China in 1937, Ya-Ching volunteered to fly for her country, but was refused. Undeterred, she served her country by establishing hospitals. Leaving Shanghai for Hong Kong just before the city fell, she was finally given the opportunity to fly for China by piloting Red Cross planes ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton. Realizing that China needed aid and supplies, Ya-Ching embarked on a Goodwill Tour of the United States and Canada in 1938. When the war prevented her return to China, Ya-Ching continued the tour expanding her appearances into South America.

Not much is known of Ya-Ching's life after the war. She returned to Hong Kong for a number of years. In the 1960's she returned to California, where she died in 1998 at the age of 86.

Time Line of Lee Ya-Ching

xxxx -- The following timeline covers key events in Ya-Ching's life, as well world events. Events involving Ya-Ching are shown in normal type world events are shown in italics.

1909 -- M. Vallon flies first plane in China

1911 -- China ousts the 2000 year old Imperial System for a Republic

April 16, 1912 -- Lee Ya-Ching is born in Canton, China

1916 -- Ya-Ching's mother dies of tuberculosis

1917 -- China enters World War 1 on the side of the Allies

1926 -- Begins career as a movie actress

1928 -- Leaves the film industry and goes to school in England

1929 -- The CCP (Chinese Communist Party) is ousted from China Goes to Switzerland

September 1931 -- Japan seizes control of Manchuria

November 1931 -- CCP resurfaces in China and forms the Chinese Soviet Republic in Jiangxi Province

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to solo across the Atlantic

1933 -- Begins flying lessons at Geneva's Cointrin-Ecole d'Aviation

1934 -- Receives her pilot's license from Ecole Aéro Club de Suisse

1935 -- Attends and receives license from the Boeing School of Aeronautics in Oakland, California

1935 -- Falls out of an aerobatic plane, earning her membership in the Caterpillar Club

1936 -- Receives her pilot's license from the Chinese Government First domestic airline established in China Opens a civilian flying school in Shanghai

1937 -- Flies for the Red Cross ferrying supplies from Hong Kong to Canton Japan invades China Earns Hong Kong commercial pilot's license Helps establish hospitals in Shanghai

1938 -- Begins goodwill tour of United States and Canada

1939 -- Appears in US film Disputed Passage with Dorothy Lamour

1940 -- Flies "Estrella China" to Caribbean, Central and South America Aids Ruth Nichols in raising money for Relief Wings

1941 -- Begins working for United China Relief

December 7, 1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1944 -- Begins Goodwill and Fund Raising tour of South America and Caribbean

August 1945 -- Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Returns to China and retires

1946 -- Fighting between CCP and KMT (Nationalist party) resumes

October 1949 -- KMT retreats to Taiwan Mao Zedong establishes the People's Republic of China

1950 -- Receives Hong Kong private pilot's license

1963 -- Receives Hong Kong Special Purpose Pilot's license

1971 -- Permanently moves to the United States

1997 -- British rule ends in Hong Kong

January 28, 1998 -- Dies at the age of 86
Provenance:
Pax Cheng and Mary Wolfson, Gift, 2007, NASM.2008.0009.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Photographs
Maps
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2008.0009
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2008-0009
Online Media:

Maryette Charlton papers

Creator:
Charlton, Maryette  Search this
Names:
American University of Beirut -- Faculty  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago -- Faculty  Search this
Chicago Public School Art Society  Search this
Container Corporation of America  Search this
University of Iowa, Museum of Art  Search this
Andres, Jo  Search this
Bishop, Elizabeth, 1911-1979  Search this
Cage, Xenia  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Court, Paula  Search this
Elliott, Leone  Search this
Elliott, Owen  Search this
Fujitomi, Yasuo, 1928-  Search this
Habachy, Nimet  Search this
Hadzi, Dimitri, 1921-2006  Search this
Haskins, Sylvia Shaw Judson, 1897-  Search this
Hoff, Margo  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Kiesler, Lillian, 1910?-2001  Search this
Lubar, Cindy  Search this
MacIver, Loren, 1909-  Search this
Matisse, Pierre, 1900-1989  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning, 1904-2003  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988  Search this
Purdy, James  Search this
Reynal, Jeanne, 1903-  Search this
Smith, Kiki, 1954-  Search this
Takaezu, Toshiko  Search this
Tawney, Lenore  Search this
Von Brockdorff, Louise Medbery  Search this
Extent:
80.6 Linear feet
0.34 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Scripts (documents)
Drawings
Mail art
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1890-2013
Summary:
The papers of filmmaker, photographer, painter, printmaker, teacher, and arts advocate Maryette Charlton measure 81 linear feet and date from circa 1890 to 2013. This particularly rich collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, writings, 30 diaries, teaching files, professional and project files, major film project files, artist research files, exhibition files, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, 22 sketchbooks, extensive photographic materials, numerous sound and film recordings, a digitized sound recording, and an unintegrated later addition to the papers containing additional biographical materials, journals, correspondence, subject files, printed materials, and scattered photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of filmmaker, photographer, painter, printmaker, teacher, and arts advocate Maryette Charlton measure 81 linear feet and 0.34 gigabytes and date from circa 1890 to 2013. This particularly rich collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, writings, 30 diaries, teaching files, professional and project files, major film project files, artist research files, exhibition files, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, 22 sketchbooks, extensive photographic materials, numerous sound and video recordings, motion picture film, a digitized sound recording, and an unintegrated later addition to the papers containing additional biographical materials, journals, correspondence, subject files, printed materials, and scattered photographs.

Biographical materials consist of material on Maryette Charlton and her family. The subseries on Maryette Charlton includes a biographical chronology, passports, records of her marriage to Hall Winslow, information on studio spaces, school transcripts, and other material. Family files include genealogical charts and files of family members containing correspondence, writings, printed material, sound and video recordings, and photographs. The bulk of the family files are for Charlton's parents, Etna and Shannon, and her husband and son, Hall and Kirk Winslow.

Extensive correspondence is with family, friends, artists, and colleagues. Family correspondence is with her husband and son, parents, and extended family. Personal correspondence is with friends and colleagues, many of whom were famous artists. Named correspondence files and chonological correspondence files contain exchanges with Jo Andres, Elizabeth Bishop, Xenia Cage, Paula Court, Yasuo Fujitomi, Dimitri Hadzi, Margo Hoff, Sylvia Shaw Judson, Lillian Kiesler, Cindy Lubar, Loren MacIver, Pierre Matisse, Nimet (Saba Habachy), Henri Seyrig, Robert Wilson, and many others. There is also correspondence with colleges, museums, and universities.

Writings include academic papers and college class notes, titled essays, a notebook with sketches, and miscellaneous notes. Thirty diaries cover the period 1943 - 2001 and document a wide variety of topics, from film projects to travels to the art world in New York City. Some diaries are illustrated, including one illustrated by Alexander Calder at a party with Maryette, Ellsworth Kelly, and actress Delphine Seyrig. Journals from 1978-1979 tell of Charlton's experiences while appearing in films made by avant-garde director Richard Foreman. There is also one diary of Maryette's mother Etna Barr Charlton.

Teaching files document Charlton's career as an instructor at the Art Institute of Chicago and as the founder of and instructor at the American University of Beirut's art department. Files include appointment calendars, schedules, notes, lectures, news releases, printed material, and photographs.

Professional and project files consist of material related to Maryette Charlton's professional work at the University of Iowa Museum of Art, as a lecturer at the Chicago Public School Art Society, color analyst at the Container Corporation of America, executor of the estate of artist Louise Medbery von Brockdorff, fellowships, conferences, organizations, and the filming industry in general. There are files for the screening of Zen in Ryoko-In. The University of Iowa Museum of Art subseries consists of correspondence with fellow co-founders Leone and Owen Elliott, files on art donations, museum administration, annual reports, printed material, photographs, and sound and video recordings.

Artist research files consist of books, articles, and clippings collected by Charlton for research. Notable artists chronicled include Alexander Calder, James Purdy, Louise Nevelson, Kiki Smith, and Toshiko Takaezu.

Major film project files document Maryette Charlton's films about or with artists Frederick Kiesler (Trienniale, The Universal Theater and Kiesler on Kieseler), Lenore Tawney, Dorothy Miller, Loren MacIver, and Jeanne Reynal. The files for Frederick Kiesler also contain materials about his wife Lillian Kiesler, with whom Charlton had a long relationship and collaborated with on film projects. Individual film project files contain a wide variety of research and production documentation, including correspondence, writings, printed material, research files, exhibition catalogs, photographic materials, sound recordings of interviews and lectures, and Charlton's documentation about the creation and producation of each film, such as contracts, scripts, and distribution information. The film project files for Kiesler and Dorothy Miller are particularly rich, containing substantial amounts of primary source materials not found elsewhere. Sound and video recordings are found throughout the series, as well as 4 film reels.

Files documenting Maryette Charlton's group and solo exhibitions include catalogs and announcements, publicity, printed material, mailing lists, art inventory, sales lists, correspondence, and other material.

Printed materials include other exhibition catalogs, books, posters, magazines, and clippings. There are many books on color theory from Maryette Charlton's job as a color analyst and substanial printed material on Frederick Kiesler. Scrapbooks document Maryette Charlton's personal life from high school, college, and summer camp, as well as exhibitions of her own work, and miscellaneous subjects.

Artwork includes sketches and drawings by Maryette Charlton, some drawings by Lillian Kiesler and others, and mail art created by various artists. There are also 22 sketchbooks filled with pencil, ink, and crayon drawings and sketches, with occasional annotations.

Photographic materials include photographs, slides, negatives, and photograph albums. There are photographs of Maryette Charlton, her travels, family, friends, and artists. Photographs are also found throughout other series.

Sound and video recordings which could not be merged with other series were arranged in an audiovisual series. There are recordings of radio programs and performances Maryette Charlton attended or participated in as well as miscellaneous recordings of artists and events.

The 2014 addition to the Maryette Charlton papers consists of biographical materials, journals, correspondence, subject files, printed materials, and a small number of photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 16 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1896-2005 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-4, 80)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1930-2010 (23.3 linear feet; Boxes 4-27, 80)

Series 3: Writings, 1942-1999 (1 linear feet; Boxes 27-28)

Series 4: Diaries, 1943-2001 (2.1 linear feet; Boxes 28-30)

Series 5: Teaching Files, 1946-1997 (3.6 linear feet; Boxes 30-33, 80)

Series 6: Professional and Project Files, 1923-1998 (7.6 linear feet; Boxes 34-41, 81, OV 87)

Series 7: Artist Research Files, 1949-circa 2000 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 41-43)

Series 8: Major Film Projects, 1904-2007 (18.8 linear feet, 0.34 GB; Boxes 43-61, 81-82, OV 87, FC 88-91, ER01)

Series 9: Exhibition Files, 1950-2000 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 61-62)

Series 10: Printed Material, 1924-2000 (3.2 linear feet; Boxes 62-65, 82, OV 87)

Series 11: Scrapbooks, 1939-2010 (0.8 linear feet; Box 65, 82-83)

Series 12: Artwork, 1950-1998 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 65-66, 84)

Series 13: Sketchbooks, 1949-1996 (0.5 linear feet; Box 66)

Series 14: Photographic Materials, circa 1890-circa 2010 (7.8 linear feet; Boxes 67-74, 84-86)

Series 15: Sound and Video Recordings, circa 1953-2008 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 74-75, 86)

Series 16: Addition to Maryette Charlton papers, 1951-2013 (3.7 linear feet; Boxes 75-79, 86)
Biographical / Historical:
Maryette Charlton (1924-2013) was a painter, printmaker, photographer, filmmaker and arts advocate based in Chicago, Illinois, and New York, New York.

Maryette Charlton was born in Manchester, Iowa on May 18, 1924. Her parents were Shannon and Etna Charlton and she had 2 siblings. Charlton pursued her undergraduate studies at Monticello College and Northwestern University in Illinois, Antioch College in Ohio, and the University of Colorado before receiving a B.F.A. from Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York in 1947. She continued her studies in Chicago, Illinois with Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Hugo Weber at the Institute of Design and Art Institute of Chicago. From 1948 to 1952, she was a Department of Education lecturer at the Art Institute of Chicago museum galleries and also gave talks at schools for the Chicago Public School Art Society.

Between 1942-1951, Maryette Charlton worked as a color analyst for the Container Corporation of America. In 1952, Charlton founded the Art Department of the American University of Beirut and taught there as an assistant professor until 1956. While in Beirut, Charlton married photographer Hall Winslow in 1953 and their only child Kirk Winslow was born in 1955. Winslow and Charlton later divorced in 1973.

Charlton moved to New York City in 1955. She began a master's program at Columbia University and graduated with a M.F.A in film and printmaking in 1958.

Charlton made numerous documentary films, mostly about American artists including Alexander Calder, e. e. cummings, Jeanne Reynal, Dorothy Miller, Pierre Matisse, Lenore Tawney, and Loren MacIver. She also worked tirelessly to promote the work of sculptor, architect, and set designer Frederick Kiesler. She was the camera woman for Kiesler's Kiesler's Universal Theater which aired on CBS in 1962. She became close friends with Kiesler's widow, Lillian, and they collaborated on the film Kiesler on Kiesler and numerous other film and art projects, supporting the work of young artists. Charlton also worked on commissioned films, including The Mosaics of Jeanne Reynal and Zen in Ryoko-in. Charlton befriended many artists in the visual, literary, and film worlds, including Elizabeth Bishop, Dimitri Hadzi, Margo Hoff, James Purdy, and Delphine Seyrig.

A performer in her own right, Charlton appeared in the works of Richard Foreman, Jo Andres, and others. She also played the part of Helen Keller in the film Ghostlight (2003).

An Iowa native, Charlton founded the University of Iowa Museum of Art together with Leone and Owen Elliott. She maintained a close relationship with the Iowa Museum over many years as a donor and chronicler.

Charlton died in New York City on November 25, 2013.
Related Materials:
The Houghton Library at Harvard University and the University of Iowa Museum of Art also hold papers and artwork by Maryette Charlton. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, houses the film Kiesler on Kiesler, created by Maryette Charlton.

The Archives of American Art also has the papers of Frederick and Lillian Kiesler, a portion of which was donated by Charlton.
Provenance:
The Maryette Charlton papers were donated in multiple accretions from 1998-2011 by Maryette Charlton, and in 2013-2014 by the Maryette Charlton estate via Jo Andres, executor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Maryette Charlton papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Filmmakers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Photographers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Art teachers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Topic:
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Color  Search this
Art -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Scripts (documents)
Drawings
Mail art
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Citation:
Maryette Charlton papers, circa 1890-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.charmary
See more items in:
Maryette Charlton papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-charmary
Online Media:

Robinson and Via Family Papers

Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Names:
Capital Transit Company (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Serenity Farm, Inc.  Search this
Howes, Grace Bourne, ?-1976  Search this
Robinson, Adina Theresa, 1963-  Search this
Robinson, Amanda Baden, 1849-1940  Search this
Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1892-1976  Search this
Robinson, Frank A., 1883-1970  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., 1841-1905  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Sr., 1932-  Search this
Robinson, Martha Walls, 1807-1897  Search this
Robinson, Robert David, 1962-  Search this
Robinson, Robert Henry, 1851-1937  Search this
Robinson, Thomas Wells, 1803-1869  Search this
Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1880-1961  Search this
Via, Adina Mae, 1937-1966  Search this
Via, Robert Delano, 1933-  Search this
Via, Robert Milton, 1906-1983  Search this
Creator:
Conner, Mary Robinson, 1930-2009  Search this
Via, Ida Virginia Woods, 1914-2010 -- 20th century  Search this
Extent:
22.1 Cubic feet (67 boxes, 3 map-size folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Correspondence
Photographs
Postcards
Baby books
Phonograph records
Postcard albums
Ephemera
School yearbooks
Diaries
Albums
Housebooks
Snapshots
Home movies
Family papers
Scrapbooks
Funeral registers
Cookbooks
Architectural drawings
Place:
Maryland -- Family farms
Washington (D.C.)
Prince George's County (Md.)
Arizona -- motion pictures
Benedict (Md.)
Charles County (Md.) -- Family farms
Calvert County (Md.) -- Family farms
California -- motion pictures
Bahamas -- motion pictures
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Puerto Rico -- motion pictures
Washington -- motion pictures
Oregon -- motion pictures
Disneyland (California)
Brandywine (Md.)
St. Thomas, V.I. -- motion pictures
Florida -- motion pictures
Date:
1838-2017, undated
bulk 1872-1985
Summary:
Papers documenting the farming and family life of the Robinson family of Prince George's County and after 1975, Charles County, Maryland. Papers documenting the farming and family of the Via family of Greene County, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Prince George's and Calvert Counties, Maryland, by 1949.
Scope and Contents:
An extensive and comprehensive collection of papers relating to family, farming, and the Southern Maryland tobacco culture, the Robinson and Via Family Papers cover many aspects of family and farm life. The papers are particularly important in regard to the tobacco culture that defined Southern Maryland for generations. The papers concern two distinct family groups, the Robinson and Via families who are connected through the marriage of Franklin A. Robinson and Adina Mae Via. The papers consist of material generated by the Robinson and Via families in their personal and working lives and as farm owners and operators.

The papers are especially strong in 20th century material. They consist of various types of farm records: account books, bills, receipts, tenant farming agreements, ephemera, land rental and purchase agreements, insurance policies, photographs and 8mm and 16mm films of farming practices and procedures, equipment and landscapes, related to the farming of tobacco, small grains, and livestock. The personal records include diaries, letters both personal and business, greeting cards, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, high school yearbooks, baby books, house plans, recipe books, photographs and 8mm films of birthdays, holidays, weddings, baptisms, family occasions, and family travel, oral histories, and funeral ephemera including photographs, and transcription discs. Of particular interest are the "Serenity Farm Tobacco Production Photographs" documenting the crop year 1999-2000 and the films detailing agricultural practices. There is a memorandum book for Black Walnut Thicket, 1885-1901, the Baden farm in Baden, Prince George's County.

This collection includes a comprehensive range of 8mm and 16mm films and photographs documenting farming practices and landscapes as well as family gatherings, birthdays, holidays, and vacations. The researcher is alerted to the fact that in some cases with the memorandum and account books, books printed for a given year were often saved and used for subsequent years, some were dated, some were not.

The collection is divided into seven series arranged by subject and most often chronologically at folder level within each series.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1: Ferndale Farm (Potomac Landing), Prince George's County, Maryland, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.1: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, and publications, 1861-1973, undated

Subseries 1.2: Farm papers, bill, and receipts, 1945-1960, undated

Subseries 1.3: Farm papers, bills, and receipts, 1960-1965, undated

Series 2: Robinson Family, 1845-2017, undated

Subseries 2.1: Family Papers and Publications, 1845-1993, undated

Subseries 2.2: Townshend, Martha Robinson, 1896-1961, undated

Subseries 2.3: Robinson, Frank A., 1899-1970, undated

Subseries 2.4: Robinson, Elizabeth Bourne, 1841-1976, undated

Subseries 2.5: Conner, Mary Robinson, 1938-1985, undated

Subseries 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A., 1932-1997, undated

Subseries 2.6.1: Farming, 1948-1976, undated

Subseries 2.6.2: Financial, 1948-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6.3: 4-H and Future Farmers of America (FFA), 1945-1954, undated

Subseries 2.6.4: Travel, 1959-1970, undated

Subseries 2.7: Robinson, Jr., Franklin A., 1959-2001, undated

Series 3: Serenity Farm, Charles County, Maryland, 1962-2000, undated

Series 4: Via Farm, Calvert County, Maryland, 1954-1987, undated

Series 5: Via Family, 1932-2010, undated

Subseries 5.1: Family papers, 1941-1983, undated

Subseries 5.2: Via, Robert M., 1933-1987, undated

Subseries 5.3: Via, Ida Virginia, 1928-2010, undated

Subseries 5.4: Via, Robert D., 1933-1988, undated

Subseries 5.5: Robinson, Adina Via, 1937-1966, undated

Series 6: Photographs, 1872-2000, undated

Subseries 6.1: Photographs, 1872-2000, undated

Subseries 6.2: Photographic negatives, 1927--2000, undated

Series 7: AudioVisual, 1943-1988
Biographical / Historical:
Robinson Family

The Robinson family is thought to be of Scottish origin and appear in the records of Prince George's County, Maryland by the early 18th century. The line has been definitively traced to James Robinson (?-1849). James' father was probably Benjamin Robinson (?-1810), of Prince George's County, Maryland. (Will Book TT1, pg. 15, Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Maryland State Archives (MSA))

James Robinson and Sarah Wynn were issued a marriage license on February 28, 1802 in Prince George's County, Maryland. (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland) Eleven children lived to maturity (not listed in birth order); Thomas Wells (1803-1869), Ann, Priscilla, James Monroe, Benjamin (1813-1882), John C. (1819-1895), Mary Sophia, Thomas Stanley (1800-1874), Alfred, Sarah Ann, Matilda, and Rebecca Maria.

James worked as overseer for Benjamin Oden on Oden's estate Bellefields near Upper Marlborough, Prince George's County. (Oden Papers, Maryland Historical Society) The Robinsons and their children, moved to Wood County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on April 18, 1818 where James acted as Oden's land agent (Deed Book 6, pg. 123, Land Records of Wood County, West Virginia). They brought with them three slaves described in the above reference as, "Kate a woman 45 years of age very black; Colonel a boy aged 8 years yellow complexion: and George a boy aged six years of a dark brown complexion." They settled on part of what was known as the "Burnt Mill" tract in the general area where the Hughes River meets the Little Kanawha River. (Deed Book 9, pg. 110 and Deed Book 14, pg. 40, Land Records of Wood County)

Thomas Wells Robinson may not have accompanied his family to Virginia as he has a presence in Prince George's County prior to 1822 and was employed as overseer for Benjamin Oden at least until 1832. He married Elizabeth I. Richards on December 15, 1829 (Robinson Family Bible). They had nine children; Richard Thomas (1831 1906), Rebecca Maria (1832-1895), Mary Wynn (1834-1916), James George (1835-1883), Virlinda Victoria (1837-1838), Elizabeth Ann (1839-1916), Sarah Ann Sophia (1840-1874), Franklin Alexander (1841-1905) and John Alfred (1843); seven lived to maturity. (Robinson Family Bible) Elizabeth died on August 17, 1843 from complications in childbirth. She was buried in the churchyard of Page's Chapel (later known as St. Thomas Episcopal Church), Croom, Prince George's County. In 1843, Thomas purchased the plantation of Dr. Benjamin B. Hodges for $10,000 or approximately $15 an acre. Hodges was a brother-in-law of Benjamin Oden. The deed dated September 7, 1843 describes the parcel as containing, "Six hundred and twenty nine acres of land more or less and constitute that plantation or Estate of the said Benjamin Oden heretofore commonly called "Brown's Quarter Place" being the Land tracts and parcels of land sold by the said Benjamin Oden to the said Benjamin B. Hodges and by deed bearing date the tenth day of December eighteen hundred and thirty five and recorded in Liber AB no. 10 folio 162 also one of the land Records of the County aforesaid". (JBB no. 3 pgs. 312 314, Land Records of Prince George's County) The land was level to rolling bordered on the north by a tributary of Piscataway Creek and generally termed "white oak land". Underlying the whole property was a large strata of gravel and sand. The entire parcel went by the name, Potomac Landing.

Thomas supplemented his land holdings with later purchases. With the exception of twenty acres purchased from Sarah Talbert in 1844, (JBB no. 3 pg. 475, Land Records of Prince George's County) and the purchase of lot #3 consisting of 195 acres, part of the estate of John Townshend in 1856, these purchases were not contiguous to Potomac Landing. By the time of his death in 1869 these non-contiguous parcels had been sold. Thomas sold eighty-six acres of Potomac Landing and Jeffries to Edward Eversfield in October of 1843. (JBB no. 3, pg. 198, Land Records of Prince George's County) On January 13, 1846 Thomas married the widow Martha Ann Walls, daughter of George and Martha Naylor Walls. They had two sons; Benjamin Wells (1848-1849) and Robert Henry (1851-1937).

In addition to his sons, Thomas owned slaves. The number varied from six in 1849 (JBB 6, folio 186, Land Records of Prince Georges' County) to eleven as noted in the census for 1850, and finally six as noted in the census of 1860. The 1867 Maryland Slave Statistics noted that, "at the time of the adoption of the Constitution of Maryland, in the year 1864, . . ." Thomas owned six slaves, their names and ages being; Isaac Franklin age 31, Alfred West age 19, Susan West age 17, Margaret Franklin age 14, Fannie Franklin age 12, and Peter Franklin age 9. All were noted as being in good physical condition. (Prince Georges' County Slave Statistics 1867 1869, C 1307 1, MdHR:6198, page 185, MSA)

In April 11, 1855 Thomas excuted a deed of trust to J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore for securing a loan. At that time the farm was described as, "about five hundred and seventy acres . . . also the following personal property to wit Eight head of horses, nine cows, two mules, twelve work oxen, twenty Eight Sheep, one bull, two colts and all other stock of every description now on the aforesaid land, also the farming utensils and the following named Slaves, Stephen aged Sixty three years, Isaac aged twenty six years, Elvia aged twenty Eight years Alfred aged twelve years, Hanson aged ten years, Henrietta aged twelve years Susanna aged eight years, and Margaret aged three years. Together with the crop of Tobacco now in the house and the crop of wheat now growing." (EWB 1 pages 155 156, Land Records of Prince Georges' County)

Thomas's financial problems began in the mid-1800s when Deeds of Trust appear in the county records securing outstanding loans. In 1856 and 1857 Thomas joined with others as bondsman for his son, Richard who was serving as "Collector of the State and County Taxes" for the 4th collection district, making he and the other signatories liable for any uncollected taxes. This, coupled with poor investments, led to his almost being "sold out" in 1859-1860 by J.W. & E. Reynolds of Baltimore to pay his debts. He executed three drafts on Penn & Mitchell, also of Baltimore, to pay off J.W. & E. Reynolds. (Equity Case #597, Prince Georges' County) Thomas was in poor health and his son James managed the plantation in 1857 and 1858, and again from 1861 to October of 1862 (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County)

In October of 1862 Thomas' two sons, James and Franklin, traveled to Richmond to join the Confederate States Army. James enrolled in the 5th Battalion, Local Defense Arsenal and Franklin enrolled in the 5th Virginia Infantry, the Stonewall Brigade. (CSA Military Records, National Archives) James visited home frequently but was captured by the Union Army in St. Mary's County, Maryland on May 15, 1864 and spent the remainder of the war in Point Lookout Prison Camp. He was released on May 14, 1865. Franklin was not able to visit home at all during the war but survived to return home in 1865. In 1865, Thomas surveyed a parcel of 172 acres for his daughter Rebecca Maria. Rebecca had married her second cousin, William B. Robertson, on November 18, 1855. He made a gift of fifty acres, and Rebecca agreed to purchase the remainder. The Robertsons named this parcel Holly Grove. In Equity Case #849 (1872) filed after Thomas' death, his widow Martha and Samuel H. Berry, as executrix and executor, sought to recover payment for this land. At that time, William B. Robertson described this 172 acres of Potomac Landing: "There was no fences on the line which separated this land from the old gentleman's land, but he was to put a fence on it which he agreed to do before we agreed to come there. The land was thin, unimproved, with gullies and scrubby pine. If witness had been a judge of land he would not have given five dollars for it. All the improvements were one comfortable quarter the other indifferent with a poor oak shingle roof, worn out which made it not tenantable." Further along in his testimony, William gave an account of a conversation, "In a few days my father in law Thos. W. Robinson came to Washington and told me there his children had returned from the South, his two sons, that his debts were small and he was a happy man." Rebecca and William built a house on the property, a side-hall, double parlor plan that most likely her brother James was builder. They also built accompanying farm structures. (Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, Equity Case #849, MSA)

Thomas' son, Franklin, managed the farm after the War. In December 1868 Thomas entered into a sharecropping agreement with Edward Hanson, an African-American. After about a year-long illness, on May 16, 1869, Thomas died, deeply in debt. He was buried beside Elizabeth in the graveyard at St. Thomas' Church. He named as executrix his wife, Martha, and his friend and lawyer, Samuel H. Berry, as executor. His will divided the farm into thirds, one third going to his wife and their son Robert Henry, one third to his son James, and one third to his son Franklin. The land was surveyed according to the will. His personal property was sold but not enough profit was realized to pay off his creditors. The Commissioners of Prince George's County sued the estate on behalf of Thomas' creditors. The outcome was that in 1876 the property was sold at public auction. The Notice of Sale dated September 1, 1876 in the local county newspaper, The Prince Georgian, describes the farm as, "containing 514 2/3 acres More or less. The Improvements consist of a SMALL DWELLING, Three Barns, Stabling, and other necessary outbuildings. It is well wooded and watered, and the soil of fair quality. It has recently been divided into three lots and will be offered in lots, a description of which will be given at the time of sale." The sale was held on September 27, 1876, Lot No. 1 was purchased by Robert for $6.00 an acre, Lot #2 was purchased by Franklin for $5.00 an acre and Lot #3 was purchased by James for $4.00 per acre. Robert and Franklin eventually paid off their mortgage, but James defaulted on his purchase and later moved to St. Mary's County, Maryland. His portion later came to be owned by the Hawkins family, some members who had worked on the Robinson farm. (Equity Case #873, Prince Georges' County, MSA)

Lot #1, purchased by Robert from his fathers' estate, consisted of 177-1/3 acres, including the dwelling and farm buildings. On July 24, 1872, he married Amanda Malvina Baden (1849-1940), daughter of Robert W. G. and Margaret Caroline Early Baden. The Baden and Early families were both prominent south county families. Robert and Amanda had eight children; Caroline Early (1873 1967), Lucy Tennent (1875 1958), Albert Henry (1878 1914), Martha Perry (1880 1961), Robert Gover (1882 1882), Frank Alexander (1883 1970), Margaret Baden (1886 1956) and Grace Malvina (1889 1965).

By 1880 Robert had paid off his debt on the property and was fully engaged in farming. Unlike his father, or perhaps because of his father, Robert did not add to his land holdings, choosing to remain relatively debt free for his lifetime. The only land transactions he participated in were the sales of 79-3/4 acres in 1921 of Amanda's inheritance from her father and her interest in two smaller parcels of her father's land sold in 1894 and 1928 respectively. In 1928 he transferred 3.09 acres to his son Frank.

As late as the Federal census of 1880, Franklin was living with Robert and his household, both men engaged in farming. Sometime after 1880, Franklin took up residence on his part of Potomac Landing. His brother James most likely built the side-hall double parlor house that copied the main house at Potomac Landing. On February 18, 1897, Martha Robinson, died at the age of ninety. She was buried in the graveyyard of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden, Prince George's County. Robert continued cultivation of tobacco and small grains as his father before him. The first reference to the farm being named Ferndale is found in the "Communion Record" of Robert's daughter, Martha Perry "Pattie", dated 1896. (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The exact origin or reason for this new name is lost but perhaps the name Potomac Landing held such bitter memories of debt and hardship that, as a symbolic break with the past, a new name was found. It also may have simply been a way to distinguish this portion of Potomac Landing from the others. The farm continued to be listed on tax bills as Potomac Landing well into the 20th century, but was known to the general public and businesses as the Ferndale Farm. (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Robert served as deputy inspector at the State Tobacco Warehouse in Baltimore for eight years under W.B. Bowie. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Bank of Brandywine. In July of 1905, Franklin died, a bachelor farmer. He was buried facing south in the graveyard of the Church of the Atonement, Cheltenham, (a chapel in St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish) where he had served as vestryman, treasurer, and cemetery custodian. Franklin died intestate and a lengthy process of dividing his estate began. This resulted in the sale of his part of Potomac Landing (Lot #2) in July 1908 to William E. Boswell. The court declared Robert ineligible for any inheritance due to his being " . . . a brother of the half blood." The Boswell family later sold the property to the Billingsley family of St. Mary's County. (Equity Case 3209, Prince George's County)

In 1910, after living in the farm's original home for approximately sixty seven years, the Robinson family built a new home. It was described in a 1956 insurance policy as, "2 story, frame, metal roof, 16x43, wing 14x28, 9 rooms." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) The house design was a simple Victorian with plastered walls, and lit by carbide gas. Electrical lighting was installed in 1951. The house was built with monies from Robert and Amanda, and their son Frank, who served as builder and contractor.

On Tuesday March 9, 1937, "During a celebration in honor of his wifes birthday anniversary, Mr. Robinson collapsed at the table and died immediately without a word or a sigh." (Robinson and Via Family Papers) Robert was buried beside his mother in the cemetery at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden.

At Robert's death, Ferndale Farm was valued at $30.00 an acre, the total acreage, 174 acres, being valued in the whole at $5,220.00. Robert died intestate, again the fate of the land was in question. He left eight heirs, his widow, Amanda, six of his children and his son Albert Henry's only surviving child, R. Henry Robinson. Rather than have the farm sold and his mother's life disrupted, Frank purchased the estate and personal property from the heirs. Before this could take place, a deed had to be granted the heirs for the property since one had never been recorded after the 1876 sale. Equity case 873 was reopened sixty-two years after its supposed resolution. Frank testified, "over a period of about thirty years I would on a number of occasions, talk about the fact that he had purchased and paid for this property and that a deed had never been executed to him and [he] kept saying he was going to have someone straighten this matter out for him." It was discovered that Robert had fully paid for his part of Potomac Landing. On February 14, 1938 the farm was deeded from Amanda along with Robert''s heirs to Frank. (Book 499, page 334, Land Records of Prince George's County) According to the deed and a 1937 fire insurance policy the farm consisted of 177 1/3 acres, "1 two story dwelling, one tenant house, 1 barrack, 1 tobacco barn, 1 corn house & cow stable, 1 Stable, and 1 Granary & Stable." (Robinson and Via Family Papers)

Frank A. Robinson, now the sole owner of Ferndale Farm, was born August 17, 1883. He learned farming and in addition took up the trade of builder and contractor. As a young man, he worked in the general store of his uncle Robert Baden. He was the contractor for the first Bank of Brandywine and many homes in and around the town of Brandywine, including the home of his cousin Robert E. Baden, DDS. He was secretary of the Building Committee for construction of the Chapel of the Incarnation in Brandywine, a mission chapel for St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish. His success in the building trade gave him disposable income that he invested in land. His first purchase was in August, 1915 of a 2-9/100 acre of land in Brandywine that was being sold by the Board of County School Commissioners; the purchase price was $300. In March 1916 he purchased 38.09 acres of his Uncle Franklin's farm. This property adjoined Ferndale Farm. Over the next fifty-four years of his life, Frank bought and sold many pieces of real estate. Perhaps his most significant purchases were: 18-1/3 acres purchased from The German American Colonization Land Company of Maryland in October 1915 (Book 115, pg. 140, Land Records of Prince George's County); 147.99 acres purchased from August and Wilhelmina Noltensmeir in December 1917 (Book 129, pg. 263, Land Records of Prince George's County) and 320 acres called the Vineyard purchased from William M. Wilson in March 1928. Frank used these three parcels as collateral for other purchases. Never once did he mortgage Ferndale Farm, insuring that no matter what financial stormy seas might blow, his home was secure. Over the course of his life, especially in the case of the Noltensmeir farm, when cash was needed a parcel of land would be surveyed off and sold. He inherited his grandfather Thomas' love of land but had fortunately developed a shrewd business sense to go along with it.

On November 20, 1929, he married Elizabeth Freeland Bourne, daughter of Joseph Blake and Maria Gantt Bourne of Calvert County, Maryland. They had three children: Mary Elizabeth (1930-2009), Franklin Alexander (1932), and Robert Lee (1935-1997). In addition to his construction business he continued farming, raising tobacco, hay, and small grains. He engaged in sharecropping with tenants on his various properties. He was active in community affairs serving on the Board of The Maryland Tobacco Growers Association (MTGA), the Vestry of St. Thomas Parish, and as sheriff of Brandywine. On January 9, 1940 Amanda Baden Robinson died. She was buried next to her husband at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Baden. In February 1958, Frank and Elizabeth conveyed 1.57 acres of Ferndale Farm to son Franklin where he and his fiancée, Adina M. Via, were building their new home prior to their marriage in July of that same year.

The booming economy and suburbanization of the Washington metropolitan area in the early 1960's led to the high quality gravel lying beneath Ferndale into becoming a valuable commodity. In October 1962, Franklin and his parents granted a three-year lease to William C. Nolte for mining sand and gravel on the Ferndale Farm at .174 per yard. (Book 2747, pg. 11, Land Records of Prince George's County) From now until 1975 when the property was sold, gravel would be mined from under the farm by various companies. In November 1962, Elizabeth and Frank transferred to Franklin the 38.09 acres Frank had purchased from Fitzhugh Billingsley in 1916. (Book 2754, pg. 99, Land Records of Prince George's County) That same year they transferred 6.754 acres, part of the Vineyard, to son Robert and his wife Lois, (Book 2765, pg. 201, Land Records of Prince George's County)

On December 28, 1965, Frank and Elizabeth participated in a land exchange/purchase of the farm of Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown located along the Patuxent River in Benedict, Charles County, Maryland. Franklin had rented this farm the year before and was impressed enough by its location and arability to work out a purchase. Frank and Elizabeth traded 65.9920 acres that would eventually become Franklin's under Frank's will. On February 21, 1966 they deeded the Charles County farm to Franklin and Adina. Adina named this property Serenity Farm. The property consisted of 480.66 acres. (Liber 179, page 708 etc., Land Records of Charles County)

On February 5, 1970, after a short illness, Frank died at Cafritz Memorial Hospital. He was buried at St. Paul's Episcopal Church near his parents. In his will, probated March 4, 1970 he left thirty acres of the property purchased from the German American Land Company and A. Noltensmeir to Elizabeth. He willed forty acres of the same parcel to daughter Mary Robinson Conner. The remainder of Ferndale Farm was willed to Franklin and the remaining acreage of the Vineyard was left to Robert Lee. Franklin Alexander Robinson was born August 13, 1932 at the Garfield Hospital in Washington, D.C.. He received his schooling in the public school system of Prince George's County, graduating from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. He was a charter member of Gwynn Park's chapter of The Future Farmers of America. He was extremely active in FFA, achieving the Degree of Maryland Farmer in 1950 and their highest award, the Degree of American Farmer at their convention in Kansas City, Missouri in October 1953. He obtained his private pilots license in 1954. He entered the United States Army in February 1955 and went through basic training at Camp Gordon, Augusta, Georgia. After basic training he was transferred to Camp Hanford, Washington State. There he worked part time on the farm of Dick and Theresa Laurent during his off duty hours and began a lifelong friendship with them. He returned home to farming on an agricultural discharge in October of 1956. On July 27, 1958 he married his high school sweetheart, Adina Mae Via, daughter of Robert Milton and Virginia Woods Via. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962), and Adina Theresa (1963).

Franklin continued expanding and improving the farming operation by modern methods and means. At times, he farmed over one thousand acres, both owned and rented. On February 21, 1966, his parents deeded their purchase of the Ralph W. and Cordelia H. Brown farm in Benedict to he and Adina, later known as Serenity Farm Franklin and Adina engaged an architect to draft house plans for an anticipated new residence. A small A frame vacation home was built on the property so the family could spend weekends there.

On December 14, 1966, after a long illness, Adina died from complications associated with Hodgkin's Disease. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Waldorf, Charles County. Franklin married Margaret Walker Lennox (nee Tallen, known as Rita) on August 21, 1970 (Marriage Records of Prince George's County, Maryland). This marriage ended in divorce in 1977. There were no children from this marriage.

On July 14, 1975 the Robinson family, Franklin, his second wife, Margaret, her daughter Margaret W. Lennox, Franklin, Jr., R. David, A. Theresa and Elizabeth B. Robinson, moved to Serenity Farm. On July 17, 1975 Franklin and Elizabeth sold the remaining acreage of Ferndale Farm to Brandywine Sand and Gravel, thus ending 131 years of ownership by the Robinson family. Elizabeth Bourne Robinson died on July 15, 1976 and was buried beside her husband at St. Paul's Church, Baden. Franklin married Hiltrud (Ceddie) Harris (nee Sedlacek) on July 15, 1978. (Robinson Family Bible) This marriage ended in divorce in 1986. There were no children from this marriage. Franklin married Diedre Gale Merhiage on April 19, 1989; this marriage ended in divorce in 1997. There were no children from this marriage. He married Remelda Henega Buenavista on January 13, 2007.

The Robinson family continue day-to-day operations of Serenity Farm. The land is well suited to the growing of tobacco and small grains, which crops, (with the exception of tobacco) along with a flock of sheep, are cultivated there to the present time. After the crop year 2001 the Robinson family took the tobacco buyout program offered by the state of Maryland and ceased growing tobacco. Franklin is active in farming and community affairs having served on the vestry of St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of Directors of MTGA, the Board of the Production Credit Association, the Boards of three schools, Holy Trinity Day School, Queen Anne School, and Calverton School, and numerous other organizations. Currently the farm consists of approximately 275 acres. In 1981 a state agricultural land preservation district of 222.755 acres was created. This was the first such district in Charles County and one of the first in the state of Maryland.

In 1985, R. David began a greenhouse business for the sale of spring flowering bedding plants and hanging baskets but currently works in conjunction with Farming 4 Hunger to grow produce for local area foodbanks. A. Theresa is involved in the daily running of the farm along with Franklin. Franklin, Jr., obtained a BFA degree in Drama from The Catholic University of America in 1981 and an MA from The American University in Film and Video Production in 1988. He was a civilian employee of the United States Air Force (USAF) from November 1981 to January 1986. He pursued a full time career as a professional actor from 1986-2007 and is a published author and produced playwright. The three siblings have been involved in community affairs, with R. David sitting on the Charles County Agricultural Preservation Board, A. Theresa having served on the vestry of Trinity Episcopal Parish, Charles County, and Franklin, Jr. having served on the vestries of both Trinity Parish and St. Thomas Episcopal Parish, the Board of the Washington Literacy Council, a choir member of the choir at St. Thomas Church, among other church related posts and as chair of the Charles County Historic Preservation Commission.

Via Family

The Via family traces its origins to the colony of Virginia, where the probable progenitor of the line, Amer Via, a French Huguenot, settled in Manakin Town, Albemarle County between 1670-1700. It is impossible to trace the Via line definitively due to the loss of Virginia county records during the Civil War.

The Via family line covered in this collection can be definitively traced to William Via of Fredericksville Parish, Louisa (later Albemarle) County, Virginia. The William Via family lived west of the present day town of Whitehall at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains, an area commonly known as Sugar Hollow. William Via III served in the Virginia Line during the Revolutionary War. He married Mary Craig, daughter of Thomas Craig and Jane Jameson, on March 17, 1784. William died on June 27, 1836, in Albemarle County (Rev. War Pension Appl. 6363, National Archives). His son Thomas married Sally, widow Griffin, on January 1, 1811 (Albemarle County Marriage Records). Their son, Hiram Karl Via (1812-1893), married Harriet Ardenia Naylor by license dated March 7, 1836 (Albemarle County Marriage Records).

Hiram and Harriet's son, Robert St. Clair Via (1844-1925), served as a private in Company I, 7th Virginia Infantry of the Confederate States Army (CSA Military Service Records, National Archives). After the war he married his first cousin, Mary Frances Naylor, daughter of Samuel Chapman Naylor and Eliza Jane Gardner, on April 3, 1866 in Rockingham County (Rockingham County, Virginia, Marriage Records). Sometime between 1870 and 1872, they moved to Linn County, Missouri, and settled about seven miles from the town of Bucklin. Their son, Hiram Chapman Via (1872-1933), was born there. In 1893, the family returned to Virginia, and settled on a farm in Greene County near the town of Stanardsville.

Hiram Chapman Via operated a mill as well as a farm. On March 15, 1899, he married Adina Eleanor Eusebia Runkle, daughter of Milton D. L. Runkle and Roberta A. Beadles (Greene County, Virginia, Marriage Records). They had three children: Bernice Olive (1902-1999), Robert Milton (1906-1983), and Deward Daniel (1909-1977).

Robert moved to Washington, D.C.. In December 1927 he began employment with the Capitol Traction Company as a streetcar conductor (Robinson and Via Family Papers). During the early 1930s, Robert rented a townhouse at 715 A St., SE, where he lived with his sister Bernice V. McMullan and her son, William C. McMullan; his brother and sister in law, and his parents. Next door, at 717, lived the Moses Albright family, including Moses's stepdaughter Ida Virginia Woods (1914-2010), daughter of Jesse Lee Woods (1894-1918) and Donna Mae Barker (1896-1928) of Frederick County, Maryland. Robert and Virginia began a courtship and on September 3, 1932 were married in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland (Frederick County, Maryland, Marriage Records).

After their marriage, Robert and Virginia lived in various locations in the Washington metropolitan area. Their first child, Robert Delano, was born on March 24, 1933, and their second child, Adina Mae, was born on April 12, 1937. Virginia was employed outside the home while her children were in school. Her first job before her marriage had been with Woolworth's in Martinsburg, WV working the candy counter and then before the birth of her son at The Hecht Company on F St. in Washington, D.C.. After her marriage she worked briefly for the United States Postal Service in Capitol Heights, Maryland. Beginning in the 1950s, she worked for Charles of the Ritz as a receptionist in their beauty salon located in Woodward & Lothrop's F Street store in Washington, D.C.. She also worked as salon manager at the Charles of the Ritz salons in the Woodward & Lothrop stores in Seven Corners, Virginia, and Chevy Chase, Maryland. She retired due to health reasons in 1973.

On September 10, 1941, Robert and Virginia purchased Lot #43 in Woodlane subdivision in Prince George's County. (Book 619, pg. 12, Land Records of Prince George's County) A house was designed for them for this lot by Clyde E. Phillips. They did not construct a home on this property due to the outbreak of World War II. Robert, due to his employment in public transportation, did not serve with the Armed Services in World War II. On October 18, 1946, they purchased approximately thirty acres bordering on Burch's Creek near the towns of Clinton, also know as Surrattsville, and T.B. in Prince George's County from Joseph H. and M. Pauline Blandford. (Book 873, pg. 483, Land Records of Prince George's County) Over the next three years, hiring private contractors, doing work themselves, and with the help of Robert's brother Deward, they built the two story house designed by Phillips in 1941. They moved to the farm from Capitol Heights in 1949. Robert raised hogs, small grains and a crop of tobacco yearly on this farm and also maintained his job with Capitol Transit (formerly Capitol Traction). In 1954, Robert and Virginia purchased a farm of approximately 150 acres in Island Creek, Calvert County, Maryland. The intention was for Robert and his son to enter into a full time farming operation on expanded acreage. Robert D. Via, known as Delano, graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June 1951. Delano was a part-time farmer and pursued a career as a country and western singer with Bashful Bob and the Rhythm Rangers, he being Bashful Bob. He was employed in various jobs, and began a tour in the Army in 1953. By the time the Via family moved to Calvert County in 1956, he decided to pursue careers other than farming. He eventually traveled and worked in various parts of the United States. He married first Delores Cooper, second Gloria J. Irick, and finally Candice Marinelli in December 1974, they had two children, Robert Marin (1975) and Kirstin Marin (1976).

On June 1, 1956 Robert resigned from his position at Capitol Transit due to health reasons. He and his family moved to the farm in Island Creek, Calvert County where he began full time farming. He and Virginia sold the thirty-acre farm in Prince George's County on June 21, 1956 to Melvin C. and Geraldine H. Rardia. (Book 2003, pg. 564, Land Records of Prince George's County) Virginia continued her employment with Charles of the Ritz. Adina, now a graduate of Gwynn Park High School, was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs, Maryland. They both commuted daily from Calvert County to their places of employment.

Robert farmed in Calvert County, raising hogs, cattle, small grains and tobacco. Over the course of the next twenty-seven years, Robert and Virginia sold smaller parcels off the farm. In 1974, Robert and Virginia built a small retirement home designed for them by Calvert Masonry Contractors. Robert died on December 22, 1983. He was buried beside his daughter Adina in Trinity Memorial Gardens. At the time of Robert's death, the farm consisted of 28.694 acres. In 1998, Virginia deeded the remainder of the farm, then less than six acres, to her grandson, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. who sold all but a one-acre lot in April 1999.

Virginia continued to live on the farm in Calvert County, maintaining a small herd of cattle. In the fall of 1989 Franklin, Jr. went to live with her. In 1993, the onset of Alzheimer's Disease required her to move to Serenity Farm and take up residence with her granddaughter A. Theresa. Virginia participated in various studies on Alzheimer's Disease conducted by the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland beginning in 1992. She was profiled in the September 1997 issue of Washingtonian Magazine. In October of 1998 she moved to All American Senior Care in Brandywine, Maryland and in 1999 she moved to Morningside, an elderly care facility in Waldorf, Maryland. In 2002, she moved to St. Mary's Nursing Center in Leonardtown, Maryland. The remainder of the farm was sold in 1999 and 2002. She died January 14, 2010 and was buried at Trinity Memorial Gardens in Waldorf.

Adina Mae Via was born April 12, 1937 at the Homeopathic Hospital in Washington, D.C.. Adina grew up in Washington, D.C. attending public schools. She moved with her family to the Burch's Creek farm, Prince George's County, in 1949. She enrolled in the Prince George's County school system, and graduated from Gwynn Park High School in June of 1955. After graduation, she was employed by the USAF at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs.

In July of 1956, she moved with her family to the Via farm in Island Creek, Calvert County. On July 27, 1958 she married Franklin A. Robinson at the Chapel of the Incarnation. They had three children: Franklin Alexander (1959), Robert David (1962) and Adina Theresa (1963). In the fall of 1958, she and Franklin took up residence in the home they had built on Ferndale Farm. She resigned from her position with the USAF in 1959.

On December 14, 1966, at Providence Hospital in Washington, DC, Adina died from complications due to Hodgkin's Disease. She had been battling this disease for many years prior to her death. She was buried in Trinity Memorial Gardens, Charles County.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The Maryland Historical Society holds items (costume, farming related implements) related to the Robinson and Via families.
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry (Agriculture Collection) holds agricultural implements and artifacts associated with both the Robinson farms and the Via farm; the Division of Home and Community Life holds clothing, textiles (crib quilt), jewelry, cosmetics and Adina M. Robinson's sewing box and dress patterns; (Costume and Textiles Collection). See accession numbers: 1989.0688, 1990.0394, 1991.0010; 1991.0722, 1992.0184, 1992.0283, 1992.0321, 1992.0474, 1992.3106, 1994.0064, 1994.0304, 1997.0327, 1998.0038, 1998.0129, 2001.0196, 2002.0087, 2003.0015, 2005.0009.

Division of Armed Forces History (National Numismatics Collection) holds the Robert M. Via Trolley Token Collection.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center, by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., in November 1993.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site to portions of collection, but some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
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Street-railroads  Search this
Street-railroads -- Employees  Search this
Travel  Search this
Urban transportation  Search this
Work and family  Search this
Tobacco curing  Search this
Women in agriculture  Search this
Farm equipment  Search this
Farm buildings  Search this
Family recreation  Search this
Family festivals  Search this
Farm ownership  Search this
Farm life -- 20th century  Search this
Farm management  Search this
Illiterate persons  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Students  Search this
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Family farms  Search this
Easter  Search this
Electric railroads  Search this
Acting -- 1980-2000  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Agricultural machinery  Search this
Agriculture -- 20th century -- Maryland  Search this
Tobacco farmers  Search this
Housewives -- United States  Search this
Weddings  Search this
Farmers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Photographs -- 20th century
Postcards
Baby books
Phonograph records
Postcard albums
Ephemera
School yearbooks
Diaries
Albums
Housebooks
Photographs -- 19th century
Snapshots
Home movies
Family papers
Scrapbooks
Funeral registers
Cookbooks
Architectural drawings
Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0475
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0475
Online Media:

LeRoy Neiman papers

Creator:
Neiman, LeRoy, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
ABC Sports  Search this
CBS Sports  Search this
Playboy Enterprises  Search this
Ali, Muhammad, 1942-  Search this
Super Bowl  Search this
Extent:
70.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-2005
Summary:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938-2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938 to 2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.

Biographical material pertains to the artist's family, military service, education and teaching experience and representing galleries and publishers and includes artist biographies, awards, distinctions, and membership information.

Correspondence includes personal and business correspondence as well as collections of cards and literature on other artists, Neiman's notes and jottings, art work by children, and office records.

Project files document specific projects or art events in which Neiman was involved, including commissions, promotions, collaborations, serigraph printings, and publications.

Printed material includes newspapers, magazines, catalogs, fliers, invitations, brochures, press releases, film scripts and small posters.

Artifacts include three-dimensional items, clothing, souvenirs and LeRoy Neiman paraphernalia.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2004, undated (Boxes 1-3, 77; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1960s-2004, undated (Boxes 3-19)

Series 3: Project Files, 1949-2005, undated (Boxes 20-39, 78-81)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1940s-circa 2005, undated (Boxes 40-61, 82-83, OV 85)

Series 5: Artifacts, 1953-2002, undated (Boxes 69-76, 84)
Biographical Note:
LeRoy Neiman has been described as the most popular living painter in America. While strikingly original, his work reflects the varied influences of Toulouse-Lautrec, Dufy, the New York Social Realists, and the Abstract Expressionists. Probably best known as a portrayer of sporting and social events, he virtually invented the modern genre of sports art and remains its most accomplished and acclaimed practitioner.

Among many other accomplishments, he was the first and only on-camera official artist for ABC-TV at the Olympics in Munich, 1972 and Montreal, 1976, and covered several other winter and summer Olympiads as an official artist. He was the first artist to create live, on-camera computer art while covering the 1978 Super Bowl in New Orleans for CBS-TV. In 1997 he was selected as the first official artist of the Kentucky Derby. But Neiman's interests range far and wide. As a painter, printmaker, and author, his subjects have included Parisian cafés, African safaris, famous bars, five-star restaurants, urban street scenes, the opera, political figures, jazz musicians, entertainers, stage and screen stars, gambling casinos, portraits, international stock exchanges, and much more.

For the past quarter-century, Neiman has created limited-edition serigraphs (silk-screen prints). Published and distributed exclusively by Knoedler Publishing, they are sold in selected galleries throughout the United States. By one estimate, the more than 150,000 Neiman prints that have been purchased to date have an estimated market value exceeding $400 million. Neiman is the author of twelve books: Horses, LeRoy Neiman Posters, Winners, which was also published in Japanese, Big Time Golf, LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris, LeRoy Neiman on Safari, and LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, all published by Harry N. Abrams, as well as Art and Life Style, Carnaval, Monte Carlo Chase, Casey at the Bat, and the newly-released limited edition LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/ Ali vs. Liston 1965, 2004. Knoedler Publishing has published The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, Volumes I-III, a catalogue raisonnes on Neiman's limited edition prints.

Over the years the artist has donated scores of his artworks to dozens of charitable causes and organizations. Through his work with the Good Tidings Foundation, two LeRoy Neiman Art Centers for Youth have been built in elementary schools in California. In 1995, he gave the School of the Arts at Columbia University in New York City an endowment of $6 million to create the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, dedicated to the study of fine art printmaking and the development of new methods of printmaking, and including a scholarship program. A 1998 donation led to the creation of the LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Culture and Society at UCLA.

Neiman's work is represented in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Minneapolis Museum of Art, the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and numerous other museums and public and private collections worldwide. A past member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, Neiman has received five honorary degrees and, among other honors, an Award of Merit from the American Athletic Union, a Gold Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in addition to being named Boxing Artist of 1966 by Lonsdale, London.

1921 -- Born June 8 in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1942-46 -- Leaves high school to enlist in the army; serves four years in Europe.

1946 -- Studies at the St. Paul Gallery and School of Art with Clement Haupers.

1946-50 -- Student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; studies with Boris Anisfeld; studies liberal arts at University of Illinois and De Paul University, Chicago.

1950-60 -- Member of the Faculty, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, teaching figure drawing and fashion drawing.

1952 -- Exhibits in Twin City Show at Minneapolis Institute of Arts; wins Chicago Art Directors Award.

1953 -- Begins using enamel house paints; develops interest in drawing horse racing at Arlington Park; wins First Prize for painting "Idle Boats", a purchase prize, at Twin City Show, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

1954 -- Begins association with Playboy magazine illustrating Charles Beaumont story, which wins Chicago Art Directors Award; exhibits for first time in Chicago Artists and Vicinity Show, where he continues to show for next six years; wins Second Prize, Minnesota State Show; exhibits at Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1955 -- Instructor of painting at Elmwood Park Art League and North Shore Art League; exhibits at the Carnegie Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting; creates the "Femlin" symbolic character which appears in Playboy for next 47 years; wins New York Art Directors Award.

1956 -- Included in "New Talent in America in 1956", published in Art in America, February 1956; delves deeper into Chicago sports scene, draws Chicago Bears, Blackhawks and boxing.

1957 -- Exhibits in Corcoran Gallery of Art "American 25th Biennial Exhibition", Washington, D.C.; awarded most popular prize out of 3,000 entries as well as the juried Clark Memorial Prize and Vicinity Show; first television appearance on Art Institute of Chicago TV show, "Artist's Choice"; painting instructor at School of the Art Institute of Chicago Summer Session and for two years at Ox-Bow Summer School, Saugatuck, Michigan teaching landscape painting; marries art student Janet Byrne.

1958 -- Exhibits at the "Society of Contemporary American Art Exhibition", Art Institute of Chicago, for three years; begins extensive travels for Playboy magazine, creating a feature on the high life called "Man at His Leisure", which appears regularly for the next 15 years; wins Municipal Art Award at "Chicago Artist and Vicinity Show", and Hamilton & Graham Cash Prize, Ball State Teachers College Drawing Show, Muncie, Indiana.

1959 -- Holds one-man show of racing scenes at Arlington Park Race Track, Chicago; shows in "Jazz Exhibition" and "Social Observation and Comment in Art Show" in Chicago.

1960 -- Paints at Squaw Valley Winter Olympic Games; travels six months through Europe covering sporting and social events, the Grand National Steeplechase, Epsom Derby, Ascot, and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race in England, Maxim's Tour d'Argent, the Lido and Folies Bergere in Paris, the Cannes Film Festival and St. Tropez, Fiesta de San Isidro bullfights in Madrid, the Grand Prix in Monaco auto race.

1960-1970 -- Executes over one hundred paintings and two murals for eighteen Playboy Clubs.

1961 -- Takes studio in Paris; does studies of Deauville social season and sketches the great restaurants of France; sketches Dublin Horse Show and cricket at Lord's in London; wins gold medal for oil painting at the "Salon d'Art Moderne", Paris.

1962 -- Sketches Bordeaux wine country, Paris fashion shows, racing at Longchamp, and Giraglia Yacht Race on Riviera; paints Regatta of the Gondoliers in Venice; does studies of Fellini directing "8 ½" and sketches at Cine Citta studios in Rome; visits U.S. to work on commission for 12 paintings of the Indianapolis 500.

1963 -- Returns from Paris; establishes a studio in New York; teaches painting at Arts and Crafts, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; holds first one-man exhibition in New York at Hammer Galleries; travels to Mexico with Shel Silverstein; sketches in Mexico City and Acapulco.

1964 -- Starts series of Muhammad Ali sketches and paintings which spans the next 15 years; sketches America's Cup Challenge at Newport, Rhode Island; returns to England to sketch London night life and Prince Phillip playing polo at Windsor; paints the Tour de France in Paris.

1965 -- Commemorates Sugar Ray Robinson with 8' x 6' portrait "Farewell to Boxing" unveiled at Madison Square Garden ceremony; paints portrait of Mae West and poet Marianne Moore.

1966 -- Sketches Kentucky Derby; in London paints personalities and scenes including the Beatles and Carnaby Street, Kenneth Tynan, Sir Ralph Richardson; paints surfing in California; executes mural for Swedish-Lloyd Ship, S. S. Patricia; creates art for film "Casino Royale"; sketches indoor polo for opening of Houston Astrodome.

1967 -- Sketches and paints leading figures in the arts, sports and entertainment world, including Leonard Bernstein, Joe Louis, Frank Sinatra, Brigitte Bardot and ballerina Suzanne Farrell; paints "24 Hours of LeMans", nudist scenes on the Dalmatian Coast of Yugoslavia, the Fiesta at Pamplona, the dolce vita of Rome.

1968 -- Paints the Kirov and Bolshoi ballets in Russia; is named artist-in-residence from the bench of the New York Jets football team; executes critical sketches of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; paints Bobby Hull for Time magazine cover; contributed drawings for Harpers magazine articles on Cassius Clay and on Bobby Kennedy and race relations; initiates art class for Atlanta Poverty Program.

1969 -- Sketches civil rights figures and teaches art in Atlanta Poverty Program; creates poster for Kurt Weill Off-Broadway show and program cover for Oh! Calcutta; sketches New York City Ballet; appears regularly on TV as New York Jets artist-in-residence; collaborates with Dave Anderson on book, Countdown to Super Bowl; covers horse racing at Ascot and Longchamp, camel racing in Morocco.

1970 -- Paints backdrop for Broadway play Borstal Boy and does album cover for Fifth Dimension; exhibits in the Time magazine "Covers Show" at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; sketches sporting and social events in Dublin, and holds one-man show at the Abbey Theatre; travels with Hugh Hefner in Europe, Greece and Africa; sketches wildlife on safari in Africa; creates poster for Ali-Quarry fight, Ali's return to the ring in Atlanta; paints $100,000 baseball players for book, This Great Game; paints New York Stock Exchange.

1971 -- Has one-man exhibition at Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas; travels to Monte Carlo, London, Paris and Switzerland; develops interest in printmaking; creates two-part TV program on the art of lithography and produces etchings and lithographs at Atelier Weber in Zurich; creates official poster and draws pre-fight sketches of Ali-Frazier Super Fight I at Madison Square Garden for The New York Times Magazine cover and post-fight sketches for ABC-TV; illustrates Jose Torres' book on Ali, Sting Like a Bee.

1972 -- Covers Fischer-Spasky world champion chess tournament at Reykjavik, Iceland and Munich Olympic Games, both on camera for ABC-TV; covers World Series for NBC-TV; creates serigraph of Knicks-Lakers championship game; paints Super Bowl for Time magazine cover; and cover for Golf Digest.

1973 -- Creates Super Bowl art for CBS-TV; sketches the Masters Golf Tournament for Golf Digest magazine; paints commission for Museum of Jazz; creates serigraph of Triple Crown winner Secretariat; sketches Foreman-Frazier fight in Jamaica; travels on multi-city tour and exhibit of Olympic serigraphs; nineteen serigraphs chosen by the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, for its permanent collection.

1974 -- Has exhibition in Tokyo and sketches sumo, baseball and horse racing for Japanese TV; covers Stanley Cup hockey playoffs for NBC-TV; creates poster for Newport Jazz Festival and for next 5 years; creates poster for Ali-Foreman fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, and for Frank Sinatra concert at Carnegie Hall; Art and Lifestyle is published.

1975 -- Creates official St. Paul Bicentennial poster; given major retrospective at the Minnesota Museum of Art; creates official program cover for World Series; creates poster for Ali-Frazier III and paints cockfights in Manila; creates first of four annual posters for Robert F. Kennedy Pro-Celebrity Tennis Tournament; book The Artist's Limited Edition of Moby Dick is published.

1976 -- Paints mural on camera as ABC-TV Official Artist at Olympic Games, Montreal; paints on French Riviera; holds one-man show at Knoedler Gallery in London; exhibits in national invitational "Watercolor USA Show" at Springfield Art Museum, Missouri, and "Drawings USA Show" at the Minnesota Museum of Art; paints Harlem scene for Jazzmobile poster; paints Chris Evert for Saturday Evening Post cover.

1977 -- Holds one-man shows in Stockholm and Helsinki; works in Paris; paints NBA All-Star game; creates poster for Lacrosse USA.

1978 -- Performs first live execution of computer art for CBS-TV coverage of Super Bowl, New Orleans; creates poster for Bill Bradley senatorial campaign; creates poster for Ali-Spinks II match in New Orleans.

1979 -- Appointed Grand Marshal with Jesse Owens at The Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa; paints the Ginza, Kamakura Buddha, Mount Fuji in Japan, Royal Ascot in London, and Pan-Am Games in Puerto Rico, for CBS-TV; book Horses is published.

1980 -- Appointed Official Artist of the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games and Official Artist of the Democratic National Convention, New York; paints commission for Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; sketches Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro; presents painting commemorating signing of Arab-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David to President Carter at the White House; book Posters is published.

1981 -- Holds two-man exhibition with Andy Warhol at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, California; executes 24' x 16' portrait of Sylvester Stallone for Rocky film; creates art and appears as ring announcer in Rocky films II, III, IV and V; book Carnaval is published.

1982 -- Has one-man exhibition at Harrod's, and paints the "The Stock Exchange, London"; creates poster for Kool Jazz Festival; paints and exhibits in Tokyo.

1983 -- Has one-man exhibitions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New Orleans; executes billboard, television commercial and program for Lido show at the Tropicana, Las Vegas; book Winners is published.

1984 -- Appointed Official Artist, Winter Olympics, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia and Summer Olympics, Los Angeles.

1985 -- Returns to Brazil to paint Gavea Golf and Country Club in Rio de Janeiro and stock exchange in Sao Paulo; named Honorary Marshal at St. Paul Winter Carnival; Japanese version of Winners is published.

1986 -- Appointed Official Artist, Goodwill Games in Moscow for Turner Broadcasting Network; paints America's Cup commission for the New York Yacht Club.

1987 -- Paints and makes video documentaries of Old St. Andrews in Scotland and the Riviera in France; paints Indianapolis 500 auto race commission; presents "Minute Man" poster to President Reagan at the White House.

1988 -- Holds one-man exhibitions in Japan and Moscow; executes mural for Golden Nugget, Las Vegas; paints commission for the Caribbean Classic at Caliente Racetrack in Tijuana, Mexico; paints and makes video documentary of "Napoleon at Waterloo"; book Monte Carlo Chase is published.

1989 -- Paints Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli and Sammy Davis, Jr. at Royal Albert Hall, London; sketches the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco during earthquake; does sketches and paintings and video documentary of New York's Central Park, and holds exhibition at the boathouse in the park.

1990 -- Executes commemorative painting for 100th anniversary of Los Angeles Dodgers; holds one-man exhibition for inaugural Grand Prix auto race in Denver; paints the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia; travels and sketches in Rome, Paris and Hong Kong.

1991 -- Executes commissioned paintings for 25th anniversary of Spectrum Stadium, Philadelphia, and 10th anniversary of Miami Grand Prix and of Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; travels to Japan to paint geishas, the Ginza and golf; creates Michael Jordan serigraph and poster; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Paris and Berlin.

1992 -- Paints Tom Seaver for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; paints suite of four famous golf courses in conjunction with publication of Big-Time Golf; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Venice, Milan and Rome; honored by the Art Institute of Chicago as an outstanding alumnus; commissioned to paint Bobby Orr by Polaroid.

1993 -- Paints Reggie Jackson for Baseball Hall of Fame induction, Larry Bird for Boston Garden, and Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville; creates poster for CBS-TV film Call of the Wild; holds one-man exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; paints Frank Sinatra for cover of "Duets" album.

1994 -- Paints Pebble Beach Golf Clubhouse; creates poster for CBS-TV film The Yearling, attends and paints Super Bowl XXVIII in Atlanta; paints in Monte Carlo and Venice; goes on to paint safari in Kenya; sketches Luciano Pavarotti at Metropolitan Opera; paints Frank Sinatra for "Duets II" album; book An American in Paris is published.

1995 -- Paints Babe Ruth for the Baseball Hall of Fame, U.S. Open at Shinnecock Golf Course, and Rockefeller Center; creates 40-foot mural on Broadway theater for Tommy Tune's musical, Busker Alley; gives 30-year retrospective exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; appointed a member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs; honored by Playboy for the 40th anniversary of the Femlin character.

1996 -- Commissioned by United Nations to create six postage stamps for the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta; paints Super Bowl XXX in Phoenix, Arizona; honored by Boxing Writers and England's Lonsdale Boxing Club; paints "Hall of Famer" for the Baseball Hall of Fame's permanent art exhibition; creates serigraph of "The 3 Tenors", Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti.

1997 -- Inauguration of the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University, New York; introduction of LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigar; narrates and appears in film documentary on Cuba and cigars, Rhythm and Smoke; creates poster commemorating 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking of racial barrier in Major League Baseball; creates first official Kentucky Derby poster; travels to South Africa to present commissioned portrait of President Nelson Mandela; book LeRoy Neiman on Safari is published.

1998 -- Inaugurates LeRoy Neiman Center for Study of American Culture and Society, UCLA, Los Angeles; unveils baccarat painting for Desert Inn, Las Vegas; exhibits and participates in seminar on Frank Sinatra at Hofstra University; paints and creates serigraph of Joe DiMaggio; creates label for Duval-Leroy champagne; creates official poster for Breeders' Cup, Louisville; cover art for Good Will Games New York official program, and for article in The Nation; honored at Ox-Bow Gala at the Art Institute of Chicago, and by Sportscasters.

1999 -- Creates art for Givenchy perfumes; presents portrait of Mark McGwire and creates serigraph edition commemorating record home run hitter. Paints John Elway and creates serigraph celebrating retirement from football; releases serigraph of Mickey Mantle; participates in Olympic Games seminar on Queen Elizabeth II ocean liner crossing; gambling prints installed in Salle Privée at Paris Casino in Las Vegas; creates poster for Taxicab Chronicles Off-Broadway play; visits Havana to sketch Cuban rhythms. Sketches Army-Navy game in Philadelphia for West Point commission.

2000 -- Creates boxing painting for use as poster for Heavyweight Explosion cable TV program; book The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000 is published; releases serigraphs of Mike Piazza and Cal Ripken, Jr.; the first LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in San Francisco; commissioned to create artwork for 125th Preakness Stakes and 2000 PGA Championship Tournament at Valhalla Golf Course.

2001 -- Salutes Muhammad Ali as "Athlete of the Century" with oversized portrait and limited edition serigraphs. Commissioned to paint Mardi Gras official poster for 2002; commissioned to paint Phoenix Suns star Charles Barkley on retirement of uniform number; commissioned to paint UCLA basketball coach John Wooden; holds retrospective drawing exhibition at the Fairfield Public Gallery, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; creates poster for 2001 All-Star Jockey Championship; attends 25th year reunion of ABC-TV coverage of 1976 Munich Olympics. Commissioned by New York City Fire Department to commemorate September 11 terrorist attack for benefit of NYFD Widows and Orphans Fund; creates image of NYFD fireman's helmet and for the first time allows an image to be used and sold on t-shirts; also donates original painting to auction for Widows and Orphans Fund. Honorary Chairman at the annual Bare Walls event at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; the second LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in Watsonville, California; the largest serigraph yet by artist, "Circus", having image size of 43 ¾" x 65", is completed after 2 years work.

2002 -- Commissioned to paint Wayne Gretzky, Gold Medal winning coach of the Canadian Olympic Hockey Team; commissioned to create official tournament poster for the first U.S. Open to be held at a public golf course, Bethpage on Long Island, New York; illustrates "Casey at the Bat", published as a trade edition by Ecco Press, with Foreword by New York Yankees manager Joe Torre; creates the Tyson/Lewis poster for the boxing heavyweight championship fight in Memphis; creates the official poster and program cover for the Oscar de la Hoya/Fernando Valenzuela championship boxing match in Las Vegas; honored with a tribute dinner at the Friar's Club in New York City; painting of Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Larry Bird is unveiled during Johnson's induction ceremonies at the Basketball Hall of Fame; Gallagher's Steak House in New York City unveils a permanent collection of Neiman artwork portraying the city's greatest athletes; receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions to golf and sport art at the Art of Golf Festival at Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina; inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame.

2003 -- Unveiled commissioned painting of the racehorse Funnycide at Saratoga; opens exhibition "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" at the Wildlife Experience museum in Denver, CO; S.T. Dupont releases special edition LeRoy Neiman Golf pen and lighter set; mounts exhibition "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" at the Pratt Institute; paints the Breeders Cup at Santa Anita; publishes book LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades with Harry N. Abrams.

2004 -- Commissioned to paint poster design for the 2005 Special Olympics in Nagano; paints portrait of Secretariat for the Secretariat Museum; paints program cover design for the Newport Jazz Festival and participates in a group exhibition at the festival; receives Medal of Honor at Ellis Island from NECO; paints portraits of Oscar De La Hoya and Bernard Hopkins for their fight program and presents the paintings to the fighters; completes a set of seven jazz lithographs at Columbia's Neiman Center for Print Studies; films a cameo appearance for Sylvester Stallone's television show "The Contender"; produces a set of five limited edition prints of Martha Graham for the Martha Graham Dance Company; publishes limited edition artist's book LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/Ali vs. Liston 1965 with powerHouse Books and Meridian Printing.
Appendices:
Appendix A: Notable Correspondents from Series 2: Correspondence

This appendix is an alphabetical listing of notable correspondents primarily from Series 2, but may include references to other series. The numbers following the entry indicate the series number, subseries number if appropriate, and date where the material is filed. For example: Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991 indicates that the correspondence for that person is found in Series 2.1 in the 1983 and 1991 folders.

ABC Sports (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC

Abel, Patty Otis - 2.1: 1998

Abraham, Seth - 2.1: 1989

Abrams, Charles - 2.1: 1982

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Abrams, Richard Irwin - 3.1: Montreal Olympics 1976

The Actors' Fund - 2.1: 2000

Adamonis, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Adams, Cindy - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: Royal Doulton Collectible Plates 1974-78

Addison, Bob and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 2004

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Ali, Muhammad - 2.1: 1977

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Alzado, Lyle - 2.1: 1984

American Diabetes Association - 2.1: 2001

Andrews, Benny - 2.3

Appel, Marty - 3.1: Thurman Munson 1977-2002

Aretsky, Ken - 2.1: 1989

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC

Arledge, Roone Jr. - 2.1: 2004

Art Aid - 2.1: 1986

Art Institute of Chicago - 2.1: 1990

Ashwood, Donald - 2.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983

Association du Salon d'Automne - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99

Athletic Role Model Educational Institute, Inc. - 2.1: 1992

Australia - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

Avers, Jeffrey - 2.1: 2002

BBC Television (British Broadcasting Corporation) - 2.1: 1989

Bailey, Pearl - 2.1: 1990

Baker, Jean -Claude - 3.2.11

Bank of New York - 2.1: 2002

Barletta, Joseph - 2.1: 1993

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001

Baylos, Gene - 2.1: 1991

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bennet, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett

Berman, Len - 2.1: Undated 1990s

Bigelow, Vaughn - 2.1: 1984, 1988, see also Chabot Galleries

Bingham, Howard - 2.1: 1993

Binns, James - 2.1: 1989, 2001

Blair, Buckingham - 2.1: undated

Blatnik, Sonny - 2.1: 1986

Blecker, Tom - 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bollinger, Lee - 3.1: Columbia University 1995-present

Bowles, Franklin - 1.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Boykin - 1.1: Awards, Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley Political Campaigns 1978-2000, 3.2. -- Winners -- , Harry N. Abrams, 1983, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Brown, Keith Henry - 2.1: 2004

Brown, Sally - 2.1: 1997

Buchwald, Art - 3.2: -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Bugatti, Charles and Stephanie - 2.1: 1991

Burger King - 2.1: 1976

Bush, President George H. W. and Barbara - 2.1: 1989, 1990

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003, 3.2. 13

Butler Institute of American Art - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Byrne, Mayor Jane M. - 2.1: 1981

CBS -TV - see Wolf, Warner

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Camber Porter, Melinda - 2.3

Carnesale, Chancellor Albert - 3.2.15

Carousel of Hope - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-2002

Carter, President Jimmy and Rosalynn, and family - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Cass, Hilary Volkman - 2.1: 1992

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1983, 1989

Chapin, Dwight ( -- San Francisco Examiner -- ) - 2.1: 1991

Chase, Bob - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

The Chicago Board of Trade - 2.1: 1977

Cirillo, John - 1.1: Awards d. Lonsdale International Sporting Club 1996, 2.1: 2001

Cirrincione, Wanda Hightower - 2.1: 1994

Clark, Ed and Jane Forbes - 2.1: 2000

Clinton, Bill - 2.1: 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Clough, Charles - 2.1: 1997

Clough, Susan - 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams

Cohen, Jason - 2.1: 2004

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Cooke, Jack Kent - 2.1: 1986

Cooney, Gerry - 2.1: 2000

Cooper, Pat - 2.1: 1992

Cosell, Howard and Mary Edith - 2.1: 1991

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

Cremins, Bobby - 2.1: 1990

Culinary Institute of America - 2.1: 2000

Cunningham, Jeffrey - 2.1: 1994

D., E. (unnamed WWII buddy?) - 2.1: 1997

Dahlgren, Doug - 2.1: 1999

Daley, Robert - 2.1: 1999

Daub, Mayor Hal - 2.1: 1997

Davis, Altavise (wife of Sammy) - 2.1: 1989

Davis, Barbara and Marvin - 2.1: 1985, 2001, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Patty - 2.1: 1983

Dawkins, Peter and Judi - 3.1: Senatorial Candidate Pete Dawkins Poster 1988

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

DeCinces, Doug - 2.1: 1990

Decker, Bob ( -- New York Post -- ) - 2.1: 1991

DeLaVega, James - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2.3

Del Greco, Maria - 2.3

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998

deVarona, Donna - 2.1: 1991

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

Diles, Dave - 2.1: 2001

Dill, Bob Jr. - 2.1: 1997

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Dillon, Gregory - 2.1: 2003

Dinkins, Mayor David and Joyce - 2.1: 1990

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Dunphy, Don - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Dyansen Gallery - 2.2: Dyansen Gallery 1989-96

Eaton, Roy - 2.1: 1981

Editions Limited - 2.1: 1986

Edward Fields, Inc. - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Eger, Joseph - 2.1: 1991

Eisele, Albert - 2.1: 2002

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

Everson, Cory - 2.1: 1994

Evert, Chris - 2.1: 1999, 2000, 2001

Evert, Colette - 2.1: 1995

Fantasy Productions - see Berman, Len

Feinstein, Mayor Diane - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Felder, Raoul Lionel - 2.1: 1996

Felicie, Inc, - 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989

Ferguson, Glenn - 2.1: 1993

Field, Marshall - 2.1: 2004

Fineman, Jodie and Matthew - 2.1: 1999

Fireman, Sheldon - 2.1: 2004

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Foley, Ray and Jackie - 2.1: 1995

Folkman, David - 2.1: 1999, 2000

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

Foster Harmon Galleries - 2.1: 1975, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freedman, Ann - 2.1: 2001

French, John - 2.1: 1987

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Fujita family - see Tele Planning International, Tokyo

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte

Galleria Ramona - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Gallery Mack - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975-87, 3.1: Gallery Mack 1974, 3.1: Gaylord Perry 1982

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Garnier, Yves - 2.1: 1991

Garvey, Steve and Cyndi - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Gavea Golf Club - 2.1: 1985

Gere-Suson, Gary - 2.1: 1999

Gilbert, Patti - 2.1: 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Gottlieb, Paul - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Graime, Arlene (US Olympic Committee) - 2.1: 1996

Grasso, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Gray, Joel - 2.1: 2003

Green Hills Farm - 2.1: 1987

Green, Tammie - 2.1: 1993

Greentree Stud, Inc. - 2.1: undated

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - 2.1: 1983

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-98

Grenon, Robert - 2.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Guest, C. Z. - 2.1: 2003

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

Hackett, Buddy and Sherry - 2.1: 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998

Halvorsen, Robert - 2.1: 1994

Hammer, Armand - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence

Hammer, Michael - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence, see also Hammer, Armand Hammer, Victor - see Hammer, Armand

Hanson Art Galleries - 2.2: Hanson Art Galleries 1983-1991, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997, see also exhibitions: Hanson Art Galleries in index for more file references

Harden, Richard - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Harriman, Ambassador Pamela - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Hartman, David - 2.1: 1981

Harvey, Paul - 2.1: 1987

Haskell, Nikki - 2.1: 1997, 2001, 2002

Harris, Earl - 2.1: 1987

Harris, Franco - 2.1: 1990

Hatton, Pat - 2.1: 1993

Hawkins, Tommy - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990

Healy, Katherine - 2.1: 1986

Hedgecock, Mayor Roger - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars by Don Diego 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 2.1: 1983, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Hefner, Keith - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1982, 1987, 1988, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Hentoff, Nat - 2.1: 1992

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Hesburgh, Theodore - 2.1: 1992

Hiebert, Gary - 2.1: 1994

Hilliard, Kent - see Hilliard Gallery

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 1985, 1989, IV: 1986, 1992, 2001

Hilton, Barron - 2.1: 1992, 1999, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981 -1985, 3.2.10

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990 -2000

Hoelscher, Lydia (Neiman's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hoffman, Michael - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989

Holder, Geoffrey - 2.3

Honolulu Symphony Society - 2.1: 1976

Hoover, Tom - 2.1: 1993

Hunt - 2.1: 1981

Hunt, Lamar - 2.1: 1998

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996

Ivester, M. Douglas - 2.1: 1994

Izenberg, Jerry - 2.1: 2003

Jackson, Michael - 2.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2001

Jacobs, Loraine and Jim - 2.1: 1992

Jimmy the Greek - 2.1: 1974, 1982

JoAnn Perse Gallery - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Johnson, Bill and Ellenor - 2.1: 1994

Jones, Gene and Jerry - 2.1: 2002

Jones, Tony - 2.1: 1996

Jordan, Mayor Frank - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Jordan, Michael - 2.1: 1991

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Kaufman, Bart - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89

Kennedy, Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy

King, Don - 2.1: 1978, 1979

King, Congressman Peter - 2.1: 2001

King Graphics - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Kitt, Eartha - 2.1: 1997

Kleiman, Melodie - 2.1: 1991

Knoedler & Co. -

Koch, Mayor Ed - 2.1: 1981, 1989, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Kosinski, Jerzy - 2.1: 1981

Kravitt, Shirley - 2.1: 1990

Kriendler, Pete - 2.1: 1983, 1991, 1993

Krimstein, Jordie - 2.1: 1997, 2001

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - 2.1: 1982, 1984, 1992, 1997

Kurzman, Adele - 2.1: 2000

Lake, Cynthia - 2.1: 1994

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1993-96

Lang, Jenifer and George - 2.1: 2000, 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 2003

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2003

La Russa, Tony - 2.1: 1993

Latin Recording Academy - 2.1: 2001

The Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989

Leeds, Eric - 2.1: 1991, 1993

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999

Liberace - 2.1: 1982

Lieber, Marvin - 2.1: 2004

Lombardi, Vince - 2.1: 1980

Lomonaco, Michael - 2.1: 1996

Lone Ranger Television, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

Lorenzi, Henri - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Los Angeles Dodgers - see Hershiser, Orel

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Neiman-Warhol 1981

Louie, May - 2.1: 1992

Lownes, Victor and Marilyn - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Lugosi, Bela (Jr. ) - 2.1: 1991

Macalester College - 2.1: 2001

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1992

Mann, Perry - 2.1: 1999

Manpower - 2.1: 1977

Manufacturers Hanover Trust - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

Maples, Marla - 2.2: Trump

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1985

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Marlborough Galleries - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Marsh, Rita - 2.1: 2000

Maser Fine Art, Maser Galleries - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont 1983

Matthias, Bob - 2.1: 1998

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1988, 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

McDougal, Little & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon and Bonnie - 2.1: 2001

McGillicuddy, John F. - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

McMullen, John - 2.1: 1998

Mercante, Arthur - 2.1: 1990

Merchant, Larry - 2.1: 2000

Merrill Chase Galleries - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89

Michael, Gene - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House, "The Neiman Collection" 2002

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980

Miles, Sylvia - 2.1: 1994

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

Mize, Johnny - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

de Monaco, Prince Albert - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all files)

Montevecchi, Lilianne - 2.1: 1997

Moreno, Linda - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgenstein, Evan - 2.1: 1995

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1995, 1996

Murcer, Bobby - 2.1: 1993

Murdock, David and Maria - 2.1: 1995

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-98

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972, IV: 1972

Museum of Modern Art - 2.1: 2001

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Nation -- - 2.1: 1998

Neiman, Earl (Neiman's brother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88

Newark Public Library - 2.1: 1995

Newman, Eric - 2.1: 1996

New York Athletic Club (NYAC) - 2.1: 2000

New York Post -- - see Adams, Cindy, or Decker, Bob

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Niagara University - 2.1: 1976

Nicholson, Jack - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Nicholson, John - 2.1: 2000

Nureyev, Rudolph - 2.1: 1983

Oakland Athletics - see La Russa, Tony

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Ono, Yoko - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Orr, Bobby - 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992

Osti, Nino - 2.1: 1987

O'Sullivan, Thomas (Minnesota Historical Society) - 2.1: 1994

Oxendine, Thomra (Kit) - 1.1: Lynn Quayle

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978

Parvin, Al and Phyllis - 2.1: 1991, 1993

Paschke, Ed - 2.3

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pelkey, Joe - 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1972, 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Perry, Gaylord - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Perse, Jo Ann - see Jo Ann Perse Gallery

Petruccio, Joe - 2.1: 2002

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Pick Galleries - 2.1: 1977

Pignatano, Joe - 2.1: 1996

Playboy Enterprizes, Inc. - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Policy, Carmen - 2.1: 1995

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Raphael, James - 2.1: 1991

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-1988

Rechtschaffen, Dr. Joseph - 2.1: 1995

Reed, Rex - 2.1: 1985

Reeve, Christopher - 2.1: 1995

Reid, Senator Harry - 2.1: 1990, 1994

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1995

Revelli, Cynthia - 2.1: 1995

Ribbs, Willie T. - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Robinson, Sugar Ray and Millie - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Rockwell, Bill - 2.1: 1995

Rooney, Art - 2.1: 1977

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - 2.1: 1976

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998

Safir, Police Commissioner Howard - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

San Francisco 49ers - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Santaniello, Carmine - 2.3

Sassi, Etienne - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Scaffidi, Marie - 2.1: 1980s Undated

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schmidt, Mike - 2.1: 1980

Schulberg, Budd - 2.1: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004

Schuman, Rhoda - 2.1: 1992

Schumsky, Felicie - see Felicie, Inc.

Schuster, Gary and family - 2.1: 2000

Scully, Vin - 2.1: 1990, 2000

Schwartz, Louis O. - 1.1: Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Schwartz, Richard - 2.1: 2000

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Seidman, Jay - 2.1: 2001

Seitz, Nick - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Serline, Ollie - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s

Sharp Electronics Corporation - 2.1: 1988

Sherman, Allie - 2.1: 2002

Shula, Coach Donald - 2.1: 1991

Siering, David - 2.1: 1987

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.2: Shel Silverstein

Sinatra, Barbara - 2.2: Sinatra family

Sinatra, Frank - 2.2: Sinatra family, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Sinatra, Nancy - 2.2: Sinatra family

Skelton, Red - 2.1: 1985

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1982

Solomone, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Sony - 2.1: 1978

Sorenson, Jackie - 2.1: 1981

Spectrum, Philadephia - 2.1: 1991

Spectrum Fine Art - 2.1: 1978, 1983

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986

Stack, Edward - 2.1: 1996

Staebler, Tom - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Stanley, Melvin - 2.1: 1993

Steffens, John L. - 2.1: 1996

Stein, Bill - 2.1: 1982

Steinbrenner, George - 2.1: 2004

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1977

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphony for United Nations - 2.1: 1991

TV Guide -- Magazine - 2.1: 1975, 1990, 1993

Talese, Gay - 2.1: 1992

Tate, Evelyn - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Tenenbaum, Harold and Judy - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tiefel, William R. - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2001

Torrenzano, Richard - 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Torykian, Richard - 2.1: 1997

Touvell, Audra - 2.1: 2002

Trenchard, Peter - 2.1: 2001

Trovato, Liz - 2.1: 1994

Trump, Donald - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, see also Trump in Index

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

United States Department of State - 2.1: 1984

United States Olympic Committee - 2.1: 1985

Universal Pictures - 2.1: 1991

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: The Upstairs Gallery 1980-89

Valentine, Bobby and Mary - 2.1: 2002

Vorhaus, Louis - 2.1: 1992

war buddy (unnamed) - 2.1: 1997

Ward, Katherine Lecube - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Warner Brothers Television - 2.1: 1990

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Wein, George - 2.1: 1991, 1993, 1995, 2000

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1985, 1987

Weisman, Maria - 2.1: 2002

Welch, Herb and Lisa - 2.1: 1989, 1992

Welzer, Irv - 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

Whitaker, Jack - 2.1: 1996

The White House - see Harden, Richard or Clough, Susan, or search by name of President

White, Willye - 2.1: 1989

Williams, Ted - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-91

Wilson, Senator Pete - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Winer, Jessica - 2.3

Wirin, R. Michael - 2.1: 1998

Wolf, Warner and Sue - 2.1: 2003

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Wrather Corporation (the Lone Ranger), Jack and Bonita G. Wrather - 2.1: 1977, 1988

Yarger, Timothy - 2.2: Franklin Bowles

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Youngman, Henry - 2.1: 1992

Zabrin, Michael - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Zimmer, Don (Coach, New York Yankees) and Soot - 2.1: 1997

Appendix B: History of LeRoy Neiman's Representation: Felicie Schumsky, Hammer Galleries, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer Galleries, New York, had its first show of LeRoy Neiman works in 1963 and has represented him ever since.

Armand Hammer was the proprietor of Hammer Galleries, which he founded in 1929 upon returning from the Soviet Union with a load of Czarist art. His brother Victor was in charge of running the gallery.

Armand became the chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation in 1957.

Maury Leibowitz became a partner with the Hammers at the gallery around the same time they began representing Mr. Neiman.

Hammer and O.P.C. bought the respected M.K. Knoedler & Co. gallery in New York in 1971 with Leibowitz as a partner. Knoedler merged with Modarco, a Swiss investment firm, during the 1970s after its purchase by O.P.C.

Knoedler-Modarco now has three divisions: M. Knoedler & Co. (founded in 1846), Knoedler Publishing (created for the sole business of publishing and distributing the prints and posters of LeRoy Neiman), and Hammer Galleries.

Felicie Schumsky was LeRoy Neiman's publisher and distributor before Knoedler. Felicie, Inc. is named alone in advertising until 1973, when ads appear naming FKH Editions as publisher (presumably 'Felicie Knoedler Hammer') and Hammer Galleries as gallery/distributor. This continues until 1975, when ads begin naming Knoedler as publisher and Hammer as gallery.

Hammer Graphics Gallery, a part of Hammer Galleries, was started in 1979 for the sole purpose of distributing and exhibiting the graphic work of LeRoy Neiman.

Victor Hammer died in July 1985, and Armand Hammer died in 1990 at age 92 (less than a year after losing his wife Frances), leaving his son Michael Hammer as the chairman and president of The Armand Hammer Foundation. Maury Leibowitz died in 1992.

Appendix C: A Listing of Major Public Collections of LeRoy Neiman WorksAnchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage, Alaska

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Baltimore Museum of Fine Art, Baltimore, Maryland

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware

Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Football Hall of Fame, Canton, Ohio

Grunwald Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Armand Hammer Collection, Los Angeles, California

Harding Museum, Chicago, Illinois

Hayward Museum, Hayward, California

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, USSR

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Joslyn Museum, Omaha, Nebraska

Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York

Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian, Mississippi

Michigan State University, Kesage Art Center Gallery, East Lansing, Michigan

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minnesota Historical Society

Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota

Mobile Art Gallery and Museum, Mobile, Alabama

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

National Museum of Sport in Art, New York, New York

Niagara University, Niagara, New York

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, Massachusetts

Tennis Hall of Fame, Newport, Rhode Island

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona

Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota

University Art Gallery, Binghamton, New York

University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

Utah Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas

Whitney Museum. New York, New York

Wodham College, Oxford, England

Yuma Fine Arts Association, Yuma, Arizona

Appendix D: A Listing of LeRoy Neiman Serigraph Releases This list corresponds to newspaper and magazine ads in files 3.3: Felicie Inc. - Advertising and 3.3: Knoedler & Co. - Advertising. This is not a complete inventory. DateSerigraphUnknown -- Bar '21' (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Delacroix Tiger

Unknown -- Elephant Family

Unknown -- Gorilla Family

Unknown -- Kenya Leopard

Unknown -- Lion Pride (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Lion Couple

Unknown -- Polar Bears

Unknown -- Serengeti Leopard

Unknown -- Zebra Family

Unknown -- The Plaza Square

Unknown -- Stock Market (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Neiman Montreal '76 (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Winter Olympic Skier, Lake Placid 1980

Unknown -- P.J. Clark's

Unknown -- Olympic Slalom

Unknown -- Dublin Bar

Unknown -- Le Grand Cuisine

Unknown -- Little Hitter

Unknown -- Little Fielder

1975 -- Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

1975 -- Toots Shor Bar

1975 -- Club House Turn

1975 -- Black Panther

1976 -- Sun Serve

1976 -- Satchmo

1976 -- High Seas Sailing

1976 -- Vegas Blackjack

1976 -- Golf Landscape

1976 -- Elephant Stampede

1976 -- Nadia

1976 -- America's Cup

1977 -- Marlin!

1977 -- High Altitude Skiing

1977 -- Basketball Superstars

1977 -- Café aux Deux Magots

1977 -- The Mallet Men

1977 -- Bengal Tiger

1977 -- Giraffe Family

1977 -- Show Jumper

1977 -- Outrigger Canoe Race

1978 -- Metropolitan Opera

1978 -- Moby Dick Portfolio

1978 -- Bucking Bronc

1978 -- The Wildcats

1979 -- Kentucky Derby

1979 -- Chateau Hunt

1979 -- Stretch Stampede

1979 -- Aegean Sailing

1979 -- American Bald Eagle

1980 -- Lake Placid, Eighty, 1980

1981 -- Stenmark

1981 -- The Race of the Year

1981 -- Tour de France

1981 -- Before the Race

1984 -- Rush Street Bar

1984 -- Regents Park

1984 -- Elephant Nocturne

1985 -- Six Golfers, 1984

1985 -- Lady Skier

1985 -- Harry's Wall Street Bar

1986 -- Nob Hill

1986 -- Buena Vista Bar

1986 -- America's Cup, Australia

1987 -- Great Dane

1987 -- Giants - Broncos Classic

1987 -- 24 Hours of Le Mans

1987 -- Bistro Garden

1987 -- Left Bank Café

1988 -- Diamond Head, Hawaii

1988 -- Napoleon at Waterloo

1988 -- Piazza del Popolo - Rome

1988 -- Monte Carlo Suite

1988 -- Harbor at Monaco

1988 -- Salle Prive - Monte Carlo

1988 -- Borzoi

1988 -- In the Pocket

1988 -- Magic (Johnson)

1988 -- Clubhouse at Old St. Andrew's

1989 -- Polo Lounge

1989 -- Superplay

1989 -- President's Birthday Party

1989 -- Chicago Key Club Bar

1990 -- Secretariat II

1990 -- Chicago Options

1990 -- April at Augusta

1990 -- Gaming Table

1990 -- The '21' Club

1991 -- Homage to Ali

1991 -- Ted Williams

1991 -- Café Rive Gauche

1991 -- Cougar

1991 -- The Bordello

1992 -- Hunt Rendezvous

1992 -- Kilimanjaro Bulls

1992 -- Paddock at Chantilly

1993 -- The Maulers

1993 -- Fouquets

Appendix F: A Listing of "Man at His Leisure" Features in Playboy MagazineDateSubject/Pages1958 April -- Painter of the Urban Scene, p. 49-51

1958 December -- The Pump Room, Ambassadors East, Chicago, p. 60-61

1959 January -- Le Café Chambord, p. 52-53

1959 June -- Romanoff's, p. 62-63

1959 December -- Moore County Hounds (Southern Pines), p. 68-72

1960 February -- Hialeah Race Course, p. 52-54

1960 June -- The Colony, p. 74-75

1960 August -- Forest Hills, p. 76-77

1961 January -- Squaw Valley, p. 84-87

1961 March -- Ernie's, p. 94-95

1961 June -- The S.S. United States, p. 60-61

1961 July -- Longchamp - Auteuil, p. 82-85

1961 September -- La Plaza de Toros, p. 109-111

1961 December -- Maxim's, p. 130-131

1962 January -- The French Riviera, p. 103-105

1962 March -- The Grand National Steeplechase, p. 94-95

1962 May -- The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race, p. 96-97

1962 August -- Las Vegas, p. 86-89

1963 May -- Monte Carlo, p. 122-125

1963 July -- Air France, p. 102-103

1963 September -- Sardi's, World Billiard Championship, p. 150-151

1963 December -- Madison Square Garden, p. 169-171

1964 April -- Epsom Derby, p. 120-121

1964 August -- St. Tropez, p. 62-65

1964 October -- Chantilly, p. 144-147

1964 December -- The Lido, p. 159-193

1965 March -- The New York Playboy Club, p.116-117

1965 August -- The Girallia Yacht Race, p. 110-111

1965 December -- The Plaza, Manhattan, p. ?

1966 July -- The Royal Ascot, p. 110-113

1966 September -- The America's Cup, p. 168-169

1967 January -- Discotheques, p. 180-181

1967 June -- Surfing, p. 112-115

1967 November -- National Horse Show, p. 143-145

1967 Winter -- VIP Magazine, Assignment London

1968 January -- Rosati's, Via Venito, p.?

1969 January -- The Bolshoi Ballet, p. 199-201

1969 June -- Le Mans, p. 124-125

1969 August -- Yugoslavia, p. 126-129

1970 January -- Morocco, p. 203-207

1970 November -- Can-Am Race, p. 179-181

1971 January -- Jamaica, p. 191-193

1972 January -- Sotheby's Auction Room, p. 171-173

1973 January -- Super Bowl, p. 187-189

1973 July -- Summer of '72 - The Hamptons, p. 152-157

Playboy Magazine's "Neiman Sketchbook" Features

DateSubject/Pages1979 December -- Teofilo Stevenson, p. 221

1980 January -- Senator Ted Kennedy, p. 137

1980 February -- Roller Skating, p. 166 -167

1980 March -- Charles Mingus, p. 179

Appendix E: Exhibitions

Below is a chronological list of Neiman exhibitions. See the index for an alphabetical list of exhibitions (listed by name of venue under the item "exhibitions") and reference to locations of pertinent archive files.

DateSolo ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 3-31, 1961 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 9-March 9, 1962 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 1962 -- O'Hana Gallery, London

Nov. 27-Dec. 11, 1962 -- Galerie O. Bosc, Paris

Oct. 8-19, 1963 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

January-February, 1965 -- "Vie de France," Astor Tower French Center, Chicago

Nov. 23-Dec. 4, 1965 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

March 5-25, 1966 -- Gallery Richelle, St. Louis

1976 -- "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective 1949-75," Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Nov. 1967 -- Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 7, 1967 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 26-31, 1968 -- New York Jets Sketches, Hammer Galleries, New York

May 1-June 10, 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," Choate School, Wallingford, CT

May 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta," Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Jan. 20-31, 1970 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 19-Nov. 2, 1971 -- "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery, New York

April-May, 1972 -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Dec. 1972 -- Circle Gallery, Chicago

Oct. 31-Nov. 11, 1972 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 22, 1972-Jan. 7, 1973 -- "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art

Jan.-Feb. 1973 -- Circle Gallery, Los Angeles

1973 -- Circle Gallery, Dallas

March 24, 1973 -- The Hang -Up Gallery Open House

April-May 1973 -- Circle Gallery, New York

June 2-23, 1973 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Jan. 24-Feb. 5, 1974 -- "Ali - Frazier," Circle Gallery, New York

Feb. 3-March 17, 1974 -- Springfield Museum of Art

1974 -- Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

April 30-May 11, 1974 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

June 22-July 6, 1974 -- Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, Honolulu

Sept. 1974 -- Abercrombie & Fitch

1974 -- Tobu Gallery, Tokyo

Nov. 1974 -- Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1974 -- Windsor Gallery, New York

Feb. 1975 -- Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, NY

March 1975 -- Art Gallery -Studio 53 Ltd., New York

April 1975 -- "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

June-July 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket

Aug. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Sag Harbor, Long Island

Sept. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Pittsfield, MA

July 1975 -- Waller's Gallery, Tampa, FL

Sept. 1975 -- Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA

Nov. 1975 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

Dec. 4-26, 1975 -- Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul

Dec. 4, 1975-Jan. 24, 1976 -- Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Dec. 10, 1975-Jan. 10, 1976 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan. 21-March 10, 1976 -- Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank

Feb.-May 1976 -- Emerald Art Galleries, Coronado, CA

March 14-28, 1976 -- Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT

June 1976 -- M. Knoedler & Co., London

Aug. 1976 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 27, 1976 -- Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Recency

Sept. 12-Oct. 6, 1976 -- Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls

1976 -- Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York

Oct. 1976 -- Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1976 -- "The Olympic Ring," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 12-19, 1976 -- Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden

March 1977 -- Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN

March 1977 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 1977 -- Galerie Marc, San Francisco

Aug. 31-Sept. 11, 1977 -- Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden

Sept. 1977 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Sept. 2-23, 1977 -- Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland

Oct.-Nov. 1977 -- St. Lawrence National Bank, Ogdensburg NY

May 1978 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

June 1978 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

July 1978 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

Oct. 12-Nov. 12, 1978 -- Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis

Dec. 1978 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

Jan. 23-Feb. 10, 1979 -- Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

April 7-May 1, 1979 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

April 28-May 26, 1979 -- Percival Galleries, Des Moines

May 1979 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Dec. 4, 1979-Jan. 5, 1980 -- "Horses," Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan.-Feb. 1980 -- Olympic Benefit Exhibition, Famous -Barr, St. Louis

June 1980 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

July 1980 -- Nicolas Helion, Paris

July 1-19, 1980 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct.-Nov. 1980 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Dec. 1980 -- Horizon Gallery, Waikiki

April 28-May 16, 1981 -- "LeRoy Neiman Drawings: A Retrospective," Hammer Galleries, New York

Summer 1981 -- Exhibition of Graphic Works 1971-81, Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

July-Aug. 1981 -- Foster Harmon Gallery, Sarasota, FL

July-Aug. 1981 -- Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art

1981 -- "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery

Sept. 1981 -- State National Bank, Tiara Gallery

Oct. 1981 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1981 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

1982 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

Feb. 1982 -- Grigsby Galleries One, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1982 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

April 8-24, 1982 -- Dean Day Gallery

May 1982 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

June 1982 -- Nevada County Arts Council

Summer 1982 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 4-16, 1982 -- Harrod's Picture Gallery, London

1983 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

July 1983 -- Tokyo, (Gallery?)

Sept. 13-Oct. 1, 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Hammer Galleries, New York

October-Nov. 1983 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

Dec. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock

Dec. 8-24, 1983 -- Dean Day Gallery

Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 15, 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, New Orleans

Jan.-Feb. 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, Carmel

July 10-Aug. 10, 1984 -- "The Olympics: Past and Present," Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

Aug.-Sept. 1984 -- "The Olympic Spirit," Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov.-Dec. 1984 -- "LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibit," Springfield College Babson Library Hastings Gallery, Springfield, MA

Jan. 1985 -- Superbowl XIX Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Feb. 1985 -- Center Art Galleries, Honolulu

March 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

May 1985 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

Nov. 1985 -- "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov.-Dec. 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

Feb. 1986 -- Nob Hill Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

May 1986 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

June 1986 -- Peri -Renneth Gallery, Southampton, NY

July 26-Aug. 17, 1986 -- Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, CA

Oct. 1986 -- Buena Vista Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1986 -- Krannert School of Management

Nov. 1986 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

1987 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 24-April 11, 1987 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1987 -- New York Friars Club

May 1987 -- Marlborough Galleries, Boston

June 1987 -- "Neiman's Neimans," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco

Oct.-Nov. 1987 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

April-May 1988 -- "Neiman's World" Touring Exhibition, Japan

April-May 1988 -- In the Pocket Superbowl XXII painting premier, Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD

May 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Sept. 27-Oct. 4, 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

1988 -- Tretyakov Museum, Moscow

Oct. 1988 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

Nov. 19-Dec. 10, 1988 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan. 1989 -- Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan

Feb. 1989 -- Surf Club, New York

April 1989 -- "Soft Paintings," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 30-May 15, 1989 -- Polo Lounge Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

May-June 1989 -- "Select Works by LeRoy Neiman," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

June-July 1989 -- Steiner & Young Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA

June 6-Sept. 9, 1989 -- L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

Sept. 1989 -- Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, New York

Aug. 1989 -- Baja, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1989 -- "A Salute to Central Park," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 1989 -- Galerie 224, Laguna Beach, CA

May 1989-Feb. 1990 -- "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition, New York, Beverly Hills, Atlantic City, San Francisco, Boston, SoHo

April 1990 -- Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, Butler Institute of American Art

May 1990 -- Merv Griffin Resorts Casino Hotel, Atlantic City

May 12-31, 1990 -- Bay Area Baseball Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

July-Aug. 1990 -- "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield Art Association, Springfield, IL

Aug. 1990 -- Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver

Sept.-Oct. 1990 -- Allyson Louis Gallery

Oct. 1990 -- Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Sept. 1990 -- Base Art Collection

Jan. 1991 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure," Playboy offices, Chicago

May 1991 -- "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Oct.-Nov. 1991 -- "San Francisco," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, San Francisco

Feb.-March 1992 -- The Beatles Debut, Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City

Feb. 17-March 13, 1992 -- University of Charleston Art Gallery

March 14-April 12, 1992 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, SoHo, NY

March 15-April 3, 1992 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct. 9-24, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 22-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 24-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Nov. 7-Dec. 1, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct.-Nov. 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Nov. 13-Dec. 13, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

March-April 1993 -- City by the Bay Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

April-May 1993 -- "An Exhibition of Equine Art," Kentucky Derby Museum

Oct. 7-31, 1993 -- "Un Américain à Paris," Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris

Nov. 1993 -- Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas

Dec. 1993 -- La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

April 1994 -- Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO

Sept. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept.-Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

Dec. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago and Buffalo Grove

April-June, 1995 -- "Racing Retrospective," Kentucky Derby Museum

March-April 1995 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan.-Feb. 1996 -- "Superbowl XXX," American Fine Art Editions, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1-May 1, 1996 -- Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ

July 1996 -- Trump Plaza, Atlantic City

Sept.-Oct. 1996 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Portraits of Our Times, 1946 -96" Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, Beverly Hills and San Francisco

April-June 1997 -- "The Art of Sport," Kentucky Derby Museum

April 3-May 2, 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," La Galleria D'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

May 23-June 30, 1997 -- "The Safari Suite," Centaur Sculpture Galleries, Las Vegas

1997 -- Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Bowles Galleries, San Francisco and Beverly Hills

2000 -- "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," Hanson Gallery, New Orleans, LA

2000 -- "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, Colorado

Nov. 7-Dec. 11, 2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York

DateTwo-Person ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1973 -- Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY

1978 -- LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago

1981 -- LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles

1988 -- "The Mustache Show," Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York

DateGroup Exhibitions1948 -- Art Institute of Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1948 -- Minnesota State Fair

1950 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1951 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Oct. 10-Nov. 9, 1952 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Oct. 14 -Nov. 15, 1953 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

1953 -- Annual Exhibit, Art Directors Club of Chicago

1953 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

May 2-30, 1954 -- Exhibitions of Prints and Drawings by Twin City Artists, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1954 -- Minnesota State Fair

Oct. 29-Nov. 12, 1954 -- Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, Art Directors Club of Chicago

June 2-July 4, 1955 -- Instructors Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1955 -- Carnegie International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh

Aug. 27-Sept. 5, 1955 -- Minnesota State Fair

March 8-April 12, 1956 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

April 22-May 11, 1956 -- Chicago Area Show, North Shore Art League

1957 -- Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Jan. 17-March 3, 1957 -- "American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago

Feb. 12-26, 1957 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

June-July 1957 -- Chicago Art Institute

Sept. 15, 1957 -- Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Festival

Oct. 7-27, 1957 -- Collectors Club Exhibition

1958 -- Chicago Public Library

Jan. 17-26, 1958 -- Art:USA:58

1958 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

1958 -- "Brotherhood in Art," Marshall Field & Co. Gallery

July 6-Aug. 16, 1958 -- Ravinia Festival

Sept. 1958 -- Chicago Artists, Anna Werbe Gallery, Detroit, MI

Sept. 6-7, 1958 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Dec. 1958 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

June 8, 1959 -- Bal Tabarin Room, Hotel Sherman, Chicago

July 27-Aug. 10, 1959 -- Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, Sherman Art Gallery

Sept. 12-13, 1959 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Nov. 1959 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 1960 -- Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival

March 31-May 28, 1961 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

Dec. 13, 1962-Jan. 26, 1963 -- "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," O'Hana Gallery, London

1964 -- North Mississippi Valley Exhibition

1965 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March-July 1966 -- Aqueduct Gallery, New York

May 23-Aug. 24, 1969 -- "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," National Portrait Gallery Traveling Exhibition

May 27, 1969 -- National Art Museum of Sport

Nov. 1969 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1971 -- "Beyond Illustration: The Art of Playboy," Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Spring 1972 -- Odyssey House Art Gallery

Sept.-Oct. 1973 -- Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois

1974 -- "Group Show of FKH Artists," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 2, 1974-Jan. 4, 1975 -- Holiday Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

Feb. 10-22, 1975 -- "Hammer Galleries Graphics," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept. 2-Nov. 21, 1975 -- "Drawings USA 75," Minnesota Museum of Art (Traveled Jan. 1976 -Dec. 1977)

May 2-July 4, 1976 -- "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO

Aug. 2-7, 1976 -- Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY

July 3-Sept. 30, 1977 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

June-July 1978 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

1977 -- "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

Sept. 12-16, 1978 -- Spectrum Fine Art, Royal Orleans Hotel

1979 -- "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

May 4-July 8, 1979 -- "Panorama of American Art," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

July 15-20, 1979 -- "Treasures of Island Creek," Louisville, KY

Jan. 2-Feb. 2, 1980 -- "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 29-Aug. 31, 1980 -- "That Belmont Look," New -York Historical Society (NYS Museum, Albany, Jan. -March, 1981)

Nov. 1980 -- "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary Inn, Alberta, Canada

1982 -- "When They Were Very Young," Amherst College Student Art Gallery, Amherst, MA

March 1982 -- Northampton County Area Community College Foundation

March 1983 -- "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," Museum of the City of New York

Sept. 25-Oct. 22, 1983 -- "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83," Greenwich Workshop Gallery

June 1984 -- "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," San Diego Museum of Art

March 1985 -- "Americana," Whitney Museum, New York

April-Aug. 1985 -- "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

May 1985 -- "Art," Area Club, New York

Dec. 1985-Jan. 1986 -- "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 15-June 28, 1987 -- "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," The Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ

April-May 1987 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 1987 -- "Athletes and Heroes," Bank One, Youngstown, OH

May 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA

Sept. 1987 -- El Paso Museum of Art

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1987 -- "Master Prints of the 19th-20th Century," Hammer Galleries, New York

June 1988 -- Mickey Mantle's Sports Art Gallery, New York

June 9-Sept. 24, 1988 -- L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, New York

Aug. 1988 -- "The Famous Show," China Club, New York

Sept. 1988 -- "New Perspectives on Contemporary Art," Tunnel Club, New York

Oct. 1988 -- "Women in Sports," Springfield College, Springfield, MA

Oct.-Nov. 1988 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Dec. 1988 -- "The Most Famous Artist Alive," Tunnel Club, New York

Jan. 1989 -- "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," Baja Club, New York

March 1989 -- "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show," Tunnel Club, New York

July-Aug. 1989 -- "20/20 Exhibition," Steiner& Young Galleries, Marietta, Georgia

June 1990 -- Amnesty International Exhibition, New York

Summer 1990 -- "Director's Choice," Park Shore Gallery, Naples, FL

Sept. 1991 -- "Expose Yourself to Art," University of Southern Florida

May 1-June 10, 1992 -- "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago

1993 -- "Salon d'Automne," Grand Palais, Paris

1993 -- "Equine Art" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1995 -- "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1994-1995 -- "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," Queens Museum of Art, New York

June 14, 1996 -- Cig Art, National Arts Club Exhibition and Benefit

1996 -- "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

2005 -- "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries

Appendix F: Index to CollectionA

ABC (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 4.1: 1977

ABC's Wide World of Sports - 4.1: 1987, see also Olympic Games

AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis) - 4.1: 1977, 1978

ASPCA - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988

Aaron, Hank - 4.1: 1972

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-1976, and Johnson, Earvin Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984 - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984

Abramowitz, A.N. (Avie) - 2.2: A. N. Abramowitz 1974-1978, 3.2.1

Abrams, Harry N. - see 3.2 - Publications files, 4.1: 1999

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Absolut Vodka - see promotions

Academie Internationale des Arts Contemporains, Belgium - 2.1: 1992

accountant - see Jacobs, Jason

Adams, Joey - 1.1: Friars Club

Adamowski, Benjamin - 4.1: 1960

Addams, Charles - 4.1: 2000

Addison, Robert and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 4.1: 1985, 1987, 1991 in two-person exhibition with LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Advanced Materials and Processes -- Magazine - 4.1: 1989

Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - see Long, Captain Elgen

Adventuress, 1970s - see Earhart, Amelia

aerobics - 2.1: 1984, see also dance: Jacki Sorenson, 1981

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Africa - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Afsary, Cyrus - 2.1: 1978

Air France - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

airlines

American Airlines - 2.1: 1999

Continental Airlines - see Fitzgerald, Ella

Albany, New York - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach - see promotions

Ali, Muhammad - see boxing

All - Sports Hall of Fame - 4.1: 1999

Allied Artists Council, Artists and Models Masque Ball, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Amateur Athletic Association - 4.1: 1998

Amateur Athletic Union - 2.1: 1976

Ambassadors Hotel, East and West, Chicago - 3.1: Ambassadors 1960s, see also restaurants: The Pump Room

America's Cup - see sailing

American Academy of Achievement - see awards

American Beauty Association - 4.1: 1994

American Broadcasting Company - see ABC

American Cancer Society - 4.1: 1986, 1989, 1997, 2004

American Carnival, Japan - 4.1: 1988

American Diabetes Association - 4.1: 1990, see Appendix A

American Embassy, Nairobi, Kenya - 2.1: 1984

American Federation of Television and Radio Artists - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards

American Flag, 2002 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998

American Fine Art Editions, Inc. - 4.1: 2004, see exhibitions

American Heart Association - 4.1: 1991

American in Paris, An - see -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris

American Sport Art Museum - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1986; Hall of Fame Awards Dinner - 3.1: Long Term Projects

American Stock Exchange - see Stock Market

Amnesty International - see exhibitions, group: Blumhelman Gallery

Ampex Video Art - see television

Anderson, Dave - 4.1: 1983, see also Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson

Anheuser-Busch - see promotions, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

animals -- - see exhibitions, horse racing, 3.2.12

Animal Fair Magazine - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000

Polar Bears - 4.1: 1979, 1984, 1993

birds - see also animals: roosters

Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984 - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Fighting Cocks, Manila, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Manila Cock -Pit, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Parrots, 1982 - 4.1: 1984

Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

cheetah

Kilimanjaro Cheetah, 1971 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Cheetah, 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Cougar, 1981 painting and 1993 serigraph - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1993

cow - see Cow Parade

dog - 4.1: 1998

Black Labrador, 1977 - 4.1: undated 1990s

Borzoi - see also Pelkey, Joe (serigraph)

dog walkers - VC: 1983

The Great Dane, Hamlet, 1986 - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988, 4.1: 1986

Hounds of Chantilly - 2.1: 1980, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Moore County Hounds, Southern Pines, North Carolina - 4.1: 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

eagle, American Bald Eagle, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

elephant

Elephant Charge, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Elephant Nocturne - 4.1: 1984, 1993

Elephant Stampede - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1976, 1989, 1993, 1995 Shikar, 1980 - 4.1: 1982, 1993

giraffe, Giraffe Family - 4.1: 1978, 1993

gorilla, Gorilla Family - 4.1: 1993

horse - see horses

jaguar, Jaguar Family, 1984 - 4.1: 1993

leopard

Kenya Leopard, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Leopard, 1971 serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Serengeti Leopard, 1976 - 4.1: 1993

lion

Lion, 1968 - 4.1: 1993

Lions, date? - 4.1: 1974

Lion Couple - IV: 1984, 1993

Lion Family, 1974 - 2.1: 2004, 4.1: 1993

Lion's Pride II, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ocelot - 4.1: 1993

panther, Black Panther, 1975 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975 -76, 4.1: 1975

rescue - see ASPCA, Bide-A-Wee, PAWS/LA, Humane Society of New York, Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter

rooster - Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1975 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

safari - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003, 3.2.12

tiger

Bengal Tiger - 4.1: 1993

Caspian Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Delacroix's Tiger - 4.1: undated, 1993

Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Young Tiger - 4.1: 1993

unicorn

The Hunt of The Unicorn, late 1960s mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

whale - see Moby Dick

wolf - see Call of the Wild, 1993

zebra, Zebra Family - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79, 4.1: 1984, 1993

zoo - 3.2.12d

Anisfeld, Boris - 2.1: 1988

Anthony, Earl - see bowling

Antonacci, Joe - 4.1: 1982

Apollo Theater - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1998

Area nightclub, New York - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

arenas - see The Spectrum, Madison Square Garden

Arizona Heart Institute - see The Open Heart, 1982

Arizona Landscape, 1979 - 2.1: 1979

Arkansas - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 3.1: Olympics Munich 1972, 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 3.1: Olympics, Montreal 1976 Roone Arledge, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 2003

Arliss - 4.1: 1996

Armory Art Fair, Washington DC - 4.1: 1977

Armstrong, Louis - see jazz

Army, U.S., service in - 1.1: Military Service

Army vs. Navy 1946, 2000 - 4.1: 2001

Arnstein, Vera Daphne - 4.1: 1990

Arrow shirts - see promotions

Art Aid - 4.1: 1986

L'art et l'automobile - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1988, 2002, see also exhibitions

Art Brokerage Inc. - see Rose, Donna

Art Collection House Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Art Directors Club of Oklahoma City - 4.1: 1967, VII

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art for Education - 4.1: 1998

The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, by Arthur Flowers and Anthony Curtis, foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, Huntington Press, 2000

Art Institute of Boston - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1975

Art Institute of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 1987, 1989, 1996, 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992, 4.1: 1978 ov, 2001, 2002, see also exhibitions

Auxiliary Board - 2.1: 1990

Barewalls, 2001 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Reunion 2001

Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - see LeRoy Neiman: Art and LifeStyle, 1974, 3.2.1

ArtExpo New York - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, 1998, 2001

Art-o-gram: News of the art world for art dealers only - 4.1: 1977

Arthur Andersen & Co. - 4.1: 1981

Les Arts de France - 2.1: 1988

Arum, Bob and Lovee - 2.1: 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1996

Ascent, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Ashford, Evelyn - see running

Aspen, CO - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards Dinner 1977-present

Astaire, Fred

Fred Astaire - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998 -, 4.1: 1985

Athens International Festival - 4.1: 1993

Atlanta, GA - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968

Atlanta International Film Festival - 4.1: 1974 and ov, V: 1974

Atlanta Magazine - 4.1: 1969, 1975, 1996

Atlanta's Poor People Art School - 4.1: 1969

Atlantic City, New Jersey - see also casinos, promotions, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989

attorney - see Shaw, Robert

auction - 4.1: 1978, 1997, 1998, 1999

Augusta National Golf Club, The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 4.1: 1994

auto racing -- - 4.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, 1999

Andretti, Mario - 4.1: 1975, 1992

Andretti, Michael - 4.1: 1992

Brayton, Scott - 4.1: 1996

Beni Hana Grand Prix - 2.1: 1978

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1981 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1982 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1983 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Can-Am Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Dallas Grand Prix, 1984 - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Dallas Grand Prix 1984

Denver Grand Prix, 1990 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Denver Grand Prix, 1991 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Ferrari - 4.1: 1989

Fittipaldi, Emerson

Fittipaldi, 1989 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi 1989, 4.1: 1990

Grand Prix Heart Ball - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-91

Grand Prix de Monaco - 2.1: 1986, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Grand Prix de Monaco, 1976 - 4.1: 1993, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Indianapolis 500 - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Pits at Indy, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

Le Mans - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams Notes on Auto Racing and Basketball, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s, see Appendix E

Miami Grand Prix - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Toyota Grand Prix of Miami, 1991 (for 1992 race) - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Penske, Roger - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Revson, Peter

Peter Revson, Can-Am Race, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Toyota Monterey Grand Prix, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Laguna Seca Raceway, 1989 - 4.1: 1990

automobiles - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1993, 1999, 2001, see also l'Art et l'Automobile, and auto racing

The Robb Report Magazine - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1983, 1987

Rolls-Royce - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries Exhibitions 1985, 4.1: undated, 1983

awards - 1.1: Awards

B

Baden Baden - 2.1: 1997

Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Bailey, Jim - see golf: Atlanta National Golf Club

Baker, Dusty - 4.1: 1998

Bal de la Mer - 3.1: Monaco 1994, 4.1: 1994

Baldwin, James, James Baldwin, 1961 and 1964 drawings - 2.1: 2002

ballet -- - 4.1: 1987, V: Kathy Healey, 1981, see also dance

Ballet Arkansas - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: undated 1980s

Ballet: The Daring Project, Joyce Theater, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

Ballet Theater Foundation, Inc. - 4.1: 1976

Baryshnikov, Mikhail, Baryshnikov, 1983 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bolshoi Ballet - 4.1: 1968, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969

Gregory, Cynthia - 2.1: 1986, 2.1: 1990

Nureyev, Rudolph, Nureyev, 1974 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76, Nureyev, 1986 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Prima Ballerina 'Assoluta' - 2.1: 1986, 1989, 4.1: 1989

Ballot, Isabelle - 4.1: 1996, 1998, 2001

Barber, Tiki - 4.1: 2001, 2002

Barclays Bank - 4.1: 1993

Bardot, Brigitte - 4.1: 1961

BareWalls - 1.1: Education and Teaching-Art Institute of Chicago after 1959

Barkley, Charles - 4.1: 1999, 2001, V: Photographs

Charles Barkley, 1997 - V: Photographs

Barnet, Will - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Barnett, Dick - 4.1: 1990

"Baroque Bravura Today?" undated article by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: undated

Barrington Enterprises Inc. - see Landau, Barry

bars - see restaurants and bars

Bartender Magazine -- - 2.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book II - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Baryshnikov, Mikhail - see ballet

baseball -- - 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974 -1994, 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975 -1994, 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985 -87, 3.1: Dodgers Centennial, 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999, 3.2.13, 4.1: 1992, also search for individual players and coaches by name in Index and Appendix A

All-Stars - 4.1: undated

Baseball Players, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Baseball Writers Association of America - 4.1: 1990, 1993

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990, 4.1: 1991

Boston Red Sox - 4.1: 1975, 1982, 1986

Brooklyn Dodgers - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, see also Los Angeles Dodgers

Chicago Cubs - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter Thad Bosley 1985

Cincinnati Reds - 4.1: 1975, 1986

Cleveland Indians - 4.1: 1975

etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Florida Marlins, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1992

Hollywood All-Stars - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings 1962-1999

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - 3.2.13

Japan - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Kansas City Royals - 4.1: 1990

Los Angeles Dodgers - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 4.1: 1992; Dodgers Centennial, 1990 - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1991

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - 2.1: 1978, 1996, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1990, 1993 (yearbook), 1994, 1995

New York Giants - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

New York Mets - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2002

New York Yankees - 2.1: 2004, 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1977, 2000

Oakland Athletics - 2.1: 1993, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league) - 2.1: 1998

Philadelphia Phillies - 4.1: 1993

Pittsburgh Pirates - 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1984; Pittsburgh Pirates, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Saint Louis Cardinals - 4.1: 1999

San Francisco Giants - 4.1: 1988-89

Seattle Mariners - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Sliding Home, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1978, 1988, 1989; team yearbooks - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1973, 1977, 1979, 2001

World Series: 1966 - VII; 1972 - 4.1: 1972; 1975 - 4.1: 1975, 1986; 1976 - 2.1: 1976; 1986 - 4.1: 1986; 1989 - 4.1: 1989

basketball

Basketball, 1972 - 4.1: 1992

Basketball Superstars, 1975-76 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

college basketball - 4.1: 1992, 1994

Indiana University Hoosiers; Hoosier Hoopla, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1976, 1978, 1989, VII: Pendants

North Carolina Tar Heels - 4.1: 1977

Oregon State University - 4.1: 1977

University of Kentucky Wildcats; The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats 1978

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 4.1: 1983

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 1978-91

NBA basketball - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Orlando Magic commission, 1990, 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1977, 1979

All-Stars - 4.1: 1977

NBA All -Star Game - 4.1: 1978

Boston Celtics - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1989 ov

Buffalo Braves - 2.1: 1976

Chicago Bulls - 4.1: 1989

Houston Rockets - 4.1: 1975

Los Angeles Clippers - 2.1: 1989

Los Angeles Lakers - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 4.1: 1989 ov

Milwaukee Bucks - 4.1: 1977

New York Knicks - 4.1: 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1989, 1993

Orlando Magic - 3.1: Orlando Magic commission 1990, 4.1: 1989

Philadelphia 76ers - 4.1: 1999

Washington Bullets - 4.1: 1980

Battig, Joseph - 2.1: 1996

Battle of the Bay, serigraph - 4.1: 1989

Baumgartner, Bruce - see wrestling

Beard, James - 3.1: James Beard 1985-2002, 4.1: 1996

The Beatles

The Beatles, 1966, serigraph 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Beatty, Warren - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

beauty pageants

ITMSA Miss Legs Competition - 2.1: 1983

Miss America - 3.1: Miss America Pageant 1983-1984

Miss Asia - 3.1: Miss Asia Pageant 1986

Miss J.A.P. and Miss Purim Pageants - 4.1: 1982

Miss Legs America - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1984

Miss Teen USA - 3.1: Miss Teen USA Pageant 1983

Miss Universe - 3.1: Miss Universe Pageant 1981

Miss USA - 3.1: Miss USA Pageant 1978

Miss World -USA - 3.1: Miss World-USA Beauty Pageant 1975

Mrs. America - 3.1: Mrs. America Pageant 1982

Playboy Bunny of the Year Pageant - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Beaux Arts, Inc. Award - 1.1: Awards

Begin, Menachem - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Behan, Brendan - see Borstal Boy

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bench, Johnny - 4.1: 1972

Bench, The Catcher, 1989 - 3.1: Johnny Bench 1989

Bennett, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett 1998 -2000, 4.1: 2002, John Bennett, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988, 1998

Bennett, Tony - 4.1: 1963, 1973, 1985

Berra, Yogi - 4.1: 1985, 1998

Yogi Berra Museum - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum, 2000

Bernstein, Leonard, Leonard Bernstein, 1972 - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, undated drawing - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, 1967 drawing - 4.1: 1998

Bethany College - 4.1: 1979

Bethesda Fountain; View of Bethesda Fountain, 1989 - 3.1: A Salute to Central Park Exhibition 1989

Better Boys Foundation - 4.1: 1974

Beverly Hills, California - 2.1: 1985, 1989, see exhibitions: Lawrence Ross Galleries

Beverly Hills Hotel - 2.1: 1989

Bide-A-Wee - 4.1: 1992

Big Time Golf, by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2:10

billboard - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983, VC: 1980s

Billboard Magazine International Billie Awards - 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993

billiards -- - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Billiard World Magazine - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Pool Game, 1966 - 4.1: 1998

Pool Room, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Sardi's World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Bimini, Bahamas - 2.1: 1977, 1979

Bingo, 1973 - 4.1: 1989

Binns, James - 4.1: 1996, 2000

Bird, Larry, Larry Bird, 1992 - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, see also Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

birthday - 4.1: 1999

Black Labrador, 1977 - see animals

Black Panther, 1975 - see animals

Blackwood, Glenn - 4.1: 1993

Bland, Bobby Blue - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blaukmer, Professor Frederika - 4.1: 1979

Blecker, Tom, Kathy, and Barbra - 2.2: Artwork by Children, 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bloomberg, Mayor Michael - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 1990s-2000s

Blue Moon Bay Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1997

bloopers - 4.1: 1978, 1997

Bluebird Café - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Blues Ball - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blum's - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

B'nai B'rith - 1.1: Awards

Boathouse Restaurant - see Central Park Boathouse

boats - see sailing, or Showboats International; The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Bochette, Liston - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

bodybuilding -- - 4.1: 1977, 1982, 1990

Everson, Cory - 4.1: 1990

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - see Schwarzenegger, Arnold

Boek, Louis - 1.1: Military Service

Boggs, Bill - 4.1: 2002 ov., 2004

Bonaventure - see St. Bonaventure University

Bond, Julian - 4.1: 1969

Bonds, Barry - Barry Bonds, 2003 pastel - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-present book jacket illustrations - 3.1: folder 1, 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 4.1: 1973, 1982, 1988-89

Book of the Month Club - 3.2.5, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams , Text Drafts

books

by Mr. Neiman - see Publications files in Series 3.2

by others, containing Mr. Neiman's works - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli, Skip Singleton tennis books, see also book jacket illustrations

bookstores - see Publications files in series 3.2 for information on book signings at bookstores

Borg, Bjorn - see tennis

Borstal Boy - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970

Bosley, Thad - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Bourgeois, Louise - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Bourne, Bob - 4.1: 1983

Bowe, Riddick - see boxing

Bowlers Journal - see bowling

Bowles, Franklin - see Bowles Galleries

Bowles Galleries - 1.2: Bowles Galleries, see exhibitions, see also Timothy Yarger Fine Art

bowling -- - 2.1: 1976

Anthony, Earl - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Carter, Don - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Esposito, Frank - 2.1: 1986, 1996, 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Varipapa, Andy - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

boxing -- - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 3.1: Ali vs. Holmes 1980, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 3.1: Mike Tyson Portraits 1986-1990s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, undated 1990s, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Ali, Muhammad - see Ali vs. Frazier, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, .2.1: 2001, 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004, 3.2.1, 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s, 4.2: The Ring Magazine as artist - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1970 ov, 1979

Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000 - 3.1: Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000-2002

Muhammad Ali - The Greatest Collector's Edition Magazine, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ali vs. Foreman, Zaire poster, 1974 - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Ali vs. Frazier

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999 - 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier II, 1974, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 1990

Fight of the Century poster, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Thrilla in Manila poster, 1975 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Holmes, 1980 - 3.1: Ali -Holmes 1980, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Spinks, 1978 - 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 4.1: 2000

Bobrick - 4.1: 1977

Bowe, Riddick - 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1996, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Boxers Ball - 4.1: 1997

Boxing Beat Magazine - 4.1: 1988

Boxing Illustrated - 4.1: 1993

Boxing at the Ritz - 4.1: 1993

Boxing Writers Association of America - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1967, 1985, 2004

Brenner, Teddy - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1978, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Camacho, Hector - 4.1: 1986, 1997

Chavez, Julio Cesar - 4.1: 1993, 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, pastel - 4.1: 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, 1996 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Clay, Cassius - see Muhammad Ali

Coetzee - 4.1: 1984

Cooney, Gerry - see Holmes vs. Cooney, 2.1: 1989, 2000, 4.1: 1981, 1987, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

De La Hoya, Oscar - 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Oscar De La Hoya, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

De La Hoya vs. Mosely poster 2000 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Mosley 2000

De La Hoya vs. Whitaker, 1997 - 4.1: 1997

Dundee, Angelo - 3.1: Angelo Dundee Tribute 2002

Duran, Roberto - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980 -1989, 4.1: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1994, 1995, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1973 ov

F.I.S.T. - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000, 2001

film, documentary - see Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972

Foreman, George - see Ali vs. Foreman, 2.1: 1989, 4.1: undated, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1995, 1999, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Foreman Frazier Fight - 4.1: undated

Foreman vs. Holmes, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Frazier, Joe - see Ali vs. Frazier, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: undated, 1969 ov, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1998, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Golden Gloves Championships - 4.1: 2000, 2001

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Grant, Michael - see Lewis vs. Grant, 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 2001

Graziano, Rocky - 4.1: 1990, 1991

HBO - 4.1: 2003, 2004

Hagler, Marvin - 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 1984, 2000

Hearns, Thomas - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 2000, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Thomas Hearns, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - 4.1: 1970, VII: Box 3

Heavyweight Collision - 4.1: 2003

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - 3.1: Heavyweight Explosion 2000

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Holmes vs. Coetzee, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes, Larry - see Ali vs. Holmes, Holmes vs. Cooney, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.1: 1984, 1999, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes vs. Shavers poster, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 2000

Holmes vs. Spinks, 1985 poster - 4.1: 1985

Holyfield, Evander - see Tyson vs. Holyfield, 3.1: Holyfield-Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2003

Hopkins, Bernard - Bernard Hopkins, 2004 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004 Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - 4.1: 1965, 1983

Jones, Jr., Roy - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000; Roy Jones, Jr. - 4.1: 2000

King, Don - 4.1: 1977, 2003

Latin Legends - 4.1: 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 4.1: 1980 ov, 1997, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Lewis, Lennox - see Lewis vs. Grant, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 2001

Lewis vs. Grant poster, 2000 - 4.1: 2000 and ov

Lewis vs. Tyson poster, 2002 - 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002

Liston, Sonny - 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1974 ov, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Louis, Joe - 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks fight) 1981

Joe Louis, 1983 - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991, 4.1: 1991

Malave, Chu Chu - 4.1: 1973

Mathis, Buster - 4.1: 1971

The Maulers 1993 lithograph - 4.1: 1993

Mayweather, Floyd - 4.1: 2000

McGirt, James "Buddy" - 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993

Morrison, Tommy - 4.1: 1993, 1995

Mosely, Shane - see De La Hoya vs. Mosely

North American Boxing Federation - 4.1: 2000

Norton, Ken - 4.1: 1976, 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame - 1.1: Awards - Inductions, 4.1: 2000

Olympic boxing - see Olympics

Patterson, Floyd - 4.1: 1972

Quarry, Jerry - 4.1: 1969 ov, 1970, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Red Boxers, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Reid, David

David Reid, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Ring Magazine - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1966, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ringside and Training Principles, by Goodman and Homansky 2001 - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Robinson, Sugar Ray - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1994; Sugar Ray Robinson, 1969 - 4.1: 1969, 1998

Rocky - see Rocky films

Salute to Boxing Greats Award - 1.1: Awards

Shavers, Earnie - see Holmes vs. Shavers, 4.1: 1973 ov, 1977, 4.2: The Ring Magazine Spinks, Leon - see Ali vs. Spinks, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Spinks, Michael - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 4.1: 1987, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1972

Thornton, Wayne - 4.1: 1966

Toney, James - 4.1: 2003, James Toney, 1994 - 4.1: 2004

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Trinidad, Felix - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999

Tyson, Mike - 3.1: Mike Tyson portraits 1986-90s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 4.1: 1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 portraits - 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 1999, 2001

Tyson vs. Holyfield, 1996 - 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996

Vargas, Fernando - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Veteran Boxers Association of NY - 4.1: 1993

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Williams, Cleveland - 4.1: 1966, 1967

World Boxing Association Annual Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000

World Boxing League - 4.1: Undated 2000s

Boy Scouts of America - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989 ov

Boys' Athletic League - 4.1: 1974

Boys and Girls Clubs of America - 4.1: 1977, All Sports Hall of Fame Dinner - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1996, 1997, Legends & Fans Dinner - 4.1: 1990

Boys Town of Italy - 4.1: 1987, 1988, 1992

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978 -2000, 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 4.1: 1981, 1999

Branca, Ralph - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1994

Brayton, Scott - see auto racing

Brazil Stock Exchange, 1985 - 2.1: 1985

Brenner, Teddy - see boxing

Brett, George - 4.1: 1990; George Brett, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Brice, Bobbie - 4.1: 1982

Bride's Magazine -- - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

Broadway - see musicals or Times Square, 2001

Brooklyn Bridge, 1995 - 1.1: Honorary Degrees - Saint Francis College, 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1998

brothel - see Mustang Ranch

Brown, Jim - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Brown, Larry

Larry Brown - 4.1: 1972

Bruce, Lenny - 4.1: 1976

Jeffrey Bryan Fine Art - 4.1: 1989

Bryant, Coach Paul "Bear," Coach Bear Bryant, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 4.1: 1981

Budweiser - see Anheuser-Busch

Buena Vista Bar - 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992

bull riding - see rodeo

bullfight - 4.1: 1960

Kneeling Matador, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

El Matador, 1965 - 2.1: 1986

Matador, 1967 - 4.1: 1989

La Plaza de Toros - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

Toreador, 1968 - 4.1: 1984

Burgdorff Cultural Center - 4.1: 1999

Burger King - see promotions

Burns, George - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Burr & Associates (Cameron Burr) - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 3.1: The Texas Longhorns, 1985, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Bush, President George H.W. and Barbara - 1.1: Honorary Degrees c., 2.1: 1989

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003

Bushkin, Joe - 4.1: 1997

Busker Alley - 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995

Byrams, Gina - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Byrne, Janet - see Neiman, Janet

C

CBS Sports television - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: CBS Sports, 4.1: 1978, 1985

CD ROM - VII

Caesar's Palace - see casinos

Cahill, Very Reverend Joseph - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, St. John's University, Honorary Doctorate, 1980, St. John's University, Gold Medal of Honor, 1985

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Calder, Alexander - 4.1: 1973 (see exhibitions, two-person)

calendars - 4.1: 1974 ov, 1976, 3.1: Wild Animals and Art of Sport Calendars 1992-94 and ov, 3.1: Golf Courses Calendar 1996

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Call of the Wild -- , by Jack London - 3.1: -- Call of the Wild -- 1993

Camacho, Hector - see boxing

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - see Carter, President Jimmy

Campbell, Earl - 2.1: 1982

Campbell's Soup - 4.1: 2004

Cannes Film Festival - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984

Cape Town, South Africa - 4.1: 1997

Capone, Al, Al Capone - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1972, 1992, 1995

Cappy Productions - 2.1: 2000

Caracas, Venezuela - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, see exhibitions: Museo de Bellas Artes

"Caring is Fashionable" - 4.1: 1981

Carlson, Bill - see "Neiman's Cuba"

Carnaval, 1981 - 3.2.6, 3.2 ov., see Haskell, Nikki

Carousel, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

The Carousel of Hope - see also Appendix A, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Carpenter, Rob - 4.1: 1982

carpet - see tapestry

Carreras, Jose - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

cars - see automobiles

Carter, Don - see bowling

Carter, Lillian - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, V: 1970s

Carter, President Jimmy -- - 4.1: 1978, 1989

Peace Treaty, 1980 - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Casey at the Bat, by Ernest L. Thayer, illustrated by LeRoy Neiman - 3.2.13

casinos and gambling -- - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1984, 1997, 1998, see also The Art of Gaming Through the Ages

Baden Baden, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Bally's Park Place, Atlantic City - 2.1: 1999

Bally's, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999

Le Casino de Monte Carlo, 1969 - 4.1: 1984

Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Caesar's Palace 1980, 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Holmes-Cooney 1982, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1976, 1979, undated 1980s, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1993

Desert Inn - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1998

Les Femmes du Caesar's Palace - 4.1: undated 1980s

Chemin de Fer, 1966 (1991 serigraph release) - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1991, 1998

Craps Kinshasa - 4.1: 1976

Fiesta Casino Hotel - 2.1: 1997

Gambling Times -- Magazine - 4.1: 1984

Gaming Table, 1958 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

The Golden Nugget, Las Vegas - 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

Green Table, 1972 - 4.1: undated, 1984

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

High Stakes, 1974 - 4.1: 1984

The Hustler -- - see -- The Hustler

International Poker, 2004 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2004

Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino and Hotel, Atlantic City - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

The Poker Game - 4.1: 1980

Rio Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1997

Roulette, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Roulette, 1970 - 2.1: 1970, 4.1: 1995

Roulette II, 1996 serigraph - 3.2:11, 4.1: 1996, 1997

Sands Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1994, 1997

Slots-change Girl, 1980 - 4.1: 1984

Stud Poker - 4.1: 1984

Tropicana Resort & Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999, VII: Artifacts

Casino Legends Hall of Fame, LeRoy Neiman Award - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1999

Folies Bergere - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana 1983, 3.1: Folies Bergere Neiman Chips 1999, 4.1: 1999

t.v. commercial - 4.1: 1984

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Vegas Blackjack - 4.1: 1984, 1996

catalogue raisonnes - 3.2.5, 3.2.9, 3.2.14

Cavett, Dick - 2.1: 1999

"Celebration 2000" Exhibition - 3.2.14

Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993 - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas - see exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Hawaii - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii 1985, 4.1: 1984, 1987

Central Park Boathouse - see restaurants

cereal box - see Wheaties

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1989

Chamberlain, Wilt - see 3.1: Basketball Superstars, 1975 -76, 3.1: Kareem Abdul -Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Wilt Chamberlain 2000, 4.1: 1981

champagne - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne 1999-2001

Champagne Taittinger - 3.1: 1993

Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.1: Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly 1996

Champions vs. MS - 2.1: 1977

Champs-Elysses

Le Champs- Elysses, 1992 - 4.1: 1996

The Champs-Elysees, la Voie Triomphale, 1994 - 4.1: 1997

Chandler, Charlotte - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Channel Thirteen, New York - 2.1: 1984, 4.1: 1983

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

charity - 2.1: Charities (all files), see also AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis), American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC), Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Boys Town of Italy, Carousel of Hope (Children's Diabetes Foundation), Champions vs. MS, Children's Hearing Institute, Citymeals-on-Wheels, Concern's Charity of Champions, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Doodle for Hunger, Good Tidings Foundation, Hope House Ministries, Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean, International Heart Foundation, International Sephardic Education Foundation, Jackie Robinson Foundation (under Robinson, Jackie), Jimmy Fund, Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, Leukemia Society of America, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Monmouth Park Charity Ball, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association, Race to Erase MS, Rock for the Cure, Ronald McDonald House, Special Olympics, United Cerebral Palsy Association, United Way, 4.1: 1981, 1992, 1999; see also animals: rescue

Charlie Cosmetics - see promotions

Chavez, Julio Cesar - see boxing

chef - 3.1: James Beard 1985-87, see also Bennett, Chef John; Clark, Chef Patrick; Kopf, Stefan; Lomonaco, Chef Michael; food; restaurants; Soltner, Chef Andre

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, VII: Box 3

Cher - 4.1: 1981

chess - see Fischer, Bobby

Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75 - 2.1: 1977, 1989, 4.1: 1977

Chicago Public Library - 4.1: 1955-59

Chicago Serigraphic Workshop - 2.1: 1977

children, artwork by - 2.2: Artwork from Children

children, letters from - 2.2: Mrs. Vladimir's Class 1975-85, 2.2: Hutchinson KS, Elementary Schools, 1976-78, 2.2: Mr. Silver's Class 1978-81, see also various letters in 2.1 Fan Mail files

Children at Heart - 4.1: 1996

Childrens Diabetes Foundation - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Children's Hearing Institute - 4.1: 1994

China - 2.1: 1983

Chinaglia, Georgio - see soccer

Choate School - 4.1: 1969

Christie's - 4.1: 1978

Christina Galice Gallery - 2.1: 1990

churches -- - 4.1: 1964, 1965; The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

cigars -- - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1996, 1997, 1998

Cigar Aficionado -- Magazine - 2.1: 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Components of Fire by (Aaron Sigmond or Jim Mauro) with Foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1997

Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego, 1997

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Industry Video 1997-1998

Wine, Women and Cigar, 1996 - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1996, 4.1: 1999, 4.2: -- Bartender -- Magazine Cincotti, Peter - 4.1: 2002 ov.

Circle Galleries, Chicago and New York - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1989, 1.2: Felicie Correspondence, see exhibitions, solo: Circle Galleries and "Ali-Frazier"

Circus, 2000 - 3.1: Circus 2000, 4.1: 2001

Cirker - Hayes Warehouse - IID: Inventory of Prints Stored in Warehouse 1970s-80s

Cities in Schools - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981, 4.2: Arts Magazine

City by the Bay, 1993 - see San Francisco

City By The Bay, by Charles Fracchia, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Citymeals-on-Wheels - see Beard, James

Clark, Chef Patrick Dean - 4.1: 1998

Classic Leather - see promotions

Classic Moments Watches - 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989

Classico Postcards - 2.1: 1992

Claude-Jobrack, Madeleine - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Clay, Cassius - see boxing: Ali, Muhammad

Clayton, Derek - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Clemens, Roger, The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003 - 3.1: The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003

Clemente, Roberto - 4.1: 1992, Roberto Clemente - 4.1: 1973

Clinton, President Bill - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, 4.1: 1992

clothing - VII

clothing stores - see Marshall Fields, Neiman Marcus, Pallack, Rick, and Saks Fifth Avenue, 4.1: 1958

Clough, Charles - 4.1: 1986

Club El Morocco - 4.1: 1979

Clubhouse Turn, 1975 - see horse racing

Coalition for the Homeless - 4.1: 1986

Coca-Cola Company - 2.1: 1994

Coetzee - see boxing

Coghlan, Eamon - see running

Cohen, Mouli - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

collectibles - see promotions

collectors - 4.1: 1969, 1980, 1981, see Wolfson

college sports - see basketball, football

Columbia Space Shuttle - 4.1: Undated ov

Columbia University - School of the Arts - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present; School of General Studies - 2.1: 1977

Comaneci, Nadia - see gymnastics

Comedia dell' Arte - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78

comic strips - see -- Doonesbury

commercials - see Promotions

Commodities Magazine - see The Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75

Concern Foundation

Concern's Charity of Champions - 4.1: 1983

conductors - see Bernstein, Leonard; Slatkin, Leonard

Contemporary University - 4.1: 1980

Cooney, Gerry - see boxing

computer art - 4.1: 1975

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Converse - 2.1: 1982

Bill Corum Award - 1.1: Awards

Corvette, Limited Edition Neiman - 3.1: Corvette 1984, V: 1980s, Rendezvous a la Corvette, 1984 - 3.1: Corvette 1984

Cosby, Bill - 4.1: 1991, 1997

Cosell, Howard - 4.1: 1987, 1995, V: 1991

cosmetics - see promotions

Cotton Club - 4.1: undated

Countdown to Superbowl, by Dave Anderson - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969

Country Rambler -- Magazine - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976 ov

Couples - 4.1: 1976

Cow Parade, NYC - 3.1: Cow Parade NYC, 2000

cowboys - see The Lone Ranger, National Cowboy Hall of Fame, rodeo

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

cricket - 4.1: 1961

Crosby, Bing - 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

crossword puzzles - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995, 1998, 1999

Crozier, William - V: 1995

Csonka, Larry - 4.1: 1973, 1974; Larry Csonka - 4.1: 1972

Cuba - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003, 4.1: 1979

Cuban Dancers, 1997 - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video 1997-98

The Culinary Arts exhibition - 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998

Culinary Institute of America - 4.1: 2000

Cunningham, Merce - see dance

Current Biography - 4.1: 1996

Curtis, Mike - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973

Curtis, Tony - 2.1: 1988

cycling

3.1: Tour de Trump

Boul Mich Bike Rally, 1978 - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1978 ov

Indoor Cycling - 4.1: 2000, 2002

Tour de France - 4.1: 1984

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - 4.1: 1996

D

Daily Double - see Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center

Dalai Lama - 2.1: 2003

Daley, Robert - 4.1: 1966

Daley, Mayor Richard - 4.1: 1968

Dali, Salvador - 4.1: 1977, 1986, 1991, 2002 (mentioned throughout 1980s and 1990s)

Dan's Papers - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 4.1: 1997 ov

dance -- - see also ballet

Cunningham, Merce

Merce Cunningham Studio - 4.1: 2004

"Fringe TOMAR 2000" Festival Internacional de Danca Contemporanea, 2000 - VII

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Jacki Sorenson, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Davidson Gallery - 4.1: 1986

Davis, Marvin and Barbara - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Jr. , Sammy - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989, 4.1: 1964, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, V: early 1960s, Bojangles, 1984 - 4.1: 1986

Dawkins, Peter - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988

De la Hoya, Oscar - see boxing

De La Vega, James - 4.1: 1999

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, see also exhibitions

Dear Muffo, by Harold Conrad - 4.1: 1982

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

DeBusschere, Dave - 4.1: 1974

The Dedication - 4.1: 1969

Deer Path Art League - 4.1: 1950s

Defiant, 1987 - see sculpture

Degregorio, Ernie - 2.1: 1976

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Del Coronado Petit Galop, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Del Greco, Maria -2.3: Letters from Artists, 4.1: undated, 1996

Delacroix's Tiger - see animals

Delligatti, Ralph - 4.1: 1992

Denver, CO - see auto racing

Denver, John - 4.1: 1994

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1985

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines Ballet - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Des Moines Symphony - 4.1: 1979

Desert Inn, Las Vegas - see casinos: Caesar's

Desert Symphony - see music: classical

designers - 4.1: 1997

Dewar's - 4.1: 1971

Dial-A-Dinner - 4.1: 1994

Diamond, Neil - 4.1: 1984

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

A Dictionary of Sporting Artists, by Mary Ann Wingfield - 4.1: 1992

Dill, Bob - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1995, 1996, 1999

DiMaggio, Joe - 4.1: 1992

Joe DiMaggio: Yankee Clipper, 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999, 4.1:1998 Joe DiMaggio: Study for "Yankee Clipper", 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999

DiPietro, Marylou - 2.1: 1979, 3.2.3

diving - see swimming and diving

Dixon, Rod - see running

dog - see animals

Dokes, Michael - 4.1: 1993

Domingo, Placido - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

Doodle for Hunger - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Doonesbury -- - 4.1: 1981

Door County - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Dorfman, Fred - see Fred Dorfman, Inc.

Dorset, Tony - 2.1: 1982

Doubletake Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Douglas, Kirk, Kirk Douglas, 1984 - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

dreams - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Driscoll, John (President of Iona College) - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, Iona College, Honorary Doctorate, 1985

Dubai - 2.1: 1988

Dublin Bar "The Stag's Head" - see The Stag's Head Bar, 1961

Dufresne, Isabelle - 4.1: 1988

Duguay, Ron - 4.1: 1982

Dundee, Angelo - see boxing

Duneier, Clyde - 4.1: 1993

Dupont, Andre - 4.1: 1974

Dupont pens - see promotions

Duran, Roberto - see boxing

Durocher, Leo - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1968, Leo Durocher - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94

Duval LeRoy, Carol - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne, 1999

Dyansen Gallery - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997

Van Dyke, Dick - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Dylan, Bob, Bob Dylan, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

E

Earhart, Amelia - The Adventuress, 1970s - 4.1: 1982

Eaton, Roy, Roy Eaton, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Roy Eaton, 1980, 1980-1992, 4.1: 1986

Economic Opportunity Atlanta - 3.1: 1968

Editions Limited - see Pelkey, Joe

education - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 4.1: 1980

Egypt - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Eiffel Tower - 4.1: 1995 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Eight Nation Athletic Games - 4.1: 1978

Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein, 1992 drawing - 2.1: 1991

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg, 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73, 4.1: undated, 1963, 1986, 1994

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 4.1: 2001, see also exhibitions

elephant paintings - see animals

Elkins Entertainment - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video, 1997

Elles & Eux -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961

Ellington, Duke - see jazz

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1971

Ellis Island Medal of Honor - 1.1: Awards

Elway, John - 3.1: John Elway, 1999

Emerald Art Gallery - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition 1976

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

equestrian - see horses

Erte -- - 4.1: 1990, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Erving, Julius - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-76, Julius Erving, 1975 - 3.1: Julius Erving 1975-76

Esposito, Frank - see bowling

Esposito, Phil - 4.1: 1975

Esquire -- Magazine - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970 ov, 4.1: 1999

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

etchings - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Malletmen etching Certificate, 1977, 1.2: Bowles Galleries Correspondence 1970s, see also boxing: Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974, and soccer: Soccer, 1989 etching, The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 Knoedler booklet - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov)

Eve Models, Ltd. - 4.1: 1971, 1974

Everson, Cory - see bodybuilding

Evert, Chris - see tennis

Ewbank, Weeb - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1978

exhibitions -- - Note: Solo and group exhibitions are listed alphabetically by the venue name

solo exhibitions

750 Studio, Chicago, 1953 - 3.1: 750 Studio, Chicago, Solo Exhibition 1953

Abercrombie & Fitch, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, V: 1990

American Fine Art Editions, Inc., "Superbowl XXX," Jan 1996 - 3.1: Superbowl XXX Exhibition 1996

American Fletcher National Bank - see Indianapolis Museum of Art

l'art et l'automobile gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," New York 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

l'art et l'automobile gallery, New York, 1989 - no materials

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1978 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1979 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Astor Tower French Center, Chicago, "Vie de France," 1965 - 3.1: "Vie de France" Solo Exhibition, Astor Tower, Chicago 1965

Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan - 4.1: 1989

Baja - 4.1: 1989

Base Art Collection, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1977 - 3.1: Bowles Hopkins Solo Exhibition, San Francisco, 1977

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, "The Olympic Spirit," San Francisco, 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating the Superbowl, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, February 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, October 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Neiman's Neimans: A Retrospective," San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Solo Exhibitions, San Francisco ("Neiman's Neimans") and Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," San Francisco 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Polo Lounge Debut, Beverly Hills, April 1989 - 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1989

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, May 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

Bowles/Sorokko, Beverly Hills, October 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980 -1990," Beverly Hills, 1991 - 3.2. The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980-1990, 1991

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman's San Francisco," San Francisco 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," New York 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, City by the Bay Debut, San Francisco, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series, 1991-1993

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "An American in Paris," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, 1995 - 4.1: 1995

Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, "Portraits of Our Times 1946-1996", Beverly Hills and San Francisco 1996 - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Butler Institute of American Art, Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, April 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland, 1977 - 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

"Celebration 2000," 2000 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1991-2000, 2001

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Centaur Sculpture Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Las Vegas 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985 - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

Chabot Galleries, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Choate School, "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Circle Gallery, Chicago 1972 - 3.1: Circle Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago, 1972

Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, and NYC, 1973 - 3.1: Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, NYC, 1973

Circle Gallery, New York, "Ali - Frazier," 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Dean Day Gallery, 1983 - 4.1: 1982, 1983

Dyansen Gallery, "The Playboy Collection," 1989-90 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90

Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis, MN, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978

Emerald Art Gallery, Coronado, CA, 1976 - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Fairfield Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Famous-Barr, St. Louis, MO, 1980 - 3.1: Famous-Barr Olympic Benefit Solo Exhibition, St. Louis 1980

The Far Gallery, "Recent Graphics and Drawings", 1971 - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

Fingerhut Gallery, La Jolla, CA, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Forsyth Gallery, St. Louis, MO, 1970 - 4.1: 1970

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980, V: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Animals: The Wild and the Tame", 1998 - 3.1: "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco, October 1998

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco 2001

Frankin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," 2002 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco 2002

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Looking Back: The Life & Times of America's Artist", Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, February 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," San Francisco, February 2005 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries 2005

Friars Club, 1987 - see exhibitions: New York Friars Club

Galerie 224, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galerie O. Bosc, Paris 1962 - 4.1: 1962

Galerie Marc, San Francisco, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Galerie Marcel Bernheim, "Un Américain à Paris," Paris 1993 - 3.1: "Un Américain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993

Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden, 1977 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA, 1993 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 4.1: 1993, V: 1993

La Galleria d'Arte, "An American in Paris," Newport Beach, CA, 1994 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

La Galleria d'Arte, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," Newport Beach, CA 1996 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996, Related Exhibitions

Gallery One American Design, Aurora, Colorado, August 1990 - 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver, August 1990 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi, 1989, 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery 36, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Regency, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1978 - 3.1: Gallery Mack Solo Exhibition, Seattle 1978

Gallery Mack, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Seattle, 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1982 - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win 1982

Gallery of Modern Art, Frank Sinatra drawings, New York, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Gallery Richelle, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Grigsby Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, 1963 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1963

Hammer Galleries, 1965 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1965

Hammer Galleries, 1967 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967

Hammer Galleries Exhibition of New York Jets Drawings, 1968 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Hammer Galleries, 1970 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Hammer Galleries, 1972 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1972

Hammer Galleries, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 1975-76 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympic Ring," 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

Hammer Galleries, "Horses," 1979-80 - 3.2. Horses, 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity, Reviews, and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "Drawings: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings" A Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1981

Hammer Galleries, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions; Photos, Proofs, and BLAD

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympics, Past and Present," 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

Hammer Galleries, "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," 1985 - 3.1: "The LeRoy Neiman Collection" Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, 1985

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," April 1987 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987

Hammer Galleries, "Soft Paintings," April 1989 - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: A Salute to Central Park," September 1989 - 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1989

Hammer Galleries, "Big Time Golf," 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "An American in Paris," 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," New York, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "A View from the Table," Solo Exhibition, New York, 2003 - 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York, 2003

Hammer Graphics Gallery, 1979 - 3.1: Hammer Graphics Gallery Solo Exhibition 1979

Hammer Graphics Gallery exhibition of graphic works 1971-81, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Hanae Mori Building, "Neiman's World - Japan '88," Tokyo, 1988 - 3.1: "Neiman's World" Exhibition, Japan 1988

Hang-Up Gallery, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1983-84 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, Carmel, CA, 1984 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, 1986 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, La Jolla, 1986

Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, San Francisco Bay Area, 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1997 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Hanson Art Galleries, "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," 2000 - 3.1: "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman" 2000

Harrod's, London, 1982 - 3.1: Harrod's Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1982

Heath Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta", Atlanta, GA, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ, 1976 - 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Nicholas Helion, Paris, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA, 1975 - 3.1: Hess's Gallery Solo Exhibition, Allentown, PA, 1975

Hilliard Gallery, Kansas City, October 1989 - V: 1989

Hilliard Gallery, "The Safari Suite," Kansas City, MO, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Horizon Gallery, Kuhio Mall, Waikiki Beach 1980 - 4.1: 1980 and ov

Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Indianapolis Museum of Art, "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Miliken Gallery, 1972-73 - 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 3.1: Indianapolis Museum of Art Solo Exhibition 1976

Japan - see exhibitions: Backstage Gallery, exhibitions: Hanae Mori Building and exhibitions: Tobu Gallery

Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

JoAnn Perse Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," Little Rock 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

John Miller Gallery, Carmel, CA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Kentucky Derby Museum, "An Exhibition of Equine Art," 1993 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "A Racing Retrospective," 1995 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "The Art of Sport," 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby and Derby Day Paddock 1997

M. Knoedler & Co., Ltd., London, 1976 - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976 Krannert School of Management, 1986 - no materials

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1985 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lincoln College, 1953 - 4.1: 1953

Marlborough Galleries, Boston, 1987 - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Mayfair Art Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Merrill Chase Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Chicago 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "An American in Paris," Chicago 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Chicago 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Merv Griffin Resorts International Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, 1990 - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Midwest Museum of Art, "Selected Works by LeRoy Neiman", 1989 - 3.1: Midwest Museum of Art Exhibition, 1989

Minnesota Museum of Art, "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective," St. Paul, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial 1975-76

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1983 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1983

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1984 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1984

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1985 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1985

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1988 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984 -1994, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Related Exhibitions, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., 4.1: 1988

Minotaur Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Las Vegas 1992 - 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas 1993 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1993

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, 1972 - 2.1: 1972, 4.1: 1972, V: 1970s

Myrtle Todes Gallery, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957 - 3.1: Myrtle Todes Gallery Solo Exhibition, Glencoe, Illinois 1957

National Art Museum of Sport, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport, 2001

Nevada County Arts Council, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

New York Friars Club, 1987 - 3.1: New York Friars Club Solo Exhibition, 1987

Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

O'Hana Gallery, London, 1962 - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1959 - 3.1: Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago 1959

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1962 - no material

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman," Oklahoma Art Center 1981

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, 1996 - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Percival Galleries, Des Moines, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton, 1986 - 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket, 1975 - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Playboy offices, "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure" 1991 - V: 1991

Pratt Institute, "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

"Profiles: Six Decades of Work" 1996 - 3.1: "Profiles" Exhibition 1996

Purdue University, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Quinn-Pollak Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," San Diego 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Richelle Gallery, St. Louis, 1966 - see Gallery Richelle

Rosenbaum Galleries, Palm Beach, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976

St. Lawrence National Bank, 1977 - 3.1: St. Lawrence National Bank Solo Exhibition, Ogdensburg, NY, 1977

Sher Gallery, Florida, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Springfield Art Association, "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield, IL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Springfield College - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibition, Springfield, MA, 1984

Springfield Museum of Art, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

State National Bank, El Paso, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Steiner & Young Fine Arts Galleries, 1989 - 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Surf Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "The Culinary Arts" 1998 - 3.1: "The Culinary Arts" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art, Beverly Hills 1998

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty-Year Retrospective Exhibition" - 3.1: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Exhibition 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "LeRoy Neiman: A Fifty-Year Retrospective", Beverly Hills, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

The Toy Store, Hartford, CT, 1985 and 1986 - 3.1: The Toy Store 1985-86

Tobu Gallery, Tokyo, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow 1988 - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

Turnbery Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibition, 1981, 1982, 1983 - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1981-83

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, 1981 - 2.1: 1981

University of Charleston, West Virginia, Art Gallery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, Exhibition celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Waller's Gallery, Tampa, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Wichita State University Ulrich Museum of Art Exhibition 1981 - 4.1: 1981

The Wildlife Experience, "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

Windsor Gallery, "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Los Angeles, 1975 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

two-person exhibitions

LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY 1973 - 4.1: 1973

"The Mustache Show", Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York, 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/ Warhol Exhibition 1981

group exhibitions

Amherst College, "When They Were Very Young," Amherst, MA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Amnesty International Exhibition and Sale, New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Anna Werbe Gallery, Chicago Artists, Detroit 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival, 1960 - 4.1: 1960

Aqueduct Art Gallery, New York, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Area, "Art," New York, 1985 - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

L'art et l'automobile, Ferrari Collection exhibition, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Art Directors Club of Chicago, Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1950 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1951 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, American Painting and Sculpture, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Art Institute of Chicago, "Drawing New Conclusions," 1992 - 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992

Baja Club, "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," New York, 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

Bal Tabarin Room, Sherman Hotel, Chicago 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Bank One, "Athletes and Heroes," Youngstown, Ohio, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

"Beyond Illustration - The Art of Playboy," Traveling Exhibition, 1971-74 - 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1970s

Blumhelman Gallery and Germans van Eck Gallery, "Artists for Amnesty," New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Butler Institute of American Art, "The Artist at Ringside," 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1990

Calgary Inn, "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Carnegie Institute of Arts, International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Chicago Navy Pier, Chicago Artists, 1957 - 4.1: 1957

Chicago Public Library, 1958 - 4.1: 1955-59

China Club, "The Famous Show," New York, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Cig Art

"Cig Art," National Arts Club, New York, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

"Cig Art 2: The Smoke Continues", National Arts Club, New York, 1997 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

"Cig Art 4: Where There's Smoke", Art Museum of Southern Texas, 2000 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Collectors Club Exhibition, 1957 - no materials

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Washington, DC, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Fair, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

El Paso Museum of Art, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "American Masters Exhibition," Sarasota, FL, annual - 4.1: 1981, 1987

Gimbel's, "Playboy's Art of Fashion Exhibition," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1979 - 4.2: Grand Palais, "Salon d'Automne," Paris, 1993 - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99, 4.1: 1993

Greenwich Workshop Gallery, "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83" - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1983

Hammer Galleries, "Group Show of FKH Artists," 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, Holiday Exhibitions, New York, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "Hammer Galleries Graphics," New York, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hammer Galleries, "Master Prints of the 19th -20th Century," 1987 - 4.1: 1987, V: 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA - 4.1: 1987

Harmon Gallery, "20th Century American Masters," Naples, FL, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois 1973 - 4.1: 1973

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1977 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1978 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Los Angeles County Fair - see group exhibitions: Millard Sheets Gallery

Marshall Field & Co. Gallery, "Brotherhood in Art," 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Mickey Mantle's, New York - 4.1: 1988

Midwest Museum of American Art, "Panorama of American Art," Elkhart, IN, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Millard Sheets Gallery, Fairplex, "Art and the Athlete," Los Angeles County Fair, 1996 - 3.1: "Art and the Athlete" Group Exhibition, Los Angeles County Fair 1996

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1952 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota Museum of Art, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Minnesota Museum of Art, "Drawings USA 75," St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Minnesota State Fair, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota State Fair, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

The Monmouth Museum, "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," Lincroft, NJ 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Museum of the City of New York, "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," 1983 - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

Mystic Seaport Museum, "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," 1985 - 4.1: 1985 National Art Museum of Sport, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

National Portrait Gallery, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," Washington, DC, 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Navy Pier Art Show, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

New Orleans Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

New-York Historical Society, "That Belmont Look," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

North Mississippi Valley Exhibition, 1964 - 4.1: 1964

North Shore Art League, Chicago Area Show, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s ov

Northampton County Area Community College Foundation, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Odyssey House Art Gallery, New York, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "Twentieth Anniversary Show," Chicago 1969 - 4.1: 1969

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," 1985 - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

O'Grady Galleries, "Collectors' Show," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

O'Hana Gallery, "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," London, 1962-63 - 4.1: 1962

Old Orchard Art Festival - see exhibitions: North Shore Art League

Park Shore Gallery, "Director's Choice," Naples, FL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Queens Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

Ravinia Festival, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

San Diego Museum of Art, "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Sherman Art Gallery, Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Sherman Hotel, Chicago, 1959 - see Bal Tabarin

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ball, Bat, and Glove," New York, 1977 - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York, 1977

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1979

Springfield Art Museum, "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield, MO, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Springfield College, "Women in Sports," 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Steiner & Young Galleries, "20/20 Exhibition," Marietta, Georgia, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Treasures of Island Creek, Louisville, KY, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Tunnel Club, "New Perspectives in Contemporary Art," New York, September 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Mustache Show", New York, November 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Most Famous Artist Alive", New York, December 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show", New York 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

University of Southern Florida, "Expose Yourself to Art," 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Whitney Museum, "Americana," New York, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Yogi Berra Museum, "Viva el Beisbol!" 2000 - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum 2000

Exotic Erotic Halloween Ball - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1996

F

F.I.S.T. - see boxing

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1980 - see bars

Fairfield Gallery - see exhibitions

Fairmont Hotel - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

fan auction - 4.1: 1992

Far Gallery, New York - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

fashion - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for The Domino Catalog 1950s -60s, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only), 4.1: 1958, 1971, undated 1990s

F.D.N.Y. (Fire Department of New York)

F.D.N.Y. Painting - 3.1: F.D.N.Y. Painting 2002

F.D.N.Y Pipes and Drums - 2.1: 1984

Felicie, Inc. - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, see Madison Square Garden

Femlin - see Playboy

Festival Internacioal de Danca Contemporanea - 4.1: 2000

Fields, Edward - see tapestry

The Fifth Dimension - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-1982

Fight of the Century - see boxing

figure skating -- - 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships, V: 1980s, see also Olympic Games

Healey, Kathy - V: Kathy Healey, 1981

Superskates - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1981, V: 1980s

United States Figure Skating Association - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships

film -- - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984, 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990, 3.1: Wine Country Film Fest 1990, 4.1: 1972, 1990, see also Screen Actors Guild

"Ali," 2002 film with Will Smith - 2.1: 2001

"American Rider" motorcycle documentary - 2.1: 1991

"Donnie Darko" 2001 film - 2.1: 2000

The Family Man" 2000 film with Nicholas Cage - 2.1: 1999

"The Ice Storm" 1997 film - 2.1: 1996

"Jerry Maguire" 1997 film with Tom Cruise - 2.1: 1996

"The Lone Ranger", 1978 feature film - 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

"Mr. Baseball," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1991

"My Old Man," 1979 CBS TV movie - 2.1: 1979, 1990

"Quarterback Princess," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1983, 1992

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990

"Rooster," 1981 - 3.1: "Rooster," 1981

1976 documentary, Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1976

finance

Mr. Neiman's own finances - 2.1: 1975, IID: Invoices Paid, see International Management Group, Inc.

represented in art - see investing, Stock Market, Chicago Board of Trade

Finland - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

Fireman, Shelly - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Firestone, Roy - 4.1: 1986

Fischer, Bobby - 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1987

fishing - see Marlin!

Fittipaldi, Emerson - see auto racing

Fitzgerald, Ella - see jazz

Flagg, Special Agent Warren M. - 4.1: 1998

Florida Racing - 4.1: undated

Floyd, Ray - see golf

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Focus Midwest Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1967, 1970, 1980

Foley, Jaclyn - 4.1: 1996, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1993-2002

Folies Bergere - see casinos

food - 3.1: James Beard 1982-87, 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

football -- - search for individual players listed alphabetically

college football

Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Georgia Tech - 4.1: 1983

Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982 - 4.1: 1983, 1984

Nebraska Football - 2.1: 1976

Northwestern University - 4.1: 1996

Ohio State Buckeyes, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

Penn State University - 4.1: 1996

Pioneer Bowl - 4.1: 1976, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

University of Florida, The Gators, 1995 - 3.1: Florida Gators, 1995

Universities of Iowa - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Michigan, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

University of Southern California - see football: college: Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993

University of Texas, The Texas Longhorns, 1985 - 3.1: The Texas Longhorns 1985, 4.1: 1986

University of Minnesota - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Nebraska, The Devaney Era serigraph suite - 2.1: 1997, 4.1: 1974, 1975, 1988, 1992

Football Game, 1960s - 4.1: 1998

Game of the Century, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Gridiron Football News - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

NFL football - 4.1: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 ov, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996

Buffalo Bills - 3.1: O.J. Simpson, 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXVIII

Dallas Cowboys - 2.3: March 1993, 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, see also Superbowl XXVIII

Denver Broncos - see Superbowl XXII, 3.1: John Elway, 1999, 4.1: 1972, 1978, 1999

etchings - 4.1: 1976

Giants-Broncos Classic - 4.1: 1988

Green Bay Packers - 4.1: 1992, 1997

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football: Superbowl XXII

Kansas City Chiefs - 4.1: 1997

Legends Magazine - see NFL Alumni

Miami Dolphins - 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1993

Minnesota Vikings - 4.1: 1975, 1977

Mirage Bowl - 4.1: 1978

NFL Alumni - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992

Legends Official Magazine of the NFL Alumni - 4.2: Legends NFL Alumni Magazine, 1982-2002

NFL Alumni Player of the Year Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987

Yearbooks - 4.1: 1980

NFL Players Association - 4.1: 1974

New England Patriots - 4.1: 1997, 2004, 2005

New York Giants - 4.1: 1987, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003

New York Jets - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: New York Jets 1966 -, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Oakland Raiders - 4.1: 1977

Pittsburgh Steelers - 4.1: 1975, 1979

San Francisco 49ers - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1991, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Superbowl, general - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969, 4.1: 1997

Superbowl stamps - see stamps or U.S. Postal Service

Superbowl II, 1969 - 4.1: 1969 and ov

Superbowl V, 1972 - 4.1: 1972 and ov

Superbowl VI, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E

Superbowl IX, 1975 - 4.1: 1975 ov

Superbowl X, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Superbowl XI, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Superbowl XII, 1978 - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1983

Superbowl XIX, 1985 - 3.1: Superbowl XIX, 1985

Superbowl XXI, 1987 - 4.1: 1988

Superbowl XXII, In the Pocket, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988, 4.1: 1989 ov

Superbowl XXIII, 1989, Superplay, 1989 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Superbowl XXIII painting, Superplay, 1989

Superbowl XXIV, Silverdome Superbowl, 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Superbowl XXV, 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Superbowl XXVII, 1993 - 2.1: 1993

Superbowl XXVIII, 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII, 1994

Superbowl XXX, 1996 - 2.1: 1997, see exhibitions

Superbowl XXXVIII, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Superbowl XXXIX, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Superplay - see football: Superbowl XXIII, 1989

Washington Redskins - 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXII

foreign language articles, Finnish - 4.1: 1977, Italian - see auto racing

Foreman, George - see boxing

forgery - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: 1989, 1994, 1995 ov, see also theft and vandalism

Forrester, Bruce (event photographer) - see photograph files for Bowles/Sorokko Gallery openings

Foster Harmon Gallery of American Art - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1989, 1992, 1993, 4.1: 1974, see also exhibitions

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fouquet's - see restaurants

Fox, Manheim - 2.1: 1979

Fox, Virgil - 4.1: 1965

Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center - 4.1: 1998

Francis, Emile - 4.1: 1975

Franey Langkop, Dorothy - V: 1990s

Frank, Morris - 4.1: 1975

Franklin Bowles Gallery - see Bowles Galleries

Franklin Pierce College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees

fraud - see forgery

Frazier, Joe - see boxing

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freeman, Morgan - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Freidman, Joann - 2.1: 1978

French Riviera - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E, see also Monaco

Friars' Club - 1.1: New York Friar's Club

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Frost, David - see golf

Fujita family - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

G

Gable, Dan - 3.1: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinner 1984 -present

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galice, Christina - see Christina Galice Gallery

Gallagher's Steak House - see restaurants

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, see also exhibitions

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1979

Gallery Mack, Seattle - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 4.1: 1974, 1981, see also exhibitions

Gallery One, Denver, Colorado - see exhibitions

Gallo, Bill - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002, 4.1: 2002

gambling - see casinos

Game of the Century, 1983 - see football

Ganassi, Cara and Chip - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Gardiner, John - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Garret, Lesly - 4.1: 1982

Garvey, Steve - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1980, 1988, 1989, VII: Bags

Gene Michael Fund - 4.1: 1994

General Electric - see promotions

General Mills - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Gere, Gary - see The Taxicab Chronicles

Germany, Baden Baden - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 1988

Gibson Guitars - 2.1: 1997

"Art of Guitars II" exhibition - 3.1: Gibson "Art of Guitars II" 2000

The Gifts of Music, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert, Rod -- - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1968 drawing - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1974 drawing - 4.1: 1974

Rod Gilbert, 1976 - 4.1: 1976, 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Giulianni, Mayor Rudy - 3.1: Mayor Giulianni and NYC Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, 1994-2001

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gleason, Jackie - see -- The Hustler

Goff, Bill - see Spectrum Fine Art

Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Goldberg, Whoopie - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Golden Apple Awards - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1977, 1990, 1995, 1996

Golden Boy - see musicals

golf - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988-89, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2000, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

16th at Cypress, 1983 - 3.1: 43rd Crosby, 1984, 4.1: 1982

An Queens Cup, Japan - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1990 and ov

Atlanta National Golf Club

Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot - 2.1: 1996, 2000, 4.1: 1996

Augusta

The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

April at Augusta, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, 1995

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Bethpage Black, The 18th at Bethpage Black - 3.1: U.S. Open at Bethpage Black 2002, 4.1: 2002

caddies - 4.1: 1976

Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship - 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

Excalibur Classic, Palm Springs - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995

Floyd, Ray - 4.1: 1987

Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament - 4.1: 1998

Frost, David

David Frost Wines - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro, 1985 (also appears as International Golf Foursome) - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 2001

golf bars - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 1993-2002

Golf Courses Calendar 1996 - VII: Artifacts 1996

Golf Digest -- Magazine - 2.1: 1972, 1974, 1976, 4.1: 1976, 2000

Golf Winners, 1984 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984, 1986

Golf's Threesome - 3.1: Advertizing Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1979

Harbour Town, 18th at Harbour Town - 4.1: 2000

International Golf Foursome, 1985 - see Gavea Golf and Country Club

International Golfer - 4.1: 1994

International Golf Leisure and Lifestyle Magazine - 4.1: 2001

Joe Pagliei Invitational - 4.1: 1985

Masters - 4.1: 1990

Mystic Rock at Nemacolin Woodlands - 4.1: 1995

Natural Golfer -- Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Nicklaus, Jack - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973 -74, 4.1: 1972, 1983, 1990

The Golden Bear, 1992 painting and serigraph - 4.1: 1993, VII

Oakmont, 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983 - 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Robert H. Ogle Invitational - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 1998

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1983

Arnie in the Rain, 1973 - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 4.1: 1974

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Pebble Beach Golf Club

18th at Pebble Beach - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1997-2002, 4.1: 1984, 2001, 2002

The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1995 - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 4.1: 1995

pens - see Promotions - S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pens

Pinehurst - 4.1: 2002

Piping Rock Golf Club - 4.1: 1993, 2002

Player, Gary

Gary Player, 1971 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rodriguez, Chi Chi - 4.1: 1973

Royal Golf - Club de Belgique

Chateau de Ravenstein, 1968 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Sara Lee Classic - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Sarazen, Gene - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Shinnecock Hills - 4.1: 1995

The 18th at Shinnecock or The Home Hole at Shinnecock - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1995, 2002

Six Golfers - see Golf Winners

Snead, Sam

Sam Snead - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2001

Southampton U.S.P.G.A. Open - 4.1: 1984, 1986

Spyglass, #1 at Spyglass - 4.1: 1991, 1999

St. Andrews, Scotland - 4.1: 1987

The Clubhouse at Old St. Andrews, 1988 serigraph - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1995, 1998, 2002

The Jigger Inn Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002 St. Cloud

Clubhouse Bar at St. Cloud, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

U.S. Open - 4.1: 1977, see also golf: Oakmont

Valhalla - 4.1: 2000

Vintage

Vintage Charities - 4.1: undated 1980s

Vintage Invitational - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1988

Vintage Cove

The Cove at Vintage - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries, 1986, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1989 ov

Vintage Palm Springs, Sam Snead Teeing Off at Vintage Palm Springs - 4.1: 2001

Wall Street Charity Fund Pro-Am Golf Tournament - 4.1: 2002

Westchester - 4.1: 1981, 1989, 1993

Winged Foot Golf Club - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1997

The 18th at Winged Foot - 4.1: 2002

Winged Foot, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Woods, Tiger - 4.1: 1997, 1999, -- Playboy -- 1998

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Gone with the Wind, 1989 - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989, 4.1: 2004

Gonzalez, Jorge Luis - 4.1: 1995

Gonzmart, Cesar - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Good Tidings Foundation - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation LeRoy Neiman Art Centers, 1998-present, 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998

Gooden, Dwight - 4.1: 2001

Goodman, Dr. Margaret - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Goodwill Games - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: Goodwill Games 1998

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 3.2: Big Time Golf, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Gourmet Gala - see March of Dimes

Grady, John - 2.1: 1976

John Grady, Midnight Mass, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1990

Graham, Martha - see dance

Grand Ballroom, 1987 etching - 4.1: 1987

Le Grand Escalier de L'Opera, 1969 - 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads, 2.1: 1996

grand prix - see auto racing

Grant, Michael - see boxing

Gray, Anthony John - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin

Graziano, Rocky - see boxing

Great American Workout - 2.1: 1990

Great Gatsby's Auction House - 4.1: 1998

Great Irish Fair, NY 1982 - 3.1: The Great Irish Fair poster 1982

Green, Rev. Al - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Greene, "Mean Joe" - 2.1: 1981

Greenberg, Hank - 4.1: 1968

Greenspan, Bud - 2.1: 2000

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - see exhibitions: group

Gregory, Cynthia - see ballet

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-1998

Gretzky, Wayne

The Great Gretzky, 1981 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Wayne Gretzky, 2002 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Gridiron Football News - see football

Griese (Miami Dolphins quarterback 1972) - 4.1: 1972

Griffey, Ken - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Griffin, Merv - see television

Grosset and Dunlap Inc. Publishers - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, Correspondence

Guanzon, Carol - 2.1: 1987, 1988, 1989

Gumbel, Bryant - 4.1: 1997

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

gymnastics

Comaneci, Nadia

Nadia Comaneci, 1976 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1982, 1984, 1987

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1986

H

HBO - see listing for HBO under boxing

Hagler, Marvin - see boxing

Haifa University - 3.2: 1972 Olympics Munich

Halas, George - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, George Halas, Jr. Sports Center - 4.1: 1979

Hall, Jim - 4.1: 1997

Hall of Famer, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1998

Halle, David - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present; A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Halmi, Robert - 3.2.12 and 4.1: undated ov

Hammer Galleries - see exhibitions, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer, Armand - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988, 3.1: Tokyo exhibition 1988

Hammer, Michael - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammer, Victor - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammond, IN - see Mercantile Bank

Hampton, Kym - 4.1: 2000

The Hamptons, New York - 3.1: Hamptons notes 1972, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E handball - see Jacobs, Jim

Hanson Gallery, New Orleans - see exhibitions, 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Painting 2002, 4.1: 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004

Hanson Gallery, San Diego - 4.1: 1987

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hardy, Joseph A. - 1.1: Collectors

Harlem Streets, 1981 - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981

harlequin

Harlequin, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1989

Harlequin and a Nude, 1971 - 4.1: 1991

Harlequin with Sword, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Harlequin's Entry into Venice, 1971 mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Haring, Keith - 4.1: 1997

Harmon Galleries - see Foster Harmon Galleries

Harper's -- Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1968

Harrod's, London - 4.1: 1982

Harry, Deborah - 2.1: 1978

Harry's Wall Street Bar - see bars

Hartack, Bill - 2.1: 1977

Harvard University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Haskell, Nikki -- - 4.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004

Nikki, 1984 (in Carnaval garb) - 4.1: 1985, 1987

Nikki Haskell, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Nikki Haskell, 2002 - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

hats - VII

Hawaii - 4.1: 1980 ov

Hayes, Isaac - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Healey, Kathy - see figure skating

Hearns, Thomas - see boxing

Heartland Celebrity Cookbook - 4.1: 1991

Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA - 4.1: 1969

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - see boxing

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - see boxing

Hebner, Richie

Richie Hebner - 4.1: 1973

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., 1.1: Friars ov., 2.1: 1996, 1999, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy Scrapbook 1961-67, 4.1: 1985, V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63, see also -- Playboy -- Magazine

Heiden, Eric - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1987, 1988, see also exhibitions

helicopter - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-1995

Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho & his Friends - see Chandler, Charlotte

Helsinki, Finland - see exhibitions

"Here's Looking at You, Kid," 1990 - see Wine Country Film Festival

Hernandez, Genaro - 4.1: 1995

Hernquist, Lee - 4.1: 2002

Herrick, Norton - 4.1: 1998

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Heyden, Eric - see Knoedler

High Ball Homer, 1962 - see Mantle, Mickey

High Seas Sailing - see sailing

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - see sailing

high society - see socialites

Hill, Calvin - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence, 4.1: 1973, Calvin Hill - 4.1: 1979

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1989, 4.1: 1986, 1992, 2001, see exhibitions

Hilliard, Chet - 4.1: 1995

Hilliard, Kent - 4.1: 1990, see Hilliard Gallery

Hilton Hotels - 2.1: 1991

Hinds, Bobby - see boxing

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - see opera

Hispanic Sports Awards Dinner - 2.1: 1991

"History of Sport in Art" film series - 2.1: 1972

HOBY - 4.1: 1997

hockey -- - search for individual players by name, see also Olympic Games

Choate Prep School hockey - 4.1: 1970

The French Connection, 1976 - 4.1: 1978

Hockey etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Hockey Magazine - 2.1: 1977

NHL hockey - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky portraits 1981-2002, 4.1: 1967

Boston Bruins - see Orr, Bobby

Heisman Trophy - 2.1: 1982

Houston Aeros - 4.1: 1975

NHL Challenge Cup (USA All -Stars vs. USSR National) - 4.1: 1979

New Jersey Devils - 4.1: 1998

New York Rangers - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1976, 1998, 1999, 2000

Phoenix Coyotes - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Ottawa Senators - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Stanley Cup - 4.1: 1974

Hoelscher, Lydia (LeRoy's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hofstra University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1996

Hogan, Hulk - see wrestling

Hoglund, William - 2.1: 1983

Holder, Geoffrey - 4.1: 1978

holiday, Christmas - 4.1: 1992, 1995, 1997

Hollywood Women's Press Club - see Golden Apple Awards

Holmes, Larry - see boxing

Holyfield, Evander - see boxing

Holzman, Red - 4.1: 1990

Homage to Boucher - 4.1: 1974

Homansky, Dr. Flip - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Home Remodeling Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - see baseball

honorary degrees - 1.1: Honorary degrees

Hope, Bob - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, 4.1: 1984, Bob Hope (Playing Golf), 1988 - 3.1: Bob Hope portrait, 1988

Hope House Ministries - 4.1: 1995, 1996

Horizon Gallery - 4.1: 1980

Horse of a Different Color, Ltd. - 4.1: 1963

horses -- - see also polo, rodeo, sculpture

Arabians - 4.1: 1978

Arabians Magazine - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986

Bucking Bronco - 4.1: 1984

Carousel, 195? - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1950s

Color Horse - 4.1: 1984

Clydesdales - see promotions

Daily Double - 4.1: 1982, 1984

French Hunt, 1965 - V: Early 1960s Photos of Work

Horses, 1979 - 3.2.3

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal drawing - 2.1: 1973, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1950s

horse racing - 4.1: 1997

Aintree - 4.1: 1960

Ascot - see Royal Ascot

Belmont Park - 4.1: 1980, 2003

The Paddock at Belmont - 4.1: 1979

Bellocq, Pierre - 4.1: 1998

The Black Stallion - see television

Breeders' Cup - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 2003

Breeders' Cup Championship poster, 1998 - 3.1: Breeders' Cup Painting 1998

Caliente Race Track, Tijuana, Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhib. and Painting 1989, 4.1: 1991

Chantilly, Backstretch at Chantilly - 4.1: 1969

The Charging Cavalcade, silkscreen - 4.1: 1980

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

Churchill Downs - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1996, VII: Box 3

Club House Turn, 1975 serigraph - 1.2: Knoedler Serigraph Release Ads, 4.1: 1975, undated 1990s, 1989

Curragh, Ireland, 1976 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Epsom Derby - 4.1: 1960, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Equestrianne - 4.1: 1981, 2000

Equestrian, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

The Feria in Seville - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985

The Finish - 4.1: undated

Florida Derby - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1993

Four Acres, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Front Runners, 1994 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Funnycide - 4.1: 2003

Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool - 4.1: 1960 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Grand Prairie, Lone Star Park - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

Hambletonian - 3.1: Cadillac Hambletonian Harness Race Painting 1995

Hialeah Race Track - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Hialeah Race Track, 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Hong Kong Jockey Club - 4.1: 2004

Hoof Beats Magazine - 4.1: 1975

horse named after LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1987

Horse Racing, 1972 watercolor - 4.1: 1998

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - see sculpture

Horse and Rider, 1971 gouache - 2.1: 1974

Horse Sense: An Inside Look at the Sport of Kings, by Bert Sugar, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

In the Stretch, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

International Horse Show - 4.1: 1973

Iroquois Steeplechase, 1993 - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

jockeys -- - jockeys - see also horse racing, 3.1: "Dress the Jockeys", '21' Club 2001

The Backview of Jockey, 1961 - 4.1: Four Jockeys - 4.1: undated

Hartack, Bill, Bill Hartack, 1959 - 3.1: Hialeah Race Track 1959, 4.1: 1974, 1995

Jockey, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Jockey - 4.1: 1961

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Solomon, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Kelso, 1968 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby - 2.1: 1982, 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1978, VII: Box 3

Derby Day Paddock, 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997

Kentucky Derby Museum - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Long Island Equestrienne - 4.1: 1982, 1984

Longchamps - 4.1: 1960

Menlo Charity Horse Show - 4.1: 2003

Mission Valley Pony Club - 4.1: 1990

Monmouth Park - 4.1: 1969

Monmouth Park Centennial, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1971, 1975

National All -Star Jockey Championships - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

National Horse Show - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

National Showcase, Louisville, KY - 4.1: 1982

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Paddock, 1957 painting - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98

Paddock, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95 4.1: 1973

Pegasus, 1979 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

polo horses - see polo

Pimlico - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000, VII: Box 3

Preakness Stakes - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000

The Race, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, V: 1970s

Race of the Year, 1979 - 3.1: Race of the Year 1979

Racing, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Reinsman - 4.1: 1963

The Rider, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Rotz with Windener Coulours, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Royal Ascot - 4.1: 1960, 1961, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

Ascot Finish - 4.1: 1976

Ascot Paddock - 4.1: undated, 1979

The Queen at Ascot - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Saratoga Harness, 1969, 1974 - 3.1: Saratoga Harness 1969, 1974

Seattle Slew - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1975

Secretariat, Secretariat at the Lead, 1974 - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95, 4.1: 1975, 1981, 1993 ov, VII: Pendants

Secretariat II - 4.1: 1990

Show Jumper - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

Steeplechase, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Stretch Stampede, 1975 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Study for Gericault Horse without Rider - 4.1: 1982

Tentam - 4.1: 1973

Thoroughbred Times - 4.1: 1993

T.O.B.A. - 2.1: 2000

Wayne Newton's State of the Art September Sale - 4.1: 1985

Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean - 4.1: 1984

Hotel des Artistes - 1.1: Residences - Hotel des Artistes

House Beautiful -- Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Houston Astrodome - 4.1: 1971

Houston International Film Festival - 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990

Howard, Frank, Frank Howard, 1970s - 4.1: 1998

Howe, Gordie - 4.1: 1975

Gordie Howe, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hudson Valley Writers Center - 4.1: 1990

Hull, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Bobby Hull - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and St. Paul Art Center 1969, 4.1: 1968, 1986

Humane Society of New York - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998

Humphrey, President Hubert, Hubert Humphrey, date unknown - 2.1: 1994

Hunt, Lamar

Lamar Hunt, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Hunt for the Unicorn, late 1960s mural - see animals: unicorn

The Hustler -- - 4.1: 1985

Hutscnecker, Dr. Arnold A. - 4.1: 1981

I

I Am Third by Gale Sayers - 4.1: 1970, 1975

Ibis Art Productions - 4.1: 1988

Ice Palace, 1985 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Iceland - 4.1: 1972

Idle Boat - 4.1: 1950s

Iglesias, Julio

Julio Iglesias, 1984 - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Julio Iglesias, 1984, 4.1: 1998, 2001

Illinois Art Education Association - 4.1: 1974

imitators - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football - Superbowl XXII

income - IID: Invoices Paid

India - 2.1: 1982

Indianapolis 500 - see auto racing

Indianapolis Museum of Art - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1977, see also exhibitions

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - see tennis

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - see tennis

International Heart Foundation - see The Open Heart, 1982

International Management Group, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

International Poker, 2004 serigraph and earlier painting - see casinos

International Sephardic Education Foundation - 4.1: 1987

Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - see boxing

investing, investors - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980, 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Iona College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees ov., 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 3.1: Iona College

Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 2000

Irish Fair - see Great Irish Fair

Iron Horse Steak House - 4.1: Undated

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Israel - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

J

Jackson, Bo - 4.1: 1992

Jackson, Michael - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Jackson, Phil - 4.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 1978

Reggie Jackson, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Jacobs, Jason, Accountant - 2.1: 1977, 1984

Jacobs, Jim

Jim Jacobs, 1970 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1970, 1992

Jamaica - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1971, see Appendix E

Japan - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 2.2: CBS Sports Correspondence, 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974, 3.1: Japan Trip 1977, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1983, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Correspondence, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1984

jazz

Armstrong, Louis - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995, 4.1: undated 1990s

Louis Armstrong, 1963 - 4.1: 1965

Louis Armstrong, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Louis Armstrong, 1976 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975 -2004, 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1979

Satch, 1959 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

Davis, Miles

Miles Davis, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Ellington, Duke

Duke, 1978 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1979, 1981

"Duke", 1998 - 3.1: UCLA 1998-present

Fitzgerald, Ella

Ella in Flight, 1983 - 3.1: Ella in Flight, 1983

Gillespie, Dizzy

Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Holiday, Billie

"Lady", 1979 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Jazz Horns, 2004 painting and serigraph - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 2004, 2005

Jazzmobile - 2.2: Jazzmobile 1980-84

Jazzmobile, 1975 silkscreen - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Kenton, Stan

Stan Kenton, 1976 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1985

Kool Jazz Festival - 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1981, 1982, 1985, V: 1980s

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz, 2004 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz Festival Poster, 1974 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Orchestra - 4.1: 1964

Parker, Charlie - Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973, Charlie 'Bird' Parker - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

The Jeanie Johnston, 1998 - 4.1: 1999

Jenner, Bruce - see track and field

The Jennifer, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Jeopardy! -2.1: 1998

Jimmy Fund - 3.1: Ted Williams and Jimmy Fund 1991

JoAnn Perse Gallery -2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Jock Magazine - 4.1: 1970

jockeys - see horses: horse racing

Johnson, Cecile Ryden - 4.1: 1975

Johnson, Earvin "Magic" - Magic, 1988 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1989 ov, Magic Johnson, 1991 - 2.1: 1996

Jones, Baird - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1987, 1988

Jones, Robert Trent - 4.1: 1995

Jones, Jr., Roy - see boxing

Jones, Tony - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., see AppendixA for correspondence

Jordan, Michael, Michael Jordan - 4.1: undated 1990s, 2000, Michael Jordan, serigraph - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1998

Joyner -Kersee, Jackie - see track and field

J.R. Fine Arts - 4.1: 1998

judo - 4.1: 1977, 1987

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995

K

Kabl Citizen of the Day Award - 1.1: Awards

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, George Kalinsky with his Olympus, 1986 drawing - 4.1: 1986

Kaplan, Fred - 2.1: 1960s, 1970s

Kapp, Joe - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1970

Kaufman, Bart and Judy - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89, 4.1: 1970s

Kay, Leslie - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Kelly, Bob - 4.1: 1974

Kennedy Onassis, Jackie, Jackie, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 1970

Kennedy, Robert and Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79, 4.1: 1968, 1971, 1972 see also golf, tennis

Ethel Kennedy - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

R.F.K., 1968 watercolor - 4.1: 1968

Robert F. Kennedy, 1971 engraving - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 4.1: 1972, 1974

Kennedy, Ted

Sen. Ted Kennedy, 1981 drawing on napkin - 4.1: 1981

Kenneth Behm Galleries - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, V: 1991

Kenton, Stan - see jazz

Kentucky Derby - see horse racing

Kerner, Otto - 4.1: 1960

Kershaw, Tom - 4.1: 1995

Key Club Bar, 1956 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kidd, Billy - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy, 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

King, Don - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 4.1: 1975

King, Larry - 4.1: 1988 (radio), Larry King, 1996 - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present

King, Mark - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

King's Palace, 1960 drawing - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kitt, Eartha - 4.1: 1994

Knight, Bobby, Bobby Knight, 1979 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, Knoedler & Co. - IID: Price Lists, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, see also Appendix B, Hammer Galleries - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Exhibition 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1972, 1976, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

Knoedler Publishing - 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 3.2 Publications, 1.2: Knoedler & Co and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1976, 1989

Kohl Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Kool Jazz Festival - see jazz

Koosman, Jerry, Jerry Koosman, 1976 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

Kopf, Chef Stefan - 4.1: 1986

Kozlova, Valentina - V: 1991

Kramer, Paul - 4.1: 1980

Kravtiz, Brenda - 1.1: Friars

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - see television, see also Appendix A

Kushner, Cedric - see Heavyweight Explosion

L

La Cuisine Francaise - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994 -1999, 3.1: The Culinary Arts 1998, 4.1: 1995, 1998, Le Grand Cuisine, 1977 - 2.1: 2000, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1977, 2001

La Nuit de Paris, 1988 - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Lacrosse - 4.1: 1977, 2005, see also McEneaney, Eamon

U.S.A. Lacrosse Team - 4.1: 1978

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal - see horses

Lagerfeld, Karl - 4.1: 1992

Lake Tahoe - VC: 1983

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96

Landry, Tom - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, Tom Landry, 1984 - 4.1: 1984 ov., 1989

Lanier Business Products, Inc. - see Stock Market, 1976

Largent, Steve - 4.1: 1994

Lark Creek Inn - 4.1: 1990

Larry Harper Company - 4.1: 1998

LaRussa, Tony - 2.1: 1993, Manager of the Year, 1992 - 4.1: 1993

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1985, 1987

Lasorda, Tommy - 4.1: 1993

Las Vegas - see casinos, 1.1: Awards, 3.1: Las Vegas Centennial 2005

Las Vegas Celebrity Cookbook - 2.1: 1984

Latin Legends film - 4.1: Undated 1990s

Latin Recording Academy - see Appendix A

law suits -- - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 4.1: 1975, see also forgery, theft

against Felicie Schumsky, by LeRoy Neiman, 1976 - 1.2

against Robert Gold d/b/a Gallery Artists, 1976 - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

against LeRoy Neiman and Knoedler, Inc. by Emerald Art Gallery, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Lawrence Ross Galleries - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

lawyers - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

Lazar, Irving "Swifty" - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Leahy, Pat - 4.1: 1992

Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Lebow, Fred - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

lectures - 2.2: Royce Carlton Lecture Agents 1978-86, 4.1: 1989, see also Learning Annex

Leibowitz, Maury - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Leifer, Neil - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 2003

Leija, James - 4.1: 1995

LeMieux, Mario, Mario LeMieux, 1989 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Lendl, Ivan - see tennis

Lennon, John - 2.1: 1999, 2000, see also The Beatles, and Ono, Yoko

John Lennon, pre 1982 drawing - 4.1: 1982

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990, 4.1: 1990, 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - see boxing

LeRoy, Minnesota - 4.1: 1978 and ov, V: 1970s

LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII 1994, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

LeRoy Neiman: Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, 1.2: Felicie, Inc. Advertising, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present

LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, University of California at Los Angeles - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, 1997, 4.1: 1997 (ov), 1998

LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996 - 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1997-present, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1998, 1999, V: 1991, see also Tavern on the Green

Let's Celebrate - 4.1: undated

Leukemia Society of America - 4.1: 1992

Levin, Meyer - 4.1: 1955-59

Lewis, Carl - see track and field

Lewis, Jerry Lee - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, The Killer - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Lewis, Lennox - see boxing

Liberace - 4.1: 1988

Licensing Art and Design, by Cynthia Revelli - 2.1: 1995

Lido - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Lifeline Inc. (fitness equipment) - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Lifestyle -- Magazine - 4.1: Undated 1980s

Lilly, Bob, Bob Lilly, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

Limbaugh, Rush - 4.1: 1991

Limoges enamels - 2.1: 1988

Lincoln, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, 1968 - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 4.1: 1968, 1981, 1987

Lindberg, Elayne - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981 (photo)

Lipofsky, Mary and Steve - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1995

Liston, Sonny - see boxing

Little, Floyd - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 4.1: 1973 ov

Floyd Little - 4.1: 1972

The Littlest Clown - 4.1: undated

Liverpool, England - 4.1: 1960 ov

Lollobrigida, Gina - 4.1: 1981

Loma Linda University - 2.1: 1983

Lombardi, Vince, Vince, 1981 - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1985

Lomonaco, Chef Michael - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1999

London, England - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1960 ov, 1961, 1962, 1966, see also Liverpool

The Lone Ranger, 1977 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

Long, Captain Elgen, The Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975 -87, 4.1: 1982

Lonsdale International Sporting Club - 1.1: Awards

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Louganis, Greg - see swimming and diving

Louis, Allyson - see Allyson Louis Gallery

Louis, Joe - see boxing

Lowery, Nick

Nick Lowery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 1997

Lubel, William - 2.1: 1973

Lynch, David - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

M

Maccioni, Sirio - 4.1: 2004

Mack, Barbara - see Gallery Mack

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Madison Square Garden (silkscreen) - 4.1: 1978

Madrid, Spain - 4.1: 1960 ov

A Magic Moment, 1990 - see Orlando Magic under "baseball"

magical creatures - see animals: unicorn

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1995

Mailer, Norman - 4.1: 1982

Maitland, Vic - 2.2: NFL Alumni

Make-a-Wish Foundation - 4.1: 2000

Maki, Mary Ann - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Malave, Chu Chu - see boxing

Malinowski, Mark "Scoop" - 4.1: 2000

Malletmen, 1977 etching - see polo

Manager of the Year, 1992 - see LaRussa, Tony

Mandalay Bay - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Mandela, Nelson - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997

Mangione, Chuck - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Bride -- Magazine - 4.1: 1999

Manhattan Concert Club - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Magazine - 1.1: Awards, 2.1: 1989, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995 - present, 4.1: 1984, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999 Manila, Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

Mannochia, Adriano - 4.1: 1983

Mantle, Mickey - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999, 4.1: 1968

Mickey Mantle (or) High Ball Homer, 1962 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Mickey Mantle - Switcher, 1967 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995, see also Chemical Bank and McCabe, Charles

marathon - see running

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1981, 1982, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985, 4.1: 1974, 1981, 1983, 1985

Mardi Gras - 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Poster Painting 2002, 4.1: 1987, 2001

Marichal, Juan, Juan Marichal - 4.1: 1995

marionette - 4.1: 1981, 1984

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Marlin!, 1977 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1977 ov

Marmel, David - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-85

Marquis Who's Who - 1.1: Who's Who

Marshall Field & Company - 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only)

Marshall, Leonard, Leonard Marshall, 1991 - 4.1: 1991, 1992

Martin, Billy, Billy Martin, 1990 drawing - 2.1: 1990

Marx, Groucho - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84

Maser Galleries, Maser Fine Arts - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983

Mashburn, Jamal - 4.1: 1990

mask auction - 4.1: 1988

Mason, Jackie - 4.1: 1994

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - 1.1: Awards: Citations, 4.1: 1982

matador - see bullfights

Mathis, Buster - see boxing

Matsui, 2004 - 3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005

The Maulers -- 1993 lithograph - see boxing

Max, Peter - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Mayo Clinic - 2.1: 1983

mayoral debate - 4.1: 1989, see also politics

Mays, Willie - 4.1: 1992, Wille Mays - 2.2: 1978, 4.1: 1979, 1982, 2001

Mazeroski, Bill, Bill Mazeroski - 4.1: 1973

Mazzilli, Lee, Lee Mazzilli, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 2001 4.1: 2001, Lee Mazzilli Celebrity Golf and Tennis Classic - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 1987, 1997, see also Chemical Bank

McCormack, Mark H. - see The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack under golf

McDonald, Kitt - 4.1: 1986

McDougal, Little & Company - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon - 4.1: 2001, 2005

McEnroe, John - see tennis

McFagan, Helen - 2.1: 1993

McGirt, James "Buddy" - see boxing

McGraw-Hill Publishers - 2.1: 1999

McGuire, Al - 4.1: 1980

McGwire, Mark, Mark McGwire, 1998 - 3.1: Mark McGwire 1998-99, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-2002

McHale, Kevin - see Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

McNeely, Peter - 4.1: 1995

McNichol, Kristy - 2.1: 1980

Mead, Margaret, Margaret Mead, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 1977 ov

Meigs, Kris - 2.1: 1981

Melville, Herman - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Memphis Blues Ball - 4.1: 1998

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

menus - 4.1: 1977, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, see also food, restaurants

medical - see The Open Heart, 1982

Mercantile Bank, Chicago and Hammond, IN - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966

merchandise - see promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89, 4.1: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982 see exhibitions

Metropolitan Museum of Art - 2.1: 1981

Metropolitan Opera - see opera

Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhibition and Painting 1989

MGM Grand Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Miami Sound Machine - see Estefan, Emilio and Gloria

Michael Zabrin Fine Art - 2.1: 1989

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980, see also football: New York Jets

Midwest Museum of American Art - 4.1: 1979, 1989, see also exhibitions

Miles, Sylvia - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1991

Minelli, Liza - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

miniatures - 4.1: 1983

Minnesota Historical Society - 2.1: 1994

Minnesota Museum of Art - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting 1975-76, see also exhibitions

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1986, see also exhibitions

John Miles Bonded Travel Agency - 4.1: undated

military - 1.1: Military Service

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - see bowling

Millionaire Magazine - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-99

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Milt Gross Fund - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2001

Minuteman, 1987 - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Mirrer, Louise - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

The Mixologist, 1959 - see bars

Moby Dick -- , 1975 - 2.1: 1993, 3.2.2

models - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, see also Eve Models, Inc., search for individual models by name

Monaco - see also Bal de la Mer, Monte Carlo, auto racing, French Riviera

Monaco Rendezvous, 1994 - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all dates, 1980s, 1990s)

Monroe, Earl, Earl "The Pearl" Monroe, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Montana, Joe, Joe Montana, 1982 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Montanez, Willie - 4.1: 1979

Monte Carlo, Monaco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E, see auto racing, Monaco

Monte Carlo, 1994 - 4.1: 1999

Monte Carlo Chase, 1988 - 2.2: Neiman -Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Solo Exhibition 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Japanese Edition - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Moore, Wayland - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Moorer, Michael - 4.1: 1994

Morbelli, Jean - 2.1: 1988

Moreno, Linda "Eva" - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgan, Joe, Joe Morgan, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morley, Malcolm - 4.1: 1984

Morocco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Morrel Wines - 4.1: 1984

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Morrison, Tommy - see boxing

Morton's of Chicago - see restaurants

Moscow - 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, V: 1960s

Tretyakov Museum - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Mosley, Shane - see boxing

Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter - 4.1: 2000

Mozartfest - 4.1: 1998

Mthembu, Nomusa - 2.1: 1992

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1998

multiple sclerosis - see National Multiple Sclerosis Society, or Race to Erase MS

Munich, Germany - see Olympic Games

Municipal Art League of Chicago Award - 1.1: Awards

Munson, Thurman - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002, Thurman Munson, 1976 - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002

murals - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966, 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural 1976, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981, 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Murphy Brown - see Warner Brothers Television in Appendix A

Murphy, Dale - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 4.1: 1993

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-1998, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Murphy, Father Terrence - 4.1: 2004

Muscle Builder & Power Magazine - 4.1: 1977

Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America - 4.1: 1971, 1987

Lifetime Achievement Award - 1.1: Awards

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972 see also exhibitions

Museum of the City of New York, Theater Collection - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

music -- - 4.1: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1992, see also Gibson Guitars

blues - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see Paul, Les

classical - 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1998, see also Bernstein, Leonard; Eaton, Roy; Fox, Virgil; Grady, John; Raphael, James

Arkansas Symphony Orchestra - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Desert Symphony - 4.1: 1997

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965, 1967

Symphantasy - 3.1: Symphantasy 1988

Symphony for United Nations, 1991 - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1991

country - 4.1: 1994, see Tennessee

jazz - see jazz

opera - see opera

popular - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-82, 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993, 4.1: 1993, see The Beatles; Bennet, Tony; Blues Ball; Davis, Sammy; Iglesias, Julio; Jackson, Michael; Lennon, John; Paul, Les; Sinatra, Frank

musicals - see Times Square, 2001

Angels on Horseback - 4.1: undated 1980s

Golden Boy - 4.1: 1964

My Fair Lady - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Oh! Calcutta - 4.1: 1967

Porgy and Bess - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

West Side Story - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation - 4.1: 1978

Myers, Farlan - 2.1: 1986

Mystic Seaport, CT - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Mystic Rock, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

N

NAMTA - 4.1: 1984

NBC - see television

NECO (National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations) - 1.1: Awards, Citations and Miscellaneous Prizes

Nabisco - see promotions

Nahan, Kenneth - 4.1: undated

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - see basketball

Namath, Joe - 3.1: New York Jets 1966-, 4.1: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1982

Napoleon at Waterloo, 1988 serigraph - 4.1: 1988

Nash, Beau - 3.1: The Ambassadors, 1960s

The Nation -- Magazine - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1998

National Art Museum of Sport (NAMOS) - 2.1: 1972, 1979, 4.1: 1980, 2003 see also exhibitions

National Arts Club - 4.1: 1994

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - see baseball

National Bowling Hall of Fame and Museum - see bowling - Million Dollar Strike, 1982

National Cowboy Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

National Fitness Classic - 4.1: 1982, 1983

National Multiple Sclerosis Society - 4.1: 1969, 1976, 1980, 1988

National Sports Collectors Convention - 4.1: 1992 ov.

NBA - see basketball

negative press - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983

Neiman, Earl - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman, Janet - 1.1: Family, 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955, 4.1: 1985

Neiman News - 3.1: Neiman News 1977-1985

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1983, 1984

Neiman, Robert B - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

"Neiman's Cuba" film project - 2.1: 1979, 1982

Neiman's Restaurant & Lounge - see restaurants and bars

Nepal - 2.1: 1982

Nevada County Arts Council - 4.1: 1982

New Jersey State Opera Ball - see opera

New Milford Hospital - 4.1: 1991

New Orleans, Louisiana - 2.1: 1993, 1997, 1998, see also Hanson Art Galleries and Mardi Gras

New School for Social Research, NY - 4.1: 1978

New Times Magazine - 2.1: 1978

New Year's Eve, 1997 - 4.1: 1997 and ov

New York City Marathon - see running

New York Friars Club - 4.1: 1999

New York Giants - see Football

New York and Los Angeles: Politics, Society, and Culture by David Halle - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present

New York Public Library - 4.1: 2002

New York State Governor's Arts Awards - 4.1: 2000

New York Times Magazine -- - 4.1: 1971

The New Yorker -- Magazine - 4.1: 1994, 1999

Newman, Eric - V: 1975

Newman, Paul - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, see also -- The Hustler

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newsweek -- Magazine - 4.1: 1972, 1992

Newton, Wayne - 4.1: 1988

NFL - see football

NHL - see hockey

Niarchos, Stavros

Stavros Niarchos, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Nicholson, Jack - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

Nicklaus, Jack - see golf

Nitschke, Ray - 4.1: 1988

Noah, Yannick - see tennis

Nob Hill, 1986 serigraph - 3.1: Nob Hill and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Norman, Greg, Greg Norman - 2.1: 1990

North Shore Art League - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association - 4.1: 1986, 1987

Northern Indiana Art Association - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Northwest Orient Magazine - 4.1: 1986

Northwest Paper Company - 3.1: 1972 Olympics

Northwestern University - 2.1: 1978

Norton, Ken - see boxing

Norton Herrick Fine Arts Group - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

Norway - 2.1: 1988

Notre Dame - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Nureyev, Rudolph - see ballet

O

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

Everett Oehlschlaeger Galleries, Chicago - 2.1: 1960s, 4.1: 1973, 1975

Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Oh! Calcutta - see musicals

Oklahoma - see Bennett, Chef John, and baseball: Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league)

Olin Corporation - see promotions

Olympic Games -- - 4.1: 1984

1972 Olympics, Munich - 3.1: 1972 Olympics, Munich, 4.1: 1987

1976 Olympics, Montreal - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal, 4.1: 1987

Games of the XXI Olympiad, 1976 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983

Olympic Boxers, 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

1980 Winter Olympics, Lake Placid - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Olympic Figure Skating, 1978 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Winter Olympic Skiing, 1980 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo - 3.1: Sarajevo Winter Olympics 1984

1984 Olympics, Los Angeles - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

American Gold, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Opening Ceremonies - XXIII Olympiad 1984, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

1988 Olympics, Seoul - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

1988 Winter Olympics, Calgary - 2.1: 1986, 1987

1992 Olympics, Barcelona - 2.1: 1989

1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer - 3.1: 1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer

1996 Olympics, Atlanta - 3.1: Atlanta Olympics 1996

2000 Olympics - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

2004 Olympic bid - 2.1: 1989

boxing - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

Olympic Boxing - 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Olympics of Tomorrow - 4.1: 1978

U.S. Olympic Fight Night - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1996

Spring Serenade 2004 - 4.1: 2004

OMTI (Opera Music Theatre International) LeRoy Neiman Recital Hall - see opera

On Safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Onassis, Aristotle, Aristotle Onassis, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

O'Neal, Shaquille, Shaquille O'Neal, 2000 - 3.1: Shaquille O'Neal, 2000

Ono, Yoko - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

The Open Heart, 1982 - 3.1: The Open Heart, 1982

opera - see also Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Ballroom Scene from 'La Traviata', 1980 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 2.1: 2002, 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83, 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995

Jerome Hines as Boris Godunov, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 2002

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

New Jersey State Opera Ball - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

A Night at the Opera, drawing - 4.1: 1989

Opera Music Theater International - 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995, 4.1: 1989, 4.1: 1991

Pagliacci, 1982 - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

The Three Tenors, 1996 serigraph release - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

organists - see Fox, Virgil; Grady, John

Original Print Collectors' Group, Ltd. - 4.1: 1989

Orr, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Orr for the Defense, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Oslo, Norway - 2.1: 1988

Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center - 4.1: 1997

Outrigger Canoe Race, 1976 - 4.1: undated 1970s

Owens, Jesse - see track and field

Ox-Bow, the Summer School of Painting, Saugatuck, Michigan - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Ox -Bow 1998

Oxendine, Kit - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, V:1990s

P

P.J. Clarke's, New York - see restaurants

P.O.V. Magazine - 4.1: 1998

Pacino, Al - 2.1: 1983

Paige, Satchel - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999, 4.1: 1996

Palm Beach, Florida - V: 1970s

Palm Springs, California - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin, 1987-88

Palmer, Arnold - see golf

Palmer, Jim, Jim Palmer, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Papp, L. Roy - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980

Pappas, Thomas, Thomas A. Pappas, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Paris, France - 3.1: "Un Americain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993, 4.1: 1963

Paris, 1989 - 3.1: Kentucky Derby 1995-97

Paris Match -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961, 1962

Parker, Charlie - see jazz

Parks Council - 4.1: 1976

Paschke, Ed - 2.1: 1988, 1990, 2.3

Pastorini, Dan - 2.1: 1989

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Patrick, John 'Malt Liquor' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Patterson, Floyd - see boxing

Paul, Les - 2.1: 1997

Pavarotti, Luciano - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

PAWS/LA - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 2000

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pazienza, Vinny - 4.1: 1995

Peaches and Pits Awards - 4.1: 1987, 2000

Pebble Beach - see golf

Pele - see soccer

Pelkey, Joe - 2.1: 1990, 1993, 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

pendant - VII: Painting pendants, undated

Peninsula Sports Club - 4.1: 1973

Penn, Esther - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999

Penske, Roger - see auto racing

Penthouse -- Magazine - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1979, see also exhibitions

perfume - see promotions

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1984

Perkins, Carl - 2.2: Libby Murphy

Perry, Gaylord - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Perse, Joanne - 4.1: 1986

PESO - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990

Philadelphia Sports Writers Association - 4.1: 2000

Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

pianists - see Eaton, Roy; Raphael, James, see also music: classical

Piazza, Mike, Mike Piazza, 1999 - 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999

Piazza San Marco, 1990 - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Pierrot, drawing - 4.1: 1975

Pierrot, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Pierrot the Juggler, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

The Pitman Company - 4.1: 1984

Pizza Hut - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1992 ov

La Plage de Deauville, 1990 - 2.1: 1990

plates, collectible - see Royal Doulton

Plate Collector Magazine - 2.1: 1980

The Playboy, painting - 4.1: 1990

Playboy Enterprises International - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.1: 2001 art auction - 4.1: 1989, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

New York Playboy Club - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Playboy Art Collection - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1975, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Playboy -- Magazine and Man at His Leisure - see Appendix E, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 4.1: 1959, 1966, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, V: Playboy Clubs 1961-63

Femlin - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 1995, 2001, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, 4.2: -- Playboy -- - Femlin Paraphernalia

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Special Editions, Ltd. - 4.1: 1992

Players Hotel, New Orleans - 2.1: 1984

The Plaza Hotel, New York - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

The Plaza Square, 1985 - 4.1: 1985, 1986

tapestry - 2.1: 1990

Poland - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Plunkett, Sherman - 4.1: 1967

Police Athletic League - 2.1: 1981

politics - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988, 3.1: Rudy Giulianni and Commission on Cultural Affairs 1994-2001, 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 4.1: 1960, 1968, 1988, 1989, 1992, see also Thurmond, Strom, and The White House

Pollock, Jackson - 4.1: 1984

polo - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1988

Attack, 1965 - 4.1: 1967

elephant polo - 2.1: 1982

H.R.H. Prince Charles, 1982 - 4.1: 1985

Malletmen, 1977 etching - 3.1: Malletmen Certificate 1977

Polo Player, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Polo Players, 1964 - 4.1: 1991

Polo Lounge, 1988 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Bev Hills 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1995, 1996, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

The Pope Flies Over New York, detail - 4.1: 1981

Pope, Kerig - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s

Porgy and Bess - see musicals

Porter, David - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Portola Valley Classic Equestrian Festival - 4.1: 1999

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - see animals

portraits -- - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

of LeRoy Neiman, by other artists - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.1: 1986 ov

by LeRoy Neiman - search by name of subject

Posner Gallery - 2.1: 1989

posters - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1981, 1993

Posters, 1980 - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 3.2 ov.

Pratt Institute, New York - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

Preakness Stakes - see horse racing

Prentice - Hall Publishers - 2.1: 1978

President of the United States - see politics, or search by name of President (Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton)

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1982, 1983

Presley, Elvis - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1978 (July)

price lists - IID: Price Lists

Prince Charles, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

prints - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov), see also The Prints of LeRoy Neiman below

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980, Knoedler Publishing

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990, 1991 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City 1992, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000, 2001 - 3.2.14

Professional Picture Framers Association - 4.1: 1984

promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

AMF Incorporated (soccer equipment) - 3.1: AMF Soccer Equipment Promotion 1979

Absolut Vodka

Absolut Neiman, 1970 - 3.1: Absolut Vodka ad 1991, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach, 1985 commercial - 3.1: Alexander Hotel Promotion 1985

Anheuser-Busch - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

Clydesdales, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 1983

World Cup Soccer poster 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Arrow shirts, The Arrow Man, 1986 - 3.1: Arrow shirts promotion 1986

Atomic skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Burger King - 3.1: Burger King Promotion 1976

Canadian Club Whiskey - 4.1: 1979

Charlie Cosmetics - 3.1: Charlie Cosmetics promotion 1981

Classic Leather, 1978 catalog - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Corvette - see Corvette

Dewars Scotch Whiskey - 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970

S.T. DuPont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter set - 3.1: S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter Set, 2003

Folger's Instant Coffee - 4.1: undated 1960s

Footwear - 2.1: 1989

Fragrances - 4.1: 1985 see promotions: Givenchy

General Electric Cellular Car Phone - 3.1: General Electric Phone Promotion 1984

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gone with the Wind perfume - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989

Hager hinges - 4.1: 1988

Hanes Hosiery - 2.1: 1980

Merrill Chase - 2.1: 1978

Miller Brewing Company - 4.1: 1984

Nabisco - 2.1: 1988

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - 3.1: Ocean Club, Atlantic City 1982-1990

Olin Corporation, Olin Skier, 1976 - 4.1: 1976 and ov.

PuzzleStix - 3.1: PuzzleStix product idea 1999

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Saks Fifth Avenue - see Saks Fifth Avenue

Sharp Color Copier - 3.1: Sharp copier promotion 1986

skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Skoal chewing tobacco - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Sports Commemorative Satinwood whiskey decanters - 3.1: Sports Commemorative Whiskey Decanter 1979

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

Tropicana Hotel and Casino - see casinos

watches - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995

Wheaties - see Wheaties

publications - Series 3.2

publicists - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puerto Rico - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - see bars

Punchinello, 1971 lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1973, 1974

Purdue University - 4.1: 1986

puzzles - see promotions, product and service, and collectibles

Q

Quarry, Jerry - see boxing

Quayle, Lynn - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, IIID: Datebooks, 4.1: 1988

Queen Elizabeth of England - 4.1: 1959

The Queen Elizabeth II - 3.1: Queen Elizabeth II Cruise, 1999

R

race car - see auto racing

Race to Erase MS - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 2001

>radio -- - 4.1: 1974, 1985, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

King, Larry - see King, Larry

Stern, Howard - 3.1: Howard Stern, 1994

WNBC Radio - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981

WPRO Radio Providence, RI - 2.1: 1990

Rangers Hockey Magazine - 4.1: 1967

Raphael, James

James Raphael, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Rattiner, Dan - see Dan's Papers

Rawlings Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy -- - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Ronald Reagan, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

real estate - 2.1: 1986

recipe - see Heartland Celebrity Cookbook

Red Square - see Moscow

Redgrave, Vanessa - 4.1: 1994

Regatta of the Gondoliers - 2.1: 1984

Regis & Ann Show - 4.1: 1984

Reiner, Rob - 1.1: Friars

representations of LeRoy Neiman by other artists - 4.1: 1989

restaurants and bars

Al Schacht's Restaurant - 4.1: 1967, 1968 and ov

Alexis Tangier, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958

The Bistro Garden - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987, 4.1: undated

Bruxelles Restaurant - 4.1: 1950s

The Buena Vista Café, San Francisco, 1986 - 3.1: 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986, 4.1: 1987

Le Café Chambord - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Café de Flore, Paris, 1964 - 4.1: 1996

Le Café Lautrec, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Café de la Paix - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Central Park Boathouse - 3.1: Central Park Boathouse Painting 2002-2003

Chumley's - 4.1: 1968

Le Cirque - 3.1: Circus, 2000, 4.1: 2004

Corona Café, Chicago - 4.1: 2001

Duke's Fish & Grill - 4.1: 1985

Ernie's, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1979 - 3.1: F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar 1979-80, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992 and 1993-2002, 4.1: 1995

Fouquet's - 2.1: 1993

Fouquet's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1996

Fouquet's, 1977 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Gallagher's Steak House, New York - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002

Le Grand Vefour - 2.1: 1993

Harry's at Hanover Square - 4.1: 1985

Harry's Bar, 1985 - 4.1: 1995

Harry's Wall Street Bar - 4.1: 2002, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Iron Horse Restaurant - 4.1: undated

Jak-Nicholas Restaurant - 4.1: 1973

Lark Creek Inn - see California Cuisine

Left Bank Café

London House, Chicago - 4.1: undated

Maxim's de Paris - 4.1: 1963, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

McSorley's Irish Pub, New York - 4.1: 1980

Mister Kelly's - 4.1: undated

The Mixologist, 1959 - 4.1: 1999

Moose's Restaurant, San Francisco - 4.1: 2003, 2004, 2005

Morton's of Chicago - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.2.12, 4.1: 1997, 1998, 2000

Neil De Vaughn's - 4.1: 1987

Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge, Carlsbad, CA - 3.1: Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge 1980s, VII: Neiman's Restaurant, Carlsbad, CA, 1980s

Nello - 4.1: 1999

P.J. Clarke's, New York, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992, 4.1: 1978, 1989, 1995

Peppy's Pomme Soufflee - 4.1: 1973

Pierro's on the Park - 4.1: 1994

Polo Bar, Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Polo Lounge - see Polo Lounge, 1988

Pump Room - 4.1: 1974, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1958, see Appendix E, see also The Ambassadors Hotel

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974, 4.1: 1950s

Rao's - 2.1: 2002

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2005

Restaurant Antoine - 4.1: undated

Romanoff's - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Rosati's, Via Venito - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1968, see Appendix E

Rush Street Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Sardi's, World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Spago, Los Angeles - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Tavern on the Green - 4.1: 1991, 1998

Tavern on the Green, 1990 painting and 1991 serigraph - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1991, V: 1991

Carriage at Tavern on the Green, 1997 drawing - 4.1: 1997

Toots Shor Bar - 2.1: 1988, 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads

Tratoria del'Arte - 4.1: 1991

'21' Club - 3.1: Dress the Jockeys at '21' Club, New York, 2001

Bar at 21 - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: undated

'21' Club (exterior), 1990 - 3.1: '21' Club 1990

Two Bar Men, 1965 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

The Wimbledon - 4.1: 1975

retail prices, list of prints, 1986 - 2.1: 1986

retail stores - see Neiman-Marcus

Revelli, Cynthia - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli

Revlon - 2.1: 1992

Rhino Records - 4.1: 1991

Rhythm & Smoke - see cigars

Rice, Jerry - 4.1: 1995

Riggins, John, John Riggins - 4.1: 1972

Riker, Lyn - V: 1980s

The Ring Magazine - see boxing

Ringside Madison Square Garden, 1964-65 - see boxing - Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65

Rivalry, 1975 - see college sports: football: Ohio State Buckeyes

Rivera, Chita - 4.1: 1995

Rizzuto, Phil, The Scooter, 1994 - 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994

The Robb Report Magazine - see automobiles

Robinson, Jackie - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson, 1993 - see Jackie Robinson Foundation

Jackie Robinson, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Sliding Home, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Foundation - 3.1: Jackie Robinson Foundation 1993

Robinson, Patrick - 2.1: 1977

Robinson, Sugar Ray - see boxing

Robinson's, Los Angeles - 4.1: undated

Rock for the Cure - 4.1: 2004

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-90

Rocky - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

rodeo - 4.1: 1977, 2000

Rogers, Kenny - 4.1: 1999

Kenny Rogers, 1982 watercolor - 3.1: Childrens Diabetes Foundation Carousel Ball

Rolling Stone Press - 4.1: 1982

Rolls Royce - see automobiles

Ronald McDonald House - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003

Rooney, Art, Art Rooney, 1972 - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1972

Roosevelt University, Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

"Rooster," 1981 film - see film

Roques, Karin Adrian v. - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Rose, Donna - 2.2: Donna Rose and Art Brokerage Inc. Correspondence

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - see exhibitions

Rote, Jr., Kyle - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rotonda Superstars - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1994, 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1994, Jeanette Rudy, 1994 - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1996

running -- - see also track and field

Ashford, Evelyn - 4.1: 1987

Barron, Gayle - 2.1: 1983, 1984

Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon, 1979 - 4.1: 1981, 1990

Coghlan, Eamonn, Eamonn Coghlan Winning the 1985 Wanamaker Mile, 1985 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Dixon, Rod - 4.1: 1998

New York City Marathon - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Classic Marathon Finish, 1985 serigraph - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Fred, This Run's For You, 1990 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

New York City Marathon, 1987 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Runner's World Magazine - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Shorter, Frank - 2.1: 1973

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - see television

Rush, Rick - 4.1: 1999

Rush Street Bar - see bars

Russell, Bill - 4.1: 1968

Ruth, Babe - 4.1: 1973, 1995

Ryan, Nolan

Nolan Ryan, 1981 - 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 4.1: 1991

S

Sadat, Anwar - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

sailing -- - 4.1: 1950s, 1964, 1985, 1994, America II, 1986 - 3.1: America II, 1986, 4.1: 1986

America's Cup - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

America's Cup, 1964 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

America's Cup, Australia, 1987 - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1987

America's Cup Stars and Stripes, 1987 - 2.1: 1987

Boat Club, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Boats and Boats, 1960 oil on board - 2.1: 1978

Girallia Yacht Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hawaiian Sailing - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984

High Seas Sailing - 4.1: 1999

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Sail Boats, 1953 - 4.1: 1998

Sailing - 4.1: 1985

Swell Sailing - 4.1: 1983

Turnberry Isle Yacht Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Yawl Sailing, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

St. Bonaventure University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees: St. Bonaventure University 1999

St. Clare's Hopital and Health Center - 4.1: 1995

St. Francis College, Brooklyn Heights, New York - 1.1: Honorary Degrees (ov), 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

St. John's University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1985

St. Paul, Minnesota, bicentennial painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76

St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce - 2.1: 1976

St. Paul Museum - 4.1: 1997

Winter Carnival painting, Ice Palace, 1985 - 3.1: Ice Palace 1985-86

St. Tropez - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

St. Tropez, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999

Saks Fifth Avenue - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

View from Saks, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Saleski, Don - 4.1: 1974

Salon d'Automne - see exhibitions, group: Grand Palais

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

Salvation Army - 2.1: 1999

San Diego Zoo - 2.1: 1977

San Francisco, CA

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

City by the Bay, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Day, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Night, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Washington Square (Moose's), 2002 - 4.1: 2003

Sandburg, Carl - V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63

Sandusky, Joe, Joe Sandusky - 4.1: undated 1990s

Santa Claus - 4.1: 1992

Sapir, Judge Eddie - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 1983, 1988

Satchmo - see Armstrong, Louis

Satinwood Whiskey - see promotions and collectibles

Saugatuck - see Ox-Bow

Saviano, Rudy - 2.1: 1999

savings bonds - see U.S. Savings Bonds

Sayers, Gale - see I Am Third, by Gale Sayers

Scaffidi, Phil - 2.1: 1981

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schaefer Brewing Company - 2.1: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1981, 4.1: 1976

Schoenfield, Ed - 4.1: 1986

Schmeling, Max - 4.1: 1989

Schmidt, Michael - 2.1: 1980

The Slugger, 1979 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1990, 1999

Schulberg, Budd, Budd Schulberg, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 2004

Schulz, Axel - 4.1: 1995

Schultz, Charles - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Schultz, Dave (hockey player) - 4.1: 1974

Schultz, Dave (wrestler) - see wrestling

Schumsky, Felicie - V: 1970s, see also Felicie, Inc.

Screiber, Al - 4.1: 1994

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: LongTerm Projects: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinners, 4.1: 1977, 1981, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 1977-78, 4.1: 1977, 1985, 2005

The Scooter, 1994 - see Rizzuto, Phil

Scott Foresman & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

Screen Actors Guild - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards, 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

sculpture

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987, 4.1: 1978

Defiant, 1987 - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987 Seaver, Tom

The Franchise, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 2001

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Sehorn, Jason - 4.1: 1999

Seitz, Nick - see golf: -- Golf Digest -- Magazine

Self Portrait (at easel) - 4.1: 2000

Self Portrait (close up with cigar and pen), 1997 - 4.1: 1998

Serline, Ollie (LeRoy's aunt) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s, 4.1: 1972

Sharp color copier - 4.1: 1986

The Sharper Image - 4.1: 1997

Shavers, Earnie - see boxing

Shaw, Robert - 2.1: 1977, 1978

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York 2000

Shenker, Morris A. - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1982

Sher Galleries - 4.1: 1987

Sherman, Nettie - 4.1: 1981

Sherry -Lehmann - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1997 and ov

ship - see The Jennifer

shoes - VII

Shore, Dinah - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-77

Shorter, Frank - see running

The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991 - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Showboats International - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Shula, Don - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Siegfried & Roy - 2.1: 1998, V: 1999

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.1: 1973

Silverwood Products - 2.1: 1992

Simon Weisenthal Center - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Simpson, O.J. - 4.1: undated 1990s, see football: Cross-Town Rivalry 1967, 1993, O.J. Simpson - 4.1: 1972, 1974

Sinatra, Frank -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 2.2: Sinatra Family Correspondence, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Portraits for Duets and Duets II Albums 1993-1995, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Classic Duets Album Cover 2002, 4.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 1998, see also golf, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph - 4.1: 2005

Frank Sinatra, 1993 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Duets and Duets II Album Covers 1993-1995

Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall, 1974 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall Poster 1974

Frank Sinatra as the Detective, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Frank Sinatra at Madison Square Garden, 1974 drawing for poster - 4.1: 1974

Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall, 1989 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

Singleton, Isaiah - 2.1: 1996

Singleton, Skip - see tennis: Intelligent Doubles and Intelligent Tennis

skating - see figure skating

skiing -- - 4.1: 1983, 1995, see also Olympics: skiing

Lady Skier - 4.1: 1998

Little Skier - 4.1: 1974

The Skier, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Skiing, etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Slalom, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Squaw Valley - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, V: 1960s, see Appendix E

Vail Race to Erase MS painting, 1994 - 4.1: 1995

Skoal Pinch Hitter of the Year Award - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Slatkin, Leonard, Leonard Slatkin, 1980? - 4.1: 1980

Sliding Home - see baseball

slot machine - 4.2: Playboy - Femlin Paraphernalia

The Slugger, 1979 - see Schmidt, Michael

Smith, Charley - 1.1: Military Service

Smith, Emmitt

Emmitt Smith, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Smith, Liz - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Smith Jones, Nancy - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Smithsonian Institution, The Smithsonian Associate Magazine - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Smothers, Tom and Dick (The Smothers Brothers) - 1.1: New York Friars Club

Snead, Sam - see golf - Frost, David

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1974, 1991, Jimmy the Greek - 4.1: 1982

soccer -- - 2.1: 1984, 1985, 4.1: 1977, 1979, 1994

AMF soccer equipment - see promotions

Anheuser Busch World Cup poster, 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Chinaglia, Georgio - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1979, 1998

Cosmos - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977

Fairfax Police Youth Club Tournament poster, 1988 - 3.1: Fairfax Police Youth Club Soccer Tournament Poster 1988

Maradona, Diego - 2.1: 1980, Maradona, 1982 - 3.2. Winners, Harry N. Abrams, 1983, Magazines and Catalogs

Pele - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov., 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975, 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1988

The Black Pearl, 1975 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Pele, 1975 - 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988

Pele, watercolor - 2.1: 1983

Soccer, 1989 etching - 4.1: 1990

Tampa Bay Rowdies: Soccer is a Kick in the Grass, 1975 - 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975

socialites - 3.1: Notes on Hamptons high society 1972

Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles - 1.1: Awards: Citations

soft paintings - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhibition 1989

Solange - 4.1: 1973

Soltner, Chef Andre - 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Sony - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1977

The Sopranos - 4.1: 1999

Sosa, Merqui - 4.1: 1996

Sosa, Sammy, Sammy Sosa, 1999 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998-99

Sorenson, Jacki - see dance

Sorokko, Serge - see exhibitions: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries

Sotheby's - see Carousel of Hope, 4.1: 1986, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1972, see Appendix E

souvenirs - see promotions

space shuttle - see Columbia Space Shuttle

Spago - 4.1: 1999

speaking engagements - 4.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988

Special Olympics -3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005, 4.1: 1986, 1996, Mississippi Special Olympics - 2.1: 1977

The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA - 2.1: 1991, 1996, 3.1: Philadelphia Spectrum Painting 1991, 4.1: 1992, V: Photographs

Spectrum Fine Art, New York - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove", Spectrum Fine Art, 1977, 4.1: 1978

Spelling, Aaron - 2.1: 1985

Spinks, Leon - see boxing

Spinks, Michael - see boxing

Spirit Foundation - 2.1: 1999

Spitz, Mark - see swimming and diving

The Sporting Life - 4.1: undated

The Sporting News - 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95

sports - listed alphabetically by name of sport (i.e. "baseball," "soccer"), with teams listed under heading of appropriate; in some cases college and professional sports are indexed separately. Also search for names of specific athletes.

sports arenas - see Madison Square Garden, Philadelphia Spectrum

sports cards - see trading cards

Sports Collectors Digest - 4.1: 1997

Sports Commemorative Decanters - see promotions and collectibles

sportscasters - see also Cosell, Howard, and Rooney, Art

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards

Sportsman's Ball - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

SportsWise Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Springfield Art Association, Illinois - 2.1: 1990

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - see tennis

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - see bars

Stallone, Sylvester - see Rocky, 4.1: 1987

stamps - 4.1: 1974

"Health in Sports" stamps, 1988 - 3.1: United Nations "Health in Sports" Stamps 1988

"Sport and the Environment" stamps, 1996 - 3.1: United Nations "Sport and the Environment" Stamps 1996

"Superbowl History" Stamps, 1988 - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988

Standard Oil - 4.1: 1974

Stanford University - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993

Stanley, Dr. M. Lee - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1996

Stargell, Willie, Willie Stargell, 1980 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988

Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty, 1985 - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985, 4.1: 1992 Staub, Rusty - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover

Rusty Staub's Le Grand Orange wine label - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 4.1: 2001 Staubach, Roger - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 3.1: Wheaties 1997, 4.1: 1972, 1973, 1982

Roger Staubach, 1982 - 2.1: 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1982

Stengel, Casey, Casey Stengel, 1993 - 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 2001

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sterling/Winters Company - 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Stern, Howard - see radio

Stiller, Jerry - 1.1: Friars

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - see boxing

Stock Market

American Stock Exchange, 1986 serigraph - 4.1: 1986

New York Stock Exchange, serigraph - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Winter Olympics Lake Placid, 1980, 4.1: 1974

Stock Exchange, silk tapestry - 4.1: 1990

Stock Exchange, London - 4.1: 1983

Stock Market, 1976 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1976

Stop Cancer - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Stop or My Mom Will Shoot, 1992 film - 2.1: 1991

Strahan, Michael - 4.1: 2002

Strasberg, Lee - 2.1: 1983

Strawberry, Darryl - 4.1: 1990, 2001

Stroh Brewing Company - 2.1: 1988

Stud Poker - see casinos

Studio 54 - 4.1: 1984

Styria Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1972, 1977, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999, see also boxing: Sting Like a Bee

Summer in Saugatuck, 1960 painting - 2.1: 1987

The Summer School of Painting - see Ox-Bow

sumo - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Superbowl - see NFL football

Superstars - see Rotonda Superstars

Supreme Court of the State of New York - 2.1: 1980, 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990 -1999

Supreme Court of the United States - 2.1: 1992

Surfing - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

The Surfer, 1980 - 4.1: 1980 ov

surgery - see The Open Heart, 1982

Swahn Fine Arts - 4.1: 1989, 1991

Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

swimming and diving -- - 4.1: 1987, 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics

Chandler, Jennifer - 4.1: 1987

International Swimming Hall of Fame Museum - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Louganis, Greg - 3.2.9, 4.1: 1987

Olympic Swimmer - 4.1: 1986

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, Mark Spitz, 1972 - 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, 4.1: 1973, 1987

United States Swimming Long Course Championships - 4.1: 1982

Switzerland - 2.1: 1985, 1989

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphantasy - see music

T

Takamiyama, Jesse - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

James Talcott, Inc. - 3.1: James Talcott, Inc. 1975

tapestry - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Taschen Publishers - 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004

Tavern on the Green - see restaurants

Taxicab Chronicles - 3.1: Taxicab Chronicles 1999, 4.1: 1999

Taylor, Elizabeth - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Taylor, Lawrence - 4.1: 1996

television - 2.1: 1970, 1978, 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1994, 1995, 3.1: Call of the Wild 1993, see also ABC, CBS, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, The Lone Ranger

ABC Sports - 2.2: ABC Sports

Ampex Video Art - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1980

Arlene Herson Show - 4.1: 1989

The Black Stallion television show - 2.1: 1990

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports, 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978

Channel 13 - 2.1: 1976

Cityscope - 4.1: 1989

Dinah! (Dinah Shore) - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-1977

KCTA -TV St. Paul - 2.1: 1976

Larry King - see King, Larry

Kup's Show (Irv Kupcinet) - 4.1: 1972, 1982

Merv Griffin Show - 2.1: 1976, 1983, 4.1: 1980, 1989

NBC - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-87, 3.1: NBC Peacock Project 1997

"The New Odd Couple," ABC TV - 2.1: 1982

Regis and Kathie Lee - 4.1: 1988, 1996

Shukan T.V. Guide, Japan - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

TV Food Network - 2.1: 1993

TV Gallery with Ron Parris - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

T.V. Guide - 2.1: 1975

T.V. Guide Japan - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1984

TV Shopper - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1973, 1980

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Today Show - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-93

WGBH TV Boston - 2.1: Charities 1994, Charities 1996

Wonderama TV Show - 4.1: undated 1970s

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - 4.1: 1979

Tenenbaum, Judy and Harold - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tennessee - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see also Gregory, Jack; Morris, Gary and Elizabeth; Murphy, Libby; Perkins, Carl; Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell; Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr

tennis -- - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1988-89, 1997, 1999

Adoption Guild Annual Tennis Tournament, Tennis Country - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980

Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic - 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83

American Airlines Tennis Games - 2.1: 1976

Ashe, Arthur, Arthur Ashe, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980, 1984

Association of Tennis Professionals - 4.1: 1984

The Ball is in Your Court - 4.1: 1979

Blanchard, Mike - 4.1: 1975

Blood Tennis, 1980 serigraph - 4.1: 1980

Borg, Bjorn - 4.1: 1977, Bjorn Borg - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77, 4.1: 1980

Casals, Rosey - 4.1: 1975

Center Court, Madison Square Garden - 4.1: 1986

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Connors, Jimmy - 4.1: 1977, 1988, 1994

Court, Margaret - 4.1: 1975

Doubles - 4.1: 1973, 1977

Emerson, Roy - 4.1: 1998, see Laver, Rod

Evert, Chris - 4.1: 1976, 1994 and ov, see Appendix A

Back Hand - Chris Evert - 4.1: undated, 1981 ov

Chris, 1973 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Forest Hills - 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

Get Shot - 4.1: undated

Gonzales, Richard (Pancho) - 4.1: 1972, 1975, 1977, Pancho Gonzales, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1972

I Love New York Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 2.1: Charities 1982, 4.1: 1982

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

International Tennis Hall of Fame - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Kennedy, Robert F. - see Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament

King, Billie Jean - 4.1: 1973 ov

Laver, Rod

Rod Laver at Wimbledon, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rod Laver, 1980 watercolor - 4.1: 1996

Rod Laver and Roy Emerson, 1980 watercolor - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980, 4.1: 1998

Lendl, Ivan - 4.1: 1989

McEnroe, John - 4.1: 1983, 1989, 1994

Men's Doubles - 4.1: 1977

Mixed Doubles - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89, 4.1: 1978, 1981

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1977

Net Shot, undated - 4.1: undated

Noah, Yannick - 4.1: 1997

Palm Beach Tennis Masters - 4.1: 1973 ov

Racketeers, 1975 silkscreen - 4.1: 1975

Riggs, Bobby - 4.1: 1973 ov

Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Roche, Tony - 4.1: 1973 ov

Rosewall, Ken - 4.1: 1975

Sabatini, Gabriela - 4.1: 1996, 1997

Smash - Stan Smith - 4.1: undated

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981

Tennis - Sudden Death, 1973 - 4.1: 1998

Tennis Magazine - 4.1: 1973, 1975

Tennis Masters (McEnroe and Lendl) - 4.1: 2000

Tennis Players, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979

Turnberry Isle Racquet Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Volvo Masters serigraph, 1983 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983, VC: 1983

Washington, Malivai - 4.1: 1997

wheelchair tennis - 2.1: 1980

The Wimbledon Restaurant - see restaurants and bars

Texas Is... - 4.1: 1986

textbook (usage of art in) - 2.1: 1998, 2000, 2002, 4.1: undated, undated 1990s, 1992, 1996

theater - 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970, 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995, 4.1: 1964, 1969, 1981, 1991, 1999, see also musicals

Inherit the Wind - 4.1: 1956 ov

Theater Collection of the Museum of the City of New York - 4.1: 1983

theft - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1990, see also forgery and vandalism

Thomas, Duane - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Thompson, Bobby - see The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Thornton, Tony - 4.1: 1995

Thornton, Wayne - see boxing

The Three Tenors - see opera

The Thrill of Victory, by Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Thurmond, Strom - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Miss U.S.A. Pageant 1978

TIME Magazine - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Times Square, 2001 - 4.1: 2003

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Time Out New York Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art - see exhibitions

Timoney, John - 4.1: 1996

To, Bobbie - 4.1: 1984

Toney, James - 4.1: 1994

Top Secret! 1984 film - 4.1: 1984

Topps - see trading cards

Torre, Joe - 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 4.1: 2002

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Tour Eiffel, 1993 - 4.1: 1995

Tour de Trump - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Tour de Trump, 1989 - 3.1: Tour de Trump

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

track and field - see also running, 4.1: 1982, 1987, V: Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards 1983-2000s

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Drake Relays - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979

Jenner, Bruce - 2.1 1977, 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980, 4.1: 1987

Joyner-Kersee, Jackie - 4.1: 1999, V:1990s, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, 1993 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Lewis, Carl - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-95

Muhammad Ali Invitational - 4.1: 1977

Off and Running, 1978 - 4.1: undated 1980s

Owens, Jesse -- - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979, 4.1: 1990, 1998, 2000

Jesse Owens, 1983 - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 2000

Jesse Owens Foundation - 2.2: Jesse Owens Foundation Board of Directors 1990-2000

Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 2000, V: 1990s

Jesse Owens Track Classic - 4.1: 1990

U.S. Olympic Track and Field Trials - 4.1: 1980

trading cards

Kayo - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991

Topps - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Topps Celebrity Trading Cards 1992

Upper Deck - 2.1: 1992

travel agency - 4.1: undated

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow - see exhibitions

Trinidad, Felix - see boxing

Tropicana Resort & Casino - see casinos

Trottier, Bryan - 4.1: 1976

Truax - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Trump, Donald -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club c., 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989, 4.1: 1987

Donald Trump, 1986 - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump Plaza - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence, 4.1: 1996

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - 3.1: Harrah's Trump Plaza Opening, Atlantic City 1984

Baccarat at Harrah's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 4.1: 1984

Harrah's Polo - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

Trump Polo Club - 4.1: 1985

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump, Ivana - 2.2: Trump

A Tribute to the Movies, 1989 - 3.1: Houston Film Fest

Tulane University - 4.1: 1974

Tunnel Club, New York - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1988

Turkey - 2.1: 1975

Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Clubs - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Exhibitions 1982-83

Turner, Tina - 4.1: 1981

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

'21' Club - see restaurants

Two Bar Men, 1965 - see bars

Tyson, Mike - see boxing

U

UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

U.S. Army - 1.1: Military Service, see also Army vs. Navy

U.S. Postal Service - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988, 3.1 ov.

U.S. Savings Bonds - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University - 2.1: 1981

The Ultimate Seduction, by Charlotte Chandler - see Chandler, Charlotte

Ultraviolet - see Dufresne, Isabelle

unicorn - see animals: unicorn

Unitas, Johnny - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Johnny Unitas, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Johnny Unitas, 1997 - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

United Airlines - 4.1: 1983

United Cerebral Palsy Association - 4.1: 1988, 1992

United Nations, U.N. Postal Administration - 3.1: United Nations Stamps 1988-96

United States Sports Academy - 2.1: 1989

United Way - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Universal Geneve Timepieces - 3.1: Universal Geneve Watch Promotion 1995-96

University of California at Los Angeles - see UCLA

University of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

University of Denver - 2.1: 1979

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

University of San Francisco - 4.1: 1988

University of Southern California - 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics 1984

University of Texas at Austin - 4.1: 1994

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: Upstairs Gallery 1980-89, 4.1: 1973, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

V

Vail, CO - see skiing

Van Der Marck Editions - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

vandalism - 4.1: 1978, see also theft, forgery

Vanity Fair Magazine - 4.1: 1996

Varga, Alberto - see -- Playboy -- Magazine

Vargas, Fernando - see boxing

Variety Clubs International Distinguished Artist Award - 1.1: Awards

Varipapa, Andy - see bowling

Venice, Italy - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Ventura, Jesse - see wrestling

Vernon, Jackie - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Versace, Gianni - 4.1: 2001

Via Video - 2.1: 1983

Viagem E Tourismo Magazine - 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

Victor Awards - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985, 4.1: 2003

Video Magazine - 2.1: undated

Vienna, Austria - 2.1: 1996

Village Nursing Home - 4.1: 1982

W

WNBC - see helicopter

Wajima - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Walker, Doug - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Wall Street Journal -- - 4.1: 1969 ov

Walsh, Coach Bill, Bill Walsh, 1993 - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993, 4.1: 1993

Ward, Laura - 4.1: 2004, see also Merce Cunningham Studio under "dance"

Warhol, Andy - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol 1981, 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985, 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1986, 1987, 1988

Warwick Hotel - see Players Hotel

Washington, Malivai - see tennis

watch - see Classic Moments Watches or Universal Geneve Timepieces

Watergate hearings - 2.1: 1973

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80, 4.1: 1979

Wayne, George - 4.1: 1996

Webb, Eugene 'Fat Daddy' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Weeb - see Ewbank, Weeb

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1987

Weisberg, Tim - 2.1: 1977

Welles, Orson - 4.1: 1989

Welzer, Irv - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

West Side Story - see musicals

Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Westheimer, Dr. Ruth - 4.1: 1999

Wheaties - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - see boxing

White House - 2.1: 1978, 1980, 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1978, Easter at the White House - 4.1: 1988

Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennial - 4.1: 1985, 1989

Who's Who - see Marquis Who's Who

Whores, Wars & Tin Pan Alley - 4.1: 1969

The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats, 1978 file

wildlife - see animals, LeRoy Neiman On Safari

The Wildlife Experience - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Williams, Bernie, Bernie Williams, 2003 - 3.1: Bernie Williams, 2003

Williams, Cleveland - see boxing

Williams, Ted -- - see also television: WGBH

The Splendid Splinter - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1993, 2002

Williams at Bat, 1980 painting and 1991 serigraph - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 2002

Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972 boxing documentary film - 4.1: 1972

Windsor Gallery - 4.1: undated 1970s

wine -- - 4.1: 1997, see also champagne

labels - 3.1: David Frost Wines 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1996, see also golf: Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot

Wine Country Film Festival - 3.1: Wine Country Film Festival 1990

Wine, Women, and Cigar, 1996 - see cigars

Winged Foot - see golf

Wingmead - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Winners, 1983 - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Wisconsin - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Wittnauer International - see Universal Geneve

Wolf, Martin B. - 4.1: 1964

Wolfberg, Lee - 4.1: undated 1980s

Wolfson, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. - 4.1: 1967, 1980

Women of Excellence - 2.1: 1985

Women's Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993

Women's Sports Foundation - 2.1: 1983

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1991, 1997, 1998

Wooden, John, Coach John Wooden, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 1985, 4.1: 2001

Woods, Tiger - see golf

Word, Rob - 4.1: 1977

World Biographical Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1991

World War II - 1.1: Military Service, 4.1: 1998

world wide web - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

wrestling -- - 4.1: 1973, 1992, 1999

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1999

Schultz, Dave, Dave Schultz, 1996 - 3.1: Dave Schultz 1996

Ventura, Jesse - 3.1: Jesse Ventura 1999

Wyeth, Andrew - 4.1: 1987

Wyland - 4.1: 1993

X

Y

YMCA - 4.1: 1992

Yale University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Yarger, Timothy - see exhibitions: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, also Bowles Galleries

The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings - 4.1: 1994

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Young, Trip - 4.1: 1970

Youngman, Henny - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: undated, 1987

Henny Youngman, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Yugoslavia - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, see Appendix

Z

Zabrin, Michael - see Michael Zabrin Fine Art

Zaire - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Ziegenfuss Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 4.1: undated 1990s

zoo - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Zoo Tour correspondence
Provenance:
The papers of artist LeRoy Neiman were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2005 by LeRoy Neiman.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility. This collection is publication restricted by the donor.
Rights:
Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from: Leroy Neiman Foundation, One West 67th Street, New York, NY 10023; info@leroyneimanfoundation.org
Topic:
Olympics in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sports artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.neimlero
See more items in:
LeRoy Neiman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neimlero

Leo Castelli Gallery records

Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Names:
Amsterdam (Netherlands). Stedelijk Museum  Search this
Castelli Graphics (Firm)  Search this
Castelli-Sonnabend Tapes and Films, Inc.  Search this
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Ileana Sonnabend (Gallery)  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Multiples, Inc.  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Artschwager, Richard, 1923-  Search this
Barry, Robert, 1936-  Search this
Bloom, Barbara, 1951-  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Chryssa, 1933-  Search this
Daphnis, Nassos, 1914-  Search this
Darboven, Hanne  Search this
Epstein, Ethel Steuer  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Gorgoni, Gianfranco  Search this
Heller, Ben, 1925-  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Klapheck, Konrad, 1935-  Search this
Koons, Jeff  Search this
Landsman, Stanley, 1930-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Marisol, 1930-  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Panza, Giuseppe  Search this
Parker, Raymond, 1922-  Search this
Power, Alan  Search this
Powers, John, 1916-  Search this
Powers, Kimiko  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-  Search this
Rosenquist, James, 1933-  Search this
Rowan, Carolyn  Search this
Rowan, Robert  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore, 1919-2007  Search this
Scull, Ethel  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Serra, Richard, 1939-  Search this
Starn, Doug  Search this
Starn, Mike  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Tremaine, Burton  Search this
Tremaine, Emily Hall, 1908-1987  Search this
Twombly, Cy, 1928-  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-  Search this
Weiner, Lawrence.  Search this
Extent:
215.9 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Video recordings
Sketches
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Notes
Visitors' books
Photographs
Notebooks
Awards
Date:
circa 1880-2000
bulk 1957-1999
Summary:
The Leo Castelli Gallery records measure 215.9 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from circa 1880-2000, with the bulk of the materials dating from the gallery's founding in 1957 through Leo Castelli's death in 1999. The major influence of dealer Leo Castelli and his gallery on the development of mid-to-late twentieth century modern art in America is well-documented through business and scattered personal correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, extensive artists' files and printed materials, posters, awards and recognitions, photographs, and sound and video recordings. Also included are records for the subsidiary firms of Castelli Graphics and Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes and Films.
Scope and Content Note:
The Leo Castelli Gallery records measure 215.9 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from circa 1880-2000, with the bulk of the materials dating from the gallery's founding in 1957 through Leo Castelli's death in 1999. The major influence of dealer Leo Castelli and his gallery on the development of mid-to-late twentieth century modern art in America is well-documented through business and scattered personal correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, extensive artists' files and printed materials, posters, awards and recognitions, photographs, and audio and video recordings. Also included are records for the subsidiary firms of Castelli Graphics and Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes and Films.

The records document the gallery's daily business operations, exhibitions, spaces/buildings, collaborations and joint ventures with other galleries and museums, and its relationship with many artists, dealers, and clients. Artists particularly well-represented throughout the collection include Hanne Darboven, Dan Flavin, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Claes Oldenburg, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Andy Warhol, and Lawrence Weiner.

Records pre-dating the gallery's establishment in 1957 are primarily newspaper and magazine clippings related to artists, personal photographs and photographs of works of art, and scattered personal business records of Leo Castelli.

General Correspondence is extensive at circa 25 linear feet and consists primarily of the gallery's and Leo Castelli's named and subject correspondence files concerning the gallery's daily operations, exhibitions, artwork installation and fabrication, appraisals, inquiries, loans, sales, consignments, personal and business relationships with artists, and other topics. The general correspondence is arranged either by name of correspondent or topic, and is with museums and galleries, collectors, business associates, artists, employees, and friends. Notes, scattered photographs and slides, and printed materials are often found as enclosures. Leo Castelli's personal correspondence is also found here and consists primarily of solicitations, requests for advice, notes of thanks, congratulations, and invitations.

Letters written by artists in the gallery's stable are somewhat limited. There are scattered letters from artists Christo, Chryssa, Nassos Daphnis, Hanne Darboven, Marisol, Dan Flavin, Jasper Johns, Frederick Kiesler, Robert Morris, Hans Namuth, Bruce Nauman, Nam June Paik, Ray Parker, James Rosenquist, Edward Ruscha, Salvatore Scarpitta, Frank Stella, Cy Twombly, and Jack Tworkov. There are also letters about artists in this series filed under the artists' name.

Collectors and dealers represented within the correspondence include the De Menil family, Mrs. Henry Epstein, Ben Heller, Giuseppe Panza, Alan Power, John and Kimiko Powers, Robert and Carolyn Rowan, Robert and Ethel Scull, and Burton and Emily Tremaine. Museums and galleries for which there is considerable correspondence includes the Dwan Gallery, Ferus Gallery, the Jewish Museum, Museum of Modern Art, Sidney Janis Gallery, Stedelijk Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Ileana Sonnabend Galerie.

The materials arranged in General Correspondence were originally marked by the gallery as "correspondence" files upon accessioning, and, are thus arranged into their own series. However, in some cases, there appears to be little difference between the General Correspondence and the Administrative Files. Thus, researchers are encouraged to reference both series.

Administrative Files document a wide variety of the gallery's activities and business. Essentially, these are files that were arranged by the gallery according to subject or topic and cover almost all activities except specific exhibitions. These files include records and correspondence about buildings and space, advertising, appraisals, auctions, consignments, loans, miscellaneous business correspondence, index cards, business arrangements with artists, information about artists, interviews with artists (transcripts), history of the gallery, mailings, photograph requests, shipping, and other topics. Few items are in digital format. There are staff notebooks and files and Leo Castelli's notebooks and notes from the late 1950s through the early 1990s. Extensive outgoing chronological correspondence filed in this series dates from 1964-1977. Also found are transcripts of interviews with Leo Castelli, biographical material, some of it in digital format, and scattered photographs.

Researchers should note that the Administrative Files often overlap and complement the General Correspondence. However, they focus slightly more distinctly on gallery business activities and are arranged mostly by subject or topic, except for the chronological business correspondence. Researchers are encouraged to reference both series. For example, correspondence with and about Jasper Johns may be found in both series, but the administrative files most likely focus on a specific loan, consignment, or business activity or transaction.

Exhibition files provide a thorough history of the gallery's exhibitions, as well as the fabrication and installation of artwork for exhibitions. These files include correspondence, exhibition catalogs, guest books, lists of exhibitions by artist and by year, press releases, sketches and notes, and scattered financial records. Photographs document over 650 exhibitions at Leo Castelli Gallery, including The Ninth Street Show organized by Castelli in 1951, and over 200 exhibitions at other galleries.

Extensive artists' files comprise approximately 40% of the records and are a rich resource of printed and compiled information about the careers of over 120 artists and their relationship with Leo Castelli and the gallery. There are exhibition announcements and catalogs, flyers, invitations, magazine articles and clippings, newspaper clippings, posters, press releases, photographs, and a handful of books. Nearly half of the series is comprised of black and white photographs of artwork, presumably handled by the Leo Castelli Gallery.

Additional printed materials include exhibition announcements, flyers, invitations, magazine articles and clippings, newspaper clippings, press releases, and exhibition posters. Exhibition catalogs are filed with the exhibitions files. The general archives files provide a chronological history of the gallery and its exhibitions. There are also files concerning Leo Castelli and numerous art-related topics. Exhibition posters are found here as well.

Artwork is limited and includes a few works of art and signed posters. Artists represented here include photographer Gianfranco Gorgoni, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Richard Serra and Andy Warhol, as well as others.

The records of the subsidiary Castelli Graphics New York consist of correspondence and administrative files relating to general operations and the sale and loan of prints. Also found are exhibition files, sales records, and scattered financial records. The series provides a wealth of information about Castelli Graphics collaborations with Multiples Inc. in the 1970s.

Also found in the collection are records of Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes and Films, a joint business venture between Leo Castelli Gallery and Sonnabend Gallery from 1974-1985. Records include correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, artists' files, printed materials, sales and rental records, photographs, and financial records.

The importance and stature of Leo Castelli and the Leo Castelli Gallery to the arts community in New York City and beyond is documented by numerous awards and recognitions, such as framed and unframed certificates, plaques, statues, medals, and scattered photographs.

Nearly seven linear feet of photographs include professional black and white original prints, scattered color photographs, color transparencies, slides and negatives, and disassembled photo albums. The photographs primarily depict social and art events and functions; family and friends of Leo Castelli; and portraits of Leo Castelli and artists and of Leo Castelli with artists, including Richard Artschwager, Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, Bruce Nauman, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Salvatore Scarpitta, Richard Serra, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol. Photographs of exhibitions and exhibition installations are filed with the exhibition files.

Sound and video recordings include sound and video art, performances, interviews with artists and Leo Castelli, recordings from and of exhibitions, and television publicity recorded on sound cassettes, phonograph records (vinyl and lacquer), videocassettes (U-matic, VHS, Betamax), and videocartridges. Artists represented include Vito Acconci, Robert Barry, Barbara Bloom, Hannah Collins, Hanne Darboven, Dan Flavin, Laura Grisi, Jasper Johns, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Bruce Nauman, Claes Oldenburg, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Ed Ruscha, Salvatore Scarpitta, Doug and Mike Starn, and Lawrence Weiner, among others.

See Index for list of Exhibitions at the Leo Castelli Gallery and Castelli Graphics
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1948-1999, bulk 1957-1997 (24.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-23, 191, OVs 233-236)

Series 2: Administrative Files, 1941-1999, bulk 1970s-1990s (17.3 linear feet; Boxes 24-39, 192-193, OVs 237-238, 0.001 GB; ER01-ER02)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, 1951-1999, bulk 1957-1998 (18.7 linear feet; Boxes 40-56, 192, 194-196, 308-309, OVs 239-241, 280)

Series 4: Artists Files, 1913-1999, bulk 1960s-1990s (80.8 linear feet; Boxes 57-133, 197-208, OVs 242-243)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1949-1998 (23.5 linear feet; Boxes 134-153, 209-211, OVs 244-274, 276, 300, RDs 301-306)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1960s-1990s (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 153, 212-213, OVs 275, 277-278, RD 307)

Series 7: Castelli Graphics, circa 1950-1999, bulk mid 1970s-early 1990s (16 linear feet; Boxes 154-169)

Series 8: Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films, 1969-1998 (5.6 linear feet; Boxes 170-174, 214, OVs 279-281)

Series 9: Awards and Recognition, 1962-1998 (6.9 linear feet; Boxes 175-176, 215-228, OVs 282)

Series 10: Photographs, circa 1880-1997, bulk 1960s-1990s (6.6 linear feet; Boxes 177-180, 229-231, OVs 283-299)

Series 11: Sound and Video Recordings, 1959-2000 (9.7 linear feet; Boxes 181-190, 232)
Historical Note:
Leo Castelli (1907-1999) was one of America's most noted contemporary art dealers and opened the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City in 1957. The gallery showcased cutting edge American contemporary art, including Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Neo-Dada, Pop Art, Op Art, Color Field painting, Hard-edge painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, and Neo-expressionism, among other movements.

Leo Castelli was born as Leo Krauss on September 4, 1907 in Trieste, of Italian and Austro-Hungarian Jewish origin. He married art dealer Ileana Sonnabend in 1932 and the couple lived in Paris up until World War II. They had a daughter, Nina Castelli Sundell. In Paris, Castelli opened his first gallery in 1939. At that time, he was interested in the European Surrealists.

For years after Castelli moved to New York, he worked in his father-in-law's garment business. However, he organized his first American exhibition in 1951, the famous Ninth Street Show of 1951, a seminal event of Abstract Expressionism.

In 1957, he opened the Leo Castelli Gallery in his townhome on E. 77th Street between Madison and Fifth Avenues in New York City. Castelli initially featured European Surrealism, but also curated exhibitions of American Abstract painters, including Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Cy Twombly, Friedel Dzubas, and Norman Bluhm.

In 1958, Castelli discovered Pop artists Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns and forged a life-long nurturing relationship with both artists. The gallery then began focusing more on Pop Art, Minimalism and Conceptual Art. Beginning in the early 1960s, Castelli's stable included Richard Artschwager, Lee Bontecou, Chryssa, John Chamberlain, Ronald Davis, Dan Flavin, Donald Judd, Ellsworth Kelly, Joseph Kosuth, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Larry Poons, James Rosenquist, Ed Ruscha, Salvatore Scarpitta, Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Andy Warhol, and Lawrence Weiner.

Leo and Ileana divorced in 1959, and Ileana returned to Europe. She later moved back to New York and opened a gallery close to Castelli's. The two remained close and together they established the joint venture of Castelli-Sonnabend Films and Tapes to accommodate artists interested in new media.

In the 1970s Leo Castelli opened a downtown SoHo branch of the Leo Castelli Gallery at 420 West Broadway. In the 1980s he opened a second larger downtown exhibition space on Greene Street also in SoHo.

Leo Castelli's second wife was Antoinette Castelli, with whom he also opened Castelli Graphics, an art gallery devoted to prints and photographs, mostly those by Castelli artists. The couple also had a son together, Jean-Christophe Castelli. In 1995 Leo Castelli married Italian art historian Barbara Bertozzi Castelli. She directs the Leo Castelli Gallery today, showing many of the same artists of the gallery's past.

Leo Castelli's unparalleled eye for quality, combined with his extraordinary skill for nurturing and promoting new art and artists, secured his position as one of the most respected and influential advocates of contemporary art for nearly five decades.
List of Exhibitions:
Below is a chronological listing of over 850 exhibitions and events held at the Leo Castelli Gallery from 1957 to 1999; included are exhibitions at 4 E 77 St (1957-1989), 65 Thompson (1989-1994), 108th St Warehouse (1968-1970), 142 Greene St (1980-1988), 420 W Broadway (1971-1999), and 578 Broadway (1988-1997). Castelli Graphics exhibitions from 1969-1996 and Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes and Films exhibitions from 1974-1984 are also included and are noted when known.

Note that this list is not comprehensive. In particular, Castelli Graphics exhibitions from the 1980s and early 1990s are incomplete. Sources used to compile this index include exhibition schedules and lists, installation photographs, announcements, clippings, and other printed materials from the Leo Castelli Gallery records, and the Leo Castelli Gallery website (www.castelligallery.com).

Exhibitions are listed in chronological order by title, if known, and gallery address.

1957 SeasonFeb. -- First Exhibition: de Kooning, Delaunay, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Hartley, Leger, Mondrian, Picabia, Pollock, David Smith, van Doesburg; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 4-23, 1957 -- Jon Schueler; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 25 - Apr. 13, 1957 -- Viseux; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 15 - May 4, 1957 -- Paul Brach; 4 E 77 St

May 6-25, 1957 -- New Work: Bluhm, Budd, Dzubas, Johns, Leslie, Louis, Marisol, Ortman, Rauschenberg, Savelli; 4 E 77 St

1957-1958 SeasonOct. 1-26, 1957 -- Norman Bluhm; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 28 - Nov. 16, 1957 -- Horia Damian; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 18 - Dec. 14, 1957 -- Marisol; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 17, 1957 - Jan. 18, 1958 -- Collector's Annual; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 20 - Feb. 8, 1958 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 10 - Mar. 1, 1958 -- Friedel Dzubas; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 4-29, 1958 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 1-26, 1958 -- Giuseppe Capogrossi; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 29 - May 31, 1958 -- Pioneers 1910-1950: de Kooning, Delaunay, Domela, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Hartley, Kandinsky, Leger, Miro, Picabia, Pollock, Schwitters, Smith, van Doejburg; 4 E 77 St

1958-1959 SeasonSept. 30 - Oct. 25, 1958 -- Angelo Savelli; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 28 - Nov. 22, 1958 -- Group Exhibition: Bluhm, Brach, Dzubas, Johns, Marisol, Rauschenberg, Schueler; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 25 - Dec. 20, 1958 -- Esteban Vicente, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 6-24, 1959 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 27 - Feb. 14, 1959 -- Salvatore Scarpitta, Extramurals; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 17 - Mar. 7, 1959 -- Al Newbill; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 10-28, 1959 -- Gabriel Kohn; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 31 - Apr. 18, 1959 -- Norman Bluhm, Jean Dubuffet, and Robert Rauschenberg; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 21 - May 9, 1959 -- Jon Schueler; 4 E 77 St

May 12-30, 1959 -- Group Exhibition: Brach, Dzubas, Johns, Sander, Twombly; 4 E 77 St

1959-1960 SeasonOct. 6-17, 1959 -- Opening Exhibition of the New Gallery: Bluhm, Brach, Daphnis, Johns, Kohn, Rauschenberg, Sander, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 20 - Nov. 7, 1959 -- Work in Three Dimensions: Chamberlain, Follet, Giles, Johns, Klein, Kohn, Marisol, Nevelson, Ortman, Rauschenberg, Scarpitta; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 10-28, 1959 -- Ludwig Sander; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 1-26, 1959 -- Paul Brach; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 5-23, 1960 -- William Giles; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 26 - Feb. 13, 1960 -- Norman Bluhm; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 15 - Mar. 5, 1960 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 8-26, 1960 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 29 - Apr. 16, 1960 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 19 - May 7, 1960 -- Salvatore Scarpitta; 4 E 77 St

May 10-28, 1960 -- Edward Higgins; 4 E 77 St

May 31 - June 25, 1960 -- Summary 1959-1960: Bluhm, Bontecou, Daphnis, Higgins, Johns, Kohn, Langlais, Rauschenberg, Sander, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

1960-1961 SeasonSept. 27 - Oct. 15, 1960 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 18 - Nov. 5, 1960 -- Cy Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 9 - Dec. 3, 1960 -- Lee Bontecou; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 6, 1960 - Jan. 7, 1961 -- Robert Rauschenberg, 34 Illustrations for Dante's Inferno; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 10-28, 1961 -- Frederick Kiesler; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 31 - Feb. 25, 1961 -- Jasper Johns, Drawings and Sculpture; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 28 - Mar. 18, 1961 -- Jack Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 21 - Apr. 8, 1961 -- Bernard Langlais; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 11-29, 1961 -- Yves Klein, Le Monochrome; 4 E 77 St

May 2-20, 1961 -- Ludwig Sander; 4 E 77 St

May 23 - June [10], 1961 -- Sculpture and Relief: Bontecou, Chamberlain, Higgins, Scarpitta; 4 E 77 St

1961-1962 SeasonSept. 22 - Oct. 14, 1961 -- An Exhibition in Progress: Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Higgins, Johns, Langlais, Moskowitz, Rauschenberg, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 17 - Nov. 4, 1961 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 7 - Dec. 5, 1961 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 8, 1961 - Jan. 10, 1962 -- Group Exhibition: Bontecou, Johns, Langlais, [Lichtenstein], Scarpitta, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 13 - Feb. 6, 1962 -- John Chamberlain; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 10 - Mar. 3, 1962 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 10 - Apr. 5, 1962 -- Robert Moskowitz; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 7-21, 1962 -- Group Exhibition: Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Higgins, Rauschenberg, Scarpitta, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 28 - May 19, 1962 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

May 26 - June 30, 1962 -- Drawings: Bontecou, Johns, Lichtenstein, Moskowitz, Rauschenberg, Stella, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

1962-1963 SeasonSept. 22 - Oct. 13, 1962 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Higgins, Johns, Klapheck, Rauschenberg, Scarpitta, Stella, Tinguely, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 16 - Nov. 7, 1962 -- John Chamberlain and Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 10 - Dec. 6, 1962 -- Lee Bontecou; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 8, 1962 - Jan. 9, 1963 -- Gerald van de Wiele; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 12 - Feb. 7, 1963 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 9 - Mar. 7, 1963 -- Jack Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 9-30, 1963 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 2-25, 1963 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Higgins, Kiesler, Lichtenstein, Moskowitz, Rauschenberg, Stella, Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 27 - May 16, 1963 -- Salvatore Scarpitta; 4 E 77 St

May 20 - June 30, 1963 -- Group Drawing Exhibition: Bontecou, Daphnis, Johns, Lichtenstein, Moskowitz, Rauschenberg, Stella, Tworkov, van de Wiele; 4 E 77 St

1963-1964 SeasonSept. 28 - Oct. 24, 1963 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 26 - Nov. 21, 1963 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 23, 1963 - Jan. 2, 1964 -- Edward Higgins; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 4 - Feb. 6, 1964 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 8 - Mar. 12, 1964 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Johns, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 14 - Apr. 9, 1964 -- Cy Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 11-30, 1964 -- John Chamberlain; 4 E 77 St

May 2 - June 3, 1964 -- Introducing Artschwager, Christo, Hay, Watts; 4 E 77 St

June 6-30, 1964 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly, Tworkov; 4 E 77 St

1964-1965 SeasonSept. 26 - Oct. 22, 1964 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 24 - Nov. 19, 1964 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Landscapes; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 21 - Dec. 28, 1964 -- Andy Warhol, Flower Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 9-27, 1965 -- John Chamberlain, Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 30 - Feb. 24, 1965 -- Richard Artschwager; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 27 - Mar. 24, 1965 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 27 - Apr. 14, 1965 -- Salvatore Scarpitta, Racing Cars; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 17 - May 13, 1965 -- James Rosenquist, F-111; 4 E 77 St

May 15 - June 9, 1965 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Oracle; 4 E 77 St

1965-1966 SeasonOct. 2-21, 1965 -- Group Exhibition: [Chamberlain], Johns, Lichtenstein, Poons, Rauschenberg, Stella, [Warhol]; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 23 - Nov. 17, 1965 -- Robert Bart; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 20 - Dec. 11, 1965 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Brushstrokes and Ceramics; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 14, 1965 - Jan. 5, 1966 -- Benefit Drawing Exhibition for the Foundation for the Contemporary Performance Arts; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 14, 1965 - Jan. 5, 1966 -- Group Exhibition; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 8 - Feb. 2, 1966 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 5 - Mar. 2, 1966 -- Donald Judd; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 12 - Mar. 2, 1966 -- Cy Twombly, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 5 - Apr. 2, 1966 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 6-27, 1966 -- Andy Warhol, Wallpaper and Clouds; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 30 - May 25, 1966 -- James Rosenquist; 4 E 77 St

May 28 - June 13, 1966 -- Christo, Storefront; 4 E 77 St

June 14-30, 1966 -- Group Exhibition: Bontecou, Johns, Judd, Lichtenstein, Poons, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

1966-1967 SeasonOct. 8 - Nov. 8, 1966 -- Lee Bontecou; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 12 - Dec. 3, 1966 -- Edward Higgins; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 6-10, 1966 -- Benefit Group Exhibition for Experiments in Art and Technology, Inc.; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 7, 1966 - Jan. 5, 1967 -- Stanley Landsman; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 14, 1966 - Jan. 5, 1967 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 7-31, 1967 -- Larry Poons; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 4-26, 1967 -- Tenth Anniversary Exhibition: Artschwager, Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Higgins, Johns, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Poons, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 4-28, 1967 -- Robert Morris; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 1967 -- New Work: Chamberlain, Lichtenstein, Stella; 4 E 77 St

May 1967 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Revolvers; 4 E 77 St

1967-1968 SeasonOct. 7-26, 1967 -- Cy Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 28 - Nov. 18, 1967 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 25 - Dec. 23, 1967 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 30, 1967 - Jan. 23, 1968 -- Richard Artschwager, Sculptures and Reliefs; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 27 - Feb. 17, 1968 -- Bruce Nauman; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 24 - Mar. 16, 1968 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 23 - Apr. 11, 1968 -- Ron Davis; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 20 - May 11, 1968 -- Robert Morris; 4 E 77 St

May 18 - June 8, 1968 -- Jack Krueger; 4 E 77 St

1968-1969 SeasonSept. 14-28, 1968 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 12-26, 1968 -- Robert Rauschenberg, White Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 2-23, 1968 -- Larry Poons; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 30 - Dec. 21, 1968 -- Cy Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 4-28, 1968 -- 9 at Leo Castelli: Anselmo, Bollinger, Hesse, Kaltenbach, Nauman, Saret, Serra, Sonnier, Zorio; 108th St Warehouse

Jan. 4-25, 1969 -- Donald Judd; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 1-22, 1969 -- John Chamberlain; 108th St Warehouse

Feb. 3-22, 1969 -- David Diao, Richard Pettibone, and Peter Young; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 1-22, 1969 -- Robert Morris; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 1-22, 1969 -- Robert Morris, A Continuous Project Altered Daily; 108th St Warehouse

Mar. 29 - Apr. 19, 1969 -- James Rosenquist, Horseblinders; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 29 - Apr. 19, 1969 -- Salvatore Scarpitta, Racing Cars; 108th St Warehouse

Apr. 26 - May 17, 1969 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Carnal Clocks; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 26 - May 17, 1969 -- Jack Krueger; 108th St Warehouse

May 24 - June 14, 1969 -- Bruce Nauman; 4 E 77 St

May 24 - June 21, 1969 -- 4 Painters for Spring: Bower, Cibula, Kalina, Roth, Yrisarry; 108th St Warehouse

June 21 - July 31, 1969 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Judd, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Serra, Sonnier, Stella, Young; 4 E 77 St

1969-1970 SeasonSept. 20 - Oct. 11, 1969 -- Group Exhibition: Lichtenstein, Serra, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 18 - Nov. 8, 1969 -- Ron Davis; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 18 - Nov. 8, 1969 -- Ron Davis; 108th St Warehouse

Nov. - Dec., 1969 -- Joseph Kosuth; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 13, 1969 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Moonshot Series (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 18 - Dec. 6, 1969 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 11-13, 1969 -- Benefit Exhibition, Art for the Moratorium; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 16, 1969 - Jan. 10, 1970 -- Richard Serra; 108th St Warehouse

Jan. 10-31, 1970 -- Jasper Johns, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 17-24, 1970 -- Rafael Ferrer; 108th St Warehouse

Feb. 7-28, 1970 -- Dan Flavin, Tatlin Monuments; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 7-28, 1970 -- Robert Morris, Earthwork Projects (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 7-28, 1970 -- Keith Sonnier; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 7-28, 1970 -- Keith Sonnier; 108th St Warehouse

Apr. 11 - May 9, 1970 -- Donald Judd; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 11 - May 9, 1970 -- Donald Judd; 108th St Warehouse

May 16-30, 1970 -- James Rosenquist; 4 E 77 St

June 11-27, 1970 -- Benefit Exhibition for the New York Studio School; 4 E 77 St

June 30 - Aug. 28, 1970 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Johns, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

1970-1971 SeasonSept. 19-26, 1970 -- Benefit Exhibition for Referendum '70: Daphnis, Flavin, Johns, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Sept. 26 - Oct. 24, 1970 -- Roy Lichtenstein, New Editions: Lithographs, Sculpture, Reliefs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 3-18, 1970 -- Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Stella, Twombly; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 24 - Nov. 14, 1970 -- James Rosenquist; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 21 - Dec. 12, 1970 -- Dan Flavin, Untitled (to Barnett Newman); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 19, 1970 - Jan. 9, 1971 -- Group Graphics Exhibition: Artschwager, Bontecou, Daphnis, Johns, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Schlossberg, Stella, Twombly, Warhol (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 16 - Feb. 6, 1971 -- Ron Davis; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 13 - Mar. 6, 1971 -- Bruce Nauman; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 13 - Apr. 9, 1971 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Mirror Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 17 - May 8, 1971 -- John Chamberlain; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 27 - May 8, 1971 -- Robert Barry; 4 E 77 St

May 8 - June 5, 1971 -- Douglas Huebler; 4 E 77 St

May 18 - June 12, 1971 -- Lee Bontecou; 4 E 77 St

June 26 - Sept. 24, 1971 -- Group Exhibition: Davis, Flavin, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

1971-1972 SeasonSept. 25 - Oct. 9, 1971 -- Group Film Exhibition: Jonas, Morris, Nauman, Serra, Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 2-16, 1971 -- Joseph Kosuth, The Eighth Investigation, Proposition Three; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 16 - Nov. 6, 1971 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 23 - Nov. 13, 1971 -- Dan Flavin; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 20 - Dec. 11, 1971 -- Nassos Daphnis; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 20 - Dec. 11, 1971 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 18, 1971 - Jan. [2], 1972 -- Group Film Exhibition; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 18, 1971 - Jan. 15, 1972 -- Lewis Baltz (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 18, 1971 - Jan. 15, 1972 -- Richard Hamilton, Graphics (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 15 - Feb. 5, 1972 -- Cy Twombly; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 22 - Feb. 12, 1972 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Entablature Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 22 - Feb. 12, 1972 -- Larry Stark (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Feb. 12, 1972 -- Lawrence Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 19, 1972 -- Richard Landry, Concert; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 19 - Mar. 16, 1972 -- Object Show (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Feb. 19 - Mar. 25, 1972 -- Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Serra, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 26 - Mar. 18, 1972 -- Keith Sonnier, Films and Videotapes; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 18 - Apr. 13, 1972 -- Andy Warhol, Electric Chairs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 25 - Apr. 15, 1972 -- Michael Balog; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 1-15, 1972 -- Richard Artschwager; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 15-29, 1972 -- Robert Barry, Projections; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 15 - May 6, 1972 -- James Rosenquist (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 18 - May 6, 1972 -- Robert Morris, Hearing; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 22 - May 13, 1972 -- Robert Morris, Projects; 4 E 77 St

May 6-20, 1972 -- Jasper Johns (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 6-20, 1972 -- Douglas Huebler; 420 W Broadway

May 13, 1972 -- Philip Glass, Concert; 420 W Broadway

May 20 - June 10, 1972 -- Frank Owen; 4 E 77 St

May 20 - June 10, 1972 -- Donald Judd and Richard Serra; 420 W Broadway

May 20 - June 12, 1972 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Tares (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 27 - June 17, 1972 -- Richard Serra, Drawings; 420 W Broadway

June 17 - Sept. 6, 1972 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

June 17 - Sept. [23], 1972 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Flavin, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

1972-1973 SeasonSept. 7-23, 1972 -- Furniture Designed by Artists: Chamberlain, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 11-23, 1972 -- Larry Stark, Fifty States (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 30 - Oct. 21, 1972 -- Group Drawing Exhibition: Barry, Bontecou, Daphnis, Flavin, Huebler, Johns, Judd, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Owen, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Serra, Sonnier, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Sept. 30 - Oct. 24, 1972 -- Satirical/Political Cartoons, Benefit for American Peace Action Coalition (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 7-21, 1972 -- New Works: Judd, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Serra, Stella; Videotapes: Jonas, Landry, Mann, Morris, Nauman, Serra, Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 27-28, 1972 -- Benefit Exhibition for the New York Collection for Stockholm; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 28 - Nov. 11, 1972 -- Frank Stella, Race Track (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 28 - Nov. 15, 1972 -- Jasper Johns, From Robert Scull Collection (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 4-25, 1972 -- Joseph Kosuth, The Ninth Investigation, Proposition One; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 4-25, 1972 -- Dan Flavin, an exposition of cool white and warm white circular fluorescent light; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 9-25, 1972 -- Andy Warhol, Mao Prints [Castelli Graphics]; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 18 - Dec. 9, 1972 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Mirrors (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 2-23, 1972 -- Joseph Kosuth, Early Works: Protoinvestigations; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 2-24, 1972 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Made in Tampa [Castelli Graphics]; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 9-23, 1972 -- Gianfranco Gorgoni, Photographs from the book "The New Avant-Garde"; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 16-30, 1972 -- Cirrus Editions: Anderson, Balog, Card Celmins, Cooper, Goode, Nauman, Price, Ruscha (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 4-6, 1973 -- Joan Jonas, Performance; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 6-27, 1973 -- Richard Serra, Prints from Gemini (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 6-27, 1973 -- Frank Stella; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 13 - Feb. 3, 1973 -- Donald Judd; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 3-17, 1973 -- Edward Ruscha, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 3-24, 1973 -- Group Show (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Feb. 10 - Mar. 3, 1973 -- Jan Dibbets; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 24 - Mar. 10, 1973 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Still Lifes; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 3-23, 1973 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Horsefeathers XIII (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 10-24, 1973 -- Nassos Daphnis, Retrospective 1958-1972; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 14-16, 1973 -- Lawrence Weiner, Film screening "A First Quarter"; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 17-31, 1973 -- Nassos Daphnis, Monoprints; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 17-31, 1973 -- Bruce Nauman, Floating Room; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 24 - Apr. 14, 1973 -- Bruce Nauman (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1973 -- Dan Flavin, 40th Birthday Drawing Exhibition; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1973 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Venetian Series; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 7-28, 1973 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Curved Series; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 27 - May 19, 1973 -- Group Show, Mirrors (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 28 - May 19, 1973 -- Hanne Darboven; 420 W Broadway

May 5-26, 1973 -- Paul Waldman, Recent Paintings; 4 E 77 St

May 19 - June 6, 1973 -- Laura Grisi, Pebbles; 420 W Broadway

May 26 - June 7, 1973 -- James Rosenquist, Horseblinders (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 26 - June 16, 1973 -- James Rosenquist; 420 W Broadway

June [3] - Sept. 15, 1973 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Darboven, Dibbets, Flavin, Huebler, Kosuth, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella, Waldman, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

June 8-22, 1973 -- Don Judd, Woodcuts, Silkscreens (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

June 23 - Sept. 9, 1973 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Bulls (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

June 23 - Sept. 22, 1973 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Chamberlain, Davis, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Owen, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella; 420 W Broadway

1973-1974 SeasonSept. 10-28, 1973 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Black and White Prints from Gemini (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 22 - Oct. 16, 1973 -- Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Sept. 29 - Oct. 20, 1973 -- Videotapes by Twelve Artists: Benglis, Chamberlain, Freed, Jonas, Kos, Landry, Mann, Morris, Nauman, Serra, Sonnier, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 29 - Nov. 16, 1973 -- Stockholm Show (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 18 - Nov. 10, 1973 -- Benefit Exhibition for the Committee to Save Venice: Cornell, Dine, Frankenthaler, Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Louis, Noland, Oldenburg, Olitski, Rauschenberg, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 1-3, 1973 -- Group Film Exhibition: Chamberlain, Jonas, Ruscha, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 1-14, 1973 -- Group Show: Artschwager, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 10 - Dec. 1, 1973 -- Douglas Huebler; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 15 - Dec. 1, 1973 -- Hans Namuth, Photographs; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 17 - Dec. 7, 1973 -- Lewis Baltz, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 17 - Dec. 15, 1973 -- Richard Artschwager; 4 E 77 St

Dec. 8, 1973 - Jan. 12, 1974 -- Group Show of New Prints: Balog, Petersen, Rauschenberg, Sonnier (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 8, 1973 - Jan. 12, 1974 -- John Chamberlain; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 15, 1973 - Jan. 19, 1974 -- Edward Ruscha, Retrospective Show, Graphics from the Collection of Donald Marron (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St (upstairs)

Jan. 12-26, 1974 -- [García] Uriburu (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1974 -- Robert Barry; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 2-16, 1974 -- James Rosenquist (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Feb. 2-23, 1974 -- Ron Davis; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 16 - Mar. 2, 1974 -- Group Drawing Exhibition: Artschwager, Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Darboven, Davis, Flavin, Huebler, Johns, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Owen, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Serra, Stella, Twombly; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 23 - Mar. 9, 1974 -- Keith Sonnier, Video Still Screens (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 2-23, 1974 -- Dan Flavin; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 9-30, 1974 -- Keith Sonnier, Amplified Local Time: Radio Installation; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 16 - Apr. 6, 1974 -- Bruce Nauman (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 30 - Apr. 20, 1974 -- Edward Ruscha; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 6-20, 1974 -- Roy Lichtenstein (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 6-27, 1974 -- Robert Morris, Voice; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 27 - May 11, 1974 -- Jasper Johns (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 27 - May 18, 1974 -- Claes Oldenburg; 4 E 77 St

May 4-25, 1974 -- Robert Rauschenberg and Cy Twombly; 420 W Broadway

May 18 - June 1, 1974 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Pages and Fuses (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 28 - June 15, 1974 -- Lucia Wilcox; 4 E 77 St

June, 1974 -- Ron Davis (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

June, 1974 -- Richard Landry, Concert; 420 W Broadway

June 1-15, 1974 -- Group Video Exhibition: Acconci, Baldessari, Bell, Benglis, Campus, Gillette, Girouard, Haxton, Holt, Jonas, Kos, Landry, Mann, Morris, Oldenburg, Palestine, Serra, Smithson, Wegman (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

June 1-15, 1974 -- Richard Landry, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway

June 21 - Sept. 14, 1974 -- Group Exhibition: Darboven, Flavin, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

June 21 - Sept. 14, 1974 -- Group Graphics Exhibition: Artschwager, Baltz, Bontecou, Daphnis, Huebler, Johns, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Petersen, Pistoletto, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Serra, Sonnier, Stella, Twombly, Warhol (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway

1974-1975 SeasonSept. 21 - Oct. 4, 1974 -- Frank Stella, Eccentric Polygons (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 21 - Oct. 5, 1974 -- Jasper Johns, Recent Four Panel Prints (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 21 - Oct. 12, 1974 -- Group Sculpture Show, In Three Dimensions: Artschwager, Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Scarpitta, Serra, Sonnier, Stella, Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 5-19, 1974 -- Peter Mauss, Recent Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 12-26, 1974 -- Richard Serra, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 19 - Nov. 9, 1974 -- Lawrence Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 26 - Nov. 9, 1974 -- Claes Oldenburg, Selected Show of Prints from 1968-1974 (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 2 - 30, 1974 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Artist's Studio Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 12-30, 1974 -- James Rosenquist, Selected Show of Prints from 1965-1974 (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 16-30, 1974 -- Hanne Darboven, 24 Songs; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 21, 1974 -- Philip Glass, Concert; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 7-21, 1975 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Hoarfrost Series; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 7, 1974 - [Jan. 4], 1974 -- Michelangelo Pistoletto, New Multiples (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 7, 1974 - Jan. 4, 1975 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Hoarfrost Editions (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Dec. 14, 1974 - Jan. 11, 1975 -- Andy Warhol, Hand Colored Flowers (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway

Jan. 4-18, 1975 -- Bruce Nauman, Cones/Cojones; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 11-25, 1975 -- Edward Ruscha, Domestic Tranquility, Four New Lithographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 11 - Feb. 2, 1975 -- Salvatore Scarpitta, Sleds; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 15-18, 1975 -- Peter Campus and Paul Kos, Videotapes (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

Jan. 25 - Feb. 8, 1975 -- Joseph Kosuth, The Tenth Investigation, Proposition Four; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 1-15, 1975 -- Group Show: Huebler, Morris, Nauman, Sonnier (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Feb. 8-22, 1975 -- Keith Sonnier, Air to Air; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 15 - Mar. 8, 1975 -- Nassos Daphnis, A Continuous Painting; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 26 - Mar. 1, 1975 -- Benefit Exhibition for the Merce Cunningham Portfolio: Cage, Johns, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Stella, Warhol; 4 E 77 St

Feb. 26 - Mar. 1, 1975 -- Joan Jonas and Charlemagne Palestine, Videotapes (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

Mar. 5-8, 1975 -- Frank Gillette and William Wegman, Videotapes (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

Mar. 8 - Apr. 5, 1975 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Sculptures; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 15-29, 1975 -- Richard Artschwager, Drawings; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 15-29, 1975 -- Larry Stark, Silkscreens on Canvas; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 15 - [Apr. 5], 1975 -- Richard Landry, "1, 2, 3, 4" from Videotapes (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 2-5, 1975 -- Benefit Exhibition for the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 12-26, 1975 -- Ellsworth Kelly, New Prints (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 12-26, 1975 -- Dan Flavin, Flourescent Light; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 12 - May 3, 1975 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Gray Series Paintings; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 19 - May 3, 1975 -- James Klosty, Around and About Merce Cunningham, Photographs 1968-1972; 420 W Broadway

May 3-17, 1975 -- Richmond Jones, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 3-31, 1975 -- Frank Stella, Metal Reliefs; 420 W Broadway

May 10-31, 1975 -- Ron Davis, Paintings; 4 E 77 St

May 10-31, 1975 -- Laura Grisi, Stripes; 420 W Broadway

May 24 - June 7, 1975 -- Laura Grisi, New Graphics (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

June 7 - Sept. 5, 1975 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Chamberlain, Darboven, Grisi, Huebler, Judd, Kelly, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Owen, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

June 7 - Sept. 20, 1975 -- Summer Group Exhibition, Black and White: Kelly, Rauschenberg, Ad Reinhardt, Serra, Stella; 4 E 77 St

June 14-28, 1975 -- Bruce Nauman, New Graphics (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

July 7-25, 1975 -- Group Exhibition (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

1975-1976 SeasonSept. 13-27, 1975 -- Autumn Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Chamberlain, Davis, Lichtenstein, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Scarpitta; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 27 - Oct. 18, 1975 -- James Rosenquist, Drawings; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 4-18, 1975 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Bones and Unions (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 4-25, 1975 -- Jan Dibbets; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 11-25, 1975 -- Frank Owen; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 25 - Nov. 15, 1975 -- Hans Namuth, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 1-15, 1975 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Bones and Unions (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway

Nov. 1-22, 1975 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Recent Paintings; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 22 - Dec. 13, 1975 -- Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Morris, Stella; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 29 - Dec. 20, 1975 -- Lewis Baltz, The New Industrial Parks Near Irving, CA, 1974 (a portfolio of 51 photographs) (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway

Nov. 29 - Dec. 20, 1975 -- Paul Waldman, Recent Paintings; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 3-17, 1976 -- Ralph Gibson, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 10-24, 1976 -- Robert Barry, Recent Drawings; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 10-24, 1976 -- Alan Charlton; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 24 - Feb. 14, 1976 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 31 - Feb. 14, 1976 -- Peter Campus; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 31 - Feb. 14, 1976 -- Peter Campus and Frank Gillette, Videotapes (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

Feb. 10, 1976 -- Lawrence Weiner, Film screening, "A Second Quarter"; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 21 - Mar. 13, 1976 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Jammers; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 21 - Mar. 13, 1976 -- Keith Sonnier, Abaca Code; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 28 - Mar. 20, 1976 -- Joseph Cornell; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 20 - Apr. 10, 1976 -- Dan Flavin, Colored Fluorescent Light; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 20 - Apr. 10, 1976 -- Donald Judd; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 27 - Apr. 17, 1976 -- John Chamberlain; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 17 - May 8, 1976 -- Robert Morris; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 22-24, 1976 -- Benefit Drawing Exhibition for the New York Studio School; 4 E 77 St

Apr. 24 - May 15, 1976 -- Laura Grisi; 420 W Broadway

May 1-22, 1976 -- Hanne Darboven, For Jean-Paul Sartre; 4 E 77 St

May 15 - June 5, 1976 -- Douglas Huebler; 420 W Broadway

May 22 - June 12, 1976 -- Gianfranco Gorgoni, Photographs; 420 W Broadway

May 29 - June 12, 1976 -- Robert Adams, Photographs (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

June 19 - Sept. 10, 1976 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Dibbets, Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Noland, Oldenburg, Owen, Rauschenberg, Serra, Stella, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

June 26 - Sept. 10, 1976 -- Summer Group Drawing Exhibition: Artschwager, Barry, Bontecou, Darboven, Flavin, Morris, Ruscha; 4 E 77 St

1976-1977 SeasonSept. 11 - Oct. 2, 1976 -- Portraits: Cohen, Eggleston, Gibson, Gossage, Kelly, Namuth, Sonneman, Warhol (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 15 - Oct. 2, 1976 -- Daniel Buren, To Transgress; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 25 - Oct. 16, 1976 -- Cy Twombly, Watercolors; 4 E 77 St

Oct. 9-30, 1976 -- Robert Morris, Black and White Felts; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 9-30, 1976 -- Paul Kos, Tokyo Rose (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Oct. 23 - Nov. 13, 1976 -- Kenneth Noland; 4 E 77 St

Nov. 2-27, 1976 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway (back room)

Nov. 6 - Dec. 4, 1976 -- Claes Oldenburg; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 11-18, 1976 -- Poppy Johnson, Performance; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Dec. 11-22, 1976 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Noland, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Stella, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 8-29, 1977 -- Andy Warhol, Still Life Paintings and Drawings; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 5-26, 1977 -- Ellsworth Kelly; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 5-19, 1977 -- Robert Barry, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, and Keith Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 5-26, 1977 -- Hans Namuth and Georg Reisner, Photographs from the Spanish Civil War; 4 E 77 St

Mar. 5-26, 1977 -- Beryl Korot, Text and Commentary (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 5 - Apr. 2, 1977 -- Robert Rauschenberg (Castelli Graphics); [4 E 77 St]

Mar. 26 - Apr. 16, 1977 -- Louis Cane; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 28, 1977 -- Brazos River: Videotape by Viola Farber, Robert Rauschenberg, and David Tudor; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 2-16, 1977 -- Frank Gillette, Mecox (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 23 - May 21, 1977 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Spreads and Scales; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 30 - May 21, 1977 -- Billy Apple, Extension of the Given; 420 W Broadway

May 7-28, 1977 -- Drawings: Artschwager, Flavin, Johns, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Twombly, Waldman, Warhol (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

May 7-28, 1977 -- Drawings - Castelli Uptown; 420 W Broadway

May 28 - June [18], 1977 -- Mia Westerlund Roosen; 420 W Broadway

May 28 - Sept. 17, 1977 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

1977-1978 SeasonSept. 24 - Oct. 15, 1977 -- James Rosenquist, Recent Paintings; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 15 - Nov. 12, 1977 -- Jasper Johns (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 22 - Nov. 12, 1977 -- Architecture I: Abraham, Ambasz, Meier, Pichler, Rossi, Stirling, Venturi and Rauch; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 19 - Dec. 17, 1977 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Sculptures; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 25 - Dec. 17, 1977 -- William Eggelston, Color Photographs, 1966-1977 (Castelli Graphics); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Jan. 7-28, 1978 -- Numerals 1924-1977; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 4-25, 1978 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Feb. 4-25, 1978 -- Billy Apple, Extension of the Given; 420 W Broadway (front office)

Feb. 4-25, 1978 -- Dan Flavin; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 4-25, 1978 -- Robert Barry, A Wall Drawing; 420 W Broadway (back room)

Mar. 4-25, 1978 -- Donald Judd; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 4-25, 1978 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 1-15, 1978 -- Keith Sonnier, Black Ground Series Drawings; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 1-29, 1978 -- Hanne Darboven, Card-Index, Filing Cabinet; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 22-29, 1978 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Inside New York's Art World; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

May 6 - June 24, 1978 -- Joseph Cornell, Collages 1931-1972; 420 W Broadway

June 10-24, 1978 -- Alan Sonfist; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

July 5 - Sept. 23, 1978 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Dibbets, Flavin, Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Noland, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Serra, Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

1978-1979 SeasonSept. 30 - Oct. 21, 1978 -- Jan Dibbets, Structure Panoramas 1977-78; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Sept. 30 - Oct. 21, 1978 -- Douglas Huebler, Mediations; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Oct. 28 - Nov. 18, 1978 -- Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 28 - Nov. 18, 1978 -- Laura Grisi; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Dec. 2-20, 1978 -- Film/Video 1976-78: Baldessari, Benglis, Campus, Downey, Freed, Girouard, Haxton, Holt, Jonas, Kos, Rappaport, Wegman, Wiener (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway

Jan. 6-27, 1979 -- Frank Stella, Indian Birds, Painted Metal Reliefs; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 3-24, 1979 -- Donald Judd, Survey of Work; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 3-24, 1979 -- Robert Morris, 6 Mirror Works; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Mar. 3-24, 1979 -- Robert Barry and Carole Gallagher, Again and Again; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1979 -- Hans Namuth, Todos Santos: Portraits (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1979 -- Lawrence Weiner; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1979 -- Mia Westerlund Roosen; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 28 - May 19, 1979 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Recent Paintings; 420 W Broadway

May 26 - June 16, 1979 -- Joseph Kosuth, Text/Context (New York); 420 W Broadway

May 26 - June 16, 1979 -- Keith Sonnier, Expanded Sel Series; 420 W Broadway

June 23 - Sept. 15, 1979 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Andre, Daphnis, Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Morris, Noland, Owen, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Serra, Stella, Twombly; 420 W Broadway

1979-1980 SeasonSept. 22 - Oct. 13, 1979 -- Richard Artschwager; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 20 - Nov. 10, 1979 -- Dan Flavin, 1960's and 1970's Installations; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 17 - Dec. 15, 1979 -- Kenneth Noland; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 5-19, 1980 -- Michele Zaza; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Jan. 5-26, 1980 -- Hanne Darboven; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1980 -- Jasper Johns; 4 E 77 St

Jan. 22-26, 1980 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Inside New York's Art World (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 2-23, 1980 -- Salvatore Scarpitta; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 2-23, 1980 -- Charles Gaines, Falling Leaves; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 19 - [Mar. 15], 1980 -- Leo Castelli: A New Space: Judd, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Serra, Stella; 142 Greene St

Mar. 1-22, 1980 -- Nassos Daphnis, Paintings From the 50's; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 1-22, 1980 -- Robert Barry, Wall Piece; 420 W Broadway (back office)

Mar. 29 - Apr. 19, 1980 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 420 W Broadway

Apr. [5] - May 10, 1980 -- Ellsworth Kelly, "Color Panels for a Large Wall," 1978, from the Central Trust Company, Cincinnati; 142 Greene St

Apr. 12 - May 3, 1980 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Prints 1978-1980 (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Apr. 26 - May 17, 1980 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 26 - May 17, 1980 -- Cletus Johnson, Theaters; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

May 17 - June 21, 1980 -- James Rosenquist; 420 W Broadway

May 24 - June 14, 1980 -- Claes Oldenburg; 142 Greene St

May 24 - June 14, 1980 -- Claes Oldenburg; 420 W Broadway

1980-1981 SeasonSept. 13 - Oct. 18, 1980 -- Group Exhibition: Lichtenstein, Nauman, Stella, Judd, Warhol, Kelly; 142 Greene St

Sept. 20 - Oct. 11, 1980 -- Edward Ruscha, New Paintings; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Sept. 20 - Oct. 11, 1980 -- Peter Young, Homage to Agnes Martin; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 27 - Oct. 18, 1980 -- Roy Lichtenstein (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 18 - Nov. 22, 1980 -- Architecture II Houses For Sale: Ambasz, Eisenman, Gregotti, Isozaki, Moore, Pelli, Price, Ungers; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 25 - Nov. 15, 1980 -- Hans Namuth, Pollock Painting, 1950-1951 (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Oct. 25 - Nov. 15, 1980 -- Robert Morris; 142 Greene St

Nov. 1980 -- Group Exhibition; 420 W Broadway (rear office)

Nov. 29 - Dec. 6, 1980 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, American Architecture Now (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Nov. 29 - Dec. 13, 1980 -- Benefit Exhibition for Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts, Inc.; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 29 - Dec. 20, 1980 -- James Turrell; 142 Greene St

Dec. 13-20, 1980 -- Group Installation: Huebler, Kosuth, Nauman, Sonnier; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Jan. 10 - Feb. 7, 1981 -- Jasper Johns, Drawings 1970-1980; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 17 - Feb. 21, 1981 -- James Rosenquist, Star Thief; 142 Greene St

Feb. 14-28, 1981 -- Lawrence Weiner; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Feb. 14-28, 1981 -- Edward Ruscha, Drawings; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 28 - Apr. 4, 1981 -- Richard Serra, Slice; 142 Greene St

Mar. 7-28, 1981 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 7-28, 1981 -- Laura Grisi; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 12 - Apr. 4, 1981 -- Richard Serra, Film screenings, "Railroad Turnbridge" and "Steelmill/Stahlwerk" (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 142 Greene St

Apr. 4 - May 2, 1981 -- Julian Schnabel; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 4 - May 2, 1981 -- Douglas Huebler, Crocodile Tears; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 11 - May 9, 1981 -- Ellsworth Kelly; 142 Greene St

Apr. 18 - May 9, 1981 -- Michael Harvey, Film screenings, "Sub Rosa" and "Dead Letter" (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 142 Greene St

May 13, 1981 -- Joan Jonas, Upsidedown and Backwards (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 142 Greene St

May 16-30, 1981 -- Artists' Benefit For the Trisha Brown Dance Company; 142 Greene St

May 16 - Sept. 4, 1981 -- Dan Flavin, Barred Corridors; 420 W Broadway

1981-1982 SeasonSept. 15 - Oct. 31, 1981 -- Donald Judd; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Sept. 19 - Oct. 10, 1981 -- Richard Serra (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 19 - Oct. 10, 1981 -- Robert Barry and Carole Gallagher, Collaboration; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 17 - Nov. 7, 1981 -- Charles Gaines, Landscape: Assorted Trees with Regressions; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 17 - Nov. 7, 1981 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 14 - Dec. 19, 1981 -- Richard Artschwager; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 17-21, 1981 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Visions and Images - American Photographers on Photography (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Nov. 21 - Dec. 12, 1981 -- Hermine Freed, Beads + Marbles [Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films]; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Nov. 21 - Dec. 19, 1981 -- Hanne Darboven; 142 Greene St

Nov. 28 - Dec. 19, 1981 -- Eight Lithographs to Benefit the Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts, Inc.; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Nov. 28 - Dec. 23, 1981 -- Julian Schnabel; 142 Greene St

Jan. 9-30, 1982 -- Bruce Nauman, Violins, Violence, Silence; 142 Greene St

Jan. 9-30, 1982 -- Andy Warhol, Dollar Signs; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 9-30, 1982 -- Andy Warhol, Reversals; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Jan. 9 - Feb. 13, 1982 -- Hans Namuth, Portraits; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 6-27, 1982 -- Claude Viallat; 142 Greene St

Feb. 6-27, 1982 -- Louis Cane; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 20 - Mar. 27, 1982 -- Dan Flavin, Donald Judd, Richard Serra; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 6-27, 1982 -- Mia Westerlund Roosen; 142 Greene St

Mar. 6-27, 1982 -- David Salle; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Mar. 20-27, 1982 -- Sandro Chia; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Apr. 3-24, 1982 -- Richard Serra, "Marilyn Monroe-Greta Garbo," 1981,-(A Sculpture for Gallery-Goers.); 142 Greene St

Apr. 3-24, 1982 -- Joseph Kosuth; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 3-24, 1982 -- Richard Serra; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 3 - May 1, 1982 -- Frank Gillette; 142 Greene St

May 1-22, 1982 -- Keith Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

June 1 - Oct. 23, 1982 -- Summer Group Show: Chia, Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Schnabel, Stella, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Summer 1982 -- Castelli and His Artists 25 Years; 420 W Broadway

1982-1983 SeasonSept. 11 - Oct. 9, 1982 -- 25th Anniversary Exhibition of Leo Castelli, Castelli and His Artists 25 Years: Artschwager, Barry, Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Darboven, Dibbets, Flavin, Grisi, Huebler, Johns, Johnson, Judd, Kelly, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Scarpitta, Schnabel, Serra, Sonnier, Stella, Twombly, Waldman, Warhol, Weiner, Westerlund Roosen; 142 Greene St

Oct. 16-23, 1982 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Interior Design: The New Freedom; 142 Greene St

Oct. 16-23, 1982 -- Architectural Drawings and Models: Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture Charrette Competition Entries; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 16 - Nov. 6, 1982 -- Group Show: Flavin, Nauman, Oldenburg, Serra, Stella; 142 Greene St

Oct. 30 - Nov. 20, 1982 -- Frank Stella; 420 W Broadway

[Nov. 20 - Dec. 12, 1982] -- Salvatore Scarpitta, American Cycle: 1958-1982; 142 Greene St

Nov. 27 - Dec. 18, 1982 -- John Chamberlain; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 31, 1982 - Jan. 29, 1983 -- Robert Rauschenberg; 142 Greene St

Jan. 8-29, 1983 -- Margrete Sørensen; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 8-29, 1983 -- Robert Morris, Psychomachia; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 3-24, 1983 -- Robert Morris; 142 Greene St

Feb. 3-26, 1983 -- Diane Blell; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Feb. 5-26, 1983 -- Robert Longo; 142 Greene St

Feb. 5-26, 1983 -- Gerard Garouste; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 5-26, 1983 -- Robert Mapplethorpe; 142 Greene St

Mar. 5-26, 1983 -- Douglas Huebler; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Mar. 5-26, 1983 -- Nassos Daphnis; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 5-26, 1983 -- Sandy Skoglund; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 2-23, 1983 -- Julian Schnabel; 142 Greene St

Apr. 2-23, 1983 -- Jan Dibbets; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 2-23, 1983 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Robert Morris, and Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 30 - June 3, 1983 -- Donald Judd; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 30 - June 4, 1983 -- Sandro Chia; 142 Greene St

Apr. 30 - June 4, 1983 -- Julian Schnabel; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

May 11 - June 30, 1983 -- Michael Smith, Government Approved Home Fallout snack bar (Castelli Graphics); 43 West 61st St

June [11] - Aug. [4], 1983 -- Drawings/Photographs; 420 W Broadway

Summer 1983 -- Summer Show, Sculpture; 142 Greene St

1983-1984 SeasonSept. 17 - Oct. 8, 1983 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Photogravures (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Sept. 24 - Oct. 15, 1983 -- Ken Price; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Sept. 24 - Oct. 15, 1983 -- Robert Barry; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Oct. 1-[22], 1983 -- James Rosenquist; 142 Greene St

Oct. 22 - Nov. 19, 1983 -- Architectural "Follies": Drawings and Models; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 29 - Nov. 5, 1983 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Handmade in America; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Nov. 12-26, 1983 -- Marvin Torffield, Pandora's Tears; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Dec. 3-17, 1983 -- 8 x 8 to Celebrate the Temporary Contemporary; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Dec. 3, 1983 - Jan. 14, 1984 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Greene St Mural; 142 Greene St

Dec. 3, 1983 - Jan. 14, 1984 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 21 - Feb. 18, 1984 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Corten Wall Sculptures; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 28 - Feb. 25, 1984 -- Jasper Johns, Paintings; 142 Greene St

Feb. 18 - Mar. 10, 1984 -- Richard Serra; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 3-17, 1984 -- Artists Call Against US Intervention in Central America; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Mar. 3-31, 1984 -- Edward Ruscha; 142 Greene St

Mar. 10-31, 1984 -- Castelli Graphics 15th Anniversary Exhibition: Graphics, Photographs, Drawings, and Multiples (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Mar. 17 - Apr. 7, 1984 -- David Salle; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 31 - Apr. 21, 1984 -- Lucio Pozzi; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Apr. 3-28, 1984 -- Dan Flavin; 142 Greene St

Apr. 14 - May 12, 1984 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 28 - May 19, 1984 -- Eve Sonneman; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

May 19 - June 9, 1984 -- Jean-Charles Blais; 420 W Broadway

June 6, 1984 -- Michael Smith, Video: Go For It Mike (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 142 Greene St

June 15 - July 27, 1984 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Morris, Rauschenberg, Serra, Stella; 142 Greene St

June 23 - Sept. 8, 1984 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Blell, Chia, Johns, Judd, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Salle, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

1984-1985 SeasonSept. 15-29, 1984 -- Billy Apple, Survey: 1962-1974; 142 Greene St

Sept. 15 - Oct. 6, 1984 -- Hanne Darboven, Ansichten '82; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 6 - Nov. 3, 1984 -- Bruce Nauman; 142 Greene St

Oct. 13 - Nov. 10, 1984 -- Charles Simonds; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 19, [1984] -- Mitchell Kriegman, Video, "The Effect of Gravity on Dogs" (Castelli/Sonnabend Tapes + Films); 142 Greene St

Nov. 17 - Dec. 15, 1984 -- Donald Judd; 142 Greene St

Nov. 17 - Dec. 15, 1984 -- Keith Sonnier; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Nov. 17 - Dec. 15, 1984 -- Donald Judd; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 29 - Dec. 8, 1984 -- Cunningham Dance Foundation Benefit Art Sale; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 5-26, 1985 -- Sandro Chia; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 12 - Feb. 9, 1985 -- Robert Morris; 142 Greene St

Feb. 2-23, 1985 -- Richard Artschwager; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 16 - Mar. 23, 1985 -- Nassos Daphnis; 142 Greene St

Mar. 2-23, 1985 -- Joseph Kosuth; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 2-23, 1985 -- Ralph Gibson; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 30 - Apr. 13, 1985 -- Group Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Morris, Nauman, Serra, Warhol; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Mar. 30 - Apr. 13, 1985 -- Ellsworth Kelly, New Wall Reliefs; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 30 - Apr. 20, 1985 -- Francesco Clemente; 142 Greene St

Apr. 20 - May 11, 1985 -- Gerard Garouste; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Apr. 20 - May 11, 1985 -- Charles Gaines; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Apr. 27 - May 18, 1985 -- James Rosenquist; 142 Greene St

May 18 - June 15, 1985 -- Dan Flavin; 420 W Broadway (front room)

May 18 - June 15, 1985 -- Dianne Blell; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

June 22 - July 27, 1985 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Chia, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Serra, Sonnier, Warhol, Weiner, Westerlund Roosen; 142 Greene St

1985-1986 SeasonSept. 7-21, 1985 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Ruscha, Salle, Scarpitta, Sonnier, Warhol, Weiner; 142 Greene St

Sept. 28 - Oct. 19, 1985 -- Keith Sonnier; 142 Greene St

Sept. 28 - Oct. 19, 1985 -- Jiri Georg Dokoupil; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 26 - Nov. 16, 1985 -- Keith Haring; 142 Greene St

Oct. 26 - Nov. 16, 1985 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Oct. 26 - Nov. 16, 1985 -- Judy Tompkins; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Nov. 15 - Dec. 7, 1985 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Landscapes (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Nov. 23 - Dec. 21, 1985 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Nov. 23 - Dec. 21, 1985 -- Gianfranco Gorgoni; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Nov. 30 - Dec. 21, 1985 -- Mario Merz; 142 Greene St

Jan. 11 - Feb. 1, 1986 -- Hanne Darboven; 142 Greene St

Jan. 11 - Feb. 1, 1986 -- Group Exhibition: Chia, Judd, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Sonnier, Warhol, Westerlund Roosen; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 11 - Feb. 1, 1986 -- Robert Ryman; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Jan. 11 - Feb. 1, 1986 -- Douglas Huebler; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 8 - Mar. 1, 1986 -- Laura Grisi; 142 Greene St

Feb. 8 - Mar. 1, 1986 -- Edward Ruscha; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Feb. 8 - Mar. 1, 1986 -- Nassos Daphnis; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 8-29, 1986 -- Robert Combas; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Mar. 8-29, 1986 -- Dan Rodan; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 8 - Apr. 5, 1986 -- Richard Serra, Prints; 142 Greene St

Apr. 5 - May 3, 1986 -- David Salle; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 5 - May 3, 1986 -- Jean Kallina; 420 W Broadway (office)

Apr. 12 - May 3, 1986 -- Miquel Barceló; 142 Greene St

May 10 - June 14, 1986 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway

May 17 - June 14, 1986 -- Joseph Kosuth, Selected Works, 1965-1986; 142 Greene St

June 14 - Sept. 13, 1986 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Barceló, Dokoupil, Kosuth, Morris, Moskowitz, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Scarpitta, Serra, Stella, Warhol; 142 Greene St

June 14 - Sept. 13, 1986 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Blais, Blell, Brown, Chia, Combas, Gibson, Johns, Kelly, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Ryman, Salle, Serra, Therrien; 420 W Broadway

1986-1987 SeasonSept. 19-27, 1986 -- The Law and Order Show; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 20 - Oct. 11, 1986 -- Mia Westerlund Roosen, Sculpture and Drawings, 1983-1986; 142 Greene St

Oct. 4-11, 1986 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Color Video Selections; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Oct. 4-25, 1986 -- James Brown; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 18-25, 1986 -- Skowhegan: A Ten-Year Retrospective; 142 Greene St

Nov. 1-22, 1986 -- Lawrence Weiner; 142 Greene St

Nov. [1]-22, 1986 -- Robert Therrien, 1st Installation; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Nov. 1-22, 1986 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Gluts; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 13, 1986 - Jan. 24, 1987 -- Claes Oldenburg, Coosje van Bruggen, and Frank Gehry, The Course of the Knife; 142 Greene St

Dec. 13, 1986 - Jan. 24, 1987 -- Claes Oldenburg, Coosje van Bruggen, and Frank Gehry, The Course of the Knife; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 31 - Mar. 7, 1987 -- XXXth Anniversary, the first fifteen years, part 1: Artschwager, Bontecou, Chamberlain, Daphnis, Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Scarpitta, Stella, Twombly, Warhol; 142 Greene St

Jan. 31 - Mar. 7, 1987 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Barceló, Flavin, Grisi, Simonds; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 31 - Mar. 7, 1987 -- Robert Therrien, 2nd Installation; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 31 - Mar. 7, 1987 -- Jasper Johns; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 7-28, 1987 -- Charles Gaines, Numbers + Trees; 142 Greene St

Mar. 14 - Apr. 4, 1987 -- XXXth Anniversary, the first fifteen years, part 2: Barry, Darboven, Dibbets, Flavin, Grisi, Huebler, Judd, Kosuth, Morris, Nauman, Serra, Sonnier, Waldman, Weiner; 142 Greene St

Mar. 14 - Apr. 4, 1987 -- Roy Lichtenstein; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 26 - May 2, 1987 -- Group Exhibition: Grisi, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Warhol; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Apr. 18 - May 2, 1987 -- Jean-Charles Blais; 142 Greene St

Apr. 18 - May 9, 1987 -- Dan Flavin, A New Work; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 18 - May 9, 1987 -- Ti Shan Hsu; 420 W Broadway

May [9]-30, 1987 -- Group Show: Kosuth, Morris, Oldenburg, Serra, Stella, Therrien; 142 Greene St

May 12 - June 27, 1987 -- Robert Therrien, 3rd Installation; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

May 16 - June 6, 1987 -- Richard Artschwager, Bruce Nauman, and Frank Stella; 420 W Broadway

June 4-13, 1987 -- Art Against Aids; 142 Greene St

June 20 - July 31, 1987 -- Andy Warhol; 142 Greene St

1987-1988 SeasonSept. 26 - Oct. 17, 1987 -- Richard Serra, Three Sculptures; 142 Greene St

Oct. 3-31, 1987 -- Miquel Barceló; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 24 - Nov. 14, 1987 -- Peter Schuyff; 142 Greene St

Nov. 7-28, 1987 -- Meyer Vaisman; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 21 - Dec. 19, 1987 -- Edward Ruscha; 142 Greene St

Nov. 21 - Dec. 19, 1987 -- Edward Ruscha; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 5-22, 1987 -- Similia/Dissimilia; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 9-30, 1988 -- Robert Morris; 142 Greene St

Jan. 9-30, 1988 -- Mike Bidlo, Picasso's Women; 142 Greene St (lower gallery)

Jan. 9-30, 1988 -- Richard Artschwager, Drawings; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 9-30, 1988 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 6-27, 1988 -- Hanne Darboven; 142 Greene St

Feb. 6-27, 1988 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Feb. 6-27, 1988 -- Cletus Johnson; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Mar. 5-12, 1988 -- School of Visual Arts Alumni Show, 1977-87; 142 Greene St

Mar. 5-26, 1988 -- Nassos Daphnis; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 26 - Apr. 16, 1988 -- Chryssa, Cityscapes 1980-88; 142 Greene St

Apr. 2-23, 1988 -- Gerard Garouste; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 23 - May 14, 1988 -- James Rosenquist; 142 Greene St

Apr. 30 - May 21, 1988 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway

May [28] - June 18, 1988 -- Richard Artschwager, His Peers and Persuasions, 1963-1988; 142 Greene St

May 28 - July 31, 1988 -- Frank O. Gehry, Furniture; 420 W Broadway

May 28 - July 31, 1988 -- Edward Ruscha, Drawings; 420 W Broadway

1988-1989 SeasonSept. 17 - Oct. 15, 1988 -- Joseph Kosuth; 578 Broadway

Sept. 17 - Oct. 22, 1988 -- The Last Show: Kelly, Lichtenstein, Serra, Stella; 142 Greene St

Sept. 24 - Oct. 15, 1988 -- Mike and Doug Starn; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 5 - Nov. 12, 1988 -- Jasper Johns, Bruce Nauman, and David Salle; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 22 - Nov. 19, 1988 -- Robert Cumming (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Oct. 22 - Nov. 19, 1988 -- Bruce Nauman and Richard Serra; 578 Broadway

Nov. 19 - Dec. 22, 1988 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 8-30, 1988 -- Benefit for Foundation for Contemporary Performing Arts, Inc.; 420 W Broadway

Circa 1989 -- Castelli Graphics 1969-1989 (Castelli Graphics); 4 E 77 St

Jan. 7-28, 1989 -- Keith Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 7-28, 1989 -- Robert Barry; 578 Broadway

Feb. 4-25, 1989 -- Richard Artschwager; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 4-25, 1989 -- David Lynch; 578 Broadway

Mar. 4-25, 1989 -- James Rosenquist, Joseph Kosuth, and Meyer Vaisman; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 4-25, 1989 -- Dianne Blell; 578 Broadway

Apr. 1-22, 1989 -- James Brown; 578 Broadway

Apr. 1-29, 1989 -- Dan Flavin, To the Citizens of the Republic of France on the 200th Anniversary of their Revolution; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 8 - May 13, 1989 -- Walter De Maria; 65 Thompson

May 6-27, 1989 -- Edward Ruscha; 420 W Broadway (front room)

May 6-27, 1989 -- Charles Simonds, Wall Smears and Rocks; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

May 19 - July 1, 1989 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Bronze Sculpture 1976-1989; 65 Thompson

May 20 - June 10, 1989 -- Dan Flavin; 578 Broadway

June 3-24, 1989 -- Summer Group Show: Artschwager, Johns, Kosuth, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Sonnier, Starn Twins; 420 W Broadway (front room)

June 3-24, 1989 -- Mike and Doug Starn; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

1989-1990 SeasonSept. 16 - Oct. 14, 1989 -- Lewis Baltz (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Sept. 23 - Oct. 14, 1989 -- Richard Serra, 8 Drawings: Weights and Measures; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 14 - Nov. 30, 1989 -- Dan Flavin, (To Sabine) Fall, 1989; 65 Thompson

Oct. 21 - Nov. 11, 1989 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Reflections; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 21 - Nov. 11, 1989 -- Group Drawing Show: Artschwager, Barry, Brown, Flavin, Johns, Kelly, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Starn Twins, Therrien, Vaisman, Weiner; 578 Broadway

Nov. 18 - Dec. 21, 1989 -- Miquel Barceló, Paintings; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 18 - Dec. 21, 1989 -- Miquel Barceló, Drawings from Mali; 578 Broadway

Nov. 18 - Dec. 21, 1989 -- Recent Prints (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Dec. 1, 1989 - Feb. 24, 1990 -- Dan Flavin, (To Sabine) Winter, 1989; 65 Thompson

Jan. 6-27, 1990 -- Roni Horn, Thicket No. 1; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 6-27, 1990 -- Hanne Darboven, Requiem For M. Oppenheimer; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Jan. 6-27, 1990 -- The 60's Revisited: New Concepts/New Materials; 578 Broadway

Jan. 6-27, 1990 -- Edward Ruscha, Selected Portfolios (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Feb. 3-24, 1990 -- Nassos Daphnis, Thirty Years With Leo Castelli; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Feb. 3-24, 1990 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Feb. 3-24, 1990 -- Douglas Huebler; 578 Broadway

Feb. 3-24, 1990 -- Robert Petersen, Selected Works (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Mar. 3-24, 1990 -- Bruce Nauman; 65 Thompson

Mar. 3-31, 1990 -- Bruce Nauman; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 3-31, 1990 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Portraits: Recent Prints from Gemini G.E.L. (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Mar. 3-31, 1990 -- Bernar Venet, Drawings Scale: 1 (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Apr. 1990 -- John Gutmann, Talking Picture; 578 Broadway

Apr. 7-28, 1990 -- Robert Morris; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 7-28, 1990 -- Taking the Picture: Photography and Appropriation; 578 Broadway

Apr. 7 - May 12, 1990 -- Hiroshi Teshigahara, Echizen Ware; 65 Thompson

May 5-26, 1990 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Currents '70 (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

May 5 - June 2, 1990 -- Jan Dibbets; 420 W Broadway

May 12 - July 28, 1990 -- Ellsworth Kelly; 65 Thompson

June 9 - Sept. 15, 1990 -- Group Exhibition of Gallery Artists: Artschwager, Johns, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Sonnier, Starn Twins, Stella, Vaisman, van Bruggen, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

1990-1991 SeasonSept. 22 - Oct. 13, 1990 -- Robert Barry; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 22 - Oct. 13, 1990 -- David Salle, Recent Prints (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Oct. 20 - Nov. 17, 1990 -- James Rosenquist; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 20 - Nov. 17, 1990 -- Cletus Johnson; 578 Broadway

Oct. 20 - Nov. 17, 1990 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Reflections Series (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Nov. 27, 1990 - Jan. 12, 1991 -- Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 27, 1990 - Jan. 12, 1991 -- Claes Oldenburg, Works from Gemini G.E.L., 1988-1990 (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Nov. 27, 1990 - Jan. 12, 1991 -- Robert Watts; 578 Broadway

Dec. 8, 1990 - Feb. 9, 1991 -- Frank Stella, New Work; 65 Thompson

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1991 -- Lawrence Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1991 -- Chryssa; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1991 -- Lewis Baltz, Rule without Exception (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Jan. 19 - Feb. 9, 1991 -- Hanne Darboven, Urzeit; 578 Broadway

Feb. 16 - Mar. 9, 1991 -- Jasper Johns; 420 W Broadway

[Feb. 16 - Mar. 9, 1991] -- [Robert Cumming; 578 Broadway]

Mar. 9 - Apr. 6, 1991 -- Robert Morris; 65 Thompson

Mar. 16 - Apr. 6, 1991 -- Richard Artschwager; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 16 - Apr. 6, 1991 -- James Brown, Prints (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Apr. 13 - May 4, 1991 -- Bertrand Lavier; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 13 - May 4, 1991 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Interior Series (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Apr. 13 - May 11, 1991 -- Group Drawing Show: Janie Lee Master Drawings; 65 Thompson

May 11-25, 1991 -- Edward Ruscha, Prints; 578 Broadway

May 11 - June 1, 1991 -- Edward Ruscha; 420 W Broadway

[May 11 - June 1, 1991] -- [Charles Simonds; 420 W Broadway (middle room)]

May 21 - [June 22], 1991 -- Robert Therrien; 65 Thompson

June 1-22, 1991 -- Charles Gaines; 578 Broadway

June 5-22, 1991 -- Group Drawings Exhibition; 578 Broadway

[July 16 - Nov. 9], 1991 -- Frank Stella; 65 Thompson

Summer 1991 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Flavin, Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Nauman, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Starn Twins, Stella, Therrien, Vaisman, Warhol, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

1991-1992 SeasonSept. 21 - Oct. 12, 1991 -- Dianne Blell, Wild Lives, Photographic Portraits Documenting Africa's Vanishing Wildlife; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 21 - Oct. 12, 1991 -- Group Exhibition: Johns, Kelly, Lavier, Lichtenstein, Starn Twins, Stella, Ruscha; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Oct. 19 - Nov. 16, 1991 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 26 - Nov. 30, 1991 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Print Survey in Themes, 1952-1992; 578 Broadway

Nov. 23 - Dec. 14, 1991 -- Jean-Pierre Raynaud; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 14, 1991 - Feb. 1, 1992 -- Group Exhibition, Large Scale Prints: Kosuth, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Serra, Starn Twins; 578 Broadway

Jan. 4-25, 1992 -- Pruitt-Early; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 1-29, 1992 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Interiors; 65 Thompson

Feb. 1-29, 1992 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Interiors; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 1-29, 1992 -- Leo Castelli XXXV Anniversary, Installation; 578 Broadway

Feb. 8-29, 1992 -- Salvatore Scarpitta, Early Works; 578 Broadway

Mar. 7-28, 1992 -- Laura Grisi; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 7-28, 1992 -- Hans Namuth; 578 Broadway

[Apr. - July], 1992 -- Elyn Zimmerman, Portals and Passages; 65 Thompson

Apr. 4-25, 1992 -- Keith Sonnier; 65 Thompson

Apr. 4-25, 1992 -- Charles Simonds, Stugg. Thebb?The Singing Monkey, 1992; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 4-25, 1992 -- Keith Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 4-25, 1992 -- Keith Sonnier, Prints, Drawings and Multiples 1990-1992; 578 Broadway

May 2-23, 1992 -- Mike and Doug Starn; 420 W Broadway

May 9 - June 6, 1992 -- James Brown, Survey of Work 1986-1992; 578 Broadway

May 30 - June 13, 1992 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Flavin, Lichtenstein, Kosuth, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Warhol, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Starn Twins, Therrien; 420 W Broadway

June 6 - July 31, 1992 -- Group Exhibition, Drawings, Prints, Multiples, Photographs; 578 Broadway

June 23 - July 31, 1992 -- The Guggenheim in Europe: Architectural Models and Drawings; 420 W Broadway

Aug. 17 - Sept. 19, 1992 -- Summer Group Exhibition 1992, Part II: Artshwager, Lichtenstein, Kosuth, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Salle, Starn Twins, Therrien, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

1992-1993 SeasonSept. 19 - Oct. 24, 1992 -- Dan Flavin, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, Minimalist Works; 578 Broadway

Sept. 26 - Oct. 17, 1992 -- Meyer Vaisman, Turkey; 420 W Broadway

Sept. 26 - Nov. 7, 1992 -- Group Architecture Exhibition, Angels and Franciscans: Innovative Architecture from Los Angeles and San Francisco; 65 Thompson

Oct. 24 - Nov. 14, 1992 -- Miquel Barceló; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 31 - Dec. 5, 1992 -- Bruce Nauman, Richard Serra, Keith Sonnier, Post-Minimal Works; 578 Broadway

Nov. 14, 1992 - Jan. 9, 1993 -- Andrew Lord, Modelling: A Sculpture of 27 Pieces and Related Works; 65 Thompson

Nov. 21 - Dec. 19, 1992 -- Ellsworth Kelly; 420 W Broadway (front room)

Nov. 21 - Dec. 19, 1992 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Waterlilies; 420 W Broadway (middle room)

Dec. 12, 1992 - Jan. 30, 1993 -- Group Sculpture Exhibit, Object Lessons; 578 Broadway

Jan. 9 - Feb. 6, 1993 -- Jasper Johns, 35 Years with Leo Castelli; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 16-23, 1993 -- Benefit for Cunningham Dance Foundation; 65 Thompson

Jan. 30 - Mar. 13, 1993 -- Richard Long; 65 Thompson

Feb. 6 - Mar. 6, 1993 -- Word Play: Darboven, Kosuth, Ruscha, Weiner; 578 Broadway

Feb. 13 - Mar. 13, 1993 -- Blind Color: Calle, Charlton, Klein, Manzoni, Rauschenberg, Richter, Rinehardt; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 13 - Mar. 13, 1993 -- Sophie Calle, Last Seen; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 20 - Apr. 17, 1993 -- Frank Stella and James Rosenquist, New Prints; 65 Thompson

Mar. 20 - Apr. 17, 1993 -- James Rosenquist; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 20 - Apr. 17, 1993 -- James Rosenquist, Prints from "Welcome to the Water Planet" and "House of Fire"; 578 Broadway

Mar. 20 - Apr. 17, 1993 -- Keith Sonnier, Robert Morris, and Robert Rauschenberg, Soft Ware; 578 Broadway

Apr. 24 - May 22, 1993 -- Hanne Darboven; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 24 - May 29, 1993 -- Group Exhibition, Graphic Works; 578 Broadway

May 15 - July 31, 1993 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Chamberlain, Long, Lord, Morris, Rauschenberg, Sonnier, Stella; 65 Thompson

May 29 - Oct. 2, 1993 -- British and American Sculpture: Cragg, Deacon, Kapoor, Long, Kelly, Nauman, Serra, Stella; 420 W Broadway

June 5 - July 24, 1993 -- Group Exhibition, Faces and Figures; 578 Broadway

1993-1994 SeasonSept. 25 - Oct. 23, 1993 -- Robert Morris; 65 Thompson

Sept. 25 - Oct. 23, 1993 -- Robert Morris, Blind Time Drawings; 578 Broadway

Sept. 25 - Nov. 27, 1993 -- Group Exhibition: Artschwager, Kosuth, Morris, Ruscha, Starn Twins, Vaisman; 578 Broadway

Oct. 16 - Nov. 6, 1993 -- Joseph Kosuth, The Thing-in-itself is found in its Truth through the loss of its immediacy; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 30 - Nov. 27, 1993 -- Charles Simonds, Retrospective; 578 Broadway

Nov. 12 - Dec. 4, 1993 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 3, 1993 - Jan. 15, 1994 -- Frank Stella, Moby Dick Deckle Edges (New Prints from Tyler Graphics); 578 Broadway

Dec. 4, 1993 - Jan. 15, 1994 -- Andrew Lord; 578 Broadway

Dec. 9, 1993 - Jan. 8, 1994 -- Benefit for Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 22 - Feb. 19, 1994 -- Bruce Nauman, Falls, Pratfalls, and Sleights of Hand; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 22 - Mar. 5, 1994 -- Robert Morris; 578 Broadway

Jan. 22 - Mar. 5, 1994 -- Bruce Nauman, Prints and Drawings; 578 Broadway

Feb. 26 - Apr. 2, 1994 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Scores (Off Kilter Keys); 65 Thompson

Feb. 26 - Apr. 2, 1994 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Scores (Off Kilter Keys); 420 W Broadway

Mar. 12 - Apr. 2, 1994 -- Barbaralee Diamonstein, Inside the New York Art World; 578 Broadway

Mar. 12 - Apr. 2, 1994 -- Group Exhibition: Lord, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Starn Twins, Stella, Therrien; 578 Broadway

Apr. 9 - May 7, 1994 -- Mike and Doug Starn, Spectroheliographs; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 9 - May 14, 1994 -- Lee Bontecou, Edward Higgins, and Robert Moskowitz, Sculpture and Painting from the Early 1960's; 578 Broadway

Apr. 30 - June 18, 1994 -- Sandro Chia, New Paintings; 65 Thompson

May 17 - June 11, 1994 -- Hannah Collins, Signs of Life; 420 W Broadway

May 21 - June 25, 1994 -- Jasper Johns, The Prints of Jasper John 1960-1993; 578 Broadway

June 18 - Sept. 10, 1994 -- Summer Group Exhibition; 420 W Broadway

July 5 - Oct. 8, 1994 -- Group Sculpture Exhibition, Major Works: Artschwager, Judd, Flavin, Lichtenstein, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Starn, Therrien; 578 Broadway

1994-1995 SeasonSept. 17 - Oct. 8, 1994 -- Richard Meier, Sculpture; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 8 - Nov. 12, 1994 -- Dan Flavin, Selected Works 1969-1990; 578 Broadway

Oct. 15 - Nov. 12, 1994 -- James Rosenquist; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 19 - Dec. 17, 1994 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Nudes; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 19 - Dec. 23, 1994 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Nudes: 9 Color Relief Prints; PACT 95 International America's Cup Class Yacht; 578 Broadway

Jan. 7-28, 1995 -- Lawrence Wiener, Stones + Stones + Stones; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 14 - Feb. 11, 1995 -- Robert Morris, Malaprops; The Fallen and the Saved; 578 Broadway

Feb. 4-25, 1995 -- James Brown; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 18 - Mar. 18, 1995 -- Richard Artshwager, Robert Therrien, and Edward Ruscha; 578 Broadway

Mar. 4-25, 1995 -- Kenneth Noland; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 25 - Apr. 29, 1995 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Tribute 21; 578 Broadway

Apr. 1-22, 1995 -- Hannah Collins; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 1-22, 1995 -- Edward Ruscha, Anamorphic Paintings; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 29 - May 20, 1995 -- Miquel Barceló; 420 W Broadway

May 6 - June 2, 1995 -- New Editions: Johns, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Ruscha; 578 Broadway

May 31 - June 30, 1995 -- Barbara Bloom, Pictures from the Floating World; 420 W Broadway

June 10 - July 8, 1995 -- Frank Stella, Imaginary Places (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

June 10 - July 8, 1995 -- Summer Group Exhibition: Collins, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Vaisman; 578 Broadway

July 11 - Sept. 1, 1995 -- Summer Group Exhibition; 420 W Broadway

1995-1996 SeasonSept. 16 - Oct. 14, 1995 -- Group Sculpture Exhibition: Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Serra; 578 Broadway

Sept. 16 - Oct. 14, 1995 -- Edward Ruscha, Sayings, Puddinhead Wilson; 578 Broadway

Sept. 18 - Oct. 7, 1995 -- Hanne Darboven, South Korean Calendar; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 14 - Nov. 4, 1995 -- Nassos Daphnis, Energies in Outer Space; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 21 - Nov. 18, 1995 -- Joseph Kosuth, Editions The Past 10 Years; 578 Broadway

Nov. 11 - Dec. 16, 1995 -- Frank Stella, Free Standing Murals; 420 W Broadway

Dec. 2, 1995 - Jan. 13, 1996 -- Frank Stella, Editions; 578 Broadway

Jan. 13 - Feb. 3, 1996 -- Paul Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 30 - Feb. 10, 1996 -- Bailey House Auction; 578 Broadway

Feb. 10 - Mar. 9, 1996 -- Group Exhibition, New Works by Gallery Artists: Johns, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Sonnier, Stella, Therrien; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 17 - Mar. 16, 1996 -- Collage - Gallery Artists: Brown, Darboven, Lichtenstein, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Starn Twins, Therrien, Vaisman; 578 Broadway

Mar. 16 - Apr. 13, 1996 -- Robert Therrien; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 23 - Apr. 20, 1996 -- Photography: Calle, Collins, Kosuth, Ruscha, Starn Twins, Therrien; 578 Broadway

Apr. 20 - May 18, 1996 -- James Rosenquist, Horizon Home Sweet Home; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 20 - May 24, 1996 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Eight New Prints; 578 Broadway

May 28 - July 26, 1996 -- Ralph Gibson, Infanta; 420 W Broadway

May 28 - July 26, 1996 -- Group Drawing Exhibition, Works on Paper: Chryssa, Daphnis, Darboven, Johns, Lichtenstein, Morris, Nauman, Rauschenberg, Ruscha, Serra, Stella, Sonnier, Therrien, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

June 1 - July 26, 1996 -- Summer Group Show: Johns, Kosuth, Lichtenstein, Ruscha, Stella, Therrien; 578 Broadway

1996-1997 SeasonSept. 14 - Oct. 12, 1996 -- Gianfranco Gorgoni, 25 Years of Artists Portraits; 578 Broadway

Sept. 14 - Oct. 12, 1996 -- Ellsworth Kelly, Prints; 578 Broadway

Sept. 28 - Oct. 26, 1996 -- Roy Lichtenstein, Landscapes in the Chinese Style; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 19 - Dec. 14, 1996 -- Jasper Johns, Prints 1960-1996 (Castelli Graphics); 578 Broadway

Nov. 2 - Dec. 14, 1996 -- Bruce Nauman, Bronze Heads and End of the World; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 11 - Feb. 8, 1997 -- Robert Morris, Horizons Cut Between Clio and Mnemosyne; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 18 - Feb. 22, 1997 -- Robert Therrien, Drawings; 578 Broadway

Jan. 18 - Feb. 22, 1997 -- Andy Warhol, Prints; 578 Broadway

Feb. 15 - Mar. 15, 1997 -- Lawrence Weiner, Then Now + Then; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 1-22, 1997 -- Dan Flavin; 578 Broadway

Mar. 22 - Apr. 26, 1997 -- Keith Sonnier, Alternating Currents; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 29 - Apr. 5, 1997 -- The Printmaking Workshop Benefit Exhibition and Auction; 420 W Broadway

Apr. 17 - May 17, 1997 -- Columbia University MFA Exhibition; 420 W Broadway

May 3 - June 7, 1997 -- Edward Ruscha, Cityscapes and "O" Books; 420 W Broadway

July - Sept., 1997 -- Summer Group Show: Kosuth, Morris, Serra; 420 W Broadway

1997-1998 SeasonSept. 27 - Oct. 18, 1997 -- Joseph Kosuth; 420 W Broadway

Oct. 25 - Nov. 15, 1997 -- 40 Years of Exploration and Innovation Part 1: Bontecou, Chryssa, Cornell, Johns, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, Ruscha, Twombly, Warhol; 420 W Broadway

Nov. 22 - Dec. 13, 1997 -- 40 Years of Exploration and Innovation Part 2: Daphnis, Flavin, Judd, Kelly, Morris, Serra, Stella, Therrien, Waldman; 420 W Broadway

Jan. 10-31, 1998 -- 40 Years of Exploration and Innovation Part 3: Barry, Darboven, Dibbets, Grisi, Huebler, Kosuth, Nauman, Scarpitta, Sonnier, Starn Twins, Weiner; 420 W Broadway

Feb. 7 - Mar. 14, 1998 -- Dan Flavin, Some Drawings and Installations of Fluorescent Light; 420 W Broadway

Mar. 28 - Apr. 25, 1998 -- Hannah Collins, True Stories; 420 W Broadway

May 2 - June 6, 1998 -- Mike and Doug Starn, Black Hole Sun Burned; 420 W Broadway

June 24 - Aug. 29, 1998 -- Summer Show; 420 W Broadway

1998-1999 SeasonSept. 26 - Oct. 31, 1998 -- Robert Morris, The Rationed Years; 420 W Broadway

Nov. - Dec., 1998 -- Joseph Kosuth, Richard Serra, Keith Sonnier; 420 W Broadway

Jan. - Feb. 1999 -- Robert Rauschenberg, Arcadian Survey; 420 W Broadway
Related Material:
Available in the Archives of America Art are three oral history interviews with Leo Castelli. Paul Cummings interviewed Castelli between May 14, 1969 and June 8, 1973; Barbara Rose in July, 1969; and Andrew Decker on May 22, 1997.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds items lent for microfilming (reel N68) including printed material. Lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Leo Castelli loaned printed material for microfilming in 1968. Leo Castelli's wife, Barbara Bortuzzo Castelli, and his children, Nina Castelli Sundell and Jean-Christophe Castelli, donated the Leo Castelli Gallery records to the Archives of American Art in 2007.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Leo Castelli Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Gallery owners -- local  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State)New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State)New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Video recordings
Sketches
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Notes
Visitors' books
Photographs
Notebooks
Awards
Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.leocast
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-leocast
Online Media:

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Names:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Advertisements  Search this
Cunningham & Walsh.  Search this
Hixson & Jorgenson  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc. -- Advertisements  Search this
Ayer, Francis Wayland  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (1169 boxes )
7 Film reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Business records
Interviews
Oral history
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Date:
1817-1851
1869-2006
Summary:
Collection consists of records documenting one of the oldest advertising agencies created in Philadelphia. The company then moves to New York and expanses to international markets. During its history NW Ayer & Sons acquires a number of other advertising agencies and is eventually purchased. The largest portion of the collection is print advertisements but also includes radio and television. NW Ayer is known for some of the slogans created for major American companies.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of proof sheets of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son, Incorporated for their clients. These materials are in series one through thirteen and consist primarily of print advertisements. There are also billboards, radio and television commercials. The advertisements range from consumer to corporate and industrial products. The majority of the advertisements were created for Ayer's New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and international offices. Printed advertisements created by Cunningham & Walsh, Hixson & Jorgensen and Newell-Emmett are also included among these materials. Researchers who are interested in records created by Ayer in the course of operating an advertising agency will find these materials in Series fourteen-nineteen.

Series fourteen consists of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son to promote their services to potential clients.

Series fifteen are scrapbooks of some of the earliest advertisements created by the company. Series sixteen are publications. Some of the publications were created by Ayer while others were about Ayer or the advertising industry in general. Provides good background materials and puts the company in perspective. Series eighteen are the legal records. Materials relating to employees including photographs, oral histories etc. are found in series nineteen.

Series twenty is one of the smallest amounts of materials and includes information relating to the history of NW Ayer & Son.

The container lists for series one-thirteen are part of a database and are searchable. The list has been printed for the convenience of the researcher and is included in this finding aid. Series fourteen-twenty container lists are also a part of the finding aid but are not in a searchable format.

Series 1, Scrapbooks of Client Advertisements, circa 1870-1920, is arranged into three boxes by chronological date. There are two bound scrapbooks and one box of folders containing loose scrapbook pages. NW Ayer & Son compiled an assortment of their earliest ads and placed them into scrapbooks. Besides the earliest advertisements, the scrapbooks contain requests to run advertisements, reading notices and listings of papers Ayer advertised in. The early advertisements themselves range from medical remedies to jewelry to machines to clothing to education and more. Most of the advertisements in the bound scrapbooks are dated.

Series 2, Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930, NW Ayer was fond of creating scrapbooks containing proofsheets. The series contains proofsheets created between 1892 and 1930, organized into 526 boxes. For convenience of storage, access and arrangement, the scrapbooks were disassembled and the pages placed in original order in flat archival storage boxes. The proofsheets are arranged by book number rather than client name. Usually the boxes contain a listing of the clients and sometimes the dates of the advertisements to be found within the box.

Series 3, Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975, is organized into 532 oversize boxes, and contain proofsheets and tearsheets created between 1920 and 1972. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by company name (occasionally subdivided by brand or product), and thereunder chronologically by date of production. Many major, national advertisers are represented, including American Telephone & Telegraph, Armour Company, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Carrier Corporation, Domino Sugar, Caterpillar tractor company, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, Goodyear, Hills Bros. Coffee, Ladies Home Journal, National Dairy, Plymouth (Chrysler Corporation), Steinway, TV Guide, United Airlines and the United States Army. Also contained in this series are three scrapbooks of client advertisements including Canada Dry, Ford Motor, and Victor Talking Machine.

Series 4, 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001, is organized into ninety three oversized boxes,one folder and contains proofsheets for select Ayer clients, created between 1975 and 2001. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by client name and there under chronologically by date of production. Major national advertisers represented include American Telephone & Telegraph, Avon, the United States Army, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Dupont, TV Guide, Sealtest, Kraft Foods, Gillette, General Motors, Cannon Mills.

Series 5, Billboards, circa 1952-1956, consists of mounted and un-mounted original art/mock-ups. Twenty-two pieces of original art created as mock-ups for Texaco billboards.

Series 6, Film and Video Commercials, 1967-1970,

Series 7, Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated, is arranged into eight boxes and includes radio scripts, television scripts, and story boards for commercials.

Subseries 7.1, Scripts and storyboards for Radio and Television Commercials, dates Scripts for radio and television commercials includes title, date, length of commercial, advertising agency, client information

NW Ayer's radio and television materials mainly focus on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Some of Ayer's materials relate to Bell Telephone Hours.

Storyboards are used in television and film to assist the director in working with crew to tell the story. To show the viewer through the use of figures, visual effects and camera angles. When directors first start thinking about their storyboard they create a story in their mind. They think of all the camera angles, visual effects and how the figures will interact in their mind. They try to create an extraordinary story in their head to attract the viewer (YOU) In order for the storyboard to be entirely effective it can't be a passive document. When done properly, a storyboard serves as a central design, meeting the needs of many team members including graphics artists, video personnel and programmers.

Another function of a storyboard is to help the team communicate during the training development process. This communication is very important in working with a large team as in the movie King, produced in 1996. Figures help the director explain to the crew how they are going to record the film and how to present it to the audience. Sometimes the director wants special effects to be added to the film, but his budget might not be that big so the director will have to change the story to fit their budget.

The Visual Effects are an important part in the storyboards it adds a special touch of creativity to your film. Camera angles are an important expects in your film because the camera angles determine where the viewing audience will look. If you want your audience to look at a certain object you must turn their attention to it by focusing on that object and maybe you might try blocking something out. Then you will have your audience's attention and you may do whatever else you have to, it could be scaring them are just surprising them or whatever you do.

Also included is talent information and log sheets relating to the storage of the commercials.

Bell Telephone Hour Program, 1942-[19??], The Bell Telephone Hour, also known as The Telephone Hour, was a five minute musical program which began April 29, 1940 on National Broadcasting Company Radio and was heard on NBC until June 30, 1958. Sponsored by Bell Telephone showcased the best in classical and Broadway music, reaching eight to nine million listeners each week. It continued on television from 1959 to 1968.

Earlier shows featured James Melton and Francia White as soloists. Producer Wallace Magill restructured the format on April 27, 1942 into the "Great Artists Series" of concert and opera performers, beginning with Jascha Heifetz. Records indicate that the list of talents on the program included Marian Anderson, Helen Traubel, Oscar Levant, Lily Pons, Nelson Eddy, Bing Crosby, Margaret Daum, Benny Goodman, José Iturbi, Gladys Swarthout and .The series returned to radio in 1968-1969 as Bell Telephone Hour Encores, also known as Encores from the Bell Telephone Hour, featuring highlights and interviews from the original series.

National Broadcasting television specials sponsored by the Bell System, 1957-1987includes information relating to Science series, Bell system Theshold Series, Bell telephone hour and commercial and public sponsored programs

Series 8, Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the client in ninety boxes and six oversize folders. Clients include Illinois Bell Telephone (1955-1989), Microswitch (1969-1989), Teletype (1975-1984), John Deere (1974-1989) and Caterpillar (1966-1972) are particularly well represented. Other clients of interest include Dr. Scholl's shoes (circa 1968-1972), the Girl Scouts (1976-1980), Sunbeam Personal Products Company (1973-1981), Bell and Howell (1974-1983) and Alberto Culver shampoos (1967-1971), Honeywell, Incorporated, Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations, Kraft, Incorporated, Sears, Roebuck and Company, and YMCA.

Series 9, Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987, include printed advertisements created by this office and information relating to the employees.

Subseries 9.1, Print Advertisements, 1977-1987, printed advertisements arranged in one box alphabetically by client. There is a sparse sampling of clients from this particular Ayer branch office. The majority of the advertisements contained within this series are from Pizza Hut (1986-1987). Also included are Computer Automation (1977-1978), State of the Art, Incorporated (1982) and Toshiba (1986).

Subseries 9.2, Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s, includes cards of employees who worked in the Los Angeles office. Information on the cards includes name, address, telephone number, birthday, date hired, departure date and why (retired, terminated, resigned, etc) and position. Not all cards have all information. There is also a photograph of the employees on the cards.

Series 10, Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated, NW Ayer maintained partnerships with international companies such as Sloanas Ayer in Argentina, Connaghan & May Paton Ayer in Australia, Moussault Ayer in Belgium, NW Ayer, LTD. in Canada, GMC Ayer in France, Co-Partner Ayer in Germany, Wong Lam Wang in Hong Kong, MacHarman Ayer in New Zealand, Grupo de Diseno Ayer in Spain, Nedeby Ayer in Sweden, and Ayer Barker in United Kingdom. This group of material is a small sampling of advertisements created from these International offices. It is arranged alphabetically by client. There are quite a few automobile advertisements (i.e. Audi, Fiat, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen). In addition there are numerous advertisements for various personal items from MacLean's toothpaste to Quick athletic shoes to Labello lip balm, etc. Most of the advertisements have the creator's name printed on the advertisements.

Series 11, Cunningham & Walsh, Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated contains 98 boxes 11 folders materials from the New York advertising agency acquired by NW Ayer in the 1960s. The company began with Newel-Emmett, an agency of nine men which broke up in 1949. Two of the men Fred Walsh and Jack Cunningham formed this agency in bearing their names in 1950. The agency created "let your fingers for the walking campaign for American Telephone & Telegraph, Mother Nature for Chiffon, and Mrs. Olson for Folgers's coffee and let the good times roll for Kawasaki motorcycle. In 1986, NW Ayer Incorporated purchased Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated.

Subseries 11.1, Print Advertisements, 1915-1987, are contained in ninety eight boxes of primarily print advertisements arranged alphabetically by client name. Clients that are particularly well represented are Graybar (electrical implements, circa1926-1937), Johns-Manulle (circa1915-1971), Smith and Corono typewriters (circa 1934-1960), Sunshine Biscuit Company (circa 1925-1961), Texaco Company (circa 1936-1961), Western Electric (circa 1920- 1971) and Yellow Pages (circa 1936-1971). Cunningham and Walsh also represented several travel and tourism industry clients, including Cook Travel Services (circa 1951-1962), Italian Line (circa 1953-1961), Narragansett and Croft (circa 1956-1960) and Northwest Airlines (circa 1946-1955). There are photographs of Texaco advertisements dating from 1913-1962. There is also a scrapbook of advertisements from the Western Electric Company dating from 1920-1922.

Subseries 11.2, Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967, consist of materials created for Western Electric. Materials are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 11.3, Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated include client lists, information relating to NW Ayer purchase and annual report 1962.

Series 12, Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, a Los Angeles advertising company, merged with Ayer in 1969. This series is housed in one box. Within the box are four scrapbooks and folders with a hodgepodge of materials relating to advertising. Of most interest are the scrapbooks. Two scrapbooks deal with Hixson and Jorgensen's self promotion ad campaign "the right appeal gets action" (1953-1957). The other two scrapbooks contain news clippings about the company and its activities (1959-1971).

Series 13, Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957, founded in 1919 and governed in the 1940s by a partnership of nine men. The partnership broke up in 1949 when the men went their separate ways. The materials consist of print advertisements for one of client, Permutit Company, a water conditioning company. The materials are arranged in one box in chronological order.

Series 14, House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991, 16 boxes consists of advertisements or self-promotion advertisements to campaign for new clients. The series is arranged chronologically by date into fifteen boxes. Within the series are two scrapbooks containing self promotion ads from 1888-1919 and 1892-1895. Numerous house ads relate to Ayer's "Human Contact" campaign. In addition to the self promotion ads, Ayer ran advertisements expounding about particular concepts or themes for example, one month the concept would "understand" while another month would be "teamwork" and yet another would be on "imagination". Some of the self promotion ads target specific groups like Philadelphia businessmen. Other advertisements incorporate the fine arts.

Series 15, Scrapbooks, 1872-1959, relates to company events, records and news clippings about Ayer's history. The six boxes are arranged by chronological date. Two of the boxes focus solely on the death of founder F.W. Ayer (1923). Another box houses a scrapbook that showcases Ayer's annual Typography Exhibition (1931-1959). One box contains a scrapbook that specifically deals with correspondences relating to Ayer's advertising. Yet another box's contents are folders of loose pages from scrapbooks that have newspaper clippings, order forms, correspondences and other company records. In one box, a bound scrapbook houses a variety of materials relating to Ayer and advertising (i.e. newspaper clippings, competitor's advertisements, NW Ayer's advertisements, correspondences for advertisements, clippings regarding the "theory of advertising."

Series 16, Publications, 1849-2006, are housed in thirty four boxes and are arranged into three main categories.

Subseries 16.1, House Publications, 1876-1994, covers diverse topics; some proscriptive works about the Ayer method in advertising, some commemorating people, anniversaries or events in the life of the agency. Materials consist of scattered issues of the employee newsletter The Next Step 1920-1921. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date of publication. Ayer in the News, The Show Windows of an Advertising Agency, 1915, book form of advertisements published on the cover of Printer's Ink, highlighting Ayer's relations with advertisers. The Story of the States, 1916, Reprint in book form of a series of articles published in Printer's Ink for the purpose of adding some pertinent fact, progressive thought and prophetic vision to the Nationalism of Advertising highlights major businesses, manufacturer, natural resources and other qualities or attractions of each state. The Book of the Golden Celebration, 1919, includes welcome address and closing remarks by founder F. Wayland Ayer, The Next Step, 1920 employee newsletter with photographs, employee profiles, in-house jokes, etc., Advertising Advertising: A Series of Fifty-two Advertisements scheduled one time a week. Twenty-seven, thirty and forty inches, a day of the week optional with publisher, 1924

Subseries 16.2, Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-2006, includes a book first published in 1939. Includes articles, documenting events and is arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Subseries 16.3, General Publications about Advertising, 1922-1974, are arranged chronologically by date of publication and relate primarily to the history of advertising.

Subseries 16.4, Publications about Other Subjects, 1948-1964, include four books about the tobacco industry primarily the history of the American Tobacco Company and Lorillard Company from the Cunningham and Walsh library.

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1, Contracts, 1885-1908, undated, are arranged alphabetically and span from 1885-1908. The majority of the contracts are with newspaper and magazine publishers from around the country.

Subseries 17.2, General client information, 1911-1999, undated, including active and cancelled lists with dates, client gains, historical client list, (should move this to series 20) Ayer Plan User Guide Strategic Planning for Human Contact, undated

Subseries 17.3, Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated, contain information used by Ayer to create advertisements for some of its clients. American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate Case History, American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate advertisement memo, commissioned artists for DeBeers advertisements, DeBeers information relating to the creative process and photography credits, a case history for DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., The Diamond Engagement Ring, Managing Communication at all levels, DuPont publications, JC Penny Marketing Communication Plan Recommendation, Leaf, Incorporated, Saturn presentation, and USAREC oral presentation.

Subseries 17.4, Potential Clients, 1993, includes grouping has a questionnaire sent to Ayer by a potential client. Questionnaire response for Prudential Securities, 1993 Prudential Securities advertising account review, 1993.

Subseries 17.5, Financial Records, 1929-1938, includes balance sheet, 1929 May 1 Balance sheet and adjustments Consolidated statement of assets and liabilities, Expenses 191936-37 Business review and expenses, 1937 and 1938 Business review and expenses comparative statement, 1937 and 1938.

Series 18, Legal Records, circa 1911-1982, Ayer's legal records are arranged by twelve subject groupings within four boxes. The twelve groupings are advertising service agreements (circa 1918-1982), bylaws, copyright claims, correspondences, international correspondences, dissolution of trusts, stock information, agreements between partners, incorporation materials, reduction of capital, property information and miscellaneous materials. The bulk of the materials are the advertising service agreements. These agreements are between Ayer and their clients and state the services Ayer will offer and at what cost. The bylaws are Ayer's company bylaws from 1969 and 1972. The copyright claims are certificates stating Ayer's ownership over certain published materials (i.e. "Policy", Media Equalizer Model, and Don Newman's Washington Square Experiment). The correspondences relate to either the voting trust and receipts for agreement or the New York Corporation. The international correspondences are from either Ayer's Canadian office or London office. The dissolutions of trusts contains materials about the dividend trust of Wilfred F. Fry, the investment trust of Winfred W. Fry, the voting trust, and the New York corporation. The stock information has stock certificates and capital stock information. The agreements between partners (1911-1916) specify the terms between F.W. Ayer and his partners. The incorporation materials (circa 1929-1977) deal with Ayer advertising agency becoming incorporated in the state of Delaware. The reduction of capital grouping is a notification that shares of stock have been retired. The property information grouping contains property deeds and insurance policy (circa 1921-1939), a property appraisal (1934), and a bill of sale (1948). The miscellaneous grouping contains a house memo regarding a set of board meeting minutes and a registry of foreign companies in Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1929-1954).

Subseries 18.1, Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2, Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4, Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5, International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6, Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7, Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8, Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9, Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10, Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11, Property Information, 1921-1948

Subseries 18.12, Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19, Personnel Records, circa 1889-2001, are arranged into eight groupings within eight boxes. The groupings are employee card files, photographs, Ayer alumni, biographies, speeches, recollections, oral histories, and miscellaneous. Typed manuscript of book A Copy Writer Speaks by George Cecil, NW Ayer, Incorporated copy head 1920s-1950s

Subseries 19.1, Employee card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963, consists of index cards with the name, age, job title, date and wage increases, date of hire/fire, as well as remarks about the employee's service and/or reasons for seeking or leaving the job. Materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee within three boxes.

Subseries 19.2, Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated, are housed in two boxes. The photographs grouped together by subjects i.e. personnel, company events, Ayer buildings, and miscellaneous. This grouping primarily consists of personnel photographs. Includes a glass plate negative dated 1924 of NW Ayer.

Subseries 19.3, Ayer Alumni, circa 1989-98, include employees who have left Ayer. There is a listing of Ayer "graduates" and their current job. Emeritus, Ayer's alumni newsletter 1989-1996, makes up the majority of materials in this grouping. The newsletter keeps the alumni up to date with the happenings of Ayer and what has become of former Ayer employees. Emeritus is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the activities, thoughts and feelings of Ayer alumni a body of people who consists of retirees and former employees.

Subseries 19.4, Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994, undated, prominent members of Ayer's operations had biographical sketches completed of them. This was true for the bio sketches of Robert Ervin, Louis T. Hagopian, and George A. Rink. There is a substantial file on Dorothy Dignam ("Mis Dig"), a leading woman in the advertising world from the 1930s to the 1950s. Also of interest is a video ("The Siano Man") compiled by Ayer employees to commemorate Jerry Siano's retirement from Ayer in 1994. The series is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 19.5, Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975, contains speeches made by Wilfred W. Fry and Neal W. O'Connor. Wilfred W. Fry had various speaking engagements connected with Ayer. Contained in this group is a sampling of his speeches from 1919 to 1931. Neal O'Connor's speech "Advertising: Who Says It's a Young People's Business" was given at the Central Region Convention for the American Association of Advertising Agencies in Chicago on November 6, 1975. The speeches are arranged alphabetically by the speaker's last name.

Subseries 19.6, Recollections, 1954-1984, undated, are arranged alphabetically by last name. These are recollections from Ayer employees about the company and its advertisements. Some recollections are specifically about certain types of advertisements, like farm equipment while others reflect on F. W. Ayer and the company.

Subseries 19.7, Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991, include interviews with key NW Ayer personnel, conducted by Ayer alumnae Howard Davis, Brad Lynch and Don Sholl (Vice President creative) for the Oral History Program. The materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.8, Oral History Interview Audio Tapes, 1985-1990, include interviews on audiotape the materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.9, Internal Communications, 1993-1999, includes information sent to employees relating to retirements, management changes, awards won by the company, promotions, potential new accounts, free items, grand opening of Ayer Café, donation events, sponsorship programs, holiday schedules, discounts for employees from clients, Ayer joins MacManus Group.

Subseries 19.10, General Materials, 1940; 1970, includes agency directory entry including a list of the employees, 1970s, annual banquet program for the Curfew Club May 22, 1940 a group formed by the Philadelphia employee in 1938. It sponsored numerous sports, social and educational activities. Groups were formed in public speaking, music appreciation and a series of talks on Monday evenings title the modern woman. The front page was a series of talks for general interest. A list of officers, 1991, Twenty five year club membership, 1973 December 1, List of NW Ayer graduates, 1970, List of Officers, 1991 May 31, Obituary for Leo Lionni, 1999 October 17, List of photographers of advertisements, 2001

Series 20, Background and History Information, 1817-1999, undated includes a chronology, 1817-1990, quick reference timeline, 1848-1923, loose pages from a scrapbook containing examples of correspondence, envelopes, advertisements dating from 1875-1878; slogans coined by NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1899-1990, history of management, 1909-1923, articles and photographs about the building and art galleries, 1926-1976, publications about the Philadelphia building, 1929, pamphlet relating to memories of NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1930s-1950s, television history, 1940-1948, Article about the history of the company, 1950 January, pocket guide, 1982, AdWeek reports about standings for advertising agencies, information relating to Human Contact which is NW Ayer's Information relating to Human Contact, undated which is their philosophy on advertising.

Series 21, Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated, consists of print advertisements collected by Ayer from other major advertising companies. The companies include Doyle Dane Bernback, Incorporated, Leo Burnett Company, Grey Advertising Agency, D'Arcy Ad Agency, Scali, McCabe, Sloves, Incorporated and Erwin Wasey Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by client and include products from Ralston Purina and Van Camp (Chicken of the Sea), Kellogg, American Export Lines and No Nonsense Fashions.

Series 22, 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1999, undated, includes material given to the Archives Center in 2010. It is organized into seventy one oversized boxes and contains proofsheets of print advertisements for select Ayer clients. These are arranged alphabetically by client name and include substantial quantities of materials from American Telephone &Telegraph (1945-1996), Bahamas Ministry of Tourism (1967-1987), Carrier (1971-1981), Citibank (1973-1991), DeBeers (1940s-1960s and1990s), Electric Companies Advertising Program [ECAP] (1942-1970s), General Motors (1989-1998), J.C. Penney (1983-1986), Newsweek (1966-1975), and Proctor and Gamble (1980s-1890s). There are also numerous other clients represented by smaller quantities of materials.

Subseries 22.1, Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2, Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated, include Cannon towels, Cheny Brothers silks, Cornish & Company organs and pianos, Enterprise Manufacturing Company, 1879 sad iron, an ad from Harper's Weekly 1881 for ladies clothing, Ostermoor & Company mattresses, Pear's soap, Porter's cough balsam, Steinway pianos.

Series 23, Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985, consists of three boxes of printed advertisements for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Some of the same advertisements might also be found in series two, three and four.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks of Client Print Advertisements, circa 1870-1920

Series 2: Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930

Series 3: Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975

Series 4: 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001

Series 5: Billboards, circa 1952-1956

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials

Series 7: Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated

Series 8: Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989

Series 9: Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987

Subseries 9.1: Printed Advertisements, 1977-1987

Subseries 9.2: Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s

Series 10: Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated

Series 11: Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated

Subseries 11.1: Printed Advertisements, 1915-1987

Subseries 11.2: Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967

Subseries 11.3: Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated

Series 12: Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, undated

Series 13: Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957

Series 14: House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991

Series 15: Scrapbooks, 1872-1959

Series 16: Publications, 1849-2006

Subseries 16.1: House Publications, 1876-1994

Subseries 16.2: Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-1995

Subseries 16.3: General Publications about Advertising, 1922-2006

Subseries 16.4: Publications about other Subjects, 1948-1964

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1: Contracts, 1885-1908, undated

Subseries 17.2: General Client Information, 1911-1999, undated

Subseries 17.3: Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated

Subseries 17.4: Potential Clients, 1993

Subseries 17.5: Financial Records, 1929-1938

Series 18: Legal Records, circa 1911-1984

Subseries 18.1: Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2: Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4: Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5: International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6: Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7: Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8: Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9: Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10: Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11: Property Information

Subseries 18.12: Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19: Employee Materials, circa 1889-2001

Subseries 19.1: Employee Card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963

Subseries 19.2: Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated

Subseries 19.3: Alumni Publications, circa 1989-1998

Subseries 19.4: Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994

Subseries 19.5: Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975

Subseries 19.6: Recollections, 1954-1984, undated

Subseries 19.7: Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991

Subseries 19.8: Oral History Audiotapes, 1985-1990

Subseries 19.9: Internal Communications, 1993-1999

Subseries 19.1: General Materials, 1940-2001

Series 20: History and Background Information about the Company, 1817-1999, undated

Series 21: Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated

Series 22: 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1990s, undated

Subseries 22.1: Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2: Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated

Series 23: Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, NW Ayer & Son is one of the oldest and largest advertising agencies in America. For most of its history, it was the undisputed leader and innovator in the field of advertising. In 1876, NW Ayer & Son pioneered the "open contract", a revolutionary change in the method of billing for advertising which became the industry standard for the next hundred years. NW Ayer pioneered the use of fine art in advertising and established the industry's first art department. It was the first agency to use a full-time copywriter and the first to institute a copy department. The agency relocated to New York City in 1974. During its long history, the agency's clients included many "blue-chip" clients, including American Telephone & Telegraph, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Ford Motor Company, Nabisco, R. J. Reynolds and United Airlines. However, in later years, the Ayer's inherent conservatism left the agency vulnerable to the creative revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the advertising industry restructuring of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s. The agency was bought out by a Korean investor in 1993. In 1996, NW Ayer merged with another struggling top twenty United States advertising agency, Darcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, under the umbrella of the McManus Group. Ayer continues to operate as a separate, full-service agency.

Through a series of buyouts and mergers, Ayer traces its lineage to the first advertising agency founded in the United States, a Philadelphia agency begun by Volney Palmer in 1841. Palmer began his career in advertising as a newspaper agent, acting as middleman between newspaper publishers and advertisers across the country. By 1849, Palmer had founded his own newspaper, V. B. Palmer's Register and Spirit of the Press, and had developed a complete system of advertising which included securing advertising space and placing ads in scores of commercial, political, religious, scientific and agricultural journals across the country. Palmer went one step further than the "space jobbers" of the day when he began offering "advertisements carefully drawn for those who have not the time to prepare an original copy." Always an enthusiastic promoter of advertising as an incentive to trade and American economic growth, Palmer promised advertisers that "every dollar paid for advertising in country newspapers will pay back twenty-fold" and encouraged skeptical consumers that "he who wishes to buy cheap should buy of those who advertise." When Palmer died in 1863, the agency was bought by his bookkeeper, John Joy, who joined with another Philadelphia advertising agency to form Joy, Coe & Sharpe. That agency was bought out again in 1868 and renamed Coe, Wetherill & Company. In 1877, Coe, Wetherill and Company was bought out by the newly formed NW Ayer & Son.

Francis Wayland Ayer was an ambitious young schoolteacher with an entrepreneurial streak. Having worked for a year soliciting advertisements on a commission basis for the publisher of the National Baptist weekly, Francis Ayer saw the potential to turn a profit as an advertising agent. In 1869, Ayer persuaded his father, Nathan Wheeler Ayer, to join him in business, and with an initial investment of only $250.00, NW Ayer & Son was born. Notwithstanding a smallpox epidemic in Philadelphia in 1871 and the general economic depression of the early 1870s, the agency flourished. The senior Ayer died in 1873, leaving his interest in the agency to his wife, but Francis W. Ayer bought her out, consolidating his interest in the company's management. In 1877, with Coe, Wetherill & Company (the successor to Palmer's 1841 agency) on the verge of bankruptcy and heavily indebted to Ayer for advertising it had placed in Ayer publications, Ayer assumed ownership of that agency. Thus did NW Ayer lay claim to being the oldest advertising agency in the country.

Both Nathan Wheeler and Francis Wayland Ayer began their careers as schoolteachers, and one of their legacies was a commitment to the cause of education: correspondence schools and institutions of higher learning were historically well-represented among Ayer clients. Just after World War I, the agency was heralded as "co-founder of more schools than any citizen of this country" for its conspicuous efforts to advertise private schools. Well into the 1960s, an "Education Department" at Ayer prepared advertisements for over three hundred private schools, camps and colleges, representing almost half the regional and national advertising done for such institutions. In fact, to its clients Ayer presented advertising itself as being akin to a system of education. In 1886, Ayer began promoting the virtues of the Ayer way advertising with the slogan, "Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success."

The agency's goals were simple: "to make advertising pay the advertiser, to spend the advertiser's money as though it were our own, to develop, magnify and dignify advertising as a business." Initially, Ayer's fortunes were tied to newspapers, and the agency began to make a name for itself as compiler and publisher of a widely used American Newspaper Annual. During the first years, Ayer's singular goal was "to get business, place it [in newspapers] and get money for it"; after several years as an independent space broker, however, Francis Ayer resolved "not to be an order taker any longer." This decision led NW Ayer and Son to a change in its mode of conducting business which would revolutionize the advertising industry: in 1876, Ayer pioneered the "open contract" with Diggee & Conard, Philadelphia raised growers and agricultural suppliers. Prior to the open contract, NW Ayer & Sons and most agencies operated as "space-jobbers," independent wholesalers of advertising space, in which the opportunities for graft and corrupt practices were virtually unlimited. In contrast, the open contract, wherein the advertiser paid a fixed commission based on the volume of advertising placed, aligned the advertising agent firmly on the side of the advertiser and gave advertisers access to the actual rates charged by newspapers and religious journals. The open contract with a fixed commission has been hailed by advertising pioneer Albert Lasker as one of the "three great landmarks in advertising history." (The other two were Lasker's own development of "reason-why" advertising copy and J. Walter Thompson's pioneering of sex appeal in an advertisement for Woodbury's soap.) Although the transition to the open contract did not happen overnight, by 1884, nearly three-quarters of Ayer's advertising billings were on an open contract basis. Since Ayer was, by the 1890s, the largest agency in America, the switch to direct payment by advertisers had a significant impact on the advertising industry, as other agencies were forced to respond to Ayer's higher standard. Just as important, the open contract helped to establish N W Ayer's long-standing reputation for "clean ethics and fair dealing" -- a reputation the agency has guarded jealously for over a century. The open contract also helped to establish Ayer as a full service advertising agency and to regularize the production of advertising in-house. From that point forward, Ayer routinely offered advice and service beyond the mere placement of advertisements. Ayer set another milestone for the industry in 1888, when Jarvis Wood was hired as the industry's first full-time copywriter. Wood was joined by a second full time copywriter four years later, and the Copy Department was formally established in 1900. The industry's first Art Department grew out of the Copy Department when Ayer hired its first commercial artist to assist with copy preparation in 1898; twelve years later Ayer became the first agency to offer the services of a full time art director, whose sole responsibility was the design and illustration of ads.

Ayer's leadership in the use of fine art in advertising has roots in this period, but achieved its highest expression under the guidance of legendary art director Charles Coiner. Coiner joined Ayer in 1924, after graduating from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Despite early resistance from some clients, Coiner was adamant that "the use of outstanding palette and original art forms bring a greater return in readership, in impact and prestige for the advertiser." To this end, Coiner marshaled the talents of notable painters, illustrators and photographers, including N.C. Wyeth and Rockwell Kent (Steinway), Georgia O'Keefe (Dole), Leo Lionni (DuPont), Edward Steichen (Steinway, Cannon Mills), Charles Sheeler (Ford), and Irving Penn (DeBeers). Coiner believed that there was a practical side to the use of fine art in advertising, and his success (and Ayer's) lay in the marriage of research and copywriting with fine art, an arrangement Coiner termed "art for business sake." Coiner's efforts won both awards and attention for a series completed in the 1950s for the Container Corporation of America. Titled "Great Ideas of Western Man" the campaign featured abstract and modern paintings and sculpture by leading U.S. and foreign artists, linked with Western philosophical writings in an early example of advertising designed primarily to bolster corporate image. In 1994, Charles Coiner was posthumously named to the American Advertising Federation's Hall of Fame, the first full time art director ever chosen for that honor.

Coiner and fellow art director Paul Darrow also created legendary advertising with the "A Diamond Is Forever" campaign for DeBeers; ads featured the work of Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and other modernist painters. The "A Diamond is Forever" tagline was written in 1949 by Frances Gerety, a woman copywriter at Ayer from 1943 to 1970. In 1999, Ad Age magazine cited "A Diamond is Forever" as the most memorable advertising slogan of the twentieth century.

Coiner also earned respect for his volunteer government service during World War II; he designed the armbands for civil defense volunteers and logos for the National Recovery Administration and Community Chest. As a founding member of the Advertising Council in 1945, Ayer has had a long-standing commitment to public service advertising. In the mid-1980s, Ayer became a leading force in the Reagan-era "War on Drugs". Lou Hagopian, Ayer's sixth CEO, brokered the establishment of the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a media coalition which generated as much as a million dollars a day in donated advertising space and time to prevent the use and abuse of illegal drugs. Famous names appear among NW Ayer's clientele from the very earliest days of the agency. Retailer John Wanamaker, Jay Cooke and Company, and Montgomery Ward's mail-order business were among the first Ayer clients. The agency has represented at least twenty automobile manufacturers, including Cadillac, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Plymouth, and Rolls-Royce. Other major, long-term clients through the years have included American Telephone & Telegraph, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Kellogg's, R. J. Reynolds, Steinway and Sons, United Airlines, and the United States Army. By the time of Ayer's hundredth anniversary in 1969, some of these companies had been Ayer clients for decades if not generations, and the longevity of those relationships was for many years a source of Ayer's strength.

But the advertising industry began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, due in part to a "creative revolution." Small advertising agencies won attention with provocative copywriting and art direction that more closely resembled art than advertising. Advances in market research allowed clients to more narrowly tailor their advertising messages to distinct groups of consumers, and this led to a rise in targeted marketing which could more readily be doled out to specialized small agencies than to larger, established firms like NW Ayer & Son. The civil rights and anti-war movements also contributed to increasing public skepticism with the values of corporate America, and by extension, with some national advertising campaigns. Older, more conservative firms like Ayer were hard pressed to meet these new challenges.

About 1970, in an effort to meet these challenges and to establish a foothold on the West Coast, Ayer bought out two smaller agencies--Hixson & Jorgenson (Los Angeles) and Frederick E. Baker (Seattle). The agency relocated from Philadelphia to New York City in 1974 in an attempt both to consolidate operations (Ayer had operated a New York office since the 1920s) and to be closer to the historic center of the advertising industry. Riding the wave of mergers that characterized the advertising industry in the late 1980s and 1990s, Ayer continued to grow through the acquisition of Cunningham & Walsh in 1986 and Rink Wells in 19xx.

During this transitional period, Ayer received widespread acclaim for its work for the United States Army, which included the widely recognized slogan "Be All You Can Be". Ayer first acquired the Army recruitment account in 1967 and with help from its direct marketing arm, the agency was widely credited with helping the Army reach its recruitment goals despite an unpopular war and plummeting enlistments after the elimination of the draft in 1973. Ayer held the account for two decades, from the Vietnam War through the Cold War, but lost the account in 1986 amid government charges that an Ayer employee assigned to the account accepted kickbacks from a New York film production house. Despite Ayer's position as the country's 18th largest agency (with billings of $880 million in 1985), the loss of the agency's second largest account hit hard.

NW Ayer made up for the loss of the $100 million dollar a year Army account and made headlines for being on the winning end of the largest account switch in advertising history to date, when fast food giant Burger King moved its $200 million dollar advertising account from arch-rival J. Walter Thompson in 1987. Burger King must have had drive-thru service in mind, however, and Ayer made headlines again when it lost the account just eighteen months later in another record-breaking account switch. Another devastating blow to the agency was the loss of its lead position on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Ayer pioneered telecommunications advertising in 1908, when the agency was selected to craft advertising for the Bell System's universal telephone service. Despite valiant efforts to keep an account the agency had held for most of the twentieth century, and for which they had written such memorable corporate slogans as American Telephone &Telegraph "The Voice with a Smile" and "Reach Out and Touch Someone", the agency lost the account in 1996.

After a wave of mergers and acquisitions in the late 1980s, the economic recession of the early 1990s hit Madison Avenue hard, and Ayer was particularly vulnerable. Despite the agency's long history and roster of "blue-chip" clients, Ayer was not known for cutting-edge creative work. Moreover, though the agency had offices overseas, Ayer had never built a strong multinational presence, and many of the smaller international offices were sold during the financial turmoil of the 1980s. This left a real void in the new climate of global marketplace consolidation. By about 1990, earnings were declining (although Ayer was still among the top twenty United States agencies in billings), and the agency was suffering from client defections, high management turnover, expensive real estate commitments and deferred executive compensation deals, all fallout of the high-flying 1980s. This was the atmosphere in 1993, when W.Y. Choi, a Korean investor who had already assembled a media and marketing empire in his homeland, began looking for an American partner to form an international advertising network. Jerry Siano, the former creative director who had recently been named Ayer's seventh CEO, was in no position to refuse Choi's offer of $35 million to buy the now floundering agency. The infusion of cash was no magic bullet, however. Choi took a wait-and-see approach, allowing his partner Richard Humphreys to make key decisions about Ayer's future, including the purging of senior executives and the installation of two new CEOs in as many years.

The agency's downward trend continued with the loss of another longtime client, the DeBeers diamond cartel in 1995. Adweek reported that Ayer's billings fell from $892 million in 1990 to less than $850 million in 1995. Several top executives defected abruptly, and the agency failed to attract major new accounts. Ayer was facing the loss not merely of revenue and personnel, but the loss of much of the respect it once commanded. Ayer remained among the twenty largest U.S. agencies, but an aura of uncertainty hung over the agency like a cloud. A new CEO was appointed, and Mary Lou Quinlan became the agency's first woman CEO in 1995. A year later, Ayer and another struggling top twenty agency, D'arcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, combined as part of the McManus Group of companies. In 1998, the McManus Group had worldwide billings of more than $6.5 billion.

Under the McManus Group, Ayer was able to expand its international operations and begin to rebuild a stronger global presence. Several important new clients were won in 1997 and 1998, including Avon, General Motors, Kitchenaid, several Procter & Gamble brands and, most notably, Continental Airlines worldwide accounts. Born in the nineteenth century, Ayer may be one of a very few advertising agencies to successfully weather the economic and cultural transitions of both the twentieth and twentieth first centuries. Ayer was eventually acquired by the Publicis Groupe based in Paris, France which closed down the N.W. Ayer offices in 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated Records (AC0395)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by N W Ayer ABH International, April 15, 1975 and by Ayer & Partners, October 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must use microfilm copy. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Technical Access: Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. Publication and production quality duplication is restricted due to complex copyright, publicity rights, and right to privacy issues. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 1840-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Citation:
NW Ayer & Sons, incorporated Advertising Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0059
See more items in:
N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0059
Online Media:

Millard Sheets papers

Creator:
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Names:
Dalzell Hatfield Galleries  Search this
Millard Sheets & Associates Designs  Search this
Sheets, Mary Baskerville  Search this
Extent:
27.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Date:
circa 1907-2000
Summary:
The Millard Sheets papers comprise 27.6 linear feet of material dating from circa 1907 to 2000 with bulk dates spanning 1956 to 1981. The collection documents Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, and his personal and professional interests through correspondence, writings, lectures, printed material, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera. A small addition donated 2018 by Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter. There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Scope and Content Note:
The personal papers of Millard Sheets (1907-1990) measure 27.6 linear feet and date from circa 1907-2000, with bulk dates of 1956-1981. The collection reflects Sheets's career as a designer, painter, and muralist, as well as his other personal and professional interests, through correspondence, writings, lectures, clippings, blueprints, drawings, slides, photographs, and ephemera.

The Project Files comprise the largest group of materials in the collection and document design work undertaken by Sheets through his company Millard Sheets & Associates Designs. Sheets and his associates produced concept drawings and blueprints and supervised the construction for a wide range of design projects that ranged in scale from architectural plans for private residences to bid proposals for shopping malls and financial institutions located in California and the Southwest.

Sheets designed interior and exterior plans for over forty Home Savings and Loan bank branches in California. The distinctive modular design which Sheets created and then customized by integrating interior and exterior art elements that highlighted local historical events or natural features became synonymous with the image of Home Savings and Loan. Sheets also teamed up with the architect Edward Durrell Stone to produce a proposal for the Capitol Mall Project, an urban renewal project for the Redevelopment Agency of the City of Sacramento. Researchers will find correspondence, job costs and billing statements, and notes that trace the development of these and other building construction projects. In some instances the documents are supplemented by blueprints, photographs, and/or drawings of the project, but in many cases, visual documentation is missing.

The Project Files also document work done by Millard Sheets on public projects such as the Family of Man mural in the Los Angeles City Hall Annex, a mosaic dome in the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., and the Word of Life mural at the University of Notre Dame, Ind., along with numerous other murals and mosaics created for private individuals and corporations.

The Correspondence Series primarily reflects the interaction between Sheets and his clients, colleagues, and personal acquaintances. These files will prove valuable to researchers who are interested in the way that Sheets's beliefs about the role of art in everyday life impacted the way he conducted business and managed both large and small design projects. The correspondence also reflects Sheets's interest in popular American culture, travel, political issues of the day, and art collecting.

The Membership Files document the wide variety of interests that Sheets maintained through active membership in associations and organizations. The material in this series consists primarily of correspondence, minutes of meetings, and notes which Sheets created or used as he served as a board member or trustee on a number of organizational boards, such as the California Institute of the Arts, the Claremont Colleges, Virginia Steele Scott Foundation, Webb School of California, and Goodwill Industries of Southern California.

Also found in this series is material that documents his interest and participation in various recreational and professional organizations. Sheets maintained a long association with the Economic Roundtable, a group of businessmen who met regularly to give presentations and share discussion on contemporary political and social issues. Sheets was a frequent speaker and his talks given at the Economic Roundtables can be found in Lectures and Speeches, a subseries of the Writings Series.

Included in the Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, Inc. series are records that reflect the day-to-day operations of Sheets's design firm. Found here are chronological copies of correspondence that were sent out, files Sheets maintained on various independent contractors that the design firm frequently used, resumes and letters of recommendation that Sheets received regarding potential employees, as well as records relating to the cost and maintenance of Sheets's office building.

The Teaching and Workshop Files document the instructional activities undertaken by Sheets throughout his career in the arts. Although Sheets became pivotal in establishing a regionally recognized art department at Scripps College in Claremont, California, the files that reflect his academic position there are limited in scope and depth. Researchers will find more substantive the files that he maintained on the numerous art demonstrations and paintings workshops that he conducted privately throughout his career. Sheets traveled extensively around the world through his teaching activities and the files in this series track his path.

Closely related to the Teaching and Workshop Files is the Painting Trips series. The material in these files document Sheets's service as an American Specialist in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the USIS, Department of State. Sheets served two times as a cultural arts representative in Turkey in 1960 and in the former USSR in 1961. Sheets also made numerous trips to South East Asia, which had proved an area of fascination for him since his experiences as a war correspondent in Burma and India in World War II. The files in this series document his painting trips to Tahiti, the Pacific Ocean Rim, and Hawaii. Also found are files that detail his painting activities in Mexico.

The Exhibition Files reflect the records that Sheets maintained regarding his participation in art exhibitions, as well as his files on art shows that he personally directed or organized for public or private groups or organizations. Although Sheets exhibited his work predominantly in the West and Southwest, the files in this series demonstrate that he exhibited both nationally and internationally as well.

Also found within the records for this series are files relating to Sheets's representation of his artwork through established galleries and art agents. The Dalziel Hatfield Galleries of Los Angeles, California, served as his primary agent for most of his painting career. Correspondence between Sheets and the Hatfields provide insight into Sheets's development into a regionally and nationally significant watercolorist and painter. The files relating to the Kennedy Galleries in New York and the Circle Gallery in Chicago reflect Sheets's efforts to maintain a national presence in the arts community.

The Jury Files document Sheets's involvement as a juror in regional, as well, as national shows. The files reveal the great variety of professional watercolor and painting exhibitions in which Sheets participated as either a jury panelist or solo judge.

The Writings Files provide an excellent source for researchers interested in Sheets's philosophical beliefs about the relationship between art and everyday life. His articles, lectures, and speeches predominantly address the role of the artist, the relationships that exist between artists and the community, and the role that art can play in making a fuller, more productive life. Also found in the files of this series are articles written by others about Sheets.

The Biographical Material series provides a short introduction to Millard Sheets. The files consist of the calendars maintained by Sheets and his wife and staff, which were used to coordinate his many commitments and appointments. Also found in the files of this series are family chronologies that were created by Mary Baskerville Sheets. Medical records and resumes provide personal information about Sheets's background and health. A small file of military memorabilia provides information about Sheets's contributions to the war effort in World War II.

The Printed Matter series documents family activities and personalities through publicity clippings. Also found are exhibition catalogs and announcements that Sheets saved regarding other artists. Miscellaneous interests and activities of Sheets are found through magazine articles, brochures, and flyers.

The Photographs series includes photographic documentation for Sheets's artwork, horses, and major projects. A small group of photographs of Sheets are also in this series.

The files in the Artwork series include original drawings by Mary Baskerville Sheets and Millard Sheets.

There is a 4.6 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2018 that includes writings; sketchbooks and sketches; photographs and negatives of works of art, images of Millard Sheets and others; printed material, including two scrapbooks; and scattered correspondence regarding Sheet's projects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series. Small series, such as Biographical Material are generally based on type of document. Larger series, such as Correspondence or Project Files, are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent or project. General correspondence has been made into its own series, but other series or subseries may also contain some correspondence. Within particular series, materials have been further divided into subseries which represent particular aspects of the project or event. For example, the Writings Series is further divided into subseries of books and articles, eulogies, and lectures and speeches. An outline listing series and subseries titles and dates follows.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1907-1982, undated (boxes 1-2; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1929-1990, undated (boxes 2-4; 2.75 linear ft.)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1933-1980, undated (boxes 5-6; 1.25 linear ft.)

Series 4: Membership Files, 1946-1982, undated (boxes 6-8; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: Millard Sheets & Associates Designs, 1934-1982, undated (boxes 8-9; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 6: Project Files, 1956-1981, undated (boxes 9-18; 8.25 linear ft.)

Series 7: Teaching and Workshop Files, 1932-1982 (box 18; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Painting Trips, 1959-1980, undated (box 18; 16 folders)

Series 9: Exhibition Files, 1932-1937, 1951-1988, undated (box 19; 0.75 linear ft.)

Series 10: Jury Files, 1941-1982 (boxes 19-20; 42 folders)

Series 11: Writings, 1936-1988, undated (boxes 20-22; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 12: Printed Matter, 1936-1922, undated (boxes 22-23; 20 folders)

Series 13: Photographs, 1934-1983, undated (box 23; 17 folders)

Series 14: Artwork, circa 1929, undated (box 23; 2 folders)

Series 15: Unprocessed Addition, circa 1930-2000 (boxes 24, 26-30, OV25: 4.6 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
"Your painting is a measure of your mind"-Millard Sheets

Millard Sheets, as one of the founding members of the "California Scene Painters," exerted a lasting influence upon subsequent generations of Western painters. He and the small group of painters who worked in California during the 1930s and 1940s, developed a new style of watercolor painting that was at the forefront of the American watercolor movement of the time, and that later gave rise to a subsequent generation of painters who became known as the California Regionalist school.

Sheets was born in Pomona, California on June 24, 1907. His mother died in childbirth, and his father, John Sheets, unprepared to raise a baby alone, sent Millard to Pomona, California to be raised by his maternal grandparents, Lewis and Emma Owen. Sheets's grandfather proved to be a guiding force in his life, and when Sheets's father remarried and offered Millard the opportunity to return to the Sheets household, Millard chose instead to remain with his grandparents.

Sheets's love of horses can be directly traced back to his childhood years spent living at his grandfather's horse ranch. Millard rode his first horse when he was three years old. Throughout his life, Sheets returned to the theme of horses in his paintings, as well as maintaining a private stable of horses, and raising and breeding racehorses.

His interest in art also began in childhood. When he was still a young boy, his two maternal aunts encouraged him to play with crayons and pencils. Sheets took his first painting lesson from a neighbor at the age of seven, and by 1919 he had already submitted artwork to the copy division of the Los Angeles County Fair fine arts show competition. He submitted a drawing he had copied of a tinted photograph of Lake KIlarney, California. Sheets won first prize in his division.

It was through this competition that Millard met Theodore B. Modra, a Polish artist who had retired to the Pomona area. After giving Sheets a lecture on the evils of copying art, Modra offered to give him art lessons.

Sheets continued to pursue his interest in art and enrolled in the Choinard School of Art in Los Angeles, California. By the time that he graduated in 1929, Sheets had also managed to come to the attention of Dalzell and Ruth Hatfield of the Dalzell Hatfield Galleries in Los Angeles, California. The Hatfields were one of the most influential art dealers in Southern California, and that same year, they sponsored Sheets in his first one-man exhibition in 1929. The exhibition brought Sheets to the attention of Western Coast art critics and launched Sheets on his painting career.

In 1929 Sheets also learned that he had won second place in the annual Edgar B. Davis art competition held in San Antonio, Texas. The award came with a cash prize and Sheets made plans to travel to Europe to study and paint. Shortly before his departure, however, he met an art student, Mary Baskerville, and they began a whirlwind romance. With Baskerville's enthusiastic support for European plans, and with her promise that she would wait for him, Sheets departed for New York and then Europe.

While overseas during 1929 and 1930, Sheets studied under Dorfinant, a master printer in Paris. Through his work at this studio workshop, he met Henri Matisse.

Five months after Millard returned to the California in 1930, Sheets and Mary Baskerville married. Sheets worked as the director of the Fine Arts Exhibition of the Los Angeles County Fair. In 1932 Sheets returned to school to study art and humanities at Scripps College in Claremont, California. After graduating from Scripps, school officials approached Sheets with an offer to set up a separate fine arts program and asked him to chair the new department. This was the beginning of a twenty year association with the school. In 1938, he also became the Director of Art at Claremont Graduate School.

Sheets left the school during the years of World War II to serve as a war-time artist and journalist for Life magazine, and from 1943-1944 was stationed on the Burma-India Front. His experiences in Asia appeared to affect him deeply. In contrast to his earlier works which featured backgrounds with neutral tones and brilliant shades that highlighted and punctuated the compositions, the paintings from the wartime featured somber tones. Sheets remarked of this time:

During the fighting and the time I spent in the C-B-1 theater, I was too shaken and intellectually stunned to do any complete paintings. I made many, many sketches, though, as well as a real effort to remember each scene that particularly affected me. Then, once I returned to America, I painted frantically, for months, exorcising demons. [Lovoos, Janice and Edmund F. Penney, Millard Sheets: One-Man Renaissance, Northland Press, Flagstaff, AZ, 1984]

Sheets returned from the war in 1944 and resumed his position at Scripps College until 1955 when he was approached by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors and asked to overhaul the fledgling Los Angeles County Art Institute. Sheets accepted the position and spent the next five years reshaping the mission and format of the school, renaming it the Otis Art Institute. In the years after Sheets left the directorship, the school eventually became part of the Parson's School of Design on the West Coast.

In 1953 Sheets founded the Millard Sheets Designs company. He hired between twenty-five and thirty artisans for large projects, with Susan Hertel, a former student of his, serving as his assistant in all the operations of the design studio. The working staff included engineers, registered architects, draftsmen, and artists, and the projects that the firm produced included murals, mosaics, stained glass, and sculpture for private homes and public and commercial businesses.

The design studio completed several major architectural projects throughout the late 1950s through the mid 1970s, including the design and construction of Cal Aero, a flight training school for the US Air Force, the National American Insurance Company offices for the California financier, Howard Ahmanson, Ahmanson Bank and Trust Company in Beverly Hills, many Home Savings and Loan Association Buildings, private residences, and the Scottish Rite Memorial Temples in Los Angeles and San Francisco, among many other projects.

Sheets also designed and completed mural and mosiac work for numerous public buildings in the Los Angeles area, as well as across the nation. Many of the murals and mosiacs were for those buildings designed by his firm while others were done as independent commissions.

In 1968 Sheets first proposed the murals he designed for the Los Angeles City Hall. His design was approved and he was awarded a commission to complete The Family of Man murals over the two main entrances to the Los Angeles City Hall. The murals were completed in 1971 and installed in 1972. Sheets also designed mosiacs and murals for the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, the Library at Notre Dame University, the Scottish Rite Masonic Temple in Los Angeles, several Home Savings and Loan Association buildings in the Los Angeles area, the Detroit Public Library, and the Dome of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC.

During the early 1960s Sheets participated in the American Specialist Program of the US Department of State. His first assignment was to Turkey in 1960, where he served as a visiting artist. The following year he went to the USSR in the same capacity.

During the early to mid 1950s Sheets became involved with Columbia Pictures and was technical advisor and production designer for a few years.

Millard Sheets was a member of the National Watercolor Society, the American Watercolor Society, the National Academy of Design, the Society of Motion Picture Art Directors, and the Century Association. Sheets actively promoted his own work and was a businessman, an active and prolific artist, instructor, and designer. Millard Sheets died on March 31, 1989 in Gualala, California.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels LA 10) including a biographical sketch, career resume, and a list of sheets' work prepared in 1964. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Millard Sheets lent material for microfilming in 1965. Mary B. Sheets, Millard's widow, donated the papers to the Archives of American Art in 1992. Carolyn Owen-Toole, Sheet's daughter, gave a small addition of material in 2018.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Millard Sheets papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- California  Search this
Art and society  Search this
Horses -- Breeding  Search this
Watercolorists -- California  Search this
Muralists -- California  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Designers -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Citation:
Millard Sheets papers, circa 1907-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sheemill
See more items in:
Millard Sheets papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sheemill
Online Media:

Rudolph Schaeffer papers

Creator:
Schaeffer, Rudolph  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Frey, Caroline  Search this
Frey, Fred  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1880s-1997
Summary:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997 and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997, and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.

Correspondence documents Schaeffer's personal and professional activities as well as the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design. Subject files contain various combinations of correspondence, photographs, printed material, and drawings reflecting Schaeffer's activities, projects, and interests. Within the subject files is correspondence with artists, including Mark Tobey. Extensive writings include manuscripts for published and unpublished articles and drafts, notes, and manuscripts of several unpublished books including Collected Lectures of Rudolph Schaeffer on Color and Design, Color and Design, Prismatic Color Theory, and Rhythmo-Chromatics, all undated. Diaries include a volume recording Schaeffer's 1936 trip to Japan. 42 volumes of journals, compiled between 1954 and 1987, contain entries on a wide range of subjects including lists of errands, invitation lists, class notes, drafts of letters, notes including staff assignments and staff meetings, autobiographical notes and reminiscences, and musings on religion and philosophy.

The Artwork series houses artwork by Schaeffer and his students. Found are hand-made Christmas cards, designs, sketches, and sketchbooks. Seven scrapbooks document Rudolph Schaeffer's career, his school and former students, and the San Francisco art scene. They contain printed material, photographs, letters, and a small amount of artwork. Volume 3 is devoted to East West Gallery, and volume 7 documents Rudolph Schaeffer's 90th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Most untranscribed sound recordings (audio cassettes and reels) are of lectures by Schaeffer and others delivered at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Miscellaneous records includes a series of hand-baticked fabric samples from the Wiener Werkstatte, as well as transcripts of an oral history with Schaeffer and other interviews.

Printed material concerns the career of Rudolph Schaeffer, his school and former students, the San Francisco art scene, and general art topics. Included are articles and a book by Schaeffer, catalogs and other items produced by the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and miscellaneous items about or mentioning Schaeffer and his school. Items of note are announcements of courses taught by Schaeffer in Piedmont and San Francisco prior to the opening of his school, and theatre programs from productions with sets and some costumes designed by Schaeffer in the early 1920s.

Photographs are of artwork, people, places, events, stage designs, and miscellaneous subjects. Artwork includes some designs by Rudolph Schaeffer; people include Schaeffer, his family, friends, and students. Of particular note are a photograph of Frank Lloyd Wright's visit to the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and one of Rudolph Schaeffer and Imogen Cunningham. Places include interior and exterior views of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design at its St. Anne Street and Mariposa Street locations. Also included are photographs by Ansel Adams of the home of Ed and Caroline Fey.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1900-1988 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1989 (Box 1, 19; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1907-1988 (Boxes 1-2, OV 16; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 2-6, 15, 19, 21; 4.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, 1911-1957 (Boxes 6-15, 19, 21 OV 17; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1933-1976 (Boxes 6, 14, 19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sound Recordings, 1949-1986 (Boxes 11-13; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1905-1986 (Box 7, 19, 22; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-1994 (Boxes 7-8, 15, 19, 22; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1880s-circa 1988 (Boxes 8-10,15, 20, 22, OV 18; 1.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Rudolph Schaeffer (1886-1988), a proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, aspired to unite technology, science, and lifestyle in order to live in harmony with nature. An individual with many talents and interests, he was best known for his work in the field of color study and as a teacher and the founder of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Born on a farm in Clare, Michigan in 1886, Rudolph Schaeffer displayed musical and artistic talent from a young age. Although he initially wanted to become a professional musician, he began focusing more on art when his musical abilities were compromised by an improperly set broken wrist. Schaeffer received his first formal art training as a high school student and then attended the Thomas Normal Training School in Detroit, where he studied music, art, and design. He continued studying independently, developing interests in calligraphy and metal craft.

In 1907, Schaeffer taught manual training courses in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The following summer he traveled to Paris and London. While in London he saw an exhibition of Josef Hoffman's modern interiors that had a great impact on his own design ideas. He then returned to Michigan and taught in schools close to home. In 1909, Schaeffer attended a design course in Minneapolis taught by A. E. Batchelder, director of Throop Polytechnic Institute in Pasadena. Both Batchelder and his course were strong influences on Schaeffer, as was Ralph Johnot, a proponent of Arthur Wesley Dow's design principles. In 1910 Schaeffer joined the faculty of Throop Polytechnic Institute, where he remained for five years.

The U. S. Commission on Education selected Schaeffer to be part of a delegation of twenty-five American teachers sent to Munich for several months in 1914 to investigate the exemplary industrial design curriculum offered in their secondary schools. Schaeffer subsequently expected to begin teaching at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles at the start of the 1914 school year, but World War I erupted while he was in Germany and his return to the United States was delayed so long that another teacher had to be hired to fill his place.

In 1915 Schaeffer was a manual training instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (formerly the Hopkins School), and taught design and metal crafts at the University of California Berkeley. For a number of years afterwards, he did free lance design work, taught private classes, and ran a small summer school in his Piedmont studio. Schaeffer was a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1918 when he was drafted and sent to drafting and surveying courses by the Army. Between 1917 and 1924 Schaeffer was on the faculty of the California College of Arts and Crafts where he taught design, color, handicrafts, and interior design. During this period he developed a new approach to teaching color and design based on the prismatic color wheel.

During the early 1920s Schaeffer worked as a set designer and as Art Director of Greek Theatre at the University of California at Berkeley, Schaeffer began applying prismatic color theory to set and costume design. He also designed sets for productions in Detroit. In 1925, Schaeffer saw the Paris Exposition and researched interior and stage design while in France.

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design which, in its early days was called the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Rhythmo-Chromatic Design, opened on St. Anne Street in San Francisco's Chinatown in 1926. In 1951 the school then moved to Union Street on Telegraph Hill where it remained for nearly a decade. In 1960, the school purchased a former boys' school on Mariposa Street, Portero Hill. Rudolph Schaeffer lived in a small cottage built for him at the rear of the property where he designed and tended a remarkable "Peace Garden."

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was best known for its courses in color and interior design. Schaeffer was the first person in the United States to teach prismatic color theory, is credited with being the first to use the term "interior design" rather than "interior decoration" and the first to incorporate the use of models into interior design coursework. In 1959 the school's courses were expanded from 2 to 3-year programs and a diploma was awarded. Former students include many successful interior designers, textile designers, furniture designers, industrial designers, commercial artists, color consultants, teachers, and master flower arrangers.

In addition to the interior design and color diploma courses, the school offered a summer session, classes for children, a brief lecture series for the general public, and a wide variety of classes including advertising art, architecture and design, art history, art in public schools, calligraphy, color design, color for television, color for weavers, color theory, design, drawing, environmental aesthetics, fashion design, fashion illustration, flower arrangement, industrial design, interior design, Notan, sculpture, space planning, textile design, and weaving. Always struggling financially and sometimes lacking adequate enrollment, the school nevertheless managed to stay open for nearly 60 years. In 1984, the Board of Directors voted to remove Schaeffer from the board and close the school. Two years earlier the board had forced Schaeffer to retire, appointed him Director Emeritus, and brought in a new director charged with making the institution financially solvent, reorganizing the curriculum, and working toward accreditation. Unable to separate himself from the school (though he had done so legally when it was incorporated in 1953), Schaeffer balked and refused to cooperate with plans for revitalizing the institution.

One of the aims of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was to interpret Asian esthetic principles. To this end the East West Gallery was established at the school in 1950. A membership organization, it offered exhibitions, lectures, concerts, and other programs that encouraged cultural integration. Exhibitions alternated between East (Asian art and artifacts from Rudolph Schaeffer's collection or other sources) and West (student work or work of local artists illustrating the influence of the Asian esthetic on contemporary art and design). East West Gallery was a membership organization, the first space of its kind in San Francisco for Asian art and operated in each of the school's locations.

In addition to running the school Schaeffer was involved in many other activities. He wrote several articles about flower arrangement, color, and color theory that were published in popular magazines. In 1935, he published Flower Arrangement Folio I (said to be the first on the subject published in this country) and in 1942 edited and wrote the introduction to Sunset's Flower Arrangement Book by Nell True Welch. Over a period of many years, he worked on several monographs on color, design, and "rhythmo-chromatics." None were ever published.

A sought-after speaker on the subjects of color, interior design, flower arrangement, and myriad other art topics, Schaeffer frequently served as a juror for art exhibitions and flower shows. From the 1930s on, the San Francisco department store Emporium used his services as a color consultant, as did Dutch Boy paints, and numerous textile and clothing manufacturers. Builders also asked Schaeffer to select interior and exterior colors for suburban housing developments.

Schaeffer worked on planning and designing the decorative arts exhibition at the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. In 1943-44, he participated in the Red Cross's Arts and Skills program, using color therapy with shell-shocked soldiers in a psychiatric unit.

The Rudolph Schaeffer Collection of Asian Art began as a collection of ceramics, both historical and contemporary examples chosen for their form and color, which he used for flower arrangements and in set-ups for still life classes. It soon expanded to include color prints, paintings, screens, and other works of art and portions were exhibited frequently in the East West Gallery. Selections from this collection were exhibited in Kansas City in 1960 and at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 1976.

The City of San Francisco declared June 26, 1986, Schaeffer's 100th birthday, "Rudolph Schaeffer Day" and it was observed with great fanfare. He died at home on March 5, 1988, a few months before his 102nd birthday.
Provenance:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers were donated in 1991 by Rudolph Schaeffer and the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design administrator Peter Docili, and in 1999 and 2000 by James Alexander, a friend of both Schaeffer and Docili, who had been storing portions of Docili's estate after his death in 1998, with the assistance of Frances Valesco, a fiber artist and researcher. An addition was received in 2007 by William Woodworth, a close friend and caretaker of Schaeffer's and in 2017 and 2018 by Frances Valesco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Designers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art teachers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Color -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers, 1880s-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.scharudo
See more items in:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-scharudo

Alexander Liberman papers

Creator:
Liberman, Alexander, 1912-1999  Search this
Names:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Bennington College  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-  Search this
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Dalí, Salvador, 1904-  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
Dietrich, Marlene  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Klein, William  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie, 1949-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Newton, Helmut, 1920-  Search this
Parks, Gordon, 1912-2006  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Penn, Irving  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Ritts, Herb  Search this
Snowdon, Antony Armstrong-Jones, Earl of, 1930-  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Vogel, Lucien  Search this
Vreeland, Diana  Search this
Extent:
59 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drafts (documents)
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Photographs
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1912-2003
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and publishing executive Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman date from circa 1913-2003 and measure 59 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, galleries, museums, and many artists; numerous recorded interviews and transcripts with and by Liberman, including one of Walter Hopps; writings and writing project files; extensive subject files maintained by Liberman; exhibition files; printed materials; scattered drawings; and extensive photographs of Liberman's artwork, exhibitions, Liberman, and of Liberman with notable artists, dealers, collectors, and critics. Many of the photographs were taken by noted photograhers. Also found within the papers are unidentified sound and video recordings. Additional sound and video recordings have been integrated into other series.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and publishing executive Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman date from circa 1913-2003 and measure 59 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, galleries, museums, and many artists; numerous recorded interviews and transcripts with and by Liberman, including one of Walter Hopps; writings and writing project files; extensive subject files maintained by Liberman; exhibition files; printed materials; scattered drawings; and extensive photographs of Liberman's artwork, exhibitions, Liberman, and of Liberman with notable artists, dealers, collectors, and critics. Many of the photographs were taken by noted photograhers. Also found within the papers are unidentified sound and video recordings. Additional sound and video recordings have been integrated into other series.

Biographical materials include awards, biographies and chronologies, family history materials, membership cards, writings by Liberman's mother, and a scrapbook about his father.

Correspondence is extensive and concerns both personal and professional affairs. It is with artists and photographers, art magazines, organizations and museums, art collectors, businesses, and family. Notable correspondents include Cecil Beaton, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Burt Chernow, Salvador Dali, Robert Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler, Barnett and Annalee Newman, Additional correspondence is found within the subject files compiled and organized by Liberman (series 6).

There are sound and video recordings and transcripts of interviews with and by Liberman, most completed for broadcast television and radio shows. Of particular interest are sound cassettes, a sound tape reel, and a transcript of an interview with Walter Hopps by Liberman.

Writings by Liberman include essays, short stories, and a play entitled 2+1. Writing project files were organized by Liberman for writing projects for which he was the author, collaborator, or subject. There are numerous files concerning Barbara Rose's book about Liberman Alexander Liberman that also include recorded interviews with Liberman and transcripts. Other books for which there are files include The Art and Technique of Color Photography, The Artist in His Studio, Vogue: The First 100 Years, Vogue History of Fashion Photography, and others.

Subject files were organized by Liberman for a wide variety of work projects, activities, topics, and entities of interest. Files cover commissions, the filming and distribution of the 1981 documentary film Alexander Liberman: A Lifetime Burning, Liberman's personal collection of art, gifts of artwork, and his relationship with galleries and dealers, particularly André Emmerich Gallery.

Exhibition files document exhibitions of Liberman's artwork, and include those held at André Emmerich Gallery, Bennington College, the Guggenheim, Museum of Modern Art, among other venues. Files contain correspondence, contracts, photographs, plans and drawings, notes, etc. Also found are inventory records of Liberman's artwork in the form of lists, index cards, bound registers, and notes.

Ten linear feet of printed materials include exhibition announcements and catalogs, books and book flyers, brochures, calendars, clippings, postcards, posters, press releases, and other materials.

There are scattered drawings and sketches found within the papers, some of which are sketches of sculpture pieces.

Nearly one-half of the collection is comprised of photographs of Liberman and his artwork, and of artists and colleagues, many of which were taken by noted photographers, including Cecil Beaton, Henri Cartier-Bresson, William Klein, Henri Lartique, Annie Leibowitz, Inge Morath, Ugo Mulas, Hans Namuth, Helmut Newton, Gordon Parks, Irving Penn, Herb Ritts, and Lord Snowden, among others. Subjects of note found in the photographs include Alfred Barr, Salvador Dali, Marlene Dietrich, Willem de Kooning, Andre Emmerich, Helen Frankenthaler, Clement Greenberg, Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, Barnett Newman, Betty Parsons, Pablo Piccaso, Edward Steichen, Lucien Vogel, and Diana Vreeland, among many others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twelve series. Photographs retain Liberman's original numerical and alpha schemas and the corresponding indexes are found in the Inventory Records in Series 8.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1930s-1999 (1 linear foot; Box 1, 56)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1944-1997 (4 linear feet; Boxes 1-5, 56, OV 65)

Series 3: Interviews, 1946-1996 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 5-7, 56)

Series 4: Writings, 1948-1995 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)

Series 5: Writing Project Files, 1951-1997 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 8-9, 56)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1946-2000 (6 linear feet; Boxes 9-15, 56, OV 66-67)

Series 7: Exhibition Files, 1954-1991 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 15-16, 56, OV 68)

Series 8: Inventory Records, 1938-1998 (6 linear feet; Boxes 16-22)

Series 9: Printed Materials, 1932-2003 (10 linear feet; Boxes 22-31, 56-57, OV 69)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1940s-1990s (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 32, 57, OV 70)

Series 11: Photographic Materials, circa 1912-1999 (26 linear feet; Boxes 32-55, 57-64, OVs 71-77)

Series 12: Unidentified Sound and Video Recordings, circa 1941-1999 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 55, 64)
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander S. Liberman (1912-1999) was a sculptor, painter, photographer, graphic designer, writer, and publishing executive who worked primarily in New York City. He held senior positions at Condé Nast Publications for 32 years.

Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman was born in 1912 in Kiev Russia. He was educated in London and the École des Beaux Art in Paris. He began his journalistic career in Paris at VU magazine owned by Lucien Vogel and there he befriended photographers Henri Cartier-Bresson, Brassai, Robert Capa, and André Kértesz. He served in the French army for a short time in 1940, but he and his family fled Paris in 1941 to New York City. Condé Nast hired Liberman in 1941 as an assistant to the art director of Vogue magazine. Liberman became art director in 1943 and editorial director of Condé Nast Publications in 1962, a position he held until his retirement in 1994.

Liberman was also a photographer whose subjects included Georges Braque, Alexander Calder, Alberto Giacometti, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Marlene Dietrich, among others, many represented in his 1960 book entitled The Artist in his Studio and Marlene: An Intimate Photographic Memoir (1992). He was also the subject of the work of noted photographers Cecil Beaton, Irving Penn, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Gordon Parks, Lord Snowden, Jill Krementz, Henri Lartique, Annie Leibovitz, and Hans Namuth.

Liberman took up painting and sculpting in the 1950s. Although his first exhibition was at the Betty Parsons Gallery, he was primarily associated with the André Emmerich Gallery in New York City. His monumental sculptures were mostly assembled from industrial parts and painted and can be seen in museums and public sites worldwide.

Liberman was briefly married to Hildegarde Sturm. He married his second wife Tatiana Yacovleff du Plessix in 1942. Before their marriage, they fled occupied France together. She was a noted hat designer, working for Henri Bendel and Saks, where she became known as Tatiania of Saks. She died in 1991 and, in 1992, Liberman married Melinda Pechangco, a nurse who had earlier cared for Tatiania. Alexander Liberman died in 1999 in Miami, Florida.
Related Materials:
Related collections found at the Archives of American Art include the Dodie Kazanjian and Calvin Tomkins research materials on Alexander Liberman and numerous collections of gallery records.
Provenance:
The Alexander Liberman papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by Liberman Art Partners in 2010 via Dodie Kazanjian.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alexander S. Liberman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Publishers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic designers  Search this
Topic:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photography  Search this
Sculptors -- France -- Paris  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fashion photography  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photographers -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drafts (documents)
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Photographs
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Video recordings
Citation:
Alexander Liberman Papers, circa 1912-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.libealex
See more items in:
Alexander Liberman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-libealex
Online Media:

Fuze, Proximity, Cutaway

Manufacturer:
Crosley Corporation  Search this
Section T OSRD  Search this
Materials:
Cap - plastic, body - metal, elecgtronics and glass components
Case - steel
Dimensions:
Other: 2 1/4 in. diameter x 8 in. tall (5.7 x 20.3cm)
Type:
ARMAMENT-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of James A. Van Allen and the University of Iowa.
Inventory Number:
A19940233000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Space Science
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv98bcc0af2-28c9-45d9-a3fe-fcaeb6c063ec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19940233000

Missile, Surface-to-Surface, V-2 (A-4)

Manufacturer:
Mittelwerk GMBH  Search this
Materials:
Steel; graphite jet vanes, some wooden construction elements in fuselage; aluminum tanks not present.
Dimensions:
Overall: 11 ft. 8 3/8 in. wide x 46 ft. 1 3/16 in. deep x 5 ft. 5 in. diameter x 44 ft. 5 3/16 in. long, 8427.9 lb. (356.6 x 1405.1 x 165.1 x 1354.3cm, 3822.9kg)
Type:
CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets
Country of Origin:
Germany
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force
Inventory Number:
A19600342000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Space Race
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c2816946-e717-42f0-9d3e-1e31b26b8e63
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600342000
Online Media:

Wine Barrel

Physical Description:
wood, oak (french) (overall material)
metal (overall material)
manufactured (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 95 cm x 57 cm; 37 13/32 in x 22 7/16 in
Object Name:
barrel, wine with tracking sheet , bung, and 4 barrel chocks
barrel
Subject:
Wine  Search this
ID Number:
1998.0181.17
Accession number:
1998.0181
Catalog number:
1998.0181.17
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Agriculture
Food
FOOD: Transforming the American Table 1950-2000
Exhibition:
Food: Transforming the American Table
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-d87c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1300908

Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection

Creator:
Thaden, Louise (McPhetridge), 1905-1979  Search this
Names:
Bendix Trophy  Search this
National Women's Air Derby (1929)  Search this
Ninety-Nines (Organization)  Search this
United States. Civil Air Patrol  Search this
Extent:
2.18 Cubic feet (2 records center boxes)
2.08 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Diaries
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Date:
1925-1949
Summary:
This collection consists of photographs, news clippings, and correspondence documenting Thaden's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
The Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection contains numerous newspaper and journal articles, personal letters and business correspondence, writings, photographs, and scrapbooks, all relating to her aviation career.

The National Air and Space Museum (NASM), Archives Division also holds additional materials about Louise Thaden. Biographical information can be found in the biographical fiche collection at the NASM Archives/Garber Facility. In the NASM Archives downtown facility, we recommend the Biographical Files which contain additional newspaper and journal articles, letters, memorabilia, and photographs. Please note that these files also contain microfiche.

For additional photographs please see the NASM videodisc files located at the NASM Archives Udvar-Hazy facility. The images can be seen on NASM videodisc 7B-6445 --6491 (Accession # 1989- 0132). Also check NASM videodisc 2B-46705 --46805. In most cases, there are original videodisc prints available in the NASM Archives facility downtown and copy negatives at the Smithsonian Institution, Office of Printing and Photographic Services (OPPS). Please consult a staff member for more details and about ordering procedures
Arrangement:
This collection had little original arrangement, and accordingly, has been divided into six general series according to material types.

Series 1: GENERAL. This series contains mostly journal and newspaper articles, but also includes telegrams, letters, applications, invitations, examples of commercial endorsements, membership certificates, and original race information and itineraries. It is arranged in chronological order. Significant events are highlighted. In some cases, newspaper clippings with handwritten messages have been kept for their inherent value.

Series 2: WRITINGS. This series contains samples of her various writings. It is arranged in chronological order.

Series 3: PHOTOGRAPHS. This series contains photographs. The subject matter ranges from childhood activities to award ceremonies. It is divided by two large subject groupings: first—people (arranged by general categories), second—events (arranged by date). All paperwork directly related to a particular photograph has been kept with that photograph. Please note that Smithsonian Institution negative numbers are written on the back of each photograph when applicable. Sub-topics listed in the finding aid are meant to highlight particular topics in each folder and are not intended to indicate exclusive content. Please review each folder thoroughly.

Series 4: SCRAPBOOKS. This series contains seven scrapbooks of various sizes and content and two Civil Air Patrol award certificates. The inclusive dates are listed next to the individual scrapbook. The content of the scrapbooks date mostly from 1919-1940 and contain photographs, newspaper articles, membership certificates, licenses, contestant ribbons, invitations, business cards, and cartoons about Thaden. Handling notes are listed next to individual scrapbooks in the finding aid. Please follow these notes so that the physical integrity of the object can be preserved.

Series 5: THADEN AIRCRAFT CO. AND RELATED MATERIAL. This series contains information about Thaden Aircraft Company and Herbert von Thaden. Items in this series include: newspaper and journal article, resumes, letters, photographs, and information about the All-Metal aircraft created by Herbert Thaden. This series is the only portion of the collection with any obvious arrangement and was separated into its own series for this reason.

Series 6: MISCELLANEOUS. This series contains all of the materials that do not appear to fit easily into any of the above series. The items here include undated or general journal and newspaper articles, newspapers from University of Arkansas, maps, Who's Who application, musical score, souvenir stamps, travel souvenirs, and resumes.
Biographical/Historical note:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden (1905-1979) was one of the United States foremost female aviators during the late 1920s and 1930s. She received instruction in 1927, soloing and receiving her pilot's license in 1928. In December 1928, Thaden achieved a new altitude record of 20,260 ft. In March 1929, she made a new solo duration record, 22+ hours. A month later she set a new speed record of 156 mph. Thaden was the only woman to hold all three records simultaneously. In August 1929, Thaden won the First Women's National Air Derby, commonly called the Powder Puff Derby. Three years later (August 1932), she, along with Francis Marsalis, set the new refueling duration record of 196 hours. In July 1936, Thaden set the new light plane speed record at 109.58 mph. In the same year, she also won the National Air Race, and was awarded the Bendix Transcontinental Air Race Trophy, becoming the first woman ever to receive this trophy. She set an East-West speed record in 1936, and an inter-city distance speed record and another 109.56 mph speed record in 1937.

Ms. Thaden also distinguished herself in her efforts to promote aviation safety through campaigns to mark airports more effectively. She actively sought ways to promote women in aviation through her work with the U.S. Department of Defense, Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) 1959-1961 and in her work with the Civil Air Patrol, 1949-1979. She also co-founded the Ninety-Nines, and organization of women pilots. She received numerous awards and honors throughout her life including: Harmon Trophy, Famous Aviators Wall—Mission Inn (Riverside, CA), Arkansas Aviators Hall of Fame, First Flight Society Hall of Fame, Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame, International Aerospace Hall of Fame of the San Diego Aerospace Museum, National Aviation Hall of Fame, Women in Aviation International Pioneer Hall of Fame, and Civil Air Patrol Distinguished Service Award and Meritorious Service Award. She was also an active writer who published an autobiography entitled High, Wide and Frightened and several journal and newspaper articles. In 1928, she married Herbert von Thaden, an aeronautical engineer and designer of several all-metal aircraft. They had two children, William and Patricia, who donated the materials found in the collection.

Personal

1905-11-10 -- Born, Iris Louise McPhetridge, Bentonville Arkansas: Roy Fry and EdnaHobbs McPhetridge

1921-1926 -- University of Arkansas

1928-07-21 -- Married to Herbert von Thaden

undated -- Children: William and Patricia

November 1979-11-09 -- Death

Professional

1926-1927 -- J.H. Turner Coal & Building Materials Company, Wichita Kansas: Sales

1928-1929 -- D.C. Warren Company, Oakland, CA (Airplane Distributor):Sales & manager

1930-1931 -- Pittsburgh Aviation Industries: Public Relations

1930-1931 -- Penn School of Aeronautics: Director, Women's Division

1934 -- US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Air Commerce: Developed & organized (with Phoebe Omlie) National Air Marking Program,

1935-1936 -- Initiated program

1937-1940 -- Beech Aircraft Corporation: Factory Representative

1941 -- Porterfield Aircraft Company: Factory Representative

1943-1948 -- Thaden Engineering Company: Purchasing Agent & Office Manager

1953-1954 -- Research & Development, Reinforced plastics, Roanoke, Virginia,

1955-1961 -- Thaden Molding Corporation: Vice President, Director, High Point North Carolina,

1961-1969 -- Thaden Engineering Company: Partner

1969-1979 -- Sole Owner, High Point, North Carolina,

Aviation Records and Races

1928-12-07 -- Altitude, First official altitude record for women in the US; 20,260 feet, Hisso180 hp Travel Air

1929-03-16 - 1929-03-17 -- Solo Duration; 22 hrs 3 minutes 28 seconds, Hisso 180 hp Travel Air

1929-04-18 -- Speed 156 mph, Wright J-5 Travel Air

undated -- Only woman ever to hold all 3 records simultaneously (Altitude, Solo Duration, & Speed)

1929-08-18 - 1929-08-18 -- Winner, first National Woman's Air-Derby; 20:02:02, average speed 135.97 mph, Wright J-5 Travel Air; Santa Monica, CA to Cleveland, OH

1932-08-14 - 1932-08-22 -- Refueling Duration, (with Francis Marsalis); 196 hrs, Wright J-6 220 hpCurtiss Thrush, "The Flying Boudoir"

1936-07-12 -- Light Plane Speed; 109.58 mph (100 km), 90 hp Porterfield

1936-09-04 -- Winner, Bendix Transcontinental Air Race; First woman to win Bendix, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing CI7R; New York to Los Angeles, 14 hrs 55 minutes

1936-09-04 -- East-West Speed; New York to Los Angeles; 165.346 mph, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing CI7R

1937-01-21 -- Inter-City Distance Speed; Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing; Detroit to Akron, 40 minutes 43 seconds

1937-05-29 -- 100 km Speed; 197.9 mph, Wright 420 hp Beech Staggerwing D17

Aviation History

1927 -- Instruction

1928-02-08 -- Solo

1928-02-28 -- Federation Aeronautique Internationale Aviators Certificate No. 6850 after approximately 5 hrs 15 minutes solo time, signed by Orville Wright

1929 -- Transport pilot License number 1943; 4th woman to earn this rating

Organizations

Delta Delta Delta (Delta Iota Chapter)

Ninety-Nines (International Organization of Women Pilots): -- Founding & Charter Member 1929-1930: First de facto President 1930-1936: National Secretary 1934-1936: Vice President 1960-1961: Amelia Earhart Scholarship Committee

1937-1938: National Aeronautic Association; National Secretary

Veteran Air Pilots

1945-1952: American Red Cross Motor Corps

OX5 Pioneers Club of America

Silver Wings

Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association (AOPA)

1959-1961: US Department of Defense, Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

1960-1961: Executive Committee

1960-1961: Information Sub-committee Chairman

Civil Air Patrol 1949-1970

Lieutenant Colonel Command Pilot Search & Rescue Mission Pilot Cadet Squadron Commander Director of Cadets, Virginia Wing Director of Cadets Squadron, Cadets Middle East Region Coordinator for Women, Middle East Region National Commanders Cadet Committee 1959-1963: National Commanders Training Committee Chairman National Scholarships Committee 1970: Retired Status

League of American Pen Women, Honorary Member (Pittsburgh, PA)

Business & Professional Women, 381st (Vincinnes, IN)

Strategic Missile Wing, United States Air Force (Wichita, KS)

Honors and Awards

1936: Harmon Trophy (Aviatrix) Federation Aeronautique Internationale, Champion Aviatrix of the United States

1932: Baltimore Sunday News Outstanding Female Trophy

Famous Aviators Wall, Mission Inn, Riverside, CA

Civil Air Patrol: Distinguished Service Award; Exceptional Service Award; Meritorious ServiceAward with Cluster

OX5 Club of America, Broadwick Award --Outstanding Aviatrix

Citation: The Society of Experimental Test Pilots

Airport: Louise M. Thaden Field, Bentonville, AR

1974: The Louise M. Thaden Office & Library, Staggerwing Museum, Tullahoma, TN

OX5 Pioneer Aviators Hall of Fame

1973: OX5 Silver Wings Achievement Award

1980: Arkansas Aviation Hall of Fame

1988: First Flight Society Aviation Hall of Fame, Kitty Hawk, NC

1989: Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame

1989: Recreation flight, 1929 First Women's Air Derby, 60th Anniversary, Susan Dusenbury, pilot

1991-04-05: Flying helmet taken aboard Atlantis Space Shuttle by Mission Specialist Linda Goodwin, Ph.D., NASA Flight #STS-37

1996-08: Staggerwing Beech Commemorative Tour honoring Louise Thaden, winner of 1936 Bendix Transcontinental Air Race; 60th Anniversary

1997-07: Award of Achievement, The Ninety-Nines, Inc.

1999-04: The International Aerospace Hall of Fame of the San Diego Aerospace Museum

1999-07: National Aviation Hall of Fame, Dayton OH

2003-03: Women in Aviation, International --named as one of the "100 Women Who Made a Difference" in the history of aviation, 14th annual conference

Louise Thaden Woman of the Year Award --Annual presentation by Bentonville/Bella Vista Chamber of Commerce at the NW AR Business Women's Conference, began 2000

2000-03: Women in Aviation, International Pioneer Hall of Fame
Provenance:
William Thaden, gift, 1983, XXXX-0006, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Periodicals  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Diaries
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Correspondence
Citation:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection, Acc. XXXX-0006, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0006
See more items in:
Louise McPhetridge Thaden Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0006
Online Media:

George H. Clark Radioana Collection

Creator:
Clark, George Howard, 1881-1956  Search this
Source:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
American Marconi Company.  Search this
Radio Corporation of America.  Search this
Former owner:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
220 Cubic feet (700 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Technical manuals
Clippings
Patents
Correspondence
Blueprints
Letters patent
Photographs
Sale catalogs
Technical drawings
Date:
circa 1880-1950
Summary:
The collection forms a documentary record of over half a century of the history of radio, with the greatest emphasis on the period 1900-1935. The collection includes materials that span the entire history of the growth of the radio industry. It is useful for those historians and other researchers interested in technological development, economic history, and the impact of applications of technology on American life.
Scope and Contents:
The materials accumulated in this collection represent the overriding collecting passion of one individual, George H. Clark. The collection forms a documentary record of over half a century of the history of radio, with the greatest emphasis on the period 1900-1935.

The collection includes materials that span the entire history of the growth of the radio industry. It is useful for those historians and other researchers interested in technological development, economic history, and the impact of applications of technology on American life.

In particular, the collection is rich in biographical information on the men who developed the technical aspects of radio and the industry; information on the inception, growth, and activities of radio companies, most notably the National Electric Signaling Company and RCA; and in photographs of all aspects of Radioana.

While most materials document technical aspects of radio, there is much information (e.g. Series 109, 134) on broadcasting and on the early history of television.

The collection, housed in over 700 boxes (about 276 linear feet), was organized into 259 numbered "classes" or series by Clark. Sixty series numbers were never used or were eliminated by Clark and combined with other series. The unused numbers are scattered throughout the filing system. The collection also includes material from series that were eliminated. These materials were never reclassified and are included as an unprocessed series at the end of the series descriptions. The collection also contains material that was never assigned a "class" designation by Clark (Lettered Series: D, E, F, G, H).

The arrangement of the collection is Clark's own; his adaptation of the Navy filing system he helped devise in 1915. Clark periodically revised the filing system and reclassified items within it.

Clark assigned class numbers to types of equipment (e.g. broadcast receivers), systems (impulse-excited transmitters and systems), scientific theories (circuit theory), and topics (company history, biography). Box 1 contains descriptions of the classification system.

When Clark classified an item and filed it he also assigned a serial number. This classification begins with 1 (or 1A) for the first item in the class and continues with successive numbers as items were added. As a consequence, the order of individual items within a series reflects the order in which Clark filed them, not any logical relationship between the items. Clark created cross references for items dealing with more than one subject by making notations on blank sheets of paper placed in related series.

Clark made cross references between series when there was no logical relationship between them; that is, when a person using the collection would not normally look in the series. For example no cross reference would be made of an engineer from series 87 (portraits) to series 4 (biography), but one would be made from series 87 to series 142 (history of television) if the item showed the engineer, say, working on a television installation.

Clark created the insignia "SRM" as the sign on the bottom of all sheets of paper numbered by him for binding. SRM stood for Smithsonian Radio Museum. This replaced the earlier though not greatly used sign "CGM." For a time about 1930, the class number on each sheet was preceded by these: "C.G.M.", for Clark, Martin, and Goldsmith, the earliest contributors to what would become the Clark Radioana Collection. After about 1933-34 Clark used C.W.C. for Clark Wireless Collection.

There are many photographs located in most series throughout the collection. But there are also three exclusive photographic series. Lettered series A, B, C. See index; and also series descriptions under lettered series.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 223 series.

Numbered Series 1-233:

Series 1, Library Operating System, 1915-1950

Series 2, Apparatus Type Numbers, 1916-1931

Series 3, Photographic Lists, 1925-1928

Series 4, Biographies of Radio Personages, Technical Index to Correspondents in Series 4

Series 5, History of Radio Companies, 1895-1950

De Forest Radio Company, 1905-1930s

Jenkins Televsion Corporation, 1924-1931

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company, 1908-1929

National Electric Signaling Company, 1896-1941

Wireless Specialty Apparatus Company, 1906-1929

Radio Corporation of America, 1895-1950

Series 6, Shore Stations, 1900-1940

Series 7, Marine Stations, 1900-1930s

Series 8, Broadcasting Stations, 1910s-1940s

Series 9, Amateur Stations, 1910s-1940s

Series 10, Miscellaneous Information, 1911-1914

Series 11, Radio Antiques, 1921-1938

Series 13, Specifications of Radio Apparatus, 1910s-1930s

Series 14, General History, 1899-1950s

Series 15, Radio Companies Catalogues & Bound Advertisements, 1873-1941

Series 16, Log Books, 1902-1923

Series 17, Radio Companies' House Organs, 1896-1942

Series 18, Prime Movers, 1904-1911

Series 19, Batteries, 1898-1934

Series 20, Rectifiers, 1875-1935

Series 21, Motor Generators, 1898-1936

Series 22, Nameplates of Apparatus, 1928

Series 23, Switchboards and Switchboard Instruments, 1910-1935

Series 24, Radio Frequency Switches, 1905-1905-1933

Series 25, Transmitter Transformers, 1893-1949

Series 26, Operating Keys, 1843-1949

Series 27, Power Type Interrupters, 1902-1938

Series 28, Protective Devices, 1910-1925

Series 30, Message Blanks, 1908-1938

Series 31, Transmitter Condensers, 1849-1943

Series 32, Spark Gaps, 1905-1913

Series 33, Transmitter Inductances, 1907-1922

Series 34, Transmitter Wave Changers, 1907-1924

Series 37, ARC Transmitters, 1907-1940

Series 38, Vacuum Tube Type of Radio Transmitter, 1914-1947

Series 39, Radio Transmitter, Radio-Frequency, Alternator Type, 1894-1940

Series 41, Vacuum Tubes, Transmitting Type, 1905-1948

Series 43, Receiving Systems, 1904-1934

Series 45, Broadcast Receivers, 1907-1948

Series 46, Code Receivers, 1902-1948

Series 47, Receiving Inductances, 1898-1944

Series 48, Receiving Condensers, 1871-1946

Series 49, Audio Signal Devices, 1876-1947

Series 50, Detectors, 1878-1944

Series 51, Amplifiers, 1903-1949

Series 52, Receiving Vacuum Tubes, 1905-1949

Series 53, Television Receivers, 1928-1948

Series 54, Photo-Radio Apparatus, 1910-1947

Series 59, Radio Schools, 1902-1945

Series 60, Loudspeakers, 1896-1946

Series 61, Insulators, 1844-1943

Series 62, Wires, 1906-1945

Series 63, Microphones, 1911-1947

Series 64, Biography, 1925-1948

Series 66, Antennas, 1877-1949

Series 67, Telautomatics, 1912-1944

Series 69, Direction Finding Equipment, Radio Compasses, 1885-1948

Series 71, Aircraft Transmitters, 1908-1947

Series 72, Field or Portables Transmitters, 1901-1941

Series 73, Mobile Radio Systems, 1884-1946

Series 74, Radio Frequency Measuring Instruments, 1903-1946

Series 75, Laboratory Testing Methods and Systems, 1891-1945

Series 76, Aircraft Receivers, 1917-1941

Series 77, Field Portable Receivers, 1906-1922

Series 78, Spark Transmitter Assembly, 1909-1940

Series 79, Spark Transmitter System, 1900-1945

Series 82, Firsts in Radio, undated

Series 85: Distance Records and Tests, 1898-1940

Series 87, Photographs of Radio Executives, and Technical Types, 1857-1952

Series 90, Radio Terms, 1857-1939

Series 92, Static Patents and Static Reducing Systems, 1891-1946

Series 93, Low Frequency Indicating Devices, 1904-1946

Series 95, Articles on Radio Subjects, 1891-1945

Series 96, Radio in Education, 1922-1939

Series 98, Special Forms of Broadcasting, 1921-1943

Series 99, History of Lifesaving at Sea by Radio, 1902-1949

Series 100, History of Naval Radio, 1888-1948

Series 101, Military Radio, 1898-1946

Series 102, Transmitting & Receiving Systems, 1902-1935

Series 103, Receiving Methods, 1905-1935

Series 108, Codes and Ciphers, 1894-1947

Series 109, Schedules of Broadcasting & TV Stations, 1905-1940

Series 112, Radio Shows and Displays, 1922-1947

Series 114, Centralized Radio Systems, 1929-1935

Series 116, United States Government Activities in Radio, 1906-1949

Series 117, Technical Tables, 1903-1932

Series 120, Litigation on Radio Subjects, 1914-1947

Series 121, Legislation, 1914-1947

Series 122, History of Radio Clubs, 1907-1946

Series 123, Special Applications of Radio Frequency, 1924-1949

Series 124, Chronology, 1926-1937

Series 125, Radio Patents & Patent Practices, 1861-1949

Series 126, Phonographs, 1894-1949

Series 127, Piezo Electric Effect, 1914-1947

Series 128, ARC Transmitting & Reciving Systems, 1904-1922

Series 129, Spark Systems, 1898-1941

Series 130, Vacuum Tubes Systems, 1902-1939

Series 132, Radiophone Transmitting & Receiving System, 1906-1947

Series 133, Photo-Radio, 1899-1947

Series 134, History of Radio Broadcasting, 1908-

Series 135, History of Radiotelephony, Other Than Broadcasting

Series 136, History of Amateur Radio

Series 138, Transoceanic Communication

Series 139, Television Transmitting Stations

Series 140, Radio Theory

Series 142, History of Television

Series 143, Photographs

Series 144, Radio Publications

Series 145, Proceedings of Radio Societies

Series 146: Radio Museums

Series 147, Bibliography of Radio Subjects and Apparatus

Series 148, Aircraft Guidance Apparatus

Series 150, Audio Frequency Instruments

Series 151, History of Radio for Aircrafts

Series 152, Circuit Theory

Series 154, Static Elimination

Series 161, Radio in Medicine

Series 162, Lighting

Series 163, Police Radio

Series 169, Cartoons

Series 173, Communications, Exclusive of Radio (after 1895)

Series 174, Television Methods and Systems

Series 182, Military Portable Sets

Series 189, Humor in Radio (see

Series 169)

Series 209, Short Waves

Series 226, Radar

Series 233, Television Transmitter

Lettered Series

Series A, Thomas Coke Knight RCA Photographs, circa 1902-1950

Series B, George H. Clark Collection of Photographs by ClassSeries C, Clark Unorganized and/or Duplicate Photographs

Series D, Miscellaneous

Series E, News Clippings Series F: Radio Publications

Series G, Patent Files of Darby and Darby, Attorneys, circa 1914-1935

Series H, Blank Telegram Forms from many Companies and Countries Throughout the World

Series I (eye), Miscellaneous Series

Series J, Research and Laboratory Notebooks

Series K, Index to Photographs of Radio Executives and Technical Types

Series L, Index to Bound Volumes of Photos in Various Series

Series M, Index to David Sarnoff Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
George Howard Clark, born February 15, 1881, at Alberton, Prince Edward Island, Canada, emigrated to the United States at the age of fourteen. He worked as a railroad telegraph operator for the Boston and Maine Railroad during high school and college. In his unpublished autobiography he wrote:

In 1888, when I was a lad of seven, I suddenly blossomed out as a scrapbook addict, and for years I gave up boyhood games for the pleasure of sitting in a lonely attic and 'pasting up' my books ... By 1897, in high school, I graduated to beautiful pictures, and made many large size scrapbooks ... Around that time, too, I became infatuated with things electrical, and spent many evenings copying in pen and ink the various electrical text books in the Everett, Mass., Public Library. Clark began collecting material pertaining to wireless or radio in 1902. In 1903 he graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. During his last year of college he specialized in radio work under the instruction of Professor John Stone Stone and after graduation went to work for Stone's radio company, the Stone Telegraph and Telephone Company, of Boston.

In 1908 Clark took a competitive examination open to all wireless engineers in the United States and entered the civilian service of the Navy. He was stationed at the Washington Navy Yard, with special additional duty at the Navy's Bureau of Steam Engineering and at the National Bureau of Standards.

In 1915 Clark helped devise a classification system for Navy equipment, assigning a code number to each item. This system of classification for blueprints, photographs, reports, and general data, was prepared by Arthur Trogner, Guy Hill, and Clark, all civilian radio experts with the US Navy Department in Washington. In 1918 Clark adopted the 1915 Navy classification system for organizing the radio data he was accumulating. Clark created the term "Radioana" at this time. He began spending his evenings and weekends pasting up his collection and numbering pages. At this time he bound the accumulated material. It totaled 100 volumes.

In July 1919, after resigning from the Navy, Clark joined the engineering staff of the Marconi Telegraph Company of America, which became part of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) later the same year. His first work was at Belmar and Lakewood, New Jersey, assisting the chief engineer, Roy A. Weagant, in his development of circuits to reduce the interference caused by static (static reduction). Clark and his wife were assigned to the unheated Engineer's Cottage. His wife decided not to stay and left for Florida. Clark moved his trunks of wireless material to the heated RCA hotel at Belmar and spent most of the winter "pasting." As Clark mentions, "From that time on I was wedded to scraps."

After a year of work in New Jersey, Clark was assigned to the sales department in New York, where he devised the "type number system" used by RCA. This type number system, for example, gave the designation UV 201 to the company's first amplifier tube.

From 1922 to 1934 Clark was in charge of RCA's newly created Show Division, which held exhibits of new and old radio apparatus at state fairs, department stores, and radio shows. About 1928 Clark started an antique radio apparatus museum for RCA. RCA's board of directors announced:

Recognizing the importance of providing a Museum for the Radio Art to house the rapidly disappearing relics of earlier days, and the desirability of collecting for it without further delay examples of apparatus in use since the inception of radio, the Board of Directors of RCA has made an initial appropriation of $100,000, as the nucleus of a fund for the establishment of a National Radio Museum. A plan for ultimately placing the museum under the wing of the Smithsonian Institution was coupled with the goal of the Institution's gathering the largest possible library of wireless data.

Around 1933 the RCA traveling exhibition program ended and Clark started classifying his collected "radioana" material. The objects of the museum were eventually turned over for exhibit purposes to the Rosenwald Museum in Chicago and the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan, when space was not forthcoming at the Smithsonian. A list of objects sent to the two museums (with tag and case numbers) is in Series 1, Box A. The "radioana" collection remained under Clark's care during the 1930s, and became of increasing use to RCA. Clark continued to add to the material.

Between 1934 and 1942 Clark was in court many times regarding patent infringements. Clark's wireless data was useful and he testified frequently, for example, in RCA's suit against the United States in the Court of Claims over the Marconi tuning patents and in the Westinghouse Company's suit against the United States over the heterodyne. Patent specifications and material regarding these and other radio industry suits are found throughout this collection.

In 1946 RCA retired George Clark and denied him space to house his "radioana" collection. Clark wished to remain in New York and house the collection somewhere in the city where it would be open at all times to the public and where it would be maintained. He hoped to continue cataloguing the collection and writing books from its information. He wanted to keep the collection under his control for as long as he was capable of using it.

George H. Clark died in 1956 and his collection was subsequently given to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1959 the collection was given to the Smithsonian's new Museum of History and Technology, where space was available to house it. The collection remained in the Division of Electricity until the spring of 1983 when it was transferred to the Archives Center.
Brief Company Histories From The Radio Industry, 1900-1930s:
Introduction

At the end of the nineteenth century, when Guglielmo Marconi began his first wireless company, Western Union, Postal Telegraph, and the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) were the major enterprises in electrical communications. General Electric, Western Electric, and Westinghouse were the major producers of electrical equipment. All these earlier developments set the stage for the expansion of the radio industry.

General Electric, which dominated the lighting industry, was formed in 1892 as a merger of the Edison and Thomson-Houston companies. It was active in building central power station equipment; controlled nearly all the important early patents in electric railways; took a leading part in the introduction of trolley systems; and was the principal supplier of electric motors. Westinghouse promoted the alternating current system and installed the first AC central station in Buffalo, NY, during the winter of 1866-1867. After years of patent litigation, in 1896 GE and Westinghouse agreed to share their patents on electrical apparatus.

American Bell Telephone Company purchased Western Electric in 1881. Western Electric had a strong patent position in telephone equipment and in industrial power apparatus, such as arc lamps, generators, motors, and switchboard equipment.

Until RCA was formed in 1919, these established electrical companies played no active part in the early development of the American radio industry. They were in difficult financial positions, reorganizing, or concentrating their efforts and resources on improving their existing products.

The revolution in "wireless" technology, which began in earnest after 1900, centered in New York City, home of the Lee de Forest and American Marconi companies, and in Boston, headquarters of John Stone Stone and Reginald Fessenden.

Information in this section was compiled from the Clark Collection; the Invention and Innovation in the Radio Industry by W. Rupert Maclaurin, Macmillan Company, New York, 1949; and Radio Pioneers, Institute of Radio Engineers, Commemorating the Radio Pioneers Dinner, Hotel Commodore, New York, NY, November 8, 1945.

The De Forest Companies

Lee De Forest (1873-1961), inventor of the three-element vacuum tube or triode (1906) and the feedback circuit, was one of the first Americans to write a doctoral thesis on wireless telegraphy: "The Reflection of Short Hertzian Waves from the Ends of Parallel Wires," Yale University, 1899. The grid-controlled tube or audion of De Forest was first a radio detector, 1906-1907; in 1912 was adapted to an amplifier; and later to an oscillator. When it was perfected as a high vacuum tube, it became the great electronic instrument of electrical communications.

De Forest began work in the Dynamo Department at the Western Electric Company in 1899. Six months later he was promoted to the telephone laboratory. In 1900 De Forest went to work for the American Wireless Telegraph Company where he was able to carry out work on his "responder." However, after three months when De Forest refused to turn over the responder to the company, he was fired.

In the following year De Forest had a number of jobs, was active as an inventor, and created numerous firms to manufacture his inventions. In 1901 De Forest joined with Ed Smythe, a former Western Electric colleague and a collaborator in his research, to found the firm of De Forest, Smythe, and Freeman. Between 1902 and 1906 De Forest took out thirty-four patents on all phases of wireless telegraphy. The responder that he had been working on for so long never proved satisfactory.

The numerous De Forest companies, reflected his many interests and his inability to carry one project through to a conclusion. Unlike Marconi, but similar to Fessenden, De Forest had great inventive skill which resulted in a great number of companies; but none lasted long. The original partnership of 1901 led to the Wireless Telegraph Co. of America (1901), the De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company (Maine) (1902), and the American De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company (1903), to name a few.

The American De Forest Wireless Telegraph Company was incorporated after De Forest met a stock promoter, Abraham White. While many stations were built by this company, many never sent a message due to static interference. In 1907 two speculators from Denver with large holdings of company stock put the company out of business. The assets were sold to a new company that these speculators organized, the United Wireless Telephone Company. De Forest was forced to resign. He took the triode patents with him.

De Forest joined with one of White's stock salesmen, James Dunlop Smith, and together with De Forest's patent attorney, Samuel E. Darby, they formed a new corporation, the De Forest Radio Telephone Company in 1907. This company set out to develop wireless communication by means of the radio telephone.

In January 1910 De Forest staged the first opera broadcast, with Enrico Caruso singing. The Radio Telephone Company went bankrupt in 1911 following an aborted merger with North American Wireless Corporation. In 1913 he reorganized the company as the Radio Telephone and Telegraph Company and began producing the triode.

The Marconi Company brought a patent suit, claiming the triode infringed on the Fleming valve to which it had rights. In 1916 the court decided that Marconi had infringed the three element De Forest patent and that De Forest had infringed the two element Fleming valve. The result was that neither company could manufacture the triode.

In 1920 RCA acquired the De Forest triode rights through cross-licensing agreements with AT&T which had recently purchased the rights to it. De Forest's company was no match for GE, Westinghouse, and RCA. The De Forest Radio Company (1923) went bankrupt in 1928, was reorganized in 1930, and went into receivership in 1933. RCA eventually purchased its assets.

Marconi Companies

Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) came from a wealthy and well connected Italian family. He was able to spend his time developing his inventions and following his own course of action. Marconi spent his entire life developing wireless communication into a "practical" reality. In 1905 Marconi invented a directional antenna. In 1909 he shared with Karl Ferdinand Braun the Nobel prize in physics. And in 1912 he invented the time spark system for the generation of continuous waves. The principal patents in his name were improved types of vertical antennas; improved coherer; magnetic detector for the detection of wireless signals; and improvements on methods of selective tuning. Two other inventions of great importance to the Marconi companies' patent structure were the Oliver Lodge tuning patent and the Ambrose Fleming valve.

In 1895 Marconi made the first successful transmission of long wave signals. The following year he met William Preece, engineer-in-chief of the British Post Office, who was interested in inductive wireless telegraphy. This meeting led to the formation in 1897 of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company Ltd. In 1898 he transmitted signals across the English Channel. In 1899 an American subsidiary was formed. The various Marconi companies were the dominant enterprises in both British and American wireless until 1919 when RCA was formed.

From a business standpoint, wireless did not become profitable until long distance communications were accomplished. On December 12, 1901 in St. John's, Newfoundland, Marconi received a telegraph signal in the form of repetitions of the Morse telegraphic letter "S" transmitted from the Marconi station at Poldhu, Cornwall, England. This success, however, was met by opposition from vested interests, particularly the Anglo-American Telegraph Company whose cables terminated in Newfoundland.

So as not to restrict his company's future to one front alone, Marconi decided to exploit the field of communication with ships at sea. In order to control this field he decided in 1900 to lease his apparatus rather than sell it outright. This strategy did not work. Competition developed in Germany (Telefunken Corporation) and the United States (American De Forest and its successor, United Wireless) and Marconi was forced to sell rather than lease apparatus to the navies of various countries. He nevertheless retained numerous restrictions. This led to further friction. At the height of this debacle English stations worldwide refused to communicate with ships without Marconi equipment. This absurd and dangerous situation had to change and coastal stations opened up to all senders in 1908.

Marconi's system was based on spark technology. He saw no need for voice transmission. He felt the Morse code adequate for communication between ships and across oceans. He, along with most others, did not foresee the development of the radio and the broadcasting industry. He was a pragmatist and uninterested in scientific inquiry in a field where commercial viability was unknown.

For these reasons Marconi left the early experimentation with the radio telephone to others, particularly Lee De Forest and Reginald Fessenden.

National Electric Signaling Company

Canadian-born Reginald Fessenden (1866-1932), one of the principal early radio inventors and the first important inventor to experiment with wireless, left the University of Pittsburgh in 1900 to work for the U.S. Weather Bureau. There he invented the liquid barretter, an early radio receiver, and attempted to work out a means for wireless transmission of weather forecasts. After a squabble over patent rights, Fessenden resigned in 1902.

The National Electric Signaling Company (NESCO), primarily intended to support Fessenden's work on wireless, telegraphy, and telephony, was formed by Fessenden and two Pittsburgh capitalists, Hay Walker, Jr. and Thomas H. Given. It began as an inventor's laboratory and never proved successful as a business venture.

Fessenden recognized that a continuous wave transmission was required for speech and he continued the work of Nikola Tesla, John Stone Stone, and Elihu Thomson on this subject. Fessenden felt he could also transmit and receive Morse code better by the continuous wave method than with a spark-apparatus as Marconi was using.

In 1903 Fessenden's first high-frequency alternator needed for continuous wave transmission was built to his specifications by Charles Steinmetz of GE. In 1906 Fessenden obtained a second alternator of greater power from GE and on Christmas Eve broadcast a program of speech and music. The work on this alternator was given to Ernst F. W. Alexanderson. It took years for Alexanderson to develop an alternator capable of transmitting regular voice transmissions over the Atlantic. But by 1916 the Fessenden-Alexanderson alternator was more reliable for transatlantic communication than the spark apparatus.

Fessenden also worked on continuous-wave reception. This work arose out of his desire for a more effective type of receiver than the coherer, a delicate device that was limited by its sensitivity on a rolling ship at sea. In 1903 he developed a new receiving mechanism - the electrolytic detector.

As his work progressed Fessenden evolved the heterodyne system. However, due to faulty construction and the fact that it was ahead of its time, heterodyne reception was not fully appreciated until the oscillating triode was devised, thus allowing a practical means of generating the local frequency.

Between 1905 and 1913 Fessenden developed a completely self-sustaining wireless system. However, constant quarrels between Fessenden, Walker, and Given culminated in Fessenden's forming the Fessenden Wireless Company of Canada. He felt a Canadian company could better compete with British Marconi. As a result, his backers dismissed Fessenden from NESCO in January of 1911. Fessenden brought suit, won, and was awarded damages. To conserve assets pending appeal, NESCO went into receivership in 1912, and Samuel Kintner was appointed general manager of the company.

In 1917 Given and Walker formed International Signal Company (ISC) and transferred NESCO's patent assets to the new company. Westinghouse obtained majority control of ISC through the purchase of $2,500,000 worth of stock. The company was then reincorporated as The International Radio Telegraph Company. The Westinghouse-RCA agreements were signed in 1921 and International's assets were transferred to RCA.

RCA

The development of the radio industry accelerated after 1912. This was due to several factors, the most important of which was the passage of legislation by the US government requiring ships at sea to carry wireless. This created a market incentive and spurred the growth of the industry. Also, with the outbreak of World War I, the larger electrical companies turned their manufacturing output to radio apparatus, supporting the war effort. Three firms were prominent in this industrial endeavor: AT&T, GE, and Westinghouse.

AT&T's early contributions to this effort centered on their improvements of De Forest's triode, particularly in the evolution of circuits, the redesign of the mechanical structure, and an increase in the plate design. The importation of the Gaede molecular pump from Germany created a very high vacuum. The resulting high-vacuum tube brought the practical aspects of the wireless telephone closer to reality. By August 1915 speech had been sent by land wire to Arlington, Va., automatically picked up there via a newly developed vacuum-tube transmitter, and subsequently received at Darien, Canal Zone. By 1920 AT&T had purchased the rights to the De Forest triode and feedback circuit, and had placed itself in a strong position in the evolution of radio technology.

GE centered its efforts on the alternator, assigning Ernst F. W. Alexanderson to its design, and on further development of vacuum tube equipment for continuous wave telegraph transmission. By 1915 Alexanderson, Irving Langmuir, William D. Coolidge, and others had developed a complete system of continuous wave transmission and reception for GE.

As can be seen, both AT&T and GE were diverting major time and expenditures on vacuum tube research. This inevitably led to patent interferences and consequently, to cross-licensing arrangements.

Westinghouse was not in the strategic position of GE and AT&T. Nevertheless, during the war it did manufacture large quantities of radio apparatus, motors, generators, and rectifiers for the European and American governments. Postwar moves led Westinghouse into full partnership with the other two companies.

By the end of the war, all three companies had committed significant resources to wireless. They were hampered internationally, however, by the Marconi Company's dominant status, and in the United States they were blocked by opposing interests with control of key patents.

The US government also was concerned with this lack of solidarity in the wireless industry and over the British domination of the field worldwide. This impasse set a fascinating and complicated stage for the formation of the RCA.

Owen D. Young, legal counselor for GE, was instrumental in breaking the impasse. Through an innovative and far-reaching organizational consolidation, Young was able to persuade British Marconi that persistence in monopoly was a fruitless exercise, because of the strong US government feelings. Marconi, realizing the harm of a potential American boycott, finally agreed to terms. GE purchased the controlling interest in American Marconi, and RCA was formed. Young was made chairman of the board of RCA, while Edwin J. Nally and David Sarnoff of the old American Marconi were appointed president and commercial manager respectively.

On July 1, 1920, RCA signed a cross-licensing agreement with AT&T. The telephone company purchased one half million shares of RCA common and preferred stock for several considerations -- the most important being that all current and future radio patents of the two companies were available to each other royalty-free for ten years. Many provisions of these agreements were ambiguous and led to later squabbles between the RCA partners.

In May 1920 Westinghouse, which had an efficient radio manufacturing organization, formed an alliance with the International Radio and Telegraph Company (NESCO's successor). Westinghouse's part ownership gave them control of Fessenden's patents, particularly continuous-wave transmission and heterodyne transmission. Westinghouse also wisely purchased in October of 1920 Armstrong's patents on the regenerative and superheterodyne circuits -- which also included some of Columbia University professor Michael Pupin's patents. This placed Westinghouse in a strong bargaining position vis-à-vis RCA and in their new consolidated corporation. Westinghouse joined the growing group of radio companies on June 30, 1921. With these mergers, RCA agreed to purchase forty percent of its radio apparatus from Westinghouse and sixty percent from GE.

Through these and other legal arrangements, RCA obtained the rights to over 2,000 patents. These amounted to practically all the patents of importance in the radio science of that day. As a result, other firms in the radio industry, for example, the United Fruit Company and the Wireless Specialty Apparatus Company, entered into cross-licensing arrangements with RCA.

RCA also made arrangements internationally with the three dominant companies in radio communication in their respective countries. British Marconi, Compagnie Generale de Telegraphie sans fil, and Telefunken. Each corporation was given exclusive rights to use the other companies' patents within their own territories.

The rise of amateur radio in the 1920s and, to a greater extent, the demand for new products by the general public contributed to the rise of the broadcasting industry. This put a strain on the earlier agreements between the major radio corporations and between 1921 and 1928 there was a struggle over patents for control of the evolving medium.

An initial attempt by AT&T to control the broadcasting industry -- using its earlier cross-licensing agreements to manufacture radio telephone transmitting equipment -- began with AT&T's disposal of RCA stock holdings in 1922-1923. It ended in 1926 with a new cross-licensing agreement which gave AT&T exclusive patent rights in the field of public service telephony and gave GE, RCA, and Westinghouse exclusive patent rights in the areas covered by wireless telegraphy, entertainment broadcasting, and the manufacture of radio sets and receiving tubes for public sale.

In 1926 after the agreements were finalized, RCA, GE, and Westinghouse joined forces and established the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). Fifty percent of the stock went to RCA, thirty percent to GE, and twenty percent to Westinghouse. The new company was divided into three divisions: the Red, Blue, and Pacific Networks. Independent, competing networks soon emerged. William S. Paley and his family formed the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) in 1927. The Mutual Broadcasting System was formed in 1934.

By 1928 RCA had strong patent positions in all major areas of the radio industry, including the research, development and manufacture of vacuum tubes and speakers. Most small companies entering the industry in the 1920s produced their products based on prior research by others and on expired patents. An RCA license, therefore, was essential for the manufacture of any modern radio set or vacuum tube.

In the late 1920s new developments in the reproduction of sound, produced significant changes in the phonograph industry. Among those new developments were the introduction of the electronic record, and the marketing of the Radiola 104 Loudspeaker in 1926. In 1929 RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company. This changed not only the quality but the sales of the phonograph and the phonograph record. A new entertainment industry was born and an ever-expanding market for consumer products was created with cultural implications that continue today.

Telefunken

German industrialists were eager to break the Marconi Company's monopoly. Although Marconi had patents on his inventions in Germany, the Germans developed a rival system through the Telefunken Corporation, incorporated in 1903, based on the inventions of Professor Ferdinand Braun, Dr. Rudolf Slaby, and Count George von Arco.

Before 1903 the Braun-Siemens and Halske system had been developed by Gesellschaft fur Drahtlose Telegraphie (GFDT). The Slaby-Arco system had been developed by Allgemeine Electrizitats-Gesellschaft. After litigation over patents, the German court handed down a decision in favor of the GFDT. The Kaiser, with national interests in mind, ordered that the rivalry cease. The two systems were amalgamated under GFDT, and became known as the Telefunken.

Chronology of Some Significant Events In The History of The Radio Industry

1895 -- Marconi experiments with Hertz's oscillator and Branley's coherer.

1897 -- In March Marconi demonstrates his wireless system on Salisbury Plain, near London, and files a complete patent specification. In May trials of Marconi's system are made over water between Lavernock and Flatholm, a distance of three miles. On May 13, communication is established between Lavernock Point and Brean Down, a distance of eight miles. German scientist Professor Slaby is present. The first Marconi station is erected at the Needles, Isle of Wight. A distance of fourteen and one-half miles is bridged by wireless. In December the Marconi station at the Needles communicates with a ship eighteen miles at sea.

1898 -- In England Oliver Lodge files a complete specification covering inventions in wireless telegraphy.

1899 -- The New York Herald uses Marconi's wireless telegraphy to report the progress of the International Yacht races between the Columbia and the Shamrock off New York harbor in September. US. Navy vessels make trials of Marconi's wireless telegraph system. The cruiser New York and the battleship Massachusetts are equipped with apparatus. Fessenden develops improvements in methods of wireless telegraph signaling.

1900 -- The Marconi International Marine Communication Company is organized on April 25th in London. Reginald Aubrey Fessenden begins work at the United States Weather Bureau. Over the next two years he invents the liquid barretter, an improved radio receiver.

1901 -- In February on board the SS Philadelphia, Marconi receives wireless signals over a distance of 1,551 miles. In March Marconi wireless telegraph service begins between islands of the Hawaiian group. On December 12, Marconi receives transatlantic signal at St. John's, Newfoundland from Poldhu, Cornwall, England. The Canadian government orders two Marconi telegraph sets for use at coastal points along the Strait of Belle Isle.

1901 -- Fessenden procures US patent no. 706737 for a system of radio signaling employing long waves (low frequency). De Forest develops a system of wireless telegraphy in Chicago. 1903-06 10,000 to 50,000 cycle machines, 1 kW, are developed by Steinmetz and by Alexanderson of GE for Fessenden. 1905 Marconi procures patent number 14788 in England, covering the invention of the horizontal directional antenna.

1906 -- At Brant Rock, Massachusetts, Fessenden employs a generator of one-half kW capacity, operating at 75,000 cycles, for radio purposes. He succeeds in telephoning a distance of eleven miles by means of wireless telephone apparatus.

1907 -- De Forest procures a U. S. patent for an audion amplifier of pulsating or alternating current.

1908 -- Marconi stations in Canada and England are opened for radio telegraph service across the Atlantic. Fessenden constructs a 70,000-cycle alternator with an output of 2.5 kW. at 225 volts, for radio signaling purposes. He reports successful radio telephone tests between Brant Rock and Washington, DC, a distance of 600 miles.

1909 -- US House of Representatives passes the Burke Bill for the compulsory use of radio telegraphy on certain classes of vessels. The United Wireless Telegraph Company and the Radio Telephone Company of New York (De Forest and Stone systems) begin the erection of radio stations in the Central and Western states. Marconi shares with Ferdinand Braun of Germany the Nobel prize in recognition of contributions in wireless telegraphy.

1910 -- An act of the US government requires radio equipment and operators on certain types of passenger ships. The Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Marconi station is opened in September. This station communicates with Clifden, Ireland. The transatlantic tariff is seventeen cents a word.

1911 -- A radio section is organized by the US Department of Commerce to enforce the provisions of national radio legislation. Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company acquires the Lodge-Muirhead patents.

1912 -- Rotary gap is used with Fessenden 100 kW 500 cycle spark set at NAA, the Navy's first high-power station at Arlington, Virginia. Marconi Wireless of America acquires property of the United Wireless Telegraph Company. British Marconi secures the important radio patents of Bellini and Tosi, Italian inventors. Wreck of the SS Titanic on April 15th. The act of 1910 is extended on July 23 to cover cargo vessels. requires an auxiliary source of power on ships and two or more skilled radio apparatus operators on certain types of passenger ships. On August 13, an act provides for licensing radio operators and transmitting stations.

1912-1913 -- High vacuum amplifying tubes (an improvement on De Forest's), using the findings of pure science, are produced almost simultaneously in two great industrial laboratories, by Dr. H. D. Arnold of AT&T and Irving Langmuir of GE.

1915 -- De Forest Ultra-audion three-step (cascade) audio amplifier is announced and introduced into practice.

1916 -- GE and the Western Electric Company develop the first experimental vacuum tube radiotelephone systems for the Navy.

1917-1918 -- First production of vacuum tubes in quantity, both coated filament and tungsten filament types, by Western Electric Company and GE.

1918 -- Lloyd Espenschied procures US patent number 1,256,889 for the invention of a duplex radio telegraph system. (See Lloyd Espenschied Papers, Archives Center, NMAH, Collection #13.) The House of Representatives passes a resolution on July 5, authorizing the President to take over management of telegraph and telephone systems due to war conditions.

1919 -- Bills are introduced in Congress for permanent government control of radio stations. The widespread resentment of amateurs has more to do with the defeat of these bills than the objections of commercial companies. Roy Alexander Weagant, New York, reports having developed means of reducing disturbances to radio reception caused by atmospherics or static. This is the first successful static-reducing system. GE purchases the holdings of the British Marconi Company in the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America, the name of the latter company being changed to Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in October. Edward J. Nally is elected president of the new company.

1920 -- E. F. W. Alexanderson is appointed Chief Engineer of RCA. RCA begins the installation of 200-kW Alexanderson alternators at Bolinas, California, and Marion, Massachusetts. The Tropical Radio Telegraph Company, a subsidiary of the United Fruit Company, New York, operates ten long-distance radio stations at points in Central and South Americirca RCA purchases 6,000 acres at Rocky Point, Long Island, New York, and begins erection of a Radio Central station, comprising a number of operating units for communication with European stations and stations in South Americirca On May 15, RCA inaugurates radio telegraph services between installations at Chatham and Marion, Massachusetts, and stations at Stavanger and Jaerobe, Norway. Westinghouse Company's radio station KDKA, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, broadcasts returns of the national elections, November 2. Development, design, and manufacture by GE of the early receiving and transmitting tubes made available to the public by RCA (UV-200,201,202). Radio telegraph stations and properties taken over by the government under war time powers are returned to their owners at midnight, February 29. The government calls for bids for the sale of large quantities of surplus radio and telegraph and telephone apparatus purchased for war needs and not used.

1921 -- RCA develops Vacuum tubes UV-200(detector) and UV-201(amplifier) -- both triodes with brass shells known as the UV base, and incorporating a filament that required 1 ampere at 5 volts for operation -- for storage battery operation; and at the same time also released to the public the WD-11 for dry cell operation, which employed an oxide-coated tungsten filament. RCA station at Rocky Point, Long Island, opens on November 5. WJZ station established by the Westinghouse Company in Newark, NJ. RCA broadcast station at Roselle Park, NJ (WDY) opens on December 15. It continues operation until February 15, 1922, when its operation is transferred to WJZ, Newark, previously owned by Westinghouse. RCA installs 200-kW alternator at Tuckerton, NJ.

1922 -- First use of tube transmitters by RCA for service from the United States to England and Germany. RCA begins substitution of tube transmitters on ships to replace spark sets. RCA begins replacement of crystal receivers by tube receivers on ships.

1923 -- Broadcast stations WJZ and WJY opened in New York in May by RCA. WRC opens in Washington on August 1. The UV-201A, receiving tubes developed by GE and consuming only 1/4 of an ampere are introduced by RCA. Tungsten filaments coated and impregnated with thorium were employed.

1924 -- Edwin H. Armstrong, demonstrates the superheterodyne receiver on March 6th. In November RCA experiments with radio photographs across the Atlantic. RCA markets the superheterodyne receivers for broadcast reception.

1925-26 -- Dynamic loudspeakers introduced. Magnetic pick-up phonograph recording and reproduction developed. RCA opens radio circuit to Dutch East Indies. Direction-finders introduced on ships.

1927 -- Fully self-contained AC radio receivers introduced.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Smithsonian in 1959.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs, negatives, and slides.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio engineers -- 1880-1950  Search this
Electric engineers -- 1880-1950  Search this
Radio -- History  Search this
Electricity -- 1880-1950  Search this
Communication -- 1880-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical manuals -- Electrical equipment
Clippings
Patents
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Blueprints
Letters patent
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Sale catalogs -- Electrical equipment -- 1880-1950
Technical drawings
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Citation:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0055
See more items in:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0055
Online Media:

Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection

Collector:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Photographer:
Alland, Alexander, Sr. (Alexander Landschaft), 1902-1989  Search this
Author:
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Names:
Jura, Chaiko (Gypsy leader)  Search this
Kaslov, Pupa  Search this
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Cubic feet (16 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Journals
Dissertations
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Place:
West Virginia -- 1930-1950
New Jersey -- 1930-1950
Maspeth (Queens, Long Island, N.Y.) -- 1930-1950
New York (N.Y.) -- photographs -- 1930-1950
Date:
circa 1920-1975
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 4.3 cubic feet of manuscript, print, and photographic materials created or collected by Carl de Wendler-Funaro (1898-1985) in pursuit of his interest in Gypsy life and culture. (Carlos de Wendler-Funaro used several forms of his name; he wrote mostly as Carl de Wendler-Funaro.) The -collection was brought to the attention of the Division of Community Life, National Museum of American History, by Matt T. Salo and donated to the Smithsonian by Dr. de Wendler-Funarol's widow, Cornelia de Funaro, in May 1985, through Richard E. Ahlborn, Curator.

The number and breadth of the photographic materials, especially, the accompanying documentation and their representation of many Gypsy groups in a single time period, make this collection an important resource for research.

Print and Manuscript Materials

The print and manuscript materials in the collection are organized-into six series: (1) materials for which Carl de Wendler-Funaro is author, co-author or editor; (2) materials about de Wendler-Funaro; (3) correspondence; (4) journals, books, or extracts from them, by various authors; (5) newspaper and magazine articles; (6) photomechanical images from newspapers, magazines, and books.

The manuscript materials include drafts of portions of planned books, reading notes, and Gypsy language notes and transcriptions. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have planned two books. One was to have been a book of his photographs, with accompanying essays describing his encounters with Gypsies, the other a work on Gypsies, especially those in the United States. The major element of the second book was to have been the history of the Rom in this country as told by Steve Kaslov. The second work was to have included the manuscripts, 'The Last Caravan,' on Romnichels in the United States; 'Romanian Gypsies in Maspeth Village,' on the Ludar; 'Hungarian Gypsies,' orx these musicians in the United States; and some folk tale materials. Several outlines for the two books are in the collection.

The draft materials written with Steve Kaslov include an account of the Gypsy leader Chaiko Jura. The account, which seems to approach legend at some points, describes his immigration to the United States, adventures in this country, and death. Also among the draft materials, and intended to follow in the proposed book, is what may be termed an official biography of Steve Kaslov (c. 1888-1949). Apparently tentatively entitled "The Ways of my People,' the manuscript recounts a few incidents, told at length, in the experiences of Kaslov's family and social network from about 1900 to about 1938.

De Wendler-Funaro's notes suggest that the Kaslov biography was dictated to an unnamed lawyer in the early 1930s and given to de Wendler-Funaro in 1934. Kaslov dictated the story of Chaiko to de Wendler-Funaro. (Perhaps this is the source of a statement in the New York Sun, June 20, 1941, that Kaslov had written two books.)

The okaslov manuscripts' are written mostly in a variety of American English common among American Rom. Parts of the biographical section are written in the first person, others in the third. Cultural material includes descriptions of weddings, funerary ritual, business transactions, conflicts and conflict resolution. As factual sources the manuscripts are unreliable: dates, for example, are only very approximate; birth places for Steve Kaslov and his family are incorrect.

Evidence in the manuscripts indicates that de Wendler-Funaro hoped, through 1976, to publish these texts in some form. Apparently Kaslov made a first attempt to publish in 1940, when he sent a draft to Eleanor Roosevelt. Mrs. Roosevelt sent the manuscript on to George Bye, a literary agent, who returned it in 1941 as unpublishable, calling it a Oterribly disorganized manuscript .... [Kaslov] is now working with a doctor (de Wendler-Funarol who claims to be an author but the results are very unhappy' (Correspondence in FDR Library).

Correspondence in the collection (series 3) includes letters to and from de Wendler-Funaro; drafts of letters by Steve Kaslov, soliciting aid for Gypsy education; and correspondence between the U.S. Consulate in Matamoros, Mexico, and the U.S. Department of State. According to Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro destroyed his other correspondence before his death.

Many of the books, journals, articles, and extracts in the collection (series 4)- are materials upon which de Wendler-Funarol's dissertation is based. They include typed transcriptions of published articles as well as printed matter; dates of the materials range from 1554 to 1979.

The collection includes about 2,000 photoprints, including multiple copies, and 2,000 negatives. These materials are organized into eleven series: (7) photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies in the United States; (8)photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies outside the United States; (9) heirloom photographs'; (10) photographs by other creators; (11) photographs ;rom commercial agencies; (12) photographs of non-Gypsies; (13) photocopies, of numbered photos, in numerical order; (14) negatives; (15) contact sheets made from negatives from by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic Services, 1986; (16) scrapbook sheets; (17) slides made from negatives and prints by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic. services, 1986.

The original photographs by Carlos de Wendlet-Funaro span the,period 1922 to 1966, but the majority were taken from about 1932 to about 1942. More than half the photographs are of the Rom group of Gypsies in the United States, and most of these were taken in New York City from about 1938 to about 1942. Other original photos by de Wendler-Funaro are of other Gypsy groups in the United States -- Ludar, Romnichels, 'Black Dutch,w and Hungarian musicians -- as well as of Gypsies in Mexico, Holland, Germany, Austria, France, England, and Hungary. Photographs by other creators include copies of portraits collected from Gypsy families, photos by other photographers, and commercial news photographs collected by de Wendler-Funaro.

De Wendler-Funaro seems to have used the photographs to gain access to Gypsy families and communities (many photos show Gypsies examining albums and sets of pictures). Some photographs were published in his 1937 article, and in two articles by Victor Weybright (1938a, 1938b). De Wendler-Funaro apparently also used lantern slides made from these photographs in lectures on the subject of Gypsies; a handbill advertising his availability on the lecture circuit is part of the collection.

Manuscript drafts for book outlines, introductions, and accompanying essays show that de Wendler-Funaro long nurtured hopes of publishing a popular tool-, 'Incorporating his photographs. To this end he numbered and captioned more than a hundred of these; a partial list of captions is part of the manuscript files. For the most part, the captions are not very helpful in understanding Gypsy cultures. Photocopies of these pictures with captions, in numerical order, are in box 8. With some exceptions, most of the photographs can be used to study costume, personal ornament, and kinesics; these will not be listed separately as subjects in the inventory. The photos of the Rom in New York City show several types of traditional costume, contemporary modish dress, and a wide range of variations on both. Taken together with the "heirloom photos' collected from the same group, they show change and variety in men's and women's dress.

In the photographs of individuals and groups one may compare, for example, sitting positions of women with relation to costume and use (or non-use) of chairs.

Most of the photographs of Rom taken in New York City show Gypsies relaxing on stoops or in the street during the summer, a common pastime in their neighborhoods. They contain little culturally specific information other than that discussed above.

Information on housing is most clearly represented in photographs of camps, in which the type of tent and, to some extent, the relationships of tents, are visible. All the tents shown appear to be commercially made. Since it was the practice to raise the tent walls in good weather, many photos also show tent interiors, with wooden platform floors used on non-grassy sites (Rom) or linoleum as a ground cloth (Romnichel). The use of featherbeds; either alone (Rom) or with bedsteads (Romnichel) is documented.

There are few photographs showing the use of interior space in urban storefront or apartment dwellings (Rom). The photographs taken in the Maspeth, Long Island, 'Gypsy village' show exteriors of the shacks built@by the Ludar.

Of cooking and heating equipment, the cast-iron or sheet-metal stoves of the Romnichels are most evident. The Rom are shown using a variety of equipment, the traditional trivet (Mexico), the Coleman-type camp stove (U.S), and the pot-bellied coal stove (New York City).

Photographs of autos and trucks, auto-drawn luggage trailers (Romnichels in the North), and horse-drawn wagons (by the horse and mule trading Romnichels in the South) reveal something of the transport of people and goods.

A few photographs show subjects at work, but most work pictures are static demonstrations or mere associations with productive enterprise. There are demonstrations of coppersmithing and fender repair work (Rom), and manufacture of rustic furniture (Romnichels), as well as posed demonstrations of palm-reading. Romnichels in the South are shown posing with horses and mules. The business that appears most frequently is fortune-telling, through photographs of roadside business tents (Romnichel); amusement, fair, and resort-area tents and stands (Rom); and canvas facades, banners and signs carrying the fortune-teller's message.

Ritual life is poorly represented in the photographs. There are some photos of a funeral procession, and one interior shot of a funeral; two photos of a saint's-day feast; one of a memorial feast; and one set taken in preparation for Christmas festivities. Curiously, there are no photographs of Rom weddings. The dearth of pictures of rituals and celebrations, which form so important a part of Rom life, may be due to difficulties with interior lighting.

Because of internal and other inconsistencies, exact dating of the photographs is often difficult. Discrepancies of as much as ten year occur in some of the dates in de Wendler-Funaro's notes.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into seventeen series.
Biographical / Historical:
According to information supplied by Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro was born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 12, 1898. After attending Boys' High School and Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, he attended the University of Illinois and Cornell University, receiving a bachelor's degree in entolomology from Cornell in 1923. Subsequently he taught foreign languages at New York University, the McBurney School of the YMCA in New York City, Newark Academy and Wagner College. He began graduate work in the late 1930s, and in 1958 earned a doctorate from Columbia University with a dissertation on 'The Gitano in Spanish Literature' (a copy is in the collection, Box 1, folders 2 and 3). De Wendler-Funaro retired from teaching in 1963; he died in Tucson, Arizona on February 15, 1985.

Carl de Wendler-Funaro was an avid amateur collector of insects, especially Coleoptera, as well as shells, minerals, stamps and coins; his insect collections were donated to the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

De Wendler-Funaro's interest in Gypsies, according to his manuscripts, began in childhood. The manuscripts and one published article indicate that this interest continued to be personal, rather than professional,,,,apd @hat,,he, did not pursue his contacts with Gypsies systematically. (it was, not, 'until' the late 1940s that anthropologists began systematic studies of GYPSY.@ cultures.) It appears that de Wendler-Funaro sought out Gypsies in fairgrounds, amusement parks and urban storefronts, collecting specimens of language and taking photographs. Irving Brown's letter to de Wendler-Funaro (1929), and de Wendler-Funarol's article in Leisure (1937) refer to his visits to amusement parks. Some of his Romnichel (English Gypsy) subjects recall him as the man who drove along the roads, stopping to take pictures wherever he saw a tent. About 1938 de Wendler-Funaro became involved with a Committee on Gypsy Problems of the Welfare Council, a social service agency of New York City. This involvement may have been an outgrowth of his association with Steve Kaslov, styled by some a Gypsy king. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have served as Kaslov's amanuensis.
Gypsies in the United States:
Several groups, all known to outsiders as "Gypsies," live today in the United Sates. In their native languages, each of the groups refers to itself by a specific name, but all translate their self-designations as 'Gypsy' when speaking English. Each had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others. An overview of these groups and their interethnic relations is presented in "Gypsy Ethnicity: Implications of Native Categories and Interaction for Ethnic Classification," by Matt T. Salo.

Rom

The Rom arrived in the United States from Serbia, Russia and Austria-Hungary beginning in the 1880s, part of the larger wave of immigration from southern and eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Primary immigration ' ended, for the most part, in 1914, with the beginning of the First World War and subsequent tightening of immigration restrictions (Salo and Salo 1986). Many people in this group specialized in coppersmith work, mainly the repair and retinning of industrial equipment used in bakeries, laundries, confectionaries, and other businesses. The Rom, too, developed the fortune-telling business in urban areas.

Two subgroups of the Rom, the Kalderash ('coppersmiths') and, Machwaya natives of machva,' a county in Serbia) appear in the photographs iiv, this collection. De Wendler-Funaro identified some, but not all, Kalderash as, 'Russian Gypsies.' Another group he identified as "Russian Gypsies' seem, to,, be the Rusniakuria ('Ruthenians'), who in New York are known as musicians and singers.

Ludar

The Ludar, or "Romanian Gypsies,' also immigrated to the United States during the great immigration from southern and eastern Europe between 1880 and 1914. Most of the Ludar came from northwestern Bosnia. Upon their arrival in the United States they specialized as animal trainers and show people, and indeed passenger manifests show bears and monkeys as a major part of their baggage. Most of de Wendler-Funarols photographs of this group were taken in Maspeth, a section of the borough of Queens in New York City, where the Ludar created a village of home-made shacks that existed from about 1925 to 1939, when it was razed. A similar settlement stood in the Chicago suburbs during the same period. One of de Wendler-Funarols manuscripts, "Romanian Gypsies at Maspeth Village,' (box 1, folder 9), and a letter from Ammiee Ellis, a social worker (box 2, folder 2), refer to this settlement.

Romnichels

The Romnichels, or English Gypsies, began to come to the United States from England in 1850. Their arrival coincided with an increase in the demand for draft horses in agriculture and then in urbanization, and many Romnichels worked as horse-traders. After the rapid decline in the horse trade following the First World War, most Romnichels relied on previously secondary enterprises, 'basket-making,* including the manufacture and sale of rustic furniture, and fortune-telling. Horse and mule trading continued to some extent in southern states where poverty and terrain slowed the adoption of tractor power (Salo and Salo 1982).

Photoprints in box 6, folders 2 through 10, correspond with de Wendler-Funarols trip described in his manuscript 'In Search of the Last Caravan' (box 1, folder 10). Discrepancies between this manuscript and the photos should be noted. De Wendler-Funarols notes date this trip variously between 1931 and 1945. I have dated it about 1940. Although one man appears as a frequent subject in the largest set of photos (box 6, folders 22 and 23), in the manuscript, de Funaro mentions having missed meeting him.

'Black Dutch'

Gypsies from Germany, whom de Wendler-Funaro refers to 'as Chikkeners (Pennsylvania German, from the German Zigeuner), sometimes refer to themselves as wblack Dutch.w They are few in number and claim to have largely assimilated to Romnichel culture. They are represented in de Wendler-Punarols photographs by a few portraits of one old man and briefly referred to in the manuscript mIn Search of the Last Caravan.*

Hungarian Gypsies

The Hungarian musicians also came to this country with the eastern European immigration. In the U.S. they continued as musicians to the Hungarian and Slovak immigrant settlements.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Cornelia de Funaro, June 26, 1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Photographs by de Wendler-Funaro are available for reproduction. Fees for commercial use. Permission to reproduce photographs by Alexander Alland must be granted by the photographer's estate; other photographs may have copyright restrictions.
Topic:
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Wagons, Gypsy -- 1920-1980  Search this
Weddings -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Orthodox Eastern Church -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Tents -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Wagons -- 1920-1980  Search this
Bears -- performing -- 1920-1980 -- Maspeth (N.Y.)  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Tents -- 1920-1980  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Coppersmiths -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Furniture-making -- 1930-1950  Search this
Horse-trading -- 1930-1950  Search this
Fortune-telling -- 1930-1950  Search this
Training -- Animals -- 1930-1950  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Gypsies -- 1920-1980 -- United States  Search this
Costume -- Gypsies -- 1920-1980  Search this
Portraits -- Gypsies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950
Journals -- 1930-1950
Dissertations
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1930-1950
Manuscripts -- 1920-1970
Citation:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0161
See more items in:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0161
Online Media:

Scurlock Studio Records

Creator:
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Names:
Howard University -- 20th century  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Extent:
200 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Dye transfer process
Studio portraits
Matrices, color separation
Photographs
Color separation negatives
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- Small business -- 20th century
Shaw (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Date:
1888-1996
Summary:
The collection includes approximately 250,000 photonegatives, photoprints, color transparencies from the photographic business founded by Addison Scurlock in Washington, D.C. Collection also includes business records and ephemera.
Scope and Contents:
Photographs includes portraits of famous African-American luminaries such as Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois, and many other artists, intellectuals, educators, entertainers, etc., as well as documentation of Washington, D.C., including both the African-American community and national political life, and important photographs of Howard University; also commercial photography, including color materials.

Color separation materials include sets of black-and-white color-separation negatives, sets of matrices for the Kodak Dye Transfer process (full-color Dye Transfer prints are storied in a different series).

Business records:,The photography studio records and Custom Craft records are in separate subseries, reflecting the fact that they were operated as separate businesses.

The collection includes all forms of photographs produced by the studio, such as prints in black-and-white and color, black-and-white and color negatives, color transparencies, black-and-white dye-transfer matrices, slides, etc.; as well as business documents, studio session ledgers, appointment books, business and personal correspondence, tax documents, and books, catalogs, and other publications. This material documents not only the photographic output of the business, both commercial and artistic, as well as the personal and business side of the enterprise.

Some photographs in the collection were not created by the Scurlocks. Some black-and-white and color prints seem to derive from assignments in the Capitol School of Photography, and are therefore student work. Also Custom Craft, the professional color processing service provided by the studio, made prints for other photographers, and samples for printing reference, as well as studio decor, have been retained in the collection. Custom Craft worked for such diverse photographers as artist Robert Epstein and well-known Washington photographer Fred Maroon, for example.

The collection numbers several hundred thousand photographic negatives, prints, and transparencies made by the Scurlocks and other staff photographers of the studio in its various Washington locations. The negatives are estimated at approximately 160,000-200,000 in number, and the prints of all sizes and types at nearly 57,000. The vast majority of the photographs are portraits of individuals, family groups, and organizations, as the primary business of the studio was portrait photography. They date primarily from the 1940s to 1990s. There are also a number of images, made for commercial clients, of building interiors and exteriors, and food. A small group of photojournalistic documentation also exists. The subjects also include architectural and industrial views, scenes in and around Washington, including children and street laborers, political events, social events, and 35mm slides of President Kennedy's funeral, 1964. There are also more personal artistic images, including still lifes with plants and flowers, and a few nudes; Robert's wartime service is also documented by his photographs, including European landscape photographs.

In addition to images taken by the Scurlock studio photographers, there are some prints, especially color, of images by other photographers who were clients, such as Fred Maroon, a prominent Washington photojournalist, and Robert Epstein, a teacher at the Corcoran School of Art. A print of one of Maroon's pictures had been displayed in the studio reception room at the time the studio was closed.

A large group of manuscript items, business documents, ephemera, and office and studio supplies constitutes a separate series from the photographs. An important adjunct to the photographs, a set of ledgers recording and identifying portrait sittings, highlights this group.

Nearly all of the photographs and documents stored in the studio and auxiliary storage locations were accepted for acquisition in order to form a complete history of this family business's production and operations over the better part of a century, whereas a selection of photographic apparatus and studio equipment was acquired by the Photographic History Collection: these items have been inventoried and catalogued separately.

Studio Portraits

The majority of the surviving photographic negatives and proof prints were made in connection with the studio's portrait work for a wide variety of clients. These portraits include images of famous people, such as political figures, entertainers, and noteworthy persons in a variety of fields, including scientists, writers, intellectuals, and academics. The majority of the figures depicted among both the famous and the not so famous are black. The greatest number of studio portraits, most of which are identified and dated, depict a general clientele who visited the studio for portrait sittings. Although the individual images in this vast quantity have limited research value in the usual sense, the aggregate represents a chronology spanning almost ninety years, which may be useful for demographic and genealogical information and as visual evidence of changing styles in clothing, hair, and accessories. It constitutes a panorama of a significant percentage of Washingtonians of the period, especially the black community.

Portraits of famous personages include George Washington Carver, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Duke Ellington, Marian Anderson, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Sammy Davis, Jr., Sugar Ray Leonard, Muhammad Ali, Mayor Walter Washington, and Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Reagan, Bush, and Clinton, Mayor Marion Barry, D.C. Council members, statesmen such as Ralph Bunche, and many other noteworthy figures. Of particular interest is a signed group portrait of the U.S. Supreme Court with Chief Justice Berger presiding. There are also large- format portraits of Justice Thurgood Marshall and J. Edgar Hoover.

Group portraits include both formal sittings and the informal documentation of banquets, convocations, and similar events. This material includes groups at Howard University; Dunbar High School; the Post Office Clerks' Banquet; the Bishops' Meeting of the A.M.E. Church; a Y.M.C.A. camp, ca. 1947 1949; the 23rd annual conference of the N.A.A.C.P., 1932, etc.

Howard University

Several thousand black and white negatives and prints, 1930s-1960s, depict the people, facilities, and events of Howard University, with which the Scurlocks had a long business relationship. There are various portraits, including Howard University Medical School, represented by 850 negatives and 100 prints. A group of law school and medical school images numbers some 800 negatives and 200 prints. In addition, there are class portraits, as well as images of famous guests speaking at Howard convocations, such as President Herbert Hoover.

Wedding Photography

An important aspect of any portrait studio's output is wedding photography, and the Scurlock studio was no exception. Bridal portraits, group pictures of wedding parties, and the complete documentation of weddings, in both black and white and color, constitute a significant part of the collection. African-American weddings predominate and provide important insights into this aspect of the society.

Exhibitions

The studio's work was shown in special public exhibitions over the years, and several of these are included in toto. The most important was an extensive retrospective display of 121 prints of Addison's work, both vintage and posthumous, prepared by Robert for the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1976. Others include: (1) a set of 32 black and white images made by Robert at the Ramitelli Air Base, Italy, while he was a major in the U.S. Air Force during World War II; (2) a group of portraits from a Black History Month exhibit at Woodward and Lothrop; and (3) a set of sixteen vintage and modern prints which Robert displayed in an interview on the "Today" television show in the 1980s.

Commercial Work

This category includes architectural and industrial photography for commercial clients, food and still life photographs, etc. Much of this material is comparatively recent and was made in large format color, and includes transparencies and enlargements. It is possible that some of the prints represent Custom Craft work for other photographers rather than the camera work of Robert and George Scurlock. Thus far, prints by artist Robert Epstein have been identified as extra prints of his work from orders which he placed with the firm. At least one image by Fred Maroon has been identified.

A group of color prints constitutes copies of artworks, primarily in the National Portrait Gallery, for which the Scurlocks worked. Prints in 8" x 10", 11" x 14", 16" x 20" and 20" x 24" sizes are included, and undoubtedly negatives and transparencies corresponding to these subjects will be found.

Photojournalism

In addition to the formal studio portraits and pictures documenting formal events, the Scurlocks took candid photographs of the everyday life of their city, as well as extraordinary events of local and national significance, ranging from occasions such as John F. Kennedy's funeral and the 1968 riots to political rallies and demonstrations.

Capitol School of Photography

The collection includes a variety of materials, such as books and ephemera, which document the activities of the Capitol School of Photography, a sideline of the Scurlock business. Some of the photographs apparently represent student work. The most famous student of the school was Jacqueline Bouvier (later Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis), although no documentation of her association with the school has been located thus far. There are 45 photographs, ca. 1950s, showing the photography lab, men retouching prints, students with cameras, etc.

Personal Photographs

A few photographs of the Scurlock family are included in the collection in various forms and formats, including enlarged portraits of Addison and Robert. A self portrait of Addison and Mamie Scurlock is included in the Corcoran Gallery of Art exhibition series. Other photographs which represent personal artistic expression, such as a few nude studies and floral and plant still lifes, are included.

Series 6 includes: subseries 1 transparencies, subseries 2 slides, and subseries 3 other formats, which is rolled film of black and white and color negatives, and transparencies.
Series 1: Black and White Photographs:
Dates -- 1888-1993

Extent -- 105 boxes

Contents -- Series 1: Black and White Photographs: The materials are almost entirely black and white photographs, but in the subseries of clients, there may also be job envelopes, order materials, and other photographic material types that were included in the overall order. The series is arranged into two subseries, clients and subjects, and both are arranged alphabetically. The subseries clients documents the orders made by clients of the Scurlock Studio and individuals who were or could be identified but may or may not have actually placed an order at the Studio. The majority of the photographs in the clients subseries are formal portrait sittings but there are photographs of events, organizations, and businesses. The subseries subjects are photographs that were grouped into categories because no known client or individual in the image could be identified. The subjects cover a broad array of subjects but the majority of the subjects include unidentified people in formal portrait sittings and groups. In addition, not all photographs in this series were taken by the Scurlock Studio; there are photos by Abdon Daoud Ackad and other studios or photographers that were sent in to make copies. 1.1: Clients Black and white photographs1.2: Subjects Black and white photographs
Series 2: Color Photographs:
Dates -- 1930-1995

Extent -- 113 boxes

Contents -- Series 2: Color Photographs: The series color photographs consists of color photographs and hand-colored photographs, but there are also order envelopes and materials, and other photographic material types that were part of the order. The subseries are arranged as clients, subjects, weddings, and hand-colored photographs. Clients are arranged alphabetically by last name or the first word of an organization's name. Not all individuals, organizations, or businesses necessarily represent a client of the Scurlock Studio; if an individual or organization could be identified, the photograph was placed under the identified person or organization even if ther were not a known client of the Studio. The majority of the photographs are individual portrait sittings but also included are family portraits, businesses, organizations, and informal images. The subjects are arranged alphabetically, and document images of non-humans and humans that could not be connected to a known client. Weddings and hand-colored are arranged in alphabetical order with clients preceeding subjects. The were a large subject of the overall collection and the majority of weddings are color photographs but also included in the subseries are black and white and hand-colored photographs of weddings. The hand-colored photographs largely reflect the same subject matter of the subseries clients and subjects. In addition, not all photographs in this subseries were taken by the Scurlock Studio; there are photos by Abdon Daoud Ackad and other studios or photographers that were sent in to make copies. 2.1: Clients Color photographs2.2: Subjects Color photographs2.3: Weddings2.4: Hand-colored photographs
Series 3: Framed Prints:
Dates -- circa 1979

Extent -- 3 boxes

Contents -- Series 3: Framed Prints: The series framed prints includes three framed color photographs. The framed prints are arranged by the size, from smallest to largest, of the frame. The photographs are of two important political figures: Washington, D. C., Mayor Marion Barry and Senator Edward Brooke.
Series 4: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives:
Dates -- 1900-1994

Extent -- 320 boxes

Contents -- Series 4: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives: The material type of the series is black and white silver gelatin negatives. The negatives are arranged into twelve subseries. The materials document the clients and individuals whose photographs were taken by the Scurlock Studio and a wide variety of subject matters. The subjects represented are individual portrait sittings, organizations, events, businesses, commercial ventures of the Studio, and Washington, D. C. 4.1: Black and white negatives 4.2: Black and white negatives in freezers arranged by job number 4.3: Black and white negatives in freezer storage arranged by client 4.4: Black and white negatives in freezer storage arranged by subject 4.5: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by job number 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client 4.7: Negatives in cold storage arranged by client with index cards 4.8: Negatives in cold storage arranged by subject 4.9: Black and white negatives for publication 4.10: Glass Plate Negatives 4.11: Customcraft Negatives 4.12: Banquet Negatives
Series 5: Color Negatives:
Dates -- 1964-1994

Extent -- 72 boxes

Contents -- Series 5: Color Negatives: The series color negatives primarily of color negatives but it also includes order envelopes and materials. The series is arranged into two subseries: clients and subjects. The subseries clients is arranged by job number, and the materials document the orders placed by clients of the Scurlock Studio and identified persons and organizations. The negatives depict individual portrait sittings, groups, and informal poses. The subseries subjects is arranged in alphabetical order, and the materials document negatives that could not be connected to a client of the studio. The negatives represent subjects such as art, buildings, commercial ventures of the Scurlock Studio, and unidentified people. 5.1: Color negatives arranged by client5.2: Color negatives arranged by subject
Series 6: Color Transparencies, Slides, and Other Formats:
Dates -- 1922-1994

Extent -- 40 boxes

Contents -- Series 6: Color Transparencies, Slides, and Other Formats: The series color transparencies, slides, and other formats consists of black and white and color transparencies, color slides, film, proofs, and order materials. The materials are arranged into four subseries: transparencies, slides, film, and proofs. The subseries are arranged by clients, in alphabetical order by last name, and then subjects, in alphabetical order. The materials document the orders placed at the Scurlock Studio by clients and identified individuals and organizations, and materials that could not be identified and are categorized by subjects. The subjects represented in the materials are primarily individual, family, and group portraits, and events and places. Cut but unmounted slides were typically placed in the subseries transparencies but a small number of cut but unmounted slides are included in the slides. The subseries proofs only contains a form of proof used by the Scurlock Studio that has a fugitive image, and other types of proofs printed on low quality paper or are water-marked and have a lasting image were included in the series Black and White Photographs and Color Photographs if the proof was either black and white or color. 6.1: Transparencies6.2: Slides6.3: Film6.4: Proofs
Series 7: Black-and-White Color Separation Negatives and Matrices:
Dates -- 1955-1957

Extent -- 7 boxes

Contents -- Series 7: Black-and-White Color Separation Negatives and Matrices: The materials in the series are black-and-white color separation negatives and a booklet about how to process black-and-white color separation negatives. The materials are arranged into three subseries: clients, subjects, and the booklet. The materials document orders placed at the Scurlock Studio by clients and individuals and organizations that could be identified but not connected to a specific order. The materials also document negatives categorized by subjects because there was no known client or identifiable individual or organization. The subjects represented are individual portrait sittings and groups, and unidentified people. 7.1: Clients Black-and-White Color Separation Negatives 7.2: Subjects Black-and-White Color Separation Negatives Booklet
Series 8: Scurlock Studio Business Records:
Dates -- 1907-1996

Extent -- 66 boxes

Contents -- Series 8: Scurlock Studio Business Records: The series Scurlock Studio Business Records contains paperwork pertaining to the administration of the business, the financial documentation of the business, the reocrds of sales, the advertising signs and promotions of hte business, the files kept on employees, and other materials kept at the Scurlock Studio. The series is arranged into six subseries: administrative file, financial, sales, advertising and marketing, employee and personnel, and office files. Each subseries is arranged differently according to the types of materials predominantly found in the subseries or in chronological order. The subjects represented in the series are mostly related to the financial records of the Scurlock Studio kept and the invoices of sales records. A wide variety of other subjects relating to the the business records of the Scurlock Studio can also be found including: session registers, construction plans, advertisements for specific holidays, and product information sent to the Studio. Some materials found in this series may be marked Scurlock Studio and Custom Craft, the color division of the Scurlock Studio, and were placed with this series because the Scurlock Studio was the primary business. Other materials with an unclear origin of either the Scurlock Studio or Custom Craft were placed in this series. 8.1: Administrative Files8.2: Financial8.3: Sales8.4: Advertising and Marketing8.5: Employee and Personnel8.6: Office Files
Series 9: Custom Craft Business Records:
Dates -- 1951-1994

Extent -- 57 boxes

Contents -- Series 9: Custom Craft Business Records: The series Custom Craft Business Records consists of paper documents relating to the administrative, financial, sales records, employee and personnel, and other files about the affairs of the Custom Craft business's day-to-day operations. The materials are arranged into five subseries: administrative, financial, sales, employee and personnel, and office files. The materials within a subseries are ordered by types of documents that consisted of a large number of materials listed first and materials with few documents following the grouped materials in chronological order. The materials document the day-to-day business of Custom Craft. The subjects represented are documents relating to the administration of the business, journals kept to document finances, the order invoices, the files kept about employees, product information, and materials accumulated in the office. Some documents may list both the Scurlock Studio and Custom Craft and were kept with the business records of Custom Craft if the materials appeared to fit the activities, color photography, of that business. Other documents relating to the business affairs of Custom Craft may be in the series Scurlock Studio Business Records because these documents did not clearly indicate which business the documents belonged to; in these cases, the materials were put in the series Scurlock Studio Business Records because the business was the primary business of the Scurlocks. There business records seem to indicate that there was not always a clear differentiation between the two businesses. 9.1: Administrative9.2: Financial9.3: Sales9.4: Employee and Personnel9.5: Office files
Series 10: Capitol School of Photography:
Dates -- 1948-1954

Extent -- 4 boxes

Contents -- Series 10: Capitol School of Photography: The series Capitol School of Photography consists of paper documents, photographs, and transparencies. The materials are arranged in chronological order and document the administration of the Capitol School of Photography and the students. The subjects represented are administrative documents, student files, photographs by students, photographs of students and the space used for the School, and transparencies of the same subjects.
Series 11: Washington Stock:
Dates -- 1981-1994

Extent -- 2 boxes

Contents -- Series 11: Washington Stock: The series Washington Stock consists of order materials, orders, and published materials. The materials are arranged chronologically and document the orders placed for Washington Stock and how the materials were used and published. The subjects represented are orders, standard forms used by Washington Stock, and published materials.
Series 12: Background Materials and Publications:
Dates -- 1902-1995

Extent -- 18 boxes

Contents -- Series 12: Background Materials and Publications: The series Background Materials and Publications is composed of paper documents, published materials, and materials from exhibitions. The materials are arranged into four subseries: historical and background information, Scurlock images, reference materials, and exhibition materials. The materials document the Scurlocks, published Scurlock images, published materials lacking Scurlock images, exhibitions of Scurlock images, and other exhibitions of related material. The subjects represented are largely materials related to the Scurlocks' photography and personal interests. Images were placed in the subseries Scurlock images if the photograph was credited to the Scurlocks or was a photograph known to have been taken by the Scurlocks; it is possible that uncredited and less well known images taken by the Scurlocks are present in the subseries reference materials. 12.1: Historical and Background Information12.2: Scurlock Images12.3: Reference Materials12.4: Exhibition Materials
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 12 series.

This collection was processed with numerous changes in arrangement and numbering of boxes. Original box numbers have been retained in this finding aid for cross-reference purposes and to assist anyone with a record of photographs according to the original box numbers.
Biographical / Historical:
The Scurlock photographic studio was a fixture in the Shaw area of Washington, D.C. from 1911 to 1994, and encompassed two generations of photographers, Addison N. Scurlock (1883-1964) and his sons George H. (1920- 2005) and Robert S. (1916-1994).

The turn of the twentieth century saw a mass exodus of African Americans from the South to northern cities in search of better employment opportunities and fairer racial treatment. Although many considered Washington to be the northern-most southern city, it still offered opportunities for African Americans leaving seasonal agricultural work and racial oppression in the South. In Washington, African Americans found stable employment with the U.S. government. In addition, Howard University offered African Americans teaching opportunities, college education, and professional training as doctors, dentists, nurses, lawyers, and ministers. By 1900 a substantial African-American middle class existed in Washington. Despite the fact that Washington was a historically and legally segregated city (and would remain so into the 1960s), this middle class population continued to grow and prosper.

After graduation from high school, Addison Scurlock moved from Fayetteville, North Carolina, to Washington, D.C., with his family in 1900. With a keen interest in photography, he sought out an apprenticeship at the white-owned Moses Rice Studio on Pennsylvania Avenue. The Rice brothers (Amos and Moses) had been in Washington working as photographers since the 1860s and had one of the more prominent and better studios in the city. There Addison learned portrait and general photography. In 1904, he left Rice and began his photographic career at his parents' home. By 1911, when he opened the Scurlock Studio, he had already captured the likeness of Booker T. Washington (1910; see Appendix B), most likely his most well-known portrait. Scurlock quickly identified his market: a self-sufficient African-American community which included students, graduates, and educators affiliated with Howard University; poets; writers; intellectuals; musicians and entertainers; politicians; socialites; fraternal and religious organizations and their leaders. The Scurlock Studio, located at 900 U Street, N.W., became a fixture in the midst of the thriving African-American business community. As with his white counterparts on Pennsylvania Avenue and F Street, N.W., Addison Scurlock inspired passers-by with window displays of his photographs of national leaders and local personalities.

During the 1930s, Addison Scurlock's two sons Robert and George apprenticed in the studio. In addition to portrait and general photography, the sons learned the techniques of retouching negatives and photographic prints, hand-coloring, hand-tinting, and mat decoration. George concentrated on the commercial side of the business while Robert concentrated on the portrait side. The Scurlocks' work changed with the times. From the early 1900s until Addison's death in 1964, the Scurlock Studio was the official photographer of Howard University. In the 1930s the studio began a press service and prepared newsreels on African American current events for the Lichtman Theater chain, which offered some of the few non-segregated venues in the city. Their press service supplied the African-American press with newsworthy photographs of current events, personalities, and social, political, and religious life. Clients included the Norfolk Journal and Guide, Amsterdam News, Pittsburgh Courier, Cleveland Call and Post and the Washington Tribune and Afro-American. George and Robert ran the Capitol School of Photography from 1948 to 1952. Included among their students were African-American veterans under the G.I. Bill, Ellsworth Davis, who later worked as a Washington Post photographer and Bernie Boston of the Los Angeles Times. Perhaps their best-known student was the young Jacqueline Bouvier.

In 1952 Robert opened Washington's first custom color lab. Capitalizing on his knowledge of color processing, Robert was asked to take color portraits of both noted and ordinary individuals. In addition, the studio offered color views of important Washington landmarks and monuments. By the 1960s, Robert added magazine photography to his list of talents, publishing images in Life, Look, and Ebony. Robert continued photographing Washingtonians at his studio until his death in 1994.

According to George Scurlock, the Scurlock studio never had substantial competition in the African American community. Some Washington residents remember it differently, however. Dr. Theodore Hudson, a retired Howard University professor, recalled two other black photographers: Sam Courtney and a man named Sorrell. He said Courtney photographed events in the African American community...?

The collection represents the most comprehensive record of any long-lived, let alone African-American, photography studio, in a public institution. Other twentieth century studio collections exist, such as Robinson Studio, Grand Rapids; Hughes Company, Baltimore, Md. Among African American studio collections in public institutions are James Van Der Zee (New York City, 1912-80s), P.H. Polk (Tuskegee), and the Hooks Brothers (Memphis, Tenn., 1910-1975). The Scurlock Collection covers a greater time period and provides greater depth of coverage of African-American events and personages.

A number of articles have been written about the Scurlock family. Jane Freundel Levey, editor of Washington History magazine, believes that the family went beyond the artful use of light, shadow, and composition. She wrote, "Perhaps the most distinctive hallmark of the Scurlock photograph is the dignity, the uplifting quality of the demeanor of every person captured by photographs who clearly saw each subject as above the ordinary."

Constance McLaughlin Green, one of the leading historians of Washington, D.C., talks about African-American Washington as "the Secret City," a separate world with institutions of its own that remained virtually unknown to the white majority. Addison Scurlock and his sons captured that world on film and in doing so, documented that world in the course of running his business and perfecting his art. Steven C. Newsome, director of the Maryland Commission on Afro-American History and Culture stated that The Scurlocks' photograph "Gave us connections. They tell stories. They let us remember."

The collection includes photographs of the nationally famous Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Mary McLeod Bethune, Mary Church Terrell, Marian Anderson; the locally or regionally important: P.B.S. Pinchback, Judge Miflin Gibbs, Col. Jim Lewis, Ernest Just, Anna J. Cooper; and actors, artists, vaudevillians, and musicians such as Fredi Washington, Madame Lilian Evanti, Oakley & Oakley, and Duke Ellington.

Sources

George Scurlock. Interview conducted by David Haberstich and intern Lora Koehler at Mr. Scurlock's apartment, Aug. 2003.

Theodore Hudson, conversation with David Haberstich in the Archives Center, 2 February 2004.

Jane Freundel Levey, "The Scurlock Studio," Washington History, 1989, p. 44.

Robert S. Scurlock, "An Appreciation of Addison N. Scurlock's Photographic Achievements," The Historic Photographs of Addison N. Scurlock. Washington, D.C.: The Charles Sumner School Museum and Archives, 1986 (exhibition catalog).
Materials at Other Organizations:
The Historical Society of Washington, D.C. holds Scurlock-related materials.
Materials in the National Museum of American History:
Cameras and other photographic apparatus, studio furniture, and miscellaneous ephemera from the Scurlock studio are in the History of Photography Collection. An adding machine from the studio is in the Museum's mathematics collection. See accessions 1997.0293 and 2010.0157.
Provenance:
The Museum purchased the Scurlock Studio Records from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, through Judge Marjorie Lawson in 1997. During the period of negotiation between the museum and Robert Scurlock's heirs, his widow Vivian and brother George, the collection was on loan to the Museum and was housed primarily in a closed exhibition area on the second floor. Staff of the Archives Center took physical possession of the collection long before the transfer to the Museum was final. The studio records and photographs were housed principally in the 18th Street studio and in two rental storage facilities. The primary move of the collection to the Museum occurred in September 1995. An additional pickup occurred on February 12, 1996 (on tags). There was probably one additional pickup from the studio by David Haberstich and Caleb Fey on an unrecorded date.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Series 8: Business Records, Subseries 8.1: Studio Session Registers are restricted. Digital copies available for research. See repository for details.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Portraits -- 20th century  Search this
Politicians -- 20th century  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Commercial photography -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C)  Search this
Photography -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
African Americans -- History -- 20th century  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Dye transfer process
Studio portraits
Matrices, color separation
Photographs -- 20th century
Color separation negatives
Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution