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W. Atlee Burpee & Company records - Accretion 1, Part 1

Creator:
W. Atlee Burpee & Co.  Search this
Burpee, W. Atlee (Washington Atlee), 1858-1915  Search this
Burpee, David  Search this
Wm. Henry Maule (Firm)  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Trade catalogs
Date:
1882-1980
bulk 1890-1930
Summary:
The W. Atlee Burpee & Company records - Accretion 1, dated circa 1882-1980, document the firm's business activities developing plant varieties and marketing and selling seeds. They include seed trial records, administrative files, seed catalogs, promotional and instructional materials, awards, reference materials, and other items relating to the company and some of its competitors.
Scope and Contents:
This accretion to the W. Atlee Burpee & Co. records documents aspects of the W. Atlee Burpee & Co., a mail-order seed company based in Philadelphia that was founded in 1876 by W. Atlee Burpee. It includes seed trial records; administrative and personnel records; trade literature (published by both the Burpee company and a few of its competitors); awards and certificates received by the company; and a few personal papers of David Burpee, W. Atlee's son and business successor.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into four series:

Series 1: Plant/Farm Related Material

Series 2: Business Records

Series 3: Awards and Certificates

Series 4: Burpee Family Papers
Biographical / Historical:
Washington Atlee Burpee (1858-1915) began a mail-order poultry and livestock business in 1876 in Philadelphia, which he soon expanded to include corn seed for chicken feed. In 1878, he founded W. Atlee Burpee & Co. to sell livestock and vegetable, fruit, and flower seeds through the mail. His company went on to become one of the most notable seed distributors in the world.

In 1888, W. Atlee bought a tract of land named Fordhook Farms in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. It was initially established as an experimental farm to test and evaluate new varieties of vegetables and flowers and to produce seeds for the mail-order market. Burpee spent many summers traveling throughout the United States and Europe visiting farms and searching for the best flowers and vegetables. Certain plants he found were shipped back to the firm for testing and propagation; other seeds were obtained through contracts with growers throughout the U.S., a practice common in the seed industry at that time. Promising varieties were bred with healthier specimens to produce hardier hybrids that were more resistant to disease. Other Burpee trial grounds were later established at Sunnybrook Farm near Swedesboro, New Jersey, and at Floradale Farm in Lompoc, California (1909/1910). The company went on to purchase more land for farming in California, and established sales branch headquarters in Sanford, Florida (c. 1930s), Clinton, Iowa (1942), and Riverside, California (1949).

W. Atlee Burpee married Blanche Simons (1863-1948) in 1892. They had three sons: David (1893-1980); W. Atlee Jr. ("Junior") (1894-1966); and Stuart Alexander (1901-1934). Both David and Junior attended the Blight School in Philadelphia for elementary school and Culver Military Academy in Culver, Indiana for preparatory school. While they both attended Cornell University as undergraduates, they left before graduating due to W. Atlee's poor health. Junior married Jeanetta Lee (1893-1981) in November 1916, and they had two children: W. Atlee III (1917-1971) and Jeanette (1919-2002). David married Lois Torrance (1912-1984) in 1938, and they had two children: Johnathan (b. 1941) and Blanche (b. 1943). Stuart Alexander was apparently born with a disability; according to census records he worked on farms during his lifetime.

David Burpee took over the family business upon his father's death in 1915; Junior served as treasurer of the firm once he returned from military service. At that time, the Burpee company had 300 employees and was the largest mail-order seed company in the world. It distributed over one million catalogs a year and received on average 10,000 orders a day. Under David's tutelage, the company adapted to contemporaneous shifts in business and advertising methods, advancements in plant science, ever-changing consumer demands, and two World Wars. In response to food shortages experienced during World War I, the Burpee company helped promote a "war gardens" campaign that evolved into a "victory gardens" campaign during World War II.

Both W. Atlee and David used their position as head of a major seed house to lobby congressional debates in regard to two topics: postage rates (W. Atlee) and the designation of a national floral emblem for the United States (David). Additionally, both men belonged to the Union Club of Philadelphia and The Canadian Society of Philadelphia (which W. Atlee helped found), and served on the boards of directors for hospitals and other charitable organizations. Both father and son were politically aligned with the Republican Party.

The firm reorganized its governing structure in 1917 at which time it changed its name from W. Atlee Burpee & Co. to W. Atlee Burpee Co. Burpee's acquired three seed companies between 1878 and 1970: Luther Burbank Seed Company, James Vick's Seeds, Inc., and the William Henry Maule Company. David Burpee sold the company to the General Foods Corporation in 1970 and served as a consultant for the business until 1973. The Burpee brand was bought by its current owner, George J. Ball, Inc., in 1991.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Seed industry and trade  Search this
Mail-order business  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Business  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Horticulture  Search this
advertising  Search this
Vegetables  Search this
Flowers  Search this
Trial gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Trade catalogs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, W. Atlee Burpee & Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.BUR1
See more items in:
W. Atlee Burpee & Company records - Accretion 1, Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-bur1

Summer School for the National Zoo's Lion Cubs

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-08-04T19:27:30.000Z
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
Youtube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_5JCFd-2pstc

#BaoBaoBday: What is a Zhuazhou?

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-08-23T19:08:37.000Z
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_5lgpqvoicbI

Smithsonian's National Zoo: Giant Panda Bao Bao's First Birthday with Zhuazhou Ceremony

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-08-29T16:23:07.000Z
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_D0zzSVaB3TE

Artist Michael Vasquez in "Staging the Self" - National Portrait Gallery

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-11-24T20:26:06.000Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_FfAIo5lDoAU

WADE KING ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

Creator:
National Museum of African Art  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-05-18T19:46:29.000Z
Topic:
Art, African  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAfricanAr
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAfricanAr
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_bj5jhJi6vEs

The First Moonwalk Fits on a Baseball Field

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-07-03T13:14:04.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Film & Animation  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_3zRqN2-Q0EQ

"Michael Row the Boat Ashore" by Ella Jenkins and Friends

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-07-20T12:00:01.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Film & Animation  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_P-MSCXTqZXI

In the Studio: 'Camp Songs with Ella Jenkins and Friends'

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-23T12:00:03.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Film & Animation  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_T31TQJa8GAA

"She Can" STEM Camp Takes Off

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-08-17T18:31:57.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_avZ1ktQsB0o

US Army Air Corps Avigation Training

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2013-04-01T21:49:49.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_fdxGXQ8vmmY

“Sipping Cider Through A Straw” by Ella Jenkins and Friends

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-07-07T12:00:08.000Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
Film & Animation  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_hgH4UGTzZNY

Crowdsourcing Project Aims to Document the Many U.S. Places Where Women Have Made History

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 30 Mar 2020 17:39:54 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b7521d8fd7093b01b8e35e2c627dd8ba

Oral history interview with Paula Colton Winokur, 2011 July 21-22

Interviewee:
Winokur, Paula Colton, 1935-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
De Staebler, Stephen  Search this
Simon, Sandy  Search this
Shores, Ken  Search this
Leon, Dennis  Search this
Bobrowicz, Yvonne  Search this
Natzler, Gertrud  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen  Search this
Mestre, Enrique  Search this
Winokur, Robert  Search this
Minter, Myrna  Search this
Moran, Lois  Search this
Ólafur Elíasson  Search this
Staffel, Rudolf  Search this
Nesbitt, Lowell  Search this
Natzler, Otto  Search this
Randall, Theodore  Search this
Love, Arlene  Search this
Blai, Boris  Search this
Schiffer, Rose Charlotte  Search this
Schulman, Norman  Search this
Notkin, Richard T.  Search this
Ferguson, Ken  Search this
McKinnell, James  Search this
Vavrek, Ken  Search this
Takaezu, Toshiko  Search this
Long, Richard  Search this
Higby, Wayne  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Serra, Richard  Search this
Heizer, Michael  Search this
Marks, Graham  Search this
Sedestrom, Carol  Search this
Cushing, Val M.  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Helen Drutt Gallery  Search this
Graphic Sketch Club (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Tyler School of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Temple University  Search this
Beaver College  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Ceramics  Search this
Ceramicists  Search this
Painting  Search this
Mesa Verde (Calif.)  Search this
Art  Search this
Stonehenge (England)  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Iceland  Search this
Rocky Mountains  Search this
Hungary  Search this
Alaska  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15988
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)305477
AAA_collcode_winoku11
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_305477
Online Media:

Oral history interview with V. V. Rankine, 1990 Mar. 2-22

Interviewee:
Rankine, V. V., 1920-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Kirwin, Liza, 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Duncan, Augustin  Search this
Pace, Stephen S.  Search this
Halle, Kay  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Richman, Robert  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Renault, Jean  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Ozenfant, Amédée  Search this
Penn, Arthur  Search this
Krasner, Lee  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Sheridan, Walt  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster),  Search this
Denney, Alice  Search this
Leopold, Richard  Search this
Nelson, Wretha  Search this
Graham, John D. (John Dabrowsky)  Search this
Thomas, Dylan  Search this
Russo, Alexander  Search this
Sherman, Saul  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Magruder, Esther  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Dorrance, Nesta  Search this
Callahan, Harry M. (Harry Morey)  Search this
Newman, Bonnie  Search this
Gabo, Naum  Search this
Yektai, Manoucher  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Kinney, Gilbert H.  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth  Search this
Gorky, Agnes  Search this
Bernstein, Morris Louis  Search this
Kiesler, Friedrich  Search this
Dean, Anne  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Helburn, Theresa  Search this
Kennedy, Kit  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Davis, Gene  Search this
Sweeney, James Johnson  Search this
Hare, David  Search this
Merrill, Kevin  Search this
Bader, Franz  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram  Search this
Gilliam, Sam  Search this
Downing, Thomas  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Youngerman, Jack  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Cunningham, Merce  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Arts (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Jefferson Place Gallery  Search this
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
David Herbert Gallery  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12937
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213467
AAA_collcode_rankin90
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213467
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ellen Lanyon, 1975 Dec. 5

Interviewee:
Lanyon, Ellen, 1926-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Crawford, James, 1944-  Search this
Subject:
Buehr, George Frederick  Search this
Berdich, Vera  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio  Search this
Hoff, Margo  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Ginzel, Roland  Search this
Grooms, Charles  Search this
Watson, Dudley Crafts  Search this
Abercrombie, Gertrude  Search this
Rupprecht, Edgar A.  Search this
Carleback, Julius  Search this
Schniewind, Carl Oscar  Search this
Blackshear, Kathleen  Search this
Ox-Bow Summer School of Painting  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11523
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214174
AAA_collcode_lanyon75
Theme:
Women
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214174

Oral history interview with Helen Marjorie Windust Halper, 1994 Sept. 27

Interviewee:
Halper, Helen Marjorie Windust, 1908-1996  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Halper, Nathan  Search this
Benton, Tom  Search this
Malicoat, Philip Cecil  Search this
Vytlacil, Vaclav  Search this
Waugh, Frederick Judd  Search this
Bohm, Max  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
H.C. Gallery (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
H.C.E. Gallery (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12789
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215760
AAA_collcode_halper94
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215760
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Robert Noel Blair, 1994 November 30-1995 August 27

Interviewee:
Blair, Robert N. (Robert Noel), 1912-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Birchfield, Charles  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Albright Art School (Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Arts Institute of Buffalo  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12605
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215790
AAA_collcode_blair94
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215790
Online Media:

Oral History interview with Miyoko Ito, 1978 July 20

Interviewee:
Ito, Miyoko, 1918-1983  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis, 1947-  Search this
Subject:
Loran, Erle  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Haley, John Charles  Search this
Berdich, Vera  Search this
Mitchell, Joan  Search this
Lanyon, Ellen  Search this
Venturi, Lionello  Search this
Weisz, László  Search this
Edmondson, Leonard  Search this
Kahn, Max  Search this
Baum, Don  Search this
Ryder, Worth  Search this
Johnston, Ynez  Search this
Chapin, Francis  Search this
Cohen, George  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Ox-Bow Summer School of Painting  Search this
Smith College  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Asian American women artists  Search this
Japanese Americans  Search this
Japanese American painting  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11656
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216579
AAA_collcode_ito78
Theme:
Asian American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216579
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Harvey K. Littleton, 2001 March 15

Interviewee:
Littleton, Harvey K., 1922-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Byrd, Joan Falconer, 1939-  Search this
Subject:
Marioni, Dante  Search this
Fredericks, Marshall M.  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Braden, Norah  Search this
Eisch, Erwin  Search this
Turner, Robert Chapman  Search this
Hamada, Sh?ji  Search this
Dreisbach, Fritz  Search this
Brown, William J. (William Joseph)  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Midwest Designer-Craftsmen  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts  Search this
Penland School of Handicrafts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Renwick Gallery  Search this
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)  Search this
Corning Glass Works  Search this
American Craft Council  Search this
Ann Arbor Potters Guild  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Pilchuck School  Search this
University of Michigan  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass artists  Search this
Potters  Search this
Prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11795
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)226975
AAA_collcode_little01
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_226975
Online Media:

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