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Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection

Topic:
Landscape architecture
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
44.5 Cubic feet (4,317 glass negatives. 363 film negatives. 182 glass lantern slides. 12 photograph albums. 56 plans and drawings. 3 monographs. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Date:
1899-1964
Summary:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and 3 monographs by or about Sears.
Scope and Contents note:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and monographs by or about Sears. Several of the glass lantern slides are duplicates of glass plate negatives in the collection. They apparently were chosen by Sears to illustrate some of his best design work, perhaps for lecture or client purposes.

In addition, there are 56 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. They range in date from 1917 to 1937 and from 1955 to 1964. Sears photographed some of his early plans; they are included in with the photographic images. Sears also photographed a handful of design plans by landscape architect Sibley Coslett Smith who practiced in Providence, Rhode Island; Sears and Smith shared the same business address there.

The Thomas Warren Sears Collection does not fully document the extent of Sears' design work. The use of glass plate negatives—which make up the bulk of the Thomas Warren Sears Collection—as a photography medium waned sometime during the first quarter of the twentieth century. As a result, the images in the Sears Collection capture examples of Sears' early to mid-career design work but they do not include jobs designed by Sears during the latter half of his design career.
Arrangement note:
The glass plate negatives were originally housed in numerous cardboard boxes manufactured for the sale of undeveloped glass plate negatives. Sears annotated the outside of the boxes with project or client names and/or locations, but the contents do not always match these labels. In addition, because very few of the glass plate negatives and lantern slides were labeled or captioned, it is not always evident where one job ended and another began if multiple projects were stored in the same carton. As a result, there are many instances in the Sears Collection where images have been inadvertently mislabeled because their identification is not apparent. Misidentified images are subject to correction as their proper identification is discovered. Each project has been assigned its own unique AAG job number based on its geographic origin. Those groups of images that have not been identified as to their location have been assigned a project number starting with 'SRS.' The collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Photographic images (including glass plate negatives, film negatives, glass lantern slides, and photograph albums) 2) Plans and Drawings 3) Monographs
Biographical/Historical note:
Thomas Warren Sears was born in 1880 in Brookline, Massachusetts. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard University in 1903 and Bachelor of Science degree in landscape architecture from the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard in 1906. Sears was an amateur photographer who won awards for his photography while at Harvard. In 1915 his images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England. After graduation he worked for the firm of Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects for two years and then briefly practiced in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1913, Sears established a landscape design office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he spent the remainder of his professional career. Sears at one point was in a professional partnership; some of his design plans list the firm name of Sears and Wendell. He was made a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects in 1921.

Sears designed many different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments. His designs were primarily located in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. Just a few of his private landscapes include Marengo in Easton, Maryland; Sunnybrook, the Isaac H. Clothier, Jr. estate in Radnor, Pennsylvania; and Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland. In 1915, Sears started work on Reynolda, a country estate in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. He generated design plans for the property intermittently over the next two decades. Reynolda's formal gardens, greenhouses, and acres of fields and woodlands subsequently became part of Wake Forest University.

During World War I, Sears designed Army camps in Battle Creek, Michigan and Spartanburg, South Carolina. He also helped lay out Langley Field, at that time an experimental aviation field in Hampton Roads, Virginia. In the 1940s, Sears designed the amphitheater at Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania for concerts, outdoor performances, and other special events. During that decade he also worked on Colonial Revival gardens at Pennsbury, William Penn's country estate in Bucks County, Pennsylvania located by the Delaware River. Sears retired in 1964 and died in 1966.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Project (PAB), administered by The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, includes references to design projects by Sears.

Harvard University's Loeb Library includes a number of images by Sears, some of them documenting gardens that he designed.

Harvard University's Fine Arts Library, Special Collections includes a collection of photographs and negatives of English parish churches by Sears, c. 1908. Some of the images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England.

The Reynolda House Museum of American Art in Winston-Salem, North Carolina includes plans by Sears of Reynolda in its Estate Archives.
Provenance:
Gift of Eleanor Sears Tibbetts, Sears' daughter, to the Horticulture Services Division (later Smithsonian Gardens) in 1992.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Landscape architects  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Switzerland  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Germany  Search this
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-srs
Online Media:

Records of the Field Offices of the Freedmen's Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1872–1878

Extent:
58 Reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1872–1878
Summary:
This collection is comprised of digital surrogates previously available on the 58 rolls of microfilm described in NARA publication M2029. These digital surrogates reproduced the field office records of the Freedmen's Branch in the Office of the Adjutant General, 1872–1878. These records consist of bound volumes and unbound records, including letters sent, letters received, registers of letters received, and registers of claims.
Records Description:
These records consist of volumes and unbound records. All of the volumes of the Freedmen's Branch were at one time arbitrarily assigned numbers by the Adjutant General's Office (AGO) after the records came into its custody. In the table of contents that follows, AGO numbers are shown in parentheses to aid in identifying the volumes. In some volumes, particularly in indexes and alphabetical headings of registers, there may be blank numbered pages that have not been filmed. It appears that about 40 volumes of Freedmen's Branch records listed by a clerk in the Adjutant General's Office in 1906 were not transferred to the National Archives; however the other Freedmen's Branch records are intact.

The records of field disbursing offices operating under thee Freedmen's Branch consist of the following series: letters sent, letters received, registers of letters received, and registers of claims. These records span various periods within the years 1872–78. The records are ordered by field office just as they were arranged when transferred by the Office of the Adjutant General to the National Archives as follows: Charleston, SC; Columbia, SC (see Charleston); Fort Johnston, NC; Louisville, KY; Fort Macon, NC; Fort Leavenworth, KS; Fort Monroe, VA; Memphis, TN; Nashville, TN; Natchez, MS; New Orleans, LA; St. Louis, MO; Savannah, GA; and Vicksburg, MS.
Historical Note:
[The following is reproduced from the original NARA descriptive pamphlet for M2029.]

HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION

The Freedmen's Branch was established in the office of the Adjutant General in June 1872. It assumed and continued the unfinished business of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (the Freedmen's Bureau), which was ended by an act of June 10, 1872 (17 Stat. 366), effective June 30, 1872.

The Freedmen's Bureau was established in the War Department by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 507). The life of the Bureau was extended twice by acts of July 16, 1866 (14 Stat. 173), and July 6, 1868 (15 Stat. 83). Under the direction of Commissioner Oliver Otis Howard, it was responsible for the supervision and management of all matters relating to refugees and freedmen, and of lands abandoned or seized during the Civil War. While a major part of the Bureau's early activities involved the supervision of abandoned and confiscated property, its mission was to provide relief and help freedmen become self–sufficient. Bureau officials issued rations and clothing, operated hospitals and refugee camps, and supervised labor contracts. In addition, the Bureau managed apprenticeship disputes and complaints, assisted benevolent societies in the establishment of schools, helped freedmen in legalizing marriages entered into during slavery, and provided transportation to refugees and freedmen who were attempting to reunite with their families or relocate to other parts of the country. The Bureau also helped black soldiers, sailors, and their heirs collect bounty claims, pensions, and back pay.

An act of Congress approved July 25, 1868 (15 Stat. 193), ordered the Bureau to withdraw from the states in which it operated and to discontinue its work. Consequently, in early 1869, with the exception of the superintendents of education and the claims agents, the Assistant Commissioners and their subordinate officers ended their field office activities. For the next year and a half, the Bureau continued to pursue its education work and to process claims. In the summer of 1870, the state superintendents of education ceased to operate in the states, and the headquarters staff was greatly reduced. With the closing of the Bureau on June 30, 1872, its records and remaining functions, which consisted almost exclusively of the disposition of military–related claims, were then transferred to the Freedmen's Branch in the War Department's Office of the Adjutant General.

When Assistant Adjutant General Thomas Vincent assumed office as head of the Freedmen's Branch on June 27, 1872, his charge was to supervise the transfer of the records of the unfinished business of the Freedmen's Bureau and to "look to the arrangement of the records and distribution of the duties, so that there will be the least delay in the future transaction of the business, with the view of completing and closing it." When the records of the Freedmen's Bureau began to arrive at his office, however, Vincent found them "in a state of much confusion." The records for several states and divisions were intermixed with others; some records were missing and presumed kept by Assistant Commissioner and local agents; many transactions relating to claims were never recorded, making it difficult to determine who had been paid; and there were a deficit in the amount of moneys due the some 4,858 unpaid claims and the amount transferred by the Freedmen's Bureau. These and other factors contributed to numerous complaints, accusations of fraud and embezzlement, and delays in the Freedmen's Branch's attempt to prepare and pay claims.1

Vincent established his headquarters and a chief disbursement office in Washington, DC. Capt. James McMillian served as the chief disbursing officer of the Freedmen's Branch from July 1872 to July 1877, until he was succeeded by Capt. G. G. Hunt, who served from July 1877 to February 1879. Field disbursing offices were established at Louisville, Kentucky; St. Louis; Missouri; Nashville and Memphis, Tennessee; Vicksburg and Natchez, Mississippi; and New Orleans, Louisiana. Payments to claimants in Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia were made through the Washington office; in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and states where slavery had not existed, disbursing officers were temporarily assigned.

The effort to organize, arrange, and make sense of the Freedmen's Bureau's records took the Freedmen's Branch almost a year and a half. Nevertheless, in accordance with Joint Resolution Number 25, approved Mach 29, 1867, which had governed the payment of black veterans' claims by the Freedmen's Bureau, the Freedmen's Branch received, acted upon, and paid claims of black soldiers, sailors, and marines and their heirs for bounty, pension, arrears of pay, commutation of rations, and prize money. Under the provisions of the resolution, the chief disbursement officer received all checks and certificates relating to the settlement of blacks soldiers' claims, and was responsible for paying claimants in the Washington, DC, area and for the accounting and disbursements of funds to the field disbursing officers located in the Border and former Confederate States. The Washington office also paid attorneys' fees and expenses, and after satisfactory identification, the balance of the claim was paid to individual claimants, heirs or representatives. To protect black claimants from fraud and "imposition," claimants were to receive payment in currency rather than checks or drafts. The transfer or assignment of power off attorney for the balance of a claim ("or any part thereof") was not allowed. The resolution made clear that it was the duty of the Freedmen's Branch and its officers "to facilitate as far as possible the discovery, identification, and payment of claimants."2

In December 1874, the Secretary of War reported that as of July 1872, the Freedmen's Branch had paid military claims amounting to more than $1 million. He also reported that, to meet the needs of claimants in Kansas and the northwestern areas of Missouri, a field office was opened at Fort Leavenworth. The disbursing office that had been established at Nashville in 1873 was consolidated with the Memphis, TN office and the office at Fort Macon, NC and Columbia, SC, were discontinued. One of the offices at New Orleans, LA, was consolidated with that at Vicksburg, MS. While the Secretary of War reported that payments of claims by means of postal orders were alleviating delays in remote areas, Freedmen's Branch officials still found it difficult to process unpaid bounty and pension claims transferred by the Freedmen's Bureau. In many of these claims, individuals had moved from their former residences and could not be located. Some had died, leaving no representative; others for one reason or another failed to apply for payments.3

By mid–fall 1875, the disbursing office established at Fort Leavenworth, KS was consolidated with that in St. Louis, MO. Because of increasing demand for services, the office at Nashville was reopened. The offices at Fort Monroe, VA and Charleston, SC were permanent closed. During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1875, the Freedmen's Branch received more than 13,000 correspondences relating to the military claims of black veterans. Disbursing officers settled more than 3,700 of these claims, at a cost of nearly $390,000. Also, through the "diligent effort" of disbursing officers, the settlement of unpaid claims had increased, although allocating some claimants still remains a problem. To protect the interests of both the Federal Government and claimants, disbursing officers worked "vigorously" to investigate contested and fraudulent claims, which had increasingly become an important part of their duties. The Freedmen's Branch also continued to pursue matters relating to embezzlement.4

By October 1876, payment of military claims had fallen off dramatically. The number of claims paid during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1876, and July and August 1876, totaled less than 2,500. Most claimants who remained unpaid lived in remote locations thus making payment extremely difficult. Also, some claimants had changed their place of residence after filing claims. The periodic reduction of disbursing offices and clerical staff also greatly impacted the settlement process. The offices at St. Louis, MO and Nashville, TN were permanently closed. The disbursing responsibilities formerly assigned at Natchez and Vicksburg, MS were moved to the New Orleans, LA; Memphis, TN; Louisville, KY and the chief disbursing office at Washington, DC. Nonetheless, the Freedmen's Branch continued to settle unpaid claims, address complaints, institute measures to combat fraud, and when necessary, worked to rearrange records that had been transferred by the Freedmen's Bureau.5

In accordance with an act of December 15, 1877 (20 Stat. 11), the work of the Freedmen's Branch had to be completed by January 1, 1879. If not, the Freedmen's Branch would be closed and all of its papers would be turned over the Paymaster General. However, when the Freedmen's Branch was finally closed on June 30, 1879, its work relating to the claims of black veterans was assigned to the Colored Troops Division in the Office of the Adjutant General.

ENDNOTES

1 House Ex. Doc. 109, 42nd Cong., 3rd Sess., Serial Vol. 1566, pp. 1 – 4; see also George R. Bentley, A History of the Freedmen's Bureau (New York: Octagon Books, 1974), pp. 212 – 213.

2 House Ex. Doc. 109, Serial Vol. 1566, pp. 6 – 7.

3 House Ex. Doc. No. 59, 43rd Cong., 2nd Sess., Serial Vol. 1645, pp. 1 – 2.

4. See Annual Report of the Adjutant General on the Operations of the Freedmen's Branch, October 9, 1875, pp. 1 – 14, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Record Group (RG) 105, National Archives Building (NAB), Washington, DC.

5 See Annual Report of the Adjutant–General on the Operations of the Freedmen's Branch, October 10, 1876, pp. 1 – 7, RG 105, NAB.
Freedmen's Bureau Personnel in Office of the Adjutant General:
This list provides the names and dates of service of known Adjutant General's Office personnel at selected field offices of the Freedmen's Branch. Additional information regarding persons assigned to various field offices might be found among the Freedmen's Branch's Washington Office Register of Employees, July 1872–June 1879.

CHARLESTON, SC

Dec. 1872–Jan. 1874 -- Disbursing Officer J. H. Counselman

Jan.–June 1874 and July 1874–Apr. 1875 -- Disbursing Officer J. K. Hyer, at Columbia (See Savannah, GA)

FORT JOHNSTON, NC

June 1872–May 1874 -- Disbursing Officer W. S. Starring

LOUISVILLE, KY

Oct. 1872–June 1876 -- Disbursing Officer A. P. Howe

June 1876–July 1878 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. H. S. Hawkins

FORT MACON, NC

Dec. 1872–Apr.1874 -- Disbursing Officer Edgar Dudley

FORT LEAVENWORTH, KS

Jan.–Mar. 1874 -- Disbursing Officer Quentin Campbell

Mar. 1874–May 1875 -- Disbursing Officer Capt. D. H. Brotherton

FORT MONROE, VA

Dec. 1872–Apr. 1875 -- Disbursing Officer James Curry

MEMPHIS, TN

Sept. 1872–June 1876 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. George Gibson

July 1876–June 1877 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. G. G. Hunt

NASHVILLE, TN

Sept. 1872–June 1874 -- Disbursing Officer R. G. LaMotte

June 1874–Apr. 1875 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. George Gibson

Apr. 1875–July 1876 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. H. S. Hawkins

NATCHEZ, MS

Oct. 1872–June 1874 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. G. G. Hunt (also, New Orleans, LA)

June 1874–June 1876 -- Disbursing Officer Maj. G. G. Hunt, at Vicksburg (also, New Orleans, LA)

NEW ORLEANS, LA

Sept. 1872–July 1878 -- Disbursing Officer A. K. Arnold

ST. LOUIS, MO

Sept. 1872–June 1876 -- Disbursing Officer P. T. Swain

SAVANNAH, GA

Nov. 1872–June 1874 -- Disbursing Officer J. W. Dillenback

July–Nov. 1874 -- Disbursing Officer J. W. Dillenback, at Charleston, SC

Nov. 1874–Apr.1875 -- Disbursing Officer E. H. Totten, at Charleston, SC

VICKSBURG, MS

Sept. 1872–Apr.1873 -- Disbursing Officer E. F. Townsend

Apr.1873–June 1874 -- Disbursing Officer Th. Anderson

June 1874–June 1876 -- Disbursing Officer (See Natchez, MS)
Related Materials:
See also Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection
Provenance:
Acquired from FamilySearch International in 2015.
Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Topic:
American South  Search this
Freedmen's Bureau  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. history, 1865-1877  Search this
Slaves -- Emancipation  Search this
Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M2029
See more items in:
Records of the Field Offices of the Freedmen's Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1872–1878
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-fb-m2029

Oral history interview with John Stephan, 1986 May 20-1987 May 7

Interviewee:
Stephan, John Walter, 1906-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Wilhelm, Jerry  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Goossen, E. C.  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Ernst, Max  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Sebartes, Jaime  Search this
Breinin, Raymond  Search this
Weisenborn, Rudolph  Search this
Jones, Jack  Search this
Bulliet, C. J. (Clarence Joseph)  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell  Search this
Denby, Bill  Search this
Ott, Peterpaul  Search this
Echaurren, Roberto Matta  Search this
Knopf, Alfred  Search this
Flaherty, Robert Joseph  Search this
Stephan, Dart  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Watson, Dudley Crafts  Search this
Miller, Edgar  Search this
Shapiro, Myra  Search this
Watson-SchÞutze, Eva  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe  Search this
Fabian, John  Search this
Cunningham, Inez  Search this
Johnson, Ben  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Praz, Mario  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold  Search this
Moran, Connie  Search this
Harrison, Caleb  Search this
de Diego, Juan  Search this
Calas, Nicolas  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Torres, Jesús  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
MacLeish, Norman  Search this
Millman, Edward  Search this
Zadkine, Ossip  Search this
Coryllis, Peter  Search this
Gendel, Milton  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso A.  Search this
Walgreen, Ruth  Search this
Robinson, Increase  Search this
Nathanson, Winn  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bennett, Rainey  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Hunter College  Search this
Fairleigh Dickinson University  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Great Depression  Search this
Painters  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Pop art  Search this
New York school of art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13067
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211902
AAA_collcode_stepha86
Theme:
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211902
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Tom Wesselmann, 1984 January 3-February 8

Interviewee:
Wesselmann, Tom, 1931-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Sandler, Irving, 1925-  Search this
Subject:
Dine, Jim  Search this
Katz, Alex  Search this
Tanager Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Collage  Search this
Painters  Search this
Collagists  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Nude in art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12439
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212174
AAA_collcode_wessel84
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212174
Online Media:

Oral history interview with George McNeil, 1968 Jan. 9-May 21

Interviewee:
McNeil, George, 1908-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Sandler, Irving, 1925-  Search this
Subject:
Marin, John  Search this
Matulka, Jan  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Carles, Mercedes  Search this
Hélion, Jean  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Kandinsky, Wassily  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Rosenborg, Ralph M.  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene)  Search this
Graham, John D. (John Dabrowsky)  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Levy, Edgar  Search this
LÔeger, Fernand  Search this
Vytlacil, Vaclav  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Manso, Leo  Search this
Morris, George L. K. (George Lovett Kingsland)  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green  Search this
Harari, Hananiah  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Dlugoszewski, Lucia  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting  Search this
Cubism  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11761
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212878
AAA_collcode_mcneil68
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212878

Oral history interview with Victor D. Spark, 1975 August 5

Interviewee:
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Knoedler, Roland F.  Search this
Karolik, Maxim  Search this
Duveen, Joseph Duveen  Search this
Duveen, Albert  Search this
Wildenstein, Felix  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
New York University  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Wildenstein Galleries  Search this
Duveen-Graham (Gallery)  Search this
United States.Marine Corps  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Depressions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13237
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213108
AAA_collcode_spark75
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213108
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Arthur Rothstein, 1964 May 25

Interviewee:
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Subject:
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
Lee, Russell Werner  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Evans, Walker  Search this
Mydans, Carl  Search this
United States.Farm Security Administration.Historical Section.Photographs  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13317
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213781
AAA_collcode_rothst64
Theme:
Photography
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213781
Online Media:

Oral history interview with George McNeil, 1965 June 3

Interviewee:
McNeil, George, 1908-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Subject:
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Levy, Edgar  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison),  Search this
Vytlacil, Vaclav  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Manso, Leo  Search this
Dlugoszewski, Lucia  Search this
Cavallon, Giorgio  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Matulka, Jan  Search this
Gorky, Arshile  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Pratt Institute.Art School  Search this
United States.Work Projects Administration  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Painters  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13160
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214125
AAA_collcode_mcneil65
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214125

Oral history interview with Ellen Lanyon, 1975 Dec. 5

Interviewee:
Lanyon, Ellen, 1926-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Crawford, James, 1944-  Search this
Subject:
Buehr, George Frederick  Search this
Grooms, Red  Search this
Berdich, Vera  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio  Search this
Hoff, Margo  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Ginzel, Roland  Search this
Watson, Dudley Crafts  Search this
Abercrombie, Gertrude  Search this
Rupprecht, Edgar A.  Search this
Carleback, Julius  Search this
Schniewind, Carl Oscar  Search this
Blackshear, Kathleen  Search this
Ox-Bow Summer School of Painting  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11523
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214174
AAA_collcode_lanyon75
Theme:
Women
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214174

Oral history interview with Richard Reinhardt, 1991 Aug. 22

Interviewee:
Reinhardt, Richard H., 1921-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Subject:
Fleming, Erik  Search this
Withers, Margret Craver  Search this
Cute, Virginia  Search this
Handy & Harman (Firm)  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art.School of Industrial Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Handicraft  Search this
Silverwork  Search this
Jewelry making  Search this
Jewelry makers  Search this
Silversmiths  Search this
Art  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12359
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214621
AAA_collcode_reinha91
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214621

Oral history interview with Robert O. Preusser, 1991 January-October

Interviewee:
Preusser, Robert O. (Robert Ormerod), 1919-1992  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
White, Minor  Search this
Davidson, Ola McNeill  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Joan Peterson Gallery  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Boris Mirski (Gallery : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Center for Advanced Visual Studies  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Newcomb College.School of Art  Search this
Art Center School (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
University of Houston  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Camouflage (Military science)  Search this
Painting  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13337
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215616
AAA_collcode_preuss91
Theme:
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215616
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mischa Richter, 1994 September 27-28

Interviewee:
Richter, Mischa, 1910-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Bloom, Hyman  Search this
Steig, William  Search this
Zimmerman, Harold K.  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Yale University.School of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
New masses  Search this
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Cartooning  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12128
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215762
AAA_collcode_richte94
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215762
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mary Fuller McChesney, 1994 Sept. 28

Interviewee:
McChesney, Mary Fuller, 1922-  Search this
Interviewer:
Landauer, Susan  Search this
Subject:
MacAgy, Douglas  Search this
Martin, Agnes Bernice  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Vicente, Esteban  Search this
Marca-Relli, Conrad  Search this
Spohn, Clay Edgar  Search this
Corbett, Edward  Search this
Smith, Hassel Wendell  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Ribak, Louis  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Mandelman, Beatrice  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Kees, Weldon  Search this
Park, David  Search this
McChesney, Robert  Search this
Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12498
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215789
AAA_collcode_mcches94
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215789
Online Media:

Oral History interview with Carlos Villa, 1995 June 20-July 10

Interviewee:
Villa, Carlos, 1936-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Neri, Manuel  Search this
Garcia, Rupert  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Hudson, Robert H.  Search this
Berman, Wallace  Search this
Brown, Joan  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer Nelson  Search this
Wiley, William T.  Search this
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc  Search this
University of California, San Francisco.School of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Asian American artists  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Filipino American artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5561
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215877
AAA_collcode_villa95
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Asian American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215877
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Frank Romero, 1997 January 17-March 2

Interviewee:
Romero, Frank, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Luján, Gilbert Sánchez  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Sheets, Millard Owen  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Mugnaini, Joseph A.  Search this
Otis Art Institute  Search this
Four (Art group)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Street art  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Painters  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216102
AAA_collcode_romero97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216102
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Tony Vevers, 1998 July 9-August 25

Interviewee:
Vevers, Tony, 1926-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Pace, Stephen S.  Search this
Zallinger, Rudolph F.  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Calcagno, Lawrence  Search this
Hartung, Hans  Search this
Vieira da Silva  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Halvorsen, Elspeth  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Lippold, Richard  Search this
Keller, Deane  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Blagden, Tom  Search this
Yale University  Search this
United States.Army  Search this
United States  Search this
City Center Gallery  Search this
Operation Pied Piper  Search this
Hans Hofmann School (New York, New York)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art, Italian  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Provincetown (Mass.)  Search this
Art, French  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Poverty  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12251
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216378
AAA_collcode_vevers98
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216378
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Harold Lehman, 1997 Mar. 28

Interviewee:
Lehman, Harold, 1913-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Polcari, Stephen  Search this
Subject:
Guston, Philip  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Stanley, George M.  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Feitelson, Lorser  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Armiduke, Merle  Search this
Serstadt, Louie  Search this
Arenal, Luis  Search this
McCoy, Stanley  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Katz, Leo  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold  Search this
de Laffiere, Jean  Search this
Kadish, Reuben  Search this
Schwankovsky, Frederick John  Search this
Maikowski, Max  Search this
Mahl, Carla  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Blanch, Arnold  Search this
Lundeberg, Helen  Search this
Horr, Axel  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Social realism  Search this
Communism  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Painters  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12894
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216498
AAA_collcode_lehman97
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216498
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Elisabeth Wildenhain, 1995 August 22

Interviewee:
Wildenhain, Elisabeth, 1919-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Wildenhain, Frans  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Fiber artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12165
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216515
AAA_collcode_wilden95
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216515
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Frank S. Okada, 1990 Aug. 16-17

Interviewee:
Okada, Frank S. (Frank Sumio), 1931-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Johns, Barbara  Search this
Subject:
Nomura, Kenjiro  Search this
Inada, Lawson Fusao  Search this
Okada, John  Search this
Derbyshire, Leon  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Dusanne, Zoe  Search this
Kusama, Yayoi  Search this
Horiuchi, Paul  Search this
Jones, Quincy  Search this
Davis, Sammy  Search this
Charles, Ray  Search this
Peck, James Edward  Search this
Tsutakawa, George  Search this
Bunce, Louis  Search this
Ivey, William  Search this
Martin, David Stone  Search this
Chin, Frank  Search this
Cornish School of Allied Arts (Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
University of Oregon  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Asian American art  Search this
Painting, Zen  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Painting, Japanese  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Chinese  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Japanese American art  Search this
Art, Japanese American influences  Search this
Japanese Americans  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11693
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216548
AAA_collcode_okada90
Theme:
Asian American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216548
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Katherine Westphal, 2002 September 3-7

Interviewee:
Westphal, Katherine, 1919-  Search this
Interviewer:
Austin, Carole  Search this
Subject:
Laky, Gyöngy  Search this
Hickman, Pat (Patricia Lynette)  Search this
Farago, Daphne  Search this
Lynn, Greg  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Karoly, Frederic  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Fiberworks, Center for the Textile Arts  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design  Search this
University of California, Davis  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Fiber artists  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Textile crafts  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11788
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)238673
AAA_collcode_westph02
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_238673

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