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Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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Online Media:

David Sarnoff

Artist:
Yousuf Karsh, 23 Dec 1908 - 13 Jul 2002  Search this
Sitter:
David Sarnoff, 27 Feb 1891 - 12 Dec 1971  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 32.9 × 26 cm (12 15/16 × 10 1/4")
Sheet: 42.5 × 45.4 cm (16 3/4 × 17 7/8")
Mount: 48.4 × 40.6 cm (19 1/16 × 16")
Mat (Karsh exhibit): 71.1 × 55.9 cm (28 × 22")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1946
Topic:
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigar  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
David Sarnoff: Male  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Radio  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Broadcast  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Media  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh
Object number:
NPG.2012.77.94
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Yousuf Karsh
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm475847382-2d2e-4e46-bb36-91892f76e1e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2012.77.94

White House: Washington - Truman

Artist:
J. B. McCoy  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836  Search this
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831  Search this
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848  Search this
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845  Search this
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862  Search this
William Henry Harrison, 9 Feb 1773 - 4 Apr 1841  Search this
John Tyler, 29 Mar 1790 - 18 Jan 1862  Search this
James Knox Polk, 2 Nov 1795 - 15 Jun 1849  Search this
Zachary Taylor, 24 Nov 1784 - 9 Jul 1850  Search this
Millard Fillmore, 7 Jan 1800 - 8 Mar 1874  Search this
Franklin Pierce, 23 Nov 1804 - 8 Oct 1869  Search this
James Buchanan, 21 Apr 1791 - 1 Jun 1868  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Andrew Johnson, 29 Dec 1808 - 31 Jul 1875  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 4 Oct 1822 - 17 Jan 1893  Search this
James Abram Garfield, 19 Nov 1831 - 19 Sep 1881  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur, 5 Oct 1829 - 18 Nov 1886  Search this
Benjamin Harrison, 20 Aug 1833 - 13 Mar 1901  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland, 18 Mar 1837 - 24 Jun 1908  Search this
William McKinley, 29 Jan 1843 - 14 Sep 1901  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 2 Nov 1865 - 2 Aug 1923  Search this
Calvin Coolidge, 4 Jul 1872 - 5 Jan 1933  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Harry S Truman, 8 May 1884 - 26 Dec 1972  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower, 14 Oct 1890 - 28 Mar 1969  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Dimensions:
235 x 113.7cm (92 1/2 x 44 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1975
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Architecture\Building\White House  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Male  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Sheriff  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Buffalo, NY  Search this
William McKinley: Male  Search this
William McKinley: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William McKinley: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
William McKinley: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William McKinley: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Male  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Male  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Male  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
James Madison: Male  Search this
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Male  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Insurance Agent  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Ohio  Search this
Harry S Truman: Male  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Harry S Truman: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Harry S Truman: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Male  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Male  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Hampshire  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New Hampshire  Search this
James Knox Polk: Male  Search this
James Knox Polk: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Male  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Male  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Administrator\College\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
John Adams: Male  Search this
John Adams: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
James Buchanan: Male  Search this
James Buchanan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Male  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Male  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Literature\Writer  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\World War II  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Male  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Male  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Textile worker\Tailor  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Male  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Male  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
James Monroe: Male  Search this
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Male  Search this
John Tyler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Tyler: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\State Legislator\West Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Male  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\War of 1812  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\Mexican War  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Male  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Dwight D. Eisenhower Library-Museum
Object number:
75-210
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43cfdd310-fc2b-42f1-9d18-252e2294bbe1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_75-210

Presidential Campaigns

Artist:
Edward Sorel, born 1929  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836  Search this
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
Harry S Truman, 8 May 1884 - 26 Dec 1972  Search this
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon, 9 Jan 1913 - 22 Apr 1994  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland, 18 Mar 1837 - 24 Jun 1908  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
Calvin Coolidge, 4 Jul 1872 - 5 Jan 1933  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower, 14 Oct 1890 - 28 Mar 1969  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 2 Nov 1865 - 2 Aug 1923  Search this
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 29 May 1917 - 22 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Color halftone poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 57.9 x 67.4cm (22 13/16 x 26 9/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1996
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States  Search this
Sign  Search this
Poster  Search this
Poster\Political  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Male  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Sheriff  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Buffalo, NY  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Male  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
James Madison: Male  Search this
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Male  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Insurance Agent  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Ohio  Search this
Harry S Truman: Male  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Harry S Truman: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Harry S Truman: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Administrator\College\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
John Adams: Male  Search this
John Adams: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Male  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Male  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Literature\Writer  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\World War II  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Male  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Male  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Literature\Writer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Male  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Alan Fern
Object number:
NPG.2000.56
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Edward Sorel
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a36e3ce3-4af1-47ef-a83d-b577d962515c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2000.56

Heywood Broun

Artist:
Edward Jean Steichen, 27 Mar 1879 - 25 Mar 1973  Search this
Sitter:
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 7 Dec 1888 - 18 Dec 1939  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24.1 x 19.3cm (9 1/2 x 7 5/8")
Sheet: 25 x 20cm (9 13/16 x 7 7/8")
Mount: 25.5 x 20.6cm (10 1/16 x 8 1/8")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1930
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Male  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Heywood Hale Broun
Object number:
NPG.93.67
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© The Estate of Edward Steichen / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, NY
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d3a39b59-8026-4d48-8c29-4892dd179cd0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.93.67

Group: Presidents of US

Artist:
Naomi Savage, 1927 - 22 Nov 2005  Search this
Sitter:
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 27 Aug 1908 - 22 Jan 1973  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Harry S Truman, 8 May 1884 - 26 Dec 1972  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower, 14 Oct 1890 - 28 Mar 1969  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 29 May 1917 - 22 Nov 1963  Search this
Medium:
Magnesium Bas Relief
Dimensions:
243.6 x 1522.5 cm (95 7/8 x 599 7/16" ), Estimate
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1971?
Topic:
Sculpture\Relief\Bas-relief  Search this
Harry S Truman: Male  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Harry S Truman: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Harry S Truman: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Male  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Texas  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Male  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Male  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Literature\Writer  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\World War II  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
Website: www.lbjlibrary.org/
Object number:
TX160295
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e86c9637-fd24-49e9-a096-d7e60e3312b9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_TX160295

David Sarnoff

Artist:
Samuel Johnson Woolf, 12 Feb 1880 - 1948  Search this
Sitter:
David Sarnoff, 27 Feb 1891 - 12 Dec 1971  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and chalk on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 39 × 24.5 cm (15 3/8 × 9 5/8")
Sheet: 55.5 × 44.5 cm (21 7/8 × 17 1/2")
Mat: 71.1 × 55.9 cm (28 × 22")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1941
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
David Sarnoff: Male  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Radio  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Broadcast  Search this
David Sarnoff: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Media  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.80.273
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48fd691ff-df4a-4cea-b084-0f58b1bb5cd7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.80.273

Cocoanut Grove Caricature Dress

Artist:
Ralph Barton, 1891 - 1931  Search this
Printer:
StenliSilks Corporation  Search this
Sitter:
Norma Shearer, 4 Oct 1900? - Jun 1983  Search this
John Barrymore, 15 Feb 1882 - 29 May 1942  Search this
Eleanor Boardman, 19 Aug 1898 - 12 Dec 1991  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., 23 May 1883 - 12 Dec 1939  Search this
Mary Pickford, 8 Apr 1892 - 29 May 1979  Search this
Marion Davies, 3 Jan 1897 - 22 Sep 1961  Search this
Patsy Ruth Miller, 22 Jun 1905 - 16 Jul 1995  Search this
William Haines, 1900 - 26 Nov 1973  Search this
Betty Bronson, 17 Nov 1907 - 19 Oct 1971  Search this
Renee Adoree, 30 Sep 1898 - 5 Oct 1933  Search this
Fannie Ward, 1872 - 27 Jan 1952  Search this
Peggy Montgomery, born 1918/1919  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., 1909 - 2000  Search this
Dolores Costello, 17 Sep 1905 - 1 Mar 1979  Search this
Lowell J. Sherman, 1885 - 1934  Search this
Clara Gordon Bow, 29 Jul 1905 - 26 Sep 1965  Search this
Joan Crawford, 23 Mar 1904 - 13 May 1977  Search this
Mary Astor, 3 May 1906 - 25 Sep 1987  Search this
Anna Q. Nilsson, 30 May 1890 - 1974  Search this
Sally O'Neil, 23 Oct 1908 - 1968  Search this
Jackie Coogan, 26 Oct 1914 - 1 Mar 1984  Search this
Lois Moran, 1 Mar 1908 - 13 Jul 1990  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, 16 Apr 1889 - 25 Dec 1977  Search this
Richard Dix, 8 Aug 1894 - 20 Sep 1949  Search this
Edmund Goulding, 20 Mar 1891 - 24 Dec 1959  Search this
Ramon Novarro, 6 Feb 1899 - 31 Oct 1968  Search this
Mauritz Stiller, 17 Jul 1883 - Nov 1928  Search this
Vilma Banky, 9 Jan 1898 - 18 Mar 1991  Search this
Emil Jannings, 23 Jul 1884 - 2 Jan 1950  Search this
Lya de Putti, 1901 - 27 Nov 1931  Search this
Lil Dagover, 30 Sep 1897 - 23 Jan 1980  Search this
James Robert Quirk, c. 1883 - 1 Aug 1932  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch, 29 Jan 1892 - 30 Nov 1947  Search this
Lothar Mendes, 19 May 1894 - 25 Feb 1974  Search this
George Jean Nathan, 14 Feb 1882 - 8 Apr 1958  Search this
F. W. Murnau, 1888 - 1931  Search this
Joseph Schildkraut, 1895 - 1964  Search this
Pola Negri, 3 Jan 1897 - 1 Aug 1987  Search this
Erich Von Stroheim, 22 Sep 1885 - 12 May 1957  Search this
Max Reinhardt, 9 Sep 1873 - 31 Oct 1943  Search this
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964  Search this
Paul Morand, 1888 - 1976  Search this
Anita Loos, 26 Apr 1888 - 18 Aug 1981  Search this
Konrad Bercovici, 1882 - 1961  Search this
Aileen Pringle, 1895 - 1989  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken, 12 Sep 1880 - 29 Jan 1956  Search this
F. Scott Fitzgerald, 24 Sep 1896 - 21 Dec 1940  Search this
Jim Tully, 1891 - 1947  Search this
Theodore Dreiser, 27 Aug 1871 - 28 Dec 1945  Search this
Joseph Hergesheimer, 15 Feb 1880 - 25 Apr 1954  Search this
Elinor Glyn, 1864 - 1943  Search this
Gloria May Josephine Swanson, 27 Mar 1899 - 4 Apr 1983  Search this
Irving Thalberg, 1899 - 1936  Search this
Greta Garbo, 18 Sep 1905 - 15 Apr 1990  Search this
John Gilbert, 10 Jul 1897 - 9 Jan 1936  Search this
Pauline Stark, 1900 - 1977  Search this
King Vidor, 1894 - 1982  Search this
Louis Burt Mayer, 1885 - 29 Oct 1957  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille, 12 Aug 1881 - 21 Jan 1959  Search this
Marcus Loew, 7 May 1870 - 5 Sep 1927  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn, 27 Aug 1882 - 31 Jan 1974  Search this
Carl Laemmle, 1867 - 1939  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky, 1880 - 1958  Search this
Adolph Zukor, 7 Jan 1873 - 10 Jun 1976  Search this
Morris Gest, 1881 - 1942  Search this
Victor McLaglen, 1886 - 1959  Search this
Edward "Hoot" Gibson, 1892 - 1962  Search this
Timothy John Fitzgerald McCoy, 1891 - 1978  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery, 1 Apr 1885 - 15 Apr 1949  Search this
Matt Moore, 8 Jan 1888 - 21 Jan 1960  Search this
Mae Murray, 10 May 1889 - 23 Mar 1965  Search this
Lewis J. Cody, 1887 - 1934  Search this
William Fox, 1879 - 1952  Search this
Colleen Moore, 1902 - 1988  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith, 22 Jan 1875 - 23 Jul 1948  Search this
May Allison, 1895 - 1989  Search this
Tom Moore, c.1884 - 1955  Search this
Owen Moore, 1886 - 1939  Search this
Noah Beery, Sr., 1884 - 1946  Search this
Tom Mix, 6 Jan 1880 - 12 Oct 1940  Search this
Lon Chaney, 1 Apr 1883 - 26 Aug 1930  Search this
Jack Dempsey, 24 Jun 1895 - 31 May 1983  Search this
Alla Nazimova, 4 Jun 1878 - 13 Jul 1945  Search this
Richard Barthelmess, 1895 - 1963  Search this
Estelle Taylor, 1899 - 1958  Search this
Blanche Sweet, 1896 - 1986  Search this
Marshal "Mickey" Neilan, 1891 - 1958  Search this
Louise Brooks, 1868 - 1929  Search this
Buster Keaton, 4 Oct 1895 - 1 Feb 1966  Search this
Bebe Daniels, 1901 - 1961  Search this
Will Rogers, 4 Nov 1879 - 15 Aug 1935  Search this
Lillian Gish, 14 Oct 1893 - 27 Feb 1993  Search this
Will H. Hays, 5 Nov 1879 - 7 Mar 1954  Search this
Dorothy Gish, 1898 - 1968  Search this
Constance Talmadge, c. 1899 - 1973  Search this
Bessie Love, 10 Sep 1898 - 26 Apr 1986  Search this
Lionel Barrymore, 28 Apr 1878 - 15 Nov 1954  Search this
Norma Talmadge, 1897 - 1957  Search this
Frances Marion Owens, 1890 - 1973  Search this
Florence Vidor, 1895 - 1977  Search this
George Fitzmaurice, 1895 - 1940  Search this
Eddie Cantor, Sept 1892 - 10 Oct 1964  Search this
Mack Sennett, 1880 - 1960  Search this
Adolphe Menjou, 18 Feb 1890 - 29 Oct 1963  Search this
Thomas Meighan, 1879 - 1936  Search this
Syd Chaplin, 1885 - 1965  Search this
Harry Langdon, 1884 - 1944  Search this
Justine Johnston  Search this
Beatrice Lillie, 29 May 1894 - 20 Jan 1989  Search this
Sid Grauman, 1879 - 1950  Search this
Ronald Coleman, 1891 - 1958  Search this
Mary Philbin, 1903 - 1993  Search this
William Randolph Hearst, 29 Apr 1863 - 14 Aug 1951  Search this
Walter Wanger, 1894 - 1968  Search this
Thomas Moreno, 1887 - 1967  Search this
Betty Compson, 1897 - 1974  Search this
Carmel Myers, 1900 - 1980  Search this
Conrad Nagel, 1897 - 1970  Search this
Corinne Griffith, 1896 - 1979  Search this
William Claude Fields, 29 Jan 1880 - 25 Dec 1946  Search this
H. B. Warner, 1876 - 1958  Search this
Louella Parsons, 1893 - 1972  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd, 20 Apr 1894 - 8 Mar 1971  Search this
Mabel Normand, 1894 - 1930  Search this
James Cruze, 1884 - 1942  Search this
Joseph M. Schenck, 1878 - 1961  Search this
Medium:
Printed silk
Dimensions:
Dress (on pillow in box): 98 x 70 x 3.5 cm. (38 9/16 x 27 9/16 x 1 3/8")
Belt: 90.5 x 7.5 cm. (35 5/8 x 3")
Type:
Costume
Date:
c. 1927
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Interior\Nightclub  Search this
Food  Search this
Decorative Arts\Clothing  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Male  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Oscar  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Legion of Honor  Search this
Lillian Gish: Female  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lillian Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lillian Gish: Oscar  Search this
Eddie Cantor: Male  Search this
Eddie Cantor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Eddie Cantor: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Eddie Cantor: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Eddie Cantor: Oscar  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Male  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
David Lewelyn Wark Griffith: Oscar  Search this
Joan Crawford: Female  Search this
Joan Crawford: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Joan Crawford: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Joan Crawford: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Joan Crawford: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Joan Crawford: Oscar  Search this
Will H. Hays: Male  Search this
Will H. Hays: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Will H. Hays: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
Will H. Hays: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Motion Pictures  Search this
Will H. Hays: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
George Jean Nathan: Male  Search this
George Jean Nathan: Literature\Writer  Search this
George Jean Nathan: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
George Jean Nathan: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
George Jean Nathan: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Clara Gordon Bow: Female  Search this
Clara Gordon Bow: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Norma Shearer: Female  Search this
Norma Shearer: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Norma Shearer: Oscar  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Male  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
Henry Louis Mencken: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Male  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Harold Clayton Lloyd: Oscar  Search this
Buster Keaton: Male  Search this
Buster Keaton: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Buster Keaton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Buster Keaton: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Buster Keaton: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Buster Keaton: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Buster Keaton: Oscar  Search this
Gloria May Josephine Swanson: Female  Search this
Gloria May Josephine Swanson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Male  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Visual Arts\Artist\Printmaker\Etcher  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Literature\Writer  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Performing Arts  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Lionel Barrymore: Oscar  Search this
Theodore Dreiser: Male  Search this
Theodore Dreiser: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Theodore Dreiser: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lowell J. Sherman: Male  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Female  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Beatrice Lillie: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Female  Search this
Dorothy Gish: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Marcus Loew: Male  Search this
Marcus Loew: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery: Male  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery: Oscar  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Male  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin: Oscar  Search this
F. Scott Fitzgerald: Male  Search this
F. Scott Fitzgerald: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lon Chaney: Male  Search this
Lon Chaney: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lon Chaney: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Lon Chaney: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
John Barrymore: Male  Search this
John Barrymore: Visual Arts\Artist\Sculptor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Barrymore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Colleen Moore: Female  Search this
Colleen Moore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
John Gilbert: Male  Search this
John Gilbert: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
John Gilbert: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
John Gilbert: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
John Gilbert: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
John Gilbert: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Joseph Hergesheimer: Male  Search this
Joseph Hergesheimer: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Peggy Montgomery: Female  Search this
Peggy Montgomery: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Peggy Montgomery: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Child  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Male  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Literature\Writer  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Oscar  Search this
Samuel Goldwyn: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Morris Gest: Male  Search this
Morris Gest: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch: Male  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Ernst Lubitsch: Oscar  Search this
Will Rogers: Male  Search this
Will Rogers: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Will Rogers: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Will Rogers: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Will Rogers: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Will Rogers: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
Will Rogers: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Cowboy  Search this
Will Rogers: Communications\Journalist\Humorist  Search this
Will Rogers: Performing Arts\Performer\Showman  Search this
Will Rogers: Communications\Broadcast Journalist\Commentator  Search this
Will Rogers: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Beverly Hills, CA  Search this
Mary Pickford: Female  Search this
Mary Pickford: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Mary Pickford: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Mary Pickford: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Mary Pickford: Oscar  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.: Male  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.: Oscar  Search this
Carl Van Vechten: Male  Search this
Carl Van Vechten: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Carl Van Vechten: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
Carl Van Vechten: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Carl Van Vechten: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Theater  Search this
Jack Dempsey: Male  Search this
Jack Dempsey: Sports and Recreation\Athlete\Boxer  Search this
Jack Dempsey: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Restaurateur  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Male  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Adolph Zukor: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Greta Garbo: Female  Search this
Greta Garbo: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Greta Garbo: Oscar  Search this
Richard Barthelmess: Male  Search this
Richard Barthelmess: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Male  Search this
Jesse Louis Lasky: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
William Fox: Male  Search this
William Fox: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Erich Von Stroheim: Male  Search this
Erich Von Stroheim: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Erich Von Stroheim: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Erich Von Stroheim: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Lewis J. Cody: Male  Search this
Lewis J. Cody: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Thomas Meighan: Male  Search this
Thomas Meighan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Male  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
William Randolph Hearst: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Owen Moore: Male  Search this
Owen Moore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Owen Moore: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Louis Burt Mayer: Male  Search this
Louis Burt Mayer: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Louis Burt Mayer: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Motion Pictures  Search this
Louis Burt Mayer: Oscar  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Male  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Entrepreneur  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Performing Arts\Producer\Television  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Politics and Government\Diplomatic Agent  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Performing Arts\Film Production Manager  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Legion of Honor  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Television industry leader  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Distinguished Service Cross  Search this
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.: Military\Navy\Officer\World War II  Search this
Mack Sennett: Male  Search this
Mack Sennett: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Mack Sennett: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Mack Sennett: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Mack Sennett: Oscar  Search this
Carmel Myers: Female  Search this
Carmel Myers: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Jackie Coogan: Male  Search this
Jackie Coogan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Jackie Coogan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Jackie Coogan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Child  Search this
Jackie Coogan: Military\Army  Search this
Bessie Love: Female  Search this
Bessie Love: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Adolphe Menjou: Male  Search this
Adolphe Menjou: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Adolphe Menjou: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Victor McLaglen: Male  Search this
Victor McLaglen: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Victor McLaglen: Oscar  Search this
Mary Astor: Female  Search this
Mary Astor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Mary Astor: Oscar  Search this
Anita Loos: Female  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Anita Loos: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Female  Search this
Constance Talmadge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Joseph Schildkraut: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Joseph Schildkraut: Male  Search this
Joseph Schildkraut: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Eleanor Boardman: Female  Search this
Eleanor Boardman: Society and Social Change\Fashion model  Search this
Eleanor Boardman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Patsy Ruth Miller: Female  Search this
Patsy Ruth Miller: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Patsy Ruth Miller: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
William Haines: Male  Search this
William Haines: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
William Haines: Visual Arts\Designer\Interior Designer  Search this
Betty Bronson: Female  Search this
Betty Bronson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Betty Bronson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Betty Bronson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Renee Adoree: Female  Search this
Renee Adoree: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Renee Adoree: Performing Arts\Performer\Circus performer  Search this
Fannie Ward: Female  Search this
Fannie Ward: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Fannie Ward: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Fannie Ward: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Dolores Costello: Female  Search this
Dolores Costello: Society and Social Change\Wife  Search this
Dolores Costello: Society and Social Change\Fashion model  Search this
Dolores Costello: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Anna Q. Nilsson: Female  Search this
Anna Q. Nilsson: Society and Social Change\Fashion model  Search this
Anna Q. Nilsson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Sally O'Neil: Female  Search this
Sally O'Neil: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lois Moran: Female  Search this
Lois Moran: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lois Moran: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lois Moran: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Lois Moran: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Lois Moran: Performing Arts\Dance Instructor  Search this
Richard Dix: Male  Search this
Richard Dix: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Richard Dix: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Male  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Edmund Goulding: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Ramon Novarro: Male  Search this
Ramon Novarro: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Ramon Novarro: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Mauritz Stiller: Male  Search this
Mauritz Stiller: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Mauritz Stiller: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
Vilma Banky: Female  Search this
Vilma Banky: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Emil Jannings: Male  Search this
Emil Jannings: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Emil Jannings: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Emil Jannings: Oscar  Search this
Lya de Putti: Female  Search this
Lya de Putti: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lya de Putti: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lya de Putti: Performing Arts\Performer\Vaudeville  Search this
Lil Dagover: Female  Search this
Lil Dagover: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lil Dagover: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
James Robert Quirk: Male  Search this
James Robert Quirk: Communications\Publisher\Magazine  Search this
James Robert Quirk: Communications\Journalist\Reporter  Search this
James Robert Quirk: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
James Robert Quirk: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Male  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lothar Mendes: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Marion Davies: Female  Search this
Marion Davies: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Marion Davies: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Max Reinhardt: Male  Search this
Max Reinhardt: Performing Arts\Director\Theater  Search this
Max Reinhardt: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Alla Nazimova: Female  Search this
Alla Nazimova: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Alla Nazimova: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Alla Nazimova: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Alla Nazimova: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist  Search this
William Claude Fields: Male  Search this
William Claude Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
William Claude Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
William Claude Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian  Search this
William Claude Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
F. W. Murnau: Male  Search this
F. W. Murnau: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Pola Negri: Female  Search this
Pola Negri: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Paul Morand: Male  Search this
Paul Morand: Literature\Writer  Search this
Konrad Bercovici: Male  Search this
Konrad Bercovici: Literature\Writer  Search this
Aileen Pringle: Female  Search this
Aileen Pringle: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Jim Tully: Male  Search this
Jim Tully: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Jim Tully: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Jim Tully: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Elinor Glyn: Female  Search this
Elinor Glyn: Literature\Writer  Search this
Irving Thalberg: Male  Search this
Irving Thalberg: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Motion Pictures  Search this
Pauline Stark: Female  Search this
Pauline Stark: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
King Vidor: Male  Search this
King Vidor: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Carl Laemmle: Male  Search this
Carl Laemmle: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Carl Laemmle: Visual Arts\Founder  Search this
Carl Laemmle: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Carl Laemmle: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Motion Pictures  Search this
Edward "Hoot" Gibson: Male  Search this
Edward "Hoot" Gibson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Timothy John Fitzgerald McCoy: Male  Search this
Timothy John Fitzgerald McCoy: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Matt Moore: Male  Search this
Matt Moore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Mae Murray: Female  Search this
Mae Murray: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Mae Murray: Performing Arts\Performer  Search this
May Allison: Female  Search this
May Allison: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Tom Moore: Male  Search this
Tom Moore: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Noah Beery, Sr.: Male  Search this
Noah Beery, Sr.: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Tom Mix: Male  Search this
Tom Mix: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Tom Mix: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Cowboy  Search this
Estelle Taylor: Female  Search this
Estelle Taylor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Blanche Sweet: Female  Search this
Blanche Sweet: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Marshal "Mickey" Neilan: Male  Search this
Marshal "Mickey" Neilan: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Marshal "Mickey" Neilan: Performing Arts\Director  Search this
Louise Brooks: Female  Search this
Louise Brooks: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Bebe Daniels: Female  Search this
Bebe Daniels: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Norma Talmadge: Female  Search this
Norma Talmadge: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Frances Marion Owens: Female  Search this
Frances Marion Owens: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Florence Vidor: Female  Search this
Florence Vidor: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
George Fitzmaurice: Male  Search this
George Fitzmaurice: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
George Fitzmaurice: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
George Fitzmaurice: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Syd Chaplin: Male  Search this
Syd Chaplin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Harry Langdon: Male  Search this
Harry Langdon: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Justine Johnston: Female  Search this
Justine Johnston: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Justine Johnston: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Sid Grauman: Male  Search this
Sid Grauman: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Theater  Search this
Ronald Coleman: Male  Search this
Ronald Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Mary Philbin: Female  Search this
Mary Philbin: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Walter Wanger: Male  Search this
Walter Wanger: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Thomas Moreno: Male  Search this
Thomas Moreno: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Betty Compson: Female  Search this
Betty Compson: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Betty Compson: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Conrad Nagel: Male  Search this
Conrad Nagel: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Corinne Griffith: Female  Search this
Corinne Griffith: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
H. B. Warner: Male  Search this
H. B. Warner: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Louella Parsons: Female  Search this
Louella Parsons: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Mabel Normand: Female  Search this
Mabel Normand: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
James Cruze: Male  Search this
James Cruze: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Joseph M. Schenck: Male  Search this
Joseph M. Schenck: Performing Arts\Producer  Search this
Joseph M. Schenck: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Richard Merkin
Object number:
NPG.96.126
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm407635a10-2f33-4eba-94b1-051ad0f75759
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.126

First to 37th US Presidents

Artist:
Geneva M. Heron, born c. 1940  Search this
William E. Heron, born c. 1940  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826  Search this
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836  Search this
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831  Search this
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848  Search this
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845  Search this
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862  Search this
William Henry Harrison, 9 Feb 1773 - 4 Apr 1841  Search this
John Tyler, 29 Mar 1790 - 18 Jan 1862  Search this
James Knox Polk, 2 Nov 1795 - 15 Jun 1849  Search this
Zachary Taylor, 24 Nov 1784 - 9 Jul 1850  Search this
Millard Fillmore, 7 Jan 1800 - 8 Mar 1874  Search this
Franklin Pierce, 23 Nov 1804 - 8 Oct 1869  Search this
James Buchanan, 21 Apr 1791 - 1 Jun 1868  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Andrew Johnson, 29 Dec 1808 - 31 Jul 1875  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 4 Oct 1822 - 17 Jan 1893  Search this
James Abram Garfield, 19 Nov 1831 - 19 Sep 1881  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur, 5 Oct 1829 - 18 Nov 1886  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland, 18 Mar 1837 - 24 Jun 1908  Search this
Benjamin Harrison, 20 Aug 1833 - 13 Mar 1901  Search this
William McKinley, 29 Jan 1843 - 14 Sep 1901  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 2 Nov 1865 - 2 Aug 1923  Search this
Calvin Coolidge, 4 Jul 1872 - 5 Jan 1933  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
Harry S Truman, 8 May 1884 - 26 Dec 1972  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower, 14 Oct 1890 - 28 Mar 1969  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 29 May 1917 - 22 Nov 1963  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 27 Aug 1908 - 22 Jan 1973  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon, 9 Jan 1913 - 22 Apr 1994  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
109.3cm x 167cm (43 1/16" x 65 3/4"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1969
Topic:
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Male  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Sheriff  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Buffalo, NY  Search this
William McKinley: Male  Search this
William McKinley: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William McKinley: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
William McKinley: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William McKinley: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
William McKinley: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Male  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida  Search this
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Male  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Communications\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Director  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Male  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Chester Alan Arthur: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
James Madison: Male  Search this
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Male  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Insurance Agent  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Ohio  Search this
Harry S Truman: Male  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Natural Resources\Agriculturist  Search this
Harry S Truman: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Harry S Truman: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Harry S Truman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Harry S Truman: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Male  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
James Abram Garfield: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Male  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Hampshire  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Franklin Pierce: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New Hampshire  Search this
James Knox Polk: Male  Search this
James Knox Polk: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Male  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Male  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Benjamin Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Male  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Texas  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas  Search this
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Administrator\College\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
John Adams: Male  Search this
John Adams: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
James Buchanan: Male  Search this
James Buchanan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Male  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Male  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Male  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Literature\Writer  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Education\Administrator\University\President  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Dwight David Eisenhower: Military\Army\Officer\World War II  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Male  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor  Search this
Millard Fillmore: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Male  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\State Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee  Search this
Andrew Johnson: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Textile worker\Tailor  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Male  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Male  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana  Search this
William Henry Harrison: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Male  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Literature\Writer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
James Monroe: Male  Search this
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Male  Search this
John Tyler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
John Tyler: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\State Legislator\West Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Male  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\War of 1812  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\Mexican War  Search this
Zachary Taylor: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Male  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia  Search this
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
Website: www.lbjlibrary.org/
Object number:
73.2320.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm485cf49b3-55e4-4f82-9e5b-5ac0f2f79910
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_73.2320.2

John Henry Bradley Storrs papers

Creator:
Storrs, John Henry Bradley, 1885-1956  Search this
Names:
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Andersen, Hendrik Christian, 1872-1940  Search this
Anderson, Sherwood, 1876-1941  Search this
Bennett, Edward H.  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Braque, Georges, 1882-1963  Search this
Bryant, Louise, 1885-1936  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Cole, Walter, b. 1891  Search this
Cret, Paul Philippe, 1876-1945  Search this
Dismorr, Jessica Stewart, 1885-1939  Search this
Dreier, Katherine Sophie, 1877-1952  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Eastman, Max, 1883-1969  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Heap, Jane  Search this
Hecht, Zoltan, 1890-1968  Search this
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Léger, Fernand, 1881-1955  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Raynal, Maurice  Search this
Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946  Search this
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Storrs, Marguerite Deville Chabrol  Search this
Survage, Leopold  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
20.44 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Sketches
Video recordings
Sketchbooks
Prints
Portfolios (groups of works)
Date:
1790-2007
bulk 1900-1956
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and printmaker John Henry Bradley Storrs measure 20.44 linear feet and date from 1790-2007, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1900 to 1956. The collection contains biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, forty-eight diaries of John Storrs, a few diaries of other family members, additional writings, printed material, photographs of Storrs and his family and friends, artwork, scrapbooks, estate records, and video recordings. Correspondence includes that of John Storrs, Marguerite Storrs, and the Storrs family.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and printmaker John Henry Bradley Storrs measure 20.44 linear feet and date from 1790 to 2007, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1900 to 1956. The collection documents Storrs' career as an artist and his personal life through biographical material, correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues, personal business records, forty-eight diaries and other writings, printed material, photographs of Storrs and his family and friends, artwork, scrapbooks, estate records, and video recordings. There is also a substantial amount of Marguerite Storr's correspondence as well as scattered correspondence of other members of the Storr's family.

Biographical material consists of chronologies detailing the life of John Storrs, identification records, certificates, Storrs family documents, and records of John and Monique Storrs' French resistance activities during World War II.

Correspondence within this collection is divided into John Storrs Correspondence, Marguerite Storrs Correspondence, and Storrs Family Correspondence. The bulk of correspondence is John Storrs with friends, colleagues, art critics, patrons, art organizations and galleries. Correspondents of note include artists, architects, and writers such as Hendrick Andersen, Sherwood Anderson, Edward Bennett, George Biddle, Jerome Blum, Georges Braque, Louise Bryant, William Bullitt, Alexander Calder, Walter Cole, Paul Phillippe Cret, Katherine Dreier, Marcel Duchamp, Max Eastman, R. Buckminster Fuller, Marsden Hartley, Jane Heap, Jean Helion, Fernand Leger, Jacques Lipchitz, Man Ray, Charles Sheeler, Gertrude Stein, Joseph Stella, Maurice Sterne, Alfred Stieglitz, Leopold Survage, and William and Marguerite Zorach. There are also many letters to his wife Marguerite.

Marguerite Storrs' correspondence is with friends, family, colleagues, and others, including many letters to her husband. The letters are about general and family news, social activities and invitations, her work as a writer, and her husband's career. Storrs' family correspondence includes John and Marguerite's extensive correspondence with their daughter Monique as well as Monique's correspondence with others. Additional family correspondence is between John, his sister Mary ("Mae") and their parents David William and Hannah Storrs, much of it dating from 1900 to 1913.

Personal business records include address books, records regarding the sale and loan of Storrs' artwork, commission files regarding major public sculptures by Storrs, contracts, appraisals, financial records, and other documents regarding his professional activities. Of note are several files documenting Downtown Gallery's representation of Storrs' work during the 1960s, including correspondence between Edith Halpert and Monique Storrs. Various other documents include records of the Ecole de la Loire artists group (all in French.) Additionally there are records relating to Chateau de Chantecaille, an estate purchased by Storrs in the early 1920s as his primary residence and studio.

Forty-eight diaries contain scattered documentation of John Storrs' daily activities. Other writings by Storrs include four volumes of his memoirs that detail family history and his life from birth to 1906, notebooks, poetry, and personal accounts including the death of Auguste Rodin. Writings by others include poetry by Jessie Dismorr, essays by Zoltan Hecht and Maurice Raynal, and notebooks belonging to Storrs family members.

Printed material consists of books, art bulletins, brochures, invitations, announcements, and programs for art and social events. Also found are catalogs for exhibitions of Storrs' work and work by other artists; magazines, including a bound volume of the first ten issues of The Liberator; and clippings which include news about Storrs, his family, and friends.

Photographs depict John Storrs, his family, friends such as Arthur Bock and Gertrude Lambert, travels, and residences. Included are photographs of Storrs in his studio and in art classes. Also found are four photograph albums, primarily documenting his time in Europe from 1905 to 1907, exhibition photographs, and numerous photographs of his artwork.

Original artwork includes a portfolio of artwork created by Storrs as a youth, loose sketches, one sketchbook, 31 lithographs, and drawings for mural projects.

Four scrapbooks and a portfolio kept by John and Marguerite Storrs contain newspaper and magazine clippings of articles and illustrations as well as printed material from exhibitions, social events, and professional activities. Also found is a portfolio containing scattered items regarding the publication of Song of Myself with original wood engravings by John Storrs. One additional scrapbook was created by John Storrs around 1945 for his daughter, Monique Storrs, to document her service as a nurse in World War II.

This collection also includes records of John Storrs' estate immediately following his death in 1956, as well as records of several galleries that represented the estate in managing Storrs' artwork from the 1970s to 2002.

Three videocassettes, transferred from an unknown reel format, contain footage of Storrs' family life at Chantecaille and in Chicago, Illinois, in the 1930s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Some box and folder numbers in the container listing intentionally display out of sequence. An accretion was added in 2012 and integrated into the intellectual order, but not into the physical container order. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1837, 1860-1984 (Box 1, 20, 25, OV 23; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1857-2007 (Box 1-7, 25; 5.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1790, 1855-1987 (Box 7-9, 25, OV 24, 28; 2.9 linear feet)

Series 4: Diaries, 1874-1955 (Box 9-10; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings, 1888-1989 (Box 10-11, 25; 1.1 linear foot)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1867-1987, 2005 (Box 11-14, 25, OV 24; 3.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1885-1980 (Box 14-16, 18, 20-22, 25, MGP 1, MGP 2, MGP 5, MGP 6; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1895-1935 (Box 18, 20, OV 23; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1895-1963 (Box 18-21, 25; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 10: Estate Records, 1956-2002 (Box 26; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 11: Video Recordings, circa 1980s (Box 26-27; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
John Henry Bradley Storrs (1885-1956) worked primarily in Chicago, Illinois, and Mer, France, as a sculptor, painter, and printmaker.

John Storrs was born in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois, to David William Storrs, an architect, and Hannah Bradley Storrs. Upon completing his schooling in 1905 he went to Berlin with the intention of studying music, but instead chose to study sculpture with the Arthur Bock in Hamburg, Germany. He also spent time in Paris and traveled throughout Europe, Turkey, and Egypt, returning to the US in late 1907. Storrs took night classes at the Art Institute of Chicago, followed by periods of study at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, with Bela Pratt, and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with Charles Grafly. In 1912 he returned to Paris where he studied at the Académie Julian and with the famous sculptor Auguste Rodin. During this period his work was greatly influenced by cubism and futurism. In 1914 he married French writer Marguerite Deville-Chabrol. After briefly returning to the US to exhibit his work, Storrs worked at a hospital in Paris throughout World War I and in 1918 his daughter Monique was born. He and his family settled in Mer, France, at the Chateau de Chantecaille in 1921.

The following two decades were very productive for Storrs and he frequently travelled between the US and France to exhibit and create work. He showed in many notable exhibits such as the Société Anonyme's International Exhibition of Modern Art in New York in 1926, and he completed several commissions such as a statue for the Chicago Board of Trade in 1929. During this time Storrs completely moved away from representational work and refined his non-objective, machine-like sculpture. Besides sculpture, he also produced many paintings, woodcuts, lithographs, and other works on paper. He created works for the Century of Progress International Exposition in 1933 and also worked for the Public Works of Art Project in 1934.

During World War II Storrs was twice arrested and imprisoned by the German occupation forces, once for six months from 1941 to 1942 and again in 1944 along with his daughter Monique who was part of the French Resistance. These events greatly impacted his health and he produced very little work in the late 1940s and 1950s. He continued to exhibit his work and was also president in 1954 of the Ecole de la Loire, a group of 75 artists working in the Loire Valley. John Storrs died in 1956.
Related Materials:
Also available at the Archives of American Art is the Noel Frackman research material on John Henry Bradley Storrs, 1972-2003. In addition, Archives of American Art microfilm reels 1463 and ND/S-1 contain the John Henry Bradley Storrs scrapbook and studio book, 1909-1972.
Separated Materials:
The Booz family also loaned approximately 1,000 drawings by John Storrs and select family photographs for microfilming. Loaned material is available for viewing on reel 1555, but is not described in this container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The John Henry Bradley Storrs papers were donated in several installments from 1979 to 1987 by Storrs' daughter, Monique Storrs Booz, and her daughter, Michelle Storrs Booz. A portion of these papers were loaned for microfilming in 1977 and subsequently donated in 1980. Additional papers were donated by Michelle Storrs Booz in 2011.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The John Henry Bradley Storrs papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- France  Search this
Artists' studios -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Printmakers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Printmakers -- France -- Paris  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Sculptors -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Sculptors -- France -- Paris  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- France  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Underground movements  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Poems
Diaries
Sketches
Video recordings
Sketchbooks
Prints
Portfolios (groups of works)
Citation:
John Henry Bradley Storrs papers, 1890-2007, bulk 1900-1956. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.storjohn
See more items in:
John Henry Bradley Storrs papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-storjohn
Online Media:

Aleš Hrdlička papers

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Correspondent:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Names:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Institute of Population  Search this
International Congress of Americanists  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology. Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska) -- Archaeology
Australia
Alaska -- Archaeology
Mexico -- Anthropology
Florida -- Archaeology
Egypt -- Archaeology
Czechoslovakia
Peru -- Physical anthropology
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Date:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Summary:
The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of both professional and personal materials. The professional material includes honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). The personal material primarily consists of correspondence with his first wife (Marie Dieudonnée Strickler) and other family members, but there are also financial records. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Hrdlička investigated all major questions confronting physical anthropologists of his day (the fossil record of early humans, the arrival of humans in the Americas, human variation, and evolution) and made valuable contributions in all these areas. Hrdlička's interests in the establishment of physical anthropology as a distinct and important field, the welfare of the Czech people, early hominids, and variation within the human species are all documented in the collection as are the services he performed for various United States government agencies. He pursued field studies in many different parts of the world, but there are relatively few field notes as such among his papers. There is instead the edited journal "My Journeys," photographs, and physical anthropological forms. There is also relatively little material on his administrative involvement in the USNM. There is no material from Hrdlička's time at the Pathological Institution of the New York State Hospitals; after he resigned, fire destroyed the anthropological records Hrdlička collected as a member of the staff. There are materials in the collection which contradict, or at least complicate, many long-held criticisms of Hrdlička, particularly claims that he was racist and opposed feminist ideas. The collection contains materials of interest to genetic research, including anthropometric measurements, hair clippings and fingerprints.

There are a few items in the collection which are dated earlier than the collection's date span. These are publication dates, and the folders containing the items have been dated accordingly, but they have not affected the dates of the series or collection. There are also a few items which are dated after Hrdlička's death. These dates reflect the fact that the collection was added to by the Department of Physical Anthropology after Hrdlička's death and have been taken into account when formulating dates for the series and collection.

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 37 series:

(1) Miscellaneous Personal Papers, 1875-1940

(2) Early Personal Correspondence, 1883-1919

(3) Correspondence, 1885-1953

(4) News Clippings and Printed Matter, 1893-1953

(5) Financial Papers, 1910-1943

(6) Journeys to the Southwestern United States and Mexican Indians, 1898-1919

(7) Journeys to the Dakota, Chippewa, Kickapoo, and Shawnee, 1916-1917

(8) Florida Survey, 1918, 1918-1927

(9) Alaska Archeological Expeditions, 1912-1938 (bulk 1926-1938)

(10) Panama-California Exposition Expeditions, 1912-1914

(11) Journey to Egypt, Europe, and Russia, 1908-1909

(12) Journey to South America, 1910, 1910-1912

(13) Journey to the Far East, 1920, 1900-1930

(14) Journey to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1924-1925

(15) Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum, 1904-1905, most undated

(16) Bone Studies, 1893-1929, most undated

(17) Old Americans, 1914-1930

(18) Children Who Run on All Fours, 1928-1936

(19) Early Man Studies, 1906-1930

(20) European Ethnic History, 1908-1938

(21) Miscellaneous Research Notes, 1887-1930

(22) Manuscripts of Writings, 1901-1944, most undated

(23) Writings by Other Authors, 1877-1942

(24) Anthropometry, undated

(25) "From My Journeys", 1898-1938

(26) -- American Journal of Physical Anthropology -- , 1918-1931

(27) American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1924-1931

(28) International Congress of Americanists, 1900-1928

(29) Institute of Population, 1942

(30) Department of Anthropology, 1914-1943

(31) Lecture Notes, 1920-1932

(32) Maps and Charts, 1900-1932

(33) Miscellany, 1895-1954

(34) Index Cards, 1899-1948

(35) Bibliographic Index, undated

(36) Physical Anthropology Folios, undated

(37) Photographs, 1887-1944
Biographical Note:
Aleš Hrdlička was born in Bohemia in 1869 and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. This set in motion developments that would eventually lead him to become one of the world's most prominent anthropologists who has sometimes been referred to as "the founder of physical anthropology in America."

In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals, Hrdlička went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlička arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

It was thus that Hrdlička became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. With this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlička came fully into the world of anthropology. In 1903, he was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum.

While in his position at the Smithsonian, Hrdlička returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children in 1905 and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Indian tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

From 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlička amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlička founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president from 1928 to 1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association from 1925 to 1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences from 1928 to 1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlička was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Chronology

1869 March 29 -- Alois Ferdinand Hrdlička (Aleš Hrdlička) born in Humpolec, Bohemia

1882 September -- Emigrated to New York City

1888 -- While stricken with typhoid, met M. Rosenbleuth, a physician who arranged for Hrdlička to enroll at the Eclectic Medical College of New York City

1892 -- Enrolled in the New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital Published first article, "Scheme of Examination (Medical)," Publications of the Eclectic Medical College Graduated first in his class from the Eclectic Medical College

1894 -- Graduated first from his class from the Homeopathic Medical College Became research intern at the State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane in Middletown, New York, where he began his studies in physical anthropology Passed state board examination (allopathic)

1895 -- Joined staff of the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals as associate in anthropology

1896 -- Studied anthropology under Leon Manouvrier in Paris

1896 August 6 -- Married Marie Stickler (Dieudonnée)

1898 March-July(?) -- Accompanied Carl Lumholtz on his expedition to northern Mexico, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), and visited the Tarahumara, Huichol, and Tepecan Indians

1899 Spring -- Resigned from the Pathological Institute to take charge of physical and medical anthropological research on the Hyde Expeditions of the AMNH to the southwestern United States

1899 August -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to excavate the site of Pueblo Bonito and to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; visited Grand Gulch caves in southern Utah; included visits to the Navahos and southern Utes

1900 -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; included visits to the Apaches, Yumas, and Pueblo Indians

1902 January-September -- Hyde expeditions for AMNH to southwestern Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico to conduct somatological surveys; included visits to the Tepecanos, Papagos, Opatas, Pimas, Yaquis, Mayos, Huichols, Otomis, Tepehuanes, Maricopas, Yumas, Yavapais, Paiutes, Walapais, and Havasupais

1902 October-December -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Mexico for Hrdlička to complete his somatological investigations; included visits to the Tepehuanes, Coras, Huichols, "Nahuas," "Aztecs," and Tarascans

1903 May 1 -- Became assistant curator in charge of the new Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, at the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Expedition under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology to Arizona and New Mexico to complete the observations on the tribes of this region; Hrdlička especially studied Apache and Pima Indian children

1906 February -- Expedition to western Florida to investigate remains of alleged ancient man

1907 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1908 -- Expedition to Indian schools and reservations in Wisconsin, Washington, California, Arizona, and South Dakota to study tuberculosis for a report to the International Congress of Tuberculosis

1908 December - 1909 May -- Traveled to Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, Poland, and Germany to examine human skeletal remains from an excavation in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to study peoples of the Near East

1910 March 28 -- Promoted to curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology

1910 April-September -- Attended the 17th International Congress of Americanists in Buenos Aires and Mexico City Traveled to Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Panama

1912 -- Planned and directed seven expeditions for the physical anthropology exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition held at San Diego in 1915; expeditions included Hrdlička to Siberia and Mongolia and later to Peru; Riley D. Moore to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska; Philip Newton to the Philippine Islands; Vojtech Suk to Africa; Stanislaw Poniatowski to eastern Siberia; Kazimir Stolyhwo to the Birusa caves in Siberia and to the Ukraine; and Jindřich Matiegka to Bohemia

1912 May-Summer -- Traveled to London to attend 18th International Congress of Americanists Traveled to Siberia and Mongolia for the Panama-California Exposition

1912 September -- Traveled to Geneva for the 14th International Congress of Prehistoric Anthropology and Archaeology

1913 January-April -- Expedition to Peru as part the effort for the Panama-California Exposition

1914 November 18 - 1915 January 18 -- Attended Panama-California Exposition

1915 May -- Research for the Department of Justice at the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota to determine non-Indian mixture among Chippewas

1915 December -- Served as General Secretary for the 19th International Congress of Americanists held in Washington

1916 Fall -- Traveled to Florida to examine remains of supposed ancient man

1917 March-July -- Served as Secretary on the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council

1917 Summer -- "Old American" research at Yale University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia and in Tennessee

1917 August -- Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, traveled to Oklahoma to visit the Shawnee Agency in eastern Oklahoma and the Kickapoo Indians in McCloud to search for adequate samples of pure blood Indians

1918 -- Elected to the American Philosophical Society Served as Chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and became its long-time editor Surveyed prehistoric sites on the southwest coast of Florida

1918 October 8 -- Death of his wife Marie

1920 -- Anthropometry published by the Wistar Institute Elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1920 Summer -- Married Mina (Vilemina) Mansfield

1920 January-May -- Visited Japan, Korea, Manchuria, northern China, Mongolia, and Hawaii Lectured at Peking Union Medical College in China

1920 Fall -- Visited Minnesota Chippewa (at the White Earth Reservation?) to help the Department of Justice setter the question of mixed and pure bloods among the Chippewa

1921 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1922 -- Visited Spain, France, Germany, Moravia, and England Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from the University of Prague Chairman of the American delegation to the 20th International Congress of Americanists in Rio de Janiero

1923 -- Served three and one-half months as Director of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies Visited England, Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Croatia, and Italy

1925 -- The Old Americans published by Williams and Wilkins Co.

1925 March-October -- Traveled to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe on a trip sponsored by the Buffalo [New York] Society of Natural Science to obtain cranial measurements of Australian aborigines and Tasmanians, to investigate the Rhodesian Man site in South Africa, to survey the field of early man, and to collect data to support his hypothesis about the peopling of the Earth

1925-1926 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1926 -- Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from University of Brno and D.Nat.Sc. degree from Brunn University

1926 May-September -- First fieldwork in Alaska: reconnaissance down the Yukon River to its mouth, around the Bering Sea and through the Bering Strait along the Alaskan coast to Point Barrow

1927 -- Received Huxley Memorial Medal and gave Huxley Lecture on "the Neanderthal Phase of Man" before the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1928 -- Helped found the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)

1928-1929 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1928-1932 -- Served as first president of the AAPA

1929 -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Yukon River from Tanana to its mouth, to St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands, to Cape Prince of Wales, up to Point Barrow and back to Unalaska Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from Charles University, Prague

1930 -- Published The Skeletal Remains of Early Man, Vol. 83 Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections Published "Anthropological Survey in Alaska," Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 21-374

1930 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Kuskokwim River from Bethel down river to Apogak and up river to Stony River

1931 -- Children Who Run on All Fours published by McGraw-Hill Book Co.

1931 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1932 -- Kober Foundation lecturer of Georgetown University

1932 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1934 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed Cooks Inlet sites and the mainland opposite the Our Point site

1935 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site

1936 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed the Dutch Harbor caves, some of the Aleutian Islands, and the mummy cave on Kagamil Island

1937 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands and Commander Islands

1938 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor caves, and Commander Islands

1939 April 4 -- Testimonial dinner given by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in honor of his 70th birthday

1939 April-June -- Recuperated in London hospital after suffering a coronary occlusion

1942 March 31 -- Retired from curatorship at United States National Museum, becoming an associate in anthropology

1942 December -- Resigned as editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology

1943 -- Alaska Diary published by Cattell Press

1943 September 5 -- Died of heart attack

1944 -- Anthropology of Kodiak Island published by Wistar Institute

1945 -- The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants published by Wistar Institute

1969 -- Tenth Anthropological Congress of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences dedicated to Hrdlička in the 100th anniversary year of his birth

Selected Bibliography

1908 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Bulletin 34, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1908.

1912 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Early Man in South America. Bulletin 52, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912.

1919 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physical Anthropology: Its Scope and Aims. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1919.

1920 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropometry. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1920.

1925 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Old Americans. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925.

1930 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Vol. 83, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. City of Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1930. Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropological Survey in Alaska. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930.

1931 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Children Who Run on All Fours, and Other Animal-like Behaviors in the Human Child. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1931.

1943 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Alaska Diary, 1926-1931. Lancaster, PA: The Jacques Cattell Press, 1943.

1944 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropology of Kodiak Island. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1944.

1945 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1945.
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Aleš Hrdlička can be found in the papers of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, and Frank Spencer; records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution); and glass negatives of Indians collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution illustrations.

Additional related photographs can be found in Photo Lot 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; Photo Lot 9, Photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; Photo Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; Photo Lot 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; Photo Lot 78, Miscellaneous negatives; Photo Lot 97, Division of Ethnology collection ("USNM" Collection); Photo Lot 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs relating to the Panama-California Exhibition; Photo Lot 73-26G, Miscellany; Photo Lot 77-48, Group portraits of International Congress; Photo Lot 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; Photo Lot 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and Photo Lot 92-46, Anthropology lantern slides.

Related films can be found in the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1982.2.1, 1982.2.2, 1986.12.1, and 2015.13.1.

Hrdlička's extensive collection of reprints is maintained in the Division of Physical Anthropology.

Frank Spencer's doctoral dissertation "Aleš Hrdlička, M.D., 1869-1943: A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist" (1979) is the only book length biography of Hrdlička. The Frank Spencer papers, 1836-1999, are available at the NAA and contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece; and an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute.

Further material may be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
Hrdlička bequeathed his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. The Division of Physical Anthropology maintained them until they were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives in the 1960s. Some papers have come into the collection since then, most recently in 2018. These new accretions came to the collection through Donald Ortner, David Hunt, T. Dale Stewart, the Department of Anthropology, and the University of Alaska.
Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human evolution  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Children -- Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-31
Online Media:

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Names:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Advertisements  Search this
Cunningham & Walsh.  Search this
Hixson & Jorgenson  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc. -- Advertisements  Search this
Ayer, Francis Wayland  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (1169 boxes )
7 Film reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Business records
Interviews
Oral history
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Date:
1817-1851
1869-2006
Summary:
Collection consists of records documenting one of the oldest advertising agencies created in Philadelphia. The company then moves to New York and expanses to international markets. During its history NW Ayer & Sons acquires a number of other advertising agencies and is eventually purchased. The largest portion of the collection is print advertisements but also includes radio and television. NW Ayer is known for some of the slogans created for major American companies.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of proof sheets of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son, Incorporated for their clients. These materials are in series one through thirteen and consist primarily of print advertisements. There are also billboards, radio and television commercials. The advertisements range from consumer to corporate and industrial products. The majority of the advertisements were created for Ayer's New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and international offices. Printed advertisements created by Cunningham & Walsh, Hixson & Jorgensen and Newell-Emmett are also included among these materials. Researchers who are interested in records created by Ayer in the course of operating an advertising agency will find these materials in Series fourteen-nineteen.

Series fourteen consists of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son to promote their services to potential clients.

Series fifteen are scrapbooks of some of the earliest advertisements created by the company. Series sixteen are publications. Some of the publications were created by Ayer while others were about Ayer or the advertising industry in general. Provides good background materials and puts the company in perspective. Series eighteen are the legal records. Materials relating to employees including photographs, oral histories etc. are found in series nineteen.

Series twenty is one of the smallest amounts of materials and includes information relating to the history of NW Ayer & Son.

The container lists for series one-thirteen are part of a database and are searchable. The list has been printed for the convenience of the researcher and is included in this finding aid. Series fourteen-twenty container lists are also a part of the finding aid but are not in a searchable format.

Series 1, Scrapbooks of Client Advertisements, circa 1870-1920, is arranged into three boxes by chronological date. There are two bound scrapbooks and one box of folders containing loose scrapbook pages. NW Ayer & Son compiled an assortment of their earliest ads and placed them into scrapbooks. Besides the earliest advertisements, the scrapbooks contain requests to run advertisements, reading notices and listings of papers Ayer advertised in. The early advertisements themselves range from medical remedies to jewelry to machines to clothing to education and more. Most of the advertisements in the bound scrapbooks are dated.

Series 2, Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930, NW Ayer was fond of creating scrapbooks containing proofsheets. The series contains proofsheets created between 1892 and 1930, organized into 526 boxes. For convenience of storage, access and arrangement, the scrapbooks were disassembled and the pages placed in original order in flat archival storage boxes. The proofsheets are arranged by book number rather than client name. Usually the boxes contain a listing of the clients and sometimes the dates of the advertisements to be found within the box.

Series 3, Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975, is organized into 532 oversize boxes, and contain proofsheets and tearsheets created between 1920 and 1972. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by company name (occasionally subdivided by brand or product), and thereunder chronologically by date of production. Many major, national advertisers are represented, including American Telephone & Telegraph, Armour Company, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Carrier Corporation, Domino Sugar, Caterpillar tractor company, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, Goodyear, Hills Bros. Coffee, Ladies Home Journal, National Dairy, Plymouth (Chrysler Corporation), Steinway, TV Guide, United Airlines and the United States Army. Also contained in this series are three scrapbooks of client advertisements including Canada Dry, Ford Motor, and Victor Talking Machine.

Series 4, 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001, is organized into ninety three oversized boxes,one folder and contains proofsheets for select Ayer clients, created between 1975 and 2001. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by client name and there under chronologically by date of production. Major national advertisers represented include American Telephone & Telegraph, Avon, the United States Army, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Dupont, TV Guide, Sealtest, Kraft Foods, Gillette, General Motors, Cannon Mills.

Series 5, Billboards, circa 1952-1956, consists of mounted and un-mounted original art/mock-ups. Twenty-two pieces of original art created as mock-ups for Texaco billboards.

Series 6, Film and Video Commercials, 1967-1970,

Series 7, Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated, is arranged into eight boxes and includes radio scripts, television scripts, and story boards for commercials.

Subseries 7.1, Scripts and storyboards for Radio and Television Commercials, dates Scripts for radio and television commercials includes title, date, length of commercial, advertising agency, client information

NW Ayer's radio and television materials mainly focus on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Some of Ayer's materials relate to Bell Telephone Hours.

Storyboards are used in television and film to assist the director in working with crew to tell the story. To show the viewer through the use of figures, visual effects and camera angles. When directors first start thinking about their storyboard they create a story in their mind. They think of all the camera angles, visual effects and how the figures will interact in their mind. They try to create an extraordinary story in their head to attract the viewer (YOU) In order for the storyboard to be entirely effective it can't be a passive document. When done properly, a storyboard serves as a central design, meeting the needs of many team members including graphics artists, video personnel and programmers.

Another function of a storyboard is to help the team communicate during the training development process. This communication is very important in working with a large team as in the movie King, produced in 1996. Figures help the director explain to the crew how they are going to record the film and how to present it to the audience. Sometimes the director wants special effects to be added to the film, but his budget might not be that big so the director will have to change the story to fit their budget.

The Visual Effects are an important part in the storyboards it adds a special touch of creativity to your film. Camera angles are an important expects in your film because the camera angles determine where the viewing audience will look. If you want your audience to look at a certain object you must turn their attention to it by focusing on that object and maybe you might try blocking something out. Then you will have your audience's attention and you may do whatever else you have to, it could be scaring them are just surprising them or whatever you do.

Also included is talent information and log sheets relating to the storage of the commercials.

Bell Telephone Hour Program, 1942-[19??], The Bell Telephone Hour, also known as The Telephone Hour, was a five minute musical program which began April 29, 1940 on National Broadcasting Company Radio and was heard on NBC until June 30, 1958. Sponsored by Bell Telephone showcased the best in classical and Broadway music, reaching eight to nine million listeners each week. It continued on television from 1959 to 1968.

Earlier shows featured James Melton and Francia White as soloists. Producer Wallace Magill restructured the format on April 27, 1942 into the "Great Artists Series" of concert and opera performers, beginning with Jascha Heifetz. Records indicate that the list of talents on the program included Marian Anderson, Helen Traubel, Oscar Levant, Lily Pons, Nelson Eddy, Bing Crosby, Margaret Daum, Benny Goodman, José Iturbi, Gladys Swarthout and .The series returned to radio in 1968-1969 as Bell Telephone Hour Encores, also known as Encores from the Bell Telephone Hour, featuring highlights and interviews from the original series.

National Broadcasting television specials sponsored by the Bell System, 1957-1987includes information relating to Science series, Bell system Theshold Series, Bell telephone hour and commercial and public sponsored programs

Series 8, Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the client in ninety boxes and six oversize folders. Clients include Illinois Bell Telephone (1955-1989), Microswitch (1969-1989), Teletype (1975-1984), John Deere (1974-1989) and Caterpillar (1966-1972) are particularly well represented. Other clients of interest include Dr. Scholl's shoes (circa 1968-1972), the Girl Scouts (1976-1980), Sunbeam Personal Products Company (1973-1981), Bell and Howell (1974-1983) and Alberto Culver shampoos (1967-1971), Honeywell, Incorporated, Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations, Kraft, Incorporated, Sears, Roebuck and Company, and YMCA.

Series 9, Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987, include printed advertisements created by this office and information relating to the employees.

Subseries 9.1, Print Advertisements, 1977-1987, printed advertisements arranged in one box alphabetically by client. There is a sparse sampling of clients from this particular Ayer branch office. The majority of the advertisements contained within this series are from Pizza Hut (1986-1987). Also included are Computer Automation (1977-1978), State of the Art, Incorporated (1982) and Toshiba (1986).

Subseries 9.2, Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s, includes cards of employees who worked in the Los Angeles office. Information on the cards includes name, address, telephone number, birthday, date hired, departure date and why (retired, terminated, resigned, etc) and position. Not all cards have all information. There is also a photograph of the employees on the cards.

Series 10, Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated, NW Ayer maintained partnerships with international companies such as Sloanas Ayer in Argentina, Connaghan & May Paton Ayer in Australia, Moussault Ayer in Belgium, NW Ayer, LTD. in Canada, GMC Ayer in France, Co-Partner Ayer in Germany, Wong Lam Wang in Hong Kong, MacHarman Ayer in New Zealand, Grupo de Diseno Ayer in Spain, Nedeby Ayer in Sweden, and Ayer Barker in United Kingdom. This group of material is a small sampling of advertisements created from these International offices. It is arranged alphabetically by client. There are quite a few automobile advertisements (i.e. Audi, Fiat, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen). In addition there are numerous advertisements for various personal items from MacLean's toothpaste to Quick athletic shoes to Labello lip balm, etc. Most of the advertisements have the creator's name printed on the advertisements.

Series 11, Cunningham & Walsh, Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated contains 98 boxes 11 folders materials from the New York advertising agency acquired by NW Ayer in the 1960s. The company began with Newel-Emmett, an agency of nine men which broke up in 1949. Two of the men Fred Walsh and Jack Cunningham formed this agency in bearing their names in 1950. The agency created "let your fingers for the walking campaign for American Telephone & Telegraph, Mother Nature for Chiffon, and Mrs. Olson for Folgers's coffee and let the good times roll for Kawasaki motorcycle. In 1986, NW Ayer Incorporated purchased Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated.

Subseries 11.1, Print Advertisements, 1915-1987, are contained in ninety eight boxes of primarily print advertisements arranged alphabetically by client name. Clients that are particularly well represented are Graybar (electrical implements, circa1926-1937), Johns-Manulle (circa1915-1971), Smith and Corono typewriters (circa 1934-1960), Sunshine Biscuit Company (circa 1925-1961), Texaco Company (circa 1936-1961), Western Electric (circa 1920- 1971) and Yellow Pages (circa 1936-1971). Cunningham and Walsh also represented several travel and tourism industry clients, including Cook Travel Services (circa 1951-1962), Italian Line (circa 1953-1961), Narragansett and Croft (circa 1956-1960) and Northwest Airlines (circa 1946-1955). There are photographs of Texaco advertisements dating from 1913-1962. There is also a scrapbook of advertisements from the Western Electric Company dating from 1920-1922.

Subseries 11.2, Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967, consist of materials created for Western Electric. Materials are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 11.3, Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated include client lists, information relating to NW Ayer purchase and annual report 1962.

Series 12, Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, a Los Angeles advertising company, merged with Ayer in 1969. This series is housed in one box. Within the box are four scrapbooks and folders with a hodgepodge of materials relating to advertising. Of most interest are the scrapbooks. Two scrapbooks deal with Hixson and Jorgensen's self promotion ad campaign "the right appeal gets action" (1953-1957). The other two scrapbooks contain news clippings about the company and its activities (1959-1971).

Series 13, Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957, founded in 1919 and governed in the 1940s by a partnership of nine men. The partnership broke up in 1949 when the men went their separate ways. The materials consist of print advertisements for one of client, Permutit Company, a water conditioning company. The materials are arranged in one box in chronological order.

Series 14, House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991, 16 boxes consists of advertisements or self-promotion advertisements to campaign for new clients. The series is arranged chronologically by date into fifteen boxes. Within the series are two scrapbooks containing self promotion ads from 1888-1919 and 1892-1895. Numerous house ads relate to Ayer's "Human Contact" campaign. In addition to the self promotion ads, Ayer ran advertisements expounding about particular concepts or themes for example, one month the concept would "understand" while another month would be "teamwork" and yet another would be on "imagination". Some of the self promotion ads target specific groups like Philadelphia businessmen. Other advertisements incorporate the fine arts.

Series 15, Scrapbooks, 1872-1959, relates to company events, records and news clippings about Ayer's history. The six boxes are arranged by chronological date. Two of the boxes focus solely on the death of founder F.W. Ayer (1923). Another box houses a scrapbook that showcases Ayer's annual Typography Exhibition (1931-1959). One box contains a scrapbook that specifically deals with correspondences relating to Ayer's advertising. Yet another box's contents are folders of loose pages from scrapbooks that have newspaper clippings, order forms, correspondences and other company records. In one box, a bound scrapbook houses a variety of materials relating to Ayer and advertising (i.e. newspaper clippings, competitor's advertisements, NW Ayer's advertisements, correspondences for advertisements, clippings regarding the "theory of advertising."

Series 16, Publications, 1849-2006, are housed in thirty four boxes and are arranged into three main categories.

Subseries 16.1, House Publications, 1876-1994, covers diverse topics; some proscriptive works about the Ayer method in advertising, some commemorating people, anniversaries or events in the life of the agency. Materials consist of scattered issues of the employee newsletter The Next Step 1920-1921. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date of publication. Ayer in the News, The Show Windows of an Advertising Agency, 1915, book form of advertisements published on the cover of Printer's Ink, highlighting Ayer's relations with advertisers. The Story of the States, 1916, Reprint in book form of a series of articles published in Printer's Ink for the purpose of adding some pertinent fact, progressive thought and prophetic vision to the Nationalism of Advertising highlights major businesses, manufacturer, natural resources and other qualities or attractions of each state. The Book of the Golden Celebration, 1919, includes welcome address and closing remarks by founder F. Wayland Ayer, The Next Step, 1920 employee newsletter with photographs, employee profiles, in-house jokes, etc., Advertising Advertising: A Series of Fifty-two Advertisements scheduled one time a week. Twenty-seven, thirty and forty inches, a day of the week optional with publisher, 1924

Subseries 16.2, Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-2006, includes a book first published in 1939. Includes articles, documenting events and is arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Subseries 16.3, General Publications about Advertising, 1922-1974, are arranged chronologically by date of publication and relate primarily to the history of advertising.

Subseries 16.4, Publications about Other Subjects, 1948-1964, include four books about the tobacco industry primarily the history of the American Tobacco Company and Lorillard Company from the Cunningham and Walsh library.

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1, Contracts, 1885-1908, undated, are arranged alphabetically and span from 1885-1908. The majority of the contracts are with newspaper and magazine publishers from around the country.

Subseries 17.2, General client information, 1911-1999, undated, including active and cancelled lists with dates, client gains, historical client list, (should move this to series 20) Ayer Plan User Guide Strategic Planning for Human Contact, undated

Subseries 17.3, Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated, contain information used by Ayer to create advertisements for some of its clients. American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate Case History, American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate advertisement memo, commissioned artists for DeBeers advertisements, DeBeers information relating to the creative process and photography credits, a case history for DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., The Diamond Engagement Ring, Managing Communication at all levels, DuPont publications, JC Penny Marketing Communication Plan Recommendation, Leaf, Incorporated, Saturn presentation, and USAREC oral presentation.

Subseries 17.4, Potential Clients, 1993, includes grouping has a questionnaire sent to Ayer by a potential client. Questionnaire response for Prudential Securities, 1993 Prudential Securities advertising account review, 1993.

Subseries 17.5, Financial Records, 1929-1938, includes balance sheet, 1929 May 1 Balance sheet and adjustments Consolidated statement of assets and liabilities, Expenses 191936-37 Business review and expenses, 1937 and 1938 Business review and expenses comparative statement, 1937 and 1938.

Series 18, Legal Records, circa 1911-1982, Ayer's legal records are arranged by twelve subject groupings within four boxes. The twelve groupings are advertising service agreements (circa 1918-1982), bylaws, copyright claims, correspondences, international correspondences, dissolution of trusts, stock information, agreements between partners, incorporation materials, reduction of capital, property information and miscellaneous materials. The bulk of the materials are the advertising service agreements. These agreements are between Ayer and their clients and state the services Ayer will offer and at what cost. The bylaws are Ayer's company bylaws from 1969 and 1972. The copyright claims are certificates stating Ayer's ownership over certain published materials (i.e. "Policy", Media Equalizer Model, and Don Newman's Washington Square Experiment). The correspondences relate to either the voting trust and receipts for agreement or the New York Corporation. The international correspondences are from either Ayer's Canadian office or London office. The dissolutions of trusts contains materials about the dividend trust of Wilfred F. Fry, the investment trust of Winfred W. Fry, the voting trust, and the New York corporation. The stock information has stock certificates and capital stock information. The agreements between partners (1911-1916) specify the terms between F.W. Ayer and his partners. The incorporation materials (circa 1929-1977) deal with Ayer advertising agency becoming incorporated in the state of Delaware. The reduction of capital grouping is a notification that shares of stock have been retired. The property information grouping contains property deeds and insurance policy (circa 1921-1939), a property appraisal (1934), and a bill of sale (1948). The miscellaneous grouping contains a house memo regarding a set of board meeting minutes and a registry of foreign companies in Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1929-1954).

Subseries 18.1, Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2, Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4, Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5, International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6, Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7, Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8, Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9, Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10, Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11, Property Information, 1921-1948

Subseries 18.12, Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19, Personnel Records, circa 1889-2001, are arranged into eight groupings within eight boxes. The groupings are employee card files, photographs, Ayer alumni, biographies, speeches, recollections, oral histories, and miscellaneous. Typed manuscript of book A Copy Writer Speaks by George Cecil, NW Ayer, Incorporated copy head 1920s-1950s

Subseries 19.1, Employee card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963, consists of index cards with the name, age, job title, date and wage increases, date of hire/fire, as well as remarks about the employee's service and/or reasons for seeking or leaving the job. Materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee within three boxes.

Subseries 19.2, Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated, are housed in two boxes. The photographs grouped together by subjects i.e. personnel, company events, Ayer buildings, and miscellaneous. This grouping primarily consists of personnel photographs. Includes a glass plate negative dated 1924 of NW Ayer.

Subseries 19.3, Ayer Alumni, circa 1989-98, include employees who have left Ayer. There is a listing of Ayer "graduates" and their current job. Emeritus, Ayer's alumni newsletter 1989-1996, makes up the majority of materials in this grouping. The newsletter keeps the alumni up to date with the happenings of Ayer and what has become of former Ayer employees. Emeritus is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the activities, thoughts and feelings of Ayer alumni a body of people who consists of retirees and former employees.

Subseries 19.4, Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994, undated, prominent members of Ayer's operations had biographical sketches completed of them. This was true for the bio sketches of Robert Ervin, Louis T. Hagopian, and George A. Rink. There is a substantial file on Dorothy Dignam ("Mis Dig"), a leading woman in the advertising world from the 1930s to the 1950s. Also of interest is a video ("The Siano Man") compiled by Ayer employees to commemorate Jerry Siano's retirement from Ayer in 1994. The series is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 19.5, Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975, contains speeches made by Wilfred W. Fry and Neal W. O'Connor. Wilfred W. Fry had various speaking engagements connected with Ayer. Contained in this group is a sampling of his speeches from 1919 to 1931. Neal O'Connor's speech "Advertising: Who Says It's a Young People's Business" was given at the Central Region Convention for the American Association of Advertising Agencies in Chicago on November 6, 1975. The speeches are arranged alphabetically by the speaker's last name.

Subseries 19.6, Recollections, 1954-1984, undated, are arranged alphabetically by last name. These are recollections from Ayer employees about the company and its advertisements. Some recollections are specifically about certain types of advertisements, like farm equipment while others reflect on F. W. Ayer and the company.

Subseries 19.7, Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991, include interviews with key NW Ayer personnel, conducted by Ayer alumnae Howard Davis, Brad Lynch and Don Sholl (Vice President creative) for the Oral History Program. The materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.8, Oral History Interview Audio Tapes, 1985-1990, include interviews on audiotape the materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.9, Internal Communications, 1993-1999, includes information sent to employees relating to retirements, management changes, awards won by the company, promotions, potential new accounts, free items, grand opening of Ayer Café, donation events, sponsorship programs, holiday schedules, discounts for employees from clients, Ayer joins MacManus Group.

Subseries 19.10, General Materials, 1940; 1970, includes agency directory entry including a list of the employees, 1970s, annual banquet program for the Curfew Club May 22, 1940 a group formed by the Philadelphia employee in 1938. It sponsored numerous sports, social and educational activities. Groups were formed in public speaking, music appreciation and a series of talks on Monday evenings title the modern woman. The front page was a series of talks for general interest. A list of officers, 1991, Twenty five year club membership, 1973 December 1, List of NW Ayer graduates, 1970, List of Officers, 1991 May 31, Obituary for Leo Lionni, 1999 October 17, List of photographers of advertisements, 2001

Series 20, Background and History Information, 1817-1999, undated includes a chronology, 1817-1990, quick reference timeline, 1848-1923, loose pages from a scrapbook containing examples of correspondence, envelopes, advertisements dating from 1875-1878; slogans coined by NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1899-1990, history of management, 1909-1923, articles and photographs about the building and art galleries, 1926-1976, publications about the Philadelphia building, 1929, pamphlet relating to memories of NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1930s-1950s, television history, 1940-1948, Article about the history of the company, 1950 January, pocket guide, 1982, AdWeek reports about standings for advertising agencies, information relating to Human Contact which is NW Ayer's Information relating to Human Contact, undated which is their philosophy on advertising.

Series 21, Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated, consists of print advertisements collected by Ayer from other major advertising companies. The companies include Doyle Dane Bernback, Incorporated, Leo Burnett Company, Grey Advertising Agency, D'Arcy Ad Agency, Scali, McCabe, Sloves, Incorporated and Erwin Wasey Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by client and include products from Ralston Purina and Van Camp (Chicken of the Sea), Kellogg, American Export Lines and No Nonsense Fashions.

Series 22, 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1999, undated, includes material given to the Archives Center in 2010. It is organized into seventy one oversized boxes and contains proofsheets of print advertisements for select Ayer clients. These are arranged alphabetically by client name and include substantial quantities of materials from American Telephone &Telegraph (1945-1996), Bahamas Ministry of Tourism (1967-1987), Carrier (1971-1981), Citibank (1973-1991), DeBeers (1940s-1960s and1990s), Electric Companies Advertising Program [ECAP] (1942-1970s), General Motors (1989-1998), J.C. Penney (1983-1986), Newsweek (1966-1975), and Proctor and Gamble (1980s-1890s). There are also numerous other clients represented by smaller quantities of materials.

Subseries 22.1, Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2, Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated, include Cannon towels, Cheny Brothers silks, Cornish & Company organs and pianos, Enterprise Manufacturing Company, 1879 sad iron, an ad from Harper's Weekly 1881 for ladies clothing, Ostermoor & Company mattresses, Pear's soap, Porter's cough balsam, Steinway pianos.

Series 23, Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985, consists of three boxes of printed advertisements for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Some of the same advertisements might also be found in series two, three and four.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks of Client Print Advertisements, circa 1870-1920

Series 2: Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930

Series 3: Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975

Series 4: 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001

Series 5: Billboards, circa 1952-1956

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials

Series 7: Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated

Series 8: Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989

Series 9: Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987

Subseries 9.1: Printed Advertisements, 1977-1987

Subseries 9.2: Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s

Series 10: Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated

Series 11: Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated

Subseries 11.1: Printed Advertisements, 1915-1987

Subseries 11.2: Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967

Subseries 11.3: Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated

Series 12: Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, undated

Series 13: Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957

Series 14: House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991

Series 15: Scrapbooks, 1872-1959

Series 16: Publications, 1849-2006

Subseries 16.1: House Publications, 1876-1994

Subseries 16.2: Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-1995

Subseries 16.3: General Publications about Advertising, 1922-2006

Subseries 16.4: Publications about other Subjects, 1948-1964

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1: Contracts, 1885-1908, undated

Subseries 17.2: General Client Information, 1911-1999, undated

Subseries 17.3: Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated

Subseries 17.4: Potential Clients, 1993

Subseries 17.5: Financial Records, 1929-1938

Series 18: Legal Records, circa 1911-1984

Subseries 18.1: Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2: Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4: Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5: International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6: Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7: Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8: Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9: Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10: Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11: Property Information

Subseries 18.12: Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19: Employee Materials, circa 1889-2001

Subseries 19.1: Employee Card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963

Subseries 19.2: Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated

Subseries 19.3: Alumni Publications, circa 1989-1998

Subseries 19.4: Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994

Subseries 19.5: Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975

Subseries 19.6: Recollections, 1954-1984, undated

Subseries 19.7: Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991

Subseries 19.8: Oral History Audiotapes, 1985-1990

Subseries 19.9: Internal Communications, 1993-1999

Subseries 19.1: General Materials, 1940-2001

Series 20: History and Background Information about the Company, 1817-1999, undated

Series 21: Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated

Series 22: 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1990s, undated

Subseries 22.1: Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2: Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated

Series 23: Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, NW Ayer & Son is one of the oldest and largest advertising agencies in America. For most of its history, it was the undisputed leader and innovator in the field of advertising. In 1876, NW Ayer & Son pioneered the "open contract", a revolutionary change in the method of billing for advertising which became the industry standard for the next hundred years. NW Ayer pioneered the use of fine art in advertising and established the industry's first art department. It was the first agency to use a full-time copywriter and the first to institute a copy department. The agency relocated to New York City in 1974. During its long history, the agency's clients included many "blue-chip" clients, including American Telephone & Telegraph, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Ford Motor Company, Nabisco, R. J. Reynolds and United Airlines. However, in later years, the Ayer's inherent conservatism left the agency vulnerable to the creative revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the advertising industry restructuring of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s. The agency was bought out by a Korean investor in 1993. In 1996, NW Ayer merged with another struggling top twenty United States advertising agency, Darcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, under the umbrella of the McManus Group. Ayer continues to operate as a separate, full-service agency.

Through a series of buyouts and mergers, Ayer traces its lineage to the first advertising agency founded in the United States, a Philadelphia agency begun by Volney Palmer in 1841. Palmer began his career in advertising as a newspaper agent, acting as middleman between newspaper publishers and advertisers across the country. By 1849, Palmer had founded his own newspaper, V. B. Palmer's Register and Spirit of the Press, and had developed a complete system of advertising which included securing advertising space and placing ads in scores of commercial, political, religious, scientific and agricultural journals across the country. Palmer went one step further than the "space jobbers" of the day when he began offering "advertisements carefully drawn for those who have not the time to prepare an original copy." Always an enthusiastic promoter of advertising as an incentive to trade and American economic growth, Palmer promised advertisers that "every dollar paid for advertising in country newspapers will pay back twenty-fold" and encouraged skeptical consumers that "he who wishes to buy cheap should buy of those who advertise." When Palmer died in 1863, the agency was bought by his bookkeeper, John Joy, who joined with another Philadelphia advertising agency to form Joy, Coe & Sharpe. That agency was bought out again in 1868 and renamed Coe, Wetherill & Company. In 1877, Coe, Wetherill and Company was bought out by the newly formed NW Ayer & Son.

Francis Wayland Ayer was an ambitious young schoolteacher with an entrepreneurial streak. Having worked for a year soliciting advertisements on a commission basis for the publisher of the National Baptist weekly, Francis Ayer saw the potential to turn a profit as an advertising agent. In 1869, Ayer persuaded his father, Nathan Wheeler Ayer, to join him in business, and with an initial investment of only $250.00, NW Ayer & Son was born. Notwithstanding a smallpox epidemic in Philadelphia in 1871 and the general economic depression of the early 1870s, the agency flourished. The senior Ayer died in 1873, leaving his interest in the agency to his wife, but Francis W. Ayer bought her out, consolidating his interest in the company's management. In 1877, with Coe, Wetherill & Company (the successor to Palmer's 1841 agency) on the verge of bankruptcy and heavily indebted to Ayer for advertising it had placed in Ayer publications, Ayer assumed ownership of that agency. Thus did NW Ayer lay claim to being the oldest advertising agency in the country.

Both Nathan Wheeler and Francis Wayland Ayer began their careers as schoolteachers, and one of their legacies was a commitment to the cause of education: correspondence schools and institutions of higher learning were historically well-represented among Ayer clients. Just after World War I, the agency was heralded as "co-founder of more schools than any citizen of this country" for its conspicuous efforts to advertise private schools. Well into the 1960s, an "Education Department" at Ayer prepared advertisements for over three hundred private schools, camps and colleges, representing almost half the regional and national advertising done for such institutions. In fact, to its clients Ayer presented advertising itself as being akin to a system of education. In 1886, Ayer began promoting the virtues of the Ayer way advertising with the slogan, "Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success."

The agency's goals were simple: "to make advertising pay the advertiser, to spend the advertiser's money as though it were our own, to develop, magnify and dignify advertising as a business." Initially, Ayer's fortunes were tied to newspapers, and the agency began to make a name for itself as compiler and publisher of a widely used American Newspaper Annual. During the first years, Ayer's singular goal was "to get business, place it [in newspapers] and get money for it"; after several years as an independent space broker, however, Francis Ayer resolved "not to be an order taker any longer." This decision led NW Ayer and Son to a change in its mode of conducting business which would revolutionize the advertising industry: in 1876, Ayer pioneered the "open contract" with Diggee & Conard, Philadelphia raised growers and agricultural suppliers. Prior to the open contract, NW Ayer & Sons and most agencies operated as "space-jobbers," independent wholesalers of advertising space, in which the opportunities for graft and corrupt practices were virtually unlimited. In contrast, the open contract, wherein the advertiser paid a fixed commission based on the volume of advertising placed, aligned the advertising agent firmly on the side of the advertiser and gave advertisers access to the actual rates charged by newspapers and religious journals. The open contract with a fixed commission has been hailed by advertising pioneer Albert Lasker as one of the "three great landmarks in advertising history." (The other two were Lasker's own development of "reason-why" advertising copy and J. Walter Thompson's pioneering of sex appeal in an advertisement for Woodbury's soap.) Although the transition to the open contract did not happen overnight, by 1884, nearly three-quarters of Ayer's advertising billings were on an open contract basis. Since Ayer was, by the 1890s, the largest agency in America, the switch to direct payment by advertisers had a significant impact on the advertising industry, as other agencies were forced to respond to Ayer's higher standard. Just as important, the open contract helped to establish N W Ayer's long-standing reputation for "clean ethics and fair dealing" -- a reputation the agency has guarded jealously for over a century. The open contract also helped to establish Ayer as a full service advertising agency and to regularize the production of advertising in-house. From that point forward, Ayer routinely offered advice and service beyond the mere placement of advertisements. Ayer set another milestone for the industry in 1888, when Jarvis Wood was hired as the industry's first full-time copywriter. Wood was joined by a second full time copywriter four years later, and the Copy Department was formally established in 1900. The industry's first Art Department grew out of the Copy Department when Ayer hired its first commercial artist to assist with copy preparation in 1898; twelve years later Ayer became the first agency to offer the services of a full time art director, whose sole responsibility was the design and illustration of ads.

Ayer's leadership in the use of fine art in advertising has roots in this period, but achieved its highest expression under the guidance of legendary art director Charles Coiner. Coiner joined Ayer in 1924, after graduating from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Despite early resistance from some clients, Coiner was adamant that "the use of outstanding palette and original art forms bring a greater return in readership, in impact and prestige for the advertiser." To this end, Coiner marshaled the talents of notable painters, illustrators and photographers, including N.C. Wyeth and Rockwell Kent (Steinway), Georgia O'Keefe (Dole), Leo Lionni (DuPont), Edward Steichen (Steinway, Cannon Mills), Charles Sheeler (Ford), and Irving Penn (DeBeers). Coiner believed that there was a practical side to the use of fine art in advertising, and his success (and Ayer's) lay in the marriage of research and copywriting with fine art, an arrangement Coiner termed "art for business sake." Coiner's efforts won both awards and attention for a series completed in the 1950s for the Container Corporation of America. Titled "Great Ideas of Western Man" the campaign featured abstract and modern paintings and sculpture by leading U.S. and foreign artists, linked with Western philosophical writings in an early example of advertising designed primarily to bolster corporate image. In 1994, Charles Coiner was posthumously named to the American Advertising Federation's Hall of Fame, the first full time art director ever chosen for that honor.

Coiner and fellow art director Paul Darrow also created legendary advertising with the "A Diamond Is Forever" campaign for DeBeers; ads featured the work of Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and other modernist painters. The "A Diamond is Forever" tagline was written in 1949 by Frances Gerety, a woman copywriter at Ayer from 1943 to 1970. In 1999, Ad Age magazine cited "A Diamond is Forever" as the most memorable advertising slogan of the twentieth century.

Coiner also earned respect for his volunteer government service during World War II; he designed the armbands for civil defense volunteers and logos for the National Recovery Administration and Community Chest. As a founding member of the Advertising Council in 1945, Ayer has had a long-standing commitment to public service advertising. In the mid-1980s, Ayer became a leading force in the Reagan-era "War on Drugs". Lou Hagopian, Ayer's sixth CEO, brokered the establishment of the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a media coalition which generated as much as a million dollars a day in donated advertising space and time to prevent the use and abuse of illegal drugs. Famous names appear among NW Ayer's clientele from the very earliest days of the agency. Retailer John Wanamaker, Jay Cooke and Company, and Montgomery Ward's mail-order business were among the first Ayer clients. The agency has represented at least twenty automobile manufacturers, including Cadillac, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Plymouth, and Rolls-Royce. Other major, long-term clients through the years have included American Telephone & Telegraph, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Kellogg's, R. J. Reynolds, Steinway and Sons, United Airlines, and the United States Army. By the time of Ayer's hundredth anniversary in 1969, some of these companies had been Ayer clients for decades if not generations, and the longevity of those relationships was for many years a source of Ayer's strength.

But the advertising industry began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, due in part to a "creative revolution." Small advertising agencies won attention with provocative copywriting and art direction that more closely resembled art than advertising. Advances in market research allowed clients to more narrowly tailor their advertising messages to distinct groups of consumers, and this led to a rise in targeted marketing which could more readily be doled out to specialized small agencies than to larger, established firms like NW Ayer & Son. The civil rights and anti-war movements also contributed to increasing public skepticism with the values of corporate America, and by extension, with some national advertising campaigns. Older, more conservative firms like Ayer were hard pressed to meet these new challenges.

About 1970, in an effort to meet these challenges and to establish a foothold on the West Coast, Ayer bought out two smaller agencies--Hixson & Jorgenson (Los Angeles) and Frederick E. Baker (Seattle). The agency relocated from Philadelphia to New York City in 1974 in an attempt both to consolidate operations (Ayer had operated a New York office since the 1920s) and to be closer to the historic center of the advertising industry. Riding the wave of mergers that characterized the advertising industry in the late 1980s and 1990s, Ayer continued to grow through the acquisition of Cunningham & Walsh in 1986 and Rink Wells in 19xx.

During this transitional period, Ayer received widespread acclaim for its work for the United States Army, which included the widely recognized slogan "Be All You Can Be". Ayer first acquired the Army recruitment account in 1967 and with help from its direct marketing arm, the agency was widely credited with helping the Army reach its recruitment goals despite an unpopular war and plummeting enlistments after the elimination of the draft in 1973. Ayer held the account for two decades, from the Vietnam War through the Cold War, but lost the account in 1986 amid government charges that an Ayer employee assigned to the account accepted kickbacks from a New York film production house. Despite Ayer's position as the country's 18th largest agency (with billings of $880 million in 1985), the loss of the agency's second largest account hit hard.

NW Ayer made up for the loss of the $100 million dollar a year Army account and made headlines for being on the winning end of the largest account switch in advertising history to date, when fast food giant Burger King moved its $200 million dollar advertising account from arch-rival J. Walter Thompson in 1987. Burger King must have had drive-thru service in mind, however, and Ayer made headlines again when it lost the account just eighteen months later in another record-breaking account switch. Another devastating blow to the agency was the loss of its lead position on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Ayer pioneered telecommunications advertising in 1908, when the agency was selected to craft advertising for the Bell System's universal telephone service. Despite valiant efforts to keep an account the agency had held for most of the twentieth century, and for which they had written such memorable corporate slogans as American Telephone &Telegraph "The Voice with a Smile" and "Reach Out and Touch Someone", the agency lost the account in 1996.

After a wave of mergers and acquisitions in the late 1980s, the economic recession of the early 1990s hit Madison Avenue hard, and Ayer was particularly vulnerable. Despite the agency's long history and roster of "blue-chip" clients, Ayer was not known for cutting-edge creative work. Moreover, though the agency had offices overseas, Ayer had never built a strong multinational presence, and many of the smaller international offices were sold during the financial turmoil of the 1980s. This left a real void in the new climate of global marketplace consolidation. By about 1990, earnings were declining (although Ayer was still among the top twenty United States agencies in billings), and the agency was suffering from client defections, high management turnover, expensive real estate commitments and deferred executive compensation deals, all fallout of the high-flying 1980s. This was the atmosphere in 1993, when W.Y. Choi, a Korean investor who had already assembled a media and marketing empire in his homeland, began looking for an American partner to form an international advertising network. Jerry Siano, the former creative director who had recently been named Ayer's seventh CEO, was in no position to refuse Choi's offer of $35 million to buy the now floundering agency. The infusion of cash was no magic bullet, however. Choi took a wait-and-see approach, allowing his partner Richard Humphreys to make key decisions about Ayer's future, including the purging of senior executives and the installation of two new CEOs in as many years.

The agency's downward trend continued with the loss of another longtime client, the DeBeers diamond cartel in 1995. Adweek reported that Ayer's billings fell from $892 million in 1990 to less than $850 million in 1995. Several top executives defected abruptly, and the agency failed to attract major new accounts. Ayer was facing the loss not merely of revenue and personnel, but the loss of much of the respect it once commanded. Ayer remained among the twenty largest U.S. agencies, but an aura of uncertainty hung over the agency like a cloud. A new CEO was appointed, and Mary Lou Quinlan became the agency's first woman CEO in 1995. A year later, Ayer and another struggling top twenty agency, D'arcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, combined as part of the McManus Group of companies. In 1998, the McManus Group had worldwide billings of more than $6.5 billion.

Under the McManus Group, Ayer was able to expand its international operations and begin to rebuild a stronger global presence. Several important new clients were won in 1997 and 1998, including Avon, General Motors, Kitchenaid, several Procter & Gamble brands and, most notably, Continental Airlines worldwide accounts. Born in the nineteenth century, Ayer may be one of a very few advertising agencies to successfully weather the economic and cultural transitions of both the twentieth and twentieth first centuries. Ayer was eventually acquired by the Publicis Groupe based in Paris, France which closed down the N.W. Ayer offices in 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated Records (AC0395)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by N W Ayer ABH International, April 15, 1975 and by Ayer & Partners, October 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must use microfilm copy. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Technical Access: Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. Publication and production quality duplication is restricted due to complex copyright, publicity rights, and right to privacy issues. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 1840-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Citation:
NW Ayer & Sons, incorporated Advertising Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0059
See more items in:
N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0059
Online Media:

Forbes Watson papers

Topic:
Arts (Magazine)
Creator:
Watson, Forbes, 1880-1960  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Pepsi-Cola Company  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Red Cross  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
United States. Public Buildings Administration. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956 -- Photographs  Search this
Brancusi, Constantin, 1876-1957  Search this
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Citron, Minna Wright, 1896-1991  Search this
Coleman, Glenn O., 1887-1932  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942  Search this
Glackens, Ira, 1907-1990  Search this
Klonis, Stewart, 1901-1989  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974 -- Photographs  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953 -- Photographs  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino, 1896-  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954 -- Photographs  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967  Search this
Pène Du Bois, Guy , 1884-1958  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty, 1898-1946  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer, b. 1880 -- Photographs  Search this
Shimin, Symeon, 1902-  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Tucker, Allen, 1866-1939  Search this
Watson, Nan, 1876-1966  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Photographer:
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Extent:
13.92 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Photographs
Drafts (documents)
Scrapbooks
Place:
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
New York N.Y. -- Buildings, structures, etc., Photographs
Date:
1840-1967
bulk 1900-1960
Summary:
The papers of New York City art critic, writer, and lecturer Forbes Watson date from 1840-1967 with the bulk of materials dating from 1900-1960 and measure 13.92 linear feet. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, business records relating to the Arts Publishing Corporation, records documenting Watson's work for the Public Works of Art Project and the Section of Painting and Sculpture, reference files, an exhibition file from the Pepsi-Cola Company's Third Annual Exhibition, writings and notes, ten scrapbooks and loose pages, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York City art critic, writer, and lecturer Forbes Watson date from 1840-1967 with the bulk of materials dating from 1900-1960 and measure 13.92 linear feet. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, business records relating to the Arts Publishing Corporation, records documenting Watson's work for the Public Works of Art Project and the Section of Painting and Sculpture, reference files, an exhibition file from the Pepsi-Cola Company's Third Annual Exhibition, writings and notes, ten scrapbooks and loose pages, printed materials, and photographs.

Biographical material includes Watson's Harvard diploma, documents concerning his service with the Red Cross in World War II, biographical accounts, and obituaries.

Correspondence is primarily with colleagues and includes scattered letters from Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Ira Glackens, Allen Tucker, and Max Weber. Other letters are from artists, art historians, and museum curators. A notebook contains shorthand drafts of letters from Watson.

Business records include personal business records consisting of various tax and stock records. The Arts Publishing Corporation records concern Watson's tenure as editor of The Arts magazine and contains a contract, correspondence, financial records, stockholders reports, press releases, a scrapbook, and issues of The Arts. Also included are business records pertaining to the Art in Federal Buildings, Inc..

The U.S. Treasury Department file is the largest series and documents Watson's federal employment as technical director, chief advisor, and consultant for Treasury Department's public art programs - the Public Works of Art Project and the Section of Painting and Sculpture. The files contain correspondence, financial reports, prospectuses, exhibition files, typescripts, clippings, exhibition catalogs, miscellaneous printed material, and photographs, and a scrapbook. The files contain a record of Watson's and other federal administrators' interactions with many artists during the Depression Era. Correspondence is primarily between Watson and Edward Bruce, Olin Dows, Henry and Elinor Morgenthau, and Edward B. Rowan. Found are scattered letters from artists including Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Paul Manship, and William Zorach, among many others. There are exhibition files for "Art for Bonds," "Army at War," and "War Against Japan." There are also photographs of U. S. Treasury Department events including a radio broadcast by John Dewey, Robert La Follette, Jr., and Sumner Welles.

Documents from the Pepsi-Cola Company's Third Annual Exhibition at the National Academy of Design contains a prospectus, an exhibition catalog and artists' statements.

Artist/Patron files contain reference material concerning painters, sculptors, photographers, dancers, composers, authors, art collectors, art dealers, and museum administrators. Files may include writings, notes, artworks, exhibition catalogs and other printed materials. Of particular note are photographs, which include portrait photographs of artists and of artists in their studios. Notable photographers include Ansel Adams, Arnold Genthe, Man Ray, photographs of New York City by Charles Sheeler and a photo of Henri Matisse by A. E. Gallatin. Files for Nan Watson, Symeon Shimin, and Glenn O. Coleman contain artworks. A file for Constantin Brancusi contains legal documents concerning U. S. Customs vs. Brancusi.

Art and Architecture files consist of reference material including photographs and notes concerning miscellaneous unattributed art works, American architecture, and furnishings.

Notes and writings consist of miscellaneous notes and typescripts of lectures and published articles, and notebooks.

Nine scrapbooks and loose scrapbook pages contain clippings of articles written by Watson, lists, and exhibition announcements and catalogs. Additional printed material includes clippings, copies of the Hue and Cry newspaper, exhibition announcements and catalogs, press releases, calendars of events, brochures for the Art Students League, book catalogs, published books, and miscellaneous printed material.

Photographs are of Forbes Watson; family members including his wife, painter Nan Watson; and members of the Art Students League including Peggy Bacon, Minna Citron, Stewart Klonis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Reginald Marsh. There are also photographs of juries for the Carnegie Institute International Exhibitions that include colleagues Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Gifford Beal, Guy Pene DuBois, Leon Kroll, Henri Matisse, Homer Saint-Gaudens, and Maurice Sterne.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1902-1960 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1913-1960 (Box 1; 33 folders)

Series 3: Business Records, 1920-1944 (Box 1-3, 14, 22; 2.0 linear feet)

Series 4: U. S. Treasury Department File, 1926-1945 (Box 3-6, 14, 17, 22, OV 21; 3.4 linear feet)

Series 5: File for Pepsi-Cola Company's Third Annual Exhibition "Paintings of the Year," 1946 (Box 6; 5 folders)

Series 6: Artist/Patron Files, 1840-1967 (Box 6-9, 15, OV 21; 2.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Art and Architecture File, 1929-1930 (Box 9; 35 folders)

Series 8: Notes and Writings, 1875-1950 (Box 9-10, 22; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1904-1951 (Box 9, 11, 14, BV 18, BV 19, BV 20; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 10: Printed Material, 1900-1961 (Box 10, 12-13, 16-17, 22; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 11: Photographs, 1900-1950 (Box 13, 22; .4 linear feet)

All material is arranged chronologically, with the exception of the Artist/Patron Files which are arranged alphabetically.
Biographical Note:
Forbes Watson (1879-1960) worked primarily in New York City and Washington, D.C. as an art critic, writer, lecturer, and consultant to the U. S. Treasury Department's Public Works of Art Project and Section of Painting and Sculpture (Section of Fine Arts).

Forbes Watson was born on November 27, 1879 in Boston, the son of stockbroker John Watson and his wife Mary. Watson grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts, attending the Phillips Academy in Andover, and graduating from Harvard University in 1902. After a brief period of freelance writing, he was hired by The New York Evening Post as an art critic in 1911 and worked there until 1917. In 1910, he married Agnes, professionally known as painter Nan Watson.

During World War I, Watson served with an American volunteer ambulance unit with the French army, later working with the American Red Cross in Paris. After the war, he moved back to New York City and worked as art critic for The World, from the early 1920s until 1931 and as editor of The Arts magazine from 1923-1933. Watson also lectured at the Art Students League, and at various universities and arts organizations.

In 1933, Watson moved to Washington, D.C. to serve as technical director of the U. S. Treasury Department's short-lived Public Works of Art Project. In October 1934, Watson was employed as Chief Adviser to the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture (later renamed the Section of Fine Arts) and later as Consultant to the Secretary's Office of the Treasury. During World War II, he organized various traveling exhibitions including "Art for Bonds" that promoted the sale of war bonds. Watson retired in 1946 and lived in Gaylordsville, Connecticut.

Watson was the author of numerous essays and reviews, and several books including American Painting Today and Winslow Homer, a biography of the noted American artist. With Edward Bruce, he produced a pictorial volume Art in Federal Buildings, Vol. I: Mural Designs. At his death he was working on his autobiography.

Forbes Watson died on May 31, 1960 in New Milford, Connecticut.
Provenance:
The Forbes Watson papers were donated by Watson's widow, Nan Watson, in 1961. An additional folder of material was donated in 2018 by the Museum of Modern Art via Michelle Elligott, Chief of Archives, Library and Research.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Forbes Watson papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art publishing  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Architecture, New York State, New York -- Photographs  Search this
Architecture -- New York, N.Y. -- Photographs  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Photographs
Drafts (documents)
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Forbes Watson papers, 1840-1967, bulk 1900-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.watsforb
See more items in:
Forbes Watson papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-watsforb

Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle papers

Creator:
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Names:
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Esther Gentle Reproductions  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Paul Rosenberg & Co.  Search this
Bedwell, Bettina, 1889-1947  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Boyle, Kay, 1902  Search this
Burlin, Paul, 1886-1969  Search this
Carton, Norman, 1908-1980  Search this
Coates, Robert M. (Robert Myron), 1897-1973  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
De Rochemont, Richard  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970  Search this
Gentle, Esther, 1900-  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier, 1898-1993  Search this
Griffin, John Howard, 1920-  Search this
Guthrie, Ramon, 1896-  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hall, William Weeks, 1894-1958  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William, 1901-  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Hirsch, Stefan, 1899-1964  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987  Search this
Kronberg, Louis, 1872-1965  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Leepa, Allen, 1919-2009  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Ludgin, Earle, 1898-1981  Search this
Malcolm, Thalia Westcott, b. 1878  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Nordfeldt, Bror Julius Olsson, 1878-1955  Search this
Peake, Channing, 1910-  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970  Search this
Ruvolo, Feliz  Search this
Stark, Jack Gage, 1882-1950  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Weller, Allen S. (Allen Stuart), 1907-1997  Search this
Extent:
26.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Interviews
Date:
1891-1986
Summary:
The Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle papers measure 26.3 linear feet and date from 1891 through the 1980s. The collection documents Rattner's life and career as an artist through interviews, extensive correspondence, gallery files, studio notebooks, writings, notes, date books and diaries, photographs, and works of art.
Scope and Content Note:
Abraham Rattner's papers provide insight into an important time for twentieth century American art and culture. By studying Rattner's papers, the researcher may view the beginnings of Modernism, the cultural change that pushed the boundaries of artistic and literary traditions and provided new ways in which to express ourselves.

The Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle papers measure 26.3 linear feet and date from 1891 through the 1980s. The collection documents Rattner's life and career as an artist through interviews, extensive correspondence, gallery files, studio notebooks, writings, notes, date books and diaries, photographs, and works of art.

The biographical files contain documents such as Rattner's birth certificate, travel visas, his senior yearbook from 1912 which shows some of his early art work, and some of his awards. His birth certificate is of particular interest since it shows Rattner's birth date to be 1893 instead of the recognized 1895.

The correspondence offers great insight into the thoughts of many American and European artists and writers during the 1930s and 1940s. Rattner, a prolific writer, expressed many of his own thoughts and concerns through his letters, many of which are included in this collection. The vast amount of correspondence include letters from notable figures such as George Biddle, Kay Boyle, Paul Burlin, Norman Carton, Robert Coates, Stuart Davis, Adolph Dehn, Richard de Rochemont, John Dos Passos, Xavier Gonzales, John Howard Griffin, Ramon Guthrie, Robert Gwathmey, Weeks Hall, Stanley W. Hayter, Jean Helion, Hilaire Hiler, Joseph Hirsch, Stefan Hirsch, Carl Holty, Louis Kronberg, Rico Lebrun, Jacques Lipchitz, Earle Ludgin, Thalia Wescott Malcolm, Henry Miller, Joan Miro, Bror Julius Olsson Nordfeldt, Channing Peake, Henry Varnum Poor, Felix Ruvolo, Waverly Root, Jack Gage Stark, Frank C. Watkins, and Allen Weller, among others.

Rattner was engaged in a wide range of special art projects, and he kept detailed files on these projects. The projects spanned from 1940 through 1973 and included endeavors such as illustrations for Life magazine, stained-glass designs, mosaic and tapestry projects, as well as special paintings such as Victory--Jerusalem the Golden and The Gallows of Baghdad. Rattner's papers also detail the history of a fresco painted by Paul Gauguin entitled Joan d'Arcwhich Rattner purchased in France in 1925.

Rattner's forty year friendship with the writer Henry Miller is chronicled throughout the collection in the forms of correspondence, writings, printed material, phototographs and artwork. Their correspondence ranges from 1938 through 1978 and offers great insight into their relationship. Rattner and Miller's road trip from New York to New Orleans in 1940-1941 is documented in the series entitled Special Projects. Also included in the collection are printed material, such as biographical material on Miller, Miller's writings, literary announcements and reviews; Miller's writings on Rattner; and photographs of Miller.

The gallery files contain correspondence, receipts, and notes regarding the galleries which represented Rattner. Those galleries included the Rosenberg Gallery, the Downtown Gallery, and the Kennedy Gallery. A small series of exhibition files contain material about exhibitions held outside of Rattner's representative galleries.

Rattner's writings proved to be an outlet for his thoughts on painting, his inspirations, frustrations, and sadness. In addition to painting, Rattner was able to express his creativity through writing poetry. Writing also helped him work through his depression over the death of his first wife Bettina Bedwell.

He also kept finely detailed studio notebooks. The original order has been maintained, and they trace the history of almost each painting, drawing, and study attempted by Rattner. The notebooks often provide information regarding whether the work was sent to a gallery or given as a gift. Sometimes they contain correspondence or writings that reveal the inspiration for a work. They have been arranged in chronological order, according to Rattner's own filing system.

Rattner retained receipts for most of his art expenses. Arranged by decade, these receipts show the type of paint, colors, types of paper and brushes that he used.

Rattner also kept many household files and personal financial records. Household files contain insurance records, warranties and rental agreements, while the financial records contain returned checks and bank statements. Some bank statements from Esther Gentle Reproductions are also included. The household files and financial records are not filmed.

The date books and diaries reveal the aspects of daily life and the personal thoughts of Rattner and Esther Gentle. In many cases, Rattner shared his date books and diaries with Gentle. The early diaries are fascinating, especially the 1939 diary that discloses the Rattners' last days in France before escaping Nazism and returning to the United States.

Rettner's scrapbooks span from 1938 to 1952 and contain newspaper and magazine clippings that mention the artist or his work.

The printed material covers a period from 1930s through the 1980s and includes exhibition catalogs, exhibition announcements, clippings, and miscellaneous material such as an autograph book from 1969 and a map of Israel that shows Rattner's travel route. There is a large amount of unfilmed printed material that is listed in the series description.

Writings by others consists of writings on Rattner and other topics.

The collection contains many photographs taken of Rattner and taken by him, as well as photos of family, friends, his studio, travels, and photographs of Rattner's art. Photographs of notable people include Henry Miller, Joan Miro, John Dos Passos, Archibald MacLeish, and Malcolm Cowley, among others.

The amount of Rattner's art work included in the collection is small, but it is significant because it provides examples of his very early work, dating from 1912-1914. Some later studies are also present, as well as a number of random sketches. Color was very important to Rattner, and some of his color studies from the 1940s are also included. Art work by other artists is comprised of some small paintings by Max Weber, a water color by Henry Miller, a painting by Ken Buryd, as well as some work by unknown artists.

In addition to tracing Rattner's life and career, the collection also documents the lives of Rattner's two wives, Bettina Bedwell and Esther Gentle. Both women had profound effects on Rattner's work. Among Bettina Bedwell's papers are her diary, fashion sketches, and correspondence. Esther Gentle's papers include correspondence, writings, as well as papers documenting her business Esther Gentle Reproductions. There are a small amount of papers relating to Allen Leepa, Rattner's stepson with Esther Gentle.

See index for list of correspondents from various series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-four series based primarily on type of document or special project. Though concentrated in its own series, additional correspondence is scattered throughout the collection and may be found in special project files, gallery files, exhibition files, studio notebooks, and scrapbooks. The correspondence has been divided into two subseries, one chronological and the other according to Rattner's subject-oriented filing system. Special art projects have been organized by project, and placed in chronological order. The studio notebooks have also been divided into subseries, and all notebook pages maintain Rattner's original order. The first subseries of notebooks reflects Rattner's numbering system, while the second subseries is arranged chronologically. The vast amount of printed material has been divided into subseries, and all of the unfilmed printed material has been organized chronologically at the end of the series.

Within each series, material is arranged either in chronological order, or in some cases, according to Abraham Rattner's own organizational system.

Oversized materials from various series are housed in oversized folders 33-45 and are noted in the Series Description/Container Listing with see also/see references or in the container columns.

Series 1: Biographical Files, 1893-1978, undated (box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 2: Interviews, 1957-1975, undated (box 1; 7 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence Files, 1933-1978, undated (boxes 1-5; 4.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Special Projects, 1940-1987, undated (boxes 5-6, ovs 33-35; 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 5: -- Joan d'Arc -- Fresco painted by Paul Gaugin, 1925-1963, undated (box 7, ov 36; 12 folders)

Series 6: Gallery Files, 1942-1975 (boxes 7-8; 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 7: Exhibition Files, 1963-1978 (boxes 7, 9; 9 folders)

Series 8: Writings, 1940-1972, undated (box 9; 0.9 linear ft.)

Series 9: Studio Notebooks, 1935-1975, undated (boxes 10-11; 1.9 linear ft.)

Series 10: Art Expenses, circa 1940-1970 (boxes 11-13; 0.7 linear ft.)

Series 11: Household Files, 1940-1970, undated (box 13; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 12: Financial Records, 1933-1963 (boxes 13-14; 0.7 linear ft.)

Series 13: Notes and Lists, 1936-1972, undated (box 14; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 14: Address Books, 1939-1977, undated (box 15; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 15: Date Books/Diaries, 1937-1977, undated (boxes 16-17; 1.6 linear ft.)

Series 16: Scrapbooks, 1938-1952 (boxes 18-22; 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 17: Printed Material, 1920s-1980s, undated (boxes 23-26; 3.6 linear ft.)

Series 18: Writings by Others, 1945-circa 1980, undated (box 26; 20 folders)

Series 19: Photographs, 1891-1970s, undated (boxes 27-29; 1.6 linear ft.)

Series 20: Works of Art by Rattner, 1912-1914, 1940-1967, undated (box 30, ovs 37-44; 2.4 linear ft.)

Series 21: Works of Art by Others, undated (box 30, ov 45; 7 folders)

Series 22: Bettina Bedwell Papers, 1932-1947, undated (box 31; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 23: Esther Gentle Papers, 1921-1984, undated (boxes 31-32; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 24: Allen Leepa Papers, 1952-1969, undated (box 32; 8 folders)
Biographical Note:
Abraham Rattner was born in Poughkeepsie, New York in 1895. His parents immigrated to the United States to escape antisemitism in Czarist Russia. He was the second of six children, including his eldest brother Louis, younger brothers Manuel (Manny) and Harry, and his younger sisters Rose and Jennie.

Rattner's parents encouraged him to paint at a young age, and as he grew up, painting became a part of his daily life. He graduated from Poughkeepsie High School in 1912 and left to study architecture at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. At night, he took art courses at the Corcoran School of Art. He soon became a full-time art student, and applied for a scholarship to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. He was accepted in 1919 and supported himself by doing illustrations for Philadelphia newspapers.

In 1917, World War I interrupted his studies. Rattner entered the United States Army in France where he became Sergeant of camouflage section, 40th Engineers. Camouflage, reflecting aspects of modern art in its form and pattern, made use of Rattner's artistic skills. During the second battle of the Marne, Rattner injured his back and returned to the States with an ailment that would affect him for the rest of his life.

Rattner returned to the Pennsylvania Academy and was awarded the Cresson scholarship to study art in Europe. He traveled for one year, then settled in Paris for the next twenty years. Those twenty years in Paris became the most formative for Rattner because he was able to study and experiment with Futurism, Cubism, and Expressionism. Post World War I Paris was the center of modern culture for Americans disillusioned by the destruction of the war. Expatriate writers, poets, and artists were searching for a culture that shunned the traditions of the past and exchanged ideas with one another at the lively Paris cafes and salons.

In 1924, Abraham Rattner married Bettina Bedwell, an American art student and fashion illustrator. Bettina became the Paris fashion correspondent for the New York News-Chicago Tribune Syndicate. In 1927, Rattner was a member of the Minotaure group, along with Picasso, Miro, Giacometti, Le Corbusier, Braque, Dali, and Reverdy. He also illustrated an article for Jon Dos Passos in Verve magazine in 1931.

Rattner's first one-man show was in 1935 at the Galerie Bonjean in Paris, which was followed by one-man shows at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York, the Arts Club of Chicago, and the Courvoisier Gallery in San Francisco.

The threat of Hitler and Nazism forced Rattner and his wife to flee Paris in 1939. Arriving in New York in early 1940, Rattner agreed to take a trip by car with the writer Henry Miller. Their route took them from New York to New Iberia, Louisiana via the East coast and Southern states. Their mission was to rediscover America, with Henry Miller writing about their experiences and Rattner sketching the scenery. Rattner's friendship with Henry Miller was an important one that lasted throughout his life.

During the 1940s, Rattner's art was widely exhibited. In 1941, he joined the Rosenberg Gallery in New York, and remained with the gallery for fourteen years. He won awards for his work such as the Temple Gold Medal in 1945 and second prize in the Pepsi-Cola Fourth Annual Art Competition in 1946. In 1947, Bettina Bedwell suddenly died due to a kidney infection, sending Rattner into a spiral of grief and depression. To escape depression, from 1947-1949, he taught at the New School for Social Research in New York.

In 1949, Rattner married Esther Gentle, an artist and business woman who ran an art reproductions business. In 1951, the Rattners moved to Rome where he worked as Artist in Residence at the American Academy. The next year, they moved to Illinois where he was the Artist in Residence at the University of Illinois. Ratter was awarded first prize in 1953 at the 23rd Corcoran Biennial Exhibition and also served as Vice-President of Artists' Equity. In 1956, Rattner was the Distinguished Visiting Professor at Michigan State University, and along with his stepson, Allen Leepa, established an art school on Long Island. In 1957, Rattner left the Rosenberg Gallery to join the Downtown Gallery. He felt he would professionally profit from representation by the well-known Edith Halpert; however, the next twelve years reflected a tumultuous relationship between the artist and the gallery owner.

In 1957, Rattner reached out to other forms of art and design. He experimented with mosaic, tapestry and stained-glass. He designed mosaic columns and tapestries for the Fairmont Temple Anche Chesed in Cleveland and a mosaic for a friary and college in Centerville, Ohio. His stained-glass designs were highly celebrated and respected. His most famous stained-glass piece was the window for the Chicago Loop Synagogue. For this piece, Rattner spent two years traveling to Paris to design and supervise every process involved in the design and installation of the window.

Rattner felt that while his paintings during the 1940s and 1950s were romantic and self-reflective, the 1960s marked a new inspirational period in his work. His painting reflected religious comment, bringing Rattner back in touch with his Jewish heritage, as well as reflecting a sense of social protest. In 1968, Rattner exhibited his painting Victory--Jerusalem the Golden to honor the celebration of Israel's twentieth anniversary of independence. It was also in 1968 that Rattner left the Downtown Gallery for the Kennedy Gallery. In 1969, he painted The Gallows of Baghdad series as a protest to the hanging of nine Jews by Iraqi authorities.

The 1970s marked a time of many exhibitions. In 1976, the National Collection of Fine Arts in Washington, D.C. sponsored an exhibition of his designs for stained-glass entitled "...and let there be light". Also, from 1976 through 1977, "Our America" exhibited Rattner's drawings from his 1940 U.S.A. trip with Henry Miller in England and in the United States. In 1977, Michigan State University bestowed upon him the Honorary Degree for Humanity. On February 14, 1978, Abraham Rattner died due to heart failure.

1893 -- Born June 8th in Poughkeepsie, New York.

1912 -- Graduated from Poughkeepsie High School.

1914-1917 -- Student at George Washington University, Corcoran School of Art and Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

1917 -- Enlisted in the United States Army in France as Sergeant, camouflage section, 40th Engineers. Fought at Seicheprey, second battle of the Marne, and Chateau-Thierry.

1919 -- Returned to Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Awarded Cresson traveling fellowship to Europe.

1920 -- Traveled in France, Spain, England, Belgium and Holland.

1921 -- Art student in Paris at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Grand Chaumiere, and Academie Ranson.

1922 -- Lived and painted in Giverny, France.

1923 -- Returned to Paris.

1924 -- Married Bettina Bedwell, Paris fashion correspondent for the New York News-Chicago Tribune news syndicate. Exhibited at Salon d'Automne and Salon des Independants.

1927 -- Member of the Minotaure group in Paris.

1931 -- Illustrated article, "Fire," by John Dos Passos for Verve magazine.

1935 -- First one-person show at Galerie Bonjean, Paris. French government purchased Card Party for Museum of Impressionism, The Louvre.

1936 -- One-person show at Julien Levy Gallery, New York (also 1939, 1941); Arts Club of Chicago; Courvoisier Gallery, San Francisco (also 1941).

1940 -- Returned to the United States following Nazi invasion of France. Traveled with Henry Miller from New York to New Iberia, Louisiana.

1941 -- One-person shows: Stendahl Gallery, Los Angeles; Faulkner Memorial Art Gallery, Santa Barbara (also 1943); Paul Rosenberg Gallery, New York (also 1942, 1944, 1946, 1948-1950, 1952, 1956); Studio, New York.

1945 -- Awarded the Temple Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Wrote "An American in Paris" for Magazine of Art.

1946 -- Awarded second prize at the Pepsi-Cola Fourth Annual Art Competition.

1947 -- Death of Bettina Bedwell Rattner.

1948 -- Taught at the New School for Social Research, New York.

1949 -- Married Esther Gentle. Visiting artist at Yale University and at the Brooklyn Museum School. Awarded honorable mention at the Carnegie Institute Exhibition of American Painting.

1950 -- Awarded the Purchase Prize at the University of Illinois Biennial Exhibition.

1951 -- Artist in residence at the American Academy in Rome.

1952 -- Artist in residence at the University of Illinois.

1953 -- Awarded first prize at the 23rd Corcoran Biennial Exhibition. Served as Vice-President of Artists' Equity.

1954 -- Taught at the Art Students League. Panelist at the Design Conference in Aspen, Colorado.

1955 -- Exhibited drawings at the Chicago Art Institute.

1956 -- Distinguished Visiting Professor at Michigan State University. Established an art school in East Hampton and Sag Harbor, Long Island.

1957 -- Designed mosaic columns and tapestries for the Fairmont Temple Anche Chesed in Cleveland. One-person show at Downtown Gallery, New York (also 1958-1967).

1958 -- Designed mosaic wall for St. Leonard's Friary and College in Centerville, Ohio. Designed stained-glass windows for the Flint Institute of Arts, Michigan. Began designs for stained-glass window for the Chicago Loop Synagogue. Exhibited with Alexander Calder at the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Elected member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. Awarded the Butler Memorial Prize at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

1959 -- Retrospective exhibition circulated by the American Federation of Arts. Exhibited at the Whitney Museum of Art.

1964 -- Exhibited at the Edinburgh International Festival in Scotland.

1968 -- Exhibited painting entitled Victory--Jerusalem the Golden at the celebration of Israel's 20th anniversary of independence.

1969 -- One-person shows: Kennedy Galleries, New York; Galerie Weil, Paris ( Baghdad Hangings), Galerie Belgique, Brussels ( Baghdad Hangings).

1970 -- Film commissioned by ABC-TV entitled "The Long Prayer of Abraham Rattner."

1972 -- Beggar's Opera lithographs exhibited at Circle Gallery, Chicago.

1976 -- Displayed stained-glass on religious themes with the National Collection of Fine Arts in Washington, D.C.

1977 -- "Our America" exhibition in England and the United States. Awarded Honorary Degree for Humanity from Michigan State University.

1978 -- Died on February 14th.