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Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona

Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Names:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Former owner:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
588 Photographic prints
190 copy negatives
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Opata  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Otomi  Search this
Cora  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Nahua  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Tepecano  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Arizona -- photographs
Mexico -- Photographs
Date:
1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains photographic prints and copy negatives taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. The majority of the photographs were donated by George Pepper to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1923. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi and Yoreme (Mayo). Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in the Czech Republic moved to the United States in 1881. Hrdlicka became known as the "Father" of Physical Anthropology and worked at the U.S. National Museum (now the National Museum of Natural History).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographic prints taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. It is likely that many of the photographs were taken in 1902 as a part of the Hyde exploring expeditions on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History. Some of these photographs were taken by Carl Lumholtz and not Hrdlicka. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi, and Yoreme (Mayo). Locations photographed in Mexico include--Michoacán, Sonora, Mesa del Encanto and the Ruins of Totoate in Jalisco, Ruins of La Quamada and Ruins of Teul in Zacatecas, Nayarit State, and the central altiplano. Locations photographed in Arizona include--Casa Grande in Pinal County, Fort Yuma Reservation, Supai in Coconino County and the Mission San Xavier del Bac.

The photographs include a large amount of posed portraits of men and women, none of them identified in our collection. Hrdlicka often posed his subjects both facing forward and in profile so that he could better examine their physical attributes.There are some group portraits as well as scenic shots of houses, churches and village views. Hrdlicka also photographed archaeological ruins inlcuding Casa Grande, Mesa del Encanto, Totoate, La Quamada and Teul.

The copy negatives that were made from the prints in the late 1960s by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Arrangement:
The majority of the photographs have been left in the order that they were originally cataloged. Photographs from the various tribal communities in Arizona and Mexico are in Series 1-16, each community with its own series. The final series, Series 17, contains photographs from various archaeological ruins in Arizona and Mexico.
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Bohemia in and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals, Hrdlicka went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlicka arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He furthermore came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

Hrdlicka became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. Following this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlicka was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum in 1903.

In 1905, Hrdlicka returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Native American tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

Between 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlicka amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlicka founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president in 1928-1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association in 1925-1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1928-1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlicka was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Biographical note courtesy of the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History. See Ales Hrdlicka Papers. Edited by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Related Materials:
The majority of Ales Hrdlicka's papers and photographs are located at the National Athropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. In addition to the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 additional Hrdlicka photographs can be found in photographic lots 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; 9, photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; 78, miscellaneous negatives; 97, Division of Ethnology collection (―USNM‖ Collection); 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs; 73-26G, miscellany; 77-48, group portraits of International Congress; 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and 92-46, anthropology lantern slides.
Provenance:
Although it is unclear when George Pepper received the photographs from Ales Hrdlicka, Pepper donated the majority of the collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) in 1923. The rest of the photographs were cataloged by the MAI some time in the 1920s but the provenance history is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-103

Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Ainu people, Japan, and Korea

Creator:
Hitchcock, Romyn, 1851-1923  Search this
Extent:
200 Prints (circa 200 prints: albumen, cyanotype, silver gelatin, halftone)
Culture:
Koreans  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Ainu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Place:
Japan
Korea
Date:
circa 1885-1895
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting Ainu people and villages and Japanese boats, paintings, artifacts, structures, burial mound, tombs, and scenery. They also include some images of people and a village in Korea. Many of the mounted prints have been annotated for publication, some for the 1890 Annual Report of the National Museum.
Biographical/Historical note:
Romyn Hitchcock (1851-1923), was a Smithsonian curator, scientist and author with degrees in chemistry from Cornell University and Columbia University. He spent four years curating for the Smithsonian's National Museum. In 1887, Hitchcock was put in charge of photographic work for the United States Eclipse Expedition to Japan and appointed professor of English at the Koto Chu Gakko, the Japanese government school in Osaka. His studies in Japan led to a number of articles in the Smithsonian Annual Reports in 1890 and 1891. In the early 1890s, he became a commissioner to China for the World Columbian Exposition and later served as an official of the exposition.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-38
Location of Other Archival Materials:
R.M. Bartleman photographs of Venezuela, previously filed in 77-38, have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 156.
Photographs in the Hitchcock Collection, previously filed in Photo Lot 97 and Photo Lot 8, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 77-38. These photographs were also made by Romyn Hitchcock and form part of this collection.
Hitchcock donated artifacts from Japan, China, and Sri Lanka to the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, in accessions 022393, 022392, 055059, 021640, 021675, 022518, 021963, 022633, 025499, 014786, 021689, and 023462.
The Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Cornell University Library holds Romyn Hitchcock's papers.
See others in:
Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Ainu people, Japan, and Korea, circa 1885-1895
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Mounds -- Japan  Search this
Painting, Japanese  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Villages  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Citation:
Photo lot 77-38, Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Japan and Korean and Ainu people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-38
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-38

MS 4807 Collections of the United States South Sea Surveying and Exploring Expedition 1838, 9, 40, 41 & 42. By T. R. Peale, U. S. Patent Office, 1846

Creator:
Peale, Titian R. (Titian Ramsay), 1780-1798  Search this
United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842)  Search this
Extent:
57 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Catalogue of 2516 ethnological specimens, numbered 1-2487.
Some original accession data concerning anthropological specimens collected on the Wilkes Expedition are also included in section C, in the Manuscript volume catalogued in the Smithsonian Institution Library as follows: MSS c Case U58 eori U. S. Exploring Expedition Original invoices and other official papers. Estimated 73 full pages FF. Section C, "Original Invoices of Miscellaneous Specimens" (1839-41) includes "Catalogue of Boxes Barrels &c Shipped on board the American Ship Lausanne [from ?] Oahu," no date, 4 pages and other untitled lists that include some anthropological entries. Also in Section C is a 1-page "List of articles...[belonging to the] Philological Dept." signed by H[oratio ] Hale; these are mostly printed articles, but there is one reference to a Quichua and Moxa grammar, presumably a Manuscript.
Biographical / Historical:
Note on title page states: The collections made by the Exploring Expedition under Capt. Wilkes were brought to Washington and unpacked at the U. S. Patent Office, where they were on exhibition for several years. About 1851 they were transferred to the Smithsonian Building. This catalogue was presented to the Nat. Museum in January 1877 by Mr Peale in person. Accompanying letter of A. H. Clark to [G. B.] Goode, March 24, 1887 transmits catalogue to Goode, stating that it was found "Among the National Institute papers several months ago." Title page refers to catalogue(s) of 134 mammal specimens and 150 ornithological species which are not included in this volume. Note with Smithsonian Institution Library card catalogue entry for a 46 page typescript of this volume states that the original Manuscript catalogs of birds and mammals are in the American Museum of Natural History, and xerox copies of both are in the MNH, Division of Mammals (Dr D. H. Johnson).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4807
Topic:
Expeditions -- United States South Sea and Exploring Expedition  Search this
Pacific Islanders  Search this
Specimens -- catalog of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4807, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4807
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4807
Online Media:

Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans Papers

Creator:
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Extent:
129 Linear feet
Culture:
American Indian -- South America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Place:
Venezuela -- archeology
Peru -- Archeology
Date:
1893-2012
Summary:
The Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans Papers document their research and professional activities from 1946-2012 and primarily deal with their archaeological and anthropological research in South America. Their work at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and their frequent collaboration with other researchers and professional organizations is also represented. In addition, this collection contains detailed records on South American research conducted by the Smithsonian Institution from the 1950s through the 2010s. The collection consists of research and project files, raw data and analysis, graphs and illustrations, photographs, correspondence, maps and charts, and administrative files.
Scope and Contents:
The Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans papers document their research and professional activities from 1946-2012 and primarily deal with their archaeological and anthropological research in South America. There is also significant material detailing research conducted in South America by the National Museum of Natural History (particularly the Department of Anthropology). Material documenting their publication and collaboration efforts with researchers and other colleagues is represented as well. There is also limited material related to Meggers and Evans time in graduate school at Columbia University and their brief careers before starting at the Smithsonian Institution in the early 1950s. The collection consists of research and project files, raw data and analysis, graphs and illustrations, photographs, correspondence, maps and charts, and administrative files.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 12 series: Series 1. Personal, 1893-2012, undated; Series 2. Writings, 1944-2011, undated; Series 3. Research, 1930-2011, undated; Series 4. Correspondence, 1922-2012; Series 5. Conferences and Seminars, 1949-2010, undated; Series 6. Museum and Institute Subject Files, 1973-2011, undated; Series 7. Smithsonian Institution Amazon Ecosystem Program, 1962-2008, undated. Series 8. National Program of Archeological Research in Brazil, 1961-1989, undated; Series 9. Paleoindian Research: Paleoclimatology and Paleofauna Programs, 1960-1992, undated; Series 10. Latin American Archaeology Fund, 1971-1991, undated; Series 11. Photographs, 1937-2008, undated; Series 12. Maps and Charts, 1957- circa 2009, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Clifford Evans Chronology

1920 -- Born in Dallas, Texas.

1941 -- Bachelors degree in anthropology from the University of Southern California.

1946 -- Married Betty Meggers.

1948-1949 -- Field research: Lower Amazon archaelogical expedition to Marajo, Mexiana, Caviana, and Territory of Ampa, Brazil. With Betty Meggers.

1950 -- Ph.D., Columbia University.

1950-1951 -- Instructor, Anthropology, University of Virginia.

1951-1962 -- Associate Curator, Smithsonian Department of Anthropology.

1952-1953 -- Field research: Archaelogical and ethnographic investigations in British Guiana. With Betty Meggers.

1954 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Betty Meggers and Emilio Estrada.

1956 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations along the Rio Napo, Eastern Ecuador. With Betty Meggers.

1957 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Betty Meggers and Emilio Estrada.

1958 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Betty Meggers and Emilio Estrada.

1961 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Betty Meggers and Emilio Estrada.

1962-1964 -- Curator of the Division of Archaeology.

1963 -- Field research: Archeological investigations of megalithic structures on Nan Madol, Ponape, Caroline Islands. With Betty Meggers.

1964-1970, 1975-1981 -- Supervising Curator of the Department of Anthropological Research.

1965-1970 -- Co-principal investigator with Betty Meggers of PRONAPA.

1966 -- Field research: Archeological survey on Dominica. With Clifford Evans.

1968-1975 -- Co-principal investigator with Betty Meggers of the Proyecto Andino de Estudios Arqueologicos.

1970-1975 -- Chairman of the Department of Anthropology.

1971 -- Creates the Latin American Archaeology Fund with Betty Meggers.

1972 -- Creates the Paleo-Indian, Paleoecology, and Paleoenvironmental Research Program.

1974 -- Creates the Amazon Ecosystems Research Program.

1975-1980 -- Co-principal investigator with Betty Meggers of PRONAPABA.

1976 -- Field research: Paleoindian and Archaic sites and museum collections in Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. With Betty Meggers and Dennis Stanford.

1981 -- Dies in Washington, D.C.

Betty Meggers Chronology

1921 -- Born December 5 in Washington, D.C.

1943 -- A.B. in anthropology, University of Pennsylvania

1944 -- M.A., University of Michigan

1948-1949 -- Field research: Lower Amazon archaelogical expedition to Marajo, Mexiana, Caviana, and Territory of Ampa, Brazil. With Clifford Evans.

1950-1951 -- Instructor, Anthropology, American University

1952 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1952-1953 -- Field research: Archaelogical and ethnographic investigations in British Guiana. With Clifford Evans.

1954 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Clifford Evans and Emilio Estrada.

1954-2012 -- Research Associate, Department of Anthropology, national Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

1956 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations along the Rio Napo, Eastern Ecuador. With Clifford Evans.

1957 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Clifford Evans and Emilio Estrada.

1958 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Clifford Evans and Emilio Estrada.

1961 -- Field research: Archaelogical survey and excavations on coastal Ecuador. With Clifford Evans and Emilio Estrada.

1963 -- Field research: Archeological investigations of megalithic structures on Nan Madol, Ponape, Caroline Islands. With Clifford Evans.

1965-1970 -- Co-principal investigator with Clifford Evans of PRONAPA.

1966 -- Field research: Archeological survey on Dominica. With Clifford Evans.

1968-1975 -- Co-principal investigator with Clifford Evans of the Proyecto Andino de Estudios Arqueologicos.

1975-1980 -- Co-principal investigator with Clifford Evans of PRONAPABA.

1976 -- Field research: Paleoindian and Archaic sites and museum collections in Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. With Clifford Evans and Dennis Stanford.

1976-1996 -- Committee for Research and Exploration, National Geographic Society

1982-1985 -- Consultant, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, Brazil

2012 -- Dies in Washington, D.C.

Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans were anthropologists specializing in the archeology of lowland South America. Their combined careers at the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology totaled over 100 years. Evans was born in 1920 in Texas. He received his bachelor's degree in anthropology and archaeology from the University of Southern California in 1941. Following his service as a bombardier during World War II, he enrolled in the anthropology doctoral program at Columbia University where he met Meggers, a fellow student in the department. Meggers was born in 1921 in Washington, D.C., and was the daughter of well-known archaeologist William Frederick Meggers. She graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a bachelors degree in anthropology in 1943 and from the University of Michigan with a masters in anthropology in 1944 before being admitted to Columbia.

Meggers and Evans did their dissertation research together in South America— Meggers worked on the island of Marajo at the mouth of the Amazon River while Evans did archaeological research in the Amapa territory of Brazil. The two were married on September 13, 1946.

After Evans received his Ph.D. in 1950, he was hired by the Smithsonian Institution as an associate curator in the Department of Anthropology in 1951. After graduating in 1952, Meggers worked as an anthropology instructor at American University for one year before being hired as a research associate in the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology in 1954.

Evans was named Curator of the Division of Archaeology in 1962, and Supervising Curator of the newly created Office of Anthropological Research in 1964. Under his leadership, standardized operating procedures were created that centralized accessioning, cataloging, storing, and lending of objects. This freed curators from many complicated and routine activities. In 1970, Evans was appointed the Chairman of Anthropology for a five year term, where he initiated many large-scale research programs with Meggers that continued to operate many years after his chairmanship ended.

The first program that Evans and Meggers created was the "Paleo-Indian, Paleoecology, and Paleoenvironmental Research Program" in 1972, which was designed to study prehistoric peoples in the Western Hemisphere. The second program, implemented in 1974 was the "Amazon Ecosystems Research Program," which organized Brazilian scientists and Smithsonian staff members interested in environmental studies of the Amazon region.

Meggers and Evans conducted much of their field work together, which resulted in hundreds of articles, essays, presentations, and books. The majority of their work was done in the Amazon and Andean regions of South America, particularly Brazil, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Aside from these publications, they were also able to collect many archaeological specimens that are still part of the Smithsonian's holdings.

The conclusions that Meggers and Evans drew from their research and field work, while ground-breaking, were often controversial. In the early 1960s local businessman and amateur archaeologist Emilio Estrada excavated pottery from the Valdivia area in Ecuador and shared his results with Meggers and Evans. After finding significant similarities between Valdivian artifacts and those from Japan's ancient Jomon culture, they theorized that there was transpacific contact between Japan and South America around the beginning of the third millennium B.C. Their theory remains controversial.

Meggers and Evans also argued that despite the rich forests of the Amazon region, the river basin's thin, poor soil could not hold enough nutrients to sustain intensive agriculture. As a result, they argued, large and complex societies could not have existed in the Amazon River basin as other archaeologists and anthropologists have suggested.

After finishing his tenure as chairman of the Department of Anthropology, Clifford Evans died in 1981 of a heart attack at the age of 60. Following his death, Meggers continued in her position as research associate in the Department of Anthropology for another 30 years. Though she did not conduct additional fieldwork after her husband's death, Meggers wrote prolifically and was heavily involved in analyzing field work data and collaborating with colleagues working throughout South America. She made it possible for many researchers to study and conduct research at the National Museum of Natural History, and presented in many conferences and seminars locally and internationally. In addition, Meggers advocated on the behalf of colleagues to the National Geographic Society and other organizations to procure funding for archaeological and anthropological expeditions all over the world. Betty Meggers died in 2012 at the age of 90.
Related Materials:
There are about 25 slide cases, each containing about 200 to 300 kodachrome slides, that are currently stored at the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History. These were created in the late 1940s and early 1950s and contain images of field work and other trips to South American locations such as Peru, British Guiana, the Peru Highlands, Ecuador, Brazil, Chile, Hondouras, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Mexico. Contact repository for more information.
Separated Materials:
2 rolls of 16mm film, 22 audio cassettes, and 1 VHS of South and Central American research were transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives in 2015.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by the estate of Betty J. Meggers in 2013.
Restrictions:
The Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans papers are open for research. Personal correspondence, however, is RESTRICTED until 2026.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Paleoindian  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Archeology -- Meso-America  Search this
Archaeology -- Ponape, Nan Matol  Search this
Archeology -- British Guiana  Search this
Archaeology -- Ecuador  Search this
Amazonia  Search this
Indians of South America -- Brazil  Search this
Paleo-Indians -- North America  Search this
Names, place -- geographic -- South America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Citation:
Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2013-01
See more items in:
Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2013-01

Donald J. Ortner Papers

Creator:
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Names:
Paleopathology Association  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthroplogy  Search this
University of Bradford  Search this
Frohlich, Bruno, 1945-  Search this
Putschar, Walter G. J., 1904-1987  Search this
Extent:
44.37 Linear feet (96 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Place:
Virginia
England
Jordan
Peru
Date:
1963-2013
Summary:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers, dated 1963 to 2013, document his research and professional activities while working in the Division of Physical Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History. They primarily deal with his contributions to the field of paleopathology and his work with specimens from Bab edh-Dhra, Jordan and Chichester, England. The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, files related to Ortner's publications, specimen observations and analysis, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers primarily document his projects, research, and correspondence working as a biological anthropologist in the Division of Physical Anthropology of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 until his death in 2012. The bulk of the projects represented relate to his work in paleopathology, such as the Near Eastern skeletal biology program in Jordan and the medieval skeletal disease project in England. The collection consists of notes, research materials, correspondence, data and data analysis, transcripts of specimen observations, maps, blueprints, artwork, negatives, slides, photographs, CD-Roms, floppy discs, and sound cassettes.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1966-2012; Series 2. Subject files, 1965-2013, undated; Series 3. Near Eastern Skeletal Biology Program, 1977-2010, undated; Series 4. Medieval Skeletal Disease Project, 1988-2006, undated; Series 5. Other publications, projects, and research, 1963-2011, undated; Series 6. Professional activities, 1971-2007, undated; Series 7. Biographical and office files, 1963-2011, undated; Series 8. Artwork, 1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Donald J. Ortner was a biological anthropologist in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). By the time of his death, Ortner had served in many positions at the Museum, including Acting Director (1994-1996). His areas of expertise included human paleopathology, human health in medieval England, bioarcheology of the ancient Near East, and the history and evoluton of human infectious diseases. Ortner was a founding member of the Paleopathology Association.

Ortner was born in 1938 in Stoneham, Massachusetts and arrived at the NMNH in 1963, working primarily with J. Lawrence Angel who had recently started as Curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology. While working at the Museum, Ortner completed his Master's in Anthropology in 1967 and received his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1970. His doctoral dissertation was on The Effects of Aging and Disease on the Micromorphology of Human Compact Bone.

Ortner worked with Walter G. J. Putschar, a pathologist based at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, on a series of short-courses (1971-1974) on paleopathology at the Smithsonian. During the summer of 1974, Putschar and Ortner traveled to Europe (London, Edinburgh, Zurich, Strasbourg, Vienna, Prague) studying and photographing examples of skeletal pathology in museums and other repositories. The result of this research was the book Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains published in 1981, with later editions in 1985 and 2003.

In 1977, Ortner joined the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain directed by archaeologists Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub, focusing on the site of Bab edh-Dhra. Ortner studied the tombs and skeletons for data indicating cultural and biological changes, especially urbanization and connection to the development of other "Western civilizations." Ortner participated in two more field seasons in Bab edh-Dhra in 1979 and 1981. From his research at Bab-edh-Dhra, Ortner published many scholarly articles and recreated two tombs for the Hall of Western Civilization at NMNH.

In 1988, Ortner began his collaboration with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England, teaching short-courses on paleopathology. While a Visiting Professor at the University, he also participated in a project on human health and disease in Medieval England. The project focused on leprosy and syphilis in skeletons from St. James Hospital's leprosarium cemetery in Chichester, Wharram Perry, and Magistrates' Court in Kingston-upon-Hull. He received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University in 1995.

Donald J. Ortner died on April 29th, 2012 in Maryland.

Sources consulted:

Ubelaker, D. H. "Obituary: Donald J. Ortner (1938–2012)." American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149 (2012): 155–156.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo and Ann Kaupp. "Donald J. Ortner, Sr. (1939-2012)." Anthropolog: Newsletter of the Department of Anthropology, Spring 2012: 1-3.

Chronology

1938 -- Born on August 23 in Stoneham, Massachusetts.

1960 -- Received B.A. in Zoology from Columbia Union College in Takoma Park, Maryland.

1963 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1967 -- Received M.A. in Anthropology from Syracuse University.

1969 -- Promoted to Assistant Curator.

1970 -- Received Ph.D. from the University of Kansas.

1971 -- Promoted to Associate Curator.

1971-1975 -- Taught part-time at the University of Maryland.

1974 -- Spent summer with Dr. Walter G. J. Putschar studying pathological specimens in Europe.

1976 -- Promoted to Curator in the Anthropology Department, National Museum of Natural History.

1977 -- First field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1979 -- Second field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1981 -- Third field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1988 -- Began association with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England.

1988-1992 -- Chairman of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.

1994-1996 -- Acting Director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1995 -- Awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science degree from the University of Bradford.

1999-2001 -- President of the Paleopathology Association.

2005 -- Received Eve Cockburn Award from the Paleopathology Association in recognition of his contributions in the field of paleopathology.

2012 -- Died on April 29 in Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following photo lots depicting Donald J. Ortner can be found at the NAA:

Photo Lot 7D: Photograph of attendees after American Anthropological Association annual meeting, 1965

Photo Lot 7A: Portraits made at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1970

Photo Lot 77-45: Photograph of Smithsonian Institution physical anthropologists, circa 1977

Photo Lot 4822: Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated

Sound recordings of Donald J. Ortner at the NAA:

John Lawrence Angel Papers, Sound Recordings, "How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey," November 9, 1981

Other collections at the NAA in which Donald J. Ortner is a correspondent or creator of material:

Records of the Department of Anthropology, 1877-1980

Department of Anthropology Annual Reports, 1920-1983

John Lawrence Angel Papers, 1930s-1980s

Three films that document Ortner's work in Bab edh-Dhra are located in the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA):

Film number 2000.9.1, The Bones of Bab edh-Dhra, ca. 1970s

Film number 2000.9.3, Bab edh-Dhra Film Project, 1970-1980

Film number 2014.3, City of the Dead, 1978

The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the original City of the Dead in Accession 05-282, Office of Telecommunications, Productions.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 2014.
Restrictions:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers are open for research.

Access to the Donald J. Ortner Papers requires an appointment.

Requests to view forensic files are subject to review by the NAA. Forensic files can only be viewed in the National Anthropological Archives reading room. No copies are permitted unless permission is granted by the agency the report was written for.

Electronic records are unavailable for research. Please contact the reference archivist for additional information.

Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropologists -- United States  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Middle East  Search this
Scurvy  Search this
Leprosy -- Research  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Bāb edh-Dhrā Site (Jordan)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- England  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Paleopathology  Search this
Bronze age  Search this
Chichester (England)  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald J. Ortner Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2014-07
See more items in:
Donald J. Ortner Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-07

Dan Friedman Papers

Creator:
Friedman, Dan, 1945-1995  Search this
Names:
Allgemeie Gewerbeschule  Search this
Anspach Grossman Portugal, Inc.  Search this
Bergdorf Goodman, New York  Search this
Bonwit Teller & Co.  Search this
Citibank (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Gran Fury  Search this
Hochschule für Gestaltung (Ulm, Germany)  Search this
Jeffrey Deitch Art Advisory Services  Search this
National Public Radio (U.S.)  Search this
Neotu (Gallery)  Search this
Pentagram Design  Search this
State University of New York at Purchase  Search this
WilliWear (Firm)  Search this
Yale University -- General subdivision--Catalogs  Search this
Deitch, Jeffrey  Search this
Haring, Keith  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stationery
Clippings
Statistics
Correspondence
Photographs
Lecture notes
Speeches
Sketches
Slides
Brochures
Mechanicals
Transparencies
Financial records
Articles
Date:
1967 - 1995
Scope and Contents:
General correspondence files contain all communications that do not pertain to a specific project. Because Friedman's personal life and business were so interconnected, many of his business associates also shared personal correspondence with the designer.,Materials in this collection document Friedman's work from 1967, as a student, until his death in 1995.

Files that document his affiliations with Yale University and the State University of New York at Purchase include administrative memos, proposals, lecture outlines, syllabi, bibliographies, examples of students' work, and design projects Friedman did for each school. A copy of the goals and objectives of the Division of Visual Arts within the School of the Arts at SUNY Purchase written by Friedman is included.

Project files include business correspondence, invoices, sketches, contracts, clippings, photographs, and slides. In the case of his graphic projects, some samples of stationery and brochures are included. Extensive documentation exists for Friedman's projects for Citibank, WilliWear, National Public Radio, and Bonwit Teller. Some correspondence is in German. Friedman's lecture notes, proposals for articles and books, and drafts of many articles are included. Clippings of articles on the designer and his work are arranged chronologically.

Research files consist of articles and Friedman's notes on topics of interest to him, such as typography, structure, simultaneity, and information theory. Photographs, slides, and transparencies of many of Friedman's projects, his sources of inspiration, and the work of his students are included.
Arrangement:
Record Groups include:

1: General Correspondence

2: University Affiliations

3: Project Files

4: Lectures and Writings

5: Clippings

6: Research Materials

7: Photographs and Slides
Biographical / Historical:
Educator, graphic and furniture designer. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, 1945. Friedman recieved a BFA from Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburg, PA. He studied graphic design at Hochschule fur Gestaltung, Ulm, and studied with Armin Hofmann and Wolfgang Weingart at Allgemeine Gewerbeschule, Basel. Friedman returned to America in 1969 and began his career as graphic designer for large corporations.

He worked with the firm Anspach Grossman Portugal as a senior designer from 1975 to 1977. Friedman contributed significantly to what came to be known as "post-modern" or "new wave" typography in the 1970s. He taught graphic design at Yale University, 1970-73. He became Assistant Professor and Chairman of the Board of Study in Design at the State University of New York at Purchase, 1972-1975. Friedman designed catalogs and brochures for both universities. Friedman worked with Pentagram Design in New York City from 1979 to 1984. He designed corporate identity programs, posters, publications, packaging, letterheads, and logos, for clients such as Citibank, and Williwear.

Friedman was a long-time friend of artist Keith Haring, and designed the book, "Keith Haring", 1982. He was the author of "Dan Friedman: Radical Modernism", 1994, and co-authored with Jeffrey Deitch, "Cultural Geometry", 1988, and "Artificial Nature", 1990. He designed the books "New Italian Design", 1990, and "Post Human", 1992. He also designed furniture, lighting, screens, wall elements, and interiors. Many of his furniture designs were done especially for Galerie Noetu in Paris. Among his best known furniture designs are the 1989 Virgin Screen, 1989 Zoid sofa and chair, and the Three Mile Island lamps.

Friedman served as the Frank Stanton Professor of Graphic Design at the Cooper Union in New York city, from 1994 until his death in 1995.
Related Materials:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Drawings and Prints Department

Hundreds of designs for letterheads, logos, business cards, invitations, greeting cards, furniture, lighting, screens, office interiors, shoppings bags and gift boxes, calendars, packaging, weather pattern diagrams and maps, book covers, and posters

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Applied Arts Department

"U.S.A." table and dome-shaped floor lamp.,.

Friedman's work can be found in the collections of the following museums: Museum of Modern Art, New York City; Museum of Decorative Arts, Montreal, Canada; Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Seibu, Tokyo; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA; and Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the museum by the designer's brother, Ken Friedman in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Graphic designers  Search this
Packaging designers  Search this
Topic:
Packaging -- Design  Search this
Design education -- United States  Search this
Graphic arts -- United States  Search this
Furniture design -- United States  Search this
Signs and symbols -- Design  Search this
Letterheads -- Design  Search this
Corporate image -- Design  Search this
Logos (Symbols) -- Design  Search this
Printing  Search this
Postmodernism -- United States  Search this
Posters -- Design  Search this
Book design -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stationery
Clippings
Statistics
Correspondence
Photographs -- 20th century
Lecture notes
Speeches
Sketches
Slides
Brochures
Mechanicals
Transparencies
Financial records
Articles
Citation:
Dan Friedman Papers, 1967-1995, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1277
See more items in:
Dan Friedman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1277
Online Media:

Aleš Hrdlička papers

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Correspondent:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Names:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Institute of Population  Search this
International Congress of Americanists  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology. Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska) -- Archaeology
Australia
Alaska -- Archaeology
Mexico -- Anthropology
Florida -- Archaeology
Egypt -- Archaeology
Czechoslovakia
Peru -- Physical anthropology
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Date:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Summary:
The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of both professional and personal materials. The professional material includes honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). The personal material primarily consists of correspondence with his first wife (Marie Dieudonnée Strickler) and other family members, but there are also financial records. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Hrdlička investigated all major questions confronting physical anthropologists of his day (the fossil record of early humans, the arrival of humans in the Americas, human variation, and evolution) and made valuable contributions in all these areas. Hrdlička's interests in the establishment of physical anthropology as a distinct and important field, the welfare of the Czech people, early hominids, and variation within the human species are all documented in the collection as are the services he performed for various United States government agencies. He pursued field studies in many different parts of the world, but there are relatively few field notes as such among his papers. There is instead the edited journal "My Journeys," photographs, and physical anthropological forms. There is also relatively little material on his administrative involvement in the USNM. There is no material from Hrdlička's time at the Pathological Institution of the New York State Hospitals; after he resigned, fire destroyed the anthropological records Hrdlička collected as a member of the staff. There are materials in the collection which contradict, or at least complicate, many long-held criticisms of Hrdlička, particularly claims that he was racist and opposed feminist ideas. The collection contains materials of interest to genetic research, including anthropometric measurements, hair clippings and fingerprints.

There are a few items in the collection which are dated earlier than the collection's date span. These are publication dates, and the folders containing the items have been dated accordingly, but they have not affected the dates of the series or collection. There are also a few items which are dated after Hrdlička's death. These dates reflect the fact that the collection was added to by the Department of Physical Anthropology after Hrdlička's death and have been taken into account when formulating dates for the series and collection.

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 37 series:

(1) Miscellaneous Personal Papers, 1875-1940

(2) Early Personal Correspondence, 1883-1919

(3) Correspondence, 1885-1953

(4) News Clippings and Printed Matter, 1893-1953

(5) Financial Papers, 1910-1943

(6) Journeys to the Southwestern United States and Mexican Indians, 1898-1919

(7) Journeys to the Dakota, Chippewa, Kickapoo, and Shawnee, 1916-1917

(8) Florida Survey, 1918, 1918-1927

(9) Alaska Archeological Expeditions, 1912-1938 (bulk 1926-1938)

(10) Panama-California Exposition Expeditions, 1912-1914

(11) Journey to Egypt, Europe, and Russia, 1908-1909

(12) Journey to South America, 1910, 1910-1912

(13) Journey to the Far East, 1920, 1900-1930

(14) Journey to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1924-1925

(15) Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum, 1904-1905, most undated

(16) Bone Studies, 1893-1929, most undated

(17) Old Americans, 1914-1930

(18) Children Who Run on All Fours, 1928-1936

(19) Early Man Studies, 1906-1930

(20) European Ethnic History, 1908-1938

(21) Miscellaneous Research Notes, 1887-1930

(22) Manuscripts of Writings, 1901-1944, most undated

(23) Writings by Other Authors, 1877-1942

(24) Anthropometry, undated

(25) "From My Journeys", 1898-1938

(26) -- American Journal of Physical Anthropology -- , 1918-1931

(27) American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1924-1931

(28) International Congress of Americanists, 1900-1928

(29) Institute of Population, 1942

(30) Department of Anthropology, 1914-1943

(31) Lecture Notes, 1920-1932

(32) Maps and Charts, 1900-1932

(33) Miscellany, 1895-1954

(34) Index Cards, 1899-1948

(35) Bibliographic Index, undated

(36) Physical Anthropology Folios, undated

(37) Photographs, 1887-1944
Biographical Note:
Aleš Hrdlička was born in Bohemia in 1869 and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. This set in motion developments that would eventually lead him to become one of the world's most prominent anthropologists who has sometimes been referred to as "the founder of physical anthropology in America."

In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals, Hrdlička went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlička arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

It was thus that Hrdlička became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. With this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlička came fully into the world of anthropology. In 1903, he was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum.

While in his position at the Smithsonian, Hrdlička returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children in 1905 and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Indian tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

From 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlička amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlička founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president from 1928 to 1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association from 1925 to 1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences from 1928 to 1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlička was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Chronology

1869 March 29 -- Alois Ferdinand Hrdlička (Aleš Hrdlička) born in Humpolec, Bohemia

1882 September -- Emigrated to New York City

1888 -- While stricken with typhoid, met M. Rosenbleuth, a physician who arranged for Hrdlička to enroll at the Eclectic Medical College of New York City

1892 -- Enrolled in the New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital Published first article, "Scheme of Examination (Medical)," Publications of the Eclectic Medical College Graduated first in his class from the Eclectic Medical College

1894 -- Graduated first from his class from the Homeopathic Medical College Became research intern at the State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane in Middletown, New York, where he began his studies in physical anthropology Passed state board examination (allopathic)

1895 -- Joined staff of the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals as associate in anthropology

1896 -- Studied anthropology under Leon Manouvrier in Paris

1896 August 6 -- Married Marie Stickler (Dieudonnée)

1898 March-July(?) -- Accompanied Carl Lumholtz on his expedition to northern Mexico, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), and visited the Tarahumara, Huichol, and Tepecan Indians

1899 Spring -- Resigned from the Pathological Institute to take charge of physical and medical anthropological research on the Hyde Expeditions of the AMNH to the southwestern United States

1899 August -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to excavate the site of Pueblo Bonito and to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; visited Grand Gulch caves in southern Utah; included visits to the Navahos and southern Utes

1900 -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; included visits to the Apaches, Yumas, and Pueblo Indians

1902 January-September -- Hyde expeditions for AMNH to southwestern Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico to conduct somatological surveys; included visits to the Tepecanos, Papagos, Opatas, Pimas, Yaquis, Mayos, Huichols, Otomis, Tepehuanes, Maricopas, Yumas, Yavapais, Paiutes, Walapais, and Havasupais

1902 October-December -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Mexico for Hrdlička to complete his somatological investigations; included visits to the Tepehuanes, Coras, Huichols, "Nahuas," "Aztecs," and Tarascans

1903 May 1 -- Became assistant curator in charge of the new Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, at the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Expedition under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology to Arizona and New Mexico to complete the observations on the tribes of this region; Hrdlička especially studied Apache and Pima Indian children

1906 February -- Expedition to western Florida to investigate remains of alleged ancient man

1907 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1908 -- Expedition to Indian schools and reservations in Wisconsin, Washington, California, Arizona, and South Dakota to study tuberculosis for a report to the International Congress of Tuberculosis

1908 December - 1909 May -- Traveled to Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, Poland, and Germany to examine human skeletal remains from an excavation in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to study peoples of the Near East

1910 March 28 -- Promoted to curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology

1910 April-September -- Attended the 17th International Congress of Americanists in Buenos Aires and Mexico City Traveled to Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Panama

1912 -- Planned and directed seven expeditions for the physical anthropology exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition held at San Diego in 1915; expeditions included Hrdlička to Siberia and Mongolia and later to Peru; Riley D. Moore to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska; Philip Newton to the Philippine Islands; Vojtech Suk to Africa; Stanislaw Poniatowski to eastern Siberia; Kazimir Stolyhwo to the Birusa caves in Siberia and to the Ukraine; and Jindřich Matiegka to Bohemia

1912 May-Summer -- Traveled to London to attend 18th International Congress of Americanists Traveled to Siberia and Mongolia for the Panama-California Exposition

1912 September -- Traveled to Geneva for the 14th International Congress of Prehistoric Anthropology and Archaeology

1913 January-April -- Expedition to Peru as part the effort for the Panama-California Exposition

1914 November 18 - 1915 January 18 -- Attended Panama-California Exposition

1915 May -- Research for the Department of Justice at the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota to determine non-Indian mixture among Chippewas

1915 December -- Served as General Secretary for the 19th International Congress of Americanists held in Washington

1916 Fall -- Traveled to Florida to examine remains of supposed ancient man

1917 March-July -- Served as Secretary on the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council

1917 Summer -- "Old American" research at Yale University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia and in Tennessee

1917 August -- Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, traveled to Oklahoma to visit the Shawnee Agency in eastern Oklahoma and the Kickapoo Indians in McCloud to search for adequate samples of pure blood Indians

1918 -- Elected to the American Philosophical Society Served as Chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and became its long-time editor Surveyed prehistoric sites on the southwest coast of Florida

1918 October 8 -- Death of his wife Marie

1920 -- Anthropometry published by the Wistar Institute Elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1920 Summer -- Married Mina (Vilemina) Mansfield

1920 January-May -- Visited Japan, Korea, Manchuria, northern China, Mongolia, and Hawaii Lectured at Peking Union Medical College in China

1920 Fall -- Visited Minnesota Chippewa (at the White Earth Reservation?) to help the Department of Justice setter the question of mixed and pure bloods among the Chippewa

1921 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1922 -- Visited Spain, France, Germany, Moravia, and England Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from the University of Prague Chairman of the American delegation to the 20th International Congress of Americanists in Rio de Janiero

1923 -- Served three and one-half months as Director of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies Visited England, Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Croatia, and Italy

1925 -- The Old Americans published by Williams and Wilkins Co.

1925 March-October -- Traveled to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe on a trip sponsored by the Buffalo [New York] Society of Natural Science to obtain cranial measurements of Australian aborigines and Tasmanians, to investigate the Rhodesian Man site in South Africa, to survey the field of early man, and to collect data to support his hypothesis about the peopling of the Earth

1925-1926 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1926 -- Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from University of Brno and D.Nat.Sc. degree from Brunn University

1926 May-September -- First fieldwork in Alaska: reconnaissance down the Yukon River to its mouth, around the Bering Sea and through the Bering Strait along the Alaskan coast to Point Barrow

1927 -- Received Huxley Memorial Medal and gave Huxley Lecture on "the Neanderthal Phase of Man" before the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1928 -- Helped found the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)

1928-1929 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1928-1932 -- Served as first president of the AAPA

1929 -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Yukon River from Tanana to its mouth, to St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands, to Cape Prince of Wales, up to Point Barrow and back to Unalaska Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from Charles University, Prague

1930 -- Published The Skeletal Remains of Early Man, Vol. 83 Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections Published "Anthropological Survey in Alaska," Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 21-374

1930 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Kuskokwim River from Bethel down river to Apogak and up river to Stony River

1931 -- Children Who Run on All Fours published by McGraw-Hill Book Co.

1931 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1932 -- Kober Foundation lecturer of Georgetown University

1932 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1934 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed Cooks Inlet sites and the mainland opposite the Our Point site

1935 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site

1936 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed the Dutch Harbor caves, some of the Aleutian Islands, and the mummy cave on Kagamil Island

1937 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands and Commander Islands

1938 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor caves, and Commander Islands

1939 April 4 -- Testimonial dinner given by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in honor of his 70th birthday

1939 April-June -- Recuperated in London hospital after suffering a coronary occlusion

1942 March 31 -- Retired from curatorship at United States National Museum, becoming an associate in anthropology

1942 December -- Resigned as editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology

1943 -- Alaska Diary published by Cattell Press

1943 September 5 -- Died of heart attack

1944 -- Anthropology of Kodiak Island published by Wistar Institute

1945 -- The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants published by Wistar Institute

1969 -- Tenth Anthropological Congress of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences dedicated to Hrdlička in the 100th anniversary year of his birth

Selected Bibliography

1908 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Bulletin 34, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1908.

1912 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Early Man in South America. Bulletin 52, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912.

1919 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physical Anthropology: Its Scope and Aims. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1919.

1920 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropometry. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1920.

1925 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Old Americans. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925.

1930 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Vol. 83, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. City of Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1930. Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropological Survey in Alaska. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930.

1931 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Children Who Run on All Fours, and Other Animal-like Behaviors in the Human Child. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1931.

1943 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Alaska Diary, 1926-1931. Lancaster, PA: The Jacques Cattell Press, 1943.

1944 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropology of Kodiak Island. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1944.

1945 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1945.
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Aleš Hrdlička can be found in the papers of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, and Frank Spencer; records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution); and glass negatives of Indians collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution illustrations.

Additional related photographs can be found in Photo Lot 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; Photo Lot 9, Photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; Photo Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; Photo Lot 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; Photo Lot 78, Miscellaneous negatives; Photo Lot 97, Division of Ethnology collection ("USNM" Collection); Photo Lot 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs relating to the Panama-California Exhibition; Photo Lot 73-26G, Miscellany; Photo Lot 77-48, Group portraits of International Congress; Photo Lot 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; Photo Lot 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and Photo Lot 92-46, Anthropology lantern slides.

Related films can be found in the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1982.2.1, 1982.2.2, 1986.12.1, and 2015.13.1.

Hrdlička's extensive collection of reprints is maintained in the Division of Physical Anthropology.

Frank Spencer's doctoral dissertation "Aleš Hrdlička, M.D., 1869-1943: A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist" (1979) is the only book length biography of Hrdlička. The Frank Spencer papers, 1836-1999, are available at the NAA and contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece; and an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute.

Further material may be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
Hrdlička bequeathed his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. The Division of Physical Anthropology maintained them until they were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives in the 1960s. Some papers have come into the collection since then, most recently in 2018. These new accretions came to the collection through Donald Ortner, David Hunt, T. Dale Stewart, the Department of Anthropology, and the University of Alaska.
Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human evolution  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Children -- Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-31
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Food

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
14.46 Cubic feet (consisting of 30.5 boxes, 1 folder, 11 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, 1 flat box (partial).)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cookbooks
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Recipes
Date:
circa 1795-1970
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Food forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of advertising cards, bills/receipts, printed advertisements, catalogues, price lists, business cards, circulars, scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, import/export documents, fruit crate and other types of labels, publications of various types and pamphlets and books from companies involved in the food industry. These businesses include manufacturers, distributors and wholesalers of food and food products, growers, commission merchants, importers and stores selling food either exclusively, as in grocery stores or food emporiums, or together with other products in general stores. The bulk of the material consists of bills and receipts and trade cards.

The large collection of fruit crate labels consists of three boxes, primarily from growers of apples and pears in the Pacific Northwest. The images on these labels range from caricatures, primarily of Indians, to lush images of the fruits being sold. There are numerous pictures depicting or related to the names of the growers or the brand name being used, such as Mountain Brand, Pyramid Brand, Eskimo Brand, a wren for F.O. Renn or a strongman for E.C. Sampson. Some of the more common images in addition to the Indians and fruit include cowboys, children, flowers, birds and river and mountain views. Several of the images and/or brand names appear on the labels of more than one company.

There are a number of publications included in the materials. There are magazines and journals, both for the trade and for the general public. There are books published about a particular type of food, often by a manufacturer or distributor of that food. There are also histories of some of the companies, usually written by or for the company. Also, in this category, are catalogs of large metropolitan food stores such as S.S. Pierce of Boston, the Joseph R. Peebles' Sons Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Park & Tilford and Francis H. Leggett, both of New York.

Materials in boxes one through eighteen are organized alphabetically by name of company. All materials relating to a particular company, with the exception of import/export documents, publications (if that is the only material) and fruit crate labels, are included with the company related materials.

Boxes eighteen through twenty-one contain the fruit crate labels. These are arranged alphabetically by company. The first folder of each letter contains labels of companies for which there is only one label. The last folder contains labels with no company name. Box twenty-two contains other food labels which are primarily from cans and jars. They are arranged alphabetically, first by type of product such as corn and corn products, ketchup, pasta and peaches, then alphabetically by company for companies with a large number of labels and lastly a folder containing labels with no company name. The labels in the product folders are arranged within the folder first alphabetically by company followed by labels with no company name.

Boxes twenty-three through twenty-seven contain import/export documents. These are also arranged alphabetically by company in the same manner as the fruit crate labels. The import/export documents are primarily from the Port of Philadelphia. The documents cover goods coming into the port on sailing ships and, starting in the 1870's, steam ships and leaving the port on rail and river conveyances. The products were imported from such places as Cuba, Antigua, Trinidad, England, Italy, Germany and Singapore and included cocoanuts, pineapples, dried fruit and nuts, macaroni, cheese, sausages, cooked meats, pickled fish, spices and coffee and tea.

Box twenty-eight contains magazines and periodicals. Some of the publications include What to Eat from 1896 and 1899, The Dietetic Gazette from 1889, Culinary Review from 1943 and Wholesale Grocer. This box also contains correspondence and order forms relating to magazines and periodicals.

Box twenty-nine contains miscellaneous food publications. These are such things as account books, articles from other publications, publications on diet and infants and children and newsletters. Box thirty contains food related publications that are published by or about specific companies for which there is no other material. Box thirty also contains material relating to food equipment and manufacturing. This is arranged initially by company and then contains folders on canning and preserving and patents. The equipment manufactured includes such things as evaporators, sorters and washers.

Box thirty-one consists of publications about specific types of food and general works. The food types include publications about such foods as asparagus, milk and rice. These folders are arranged alphabetically by food type. General works consists of material which is not, or cannot be, related to a specific company or do not fit into one of the major categories set forth above. These are: general images which are not labels, advertising cards, correspondence, food instructions, legislation, miscellaneous price lists, railroad receipts and claims, recipes, shipping and tax stamps.
Arrangement:
Food is arranged in nine subseries:

Manufacturers and Distributors of Food and Food Products

Labels

Import/Export Documents

Magazines and Periodicals

Menus

Publications

Law & Legislation

Food Types

General Works and Miscellaneous
Partial List of Company and Proprietor Names, General Materials:
American Fruit Growers Incorporated Ana-Co

Apple Growers Association

Associated Fruit Company Barnhill Fruit Company Bear Creek

Blue Mountain Fruit Exchange

Boehmer Incorporated Bolinger Orchards

Brewster Distribution Unit

Brewster-Bridgeport Growers Incorporated

Butler Trading Company Incorporated Buck Fruit Company

Casca Growers

Cascadian Fruit Shippers Incorporated

Cashmere Fruit Exchange Cashmere Fruit Growers Union Chelan Falls Orchards

Clark-Baker Company Columbia Basin Orchards Connell Brothers, Company D

Dahn, Floyd Fruits Incorporated

Davidson Fruit Company Del Rio Orchards

Denison, H.S. and Company

Denney and Company Dow Fruit Company

Duddy-Robinson Incorporated/ Thompson-Duddy-Robinson Company

Duthie and Company Earl Fruit Company

East Wenatchee Fruit Growers

Entiat Fruit Growers League

Fairview Ranch Company

Foster's, Myron Hesperian Orchards Fruitland Fruit Association

Fruit Sales Company Incorporated

Gellatly Fruit Company

Greig, W.M.-Bonanza Orchard

Growers Service Company

Hafener Fruit Company

Haskell Packing Company

Hood River Fruit Company

Hood River Produce Exchange

Independent Fruit Shippers

Jennings Fruit Company

Kelly Brothers Company Incorporated

Koon Tai and Company

Koop, The C.M. Company

Lake Chelan Fruit Growers

Lake Chelan Fruit Growers Union

Lake Entiat Growers, Incorporated

Lippmann, J & G

Lockwood, C.M.

Mad River Orchard

Malott Growers Union

Manson, A. Fruit Growers

Marsh, A.E. Company

Methow-Pateros Growers Incorporated

Mojonner & Sons

Monitor Federated Growers

Mutual Sales Agency

Nellis, F.E. & Company

North Pacific Sales Company

Northern Fruit Company

Northwest Wholesale

Northwestern Fruit Exchange

Nuchief Sales, Incorporated

Okanogan Growers Union

Olive Apple Company

Omak Sookum Growers

Oneonta Trading Corporation

Onnail Fruit Growers

Orando Community Packing

Pacific Fruit & Produce company

Paddock, C.R. & Company

Palmer Corporation

Paxton Rivers Company Incorporated

Perhann Fruit Growers

Peshastin Fruit Growers Association

Plummer & Edwins

Renn, F.O. Fruit Company

Richey & Gilbert Company

Rivers, Burnand & Rivers

Robertson, D.O.

Rock Island Unit

Ryan Fruit Company

Sampson, E.G.

Segerstrom, H.N.

Sellers, Ben F. /Spinner Fruit Corporation/Sellers & Spinner

Sgobel & Day

Sisler, J.A.

Smith & Holden

Spokane Fruit Growers Company

Stadelman Fruit Incorporated

Standfield Fruit Growers Union

Steinhardt & Kelly Incorporated

Sterlin-Slater Fruit Growers

Stratford Orchards Company

Stubbs Fruit & Storage Company

Sunnyslope Fruit Exchange

Tedford, R.A. & Company

Tonasket Federated Growers

Trunkey-Wolfe Company, Incorporated

Vernon Orchards

Wade, J.M. Fruit Company

Wagner, E. & Son

Washington Fruit & Produce Company

Weaver, C.H. & Company

Wells & Wade Company

Wenatchee Apple Land Company

Wenatchee District Co-Op Association

Wenatchee Fruit & Storage Company

Wenatchee Fruit & Warehouse Company

Wenatchee North Central Fruit Distributers

Wenatchee Produce Company

Wenatchee Valley Fruit Exchange

Wenatchee-Beebe Orchard Company

Wenatchee-Northern Warehouse and Marketing Company

Wenatchee-Okanogan Warehouse Company

Wenatchee-Skookum Growers

Western Fruit & Produce Company, Incorporated

White Brothers & Crum

Wright Fruit Company

Yakima County Horticultural Union

Yakima Fruit Growers Association

Yakima Fruit Growers Exchange
Partial List of Company and Proprietor Names, Oversize Materials:
An & Company, Shredded Coconut, Location unknown

Armour Packing Company, White Label Soups, Kansas City, MO

Atlantic Macaroni Company, Long Island City, NY

Bajata, P. and Company, Palermo, Italy

Baker-Langdon Orchard Company, Walla Walla, WA

Beamsville Preserving Company, Peerless Brand Apples, Beamsville, Ontario

Bell, William G. Company, Bell's Spiced Seasoning

Beutel, Robert Company, West Bay City, MI

Bloomfield Packaging Company, Ltd., Quaker Hand Packed Tomatoes, Standard Lombard Plums, Bloomfield, Ontario

Brandts, William Sons and Company, London, England

British Canadian Canners Limited, Britannia Brand Choice Standard Apples, Hamilton, Ontario

Burnett's Vanilla, Location unknown

Burnham & Morrill, Portland, ME

California Associated Raisin Company, Sun-Maid Raisins, Fresno, CA

California Fruit Growers Exchange, Sunkist Oranges, Chicago, IL

Campbell , Joseph Company, Campbell's Soup, Camden, NJ

Carle, John and Sons, Imperial Granum "The Great Medicinal Food", New York, NY

Cerere Macaroni, Location unknown

Clark, William, Commission Merchant, New York, NY

Colburn, A. Company, Mustard, Philadelphia, PA

Connor, John T. Company, Wholesale Grocers, Boston, MA

Cowan and Staley, Anaheim, CA

Davis, Frank E.Fish Company, Gloucester, MA

Del Monte Brand, Raisins and Dried Fruits, Location unknown

Dewey Brand, Fancy Stem-Cut Louisiana Oranges

Ferris & Caywood, "The Walter Grape", Poughkeepsie, NY

General Foods Corporation, Jell-0, La Roy, NY

Genesee Pure Food Company, La Roy, NY

Gorton-Pew Fisheries Company, Gloucester, MA

Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, New York, NY

Griffin and Skelley Company, California Raisin Packers

Gurley, R., New Milford, OH

Harriman, Charles, Curer and Wholesaler in Dry and Pickled Fish, Gloucester, MA

Hazard, E.C. and Company, Shrewsbury Brand White Cherries, Shrewsbury, NJ

Heinz, H.J. Company, Spaghetti, Tomato Ketchup, Pittsburgh, PA

Hershey Packing Company, Pioneer Brand Quick Frozen Green Peas, Seattle, WA

Illinois Canning Company, Joan of Arc Brand French Red Kidney Beans, Hoopeston, IL

Importers and Dealers in Fine Groceries Philadelphia, PA

Jersey Biscuit Company, Newark, NJ

Johnson, C.J. and Company, General Commission Merchants, Location unknown

Kensett, Thomas and Company, Oysters, Baltimore, MD

King, William, Grocer, Philadelphia, PA

Larkin Company, Grocers, Buffalo, NY

Lester, Frank, New York, NY

Libby, McNeil and Libby, Luncheon Meats, Chicago, IL

Little Gem Cream Com, Company and Location unknown

McCormick and Company, Bee and Banquet Brand Products, Importers, Exporters, and Packers, Baltimore, MD

McQuestin, G.B., Nashua , NH

Mellins Food, For Infants and Invalids, Boston, MA

Meloripe Fruit Company Boston, MA

Minnesota Valley Canning Company

Mitchell, Fletcher and Company

Montgomery Ward and Company, Chicago, IL

Natural Food Company Triscuit, Niagara Falls, NY

Niblets Brand Mexicorn and Whole Kernel Com La Sueur, MN

Northwestern Fruit Exchange Skookum Apples, Seattle, WA Peebles and White

Penguin Brand Quick Frozen French Style Green Beans Seattle, WA

People's Tea, Spice, & Baking Powder Company, Cincinnati, OH

Pomeroy English Walnut Farm Lockport, NY

Price, Joseph J., Dealer in Family Groceries, Wines, Liquors, and Imported Cigars, Albany, NY

Procter & Gamble Company Crisco, Cincinnati, OH

Rowland, James and Company Fancy Groceries, Teas, and Coffees Location unknown

Royal Cocoanut Company, New York, NY

Schepp, L. and Company Schepp's Cocoanut, New York, NY

Snow, F.H. Canning Company

Stickney & Poor's, Premium Spices and Mustards Location unknown

Stone, Arthur and Company Wholesale Grocers, New Orleans, LA

Thurber, H.K. & F.B. and Company Grocer, New York, NY

United Fruit Company Bananas, Boston, MA

Washington Dehydrated Food Company Washington Brand Dehydrated Apples Yakima, WA

Washington Frosted Foods, Inc.

Wells, Miller & Provost Wholesaler Warehouse New York, NY

Wendell, Jacob L. Pickling and Preserving Philadelphia, PA

Wholesale Grocers and Commission Merchants Petersburg, VA

Worth, William E. and Company Wilmington , NC

Young & Lyon, Providence, RI
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Food is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Food  Search this
Coffee  Search this
Food -- United States  Search this
Tea  Search this
Beverages  Search this
Baking  Search this
Food habits  Search this
Corn  Search this
Poultry industry  Search this
Bakers and bakeries  Search this
advertising -- Confectionery  Search this
Meat industry  Search this
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery  Search this
Seafood  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Salt  Search this
Chocolate  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cookbooks
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Recipes
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Food, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Food
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Food
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-food
Online Media:

Earl Shaffer Papers

Author:
Shaffer, Earl V., 1918-  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (46 boxes, 14 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Appalachian Trail
West Virginia -- Trails and roads
Tennessee
Maryland
Geography -- Maine
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Date:
bulk 1803 - 2007, undated
Summary:
This collection contains the trail diaries, papers, photographs and slides, and writings of Earl V. Shaffer, the man credited with being the first person to hike the entire Appalachian Trail (AT). His complete trail hikes took place in 1948, 1965, and 1998. He was also a hiking and nature enthusiast and advocate.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains correspondence, trail diaries (including those from Shaffer's 1948, 1965 and 1998 hikes of the Appalachian Trail), maps and trail guides, writings (most notably drafts of Walking With Spring), galley proofs from his final book Calling Me Back to the Hills, and printed material from hiking and environmental organizations. The collection contains items relating to Shaffer's early life and education, such as diplomas, a baptismal certificate, papers from his years in elementary school, and materials relating to his Army service. One extremely important item found in Series 5 is an article by Benton MacKaye (founder of the AT) that is inscribed to Earl from the author. The bulk of the collection spans the years 1903-2002. There is one item from 1803 (a land deed) and one item each, compact discs, from 2004 and 2007. The collection is divided into five series. Addendums were donated in 2004, 2007, 2008, and 2012 consisting of additional letters and poetry, and a book of poetry entitled South of the Sunset.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Biographical information, 1803-2006

Subseries 1.1: Shaffer Family Papers, 1873-1998

Subseries 1.2: Education, 1918-1980, undated

Subseries 1.3: Army, 1940-1948, undated

Subseries 1.4: Personal Documents, 1803-2006, undated

Subseries 1.5: Correspondence, 1945-2005, undated

Series 2: Materials Related to Hiking, 1935-2002

Subseries 2.1: Trail Notes, Diaries and General Information, 1935-1998, undated

Subseries 2.2: Photographs and Slides, 1940-2001, undated

Subseries 2.3: Maps and Plats, 1936-1998, undated

Series 3: Writing and Related Materials, 1910-2007, undated

Series 4: Hiking Associations and Clubs, 1937-2002, undated

Series 5: Collected Publications, 1910-1999, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Earl Victor Shaffer (1918-2002) is credited as the first person to hike the entire Appalachian Trail (AT) from Georgia to Maine. Shaffer was born on November 8th, 1918 in York, Pennsylvania to Daniel and Frances Gallagher Shaffer. One of his most influential childhood friends was Walter Winemiller. Shaffer termed Winemiller, ". . . the most capable outdoorsman I had ever known." They grew up together in and around York. When WWII broke out Shaffer joined the Army and Winemiller joined the Marines. Shaffer served in the Army Signal Corps from April 15, 1941 to September 17, 1945. Three years and three months of his service was in the Pacific Theatre based in Hawaii but for a good amount of time on detached service on various outposts and combat islands. Winemiller died in the assault on Iwo Jima and Shaffer's decision to hike the AT in 1948 was in his own words a testament to his friend and ". . . to eradicate as much as possible the lingering effects of that wartime service in the tropics." He wrote that when he was in the army the three books he had with him were the Bible, an Oxford English Dictionary and a volume of Rudyard Kipling's poems. It was during his time in the army that his love of writing poetry manifested itself.

Shaffer hiked the entire AT for the first time in 1948 traveling south to north. This trek is detailed in his book Walking With Spring. For the rest of his life Shaffer was a trail enthusiast and participated in local and national hiking clubs and events. In 1951 Shaffer was named corresponding secretary for the Appalachian Trail Conference (ATC). Shaffer hiked the AT north to south in 1965. Shaffer lived his entire life in and around York, Pennsylvania. He wanted to purchase property for a permanent home near the Appalachian Trail. This dream almost became a reality in the 1980s when Shaffer purchased a small parcel of land near the trail. With the ramifications of the 1968 National Trails System Act and the land purchasing policies of the National Park Service conflicting with his desires Shaffer sold his land near the trail to the National Park Service and broke ties with the ATC over their handling of the affair.

Shaffer continued writing poetry throughout his life. He wrote prose almost always centered on his experiences in the army or while hiking. He self published Walking With Spring in 1981. In 1983, the ATC published the work with Shaffer donating his share of the proceeds to the ATC. In 1998, Shaffer decided to undertake a 50th Anniversary hike commemorating his 1948 hike of the entire AT. He was seventy-nine years old. He completed the hike in October 1998 and gained much national notoriety for it. Shaffer was a carpenter and beekeeper. He also refinished and repaired furniture. Shaffer never married but maintained ties to a large, extended, and supportive family. Shaffer's health gradually deteriorated after his last AT hike and he died on May 5, 2002. The Earl Shaffer Foundation was founded in his honor and is based in York, Pennsylvania.
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Culture and the Arts contain the following:

Accession#: 2002.0195

Kodak camera used by Earl Shaffer on his first thru-hike of the Appalachian Trail in 1948 and the flannel shirt, cotton trousers, leather hiking books, knit cap, and canvas backpack he used for his 1998 hike.

Accession#: 1999.0189

Backpack, boots, pith helmet, head net, poncho, and a cook-set, all used by Earl Shaffer on two of his hikes of the Appalachian Trail, 1948 and 1965.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian in April 2003 by John Shaffer, Earl V. Shaffer's brother.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use reference copies of diaries.
Rights:
Copyrights to all donated materials, both printed and photographic, are retained exclusively by the Earl Shaffer Foundation.
Topic:
Sports  Search this
Trails  Search this
Citation:
Earl Shaffer Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0828
See more items in:
Earl Shaffer Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0828
Online Media:

Text Book of the Madam C. J. Walker Schools of Beauty Culture

Published by:
Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company, American, founded 1906  Search this
Owned by:
Madam C.J. Walker, American, 1867 - 1919  Search this
Medium:
cardboard and cloth, ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 1/4 x 6 5/16 x 5/8 in. (23.5 x 16 x 1.6 cm)
Type:
books
Place printed:
Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana, United States, North and Central America
Place collected:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1940
Topic:
African American  Search this
Beauty schools  Search this
Business  Search this
Education  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of A'Lelia Bundles / Madam Walker Family Archives
Object number:
2013.153.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1940 The Madam C. J. Walker Manufacturing Company, Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53f059a32-2817-465d-9b3e-7b59a2839c04
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.153.1
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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Correspondence, 1936-2008

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Mineral Sciences  Search this
Subject:
Switzer, George S (George Shirley) 1915-2008  Search this
Mason, Brian (Brian Harold) 1917-2009  Search this
Melson, William G. 1938-  Search this
Fudali, Robert F  Search this
Appleman, Daniel E  Search this
Simkin, Tom  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mineralogy and Petrology  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
13.5 cu. ft. processed holdings
51 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Color transparencies
Manuscripts
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Black-and-white negatives
Maps
Clippings
Newsletters
Brochures
Ephemera
Picture postcards
Date:
1936
1936-2008
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Mineralogy  Search this
Meteorites  Search this
Petrology  Search this
Volcanology  Search this
Research  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00248
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Correspondence 1936-2008 [National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Mineral Sciences]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218059

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Names:
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange), d. 1965  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold, 1870-1932  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques, 1858-1923  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Extent:
203.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gallery records
Date:
1904-1978
bulk 1913-1974
Summary:
The records of Jacques Seligmann & Co. measure approximately 203.1 linear feet and date from 1904 to 1978, with bulk dates from 1913 to 1974. The collection includes extensive correspondence files, reference material on American and European collectors and their collections, inventory and stock records, financial records, exhibition files, auction files, and the records of subsidiary companies. The collection is an invaluable resource in tracing the provenance of particular works of art and provides a comprehensive view of the activities of collectors and art dealers in the years leading up to and following World War II.
Scope and Contents note:
The Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., records measure approximately 203.1 linear feet and date from between 1904 and 1978, with bulk dates of 1913-1974. The records include extensive correspondence files, reference material on American and European collectors and their collections, inventory and stock records, financial records, exhibition files, auction files, and the records of subsidiary companies, including de Hauke & Co., Inc., and Modern Paintings, Inc.

Historians and researchers will find the collection an invaluable resource in tracing the provenance of particular works of art. Although in the early 1940s many records in the Paris office were destroyed by Seligmann staff to keep them from falling into the hands of the occupying German military forces, many records survive, as much of the firm's business had previously come to center in the New York office. In all, the remaining records provide a comprehensive view of the activities and transactions of collectors and art dealers in the years leading up to and following World War II.

Correspondence (Series 1) is the largest series of the collection (80 linear feet) and is comprised of extensive correspondence files, primarily between Germain Seligman and his New York office staff with domestic and foreign private clients, collectors, dealers, individuals representing public museums and collections, and international scholars. The New York Office Correspondence (Series 1.1) concerns a wide variety of topics, including routine business matters, but focuses primarily on potential and realized sales and purchases and provenance documentation. Also found is detailed information on financial transactions, commissions, stock inventory, and the travel of Germain Seligman and other staff. Paris Office Correspondence (Series 1.2) is separated into a small subseries and contains correspondence written primarily by Jacques Seligmann from Paris. The subseries General Correspondence (Series 1.3) is the largest subsection of the Correspondence series and contains letters written to and received from clients and other business associates concerning business transactions and inquiries. The subseries Museum Correspondence (Series 1.4) contains letters between the firm and art institutions and museums. The subseries Germain Seligman's Correspondence (Series 1.5), contains not only personal letters but a wealth of information concerning the affairs of the firm. Much personal correspondence was marked "private."

Also of note in the Correspondence series are the Legal Correspondence Files (Series 1.6) and the Inter-Office Correspondence (Series 1.9) and Inter-Office Memoranda (Series 1.13). The Legal Correspondence Files subseries houses correspondence with both U.S. and Paris attorneys and concerns legal affairs and specific lawsuits. Of particular interest are Germain Seligman's attempts to recover Seligmann family and Paris gallery artwork and other assets stolen or confiscated by the Germans in World War II. This small subseries also contains limited information on the stock and inventory holdings of several of the firm's and Germain Seligman's subsidiary corporations, family legal affairs and lawsuits, and other related legal matters. The subseries Inter-Office Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda (called fiches by Seligmann staff) include memos between Germain Seligman and his staff about clients, collectors, sales, acquisitions, and other matters. These offer interesting commentary clearly intended to be read by staff only.

Also prominent is Collectors Files (Series 2), which contains numerous reference files documenting the collections of existing and potential clients with whom Seligmann & Co. maintained contacts. The files are arranged by either individual name or institution and reflect the wide scope of collector references maintained by the firm throughout its operating years. The files contain a variety of reference materials, such as photographs, provenance notes, and sales, purchase, and inventory information in cases where the collector purchased from the firm or the firm purchased from the collector. Researchers will find that many of the private and public names that appear in General Correspondence (Series 1.3) appear in the Collectors Files as well. Also found in this series are specific files relating to the Duc d'Arenberg Collection, the Clarence H. Mackay Collection, the Mortimer L. Schiff Collection, and the Prince of Liechtenstein Collection. The firm either handled substantial estate sales for these collections or purchased and sold important pieces from these collections.

Auction Files (Series 3) and Exhibition files (Series 4) trace the sales and exhibition activities undertaken by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. In the Auction files, researchers will find documentation of auctions of individual works of art owned by the firm and handled by Christie's, Parke-Bernet, and other auction houses. Of particular interest is the 1948-1949 Parke-Bernet auction of the C. S. Wadsworth Trust, a "dummy" trust set up by the firm to dispose of a portion of its unsold inventory. The Exhibition Files house a variety of documentation, such as catalogs and correspondence, concerning the firm's active exhibition history. Many of the exhibitions featured works of art recently acquired by the firm, such as the 1937 exhibition, Twenty Years in the Evolution of Picasso, which included a number of Picassos the firm acquired from Madame Jacques Doucet that year.

Reference Files (Series 5) includes a card catalog to books and catalogs in the library maintained by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and a photograph reference index of works of art. Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) tracks the firm's inventory through a series of stock books and supporting documentation that include sales and provenance information.

Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7) consists primarily of records of the New York office, but some Paris office documents can be found scattered throughout. Found in this series is a wide variety of financial records including purchase receipt files, credit notes, invoices, consignment invoices and books, invoices, consular invoices, sales and purchase account books, ledgers, and tax records. The records appear to be quite complete and date from 1910 to 1977. Of particular interest are the purchase receipts and credit notes and memoranda that contain detailed documentation on acquisitions and sales. The consignment invoices provide information about works of art sold on behalf of other galleries and dealers, as well as which galleries and dealers were handling works of art for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Although quite large and complex, the financial records offer a comprehensive overview of the firm's business and financial transactions.

The records of subsidiary companies that were part of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., such as Contemporary American Department, de Hauke & Co., Inc., Modern Paintings, Inc., and Gersel Corp. are arranged in their own series. In 1935, the firm established the Contemporary American Department to represent young American artists. Under the direction of Theresa D. Parker, a longtime gallery employee, the department initiated an exhibition and loan program. Contemporary American Department (Series 8) includes mostly correspondence files and exhibition files.

The largest subsidiary company to operate under Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., was de Hauke & Co., Inc. De Hauke & Co., Inc., Records (Series 9) dates from 1925 through 1949 and contains domestic and foreign correspondence with clients, collectors, and dealers; inter-office correspondence and memoranda with Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc.; administrative and legal files; and financial records. Modern Paintings, Inc., records (Series 10) contains the legal and financial files of this subsidiary company, which was established in 1930 to incorporate most of the stock of the liquidated de Hauke & Co., Inc. Gersel Corp. Records (Series 11) contains a small amount of material from this company.

Researchers should note that a scattering of records from most of the subsidiary companies may also be found throughout additional series, particularly Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) and Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7). Records for the firms Tessa Corp. and Georges Haardt & Co., which were also owned by Germain Seligman, are not part of the Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., Records, although scattered references to these two firms may be encountered throughout the collection.

German Seligman's Personal papers (Series 12) includes scattered family and biographical materials, his research and writings files, and documentation of his personal art collection. Found in Family and Biographical Material (Series 12.1) are photographs of family members, including Jacques Seligmann, and of the Paris gallery. Also found is a limited amount of correspondence concerning Germain Seligman's residency status and his desire to obtain an army commission during World War II. Germain Seligman's research and writing files are found in this series and include material for his books: Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné (1969); Merchants of Art, 1880-1960: Eighty Years of Professional Collecting (1961); The Drawings of Georges Seurat (1947); and Oh! Fickle Taste; or, Objectivity in Art (1952). Documentation of Germain Seligman's private art collection is arranged in this series and includes provenance and research files and correspondence concerning his art collection.

Overall, the historical records of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., offer researchers a comprehensive and detailed resource for studying one of the most active dealers in decorative arts, Renaissance, and European contemporary art. The records clearly document the firm's numerous acquisitions and sales of important works of art to well-known European and American collectors and museums as well as Germain Seligman's extensive client contacts and references. The collection offers an insightful, intriguing, and often fascinating view into the complex field of art sales, trading, and acquisition during the first half of the twentieth century, when many major collections in the United States were formed.

Researchers interested in tracing the provenance of individual works of art should carefully check each series of the collection for information to obtain a complete history for any work. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., staff set up many different files to cross-reference works of art from various angles, such as artist or creator; collector or collection; most recent owner or repository location; stock inventory number, if owned by Seligmann & Co.; and photographic reference files. The task is made somewhat more difficult by the number of commission sales and joint ownership of works of art, often documented solely in the Inventory and Stock Files (Series 6) or the Financial Files and Shipping Records (Series 7). Only by tracing a name or date through the various series can one find all of the information relating to a particular work of art and its provenance.
Arrangement note:
Following is an outline of the arrangement of the collection by series and corresponding box numbers and extent. More detailed information for each series and subseries, along with a box and folder inventory, is found in the Series Descriptions/Container Listings, which can be found by following the series links below. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1913-1978 (1-174, 80 linear feet)

Series 2: Collectors Files, 1875, 1892-1977, undated (Boxes 175-252, 35 linear feet)

Series 3: Auction Files, 1948-1975, undated (Boxes 253-259, 2.75 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1925-1977, undated (Boxes 260-272, 5.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Reference Files, 1877-1977, undated (Boxes 273-278, 2.25 linear feet)

Series 6: Inventory and Stock Files, 1923-1971, undated (Boxes 279-289, 4.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Financial Files and Shipping Records, 1910-1977 (Boxes 290-357, 30.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Contemporary American Department, 1932-1978 (Boxes 358-381, 10 linear feet)

Series 9: De Hauke & Co., Inc., Records, 1925-1949, undated (Boxes 382-416; 16 linear feet)

Series 10: Modern Paintings, Inc., Records, 1927-1950 (Boxes 417-420, 1.25 linear feet)

Series 11: Gersel Corp. Records, 1946-1969 (Box 421, 0.25 linear feet)

Series 12: Germain Seligman's Personal Papers, 1882, circa 1905-1984, undated (Boxes 422-459, OV 460, 17 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., was counted among the foremost French and American art dealers in antiquities and decorative arts and was among the first to foster and support the growth and appreciation for collecting in the field of contemporary European art. The company's clients included most of the major American and European art collectors of the era, and the art that passed through its galleries often ended up in the collections of prominent American and European museums through the donations of the wealthy benefactors who purchased them from the company. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., took an active part in promoting such donations as well as providing its own donations and selling paintings, sculpture, and decorative arts directly to many museums.

The company was first established as Jacques Seligmann & Cie. in 1880 on the Rue des Mathurins in Paris by Jacques Seligmann (1858-1923), a German émigré who came to France in 1874 and soon thereafter became a French citizen. The company experienced so much success that in 1900 a new, larger Galerie Seligmann was opened on the Place Vendôme, and Jacques's two brothers, Simon and Arnold, joined the business as partners. Simon served as the company's accountant, and Arnold was in charge of correspondence with the firm's many clients. Jacques remained as the manager and was in charge of all purchases for the firm.

Prominent clients of the company included Baron Edmond de Rothschild of France, the Stroganoff family of Russia, Sir Philip Sassoon of England, and American collectors Benjamin Altman, William Randolph Hearst, J. P. Morgan, Henry Walters, and Joseph Widener. As American clients increasingly came to dominate the company's sales activities, a New York office at 7 West Thirty-sixth Street was opened in 1904. Five years later, Jacques purchased the Hôtel de Sagan (also called the Palais de Sagan by the Seligmann family) in Paris as a location where Jacques Seligmann & Cie. could stage larger exhibitions and receive its most distinguished clients.

In 1912 a family quarrel resulted in a lawsuit that split the company. Arnold remained at the Place Vendôme location, reorganized under the name Arnold Seligmann & Cie., while Jacques consolidated his operations and moved the headquarters for Jacques Seligmann & Cie. to the Hôtel de Sagan. Jacques also opened an additional gallery at 17 Place Vendôme to retain a presence near the company's original location, but this branch soon relocated to 9 Rue de la Paix. The New York office, which formerly had operated out of a single room, was upgraded to larger office space and a gallery at 705 Fifth Avenue.

Jacques's son, Germain Seligman (1893-1978), showed an interest in art connoisseurship from his early years and often accompanied his father to work in the galleries. (In 1943, when Germain Seligman became an American citizen, he dropped the second "n" from his surname, and for clarity his name appears with this spelling throughout this finding aid.) His father taught him how to deal with clients and often assigned him tasks to help in the completion of sales. Germain accompanied Jacques on many business trips and in 1910 was sent to St. Peterburg, Russia, to secure information about the selling price of the Swenigorodskoi enamels owned by the Russian collector M. P. Botkine.

Germain continued to work informally in the firm's galleries until the outbreak of World War I. Within hours of the mobilization order in 1914, Germain joined the French army as a second lieutenant in the 132nd Infantry Regiment of Rheims. By 1916 he was promoted to first lieutenant in the Twenty-fourth Infantry Brigade and in the following year achieved the rank of captain in the Fifty-sixth Infantry Division. Also in the same year, he was assigned as the first French liaison officer to the First Division of the American Expeditionary Force in France, serving as translator for Major George C. Marshall. Seligman was discharged from the French army in 1919 and was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with six citations. (In 1938 Seligman also was awarded the Office of the Legion of Honor from France, and in 1939 he was decorated by General John Joseph Pershing with the Distinguished Service Medal of the United States, in recognition for his service during World War I.)

After his discharge from military service, Germain Seligman actively joined his father's company as a partner in 1920. Jacques Seligmann & Cie. was changed to Jacques Seligmann et Fils, and Germain was placed in charge as the president of the New York office. The strong American art market necessitated Germain's making numerous cross-Atlantic trips each year. Upon the death of his father in 1923, Germain took over as president of both the Paris and New York offices, and the company was once again renamed Jacques Seligmann & Cie.

In the early years of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., the firm carried few paintings, as collectors focused their interest mostly on small objects, enamels, ivories, and other decorative pieces from the Byzantine to the Renaissance eras. Stone and bronze sculptures, medieval and Renaissance tapestries, and eighteenth-century French furniture were the most avidly collected pieces of the era. The galleries of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., reflected its clients' tastes, but soon after the turn of the century art trends began to change.

The 1913 Armory Show introduced many Americans to contemporary European art, and collectors in the United States began to show marked interest in it. The advent of World War I brought much of the art market to a standstill in Europe, but interest in the Impressionists continued in the United States, and it quickly resumed in Europe, as well, after the war. Both collectors and dealers began buying modern art, led by such progressive American collectors as Walter Arensberg, Albert C. Barnes, A. E. Gallatin, Mrs. Horace O. Havemeyer, Mrs. Potter Palmer, Duncan Phillips, and John Quinn, among others.

Under Germain's leadership, Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., began acquiring works by Pierre Bonnard, Paul Cézanne, Honoré Daumier, Edgar Degas, Pablo Picasso, Henri Rousseau, and Vincent van Gogh. While Germain promoted this trend for modern art in the New York gallery, other family partners did not approve as this was a new direction for the firm. For this reason Germain Seligman looked to establish a new, independent business venture in the evolving field of modern art. He selected as his partner César Mange de Hauke.

César Mange de Hauke was born on March 8, 1900, the son of a French engineer and a Polish mother. After completing academic and art studies in England and France in the years following World War I, de Hauke arrived in the United States in 1926. While in New York City, he was introduced to Germain Seligman by Germain's cousin, René Seligmann, and by 1927 de Hauke had joined Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., as a sales representative.

With their shared interest in modern French painting, Seligman and de Hauke decided to explore the feasibility of sales in this area by forming a subsidiary to Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., that would specialize in contemporary European artists. In 1926 Seligman personally financed the fledgling company, first called International Contemporary Art Company, Inc., and he appointed de Hauke its director, but even before the legal documents setting up the company were completed the name was changed to de Hauke & Co., Inc. Although the bulk of the new company's art purchases took place in Paris and London, the majority of its sales occurred in the United States.

Seligman and de Hauke worked out an agreement allowing de Hauke to purchase works of art that could then be sold as stock inventory of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., or privately under de Hauke's own name. Ownership of paintings was often shared among various art dealers, involving complicated commission transactions upon completion of sale. Seligman provided display space for de Hauke & Co., Inc., at the new, larger gallery of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., now located at 3 East Fifty-first Street. The two businesses were deeply intertwined, as evidenced by the facts that Seligman's financial records include a great deal of de Hauke material and many of de Hauke's records are written on the stationery of Jacques Seligmann Co., Inc.

During the second half of the 1920s, de Hauke showed the work of modern French School artists in New York City. He exhibited works by Pierre Bonnard, Amedeo Modigliani, Odilon Redon, Ker-Xavier Roussel, Edouard Vuillard, and many others. De Hauke was equally interested in French School drawings and watercolors, and the scope of his exhibitions also included works by nineteenth-century masters such as Paul Cézanne, Jacques-Louis David, Eugè00E8;ne Delacroix, Jean Ingres, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Georges Seurat.

Among the exhibitions held at the New York gallery were two highly successful shows featuring the works of Pablo Picasso. The first one, held in 1936, displayed paintings from the Blue and Rose Periods and was soon followed by the 1937 exhibition, Twenty Years in the Evolution of Picasso. The star of this exhibition was Les Demoiselles d'Avignon which Germain had recently acquired from the Jacques Doucet Estate sale.

Despite the bleak economic conditions of the 1930s, the new business venture proved so successful that the other family members of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., withdrew their opposition to expanding into the field of modern art, and de Hauke & Co., Inc., was dissolved and re-formed under the new name, Modern Paintings, Inc. César M. de Hauke was appointed its director, but tensions had crept into the relationship between the former partners, and by 1931, de Hauke had resigned and returned to Paris.

The mid-1930s appear to have been a period of reorganization for the company. By 1934 Modern Paintings, Inc., was also dissolved, and it assets were assumed by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and by Tessa Corp., another subsidiary of the firm. In 1935, however, the firm established a new subsidiary, the Contemporary American Department, to represent young American artists. Theresa D. Parker, a longtime gallery employee, was selected to head the department, and she initiated an exhibition and loan program. Soon thereafter, the City of Paris offered to buy the company's building at the Hôtel de Sagan as part of a complicated negotiation for a site for the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la vie Modern 1937. The Paris office of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., reestablished itself at 9 Rue de la Paix, but Germain selected the New York office as the headquarters for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Subsequently he filed his legal residence as New York City. Germain's half-brother, François-Gerard, was left in charge of the Paris office operations, although Germain continued to commute between the two offices until the summer of 1939.

During the New York World's Fair of 1939, Germain served as a member of the Exhibition Committee, which coordinated the art section. When the fair was extended for an additional year, Seligman was asked to take responsibility for planning the French art section. World political events intruded, however, and rumors of impending war affected both the European and American economies as well as the international art world. Speculative sales, particularly in Europe, made for a chaotic and unpredictable market. In June 1940 German forces invaded France and occupied Paris. Business for Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., took a dramatic downturn. In the summer of 1940 the Seligmann galleries and family holdings were seized by the Vichy government, along with Germain's private art collection. The family house and its contents, along with almost the entire stock of the Paris firm, was sold at public auction. Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., staff burned the Paris office archives in an effort to keep the records relating to works of art from falling into the hands of the Nazi occupiers, who were looting and shipping art to Germany.

Family members also experienced the pains and changes brought on by the war. Jean Seligmann, a cousin of Germain and the head of Arnold Seligmann & Cie., was captured and shot in Vincennes, France. François-Gerard, a half-brother, was drafted into the army and subsequently joined the French Resistance. Another brother, André, fled France in September 1940 and arrived in New York City, where he opened his own gallery. (He would later return to Paris after the war, but died shortly thereafter from a heart attack.)

Germain applied for a commission in the United States Army in 1942, but his application was initially turned down due to his noncitizen status. Soon thereafter, however, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the second War Power Act, which stipulated that naturalization could be expedited if the individual served in the military during the war. This act prompted Germain to further press his application for a post overseas, citing his citizenship status as fairly inconsequential or at least no longer a grave hindrance. Despite numerous letters exchanged with the War Department, however, his application was eventually rejected due to changes in military personnel policy.

During the war years, the Seligmann company in New York moved from its 3 East Fifty-first Street location to smaller quarters at 5 East Fifty-seventh Street. The first exhibition in this space was held in the spring of 1944. By 1945 the Contemporary American Department was reactivated, with Theresa D. Parker as its head.

In the years following the war, a rapprochement occurred among the family members who had been split since the family quarrel between Jacques and Arnold Seligmann. With the death of Jean Seligmann during the war, Arnold Seligmann & Co. had been left without a director. Germain consolidated the two family businesses, but made separate financial and administrative entities of the Paris and New York offices. Henceforth they were affiliated "only by ties of affection."

During the early to mid-1950s, many of the activities involving Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., centered upon the recovery of looted artwork and property as well as resolving outstanding issues from the consolidation of the various family businesses. The firm was also involved in the sale of several significant collections.

In 1951 Germain was commissioned by the family of the Duc d'Arenberg to sell the family's collection of important illuminated manuscripts, engravings, and select paintings. Jan Vermeer's Portrait of a Young Girl was purchased for over a quarter million dollars.

Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., also handled the 1953 sale of works from the Prince of Liechtenstein's collection and negotiated the purchase of seven Italian marble sculptures that were eventually sold to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation in 1954. From the late 1950s up until the closing of the company in 1977-1978, the exhibitions mounted by the firm seem to indicate a gradual focus back toward drawings and more traditional art. Contemporary American artists continued to be shown as well, but the firm no longer maintained its leading edge in the art market.

Germain, who during the 1940s had written several works, among them a monograph on Roger de La Fresnaye in 1945 and The Drawings of Georges Seurat in 1947, devoted himself more and more to writing. In Oh! Fickle Taste; or, Objectivity in Art, published in 1952, Seligman addressed the importance of political and social climates in understanding the evolution of art collecting in the United States. He followed this book with the 1961 publication of Merchants of Art, 1880-1960: Eighty Years of Professional Collecting which memorialized his father and traced the history of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. Germain's most significant work, Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné (1969), was lauded by art critics and listed among the 1969 "Best Ten Books of the Year" by the New York Times.

With the death of Germain Seligman in 1978, the firm doors closed, leaving behind a legacy of collecting that helped to establish American collectors and museums in the forefront of the international art world. A survey of the major art museums and collections in the United States reveals the significant number of works that were acquired either by sales or through donation from Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc. The influence the company wielded is also demonstrated through the network of relationships it built with collectors, art museums and institutions, and other dealers, such as Dr. Albert C. Barnes, Bernheim-Jeune, George Blumenthal, Sen. William A. Clark, the Detroit Institute of Arts, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art, Marjorie Merriweather Post, Henry Walters, and Wildenstein & Co., among others.

1858, September 18 -- Jacques Seligmann born in Frankfurt, Germany.

1874 -- Jacques Seligmann leaves Germany to work in Paris, France, as an assistant at Maître Paul Chevallier, a leading Paris auctioneer. Soon after he leaves to work for Charles Mannheim, an expert in medieval art.

1880 -- Jacques Seligmann opens his own shop at the Rue des Mathurins. An early client is Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

1893, February 25 -- Germain Seligman is born in Paris, France. His mother's maiden name is Blanche Falkenberg (d. 1902).

1900 -- Jacques Seligmann & Cie. is formed when Jacques's brothers, Arnold and Simon, join him as partners and the business moves to the Place Vendôme.

1904 -- The New York City office of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is established, with Eugene Glaenzer as the manager. Beginning in 1905, Seligmann begins yearly visits to the New York office.

1907 -- Jacques Seligmann is elected a Fellow for Life of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

1909 -- Jacques Seligmann & Cie. acquires the Hôtel de Sagan on the Rue Saint Dominique. Jacques moves the headquarters for the company to this location and reserves its use for the most exclusive and important clients, but his brother Arnold continues to oversee the general operations of the company at the Place Vendôme.

1912 -- A lawsuit between Jacques Seligmann and his brother, Arnold, results in a split in the family company. Arnold remains at Place Vendôme under the name Arnold Seligmann & Cie. Jacques consolidates his activities at the Hôtel de Sagan. He also opens another gallery at 17 Place Vendôme, but this is soon moved to 9 Rue de la Paix.

1914 -- As a result of the split in the family business, a new office and gallery are opened at 705 Fifth Avenue, and Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is incorporated within the State of New York.

1914-1919 -- Germain Seligmann serves in the French army as a second lieutenant in the 132nd Infantry Regiment of Rheims. Later he is assigned as the first French liaison officer to the First Division of the American Expeditionary Force in France. He is discharged from active service in 1919.

1920 -- Germain Seligman becomes a partner with his father and formally joins Jacques Seligmann & Fils as the president of the New York office.

1923, October -- Jacques Seligman dies.

1924 -- Germain Seligman becomes the president of both the Paris and New York offices. Several of his brothers and sisters become partners in the firm. Theresa D. Parker joins the New York office.

1926 -- The New York office moves to 3 East Fifty-first Street. Germain Seligman, with César Mange de Hauke, sets up de Hauke & Co., Inc., to sell modern European paintings to American clients.

1930 -- De Hauke & Co., Inc., becomes Modern Paintings, Inc.

1931 -- De Hauke resigns as head of Modern Paintings, Inc., and returns to Paris.

1934 -- Modern Paintings, Inc., is dissolved, and its assets are assumed by Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and by Tessa Corp., another subsidiary of the parent company.

1935 -- The Contemporary American Department is created as a part of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., and Theresa D. Parker directs its operations.

1936-1937 -- Jacques Seligmann et Fils moves out of its gallery space at the Hôtel de Sagan and briefly reestablishes its headquarters at 9 Rue de la Paix. By 1937, however, the company headquarters moves to New York City. Germain Seligman establishes his legal residence there.

1939 -- World War II begins.

1940 -- During the summer, the Seligmann family house and its contents (at Rue de Constantine) are seized and sold by order of the Vichy government, along with Germain's private art collection and the gallery's stock. The Paris archives of Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., is destroyed by the Seligmann staff in order to keep the records from falling into the hands of the Nazis. René Seligmann dies in a New York hospital in June; François-Gerard, Germain's half-brother, is called up to serve in the army and joins the French Resistance. Another brother, André, escapes to the United States and opens a gallery in New York. Jean Seligmann, a cousin of Germain and the head of Arnold Seligmann & Cie., is captured and shot at Vincennes, France.

1943 -- Germain Seligman becomes an American citizen (and drops the second "n" from his original surname).

1944, Spring -- The New York gallery holds its first exhibition in the new 5 East Fifty-seventh Street location in New York City. During the war years, the firm had moved from its Fifty-first Street location to smaller quarters.

1945 -- The Contemporary American Department is reactivated.

1946 -- After the war, Arnold Seligmann & Cie. is left without a director, although it remains at the Rue de la Paix location. Germain consolidates the two firms but organizes the Paris and New York offices as separate financial and administrative entities.

1969 -- Germain Seligman publishes Roger de La Fresnaye, with a Catalogue Raisonné. The book receives acclaim and is listed on the 1969 New York Times "Ten Best Books of the Year."

1978, March 27 -- Germain Seligman dies.
Provenance:
The records of the Paris and New York art dealer Jacques Seligmann & Co., Inc., were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1978 by Mrs. Ethlyne Seligman, widow of Germain Seligman. A small addition of 19 linear feet was donated in 1994.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The records of Jacques Seligmann & Co. are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gallery records
Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.jacqself
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jacqself
Online Media:

Ben Shahn papers

Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Names:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Delano, Jack  Search this
Dugan, Alan  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Ferry, W. Hawkins  Search this
Francis, Arlene  Search this
Friendly, Fred W.  Search this
Gusten, Theodore, 1899-1978  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Kingman, Dong, 1911-  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Lee, Russell, 1903-1986  Search this
Lionni, Leo, 1910-  Search this
MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982  Search this
Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987  Search this
Mydans, Carl  Search this
Nakashima, George, 1905-  Search this
Nakashima, Marian  Search this
Odets, Clifford, 1906-1963  Search this
Osborn, Robert Chesley, 1904-1994  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robbins, Jerome  Search this
Rodman, Selden, 1909-  Search this
Rothstein, Arthur, 1915-1985  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Soby, James Thrall, 1906-1979  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Vachon, John, 1914-1975  Search this
Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963  Search this
Wolcott, Marion Post, 1910-1990  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
24.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Sketches
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1879-1990
bulk 1933-1970
Summary:
The papers of social realist painter, photographer, illustrator, printmaker, and teacher Ben Shahn (1898-1969) measure 24.8 linear feet and date from 1879-1990, with the bulk of the material dating from 1933-1970. The bulk of the collection consists of over 14 linear feet of incoming letters from artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Also found are biographical materials, project and source files, printed material, artwork by Shahn and others, photographs taken of and by Shahn, interview transcripts, sound recordings of interviews and a motion picture film.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of social realist painter, photographer, illustrator, printmaker, and teacher Ben Shahn (1898-1969) measure 24.8 linear feet and date from 1879-1990, with the bulk of the material dating from 1933-1970. The bulk of the collection consists of over 14 linear feet of incoming letters from artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Also found are biographical materials, project and source files, printed material, artwork by Shahn and others, photographs taken of and by Shahn, interview transcripts, sound recordings of interviews and a motion picture film.

Biographical material and family records include a 1924 passport for Shahn and his first wife, Tillie, biographical sketches of Shahn, and award certificates received by him.

Letters are primarily written to Shahn from family members, artists, writers, colleagues, publishers, art organizations, galleries, and universities and colleges. Notable correspondents include Leonard Baskin, Alexander Calder, Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, Joseph Hirsch, Leo Lionni, John Bartlow Martin, George and Marian Nakashima, Clifford Odets, Charles Olson, Robert Osborn, Diego Rivera, Jerome Robbins, Selden Rodman, James Thrall Soby, Raphael Soyer, and William Carlos Williams. A small number of scattered letters from Shahn can also be found throughout the series.

Project files document approximately twenty-one of Shahn's commissions, including murals for the community center at Jersey Homesteads, the Bronx Central Annex Post Office, the Social Security Building in Washington D.C. , and the William E. Grady Vocational High School. The files also document his involvement in the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Roosevelt, in addition to projects for schools, temples and private homes.

Financial and legal records include consignment records, loan agreements, royalty statements and receipts for artwork sold.

Notes and writings are by Shahn and others including Alan Dugan, W. H. Ferry, Theodore Gusten, and John Bartlow Martin. They include lists of artwork, many of which are annotated.

Artwork includes a sketchbook and several unbound sketches and lettering by Shahn, in addition to drawings and prints by others including Shahn's children, Mario Casetta and Stefan Martin.

Source files contain printed material and photographs relating to topics depicted by Shahn in his artwork such as children, dams, farming, houses, industry, mines and miners, slums, war and workers. These files also contain scattered photographic prints by FSA and OWI photographers including Shahn, Jack Delano, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, Carl Mydans, Marion Post Wolcott, Arthur Rothstein, and John Vachon.

Printed material includes news clippings covering Shahn and his career as well as subjects of interest to Shahn. Also found are exhibition catalogs and announcements for exhibitions for Shahn and others, and reproductions of Shahn's artwork including publications illustrated by him.

Photographs are of Shahn, his family and friends and colleagues including Alexander Calder, Jerome Robbins, Charles Sheeler, David Smith and William Zorach. Also included are photographs taken by Shahn of New York City and for the FSA in the 1930s, as well as photographs of artwork by Shahn. Photographs by others include one photo each by Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee and Arthur Rothstein.

The collection also contains transcripts of eight radio, television and motion picture interviews of Shahn and a reel of 16mm motion picture film from the BBC-TV program "Monitor," in addition to sound recordings of interviews of Shahn by Tony Schwartz and Arlene Francis. Artifacts include a Christmas greeting in the form of a sock.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 12 series:

Series 1: Biographical and Family Records, 1879-1984 (Box 1, OV 36; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 2: Letters, 1929-1990 (Boxes 1-25, 35, OVs 36-38; 14.4 linear ft.)

Series 3: Project Files, 1933-1975 (Boxes 25-26; OVs 36-37; 1.03 linear ft.)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, 1934-1988 (Boxes 26-27, 35; 0.81 linear ft.)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, circa 1933-1988 (Boxes 27-28; 1.62 linear ft.)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1930s-1965 (Boxes 28, 35; 11 folders)

Series 7: Source Files, circa 1900s-1960s (Boxes 28-30, 35; 1.81 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1912-1988 (Boxes 30-33, 35, OV 39; 3.22 linear ft.)

Series 9: Photographs, circa 1900-1969 (Boxes 33-35; 0.86 linear ft.)

Series 10: Interview Transcripts, 1943-1968 (Box 34; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 11: Audio and Video Recordings, 1959-1968 (Box 34; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 34; 2 items)
Biographical/Historical note:
Ben Shahn (1898-1969) was a social realist painter, muralist, printmaker, photographer, illustrator, and teacher who worked primarily in Brooklyn, New York and New Jersey. He was most active in the 1930s through the 1950s and worked on several federally funded arts projects, including the Farm Security Administration's photographic documentation project of rural America during the Depression.

Ben Shahn was born in Kovno, Lithuania and immigrated with his family to the United States in 1906 where he settled in Brooklyn, and later Roosevelt, New Jersey, after becoming a naturalized citizen in 1918.

Following an apprenticeship as a lithographer from 1913-1917, Shahn studied at New York University, the City College of New York, and the National Academy of Design from 1919-1922. He married Tillie Goldstein in 1922 and they had two children, Judith and Ezra.

Two years after Shahn's first solo exhibition at the Downtown Gallery in 1930, his Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti, a series of 23 gouaches about the Sacco and Vanzetti trial of the 1920s, was exhibited at the Downtown Gallery to critical and public acclaim. The exhibition marked the beginning of Shahn's reputation as one of the most important social realist painters in America. Shahn's commitment to social and political justice found a natural outlet in mural painting when, in 1933, he was hired to assist Diego Rivera on the labor and industry mural Man at the Crossroads, for New York City's Rockefeller Center. The mural was destroyed amid controversy in 1933 before it was completed, but Shahn had learned much about the art of fresco painting during the project and was inspired by the potential of the mural as a unique art form for presenting life's struggles and stories to a large public audience. Between 1933 and 1937 Shahn worked on various murals for other buildings, including New York's Central Park Casino (circa 1934) and Riker's Island Prison (1934), none of which saw completion. In 1937, however, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) commissioned Shahn to execute a mural for the Community Center in the town of Jersey Homesteads, later Roosevelt, New Jersey, which Shahn completed in 1938. Shahn settled in Jersey Homesteads the following year and remained there for the rest of his life. Other important mural commissions followed for the Bronx Central Post office (1939) and the Social Security Building in Washington DC (1942).

One of Shahn's assistants on the Jersey Homesteads mural was Bernarda Bryson, whom he had met in 1933 when she came to New York to interview Rivera about the Rockefeller Center mural controversy for an Ohio newspaper. Shahn and Bryson became lifetime companions and had three children, Susanna, Jonathan and Abigail, although they did not marry until shortly before Shahn's death in 1969. Shahn and Tillie Goldstein were divorced in 1944.

Shahn had enrolled with the federal Public Works of Art Project in 1934, and between 1935 and 1938 he and Bryson travelled across country as Shahn photographed poverty-stricken areas and documented rural life for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and the Resettlement Agency. Shahn's interest in photography developed in the early 1930s when, encouraged by his friendship with Walker Evans, he began photographing street scenes and people in New York City. He later used the images as the basis for many of his prints and paintings.

In 1942 Shahn began working for the Office of War Information (OWI) and was instructed to produce posters and pamphlets explaining to citizens the necessities of wartime, such as the need for secrecy and food rationing. Ultimately, only two of Shahn's posters were ever used; the rest were rejected as being too harsh for their intended audience. Shahn later worked for the Congress of Industrial Organization Political Action Committee (CIO-PAC), producing posters for the 1944 campaign to re-elect Roosevelt, who he believed in deeply. He was promoted to director of the CIO's Graphic Arts Division for the 1946 congressional campaign following Roosevelt's death, but that job ended when the election went poorly for the Democratic party.

Shahn returned increasingly to painting and a retrospective of his work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in 1947. He also became more active in academia as an accomplished writer, teacher and lecturer. He received honorary doctorates from Princeton University and Harvard University, and become the Charles Eliot Norton professor at Harvard in 1956. Shahn's Norton lectures were collected and published as the influential The Shape of Content in 1957. He also began to work as a commercial artist for a variety of companies and publications including CBS, Time, Harper's, and the Container Corporation of America. Shahn believed, however, that the artist's ideas and integrity must always be reflected in his commercial art. He refused to compromise on this point and was very selective in his choice of commercial commissions. Shahn illustrated many books and articles, designed sets for stage productions such as New York Export: Opus Jazz, choreographed by Jerome Robbins, and designed mural mosaics for synagogues, universities and private homes.

Since the 1930s Shahn had been represented by Edith Halpert at the Downtown Gallery, but his relationship with her was always contentious on the subject of payments Shahn received for commercial work, and became increasingly so as his income from such sources increased. Finally, in 1968, Shahn wrote to Halpert telling her that after ten years of "an accumulation of ill-feeling, discomfort and recrimination between us" he felt compelled to end their dealer-artist relationship.

By the time of Shahn's break with Halpert his health had begun to fail. He died of a heart attack following surgery in a New York City hospital on March 14, 1969.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art holds four oral history interviews with Ben Shahn: 1964 Apr. 14 interview conducted by Richard K. Doud for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project in which Shahn speaks of his travels and work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and the American image as portrayed by FSA; 1965 Jan. 17 interview; 1965 Oct. 3. interview conducted by Harlan Phillips for the Archives of American Art New Deal and the Arts Project; and 1968 Sept. 27 interview conducted by Forrest Selvig. Most of these interviews have transcripts available online.

The Archives also holds the Bernarda Bryson Shahn papers, circa 1947-2005, and two oral history interviews with Bernarda Bryson Shahn: 1983 Apr. 29 and 1995 July 3.
Separated Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel N70-6) including addresses and essays by Shahn, seven royalty statements, and three letters from publishers. Many of the writings found on this reel were included in subsequent donations. All other lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Ben Shahn papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in several installments between 1967-1991 by Shahn's widow, Bernarda Bryson Shahn who also lent materials for microfilming in 1969. Jean Shahn, Ben Shahn's daughter-in-law and estate representative, donated one additional sketch in 2018.
Restrictions:
Access to original papers requires an appointment. Access to audiovisual recording with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Ben Shahn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Printmakers -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Photographers -- United States  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Sketches
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Drawings
Photographs
Prints
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.shahben
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shahben
Online Media:

Ad Reinhardt papers

Creator:
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Names:
Brooklyn College -- Faculty  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
3.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1927-1968
Summary:
The papers of Ad Reinhardt measure 3.8 linear feet and date from circa 1927 to 1968. The collection documents Reinhardt's career as an abstract painter, cartoonist, and writer through biographical material, correspondence, writings, printed material, scrapbooks, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Ad Reinhardt measure 3.8 linear feet and date from 1927 to 1968. The collection documents Reinhardt's career as an abstract painter, cartoonist, and writer through biographical material, correspondence, writings, printed material, scrapbooks, and artwork.

Biographical material includes personal and professional records, such as passports and membership cards as well as an artist's chronology, and material documenting Reinhardt's time at Brooklyn College and his work for the WPA. Correspondence is of a general nature, including letters from art galleries, museums, and art dealers about exhibitions and artwork, colleges and universities concerning lectures and workshops, and letters from friends, art critics, and fellow artists, including Lucy Lippard, Abe Ajay, and George Rickey. Also found are letters from magazines and various art and social organizations. Writings and notes include calendars, and a small amount of notes and draft writings by Reinhardt. Printed material comprises the largest series in the collection and contains exhibition materials, including invitations and catalogs, and a large number of magazine and news clippings, primarily about Reinhardt's career and modern art, but also covering other topics of interest to him, such as Asian art. Also found in this series are clippings of his published cartoons and artwork. Scrapbooks contain additional printed material documenting his high school and college days, as well as his career. as an artist. Also found within the papers is a small amount of artwork by Reinhardt, primarily small sketches.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1928-1967 (Box 1; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-1967 (Boxes 1-2; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1953-1966 (Box 2; 7 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1927-1968 (Boxes 2-4; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, circa 1928-1959 (Boxes 4-5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1946, 1950, 1961 (Box 4; 4 folders)
Biographical Note:
Ad Reinhardt was born Adolph Dietrich Friedrich Reinhardt in 1913 in Buffalo, New York. Shortly after he was born, his family moved to Queens, New York. As a child he copied "funnies" and made collages from newspapers and won many school and community prizes for his artwork. In the fall of 1931 he entered Columbia University and studied art history under Meyer Schapiro, who encouraged him to get involved in radical campus politics. Reinhardt became the editor and cover designer of Jester, a campus magazine. After graduating in 1935, he trained as a painter at the National Academy of Design under Karl Anderson, and at the American Artists School under Francis Criss and Carl Holty, until 1937. At this time he joined American Abstract Artists and became affiliated with American artistic-political groups and other artist organizations. From 1936 to 1941 he worked for the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Federal Art Project, Easel Division, while simultaneously developing his mature style of linear, abstract painting.

When his work for the Federal Art Project ended, Reinhardt worked as a commercial and freelance writer and graphic artist for pamphlets and magazines. Most notably, he was a reporter and cartoonist for the newspaper PM from 1942 to 1947. After serving in the Navy from 1946 to 1947, he took a position as an art history professor at Brooklyn College where he taught for twenty years. During his career as a professor he was also a visiting lecturer at several universities, including Yale University from 1952 to 1953, and the California School of Fine Arts in 1950. Reinhardt had a keen interest in Asiatic art and would often lecture and write on this subject. In the late 1950s and early 1960s he traveled to Japan, India, Persia, Egypt, Turkey, Syria, and Jordan.

Reinhardt began exhibiting his paintings early in his career. In 1946 he joined the Betty Parsons Gallery, which also represented many other prominent Abstract Expressionists, including Mark Rothko, Barnet Newman, and Jackson Pollock. Reinhardt rejected the emotionalism found in Abstract Expressionism and sought to produce geometric, minimalist paintings. In developing his own aesthetic theory, he wrote extensively for art periodicals such as Art News and Art International. His artwork culminated in the 1960s with his series of black paintings, which drew much attention from the art community and the public. A major retrospective of his work was held at the Jewish Museum in New York, NY, in 1960. Reinhardt continued to write and work on his series of black paintings until his death in 1967.
Related Material:
Related collections found in the Archives includes Ad Reinhardt postcards (to Katherine Scrivener), Ad Reinhardt letters and artwork (loaned material, available on microfilm only), Abe Ajay correspondence with Ad Reinhardt, Marjorie Grimm printed material and letters received from Ad Reinhardt, one photograph of Ad Reinhardt and Colette Roberts by William R. Simmons, and a 1955 painting by Ad Reinhardt.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels N69-99 - N69-103) including additional notes, writings, correspondence, photographs of artwork, and travel logs. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Rita Reinhardt, Ad Reinhardt's widow, donated papers and lent material for micorfilming in 1969.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Ad Reinhardt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Cartoonists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Ad Reinhardt papers, 1927-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.reinad
See more items in:
Ad Reinhardt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-reinad
Online Media:

LeRoy Neiman papers

Creator:
Neiman, LeRoy, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
ABC Sports  Search this
CBS Sports  Search this
Playboy Enterprises  Search this
Ali, Muhammad, 1942-  Search this
Super Bowl  Search this
Extent:
70.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-2005
Summary:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938-2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938 to 2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.

Biographical material pertains to the artist's family, military service, education and teaching experience and representing galleries and publishers and includes artist biographies, awards, distinctions, and membership information.

Correspondence includes personal and business correspondence as well as collections of cards and literature on other artists, Neiman's notes and jottings, art work by children, and office records.

Project files document specific projects or art events in which Neiman was involved, including commissions, promotions, collaborations, serigraph printings, and publications.

Printed material includes newspapers, magazines, catalogs, fliers, invitations, brochures, press releases, film scripts and small posters.

Artifacts include three-dimensional items, clothing, souvenirs and LeRoy Neiman paraphernalia.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2004, undated (Boxes 1-3, 77; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1960s-2004, undated (Boxes 3-19)

Series 3: Project Files, 1949-2005, undated (Boxes 20-39, 78-81)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1940s-circa 2005, undated (Boxes 40-61, 82-83, OV 85)

Series 5: Artifacts, 1953-2002, undated (Boxes 69-76, 84)
Biographical Note:
LeRoy Neiman has been described as the most popular living painter in America. While strikingly original, his work reflects the varied influences of Toulouse-Lautrec, Dufy, the New York Social Realists, and the Abstract Expressionists. Probably best known as a portrayer of sporting and social events, he virtually invented the modern genre of sports art and remains its most accomplished and acclaimed practitioner.

Among many other accomplishments, he was the first and only on-camera official artist for ABC-TV at the Olympics in Munich, 1972 and Montreal, 1976, and covered several other winter and summer Olympiads as an official artist. He was the first artist to create live, on-camera computer art while covering the 1978 Super Bowl in New Orleans for CBS-TV. In 1997 he was selected as the first official artist of the Kentucky Derby. But Neiman's interests range far and wide. As a painter, printmaker, and author, his subjects have included Parisian cafés, African safaris, famous bars, five-star restaurants, urban street scenes, the opera, political figures, jazz musicians, entertainers, stage and screen stars, gambling casinos, portraits, international stock exchanges, and much more.

For the past quarter-century, Neiman has created limited-edition serigraphs (silk-screen prints). Published and distributed exclusively by Knoedler Publishing, they are sold in selected galleries throughout the United States. By one estimate, the more than 150,000 Neiman prints that have been purchased to date have an estimated market value exceeding $400 million. Neiman is the author of twelve books: Horses, LeRoy Neiman Posters, Winners, which was also published in Japanese, Big Time Golf, LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris, LeRoy Neiman on Safari, and LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, all published by Harry N. Abrams, as well as Art and Life Style, Carnaval, Monte Carlo Chase, Casey at the Bat, and the newly-released limited edition LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/ Ali vs. Liston 1965, 2004. Knoedler Publishing has published The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, Volumes I-III, a catalogue raisonnes on Neiman's limited edition prints.

Over the years the artist has donated scores of his artworks to dozens of charitable causes and organizations. Through his work with the Good Tidings Foundation, two LeRoy Neiman Art Centers for Youth have been built in elementary schools in California. In 1995, he gave the School of the Arts at Columbia University in New York City an endowment of $6 million to create the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, dedicated to the study of fine art printmaking and the development of new methods of printmaking, and including a scholarship program. A 1998 donation led to the creation of the LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Culture and Society at UCLA.

Neiman's work is represented in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Minneapolis Museum of Art, the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and numerous other museums and public and private collections worldwide. A past member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, Neiman has received five honorary degrees and, among other honors, an Award of Merit from the American Athletic Union, a Gold Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in addition to being named Boxing Artist of 1966 by Lonsdale, London.

1921 -- Born June 8 in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1942-46 -- Leaves high school to enlist in the army; serves four years in Europe.

1946 -- Studies at the St. Paul Gallery and School of Art with Clement Haupers.

1946-50 -- Student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; studies with Boris Anisfeld; studies liberal arts at University of Illinois and De Paul University, Chicago.

1950-60 -- Member of the Faculty, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, teaching figure drawing and fashion drawing.

1952 -- Exhibits in Twin City Show at Minneapolis Institute of Arts; wins Chicago Art Directors Award.

1953 -- Begins using enamel house paints; develops interest in drawing horse racing at Arlington Park; wins First Prize for painting "Idle Boats", a purchase prize, at Twin City Show, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

1954 -- Begins association with Playboy magazine illustrating Charles Beaumont story, which wins Chicago Art Directors Award; exhibits for first time in Chicago Artists and Vicinity Show, where he continues to show for next six years; wins Second Prize, Minnesota State Show; exhibits at Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1955 -- Instructor of painting at Elmwood Park Art League and North Shore Art League; exhibits at the Carnegie Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting; creates the "Femlin" symbolic character which appears in Playboy for next 47 years; wins New York Art Directors Award.

1956 -- Included in "New Talent in America in 1956", published in Art in America, February 1956; delves deeper into Chicago sports scene, draws Chicago Bears, Blackhawks and boxing.

1957 -- Exhibits in Corcoran Gallery of Art "American 25th Biennial Exhibition", Washington, D.C.; awarded most popular prize out of 3,000 entries as well as the juried Clark Memorial Prize and Vicinity Show; first television appearance on Art Institute of Chicago TV show, "Artist's Choice"; painting instructor at School of the Art Institute of Chicago Summer Session and for two years at Ox-Bow Summer School, Saugatuck, Michigan teaching landscape painting; marries art student Janet Byrne.

1958 -- Exhibits at the "Society of Contemporary American Art Exhibition", Art Institute of Chicago, for three years; begins extensive travels for Playboy magazine, creating a feature on the high life called "Man at His Leisure", which appears regularly for the next 15 years; wins Municipal Art Award at "Chicago Artist and Vicinity Show", and Hamilton & Graham Cash Prize, Ball State Teachers College Drawing Show, Muncie, Indiana.

1959 -- Holds one-man show of racing scenes at Arlington Park Race Track, Chicago; shows in "Jazz Exhibition" and "Social Observation and Comment in Art Show" in Chicago.

1960 -- Paints at Squaw Valley Winter Olympic Games; travels six months through Europe covering sporting and social events, the Grand National Steeplechase, Epsom Derby, Ascot, and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race in England, Maxim's Tour d'Argent, the Lido and Folies Bergere in Paris, the Cannes Film Festival and St. Tropez, Fiesta de San Isidro bullfights in Madrid, the Grand Prix in Monaco auto race.

1960-1970 -- Executes over one hundred paintings and two murals for eighteen Playboy Clubs.

1961 -- Takes studio in Paris; does studies of Deauville social season and sketches the great restaurants of France; sketches Dublin Horse Show and cricket at Lord's in London; wins gold medal for oil painting at the "Salon d'Art Moderne", Paris.

1962 -- Sketches Bordeaux wine country, Paris fashion shows, racing at Longchamp, and Giraglia Yacht Race on Riviera; paints Regatta of the Gondoliers in Venice; does studies of Fellini directing "8 ½" and sketches at Cine Citta studios in Rome; visits U.S. to work on commission for 12 paintings of the Indianapolis 500.

1963 -- Returns from Paris; establishes a studio in New York; teaches painting at Arts and Crafts, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; holds first one-man exhibition in New York at Hammer Galleries; travels to Mexico with Shel Silverstein; sketches in Mexico City and Acapulco.

1964 -- Starts series of Muhammad Ali sketches and paintings which spans the next 15 years; sketches America's Cup Challenge at Newport, Rhode Island; returns to England to sketch London night life and Prince Phillip playing polo at Windsor; paints the Tour de France in Paris.

1965 -- Commemorates Sugar Ray Robinson with 8' x 6' portrait "Farewell to Boxing" unveiled at Madison Square Garden ceremony; paints portrait of Mae West and poet Marianne Moore.

1966 -- Sketches Kentucky Derby; in London paints personalities and scenes including the Beatles and Carnaby Street, Kenneth Tynan, Sir Ralph Richardson; paints surfing in California; executes mural for Swedish-Lloyd Ship, S. S. Patricia; creates art for film "Casino Royale"; sketches indoor polo for opening of Houston Astrodome.

1967 -- Sketches and paints leading figures in the arts, sports and entertainment world, including Leonard Bernstein, Joe Louis, Frank Sinatra, Brigitte Bardot and ballerina Suzanne Farrell; paints "24 Hours of LeMans", nudist scenes on the Dalmatian Coast of Yugoslavia, the Fiesta at Pamplona, the dolce vita of Rome.

1968 -- Paints the Kirov and Bolshoi ballets in Russia; is named artist-in-residence from the bench of the New York Jets football team; executes critical sketches of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; paints Bobby Hull for Time magazine cover; contributed drawings for Harpers magazine articles on Cassius Clay and on Bobby Kennedy and race relations; initiates art class for Atlanta Poverty Program.

1969 -- Sketches civil rights figures and teaches art in Atlanta Poverty Program; creates poster for Kurt Weill Off-Broadway show and program cover for Oh! Calcutta; sketches New York City Ballet; appears regularly on TV as New York Jets artist-in-residence; collaborates with Dave Anderson on book, Countdown to Super Bowl; covers horse racing at Ascot and Longchamp, camel racing in Morocco.

1970 -- Paints backdrop for Broadway play Borstal Boy and does album cover for Fifth Dimension; exhibits in the Time magazine "Covers Show" at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; sketches sporting and social events in Dublin, and holds one-man show at the Abbey Theatre; travels with Hugh Hefner in Europe, Greece and Africa; sketches wildlife on safari in Africa; creates poster for Ali-Quarry fight, Ali's return to the ring in Atlanta; paints $100,000 baseball players for book, This Great Game; paints New York Stock Exchange.

1971 -- Has one-man exhibition at Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas; travels to Monte Carlo, London, Paris and Switzerland; develops interest in printmaking; creates two-part TV program on the art of lithography and produces etchings and lithographs at Atelier Weber in Zurich; creates official poster and draws pre-fight sketches of Ali-Frazier Super Fight I at Madison Square Garden for The New York Times Magazine cover and post-fight sketches for ABC-TV; illustrates Jose Torres' book on Ali, Sting Like a Bee.

1972 -- Covers Fischer-Spasky world champion chess tournament at Reykjavik, Iceland and Munich Olympic Games, both on camera for ABC-TV; covers World Series for NBC-TV; creates serigraph of Knicks-Lakers championship game; paints Super Bowl for Time magazine cover; and cover for Golf Digest.

1973 -- Creates Super Bowl art for CBS-TV; sketches the Masters Golf Tournament for Golf Digest magazine; paints commission for Museum of Jazz; creates serigraph of Triple Crown winner Secretariat; sketches Foreman-Frazier fight in Jamaica; travels on multi-city tour and exhibit of Olympic serigraphs; nineteen serigraphs chosen by the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, for its permanent collection.

1974 -- Has exhibition in Tokyo and sketches sumo, baseball and horse racing for Japanese TV; covers Stanley Cup hockey playoffs for NBC-TV; creates poster for Newport Jazz Festival and for next 5 years; creates poster for Ali-Foreman fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, and for Frank Sinatra concert at Carnegie Hall; Art and Lifestyle is published.

1975 -- Creates official St. Paul Bicentennial poster; given major retrospective at the Minnesota Museum of Art; creates official program cover for World Series; creates poster for Ali-Frazier III and paints cockfights in Manila; creates first of four annual posters for Robert F. Kennedy Pro-Celebrity Tennis Tournament; book The Artist's Limited Edition of Moby Dick is published.

1976 -- Paints mural on camera as ABC-TV Official Artist at Olympic Games, Montreal; paints on French Riviera; holds one-man show at Knoedler Gallery in London; exhibits in national invitational "Watercolor USA Show" at Springfield Art Museum, Missouri, and "Drawings USA Show" at the Minnesota Museum of Art; paints Harlem scene for Jazzmobile poster; paints Chris Evert for Saturday Evening Post cover.

1977 -- Holds one-man shows in Stockholm and Helsinki; works in Paris; paints NBA All-Star game; creates poster for Lacrosse USA.

1978 -- Performs first live execution of computer art for CBS-TV coverage of Super Bowl, New Orleans; creates poster for Bill Bradley senatorial campaign; creates poster for Ali-Spinks II match in New Orleans.

1979 -- Appointed Grand Marshal with Jesse Owens at The Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa; paints the Ginza, Kamakura Buddha, Mount Fuji in Japan, Royal Ascot in London, and Pan-Am Games in Puerto Rico, for CBS-TV; book Horses is published.

1980 -- Appointed Official Artist of the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games and Official Artist of the Democratic National Convention, New York; paints commission for Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; sketches Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro; presents painting commemorating signing of Arab-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David to President Carter at the White House; book Posters is published.

1981 -- Holds two-man exhibition with Andy Warhol at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, California; executes 24' x 16' portrait of Sylvester Stallone for Rocky film; creates art and appears as ring announcer in Rocky films II, III, IV and V; book Carnaval is published.

1982 -- Has one-man exhibition at Harrod's, and paints the "The Stock Exchange, London"; creates poster for Kool Jazz Festival; paints and exhibits in Tokyo.

1983 -- Has one-man exhibitions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New Orleans; executes billboard, television commercial and program for Lido show at the Tropicana, Las Vegas; book Winners is published.

1984 -- Appointed Official Artist, Winter Olympics, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia and Summer Olympics, Los Angeles.

1985 -- Returns to Brazil to paint Gavea Golf and Country Club in Rio de Janeiro and stock exchange in Sao Paulo; named Honorary Marshal at St. Paul Winter Carnival; Japanese version of Winners is published.

1986 -- Appointed Official Artist, Goodwill Games in Moscow for Turner Broadcasting Network; paints America's Cup commission for the New York Yacht Club.

1987 -- Paints and makes video documentaries of Old St. Andrews in Scotland and the Riviera in France; paints Indianapolis 500 auto race commission; presents "Minute Man" poster to President Reagan at the White House.

1988 -- Holds one-man exhibitions in Japan and Moscow; executes mural for Golden Nugget, Las Vegas; paints commission for the Caribbean Classic at Caliente Racetrack in Tijuana, Mexico; paints and makes video documentary of "Napoleon at Waterloo"; book Monte Carlo Chase is published.

1989 -- Paints Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli and Sammy Davis, Jr. at Royal Albert Hall, London; sketches the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco during earthquake; does sketches and paintings and video documentary of New York's Central Park, and holds exhibition at the boathouse in the park.

1990 -- Executes commemorative painting for 100th anniversary of Los Angeles Dodgers; holds one-man exhibition for inaugural Grand Prix auto race in Denver; paints the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia; travels and sketches in Rome, Paris and Hong Kong.

1991 -- Executes commissioned paintings for 25th anniversary of Spectrum Stadium, Philadelphia, and 10th anniversary of Miami Grand Prix and of Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; travels to Japan to paint geishas, the Ginza and golf; creates Michael Jordan serigraph and poster; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Paris and Berlin.

1992 -- Paints Tom Seaver for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; paints suite of four famous golf courses in conjunction with publication of Big-Time Golf; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Venice, Milan and Rome; honored by the Art Institute of Chicago as an outstanding alumnus; commissioned to paint Bobby Orr by Polaroid.

1993 -- Paints Reggie Jackson for Baseball Hall of Fame induction, Larry Bird for Boston Garden, and Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville; creates poster for CBS-TV film Call of the Wild; holds one-man exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; paints Frank Sinatra for cover of "Duets" album.

1994 -- Paints Pebble Beach Golf Clubhouse; creates poster for CBS-TV film The Yearling, attends and paints Super Bowl XXVIII in Atlanta; paints in Monte Carlo and Venice; goes on to paint safari in Kenya; sketches Luciano Pavarotti at Metropolitan Opera; paints Frank Sinatra for "Duets II" album; book An American in Paris is published.

1995 -- Paints Babe Ruth for the Baseball Hall of Fame, U.S. Open at Shinnecock Golf Course, and Rockefeller Center; creates 40-foot mural on Broadway theater for Tommy Tune's musical, Busker Alley; gives 30-year retrospective exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; appointed a member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs; honored by Playboy for the 40th anniversary of the Femlin character.

1996 -- Commissioned by United Nations to create six postage stamps for the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta; paints Super Bowl XXX in Phoenix, Arizona; honored by Boxing Writers and England's Lonsdale Boxing Club; paints "Hall of Famer" for the Baseball Hall of Fame's permanent art exhibition; creates serigraph of "The 3 Tenors", Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti.

1997 -- Inauguration of the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University, New York; introduction of LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigar; narrates and appears in film documentary on Cuba and cigars, Rhythm and Smoke; creates poster commemorating 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking of racial barrier in Major League Baseball; creates first official Kentucky Derby poster; travels to South Africa to present commissioned portrait of President Nelson Mandela; book LeRoy Neiman on Safari is published.

1998 -- Inaugurates LeRoy Neiman Center for Study of American Culture and Society, UCLA, Los Angeles; unveils baccarat painting for Desert Inn, Las Vegas; exhibits and participates in seminar on Frank Sinatra at Hofstra University; paints and creates serigraph of Joe DiMaggio; creates label for Duval-Leroy champagne; creates official poster for Breeders' Cup, Louisville; cover art for Good Will Games New York official program, and for article in The Nation; honored at Ox-Bow Gala at the Art Institute of Chicago, and by Sportscasters.

1999 -- Creates art for Givenchy perfumes; presents portrait of Mark McGwire and creates serigraph edition commemorating record home run hitter. Paints John Elway and creates serigraph celebrating retirement from football; releases serigraph of Mickey Mantle; participates in Olympic Games seminar on Queen Elizabeth II ocean liner crossing; gambling prints installed in Salle Privée at Paris Casino in Las Vegas; creates poster for Taxicab Chronicles Off-Broadway play; visits Havana to sketch Cuban rhythms. Sketches Army-Navy game in Philadelphia for West Point commission.

2000 -- Creates boxing painting for use as poster for Heavyweight Explosion cable TV program; book The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000 is published; releases serigraphs of Mike Piazza and Cal Ripken, Jr.; the first LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in San Francisco; commissioned to create artwork for 125th Preakness Stakes and 2000 PGA Championship Tournament at Valhalla Golf Course.

2001 -- Salutes Muhammad Ali as "Athlete of the Century" with oversized portrait and limited edition serigraphs. Commissioned to paint Mardi Gras official poster for 2002; commissioned to paint Phoenix Suns star Charles Barkley on retirement of uniform number; commissioned to paint UCLA basketball coach John Wooden; holds retrospective drawing exhibition at the Fairfield Public Gallery, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; creates poster for 2001 All-Star Jockey Championship; attends 25th year reunion of ABC-TV coverage of 1976 Munich Olympics. Commissioned by New York City Fire Department to commemorate September 11 terrorist attack for benefit of NYFD Widows and Orphans Fund; creates image of NYFD fireman's helmet and for the first time allows an image to be used and sold on t-shirts; also donates original painting to auction for Widows and Orphans Fund. Honorary Chairman at the annual Bare Walls event at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; the second LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in Watsonville, California; the largest serigraph yet by artist, "Circus", having image size of 43 ¾" x 65", is completed after 2 years work.

2002 -- Commissioned to paint Wayne Gretzky, Gold Medal winning coach of the Canadian Olympic Hockey Team; commissioned to create official tournament poster for the first U.S. Open to be held at a public golf course, Bethpage on Long Island, New York; illustrates "Casey at the Bat", published as a trade edition by Ecco Press, with Foreword by New York Yankees manager Joe Torre; creates the Tyson/Lewis poster for the boxing heavyweight championship fight in Memphis; creates the official poster and program cover for the Oscar de la Hoya/Fernando Valenzuela championship boxing match in Las Vegas; honored with a tribute dinner at the Friar's Club in New York City; painting of Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Larry Bird is unveiled during Johnson's induction ceremonies at the Basketball Hall of Fame; Gallagher's Steak House in New York City unveils a permanent collection of Neiman artwork portraying the city's greatest athletes; receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions to golf and sport art at the Art of Golf Festival at Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina; inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame.

2003 -- Unveiled commissioned painting of the racehorse Funnycide at Saratoga; opens exhibition "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" at the Wildlife Experience museum in Denver, CO; S.T. Dupont releases special edition LeRoy Neiman Golf pen and lighter set; mounts exhibition "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" at the Pratt Institute; paints the Breeders Cup at Santa Anita; publishes book LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades with Harry N. Abrams.

2004 -- Commissioned to paint poster design for the 2005 Special Olympics in Nagano; paints portrait of Secretariat for the Secretariat Museum; paints program cover design for the Newport Jazz Festival and participates in a group exhibition at the festival; receives Medal of Honor at Ellis Island from NECO; paints portraits of Oscar De La Hoya and Bernard Hopkins for their fight program and presents the paintings to the fighters; completes a set of seven jazz lithographs at Columbia's Neiman Center for Print Studies; films a cameo appearance for Sylvester Stallone's television show "The Contender"; produces a set of five limited edition prints of Martha Graham for the Martha Graham Dance Company; publishes limited edition artist's book LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/Ali vs. Liston 1965 with powerHouse Books and Meridian Printing.
Appendices:
Appendix A: Notable Correspondents from Series 2: Correspondence

This appendix is an alphabetical listing of notable correspondents primarily from Series 2, but may include references to other series. The numbers following the entry indicate the series number, subseries number if appropriate, and date where the material is filed. For example: Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991 indicates that the correspondence for that person is found in Series 2.1 in the 1983 and 1991 folders.

ABC Sports (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC

Abel, Patty Otis - 2.1: 1998

Abraham, Seth - 2.1: 1989

Abrams, Charles - 2.1: 1982

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Abrams, Richard Irwin - 3.1: Montreal Olympics 1976

The Actors' Fund - 2.1: 2000

Adamonis, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Adams, Cindy - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: Royal Doulton Collectible Plates 1974-78

Addison, Bob and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 2004

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Ali, Muhammad - 2.1: 1977

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Alzado, Lyle - 2.1: 1984

American Diabetes Association - 2.1: 2001

Andrews, Benny - 2.3

Appel, Marty - 3.1: Thurman Munson 1977-2002

Aretsky, Ken - 2.1: 1989

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC

Arledge, Roone Jr. - 2.1: 2004

Art Aid - 2.1: 1986

Art Institute of Chicago - 2.1: 1990

Ashwood, Donald - 2.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983

Association du Salon d'Automne - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99

Athletic Role Model Educational Institute, Inc. - 2.1: 1992

Australia - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

Avers, Jeffrey - 2.1: 2002

BBC Television (British Broadcasting Corporation) - 2.1: 1989

Bailey, Pearl - 2.1: 1990

Baker, Jean -Claude - 3.2.11

Bank of New York - 2.1: 2002

Barletta, Joseph - 2.1: 1993

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001

Baylos, Gene - 2.1: 1991

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bennet, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett

Berman, Len - 2.1: Undated 1990s

Bigelow, Vaughn - 2.1: 1984, 1988, see also Chabot Galleries

Bingham, Howard - 2.1: 1993

Binns, James - 2.1: 1989, 2001

Blair, Buckingham - 2.1: undated

Blatnik, Sonny - 2.1: 1986

Blecker, Tom - 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bollinger, Lee - 3.1: Columbia University 1995-present

Bowles, Franklin - 1.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Boykin - 1.1: Awards, Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley Political Campaigns 1978-2000, 3.2. -- Winners -- , Harry N. Abrams, 1983, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Brown, Keith Henry - 2.1: 2004

Brown, Sally - 2.1: 1997

Buchwald, Art - 3.2: -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Bugatti, Charles and Stephanie - 2.1: 1991

Burger King - 2.1: 1976

Bush, President George H. W. and Barbara - 2.1: 1989, 1990

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003, 3.2. 13

Butler Institute of American Art - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Byrne, Mayor Jane M. - 2.1: 1981

CBS -TV - see Wolf, Warner

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Camber Porter, Melinda - 2.3

Carnesale, Chancellor Albert - 3.2.15

Carousel of Hope - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-2002

Carter, President Jimmy and Rosalynn, and family - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Cass, Hilary Volkman - 2.1: 1992

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1983, 1989

Chapin, Dwight ( -- San Francisco Examiner -- ) - 2.1: 1991

Chase, Bob - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

The Chicago Board of Trade - 2.1: 1977

Cirillo, John - 1.1: Awards d. Lonsdale International Sporting Club 1996, 2.1: 2001

Cirrincione, Wanda Hightower - 2.1: 1994

Clark, Ed and Jane Forbes - 2.1: 2000

Clinton, Bill - 2.1: 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Clough, Charles - 2.1: 1997

Clough, Susan - 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams

Cohen, Jason - 2.1: 2004

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Cooke, Jack Kent - 2.1: 1986

Cooney, Gerry - 2.1: 2000

Cooper, Pat - 2.1: 1992

Cosell, Howard and Mary Edith - 2.1: 1991

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

Cremins, Bobby - 2.1: 1990

Culinary Institute of America - 2.1: 2000

Cunningham, Jeffrey - 2.1: 1994

D., E. (unnamed WWII buddy?) - 2.1: 1997

Dahlgren, Doug - 2.1: 1999

Daley, Robert - 2.1: 1999

Daub, Mayor Hal - 2.1: 1997

Davis, Altavise (wife of Sammy) - 2.1: 1989

Davis, Barbara and Marvin - 2.1: 1985, 2001, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Patty - 2.1: 1983

Dawkins, Peter and Judi - 3.1: Senatorial Candidate Pete Dawkins Poster 1988

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

DeCinces, Doug - 2.1: 1990

Decker, Bob ( -- New York Post -- ) - 2.1: 1991

DeLaVega, James - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2.3

Del Greco, Maria - 2.3

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998

deVarona, Donna - 2.1: 1991

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

Diles, Dave - 2.1: 2001

Dill, Bob Jr. - 2.1: 1997

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Dillon, Gregory - 2.1: 2003

Dinkins, Mayor David and Joyce - 2.1: 1990

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Dunphy, Don - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Dyansen Gallery - 2.2: Dyansen Gallery 1989-96

Eaton, Roy - 2.1: 1981

Editions Limited - 2.1: 1986

Edward Fields, Inc. - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Eger, Joseph - 2.1: 1991

Eisele, Albert - 2.1: 2002

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

Everson, Cory - 2.1: 1994

Evert, Chris - 2.1: 1999, 2000, 2001

Evert, Colette - 2.1: 1995

Fantasy Productions - see Berman, Len

Feinstein, Mayor Diane - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Felder, Raoul Lionel - 2.1: 1996

Felicie, Inc, - 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989

Ferguson, Glenn - 2.1: 1993

Field, Marshall - 2.1: 2004

Fineman, Jodie and Matthew - 2.1: 1999

Fireman, Sheldon - 2.1: 2004

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Foley, Ray and Jackie - 2.1: 1995

Folkman, David - 2.1: 1999, 2000

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

Foster Harmon Galleries - 2.1: 1975, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freedman, Ann - 2.1: 2001

French, John - 2.1: 1987

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Fujita family - see Tele Planning International, Tokyo

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte

Galleria Ramona - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Gallery Mack - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975-87, 3.1: Gallery Mack 1974, 3.1: Gaylord Perry 1982

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Garnier, Yves - 2.1: 1991

Garvey, Steve and Cyndi - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Gavea Golf Club - 2.1: 1985

Gere-Suson, Gary - 2.1: 1999

Gilbert, Patti - 2.1: 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Gottlieb, Paul - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Graime, Arlene (US Olympic Committee) - 2.1: 1996

Grasso, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Gray, Joel - 2.1: 2003

Green Hills Farm - 2.1: 1987

Green, Tammie - 2.1: 1993

Greentree Stud, Inc. - 2.1: undated

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - 2.1: 1983

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-98

Grenon, Robert - 2.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Guest, C. Z. - 2.1: 2003

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

Hackett, Buddy and Sherry - 2.1: 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998

Halvorsen, Robert - 2.1: 1994

Hammer, Armand - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence

Hammer, Michael - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence, see also Hammer, Armand Hammer, Victor - see Hammer, Armand

Hanson Art Galleries - 2.2: Hanson Art Galleries 1983-1991, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997, see also exhibitions: Hanson Art Galleries in index for more file references

Harden, Richard - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Harriman, Ambassador Pamela - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Hartman, David - 2.1: 1981

Harvey, Paul - 2.1: 1987

Haskell, Nikki - 2.1: 1997, 2001, 2002

Harris, Earl - 2.1: 1987

Harris, Franco - 2.1: 1990

Hatton, Pat - 2.1: 1993

Hawkins, Tommy - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990

Healy, Katherine - 2.1: 1986

Hedgecock, Mayor Roger - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars by Don Diego 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 2.1: 1983, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Hefner, Keith - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1982, 1987, 1988, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Hentoff, Nat - 2.1: 1992

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Hesburgh, Theodore - 2.1: 1992

Hiebert, Gary - 2.1: 1994

Hilliard, Kent - see Hilliard Gallery

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 1985, 1989, IV: 1986, 1992, 2001

Hilton, Barron - 2.1: 1992, 1999, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981 -1985, 3.2.10

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990 -2000

Hoelscher, Lydia (Neiman's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hoffman, Michael - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989

Holder, Geoffrey - 2.3

Honolulu Symphony Society - 2.1: 1976

Hoover, Tom - 2.1: 1993

Hunt - 2.1: 1981

Hunt, Lamar - 2.1: 1998

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996

Ivester, M. Douglas - 2.1: 1994

Izenberg, Jerry - 2.1: 2003

Jackson, Michael - 2.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2001

Jacobs, Loraine and Jim - 2.1: 1992

Jimmy the Greek - 2.1: 1974, 1982

JoAnn Perse Gallery - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Johnson, Bill and Ellenor - 2.1: 1994

Jones, Gene and Jerry - 2.1: 2002

Jones, Tony - 2.1: 1996

Jordan, Mayor Frank - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Jordan, Michael - 2.1: 1991

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Kaufman, Bart - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89

Kennedy, Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy

King, Don - 2.1: 1978, 1979

King, Congressman Peter - 2.1: 2001

King Graphics - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Kitt, Eartha - 2.1: 1997

Kleiman, Melodie - 2.1: 1991

Knoedler & Co. -

Koch, Mayor Ed - 2.1: 1981, 1989, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Kosinski, Jerzy - 2.1: 1981

Kravitt, Shirley - 2.1: 1990

Kriendler, Pete - 2.1: 1983, 1991, 1993

Krimstein, Jordie - 2.1: 1997, 2001

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - 2.1: 1982, 1984, 1992, 1997

Kurzman, Adele - 2.1: 2000

Lake, Cynthia - 2.1: 1994

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1993-96

Lang, Jenifer and George - 2.1: 2000, 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 2003

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2003

La Russa, Tony - 2.1: 1993

Latin Recording Academy - 2.1: 2001

The Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989

Leeds, Eric - 2.1: 1991, 1993

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999

Liberace - 2.1: 1982

Lieber, Marvin - 2.1: 2004

Lombardi, Vince - 2.1: 1980

Lomonaco, Michael - 2.1: 1996

Lone Ranger Television, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

Lorenzi, Henri - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Los Angeles Dodgers - see Hershiser, Orel

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Neiman-Warhol 1981

Louie, May - 2.1: 1992

Lownes, Victor and Marilyn - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Lugosi, Bela (Jr. ) - 2.1: 1991

Macalester College - 2.1: 2001

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1992

Mann, Perry - 2.1: 1999

Manpower - 2.1: 1977

Manufacturers Hanover Trust - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

Maples, Marla - 2.2: Trump

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1985

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Marlborough Galleries - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Marsh, Rita - 2.1: 2000

Maser Fine Art, Maser Galleries - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont 1983

Matthias, Bob - 2.1: 1998

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1988, 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

McDougal, Little & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon and Bonnie - 2.1: 2001

McGillicuddy, John F. - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

McMullen, John - 2.1: 1998

Mercante, Arthur - 2.1: 1990

Merchant, Larry - 2.1: 2000

Merrill Chase Galleries - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89

Michael, Gene - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House, "The Neiman Collection" 2002

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980

Miles, Sylvia - 2.1: 1994

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

Mize, Johnny - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

de Monaco, Prince Albert - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all files)

Montevecchi, Lilianne - 2.1: 1997

Moreno, Linda - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgenstein, Evan - 2.1: 1995

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1995, 1996

Murcer, Bobby - 2.1: 1993

Murdock, David and Maria - 2.1: 1995

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-98

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972, IV: 1972

Museum of Modern Art - 2.1: 2001

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Nation -- - 2.1: 1998

Neiman, Earl (Neiman's brother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88

Newark Public Library - 2.1: 1995

Newman, Eric - 2.1: 1996

New York Athletic Club (NYAC) - 2.1: 2000

New York Post -- - see Adams, Cindy, or Decker, Bob

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Niagara University - 2.1: 1976

Nicholson, Jack - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Nicholson, John - 2.1: 2000

Nureyev, Rudolph - 2.1: 1983

Oakland Athletics - see La Russa, Tony

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Ono, Yoko - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Orr, Bobby - 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992

Osti, Nino - 2.1: 1987

O'Sullivan, Thomas (Minnesota Historical Society) - 2.1: 1994

Oxendine, Thomra (Kit) - 1.1: Lynn Quayle

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978

Parvin, Al and Phyllis - 2.1: 1991, 1993

Paschke, Ed - 2.3

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pelkey, Joe - 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1972, 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Perry, Gaylord - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Perse, Jo Ann - see Jo Ann Perse Gallery

Petruccio, Joe - 2.1: 2002

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Pick Galleries - 2.1: 1977

Pignatano, Joe - 2.1: 1996

Playboy Enterprizes, Inc. - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Policy, Carmen - 2.1: 1995

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Raphael, James - 2.1: 1991

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-1988

Rechtschaffen, Dr. Joseph - 2.1: 1995

Reed, Rex - 2.1: 1985

Reeve, Christopher - 2.1: 1995

Reid, Senator Harry - 2.1: 1990, 1994

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1995

Revelli, Cynthia - 2.1: 1995

Ribbs, Willie T. - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Robinson, Sugar Ray and Millie - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Rockwell, Bill - 2.1: 1995

Rooney, Art - 2.1: 1977

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - 2.1: 1976

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998

Safir, Police Commissioner Howard - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

San Francisco 49ers - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Santaniello, Carmine - 2.3

Sassi, Etienne - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Scaffidi, Marie - 2.1: 1980s Undated

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schmidt, Mike - 2.1: 1980

Schulberg, Budd - 2.1: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004

Schuman, Rhoda - 2.1: 1992

Schumsky, Felicie - see Felicie, Inc.

Schuster, Gary and family - 2.1: 2000

Scully, Vin - 2.1: 1990, 2000

Schwartz, Louis O. - 1.1: Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Schwartz, Richard - 2.1: 2000

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Seidman, Jay - 2.1: 2001

Seitz, Nick - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Serline, Ollie - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s

Sharp Electronics Corporation - 2.1: 1988

Sherman, Allie - 2.1: 2002

Shula, Coach Donald - 2.1: 1991

Siering, David - 2.1: 1987

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.2: Shel Silverstein

Sinatra, Barbara - 2.2: Sinatra family

Sinatra, Frank - 2.2: Sinatra family, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Sinatra, Nancy - 2.2: Sinatra family

Skelton, Red - 2.1: 1985

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1982

Solomone, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Sony - 2.1: 1978

Sorenson, Jackie - 2.1: 1981

Spectrum, Philadephia - 2.1: 1991

Spectrum Fine Art - 2.1: 1978, 1983

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986

Stack, Edward - 2.1: 1996

Staebler, Tom - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Stanley, Melvin - 2.1: 1993

Steffens, John L. - 2.1: 1996

Stein, Bill - 2.1: 1982

Steinbrenner, George - 2.1: 2004

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1977

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphony for United Nations - 2.1: 1991

TV Guide -- Magazine - 2.1: 1975, 1990, 1993

Talese, Gay - 2.1: 1992

Tate, Evelyn - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Tenenbaum, Harold and Judy - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tiefel, William R. - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2001

Torrenzano, Richard - 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Torykian, Richard - 2.1: 1997

Touvell, Audra - 2.1: 2002

Trenchard, Peter - 2.1: 2001

Trovato, Liz - 2.1: 1994

Trump, Donald - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, see also Trump in Index

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

United States Department of State - 2.1: 1984

United States Olympic Committee - 2.1: 1985

Universal Pictures - 2.1: 1991

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: The Upstairs Gallery 1980-89

Valentine, Bobby and Mary - 2.1: 2002

Vorhaus, Louis - 2.1: 1992

war buddy (unnamed) - 2.1: 1997

Ward, Katherine Lecube - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Warner Brothers Television - 2.1: 1990

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Wein, George - 2.1: 1991, 1993, 1995, 2000

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1985, 1987

Weisman, Maria - 2.1: 2002

Welch, Herb and Lisa - 2.1: 1989, 1992

Welzer, Irv - 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

Whitaker, Jack - 2.1: 1996

The White House - see Harden, Richard or Clough, Susan, or search by name of President

White, Willye - 2.1: 1989

Williams, Ted - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-91

Wilson, Senator Pete - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Winer, Jessica - 2.3

Wirin, R. Michael - 2.1: 1998

Wolf, Warner and Sue - 2.1: 2003

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Wrather Corporation (the Lone Ranger), Jack and Bonita G. Wrather - 2.1: 1977, 1988

Yarger, Timothy - 2.2: Franklin Bowles

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Youngman, Henry - 2.1: 1992

Zabrin, Michael - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Zimmer, Don (Coach, New York Yankees) and Soot - 2.1: 1997

Appendix B: History of LeRoy Neiman's Representation: Felicie Schumsky, Hammer Galleries, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer Galleries, New York, had its first show of LeRoy Neiman works in 1963 and has represented him ever since.

Armand Hammer was the proprietor of Hammer Galleries, which he founded in 1929 upon returning from the Soviet Union with a load of Czarist art. His brother Victor was in charge of running the gallery.

Armand became the chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation in 1957.

Maury Leibowitz became a partner with the Hammers at the gallery around the same time they began representing Mr. Neiman.

Hammer and O.P.C. bought the respected M.K. Knoedler & Co. gallery in New York in 1971 with Leibowitz as a partner. Knoedler merged with Modarco, a Swiss investment firm, during the 1970s after its purchase by O.P.C.

Knoedler-Modarco now has three divisions: M. Knoedler & Co. (founded in 1846), Knoedler Publishing (created for the sole business of publishing and distributing the prints and posters of LeRoy Neiman), and Hammer Galleries.

Felicie Schumsky was LeRoy Neiman's publisher and distributor before Knoedler. Felicie, Inc. is named alone in advertising until 1973, when ads appear naming FKH Editions as publisher (presumably 'Felicie Knoedler Hammer') and Hammer Galleries as gallery/distributor. This continues until 1975, when ads begin naming Knoedler as publisher and Hammer as gallery.

Hammer Graphics Gallery, a part of Hammer Galleries, was started in 1979 for the sole purpose of distributing and exhibiting the graphic work of LeRoy Neiman.

Victor Hammer died in July 1985, and Armand Hammer died in 1990 at age 92 (less than a year after losing his wife Frances), leaving his son Michael Hammer as the chairman and president of The Armand Hammer Foundation. Maury Leibowitz died in 1992.

Appendix C: A Listing of Major Public Collections of LeRoy Neiman WorksAnchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage, Alaska

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Baltimore Museum of Fine Art, Baltimore, Maryland

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware

Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Football Hall of Fame, Canton, Ohio

Grunwald Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Armand Hammer Collection, Los Angeles, California

Harding Museum, Chicago, Illinois

Hayward Museum, Hayward, California

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, USSR

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Joslyn Museum, Omaha, Nebraska

Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York

Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian, Mississippi

Michigan State University, Kesage Art Center Gallery, East Lansing, Michigan

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minnesota Historical Society

Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota

Mobile Art Gallery and Museum, Mobile, Alabama

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

National Museum of Sport in Art, New York, New York

Niagara University, Niagara, New York

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, Massachusetts

Tennis Hall of Fame, Newport, Rhode Island

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona

Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota

University Art Gallery, Binghamton, New York

University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

Utah Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas

Whitney Museum. New York, New York

Wodham College, Oxford, England

Yuma Fine Arts Association, Yuma, Arizona

Appendix D: A Listing of LeRoy Neiman Serigraph Releases This list corresponds to newspaper and magazine ads in files 3.3: Felicie Inc. - Advertising and 3.3: Knoedler & Co. - Advertising. This is not a complete inventory. DateSerigraphUnknown -- Bar '21' (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Delacroix Tiger

Unknown -- Elephant Family

Unknown -- Gorilla Family

Unknown -- Kenya Leopard

Unknown -- Lion Pride (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Lion Couple

Unknown -- Polar Bears

Unknown -- Serengeti Leopard

Unknown -- Zebra Family

Unknown -- The Plaza Square

Unknown -- Stock Market (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Neiman Montreal '76 (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Winter Olympic Skier, Lake Placid 1980

Unknown -- P.J. Clark's

Unknown -- Olympic Slalom

Unknown -- Dublin Bar

Unknown -- Le Grand Cuisine

Unknown -- Little Hitter

Unknown -- Little Fielder

1975 -- Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

1975 -- Toots Shor Bar

1975 -- Club House Turn

1975 -- Black Panther

1976 -- Sun Serve

1976 -- Satchmo

1976 -- High Seas Sailing

1976 -- Vegas Blackjack

1976 -- Golf Landscape

1976 -- Elephant Stampede

1976 -- Nadia

1976 -- America's Cup

1977 -- Marlin!

1977 -- High Altitude Skiing

1977 -- Basketball Superstars

1977 -- Café aux Deux Magots

1977 -- The Mallet Men

1977 -- Bengal Tiger

1977 -- Giraffe Family

1977 -- Show Jumper

1977 -- Outrigger Canoe Race

1978 -- Metropolitan Opera

1978 -- Moby Dick Portfolio

1978 -- Bucking Bronc

1978 -- The Wildcats

1979 -- Kentucky Derby

1979 -- Chateau Hunt

1979 -- Stretch Stampede

1979 -- Aegean Sailing

1979 -- American Bald Eagle

1980 -- Lake Placid, Eighty, 1980

1981 -- Stenmark

1981 -- The Race of the Year

1981 -- Tour de France

1981 -- Before the Race

1984 -- Rush Street Bar

1984 -- Regents Park

1984 -- Elephant Nocturne

1985 -- Six Golfers, 1984

1985 -- Lady Skier

1985 -- Harry's Wall Street Bar

1986 -- Nob Hill

1986 -- Buena Vista Bar

1986 -- America's Cup, Australia

1987 -- Great Dane

1987 -- Giants - Broncos Classic

1987 -- 24 Hours of Le Mans

1987 -- Bistro Garden

1987 -- Left Bank Café

1988 -- Diamond Head, Hawaii

1988 -- Napoleon at Waterloo

1988 -- Piazza del Popolo - Rome

1988 -- Monte Carlo Suite

1988 -- Harbor at Monaco

1988 -- Salle Prive - Monte Carlo

1988 -- Borzoi

1988 -- In the Pocket

1988 -- Magic (Johnson)

1988 -- Clubhouse at Old St. Andrew's

1989 -- Polo Lounge

1989 -- Superplay

1989 -- President's Birthday Party

1989 -- Chicago Key Club Bar

1990 -- Secretariat II

1990 -- Chicago Options

1990 -- April at Augusta

1990 -- Gaming Table

1990 -- The '21' Club

1991 -- Homage to Ali

1991 -- Ted Williams

1991 -- Café Rive Gauche

1991 -- Cougar

1991 -- The Bordello

1992 -- Hunt Rendezvous

1992 -- Kilimanjaro Bulls

1992 -- Paddock at Chantilly

1993 -- The Maulers

1993 -- Fouquets

Appendix F: A Listing of "Man at His Leisure" Features in Playboy MagazineDateSubject/Pages1958 April -- Painter of the Urban Scene, p. 49-51

1958 December -- The Pump Room, Ambassadors East, Chicago, p. 60-61

1959 January -- Le Café Chambord, p. 52-53

1959 June -- Romanoff's, p. 62-63

1959 December -- Moore County Hounds (Southern Pines), p. 68-72

1960 February -- Hialeah Race Course, p. 52-54

1960 June -- The Colony, p. 74-75

1960 August -- Forest Hills, p. 76-77

1961 January -- Squaw Valley, p. 84-87

1961 March -- Ernie's, p. 94-95

1961 June -- The S.S. United States, p. 60-61

1961 July -- Longchamp - Auteuil, p. 82-85

1961 September -- La Plaza de Toros, p. 109-111

1961 December -- Maxim's, p. 130-131

1962 January -- The French Riviera, p. 103-105

1962 March -- The Grand National Steeplechase, p. 94-95

1962 May -- The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race, p. 96-97

1962 August -- Las Vegas, p. 86-89

1963 May -- Monte Carlo, p. 122-125

1963 July -- Air France, p. 102-103

1963 September -- Sardi's, World Billiard Championship, p. 150-151

1963 December -- Madison Square Garden, p. 169-171

1964 April -- Epsom Derby, p. 120-121

1964 August -- St. Tropez, p. 62-65

1964 October -- Chantilly, p. 144-147

1964 December -- The Lido, p. 159-193

1965 March -- The New York Playboy Club, p.116-117

1965 August -- The Girallia Yacht Race, p. 110-111

1965 December -- The Plaza, Manhattan, p. ?

1966 July -- The Royal Ascot, p. 110-113

1966 September -- The America's Cup, p. 168-169

1967 January -- Discotheques, p. 180-181

1967 June -- Surfing, p. 112-115

1967 November -- National Horse Show, p. 143-145

1967 Winter -- VIP Magazine, Assignment London

1968 January -- Rosati's, Via Venito, p.?

1969 January -- The Bolshoi Ballet, p. 199-201

1969 June -- Le Mans, p. 124-125

1969 August -- Yugoslavia, p. 126-129

1970 January -- Morocco, p. 203-207

1970 November -- Can-Am Race, p. 179-181

1971 January -- Jamaica, p. 191-193

1972 January -- Sotheby's Auction Room, p. 171-173

1973 January -- Super Bowl, p. 187-189

1973 July -- Summer of '72 - The Hamptons, p. 152-157

Playboy Magazine's "Neiman Sketchbook" Features

DateSubject/Pages1979 December -- Teofilo Stevenson, p. 221

1980 January -- Senator Ted Kennedy, p. 137

1980 February -- Roller Skating, p. 166 -167

1980 March -- Charles Mingus, p. 179

Appendix E: Exhibitions

Below is a chronological list of Neiman exhibitions. See the index for an alphabetical list of exhibitions (listed by name of venue under the item "exhibitions") and reference to locations of pertinent archive files.

DateSolo ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 3-31, 1961 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 9-March 9, 1962 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 1962 -- O'Hana Gallery, London

Nov. 27-Dec. 11, 1962 -- Galerie O. Bosc, Paris

Oct. 8-19, 1963 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

January-February, 1965 -- "Vie de France," Astor Tower French Center, Chicago

Nov. 23-Dec. 4, 1965 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

March 5-25, 1966 -- Gallery Richelle, St. Louis

1976 -- "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective 1949-75," Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Nov. 1967 -- Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 7, 1967 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 26-31, 1968 -- New York Jets Sketches, Hammer Galleries, New York

May 1-June 10, 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," Choate School, Wallingford, CT

May 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta," Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Jan. 20-31, 1970 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 19-Nov. 2, 1971 -- "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery, New York

April-May, 1972 -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Dec. 1972 -- Circle Gallery, Chicago

Oct. 31-Nov. 11, 1972 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 22, 1972-Jan. 7, 1973 -- "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art

Jan.-Feb. 1973 -- Circle Gallery, Los Angeles

1973 -- Circle Gallery, Dallas

March 24, 1973 -- The Hang -Up Gallery Open House

April-May 1973 -- Circle Gallery, New York

June 2-23, 1973 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Jan. 24-Feb. 5, 1974 -- "Ali - Frazier," Circle Gallery, New York

Feb. 3-March 17, 1974 -- Springfield Museum of Art

1974 -- Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

April 30-May 11, 1974 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

June 22-July 6, 1974 -- Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, Honolulu

Sept. 1974 -- Abercrombie & Fitch

1974 -- Tobu Gallery, Tokyo

Nov. 1974 -- Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1974 -- Windsor Gallery, New York

Feb. 1975 -- Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, NY

March 1975 -- Art Gallery -Studio 53 Ltd., New York

April 1975 -- "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

June-July 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket

Aug. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Sag Harbor, Long Island

Sept. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Pittsfield, MA

July 1975 -- Waller's Gallery, Tampa, FL

Sept. 1975 -- Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA

Nov. 1975 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

Dec. 4-26, 1975 -- Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul

Dec. 4, 1975-Jan. 24, 1976 -- Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Dec. 10, 1975-Jan. 10, 1976 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan. 21-March 10, 1976 -- Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank

Feb.-May 1976 -- Emerald Art Galleries, Coronado, CA

March 14-28, 1976 -- Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT

June 1976 -- M. Knoedler & Co., London

Aug. 1976 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 27, 1976 -- Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Recency

Sept. 12-Oct. 6, 1976 -- Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls

1976 -- Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York

Oct. 1976 -- Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1976 -- "The Olympic Ring," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 12-19, 1976 -- Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden

March 1977 -- Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN

March 1977 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 1977 -- Galerie Marc, San Francisco

Aug. 31-Sept. 11, 1977 -- Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden

Sept. 1977 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Sept. 2-23, 1977 -- Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland

Oct.-Nov. 1977 -- St. Lawrence National Bank, Ogdensburg NY

May 1978 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

June 1978 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

July 1978 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

Oct. 12-Nov. 12, 1978 -- Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis

Dec. 1978 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

Jan. 23-Feb. 10, 1979 -- Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

April 7-May 1, 1979 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

April 28-May 26, 1979 -- Percival Galleries, Des Moines

May 1979 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Dec. 4, 1979-Jan. 5, 1980 -- "Horses," Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan.-Feb. 1980 -- Olympic Benefit Exhibition, Famous -Barr, St. Louis

June 1980 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

July 1980 -- Nicolas Helion, Paris

July 1-19, 1980 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct.-Nov. 1980 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Dec. 1980 -- Horizon Gallery, Waikiki

April 28-May 16, 1981 -- "LeRoy Neiman Drawings: A Retrospective," Hammer Galleries, New York

Summer 1981 -- Exhibition of Graphic Works 1971-81, Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

July-Aug. 1981 -- Foster Harmon Gallery, Sarasota, FL

July-Aug. 1981 -- Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art

1981 -- "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery

Sept. 1981 -- State National Bank, Tiara Gallery

Oct. 1981 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1981 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

1982 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

Feb. 1982 -- Grigsby Galleries One, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1982 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

April 8-24, 1982 -- Dean Day Gallery

May 1982 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

June 1982 -- Nevada County Arts Council

Summer 1982 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 4-16, 1982 -- Harrod's Picture Gallery, London

1983 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

July 1983 -- Tokyo, (Gallery?)

Sept. 13-Oct. 1, 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Hammer Galleries, New York

October-Nov. 1983 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

Dec. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock

Dec. 8-24, 1983 -- Dean Day Gallery

Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 15, 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, New Orleans

Jan.-Feb. 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, Carmel

July 10-Aug. 10, 1984 -- "The Olympics: Past and Present," Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

Aug.-Sept. 1984 -- "The Olympic Spirit," Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov.-Dec. 1984 -- "LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibit," Springfield College Babson Library Hastings Gallery, Springfield, MA

Jan. 1985 -- Superbowl XIX Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Feb. 1985 -- Center Art Galleries, Honolulu

March 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

May 1985 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

Nov. 1985 -- "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov.-Dec. 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

Feb. 1986 -- Nob Hill Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

May 1986 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

June 1986 -- Peri -Renneth Gallery, Southampton, NY

July 26-Aug. 17, 1986 -- Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, CA

Oct. 1986 -- Buena Vista Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1986 -- Krannert School of Management

Nov. 1986 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

1987 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 24-April 11, 1987 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1987 -- New York Friars Club

May 1987 -- Marlborough Galleries, Boston

June 1987 -- "Neiman's Neimans," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco

Oct.-Nov. 1987 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

April-May 1988 -- "Neiman's World" Touring Exhibition, Japan

April-May 1988 -- In the Pocket Superbowl XXII painting premier, Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD

May 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Sept. 27-Oct. 4, 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

1988 -- Tretyakov Museum, Moscow

Oct. 1988 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

Nov. 19-Dec. 10, 1988 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan. 1989 -- Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan

Feb. 1989 -- Surf Club, New York

April 1989 -- "Soft Paintings," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 30-May 15, 1989 -- Polo Lounge Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

May-June 1989 -- "Select Works by LeRoy Neiman," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

June-July 1989 -- Steiner & Young Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA

June 6-Sept. 9, 1989 -- L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

Sept. 1989 -- Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, New York

Aug. 1989 -- Baja, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1989 -- "A Salute to Central Park," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 1989 -- Galerie 224, Laguna Beach, CA

May 1989-Feb. 1990 -- "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition, New York, Beverly Hills, Atlantic City, San Francisco, Boston, SoHo

April 1990 -- Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, Butler Institute of American Art

May 1990 -- Merv Griffin Resorts Casino Hotel, Atlantic City

May 12-31, 1990 -- Bay Area Baseball Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

July-Aug. 1990 -- "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield Art Association, Springfield, IL

Aug. 1990 -- Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver

Sept.-Oct. 1990 -- Allyson Louis Gallery

Oct. 1990 -- Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Sept. 1990 -- Base Art Collection

Jan. 1991 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure," Playboy offices, Chicago

May 1991 -- "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Oct.-Nov. 1991 -- "San Francisco," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, San Francisco

Feb.-March 1992 -- The Beatles Debut, Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City

Feb. 17-March 13, 1992 -- University of Charleston Art Gallery

March 14-April 12, 1992 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, SoHo, NY

March 15-April 3, 1992 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct. 9-24, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 22-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 24-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Nov. 7-Dec. 1, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct.-Nov. 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Nov. 13-Dec. 13, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

March-April 1993 -- City by the Bay Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

April-May 1993 -- "An Exhibition of Equine Art," Kentucky Derby Museum

Oct. 7-31, 1993 -- "Un Américain à Paris," Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris

Nov. 1993 -- Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas

Dec. 1993 -- La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

April 1994 -- Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO

Sept. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept.-Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

Dec. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago and Buffalo Grove

April-June, 1995 -- "Racing Retrospective," Kentucky Derby Museum

March-April 1995 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan.-Feb. 1996 -- "Superbowl XXX," American Fine Art Editions, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1-May 1, 1996 -- Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ

July 1996 -- Trump Plaza, Atlantic City

Sept.-Oct. 1996 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Portraits of Our Times, 1946 -96" Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, Beverly Hills and San Francisco

April-June 1997 -- "The Art of Sport," Kentucky Derby Museum

April 3-May 2, 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," La Galleria D'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

May 23-June 30, 1997 -- "The Safari Suite," Centaur Sculpture Galleries, Las Vegas

1997 -- Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Bowles Galleries, San Francisco and Beverly Hills

2000 -- "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," Hanson Gallery, New Orleans, LA

2000 -- "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, Colorado

Nov. 7-Dec. 11, 2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York

DateTwo-Person ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1973 -- Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY

1978 -- LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago

1981 -- LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles

1988 -- "The Mustache Show," Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York

DateGroup Exhibitions1948 -- Art Institute of Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1948 -- Minnesota State Fair

1950 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1951 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Oct. 10-Nov. 9, 1952 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Oct. 14 -Nov. 15, 1953 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

1953 -- Annual Exhibit, Art Directors Club of Chicago

1953 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

May 2-30, 1954 -- Exhibitions of Prints and Drawings by Twin City Artists, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1954 -- Minnesota State Fair

Oct. 29-Nov. 12, 1954 -- Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, Art Directors Club of Chicago

June 2-July 4, 1955 -- Instructors Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1955 -- Carnegie International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh

Aug. 27-Sept. 5, 1955 -- Minnesota State Fair

March 8-April 12, 1956 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

April 22-May 11, 1956 -- Chicago Area Show, North Shore Art League

1957 -- Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Jan. 17-March 3, 1957 -- "American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago

Feb. 12-26, 1957 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

June-July 1957 -- Chicago Art Institute

Sept. 15, 1957 -- Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Festival

Oct. 7-27, 1957 -- Collectors Club Exhibition

1958 -- Chicago Public Library

Jan. 17-26, 1958 -- Art:USA:58

1958 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

1958 -- "Brotherhood in Art," Marshall Field & Co. Gallery

July 6-Aug. 16, 1958 -- Ravinia Festival

Sept. 1958 -- Chicago Artists, Anna Werbe Gallery, Detroit, MI

Sept. 6-7, 1958 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Dec. 1958 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

June 8, 1959 -- Bal Tabarin Room, Hotel Sherman, Chicago

July 27-Aug. 10, 1959 -- Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, Sherman Art Gallery

Sept. 12-13, 1959 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Nov. 1959 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 1960 -- Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival

March 31-May 28, 1961 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

Dec. 13, 1962-Jan. 26, 1963 -- "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," O'Hana Gallery, London

1964 -- North Mississippi Valley Exhibition

1965 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March-July 1966 -- Aqueduct Gallery, New York

May 23-Aug. 24, 1969 -- "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," National Portrait Gallery Traveling Exhibition

May 27, 1969 -- National Art Museum of Sport

Nov. 1969 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1971 -- "Beyond Illustration: The Art of Playboy," Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Spring 1972 -- Odyssey House Art Gallery

Sept.-Oct. 1973 -- Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois

1974 -- "Group Show of FKH Artists," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 2, 1974-Jan. 4, 1975 -- Holiday Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

Feb. 10-22, 1975 -- "Hammer Galleries Graphics," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept. 2-Nov. 21, 1975 -- "Drawings USA 75," Minnesota Museum of Art (Traveled Jan. 1976 -Dec. 1977)

May 2-July 4, 1976 -- "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO

Aug. 2-7, 1976 -- Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY

July 3-Sept. 30, 1977 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

June-July 1978 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

1977 -- "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

Sept. 12-16, 1978 -- Spectrum Fine Art, Royal Orleans Hotel

1979 -- "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

May 4-July 8, 1979 -- "Panorama of American Art," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

July 15-20, 1979 -- "Treasures of Island Creek," Louisville, KY

Jan. 2-Feb. 2, 1980 -- "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 29-Aug. 31, 1980 -- "That Belmont Look," New -York Historical Society (NYS Museum, Albany, Jan. -March, 1981)

Nov. 1980 -- "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary Inn, Alberta, Canada

1982 -- "When They Were Very Young," Amherst College Student Art Gallery, Amherst, MA

March 1982 -- Northampton County Area Community College Foundation

March 1983 -- "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," Museum of the City of New York

Sept. 25-Oct. 22, 1983 -- "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83," Greenwich Workshop Gallery

June 1984 -- "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," San Diego Museum of Art

March 1985 -- "Americana," Whitney Museum, New York

April-Aug. 1985 -- "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

May 1985 -- "Art," Area Club, New York

Dec. 1985-Jan. 1986 -- "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 15-June 28, 1987 -- "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," The Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ

April-May 1987 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 1987 -- "Athletes and Heroes," Bank One, Youngstown, OH

May 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA

Sept. 1987 -- El Paso Museum of Art

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1987 -- "Master Prints of the 19th-20th Century," Hammer Galleries, New York

June 1988 -- Mickey Mantle's Sports Art Gallery, New York

June 9-Sept. 24, 1988 -- L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, New York

Aug. 1988 -- "The Famous Show," China Club, New York

Sept. 1988 -- "New Perspectives on Contemporary Art," Tunnel Club, New York

Oct. 1988 -- "Women in Sports," Springfield College, Springfield, MA

Oct.-Nov. 1988 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Dec. 1988 -- "The Most Famous Artist Alive," Tunnel Club, New York

Jan. 1989 -- "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," Baja Club, New York

March 1989 -- "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show," Tunnel Club, New York

July-Aug. 1989 -- "20/20 Exhibition," Steiner& Young Galleries, Marietta, Georgia

June 1990 -- Amnesty International Exhibition, New York

Summer 1990 -- "Director's Choice," Park Shore Gallery, Naples, FL

Sept. 1991 -- "Expose Yourself to Art," University of Southern Florida

May 1-June 10, 1992 -- "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago

1993 -- "Salon d'Automne," Grand Palais, Paris

1993 -- "Equine Art" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1995 -- "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1994-1995 -- "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," Queens Museum of Art, New York

June 14, 1996 -- Cig Art, National Arts Club Exhibition and Benefit

1996 -- "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

2005 -- "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries

Appendix F: Index to CollectionA

ABC (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 4.1: 1977

ABC's Wide World of Sports - 4.1: 1987, see also Olympic Games

AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis) - 4.1: 1977, 1978

ASPCA - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988

Aaron, Hank - 4.1: 1972

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-1976, and Johnson, Earvin Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984 - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984

Abramowitz, A.N. (Avie) - 2.2: A. N. Abramowitz 1974-1978, 3.2.1

Abrams, Harry N. - see 3.2 - Publications files, 4.1: 1999

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Absolut Vodka - see promotions

Academie Internationale des Arts Contemporains, Belgium - 2.1: 1992

accountant - see Jacobs, Jason

Adams, Joey - 1.1: Friars Club

Adamowski, Benjamin - 4.1: 1960

Addams, Charles - 4.1: 2000

Addison, Robert and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 4.1: 1985, 1987, 1991 in two-person exhibition with LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Advanced Materials and Processes -- Magazine - 4.1: 1989

Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - see Long, Captain Elgen

Adventuress, 1970s - see Earhart, Amelia

aerobics - 2.1: 1984, see also dance: Jacki Sorenson, 1981

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Africa - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Afsary, Cyrus - 2.1: 1978

Air France - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

airlines

American Airlines - 2.1: 1999

Continental Airlines - see Fitzgerald, Ella

Albany, New York - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach - see promotions

Ali, Muhammad - see boxing

All - Sports Hall of Fame - 4.1: 1999

Allied Artists Council, Artists and Models Masque Ball, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Amateur Athletic Association - 4.1: 1998

Amateur Athletic Union - 2.1: 1976

Ambassadors Hotel, East and West, Chicago - 3.1: Ambassadors 1960s, see also restaurants: The Pump Room

America's Cup - see sailing

American Academy of Achievement - see awards

American Beauty Association - 4.1: 1994

American Broadcasting Company - see ABC

American Cancer Society - 4.1: 1986, 1989, 1997, 2004

American Carnival, Japan - 4.1: 1988

American Diabetes Association - 4.1: 1990, see Appendix A

American Embassy, Nairobi, Kenya - 2.1: 1984

American Federation of Television and Radio Artists - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards

American Flag, 2002 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998

American Fine Art Editions, Inc. - 4.1: 2004, see exhibitions

American Heart Association - 4.1: 1991

American in Paris, An - see -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris

American Sport Art Museum - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1986; Hall of Fame Awards Dinner - 3.1: Long Term Projects

American Stock Exchange - see Stock Market

Amnesty International - see exhibitions, group: Blumhelman Gallery

Ampex Video Art - see television

Anderson, Dave - 4.1: 1983, see also Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson

Anheuser-Busch - see promotions, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

animals -- - see exhibitions, horse racing, 3.2.12

Animal Fair Magazine - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000

Polar Bears - 4.1: 1979, 1984, 1993

birds - see also animals: roosters

Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984 - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Fighting Cocks, Manila, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Manila Cock -Pit, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Parrots, 1982 - 4.1: 1984

Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

cheetah

Kilimanjaro Cheetah, 1971 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Cheetah, 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Cougar, 1981 painting and 1993 serigraph - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1993

cow - see Cow Parade

dog - 4.1: 1998

Black Labrador, 1977 - 4.1: undated 1990s

Borzoi - see also Pelkey, Joe (serigraph)

dog walkers - VC: 1983

The Great Dane, Hamlet, 1986 - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988, 4.1: 1986

Hounds of Chantilly - 2.1: 1980, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Moore County Hounds, Southern Pines, North Carolina - 4.1: 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

eagle, American Bald Eagle, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

elephant

Elephant Charge, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Elephant Nocturne - 4.1: 1984, 1993

Elephant Stampede - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1976, 1989, 1993, 1995 Shikar, 1980 - 4.1: 1982, 1993

giraffe, Giraffe Family - 4.1: 1978, 1993

gorilla, Gorilla Family - 4.1: 1993

horse - see horses

jaguar, Jaguar Family, 1984 - 4.1: 1993

leopard

Kenya Leopard, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Leopard, 1971 serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Serengeti Leopard, 1976 - 4.1: 1993

lion

Lion, 1968 - 4.1: 1993

Lions, date? - 4.1: 1974

Lion Couple - IV: 1984, 1993

Lion Family, 1974 - 2.1: 2004, 4.1: 1993

Lion's Pride II, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ocelot - 4.1: 1993

panther, Black Panther, 1975 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975 -76, 4.1: 1975

rescue - see ASPCA, Bide-A-Wee, PAWS/LA, Humane Society of New York, Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter

rooster - Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1975 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

safari - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003, 3.2.12

tiger

Bengal Tiger - 4.1: 1993

Caspian Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Delacroix's Tiger - 4.1: undated, 1993

Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Young Tiger - 4.1: 1993

unicorn

The Hunt of The Unicorn, late 1960s mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

whale - see Moby Dick

wolf - see Call of the Wild, 1993

zebra, Zebra Family - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79, 4.1: 1984, 1993

zoo - 3.2.12d

Anisfeld, Boris - 2.1: 1988

Anthony, Earl - see bowling

Antonacci, Joe - 4.1: 1982

Apollo Theater - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1998

Area nightclub, New York - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

arenas - see The Spectrum, Madison Square Garden

Arizona Heart Institute - see The Open Heart, 1982

Arizona Landscape, 1979 - 2.1: 1979

Arkansas - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 3.1: Olympics Munich 1972, 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 3.1: Olympics, Montreal 1976 Roone Arledge, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 2003

Arliss - 4.1: 1996

Armory Art Fair, Washington DC - 4.1: 1977

Armstrong, Louis - see jazz

Army, U.S., service in - 1.1: Military Service

Army vs. Navy 1946, 2000 - 4.1: 2001

Arnstein, Vera Daphne - 4.1: 1990

Arrow shirts - see promotions

Art Aid - 4.1: 1986

L'art et l'automobile - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1988, 2002, see also exhibitions

Art Brokerage Inc. - see Rose, Donna

Art Collection House Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Art Directors Club of Oklahoma City - 4.1: 1967, VII

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art for Education - 4.1: 1998

The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, by Arthur Flowers and Anthony Curtis, foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, Huntington Press, 2000

Art Institute of Boston - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1975

Art Institute of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 1987, 1989, 1996, 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992, 4.1: 1978 ov, 2001, 2002, see also exhibitions

Auxiliary Board - 2.1: 1990

Barewalls, 2001 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Reunion 2001

Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - see LeRoy Neiman: Art and LifeStyle, 1974, 3.2.1

ArtExpo New York - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, 1998, 2001

Art-o-gram: News of the art world for art dealers only - 4.1: 1977

Arthur Andersen & Co. - 4.1: 1981

Les Arts de France - 2.1: 1988

Arum, Bob and Lovee - 2.1: 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1996

Ascent, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Ashford, Evelyn - see running

Aspen, CO - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards Dinner 1977-present

Astaire, Fred

Fred Astaire - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998 -, 4.1: 1985

Athens International Festival - 4.1: 1993

Atlanta, GA - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968

Atlanta International Film Festival - 4.1: 1974 and ov, V: 1974

Atlanta Magazine - 4.1: 1969, 1975, 1996

Atlanta's Poor People Art School - 4.1: 1969

Atlantic City, New Jersey - see also casinos, promotions, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989

attorney - see Shaw, Robert

auction - 4.1: 1978, 1997, 1998, 1999

Augusta National Golf Club, The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 4.1: 1994

auto racing -- - 4.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, 1999

Andretti, Mario - 4.1: 1975, 1992

Andretti, Michael - 4.1: 1992

Brayton, Scott - 4.1: 1996

Beni Hana Grand Prix - 2.1: 1978

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1981 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1982 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1983 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Can-Am Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Dallas Grand Prix, 1984 - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Dallas Grand Prix 1984

Denver Grand Prix, 1990 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Denver Grand Prix, 1991 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Ferrari - 4.1: 1989

Fittipaldi, Emerson

Fittipaldi, 1989 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi 1989, 4.1: 1990

Grand Prix Heart Ball - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-91

Grand Prix de Monaco - 2.1: 1986, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Grand Prix de Monaco, 1976 - 4.1: 1993, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Indianapolis 500 - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Pits at Indy, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

Le Mans - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams Notes on Auto Racing and Basketball, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s, see Appendix E

Miami Grand Prix - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Toyota Grand Prix of Miami, 1991 (for 1992 race) - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Penske, Roger - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Revson, Peter

Peter Revson, Can-Am Race, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Toyota Monterey Grand Prix, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Laguna Seca Raceway, 1989 - 4.1: 1990

automobiles - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1993, 1999, 2001, see also l'Art et l'Automobile, and auto racing

The Robb Report Magazine - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1983, 1987

Rolls-Royce - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries Exhibitions 1985, 4.1: undated, 1983

awards - 1.1: Awards

B

Baden Baden - 2.1: 1997

Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Bailey, Jim - see golf: Atlanta National Golf Club

Baker, Dusty - 4.1: 1998

Bal de la Mer - 3.1: Monaco 1994, 4.1: 1994

Baldwin, James, James Baldwin, 1961 and 1964 drawings - 2.1: 2002

ballet -- - 4.1: 1987, V: Kathy Healey, 1981, see also dance

Ballet Arkansas - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: undated 1980s

Ballet: The Daring Project, Joyce Theater, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

Ballet Theater Foundation, Inc. - 4.1: 1976

Baryshnikov, Mikhail, Baryshnikov, 1983 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bolshoi Ballet - 4.1: 1968, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969

Gregory, Cynthia - 2.1: 1986, 2.1: 1990

Nureyev, Rudolph, Nureyev, 1974 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76, Nureyev, 1986 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Prima Ballerina 'Assoluta' - 2.1: 1986, 1989, 4.1: 1989

Ballot, Isabelle - 4.1: 1996, 1998, 2001

Barber, Tiki - 4.1: 2001, 2002

Barclays Bank - 4.1: 1993

Bardot, Brigitte - 4.1: 1961

BareWalls - 1.1: Education and Teaching-Art Institute of Chicago after 1959

Barkley, Charles - 4.1: 1999, 2001, V: Photographs

Charles Barkley, 1997 - V: Photographs

Barnet, Will - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Barnett, Dick - 4.1: 1990

"Baroque Bravura Today?" undated article by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: undated

Barrington Enterprises Inc. - see Landau, Barry

bars - see restaurants and bars

Bartender Magazine -- - 2.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book II - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Baryshnikov, Mikhail - see ballet

baseball -- - 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974 -1994, 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975 -1994, 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985 -87, 3.1: Dodgers Centennial, 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999, 3.2.13, 4.1: 1992, also search for individual players and coaches by name in Index and Appendix A

All-Stars - 4.1: undated

Baseball Players, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Baseball Writers Association of America - 4.1: 1990, 1993

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990, 4.1: 1991

Boston Red Sox - 4.1: 1975, 1982, 1986

Brooklyn Dodgers - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, see also Los Angeles Dodgers

Chicago Cubs - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter Thad Bosley 1985

Cincinnati Reds - 4.1: 1975, 1986

Cleveland Indians - 4.1: 1975

etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Florida Marlins, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1992

Hollywood All-Stars - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings 1962-1999

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - 3.2.13

Japan - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Kansas City Royals - 4.1: 1990

Los Angeles Dodgers - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 4.1: 1992; Dodgers Centennial, 1990 - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1991

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - 2.1: 1978, 1996, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1990, 1993 (yearbook), 1994, 1995

New York Giants - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

New York Mets - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2002

New York Yankees - 2.1: 2004, 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1977, 2000

Oakland Athletics - 2.1: 1993, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league) - 2.1: 1998

Philadelphia Phillies - 4.1: 1993

Pittsburgh Pirates - 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1984; Pittsburgh Pirates, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Saint Louis Cardinals - 4.1: 1999

San Francisco Giants - 4.1: 1988-89

Seattle Mariners - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Sliding Home, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1978, 1988, 1989; team yearbooks - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1973, 1977, 1979, 2001

World Series: 1966 - VII; 1972 - 4.1: 1972; 1975 - 4.1: 1975, 1986; 1976 - 2.1: 1976; 1986 - 4.1: 1986; 1989 - 4.1: 1989

basketball

Basketball, 1972 - 4.1: 1992

Basketball Superstars, 1975-76 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

college basketball - 4.1: 1992, 1994

Indiana University Hoosiers; Hoosier Hoopla, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1976, 1978, 1989, VII: Pendants

North Carolina Tar Heels - 4.1: 1977

Oregon State University - 4.1: 1977

University of Kentucky Wildcats; The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats 1978

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 4.1: 1983

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 1978-91

NBA basketball - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Orlando Magic commission, 1990, 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1977, 1979

All-Stars - 4.1: 1977

NBA All -Star Game - 4.1: 1978

Boston Celtics - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1989 ov

Buffalo Braves - 2.1: 1976

Chicago Bulls - 4.1: 1989

Houston Rockets - 4.1: 1975

Los Angeles Clippers - 2.1: 1989

Los Angeles Lakers - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 4.1: 1989 ov

Milwaukee Bucks - 4.1: 1977

New York Knicks - 4.1: 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1989, 1993

Orlando Magic - 3.1: Orlando Magic commission 1990, 4.1: 1989

Philadelphia 76ers - 4.1: 1999

Washington Bullets - 4.1: 1980

Battig, Joseph - 2.1: 1996

Battle of the Bay, serigraph - 4.1: 1989

Baumgartner, Bruce - see wrestling

Beard, James - 3.1: James Beard 1985-2002, 4.1: 1996

The Beatles

The Beatles, 1966, serigraph 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Beatty, Warren - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

beauty pageants

ITMSA Miss Legs Competition - 2.1: 1983

Miss America - 3.1: Miss America Pageant 1983-1984

Miss Asia - 3.1: Miss Asia Pageant 1986

Miss J.A.P. and Miss Purim Pageants - 4.1: 1982

Miss Legs America - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1984

Miss Teen USA - 3.1: Miss Teen USA Pageant 1983

Miss Universe - 3.1: Miss Universe Pageant 1981

Miss USA - 3.1: Miss USA Pageant 1978

Miss World -USA - 3.1: Miss World-USA Beauty Pageant 1975

Mrs. America - 3.1: Mrs. America Pageant 1982

Playboy Bunny of the Year Pageant - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Beaux Arts, Inc. Award - 1.1: Awards

Begin, Menachem - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Behan, Brendan - see Borstal Boy

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bench, Johnny - 4.1: 1972

Bench, The Catcher, 1989 - 3.1: Johnny Bench 1989

Bennett, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett 1998 -2000, 4.1: 2002, John Bennett, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988, 1998

Bennett, Tony - 4.1: 1963, 1973, 1985

Berra, Yogi - 4.1: 1985, 1998

Yogi Berra Museum - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum, 2000

Bernstein, Leonard, Leonard Bernstein, 1972 - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, undated drawing - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, 1967 drawing - 4.1: 1998

Bethany College - 4.1: 1979

Bethesda Fountain; View of Bethesda Fountain, 1989 - 3.1: A Salute to Central Park Exhibition 1989

Better Boys Foundation - 4.1: 1974

Beverly Hills, California - 2.1: 1985, 1989, see exhibitions: Lawrence Ross Galleries

Beverly Hills Hotel - 2.1: 1989

Bide-A-Wee - 4.1: 1992

Big Time Golf, by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2:10

billboard - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983, VC: 1980s

Billboard Magazine International Billie Awards - 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993

billiards -- - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Billiard World Magazine - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Pool Game, 1966 - 4.1: 1998

Pool Room, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Sardi's World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Bimini, Bahamas - 2.1: 1977, 1979

Bingo, 1973 - 4.1: 1989

Binns, James - 4.1: 1996, 2000

Bird, Larry, Larry Bird, 1992 - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, see also Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

birthday - 4.1: 1999

Black Labrador, 1977 - see animals

Black Panther, 1975 - see animals

Blackwood, Glenn - 4.1: 1993

Bland, Bobby Blue - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blaukmer, Professor Frederika - 4.1: 1979

Blecker, Tom, Kathy, and Barbra - 2.2: Artwork by Children, 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bloomberg, Mayor Michael - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 1990s-2000s

Blue Moon Bay Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1997

bloopers - 4.1: 1978, 1997

Bluebird Café - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Blues Ball - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blum's - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

B'nai B'rith - 1.1: Awards

Boathouse Restaurant - see Central Park Boathouse

boats - see sailing, or Showboats International; The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Bochette, Liston - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

bodybuilding -- - 4.1: 1977, 1982, 1990

Everson, Cory - 4.1: 1990

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - see Schwarzenegger, Arnold

Boek, Louis - 1.1: Military Service

Boggs, Bill - 4.1: 2002 ov., 2004

Bonaventure - see St. Bonaventure University

Bond, Julian - 4.1: 1969

Bonds, Barry - Barry Bonds, 2003 pastel - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-present book jacket illustrations - 3.1: folder 1, 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 4.1: 1973, 1982, 1988-89

Book of the Month Club - 3.2.5, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams , Text Drafts

books

by Mr. Neiman - see Publications files in Series 3.2

by others, containing Mr. Neiman's works - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli, Skip Singleton tennis books, see also book jacket illustrations

bookstores - see Publications files in series 3.2 for information on book signings at bookstores

Borg, Bjorn - see tennis

Borstal Boy - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970

Bosley, Thad - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Bourgeois, Louise - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Bourne, Bob - 4.1: 1983

Bowe, Riddick - see boxing

Bowlers Journal - see bowling

Bowles, Franklin - see Bowles Galleries

Bowles Galleries - 1.2: Bowles Galleries, see exhibitions, see also Timothy Yarger Fine Art

bowling -- - 2.1: 1976

Anthony, Earl - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Carter, Don - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Esposito, Frank - 2.1: 1986, 1996, 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Varipapa, Andy - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

boxing -- - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 3.1: Ali vs. Holmes 1980, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 3.1: Mike Tyson Portraits 1986-1990s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, undated 1990s, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Ali, Muhammad - see Ali vs. Frazier, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, .2.1: 2001, 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004, 3.2.1, 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s, 4.2: The Ring Magazine as artist - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1970 ov, 1979

Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000 - 3.1: Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000-2002

Muhammad Ali - The Greatest Collector's Edition Magazine, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ali vs. Foreman, Zaire poster, 1974 - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Ali vs. Frazier

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999 - 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier II, 1974, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 1990

Fight of the Century poster, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Thrilla in Manila poster, 1975 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Holmes, 1980 - 3.1: Ali -Holmes 1980, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Spinks, 1978 - 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 4.1: 2000

Bobrick - 4.1: 1977

Bowe, Riddick - 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1996, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Boxers Ball - 4.1: 1997

Boxing Beat Magazine - 4.1: 1988

Boxing Illustrated - 4.1: 1993

Boxing at the Ritz - 4.1: 1993

Boxing Writers Association of America - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1967, 1985, 2004

Brenner, Teddy - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1978, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Camacho, Hector - 4.1: 1986, 1997

Chavez, Julio Cesar - 4.1: 1993, 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, pastel - 4.1: 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, 1996 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Clay, Cassius - see Muhammad Ali

Coetzee - 4.1: 1984

Cooney, Gerry - see Holmes vs. Cooney, 2.1: 1989, 2000, 4.1: 1981, 1987, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

De La Hoya, Oscar - 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Oscar De La Hoya, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

De La Hoya vs. Mosely poster 2000 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Mosley 2000

De La Hoya vs. Whitaker, 1997 - 4.1: 1997

Dundee, Angelo - 3.1: Angelo Dundee Tribute 2002

Duran, Roberto - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980 -1989, 4.1: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1994, 1995, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1973 ov

F.I.S.T. - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000, 2001

film, documentary - see Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972

Foreman, George - see Ali vs. Foreman, 2.1: 1989, 4.1: undated, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1995, 1999, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Foreman Frazier Fight - 4.1: undated

Foreman vs. Holmes, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Frazier, Joe - see Ali vs. Frazier, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: undated, 1969 ov, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1998, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Golden Gloves Championships - 4.1: 2000, 2001

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Grant, Michael - see Lewis vs. Grant, 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 2001

Graziano, Rocky - 4.1: 1990, 1991

HBO - 4.1: 2003, 2004

Hagler, Marvin - 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 1984, 2000

Hearns, Thomas - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 2000, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Thomas Hearns, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - 4.1: 1970, VII: Box 3

Heavyweight Collision - 4.1: 2003

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - 3.1: Heavyweight Explosion 2000

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Holmes vs. Coetzee, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes, Larry - see Ali vs. Holmes, Holmes vs. Cooney, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.1: 1984, 1999, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes vs. Shavers poster, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 2000

Holmes vs. Spinks, 1985 poster - 4.1: 1985

Holyfield, Evander - see Tyson vs. Holyfield, 3.1: Holyfield-Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2003

Hopkins, Bernard - Bernard Hopkins, 2004 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004 Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - 4.1: 1965, 1983

Jones, Jr., Roy - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000; Roy Jones, Jr. - 4.1: 2000

King, Don - 4.1: 1977, 2003

Latin Legends - 4.1: 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 4.1: 1980 ov, 1997, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Lewis, Lennox - see Lewis vs. Grant, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 2001

Lewis vs. Grant poster, 2000 - 4.1: 2000 and ov

Lewis vs. Tyson poster, 2002 - 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002

Liston, Sonny - 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1974 ov, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Louis, Joe - 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks fight) 1981

Joe Louis, 1983 - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991, 4.1: 1991

Malave, Chu Chu - 4.1: 1973

Mathis, Buster - 4.1: 1971

The Maulers 1993 lithograph - 4.1: 1993

Mayweather, Floyd - 4.1: 2000

McGirt, James "Buddy" - 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993

Morrison, Tommy - 4.1: 1993, 1995

Mosely, Shane - see De La Hoya vs. Mosely

North American Boxing Federation - 4.1: 2000

Norton, Ken - 4.1: 1976, 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame - 1.1: Awards - Inductions, 4.1: 2000

Olympic boxing - see Olympics

Patterson, Floyd - 4.1: 1972

Quarry, Jerry - 4.1: 1969 ov, 1970, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Red Boxers, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Reid, David

David Reid, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Ring Magazine - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1966, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ringside and Training Principles, by Goodman and Homansky 2001 - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Robinson, Sugar Ray - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1994; Sugar Ray Robinson, 1969 - 4.1: 1969, 1998

Rocky - see Rocky films

Salute to Boxing Greats Award - 1.1: Awards

Shavers, Earnie - see Holmes vs. Shavers, 4.1: 1973 ov, 1977, 4.2: The Ring Magazine Spinks, Leon - see Ali vs. Spinks, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Spinks, Michael - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 4.1: 1987, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1972

Thornton, Wayne - 4.1: 1966

Toney, James - 4.1: 2003, James Toney, 1994 - 4.1: 2004

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Trinidad, Felix - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999

Tyson, Mike - 3.1: Mike Tyson portraits 1986-90s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 4.1: 1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 portraits - 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 1999, 2001

Tyson vs. Holyfield, 1996 - 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996

Vargas, Fernando - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Veteran Boxers Association of NY - 4.1: 1993

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Williams, Cleveland - 4.1: 1966, 1967

World Boxing Association Annual Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000

World Boxing League - 4.1: Undated 2000s

Boy Scouts of America - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989 ov

Boys' Athletic League - 4.1: 1974

Boys and Girls Clubs of America - 4.1: 1977, All Sports Hall of Fame Dinner - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1996, 1997, Legends & Fans Dinner - 4.1: 1990

Boys Town of Italy - 4.1: 1987, 1988, 1992

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978 -2000, 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 4.1: 1981, 1999

Branca, Ralph - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1994

Brayton, Scott - see auto racing

Brazil Stock Exchange, 1985 - 2.1: 1985

Brenner, Teddy - see boxing

Brett, George - 4.1: 1990; George Brett, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Brice, Bobbie - 4.1: 1982

Bride's Magazine -- - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

Broadway - see musicals or Times Square, 2001

Brooklyn Bridge, 1995 - 1.1: Honorary Degrees - Saint Francis College, 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1998

brothel - see Mustang Ranch

Brown, Jim - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Brown, Larry

Larry Brown - 4.1: 1972

Bruce, Lenny - 4.1: 1976

Jeffrey Bryan Fine Art - 4.1: 1989

Bryant, Coach Paul "Bear," Coach Bear Bryant, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 4.1: 1981

Budweiser - see Anheuser-Busch

Buena Vista Bar - 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992

bull riding - see rodeo

bullfight - 4.1: 1960

Kneeling Matador, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

El Matador, 1965 - 2.1: 1986

Matador, 1967 - 4.1: 1989

La Plaza de Toros - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

Toreador, 1968 - 4.1: 1984

Burgdorff Cultural Center - 4.1: 1999

Burger King - see promotions

Burns, George - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Burr & Associates (Cameron Burr) - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 3.1: The Texas Longhorns, 1985, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Bush, President George H.W. and Barbara - 1.1: Honorary Degrees c., 2.1: 1989

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003

Bushkin, Joe - 4.1: 1997

Busker Alley - 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995

Byrams, Gina - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Byrne, Janet - see Neiman, Janet

C

CBS Sports television - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: CBS Sports, 4.1: 1978, 1985

CD ROM - VII

Caesar's Palace - see casinos

Cahill, Very Reverend Joseph - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, St. John's University, Honorary Doctorate, 1980, St. John's University, Gold Medal of Honor, 1985

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Calder, Alexander - 4.1: 1973 (see exhibitions, two-person)

calendars - 4.1: 1974 ov, 1976, 3.1: Wild Animals and Art of Sport Calendars 1992-94 and ov, 3.1: Golf Courses Calendar 1996

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Call of the Wild -- , by Jack London - 3.1: -- Call of the Wild -- 1993

Camacho, Hector - see boxing

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - see Carter, President Jimmy

Campbell, Earl - 2.1: 1982

Campbell's Soup - 4.1: 2004

Cannes Film Festival - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984

Cape Town, South Africa - 4.1: 1997

Capone, Al, Al Capone - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1972, 1992, 1995

Cappy Productions - 2.1: 2000

Caracas, Venezuela - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, see exhibitions: Museo de Bellas Artes

"Caring is Fashionable" - 4.1: 1981

Carlson, Bill - see "Neiman's Cuba"

Carnaval, 1981 - 3.2.6, 3.2 ov., see Haskell, Nikki

Carousel, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

The Carousel of Hope - see also Appendix A, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Carpenter, Rob - 4.1: 1982

carpet - see tapestry

Carreras, Jose - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

cars - see automobiles

Carter, Don - see bowling

Carter, Lillian - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, V: 1970s

Carter, President Jimmy -- - 4.1: 1978, 1989

Peace Treaty, 1980 - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Casey at the Bat, by Ernest L. Thayer, illustrated by LeRoy Neiman - 3.2.13

casinos and gambling -- - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1984, 1997, 1998, see also The Art of Gaming Through the Ages

Baden Baden, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Bally's Park Place, Atlantic City - 2.1: 1999

Bally's, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999

Le Casino de Monte Carlo, 1969 - 4.1: 1984

Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Caesar's Palace 1980, 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Holmes-Cooney 1982, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1976, 1979, undated 1980s, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1993

Desert Inn - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1998

Les Femmes du Caesar's Palace - 4.1: undated 1980s

Chemin de Fer, 1966 (1991 serigraph release) - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1991, 1998

Craps Kinshasa - 4.1: 1976

Fiesta Casino Hotel - 2.1: 1997

Gambling Times -- Magazine - 4.1: 1984

Gaming Table, 1958 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

The Golden Nugget, Las Vegas - 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

Green Table, 1972 - 4.1: undated, 1984

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

High Stakes, 1974 - 4.1: 1984

The Hustler -- - see -- The Hustler

International Poker, 2004 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2004

Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino and Hotel, Atlantic City - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

The Poker Game - 4.1: 1980

Rio Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1997

Roulette, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Roulette, 1970 - 2.1: 1970, 4.1: 1995

Roulette II, 1996 serigraph - 3.2:11, 4.1: 1996, 1997

Sands Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1994, 1997

Slots-change Girl, 1980 - 4.1: 1984

Stud Poker - 4.1: 1984

Tropicana Resort & Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999, VII: Artifacts

Casino Legends Hall of Fame, LeRoy Neiman Award - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1999

Folies Bergere - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana 1983, 3.1: Folies Bergere Neiman Chips 1999, 4.1: 1999

t.v. commercial - 4.1: 1984

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Vegas Blackjack - 4.1: 1984, 1996

catalogue raisonnes - 3.2.5, 3.2.9, 3.2.14

Cavett, Dick - 2.1: 1999

"Celebration 2000" Exhibition - 3.2.14

Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993 - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas - see exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Hawaii - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii 1985, 4.1: 1984, 1987

Central Park Boathouse - see restaurants

cereal box - see Wheaties

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1989

Chamberlain, Wilt - see 3.1: Basketball Superstars, 1975 -76, 3.1: Kareem Abdul -Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Wilt Chamberlain 2000, 4.1: 1981

champagne - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne 1999-2001

Champagne Taittinger - 3.1: 1993

Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.1: Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly 1996

Champions vs. MS - 2.1: 1977

Champs-Elysses

Le Champs- Elysses, 1992 - 4.1: 1996

The Champs-Elysees, la Voie Triomphale, 1994 - 4.1: 1997

Chandler, Charlotte - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Channel Thirteen, New York - 2.1: 1984, 4.1: 1983

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

charity - 2.1: Charities (all files), see also AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis), American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC), Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Boys Town of Italy, Carousel of Hope (Children's Diabetes Foundation), Champions vs. MS, Children's Hearing Institute, Citymeals-on-Wheels, Concern's Charity of Champions, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Doodle for Hunger, Good Tidings Foundation, Hope House Ministries, Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean, International Heart Foundation, International Sephardic Education Foundation, Jackie Robinson Foundation (under Robinson, Jackie), Jimmy Fund, Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, Leukemia Society of America, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Monmouth Park Charity Ball, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association, Race to Erase MS, Rock for the Cure, Ronald McDonald House, Special Olympics, United Cerebral Palsy Association, United Way, 4.1: 1981, 1992, 1999; see also animals: rescue

Charlie Cosmetics - see promotions

Chavez, Julio Cesar - see boxing

chef - 3.1: James Beard 1985-87, see also Bennett, Chef John; Clark, Chef Patrick; Kopf, Stefan; Lomonaco, Chef Michael; food; restaurants; Soltner, Chef Andre

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, VII: Box 3

Cher - 4.1: 1981

chess - see Fischer, Bobby

Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75 - 2.1: 1977, 1989, 4.1: 1977

Chicago Public Library - 4.1: 1955-59

Chicago Serigraphic Workshop - 2.1: 1977

children, artwork by - 2.2: Artwork from Children

children, letters from - 2.2: Mrs. Vladimir's Class 1975-85, 2.2: Hutchinson KS, Elementary Schools, 1976-78, 2.2: Mr. Silver's Class 1978-81, see also various letters in 2.1 Fan Mail files

Children at Heart - 4.1: 1996

Childrens Diabetes Foundation - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Children's Hearing Institute - 4.1: 1994

China - 2.1: 1983

Chinaglia, Georgio - see soccer

Choate School - 4.1: 1969

Christie's - 4.1: 1978

Christina Galice Gallery - 2.1: 1990

churches -- - 4.1: 1964, 1965; The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

cigars -- - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1996, 1997, 1998

Cigar Aficionado -- Magazine - 2.1: 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Components of Fire by (Aaron Sigmond or Jim Mauro) with Foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1997

Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego, 1997

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Industry Video 1997-1998

Wine, Women and Cigar, 1996 - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1996, 4.1: 1999, 4.2: -- Bartender -- Magazine Cincotti, Peter - 4.1: 2002 ov.

Circle Galleries, Chicago and New York - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1989, 1.2: Felicie Correspondence, see exhibitions, solo: Circle Galleries and "Ali-Frazier"

Circus, 2000 - 3.1: Circus 2000, 4.1: 2001

Cirker - Hayes Warehouse - IID: Inventory of Prints Stored in Warehouse 1970s-80s

Cities in Schools - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981, 4.2: Arts Magazine

City by the Bay, 1993 - see San Francisco

City By The Bay, by Charles Fracchia, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Citymeals-on-Wheels - see Beard, James

Clark, Chef Patrick Dean - 4.1: 1998

Classic Leather - see promotions

Classic Moments Watches - 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989

Classico Postcards - 2.1: 1992

Claude-Jobrack, Madeleine - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Clay, Cassius - see boxing: Ali, Muhammad

Clayton, Derek - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Clemens, Roger, The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003 - 3.1: The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003

Clemente, Roberto - 4.1: 1992, Roberto Clemente - 4.1: 1973

Clinton, President Bill - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, 4.1: 1992

clothing - VII

clothing stores - see Marshall Fields, Neiman Marcus, Pallack, Rick, and Saks Fifth Avenue, 4.1: 1958

Clough, Charles - 4.1: 1986

Club El Morocco - 4.1: 1979

Clubhouse Turn, 1975 - see horse racing

Coalition for the Homeless - 4.1: 1986

Coca-Cola Company - 2.1: 1994

Coetzee - see boxing

Coghlan, Eamon - see running

Cohen, Mouli - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

collectibles - see promotions

collectors - 4.1: 1969, 1980, 1981, see Wolfson

college sports - see basketball, football

Columbia Space Shuttle - 4.1: Undated ov

Columbia University - School of the Arts - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present; School of General Studies - 2.1: 1977

Comaneci, Nadia - see gymnastics

Comedia dell' Arte - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78

comic strips - see -- Doonesbury

commercials - see Promotions

Commodities Magazine - see The Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75

Concern Foundation

Concern's Charity of Champions - 4.1: 1983

conductors - see Bernstein, Leonard; Slatkin, Leonard

Contemporary University - 4.1: 1980

Cooney, Gerry - see boxing

computer art - 4.1: 1975

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Converse - 2.1: 1982

Bill Corum Award - 1.1: Awards

Corvette, Limited Edition Neiman - 3.1: Corvette 1984, V: 1980s, Rendezvous a la Corvette, 1984 - 3.1: Corvette 1984

Cosby, Bill - 4.1: 1991, 1997

Cosell, Howard - 4.1: 1987, 1995, V: 1991

cosmetics - see promotions

Cotton Club - 4.1: undated

Countdown to Superbowl, by Dave Anderson - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969

Country Rambler -- Magazine - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976 ov

Couples - 4.1: 1976

Cow Parade, NYC - 3.1: Cow Parade NYC, 2000

cowboys - see The Lone Ranger, National Cowboy Hall of Fame, rodeo

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

cricket - 4.1: 1961

Crosby, Bing - 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

crossword puzzles - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995, 1998, 1999

Crozier, William - V: 1995

Csonka, Larry - 4.1: 1973, 1974; Larry Csonka - 4.1: 1972

Cuba - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003, 4.1: 1979

Cuban Dancers, 1997 - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video 1997-98

The Culinary Arts exhibition - 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998

Culinary Institute of America - 4.1: 2000

Cunningham, Merce - see dance

Current Biography - 4.1: 1996

Curtis, Mike - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973

Curtis, Tony - 2.1: 1988

cycling

3.1: Tour de Trump

Boul Mich Bike Rally, 1978 - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1978 ov

Indoor Cycling - 4.1: 2000, 2002

Tour de France - 4.1: 1984

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - 4.1: 1996

D

Daily Double - see Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center

Dalai Lama - 2.1: 2003

Daley, Robert - 4.1: 1966

Daley, Mayor Richard - 4.1: 1968

Dali, Salvador - 4.1: 1977, 1986, 1991, 2002 (mentioned throughout 1980s and 1990s)

Dan's Papers - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 4.1: 1997 ov

dance -- - see also ballet

Cunningham, Merce

Merce Cunningham Studio - 4.1: 2004

"Fringe TOMAR 2000" Festival Internacional de Danca Contemporanea, 2000 - VII

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Jacki Sorenson, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Davidson Gallery - 4.1: 1986

Davis, Marvin and Barbara - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Jr. , Sammy - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989, 4.1: 1964, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, V: early 1960s, Bojangles, 1984 - 4.1: 1986

Dawkins, Peter - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988

De la Hoya, Oscar - see boxing

De La Vega, James - 4.1: 1999

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, see also exhibitions

Dear Muffo, by Harold Conrad - 4.1: 1982

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

DeBusschere, Dave - 4.1: 1974

The Dedication - 4.1: 1969

Deer Path Art League - 4.1: 1950s

Defiant, 1987 - see sculpture

Degregorio, Ernie - 2.1: 1976

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Del Coronado Petit Galop, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Del Greco, Maria -2.3: Letters from Artists, 4.1: undated, 1996

Delacroix's Tiger - see animals

Delligatti, Ralph - 4.1: 1992

Denver, CO - see auto racing

Denver, John - 4.1: 1994

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1985

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines Ballet - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Des Moines Symphony - 4.1: 1979

Desert Inn, Las Vegas - see casinos: Caesar's

Desert Symphony - see music: classical

designers - 4.1: 1997

Dewar's - 4.1: 1971

Dial-A-Dinner - 4.1: 1994

Diamond, Neil - 4.1: 1984

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

A Dictionary of Sporting Artists, by Mary Ann Wingfield - 4.1: 1992

Dill, Bob - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1995, 1996, 1999

DiMaggio, Joe - 4.1: 1992

Joe DiMaggio: Yankee Clipper, 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999, 4.1:1998 Joe DiMaggio: Study for "Yankee Clipper", 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999

DiPietro, Marylou - 2.1: 1979, 3.2.3

diving - see swimming and diving

Dixon, Rod - see running

dog - see animals

Dokes, Michael - 4.1: 1993

Domingo, Placido - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

Doodle for Hunger - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Doonesbury -- - 4.1: 1981

Door County - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Dorfman, Fred - see Fred Dorfman, Inc.

Dorset, Tony - 2.1: 1982

Doubletake Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Douglas, Kirk, Kirk Douglas, 1984 - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

dreams - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Driscoll, John (President of Iona College) - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, Iona College, Honorary Doctorate, 1985

Dubai - 2.1: 1988

Dublin Bar "The Stag's Head" - see The Stag's Head Bar, 1961

Dufresne, Isabelle - 4.1: 1988

Duguay, Ron - 4.1: 1982

Dundee, Angelo - see boxing

Duneier, Clyde - 4.1: 1993

Dupont, Andre - 4.1: 1974

Dupont pens - see promotions

Duran, Roberto - see boxing

Durocher, Leo - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1968, Leo Durocher - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94

Duval LeRoy, Carol - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne, 1999

Dyansen Gallery - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997

Van Dyke, Dick - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Dylan, Bob, Bob Dylan, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

E

Earhart, Amelia - The Adventuress, 1970s - 4.1: 1982

Eaton, Roy, Roy Eaton, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Roy Eaton, 1980, 1980-1992, 4.1: 1986

Economic Opportunity Atlanta - 3.1: 1968

Editions Limited - see Pelkey, Joe

education - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 4.1: 1980

Egypt - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Eiffel Tower - 4.1: 1995 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Eight Nation Athletic Games - 4.1: 1978

Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein, 1992 drawing - 2.1: 1991

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg, 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73, 4.1: undated, 1963, 1986, 1994

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 4.1: 2001, see also exhibitions

elephant paintings - see animals

Elkins Entertainment - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video, 1997

Elles & Eux -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961

Ellington, Duke - see jazz

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1971

Ellis Island Medal of Honor - 1.1: Awards

Elway, John - 3.1: John Elway, 1999

Emerald Art Gallery - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition 1976

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

equestrian - see horses

Erte -- - 4.1: 1990, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Erving, Julius - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-76, Julius Erving, 1975 - 3.1: Julius Erving 1975-76

Esposito, Frank - see bowling

Esposito, Phil - 4.1: 1975

Esquire -- Magazine - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970 ov, 4.1: 1999

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

etchings - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Malletmen etching Certificate, 1977, 1.2: Bowles Galleries Correspondence 1970s, see also boxing: Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974, and soccer: Soccer, 1989 etching, The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 Knoedler booklet - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov)

Eve Models, Ltd. - 4.1: 1971, 1974

Everson, Cory - see bodybuilding

Evert, Chris - see tennis

Ewbank, Weeb - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1978

exhibitions -- - Note: Solo and group exhibitions are listed alphabetically by the venue name

solo exhibitions

750 Studio, Chicago, 1953 - 3.1: 750 Studio, Chicago, Solo Exhibition 1953

Abercrombie & Fitch, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, V: 1990

American Fine Art Editions, Inc., "Superbowl XXX," Jan 1996 - 3.1: Superbowl XXX Exhibition 1996

American Fletcher National Bank - see Indianapolis Museum of Art

l'art et l'automobile gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," New York 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

l'art et l'automobile gallery, New York, 1989 - no materials

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1978 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1979 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Astor Tower French Center, Chicago, "Vie de France," 1965 - 3.1: "Vie de France" Solo Exhibition, Astor Tower, Chicago 1965

Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan - 4.1: 1989

Baja - 4.1: 1989

Base Art Collection, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1977 - 3.1: Bowles Hopkins Solo Exhibition, San Francisco, 1977

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, "The Olympic Spirit," San Francisco, 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating the Superbowl, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, February 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, October 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Neiman's Neimans: A Retrospective," San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Solo Exhibitions, San Francisco ("Neiman's Neimans") and Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," San Francisco 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Polo Lounge Debut, Beverly Hills, April 1989 - 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1989

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, May 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

Bowles/Sorokko, Beverly Hills, October 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980 -1990," Beverly Hills, 1991 - 3.2. The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980-1990, 1991

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman's San Francisco," San Francisco 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," New York 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, City by the Bay Debut, San Francisco, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series, 1991-1993

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "An American in Paris," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, 1995 - 4.1: 1995

Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, "Portraits of Our Times 1946-1996", Beverly Hills and San Francisco 1996 - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Butler Institute of American Art, Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, April 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland, 1977 - 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

"Celebration 2000," 2000 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1991-2000, 2001

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Centaur Sculpture Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Las Vegas 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985 - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

Chabot Galleries, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Choate School, "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Circle Gallery, Chicago 1972 - 3.1: Circle Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago, 1972

Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, and NYC, 1973 - 3.1: Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, NYC, 1973

Circle Gallery, New York, "Ali - Frazier," 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Dean Day Gallery, 1983 - 4.1: 1982, 1983

Dyansen Gallery, "The Playboy Collection," 1989-90 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90

Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis, MN, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978

Emerald Art Gallery, Coronado, CA, 1976 - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Fairfield Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Famous-Barr, St. Louis, MO, 1980 - 3.1: Famous-Barr Olympic Benefit Solo Exhibition, St. Louis 1980

The Far Gallery, "Recent Graphics and Drawings", 1971 - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

Fingerhut Gallery, La Jolla, CA, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Forsyth Gallery, St. Louis, MO, 1970 - 4.1: 1970

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980, V: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Animals: The Wild and the Tame", 1998 - 3.1: "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco, October 1998

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco 2001

Frankin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," 2002 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco 2002

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Looking Back: The Life & Times of America's Artist", Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, February 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," San Francisco, February 2005 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries 2005

Friars Club, 1987 - see exhibitions: New York Friars Club

Galerie 224, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galerie O. Bosc, Paris 1962 - 4.1: 1962

Galerie Marc, San Francisco, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Galerie Marcel Bernheim, "Un Américain à Paris," Paris 1993 - 3.1: "Un Américain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993

Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden, 1977 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA, 1993 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 4.1: 1993, V: 1993

La Galleria d'Arte, "An American in Paris," Newport Beach, CA, 1994 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

La Galleria d'Arte, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," Newport Beach, CA 1996 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996, Related Exhibitions

Gallery One American Design, Aurora, Colorado, August 1990 - 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver, August 1990 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi, 1989, 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery 36, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Regency, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1978 - 3.1: Gallery Mack Solo Exhibition, Seattle 1978

Gallery Mack, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Seattle, 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1982 - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win 1982

Gallery of Modern Art, Frank Sinatra drawings, New York, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Gallery Richelle, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Grigsby Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, 1963 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1963

Hammer Galleries, 1965 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1965

Hammer Galleries, 1967 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967

Hammer Galleries Exhibition of New York Jets Drawings, 1968 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Hammer Galleries, 1970 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Hammer Galleries, 1972 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1972

Hammer Galleries, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 1975-76 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympic Ring," 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

Hammer Galleries, "Horses," 1979-80 - 3.2. Horses, 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity, Reviews, and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "Drawings: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings" A Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1981

Hammer Galleries, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions; Photos, Proofs, and BLAD

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympics, Past and Present," 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

Hammer Galleries, "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," 1985 - 3.1: "The LeRoy Neiman Collection" Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, 1985

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," April 1987 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987

Hammer Galleries, "Soft Paintings," April 1989 - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: A Salute to Central Park," September 1989 - 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1989

Hammer Galleries, "Big Time Golf," 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "An American in Paris," 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," New York, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "A View from the Table," Solo Exhibition, New York, 2003 - 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York, 2003

Hammer Graphics Gallery, 1979 - 3.1: Hammer Graphics Gallery Solo Exhibition 1979

Hammer Graphics Gallery exhibition of graphic works 1971-81, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Hanae Mori Building, "Neiman's World - Japan '88," Tokyo, 1988 - 3.1: "Neiman's World" Exhibition, Japan 1988

Hang-Up Gallery, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1983-84 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, Carmel, CA, 1984 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, 1986 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, La Jolla, 1986

Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, San Francisco Bay Area, 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1997 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Hanson Art Galleries, "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," 2000 - 3.1: "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman" 2000

Harrod's, London, 1982 - 3.1: Harrod's Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1982

Heath Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta", Atlanta, GA, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ, 1976 - 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Nicholas Helion, Paris, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA, 1975 - 3.1: Hess's Gallery Solo Exhibition, Allentown, PA, 1975

Hilliard Gallery, Kansas City, October 1989 - V: 1989

Hilliard Gallery, "The Safari Suite," Kansas City, MO, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Horizon Gallery, Kuhio Mall, Waikiki Beach 1980 - 4.1: 1980 and ov

Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Indianapolis Museum of Art, "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Miliken Gallery, 1972-73 - 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 3.1: Indianapolis Museum of Art Solo Exhibition 1976

Japan - see exhibitions: Backstage Gallery, exhibitions: Hanae Mori Building and exhibitions: Tobu Gallery

Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

JoAnn Perse Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," Little Rock 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

John Miller Gallery, Carmel, CA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Kentucky Derby Museum, "An Exhibition of Equine Art," 1993 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "A Racing Retrospective," 1995 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "The Art of Sport," 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby and Derby Day Paddock 1997

M. Knoedler & Co., Ltd., London, 1976 - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976 Krannert School of Management, 1986 - no materials

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1985 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lincoln College, 1953 - 4.1: 1953

Marlborough Galleries, Boston, 1987 - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Mayfair Art Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Merrill Chase Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Chicago 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "An American in Paris," Chicago 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Chicago 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Merv Griffin Resorts International Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, 1990 - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Midwest Museum of Art, "Selected Works by LeRoy Neiman", 1989 - 3.1: Midwest Museum of Art Exhibition, 1989

Minnesota Museum of Art, "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective," St. Paul, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial 1975-76

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1983 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1983

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1984 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1984

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1985 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1985

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1988 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984 -1994, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Related Exhibitions, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., 4.1: 1988

Minotaur Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Las Vegas 1992 - 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas 1993 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1993

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, 1972 - 2.1: 1972, 4.1: 1972, V: 1970s

Myrtle Todes Gallery, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957 - 3.1: Myrtle Todes Gallery Solo Exhibition, Glencoe, Illinois 1957

National Art Museum of Sport, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport, 2001

Nevada County Arts Council, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

New York Friars Club, 1987 - 3.1: New York Friars Club Solo Exhibition, 1987

Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

O'Hana Gallery, London, 1962 - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1959 - 3.1: Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago 1959

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1962 - no material

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman," Oklahoma Art Center 1981

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, 1996 - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Percival Galleries, Des Moines, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton, 1986 - 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket, 1975 - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Playboy offices, "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure" 1991 - V: 1991

Pratt Institute, "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

"Profiles: Six Decades of Work" 1996 - 3.1: "Profiles" Exhibition 1996

Purdue University, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Quinn-Pollak Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," San Diego 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Richelle Gallery, St. Louis, 1966 - see Gallery Richelle

Rosenbaum Galleries, Palm Beach, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976

St. Lawrence National Bank, 1977 - 3.1: St. Lawrence National Bank Solo Exhibition, Ogdensburg, NY, 1977

Sher Gallery, Florida, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Springfield Art Association, "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield, IL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Springfield College - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibition, Springfield, MA, 1984

Springfield Museum of Art, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

State National Bank, El Paso, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Steiner & Young Fine Arts Galleries, 1989 - 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Surf Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "The Culinary Arts" 1998 - 3.1: "The Culinary Arts" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art, Beverly Hills 1998

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty-Year Retrospective Exhibition" - 3.1: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Exhibition 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "LeRoy Neiman: A Fifty-Year Retrospective", Beverly Hills, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

The Toy Store, Hartford, CT, 1985 and 1986 - 3.1: The Toy Store 1985-86

Tobu Gallery, Tokyo, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow 1988 - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

Turnbery Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibition, 1981, 1982, 1983 - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1981-83

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, 1981 - 2.1: 1981

University of Charleston, West Virginia, Art Gallery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, Exhibition celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Waller's Gallery, Tampa, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Wichita State University Ulrich Museum of Art Exhibition 1981 - 4.1: 1981

The Wildlife Experience, "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

Windsor Gallery, "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Los Angeles, 1975 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

two-person exhibitions

LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY 1973 - 4.1: 1973

"The Mustache Show", Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York, 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/ Warhol Exhibition 1981

group exhibitions

Amherst College, "When They Were Very Young," Amherst, MA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Amnesty International Exhibition and Sale, New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Anna Werbe Gallery, Chicago Artists, Detroit 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival, 1960 - 4.1: 1960

Aqueduct Art Gallery, New York, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Area, "Art," New York, 1985 - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

L'art et l'automobile, Ferrari Collection exhibition, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Art Directors Club of Chicago, Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1950 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1951 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, American Painting and Sculpture, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Art Institute of Chicago, "Drawing New Conclusions," 1992 - 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992

Baja Club, "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," New York, 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

Bal Tabarin Room, Sherman Hotel, Chicago 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Bank One, "Athletes and Heroes," Youngstown, Ohio, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

"Beyond Illustration - The Art of Playboy," Traveling Exhibition, 1971-74 - 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1970s

Blumhelman Gallery and Germans van Eck Gallery, "Artists for Amnesty," New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Butler Institute of American Art, "The Artist at Ringside," 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1990

Calgary Inn, "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Carnegie Institute of Arts, International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Chicago Navy Pier, Chicago Artists, 1957 - 4.1: 1957

Chicago Public Library, 1958 - 4.1: 1955-59

China Club, "The Famous Show," New York, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Cig Art

"Cig Art," National Arts Club, New York, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

"Cig Art 2: The Smoke Continues", National Arts Club, New York, 1997 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

"Cig Art 4: Where There's Smoke", Art Museum of Southern Texas, 2000 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Collectors Club Exhibition, 1957 - no materials

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Washington, DC, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Fair, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

El Paso Museum of Art, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "American Masters Exhibition," Sarasota, FL, annual - 4.1: 1981, 1987

Gimbel's, "Playboy's Art of Fashion Exhibition," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1979 - 4.2: Grand Palais, "Salon d'Automne," Paris, 1993 - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99, 4.1: 1993

Greenwich Workshop Gallery, "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83" - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1983

Hammer Galleries, "Group Show of FKH Artists," 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, Holiday Exhibitions, New York, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "Hammer Galleries Graphics," New York, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hammer Galleries, "Master Prints of the 19th -20th Century," 1987 - 4.1: 1987, V: 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA - 4.1: 1987

Harmon Gallery, "20th Century American Masters," Naples, FL, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois 1973 - 4.1: 1973

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1977 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1978 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Los Angeles County Fair - see group exhibitions: Millard Sheets Gallery

Marshall Field & Co. Gallery, "Brotherhood in Art," 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Mickey Mantle's, New York - 4.1: 1988

Midwest Museum of American Art, "Panorama of American Art," Elkhart, IN, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Millard Sheets Gallery, Fairplex, "Art and the Athlete," Los Angeles County Fair, 1996 - 3.1: "Art and the Athlete" Group Exhibition, Los Angeles County Fair 1996

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1952 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota Museum of Art, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Minnesota Museum of Art, "Drawings USA 75," St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Minnesota State Fair, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota State Fair, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

The Monmouth Museum, "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," Lincroft, NJ 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Museum of the City of New York, "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," 1983 - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

Mystic Seaport Museum, "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," 1985 - 4.1: 1985 National Art Museum of Sport, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

National Portrait Gallery, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," Washington, DC, 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Navy Pier Art Show, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

New Orleans Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

New-York Historical Society, "That Belmont Look," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

North Mississippi Valley Exhibition, 1964 - 4.1: 1964

North Shore Art League, Chicago Area Show, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s ov

Northampton County Area Community College Foundation, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Odyssey House Art Gallery, New York, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "Twentieth Anniversary Show," Chicago 1969 - 4.1: 1969

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," 1985 - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

O'Grady Galleries, "Collectors' Show," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

O'Hana Gallery, "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," London, 1962-63 - 4.1: 1962

Old Orchard Art Festival - see exhibitions: North Shore Art League

Park Shore Gallery, "Director's Choice," Naples, FL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Queens Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

Ravinia Festival, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

San Diego Museum of Art, "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Sherman Art Gallery, Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Sherman Hotel, Chicago, 1959 - see Bal Tabarin

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ball, Bat, and Glove," New York, 1977 - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York, 1977

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1979

Springfield Art Museum, "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield, MO, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Springfield College, "Women in Sports," 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Steiner & Young Galleries, "20/20 Exhibition," Marietta, Georgia, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Treasures of Island Creek, Louisville, KY, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Tunnel Club, "New Perspectives in Contemporary Art," New York, September 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Mustache Show", New York, November 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Most Famous Artist Alive", New York, December 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show", New York 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

University of Southern Florida, "Expose Yourself to Art," 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Whitney Museum, "Americana," New York, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Yogi Berra Museum, "Viva el Beisbol!" 2000 - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum 2000

Exotic Erotic Halloween Ball - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1996

F

F.I.S.T. - see boxing

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1980 - see bars

Fairfield Gallery - see exhibitions

Fairmont Hotel - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

fan auction - 4.1: 1992

Far Gallery, New York - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

fashion - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for The Domino Catalog 1950s -60s, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only), 4.1: 1958, 1971, undated 1990s

F.D.N.Y. (Fire Department of New York)

F.D.N.Y. Painting - 3.1: F.D.N.Y. Painting 2002

F.D.N.Y Pipes and Drums - 2.1: 1984

Felicie, Inc. - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, see Madison Square Garden

Femlin - see Playboy

Festival Internacioal de Danca Contemporanea - 4.1: 2000

Fields, Edward - see tapestry

The Fifth Dimension - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-1982

Fight of the Century - see boxing

figure skating -- - 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships, V: 1980s, see also Olympic Games

Healey, Kathy - V: Kathy Healey, 1981

Superskates - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1981, V: 1980s

United States Figure Skating Association - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships

film -- - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984, 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990, 3.1: Wine Country Film Fest 1990, 4.1: 1972, 1990, see also Screen Actors Guild

"Ali," 2002 film with Will Smith - 2.1: 2001

"American Rider" motorcycle documentary - 2.1: 1991

"Donnie Darko" 2001 film - 2.1: 2000

The Family Man" 2000 film with Nicholas Cage - 2.1: 1999

"The Ice Storm" 1997 film - 2.1: 1996

"Jerry Maguire" 1997 film with Tom Cruise - 2.1: 1996

"The Lone Ranger", 1978 feature film - 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

"Mr. Baseball," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1991

"My Old Man," 1979 CBS TV movie - 2.1: 1979, 1990

"Quarterback Princess," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1983, 1992

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990

"Rooster," 1981 - 3.1: "Rooster," 1981

1976 documentary, Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1976

finance

Mr. Neiman's own finances - 2.1: 1975, IID: Invoices Paid, see International Management Group, Inc.

represented in art - see investing, Stock Market, Chicago Board of Trade

Finland - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

Fireman, Shelly - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Firestone, Roy - 4.1: 1986

Fischer, Bobby - 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1987

fishing - see Marlin!

Fittipaldi, Emerson - see auto racing

Fitzgerald, Ella - see jazz

Flagg, Special Agent Warren M. - 4.1: 1998

Florida Racing - 4.1: undated

Floyd, Ray - see golf

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Focus Midwest Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1967, 1970, 1980

Foley, Jaclyn - 4.1: 1996, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1993-2002

Folies Bergere - see casinos

food - 3.1: James Beard 1982-87, 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

football -- - search for individual players listed alphabetically

college football

Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Georgia Tech - 4.1: 1983

Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982 - 4.1: 1983, 1984

Nebraska Football - 2.1: 1976

Northwestern University - 4.1: 1996

Ohio State Buckeyes, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

Penn State University - 4.1: 1996

Pioneer Bowl - 4.1: 1976, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

University of Florida, The Gators, 1995 - 3.1: Florida Gators, 1995

Universities of Iowa - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Michigan, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

University of Southern California - see football: college: Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993

University of Texas, The Texas Longhorns, 1985 - 3.1: The Texas Longhorns 1985, 4.1: 1986

University of Minnesota - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Nebraska, The Devaney Era serigraph suite - 2.1: 1997, 4.1: 1974, 1975, 1988, 1992

Football Game, 1960s - 4.1: 1998

Game of the Century, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Gridiron Football News - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

NFL football - 4.1: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 ov, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996

Buffalo Bills - 3.1: O.J. Simpson, 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXVIII

Dallas Cowboys - 2.3: March 1993, 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, see also Superbowl XXVIII

Denver Broncos - see Superbowl XXII, 3.1: John Elway, 1999, 4.1: 1972, 1978, 1999

etchings - 4.1: 1976

Giants-Broncos Classic - 4.1: 1988

Green Bay Packers - 4.1: 1992, 1997

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football: Superbowl XXII

Kansas City Chiefs - 4.1: 1997

Legends Magazine - see NFL Alumni

Miami Dolphins - 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1993

Minnesota Vikings - 4.1: 1975, 1977

Mirage Bowl - 4.1: 1978

NFL Alumni - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992

Legends Official Magazine of the NFL Alumni - 4.2: Legends NFL Alumni Magazine, 1982-2002

NFL Alumni Player of the Year Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987

Yearbooks - 4.1: 1980

NFL Players Association - 4.1: 1974

New England Patriots - 4.1: 1997, 2004, 2005

New York Giants - 4.1: 1987, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003

New York Jets - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: New York Jets 1966 -, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Oakland Raiders - 4.1: 1977

Pittsburgh Steelers - 4.1: 1975, 1979

San Francisco 49ers - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1991, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Superbowl, general - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969, 4.1: 1997

Superbowl stamps - see stamps or U.S. Postal Service

Superbowl II, 1969 - 4.1: 1969 and ov

Superbowl V, 1972 - 4.1: 1972 and ov

Superbowl VI, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E

Superbowl IX, 1975 - 4.1: 1975 ov

Superbowl X, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Superbowl XI, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Superbowl XII, 1978 - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1983

Superbowl XIX, 1985 - 3.1: Superbowl XIX, 1985

Superbowl XXI, 1987 - 4.1: 1988

Superbowl XXII, In the Pocket, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988, 4.1: 1989 ov

Superbowl XXIII, 1989, Superplay, 1989 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Superbowl XXIII painting, Superplay, 1989

Superbowl XXIV, Silverdome Superbowl, 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Superbowl XXV, 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Superbowl XXVII, 1993 - 2.1: 1993

Superbowl XXVIII, 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII, 1994

Superbowl XXX, 1996 - 2.1: 1997, see exhibitions

Superbowl XXXVIII, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Superbowl XXXIX, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Superplay - see football: Superbowl XXIII, 1989

Washington Redskins - 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXII

foreign language articles, Finnish - 4.1: 1977, Italian - see auto racing

Foreman, George - see boxing

forgery - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: 1989, 1994, 1995 ov, see also theft and vandalism

Forrester, Bruce (event photographer) - see photograph files for Bowles/Sorokko Gallery openings

Foster Harmon Gallery of American Art - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1989, 1992, 1993, 4.1: 1974, see also exhibitions

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fouquet's - see restaurants

Fox, Manheim - 2.1: 1979

Fox, Virgil - 4.1: 1965

Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center - 4.1: 1998

Francis, Emile - 4.1: 1975

Franey Langkop, Dorothy - V: 1990s

Frank, Morris - 4.1: 1975

Franklin Bowles Gallery - see Bowles Galleries

Franklin Pierce College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees

fraud - see forgery

Frazier, Joe - see boxing

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freeman, Morgan - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Freidman, Joann - 2.1: 1978

French Riviera - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E, see also Monaco

Friars' Club - 1.1: New York Friar's Club

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Frost, David - see golf

Fujita family - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

G

Gable, Dan - 3.1: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinner 1984 -present

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galice, Christina - see Christina Galice Gallery

Gallagher's Steak House - see restaurants

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, see also exhibitions

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1979

Gallery Mack, Seattle - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 4.1: 1974, 1981, see also exhibitions

Gallery One, Denver, Colorado - see exhibitions

Gallo, Bill - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002, 4.1: 2002

gambling - see casinos

Game of the Century, 1983 - see football

Ganassi, Cara and Chip - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Gardiner, John - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Garret, Lesly - 4.1: 1982

Garvey, Steve - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1980, 1988, 1989, VII: Bags

Gene Michael Fund - 4.1: 1994

General Electric - see promotions

General Mills - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Gere, Gary - see The Taxicab Chronicles

Germany, Baden Baden - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 1988

Gibson Guitars - 2.1: 1997

"Art of Guitars II" exhibition - 3.1: Gibson "Art of Guitars II" 2000

The Gifts of Music, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert, Rod -- - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1968 drawing - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1974 drawing - 4.1: 1974

Rod Gilbert, 1976 - 4.1: 1976, 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Giulianni, Mayor Rudy - 3.1: Mayor Giulianni and NYC Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, 1994-2001

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gleason, Jackie - see -- The Hustler

Goff, Bill - see Spectrum Fine Art

Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Goldberg, Whoopie - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Golden Apple Awards - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1977, 1990, 1995, 1996

Golden Boy - see musicals

golf - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988-89, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2000, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

16th at Cypress, 1983 - 3.1: 43rd Crosby, 1984, 4.1: 1982

An Queens Cup, Japan - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1990 and ov

Atlanta National Golf Club

Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot - 2.1: 1996, 2000, 4.1: 1996

Augusta

The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

April at Augusta, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, 1995

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Bethpage Black, The 18th at Bethpage Black - 3.1: U.S. Open at Bethpage Black 2002, 4.1: 2002

caddies - 4.1: 1976

Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship - 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

Excalibur Classic, Palm Springs - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995

Floyd, Ray - 4.1: 1987

Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament - 4.1: 1998

Frost, David

David Frost Wines - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro, 1985 (also appears as International Golf Foursome) - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 2001

golf bars - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 1993-2002

Golf Courses Calendar 1996 - VII: Artifacts 1996

Golf Digest -- Magazine - 2.1: 1972, 1974, 1976, 4.1: 1976, 2000

Golf Winners, 1984 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984, 1986

Golf's Threesome - 3.1: Advertizing Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1979

Harbour Town, 18th at Harbour Town - 4.1: 2000

International Golf Foursome, 1985 - see Gavea Golf and Country Club

International Golfer - 4.1: 1994

International Golf Leisure and Lifestyle Magazine - 4.1: 2001

Joe Pagliei Invitational - 4.1: 1985

Masters - 4.1: 1990

Mystic Rock at Nemacolin Woodlands - 4.1: 1995

Natural Golfer -- Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Nicklaus, Jack - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973 -74, 4.1: 1972, 1983, 1990

The Golden Bear, 1992 painting and serigraph - 4.1: 1993, VII

Oakmont, 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983 - 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Robert H. Ogle Invitational - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 1998

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1983

Arnie in the Rain, 1973 - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 4.1: 1974

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Pebble Beach Golf Club

18th at Pebble Beach - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1997-2002, 4.1: 1984, 2001, 2002

The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1995 - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 4.1: 1995

pens - see Promotions - S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pens

Pinehurst - 4.1: 2002

Piping Rock Golf Club - 4.1: 1993, 2002

Player, Gary

Gary Player, 1971 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rodriguez, Chi Chi - 4.1: 1973

Royal Golf - Club de Belgique

Chateau de Ravenstein, 1968 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Sara Lee Classic - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Sarazen, Gene - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Shinnecock Hills - 4.1: 1995

The 18th at Shinnecock or The Home Hole at Shinnecock - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1995, 2002

Six Golfers - see Golf Winners

Snead, Sam

Sam Snead - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2001

Southampton U.S.P.G.A. Open - 4.1: 1984, 1986

Spyglass, #1 at Spyglass - 4.1: 1991, 1999

St. Andrews, Scotland - 4.1: 1987

The Clubhouse at Old St. Andrews, 1988 serigraph - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1995, 1998, 2002

The Jigger Inn Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002 St. Cloud

Clubhouse Bar at St. Cloud, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

U.S. Open - 4.1: 1977, see also golf: Oakmont

Valhalla - 4.1: 2000

Vintage

Vintage Charities - 4.1: undated 1980s

Vintage Invitational - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1988

Vintage Cove

The Cove at Vintage - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries, 1986, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1989 ov

Vintage Palm Springs, Sam Snead Teeing Off at Vintage Palm Springs - 4.1: 2001

Wall Street Charity Fund Pro-Am Golf Tournament - 4.1: 2002

Westchester - 4.1: 1981, 1989, 1993

Winged Foot Golf Club - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1997

The 18th at Winged Foot - 4.1: 2002

Winged Foot, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Woods, Tiger - 4.1: 1997, 1999, -- Playboy -- 1998

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Gone with the Wind, 1989 - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989, 4.1: 2004

Gonzalez, Jorge Luis - 4.1: 1995

Gonzmart, Cesar - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Good Tidings Foundation - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation LeRoy Neiman Art Centers, 1998-present, 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998

Gooden, Dwight - 4.1: 2001

Goodman, Dr. Margaret - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Goodwill Games - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: Goodwill Games 1998

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 3.2: Big Time Golf, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Gourmet Gala - see March of Dimes

Grady, John - 2.1: 1976

John Grady, Midnight Mass, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1990

Graham, Martha - see dance

Grand Ballroom, 1987 etching - 4.1: 1987

Le Grand Escalier de L'Opera, 1969 - 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads, 2.1: 1996

grand prix - see auto racing

Grant, Michael - see boxing

Gray, Anthony John - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin

Graziano, Rocky - see boxing

Great American Workout - 2.1: 1990

Great Gatsby's Auction House - 4.1: 1998

Great Irish Fair, NY 1982 - 3.1: The Great Irish Fair poster 1982

Green, Rev. Al - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Greene, "Mean Joe" - 2.1: 1981

Greenberg, Hank - 4.1: 1968

Greenspan, Bud - 2.1: 2000

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - see exhibitions: group

Gregory, Cynthia - see ballet

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-1998

Gretzky, Wayne

The Great Gretzky, 1981 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Wayne Gretzky, 2002 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Gridiron Football News - see football

Griese (Miami Dolphins quarterback 1972) - 4.1: 1972

Griffey, Ken - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Griffin, Merv - see television

Grosset and Dunlap Inc. Publishers - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, Correspondence

Guanzon, Carol - 2.1: 1987, 1988, 1989

Gumbel, Bryant - 4.1: 1997

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

gymnastics

Comaneci, Nadia

Nadia Comaneci, 1976 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1982, 1984, 1987

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1986

H

HBO - see listing for HBO under boxing

Hagler, Marvin - see boxing

Haifa University - 3.2: 1972 Olympics Munich

Halas, George - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, George Halas, Jr. Sports Center - 4.1: 1979

Hall, Jim - 4.1: 1997

Hall of Famer, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1998

Halle, David - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present; A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Halmi, Robert - 3.2.12 and 4.1: undated ov

Hammer Galleries - see exhibitions, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer, Armand - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988, 3.1: Tokyo exhibition 1988

Hammer, Michael - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammer, Victor - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammond, IN - see Mercantile Bank

Hampton, Kym - 4.1: 2000

The Hamptons, New York - 3.1: Hamptons notes 1972, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E handball - see Jacobs, Jim

Hanson Gallery, New Orleans - see exhibitions, 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Painting 2002, 4.1: 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004

Hanson Gallery, San Diego - 4.1: 1987

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hardy, Joseph A. - 1.1: Collectors

Harlem Streets, 1981 - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981

harlequin

Harlequin, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1989

Harlequin and a Nude, 1971 - 4.1: 1991

Harlequin with Sword, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Harlequin's Entry into Venice, 1971 mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Haring, Keith - 4.1: 1997

Harmon Galleries - see Foster Harmon Galleries

Harper's -- Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1968

Harrod's, London - 4.1: 1982

Harry, Deborah - 2.1: 1978

Harry's Wall Street Bar - see bars

Hartack, Bill - 2.1: 1977

Harvard University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Haskell, Nikki -- - 4.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004

Nikki, 1984 (in Carnaval garb) - 4.1: 1985, 1987

Nikki Haskell, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Nikki Haskell, 2002 - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

hats - VII

Hawaii - 4.1: 1980 ov

Hayes, Isaac - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Healey, Kathy - see figure skating

Hearns, Thomas - see boxing

Heartland Celebrity Cookbook - 4.1: 1991

Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA - 4.1: 1969

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - see boxing

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - see boxing

Hebner, Richie

Richie Hebner - 4.1: 1973

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., 1.1: Friars ov., 2.1: 1996, 1999, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy Scrapbook 1961-67, 4.1: 1985, V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63, see also -- Playboy -- Magazine

Heiden, Eric - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1987, 1988, see also exhibitions

helicopter - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-1995

Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho & his Friends - see Chandler, Charlotte

Helsinki, Finland - see exhibitions

"Here's Looking at You, Kid," 1990 - see Wine Country Film Festival

Hernandez, Genaro - 4.1: 1995

Hernquist, Lee - 4.1: 2002

Herrick, Norton - 4.1: 1998

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Heyden, Eric - see Knoedler

High Ball Homer, 1962 - see Mantle, Mickey

High Seas Sailing - see sailing

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - see sailing

high society - see socialites

Hill, Calvin - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence, 4.1: 1973, Calvin Hill - 4.1: 1979

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1989, 4.1: 1986, 1992, 2001, see exhibitions

Hilliard, Chet - 4.1: 1995

Hilliard, Kent - 4.1: 1990, see Hilliard Gallery

Hilton Hotels - 2.1: 1991

Hinds, Bobby - see boxing

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - see opera

Hispanic Sports Awards Dinner - 2.1: 1991

"History of Sport in Art" film series - 2.1: 1972

HOBY - 4.1: 1997

hockey -- - search for individual players by name, see also Olympic Games

Choate Prep School hockey - 4.1: 1970

The French Connection, 1976 - 4.1: 1978

Hockey etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Hockey Magazine - 2.1: 1977

NHL hockey - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky portraits 1981-2002, 4.1: 1967

Boston Bruins - see Orr, Bobby

Heisman Trophy - 2.1: 1982

Houston Aeros - 4.1: 1975

NHL Challenge Cup (USA All -Stars vs. USSR National) - 4.1: 1979

New Jersey Devils - 4.1: 1998

New York Rangers - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1976, 1998, 1999, 2000

Phoenix Coyotes - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Ottawa Senators - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Stanley Cup - 4.1: 1974

Hoelscher, Lydia (LeRoy's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hofstra University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1996

Hogan, Hulk - see wrestling

Hoglund, William - 2.1: 1983

Holder, Geoffrey - 4.1: 1978

holiday, Christmas - 4.1: 1992, 1995, 1997

Hollywood Women's Press Club - see Golden Apple Awards

Holmes, Larry - see boxing

Holyfield, Evander - see boxing

Holzman, Red - 4.1: 1990

Homage to Boucher - 4.1: 1974

Homansky, Dr. Flip - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Home Remodeling Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - see baseball

honorary degrees - 1.1: Honorary degrees

Hope, Bob - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, 4.1: 1984, Bob Hope (Playing Golf), 1988 - 3.1: Bob Hope portrait, 1988

Hope House Ministries - 4.1: 1995, 1996

Horizon Gallery - 4.1: 1980

Horse of a Different Color, Ltd. - 4.1: 1963

horses -- - see also polo, rodeo, sculpture

Arabians - 4.1: 1978

Arabians Magazine - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986

Bucking Bronco - 4.1: 1984

Carousel, 195? - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1950s

Color Horse - 4.1: 1984

Clydesdales - see promotions

Daily Double - 4.1: 1982, 1984

French Hunt, 1965 - V: Early 1960s Photos of Work

Horses, 1979 - 3.2.3

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal drawing - 2.1: 1973, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1950s

horse racing - 4.1: 1997

Aintree - 4.1: 1960

Ascot - see Royal Ascot

Belmont Park - 4.1: 1980, 2003

The Paddock at Belmont - 4.1: 1979

Bellocq, Pierre - 4.1: 1998

The Black Stallion - see television

Breeders' Cup - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 2003

Breeders' Cup Championship poster, 1998 - 3.1: Breeders' Cup Painting 1998

Caliente Race Track, Tijuana, Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhib. and Painting 1989, 4.1: 1991

Chantilly, Backstretch at Chantilly - 4.1: 1969

The Charging Cavalcade, silkscreen - 4.1: 1980

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

Churchill Downs - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1996, VII: Box 3

Club House Turn, 1975 serigraph - 1.2: Knoedler Serigraph Release Ads, 4.1: 1975, undated 1990s, 1989

Curragh, Ireland, 1976 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Epsom Derby - 4.1: 1960, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Equestrianne - 4.1: 1981, 2000

Equestrian, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

The Feria in Seville - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985

The Finish - 4.1: undated

Florida Derby - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1993

Four Acres, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Front Runners, 1994 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Funnycide - 4.1: 2003

Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool - 4.1: 1960 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Grand Prairie, Lone Star Park - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

Hambletonian - 3.1: Cadillac Hambletonian Harness Race Painting 1995

Hialeah Race Track - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Hialeah Race Track, 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Hong Kong Jockey Club - 4.1: 2004

Hoof Beats Magazine - 4.1: 1975

horse named after LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1987

Horse Racing, 1972 watercolor - 4.1: 1998

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - see sculpture

Horse and Rider, 1971 gouache - 2.1: 1974

Horse Sense: An Inside Look at the Sport of Kings, by Bert Sugar, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

In the Stretch, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

International Horse Show - 4.1: 1973

Iroquois Steeplechase, 1993 - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

jockeys -- - jockeys - see also horse racing, 3.1: "Dress the Jockeys", '21' Club 2001

The Backview of Jockey, 1961 - 4.1: Four Jockeys - 4.1: undated

Hartack, Bill, Bill Hartack, 1959 - 3.1: Hialeah Race Track 1959, 4.1: 1974, 1995

Jockey, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Jockey - 4.1: 1961

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Solomon, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Kelso, 1968 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby - 2.1: 1982, 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1978, VII: Box 3

Derby Day Paddock, 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997

Kentucky Derby Museum - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Long Island Equestrienne - 4.1: 1982, 1984

Longchamps - 4.1: 1960

Menlo Charity Horse Show - 4.1: 2003

Mission Valley Pony Club - 4.1: 1990

Monmouth Park - 4.1: 1969

Monmouth Park Centennial, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1971, 1975

National All -Star Jockey Championships - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

National Horse Show - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

National Showcase, Louisville, KY - 4.1: 1982

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Paddock, 1957 painting - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98

Paddock, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95 4.1: 1973

Pegasus, 1979 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

polo horses - see polo

Pimlico - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000, VII: Box 3

Preakness Stakes - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000

The Race, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, V: 1970s

Race of the Year, 1979 - 3.1: Race of the Year 1979

Racing, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Reinsman - 4.1: 1963

The Rider, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Rotz with Windener Coulours, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Royal Ascot - 4.1: 1960, 1961, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

Ascot Finish - 4.1: 1976

Ascot Paddock - 4.1: undated, 1979

The Queen at Ascot - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Saratoga Harness, 1969, 1974 - 3.1: Saratoga Harness 1969, 1974

Seattle Slew - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1975

Secretariat, Secretariat at the Lead, 1974 - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95, 4.1: 1975, 1981, 1993 ov, VII: Pendants

Secretariat II - 4.1: 1990

Show Jumper - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

Steeplechase, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Stretch Stampede, 1975 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Study for Gericault Horse without Rider - 4.1: 1982

Tentam - 4.1: 1973

Thoroughbred Times - 4.1: 1993

T.O.B.A. - 2.1: 2000

Wayne Newton's State of the Art September Sale - 4.1: 1985

Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean - 4.1: 1984

Hotel des Artistes - 1.1: Residences - Hotel des Artistes

House Beautiful -- Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Houston Astrodome - 4.1: 1971

Houston International Film Festival - 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990

Howard, Frank, Frank Howard, 1970s - 4.1: 1998

Howe, Gordie - 4.1: 1975

Gordie Howe, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hudson Valley Writers Center - 4.1: 1990

Hull, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Bobby Hull - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and St. Paul Art Center 1969, 4.1: 1968, 1986

Humane Society of New York - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998

Humphrey, President Hubert, Hubert Humphrey, date unknown - 2.1: 1994

Hunt, Lamar

Lamar Hunt, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Hunt for the Unicorn, late 1960s mural - see animals: unicorn

The Hustler -- - 4.1: 1985

Hutscnecker, Dr. Arnold A. - 4.1: 1981

I

I Am Third by Gale Sayers - 4.1: 1970, 1975

Ibis Art Productions - 4.1: 1988

Ice Palace, 1985 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Iceland - 4.1: 1972

Idle Boat - 4.1: 1950s

Iglesias, Julio

Julio Iglesias, 1984 - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Julio Iglesias, 1984, 4.1: 1998, 2001

Illinois Art Education Association - 4.1: 1974

imitators - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football - Superbowl XXII

income - IID: Invoices Paid

India - 2.1: 1982

Indianapolis 500 - see auto racing

Indianapolis Museum of Art - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1977, see also exhibitions

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - see tennis

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - see tennis

International Heart Foundation - see The Open Heart, 1982

International Management Group, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

International Poker, 2004 serigraph and earlier painting - see casinos

International Sephardic Education Foundation - 4.1: 1987

Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - see boxing

investing, investors - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980, 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Iona College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees ov., 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 3.1: Iona College

Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 2000

Irish Fair - see Great Irish Fair

Iron Horse Steak House - 4.1: Undated

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Israel - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

J

Jackson, Bo - 4.1: 1992

Jackson, Michael - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Jackson, Phil - 4.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 1978

Reggie Jackson, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Jacobs, Jason, Accountant - 2.1: 1977, 1984

Jacobs, Jim

Jim Jacobs, 1970 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1970, 1992

Jamaica - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1971, see Appendix E

Japan - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 2.2: CBS Sports Correspondence, 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974, 3.1: Japan Trip 1977, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1983, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Correspondence, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1984

jazz

Armstrong, Louis - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995, 4.1: undated 1990s

Louis Armstrong, 1963 - 4.1: 1965

Louis Armstrong, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Louis Armstrong, 1976 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975 -2004, 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1979

Satch, 1959 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

Davis, Miles

Miles Davis, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Ellington, Duke

Duke, 1978 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1979, 1981

"Duke", 1998 - 3.1: UCLA 1998-present

Fitzgerald, Ella

Ella in Flight, 1983 - 3.1: Ella in Flight, 1983

Gillespie, Dizzy

Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Holiday, Billie

"Lady", 1979 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Jazz Horns, 2004 painting and serigraph - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 2004, 2005

Jazzmobile - 2.2: Jazzmobile 1980-84

Jazzmobile, 1975 silkscreen - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Kenton, Stan

Stan Kenton, 1976 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1985

Kool Jazz Festival - 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1981, 1982, 1985, V: 1980s

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz, 2004 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz Festival Poster, 1974 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Orchestra - 4.1: 1964

Parker, Charlie - Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973, Charlie 'Bird' Parker - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

The Jeanie Johnston, 1998 - 4.1: 1999

Jenner, Bruce - see track and field

The Jennifer, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Jeopardy! -2.1: 1998

Jimmy Fund - 3.1: Ted Williams and Jimmy Fund 1991

JoAnn Perse Gallery -2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Jock Magazine - 4.1: 1970

jockeys - see horses: horse racing

Johnson, Cecile Ryden - 4.1: 1975

Johnson, Earvin "Magic" - Magic, 1988 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1989 ov, Magic Johnson, 1991 - 2.1: 1996

Jones, Baird - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1987, 1988

Jones, Robert Trent - 4.1: 1995

Jones, Jr., Roy - see boxing

Jones, Tony - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., see AppendixA for correspondence

Jordan, Michael, Michael Jordan - 4.1: undated 1990s, 2000, Michael Jordan, serigraph - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1998

Joyner -Kersee, Jackie - see track and field

J.R. Fine Arts - 4.1: 1998

judo - 4.1: 1977, 1987

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995

K

Kabl Citizen of the Day Award - 1.1: Awards

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, George Kalinsky with his Olympus, 1986 drawing - 4.1: 1986

Kaplan, Fred - 2.1: 1960s, 1970s

Kapp, Joe - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1970

Kaufman, Bart and Judy - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89, 4.1: 1970s

Kay, Leslie - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Kelly, Bob - 4.1: 1974

Kennedy Onassis, Jackie, Jackie, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 1970

Kennedy, Robert and Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79, 4.1: 1968, 1971, 1972 see also golf, tennis

Ethel Kennedy - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

R.F.K., 1968 watercolor - 4.1: 1968

Robert F. Kennedy, 1971 engraving - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 4.1: 1972, 1974

Kennedy, Ted

Sen. Ted Kennedy, 1981 drawing on napkin - 4.1: 1981

Kenneth Behm Galleries - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, V: 1991

Kenton, Stan - see jazz

Kentucky Derby - see horse racing

Kerner, Otto - 4.1: 1960

Kershaw, Tom - 4.1: 1995

Key Club Bar, 1956 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kidd, Billy - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy, 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

King, Don - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 4.1: 1975

King, Larry - 4.1: 1988 (radio), Larry King, 1996 - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present

King, Mark - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

King's Palace, 1960 drawing - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kitt, Eartha - 4.1: 1994

Knight, Bobby, Bobby Knight, 1979 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, Knoedler & Co. - IID: Price Lists, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, see also Appendix B, Hammer Galleries - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Exhibition 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1972, 1976, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

Knoedler Publishing - 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 3.2 Publications, 1.2: Knoedler & Co and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1976, 1989

Kohl Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Kool Jazz Festival - see jazz

Koosman, Jerry, Jerry Koosman, 1976 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

Kopf, Chef Stefan - 4.1: 1986

Kozlova, Valentina - V: 1991

Kramer, Paul - 4.1: 1980

Kravtiz, Brenda - 1.1: Friars

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - see television, see also Appendix A

Kushner, Cedric - see Heavyweight Explosion

L

La Cuisine Francaise - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994 -1999, 3.1: The Culinary Arts 1998, 4.1: 1995, 1998, Le Grand Cuisine, 1977 - 2.1: 2000, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1977, 2001

La Nuit de Paris, 1988 - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Lacrosse - 4.1: 1977, 2005, see also McEneaney, Eamon

U.S.A. Lacrosse Team - 4.1: 1978

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal - see horses

Lagerfeld, Karl - 4.1: 1992

Lake Tahoe - VC: 1983

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96

Landry, Tom - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, Tom Landry, 1984 - 4.1: 1984 ov., 1989

Lanier Business Products, Inc. - see Stock Market, 1976

Largent, Steve - 4.1: 1994

Lark Creek Inn - 4.1: 1990

Larry Harper Company - 4.1: 1998

LaRussa, Tony - 2.1: 1993, Manager of the Year, 1992 - 4.1: 1993

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1985, 1987

Lasorda, Tommy - 4.1: 1993

Las Vegas - see casinos, 1.1: Awards, 3.1: Las Vegas Centennial 2005

Las Vegas Celebrity Cookbook - 2.1: 1984

Latin Legends film - 4.1: Undated 1990s

Latin Recording Academy - see Appendix A

law suits -- - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 4.1: 1975, see also forgery, theft

against Felicie Schumsky, by LeRoy Neiman, 1976 - 1.2

against Robert Gold d/b/a Gallery Artists, 1976 - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

against LeRoy Neiman and Knoedler, Inc. by Emerald Art Gallery, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Lawrence Ross Galleries - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

lawyers - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

Lazar, Irving "Swifty" - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Leahy, Pat - 4.1: 1992

Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Lebow, Fred - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

lectures - 2.2: Royce Carlton Lecture Agents 1978-86, 4.1: 1989, see also Learning Annex

Leibowitz, Maury - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Leifer, Neil - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 2003

Leija, James - 4.1: 1995

LeMieux, Mario, Mario LeMieux, 1989 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Lendl, Ivan - see tennis

Lennon, John - 2.1: 1999, 2000, see also The Beatles, and Ono, Yoko

John Lennon, pre 1982 drawing - 4.1: 1982

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990, 4.1: 1990, 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - see boxing

LeRoy, Minnesota - 4.1: 1978 and ov, V: 1970s

LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII 1994, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

LeRoy Neiman: Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, 1.2: Felicie, Inc. Advertising, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present

LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, University of California at Los Angeles - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, 1997, 4.1: 1997 (ov), 1998

LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996 - 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1997-present, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1998, 1999, V: 1991, see also Tavern on the Green

Let's Celebrate - 4.1: undated

Leukemia Society of America - 4.1: 1992

Levin, Meyer - 4.1: 1955-59

Lewis, Carl - see track and field

Lewis, Jerry Lee - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, The Killer - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Lewis, Lennox - see boxing

Liberace - 4.1: 1988

Licensing Art and Design, by Cynthia Revelli - 2.1: 1995

Lido - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Lifeline Inc. (fitness equipment) - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Lifestyle -- Magazine - 4.1: Undated 1980s

Lilly, Bob, Bob Lilly, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

Limbaugh, Rush - 4.1: 1991

Limoges enamels - 2.1: 1988

Lincoln, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, 1968 - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 4.1: 1968, 1981, 1987

Lindberg, Elayne - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981 (photo)

Lipofsky, Mary and Steve - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1995

Liston, Sonny - see boxing

Little, Floyd - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 4.1: 1973 ov

Floyd Little - 4.1: 1972

The Littlest Clown - 4.1: undated

Liverpool, England - 4.1: 1960 ov

Lollobrigida, Gina - 4.1: 1981

Loma Linda University - 2.1: 1983

Lombardi, Vince, Vince, 1981 - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1985

Lomonaco, Chef Michael - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1999

London, England - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1960 ov, 1961, 1962, 1966, see also Liverpool

The Lone Ranger, 1977 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

Long, Captain Elgen, The Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975 -87, 4.1: 1982

Lonsdale International Sporting Club - 1.1: Awards

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Louganis, Greg - see swimming and diving

Louis, Allyson - see Allyson Louis Gallery

Louis, Joe - see boxing

Lowery, Nick

Nick Lowery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 1997

Lubel, William - 2.1: 1973

Lynch, David - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

M

Maccioni, Sirio - 4.1: 2004

Mack, Barbara - see Gallery Mack

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Madison Square Garden (silkscreen) - 4.1: 1978

Madrid, Spain - 4.1: 1960 ov

A Magic Moment, 1990 - see Orlando Magic under "baseball"

magical creatures - see animals: unicorn

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1995

Mailer, Norman - 4.1: 1982

Maitland, Vic - 2.2: NFL Alumni

Make-a-Wish Foundation - 4.1: 2000

Maki, Mary Ann - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Malave, Chu Chu - see boxing

Malinowski, Mark "Scoop" - 4.1: 2000

Malletmen, 1977 etching - see polo

Manager of the Year, 1992 - see LaRussa, Tony

Mandalay Bay - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Mandela, Nelson - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997

Mangione, Chuck - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Bride -- Magazine - 4.1: 1999

Manhattan Concert Club - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Magazine - 1.1: Awards, 2.1: 1989, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995 - present, 4.1: 1984, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999 Manila, Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

Mannochia, Adriano - 4.1: 1983

Mantle, Mickey - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999, 4.1: 1968

Mickey Mantle (or) High Ball Homer, 1962 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Mickey Mantle - Switcher, 1967 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995, see also Chemical Bank and McCabe, Charles

marathon - see running

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1981, 1982, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985, 4.1: 1974, 1981, 1983, 1985

Mardi Gras - 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Poster Painting 2002, 4.1: 1987, 2001

Marichal, Juan, Juan Marichal - 4.1: 1995

marionette - 4.1: 1981, 1984

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Marlin!, 1977 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1977 ov

Marmel, David - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-85

Marquis Who's Who - 1.1: Who's Who

Marshall Field & Company - 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only)

Marshall, Leonard, Leonard Marshall, 1991 - 4.1: 1991, 1992

Martin, Billy, Billy Martin, 1990 drawing - 2.1: 1990

Marx, Groucho - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84

Maser Galleries, Maser Fine Arts - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983

Mashburn, Jamal - 4.1: 1990

mask auction - 4.1: 1988

Mason, Jackie - 4.1: 1994

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - 1.1: Awards: Citations, 4.1: 1982

matador - see bullfights

Mathis, Buster - see boxing

Matsui, 2004 - 3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005

The Maulers -- 1993 lithograph - see boxing

Max, Peter - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Mayo Clinic - 2.1: 1983

mayoral debate - 4.1: 1989, see also politics

Mays, Willie - 4.1: 1992, Wille Mays - 2.2: 1978, 4.1: 1979, 1982, 2001

Mazeroski, Bill, Bill Mazeroski - 4.1: 1973

Mazzilli, Lee, Lee Mazzilli, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 2001 4.1: 2001, Lee Mazzilli Celebrity Golf and Tennis Classic - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 1987, 1997, see also Chemical Bank

McCormack, Mark H. - see The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack under golf

McDonald, Kitt - 4.1: 1986

McDougal, Little & Company - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon - 4.1: 2001, 2005

McEnroe, John - see tennis

McFagan, Helen - 2.1: 1993

McGirt, James "Buddy" - see boxing

McGraw-Hill Publishers - 2.1: 1999

McGuire, Al - 4.1: 1980

McGwire, Mark, Mark McGwire, 1998 - 3.1: Mark McGwire 1998-99, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-2002

McHale, Kevin - see Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

McNeely, Peter - 4.1: 1995

McNichol, Kristy - 2.1: 1980

Mead, Margaret, Margaret Mead, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 1977 ov

Meigs, Kris - 2.1: 1981

Melville, Herman - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Memphis Blues Ball - 4.1: 1998

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

menus - 4.1: 1977, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, see also food, restaurants

medical - see The Open Heart, 1982

Mercantile Bank, Chicago and Hammond, IN - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966

merchandise - see promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89, 4.1: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982 see exhibitions

Metropolitan Museum of Art - 2.1: 1981

Metropolitan Opera - see opera

Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhibition and Painting 1989

MGM Grand Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Miami Sound Machine - see Estefan, Emilio and Gloria

Michael Zabrin Fine Art - 2.1: 1989

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980, see also football: New York Jets

Midwest Museum of American Art - 4.1: 1979, 1989, see also exhibitions

Miles, Sylvia - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1991

Minelli, Liza - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

miniatures - 4.1: 1983

Minnesota Historical Society - 2.1: 1994

Minnesota Museum of Art - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting 1975-76, see also exhibitions

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1986, see also exhibitions

John Miles Bonded Travel Agency - 4.1: undated

military - 1.1: Military Service

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - see bowling

Millionaire Magazine - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-99

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Milt Gross Fund - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2001

Minuteman, 1987 - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Mirrer, Louise - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

The Mixologist, 1959 - see bars

Moby Dick -- , 1975 - 2.1: 1993, 3.2.2

models - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, see also Eve Models, Inc., search for individual models by name

Monaco - see also Bal de la Mer, Monte Carlo, auto racing, French Riviera

Monaco Rendezvous, 1994 - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all dates, 1980s, 1990s)

Monroe, Earl, Earl "The Pearl" Monroe, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Montana, Joe, Joe Montana, 1982 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Montanez, Willie - 4.1: 1979

Monte Carlo, Monaco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E, see auto racing, Monaco

Monte Carlo, 1994 - 4.1: 1999

Monte Carlo Chase, 1988 - 2.2: Neiman -Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Solo Exhibition 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Japanese Edition - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Moore, Wayland - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Moorer, Michael - 4.1: 1994

Morbelli, Jean - 2.1: 1988

Moreno, Linda "Eva" - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgan, Joe, Joe Morgan, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morley, Malcolm - 4.1: 1984

Morocco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Morrel Wines - 4.1: 1984

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Morrison, Tommy - see boxing

Morton's of Chicago - see restaurants

Moscow - 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, V: 1960s

Tretyakov Museum - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Mosley, Shane - see boxing

Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter - 4.1: 2000

Mozartfest - 4.1: 1998

Mthembu, Nomusa - 2.1: 1992

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1998

multiple sclerosis - see National Multiple Sclerosis Society, or Race to Erase MS

Munich, Germany - see Olympic Games

Municipal Art League of Chicago Award - 1.1: Awards

Munson, Thurman - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002, Thurman Munson, 1976 - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002

murals - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966, 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural 1976, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981, 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Murphy Brown - see Warner Brothers Television in Appendix A

Murphy, Dale - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 4.1: 1993

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-1998, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Murphy, Father Terrence - 4.1: 2004

Muscle Builder & Power Magazine - 4.1: 1977

Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America - 4.1: 1971, 1987

Lifetime Achievement Award - 1.1: Awards

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972 see also exhibitions

Museum of the City of New York, Theater Collection - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

music -- - 4.1: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1992, see also Gibson Guitars

blues - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see Paul, Les

classical - 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1998, see also Bernstein, Leonard; Eaton, Roy; Fox, Virgil; Grady, John; Raphael, James

Arkansas Symphony Orchestra - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Desert Symphony - 4.1: 1997

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965, 1967

Symphantasy - 3.1: Symphantasy 1988

Symphony for United Nations, 1991 - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1991

country - 4.1: 1994, see Tennessee

jazz - see jazz

opera - see opera

popular - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-82, 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993, 4.1: 1993, see The Beatles; Bennet, Tony; Blues Ball; Davis, Sammy; Iglesias, Julio; Jackson, Michael; Lennon, John; Paul, Les; Sinatra, Frank

musicals - see Times Square, 2001

Angels on Horseback - 4.1: undated 1980s

Golden Boy - 4.1: 1964

My Fair Lady - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Oh! Calcutta - 4.1: 1967

Porgy and Bess - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

West Side Story - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation - 4.1: 1978

Myers, Farlan - 2.1: 1986

Mystic Seaport, CT - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Mystic Rock, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

N

NAMTA - 4.1: 1984

NBC - see television

NECO (National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations) - 1.1: Awards, Citations and Miscellaneous Prizes

Nabisco - see promotions

Nahan, Kenneth - 4.1: undated

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - see basketball

Namath, Joe - 3.1: New York Jets 1966-, 4.1: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1982

Napoleon at Waterloo, 1988 serigraph - 4.1: 1988

Nash, Beau - 3.1: The Ambassadors, 1960s

The Nation -- Magazine - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1998

National Art Museum of Sport (NAMOS) - 2.1: 1972, 1979, 4.1: 1980, 2003 see also exhibitions

National Arts Club - 4.1: 1994

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - see baseball

National Bowling Hall of Fame and Museum - see bowling - Million Dollar Strike, 1982

National Cowboy Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

National Fitness Classic - 4.1: 1982, 1983

National Multiple Sclerosis Society - 4.1: 1969, 1976, 1980, 1988

National Sports Collectors Convention - 4.1: 1992 ov.

NBA - see basketball

negative press - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983

Neiman, Earl - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman, Janet - 1.1: Family, 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955, 4.1: 1985

Neiman News - 3.1: Neiman News 1977-1985

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1983, 1984

Neiman, Robert B - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

"Neiman's Cuba" film project - 2.1: 1979, 1982

Neiman's Restaurant & Lounge - see restaurants and bars

Nepal - 2.1: 1982

Nevada County Arts Council - 4.1: 1982

New Jersey State Opera Ball - see opera

New Milford Hospital - 4.1: 1991

New Orleans, Louisiana - 2.1: 1993, 1997, 1998, see also Hanson Art Galleries and Mardi Gras

New School for Social Research, NY - 4.1: 1978

New Times Magazine - 2.1: 1978

New Year's Eve, 1997 - 4.1: 1997 and ov

New York City Marathon - see running

New York Friars Club - 4.1: 1999

New York Giants - see Football

New York and Los Angeles: Politics, Society, and Culture by David Halle - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present

New York Public Library - 4.1: 2002

New York State Governor's Arts Awards - 4.1: 2000

New York Times Magazine -- - 4.1: 1971

The New Yorker -- Magazine - 4.1: 1994, 1999

Newman, Eric - V: 1975

Newman, Paul - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, see also -- The Hustler

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newsweek -- Magazine - 4.1: 1972, 1992

Newton, Wayne - 4.1: 1988

NFL - see football

NHL - see hockey

Niarchos, Stavros

Stavros Niarchos, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Nicholson, Jack - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

Nicklaus, Jack - see golf

Nitschke, Ray - 4.1: 1988

Noah, Yannick - see tennis

Nob Hill, 1986 serigraph - 3.1: Nob Hill and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Norman, Greg, Greg Norman - 2.1: 1990

North Shore Art League - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association - 4.1: 1986, 1987

Northern Indiana Art Association - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Northwest Orient Magazine - 4.1: 1986

Northwest Paper Company - 3.1: 1972 Olympics

Northwestern University - 2.1: 1978

Norton, Ken - see boxing

Norton Herrick Fine Arts Group - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

Norway - 2.1: 1988

Notre Dame - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Nureyev, Rudolph - see ballet

O

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

Everett Oehlschlaeger Galleries, Chicago - 2.1: 1960s, 4.1: 1973, 1975

Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Oh! Calcutta - see musicals

Oklahoma - see Bennett, Chef John, and baseball: Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league)

Olin Corporation - see promotions

Olympic Games -- - 4.1: 1984

1972 Olympics, Munich - 3.1: 1972 Olympics, Munich, 4.1: 1987

1976 Olympics, Montreal - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal, 4.1: 1987

Games of the XXI Olympiad, 1976 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983

Olympic Boxers, 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

1980 Winter Olympics, Lake Placid - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Olympic Figure Skating, 1978 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Winter Olympic Skiing, 1980 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo - 3.1: Sarajevo Winter Olympics 1984

1984 Olympics, Los Angeles - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

American Gold, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Opening Ceremonies - XXIII Olympiad 1984, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

1988 Olympics, Seoul - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

1988 Winter Olympics, Calgary - 2.1: 1986, 1987

1992 Olympics, Barcelona - 2.1: 1989

1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer - 3.1: 1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer

1996 Olympics, Atlanta - 3.1: Atlanta Olympics 1996

2000 Olympics - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

2004 Olympic bid - 2.1: 1989

boxing - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

Olympic Boxing - 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Olympics of Tomorrow - 4.1: 1978

U.S. Olympic Fight Night - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1996

Spring Serenade 2004 - 4.1: 2004

OMTI (Opera Music Theatre International) LeRoy Neiman Recital Hall - see opera

On Safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Onassis, Aristotle, Aristotle Onassis, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

O'Neal, Shaquille, Shaquille O'Neal, 2000 - 3.1: Shaquille O'Neal, 2000

Ono, Yoko - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

The Open Heart, 1982 - 3.1: The Open Heart, 1982

opera - see also Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Ballroom Scene from 'La Traviata', 1980 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 2.1: 2002, 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83, 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995

Jerome Hines as Boris Godunov, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 2002

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

New Jersey State Opera Ball - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

A Night at the Opera, drawing - 4.1: 1989

Opera Music Theater International - 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995, 4.1: 1989, 4.1: 1991

Pagliacci, 1982 - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

The Three Tenors, 1996 serigraph release - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

organists - see Fox, Virgil; Grady, John

Original Print Collectors' Group, Ltd. - 4.1: 1989

Orr, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Orr for the Defense, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Oslo, Norway - 2.1: 1988

Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center - 4.1: 1997

Outrigger Canoe Race, 1976 - 4.1: undated 1970s

Owens, Jesse - see track and field

Ox-Bow, the Summer School of Painting, Saugatuck, Michigan - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Ox -Bow 1998

Oxendine, Kit - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, V:1990s

P

P.J. Clarke's, New York - see restaurants

P.O.V. Magazine - 4.1: 1998

Pacino, Al - 2.1: 1983

Paige, Satchel - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999, 4.1: 1996

Palm Beach, Florida - V: 1970s

Palm Springs, California - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin, 1987-88

Palmer, Arnold - see golf

Palmer, Jim, Jim Palmer, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Papp, L. Roy - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980

Pappas, Thomas, Thomas A. Pappas, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Paris, France - 3.1: "Un Americain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993, 4.1: 1963

Paris, 1989 - 3.1: Kentucky Derby 1995-97

Paris Match -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961, 1962

Parker, Charlie - see jazz

Parks Council - 4.1: 1976

Paschke, Ed - 2.1: 1988, 1990, 2.3

Pastorini, Dan - 2.1: 1989

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Patrick, John 'Malt Liquor' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Patterson, Floyd - see boxing

Paul, Les - 2.1: 1997

Pavarotti, Luciano - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

PAWS/LA - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 2000

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pazienza, Vinny - 4.1: 1995

Peaches and Pits Awards - 4.1: 1987, 2000

Pebble Beach - see golf

Pele - see soccer

Pelkey, Joe - 2.1: 1990, 1993, 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

pendant - VII: Painting pendants, undated

Peninsula Sports Club - 4.1: 1973

Penn, Esther - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999

Penske, Roger - see auto racing

Penthouse -- Magazine - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1979, see also exhibitions

perfume - see promotions

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1984

Perkins, Carl - 2.2: Libby Murphy

Perry, Gaylord - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Perse, Joanne - 4.1: 1986

PESO - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990

Philadelphia Sports Writers Association - 4.1: 2000

Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

pianists - see Eaton, Roy; Raphael, James, see also music: classical

Piazza, Mike, Mike Piazza, 1999 - 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999

Piazza San Marco, 1990 - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Pierrot, drawing - 4.1: 1975

Pierrot, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Pierrot the Juggler, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

The Pitman Company - 4.1: 1984

Pizza Hut - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1992 ov

La Plage de Deauville, 1990 - 2.1: 1990

plates, collectible - see Royal Doulton

Plate Collector Magazine - 2.1: 1980

The Playboy, painting - 4.1: 1990

Playboy Enterprises International - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.1: 2001 art auction - 4.1: 1989, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

New York Playboy Club - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Playboy Art Collection - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1975, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Playboy -- Magazine and Man at His Leisure - see Appendix E, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 4.1: 1959, 1966, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, V: Playboy Clubs 1961-63

Femlin - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 1995, 2001, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, 4.2: -- Playboy -- - Femlin Paraphernalia

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Special Editions, Ltd. - 4.1: 1992

Players Hotel, New Orleans - 2.1: 1984

The Plaza Hotel, New York - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

The Plaza Square, 1985 - 4.1: 1985, 1986

tapestry - 2.1: 1990

Poland - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Plunkett, Sherman - 4.1: 1967

Police Athletic League - 2.1: 1981

politics - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988, 3.1: Rudy Giulianni and Commission on Cultural Affairs 1994-2001, 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 4.1: 1960, 1968, 1988, 1989, 1992, see also Thurmond, Strom, and The White House

Pollock, Jackson - 4.1: 1984

polo - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1988

Attack, 1965 - 4.1: 1967

elephant polo - 2.1: 1982

H.R.H. Prince Charles, 1982 - 4.1: 1985

Malletmen, 1977 etching - 3.1: Malletmen Certificate 1977

Polo Player, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Polo Players, 1964 - 4.1: 1991

Polo Lounge, 1988 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Bev Hills 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1995, 1996, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

The Pope Flies Over New York, detail - 4.1: 1981

Pope, Kerig - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s

Porgy and Bess - see musicals

Porter, David - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Portola Valley Classic Equestrian Festival - 4.1: 1999

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - see animals

portraits -- - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

of LeRoy Neiman, by other artists - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.1: 1986 ov

by LeRoy Neiman - search by name of subject

Posner Gallery - 2.1: 1989

posters - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1981, 1993

Posters, 1980 - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 3.2 ov.

Pratt Institute, New York - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

Preakness Stakes - see horse racing

Prentice - Hall Publishers - 2.1: 1978

President of the United States - see politics, or search by name of President (Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton)

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1982, 1983

Presley, Elvis - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1978 (July)

price lists - IID: Price Lists

Prince Charles, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

prints - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov), see also The Prints of LeRoy Neiman below

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980, Knoedler Publishing

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990, 1991 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City 1992, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000, 2001 - 3.2.14

Professional Picture Framers Association - 4.1: 1984

promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

AMF Incorporated (soccer equipment) - 3.1: AMF Soccer Equipment Promotion 1979

Absolut Vodka

Absolut Neiman, 1970 - 3.1: Absolut Vodka ad 1991, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach, 1985 commercial - 3.1: Alexander Hotel Promotion 1985

Anheuser-Busch - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

Clydesdales, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 1983

World Cup Soccer poster 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Arrow shirts, The Arrow Man, 1986 - 3.1: Arrow shirts promotion 1986

Atomic skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Burger King - 3.1: Burger King Promotion 1976

Canadian Club Whiskey - 4.1: 1979

Charlie Cosmetics - 3.1: Charlie Cosmetics promotion 1981

Classic Leather, 1978 catalog - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Corvette - see Corvette

Dewars Scotch Whiskey - 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970

S.T. DuPont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter set - 3.1: S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter Set, 2003

Folger's Instant Coffee - 4.1: undated 1960s

Footwear - 2.1: 1989

Fragrances - 4.1: 1985 see promotions: Givenchy

General Electric Cellular Car Phone - 3.1: General Electric Phone Promotion 1984

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gone with the Wind perfume - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989

Hager hinges - 4.1: 1988

Hanes Hosiery - 2.1: 1980

Merrill Chase - 2.1: 1978

Miller Brewing Company - 4.1: 1984

Nabisco - 2.1: 1988

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - 3.1: Ocean Club, Atlantic City 1982-1990

Olin Corporation, Olin Skier, 1976 - 4.1: 1976 and ov.

PuzzleStix - 3.1: PuzzleStix product idea 1999

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Saks Fifth Avenue - see Saks Fifth Avenue

Sharp Color Copier - 3.1: Sharp copier promotion 1986

skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Skoal chewing tobacco - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Sports Commemorative Satinwood whiskey decanters - 3.1: Sports Commemorative Whiskey Decanter 1979

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

Tropicana Hotel and Casino - see casinos

watches - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995

Wheaties - see Wheaties

publications - Series 3.2

publicists - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puerto Rico - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - see bars

Punchinello, 1971 lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1973, 1974

Purdue University - 4.1: 1986

puzzles - see promotions, product and service, and collectibles

Q

Quarry, Jerry - see boxing

Quayle, Lynn - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, IIID: Datebooks, 4.1: 1988

Queen Elizabeth of England - 4.1: 1959

The Queen Elizabeth II - 3.1: Queen Elizabeth II Cruise, 1999

R

race car - see auto racing

Race to Erase MS - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 2001

>radio -- - 4.1: 1974, 1985, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

King, Larry - see King, Larry

Stern, Howard - 3.1: Howard Stern, 1994

WNBC Radio - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981

WPRO Radio Providence, RI - 2.1: 1990

Rangers Hockey Magazine - 4.1: 1967

Raphael, James

James Raphael, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Rattiner, Dan - see Dan's Papers

Rawlings Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy -- - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Ronald Reagan, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

real estate - 2.1: 1986

recipe - see Heartland Celebrity Cookbook

Red Square - see Moscow

Redgrave, Vanessa - 4.1: 1994

Regatta of the Gondoliers - 2.1: 1984

Regis & Ann Show - 4.1: 1984

Reiner, Rob - 1.1: Friars

representations of LeRoy Neiman by other artists - 4.1: 1989

restaurants and bars

Al Schacht's Restaurant - 4.1: 1967, 1968 and ov

Alexis Tangier, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958

The Bistro Garden - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987, 4.1: undated

Bruxelles Restaurant - 4.1: 1950s

The Buena Vista Café, San Francisco, 1986 - 3.1: 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986, 4.1: 1987

Le Café Chambord - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Café de Flore, Paris, 1964 - 4.1: 1996

Le Café Lautrec, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Café de la Paix - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Central Park Boathouse - 3.1: Central Park Boathouse Painting 2002-2003

Chumley's - 4.1: 1968

Le Cirque - 3.1: Circus, 2000, 4.1: 2004

Corona Café, Chicago - 4.1: 2001

Duke's Fish & Grill - 4.1: 1985

Ernie's, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1979 - 3.1: F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar 1979-80, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992 and 1993-2002, 4.1: 1995

Fouquet's - 2.1: 1993

Fouquet's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1996

Fouquet's, 1977 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Gallagher's Steak House, New York - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002

Le Grand Vefour - 2.1: 1993

Harry's at Hanover Square - 4.1: 1985

Harry's Bar, 1985 - 4.1: 1995

Harry's Wall Street Bar - 4.1: 2002, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Iron Horse Restaurant - 4.1: undated

Jak-Nicholas Restaurant - 4.1: 1973

Lark Creek Inn - see California Cuisine

Left Bank Café

London House, Chicago - 4.1: undated

Maxim's de Paris - 4.1: 1963, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

McSorley's Irish Pub, New York - 4.1: 1980

Mister Kelly's - 4.1: undated

The Mixologist, 1959 - 4.1: 1999

Moose's Restaurant, San Francisco - 4.1: 2003, 2004, 2005

Morton's of Chicago - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.2.12, 4.1: 1997, 1998, 2000

Neil De Vaughn's - 4.1: 1987

Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge, Carlsbad, CA - 3.1: Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge 1980s, VII: Neiman's Restaurant, Carlsbad, CA, 1980s

Nello - 4.1: 1999

P.J. Clarke's, New York, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992, 4.1: 1978, 1989, 1995

Peppy's Pomme Soufflee - 4.1: 1973

Pierro's on the Park - 4.1: 1994

Polo Bar, Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Polo Lounge - see Polo Lounge, 1988

Pump Room - 4.1: 1974, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1958, see Appendix E, see also The Ambassadors Hotel

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974, 4.1: 1950s

Rao's - 2.1: 2002

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2005

Restaurant Antoine - 4.1: undated

Romanoff's - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Rosati's, Via Venito - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1968, see Appendix E

Rush Street Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Sardi's, World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Spago, Los Angeles - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Tavern on the Green - 4.1: 1991, 1998

Tavern on the Green, 1990 painting and 1991 serigraph - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1991, V: 1991

Carriage at Tavern on the Green, 1997 drawing - 4.1: 1997

Toots Shor Bar - 2.1: 1988, 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads

Tratoria del'Arte - 4.1: 1991

'21' Club - 3.1: Dress the Jockeys at '21' Club, New York, 2001

Bar at 21 - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: undated

'21' Club (exterior), 1990 - 3.1: '21' Club 1990

Two Bar Men, 1965 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

The Wimbledon - 4.1: 1975

retail prices, list of prints, 1986 - 2.1: 1986

retail stores - see Neiman-Marcus

Revelli, Cynthia - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli

Revlon - 2.1: 1992

Rhino Records - 4.1: 1991

Rhythm & Smoke - see cigars

Rice, Jerry - 4.1: 1995

Riggins, John, John Riggins - 4.1: 1972

Riker, Lyn - V: 1980s

The Ring Magazine - see boxing

Ringside Madison Square Garden, 1964-65 - see boxing - Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65

Rivalry, 1975 - see college sports: football: Ohio State Buckeyes

Rivera, Chita - 4.1: 1995

Rizzuto, Phil, The Scooter, 1994 - 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994

The Robb Report Magazine - see automobiles

Robinson, Jackie - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson, 1993 - see Jackie Robinson Foundation

Jackie Robinson, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Sliding Home, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Foundation - 3.1: Jackie Robinson Foundation 1993

Robinson, Patrick - 2.1: 1977

Robinson, Sugar Ray - see boxing

Robinson's, Los Angeles - 4.1: undated

Rock for the Cure - 4.1: 2004

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-90

Rocky - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

rodeo - 4.1: 1977, 2000

Rogers, Kenny - 4.1: 1999

Kenny Rogers, 1982 watercolor - 3.1: Childrens Diabetes Foundation Carousel Ball

Rolling Stone Press - 4.1: 1982

Rolls Royce - see automobiles

Ronald McDonald House - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003

Rooney, Art, Art Rooney, 1972 - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1972

Roosevelt University, Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

"Rooster," 1981 film - see film

Roques, Karin Adrian v. - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Rose, Donna - 2.2: Donna Rose and Art Brokerage Inc. Correspondence

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - see exhibitions

Rote, Jr., Kyle - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rotonda Superstars - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1994, 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1994, Jeanette Rudy, 1994 - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1996

running -- - see also track and field

Ashford, Evelyn - 4.1: 1987

Barron, Gayle - 2.1: 1983, 1984

Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon, 1979 - 4.1: 1981, 1990

Coghlan, Eamonn, Eamonn Coghlan Winning the 1985 Wanamaker Mile, 1985 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Dixon, Rod - 4.1: 1998

New York City Marathon - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Classic Marathon Finish, 1985 serigraph - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Fred, This Run's For You, 1990 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

New York City Marathon, 1987 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Runner's World Magazine - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Shorter, Frank - 2.1: 1973

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - see television

Rush, Rick - 4.1: 1999

Rush Street Bar - see bars

Russell, Bill - 4.1: 1968

Ruth, Babe - 4.1: 1973, 1995

Ryan, Nolan

Nolan Ryan, 1981 - 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 4.1: 1991

S

Sadat, Anwar - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

sailing -- - 4.1: 1950s, 1964, 1985, 1994, America II, 1986 - 3.1: America II, 1986, 4.1: 1986

America's Cup - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

America's Cup, 1964 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

America's Cup, Australia, 1987 - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1987

America's Cup Stars and Stripes, 1987 - 2.1: 1987

Boat Club, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Boats and Boats, 1960 oil on board - 2.1: 1978

Girallia Yacht Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hawaiian Sailing - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984

High Seas Sailing - 4.1: 1999

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Sail Boats, 1953 - 4.1: 1998

Sailing - 4.1: 1985

Swell Sailing - 4.1: 1983

Turnberry Isle Yacht Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Yawl Sailing, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

St. Bonaventure University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees: St. Bonaventure University 1999

St. Clare's Hopital and Health Center - 4.1: 1995

St. Francis College, Brooklyn Heights, New York - 1.1: Honorary Degrees (ov), 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

St. John's University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1985

St. Paul, Minnesota, bicentennial painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76

St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce - 2.1: 1976

St. Paul Museum - 4.1: 1997

Winter Carnival painting, Ice Palace, 1985 - 3.1: Ice Palace 1985-86

St. Tropez - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

St. Tropez, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999

Saks Fifth Avenue - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

View from Saks, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Saleski, Don - 4.1: 1974

Salon d'Automne - see exhibitions, group: Grand Palais

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

Salvation Army - 2.1: 1999

San Diego Zoo - 2.1: 1977

San Francisco, CA

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

City by the Bay, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Day, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Night, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Washington Square (Moose's), 2002 - 4.1: 2003

Sandburg, Carl - V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63

Sandusky, Joe, Joe Sandusky - 4.1: undated 1990s

Santa Claus - 4.1: 1992

Sapir, Judge Eddie - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 1983, 1988

Satchmo - see Armstrong, Louis

Satinwood Whiskey - see promotions and collectibles

Saugatuck - see Ox-Bow

Saviano, Rudy - 2.1: 1999

savings bonds - see U.S. Savings Bonds

Sayers, Gale - see I Am Third, by Gale Sayers

Scaffidi, Phil - 2.1: 1981

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schaefer Brewing Company - 2.1: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1981, 4.1: 1976

Schoenfield, Ed - 4.1: 1986

Schmeling, Max - 4.1: 1989

Schmidt, Michael - 2.1: 1980

The Slugger, 1979 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1990, 1999

Schulberg, Budd, Budd Schulberg, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 2004

Schulz, Axel - 4.1: 1995

Schultz, Charles - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Schultz, Dave (hockey player) - 4.1: 1974

Schultz, Dave (wrestler) - see wrestling

Schumsky, Felicie - V: 1970s, see also Felicie, Inc.

Screiber, Al - 4.1: 1994

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: LongTerm Projects: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinners, 4.1: 1977, 1981, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 1977-78, 4.1: 1977, 1985, 2005

The Scooter, 1994 - see Rizzuto, Phil

Scott Foresman & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

Screen Actors Guild - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards, 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

sculpture

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987, 4.1: 1978

Defiant, 1987 - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987 Seaver, Tom

The Franchise, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 2001

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Sehorn, Jason - 4.1: 1999

Seitz, Nick - see golf: -- Golf Digest -- Magazine

Self Portrait (at easel) - 4.1: 2000

Self Portrait (close up with cigar and pen), 1997 - 4.1: 1998

Serline, Ollie (LeRoy's aunt) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s, 4.1: 1972

Sharp color copier - 4.1: 1986

The Sharper Image - 4.1: 1997

Shavers, Earnie - see boxing

Shaw, Robert - 2.1: 1977, 1978

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York 2000

Shenker, Morris A. - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1982

Sher Galleries - 4.1: 1987

Sherman, Nettie - 4.1: 1981

Sherry -Lehmann - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1997 and ov

ship - see The Jennifer

shoes - VII

Shore, Dinah - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-77

Shorter, Frank - see running

The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991 - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Showboats International - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Shula, Don - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Siegfried & Roy - 2.1: 1998, V: 1999

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.1: 1973

Silverwood Products - 2.1: 1992

Simon Weisenthal Center - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Simpson, O.J. - 4.1: undated 1990s, see football: Cross-Town Rivalry 1967, 1993, O.J. Simpson - 4.1: 1972, 1974

Sinatra, Frank -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 2.2: Sinatra Family Correspondence, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Portraits for Duets and Duets II Albums 1993-1995, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Classic Duets Album Cover 2002, 4.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 1998, see also golf, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph - 4.1: 2005

Frank Sinatra, 1993 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Duets and Duets II Album Covers 1993-1995

Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall, 1974 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall Poster 1974

Frank Sinatra as the Detective, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Frank Sinatra at Madison Square Garden, 1974 drawing for poster - 4.1: 1974

Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall, 1989 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

Singleton, Isaiah - 2.1: 1996

Singleton, Skip - see tennis: Intelligent Doubles and Intelligent Tennis

skating - see figure skating

skiing -- - 4.1: 1983, 1995, see also Olympics: skiing

Lady Skier - 4.1: 1998

Little Skier - 4.1: 1974

The Skier, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Skiing, etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Slalom, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Squaw Valley - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, V: 1960s, see Appendix E

Vail Race to Erase MS painting, 1994 - 4.1: 1995

Skoal Pinch Hitter of the Year Award - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Slatkin, Leonard, Leonard Slatkin, 1980? - 4.1: 1980

Sliding Home - see baseball

slot machine - 4.2: Playboy - Femlin Paraphernalia

The Slugger, 1979 - see Schmidt, Michael

Smith, Charley - 1.1: Military Service

Smith, Emmitt

Emmitt Smith, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Smith, Liz - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Smith Jones, Nancy - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Smithsonian Institution, The Smithsonian Associate Magazine - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Smothers, Tom and Dick (The Smothers Brothers) - 1.1: New York Friars Club

Snead, Sam - see golf - Frost, David

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1974, 1991, Jimmy the Greek - 4.1: 1982

soccer -- - 2.1: 1984, 1985, 4.1: 1977, 1979, 1994

AMF soccer equipment - see promotions

Anheuser Busch World Cup poster, 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Chinaglia, Georgio - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1979, 1998

Cosmos - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977

Fairfax Police Youth Club Tournament poster, 1988 - 3.1: Fairfax Police Youth Club Soccer Tournament Poster 1988

Maradona, Diego - 2.1: 1980, Maradona, 1982 - 3.2. Winners, Harry N. Abrams, 1983, Magazines and Catalogs

Pele - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov., 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975, 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1988

The Black Pearl, 1975 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Pele, 1975 - 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988

Pele, watercolor - 2.1: 1983

Soccer, 1989 etching - 4.1: 1990

Tampa Bay Rowdies: Soccer is a Kick in the Grass, 1975 - 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975

socialites - 3.1: Notes on Hamptons high society 1972

Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles - 1.1: Awards: Citations

soft paintings - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhibition 1989

Solange - 4.1: 1973

Soltner, Chef Andre - 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Sony - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1977

The Sopranos - 4.1: 1999

Sosa, Merqui - 4.1: 1996

Sosa, Sammy, Sammy Sosa, 1999 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998-99

Sorenson, Jacki - see dance

Sorokko, Serge - see exhibitions: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries

Sotheby's - see Carousel of Hope, 4.1: 1986, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1972, see Appendix E

souvenirs - see promotions

space shuttle - see Columbia Space Shuttle

Spago - 4.1: 1999

speaking engagements - 4.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988

Special Olympics -3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005, 4.1: 1986, 1996, Mississippi Special Olympics - 2.1: 1977

The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA - 2.1: 1991, 1996, 3.1: Philadelphia Spectrum Painting 1991, 4.1: 1992, V: Photographs

Spectrum Fine Art, New York - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove", Spectrum Fine Art, 1977, 4.1: 1978

Spelling, Aaron - 2.1: 1985

Spinks, Leon - see boxing

Spinks, Michael - see boxing

Spirit Foundation - 2.1: 1999

Spitz, Mark - see swimming and diving

The Sporting Life - 4.1: undated

The Sporting News - 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95

sports - listed alphabetically by name of sport (i.e. "baseball," "soccer"), with teams listed under heading of appropriate; in some cases college and professional sports are indexed separately. Also search for names of specific athletes.

sports arenas - see Madison Square Garden, Philadelphia Spectrum

sports cards - see trading cards

Sports Collectors Digest - 4.1: 1997

Sports Commemorative Decanters - see promotions and collectibles

sportscasters - see also Cosell, Howard, and Rooney, Art

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards

Sportsman's Ball - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

SportsWise Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Springfield Art Association, Illinois - 2.1: 1990

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - see tennis

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - see bars

Stallone, Sylvester - see Rocky, 4.1: 1987

stamps - 4.1: 1974

"Health in Sports" stamps, 1988 - 3.1: United Nations "Health in Sports" Stamps 1988

"Sport and the Environment" stamps, 1996 - 3.1: United Nations "Sport and the Environment" Stamps 1996

"Superbowl History" Stamps, 1988 - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988

Standard Oil - 4.1: 1974

Stanford University - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993

Stanley, Dr. M. Lee - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1996

Stargell, Willie, Willie Stargell, 1980 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988

Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty, 1985 - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985, 4.1: 1992 Staub, Rusty - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover

Rusty Staub's Le Grand Orange wine label - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 4.1: 2001 Staubach, Roger - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 3.1: Wheaties 1997, 4.1: 1972, 1973, 1982

Roger Staubach, 1982 - 2.1: 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1982

Stengel, Casey, Casey Stengel, 1993 - 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 2001

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sterling/Winters Company - 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Stern, Howard - see radio

Stiller, Jerry - 1.1: Friars

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - see boxing

Stock Market

American Stock Exchange, 1986 serigraph - 4.1: 1986

New York Stock Exchange, serigraph - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Winter Olympics Lake Placid, 1980, 4.1: 1974

Stock Exchange, silk tapestry - 4.1: 1990

Stock Exchange, London - 4.1: 1983

Stock Market, 1976 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1976

Stop Cancer - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Stop or My Mom Will Shoot, 1992 film - 2.1: 1991

Strahan, Michael - 4.1: 2002

Strasberg, Lee - 2.1: 1983

Strawberry, Darryl - 4.1: 1990, 2001

Stroh Brewing Company - 2.1: 1988

Stud Poker - see casinos

Studio 54 - 4.1: 1984

Styria Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1972, 1977, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999, see also boxing: Sting Like a Bee

Summer in Saugatuck, 1960 painting - 2.1: 1987

The Summer School of Painting - see Ox-Bow

sumo - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Superbowl - see NFL football

Superstars - see Rotonda Superstars

Supreme Court of the State of New York - 2.1: 1980, 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990 -1999

Supreme Court of the United States - 2.1: 1992

Surfing - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

The Surfer, 1980 - 4.1: 1980 ov

surgery - see The Open Heart, 1982

Swahn Fine Arts - 4.1: 1989, 1991

Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

swimming and diving -- - 4.1: 1987, 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics

Chandler, Jennifer - 4.1: 1987

International Swimming Hall of Fame Museum - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Louganis, Greg - 3.2.9, 4.1: 1987

Olympic Swimmer - 4.1: 1986

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, Mark Spitz, 1972 - 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, 4.1: 1973, 1987

United States Swimming Long Course Championships - 4.1: 1982

Switzerland - 2.1: 1985, 1989

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphantasy - see music

T

Takamiyama, Jesse - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

James Talcott, Inc. - 3.1: James Talcott, Inc. 1975

tapestry - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Taschen Publishers - 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004

Tavern on the Green - see restaurants

Taxicab Chronicles - 3.1: Taxicab Chronicles 1999, 4.1: 1999

Taylor, Elizabeth - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Taylor, Lawrence - 4.1: 1996

television - 2.1: 1970, 1978, 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1994, 1995, 3.1: Call of the Wild 1993, see also ABC, CBS, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, The Lone Ranger

ABC Sports - 2.2: ABC Sports

Ampex Video Art - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1980

Arlene Herson Show - 4.1: 1989

The Black Stallion television show - 2.1: 1990

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports, 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978

Channel 13 - 2.1: 1976

Cityscope - 4.1: 1989

Dinah! (Dinah Shore) - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-1977

KCTA -TV St. Paul - 2.1: 1976

Larry King - see King, Larry

Kup's Show (Irv Kupcinet) - 4.1: 1972, 1982

Merv Griffin Show - 2.1: 1976, 1983, 4.1: 1980, 1989

NBC - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-87, 3.1: NBC Peacock Project 1997

"The New Odd Couple," ABC TV - 2.1: 1982

Regis and Kathie Lee - 4.1: 1988, 1996

Shukan T.V. Guide, Japan - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

TV Food Network - 2.1: 1993

TV Gallery with Ron Parris - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

T.V. Guide - 2.1: 1975

T.V. Guide Japan - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1984

TV Shopper - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1973, 1980

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Today Show - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-93

WGBH TV Boston - 2.1: Charities 1994, Charities 1996

Wonderama TV Show - 4.1: undated 1970s

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - 4.1: 1979

Tenenbaum, Judy and Harold - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tennessee - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see also Gregory, Jack; Morris, Gary and Elizabeth; Murphy, Libby; Perkins, Carl; Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell; Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr

tennis -- - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1988-89, 1997, 1999

Adoption Guild Annual Tennis Tournament, Tennis Country - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980

Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic - 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83

American Airlines Tennis Games - 2.1: 1976

Ashe, Arthur, Arthur Ashe, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980, 1984

Association of Tennis Professionals - 4.1: 1984

The Ball is in Your Court - 4.1: 1979

Blanchard, Mike - 4.1: 1975

Blood Tennis, 1980 serigraph - 4.1: 1980

Borg, Bjorn - 4.1: 1977, Bjorn Borg - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77, 4.1: 1980

Casals, Rosey - 4.1: 1975

Center Court, Madison Square Garden - 4.1: 1986

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Connors, Jimmy - 4.1: 1977, 1988, 1994

Court, Margaret - 4.1: 1975

Doubles - 4.1: 1973, 1977

Emerson, Roy - 4.1: 1998, see Laver, Rod

Evert, Chris - 4.1: 1976, 1994 and ov, see Appendix A

Back Hand - Chris Evert - 4.1: undated, 1981 ov

Chris, 1973 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Forest Hills - 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

Get Shot - 4.1: undated

Gonzales, Richard (Pancho) - 4.1: 1972, 1975, 1977, Pancho Gonzales, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1972

I Love New York Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 2.1: Charities 1982, 4.1: 1982

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

International Tennis Hall of Fame - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Kennedy, Robert F. - see Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament

King, Billie Jean - 4.1: 1973 ov

Laver, Rod

Rod Laver at Wimbledon, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rod Laver, 1980 watercolor - 4.1: 1996

Rod Laver and Roy Emerson, 1980 watercolor - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980, 4.1: 1998

Lendl, Ivan - 4.1: 1989

McEnroe, John - 4.1: 1983, 1989, 1994

Men's Doubles - 4.1: 1977

Mixed Doubles - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89, 4.1: 1978, 1981

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1977

Net Shot, undated - 4.1: undated

Noah, Yannick - 4.1: 1997

Palm Beach Tennis Masters - 4.1: 1973 ov

Racketeers, 1975 silkscreen - 4.1: 1975

Riggs, Bobby - 4.1: 1973 ov

Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Roche, Tony - 4.1: 1973 ov

Rosewall, Ken - 4.1: 1975

Sabatini, Gabriela - 4.1: 1996, 1997

Smash - Stan Smith - 4.1: undated

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981

Tennis - Sudden Death, 1973 - 4.1: 1998

Tennis Magazine - 4.1: 1973, 1975

Tennis Masters (McEnroe and Lendl) - 4.1: 2000

Tennis Players, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979

Turnberry Isle Racquet Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Volvo Masters serigraph, 1983 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983, VC: 1983

Washington, Malivai - 4.1: 1997

wheelchair tennis - 2.1: 1980

The Wimbledon Restaurant - see restaurants and bars

Texas Is... - 4.1: 1986

textbook (usage of art in) - 2.1: 1998, 2000, 2002, 4.1: undated, undated 1990s, 1992, 1996

theater - 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970, 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995, 4.1: 1964, 1969, 1981, 1991, 1999, see also musicals

Inherit the Wind - 4.1: 1956 ov

Theater Collection of the Museum of the City of New York - 4.1: 1983

theft - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1990, see also forgery and vandalism

Thomas, Duane - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Thompson, Bobby - see The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Thornton, Tony - 4.1: 1995

Thornton, Wayne - see boxing

The Three Tenors - see opera

The Thrill of Victory, by Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Thurmond, Strom - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Miss U.S.A. Pageant 1978

TIME Magazine - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Times Square, 2001 - 4.1: 2003

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Time Out New York Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art - see exhibitions

Timoney, John - 4.1: 1996

To, Bobbie - 4.1: 1984

Toney, James - 4.1: 1994

Top Secret! 1984 film - 4.1: 1984

Topps - see trading cards

Torre, Joe - 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 4.1: 2002

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Tour Eiffel, 1993 - 4.1: 1995

Tour de Trump - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Tour de Trump, 1989 - 3.1: Tour de Trump

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

track and field - see also running, 4.1: 1982, 1987, V: Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards 1983-2000s

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Drake Relays - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979

Jenner, Bruce - 2.1 1977, 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980, 4.1: 1987

Joyner-Kersee, Jackie - 4.1: 1999, V:1990s, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, 1993 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Lewis, Carl - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-95

Muhammad Ali Invitational - 4.1: 1977

Off and Running, 1978 - 4.1: undated 1980s

Owens, Jesse -- - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979, 4.1: 1990, 1998, 2000

Jesse Owens, 1983 - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 2000

Jesse Owens Foundation - 2.2: Jesse Owens Foundation Board of Directors 1990-2000

Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 2000, V: 1990s

Jesse Owens Track Classic - 4.1: 1990

U.S. Olympic Track and Field Trials - 4.1: 1980

trading cards

Kayo - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991

Topps - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Topps Celebrity Trading Cards 1992

Upper Deck - 2.1: 1992

travel agency - 4.1: undated

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow - see exhibitions

Trinidad, Felix - see boxing

Tropicana Resort & Casino - see casinos

Trottier, Bryan - 4.1: 1976

Truax - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Trump, Donald -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club c., 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989, 4.1: 1987

Donald Trump, 1986 - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump Plaza - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence, 4.1: 1996

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - 3.1: Harrah's Trump Plaza Opening, Atlantic City 1984

Baccarat at Harrah's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 4.1: 1984

Harrah's Polo - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

Trump Polo Club - 4.1: 1985

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump, Ivana - 2.2: Trump

A Tribute to the Movies, 1989 - 3.1: Houston Film Fest

Tulane University - 4.1: 1974

Tunnel Club, New York - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1988

Turkey - 2.1: 1975

Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Clubs - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Exhibitions 1982-83

Turner, Tina - 4.1: 1981

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

'21' Club - see restaurants

Two Bar Men, 1965 - see bars

Tyson, Mike - see boxing

U

UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

U.S. Army - 1.1: Military Service, see also Army vs. Navy

U.S. Postal Service - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988, 3.1 ov.

U.S. Savings Bonds - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University - 2.1: 1981

The Ultimate Seduction, by Charlotte Chandler - see Chandler, Charlotte

Ultraviolet - see Dufresne, Isabelle

unicorn - see animals: unicorn

Unitas, Johnny - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Johnny Unitas, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Johnny Unitas, 1997 - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

United Airlines - 4.1: 1983

United Cerebral Palsy Association - 4.1: 1988, 1992

United Nations, U.N. Postal Administration - 3.1: United Nations Stamps 1988-96

United States Sports Academy - 2.1: 1989

United Way - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Universal Geneve Timepieces - 3.1: Universal Geneve Watch Promotion 1995-96

University of California at Los Angeles - see UCLA

University of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

University of Denver - 2.1: 1979

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

University of San Francisco - 4.1: 1988

University of Southern California - 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics 1984

University of Texas at Austin - 4.1: 1994

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: Upstairs Gallery 1980-89, 4.1: 1973, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

V

Vail, CO - see skiing

Van Der Marck Editions - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

vandalism - 4.1: 1978, see also theft, forgery

Vanity Fair Magazine - 4.1: 1996

Varga, Alberto - see -- Playboy -- Magazine

Vargas, Fernando - see boxing

Variety Clubs International Distinguished Artist Award - 1.1: Awards

Varipapa, Andy - see bowling

Venice, Italy - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Ventura, Jesse - see wrestling

Vernon, Jackie - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Versace, Gianni - 4.1: 2001

Via Video - 2.1: 1983

Viagem E Tourismo Magazine - 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

Victor Awards - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985, 4.1: 2003

Video Magazine - 2.1: undated

Vienna, Austria - 2.1: 1996

Village Nursing Home - 4.1: 1982

W

WNBC - see helicopter

Wajima - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Walker, Doug - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Wall Street Journal -- - 4.1: 1969 ov

Walsh, Coach Bill, Bill Walsh, 1993 - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993, 4.1: 1993

Ward, Laura - 4.1: 2004, see also Merce Cunningham Studio under "dance"

Warhol, Andy - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol 1981, 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985, 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1986, 1987, 1988

Warwick Hotel - see Players Hotel

Washington, Malivai - see tennis

watch - see Classic Moments Watches or Universal Geneve Timepieces

Watergate hearings - 2.1: 1973

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80, 4.1: 1979

Wayne, George - 4.1: 1996

Webb, Eugene 'Fat Daddy' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Weeb - see Ewbank, Weeb

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1987

Weisberg, Tim - 2.1: 1977

Welles, Orson - 4.1: 1989

Welzer, Irv - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

West Side Story - see musicals

Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Westheimer, Dr. Ruth - 4.1: 1999

Wheaties - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - see boxing

White House - 2.1: 1978, 1980, 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1978, Easter at the White House - 4.1: 1988

Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennial - 4.1: 1985, 1989

Who's Who - see Marquis Who's Who

Whores, Wars & Tin Pan Alley - 4.1: 1969

The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats, 1978 file

wildlife - see animals, LeRoy Neiman On Safari

The Wildlife Experience - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Williams, Bernie, Bernie Williams, 2003 - 3.1: Bernie Williams, 2003

Williams, Cleveland - see boxing

Williams, Ted -- - see also television: WGBH

The Splendid Splinter - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1993, 2002

Williams at Bat, 1980 painting and 1991 serigraph - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 2002

Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972 boxing documentary film - 4.1: 1972

Windsor Gallery - 4.1: undated 1970s

wine -- - 4.1: 1997, see also champagne

labels - 3.1: David Frost Wines 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1996, see also golf: Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot

Wine Country Film Festival - 3.1: Wine Country Film Festival 1990

Wine, Women, and Cigar, 1996 - see cigars

Winged Foot - see golf

Wingmead - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Winners, 1983 - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Wisconsin - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Wittnauer International - see Universal Geneve

Wolf, Martin B. - 4.1: 1964

Wolfberg, Lee - 4.1: undated 1980s

Wolfson, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. - 4.1: 1967, 1980

Women of Excellence - 2.1: 1985

Women's Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993

Women's Sports Foundation - 2.1: 1983

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1991, 1997, 1998

Wooden, John, Coach John Wooden, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 1985, 4.1: 2001

Woods, Tiger - see golf

Word, Rob - 4.1: 1977

World Biographical Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1991

World War II - 1.1: Military Service, 4.1: 1998

world wide web - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

wrestling -- - 4.1: 1973, 1992, 1999

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1999

Schultz, Dave, Dave Schultz, 1996 - 3.1: Dave Schultz 1996

Ventura, Jesse - 3.1: Jesse Ventura 1999

Wyeth, Andrew - 4.1: 1987

Wyland - 4.1: 1993

X

Y

YMCA - 4.1: 1992

Yale University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Yarger, Timothy - see exhibitions: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, also Bowles Galleries

The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings - 4.1: 1994

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Young, Trip - 4.1: 1970

Youngman, Henny - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: undated, 1987

Henny Youngman, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Yugoslavia - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, see Appendix

Z

Zabrin, Michael - see Michael Zabrin Fine Art

Zaire - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Ziegenfuss Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 4.1: undated 1990s

zoo - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Zoo Tour correspondence
Provenance:
The papers of artist LeRoy Neiman were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2005 by LeRoy Neiman.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility. This collection is publication restricted by the donor.
Rights:
Authorization to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from: Leroy Neiman Foundation, One West 67th Street, New York, NY 10023; info@leroyneimanfoundation.org
Topic:
Olympics in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sports artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.neimlero
See more items in:
LeRoy Neiman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neimlero

Marchal Landgren Papers

Creator:
Landgren, Marchal E.  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Contemporary Arts (Gallery)  Search this
Joseph Mitchell Gallery  Search this
Municipal Art Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Old Print Shop (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
University of Maryland at College Park  Search this
Washington, D.C.. Public Library  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Cox, George Collins, 1851-1902  Search this
De Laittre, Eleanor, 1911-  Search this
Fitch, Clyde, 1865-1909  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Fruhauf, Aline, 1909-1978  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Geist, Sidney  Search this
Gershwin, George, 1898-1937  Search this
Glackens, Ira, 1907-1990  Search this
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Harari, Hananiah, 1912-2000  Search this
Higgins, Eugene, 1874-1958  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Hunt, William Morris, 1824-1879  Search this
Janauschek, Francesca Romana Magdalena, 1830-1904  Search this
Kane, John, 1860-1934  Search this
Kipling, Rudyard, 1865-1936  Search this
Laufman, Sidney, 1891-  Search this
Logasa, Charles, 1883-1936  Search this
Mitchell, Donald Grant, 1822-1908  Search this
Newman, Robert Loftin, 1827-1912  Search this
Orr, Elliot, 1904-1997  Search this
Portinari, Cândido, 1903-1962  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971  Search this
Extent:
15.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Date:
1881-circa 1982
bulk 1930-1975
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.

Biographical material includes address cards, an appointment book, curriculum vitaes, genealogical materials, and military records. Correspondence is with artists, clients, colleagues, museums, and universities, and is predominantly professional in nature. Correspondents include Albert E. Gallatin, George Gershwin, Ira Glackens, Sidney Laufman, Elliot Orr, Candido Portinari, and Carl Sprinchorn, among others.

Writings include miscellaneous published and unpublished writings and drafts by Marchal Landgren primarily those not associated with his major research projects. These include various articles written for magazines and journals, manuscript drafts, research notes, and notebooks. There is also a file of writings by others that includes the John Mitchell Gallery Notes.

Professional and organizational files document Landgren's positions and work for educational institutions and arts organizations, including the American Abstract Artists Group, Art Students League of New York, Association of Artists Equity of Washington D. C., Contemporary Arts, D. C. Public Library, Library Journal, New York City Municipal Art Committee, Old Print Shop, Inc., and the University of Maryland, among others. These files also contain correspondence, perhaps the most notable found in the file on the American Abstract Artists Group which includes letters from Josef Albers, Eleanor de Laittre, Sidney Geist, Balcomb Greene, Hananiah Harari, and Harry Holtzman.

Well over one-half of the collection consists of files for Landgren's ongoing research projects on numerous artists and photographers, Latin American art, as well as his bibliographic reference projects. The bulk of the files cover his research, writing, and curatorial work on Robert Loftin Newman. Files are also found for Berenice Abbott, Milton Avery, George Constant, George Collins Cox, Aline Fruhauf, Eugene Higgins, William Morris Hunt, John Kane, Charles Logasa, Elliot Orr, and Albert Pinkham Ryder, among many others.

Personal business records include personal and general expense documentation and scattered exhibition price lists. Printed materials include clippings, exhibition catalogs, and miscellaneous published articles and essays. There are two scrapbooks of clippings.

There are photographs, slides, and negatives of images of Landgren, other artists and notable figures in the art world, and of artwork. Of note is a portrait photograph of Juliana Force by Cecil Beaton, one photograph by Berenice Abbott, "Barclay Street Ferry", and 14 taken by George C. Cox of Rudyard Kipling, Clyde Fitch, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Madame Fanny Janauschek, Donald G. Mitchell, and others.

The papers also include scattered artwork, including holiday cards illustrated by artists, and sketches and drawings by other artists.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 10 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1890-circa 1981 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-circa 1982 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1932-circa 1982 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Professional and Organizational Files, circa 1910-circa 1977 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-6)

Series 5: Research Projects' Files, 1881-circa 1982 (6.9 linear feet; Boxes 6-13, 15)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1934-circa 1982 (0.4 linear feet; Box 13)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1927-circa 1981 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 13-14)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, circa 1931-circa 1979 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 9: Photographic Materials, circa 1930s-circa 1978 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1940s (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)
Biographical / Historical:
Marchal E. Landgren (1907-1983) was an art historian, librarian, educator, author, and art consultant, active in New York and Washington, D. C.

As associate director and board member of Contemporary Arts, Inc. in New York, Landgren established a program for providing artists with their first solo exhibition in New York, including those of John Kane and Mark Tobey. In 1932, he directed the exhibition schedule at the New School for Social Research; and in 1935, Landgren served as the director of art activities for the New York City Municipal Art Committee where he facilitated many exhibitions over the course of five years, including Recent Paintings by Boris Aronson at Babcock Galleries in 1938.

Working as a freelance art consultant, researcher, and author, Landgren organized numerous exhibitions between 1932 and 1950 of the work of Milton Avery, George C. Cox, Elliot Orr, Robert Loftin Newman, and Albert Pinkham Ryder. He also edited several arts publications, including the Old Print Shop Portfolio, John Mitchell Gallery Notes, and arts manuscripts for Oxford University Press.

In 1939, Landgren was selected by the New York World's Fair Commision to prepare historical notes on Latin American art for the exhibition catalogs of the Latin American art exhibition. After the Fair, he continued his research on this topic and wrote several articles, as well as lecturing on Latin American painting at the Art Students League of New York, the Newark Art Club, and the National Education Association at the Boston Museum.

After serving in the U. S. Army Air Force during World War II, Landgren moved to Washington, D. C. in 1950 and began work as the arts division readers' advisor for the D. C. Public Library. For seventeen years, he built up the library's general collection of art books and created extensive files of art exhibition catalogs.

In 1967, he took a position as a bibliographic consultant for the fine arts department at the University of Maryland. He became director of the University's art gallery and of the art department museum training program. During his tenure at the University of Maryland, Landgren conducted graduate seminars in art history, edited and published exhibition catalogs, and organized exhibitions, including The Late Landscapes of William Morris Hunt in 1976.

Landgren was a visiting scholar at the Smithsonian Institution's National Collection of Fine Arts and curated an exhibition of paintings by Robert Loftin Newman held there from 1973 to 1974 and at the Tennessee Fine Arts Center in 1974.

Marchal Landgren authored two books: Years of Art: The Story of the Art Students League of New York (Robert M. McBride and Company, 1940), and Robert Loftin Newman (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1974). He was a regular reviewer of art books for the Library Journal from 1958 to 1972, and contributed reviews to Trend, Magazine of Art, and other journals. He was awarded a research grant by the American Council of Learned Societies in 1963 for his study of George C. Cox and did a great deal of research in American art and American art institutions for an unfinished manuscript. He also worked on a bibliography of art literature which he never completed.
Provenance:
The Marchal Landgren papers were donated by Landgren in 1974, and by the Landgren estate via David Huddle in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Marchal Landgren papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Librarians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Authors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art consultants -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art historians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Citation:
Marchal Landgren papers, 1881-circa 1982, bulk 1930-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.landmarc
See more items in:
Marchal Landgren Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-landmarc

Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials

Creator:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company  Search this
Consolidation Coal Company  Search this
Donor:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation  Search this
Extent:
23 Cubic feet (99 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Date:
1885-1940s
Summary:
The collection documents the building, operation and daily life of coal mining communities in Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio between 1911 and 1946. The collection is a valuable for the study of mining technology and the social conditions of the time period and regions.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs depicting Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company mines and mining towns in Maryland, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Subjects include worker housing, schools for miners' children, gardens, churches, recreational facilities, health services, company stores, safety, mining machinery, construction of mines and related structures, and the interiors of mines.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Background Materials, 1904-1933

Series 2: Photographs, 1885-1940s

Subseries 2.1: Photograph Albums, 1885-1932

Subseries 2.2: West Virginia Division, 19091-1917

Subseries 2.3: Glass Plate and Film Negatives, 1911-1940s

Subseries 2.4: Numbered Photographs, 1911-1930

Subseries 2.5: Miscellaneous, 1913, 1916
Historical Note:
The Consolidation Coal Company was started in 1864 to mine bituminous coal deposits in Maryland's Cumberland region. it expanded by acquiring other mine companies as well as rail and other transportation companies. It went into receivership in 1932. The Pittsburgh Coal Company, founded in 1900, took over the firm in 1945 and formed the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company.

The Consolidation Coal Company (Maryland)

The Consolidation Coal Company was incorporated in Maryland on March 8, 1860, for the purpose of effecting a merger of a number of coal operators mining the Georges Creek basin in Allegany County, Maryland. Because of the Civil War, during which Confederate armies frequently blocked the region's only outlet to market, the company was not actually organized until April 19, 1864. Starting life as the dominant operator in this small but significant coal field, "Consol" rose to become the nation's top producer of bituminous coal.

The Georges Creek or Cumberland Coal Field, occupying part of the triangle of western Maryland, contained a high-quality, low-volatile bituminous steam coal which was also, thanks to the Potomac River, the coal of this type most accessible to Eastern markets. Coal had been mined in the region beginning in the 1700s, and the first coal company, the Maryland Mining Company, had been incorporated in 1828. However, large-scale development could not occur until the mid-1840s, after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Cumberland and provided reliable transportation. This also coincided with the development of ocean steam navigation and a rapid growth in the number of railroad locomotives and stationary steam engines. Cumberland coal was ideal for ship bunkering, and much of the output was shipped to New York Harbor. Naturally, New York capitalists and manufacturers played a leading role in developing the field. Lewis Howell's Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company rolled the first solid U.S. railroad rail at its Mount Savage mill in 1844. The Consolidation Coal merger was put together by New Yorkers such as William H. Aspinwall, Erastus Corning, the Delanos and Roosevelts, and the Boston financier John Murray Forbes, who already had substantial investments in the region.

Upon its formation, the Consolidation Coal Company acquired the properties of the Ocean Steam Coal Company, the Frostburg Coal Company, and the Mount Savage Iron Company totaling about 11,000 acres. The last named company brought with it control of the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad, which connected the mines to the Baltimore & Ohio and later the Pennsylvania and Western Maryland railroads. In 1870, Consol absorbed the Cumberland Coal and Iron Company of 1840, the next largest operator in the field, and gained an additional 7,000 acres. Further purchases from the Delano interests gave it over 80 percent of the entire Cumberland Field.

Soon after its hated rival, the Pennsylvania Railroad, gained access to the Cumberland Coal Field, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began purchasing large blocks of Consolidation Coal stock to protect its traffic base in 1875, eventually gaining a 52 percent interest. A B&O slate of directors was elected in February 1877, with Charles F. Mayer of Baltimore as president, and the company offices were moved from New York to Baltimore.

Until the turn of the century, Consolidation Coal's mining operations were confined to the small soft coal region of western Maryland. The company purchased the 12,000 acre Millholland coal tract near Morgantown, W.Va. in 1902 and acquired controlling interests in the Fairmont Coal Company of West Virginia and the Somerset Coal Company of Pennsylvania the following year. These acquisitions boosted Consolidation's annual production more than six-fold in only three years. The company purchased the 25,000 acre Stony Creek tract in Somerset County, Pa., in 1904. The Fairmont Coal Company purchase included a joint interest in the North Western Fuel Company, which owned and operated docks and coal distribution facilities in Wisconsin and Minnesota.

In 1906, the Interstate Commerce Commission held a formal investigation of rail ownership of coal companies, which resulted in the passage of the Hepburn Act and its "Commodities Clause," which prohibited railroads from dealing in the commodities they hauled. In anticipation of the new regulations, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad sold its entire holdings of Consolidation stock to a Baltimore syndicate headed by Consol president Clarence W. Watson, J. H. Wheelwright and H. Crawford on April 26, 1906. At the time of the B&O's divestiture, the aggregate annual output of Consolidation's mines totaled more than 10 million tons and the company controlled more than 200,000 acres. The John D. Rockefeller interests began purchasing Consol securities in 1915, eventually securing a controlling interest. The company's offices were returned to New York City in May 1921.

After the B&O divestiture, Consol began expanding into the Southern Appalachian coal fields, which were just being opened by railroads on a large scale. The mines in this region yielded a low volatile coal that provided an ideal fuel source for stationary steam engines, ships, and locomotives. Of equal importance, operators in the remote mountains had been able to resist unionization and thus achieve lower operating costs, while all of Consol's previous holdings had been in the so-called "Central Competitive Field" to the north, which had been unionized in the 1890s. Consolidation Coal purchased 30,000 acres in the Millers Creek Field of Eastern Kentucky in 1909 and 100,000 acres in the Elkhorn Field the next year. In February 1922, Consol secured a long term lease and option on the Carter Coal Company, whose 37,000 acres straddled the borders of Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky. In 1925, Consol became the nation's largest producer of bituminous coal, excluding the captive mines of the steel companies.

During the Great Depression, Consolidation Coal experienced serious financial difficulties and was forced into receivership on June 2, 1932. The Rockefellers liquidated their holdings at a loss, and the Carter Coal Company was returned to the Carter heirs in 1933. Consol was reorganized and reincorporated in Delaware as the Consolidation Coal Company, Inc. on November 1, 1935, and was able to retain its position as one of the nation's top coal producers. Eventually, stock control passed into the hands of the M.A. Hanna Company group of Cleveland, dealers in coal and iron ore. Although production reached record levels during the Second World War, management feared a recurrence of the collapse that had followed World War I. It also faced the prospect of increased competition from oil and natural gas and the loss of traditional markets such as home heating and locomotive fuel. As a result Consol opened negotiations with another large producer, the Pittsburgh Coal Company, which was the dominant operator in the Pittsburgh District.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company

The Pittsburgh Coal Company was a product of the great industrial merger movement of the late 1890s. In 1899, two large mergers were effected in the Pittsburgh District.

The Monongahela River Consolidated Coal and Coke Company was incorporated in Pennsylvania on October 1, 1899 to merge the properties of over 90 small firms operating mines along the Monongahela River south of Pittsburgh. Some of these operations dated to the early 1800s, and all of them shipped coal down the Ohio-Mississippi River system by barge from close to the mine mouth, or later by the railroads built along the river banks. The combination controlled 40,000 acres of coal land, 100 steam towboats, 4,000 barges, and facilities for handling coal at Cincinnati, Louisville, Vicksburg, Memphis, Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company was incorporated in New Jersey as a holding company on September 1, 1899 and acquired the properties of over 80 operators located in the areas back from the river on both sides of the Monongahela south of Pittsburgh. The combination was engineered by some of the most prominent Pittsburgh industrialists, including Andrew W. Mellon, Henry W. Oliver, and Henry Clay Frick. It controlled over 80,000 acres and six collector railroads, the longest of which was the Montour Railroad. Most of its output was shipped by rail, with a large share being transferred to ships on the Great Lakes for distribution throughout the industrial Midwest. The company owned coal docks and yards at Chicago, Cleveland, Duluth, West Superior, Sault Ste. Marie, Ashtabula, Fairport and Thornburg. Subsequently, the company expanded in southwestern Pennsylvania and the Hocking Valley of Ohio through the lease of the Shaw Coal Company in 1901 and the purchase of the Midland Coal Company in 1903. Most of the properties were vested in a separate Pittsburgh Coal Company, an operating company incorporated in Pennsylvania.

Unlike the Consolidation Coal Company, which had grown by gradual accretion, the Pittsburgh Coal Company had been created in a single stroke. As with many mergers of the period, its capitalization probably contained a high percentage of "water" in anticipation of profits from future growth. Unfortunately, the years after the merger saw explosive growth in the coal fields of Southern Appalachia instead. Although farther from major consuming centers, they enjoyed several advantages. The coal itself was superior, low-volatile with higher BTU content and altogether cleaner than the high-volatile coals of Ohio and the Pittsburgh District. As already noted, the southern mines were also non-union. With the inroads of Southern Appalachian coal, the Pittsburgh Coal Company continuously lost ground in the crucial Lake and western markets from 1900 to 1915. The company's capitalization proved unwieldy in the unsettled economic conditions following the Panic of 1907. A reorganization plan was devised under which a new Pittsburgh Coal Company was incorporated in Pennsylvania on January 12, 1916 by merging the old Pittsburgh Coal Company of Pennsylvania and the Monongahela River Consolidated Coal and Coke Company. The old holding company was then liquidated and the stock of the new operating company distributed to its stockholders. Dissension between the common and preferred stockholders delayed consummation of the plan until July 16, 1917.

The Pittsburgh Coal Company, which had all its operations in the Central Competitive Field, had a much more difficult time than Consolidation in breaking the 1923 Jacksonville Agreement with the United Mine Workers in 1925-1927 and reverting to non-union status. The three-year struggle ended the company's ability to pay dividends. Pittsburgh Coal survived the Depression without receivership but with ever-increasing arrearages on its preferred stock. By the end of World War II, its managers were just as eager as those at Consol to attempt greater economies through merger. The Pittsburgh Coal Company and the Consolidation Coal Company merged on November 23, 1945, with exchange ratios of 65 to 35 percent. Pittsburgh Coal Company, the surviving partner, changed its name to the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company.

The Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company

After the merger, the M.A. Hanna Company interests of Cleveland became the dominant factor in Pitt-Consol's affairs. Hanna had transferred its pre-merger Consol stock to its subsidiary Bessemer Coal & Coke Corporation in 1943. This led to a restructuring whereby Pitt-Consol acquired Hanna's share of the North Western-Hanna Fuel Company in April 1946 and the Hanna coal properties in eastern Ohio on June 16, 1946 These included large reserves of strippable coal that accounted for about 20 percent of the state's production. Pitt-Consol later acquired Hanna's holdings of coal land in Harrison, Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio, on December 30, 1949. It purchased the New York Central Railroad's 51 percent interest in the Jefferson Coal Company, giving it full control, in 1952 and merged it into the Hanna Coal Company Division.

Pitt-Consol sold its last major railroads, the Montour Railroad and the Youngstown & Southern Railway to the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad on December 31, 1946. The Northwestern Coal Railway had been sold to the Great Northern system, and the Cumberland & Pennsylvania Railroad had been sold to the Western Maryland Railway in May 1944.

In addition, a new Research and Development Division was created to fund projects aimed at developing more efficient production methods, new outlets for coal consumption, coal-based synthetic fuels and chemical byproducts. A new coal gasification plant opened at Library, Pa., in November 1948, and the company began the manufacture of a smokeless fuel briquette under the trademark "Disco" at Imperial, Pa., in 1949. An experimental coal slurry pipeline was built in Ohio in 1952.

During the 1950s and early 1960s, Pitt-Consol made many changes in its coal holdings, selling high-cost or less desirable properties, diversifying its reserves across many different coal fields, rationalizing property lines to permit large mechanized underground or strip mines and forming joint ventures with steel companies to secure guaranteed customers. Pitt-Consol acquired the Jamison Coal and Coke Company in 1954 and the Pocahontas Fuel Company, Incorporated, a large producer of low-volatile Southern Appalachian coal, in 1956. In the latter year, it sold its Elkhorn Field properties to the Bethlehem Steel Corporation. As Pittsburgh District operations became less central, the corporate name was changed back to Consolidation Coal Company in April 1958.

The Consolidation Coal Company, CONOCO and CONSOL Energy, Inc.:

Consol continued to expand into the early 1960s. On April 30, 1962, it absorbed the Truax-Traer Coal Company of Illinois. Truax-Traer also mined lignite in North Dakota, a low-grade but low-sulfur coal that was taking a greater share of the power generation market as environmental laws placed greater restrictions on high-sulfur coal from the Central Competitive Field. The following year Consol acquired the Crozer Coal and Land Company and the Page Coal and Coke Company, owners of additional reserves of low-volatile, low-sulfur steam coal in southern West Virginia.

In 1966, just two years after the company marked its centennial, Consolidation Coal was acquired by the Continental Oil Company (Conoco). This was part of a general trend whereby U.S. oil companies extended their reach by acquiring coal reserves and large coal producers. In turn, Conoco was acquired by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company in 1981. This purchase was motivated by DuPont's desire to obtain better control of chemical feedstocks in an era of high oil prices. Consolidation Coal was not a major factor in the Conoco acquisition and did not really fit into DuPont's strategy, especially after coal and oil prices declined. As a result, it was quickly sold off when DuPont was restructured a decade later. In 1991, a new holding company CONSOL Engery, Inc. was incorporated as a joint venture of DuPont Energy Company and the German energy conglomerate Rheinisch-Westfalisches Elektrizitatswerk A.G., through its wholly owned subsidiaries Rheinbraun A.G. and Rheinbraun U.S.A. GmbH. Consolidation Coal Company became a wholly-owned subsidiary of CONSOL Energy, Inc. DuPont eventually sold most of its half interest, so that by 1998, Rheinbraun affiliates owned 94% of CONSOL Energy stock, while DuPont Energy retained only 6%. CONSOL Energy purchased the entire stock of the Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal Company on September 22, 1998. CONSOL Energy stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "CNX" in 1999, with an initial public offering of more than 20 million shares.

CONSOL Energy produced more than 74 million tons of coal in 1999, accounting for approximately 7% of domestic production. The company currently operates 22 mining complexes, primarily east of the Mississippi River.

Source

Historical note from the Consolidation Coal Company Records, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Archives Center holds a number of collections that document coal.

Coal and Gas Trust Investigation Collection (AC1049)

Hammond Coal Company Records (AC1003)

Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company Records (AC0071)

Lehigh Valley Coal Company Records (AC1106)

Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company Records (AC0282)

Materials in Other Organizations

Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

CONSOL Energy, Inc. Mine Maps and Records Collection, 1857-2002

AIS.1991.16

The CONSOL Energy Inc. collection contains coal mine maps, related documents and topographical information, as well as surface maps and detailed information on mine accidents. Additionally, there are technical drawings, outside notes on multiple mines, traverse and survey books, information on companies and railroads with which CONSOL conducted business, and a variety of non-print materials including photographs, negatives and aperture cards. Digital reproductions of selected material are available online.

CONSOL Energy Inc. West Virginia and Eastern Ohio Mine Maps and Records Collection, 1880-1994

AIS.2004.22

The CONSOL Energy Inc. West Virginia and Eastern Ohio Mine Maps and Records Collection contains coal mine maps as well as surface maps and detailed information on mine accidents in West Virginia and Eastern Ohio. Additionally, there are technical drawings, related documents, traverse and survey books, publications and photographs.

Consolidation Coal Company Records, 1854-1971, bulk 1864-1964

AIS.2011.03

The Consolidation Coal Company (Consol) was created by the merger of several small operators mining the Georges Creek coal basin in Allegany County, Maryland. The company expanded rapidly in the early twentieth century through the purchase of substantial tracts in the coal fields of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky as well as docks and distribution facilities in the Great Lakes region. By 1927, Consol was the nation's largest producer of bituminous coal. Following a merger with the Pittsburgh Coal Company in 1945, the company pursued a policy of acquiring companies which afforded opportunities for greater diversification while selling off unprofitable lines. In addition, a new research and development division was created to fund projects aimed at developing more efficient production methods and new outlets for coal consumption. The records of the Consolidation Coal Company and its affiliated companies are arranged in seven series. Minute books and contract files provide the most comprehensive documentation in this collection.
Provenance:
Donated to the National Museum of American History in 1987 by Bethlehem Steel Corporation.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.

Special arrangements required to view original glass plate and film negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mining corporations  Search this
Mining -- West Virginia  Search this
Mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mining -- Maryland  Search this
Company towns  Search this
Mining -- Kentucky  Search this
Mines -- West Virginia  Search this
Mines -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mines -- Maryland  Search this
Mines -- Kentucky  Search this
Mining and minerals industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1007
See more items in:
Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company photographs and other materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1007
Online Media:

Eskimo Pie Corporation Records

Creator:
Eskimo Pie Corporation.  Search this
Nelson, Christian Kent, 1893-1992  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (31 boxes, 19 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Sheet music
Posters
Photographs
Business records
Legal records
Clippings
Date:
1921-1996
Scope and Contents:
Printed advertisements, photographs (including negatives and slides), sales presentation materials and packaging; patent and legal information, clippings, posters, scripts for radio commercials, sheet music for jingles, etc. Also includes personal papers (correspondence) of Christian Nelson, inventor of the Eskimo Pie.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eight series.
Biographical / Historical:
Eskimo Pie, America's first chocolate covered ice cream bar, was invented by Christian Kent Nelson in his home laboratory in 1920. Nelson patented his invention and the ice cream bar quickly rose in popularity in America. By 1922, Nelson was earning $2000 per day in royalties on his product.

Christian K. Nelson was born on March 12, 1893, in Gunstrup, Denmark, to Pedar Nelson and Margerethe Madesen Nelson. While Nelson was an infant, the seven Nelson children and their parents emigrated to the United States. The dairy farming family settled in Illinois, Wisconsin, and finally in Iowa in 1903. In Onawa, Iowa, Nelson opened a small confectionery shop near the high school where he worked as a teacher. The inspiration for the invention of Eskimo Pie was a boy's indecision in Nelson's confectionery store in 1920. A boy started to buy ice cream, then changed his mind and bought a chocolate bar. Nelson inquired as to why he did not buy both. The boy replied, "Sure I know--I want 'em both, but I only got a nickel." For weeks after the incident, Nelson worked around the clock experimenting with different methods of sticking melted chocolate to frozen ice cream until he found cocoa butter to be the perfect adherent.

Immediately, he produced 500 ice cream bricks with a chocolate candy coating. The "I-Scream Bars" were a hit at the local village fireman's picnic and Nelson began searching for companies to manufacture his new product.

On July 13, 1921, Nelson and chocolate maker Russell C. Stover entered into a joint agreement to market and produce the product. It was decided the name would change from Nelson's "I-Scream Bar" to "Eskimo Pie". In the hand-written agreement composed the same day the two met for the first time, the entrepreneurs agreed to "coat ice cream with chocolate [sic] divide the profits equally." They decided to sell the manufacturing rights to local ice cream companies for $500 to $1000, plus royalties on each Eskimo Pie sold.

Nelson and Stover began their business venture with an advertising campaign in Des Moines, Iowa. The first 250,000 pies produced were sold within 24 hours. By spring 1922, 2,700 manufacturers sold one million Eskimo Pies per day. On January 24, 1922, the United States granted patent number 1,404,539 for the Eskimo Pie. Nelson's patent applied to any type of frozen material covered with candy. Nelson also had the name "Eskimo Pie" trademarked. Initially, even the word "Pie" in a brand name frozen treat was covered by this trademark. The breadth of the patent was detrimental to Eskimo Pie because of growing legal costs associated with its defense.

Russell Stover sold his share of the company in 1922. Because of the cost of litigation, high salaried salesmen, and difficulties in collecting royalties, the company was sold in 1924. Eskimo Pie became a subsidiary of United States Foil Company, the supplier of the Eskimo Pie wrapper. Headed by R.S. Reynolds, Sr., the company later became known as Reynolds Metals Company.

In 1925, dry ice was invented. Nelson was eager to find a way to make buying Eskimo Pie as easy as buying another snack from a vendor. Nelson began to market thermal jugs with dry ice supplied with Eskimo Pies to vendors without access to a freezer. This increased visibility and distribution and made Eskimo Pie an "impulse" item.

The patent litigation continued until October 3, 1929, when the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the decision of the lower courts declared that the 1922 patent was invalid, due to "lack of invention." Eskimo Pie resembled an earlier product that also called for ice cream with cocoa butter dipped in chocolate. The judge declared that Nelson had merely changed the shape for an existing product. Even his trademark on the work "pie" was invalidated, as the judge said the word had a wide variety of use.

Nelson retired to California and assigned his royalties to his wife, Myrtle Skidmore "Skid" Nelson. However, Nelson, reportedly "bored," came out of retirement in 1935 to rejoin Eskimo Pie and work on new products. Nelson continued to create ice cream innovations such as ice patties and colored ice cream holiday centers within Eskimo Pie products. In 1955, Nelson was awarded a patent for his Eskimo Machine. The machinery squeezed out ice cream of the correct dimensions which was then cut into bars. This process was faster than the older method of molding the ice cream bar. After a decline in sales during the Great Depression, Eskimo Pie received a boost from sales to the United States armed forces during World II. Rising commodity prices in the post war era forced the company to reduce the size of the product. However, the distinct foil wrapper remained the same. Nelson officially retired from Eskimo Pie in 1961 as vice-president and director of research. Surviving his wife by one year, he died March 8, 1992.

In 1992, Eskimo Pie became independent of Reynolds' Metals. The company continues to market dozens of shapes, sizes, and types of frozen treats. The brand name Eskimo Pie continues to have strong consumer recognition and has appeared in cartoons, movies, and even in Funk and Wagnall's Dictionary.

Sources

"He Made Kids Scream for Ice Cream," 1959, manuscript from collection Nelson-Stover Agreement, July 13, 1921, manuscript from the collection U.S. Patent 1,404,539 January 24, 1922, manuscript from the collection

Scope and Content Note

The Eskimo Pie Collection consists primarily of materials relating to the advertising, business, and packaging of its ice cream products. The collection includes numerous photographs, printed advertisements, and packaging materials. It also contains company annual reports and newsletters, business history, information on machines and equipment used in manufacturing the product, and the history of the invention of Eskimo Pie. The formulas and directions for creating many of the Eskimo Pie products are included.

Series 1: CHRISTIAN NELSON PAPERS, 1921-1992 - Contains personal information on the inventor of Eskimo Pie, Christian Nelson, including his correspondence and financial information. Most of the correspondence is business related. Subseries 1: Christian Nelson Personal Papers, 1933-1988 - These materials include tax information, bank account information, and a few documents related to his personal life. Not many documents of a personal nature are in the collection. Most details of his life are found in magazine and newspaper clippings in Series 2, Subseries 4. Subseries 2: Nelson Correspondence (by correspondent), 1944-1946 - This subseries contains Nelson's business correspondence previously arranged alphabetically by correspondent. The correspondence only dates from 1944-1946. Subseries 3: Nelson and Business Correspondence (by date), 1920-1990 - Arranged chronologically by decade, this correspondence consists of letters on various topics that were scattered throughout the collection. Most of these letters are business related but many have personal notations within them. Not all letters include Nelson.

Series 2: HISTORICAL AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION, 1921-1992 - This series includes any information that helps to narrate the story of the invention of Eskimo Pie and the company that sold the product. It contains company scrapbooks of specific years, important historical documents regarding Eskimo Pie history, and newspaper clippings and magazine articles that summarize the detailed history of the company. Subseries 1: Background Information on Company, 1921-1992 - This information includes company scrapbooks that contain articles, letters, promotions and/or advertisements for a particular year. The scrapbooks often relate the history of Eskimo Pie in past years as well as representing the year of the scrapbook. Other materials such as the Eskimo Pie patent, and information on Christian Nelson and Russell Stover with their original agreement are included. Subseries 2: Information on Related Companies, 1947-1987 - This material contains annual reports and the company publications of Reynolds Aluminum which supplied the Eskimo Pie wrapper. Eskimo Pie became a subsidiary of Reynolds (then known as US Foil Company) in 1924. Other companies whose products are related to Eskimo Pie are also included. Subseries 3: Patent and Legal Information, 1921-1965 - Important legal documents of the Eskimo Pie business are arranged in this subseries by type of document. The patents include many of Nelson's patents as well as other patents of invention related to ice cream. Subseries 4: Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1920-1990 - Most articles in the subseries are related to the history or business of Eskimo Pie, although a few are not. Cartoons that use the Eskimo Pie name are included.

Series 3: MANUFACTURING AND EQUIPMENT, 1922-1990 - This series documents the machinery and equipment used to produce, package, and freeze the ice cream. It also includes the specific formulas of Eskimo Pie products with ingredients and directions for their preparation. Subseries 1: Machinery, 1922-1990 - This series is comprised of catalogues, plans, and brochures on general types of machines used to create ice cream along with very specific types of machines with specific names (such as the Eskimo Machine). It also includes video footage of a 1990 production line. Some photographs of equipment are included in the catalogues but other photographs of machinery can be found in Photographs under Series 5, Subseries 1. Subseries 2: Formulae and Directions, 1942-1963 - Formulas and specifications to create certain Eskimo Pie products make up this series. The formulas and directions were sent to franchise manufacturers and field personnel and state how to use the machinery to create the desired product. The folders labeled with product numbers include booklets of formulas and the folders labeled with formulas of specific products are loose pages or additions to the booklets. Other formulas and directions for specific products can be found in some of the promotional brochures in Series 7 Subseries 4.

Series 4: ESKIMO PIE COMPANY RECORDS, 1951-1995 - The company records in this series are comprised of Annual Company Reports and Company Newsletters. Subseries 1: Eskimo Pie Annual Reports, 1951-1995 - The Annual Reports include financial information as well as the names of the directors, officers, and management personnel for that particular year. Subseries 2: Eskimo Pie Newsletters, 1968-1979 - These monthly newsletters function as a company information tool for employees. They include company news along with general interest features such as cartoons, news of the company sports teams, announcements of vacations and birthdays, etc.

Series 5: PHOTOGRAPHS AND NEGATIVES, 1928-1990 - This series consists of photographs and negatives of various subject matter. Subseries 1: Photographs, 1928-1990 - These photographs are arranged by subject matter. Some of the main subject categories of the photographs include machinery and equipment, advertising, promotions, and pictures of Christian Nelson at company events. Subseries 2: Photograph Negatives and Slides, 1928-1990 - This subseries includes many negatives of the photographs already contained in Subseries 1. Only one folder in this subseries is slides.

Series 6: ESKIMO PIE BUSINESS INFORMATION, 1921-1990 - This series consists of any records pertaining to the business of the Eskimo Pie company including finances, marketing, sales, promotions, personnel information, packaging, and publications. It does not include advertising. Subseries 1: General Business Information, 1922-1990 - Business information that did not fit into any particular business category comprises this series. Each folder's information is very specific to its own particular topic and is arranged chronologically. Subseries 2: Marketing, 1927-1996 - This series includes any marketing information that attempts to sell Eskimo Pie to the consumer. This information does overlap with some aspects of advertising and packaging, as they also function as marketing tools to promote increased buying. It also includes promotional materials for the film AWho's Minding the Mint?" which featured an Eskimo Pie ice cream man as a character. The information is organized by specific years or time periods. Subseries 3: Employee Information and Incentives, 1952-1970 - This subseries includes general information such as personnel lists and phone lists but also includes incentive campaigns for employees. These incentive campaigns were directed towards salesmen, particularly route driver salesman, and propose prize rewards for sales. The booklets in box 31 include the ads for incentives to be sent out to the salesmen throughout the year. Along with the ads are explanations of the incentive and the company's reasoning behind its approach to the salesmen in that particular ad. The prizes to be awarded are not specifically listed but are displayed in pictures in many of the incentive ads. Subseries 4: Premiums and Promotions, 1937-1990 - Information on premiums in which consumers save wrappers and send them to Eskimo Pie for goods as well as special promotions are included in this subseries. Lists of goods that can be purchased with the corresponding number of wrappers are included. Other promotions include prizes for contests or special offers with Eskimo proofs of purchase. This subseries includes promotional brochures that explain the new promotions. Subseries 5: Financial Information, 1932-1990 - Any business information pertaining to Eskimo Pie's finances, sales, and\or profits is included in this subseries. It also includes U.S. Foil Royalty Reports that report the number of wrappers shipped and manufactured of different businesses including those of Eskimo Pie (Eskimo Pie was a subsidiary of U.S. Foil). The U.S. Foil reports are addressed to Myrtle Nelson. Bank information of Frozen Products, Inc., which manufactured Eskimo Pie and Eskimo confections, is also included. Subseries 6: Packaging, 1921-1954 - This subseries consists of actual boxes, wrappers, lids, and sticks that were used in packaging Eskimo Pie products. The materials are organized by types of packaging and the dates of the materials are generally unclear. Subseries 7: General Publications Related to Ice Cream, 1935-1990 - Listed in chronological order, these publications provide information on the ice cream, dairy, and chocolate industries in a specific time frame. These publications generally do not mention Eskimo Pie products.

Series 7: ADVERTISING MATERIALS, 1922-1992 - The advertising materials included in this series mainly consist of the actual advertisements. Little written information on specific advertising campaigns is included with the print, radio, and television advertisements. The promotional brochures do include some written information on the product the company is promoting. Subseries 1: Print Advertisements, 1922-1989 - This subseries includes a range of types of advertisements. Some ads include printed ads in magazines and newspapers while many are proofs of advertisements that will go to print. Other types of advertisements include banners, decals, and railstrips which appear to be point of purchase displays for vending machines, ice cream stands, ice cream carts or trucks, or even the grocery store. Although the scrapbooks mainly consist of advertisements, they also include packaging, machinery, and marketing information. Subseries 2: Radio Advertisements, 1930-1985 - This small subseries includes scripts for radio announcements and advertisements. The sheet music for the radio jingles, "I Scream, You Scream, We All Scream for Ice Cream," "Oh My, Eskimo Pie,"and "New Eskimo Pie on a Stick" are included here. Subseries 3: Television Advertisements, 1948-1992 - The television materials included consist of story boards, scripts for television advertisements with corresponding still photographs, television commercials, and little written information on television campaigns. Subseries 4: Promotional Brochures, 1951-1964 - This subseries consists of materials pertaining to new products or special occasion items (e.g. Christmas, Halloween). The brochures were probably sent to vendors, distributors and /or ice cream producers. The brochures intended for vendors and distributors contain samples of advertising, packaging, point of purchase displays and in some instances, inexpensive premiums to be awarded to consumers. The brochures for ice cream manufacturers contain some of the same material as well as the formula and directions for the product, a list of equipment required, and a price list for rental of that equipment. The material, contained in the boxes has been organized alphabetically where possible.

Series 8: MISCELLANEOUS, 1921-1979 - This series includes materials found in the collection with no apparent relation to Christian Nelson or Eskimo Pie. Random materials that display the Eskimo Pie logo are also included.

Provenance

The Eskimo Pie collection was donated on May 10, 1996, to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center.

Related Collections The Division of Cultural History has several objects which are also part of the Eskimo Pie Collection.

The Archives Center holds many collections related to ice cream and the food industry including: #58 Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (see Dairy)

#78 Faris and Yamna Naff Arab-American Collection, 1880-1995 (see waffle cone machine)

#112 Famous Amos Collection, 1979-1983

#300 Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, 1790-1980 (see Ice Cream)

#451 Good Humor Collection, 1930-1990

#588 Carvel Ice Cream Records, 1934-1989

#594 Krispy Kreme Donut Corporation Records, 1937-1997
Separated Materials:
Related artifacts housed in the Division of Culture and the Arts.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Dave Clark, Eskimo Pie Corporation, July 12, 1996.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright and trademark restrictions.
Topic:
Stereotypes (Social psychology)  Search this
Polar bear in art  Search this
Ice cream industry -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Ice cream industry  Search this
Ethnic imagery  Search this
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Sheet music -- advertising
Posters
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1920
Business records -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Legal records
Clippings
Citation:
Eskimo Pie Corporation Records, 1921-1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0553
See more items in:
Eskimo Pie Corporation Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0553
Online Media:

Grace Jeffers Collection of Formica Materials

Creator:
Jeffers, Grace  Search this
Formica Corporation.  Search this
Names:
Faber, Herbert A.  Search this
Loewy, Raymond  Search this
O'Conor, Daniel J.  Search this
Stevens, Brooks  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (59 boxes, 11 oversize folders )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scripts (documents)
Videotapes
Posters
Samples
Advertisements
Brochures
Blueprints
Photographs
Newsletters
Exhibition catalogs
Catalogs
Correspondence
Date:
1913-2003
Summary:
The Grace Jeffers Collection of Formica Materials consists of textual files, photographs, slides, negatives, drawings, blueprints, posters, advertisements, product brochures, newsletters, and informational pamphlets documenting the history of the Formica Corporation and the use of Formica brand plastic laminate.
Scope and Contents:
The Formica Collection, 1913-2003, consists of textual files, photographs, photo slides, drawings, blueprints, posters, advertisements, product brochures, informational pamphlets, and research notes documenting the history of the Formica Corporation and the use of Formica brand plastic laminate.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into ten series.

Series 1: Corporate Records, 1920-1992, 2003

Subseries 1.1: Annual reports, 1949, 1966, 1988

Subseries 1.2: Correspondence and company identity, 1920-1988

Subseries 1.3: Corporation histories and timelines, 1949-1991, undated

Subseries 1.4: Newspaper clippings and articles, 1934-2003

Subseries 1.5: Awards, 1940s-1987

Subseries 1.6: Patent information, 1925-1994

Subseries 1.7: Photographs, 1927-1966

Series 2: Personnel Records, 1943-1992

Series 3: Newsletters, Magazines, and Press Releases, 1942-1990

Subseries 3.1: Newsletters, 1942-1988

Subseries 3.2: Press releases, 1973-1990

Series 4: Product Information, 1948-1994

Series 5: Advertising and sales materials, 1913-2000

Subseries 5.1: Advertising materials, 1913-2000

Subseries 5.2: Sales materials, 1922-1993

Series 6: Subject Files, circa 1945, 1955-1991, 2002

Series 7: Exhibits, 1981-1994

Series 8: Grace Jeffers Research Materials, 1987-1997

Series 9: Audio Visual Materials, 1982-1995, undated

Series 10: Martin A. Jeffers Materials, 1963-1999

Subseries 10.1: Background Materials, 1965-1999

Subseries 10.2: Employee Benefits, 1963-1998

Subseries 10.3: Product Information, [1959?]-1997

Subseries 10.4: Advertising and Sales Records, 1987-1999
Biographical / Historical:
Since its founding in 1913, the history of the Formica Company has been marked by a spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship. The history begins with the discovery of Formica by two men who envisioned the plastic laminate as breakthrough insulation for motors. Later, Formica became a ubiquitous surfacing material used by artists and architects of post-modern design. The various applications of the plastic laminate during the twentieth century give it a prominent role in the history of plastics, American consumerism, and American popular culture.

The Formica Company was the brainchild of Herbert A. Faber and Daniel J. O'Conor, who met in 1907 while both were working at Westinghouse in East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. O'Conor, head of the process section in the Research Engineering Department, had been experimenting with resins, cloth, paper, and a wide array of solvents in an effort to perfect a process for making rigid laminate sheets from Kraft paper and liquid Bakelite. O'Conor produced the first laminate sheet at Westinghouse by winding and coating paper on a mandrel, slitting the resulting tube, and flattening it on a press. The finished product was a laminated sheet with the chemical and electrical properties of Bakelite that were cut into various shapes and sizes. O'Conor applied for a patent on February 1, 1913, but it was not issued until November 12, 1918 (US Patent 1,284,432). Since the research was done on behalf of Westinghouse, the company was assigned the patent, and O'Conor was given one dollar, the customary amount that Westinghouse paid for the rights to employees' inventions.

Herbert Faber, Technical Sales Manager of insulating materials, was excited about O'Conor's discovery. Faber saw limitless possibilities for the new material. However, he quickly became frustrated by Westinghouse's policy limiting the sale of the laminate to its licensed distributors. After failing to persuade Westinghouse to form a division to manufacture and market the new material, Faber and O'Conor created their own company. On May 2, 1913, the first Formica plant opened in Cincinnati, Ohio. On October 15, 1913, the business incorporated as the Formica Insulation Company with Faber as president and treasurer and O'Conor as vice-president and secretary. The company began producing insulation parts used in place of or "for mica," the costly mineral that had been used in electrical insulation.

Like most new companies, Formica had modest beginnings. Faber and O'Conor faced the challenge of looking for investors who would let them maintain control over the company. Finally, they met J. G. Tomluin, a lawyer and banker from Walton, Kentucky, who invested $7,500 for a one-third share in the Formica Company. Renting a small space in downtown Cincinnati, Faber and O'Conor began work. The company's equipment list consisted of a 35-horsepower boiler, a small gas stove, and a variety of homemade hand screw presses. By September 1913, Tomluin had brought in two more partners, David Wallace and John L. Vest. With the added capital, O'Conor, Faber, and Formica's eighteen employees began producing automobile insulation parts for Bell Electric Motor, Allis Chalmers, and Northwest Electric.

Initially, the Formica Company only made insulation rings and tubes for motors. However, by July 4, 1914, the company obtained its first press and began to produce flat laminate sheets made from Redmenol resin. Business gradually grew, and by 1917 sales totaled $75,000. Fueled by World War I, Formica's business expanded to making radio parts, aircraft pulleys, and timing gears for the burgeoning motor industry. In the years that followed, Formica products were in high demand as laminate plastics replaced older materials in washers, vacuum cleaners, and refrigerators. By 1919, the Formica Company required larger facilities and purchased a factory in Cincinnati.

During this time, patent battles and legal suits emerged to challenge Formica's success. On June 11, 1919, Westinghouse sued Formica for patent infringement on its laminated gears; Formica won. Later that year, Westinghouse brought two new lawsuits against Formica. The first was for a patent infringement on the production of tubes, rods, and molded parts; the second was over an infringement based on a 1913 patent assigned to Westinghouse through O'Conor. Formica prevailed in both suits.

Legal battles did not deter the company. Having to defend itself against a giant corporation gave Formica a reputation as a scrappy contender. Finally, Faber and O'Conor made a quantum leap in 1927, when the company was granted a U.S. patent for a phenolic laminate utilizing lithographed wood grains of light color, forming an opaque barrier sheet which blocks out the dark interior of the laminate. In 1931, the company received two more patents for the preparation of the first all paper based laminate and for the addition of a layer of aluminum foil between the core and the surface, making the laminate cigarette-proof. These patents would allow Formica to move from a company dealing primarily with industrial material to the highly visible arena of consumer goods.

In 1937, Faber had a severe heart attack which limited his activity within the company. O'Conor continued as president, encouraging new product lines, including Realwood, as a laminate with genuine wood veneer mounted on a paper lamination with a heat-reactive binder. With the introduction of Realwood and its derivatives, manufacturers started using Formica laminate for tabletops, desks, and dinette sets. By the early forties, sales of Formica laminate were over 15 million dollars. The final recipe for decorative laminate was perfected in 1938, when melamine resins were introduced. Melamine was clear, extremely hard, and resistant to stains, heat, light, less expensive than phenolic resins. It also made possible laminates of colored papers and patterns.

Due to World War II, Formica postponed the manufacturing of decorative laminate sheets. Instead, the company made a variety of war-time products ranging from airplane propellers to bomb buster tubes.

The post-World War II building boom fueled the decorative laminate market and ushered in what would come to be known as the golden age for Formica. The company, anticipating the demand for laminate, acquired a giant press capable of producing sheets measuring thirty by ninety-six inches for kitchen countertops. Between 1947 and 1950, more than 2 million new homes were designed with Formica brand laminate for kitchens and bathrooms.

Formica's advertising campaigns, initially aimed at industry, were transformed to speak to the new decorative needs of consumer society, in particular the American housewife. Formica hired design consultants, Brooks Stevens, and, later, Raymond Loewy who launched extensive advertising campaigns. Advertising themes of durability, cleanliness, efficiency, and beauty abound in promotional material of this time. Advertisers promised that the plastic laminate, known as "the wipe clean wonder," was resistant to dirt, juices, jams, alcohol stains, and cigarette burns. Atomic patterns and space-age colors, including Moonglo, Skylark, and Sequina, were introduced in homes, schools, offices, hospitals, diners, and restaurants across America.

The post-war period was also marked by expansion, specifically with the establishment of Formica's first international markets. In 1947, Formica signed a licensing agreement with the British firm the De La Rue Company of London for the exclusive manufacture and marketing of decorative laminates outside North America, and in South America and the Pacific Basin. In 1948, Formica changed its name from the Formica Insulation Company to the Formica Company. In 1951, Formica responded to growing consumer demand by opening a million square foot plant in Evendale, Ohio, devoted to the exclusive production of decorative sheet material. In 1956, the Formica Company became the Formica Corporation, a subsidiary of American Cyanamid Company. A year later, the international subsidiaries that Formica formed with De La Rue Company of London were replaced by a joint company called Formica International Limited.

The plastic laminate was not merely confined to tabletops and dinette sets. Formica laminate was used for skis, globes, and murals. Moreover, well-known artists and architects used the decorative laminate for modernist furniture and Art Deco interiors. In 1960, Formica's Research and Development Design Center was established, adjacent to the Evendale plant, to develop uses for existing laminate products. In 1966, the company opened the Sierra Plant near Sacramento, California. Such corporate expansion enabled Formica to market its laminates beyond the traditional role as a countertop surface material.

In 1974, Formica established its Design Advisory Board (DAB), a group of leading designers and architects. DAB introduced new colors and patterns of laminate that gained popularity among artists and interior designers in the 1980s. In 1981, DAB introduced the Color Grid, a systematic organization of Formica laminate arranged by neutrals and chromatics. The Color Grid was described as the first and only logically arranged collection of color in the laminate industry. DAB also developed the Design Concepts Collection of premium solid and patterned laminates to serve the needs of contemporary interior designers.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the corporation continued to produce laminates for interior designers, artists, and architects. In 1982, Formica introduced COLORCORE, the first solid-color laminate. Due to its relatively seamless appearance, COLORCORE was adopted by artists for use in furniture, jewelry, and interior design. The introduction of COLORCORE also marked the emergence of a wide variety of design exhibitions and competitions sponsored by the Formica Corporation. In 1985, Formica Corporation became independent and privately held. Formica continues to be one of the leading laminate producers in the world with factories in the United States, England, France, Spain, Canada, and Taiwan.

For additional information on the history of the Formica Corporation, see:

DiNoto, Andrea. Art Plastic: Designed for Living. New York: Abbeville Press, 1985.

Fenichell, Stephen. Plastic: The Making of a Synthetic Century. New York: Harper/Collins, 1996.

Jeffers Grace. 1998. Machine Made Natural: The Decorative Products of the Formica Corporation, 1947-1962. Master's thesis. Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts.

Lewin, Susan Grant, ed. Formica & Design: From Counter Top to High Art. New York: Rizzoli, 1991.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Leo Baekeland Papers, 1881-1968 (AC0005)

DuPont Nylon Collection, 1939-1977 (AC0007)

J. Harry DuBois Collection on the History of Plastics, circa 1900-1975 (AC0008)

Earl Tupper Papers, circa 1914-1982 (AC0470)

The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection. See accession # 1997.0319 and #1997.3133.
Provenance:
This collection was assembled by Grace Jeffers, historian of material culture, primarily from materials given to her by Susan Lewin, Head of Formica's New York design and publicity office when the office closed in 1995. The collection was donated to the Archives Center by Grace Jeffers in September 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Plastics industry and trade  Search this
Plastics -- 1920-2000  Search this
Plastics as art material -- 1920-2000  Search this
Plastics in interior design -- 1920-2000  Search this
advertising -- plastic industry -- 1920-2000  Search this
Plastic jewelry -- 1920-2000  Search this
Laminated plastics -- 1920-2000  Search this
Exhibitions -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
House furnishings -- 1920-2000 -- United States  Search this
Housewives as consumers -- 1920-2000  Search this
Electronic insulators and insulation -- Plastics -- 1920-2000  Search this
Inventions -- 1920-2000 -- United States  Search this
Women in advertising  Search this
Women in popular culture -- 1920-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scripts (documents)
Videotapes
Posters -- 20th century
Samples -- 1920-2000
Advertisements
Brochures
Blueprints -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 20th century
Exhibition catalogs
Catalogs
Catalogs -- 1920-2000
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Grace Jeffers Collection of Formica Materials, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0565
See more items in:
Grace Jeffers Collection of Formica Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0565
Online Media:

William Henry Holmes artists' files

Creator:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Washington Water Color Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Brooke, Richard Norris, 1847-1920  Search this
Closson, William Baxter Palmer, 1848-1926  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Johnston, Reuben Le Grand, 1850-1914  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Messer, Edmund Clarence, 1842-1919  Search this
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Moser, James Henry, 1854-1913  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Ream, Vinnie, 1847-1914  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Weller, Carl F., 1853-1920  Search this
Weyl, Max, 1837-1914  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 1863-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Place:
Museum directors -- Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1879-1955
Summary:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.
Scope and Contents:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.

Notable artists represented in the files include R.N. Brooke, William B. P. Closson, James Earle Fraser, Vinnie Ream Hoxie, Reuben Le Grand Johnston, John LaFarge, Gari Melchers, Thomas Moran, Henry Moser, Hobart Nichols, Violet Oakley, Joseph Pennell, Joseph Henry Sharp, Mary Vaux Walcott, Carl F. Weller, Max Weyl, Irving R. Wiles and George Julian Zolnay.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Artists' Files, 1879-1955 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was a curator, museum director, artist, scientific illustrator, archaeologist, geologist, and anthropologist. He served in various positions in the Smithsonian Institution, and finally as director of the Smithsonian's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) from 1920-1932.

Holmes was born in Harrison County, Ohio in 1846. In 1870, he graduated from McNeely Normal School in Ohio and, after a short time of teaching at that school, moved to Washington, D.C. in 1871 to study art under Theodore Kaufmann. Thanks to his artistic skills, he was soon hired by Smithsonian paleontologist Francis B. Meek to do scientific drawings. In 1872, Holmes joined the geological survey of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, as an artist and topographer of the survey of Yellowstone National Park and surrounding area, and other regions in the west. In 1879, Holmes went to work for the newly founded U.S. Geological Survey. There he worked as a geologist and chief of scientific illustration. In addition to art and geology, his interests and expertise expanded into archaeology and anthropology.

Holmes worked as chief curator at the Field Columbian Museum (now the Field Museum of Natural History) in Chicago before returning to the Smithsonian in 1897, where he served as curator of anthropology and chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1910, he became chairman of the Division of Anthropology. In 1920, Holmes became director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum), a position he held until 1932. William Henry Holmes died one year later.
Related Materials:
Collections about William Henry Holmes are also located at other Smithsonian Institution archival units, including the National Anthropological Archives and Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
These files were transferred from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American Art Library (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) to the Archives of American Art in two installments in 1981 and 1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The William Henry Holmes artists' files are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1955. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.holmwill
See more items in:
William Henry Holmes artists' files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holmwill
Online Media:

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