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Lester Burbank Bridaham papers, 1912-1986

Creator:
Bridaham, Lester Burbank, 1899-1992  Search this
Subject:
Biesel, Charles  Search this
Nicolaïdes, Kimon  Search this
Albright, Ivan  Search this
Spears, Ethel  Search this
Barton, Macena Alberta  Search this
Florsheim, Richard A.  Search this
Eboli, Jules  Search this
Lee, Gypsy Rose  Search this
Wolff, Isabel Bishop  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Krans, Olof  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Colonial Craft Survey for Massachusetts  Search this
Society for Contemporary American Art  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6825
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208952
AAA_collcode_bridlest
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208952

Revolutionary Truths: Challenging Mass Media as Minority Reporters

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 08 Sep 2017 14:38:00 GMT
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more posts:
Festival Blog
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_0453e1b562e80d96ef7b7ec993bc3af8

Visitors Count! Surveying at the Folklife Festival

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Sun, 29 Jun 2014 10:47:00 GMT
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more posts:
Festival Blog
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_180a198f05380cd227c006b1618d098a

George Hubbard Pepper photograph collection

Creator:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Extent:
1292 negatives (photographic)
23 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Nambe Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Pojoaque Pueblo  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Hopi [Hano]  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Mexica (Aztec) (archaeological culture)  Search this
Pueblo (Anasazi) (archaeological)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
New Mexico
Texas
New York
Montana
Arizona
Basin
Illinois
Mexico
Southwest
Guatemala
Ecuador
Utah
Plains
Date:
1895-1918
Summary:
George Hubbard Pepper specialized in the study of cultures of the American Southwest and Ecuador. Tribes which he studied are Acoma, Aztec, Blackfeet, Cochiti, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, Navajo, Picuris, Pojuaque, Puye, San Carlos Apache, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Sandia, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Taos, Tarascan, Tesuque, Ute, Zia, and Zuni. Photographs in the collection are of an excavation in Tottenville, New York, 1895; Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Cañon, New Mexico: Hyde Expedition, 1896-1900; and expeditions to the occupied Pueblos of the Southwest, 1904; Mexico, 1904, 1906; Guatemala; and Ecuador, 1907. There are also photos which complement a study Pepper did of the technique of Navajo weaving, and miscellaneous scenic and personal photos.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Hubbard Pepper was born on February 2, 1873 in Tottenville, Staten Island, New York. As a young boy he exhibited a strong interest in archaeology and after his graduating from high school followed encouragement from Prof. Fredric W. Putnam to study at the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, where Pepper stayed from 1895-96. In 1896 he was appointed assistant curator of the Department of the Southwest in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. From 1896 to 1900, Pepper was a member of the Hyde Exploring Expedition, which conducted excavations at Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. In 1904, he conducted an ethnological survey of the occupied pueblos of the Southwest and at the same time continued his study of the weaving techniques of the Navajo. Pepper also participated in excavations in the yacatas of the Tierra Caliente of Michoacan in Mexico sponsored by George Gustav Heye, and in 1907 he went with Marshall Saville on an expedition to the Province of Manabi in Ecuador, also for Heye. In 1909 Pepper was appointed assistant curator in the Department of American Archaeology at the University Museum of Philadelphia, but after only a year there he joined the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in New York City, where he stayed until his death. In 1914 he excavated a Munsee cemetery of the historic period near Montague, New Jersey and in the following year he went on the exploration of the Nacoochee mound in the old Cherokee region in Georgia. In 1918 he joined the Hawikku explorations of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition in New Mexico. Pepper died on May 13, 1924, in New York City. George H. Pepper was a co-founder of the American Anthropological Association, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the American Ethnological Society of New York, a member of the American Folklore Society, and a corresponding member of the Academia Nacional de Historia of Ecuador. A complete bibliography of his works can be found in Indian Notes, v. 1, no. 3, July 1924, pp. 108-110. The George Hubbard Pepper Papers are in the Latin American Library, Tulane University Library, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Provenance:
According to Frederick Dockstader, director of MAI from 1960 to 1975, in a letter dated March 26, 1968, the collection was given to MAI by Pepper. However, the 1965 Annual Report (p. 26) states that the Photographic Department acquired through the donation of Mrs. Jeannette Cameron approximately 500 new negatives pertaining to field work done by her father from 1900-1910; and the 1966 Annual Report (p. 9) states that many papers of Dr. George H. Pepper were acquired through the courtesy of his daughter, Mrs. Jeanette Cameron.
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.034
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-034

Meet MarineGEO Technician, Leah Harper

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-09-20T19:06:43.000Z
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_V8OjTylAlXM

A Tour of the Dark Energy Quasar Survey

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-01-29T14:59:18.000Z
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
cxcpub
YouTube Channel:
cxcpub
Data Source:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_gVk2TOarHNM

Steatomys caurinus

Collector:
L. W. Robbins  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Guinea savanna  Search this
Weight - Specimen:
42 g
Length - Total:
156 mm
Length - Tail:
47 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
18 mm
Length - Ear Notch:
17 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Stage:
Adult
Type Citation:
Swanepoel, P. & Schlitter, D. A. 1978 Nov 07. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 6: 73.
Type Status:
Type
Place:
Yama, Cote d'Ivoire, Africa
Collection Date:
22 Mar 1969
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Myomorpha, Nesomyidae, Dendromurinae
Published Name:
Steatomys caurinus
Steatomys caurinus roseveari Swanepoel & Schlitter, 1978
Accession Number:
279834
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 1106
USNM Number:
467496
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/331ceb56b-e721-48e5-9f70-259ca7e6c4c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7348241

Potos flavus megalotus

Collector:
C. O. Handley Jr.  Search this
F. M. Greenwell  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Armila, San Blas, Panama, North America
Collection Date:
22 Mar 1965
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Carnivora, Caniformia, Procyonidae
Published Name:
Potos flavus megalotus
Potos flavus isthmicus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 11844
USNM Number:
335764
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c71114ba-b979-4d0a-87f3-c764c2e3496c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7312555

Lemmus trimucronatus subarcticus Bee & Hall, 1956

Collector:
J. W. Bee  Search this
Weight - Specimen:
70 g
Length - Total:
147 mm
Length - Tail:
22 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
19 mm
Length - Ear Notch:
11 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Stage:
Adult
Type Citation:
Bee, J. W. & Hall, E. R. 1956 Mar 10. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publications. 8: 109.
Type Status:
Type
Place:
Lake Schroder, Brooks Range, Alaska, United States, North America
Collection Date:
24 Jul 1952
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Myomorpha, Cricetidae, Arvicolinae
Published Name:
Lemmus trimucronatus subarcticus Bee & Hall, 1956
Lemmus sibiricus subarcticus
Lemmus trimucronatus subarcticus Bee & Hall, 1956
Accession Number:
000000
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 520724-9
Mammals Field Number : KU 50876
USNM Number:
303204
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31f11c4c7-78cf-4411-9a97-b7263bc0ffbe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7305426

Tupaia gracilis gracilis

Collector:
L. H. Emmons  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Ecological remarks by collector(s): yes  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Skeleton
Sex:
Female
Place:
Kinabalu Park, Near Poring, Sabah, Malaysia, Asia
Collection Date:
22 Jun 1989
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Scandentia, Tupaiidae
Published Name:
Tupaia gracilis gracilis
Accession Number:
388639
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : LHE 725
USNM Number:
449963
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/352f2b2b4-4fb4-41e2-b075-a1c460afaeb4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7020026

Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.

Collector:
Dr. Bruce B. Collette  Search this
Expedition:
French Guiana and Northeastern Coast of Brazil, April 22 - June 3, 1975  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Atlantic  Search this
Vessel:
Oregon II  Search this
Depth (m):
37
Type Citation:
Robins, C. R., et al. 10 Sep 2012. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History. 52 (1): 13, Fig. 6.
Type Status:
Holotype
Place:
Off French Guiana, continental shelf., French Guiana, Atlantic
Collection Date:
5 May 1975
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Paracanthopterygii, Ophidiiformes, Ophidioidei, Ophidiidae
Published Name:
Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.
USNM Number:
405909
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/398871428-e670-4ed9-a91a-e1d5e15d6e22
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_10209690

Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.

Collector:
Dr. Bruce B. Collette  Search this
Expedition:
French Guiana and Northeastern Coast of Brazil, April 22 - June 3, 1975  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Atlantic  Search this
Vessel:
Oregon II  Search this
Depth (m):
46 - 48
Type Citation:
Robins, C. R., et al. 10 Sep 2012. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History. 52 (1): 13, Fig. 6.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Northeastern Brazil, off State of Para, near mouth of Amazon River, continental shelf., Para, Brazil, Atlantic
Collection Date:
14 May 1975
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Paracanthopterygii, Ophidiiformes, Ophidioidei, Ophidiidae
Published Name:
Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.
USNM Number:
405921
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30185027d-c8fb-4d32-b0d9-611bb5100d93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_10209745

Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.

Collector:
Dr. Bruce B. Collette  Search this
Expedition:
French Guiana and Northeastern Coast of Brazil, April 22 - June 3, 1975  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Atlantic  Search this
Vessel:
Oregon II  Search this
Depth (m):
55
Type Citation:
Robins, C. R., et al. 10 Sep 2012. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History. 52 (1): 13, Fig. 6.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Off French Guiana, continental shelf., French Guiana, Atlantic
Collection Date:
6 May 1975
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Paracanthopterygii, Ophidiiformes, Ophidioidei, Ophidiidae
Published Name:
Lepophidium collettei Robins et al.
USNM Number:
405922
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39b8d1da1-14de-448c-85a2-33923e81f4f7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_10209763

Oral history interview with Faith Ringgold, 1972

Interviewee:
Ringgold, Faith, 1930-  Search this
Interviewer:
Holmes, Doloris  Search this
Subject:
Savage, Augusta  Search this
Women Students and Artists for Black Liberation  Search this
Biennale di Venezia (34th: 1968: Venice, Italy)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11488
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214194
AAA_collcode_ringgo72
Theme:
African American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214194

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Grant and His Generals

Artist:
Ole Peter Hansen Balling, 13 Apr 1823 - 1 May 1906  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Casimer Devin, 10 Dec 1822 - 4 Apr 1878  Search this
George Armstrong Custer, 5 Dec 1839 - 25 Jun 1876  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, 14 Jan 1836 - 2 Dec 1881  Search this
William Hemsley Emory, 7 Sep 1811 - 1 Dec 1887  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan, 6 Mar 1831 - 5 Aug 1888  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson, 14 Nov 1828 - 22 Jul 1864  Search this
George Crook, 8 Sep 1830 - 21 Mar 1890  Search this
Wesley Merritt, 16 Jun 1834 - 3 Dec 1910  Search this
George Henry Thomas, 31 Jul 1816 - 28 Mar 1870  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren, 8 Jan 1830 - 8 Aug 1882  Search this
George Gordon Meade, 31 Dec 1815 - 6 Nov 1872  Search this
John Grubb Parke, 22 Sep 1827 - 16 Dec 1900  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman, 8 Feb 1820 - 14 Feb 1891  Search this
John Alexander Logan, 9 Feb 1826 - 26 Dec 1886  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 27 Apr 1822 - 23 Jul 1885  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside, 23 May 1824 - 13 Sep 1881  Search this
Joseph Hooker, 13 Nov 1814 - 31 Oct 1879  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock, 14 Feb 1824 - 9 Feb 1886  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins, 13 Feb 1831 - 6 Sep 1869  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord, 18 Oct 1818 - 22 Jul 1883  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr., 19 Feb 1821 - 9 Jul 1875  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry, 10 Nov 1827 - 16 Dec 1890  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum, 24 Sep 1827 - 14 Apr 1894  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis, 2 Mar 1828 - 30 Nov 1879  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard, 8 Nov 1830 - 26 Oct 1909  Search this
John McAllister Schofield, 29 Sep 1831 - 4 Mar 1906  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower, 22 Aug 1827 - 6 Jan 1870  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
58.4 x 92.7cm (23 x 36 1/2")
Frame: 100.3 x 134.6 x 12.7cm (39 1/2 x 53 x 5")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Military  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Exterior\Landscape\Battleground  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\Military  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Male  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Male  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Aaron Rawlins: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Male  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
George Gordon Meade: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Male  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Male  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Winfield Scott Hancock: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
George Armstrong Custer: Male  Search this
George Armstrong Custer: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Male  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Male  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Alfred Howe Terry: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Male  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
James Birdseye McPherson: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
George Crook: Male  Search this
George Crook: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Crook: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Male  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Male  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Joseph Hooker: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Male  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Male  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Thomas Casimer Devin: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Male  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Literature\Writer  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Hemsley Emory: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronomer  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Male  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Henry Thomas: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Male  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Philip Henry Sheridan: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Male  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Missouri  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Missouri  Search this
Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Missouri  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Male  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Male  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Grubb Parke: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Male  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Male  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Murderer  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Male  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John McAllister Schofield: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Male  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Wesley Merritt: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Male  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Ulysses Simpson Grant: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Male  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\US Senator\Rhode Island  Search this
Ambrose Everett Burnside: Politics and Government\Governor\Rhode Island  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Male  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Library of Congress
Object number:
S/NPG.76.8
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 111
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cd13a643-a595-4087-9f32-2552768cd346
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.76.8
Online Media:

Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona

Photographer:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Source:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Names:
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Former owner:
Lumholtz, Carl, 1851-1922  Search this
Extent:
588 Photographic prints
190 copy negatives
Culture:
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Opata  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Otomí (Otomi)  Search this
Cora  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Nahua  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Tepecano  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Arizona -- photographs
Mexico -- Photographs
Date:
1898-1902
Summary:
This collection contains photographic prints and copy negatives taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. The majority of the photographs were donated by George Pepper to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1923. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi and Yoreme (Mayo). Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in the Czech Republic moved to the United States in 1881. Hrdlicka became known as the "Father" of Physical Anthropology and worked at the U.S. National Museum (now the National Museum of Natural History).
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographic prints taken by Ales Hrdlicka in Arizona and Mexico between 1898 and 1902. It is likely that many of the photographs were taken in 1902 as a part of the Hyde exploring expeditions on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History. Some of these photographs were taken by Carl Lumholtz and not Hrdlicka. Native communities that Hrdlicka photographed during his research include--Purepecha (Tarasco), Yoeme (Yaqui), Hualapai (Walapai), Havasupai (Coconino), Piipaash (Maricopa), Mojave (Mahave), Tohono O'odham (Papapgo), Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Tepecano, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Opata, Cora, Seri, Wixarika (Huichol), Nahua, Otomi, and Yoreme (Mayo). Locations photographed in Mexico include--Michoacán, Sonora, Mesa del Encanto and the Ruins of Totoate in Jalisco, Ruins of La Quamada and Ruins of Teul in Zacatecas, Nayarit State, and the central altiplano. Locations photographed in Arizona include--Casa Grande in Pinal County, Fort Yuma Reservation, Supai in Coconino County and the Mission San Xavier del Bac.

The photographs include a large amount of posed portraits of men and women, none of them identified in our collection. Hrdlicka often posed his subjects both facing forward and in profile so that he could better examine their physical attributes.There are some group portraits as well as scenic shots of houses, churches and village views. Hrdlicka also photographed archaeological ruins inlcuding Casa Grande, Mesa del Encanto, Totoate, La Quamada and Teul.

The copy negatives that were made from the prints in the late 1960s by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Arrangement:
The majority of the photographs have been left in the order that they were originally cataloged. Photographs from the various tribal communities in Arizona and Mexico are in Series 1-16, each community with its own series. The final series, Series 17, contains photographs from various archaeological ruins in Arizona and Mexico.
Biographical / Historical:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Bohemia in and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals, Hrdlicka went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington, of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlicka arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He furthermore came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

Hrdlicka became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. Following this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlicka was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum in 1903.

In 1905, Hrdlicka returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Native American tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

Between 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlicka amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlicka founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president in 1928-1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association in 1925-1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1928-1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlicka was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Biographical note courtesy of the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History. See Ales Hrdlicka Papers. Edited by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Related Materials:
The majority of Ales Hrdlicka's papers and photographs are located at the National Athropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. In addition to the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 additional Hrdlicka photographs can be found in photographic lots 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; 9, photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; 78, miscellaneous negatives; 97, Division of Ethnology collection (―USNM‖ Collection); 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs; 73-26G, miscellany; 77-48, group portraits of International Congress; 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and 92-46, anthropology lantern slides.
Provenance:
Although it is unclear when George Pepper received the photographs from Ales Hrdlicka, Pepper donated the majority of the collection of photographs to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) in 1923. The rest of the photographs were cataloged by the MAI some time in the 1920s but the provenance history is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

There are several restricted photographs in Series 2: Yoeme (Yaqui). This have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona, Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.103
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička photographs from Mexico and Arizona
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-103

Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
38 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes articles, newspaper clippings, letters and photographs from various events and marches Grace participated in regarding the fight for returning surplus lands to Native peoples. These events and materials include--Fishing Rights March (1970) in Yelm, Washington with the McCloud family; Fort Lawton "Surplus" March (1970) in Seattle, Washington; Pit River versus P.G..E. (1970) in Big Bend, California; DQU, Deganawidah Quetzalcoatl University founding (1971) in Davis, California; and documentation as National Commitee Director for the "Return Surplus Lands to Indian People".
Separated Materials:
The cover and back of the scrapbook binder are in Box 12 since they are oversized.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref108
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MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Cherokee, Eastern  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Juaneño Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

Lagon altar (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Collector:
Henry R. Voth (Heinrich Richert Voth/H. R. Voth), Non-Indian, 1855-1931  Search this
Previous owner:
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Henry S. Wellcome, Non-Indian, 1853-1936  Search this
Previous seller:
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Object Name:
Lagon altar (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, canvas
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Orayvi (Oraibi), Third Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
20/9870
Barcode:
209870.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_223715

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