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Francis Gary Powers Collection, Acc. 1994.0010, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Harold Raskin World War II Diary and Images [Ground Controlled Approach (GCA) Landings on Iwo Jima], Acc. 2010.0029, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook
0.33 Cubic Feet (1 scrapbook)
New York, New York
June 12, 1939, through April 22, 1940
bulk June 28, 1939, through July 4, 1939
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by railroad executive William J. Eck to document his trip June 28 to July 4, 1939, on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" flying boat and containing information on its crew, passengers, and ports of call.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by William J. Eck to document his trip on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight, and containing information on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" (r/n NC-18605) flying boat and its crew, passengers, and ports of call. The scrapbook is particularly rich in ephemera, with many illustrations trimmed from brochures used to embellish the black paper album pages. Contents include ephemera from the Pennsylvania Railroad (on which Eck started and ended his trip from his home in Washington, D. C.), Pan American Airways (PAA), Air France, Hotel Aviz (Lisbon), Splendide Hotel (Marseille), Hotel Plaza-Athenée (Paris), and various tourist sites; photographs; telegrams; greeting cards; maps; menus; post cards; postage stamps; a first day cover; newspaper clippings (predominantly in English, but also in Portuguese and French); PAA receipts and press releases; copy photographs of Eck's PAA tickets, ticket folder, and baggage claim check; photographs of commemorative cigarette cases presented to Eck and PAA pilot R. O. D. Sullivan; and clippings and ephemera relating fellow passengers' stories: Russell Sabor, James McVittie (who continued on to Chicago immediately after landing in New York on the return trip), Gwladys Whitney (Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney), Anne Lyon Haight (Mrs. Sherman Post Haight, who also flew aboard the Clipper that inaugurated the mail route between North and South America in 1931). Also included is a transcript of interviews with the passengers recorded on board the "Dixie Clipper" during the eastbound flight: Russell Sabor, William J. Eck, Mrs. Sherman Haight, Captain Torkild Rieber, Clara Adams, C. V. Whitney, Mrs. Juan Trippe, Mr. and Mrs. Graham B. Grosvenor, Mr. and Mrs. E. O. McDonnell, Roger Lapham, James McVittie, and Louis Gimbel; and on the westbound flight: J. Carroll Cone (Manager of the Atlantic Division of Pan American Airways Company).
The scrapbook is arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
William John Eck (1876-1957) graduated from Iowa State University in 1895 with a degree in electrical engineering and went to work in the telephone industry. In 1898, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Eck joined the United States Army and was sent to the Philippines; after a year Eck transferred to the U.S. Quartermaster Department and spent his next three years at sea, eventually making a trip around the world. After leaving the Army, Eck switched to the railroad business, joining the Southern Railway in 1905. Over time, travel—particularly air travel—became a serious hobby for Eck, and by the early 1930s, he had become a pioneer passenger on several early airline routes. In 1931, after chatting to Pan American Airways (PAA) pilots on a flight to Santiago, Chile, Eck contacted PAA to apply for a ticket on PAA's first transatlantic passenger flight, whenever that might occur. Eight years later, Eck was delighted to be contacted by PAA with the news that he had been designated Passenger No. 1 on the historic flight, departing Port Washington, New York, on Wednesday, June 28, 1939, aboard the Boeing Model 314 "Dixie Clipper." The flight, carrying 22 passengers, was made via Horta, Azores, with an overnight stay at Lisbon, Portugal, on June 29, finishing at Marseille, France, on June 30. Eck continued on to Paris via a land-based Air France flight. Eck and many of the outbound passengers were also on the return flight of the "Dixie Clipper," departing Marseilles on Sunday, July 2, and following the same route to return to New York on Tuesday, July 4, 1939. At the time of the flight Eck, a resident of Washington, D. C., was Assistant to the Vice President, Southern Railway Company. The newspapers noted that Eck, a widower who had recently married his second wife, Emily Magdalene Kleb, three months earlier on March 20, 1939, was unable to take her along on the flight as he had only the single ticket bought well before their marriage.
Unknown gift, circa 1940-1967.
No restrictions on access
Smithsonian Institution, Office of Public Affairs Search this
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
These records primarily document Latino activities at the Smithsonian Institution with regard to exhibitions, committees, special events, and projects. Material includes
correspondence and memoranda pertaining to the Latino Media Advisory Committee; reports and meeting minutes of the Smithsonian Latino Oversight Committee; Hispanic Heritage
Month articles and information; Latino advertisements regarding Smithsonian events; and audio recordings of Hispanic radio programs. Also includes newspaper clippings, articles,
and brochures pertaining to the controversial exhibitions "Etiquette of the Undercaste" and "Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany."
Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for the Arts and Humanities Search this
25.89 cu. ft. (23 record storage boxes) (1 16x20 box) (5 blueprint storage boxes)
These records consist of correspondence and memoranda pertaining to Experimental Gallery proposals, installation of exhibitions, gallery activities with the public,
and research; administrative files concerning financial reports, funding (through the Cafritz and Rockefeller foundations, as well as the Pew Charitable Trusts), contracts,
exhibit management, and personnel; minutes of meetings; articles and newspaper clippings; blueprints and floor plans for the Experimental Gallery space; special events information;
Advisory Committee reports; artist proposals; video and exhibition scripts; exhibition photographs, slides, videotapes, and cassettes; fellowship information; and exhibition
concept drawings and transparencies. Also includes records from exhibitions such as "Etiquette of the Undercaste," "World Wall: A Vision of the Future Without Fear," and "Powers
On February 2, 1991, the Experimental Gallery was established in the Arts and Industries Building, and for the next three years reported to the Office of Assistant
Secretary for the Arts and Humanities before becoming defunct on May 2, 1994. During its years of operation, the Experimental Gallery functioned as an "exhibition laboratory"
in which museum professionals from within and outside the Smithsonian explored the exhibition development process by offering an exhibit workshop setting to the public. Study
focused on understanding audience interactive techniques, interpretation, learning styles, and design critiques of exhibition components before they were installed in fully
realized exhibitions. Also of interest were public programs, evaluation strategies, marketing plans, and printed materials. Although the Gallery covered many subjects, its
initial emphasis was multicultural exhibitions in the arts, humanities, and physical/natural sciences. Staff included Kimberly Camp, Director, 1989-1994; Freida D. Austin,
Assistant Director, 1990-1994; Roger Magazine, Administrative Assistant, 1990-1992; Michael C. Reese, A/V Equipment Operator, 1991-1993; Norman Andersen, Exhibition Designer,
1992-1994; and Bruce Underwood, Education Specialist, 1992-1994.