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Jogbra, Inc. Records

Creator:
Jogbra, Inc.  Search this
Miller, Hinda  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (30 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Advertising
Photographs
Business records
Promotional literature
Scrapbooks
Articles
Date:
1977-2008
Summary:
The collection documents the invention of the Jogbra and includes biographical materials, business records, photographs, promotional, marketing and advertising materials, correspondence and audiovisual materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the invention of the sports bra primarily through marketing and promotional materials. The collection also documents the Jogbra, Inc. company activities, and includes biographical materials, business records, promotional, marketing and advertising materials, photographs, patent records, and audiovisual materials.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1980-2006

Series 2: Business Records, 1979-1999

Subseries 2.1: JBI, Inc., 1979-1996

Subseries 2.2: Champion Jogbra, 1988-1999

Series 3: Photographs, 1978-2008

Series 4: Promotional and Marketing Materials, 1979-2000

Series 5: Patent Records, 1978-2003

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials, 1993
Biographical / Historical:
Lisa Lindahl was frustrated by the inadequacy of her everyday bra when she began jogging in the early 1970s. When her sister, Victoria Woodrow began jogging she met with the same issues and called Lisa to ask what she did about it. Commiserating over their problems, Victoria asked, "What do you do about all the breast movement? It's so uncomfortable." And Lisa said, "I don't know. It really is uncomfortable." Victoria said, "Why isn't there a jock strap for women?" Lisa laughed back and said, "Yeah, same idea, different part of the anatomy. Wouldn't that be great?" The sisters hung up laughing and Lisa sat down and opened up a spiral notebook to record her thoughts and design criteria for this "jock bra." "Here's a bra made just for jogging. What would it do?" And Lindahl wrote, "Okay, the straps would not fall off my shoulders and there wouldn't be any hardware to dig in and it would be comfortable and maybe even breathable, and it would stop my breasts from bouncing."

Lindahl engaged her childhood friend Polly Palmer Smith in her effort to solve the bra problem. They found no suitable products in retail stores, but were inspired by Lisa's husband, Al Lindahl, who took a jock strap and pulled it over his head and down over his chest and said, "Hey ladies, here's your jock bra." Lisa said, "I had to get into the act, so I jumped up and said, "Let me try it. Let me try." And I pulled his jock strap up and over my head and pulled the pouch over my breast and the waistband of the jockstrap went around my rib and I kind of jumped up on bed and I said, "Polly, Polly, look at this, look at this." They went to multiple stores and inquired but could not find a bra that fit their needs--a bra that kept the breasts pressed flat against the chest and eliminated motion. They also wanted something without seams and hooks, wire or other metal elements. Lindahl, along with Polly Palmer Smith, a childhood friend from New Jersey, sewed a pair of jockstraps together creating a few prototypes.

Smith introduced Lindahl to Hinda Schreiber, a fellow costume designer and classmate at New York University. Schreiber worked as an assistant to Smith at the Champlain Shakespeare Festival held at the University of Vermont in the summer of 1977. With interest in and enthusiasm for the idea of creating more jogbras, Schreiber joined Lindahl and Smith. They called their product the "jockbra" but later changed it to "Jogbra," figuring that the word "jock" might be a turn-off for some women. On November 20, 1979, US Patent 4,174,717 for an athletic brassiere was issued to the three co-inventors. Subsequent US patents include:

Eugenie Z. Lindahl, Hinda S. Schreiber, and Polly P. Smith, Des. 259,370 for a brassiere, 1981; and US 4,311,150 for an athletic brassiere, 1982.

Eugenie Z. Lindahl and Hinda Schreiber, Des. 260,445 for an athletic shirt, 1981 and Des. 301,518 for a brassiere, 1989.

LaJean Lawson and Hinda Miller, US 6,083,080 for a protective brassiere with local energy absorption, 2000.

Lesli R. Bell and Eugenie Z. Lindahl, US 6,860,789 for a compression garment, 2005.

Lindahl started the company Jogbra, Inc. in 1977 and then re-named it SLS, Inc. (for Smith, Lindahl, Schreiber) in early 1978. As President of the company, Lindahl issued equal shares to herself, Smith and Schreiber. The name changed again to Jogbra Inc., for a brief time, before finally becoming JBI, Inc. in the early 1980s. Marketing their new product (with start-up capital lent by Miller's father, Bruce L. Schreiber) was a challenge. According to Lindahl, buyers for sporting goods stores were "squeamish" about displaying bras, which did not look like lingerie, but an athletic garment. Stores that did feature the jogbra were pleased by how well it sold. Miller placed strong emphasis on the point of purchase advertising and packaging. The jogbra line of products expanded to include a women's and men's sport brief, the Thermobra and Thermobrief. Soon, a number of other manufacturers, including Vanity Fair, Olga, and Warner, were entering the sports bra market.

JBI, Inc. was bought by Playtex Apparel, Inc. in 1990 and Playtex Apparel sold it to the Sara Lee Corporation in 1991. Throughout these transitions, Schreiber served as began as Vice-President and, in 1983, became President of the then JBI, Inc. when Lindahl became CEO and Chair of their Advisory Board of Directors. Smith was never active in the company and had become a minority shareholder. When JBI, Inc. was sold to Playtex Apparel, Miller and Lindahl became co-presidents of the new Jogbra Division until Lindahl left the company in 1991. Miller (née Schreiber) continued to serve as president and became CEO of the Champion Jogbra Division of Sara Lee in 1994. Miller left the company in 1997 to pursue other interests.

Lisa Z. Lindahl (November 23, 1948-) was born Eugénie Louise Zobian in Montclair, New Jersey to Florence and Ernest Zobian. The Zobians had four children, Ernest Jr., Mark, Victoria, and Eugénie, known as "Lisa." Lindahl graduated from Vernon Court Junior College in Newport, Rhode Island (1968), the Katherine Gibbs Secretarial School (1969), and later graduated from the University of Vermont with a bachelor's degree in education [1977]. She received a master's degree in culture and spirituality from Holy Names University in California in 2007. In 1970, Lindahl married Alfred Lindahl and divorced in 1978. Lindahl was diagnosed with epilepsy at age four and would later serve as Senior Vice President of the Board of Directors of the Epilepsy Foundation from 1991 to 2000 where, as Chair of the Women and Epilepsy Task Force she brought legitimacy to the gender differences in epilepsy and epilepsy treatments. In 2001, Lindahl co-founded, with Dr. Lesli Bell, the Lightning2 Company (dba Bellisse) to design and market their patented Compressure Comfort Bra, a compression garment for women suffering from lymphedema. Lindahl is the author of two books: Beauty As Action, The Way of True Beauty and How Its Practice Can Change Our World (2017) and Unleash the Girls, The Untold Story of the Invention of the Sports Bra and How It Changed the World (And Me), (2019). She continues to write and pursue other artistic interests.

Hinda Schreiber Miller (April 18, 1950-) was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. She graduated from the Parsons School of Design (B.F.A., 1972) and from New York University (M.F.A., 1976). A costume designer by training, Miller taught costume design at the University of South Carolina. Miller later became a Vermont state senator (2002-2013) representing the Chittenden District which includes all of Chittenden County. Miller ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Burlington, Vermont in 2006. She is presently president of DeForest Concepts, a consulting firm specializing in small business and the promotion of women entrepreneurs. Miller is married to Dr. Joel Miller and has two children. Polly Palmer Smith (November 10, 1949-) was born in Montclair, New Jersey. She graduated from the Moore College of Art & Design with a (B.F.A., XXXX) and New York University (M.F.A., 197X). She joined the Jim Henson Company in 1978 where she worked as a costume designer for twenty-five years. Smith worked on films such as the Dark Crystal, The Muppets Take Manhattan, and Labyrinth. Some of her television work includes Fraggle Rock and Muppet Treasure Island. Smith received Emmy nominations for her designs for The Jim Henson Hour (1988) and Muppets Tonight (1996) and she received seven Emmy awards for her designs on Sesame Street. Smith also co-designed costumes for the television series The StoryTeller (1986-1988) which won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) award for Best Costumes in 1989.

Polly Palmer Smith (November 10, 1949-) was raised in Montclair, New Jersey. She graduated from the Moore College of Art & Design with a (B.F.A., 1971) and New York University (M.F.A., 1975). She joined the Jim Henson Company in 1978 where she worked as a costume designer for twenty-five years. Smith worked on films such as the Dark Crystal, The Muppets Take Manhattan, and Labyrinth. Some of her television work includes Fraggle Rock and Muppet Treasure Island. Smith received Emmy nominations for her designs for The Jim Henson Hour (1988) and Muppets Tonight (1996) and she received seven Emmy awards for her designs on Sesame Street. Smith also co-designed costumes for the television series The StoryTeller (1986-1988) which won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) award for Best Costumes in 1989.
Historical:
The introduction of the sports bra made greater sports participation possible for many American women. Many women were reluctant to engage in sports such as running, basketball, and tennis because of the embarrassment and discomfort associated with excessive breast motion. The passage of Title IX (1972) and James Fixx's popular 1977 book, The Complete Book of Running, contributed to the increased popularity of sports for women. This increase in women's sports exposed the inadequacies of conventional brassieres for athletic use: weight shifts from bouncing caused straps on ordinary brassieres to slip around or off the shoulder; excessive motion caused friction and chafed skin; and hooks or other metallic elements tended to poke into the skin; and excessive bouncing caused soreness.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Vermont Historical Society

Champion jogbra [publicity folder], 1988-2004

Summary: This packet of information contains photocopies and reprints of articles and advertisements from various publications, and press releases, published or released between 1988-2004, about the creation and development of the women's sports bra, Jogbra, by its inventors Hinda Miller and Lisa Lindahl.

Original jogbra

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Jogbra Brassiere, 1979. See Accession: 1980.51.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts, National Museum of American History, holds Jogbra-related artifacts. See accession 2013.0322.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Hinda Miller in 2013.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Reference copies do not exist. Use of these materials requires special arrangement. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.

Social Security numbers are present and numbers have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection. The remainder of the collection has no restrictions.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sporting goods  Search this
Brassieres -- 20th century  Search this
Sports for women  Search this
Sporting goods industry  Search this
Women's history -- United States  Search this
Women athletes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Advertising -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Promotional literature
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Articles -- 20th century
Citation:
Jogbra, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1315
See more items in:
Jogbra, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1315
Online Media:

E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers, 1814-1996, bulk 1921-1996

Creator:
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Subject:
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
McDermott, John Francis  Search this
Speck, Walter  Search this
Heil, Walter  Search this
Flexner, James Thomas  Search this
Bostick, William A.  Search this
Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks),  Search this
Vose, Robert C. (Robert Churchill)  Search this
Garrison, Eve Josephson  Search this
Jungwirth, Irene G. (Irene Gayas),  Search this
Mast, Gerald  Search this
Richardson, Constance Coleman  Search this
Wedda, John  Search this
Aram, Siegfried F.  Search this
Copeland, Lammot du Pont  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich)  Search this
Freeman, Michael W.  Search this
Castano, Giovanni  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Lewis, W. S. (Wilmarth Sheldon),  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Soria, Regina  Search this
Simpson, Corelli C. W.  Search this
Fredericks, Marshall M.  Search this
Oliver, Andrew  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson  Search this
Rutledge, Anna Wells  Search this
Andrews, Wayne  Search this
Groce, George C.  Search this
Peale fam, Peale family  Search this
Lynes, Russell  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor  Search this
Allen, Joseph  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Rockefeller, John D.  Search this
Cohn, Harold  Search this
Bouché, Louis George  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Stevens, William B.  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Morse, John D.  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Woolfenden, William E. (William Edward)  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Culver, Charles B.  Search this
Middeldorf, Ulrich Alexander  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David)  Search this
Moser, Liselotte  Search this
Pleasants, J. Hall (Jacob Hall),  Search this
Simper, Fred  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon),  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Historical Society of Pennsylvania  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Castano Galleries (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
United States.Department of Agriculture  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Detroit (Mich.)  Search this
Art  Search this
Romanticism in art  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10104
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212990
AAA_collcode_richedga
Theme:
Diaries
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212990
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Laurance P. Roberts, 1985 July 26-29

Interviewee:
Roberts, Laurance P., 1907-2002  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
New York State Council on the Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12943
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212100
AAA_collcode_robert85
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212100
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Hildegard Bachert, 1993 February 25-26

Interviewee:
Bachert, Hildegard, 1921-2019  Search this
Interviewer:
Long, Rose-Carol Washton  Search this
Subject:
Galerie St. Etienne  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Gallery owners  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11878
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215323
AAA_collcode_bacher93
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215323

Oral history interview with Eleanor M. Garvey, 1997 February 28-June 13

Interviewee:
Garvey, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Martha), 1918-  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
O'Gorman, James F.  Search this
Coffey, Katherine  Search this
McAndrew, John  Search this
Sawyer, Charles Henry  Search this
Conant, Kenneth J.  Search this
Winship, George Parker  Search this
Campbell, Alexander  Search this
Campbell, Louisa Dresser  Search this
Der Nersessian, Sirarpie  Search this
Abbot, Agnes Anne  Search this
Richardson, H. H. (Henry Hobson)  Search this
Bentinck-Smith, William  Search this
Freedberg, S. J. (Sydney Joseph),  Search this
Hofer, Philip  Search this
Worcester Art Museum  Search this
Newark Museum  Search this
Houghton Library  Search this
Wellesley College  Search this
Clark University (Worcester, Mass.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Women museum curators  Search this
Illustrated books  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Artists' books  Search this
Book design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12667
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216049
AAA_collcode_garvey97
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216049
Online Media:

National Arts Club records, 1898-1960

Creator:
National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
De Kay, Charles  Search this
Greacen, Edmund W.  Search this
Arts Realty  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Bibliographical exhibitions  Search this
Art  Search this
Associations, institutions, etc  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9697
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211920
AAA_collcode_natiartc
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211920
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
de Hauke, César  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L.  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Arenberg  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc  Search this
Topic:
Art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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Online Media:

Pin, Theodore Roosevelt, 1912

Measurements:
overall: 2 3/4 in x 2 3/4 in x 1 in; 6.985 cm x 6.985 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
pin
Subject:
Political Campaigns  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0200.088
Catalog number:
2015.0200.088
Accession number:
2015.0200
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Exhibition:
Exhibition
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-4721-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1761736

Dwight William Tryon Papers

Creator:
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Names:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Cartes-de-visite
Photographs
Letters
Sketchbooks
Place:
New York
Hartford (Conn.)
South Dartmouth (Mass.)
Japan
Date:
1872-1930
Summary:
Dwight William Tryon (1849-1925) was a noted American landscape painter whose painting style is associated with American tonalism. His paintings gained international recognition from the 1880s through the 1920s. Charles Lang Freer was his primary patron. Tryon taught art at Smith College and became head of the Art Department. The Tryon papers, dating from circa 1872 to 1930, document Tryon's professional and personal life and include correspondence, photographs, a sketchbook, and newspaper clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The Dwight William Tryon papers span circa 1872 to 1930 and measure .5 linear feet. The collection contains: nineteen photographs, a sketchbook, a letter, and five newspaper clippings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 4 series: Series 1: Photographs, circa 1872 - 1915, no date, Series 2: Sketchbook, 1887-1888, no date, Series 3: Correspondence, June 17, 1895, Series 4: Newspaper Clippings, 1923, 1925, 1930, no date
Biographical / Historical:
American landscape painter Dwight William Tryon was born in Hartford, CT on August 13, 1849. When Tryon was about 2 years old, his father Anson Tryon was killed in a hunting accident and he was raised at his maternal grandparents' home. At the age of fourteen, Tryon began work as a machinist at Colt's Firearms Factory in Hartford to support his mother and himself. He enrolled in evening classes at Hannum's Business School and developed calligraphic skills which supplemented his income.

In 1864 Tryon became a bookkeeper and clerk at Brown and Gross, the finest booksellers in Hartford and a gathering place for local literary people such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and Mark Twain. During his ten-year appointment there, Tryon self-studied art using the bookstore's large stock in art books and made weekend sketching trips to the Connecticut River. In 1872 Tryon was appointed Secretary of the Hartford Art Association and began exhibiting his works. In 1873 he exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York. In that year he married Alice Hepzibah Belden whom he had met in the bookstore.

In December, 1876, the Tryon family moved to Paris, France to pursue art with financial support from the Cheney family, wealthy silk manufacturers in South Manchester, CT. Tryon received formal training under Jacquesson de la Chevreuse, a Barbizon painter Charles-Francois Daubigny, and others. He also attended the École des Beaux-Arts.

On returning to the United States in 1881, Tryon took a studio in New York and taught for several years. In the following year, he became a member of the Society of American Artists. Throughout the 1880s when the Barbizon paintings were highly regarded, Tryon's French-inspired American landscape paintings received international as well as national acclaim, winning him numerous medals and awards. In 1899, Tryon was awarded the Webb prize by the Society of American Artists for The First Leaves, a recognition given annually to the best landscape painting by a young American artist. In the same year, Tryon sold his first painting to Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), a Detroit industrialist and collector, who became Tryon's principal patron.

From 1886 to 1923, Tryon taught at Smith College, MA, as Professor of Art and took charge of the Art Department. He advised on the college's art collection and acted as the department's representative in the New York art world. Tryon resigned from the College in May 1923, and in June of the same year he received an honorary Master of Arts degree from Smith College.

In 1887, the Tryon family built a house ("The Cottage") in Padanaram, a coastal village in South Dartmouth, MA, where they would spend every year from spring to autumn until his death. In Padanaram, Tryon made sketches which he developed into paintings in his New York apartment during the winter months. Tryon also took immense pleasure in fishing and sailing in Padanaram.

In 1904, the Montross Gallery in New York held a one-man show on Tryon's painting, and in 1913 they launched Tryon's Retrospective Exhibition. In 1923, the Freer Gallery of Art opened in Washington, D. C., including a permanent collection of Tryon's paintings.

Tryon died of cancer at his summer house on July 1, 1925, at the age of 75. Upon his death, Tryon bequeathed a large number of his works to Smith College. In September of the following year, the Tryon Gallery at Smith College opened.

1849, August 1st -- Born, Hartford, CT. Son of Anson Tryon and Delia O. Roberts Tryon

[1851-1852] -- Anson Tryon is killed in a hunting accident

1863 -- Machinist at Colt's Firearms Factory, Hartford

1864 -- Begins work as a bookkeeper and clerk at Brown and Gross, Hartford

1872 -- Appointed Secretary of the Hartford Art Association

1873 -- Exhibits at the National Academy of Design

1873 -- Marries Alice Hepzibah Belden

1876-1881 -- Studies art in Paris with Jacquesson de la Chevreuse, Charles-Francois Daubigny, and at the École des Beaux-Arts

1881 -- Returns to the United States and settles in New York

1882 -- Becomes a Member of the Society of American Artists

1886-1923 -- Professor of art at Smith College, Northampton, MA

1889 -- Awarded the Webb Prize for The First Trees by the Society of American Artists

1889 -- Sells his first painting to Charles Lang Freer

1891 -- Elected Associate of the National Academy of Design

1913 -- Retrospective Exhibition

1923 -- Freer Gallery of Art opens, including a permanent collection of Tryon's paintings

1923 -- Retires from Smith College and is conferred an Honorary degree of M.A.

1925, July 1st -- Dies at his summer house in South Dartmouth, MA

1926 -- The Tryon Gallery at Smith College opens
Related Material:
Charles Lang Freer papers housed in the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives include Tryon's correspondence.

Nelson and Henry C. White research material housed in the Archives of American Art include Tryon's correspondence, notes, and photographs.

Alfred Vance Churchill Papers housed in Smith College Archives include Tryon's correspondence.

The Freer Gallery of Art and Smith College Museum of Art are major repositories that house Tryon's work.
Provenance:
An anonymous donor and Linda Merrill donated Tryon's papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Cartes-de-visite
Photographs
Letters
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Dwight William Tryon papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of an anonymous donor and Linda Merrill, 1989.
Identifier:
FSA.A1989.02
See more items in:
Dwight William Tryon Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1989-02
Online Media:

Sequoyah side-notched arrow points

Culture/People:
probably Caddoan Mississippian (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Possible owner:
Robert A. Kercher (Robert Alvin Kercher), Non-Indian, 1919-2009  Search this
Donald O. Boudeman, Non-Indian, 1881-1949  Search this
Bernard F. Gabringer (B. F. Gabringer), Non-Indian, 1890-1988  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Edgar Burke, Non-Indian, 1889-1950  Search this
Donor:
Minnie M. Schwab (Mathilde "Tilita" Burke Bradbury Schwab /Mrs. Robert H. Schwab), Non-Indian, 1891-1970  Search this
Alicita B. Lee (Mrs. Frederick S. Lee/Mrs. F. S. Lee), Non-Indian, 1903-1992  Search this
Object Name:
Sequoyah side-notched arrow points
Media/Materials:
Chert
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Spiro Mounds; Le Flore County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
AD 1000-1350
Catalog Number:
22/371
Barcode:
220371.000
See related items:
Caddoan Mississippian (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_235248
Online Media:

10 Dollars, National Bank Note, United States, 1898

Issuing bank:
National Shawmut Bank of Boston  Search this
Maker:
Bureau of Engraving and Printing  Search this
Physical Description:
blue (overall color)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 cm x 18.2 cm x .01 cm; 3 5/32 in x 7 5/32 in x in
Object Name:
Bank Note
note
Place made:
United States
Place issued:
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
Date made:
1898
Credit Line:
Chase Manhattan
ID Number:
NU.79.112.CM0178
Catalog number:
79.112.CM0178
Accession number:
1979.1263
Serial number:
A699368
Collector/donor number:
CM0178
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
National Bank Notes
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-e66b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_984644

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 9/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1984
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
Hollywood (Film)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Olympics  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a99826b2-563a-492a-9d22-e03c2c02f99c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.18
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Native/American Fashion 10 | Joe Horse Capture

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-04-25T01:04:01.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_JUyksO0frWw

Strong Women/Strong Nations 6: Panel 2, Tribal Governance

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-03-25T16:26:45.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_L6LAZ4IbyBE

Out of Many Festival 2017 - Arev Armenian Dance Ensemble 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-02-02T21:43:15.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt__xKdrY20pzY

Pocahontas: Her Place in the Emerging Atlantic World and Nascent United States

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2019-11-25T18:00:41.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_kz8cVp2i3Wo

Innovations in Aerospace Technology: 10 Million Patents and Beyond- What's New in Aerospace

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-07-24T15:38:21.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_frHFCVHjZD0

Oral history interview with Bernarda Bryson Shahn, 1983 April 29

Interviewee:
Bryson, Bernarda, 1903-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Kirwin, Liza, 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
John Reed Club  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art front  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11655
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212312
AAA_collcode_shahn83
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212312
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Robert Beverly Hale, 1984 Mar. 7

Interviewee:
Hale, Robert Beverly, 1901-1985  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Klonis, Stewart  Search this
Huxley, Julian  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
McNulty, William Charles  Search this
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Russell, Bertrand  Search this
Bridgman, George Brant  Search this
Rockefeller, David  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Hirshhorn, Joseph H.  Search this
Coyle, Terence  Search this
Priest, Alan Reed  Search this
Barr, Alfred H.  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Root, Edward Wales  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Arts administrators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13205
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212259
AAA_collcode_hale84
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212259
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Dana Chandler, 1993 March 11-May 5

Interviewee:
Chandler, Dana, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Subject:
Andrews, Benny  Search this
Tovish, Harold  Search this
Catlett, Elizabeth  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Mazur, Michael  Search this
Massachusetts College of Art  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
African-American Master Artists in Residence Program  Search this
Northeastern University (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Simmons College.Art and Music Dept  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art teachers  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11499
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215773
AAA_collcode_chandl93
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215773

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