Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
652 documents - page 1 of 33

Adelyne Dohme Breeskin papers

Creator:
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Names:
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
MacIver, Loren, 1909-  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1934-1986
Summary:
The papers of Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington D.C. art historian and museum curator Adelyn Dohme Breeskin, measure 2.5 linear feet and date from circa 1934-1986. The papers provide scattered documentation of Breeskin's career, focusing on writings and lectures delivered in the United States and abroad, and briefly documenting her work as an art exhibition juror, as a consultant, and as a teacher of a community art course. The collection also includes papers documenting some of Breeskin's research on Loren MacIver, Mary Cassatt, and others, and is comprised of biographical material, personal and professional correspondence with artists, friends, and colleagues, manuscript and lecture notes and drafts, professional files, sound recordings, and a few photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington D.C. art historian and museum curator Adelyn Dohme Breeskin, measure 2.5 linear feet and date from circa 1934-1986. The papers provide scattered documentation of Breeskin's career, focusing on writings and lectures delivered in the United States and abroad, and briefly documenting her work as an art exhibition juror, as a consultant, and as a teacher of a community art course. The collection also includes papers documenting some of Breeskin's research on Loren MacIver, Mary Cassatt, and others, and is comprised of biographical material, personal and professional correspondence with artists, friends, and colleagues, manuscript and lecture notes and drafts, professional files, sound recordings, and a few photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-1986 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1, OVs 4-6)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1940-1970 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Lectures, circa 1934-1981 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1945-1984 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Adelyn Dohme Breeskin (1896-1986) was an art historian and museum curator in Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. She was the first woman to be named director of a major American museum, the Baltimore Museum of Art.

Adelyn Dohme took her first museum job in the print department of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where she worked with Kathryn B. Child under the supervision of William Mills Ivins. She left the museum in 1920 to marry violinist Elias Breeskin, and the couple had three children before divorcing in 1930.

Following her divorce, Breeskin returned to her native Baltimore and took a position as a curator with the Baltimore Museum of Art. In 1942 she was appointed director of the museum and remained in that position until 1962. As director she gave Milton Avery and Mary Cassatt's graphics their first museum shows.

Breeskin served as commissioner for the American contingent of the Venice Biennale in 1960 and was director of the Washington Gallery of Modern Art from 1962-1964. She then became a special consultant in twentieth-century art for the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Art and served as the museum's curator of contemporary painting and sculpture from 1968 to 1974.

Breeskin authored two catalogue raisonnés of Mary Cassatt's work, and conducted extensive research for a monograph on Loren MacIver, although the monograph was ultimately not published. In 1985 Breeskin received the Smithsonian Institutions highest award, the Gold Medal for Exceptional Service, and at the time of her death in 1986, was senior curatorial adviser.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds oral history interviews with Adelyn Breeskin conducted by Paul Cummings in 1974, and Julie Haifley in 1979.
Provenance:
Portions of the collection were donated to the Archives of American Art in a series of gifts from Adelyn Breeskin, 1979-1985. Material relating to Loren MacIver was donated 1979-1987 by Breeskin and Robert Frash, who had possession of Breeskin's research materials on MacIver for an exhibition on MacIver he curated in California. Letters from Georgia O'Keeffe, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, and Lawrence Calcagno, an exhibition catalog for Calcagno, and the file on Milton Avery, were donated by the National Museum of American Art on January 28, 1981. The birthday book was a gift from Breeskin's daughter, Gloria Breeskin Peck, in 2015. The sound recordings were transferred from the National Museum of American Art, circa 1984.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art museum curators -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Art museum curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art historians -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Art historians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Women art historians  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Adelyn Dohme Breeskin papers, circa 1934-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.breeadel
See more items in:
Adelyne Dohme Breeskin papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-breeadel

Avis Berman research material on art and artists, 1976-1988

Creator:
Berman, Avis, 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Brooks, Romaine  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Knight, Gwendolyn  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme  Search this
Foster, James W.  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Sloan, John French  Search this
Child, Katherine B.  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Rosenthal, Gertrude  Search this
Toklas, Alice B.  Search this
Ivins, William Mills  Search this
Sloan, Helen Farr  Search this
Stein, Gertrude  Search this
Cone, Etta  Search this
Cone, Claribel  Search this
Nakian, Reuben  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Museum directors  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5923
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208764
AAA_collcode_bermavis
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Art Theory and Historiography
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208764

Adelyn Dohme Breeskin papers, circa 1934-1986

Creator:
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
MacIver, Loren  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art museum curators  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8422
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210596
AAA_collcode_breeadel
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210596

Mary Cassatt collection, 1871-1955

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Subject:
Vollard, Ambroise  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Webb, Electra Havemeyer  Search this
Tyson, Carroll Sargent  Search this
Palmer, Potter  Search this
Whittemore, Harris  Search this
Sweet, Frederick A. (Frederick Arnold)  Search this
Riddle, Theodate Pope  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10510
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213940
AAA_collcode_cassmary
Theme:
Women
Art Movements and Schools
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213940

Eugenie M. Heller papers, 1878-1936

Creator:
Heller, Eugenie M., 1867-1952  Search this
Subject:
Janvier, Catharine A. (Catharine Ann),  Search this
Guillemin, Armand  Search this
Boissiere, Terese R.  Search this
Baraduc, Jeanne  Search this
Evans, Joe  Search this
Champney, Elizabeth W. (Elizabeth Williams)  Search this
Aman-Jean, Edmond  Search this
Janvier, Thomas Allibone  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Rodin, Auguste  Search this
Dicksee, Francis Bernard  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9865
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212366
AAA_collcode_helleuge
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212366

Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003, bulk 1920-1970

Creator:
Dale, Chester, 1883-1962  Search this
Subject:
Mayes, Herbert R. (Herbert Raymond),  Search this
Frost, Robert  Search this
Batigne, Renee  Search this
Elizabeth  Search this
Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis)  Search this
Burckhardt, Rudy  Search this
Wyeth, Nicholas  Search this
MacNeil, Neil  Search this
Cantor, Irving  Search this
Dale, Maud Murray  Search this
Kessel, Dmitri  Search this
Cooper, Maria  Search this
Mellon, Paul  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Dalí, Salvador  Search this
Mellon, Timothy  Search this
Cézanne, Paul  Search this
Braque, Georges  Search this
Hamilton, Edith  Search this
Dale, Chester  Search this
Dalí, Gala  Search this
Wyeth, Jamie  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Dmitri, Ivan  Search this
Dufy, Raoul  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Cooper, Veronica  Search this
Salles, Georges  Search this
Batigne, Claire  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Dale, Mary Towar Bullard  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Parrish Art Museum  Search this
Allentown Art Museum  Search this
Dallas Museum of Art  Search this
Amherst College  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Europe  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7178
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209315
AAA_collcode_daleches
Theme:
Diaries
Latino and Latin American
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209315
Online Media:

Mearī Kasatto ten = Mary Cassatt retrospective / henshū Yokohama Bijutsukan, Kyōto Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan, NHK, NHK Puromōshon

Title:
メアリー・カサット展 = Mary Cassatt retrospective / 編集横浜美術館, 京都国立近代美術館, NHK, NHKフロモーション
Mary Cassatt
Mary Cassatt retrospective
Artist:
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926  Search this
Host institution:
Yokohama Bijutsukan  Search this
Kyōto Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan  Search this
Author:
Nihon Hōsō Kyōkai  Search this
Nihon Hōsō Kyōkai  Search this
NHK Puromōshon  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926  Search this
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926  Search this
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926 Themes, motives  Search this
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926 Foreign influences  Search this
Physical description:
212 pages : illustrations (some color), portraits ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
19th century
Topic:
Mothers in art  Search this
Women in art  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Drawing, American  Search this
Prints  Search this
Pastel drawing, American  Search this
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1071275

Four women impressionists in Paris / Krista Brugnara

Author:
Brugnara, Krista  Search this
Legion of Honor (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Subject:
Morisot, Berthe 1841-1895  Search this
Cassatt, Mary 1844-1926  Search this
Gonzalès, Eva 1849-1883  Search this
Bracquemond, Marie 1841-1916  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Biography
Place:
France
Paris
United States
Date:
2008
19th century
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Impressionist artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Call number:
ND192.I4 B78 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_957880

37c "Children Playing on the Beach" single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3805
Artist:
Mary Cassatt, American, 1845 - 1926  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); self-adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
August 7, 2003
Topic:
Art & Photography  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2003.2020.58
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm85e6edf37-c901-4662-a507-1a3be7c33519
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2003.2020.58

23c Mary Cassatt single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2181
Depicts:
Mary Cassatt, American, 1845 - 1926  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (purple); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
November 4, 1988
Topic:
Art & Photography  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2008.804
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm82592fd9f-40a7-48a2-99d8-eba7183dda6b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2008.804

23c Mary Cassatt single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2181
Depicts:
Mary Cassatt, American, 1845 - 1926  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (purple); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
November 4, 1988
Topic:
Art & Photography  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1990.0517.12841
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm89e879624-194c-4725-b46c-6080d9e4f6b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1990.0517.12841

5c Mary Cassatt "The Boating Party" single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 1322
Associated Person:
Mary Cassatt, American, 1845 - 1926  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
November 17, 1966
Topic:
Art & Photography  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Object number:
1980.2493.5627
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm87a84df3f-0b74-40ac-a2e7-fa36f3639bf5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1980.2493.5627

Frederick A. Sweet research material on Mary Cassatt and James A. McNeill Whistler, 1872-1975

Creator:
Sweet, Frederick A. (Frederick Arnold), 1903-1984  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9505
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211703
AAA_collcode_sweefred
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211703

Mary Cassatt letters

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Names:
Cassatt, Robert Kelso  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1882-1926
Summary:
This small collection of sixty-three letters written by painter Mary Cassatt dates from 1882 to 1926. The bulk of these letters are to Cassatt's nephew, Robert Kelso Cassatt, and to his wife Minnie regarding family, mutual friends, and travel. The remaining letters are to friends regarding purchases of artwork, travel, and personal news. There is also one newsclipping of Cassett's obituary.
Scope and Contents:
This small collection of sixty-three letters written by painter Mary Cassatt dates from 1882 to 1926. The bulk of these letters are to Cassatt's nephew, Robert Kelso Cassatt, and to his wife Minnie regarding family, mutual friends, and travel. The remaining letters are to friends regarding purchases of artwork, travel, and personal news. There is also one newsclipping of Cassett's obituary.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Mary Cassatt letters, 1892-1926 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) lived and worked in Paris, France. She is one of the preeminent Impressionists known for her depictions of both the social and domestic lives of women and their children.

Cassatt was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania and began her art studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts at the age of sixteen. In 1865, she traveled to Paris to further her art studies under the private tutelage of Jean-Léon Gérôme and Thomas Couture, and augmented these studies with daily copying at the Louve. From 1868 to 1877, she traveled to Italy, Spain, Belgium, and Holland to view and copy the old masters and produced works that were accepted into the Paris Salon. With the encouragement of Edgar Degas, Cassatt began painting in the avant-garde Impressionist style in 1877. For the next ten years, Cassatt exhibited Impressionist paintings to critical international acclaim. After 1887, she began to experiment with other mediums and techniques, though she continued to focus her subject matter on the lives of women and children. Through the 1890s, she became a mentor to young American artists, acted as an advisor to American art collectors, and served as an ambassador for various art institutions. In 1904, she received France's Légion d'Honneur and continued producing works through the 1900s. In 1915, Cassatt stopped painting due to her failing eyesight, and lived in Le Mesnil-Théribus, France until her death in 1926.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Frederick A. Sweet research material on Mary Cassatt and James McNeill Whistler; Nancy Hale research material on Mary Cassatt; the Mary Cassatt collection (reel C1); and the Mary Cassatt correspondence with Emily Sartain (reel 3658).
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel N70-77) including letters written by Cassatt to Eugene Vail and Mabel and Mathilde Valet. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Items in this collection are gifts of various donors. The letters to Peter and Vollard were donated by Charles Feinberg in 1955. The letters to William T. Evans, Miss Lamb, and Miss Stillman were transferred from the National Museum of Art, Smithsonian Institution in 1980. An obituary and the letters to Robert Kelso Cassatt and his wife Minnie were donated by Alexander J. Cassatt Jr., the great nephew of Mary Cassatt, in 1986.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Mary Cassatt letters are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Women artists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Citation:
Mary Cassatt letters, 1882-1926. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cassmarl
See more items in:
Mary Cassatt letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cassmarl
Online Media:

Chester Dale papers

Creator:
Dale, Chester, b. 1883  Search this
Names:
Allentown Art Museum  Search this
Amherst College  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Parrish Art Museum  Search this
Batigne, Claire  Search this
Batigne, Renee  Search this
Braque, Georges, 1882-1963  Search this
Burkhardt, Rudy  Search this
Cantor, Irving  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Cooper, Maria  Search this
Cooper, Veronica  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Dale, Mary Towar Bullard, 1892-1984  Search this
Dale, Maud, 1875-1953  Search this
Dallas Museum of Art  Search this
Dalí, Gala  Search this
Dalí, Salvador, 1904-  Search this
Dmitri, Ivan, 1900-1968  Search this
Dufy, Raoul, 1877-1953  Search this
Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain, 1926-  Search this
Frost, Robert, 1874-1963  Search this
Hamilton, Edith, 1867-1963  Search this
Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis), b. 1891  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Kessel, Dmitri  Search this
MacNeil, Neil  Search this
Mayes, Herbert R., 1900-1987 (Herbert Raymond)  Search this
Mellon, Paul  Search this
Mellon, Timothy  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Salles, Georges  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew, 1917-2009  Search this
Wyeth, Jamie, 1946-  Search this
Wyeth, Nicholas  Search this
Extent:
8.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Travel diaries
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Date:
circa 1883-2003
bulk 1920-1970
Summary:
The papers of New York art collector Chester Dale measure 8.4 linear feet and date from circa 1883-2003. Dale amassed one of the world's most complete collections of nineteenth and twentieth century French art, was a collector of eighteenth century American portraitists, and a patron and collector of twentieth American artists including George Bellows and Mary Cassatt. The bulk of the collection dates from 1920 to 1970 and documents Dale's activities through biographical material, correspondence, memoirs and other writings, purchase, sales and estate records, printed material, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York art collector Chester Dale measure 8.4 linear feet and date from circa 1883-2003. Dale amassed one of the world's most complete collections of nineteenth and twentieth century French art, was a collector of eighteenth century American portraitists, and a patron and collector of twentieth American artists including George Bellows and Mary Cassatt. The bulk of the collection dates from 1920 to 1970 and documents Dale's activities through biographical material, correspondence, memoirs and other writings, purchase, sales and estate records, printed material, scrapbooks, and photographs.

Biographical material comprises brief genealogical and biographical notes on Dale's father's side of the family; four pieces of miscellaneous artwork; several certificates, membership cards, and programs; circa six unidentified dictaphone recordings; and a home movie of an unidentified social event.

Correspondence provides scattered documentation of Dale's activities as a collector and benefactor, including correspondence relating to gifts to various museums such as the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, as well as posthumous gifts to the Allentown Art Museum and Amherst College. Also documented is Dale's election as president of the National Gallery of Art in 1955. There are several letters to and from Salvador and Gala Dali, copies of two letters from Diego Rivera, and letters from other friends and business associates, including historian Georges Salles. Over one third of the correspondence consists of condolence telegrams and letters sent to Mary Dale following Dale's death. Other correspondence documents Mary Dale's work as exhibition chairman for the Parrish Museum of Art, and includes letters from Andrew, Jamie, and Nicholas Wyeth.

Writings include typed drafts of Dale's memoirs which recall the beginning of his career in banking, and include stories of his early experiences in buying art. Dale credits the highly discerning and influential eye of his first wife, Maud Dale, for guiding him in his early selections, and his memoirs recall his unconventionally direct way of doing business with the Paris art dealers. Two travel diaries record a 1904 trip to Europe, and five trips to Europe and the Caribbean between 1949 and 1953. Writings by others include several essays on Dale by various authors, several essays on art by Maud Dale, and a typed draft of a manuscript on Dale's life by Neil MacNeil.

Extensive inventories, estate appraisals, and will disbursement records document the contents of the Chester Dale collection in Series 4. Also found here are receipts for specific purchases of works by Cezanne, Cassatt, Dali, Dufy, Picasso, and others.

Printed material includes catalogs for auction sales annotated with sales prices and other purchase information; catalogs of Dale's collection; and exhibition catalogs and announcements for the Parrish Museum of Art during Mary Dale's tenure as exhibition chairman. Some of the catalogs include essays by Maud Dale. News clippings and magazine articles document press coverage of Dale's activities at home and abroad.

Scrapbooks contain additional printed material, primarily news clippings, documenting press coverage of Chester Dale's life from the 1920s until his death. One of the scrapbooks includes multiple photographs of Dale and others, including a photo of Frida Kahlo and Jose Orozco. An additional scrapbook of photographs and clippings documents Mary Dale's life before and after her marriage to Dale.

Photographs are of Dale, Mary Dale, Maud Dale, family, friends, and colleagues. There are photographs of Dale and Mary Dale with artists including George Braques, Salvador and Gala Dali, Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo, and Jamie and Nicholas Wyeth; and friends and associates Renee and Claire Batigne, Veronica "Rocky" Cooper and Maria Cooper, Robert Sturgis Ingersoll, Edith Hamilton with Robert Frost, Neil MacNeil, Herbert Mayes, and Paul and Timothy Mellon. There are individual photos and three photograph albums of Dale's various residences and his collection, including photographs taken shortly before his death at his Plaza Hotel apartment showing some of his favorite pictures. Photographers include Rudolph Burkhardt, Irving Cantor, Ivan Dmitri, and Dmitri Kessel. There are also many photographs of exhibition openings and museum events, especially events at the National Gallery of Art, including the presentation of Dale's gift of Dali's The Sacrament of the Last Supper to the museum in 1956, and the occasion of Queen Elizabeth II of England's visit to the museum in 1957. Photographs also include photographs of artwork in Dale's collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1897-circa 1960, 2003 (Boxes 1, 7-8; FC 20; 0.45 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1911-1984 (Box 1; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1904-1963 (Boxes 2, 8; 0.55 linear feet)

Series 4: Chester Dale Collection, circa 1930-1968 (Boxes 2-3; 1 linear foot)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1925-circa 1972 (Boxes 3-4, 8, OV 9; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, circa 1920s-1963 (Box 4, BVs 10-14; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1883-1972 (Boxes 4-6, 19, BVs 15-17, OV 18; 3.3 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
New York art patron and collector of French and American art Chester Dale (1883-1962), made his fortune as a banker who pioneered the sale of public utility securities. He began purchasing French paintings in the mid-1920s and retired from the investment security business in 1935 in order to focus full time on the acquisition of art.

Dale was encouraged to begin collecting art by his first wife, Maud Dale, who was an artist, a writer, and a former chairman of the Exhibition Committee of the Museum of French Art. With the benefit of his wife's knowledge, passion, and perception, Dale began to lay the foundation of his collection in 1926, and amassed circa seven hundred pictures within ten years. His collection is considered to be one of the most complete collections of nineteenth and twentieth century French art in the world, and includes some of the finest examples of works by Braque, Corot, Delacroix, Degas, Derain, Dufy, Leger, Matisse, and Renoir, as well as by artists representative of the French tradition in art including Modigliani, Picasso, Rivera, and Van Gogh.

Although primarily interested in French art, Dale also collected and encouraged American artists. He was a patron of George Bellows and Salvador Dali, and had his portrait painted by both artists. Dale presented the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the National Gallery of Art with their first Dali paintings, the latter being The Sacrament of the Last Supper. Dale also purchased works by Mary Cassatt, representative works by "the Eight," and examples of eighteenth century American portraitists John Smibert, Gilbert Stuart and Thomas Sully. In the early 1940s he visited Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo in Mexico, and Rivera subsequently completed a portrait of Dale in 1945.

Dale served as a trustee to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Chicago Art Institute, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. He made the first of a series of gifts to the National Gallery of Art when it opened in 1941. In 1955 he was elected president of the museum, by which time his collection occupied ten of its galleries. Dale bequeathed the bulk of his remaining collection to the National Gallery in his will. This final gift included eighty of his favorite pictures, which had been located in his Manhattan apartment at the Plaza Hotel up until his death.

A year after the death of Maud Dale in 1953, Dale married Mary Towar Bullard, whom he had employed as his secretary for twenty-five years. Mary Dale oversaw the disbursement of her husband's estate, following Dale's death from a heart attack in 1962.
Related Materials:
Holdings at the Archives of American Art also include the Chester Dale papers concerning George Bellows, 1919-1956, comprising correspondence, a photograph, and invoices relating to Chester Dale's relationship with George Bellows and Dale's interest in artwork by Bellows; and the Chester Dale eulogy, consisting of one 35 minute, 9 second sound tape reel of a eulogy delivered by an unidentified speaker.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1972 by Mary Dale, Chester Dale's second wife, and in 1985 by Mary Dale's estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D. C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Chester Dale papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art, French--19th century  Search this
Art, French--20th century  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, Modern--19th century--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Motion pictures (visual works)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Travel diaries
Citation:
Chester Dale papers, circa 1883-2003, bulk 1920-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.daleches
See more items in:
Chester Dale papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-daleches
Online Media:

John Wesley Beatty, Pittsburgh, Pa. letter to Mary Cassatt, Paris, France

Creator:
Beatty, John Wesley, 1851-1924  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Subject:
Beatty, John Wesley  Search this
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1909 Oct. 19
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10023
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10023
Online Media:

Mary Cassatt letter to Homer Saint-Gaudens

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer, 1880-1958  Search this
Subject:
Degas, Edgar  Search this
Morisot, Berthe  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1922 Dec. 28
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15125
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15125
Online Media:

Nancy Hale research material on Mary Cassatt, 1970-1975

Creator:
Hale, Nancy, 1908-  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7633
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209796
AAA_collcode_halenanc
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209796

Eliza Haldeman correspondence, [ca. 1860-1868]

Creator:
Haldeman, Eliza, 1843-1910  Search this
Subject:
Cassatt, Mary  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9718
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212002
AAA_collcode_haldeliz
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212002

Mary Cassatt correspondence with Emily Sartain, [ca. 1872-1874]

Creator:
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
Subject:
Sartain, Emily  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9720
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212004
AAA_collcode_cassmces
Theme:
Women
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212004

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By