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Carved openwork panel with hibiscus and long-tailed bird

Medium:
Wood with lacquer, gold, and mineral pigments
Dimensions:
H x W: 99.4 x 11.7 cm (39 1/8 x 4 5/8 in)
Type:
Architectural Element
Origin:
Japan
Date:
18th-19th century
Period:
Edo period
Topic:
bird  Search this
hibiscus  Search this
Edo period (1615 - 1868)  Search this
Japan  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1918.140
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3f80ee959-134c-4eca-9313-5f4f50e76451
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1918.140
Online Media:

Brownie Wise Papers

Inventor:
Wise, Brownie Humphrey, 1913-1991  Search this
Names:
Stanley Home Products  Search this
Tupperware (Firm).  Search this
Vivian Woodward Cosmetics  Search this
Extent:
27 sound recordings
15 Cubic feet (26 boxes, 7 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Personal papers
Business records
Speeches
Audiovisual materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1928-1968
Summary:
The papers consist of business records documenting the history of Tupperware from 1951-1958, during which Brownie Wise served as vice president of the Tupperware Company. Also, personal papers and business records documenting her marketing activities for Stanley Home Products, Vivian Woodard Cosmetics, and others.
Scope and Contents:
The Brownie Wise Papers constitute an essential complement to the Earl Tupper Papers, acquired in 1992, and to the museums rich collections of Tupperware products. Together these collections document not only the founding and early business history of Tupperware, but also significant areas of American history in which the museum has a demonstrated interest. The Brownie Wise Papers illuminate aspects of an American consumer culture which achieved its apex in the post-World War II years; in many ways, Tupperware and the Tupperware party reflect the key defining elements of the fifties. Of special significance is the story these papers tell of a successful woman business executive and working mother, in an era whose women have more often been characterized by June Cleaver and Harriet Nelson. The Tupperware story offers rich insights into the society and culture of the era, illuminating issues of gender, consumerism, and technological development.

There are approximately 15 cubic feet of materials, including photographic and audiovisual materials. The collection is organized into eight series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1: Personal Papers, circa 1928-1968

Series 2: Stanley Home Products, Patio Parties, circa 1947-1959

Series 3: Tupperware Home Parties, circa 1951-1959

Series 4: Direct Sales consulting, circa 1958-1969

Series 5: Other Direct Sales Consulting, circa 1958-1971

Series 6: Other Business ventures, circa 1958-1967

Series 7: Photographs, 1930-1968

Series 8: Audiovisual Materials, 1953-1957; 1977
Biographical Note:
Brownie Humphrey was born in Buford, Georgia in 1913, the daughter of Rosabelle Stroud Humphrey and Jerome Humphrey, a plumber. According to longtime friend Kay Robinson, Brownie knew that there were few business opportunities for women in the South, and that "unless she wanted to work in sales, she would have to leave the South." After meeting Robert Wise at the Texas Centennial in 1936, where the couple saw an exhibition highlighting a bright future at Ford Motors, Brownie and Robert married and moved to the Detroit area where he worked as a machinist, later opening a small machine shop. The couple divorced in 1941, about three years after the birth of their only child, Jerry. Brownie Wise never remarried.

During the late 1930s and early 1940s, Brownie contributed to a correspondence column of the Detroit News under the pen name "Hibiscus." Her columns were largely autobiographical, but used elements of fantasy and romance to address a uniquely female urban community. In Detroit, Wise worked briefly at an ad agency and in a millinery shop. During World War II, Wise got a job as an executive secretary at Bendix. After the war, Brownie and her mother, Rose Stroud Humphrey, began selling Stanley Home Products. When Jerry became ill in 1949, they followed a doctor's advice and moved to Miami where they began a direct selling business they called Patio Parties. Through this business, the mother daughter team distributed Poly-T (Tupperware), Stanley Home Products, West Bend, and other household goods through an innovative home party plan adopted by Brownie.

Thomas Damigella in Massachusetts, and Brownie Wise in South Florida, quickly became among the fastest movers of Tupperware products, attracting the attention of Earl Tupper, who was still searching for a profitable outlet for his plastic containers. Because Americans were still skeptical of plastics and because the Tupper seal required demonstration, early attempts at department store sales had been unsuccessful. Some independent dealers had more success selling through demonstrations at state fairs or door-to-door, but sales and distribution remained low. The experiences of Damigella and Wise convinced Tupper to offer the products on a home party plan. He partnered with Norman Squires, the originator of Hostess Home Parties, to pursue this strategy.

In 1951, Tupper recruited Brownie to develop the Hostess party plan for Tupperware, and named her vice president of the company. She is credited with developing the party plan and sales organization, and with creating the annual Jubilee, a pep-rally and awards ceremony for dealers and distributors; it was her idea to locate company headquarters in Kissimmee, and she oversaw the design and construction of the campus. With the company's meteoric success came national recognition. Her public role was all the greater because Earl Tupper shunned all public exposure; Wise was the public head of the company throughout the 1950s. She was both honored guest and invited speaker at national sales and marketing conferences, where she was often the only woman in attendance. Scores of laudatory articles about her appeared in the sales industry and general business press, and she became the darling of the women's magazines, including features in McCalls, Charm and Companion.

Tupper and Wise clashed over the management and direction of the business in late 1957 and the board of directors forced her out in January, 1958. She filed a $1,600,000 suit against the company for conspiracy and breach of contract, but settled out of court for a year's salary -- about $30,000. Shortly thereafter, Tupper sold the company to Dart/Rexall and relinquished all involvement with it.

Beginning in 1958 and through the 1960s, Brownie co-founded three direct sales cosmetics companies, Cinderella (1958-59), Carissa (1963) and Sovera/Trivera (1966-69). She also was president of Viviane Woodard Cosmetics (1960-62), and consulted for Artex and others. In addition, she undertook a real estate development venture in Kissimmee with Charles McBurney and George Reynolds (both former Tupperware executives). She seems never to have achieved the same level of success in these later business ventures. Wise continued to live in the Kissimmee area, moving from Waters' Edge, the spectacular 1920s mansion she occupied during the Tupperware years, to a home George Reynolds designed for her in. She was active in her church and as an artist, working in clay and textiles. During the last eight years of her life she was in declining health. She died in December 1992.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History in March 1994 by Brownie Wise's son, Jerry Wise, of Kissimmee, Florida.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Direct selling  Search this
Women in marketing  Search this
Sales promotion  Search this
Product demonstrations  Search this
Plastics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Personal papers -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Speeches
Audiovisual materials
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Brownie Wise Papers, 1938-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0509
See more items in:
Brownie Wise Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0509
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, RenĂ©  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Hibiscus malacospermus E. Mey. ex Harv. & Sonder

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
J. W. Pont  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1372  Search this
Place:
Kroonstad, O.F.S., Free State, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
Oct 1929
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus malacospermus E. Mey. ex Harv. & Sonder
Barcode:
01219693
USNM Number:
1528987
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f3aafd62-5dfe-4ca1-b1bd-9b798f60f7aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182794

Hibiscus meyeri Harv.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Place:
Swaziland, Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1976
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus meyeri Harv.
Barcode:
01219701
USNM Number:
2781761
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35026ccc8-dd28-41ac-be5b-6a33981b2d15
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182802

Hibiscus pedunculatus L. f.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Min. Elevation:
550  Search this
Place:
Jilobi Forest, Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
22 Mar 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus pedunculatus L. f.
Barcode:
01219746
USNM Number:
2961169
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f8a0a726-d460-46d6-bc84-54d8c1eb3c80
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182809

Hibiscus pusillus Eckl. & Zeyh.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
P. Herman  Search this
Place:
14 km from Aliwal North on road to Bethulie Rocky koppie., Free State, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Mar 1981
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus pusillus Eckl. & Zeyh.
Barcode:
01219765
USNM Number:
3007347
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d2f55d81-152d-4ce8-b8a8-08542890d48c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182818

Hibiscus trionum L.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
P. Herman  Search this
Place:
Grid Ref. 2826 AC: 5 km from Bultfontein on road to Brandfort., Free State, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
24 Feb 1981
Common name:
flower of an hour
flower-of-an -hour modesty
flower-of-an-hour
venke mallow bladder ketmia
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus trionum L.
Barcode:
01219823
USNM Number:
3000617
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3effa7d5e-1e15-4537-acc2-321654d70aa5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182914

Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
C. E. Moss  Search this
Place:
Port St John, Pondoland, Eastern Cape, South Africa, Africa
Common name:
Baru
Borac-borac
Califa
Chermal, Pago, Hau, Sea hibiscus
Emajagua
Fao
Fau
Fau fe'e
Fau mao'i
Filifeu
Gal
Gilifa
Hau
Hau ku'a
Hau mao'i
Hauhe'e
Hilivor, Hilifer
Hirifou
Hua he'e
Ilifur
Kajoe ocwarang
Kalau
Kali bangbang (Sungei)
Kalifa
Kalifa, Kilifo
Kaliva
Kilifu
Kinfoii
Law
Loo
Loo (pro. Law)
Loo (pron. law)
Majagua
Mala
Ngale
Pago
Pe takai, a kind of kalau
Silifa, Kilifa
Sinifo
Taw thale
Te Kiaiai
Tihau, fiber from bark called marohau
Tihua
koe hau
thinpan
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus tiliaceus L.
Barcode:
01219840
USNM Number:
1029198
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a589cb47-7ab1-4e83-adfc-f83f4a434024
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11183016

Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
T. Mclellan  Search this
Min. Elevation:
Search this
Place:
Transkei Region, Port St. Johns, Agate Terrace, Next to the road, on a stream going into the ocean, Eastern Cape, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
6 Feb 1991
Common name:
Baru
Borac-borac
Califa
Chermal, Pago, Hau, Sea hibiscus
Emajagua
Fao
Fau
Fau fe'e
Fau mao'i
Filifeu
Gal
Gilifa
Hau
Hau ku'a
Hau mao'i
Hauhe'e
Hilivor, Hilifer
Hirifou
Hua he'e
Ilifur
Kajoe ocwarang
Kalau
Kali bangbang (Sungei)
Kalifa
Kalifa, Kilifo
Kaliva
Kilifu
Kinfoii
Law
Loo
Loo (pro. Law)
Loo (pron. law)
Majagua
Mala
Ngale
Pago
Pe takai, a kind of kalau
Silifa, Kilifa
Sinifo
Taw thale
Te Kiaiai
Tihau, fiber from bark called marohau
Tihua
koe hau
thinpan
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus tiliaceus L.
Barcode:
01219844
USNM Number:
3215961
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31f7c9ce3-3c12-407d-beeb-33cbeb480fdd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11183020

Hibiscus barbosae Exell

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Place:
Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1976
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus barbosae Exell
Barcode:
01217489
USNM Number:
2781760
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31a413e3b-bc0f-475b-b1c0-636242719794
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11176459

Hibiscus engleri K. Schum.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Place:
Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
5 Apr 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus engleri K. Schum.
Barcode:
01219610
USNM Number:
2781821
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bd5e5807-a539-41b0-bbd7-008860949f10
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11176506

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Min. Elevation:
450  Search this
Place:
7 km NW of Siteki., Lubombo, Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
31 Mar 1977
Common name:
Lihana
brown Indianhemp
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Barcode:
01219566
USNM Number:
2961171
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ab73a812-c2f5-4d4f-830b-4c206bf8dd27
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11177215

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
A. J. Oakes  Search this
Place:
Disturbed site along highway 25 km south of Nomahasha., Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
19 Apr 1971
Common name:
Lihana
brown Indianhemp
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Barcode:
01219568
USNM Number:
3014168
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/386408d00-67a9-4e41-a223-7b7d5405d234
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11177217

Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Place:
Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
5 Apr 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.
Barcode:
01219528
USNM Number:
2781827
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c13935e3-c277-49f1-8234-a343df3235c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11177312

Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Ellen S. Kemp  Search this
Min. Elevation:
250  Search this
Place:
woodland 10 km S. of Mlawula, Lubomo, Eswatini, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Nov 1977
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.
Barcode:
01219538
USNM Number:
2933547
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d588cab0-c7f4-4055-8352-34f20e565391
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11177322

Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
T. Mclellan  Search this
Min. Elevation:
100  Search this
Place:
Transkei, Port St. Johns, Umngazi. At junction of main road to Port St. Johns and road to Umngazi river Mouth. Grid Reference: 3129 DA, Eastern Cape, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
Jun 1996
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.
Barcode:
01219546
USNM Number:
3215959
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/388e8d26a-c516-4cc6-867e-7e3942805779
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11177330

Hibiscus pedunculatus L. f.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
T. Mclellan  Search this
Min. Elevation:
10  Search this
Place:
Transkei, Mbotyi, Along road to N side of River ~500 m from coast, Eastern Cape, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
7 Feb 1991
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Malvaceae
Published Name:
Hibiscus pedunculatus L. f.
Barcode:
01219747
USNM Number:
3215957
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c36ac8b7-4de7-40e0-948c-540a43cc9d11
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11182810

33c Bird of Paradise booklet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3310
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored)/ photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
May 1, 1999
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1999.2019.116.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm897c2d01e-caa7-44ba-b45e-bf877948822d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1999.2019.116.1

33c Royal Poinciana booklet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3311
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored)/ photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
May 1, 1999
Topic:
Plants  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1999.2019.116.2
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8f2c86e2e-f11c-4e06-aa92-b6ffc38b1ac7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1999.2019.116.2

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