Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
272 documents - page 1 of 14

Rational recreations in which the principles of numbers and natural philosophy are clearly and copiously elucidated, by a series of easy, entertaining, interesting experiments : among which are all those commonly performed with the cards by W. Hooper, M.D

Author:
Hooper, William M.D http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr92038152 http://viaf.org/viaf/113497167  Search this
Former owner:
David, J. D. http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/fmo DSI http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2007012233 http://viaf.org/viaf/70916888  Search this
Hawkins, Elizabeth http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/fmo DSI http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n81121570 http://viaf.org/viaf/200107397  Search this
Locke, L. Leland (Leslie Leland) 1875- ,- http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/fmo DSI http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2001006328 http://viaf.org/viaf/24975738  Search this
Engraver:
Lodge, John -1796 http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50039541 http://viaf.org/viaf/100919325  Search this
Donor:
Grove City College Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
4 volume, [65] folded leaves of plates illustrations (engravings, woodcuts) 22 cm. (8vo)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Early works to 1850
Early works
Date:
1783
Topic:
Card games  Search this
Cards  Search this
Electricity  Search this
Playing cards  Search this
Scientific recreations  Search this
Call number:
QA164 .H77 1782
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_975179

Slider for a game played on ice

Culture/People:
Sioux  Search this
Seller:
Emil W. Lenders (Emil William Lenders/E. W. Lenders), Non-Indian, 1864-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
Emil W. Lenders (Emil William Lenders/E. W. Lenders), Non-Indian, 1864-1934  Search this
Object Name:
Slider for a game played on ice
Media/Materials:
Feather/feathers, buffalo bone, wood, glue, paint
Techniques:
Carved, incised, glued
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
2/3205
Barcode:
023205.000
See related items:
Sioux
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws605174e8f-1d05-48e0-b6f3-aa3452c16e8c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_24640
Online Media:

Slider for a game played on ice

Culture/People:
Sioux  Search this
Seller:
Emil W. Lenders (Emil William Lenders/E. W. Lenders), Non-Indian, 1864-1934  Search this
Previous owner:
Emil W. Lenders (Emil William Lenders/E. W. Lenders), Non-Indian, 1864-1934  Search this
Object Name:
Slider for a game played on ice
Media/Materials:
Feather/feathers, buffalo bone, wood, glue, paint
Techniques:
Carved, incised, glued
Dimensions:
53 x 15 x 5 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
2/3205
Barcode:
023205.001
See related items:
Sioux
Games, Toys, Gambling
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6356a9428-7d5e-48ef-b1c7-9cb27149375f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_24641
Online Media:

Ralph Baer Innovative Lives Presentation

Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Harrison, William  Search this
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Dvcs
Dvds
Date:
2009-08-15-2009
Scope and Contents note:
In a moderated conversation about his life and work, Baer reenacts, with his partner William Harrison, the first time he played "Oddyssey", the first home video game for the consumer market, which he invented, and answers questions from the audience.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series: Series 1, Original video (born digital); Series 2, Master videos; and Series 3, Reference videos..
Biographical/Historical note:
Ralph H. Baer (1922-2014) was born in Germany and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938. A graduate of the National Radio Institute (1940), Baer worked as a radio technician in the New York City area, servicing all types of home and auto radios. During World War II, Baer served in the United States Army, one year stateside, and two years in Europe. He was assigned to Military Intelligence and became an expert on military small arms. Baer returned to the United States with eighteen tons of foreign small arms for use in exhibits at Aberdeen, Maryland; Springfield, Massachusetts Armory; and Ft. Riley, Kansas.

After the war, Baer attended the American Television Institute of Technology in Chicago, graduating with a BS in television engineering. In 1949, Baer joined a small electro medical equipment firm, Wappler, Inc., as their chief engineer. He designed and built surgical cutting machines, epilators, and low frequency pulse generating muscle-toning equipment. In 1951, Baer moved to Loral Electronics of Bronx, New York as a senior engineer, designing power line carrier signaling equipment for IBM. During 1952-1956, Baer worked at Transitron, Inc., in New York City as a chief engineer and later as vice president. In 1956, Baer joined Sanders Associates in Nashua, New Hampshire building airborne radar components. He became manager of the Electronic Design Department at Sanders and eventually Division Manager and Chief Engineer for Equipment Design. Baer retired in 1987.

At Sanders in 1966, Baer began an independent project experimenting with ways for consumers to interact with standard home television sets. Development of interactive TV Game (TVG) ideas became a company-supported project continued by Baer and assisted by William H. Harrison and William T. Rusch (download the TV Game chronology prepared by Ralph Baer in 2006). By mid-1967, ping pong videogames were played inside Sanders, patent disclosures were applied for, and hardware was designed. Baer and his associates called the devices they were developing "boxes" and numbered the various versions one through seven. In 1971, Magnavox became Sanders Associates's first videogame licensee. Between 1972 and 1975, Magnavox produced and sold over 700,000 units of Odyssey, a set of games played on its television receivers. Atari became a licensee in 1976 after the first of many lawsuits won by Sanders in pursuit of patent infringements.

During his tenure at Sanders and thereafter, Baer was a prolific inventor. His creations included many electronic toys and games and other consumer electronic products. Among the better known products based on Baer's work are Milton Bradley's Simon, Galoob's Smarty Bear Video, and Kenner's Laser Command. In 2004 President George W. Bush awarded Baer the National Medal of Technology.

Baer married Dena Whinston in 1952 and they had three children, James, Mark, and Nancy. Ralph Baer died on December 6, 2014, at the age of 92.
Provenance:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Games  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Video games  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
DVCs
DVDs
Citation:
Ralph Baer Innovative Lives Presentation, August 15, 2009, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1179
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1179

Playing cards from Japan By Mrs. J. King van Rensselaer

Author:
Van Rensselaer, John King Mrs. 1848-1925 http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50046682 http://viaf.org/viaf/15164687  Search this
Physical description:
pages 381-382, [1] plate illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
188u
Topic:
Card games  Search this
Playing cards  Search this
Call number:
GV1243 .V36 1880z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_949786

Bridge Set of Playing Cards

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 8.89 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
Cards, Playing, Decks of
Place made:
United States: Minnesota, Minnesota
Subject:
Playing Cards  Search this
Games  Search this
Credit Line:
Gladys C. Dougherty
ID Number:
1983.0117.02
Catalog number:
1983.0117.02
Accession number:
1983.0117
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-9d47-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_681027

Ralph H. Baer Papers

Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (44 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Cd-roms
Diagrams
Drawings
Interviews
Videotapes
Correspondence
Sketches
Photographs
Oral history
Notes
Manuals
Date:
1943 - 2015
Summary:
Ralph H. Baer was a German-born ordnance specialist, inventor, and engineer. He was a pioneer of early videogame technology. The papers include autobiographical materials; firearms notes, manuscripts, and photographs; and videogame and television engineering notes, diagrams, schematics, and video documentation.
Scope and Contents:
The Ralph Baer Papers include autobiographical materials and an extended oral history interview. The Papers also include materials about military small arms created by Baer during his World War II service. The largest portion of the collection documents Baer's work on video games.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 12 series.

Series 1: Autobiographical Documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.1: Manuscript, book and other documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.2: Other Media: CDs, VHS videos, periodical, 1991, 2000-2003

Series 2: WW II Small Arms Documents, 1943-1953

Subseries 2.1: Correspondence, 1950-1953

Subseries 2.2: Writings and notes, 1943-1948

Subseries 2.3: Drawings and schematics, undated

Subseries 2.4: Manuals and encyclopedias, 1943

Subseries 2.5: Photographs, 1945

Series 3: Hans Otto Mauksch Materials, 1944-1964

Subseries 3.1: Personal background information, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1964

Subseries 3.2: Instructional materials, 1944-1946, undated

Subseries 3.3: Ft. Riley, Kansas, 1946, 1953

Series 4: TV Game Documents, 1966-1972

Subseries 4.1: Working notes, diagrams and schematics, 1966-1971

Subseries 4.2: Administrative documents, 1966-1972 Subseries 4.3: Notebooks, 1966-1968

Subseries 4.4: TV game development documentation, 1966-1968

Series 5: Sanders Associates, Transitron, and Van Norman Industries, 1952-2003

Series 6: Product Development Documents, 1974-2015

Series 7: Product Guides and Technical Support, 1943-2011

Series 8: Legal and Patent Documents, 1966-2014

Series 9: Writings and Notes, 1946-1999

Series 10: Miscellaneous, 1961-2012

Series 11: Correspondence, 1983-2014

Series 12: Publicity and Awards, 1979-2015
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph H. Baer (1922-2014) was born in Germany and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938. A graduate of the National Radio Institute (1940), Baer worked as a radio technician in the New York City area, servicing all types of home and auto radios. During World War II, Baer served in the United States Army, one year stateside, and two years in Europe. He was assigned to Military Intelligence and became an expert on military small arms. Baer returned to the United States with eighteen tons of foreign small arms for use in exhibits at Aberdeen, Maryland; Springfield, Massachusetts Armory; and Ft. Riley, Kansas.

After the war, Baer attended the American Television Institute of Technology in Chicago, graduating with a BS in television engineering. In 1949, Baer joined a small electro medical equipment firm, Wappler, Inc., as their chief engineer. He designed and built surgical cutting machines, epilators, and low frequency pulse generating muscle-toning equipment. In 1951, Baer moved to Loral Electronics of Bronx, New York as a senior engineer, designing power line carrier signaling equipment for IBM. During 1952-1956, Baer worked at Transitron, Inc., in New York City as a chief engineer and later as vice president. In 1956, Baer joined Sanders Associates in Nashua, New Hampshire building airborne radar components. He became manager of the Electronic Design Department at Sanders and eventually Division Manager and Chief Engineer for Equipment Design. Baer retired in 1987.

At Sanders in 1966, Baer began an independent project experimenting with ways for consumers to interact with standard home television sets. Development of interactive TV Game (TVG) ideas became a company-supported project continued by Baer and assisted by William H. Harrison and William T. Rusch (download the TV Game chronology prepared by Ralph Baer in 2006). By mid-1967, ping pong videogames were played inside Sanders, patent disclosures were applied for, and hardware was designed. Baer and his associates called the devices they were developing "boxes" and numbered the various versions one through seven. In 1971, Magnavox became Sanders Associates's first videogame licensee. Between 1972 and 1975, Magnavox produced and sold over 700,000 units of Odyssey, a set of games played on its television receivers. Atari became a licensee in 1976 after the first of many lawsuits won by Sanders in pursuit of patent infringements.

During his tenure at Sanders and thereafter, Baer was a prolific inventor. His creations included many electronic toys and games and other consumer electronic products. Among the better known products based on Baer's work are Milton Bradley's Simon, Galoob's Smarty Bear Video, and Kenner's Laser Command. In 2004 President George W. Bush awarded Baer the National Medal of Technology.

Baer married Dena Whinston in 1952 and they had three children, James, Mark, and Nancy. Ralph Baer died on December 6, 2014, at the age of 92.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Ralph H. Baer Innovative Lives Presentation, August 15, 2009 (AC1179)

The presentation documents a moderated conversation about Baer's life and work. Baer reenacts, with his partner William Harrison, the first time he played "Odyssey," the first home video game for the consumer market, which he invented, and answers questions from the audience. Materials include original video (born digital), master videos, and reference videos.

Materials at Other Organizations

Brian Sutton-Smith Library and Archives of Play at The Strong

Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1968-2010 inclusive; 1975-1998 bulk

The Ralph H. Baer papers are a compilation of correspondence, game designs, drawings, notes, reference materials, photographs, product descriptions, digital videos, schematics, electronic components, and manuals utilized by Ralph H. Baer throughout his lengthy career in the toy and game industry. The bulk of the materials are from 1975 through 1998.

U.S. Ordnance Museum, Fort Lee, Virginia

Materials consist of data on foreign small arms brought back from Europe in 1946 by Ralph H. Baer.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection including early video game prototypes and TV Game products.

TV Game Unit #1 (TVG#1); 1966; vacuum tube spot generator with Heathkit IG-62 Generator (See Accession 2006.0102.01)

Heathkit IG-62; used with TVG #1 (See Accession 2006.0102.02)

TV Game Unit #2 (TVG #2), aka the "Pump Unit," 1967; large aluminum chassis with wooden "pump" handle (See Accession 2006.0102.03)

TV Game Unit #7 (TVG#7), aka "Brown Box," 1967/1968; prototype for Magnavox Odyssey (See Accession 2006.0102.04)

Cardboard program cards for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.05)

Lightgun, 1967/1968; game accessory for Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.06)

TV Game Unit #8, 1968; "de/dt" (velocity responsive) ballgame chassis for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.07)

Magnavox Odyssey (Model ITL200) video game unit, 1972; with all accessories in the original carton (See Accession 2006.0102.08)

Milton-Bradley Company SIMON handheld microprocessor-control game, 1978 (See Accession 2006.0102.09)

Ideal Toy Company MANIAC microprocessor-control game, 1979, in original box with game instructions (See Accession 2006.0102.10)

Golf Game accessory, 1968; golf ball mounted on joystick handle for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.11

"Brown Box" programming card, target shooting, 1967 (See Accession 2006.0102.12)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Ralph H. Baer in 2003.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Books  Search this
Firearms  Search this
Games  Search this
Litigation  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Machine guns  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Video games  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Television -- History  Search this
Rifles  Search this
Pistols  Search this
Military intelligence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
CD-ROMs
Diagrams
Drawings -- 1940-1950
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Videotapes
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Sketches
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- 20th century
Oral history -- 2000-2010
Notes
Manuals -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1943-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0854
See more items in:
Ralph H. Baer Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0854
Online Media:

Advertisement tag for the Homestead Grays vs. New York Cubans baseball game

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Homestead Grays, American, 1912 - 1950  Search this
New York Cubans, American, 1935 - 1950  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 5 15/16 x 2 1/2 in. (15.1 x 6.4 cm)
Type:
tags
Place used:
Kane, McKean County, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1930s - 1940s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.44.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e54f834c-cae9-485e-a0b3-3f220fc6dab0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.44.3
Online Media:

Vessel "Juighadi"

Collector:
Dr. Louise A. Cort  Search this
Purna Chandra Mishra  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Louise A. Cort  Search this
Height - Object:
5.5 cm
Diameter - Object:
6.5 cm
Culture:
Oriya Kumbharas, Kumbhara-Bisois, Jagannath Temple Potters  Search this
Object Type:
Vessel
Place:
Tikarapada Village / Puri Town, Puri, Orissa (Odisha), India, Asia
Accession Date:
1 Aug 1988
Collection Date:
1980
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
361229
USNM Number:
E423340-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3523b21e0-def8-4591-9c8a-7281825d3da6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8456352

Gambling-Stick Reed

Collector:
William J. McGee  Search this
Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Culture:
Papago (Tohono O'odham)  Search this
Object Type:
Dice
Place:
Not Given, San Xavier Reservation / Pima County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
14 Feb 1895
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
029025
USNM Number:
E174516-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32cc0e08c-8f3d-4718-9ef3-339c84a8f331
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8349767
Online Media:

Landy R. Hales Papers

Creator:
Hales, Landy R., 1889-1972  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (15 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Design drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1908 - 1969
Summary:
Papers document Landy R. Hales (1889-1972), an inventor and commercial artist who designed window and interior store displays, posters, children's games, and puzzles primarily from 1920s to 1930s in New York City and Baltimore. Of significance is Hales's work for Macy's Department Store. The papers consist of correspondence, patents, business records for several of Hales's companies, photographs, drawings/sketches, prototypes, and newspaper and magazine clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers document Hales's career as an inventor and commercial artist as well as his work in games, puzzles, educational tools, and posters. The collection includes sketches and design drawings, photographs, publicity materials, clippings and articles, and game prototypes.

Series 1, Brilliant Sign Company, 1908-1909, consists of stock shares, transferred by Hales to others in the amount of twenty dollars for the Brilliant Sign Company of Baltimore City, Maryland.

Series 2, Landy R. Hales, Inc., 1927-1929, 1944, consists of of invoices, orders, and check stubs from R.H. Macy and Company and Gimbel Brothers, Inc. for work by Landy R. Hales, Inc. for window displays. The orders detail what will be constructed and decorated. The R.H. Macy materials also contain a 1927 souvenir from Macy's Wonderland Christmas. Included in this series is a 1944 United States Treasury Department War Finance Program citation to Landy R. Hales.

Series 3, Hales Layer Poster Corporation, 1922-1969 (bulk 1920s), consists of materials documenting Hales poster company. Hales's formed Hales Layer Poster Corporation in New York State on July 16, 1925 to manufacture, purchase, sell and deal in layer posters and equipment for constructing layer posters in packaged or other forms. The corporation's other directors were Alfred J. Silberstein and Alvin A. Silberman, both of New York. Hales developed a new method of making a poster by placing cut-out pieces of materials such as composition board or wood on a background, then building layers to form three dimensions in the finished product. The first store to use Hales layer posters was Saks Fifth Avenue in New York City. The posters were never sold and were only used in advertising and window displays.

The materials consist of stock shares and values, a certificate of incorporation, branded letterhead, correspondence, an order book (blank forms), a point-of-purchase ad featuring Little Red Riding Hood, a patent for a display device, layer poster instructions, examples of posters, sample card stock, and instructions for the ABCD Ease Game. The display device patent (US 1,563,485) was issued to Hales on December 1, 1925. The invention relates to display devices for commercial advertising arrangements constructed out of layers of veneer or cardboard for reproducing and illustrating articles for sale, magazines, posters or art works. The principal object was to provide a display picture having depth. The correspondence, 1922-1937, 1969 and undated, contains letters with individuals companies, hotels, and department stores primarily in New York City such as B.F. Keith's New York Hippodrome, Saks & Company, Hotel Nassau, Keystone Manufacturing Company, and Rialto Theatre. Much of the correspondence relates to services provided by Hales Layer Poster Corporation. Hales's correspondence with Morris Gest, a theatrical producer who introduced La Chauve-Souris, a touring revue during the early 1900s, to the United States. There is also a letter typewritten by Hales in 1969 to Pablo Picasso about copying Picasso prints using the Hales layer poster method.

The instructions for "how to make" a Hales layer poster are well documented, detailing the step-by-step process and including the use of Hales Studio colors for painting. Specific instructions for the "Tom, Tom Piper's Son" with color guide are found here. A full, unused layer poster kit is in box 14. Additionally, Hales created the ABCD Ease Game, a board game played with dice with the objective to reach "ease." The way to reach "Ease" is through truth, courage, justice, thrift, study, work, loyalty, and honesty. Instructions and prototypes of the gameboard are represented.

Series 4, Hales Manikins, Inc., 1938-1948 and undated, consists of correspondence, a voting trust agreement, board of directors meeting minutes, stock shares, a floor plan for the company, blueprints for rubber figures, and a patent for a manikin and method of making the same (US 2,129,421). Hales Maninikin incorporated in 1941 in Baltimore, Maryland to manufacture, distribute, sell and otherwise deal in manikins and other display advertising figures. The board of directors meeting minutes contain articles of incorporation, by-laws, and minutes.

Series 5, Hales Pictures, Inc., 1937-1938, 1967 and undated, consists of an agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises, sketches by Kay Kamen, Ltd., a press release about Hales Picture Puzzles, and prototypes of Hales Puzzle Pictures. Of note is a copy of the February 1938 Rockefeller Center Magazine. The magazine contains articles about science, technology, publishing, the arts, events at Radio City Music Hall (Disney-related) and television. It offers good documentation of office business machines.

The first series of puzzles Hales introduced in 1937 were four subjects from Walt Disney's characters: Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Pluto, and Donald Duck. The object of the puzzle was to put all of the pieces together in their proper place--some of the puzzle pieces were raised to different levels. After the puzzle was completed, it could be glued to a backboard. There are prototypes for the Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse and Donald Duck puzzles. Only the Mickey and Minnie puzzles contain puzzle pieces. The Donald Duck puzzle consists of the box only.

In August 1937, Hales Pictures Inc., entered into a one year agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises that granted Hales the right to reproduce Disney characters for his puzzles and poster pictures. Hales paid Disney the sum of five-hundred dollars as an advance on future royalties. Disney also provided to Hales typical representations of the Disney characters. There are a series of Kay Kamen Ltd., Disney character drawings for Pluto, Donald Duck, Minnie Mouse, and Mickey Mouse. These drawings were provided to Hales by Kamen. The Minnie and Mickey Mouse drawings have been heavily annotated and mocked up by Hales for the purposes of creating his signature Hales Puzzle Pictures. Kamen (d. 1949) began his professional career as a retail hat merchant and later entered advertising. In 1932, Kamen contacted Disney, soon signed a contract, and was named the company's sole licensing representative. Through merchandising, Kamen made Disney's mouse star popular.

Series 6, Hales Sign Company, 1909 and undated, consists of examples of promotional and branded pieces for Hales's sign painting business that was located in Baltimore, Maryland.

Series 7, Drawings/Sketches, 1927-1930 and undated, consists of pencil, ink and paint sketches. The bulk of the sketches are Christmas-related, such as the poster study for the Macy's Christmas Wonderland, 1927 and the toy department displays for a bridge, drawbridge, house and tower. Other sketches include Noah's Ark, a matador, the "The Wise Woman of Gotham," Carlin's Amusement Park of Baltimore, Maryland, and resort scenes (tennis, golf and sailing).

Series 8, Photographs, 1925-1935, consists primarily of black-and-white prints documenting Hales's work in his studio and for clients such as Macy's. Some of the photographs were taken by Worsinger Window Service, Hughes Company of Baltimore, Le Don Studio of White Plains, New York; Apeda Studio, Inc. of New York City; Schultze Studio of Brooklyn, New York, and H.C. Campbell Company of Oakland, California.

Series 9, Greeting Cards, undated, consists of examples of greeting cards and postcards, primarily for Christmas, Easter, and Valentines Day, assembled by Hales.

Series 10, Clippings, 1922-1935, consists of loose photocopies and original news and magazine clippings in a bound volume. The clippings primarily relate to Hales's work in New York City, but there are clippings about The Corner Shop at Macy's, and there are copies of illustrations assembled by Hales, specifically the "Best Fifty Small Folio Currier and Ives Prints. " The majority of these he clipped from the New York Sun. Also included are clippings about La Chauve-Souris the touring revue during the early 1900s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into ten series.

Series 1, Brillant Sign Company, 1908-1909

Series 2, Landy R. Hales, Inc., 1927-1929, 1944

Series 3, Hales Layer Poster Corporation, 1922-1969 (bulk 1920s)

Series 4, Hales Manikins, Inc., 1938-1948 and undated

Series 5, Hales Pictures, Inc., 1937-1938, 1967 and undated

Series 6, Hales Sign Company, 1909 and undated

Series 7, Drawings/Sketches, 1927-1930 and undated

Series 8, Photographs, 1925-1935

Series 9, Greeting Cards, undated

Series 10, Clippings, 1922-1935
Biographical / Historical:
Landy R. Hales was born on September 17, 1889 in Baltimore, Maryland to Landy J. Hales and Fanny Linthicum Hales. Hales grew up in Anne Arundel, Maryland and had one brother, Wesley Hales. Hales began his career with no formal art training and apprenticed as a sign painter in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1908, Hales formed the Brilliant Sign Company in Baltimore to design displays for area businesses. In 1913, Hales married Lenore McCully. They had two children, Elizabeth McCully Hales (b. 1915) and Landy Romain Hales (b. 1921).

During World War I, Hales designed posters for the Liberty Bond Program, created by then Secretary of the Treasury William Gibbs McAdoo (1863-1941). This poster campaign was intended to popularize the bonds, and Hales created posters using his "layer technique," which was a method of making a poster by placing cut-out pieces of materials such as composition board or wood on a background, then building layers to form three dimensions in the finished product. In the early 1920s, Hales moved to New York City to advance his career and expand his opportunities. In New York, Hales specialized in display devices, commercial art, and advertising. An artist-inventor, Hales patented two ideas, a display device (US Patent 1,563,485) and a manikin (US Patent 2,129,421). He founded Landy R. Hales, Inc. (1925), Hales Layer Poster Corporation (1925), Hales Manikins, Inc. (1941), and Hales Pictures, Inc. 1937. In 1937, Hales Pictures Inc., entered into a one-year agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises that granted Hales the right to reproduce Disney characters for his puzzles and poster pictures. During the same year, Hales leased office space at Rockefeller Center.

Hales worked for Morris Gest, a theatrical producer, creating advertising for the Russian show Le Chauve Sourvis which featured the Parade of the Wooden Soldiers. Hales also manufactured and installed mechanical displays in Macy's Christmas windows at 34th Street and worked as an independent contractor for other department stores such as Gimbel Brothers and Saks & Company as well as the Hotel Nassau, Keystone Manufacturing Company, Rialto Theater, Keith's New York Hippodrome, and the Music Box Theatre.

Hales left New York City in 1945 and returned to Maryland, where he did commercial work for Carlin's Amusement Park in Baltimore and created layer posters for himself and family members. Hales died in 1972 at the age of 84.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Parades:stereographs, circa 1880-1908 (AC0060)

Messmore and Damon Company Records, 1930s-1990s (AC0846)

Hudson Fulton Celebration Parade Photograph Album, 1909 (AC1149)

William L. Bird "Holidays on Display" Collection (AC1288)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Katharine Landa McNulty Hogben, Frances Helen McNulty Beverage, Margaret Ann McNulty Klipp, Lenore Hales McNulty Frey, and Elizabeth Stuart McNulty on November 27, 2005.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Games  Search this
Display of merchandise  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Store decoration  Search this
Parades  Search this
Parade floats  Search this
Show windows  Search this
Packaging  Search this
Parade float designers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Design drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs -- 20th century
Clippings
Citation:
Landy R. Hales Papers, 1908-1969, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0906
See more items in:
Landy R. Hales Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0906
Online Media:

Trickster : an anthropological memoir / Eileen Kane

Author:
Kane, Eileen  Search this
Subject:
Kane, Eileen  Search this
Coyote (Mythological character)  Search this
Physical description:
248 p. : port. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Ireland
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Anthropologists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_962448

Baseball Ticket Stub for the Last Baseball Game Played at the Polo Grounds, September 29, 1957

Depicted:
New York Giants  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 2 1/4 in x 1 3/4 in; 5.715 cm x 4.445 cm
Object Name:
Ticket Stub
ticket stub, baseball
Used:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1957
Subject:
Sports  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Professional  Search this
Credit Line:
Samuel A. Finz
ID Number:
1981.0711.02
Catalog number:
1981.0711.02
Accession number:
1981.0711
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-1380-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1066511

Baseball used in the 1937 Negro League East-West All-Star Game

User:
Leonard, Walter F.  Search this
Physical Description:
horsehide (overall material)
cork, cushioned (overall material)
wool (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in; 7.62 cm
Object Name:
baseball
Date made:
1937
Subject:
Baseball  Search this
Sports  Search this
negro leagues  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Walter "Buck" Leonard
ID Number:
1981.0342.05
Catalog number:
1981.0342.05
Accession number:
1981.0342
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Autographed Baseballs
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-06a1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1064815
Online Media:

Double Deck of KEM Playing Cards

Maker:
Kem Playing Cards  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 8.89 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
Playing Cards, Decks of
Date made:
ca 1935
Subject:
Playing Cards  Search this
Gambling  Search this
Games  Search this
Credit Line:
Edith H. Smith
ID Number:
1980.0880.01
Accession number:
1980.0880
Catalog number:
1980.0880.01
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Cultural and Community Life: Community Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-eb6f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_662343

Gameboard

Object Name:
opon ayo
Maker:
Yoruba artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 9 x 65.5 x 18.6 cm (3 9/16 x 25 13/16 x 7 5/16 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
snake  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Monique and Jean Paul Barbier-Mueller
Object number:
93-2-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7443cab7d-eb29-486a-86de-2535c683fe9a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_93-2-1

Tobacco Pipe

Physical Description:
clay (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in x 5 1/8 in x 1 5/8 in; 3.175 cm x 13.0048 cm x 4.1275 cm
Object Name:
pipe, tobacco
Place made:
United Kingdom: Grand Bretagne
Date made:
1875 - 1905
Subject:
Personal Accessories  Search this
Smoking  Search this
Tobacco Use  Search this
Games  Search this
Gaming  Search this
Playing Cards  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Marcus Benjamin
ID Number:
DL.368372AB
Accession number:
129711
Catalog number:
368372AB
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-9ddc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_312640
Online Media:

Fox and Geese Game Board

Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 7/8 in x 8 1/8 in x 7/16 in; 22.5425 cm x 20.6375 cm x 1.0922 cm
Object Name:
game, fox and geese board
Place Made:
United States: Massachusetts, Gloucester
Date made:
1883
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
Related Publication:
Brown, James Temple. The Whale Fishery and Its Appliances
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
Credit Line:
Captain George Merchant, Jr., through J. W. Collins
ID Number:
AG.057950
Catalog number:
057950
Accession number:
12158
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Fisheries
Cultures & Communities
Work
Government, Politics, and Reform
Family & Social Life
Sports & Leisure
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-c97e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_866995

Baseball, signed at the 1982 All Star Game

Maker:
Rawlings  Search this
Physical Description:
cork (overall material)
yarn (overall material)
leather (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in; 7.62 cm
Object Name:
baseball
autographed baseball
baseball, autographed
Date made:
1982
Subject:
Baseball  Search this
Sports  Search this
Professional  Search this
ID Number:
2009.0243.20
Accession number:
2009.0243
Catalog number:
2009.0243.20
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Autographed Baseballs
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-4e9f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1391848
Online Media:

Software, Game Playing with Basic, for the TRS-80 Level II 16K

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 3/4 in x 4 1/4 in x 11/16 in; 6.985 cm x 10.795 cm x 1.74625 cm
Object Name:
software
Date made:
1977
ID Number:
2012.3098.087
Catalog number:
2012.3098.087
Nonaccession number:
2012.3098
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Computers & Business Machines
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-607b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1756606
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By