Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
4,209 documents - page 1 of 211

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Quebec -- Bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Online Media:

Reuben Snake papers

Writer of accompanying material:
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Church of North America  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Linear feet (3 archival boxes)
Culture:
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Date:
1970-1996
Summary:
The Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian, contain writings, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to the Native American Church which document the literary and political activities of this Winnebago tribal leader.
Scope and Contents:
The Reuben Snake Papers encompass original writings by Snake, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to Reuben's activism on behalf of the Native American Church.

Also included in this collection are video and audio tapes that contain interviews, talks, radio broadcasts, and other orally and visually transmitted items. These materials have been transferred to the NMAI Media Archives. All photographs have been transferred to the NMAI Photo Archives.
Arrangement:
The Reuben Snake papers are divided into four series:

Series 1, Writings, (undated, 1972-1993),

Series 2, Correspondence (undated, 1982-1996),

Series 3, Biographical (undated, 1985-1996),

Series 4, Native American Church (1971-1993)
Biographical / Historical:
Reuben A. Snake, Jr. was born January 12, 1937 at Winnebago, Nebraska, the youngest child of Reuben Harold and Virginia Greyhair Snake. Reuben's mother divorced her husband and later remarried, but Reuben's early life was fraught with hardships, including a period of separation from his parents and siblings. When the family's financial situation improved, parents and children were able to reunite and eventually settled in Hastings, Minnesota.

Reuben entered Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas, in 1950 but later dropped out due to problems with alcohol. He joined the Army in 1956, from which he was honorably discharged, and two years later he married Kathy McKee, with whom he raised four daughters and two sons. In 1965 he quit drinking.

Reuben was active in the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the 1970s and organized many demonstrations during his tenure as national chairman of that organization. After being elected chairman of the Winnebago tribe, Reuben reorganized the tribe, centralizing its administration and improving funding and accountability. Reuben was involved with educational issues as well, serving on education committees for the National Congress of American Indians and the National Tribal Chairman's Association. He worked both nationally and internationally to help make more widely known issues of Indian health, education, and religious freedom.

Reuben began to renew his spiritual and cultural ties with the Native American Church in the 1970s and eventually became a Roadman for the church. With the help of Senator Daniel Inouye from Hawaii he fought judicial battles to legalize the importation of peyote from Mexico for use in sacramental ceremonies. In 1990, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that the sacred use of peyote was not protected by the Constitution, Reuben became the official spokesperson for the Native American Church to educate the public about church philosophy and history. He organized the Native American Religious Freedom Project to lobby for national legislation what would amend and strengthen the American Indian Religious Freedom Act.

Reuben had suffered a major heart attack in 1986, and by the early 1990s, his health was deteriorating. He died on June 28, 1993. Reuben did not live to see the results of his hard work on behalf of Native American religious freedom, Amendments to the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, which President Clinton signed into law in October, 1994. These amendments protected the religious use of peyote by Indians.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Kathy Snake in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the Archivist of the National Museum of the American Indian. Please submit a written request to NMAIArchives@si.edu. Copyright vested in Reuben A. Snake, Jr. has not passed to the National Museum of the American Indian; researchers are responsible for determining any other copyright questions.
Topic:
Peyote  Search this
Function:
American Indian Movement
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.012
See more items in:
Reuben Snake papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-012

Pileolaria pseudomilitaris

Collector:
Glynn  Search this
Child  Search this
Dahl  Search this
Sandvel  Search this
Expedition:
NMNH-STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Depth (m):
5 - 8
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Perlas Island, Isla Mina off N.E. Point, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
May 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Pileolaria pseudomilitaris Thiriot-Quievreux, 1965
USNM Number:
53675
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/372455554-3963-43e5-b7b4-4c1a1f317e62
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_882092

Hydroides crucigera

Collector:
Jones  Search this
Manning  Search this
Child  Search this
Expedition:
NMNH-STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Canal side of Culebra Island, Ft. Amador, Pacific side, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
28 Apr 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Hydroides crucigera Mörch, 1863
USNM Number:
58543
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37f3acdb7-e0da-4713-bdb6-1514ddd14804
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_872886

Hydroides crucigera

Collector:
Glynn  Search this
A. Child  Search this
A. Dahl  Search this
K. Sandved  Search this
Expedition:
NMNH-STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
off Northeast coast of Minas Island, Perlas Islands, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
2 May 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Hydroides crucigera Mörch, 1863
USNM Number:
58544
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/308202d81-5a5d-4637-a245-1ae997279a34
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_872889

Pseudovermilia occidentalis

Collector:
Glynn  Search this
Child  Search this
Sandved  Search this
Dahl  Search this
Expedition:
NMNH-STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Depth (m):
5 - 9
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Cove east side of Isla Chapera, Las Perlas Islands, Pacific side, Canal Zone, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
1 May 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Pseudovermilia occidentalis (McIntosh, 1885)
USNM Number:
58667
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3367848d6-83ba-4049-b288-0f2f88ab46e2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_873214

Hydroides brachyacantha

Collector:
Glynn  Search this
A. Child  Search this
A. Dahl  Search this
K. Sandved  Search this
Expedition:
NMNH-STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
off Northeast coast of Minas Island, Perlas Islands, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
2 May 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Hydroides brachyacantha Rioja, 1941
USNM Number:
58513
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37c450818-de9f-4859-a96b-47ef751bd7c1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_873229

Filograna sp.

Collector:
Raymond B. Manning  Search this
Dr. Meredith L. Jones  Search this
Dr. Joseph R. Rosewater  Search this
C. A. Child  Search this
Expedition:
Smithsonian STRI Panama Survey  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Panama  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
Perlas Archipelago, Pedro Gonzales Island, west side shore, rocky intertidal, Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
30 Apr 1971
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Filograna sp.
USNM Number:
58670
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38306012d-8fcc-4021-b575-97fc3aa5ab73
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_873407

Statue

Collector:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Mrs. David Kadane  Search this
Donor Name:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Length - Object:
55 cm
Width - Object:
16 cm
Culture:
Makonde  Search this
Object Type:
Statue
Place:
Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Africa
Accession Date:
20 Nov 1990
Collection Date:
1959 to 1975
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
387040
USNM Number:
E425219-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/390a51cee-39cb-46dd-86d3-1c56bc26f133
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8458368

Statue

Collector:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Mrs. David Kadane  Search this
Donor Name:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Length - Object:
46.5 cm
Width - Object:
15 cm
Culture:
Makonde  Search this
Object Type:
Statue
Place:
Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Africa
Accession Date:
20 Nov 1990
Collection Date:
1959 to 1975
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
387040
USNM Number:
E425249-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/395ebc53b-9aa3-480c-a72e-1af1174f6d34
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8458398

Statue

Collector:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Mrs. David Kadane  Search this
Donor Name:
Prof David Kadane  Search this
Length - Object:
40 cm
Width - Object:
23 cm
Culture:
Makonde  Search this
Object Type:
Statue
Place:
Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Africa
Accession Date:
20 Nov 1990
Collection Date:
1959 to 1975
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
387040
USNM Number:
E425311-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b3162897-d304-4303-b3c8-8d2d9eb5668a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8458461

Tattoo Flash, (painting)

Painter:
Unknown  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil on cardboard
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Smithsonian American Art Museum 6th & G Streets, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20560 Accession Number: 1998.84.50B
Date:
20th c
Topic:
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Figure--Fragment--Skull  Search this
Figure male--Child  Search this
Dress--Uniform--Military Uniform  Search this
Animal--Insect--Butterfly  Search this
Object--Toy--Cards  Search this
Recreation--Sport & Play--Cards  Search this
Control number:
IAP 08586200
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_476727

Jan Butterfield papers

Creator:
Butterfield, Jan  Search this
Names:
Lapis Press  Search this
Pacific Enterprises  Search this
Bell, Larry, 1939-  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991  Search this
Dugmore, Edward, 1915-  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Gehry, Frank O., 1929-  Search this
Goode, Joe, 1937-  Search this
Greene, George  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Harrison, Helen Mayer, 1929-  Search this
Harrison, Newton, 1932-  Search this
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
Hudson, Robert, 1938-  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Karp, Michael  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
Nordman, Maria  Search this
Orr, Eric, 1939-1998  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Resnick, Milton, 1917-2004  Search this
Roche, Jim  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Shaw, Richard, 1941 Sept. 12-  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-1980  Search this
Turrell, James  Search this
Wheeler, Douglas  Search this
Wortz, E.  Search this
Wortz, Melinda  Search this
Young, R. Joshua  Search this
Interviewee:
Cage, John, 1912-1992  Search this
Extent:
15 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Date:
1950-1997
Summary:
The papers of Jan Butterfield measure 15 linear feet and date from circa 1950 to 1997. Papers contain hundreds of recorded interviews with and lectures by artists, panel discussions of artists and art historians, as well as extensive writings by Butterfield. Also found are project files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and additional sound and video recordings related to art subjects.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Jan Butterfield measure 15 linear feet and date from circa 1950 to 1997. Papers contain hundreds of recorded interviews with and lectures by artists, panel discussions of artists and art historians, as well as extensive writings by Butterfield. Also found are project files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and additional sound and video recordings related to art subjects.

Interviews and Lectures include hundreds of interviews conducted by Butterfield between 1971 and 1987 with contemporary artists about whom she was writing at the time. The artists Robert Irwin and Sam Francis are represented particularly well. Also found are slide talks, class discussions, and lectures given by artists, which are assumed to have been recorded by Butterfield in most cases. Also among the recordings are recorded performances by John Cage, Joe Goode, Newton and Helen Harrison, Jim Roche, and George Greene. Panel discussions include two notable recordings involving Milton Resnick, one with the painter Edward Dugmore in 1959, and the other with the painter Ad Reinhardt at The Club in 1961, which was later dubbed "The Attack."

The bulk of the writings relate to Butterfield's published work The Art of Light and Space, represented here in multiple drafts, research, and photographs of works of art by the artists discussed in the work including Robert Irwin, James Turrell, Maria Nordman, Douglas Wheeler, Bruce Nauman, Eric Orr, Larry Bell, DeWain Valentine, Susan Kaiser Vogel, and Hap Tivey. Also found are extensive drafts and research for catalog essays for exhibitions of Larry Bell, Richard Shaw, Robert Hudson, and Elmer Bischoff. Drafts of articles and publicity writing are mainly about artists but also some galleries and other art events. There are a few transcripts of recorded interviews, and it appears that many of the writings are based on Butterfield's interviews.

Project files include records relating to Butterfield's involvement with the production of a catalog for the corporate art collection of Pacific Enterprises. These also include additional artist interviews and artist files containing research and writing, mainly by her associate Michael Karp. Also found are photographs and sound recordings for the Waterfront Project at the San Francisco Art Institute, an interdisciplinary community-centered development project that involved Larry Bell, Robert Irwin, Melinda Wortz, Eric Orr, Dr. E. Wortz, Frank Gehry, Newton and Helen Harrison, Josh Young, and students at the Art Institute. And finally, project files include photographs, interviews, and printed material related to publications of Lapis Press, where Butterfield was Executive Director.

Personal business records include correspondence, price lists, financial records, notes, press releases, and career documentation of Butterfield. Printed materials include articles by Butterfield, articles about Butterfield, and articles by Henry Hopkins, most of which are photocopies. There are also clippings, exhibition catalogs, exhibition posters, and publicity. Of note is a disassembled scrapbook pertaining to the controversial Ed Kienholz exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1966, and a directory of art spaces in Los Angeles from 1978.

Most of the photographs are of works of art by artists about whom Butterfield wrote. Also found are a few files of photographs of artists, some taken by Butterfield, including Philip Guston, Ed Kienholz, Henry Hopkins with Clyfford Still, Robert Irwin, Robert Rauschenberg, and James Turrell. Additional video and sound recordings include artist installations, a documentary on Sam Francis, and an acoustiguide for an Ed Ruscha exhibition.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Interviews and Lectures (Boxes 1-5; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings (Boxes 5-7, 16, OV 17; 3.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Project Files (Boxes 8-10, 16; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records (Boxes 10-11, OV 17-19; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials (Boxes 11-12, 16, OV 17-19; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs (Boxes 12-14, 16; 2.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Sound and Video Recordings (Box 15; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Jan Butterfield (1937-2000) was an art writer and critic of contemporary art who spent most of her career in California. She is best known for her writings on late twentieth century installation and craft artists, particularly those who worked in California and the American West.

Butterfield was born Jan Van Alstine in Los Angeles, California in 1937 and attended the Univeristy of California, Los Angeles. She received numerous fellowships and grants from the National Endowment for the Arts as an art critic, and contributed art writing to dozens of exhibition catalogs and art publications including Art International, Images and Issues, Art News, Art in America, and Flash Art. Her most ambitious work of writing was The Art of Light and Space (Abbeville Press: 1993), which profiles the work of contemporary artists Robert Irwin, James Turrell, Maria Nordman, Douglas Wheeler, Bruce Nauman, Eric Orr, Larry Bell, DeWain Valentine, Susan Kaiser Vogel, and Hap Tivey. She was also the author of a 1972 monograph of the Abstract Expressionist painter Sam Francis.

Butterfield held positions in public relations at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from its opening until 1970, and at the Fort Worth Art Museum from 1970 to 1974. She taught at Northwood Experimental Art Institute in Dallas, Texas, the San Francisco Art Institute, San Jose State University, and Mills College in Oakland, California between 1973 and 1983. At the San Francisco Art Institute, she was Director of the extension program and Coordinator of the visiting artist program and the Waterfront Project between 1976 and 1978. In 1984, Butterfield and the artist Sam Francis co-founded the Lapis Press, where she served as Executive Director from its founding until 1988.

Butterfield was married twice, the second time to Henry Hopkins, Museum Director at LACMA, the Museum of Fine Art of Houston, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. She died in 2000 after an extended illness.
Related Materials:
Also found among the collections of the Archives of American Art is a 1981 panel discussion on Bay area art criticism sponsored by the National Women's Caucus for Art, in which Butterfield participated, as well as an oral history interview Butterfield conducted with Helen Lundeberg for the Archives' Oral History Program in 1980.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming on reel 1042 including two volumes of scrapbooks. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Jan Butterfield lent material in 1975 for microfilming. She donated the Robert Irwin material in 1980 of and most of the interviews and audio tapes in 1989. An additional 12 feet of papers, including some material previously loaned and microfilmed, along with two additional audio tapes, were donated by Butterfield's brother, and Trustee of the Jan Butterfield Trust, Derek Van Alstine in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Jan Butterfield papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art historians -- California  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art critics -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Jan Butterfield papers, 1959-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.buttjan
See more items in:
Jan Butterfield papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-buttjan
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jan Butterfield papers digital asset number 1
  • View Jan Butterfield papers digital asset number 2

Aquellos que han muerto

Artist:
Amado M. Peña, Jr., born Laredo, TX 1943  Search this
Medium:
screenprint on paper
Dimensions:
image: 15 1/4 x 9 1/2 in. (38.7 x 24.2 cm) sheet: 18 x 12 in. (45.7 x 30.5 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1975
Topic:
State of being\death  Search this
State of being\illness\wound  Search this
Figure male\child\bust  Search this
Figure\fragment\skeleton  Search this
Object\written matter  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Amado M. Peña, Sr. and Maria Peña
Copyright:
© 1975, Amado M. Peña, Jr.
Object number:
1996.47.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 1st Floor, North Wing
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk782d6725e-c236-45bc-b4ba-3927d1447f02
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1996.47.6

New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
National Human Studies Film Center, Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
master one video cassette (33 minutes) silent color 3/4 inch
archival original 1 film reel (1,190 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Melanesians  Search this
Nambas  Search this
Mbotgate  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Oceania
New Hebrides
Vanuatu
Malekula (Vanuatu)
Lendombwey (Melekula, New Hebrides)
Date:
1970-1974
Topic:
Language and culture  Search this
Houses--family huts  Search this
Division of labor by sex  Search this
Childcare--mother-child interactions  Search this
Grooming  Search this
Adornment--facial painting  Search this
Domestic animals--cats--dogs  Search this
Eating--food sharing  Search this
Play--siblings  Search this
Ceremony--parial organization practices  Search this
Effigies--as related to mortuary practices  Search this
Drums--slit gongs  Search this
Instruments--musical instruments  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1975.1.1 - 5
Restrictions & Rights:
Information on reproduction and fees available from Human Studies Film Archives OK:1
See more items in:
New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218389

New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
National Human Studies Film Center, Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
master one video cassette (24 minutes) silent color BetacamSP
archival original 1 film reel (858 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Melanesians  Search this
Nambas  Search this
Mbotgate  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Oceania
New Hebrides
Vanuatu
Malekula (Vanuatu)
Lendombwey (Melekula, New Hebrides)
Date:
1970-1974
Topic:
Language and culture  Search this
Houses--family huts  Search this
Garb--women--grass skirts  Search this
Adornment--normal garb--pig tusks--armbands--nose plugs  Search this
Garb--males--normal dress--penis wrappers--waist bands  Search this
Play--adolescent males  Search this
Gardens--harvesting  Search this
Crops--taro--yams  Search this
Illness  Search this
Suckling--of infants  Search this
Food gathering  Search this
Nursing--of infants  Search this
Sibling relationships--affection  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1975.1.1 - 14
Restrictions & Rights:
Information on reproduction and fees available from Human Studies Film Archives OK:1
See more items in:
New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218398

New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
National Human Studies Film Center, Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
master one video cassette (33 minutes) silent color 3/4 inch
archival original 1 film reel (1,175 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Melanesians  Search this
Nambas  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Oceania
Melanesia
New Hebrides
Vanuatu
Malekula (Vanuatu)
Date:
1970-1974
Topic:
Language and culture  Search this
Houses  Search this
Hamlets  Search this
Toys--play  Search this
Siblings--childcare  Search this
Suckling--of infants  Search this
Wigs--women--"Big Nambas"  Search this
Garb--penis wrappers--waist bands  Search this
Play--children  Search this
Affection--mothers--siblings  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1975.1.1 - 20
Restrictions & Rights:
Information on reproduction and fees available from Human Studies Film Archives OK:1
See more items in:
New Hebrides Film Project: Malekula 1970-1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218404

Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
Physical description:
archival original one film reel (1,150 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Huichol Indians  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1974
Topic:
Garb--Huichol--mestizo  Search this
Offering--decorated candles  Search this
Beverages--alcohol  Search this
Costume--headdress  Search this
Procession--religious  Search this
Peyote--child holding peyote  Search this
Jalisco  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1989.3.1-5
See more items in:
Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218766

Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
Physical description:
archival original one film reel (1,065 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Huichol Indians  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Central America
Mexico
Rancho Mirador
Coamiata
Date:
1974
Topic:
Settlement--rural  Search this
Flower--iris  Search this
Games--child lasoes tree trunk  Search this
Animal--pig  Search this
Games--children playing game  Search this
Weaving--women weaving  Search this
Garb--Huichol  Search this
Weapon--rifle  Search this
Jalisco  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1989.3.1-11
See more items in:
Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218772

Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974

Creator:
Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )  Search this
Physical description:
archival original one film reel (744 feet) silent color 16mm
Culture:
Huichol Indians  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Panoramic shots of mountain range
Place:
Central America
Mexico
Rancho Mirador
Coamiata
Date:
1974
Topic:
Games--children playing  Search this
Settlement--rural  Search this
Hammock--girl swings younger brother  Search this
Games--girl gives brother piggy back ride  Search this
Landscape  Search this
Bird--buzzard  Search this
Garb--Huichol  Search this
Corn--sprouted corn placed in baskets  Search this
Suckling--child suckling  Search this
Looms--woman threads loom  Search this
Corn--sorting of corn  Search this
Jalisco  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 1989.3.1-12
See more items in:
Huichol Film Project, Summer 1974 [Muller, Kalman Photographer and filmmaker (1939- )]
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218773

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By