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Descente d'Absalon

Publisher:
Faddegon & Co.  Search this
Other:
Miss Stena  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 53.7 × 43.8cm (1 ft. 9 1/8 in. × 1 ft. 5 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Date:
1885
Credit Line:
Donor: Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises
Inventory Number:
A19900421000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d35aea28-d20d-461e-b0a6-e9cbf993c68b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900421000
Online Media:

Les Mysteres de l'Ete

Artist:
Eugene Emmanuel Amaury-Duval  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 54.3 × 40.6cm (1 ft. 9 3/8 in. × 1 ft. 4 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
June 8-14, 1879
Inventory Number:
A19900422000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv964f20fa8-c7d7-4645-9a07-07b81a743afe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900422000
Online Media:

Balloon Park The Only Enterprise of This Kind in America

Pilot:
Jules Gourier  Search this
Publisher:
Shober & Carqueville  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 71.8 × 50.8cm (2 ft. 4 1/4 in. × 1 ft. 8 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1892
Inventory Number:
A19900429000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv99ae03814-0947-40b5-a0d6-821636de5f45
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900429000
Online Media:

Zooligischen Garten

Other:
Kathchen Paulus, 1868-1935  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 68.6 × 52.1cm (2 ft. 3 in. × 1 ft. 8 1/2 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
Germany
Date:
June 21, 1896
Inventory Number:
A19900430000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9efae11bb-0e35-45ab-b8e3-9efc0160e85d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900430000
Online Media:

2nd Pochta

Pilot:
Alexander Shperling  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 82.6 x 49.5cm (32 1/2 x 19 1/2 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
Russia
Date:
August 30, 1875
Inventory Number:
A19900432000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv90906ca8d-efba-4a3a-96b0-f0ea87df26eb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900432000
Online Media:

Ballon Captif

Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 70.5 × 81.9cm (2 ft. 3 3/4 in. × 2 ft. 8 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
France
Inventory Number:
A19900436000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9310bcbd7-591b-413f-975c-620f41057288
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19900436000
Online Media:

Tivoli PA Ext Aordinaire Grade Fete A laquelle assisteront Les Osages

Pilot:
Jules-Francois Dupuis-Delcourt, 1802-1864  Search this
Other:
The Osages  Search this
Medium:
Poster, Advertising, Air Shows and Races
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 41.9 × 57.2cm (1 ft. 4 1/2 in. × 1 ft. 10 1/2 in.)
Type:
ART-Posters, Original Art Quality
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
1827
Credit Line:
Gift of Harry F. Guggenheim
Inventory Number:
A19680211000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv97887c6f5-db1a-4fd1-ae2b-f640d7eb5611
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680211000
Online Media:

Seattle -- Miller Garden

Architect:
Lament, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photo copies of articles about the project, and other information.
Varying Form:
Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden.
General:
Located on a four-acre site purchased in 1948, this garden is situated on a bluff edging the Puget sound within view of the Olympic Mountain Range. The property descends two hundred feet from woodland to an open arid area at the top of the bluff. The garden was developed in 1950 as a collector's garden. In 1977, it held over 5,000 different species endemic to thirty-five countries from the arctic to subtropical region. Of interest are the ericaceae and evergreen oak collections and heavy use of Northwest native plantings. In 1994 the Elisabeth Carey Miller Trust was established to preserve and continue the Miller Garden, now referred to as the Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden.
Elizabeth Carey Miller was born in Montana and attended the University of Washington. A word-renowned horticulturist, she was a member of twenty-five horticultural organizations and was instrumental in the creation of the Center for Urban Horticulture and the Elisabeth C. Miller Library at the University of Washington Botanical Gardens as well as the Seattle Chinese Garden. Miller was a founder of the Northwest Horticultural Society and an active member of the Garden Club of America and served on numerous boards and as a facilitator of civic projects.
Persons associated with the property include Elizabeth C. Miller (horticulturist and former owner, 1948-), John W. Fieker (sp?) (landscape designer, 1950-1907), Steven Blint (sp?) (landscape designer, 1958-1987), Daniel E. Lament (architect, date unknown).
Related Materials:
Miller Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (31 photographs (slides))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Botanical gardens  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Native plant gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11420

Villa D'este

Creator:
Ippoloito, Cardinal  Search this
D'este, Luigi Cardinal  Search this
D'este, Alssandro Cardinal  Search this
Hapsburg  Search this
Farnese, Alessandro  Search this
The State  Search this
Architect:
Liqurio, Pirro  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Italy -- Tivoli
Italy -- Lazio Region -- Tivoli
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
de Vita, Marcello, Dr. Arch. The Villa D'Este, Tivoli. Description of the Villa with 24 fotocolor and a general view. Rome: 1955. p. 36 - 37. Fountain of the "Ovato", named from its' oval structure. Sculpture of the Tiburtine Sybil, attended by figures representing the rivers Aniene and Erculaneo.
Mount reads: "Fratelli Alinari (I. D. E. A.); Italia - 8 Via Nazionale 8 - Firenze. (7); Serie Artistica."
Historic plate number: "6888."
Historic plate caption: "[manuscript text on label:] Villa dEste [printed text in image:] (Ed.?? Alinari) N.? 6888. Tivoli - Presso Roma. Villa dEste. Una veduta del giardino con le grotte e la cascata."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Cascades  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Arches  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Palaces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IT026005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / Italy / IT026: Tivoli -- Villa D'este
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4304

United Kingdom -- England

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Historical Note:
On June 3rd, 1929, ninety delegates from the Garden Club of America (GCA) arrived in London for a thirteen-day "pilgrimage" throughout England. The trip was organized by the English-Speaking Union, and its headquarters at the Dartmouth House in London was the first stop for the GCA members. The members toured collectively for the first nine days, visiting the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Hampton Court Palace; and the Royal Horticulural Society's Gardens, as well as gardens in Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Warwickshire, Northamptonshire, Sussex, and Kent. In addition to garden visits, the GCA delegates were invited to the Iris Society flower exhibition held at the Royal Horticultural Society, and attended lectures on a variety of garden topics.

On June 12th, delegates divided into five groups and went their separate ways. Departing from Sulgrave, Northamptonshire, groups A and B went to Warwickshire, C and D to Oxford, and group E to Banbury. Each group had a full three days visiting surrounding estates and notable gardens. They all returned to London on June 15th for the last days of the trip. These final days included laying a wreath on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey, formal entertainments at the home of Lady Hudson in Sussex, and a departure dinner led by the Marquess of Reading.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4454

Swarthmore -- Hedgleigh Spring

Former owner:
Cresson, Erza Townsend  Search this
Cresson, William James, Sr.  Search this
Cresson, Charles O.  Search this
Architect:
Casey, George W.  Search this
Furness, Evans and Co.  Search this
Provenance:
Providence Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hedgleigh Spring (Swarthmore, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Delaware County -- Swarthmore
General:
"The 40 acre property was purchased in February 29, 1883 by Erza Townsend Cresson. He named the property Hedgleigh after the after the two long osage orange hedgerows." -memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting horticulturist / Garden Design.
"Today, the two acre garden is the unique product of family stewardship for over 100 years. The garden's design and older specimens for mostly date from between 1920 and 1950, while the plant collection has been greatly expanded within this framework since 1970. The house sits in a sweeping lawn surrounded by ancient oaks and black gum under planted with mature azaleas and dogwoods planted in 1948, along with the spring house, dating from the early 1800's. The central flower garden of roses and perennials contains over 100 feet of flower borders backed by a unique crescent shaped white picket fence,built in 1954." - Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
A combination of stone retaining walls, grade changes and shrub plantings divide the property into intimate spaces and microclimates which include woodland gardens, a small pond, a creek with a waterfall, a vegetable garden and a lowland perennial meadow. The diverse plant collection provides bloom throughout the year. May is especially interesting for its variety of plants, particularly in the woodlands area." -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
"The flower garden of perennials and roses is most spectacular in early June. Other areas reach their peak at different times, with a remarkable resurgence of bloom in September. A brick patio behind the house is furnished with exotic potted plants." -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
"Charles Cresson is a garden designer, award winning author, nationally known lecturer and avid gardener. Before returning to rejuvenate the garden at Hedgleigh Spring, he attend the University of Vermont, University of Bath in England and worked for the Royal Horticultural Society. After working for W. Atlee Burpee Co., he authored 3 books: Charles Cresson on the American Flower Garden, Ornamental Trees, and Rock Gardening. As the garden consultant, he has helped many avid gardeners develop their own gardens. -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
Persons associated with the property include: George W. Casey (architect in 1910); Furness, Evans & Company (Architectural firm that George W. Casey worked for in 1910); Charles O. Cresson (horticulturist and author); Erza Townsend Cresson (former owner from 1883 to ?); William James Cresson, Sr. (former owner form 1909 to 1959).
Related Materials:
Hedgleigh Spring related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Swarthmore  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA347
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16582

Newport -- Wild Moor

Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Photographer:
Whitney, Kate Lucey (Kathryn Lucey)  Search this
Palmer, Thomas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Wild Moor (Newport, Rhode Island)
Scope and Contents:
This file contains 20 digital images and 1 folder.
General:
Established in 1887, Wild Moor (also known as Berry Hill) is a woodland and natural landscape planted with native species on 22 acres. It has been in the same family for over 100 years and is protected by a land trust by new owners. Wild Moor sits on the second highest point on Aquidneck Island, overlooking Narragansett Bay, the Newport Country Club, and before the extensive planting of trees, the town of Newport and its harbor.

The garden was cultivated by the first owners, Walter and Mary Howe. Water penned a book of essays titled, 'The Garden.' After Walter's death Mary married Arnold Hague, a geologist and amateur botanist. She attended botany courses at Columbia University and the couple began to plant specimen trees, shrubs, fern landscapes, a rock garden, swaths of crocus, trout lilies and narcissus. The added acreage and constructed a tennis court, greenhouses, stone garden sheds and a rose house.

Mary Howe Hague was the first president of the Newport Garden Club. Club members were invited to the property's spring flowering in 1914 and it was open to visits by members throughout the family's ownership of the estate.

Donald MacKay Fraser, a coachman promoted to gardener, oversaw Berry Hill from 1932 to 1976. A Scottish immigrant, he was not trained in horticulture, but overtime became a knowledgeable gardener who sought advice from other gardeners including other Scots working on Newport's grand estates. MacKay's era saw the gradual clearing of the land and construction of structures including a stonewall-enclosed "Little Garden," "Loch Fraser," a catchment pond, the "Shanty," a wooden shed perched atop fitted with a small fireplace and baby grand piano for Mary Carlisle Howe, an accomplished composer and one of the founders of the National Symphony Orchestra.

The property was sold in 2020 and renamed Wild Moor, the windswept garden, with mossy dells, rock-strewn lawns and panoramic vistas.

Persons associated with the property include: Walter and Mary Ann Bruce Howe (former owner, 1887); Walter Bruce Howe (former owner, 1923); Mary C. Howe (former owner, 1954); Bruce Howe (former owner, 1959); Berry Hill Nominee Trust (former owner, 1992); Samuel Parsons (unknown role, 1887); Frederick Law Olmsted (landscape architect of subdivision/sited the house); McKim, Mead, and White? (architect); Michael Carney (head gardener, 1889-1908); William Richardson (head gardener, 1909-1919); Charles Clark (head gardener, 1920-1930); Frederick S. Franco (head gardener, 1931-1932); Donald Fraser (coachman and gardener, superintendent/horticulture, 1933-1975); John Salvador (head gardener, 1976-1992); Keith Hayward (head gardener, 1993-present); Howe family (garden designers).

Records related to the overall subdivision in which this property is located may be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 00681, King-Glover Lands.
Related Materials:
See the 'Flora and Fauna of Berry Hill' at the Redwood Library and Athenaeum.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI215
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33215

Signa Gallery records, 1957-1963

Creator:
Signa Gallery  Search this
Signa Gallery  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings -- Audiotapes -- Open reel
Theme:
Art Market  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7397
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209554
AAA_collcode_signgall
Theme:
Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209554

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials

Creator:
Boatwright, Ruth Ellington, 1914-2004  Search this
Names:
Tempo Music, Inc.  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
33 Cubic feet (77 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Audiotapes
Music
Photographs
Date:
1923–1992
Summary:
The collection consists of correspondence, appointment books, business records, music manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs, and ephemera documenting the activities of Duke Ellington and the management of Tempo Music, Incorporated. There is a small amount of material relating to the Ellingotn family.
Scope and Contents:
The Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials includes music manuscripts (circa 1930-1981), sound recordings, Duke and Ruth Ellington's business and personal correspondence (1942-1991), business records covering the years 1923-1988, performances and programs covering the years 1951-1989, numerous awards and honors to Ellington and the orchestra, and personal papers relating to the Ellington family. Also among the materials are minutes of business meetings, letters, and newspaper clippings relating to the Duke Ellington Society in New York city, the certificate of incorporation and invitations for the Ellington Cancer Center, and slides, film, and home videos. The collection is arranged into eleven series.
Arrangement:
Divided into eleven series:

Series 1: Music Manuscripts, Scripts and Compositional Materials, 1930-1981, undated

Subseries 1.1: Music Manuscripts, undated

Subseries 1.2: Published Books, 1943-1986, undated

Subseries 1.3: Oversize Materials, undated

Subseries 1.4: Music Manuscript Notebooks and Untitled Music, undated

Subseries 1.5: Tempo Music, Incorporated Copyright Sheets of Non-Ellington Material, undated

Subseries 1.6: Uncopyrighted Submissions, 1958-2002, undated

Subseries 1.7: Notes, Scripts and Compositions, 1958-1969, undated

Series 2: Business Records, 1923-1988, undated

Series 3: Performance Materials, 1951-1989, undated

Series 4: Publicity, 1935-1992, undated

Series 5: Awards and Recognition, 1936-1989, undated

Series 6: Correspondence, 1942-1991, undated

Series 7: Photographs, 1937-1990, undated

Series 8: Family Papers, 1911-1981, undated

Series 9: Other Artists, 1955-1986, undated

Series 10: Harry Carney Materials, 1938-1959

Series 11: Audiovisual Materials, circa 1946-1970

Subseries 11.1: Sound Recordings, circa 1946-1970

Sub-subseries 11.1.1: Duke Ellington Concerts

Sub-subseries 11.1.2: Duke Ellington Volumes 1 through 58

Sub-subseries 11.1.3: Duke Ellington and His Orchestra

Sub-subseries 11.1.4: Duke Ellington Jazz Society Guest Talks

Sub-subseries 11.1.5: Interviews

Sub-subseries 11.1.6: Miscellaneous

Sub-subseries 11.1.7: Non-Ellington Materials

Sub-subseries 11.1.8: 16" Transcription Discs

Subseries 11.2: Moving Images, 1929 - 1970
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1915, Ruth Dorothea Ellington Boatwright was the sister and only sibling of Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington. Sheltered and doted upon, she was almost sixteen years younger than her brother. She attended elementary and junior high schools in the Washington Metropolitan area and finished her basic schooling in New York City where the family moved in the early 1930s. Her mother, Daisy, died there in 1935, followed by her father, J. E. in 1937. Sometime after those life altering events, Ms. Ellington graduated from the New College program at Columbia University with a degree in biology.

In 1941, Duke Ellington established Tempo Music, and surprised his sister Ruth, by installing her as president of the company. He had a strong desire to maintain control of his own publishing, television, and recording rights, and after his sister's graduation, Duke felt that she could assist in accomplishing this goal.

Ruth's duties at Tempo included signing contracts, arranging some travel at Duke's request, and, most importantly, keeping Duke's music copyrighted. According to her own interview statement, she never arranged bookings. Other interests included hosting a Sunday salon for musicians, appearing at and listening to recording studio sessions once or twice a year, and keeping in touch with the older band members' wives. The older band members (i. e., Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Otto Hardwick, and Arthur Wetsol) along with the earlier singers (Ivie Anderson, Joya Sherrill, Marie Cole, and Kay Davis) were like family to Ruth.

In the 1950's, she was host of a radio program on WLIB in New York on which she interviewed guests including the writer Ralph Ellison.

Ruth Ellington's first marriage to Daniel James, a journalist and political scientist, produced two sons Michael and Stephen James. This marriage ended in divorce and she later married McHenry Boatwright, an operatic baritone. Boatright died in 1994.

Ruth was active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She was a founder of the jazz ministry of St. Peter's Lutheran Church in Manhattan and a friend of the first designated jazz pastor, the Reverend John Garcia Gensel.

After Duke's death in 1974, Ruth maintained Tempo until 1995 when she sold fifty one percent of the company to a New York publishing firm, Music Sales. Ruth Dorothea Ellington Boatwright died in 2004 at the age of 88 in Manhattan. She was survived by her two sons.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History in 1991. A second set of materials was received from Ruth Ellington Boatwright in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction. Copyright restrictions exist. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Audiotapes
Music
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Ruth Ellington Collection, 1923-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0415
See more items in:
Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0415
Online Media:

Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Names:
Davis, George S.  Search this
Duffield, Samuel P., Dr. (physician, pharmacist)  Search this
Parke, Harvey  Search this
Extent:
300 Cubic feet (429 boxes, 42 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Annual reports
Blueprints
Brochures
Catalogs
Correspondence
Employee records
Formulae, chemical
Lantern slides
Newsletters
Newspaper clippings
Notebooks
Price lists
16mm films
Sound recordings
Tracings
Date:
1867-1971
Summary:
The collection documents Parke-Davis and Company, one of the most important and oldest pharmaceutical firms in America.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Parke, Davis and Company, one of America's oldest and largest drug makers. Parke, Davis had the first research laboratory in the American pharmaceutical industry. The company played a major role in the development of some of the principle new drugs of the twentieth century and pioneered in the field of drug standardization. They were one of the first American firms to produce antitoxins, hormones, and other biologicals. They introduced new and important drugs such as adrenalin, dilantin, chlorenpleniol, and other antibiotics. They also did important research on vitamins, disinfectants, and pencillin.

The collection contains complete documentaion of all the research activities done, including research laboratory notes, correspondence, and published papers. The collection also contains corporate, financial, advertising and sales materials, photographs, and audiovisual materials. The collection is important for those researchers interested in the history of public health, the history of biologicals, pharmaceutical manufacturing and business history.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into 13 series.

Series 1: Corporate Materials, 1887-1951

Series 2: Financial Materials, 1880-1970

Series 3: Employee/Personnel Materials, 1900-1989

Series 4: Advertising/Sales Materials, 1868-1980

Series 5: Photographs, 1932-1952

Series 6: Notebooks, 1908-1968

Series 7: Control Department Records, 1884-1931

Series 8: Formulas, 1882-1967

Series 9: Equipment Data Files, 1922-1978

Series 10: Publications, 1968-1988

Series 11: Research Materials, 1920-1978

Series 12: Drawings, 1911-1971

Series 13: Addenda, 1867-1970

Series 14: Audio Materials, 1956-1957
Biographical / Historical:
Parke-Davis and Company traces it's origins to Samuel Pearce Duffield (1833-1916), a physician and pharmacist. Duffield was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and his family moved to Detroit when he was an infant. Duffield graduated from the University of Michigan in 1854 and he attended medical school at the University of Pennsylvania, latter leaving for Germany where he studied chemistry and sought treatment for his eyesight. He subsequently earned a Doctor of Philosophy from Ludwig University at Giessen in Germany. Duffield returned to Detroit in 1858 and established a retail drugstore with a strong interest in manufacturing pharmaceuticals. Duffield sought financial partners for his retail and manufacturing venture with A.L. Patrick and Francis C. Conant. Both men retracted their investments and Duffield met Hervey Coke Parke (1927-1899), a native of Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Duffield and Parke formed a formal partnership in 1866. George S. Davis, a third partner and traveling salesman previously with Farrand, Sheley and Company, was added 1867. Duffield withdrew in 1869. Augustus F. Jennings joined the company as a partner to head manufacturing. The company became known as Duffield, Parke, Davis, & Jennings Company. Duffield withdrew in 1869 and the name Parke, Davis & Company was adopted in 1871. The company incorporated in 1875 and began planning world-wide scientific expeditions to discover new vegetable drugs such as Guarana, Bearsfoot, Eucalyptus Globulus, and Coca. The company first showed a profit in 1876, and the first dividend paid to shareholders in 1878 and dividends paid until mid-1960s. Research was a major activity of the company.

In 1907, Parke, Davis and Company bought 340 acres in northeast Avon Township, Michigan called Parkedale Farm. The farm was dedicated on October 8, 1908, and included sterilization rooms and a vaccine propagating building. By 1909 the farm included 200 horses, 25 to 50 cattle, 150 sheep, and employed 20 men. The horses produced the antitoxin for diphtheria and tetanus, the cattle produced a vaccine for smallpox preventatives, and the sheep made serum. Only the healthiest animals were used and all were well cared for. Exotic plants were also grown on the site and used for drugs. Parke-Davis' chief products were antitoxins and vaccines as wellas farm crops for feeding the animals. The farm continued to produce vaccines for diphtheria, scarlet fever, tetanus, smallpox, anthrax, and in the 1950s, the Salk polio vaccine.

Due to a weakening financial position, the company became susceptible to take-over, and was purchased by Warner-Lambert in 1970. Warner Lambert, was then acquired by Pfizer in 2000. In 2007, Pfizer closed its research facilities in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Source

Rochester Hills Museum at Voon Hoosen Farm (last accessed on September 29, 2021 https://www.rochesterhills.org/Museum/LocalHistory/ParkeDavisFarm.pdf)
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Materials at Other Organizations

Detroit Public Library, Special Collections

Parke, Davis & Company records, 1892-1959

Scrapbook of clippings, 1929-44; Excursions & Announcements, 1892-1902; and company newsletters.

University of California San Francisco

Drug Industry Documents was created by the University of California San Francisco Library in collaboration with faculty members C. Seth Landefeld, MD and Michael Steinman, MD. Originally established to house documents from an off-label marketing lawsuit against Parke-Davis (United States of America ex rel. David Franklin vs. Parke-Davis), the archive has grown to include documents from additional sources illustrating how the pharmaceutical industry, academic journals and institutions, continuing medical education organizations and regulatory/funding agencies operate in ways that are detrimental to public health.
Separated Materials:
Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The division holds objects related to Parke, Davis. See accessions: 1978.0882; 1982.0043; 1982.0043; 1984.0351; 1985.0475; 1988.3152; 1991.0415; 1992.3127; 2001.3066; 2012.0165; and 2018.5001.
Provenance:
The initial collection of approximately 185 cubic feet was donated by the Warner-Lambert Company, through Jerry A. Weisbach, Vice-President and President of the Pharmaceutical Research Division, on February 3, 1982.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Antibiotics  Search this
Architectural Blueprints  Search this
Biologicals  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Drugs -- 1900-1950  Search this
Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919  Search this
Medical scientists -- 1900-1950  Search this
Patents  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry -- 1900-1950  Search this
Pharmacology -- 1900-1950  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Vaccines  Search this
Laboratories  Search this
Drug factories  Search this
Genre/Form:
Annual reports -- 20th century
Blueprints -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Catalogs
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Employee records
Formulae, chemical
Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Newsletters -- 20th century
Newspaper clippings
Notebooks -- 1900-1950
Price lists
16mm films
Sound recordings -- Audiotapes -- Open reel
Tracings
Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0001
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0001
Online Media:

Regional meeting in New Orleans with personnel attending, 1963

Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Collection Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Container:
Box 394, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records / Series 13: Addenda
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0001-ref7150

Hamilton, H.C. King-Ryan memos re: permission to attend conventions for Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Rowe. March 29, 1919.

Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Collection Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Container:
Box 397, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records / Series 13: Addenda
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0001-ref7357

Mason, Harry B. to Houghton, E.M. Memos re: attendance at scientific meetings during 1925.

Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Collection Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Container:
Box 397, Folder 39
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records / Series 13: Addenda
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0001-ref7380

Gruhzit, Oswald Martin. Request for permission to attend course on dermatology.1928.

Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Collection Author:
Parke, Davis Company  Search this
Container:
Box 397, Folder 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records / Series 13: Addenda
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0001-ref7387

Attendance Records

Collection Creator:
Signa Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1959-1960
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Signa Gallery records, 1957-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Signa Gallery records
Signa Gallery records / Series 1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-signgall-ref17

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