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Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058

Photographs in Alaska and Oregon

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
4 Photographic albums
71 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic albums
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1905-1910
bulk 1905-1905
Scope and Contents:
Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school and reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, Series 3
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv479c89d43-f5b0-4f09-92fa-2af2cd41b8be
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref50

Alaska

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
143 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 18
Culture:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1905 June-October
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 143 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in June-October 1905 at various locations in Alaska and Siberia. Churchill was appointed as Special Agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school service and reindeer domestication in Alaska. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Locations visited while on the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" include—Nome, St. Lawrence Island, Siberia, St. Nicholas Trading Post, Diomedes Islands, Teller and Point Barrow. Photographs in and around Nome include—Views of the "Bear" from the shore; Views of the Bering Sea; Street views in Nome; Nome Arctic Railroad; Anvil Creek gold mine; Captain Hamlet (of the "Bear") panning for gold; Inupiaq camp and sand spit with Mrs. Churchill; Golovin Mission; and Views on the "Bear" of Lieutenant Mead, Captain Hamlet and Engineer Dorrie. Photographs from St. Lawrence Island include—U.S. School and its buildings; Native man in duck skin parka; Group of Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) children; Mrs. Churchill and Mr. Hamilton.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23379
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon / 3.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ae92baae-ac93-4e68-ac7e-3bd4c86974e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref71

Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik): St. Lawrence Island, Alaska

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
19 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1905
Scope and Contents:
N27629-N27637
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon / 3.2: Negatives
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv486a00e8f-e924-4775-a2f3-5a8e68d44523
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref758

Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs

Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Names:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Photographer:
Averell, William H.  Search this
Coe, Wesley R. (Wesley Roswell), 1869-1960  Search this
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909  Search this
Keen, Dora, 1871-  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Pillsbury, Arthur C. (Arthur Clarence)  Search this
Ridgway, Robert, 1850-1929  Search this
Artist:
Schreyvogel, Charles, 1861-1912  Search this
Extent:
396 Lantern slides
286 Photographic prints
1 Map
Culture:
Suquamish  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Maps
Place:
British Columbia
Siberia (Russia)
Alaska
Date:
1898-1900
1903
1914
bulk 1899-1899
Summary:
The Mary Harriman Rumsey collection largely consists of photographic prints and lantern slides documenting the Harriman Expedition to Alaska in summer 1899. These depict members of the expedition and Alaskan scenery and people. The collection also includes scenic photographs of Alaska taken by Dora Keen in 1914 and photographs of Blackfeet, Hopi, Apache, and Suquamish Indians made by Edward Curtis in 1900 and 1903.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection comprises photographic prints, lantern slides, and one map documenting the Harriman Alaska Expedition from May to July of 1899. These photographs were made by members of the expedition, most prominently its official photographer Edward S. Curtis, funder Edward Henry Harriman, and lead scientist C. Hart Merriam. They depict Alaskan scenery, members of the expedition, and Native people and settlements that they encountered. Mary Harriman Rumsey's collection also includes later platinum prints of American Indians made and signed by Curtis (1900, 1903), photographs of glaciers in Alaska by Dora Keen (1914), a photograph of a painting by Charles Schreyvogel (1903), and a photograph of White Pass by Arthur Clarence Pillsbury (1898).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series: photographs relating to the Harriman Expedition; photographs of Alaska that were not made on the Harriman Expedition; and other photographs relating to American Indians. The Harriman series is arranged in a rough chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Harriman Rumsey (1881-1934) was an important American philanthropist and the oldest child of railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman. In 1901, while studying at Barnard College, she co-founded the Junior League for the Promotion of Settlement Movements (later named the Junior League of the City of New York), which facilitated charitable work by privileged women among New York's impoverished groups. Rumsey's efforts lead to the establishment of the Association of Junior Leagues International Inc. in 1921. Additionally, Rumsey co-founded Today magazine with her brother Averell Harriman and others, and in 1933 she chaired the Consumer Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration.

In 1899, Mary Harriman was among the Harriman family members who accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Originally planned as a bear-hunting trip for the family, the expedition, was funded by Edward Henry Harriman and organized with the help of ethnographer and naturalist Clinton Hart Merriam. The party of accomplished scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers cruised from British Columbia to Siberia and back on a private ship, the SS George W. Elder, in June and July of 1899. The scientists' findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series, and Harriman also paid the expedition's official photographer, Edward S. Curtis, to compile souvenir albums from the over 5,000 photographs made during the course of the expedition.
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives, University of Washington Special Collections, and Library of Congress have photo albums relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition. The SI Archives also holds the Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection and photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series.

NMAI holds photogravure plates and proofs made from Edward Curtis's later photographs and Frederick Dellenbaugh's expedition notes in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records. The National Anthropological Archives also holds Curtis photographs and papers.
Separated Materials:
The following materials were also part of Mary Harriman Rumsey's estate, gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1934. Where possible, their current locations have been noted.

33 artifacts, most of which were likely collected in Alaska by the Harriman Alaska Expedition, are now housed in the NMAI object collection (catalog numbers 18/6460 - 18/6494)

A set of Harriman Alaska Expedition books, probably now in the Cornell University Libraries

4 phonograph records

A bundle of botanical specimens
Provenance:
This collection was donated as part of the estate of Mary Harriman Rumsey to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in May 1934.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4043dd48c-ff74-4ab4-8c80-e46a55517c90
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-053
Online Media:

Painting

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Florence Nupok Malewotkuk (Florence Nupok Chauncey/Mrs. Chauncy Malewotkuk), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island], 1906-1971  Search this
Donor:
Henry Curtis, IV, Non-Indian, 1918-1997  Search this
Previous owner:
Henry Curtis, IV, Non-Indian, 1918-1997  Search this
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Bearded seal/ugruk hide/skin, ink
Techniques:
Drawn
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
circa 1960
Catalog Number:
25/4206
Barcode:
254206.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws652383e40-0741-4ad1-856b-e87edf860902
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_269918
Online Media:

Doll

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Geraldine Slwooko, Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Doll
Media/Materials:
Walrus Ivory, fur, rabbit skin/fur, sealskin/fur, cotton cloth, commercially tanned leather, yarn, hide thong/babiche, glass bead/beads, unknown stuffing
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, strung, stuffed
Dimensions:
41.5 x 19.6 x 8.5 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Gambell; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/5286
Barcode:
255286.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bf668038-a1a9-4aa1-bbed-436d7a38c46c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271151
Online Media:

Doll

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Geraldine Slwooko, Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Doll
Media/Materials:
Walrus Ivory, fur, rabbit skin/fur, sealskin/fur, cotton cloth, commercially tanned leather, yarn, hide thong/babiche, glass bead/beads, unknown stuffing
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, strung, stuffed
Dimensions:
37.5 x 19 x 8 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Gambell; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/5299
Barcode:
255299.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6101e8665-5eff-4fd7-a818-101afaf58a91
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271164
Online Media:

Female doll

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Hazel Omwari, Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island], 1901-1991  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
E. Arthur Patterson, Non-Indian, 1915-1996  Search this
IACB source:
E. Arthur Patterson, Non-Indian, 1915-1996  Search this
Object Name:
Female doll
Media/Materials:
Fur, hide, animal gut/intestines , yarn, feather/feathers, glass bead/beads, cotton thread
Techniques:
Sewn, embroidered, strung
Dimensions:
32.2 x 22.9 x 5.2 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1964
Catalog Number:
25/5303
Barcode:
255303.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69a5cfca5-85ab-42fb-9a65-8a047dff64be
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271168
Online Media:

Yo-yo

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Yo-yo
Media/Materials:
Sealskin/fur, walrus ivory
Techniques:
Dyed, sewn, carved, braided
Dimensions:
7.5 x 5.5 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1964
Catalog Number:
25/5683
Barcode:
255683.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws612be5086-7400-4a13-86bd-c93ff64d9e1c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271549
Online Media:

Yo-yo

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Yo-yo
Media/Materials:
Sealskin/fur, ivory
Techniques:
Dyed, braided, sewn, carved
Dimensions:
6.1 x 5 x 6 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1964
Catalog Number:
25/5684
Barcode:
255684.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63a4ed9c2-807d-4787-bef2-31c1bcf6a407
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271550
Online Media:

Yo-yo

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Yo-yo
Media/Materials:
Sealskin/fur, ivory
Techniques:
Sewn, braided, carved
Dimensions:
6.2 x 5.3 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1964
Catalog Number:
25/5685
Barcode:
255685.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [St. Lawrence Island]
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d9751028-d30f-420a-802a-abdbff7cb211
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271551
Online Media:

Seal hunter doll

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Beulah Oittillian (Oktillian), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Seal hunter doll
Media/Materials:
Wood, sealskin/fur, sea lion gut/intestines, hide, ivory
Techniques:
Carved, sewn
Dimensions:
49 x 27.8 x 10.5 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Gambell; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1988-1989
Catalog Number:
25/5763
Barcode:
255763.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e68a86d3-8bbc-49d0-ba0b-ad3b2b33e7c6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271629
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
probably Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island] (attributed)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Teddy A. Kasakie (Qaseki/Teddy A. Kasaki/Qoseqi), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
8.4 x 5.8 x 11.4 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Savoonga; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1963
Catalog Number:
25/5867
Barcode:
255867.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60907208a-86d4-4892-9e02-d7af3333755d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271733
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Emerson Kogassagon (Amaanga), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island], 1929-2010  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
5.5 x 2.8 x 1.4 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Savoonga; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1960-1980
Catalog Number:
25/5868
Barcode:
255868.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b2a3d2bd-1534-4cfa-8db8-7d47164ae3e3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271734
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Dean Kulowiyi, Sr. (Dean Kieloiuiyi), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), 1935-1988  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
12 x 7 x 7 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Savoonga; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1963
Catalog Number:
25/5869
Barcode:
255869.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d17d2e68-e680-4e2b-9107-4888355f109e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271735
Online Media:

Figural group

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jacob Seppilu (Nuuquitaq), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island], 1914-1984  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Figural group
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
15.5 x 5.6 x 4.9 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Savoonga; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1963
Catalog Number:
25/5871
Barcode:
255871.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69e2f5908-b468-4b01-9964-ff3742244f9b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271737
Online Media:

Sculpture

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Alexander Akeya (Aayanga), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island], 1928-2011  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
12 x 7.5 x 13 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Alaska; USA
Date created:
1965-1975
Catalog Number:
25/5875
Barcode:
255875.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6473412c0-ef7f-4a78-9aba-938a946d206b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271741
Online Media:

Sewing kit

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Hazel Omwari, Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island], 1901-1991  Search this
IACB source:
Dorothy Jean Ray, Non-Indian, 1919-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Sewing kit
Media/Materials:
Bark, feather/feathers, hide, bearded seal/ugruk hide/skin, wolverine skin/fur, sea mammal gut/intestines, sinew, ivory
Techniques:
Cut, twisted, perforated
Dimensions:
9 x 6.3 x 0.1 cm
Object Type:
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Place:
Savoonga; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1968
Catalog Number:
25/5932
Barcode:
255932.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Savoogna, St. Lawrence Island]
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws683db40eb-c66a-4847-8442-6d1fead3c50f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271798
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul Apangalook (Siluk Apanglook), Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Association, Inc. (Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearing House/Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative/ANAC Association, Inc.), 1937-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Walrus Ivory, ink
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Dimensions:
13.2 x 4.2 x 6 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Gambell; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA (inferred)
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Saint Lawrence Island
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/6390
Barcode:
256390.000
See related items:
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fb6e4c1a-c968-4db5-91b4-4b0ba3977f61
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_272273
Online Media:

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