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Elmer E. Higley collection

Topic:
Methodist Episcopal Church
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth
Creator:
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth  Search this
Extent:
534 Lantern slides
0.2 Linear feet
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Haida  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
bulk circa 1900-1968
Summary:
This collection consists of 534 glass lantern slides depicting Indigenous groups throughout North America. It also includes a small number of publications written by Elmer E. Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work during the early twentieth century.
Scope and Contents:
The Elmer E. Higley collection consists of both Lantern Slides and Printed Materials. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924, includes 534 glass lantern slides, many hand-colored. The lantern slides were used by Higley in lectures to promote his missionary and reform work with the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was the Superintendent from 1919 to 1923. While Higley was the photographer of some of the lantern slide images, specifically those taken in Mesa Verde, the majority of the photographs were not taken by Higley, but rather collected by him for use in his lectures as he traveled around the country. Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968, includes a small number of early twentieth-century publications written by Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work in the United States during this time.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into two series. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924 and Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968.
Biographical / Historical:
Elmer Ellsworth Higley was born in Ohio in 1867. He attended high school and college in northwestern Pennsylvania before marrying Alice C. Dowler in 1892. Higley later also attended the Drew Theological Seminary and afterwards worked as a pastor in a number of Methodist churches around the country. In approximately 1919 Higley was appointed Superintendent of the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, with his office based in Chicago, Illinois. Employed in this work until 1923, Higley traveled the United States, visiting Native reservations and promoting Christian reform efforts for American Indian education. While traveling, Higley frequently presented illustrated lectures on his missionary work to audiences, using the glass lantern slides now residing in the collections of the National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. In the years after 1923, Higley continued as a pastor in both Ames, Iowa, and Evanston, Illinois, the latter where he eventually died in 1931.
Provenance:
Gift of Mrs. R. S. Jensen and Family in 2018 and 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some photographs in this colletion are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Missionaries  Search this
cliff dwellings -- Colorado -- Mesa Verde National Park  Search this
Methodist church buildings  Search this
Missions -- Mission School  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Elmer E. Higley collection, NMAI.AC.228; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.228
See more items in:
Elmer E. Higley collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45ca4b0f8-01c2-4114-b663-3d3cb3d59f0c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-228
Online Media:

Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings

Creator:
United States Pacific Railroad Expeditions and Surveys  Search this
Artist:
Duncan, Johnson Kelly, 1827-1862  Search this
Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872  Search this
Sohon, Gustav, 1825-1903  Search this
Extent:
41 Drawings
Culture:
Chinook  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Works of art
Watercolors
Place:
North America
Date:
1853-1854
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of forty-one (41) drawings created for the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey by Johnson Kelly Duncan, Gustav(us) Sohon, and John Mix Stanley. The majority of the drawings are portraits.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series by artist: (1) Johnson Kelly Duncan, 1853-1854; (2) Gustav Sohon, 1853-1854; and (3) John Mix Stanley, 1853.
Historical Note:
The Pacific Railroad Surveys (1853–1855) were a series of five explorations designed to find and document possible routes for a transcontinental railroad across North America. The expeditions included surveyors, scientists, and artists and resulted in an immense body of data on the geology, zoology, botany, paleontology of the land as well as ethnographic descriptions of Native peoples.

The Northern Pacific survey, led by Isaac Stevens, traveled between the 47th and 49th parallel from St. Paul, Minnesota to the Puget Sound. Artists documenting the survey included chief artist John Mix Stanley (1814-1872); astronomer, topographer, and artist Johnson Kelly Duncan (1827-1862); and assistant artist Gustav (or Gustavus) Sohon (1825-1903).
Local Numbers:
USNM Accession Number 13050

USNM Catalog Number 130305
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional drawings created by Sohon in MS 384668.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Watercolors
Citation:
Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS130305
See more items in:
Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32e28c2b2-9f6b-4e65-8965-a341e03a25f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms130305
Online Media:

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 Photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 Printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish  Search this
Skokomish  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso)  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47bb7e1cf-cd0f-42a1-ac5b-8ee402c1ab8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Online Media:

Herman J. Viola photograph collection relating to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Names:
American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Native American Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Photographer:
Genete, Rev. Salvatore  Search this
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Neufeld, Harry B.  Search this
Warren, Dave.  Search this
Extent:
120 Negatives (circa, 35 mm)
31 Color slides
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
310 Negatives (circa, acetate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Cree  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Osage  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Puyallup  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Fox  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tunica  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1970-1991
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Herman J. Viola, depicting the 1973 Institute of American Indian Art meeting, Wolf Robe Hunt and his Acoma pottery, the transfer of Blue Eagle collection from Mae Abbott home to National Anthropological archives, and the 1974 Star Hawk Pow Wow in Watonga, Oklahoma. Additionally, there are photographs of NAA staff and the 1974 Acee Blue Eagle reception at NAA, possibly made by Viola. The collection also contains some photographs of Wounded Knee taken by Rev. Salvatore Genete, and copies of official portraits of Governor Aquillar of San Ildefonso Pueblo made by Harry B. Neufeld. There are also National Archives photographs of Chinese Boxer Rebellion prints, and Young watercolors and Alden sketches of American landscapes.

Much of the collection consists of portraits of participants in the NAA's American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program made by Smithsonian photographers, including Victor Krantz. These individuals include: Harry Walters, Navajo; Anna Walters, Otoe-Pawnee; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Sarah Yazzie, Navajo; Rubie Sootkis, Norther Cheyenne; David Fanman, Cheyenne; Augustine Smith, Navajo; Lorraine Bigman, Navajo; Jim Jefferson, Southern Ute; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; George Horse Capture, Gros Ventre; Violet Zospah, White Mountain Apache; Gloria Anderson, Mille Lacs; Wenonah Silva, Wampanoag; Claire Lamont, Oglala; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Virginia Martin, Yakama; Gary Roybal, San Ildefonso; Richard Ground, Sihasapa; Almeda Baker, Hidatsa; June Finley, Hidatsa; Lida Young Wolf, Hidatsa; Christine Webster, Menominee; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Vivienne Jake, Kaibab-Paiute; Kim Yerton, Hupa; Dean Jacobs, Ojibwa; Lois Nowlin, Shawnee; Bonita McCloud, Nisqually; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Emily Peake, Ojibwa; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokane; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Caroline B. Jones, Tulalip; Grace F. Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; David Lee Harding, Ojibwa; Robert V. Bojorcas, Klamath; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Steven DeCoteau, Clallam; Robert Van Gunten, Ojibwa; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Rhonda Hulsey, Chickasaw; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Jack Bowen Jr., Upper Skagit; and Harry William Jr., Pima.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of Native Americans who was director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972-1989 and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives. In 1973, he launched the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, designed to encourage Native Americans to become professional archivists, librarians, curators, and historians through research and internships at the NAA.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Records relating to the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archives -- Acquisitions  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-17, Herman J. Viola photograph collection relate to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38b2cbdd1-1e36-4d17-ad93-93934686e26f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-17

Charles Milton Bell photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Names:
Joseph (Nez Percé Chief), 1840-1904  Search this
Lean Wolf.  Search this
Parker, Quanah, 1845?-1911  Search this
Plenty Coups, 1848-1932  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Extent:
340 Copy prints (circa)
3 Prints (albumen)
333 Glass negatives (wet plate collodion and dry gelatin)
69 Copy negatives
Culture:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Oto  Search this
Osage  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Palouse  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Glass negatives
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1874-1890
Scope and Contents note:
Portraits of Native Americans made by Charles Milton Bell in his Washington, DC studio. Depicted individuals include Red Cloud, Oglala; Spotted Tail, Brule; Quanah Parker, Comanche; Nawat, Arapaho; Scabby Bull, Arapaho; Wolf Robe, Cheyenne; D. W. Bushyhead, Cherokee; John Jumper, Seminole; Plenty Coups, Crow; Rushing Bear, Arikara; Gall, Hunkpapa; John Grass, Sihasapa; Lean Wolf, Hidatsa; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; and Lone Wolf, Kiowa; as well as people associated with Pawnee Bill's Wild West Show. The collection also includes copies of some images by other photographers, including G. G. Rockwood and F. T. Cummins.
Biographical/Historical note:
Charles Milton Bell (circa 1849-1893) was the youngest member of a family of photographers that operated a studio in Washington, DC, from around 1860-1874. Bell established his own studio on Pennsylvania Avenue in 1873 and it rapidly became one of the leading photography studios in the city. Bell developed the patronage of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, who sent Native American visitors to the studio to have their portraits made. Bell also made photographs of Native Americans for the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80, NAA MS 4661
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Copy prints previously filed in MS 4661 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 80. These are also copy prints of Bell negatives that were acquired from Boyce and form part of this collection.
Additional C. M. Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4420, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 81-44, Photo lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 80, Charles Milton Bell photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80
See more items in:
Charles Milton Bell photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31570c7f1-fd23-4311-ba8e-f7c209dc013d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80
Online Media:

Three American Indian Men, One White?

Creator:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Names:
Captain Enias  Search this
Meacham, Frank Mark  Search this
Collection Creator:
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (008 in x 010 in)
Culture:
Wasco  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Men identified from BAE Negative 2880-a as follows: 1. 2. Captain Enias (Yakima) 3. Frank Mark Meacham. (Wasco)
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.06649600
Local Note:
Black and white gelatin glass negative
Place:
DC? -- Washington?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Yakima  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 80, Charles Milton Bell photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Charles Milton Bell photographs of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3345f22ab-0a86-4397-b155-ec6bfc825999
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-80-ref736

Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to Native Americans

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Photographer:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Extent:
2 Prints (etching or engraving)
13 Prints (albumen)
230 Copy prints (circa)
1 Chromolithograph
179 Cyanotypes
200 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Wenatchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Fox  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Chromolithographs
Cyanotypes
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs mostly commissioned and collected by personnel in the Bureau of American Ethnology. Most of the photographs are studio portraits of Native Americans made by the Bureau of American Ethnology and Smithsonian Institution, possibly for physical anthropologist Ales Hrdlicka. There are also photographs made by Truman Michelson among the Catawba tribe, copies of illustrations and drawings, and various images of archeological sites and artifacts.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2M, USNM ACC 42191
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many photographs in this collection held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Michelson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 13, Photo Lot 24, MS 2139, and MS 4365-c.
Additional Hillers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 143, Photo Lot 83-18, Photo Lot 87-2N, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-46, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo Lot 143, Photo Lot R82-10, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-3, the records of the Department of Anthropology, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Smillie photographs held in the National Museum of American History Archives Center in the Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives and in Smithsonian Institution Archives SIA Acc. 05-123.
Additional Gardner photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Associated busts and molds held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 42191.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 87-2M, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.87-2M
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38ec3245f-6abd-4664-a65e-b51cdda340e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-87-2m

Portrait (Front) of Captain Eneas

Creator:
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (012 in x 015 in)
Culture:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
08 FEB 1904
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02922501

OPPS NEG.2874
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Yakima  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 60, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3219e0dc4-12db-4ee0-a8d0-30d02b8de3d7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-60-ref1432

Portrait (Profile) of Captain Eneas

Creator:
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (012 in x 015 in)
Culture:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
08 FEB 1904
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02922502

OPPS NEG.2875
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Yakima  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 60, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39355ae6e-0cfb-4989-ad66-e2774b0f9229
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-60-ref1433

Portrait (Front) of Yallop, Man

Creator:
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (012 in x 015 in)
Culture:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
08 FEB 1904
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02922503

OPPS NEG.2876A1
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Yakima  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 60, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36d7c80ae-141b-425b-87aa-01863539fb2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-60-ref1434

Portrait (Profile) of Yallop, Man

Creator:
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (012 in x 015 in)
Culture:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
08 FEB 1904
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02922504

OPPS NEG.2876A2
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount in album
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Yakima  Search this
Sahaptin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 60, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology photograph albums of Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw379779aa6-c54e-4dd0-9238-1a95200190bf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-60-ref1435

Volume 7

Collection Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
16 Printing plates
8 Photomechanical prints
Container:
Box 8vo7-8vo9
Box F14-F18
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Printing plates
Photomechanical prints
Date:
1905
1910
bulk 1910-1910
Scope and Contents:
This series includes eight folio plates and eight octavo plates depicting Salish (Flathead), Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles), Yakama (Yakima), and Spokan men and women as well as a Spokan camp. It also has eight proofs made by Classic Gravure from folio plates in the collection.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080, Series 7
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d7325a7d-2551-48b4-b4d5-b38a70cf006f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-080-ref12

Finger ring

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Steven J. Gunnyon, Yakama (Yakima)/Chippewa/Ojibwa, b. 1952  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Sacred Circle Gallery of American Indian Art  Search this
Object Name:
Finger ring
Media/Materials:
Silver, lapis lazuli, rosewood
Techniques:
Cast, bezel-set/stone-setting, mosaic inlay
Dimensions:
2.8 x 2.1 x 3.1 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Washington; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/7914
Barcode:
257914.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws650f75fef-22c1-421c-88e6-0688556a3fab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_273832
Online Media:

Finger ring

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Steven J. Gunnyon, Yakama (Yakima)/Chippewa/Ojibwa, b. 1952  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Sacred Circle Gallery of American Indian Art  Search this
Object Name:
Finger ring
Media/Materials:
Silver, turquoise, elephant ivory (possibly), coral, rosewood, lapis lazuli
Techniques:
Hammered, bezel-set/stone-setting, mosaic inlay, stamped
Dimensions:
3 x 2.4 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Washington; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/7915
Barcode:
257915.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws602f91741-fbfe-46ea-a80b-570e9259ee9d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_273833
Online Media:

Finger ring

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Steven J. Gunnyon, Yakama (Yakima)/Chippewa/Ojibwa, b. 1952  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Sacred Circle Gallery of American Indian Art  Search this
Object Name:
Finger ring
Media/Materials:
Silver, coral
Techniques:
Hammered, bezel-set/stone-setting, mosaic inlay
Dimensions:
2.8 x 1.8 x 2.8 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Washington; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/7916
Barcode:
257916.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws642047b22-de87-4e94-91f6-abd20295e02b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_273834
Online Media:

Yakama Nation 146th Treaty Day t-shirt

Culture/People:
Non-Indian; produced for the Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
NMAI agent:
Cynthia Chavez Lamar (Cynthia L. Chavez), San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Object Name:
Yakama Nation 146th Treaty Day t-shirt
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, ink
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
77.5 x 88.5 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Toppenish, Yakama Reservation; Yakima County; Washington; USA
Date created:
2001
Catalog Number:
25/8412
Barcode:
258412.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Yakama (Yakima)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a68a1734-b1f8-4d29-b83b-5a419bec658a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274352
Online Media:

Yakama Nation Treaty Days hat

Culture/People:
Non-Indian; produced for the Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
NMAI agent:
Cynthia Chavez Lamar (Cynthia L. Chavez), San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Object Name:
Yakama Nation Treaty Days hat
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, embroidery floss
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
25 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Toppenish, Yakama Reservation; Yakima County; Washington; USA
Date created:
2001
Catalog Number:
25/8414
Barcode:
258414.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Yakama (Yakima)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws694008cef-aecc-4722-9aad-a2c48eee67af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274354
Online Media:

Tote bag

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Donor:
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center  Search this
Object Name:
Tote bag
Media/Materials:
Canvas
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
62 x 35.5 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
2001-2002
Catalog Number:
25/9648
Barcode:
259648.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61c7d4f59-670c-4300-b8e6-96e0822aedbd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275733
Online Media:

Cup/Mug

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Seller:
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center Gift Shop  Search this
NMAI agent:
Cynthia Chavez Lamar (Cynthia L. Chavez), San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Object Name:
Cup/Mug
Media/Materials:
Ceramic (non-Indian ceramics), paint
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
9.5 x 12 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
2001-2002
Catalog Number:
25/9649
Barcode:
259649.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d78112af-7134-46c0-a0a7-1d7ce8e12fc6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275734
Online Media:

Garment patch

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Seller:
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center Gift Shop  Search this
NMAI agent:
Cynthia Chavez Lamar (Cynthia L. Chavez), San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Object Name:
Garment patch
Media/Materials:
Commercially produced fabric patches/insignia
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
17.5 x 14 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center Gift Shop; Toppenish, Yakama Reservation; Yakima County; Washington; USA
Date created:
2001-2002
Catalog Number:
25/9650
Barcode:
259650.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws681ba1a74-ab04-428a-93e4-5de9006cffa8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275735
Online Media:

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