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The Zeppelin offensive a German perspective in pictures and postcards David Marks

Author:
Marks, David  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 98 pages illustrations (some color) 25 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
History
Place:
Germany
Date:
2019
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918--Aerial operations, German  Search this
Military airships--History  Search this
Military airships  Search this
Military operations, Aerial--German  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117899

Samuel Donavan "Don" Swann Collection

Creator:
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Names:
Swann, Don, 1889-1954  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (One slim legal document case)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1918-1925
Summary:
This accession is a collection of military records, including orders, travel papers, memos, equipment lists, and other correspondence concerning Don Swann while he was stationed in Paris in 1918.
Scope and Contents:
This accession is a collection of military records, including orders, travel papers, memos, equipment lists, and other correspondence concerning Don Swann while he was stationed in Paris in 1918. Also included are: a souvenir program from the International Jacques Schneider Cup Races, dated October 24, 1925, and annotated by Swann with notes about the pilots of the day; an American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Tentative Equipment Manual for Supply Squadron; April 20, 1918 propaganda leaflets in German regarding President Wilson's speech; and miscellaneous notes by Swann written about early aviation in Baltimore, MD, his hometown.
Arrangement:
Arranged by archival type.
Biographical / Historical:
Samuel Donovan "Don" Swann (1899–1954) was a World War I aviator and an American artist. Fascinated by aviation from the time he was 17, Swann attended St. John's College in Annapolis as a cadet. In November 1917, Swann was sent to Kelly Field, Texas, to attend Ground Officer's Training School, where he graduated as a first lieutenant. During World War I Swann was an officer in the Signal Reserves Corps, Aviation Section, until January 1918, at which point he was assigned to the 62nd Squadron with the American Expeditionary Forces in France. During his service overseas, Swann was placed in charge of supplying Air Service material for all aviation training schools in France. As he was interested in flying, he petitioned to be switched over to piloting and by the beginning of October 1918, he was received dispensation to be allowed to make flights. After his discharge at the end of the war, Swann was employed as the superintendent of the American Propeller Manufacturing Company of Baltimore which was a primary source of aeronautical propeller supplies. He later also worked at the Monumental Aircraft Company at College Park, Maryland, which consisted entirely of aeronautical supplies. As an artist, Swan studied in Germany and Italy, and was known for historic Americana; his art was exhibited in many United States cities and is part of many permanent collections, including the Metropolitan Museum and the Smithsonian Institution.
Provenance:
Mr. S. Donovan Swann, Jr., Gift, 1987, NASM.1987.0062
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Military records -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Samuel Donavan "Don" Swann Collection, NASM.1987.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0062
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ae814321-0602-434e-a35b-f0848d68589f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0062

John H. Rogers 95th Aero Squadron Collection 11917-1919, 1960s

Creator:
Rogers, John H  Search this
Physical description:
.18 cubic feet (3 containers)
Type:
Photograph albums
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Memoirs
Date:
1917
1917-1969
11917-1919 1960s
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918--Aerial operations  Search this
95th Aero Squadron  Search this
SPAD XIII (S.13)  Search this
Nieuport (France) 28  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
2017-0025
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
John H. Rogers 95th Aero Squadron Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_386931

Historical Maps and Aerial Photographs [Gröschel] 1884-1941

Creator:
Gröschel, Dieter  Search this
Physical description:
1.46 cubic feet (8 containers)
Type:
Maps
Collection descriptions
Manuals
Photograph albums
Date:
1844
1844-1941
1884-1941
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--Aerial operations  Search this
Local number:
2015-0046
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Historical Maps and Aerial Photographs [Gröschel]
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_381294

Myriam Johnston Scrapbook

Creator:
Johnston, Myriam Lahaurine  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
ZRS-4 Akron (Airship)  Search this
Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957  Search this
Johnston, H. W.  Search this
Pons, Lily, 1898-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.21 Cubic feet ((2 flatboxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1917-1935
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook consists of photographs of Sergeant Johnston, his fellow servicemen and a few aircraft (including a Junkers and the USS Akron). Most of the scrapbook commemorates personal events in Myriam Lahaurine Johnston's life, such as her relations with family and friends, her wedding to H. W. Johnston, the birth and childhood of their daughter, Miriam, their home in Ohio and the family's travels to such places as Biarritz, Nice, Paris and Washington, DC. Also included are signed photos from Richard Evelyn Byrd and Lily Pons, as well as a signed letter from the latter.
Biographical / Historical:
Myriam Lahaurine met the American Sergeant Major H. W. Johnston during his service with the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Miriam Johnston, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0630, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0630
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2802b83ab-1bec-4c33-a485-ba942f3377e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0630

H. Wallace Peters World War I Collection

Creator:
Peters, Heber Wallace  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 33rd Aero Squadron  Search this
Peters, Heber Wallace  Search this
Extent:
0.12 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1916-1956
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of four folders of correspondence and official papers generated during Wallace Peters's military service.
Biographical / Historical:
Lieutenant Heber Wallace Peters was a member of the American Flying Service in France during World War I. He received flying instruction in Tours and Chateauroux and completed his training in Issoudun, where he became a flight instructor himself. Attached to the 33rd Aero Squadron, he was stationed in Bordeaux for a time after the Armistice before returning to the States.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Joy Peters Haslam, Transfer, 1977, XXXX-0593, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0593
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27fe58494-dcea-44b9-b39a-7c4fb2e008e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0593

Robert Soubiran Collection

Creator:
Soubiran, Robert  Search this
Names:
France. Armée. Escadrille Lafayette  Search this
France. Armée. Légion étrangère  Search this
Soubiran, Robert  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
1914-1927
Scope and Contents:
This photo collection is comprised of copyrighted photographs of the campaigns of the Foreign Legion and the Franco-American Squadron, known as the Lafayette Escadrille, during World War I. This collection also contains aerial views of Washington, DC, and photographs of 1920s aircraft. Besides photographs, the collection includes biographical material on Soubiran as well as newspaper articles, correspondence, life insurance policies, discharge papers, and obituary cards.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Soubiran was an American aviator during World War I. Soubiran was one of the first Americans to arrive in France in 1914, enlisting with the Foreign Legion, and one of the last to leave in 1919 after flying with the Lafayette Escadrille. He later attained the rank of Major in the U.S. Air Force.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0230, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0230
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27970f7fe-291a-4cc4-80f1-dfc40b501c68
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0230

Gardiner H. Fiske Scrapbook

Creator:
Fiske, Gardiner H.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 20th Aero Squadron  Search this
Fiske, Gardiner H.  Search this
Extent:
0.12 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Correspondence
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1917-1919
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook holds photographs, maps, correspondence, military orders and newspaper clippings tracing the military career of Fiske. The scrapbook includes many photographs of Issoudon and Clermont-Ferrad taken during the war.
Biographical / Historical:
Gardiner H. Fiske enlisted as a flying cadet in Boston on April 30, 1917, and had training at Chandler Field, Pennsylvania, before serving at Issoudon and Clermont-Ferrad, France during World War I. Fiske received his commission as 1st Lieutenant with the 20th Aero Squadron on January 27, 1918. One of Lt. Fiske war adventures was when acting as an observer, he was thrown from his cockpit 2000 feet in the air, miraculously landed in front of the vertical stabilizer, and managed to crawl back into the aircraft. Fiske, then a Major, was an Intelligence Officer for the Eighth Air Force during World War II.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mrs. Gardiner H. Fiske, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0227, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Correspondence
Maps
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0227
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg263b9c79e-3c9d-4789-959d-c27cd5901607
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0227

James Rogers McConnell Collection [Truitt]

Creator:
McConnell, James Rogers, 1887-1917  Search this
Names:
France. Armée. Escadrille Lafayette  Search this
France. Armée. Légion étrangère  Search this
Chapman, Victor  Search this
Lufbery, Raoul  Search this
McConnell, James Rogers, 1887-1917  Search this
Rockwell, Kiffin Yates  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1890-1928
Summary:
This collection consists of correspondence, newspaper articles, and a photograph album documenting James Rogers McConnell's life, especially his World War I service in the Lafayette Escadrille.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence, newspaper articles, and a photograph album documenting James Rogers McConnell's life, especially his World War I service in the Lafayette Escadrille. This collection contains material pertaining to both McConnell's service as well as the service of his fellow Lafayette Escadrille members, including Kiffin Rockwell, Victor Chapman, and Raoul Lufbery. The correspondence includes letters from McConnell to his family and friends, as well as condolence letters from McConnell's friends to his family after his death. The photographs include images of McConnell, his friends--both ambulance drivers and pilots, aircraft, his grave, his crypt in the Lafayette Memorial, and also his memorial in Carthage, North Carolina. The newspaper articles include ones written by McConnell about his war service.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
James Rogers McConnell (1887-1917) was a member of the Lafayette Escadrille. Born in Chicago, McConnell attended two years of schooling at the University of Virginia before leaving the law school in 1910 to join his family in Carthage, North Carolina. There, he served as a land and industrial agent of the Seaboard Airline Railway and as secretary of the Carthage Board of Trade. After war broke out in Europe, McConnell arrived in France to enlist with the American Ambulance Corps. McConnell withdrew from the Ambulance Corps and entered the aviation training program, becoming one of the first members of the Lafayette Escadrille. McConnell first flight was on May 13, 1916, in which he flew a Nieuport biplane. McConnell was shot down and killed on March 19, 1917 above the Somme Battlefields. He was the author of the book Flying for France.
Provenance:
James M. Truitt, gift, 1963, NASM.XXXX.0232
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Ambulances  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
James Rogers McConnell Collection [Truitt], NASM.XXXX.0232, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0232
See more items in:
James Rogers McConnell Collection [Truitt]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg259a20d9a-0ebd-4cce-bc10-bebb52c7a938
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0232
Online Media:

Edwin C. Parsons Scrapbooks

Creator:
Parsons, Edwin C, 1892-1968  Search this
Names:
France. Armée. Escadrille Lafayette  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Memoirs
Photographs
Certificates
Scrapbooks
Date:
1914-1924
bulk 1915-1820
Summary:
This collection contains three scrapbooks and four certificates relating to Edwin C. Parsons' aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains three scrapbooks and four certificates relating to Edwin C. Parsons' aviation career. The three scrapbooks include photos, news clippings, and mementos from Edwin C. Parsons' expatriate years, 1914-1924. Included in the albums are photos of Parsons' service in France with the Lafayette Escadrille and Les Cigognes squadron, his repatriation certificate, French military citations, and his memoir Fighting Men of the Sky, published in 40 installments weekly beginning 24 March 1918. Also included are news clippings of Parsons' exploits during his varied career.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material; the scrapbooks are in original order and the loose items are housed at the end of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Rear Admiral Edwin C. Parsons (1892-1968) had a varied aviation career, serving in two World Wars. Parsons graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1910 and after attending the University of Pennsylvania, he moved to California where he learned to fly at Dominguez Field. Parsons was commissioned with the Mexican Aviation Corps in 1914 where he trained Pancho Villa's pilots. In 1915, he worked his way to Europe where he joined the Lafayette Escadrille, and was credited with eight kills, making him an ace. From 1920 until 1923, Parsons was a special agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). He then went to Hollywood where he became a script writer and technical advisor, working on such films as Wings, Dawn Patrol, and The Great Adventure. In 1934 he joined the Naval Reserve where he advanced to the rank of Rear Admiral. During World War II Parsons served on an aircraft carrier and took part in amphibious landings in the South Pacific. He retired from the service in 1954.
Provenance:
Adm. Edwin C. Parsons, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0308
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Memoirs
Photographs
Certificates
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Edwin C. Parsons Scrapbooks, NASM.XXXX.0308, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0308
See more items in:
Edwin C. Parsons Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg24fa603db-492a-41f3-9299-61b9427509f3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0308
Online Media:

Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection

Author:
Boyd, Theodore E.  Search this
Extent:
0.84 Cubic feet (1 legal document box; 1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1916-1983
Summary:
The Theodore E. Boyd World War I collection consists of material documenting Theodore E. Boyd's World War I career. The bulk of the collection covers the World War I era, 1917 to 1919, but materials before and after those dates are also present. Materials include: correspondence, written both during the war to family and friends; photographs; military orders, mostly in English, a few in French; flight logs; identity card; Honorable Discharge and Distinguished Service Cross certificates; memoirs of his war experiences, both written for publication and to his family; and post war veterans rosters.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of material documenting Theodore E. Boyd's World War I career: correspondence, written both during the war to family and friends; photographs; military orders, mostly in English, a few in French; flight logs; identity card; Honorable Discharge and Distinguished Service Cross certificates; memoirs of his war experiences, both written for publication and to his family; and post war veterans rosters.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into three series: Series 1, World War I; Series 2, Memoirs; and Series 3, Post War Rosters.

The collection did not have any particular order when received by the NASM Archives. Archivists have organized the documents by topic then by date.
Biographical Note:
During World War I, Theodore E. Boyd served with the 88th Aero Squadron (Attached), 7th Field Artillery, Air Service, American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.). Second Lieutenant Boyd was an observer and served in France until he was injured on September 14, 1918, when during a flight near Conflans, France, he was wounded in both legs, his left foot, and right elbow by explosive bullets. For his bravery during this flight, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. Due to his injures, his service ended and he was honorably discharged. After the war, Boyd went to medical school and taught physiology for 24 years at Loyola University in Chicago. In 1947, Boyd joined the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis where for twenty years he served as Assistant Director, and then Director, of the Research Department.

Timeline

Theodore E. Boyd Timeline

1893 December 14 -- Theodore Elliott Boyd born in Ashland City, Tennessee.

1910 -- Boyd forced to give up a West Point appointment because of varicose veins and a bad scar.

1917 May -- Reported to Reserve Officers' Training Camp, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.

1917 August 15 -- Honorably discharged from Ft. Oglehthorpe to accept commission as Second Lieutenant Field Artillery Section Officers Reserve Corps.

1917 August 22 -- Ordered to report to General Superintendent, Army Transport Services, New York City, for assignment to first available transportation to France. Left Tennessee August 23.

1917 September 9 -- Left New York. Landed at Liverpool on September 23, Le Havre on September 25.

1917 October 1 -- Entered Artillery School at Saumur

1918 January 14 -- Report to Aviation School, Tours

1918 February 19 -- Transferred to First Corps School, Gondrecourt, for advanced instruction.

1918 April 6 -- Dispatched for duty with French 40th Observation Squadron in Champagne.

1918 May 20 -- Ordered from Chalons-sur-Marne to the AEF 88th Squadron in Amanty (Meuse).

1918 June 6 -- Ordered to Cazeux for course in machine gun instruction.

1918 July 1 -- Returned to the 88th Squadron at Ourches (Meuse).

1918 August 9 -- Protected a photographic miessio nbetween the Vesle and Aisne. Cited for gallantry in action and entitled to wear a silver star on the Victory medal.

1918 September 9-12 -- On leave in Paris.

1918 September 14 -- "[Lt. Theodore Boyd was charged with the] protection of an aerial photo mission over the city of Conflans, in which six machines were schedule to fly in combat formation. This officer, three of the escorting plans having failed to join the formation, proceeded on his mission notwithstanding. At a point, roughly 3 km NW fo Conflans, he engaged in combat with five enemy pursuit machines of the Pfalz type. He was wounded in both legs, the left foot, and right elbow by explosive bullets. In spite of his wounds, he succeeded, by a remarkable display of courage and tenacity, in keeping up the fire of his guns until the attacking planes were put to flight. During the return to the Allied lines, Lieut. Boyd, although faint with pain and loss of blood, assisted his pilot, whose machine was disabled and coming down under control, in choosing the shortest route to safety."-Captain Kenneth P. Littauer, recommendation for Distinguished Service Cross

1918 November 11 -- Ordered to proceed from Savenay to the port of Brest for transport to the United States (left Brest November 18).

1918 November 29 -- Landed at Newport News, Virginia.

1918 December 6 -- Arrived at Fort McPherson, Georgia, for convalescense.

1919 May 6 -- Lieutenant Theodore E. Boyd honorably discharged from the United States Army.
Provenance:
Donated by Pat Piper, gift, 2012.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection, Accession 2013-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0016
See more items in:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg224519125-1613-4c45-9622-3f408c448efd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0016
Online Media:

John H. Rogers 95th Aero Squadron Collection

Creator:
Rogers, John H.  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Correspondence
Memoirs
Date:
1917-1919, 1960s
Summary:
This collection consists of a photo album, a memoir, memorabilia, and military records and certificates pertaining to John H. Rogers and his service with the 95th Aero Squadron during World War I.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a nine by eleven inch photo album containing snapshots of the aircraft, including SPAD XIII (S.13) and Nieuport (France) 28; airfields; and personnel of the 95th Aero Squadron. The collection also contains a twenty-one page typewritten 1969 memoir by John Rogers, and a folder entitled, "World War I Memories of John H. Rogers, 1916-1918." This folder contains memorabilia including a program for dedication of the James Ely Miller Field, a 1971 letter from Eddie Rickenbacker to the widow of John Rogers, Rogers' military records and certificates, a First Reserve Aero Squadron Association newsletter, postcards and snapshots.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged according to type of material.
Biographical / Historical:
The 95th Aero Squadron, organized on August 20th, 1917, and demobilized on March 18th, 1919, was part of the 1st Pursuit Organization stationed in France on the Western Front during World War I. The squadron was assigned as a Day Pursuit (Fighter) Squadron and was the first American squadron to fly in combat, doing so on March 8th, 1918. The 95th Aero Squadron shot down 35 enemy aircraft and 12 observation balloons, participating in the following military campaigns: Champagne-Marne Defensive, Aisne-Marne Offensive, St. Mihiel Offensive and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Among the squadron's pilots were six air aces and Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt.
John H. Rogers (d. 1971) was a mechanic for the 95th Aero Squadron during World War I. Rogers was working for the Oldsmobile Motor Company in New York City as a mechanic in the Spring of 1917 when he quit his job and enlisted. On June 4, 1917, he was ordered to appear for duty. He trained as a solider at Wright Martin Flying Field in Mineola, New York, and in August of 1917 he sailed to France as part of the 2nd Reserve. In January 1918, he reported to the 95th Aero Squadron. He was Sergeant First Class and later promoted to Master Electrician (Me.E.) On February 14, 1919, he sailed back from France, arriving in New York on March 3, 1919, and was discharged from the Signal Corps Aviation Station in Mineola. After the war he worked as a mechanic in the garage business.
Provenance:
J. M. "Jack" Rogers, Gift, 2017, NASM.2017.0025
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
95th Aero Squadron  Search this
SPAD XIII (S.13)  Search this
Nieuport (France) 28  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Correspondence
Memoirs
Citation:
John H. Rogers 95th Aero Squadron Collection, NASM.2017.0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2017.0025
See more items in:
John H. Rogers 95th Aero Squadron Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23db84442-6520-44be-8d02-d7c1bf1e6bf5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2017-0025
Online Media:

The Sky on Fire: The First Battle of Britain, 1917-1918 Book Collection [Fredette]

Creator:
Fredette, Raymond H.  Search this
Extent:
3.4 Cubic feet ((10 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Research
Date:
bulk 1960s - 2000s
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 3.44 cubic feet of material pertaining to the book The Sky on Fire: The First Battle of Britain, 1917-1918 by Raymond H. Fredette including correspondence; photographs and negatives; reference material; research notes; drafts and proofs; reviews; and business and financial records. There is extensive correspondence with German veterans of World War I including Kurt Delang; Kurt Küppers; Walter Georgii; Erwin Sauer; J. Johann Kilian; Franz Schrader; W. Zumbeck; Alfred Keller; Erich Fessel; Reinhold Konitzer; Paul Karkos; and Johannes Lorenz. The photographs in the collection are gathered from a variety of sources and show various aircraft including the Gotha G.IV; Handley Page O/400; Sopwith Camel; Gotha G.V; Zeppelin-Staaken R.IV 12/15; Zeppelin-Staaken R.V 13/15; and the Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI. The photographs also show barrage balloons; important figures such as Hugh "Boom" Trenchard, Queen Mary, and Lord William Weir; several airfields; aerial photographs of London, England; and various German air crews, flight clothing, and flight preparation activities. In addition to the source material, the collection also includes correspondence with publishers regarding various editions of the book as well as records pertaining to the purchase of photographs, resource materials, etc.
Biographical / Historical:
Raymond H. Fredette is a retired U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel and author. One of Fredette's works is The Sky on Fire: The First Battle of Britain, 1917-1918, originally published in 1966 by Holt, Rinehart and Winston and reissued by Smithsonian Institution Press as part of the Smithsonian History of Aviation and Spaceflight Series in 1991. The book examines the use of air power in World War I.
Provenance:
Raymond H. Fredette, Gift, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Germany  Search this
Gotha G.IV  Search this
Handley Page O/400  Search this
Sopwith F.1 Camel  Search this
Zeppelin-Staaken R-Plane Projects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Research
Citation:
The Sky on Fire: The First Battle of Britain, 1917-1918 Book Collection [Fredette], Accession 2015-0030 , National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0030
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21e03208a-8dd7-49c9-8bb9-238a1aa3f9b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0030

George Miller Dyott Papers

Creator:
Dyott, George Miller  Search this
Extent:
0.96 Cubic feet ((4 containers))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Photographs
Correspondence
Diaries
Date:
bulk 1910-1946
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains approximately 0.96 cubic feet of material pertaining to George Miller Dyott's aviation career including correspondence; photographs; financial records; technical drawings; military records; news clippings; a World War I field diary; calling cards; and an annotated manuscript entitled, "Flying," written by Dyott. Photographic formats include black and white prints of various sizes (some of which are mounted on cardstock or matted) and 5 by 7 inch glass plates. Many of the photographs, including one entire album, are devoted to Dyott's service with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during World War I. Aircraft pictured in the photographs include the Dyott Monoplane; Dyott Bomber; Walden IV 1910 Monoplane (identfied here as the Walden-Dyott Monoplane); an unidentifed model of Deperdussin; Nieuport 17; Vickers (UK) E.F.B.5 Gunbus; a Sopwith Baby fitted with Le Prieur Rockets; Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2; Handley Page O/400; Morane-Saulnier Type L (Mo.S.3); Blériot XI; Farman (Henry) H.F.20 (Type Militaire Biplane); and a later photo of a Bellanca Pacemaker CH-300. There are also photographs of a Royal Navy non-rigid airship and the wreck of the Zeppelin LZ 76 (Navy L 33), as well as early equipment such as searchlights; anti-aircraft guns; an anti-aircraft armored vehicle; and various types of bombs. In addition to Dyott, other well-known people in the photographs include Henry W. Walden; Patrick Hamilton; Francisco Madero (33rd President of Mexico); Arthur W. Bigsworth; and Reginald A. J. Warneford. There are also four technical drawings dating to 1914 in the collection ranging in size from approximately 24.25 by 15.5 inches up to 41 x 14 inches. Three of the drawings are on coated cloth and one is on waxed paper. Two are for a small promotional aircraft made from an ale bottle and powered by an 80-hp Gnome engine, one is marked "Worthington Ales" and the other is marked "Little Peter." The third drawing is a three-view of a "Hydro-Aeroplane for Tropical Rivers" powered by two 100-hp Mercedes engines, and the fourth is a side drawing of an unspecified type of biplane (undated). In addition to the drawings, there is a graph on waxed paper (14.5 by 13.25 inches) tracking altitude, time, and speed for an unknown aircraft (undated). The collection also includes records relating to the design and production of the Dyott Monoplane and Dyott Bomber.
Biographical / Historical:
George Miller Dyott (1883-1972) was an early aviator; veteran of the Royal Naval Air Service; aircraft designer; and explorer. Dyott was born in New York in 1883 to an American mother and a British father. Dyott was educated in the United Kingdom before returning to the United States where he learned to fly at Curtiss Field in New York. Dyott was awarded Royal Aero Club aviator's certificate 114 in August of 1911. Around this time, Dyott partnered with Henry W. Walden designing monoplanes. In the autumn of 1911, Dyott and Patrick Hamilton began making a tour of exhibition flights with two Deperdussin monoplanes (one single and one double seater) which started in New York and included stops in the Bahamas and Mexico, where they carried then-President Francisco Madero as a passenger. Dyott then returned to the United Kingdom where he designed the Dyott Monoplane, manufactured by Hewlett & Blondeau, which he brought to the United States to fly a six month demonstration tour beginning in April 1913. Dyott entered military service in 1914 and served as a squadron commander for the Royal Naval Air Service during World War I. Around this time, Dyott designed a large twin-engine biplane for use in exploring. The Royal Naval Air Service saw a potential in this design for military use so Dyott made some modifications and two prototypes were ordered from Hewlett & Blondeau in 1916. The two Dyott Bomber prototypes were built and flight tested with various engines and armament, with the second being service tested in France, but the model never entered production. After World War I, Dyott became an explorer and joined the Royal Geographical Society. In 1927, Dyott was hired to lead an expedition retracing the steps of the Roosevelt-Rondon Scientific Expedition which confirmed Theodore Roosevelt's claims about the group's discovery and exploration of the Rio Roosevelt ("River of Doubt"). In 1928, Dyott led an expedition into Brazil searching for missing explorer Percy Fawcett. Dyott also founded Dyott & Company, Ltd. in Lima, Peru taking aerial photographs and other scenic views that were sold as post cards. Dyott wrote several books about his adventures (one of which was adapted into a feature film, Manhunt in the Jungle, in 1958), and also starred as himself in two documentary films (Hunting Tigers in India in 1929 and Savage Gold, which he also co-wrote, in 1933). In the mid-1930s, Dyott retired to Ecuador where he lived largely in isolation. He conducted two expeditions searching for Inca treasure in the late 1940s before returning to Ecuador where he stayed until returning to New York to reunite with his wife and children shortly before his death.
Provenance:
Michael Dyott, Gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Dyott Bomber (1916)  Search this
Dyott Monoplane (1913)  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Walden IV 1910 Monoplane  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Photographs
Correspondence
Diaries -- 20th century
Citation:
George Miller Dyott Papers, Accession 2016-0019, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0019
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg25a904b57-d4c2-42cf-9c30-5d0a6b3640e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0019

Alan H. Nichols Biographical Material

Creator:
Nichols, Alan H., -1918  Search this
Names:
France. Armée. Escadrille Lafayette  Search this
Nichols, Alan H., -1918  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
1917-1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a manuscript, 'Letters Home From the Lafayette Flying Corps,' comprised of Alan's correspondence during the war, his brother Jack's journal, newspaper articles, and sympathy letters to Alan's parents from his friends after his death; two letters from Alan Nichols to W.H. Nichols, September 8 and November 21, 1917; and five photographs taken by Alan in France, circa 1917.
Biographical / Historical:
Alan H. Nichols (189 -1918) was a student volunteer for the Standford ambulance corps during World War I. Within six months Nichols switched over to the French aviation service, where he flew a SPAD for the Escadrille 85. He was cited twice and was awarded the Medaille Militarie posthumous. Nichols died of an abdomen wound he received during a patrol run between Compiegne and Soissons in 1918.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Alan and Nancy Nichols, unknown, 1992, 1992-0047, Donor
Restrictions:
Donor holds copyright on materials.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Ambulances  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0047
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ec4c4a86-2868-447c-b49c-a38df9f63346
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0047

Wallace McCrane World War I Collection

Creator:
McCrane, Wallace Downs, 1896-1975  Search this
Names:
Kelly Field, Texas  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 153rd Aero Squadron  Search this
United States. Army. Air Service. 224th Aero Squadron  Search this
McCrane, Wallace Downs, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Postcards
Publications
Correspondence
Date:
1918-1924
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following items relating to the World War I aviation career of Wallace McCrane: two oversized rolled photographs of the 153rd and 224th Aero Squadrons; photographs; postcards; military orders; book, entitled 'Collected Materials for the Study of War'; reunion materials; and letters / postcards from a WWI Belgian Soldier to Edna Pick (the future Mrs. McCrane.)
Biographical / Historical:
Wallace Downs McCrane (1896-1975) enlisted on 14 December 1917, and arrived at Kelly Field on 26 December 1917. After his training at Kelly Field was completed, McCrane was sent to England and assigned to the 153rd Aero Squadron. In September of 1918 he was then transferred to France, where he became a member of the 224th Aero Squadron. In both squadrons, McCrane both flew as an observer and was a Signal Electrician. He returned to the United States in 1919, and after his discharge began his career at Exide Batteries as a metallurgist. McCrane also joined the Coast Guard Auxiliary during World War II and patrolled the Philadelphia Port / Delaware River.
General:
This accession came with a number of artifacts which were transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Division of Aeronautics.
NASMrev
Provenance:
Edna McCrane and Marion Wolanek, gift, 1998, 1999-0007, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial reconnaissance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Postcards
Publications
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0007
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f4889065-9dad-4d1e-9535-ca05b95f58da
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0007

Robert Soubiran Collection

Creator:
Soubiran, Robert  Search this
Names:
France. Armée. Escadrille Lafayette  Search this
Soubiran, Robert  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
1914-1949
Scope and Contents:
Robert Soubiran was a World War I pilot, a member of the Lafayette Escadrille, and a photographer. This accession contains biographical material on Soubiran and includes WW I photographs of aircraft flyers, soldiers, and war scenes. This accession also includes newspaper articles, correspondence, life insurance policies, discharge papers, and obituary cards.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Soubiran Family, Gift, 1989, 1989-0038, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0038
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg250eeb8f8-1a0c-4173-bbd8-51b86e90b497
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0038

World War I Exhibit Collection

Topic:
Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air (Museum exhibit)
Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Cubic feet ((6 legal document boxes) (1 oversized box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color transparencies
Glass negatives
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
1914-[ca. 1980s]
bulk 1914-1918
Summary:
This collection is a product of the material gathered for the exhibit, book, brochure and poster. It includes a large amount of additional information gathered for research but not used. The Collection is divided into six series: I. Exhibit Catalog Images; II. Exhibit Only Images; III. Brochure Images; IV. Poster Images; V. Original Photography; VI. Research Collection. Different sized black and white and color photographs, mostly 8 x 10s, are included in most of the series, although captions are not always provided. Other types of materials are corresponding negatives, photocopies, glass plate negatives and color transparencies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is a product of the material gathered for the exhibit, book, brochure and poster. It includes a large amount of additional information gathered for research but not used. The Collection is divided into six series: I. Exhibit Catalog Images; II. Exhibit Only Images; III. Brochure Images; IV. Poster Images; V. Original Photography; VI. Research Collection. Different sized black and white and color photographs, mostly 8 x 10s, are included in most of the series, although captions are not always provided. Other types of materials are corresponding negatives, photocopies, glass plate negatives and color transparencies.

The following was added to this collection on July 28, 2006: photographs, notes, correspondence, photography requests and receipts, and research articles. This material was separated into two series: 7: General research information, including approved scripts, photographs, information gathered in the making of a brochure for this exhibit, and information on World War I aircraft engines; 8: Photographic request correspondence, receipts, and transparencies, separated by specific organizations and individuals.

The ninth series was added in April of 2019: original archival materials that had been displayed in this exhibit, including record albums, manuals and dictionaries/glossaries, C & A Wittemann Aeronautical Supplies catalog, photographs (including Sanke Cards), a 1918 Experimental Scout Plan (SE-5) Model drawing, military correspondence and logbook belonging to Lancelot Bellinger, Royal Marines.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The World War I Exhibit Collection is arranged in series as organized by the exhibit curators.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1991, the National Air and Space Museum created an exhibit with a correlating text called 'Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air'. The Great War, as World War I was originally called, was one of the bloodiest wars known to man, with over 11 million soldiers killed on the battle field and in the air. The collection is mostly dedicated to the war in the air and encompasses the harsh reality as well as the not so realistic images of World War I.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Various, Transfer, 1993, 1993-0063, see Donor Correspondence
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color transparencies
Glass negatives
Negatives
Photographs
Citation:
World War I Exhibit Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0063, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0063
See more items in:
World War I Exhibit Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2d4f1deda-04b2-4fe1-ae0e-c9c4ad53ee31
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0063
Online Media:

John E. Tynan Album

Creator:
Tynan, John E.  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. Air Service. 26th Aero Squadron  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Tynan, John E.  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Newsletters
Aerial photographs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1916-1974
bulk 1916-1918
Scope and Contents:
The scrapbook documents Tynan's career in aviation, through training and active duty with photographs of personnel, activities and equipment. This includes aerial photographs of of France, and also numberous photographs of German, French, British, Italian and American aircraft, the cannon "Big Bertha" and numerous photographs documenting battlefields and trenches. Also included are many photographs of wrecked aircraft, bomb-damaged cathedrals, and towns such as Rheims, Belleau Wood, and Momarte. Also included are copies of 'PLANE NEWS': The air service letter of the A.E.F.', newspaper articles reprinting Tyran's letters recounting his training and service in France, and newspaper clippings from the time of his retirement, recounting his experiences as Chancellor at the American Embassy in Tokyo and his travel agency business.
Biographical / Historical:
John E. Tynan enlisted in the Army Air Corps as a private in 1916. He served in France with the 26th Aero Squadron of the A.E.F. during 1917 and 1918, leaving the service as a lieutenant.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
John E. Tynan, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0015, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Flight training  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aircraft  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsletters
Aerial Photographs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0015
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2376edead-38b3-4e0b-a937-c7f9c613f940
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0015

Martin F. Scanlon Scrapbooks

Creator:
Scanlon, Martin F., 1889-1980  Search this
Names:
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Scanlon, Martin F., 1889-1980  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet ((1 scrapbook))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Place:
Bolling Air Force Base (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1938-1950
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks. In the first scrapbook, Scanlon's career is traced through news clippings and photographs. The clippings describe his career and the photographs show him standing beside military aircraft and in group photographs with colleagues. The second scrapbook traces Scanlon career promotions from Lieutenant to General with news clippings, photographs and article clippings. Highlighted in this scrapbook is his time spent in England, where he was aide-de-camp at The American Embassy in London, circa 1939-1940.
Biographical / Historical:
Brigadier General Martin F. Scanlon (1889-1980) an United States Army Air Force officer of Scranton, Pennsylvania, began his military career in 1912 with four years of infantry service. In 1916 he obtained a transfer to the Air Service branch of the the Signal Corps where he graduated as a junior military aviator at San Diego, California, in October 1916. He next served in the Philippine Islands as a pilot and commanding officer of the 2nd Aero Squadron. He returned to the United States in 1917 for additional aviation studies and then went overseas for duty with the American Expeditionary Forces in 1918. Scanlon took an advanced flying course with the British Royal Flying Corps and then was on duty as a pilot with the 91st Aero Squadron in Toul Sector. Scanlon then became commanding officer of the Colombey-Les-Belles Aerodrome followed by a promotion to the air service commander of V Army Corps until March 1919. Scanlon returned to the United States where he served as commanding officer of Bolling Field near Washington, DC from 1919 to 1922 and again in the 1930s. He began diplomatic assignments in Italy in 1924 and was later transferred to England (1929-1933, 1936-1941). After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Scanlon became Commanding General of Allied Air Force in New Guinea and in 1942 he became the commanding officer of the 38th Flying Training Wing, Roswell, New Mexico and subsequently he became the commander of the 36th Flying Training Wing in Santa Ana California. In August 1944 he became president of the Army Air Forces Evaluation Board in Hawaii, and in 1945 Scanlon was reassigned as Chairman of the AAF Evaluation Board of the Pacific Ocean Areas. Scanlon retired in 1948.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0037, Not NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0037
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2104b0087-880d-47ce-8452-bd875a4436bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0037

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