Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
280,397 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

Design for a Stained Glass Window: Grammatica

Artist:
Hans Kaspar Lang the Elder, Swiss, 1571 – 1645  Search this
Medium:
Pen and brown ink, brown wash
Type:
glasswares
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Date:
1606
Credit Line:
Purchased for the Museum by the Advisory Council
Accession Number:
1911-28-129
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1911-28-129

[Trade catalogs from Buffalo Forge Co.]

Variant company name:
"Women in advertising"  Search this
Company Name:
Buffalo Forge Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Canadian Blower & Forge Co., Ltd. Kitchener, Ontario  Search this
Notes content:
"0A" Bending Roll : bends, shapes, or forms thousands of manufactured items
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Buffalo, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10153
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10153

[Trade catalogs from Kearney & Trecker Corp.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Kearney & Trecker Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
Modern grinder especially designed for sharpening carbide face mill cutters faster and better
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10452
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10452

[Trade catalogs from Kingsbury Machine Tool Corp.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Kingsbury Machine Tool Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
Kingsbury machines perform machining operations on forged brass valves and fittings, and Ledloy cast iron valves and fittings.
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Keene, New Hampshire, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10462
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10462

[Trade catalogs from Clark Instrument, Inc.]

Variant company name:
"Women in advertising"  Search this
Company Name:
Clark Instrument, Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Clark hardness tester for metals ; "Rockwell testing" ; Rockwell test is standard throughout industry and govt.
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Dearborn, Michigan, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Measuring; calculating and testing devices  Search this
Topic:
Calculators  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Weighing instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10161
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10161

[Trade catalogs from Erie Foundry Co.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, Women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
Erie Foundry Co.  Search this
Notes content:
hydraulic presses, for elevators, forging presses, drop hammers, trimming presses
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Erie, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Metalwork products (architectural and ornamental)  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
Architectural metal-work  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10224
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10224

[Trade catalogs from High Speed Hammer Co., Inc.]

Variant company name:
Jane's office, women in advertising  Search this
Company Name:
High Speed Hammer Co., Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Hammer with the human stroke ; high speed riveting hammer
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
3 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Rochester, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Metalwork products (architectural and ornamental)  Search this
Machine tools and metalworking equipment  Search this
Topic:
Architectural metal-work  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Metal-working machinery  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10235
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10235

Photonegatives

Collection Donor:
Nickse, Hugo  Search this
Johnson, Hanford  Search this
Steinway, Henry Ziegler  Search this
Collection Creator:
Comstock, Cheney and Co.  Search this
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
The PHOTONEGATIVES, 1942-1945, show many of the same subjects as the photoprints. However, since most of them were created in the course of photo assignments for The Leading Edge, they focus more on the employees and typical factory scenes. The negatives showing the various departments, for example, usually consist of group photos of the workers in that department, rather than scenes showing them at work. Factory scenes include the assembly line, change of shifts, a bond rally, visits of servicemen and women, the 1943 Christmas celebration, and production award ceremonies. Many of the photoprints and photonegatives show the factory grounds covered with CG 4A gliders in various stages of assembly. Others document the packaging and shipping of the finished gliders, and the accidents that took place in transit. The archivist has grouped several sets of related negatives together by topic, since they lacked an overall original arrangement.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records, 1839-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0320, Subseries 4.6
See more items in:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records
Pratt, Read Corporation Records / Series 4: Gould Aeronautical Division
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0320-ref278

Moving Image

Collection Donor:
Nickse, Hugo  Search this
Johnson, Hanford  Search this
Steinway, Henry Ziegler  Search this
Collection Creator:
Comstock, Cheney and Co.  Search this
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944
Scope and Contents:
Six 16mm training FILMS (produced for the U.S. Office of Education of the Federal Security Agency in 1944) document the various assembly procedures involved in the construction of a CG 4A glider. All six reels are in the training film series Aircraft Work: Wood Fabrication, which was produced by the Bray Studios (copyright 1944) for the U.S. Office of Education of the Federal Security Agency. Running about 20 minutes each, they depict in detail the construction of a glider wing from wood.

A diagram and narration at the beginning of each film explains the overall organization of the glider wing and how each part fits into the whole. The wing is divided into panels: inboard and outboard. The inboard panel is divided into sections: trailing, nose, and center. The sections are built separately and assembled in a special jig.

A number of different, apparently experienced woodworkers both men and women are used throughout the series. There is no information regarding their employers, the filming location, or any connection to Pratt, Read. There are no personal production credits on the films, other than the names of the federal agency's administrators.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records, 1839-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0320, Subseries 4.7
See more items in:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records
Pratt, Read Corporation Records / Series 4: Gould Aeronautical Division
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0320-ref279

Ann Wood-Kelly Photographs

Names:
British Air Transport Auxiliary  Search this
Wood-Kelly, Ann  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic feet (1 legal folder.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1942 - 1945
Summary:
This collection consists of six black and white prints of Ann Wood-Kelly during her career in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), 1942 to 1945.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of six black and white prints of Ann Wood-Kelly during her career in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), 1942 to 1945.
Arrangement:
No arrangment.
Biographical / Historical:
Ann Wood-Kelly (1918 - 2006) was educated in Philadelphia, Belgium, and at D'Youville College in Buffalo, New York. She took up flying and attended ground school through the Federal Government's Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). Initially rejected for the all-male Bowdoin College flight training program, Wood-Kelly was accepted when the twelve-person program failed to locate a twelfth male applicant. She received her pilot's license in 1939, and in a short time she became a flight instructor herself in the Bowdoin program. In 1942 Wood-Kelly was recruited by Jacqueline Cochran to become one of the twenty-four American women flyers to serve in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA). From 1942 to 1945, she ferried more than 900 planes of 75 different models to destinations in England and France. In recognition of her wartime service to the United Kingdom, Wood-Kelly was awarded the King's Medal by King George IV. After the war, she served as the First Assistant to America's first Civil Air Attaché, based at the US Embassy in London. Later Wood-Kelly returned to the United States where she held management positions for several airlines including Northeast Airlines, Pan American Airways, and Air New England. In 1964, she was appointed to the Women's Advisory Committee on Aviation by Lyndon B. Johnson. Throughout her aviation career Wood-Kelly was active in a variety of aviation organizations, including the National Aeronautic Association, the Aero Club of New England, and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA).
Provenance:
Vince Czaplyski, Gift, 2009, NASM.2019.0044
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Citation:
Ann Wood-Kelly Photographs, NASM.2019.0044, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0044
See more items in:
Ann Wood-Kelly Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0044

Night Witches: The Untold Story of Soviet Women in Combat by Bruce Myles

Author:
Cottam, K. J.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
1 Document
Container:
Box 26, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Documents
Date:
March 1985
Scope and Contents:
K. J. Cottam, "Night Witches: The Untold Story of Soviet Women in Combat, by Bruce Myles (Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1981)", Aerospace Historian 32, 1 (Spring/March 1985):63. Book review (photocopy).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 3: Soviet Union (World War II, 1941-1945)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref875

Duke Ellington Collection

Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Names:
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Washingtonians, The.  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Extent:
400 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Music
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Washington (D.C.) -- 20th century
Date:
1903 - 1989
Summary:
The collection documents Duke Ellington's career primarily through orchestrations (scores and parts), music manuscripts, lead sheets, transcriptions, and sheet music. It also includes concert posters, concert programs, television, radio, motion picture and musical theater scripts, business records, correspondence, awards, as well as audiotapes, audiodiscs, photographs, tour itineraries, newspaper clippings, magazines, caricatures, paintings, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
Dating approximately from the time Duke Ellington permanently moved to New York City in 1923 to the time the material was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1988, the bulk of the material in the Duke Ellington Collection is dated from 1934-1974 and comprises sound recordings, original music manuscripts and published sheet music, hand-written notes, correspondence, business records, photographs, scrapbooks, news clippings, concert programs, posters, pamphlets, books and other ephemera. These materials document Ellington's contributions as composer, musician, orchestra leader, and an ambassador of American music and culture abroad. In addition, the materials paint a picture of the life of a big band maintained for fifty years and open a unique window through which to view an evolving American society.

The approximate four hundred cubic feet of archival materials have been processed and organized into sixteen series arranged by type of material. Several of the series have been divided into subseries allowing additional organization to describe the content of the material. For example, Series 6, Sound Recordings, is divided into four subseries: Radio and Television Interviews, Concert Performances, Studio Dates and Non-Ellington Recordings. Each series has its own scope and content note describing the material and arrangement (for example; Series 10, Magazines and Newspaper Articles, is organized into two groups, foreign and domestic, and arranged chronologically within each group). A container list provides folder titles and box numbers.

The bulk of the material is located in Series 1, Music Manuscripts, and consists of compositions and arrangements by Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn and other composers. Series 6, Sound Recordings also provides a record of the performance of many of these compositions. The materials in Series 2, Performances and Programs, Series 3, Business Records, Series 8, Scrapbooks, Series 9, Newspaper Clippings, Series 11, Publicity and Series 12, Posters provide documentation of specific performances by Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Ellington was a spontaneous and prolific composer as evidenced by music, lyrical thoughts, and themes for extended works and plays captured on letterhead stationery in Series 3, Business Records, in the margin notes of individual books and pamphlets in Series 14, Religious Materials and Series 15, Books, and in the hand-written notes in Series 5, Personal Correspondence and Notes.

During its fifty-year lifespan, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra were billed under various names including The Washingtonians, The Harlem Footwarmers and The Jungle Band. The soloists were informally called "the band", and Series 3 includes salary statements, IOU's, receipts and ephemera relating to individual band members. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains the soloists' parts and includes "band books" of several soloists (for example; Harry Carney and Johnny Hodges) and numerous music manuscripts of Billy Strayhorn. The changing role of Strayhorn from arranger hired in 1938 to Ellington's main collaborator and composer of many well-known titles for Duke Ellington and His Orchestra including "Take The A' Train" and "Satin Doll" can be traced in these music manuscripts. Series 7, Photographs and Series 2, Performances and Programs contain many images of the band members and Strayhorn. This Collection also documents the business history of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 3, Business Records contains correspondence on letterhead stationery and Series 11, Publicity contains promotional material from the various booking agencies, professional companies, and public relations firms that managed the Orchestra.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection provide insight into public and institutional attitudes towards African Americans in mid-twentieth-century America. The business records in Series 3 beginning in 1938 and published sheet music in Series 1 depict Duke Ellington's progression from an African-American musician who needed "legitimization" by a white publisher, Irving Mills, to a businessmen who established his own companies including Tempo Music and Duke Ellington, Incorporated to control his copyright and financial affairs. Programs from the segregated Cotton Club in Series 2, Performances And Programs and contracts with no-segregation clauses in Series 3: Business Records further illustrate racial policies and practices in this time period. The public shift in perception of Duke Ellington from a leader of an exotic "Jungle Band" in the 1930s to a recipient of the Congressional Medal Of Freedom in 1970 is evidenced in Series 2, Performances And Programs, Series 12, Posters, Series 7, Photographs and Series 13, Awards. Reviews and articles reflecting Ellington's evolving status are also documented in Series 8, Newspaper Clippings, Series 9, Scrapbooks, Series 10, Newspaper and Magazine Articles.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection reflect rapid technological changes in American society from 1923-1982. Sound recordings in Series 6 range from 78 phonograph records of three minutes duration manufactured for play on Victrolas in monaural sound to long-playing (LP) phonograph records produced for stereo record players. Television scripts in Series 4, programs in Series 2 and music manuscripts (for example, Drum Is A Woman) in Series 1 demonstrate how the development of television as a means of mass communication spread the Orchestra's sound to a wider audience. The availability of commercial air travel enabled the Ellington Orchestra to extend their international performances from Europe to other continents including tours to Asia, Africa, South America and Australia and archival material from these tours is included in every series.

Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts and Series 6, Audio Recordings contain scripts and radio performances promoting the sale of United States War bonds during World War II, and Series 7, Photographs includes many images of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra's performances for military personnel revealing the impact of historic events on Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 2: Programs and Performances, Series 9, Newspaper clippings and Series 8, Scrapbooks document the 1963 Far East tour aborted as a result of President John F. Kennedy's assassination.

The Duke Ellington Collection contains works by numerous twentieth-century music, literature, and art luminaries. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains original music manuscripts of William Grant Still, Eubie Blake, Mary Lou Williams, and others. Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts contains a play by Langston Hughes, and Series 12, Posters contains many original artworks.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Music Manuscripts, circa 1930-1981, undated

Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1973, undated

Series 3: Business Records, 1938-1988

Series 4: Scripts and Transcripts, 1937-1970

Series 5: Personal Correspondence and Notes, 1941-1974, undated

Series 6: Sound Recordings, 1927-1974

Series 7: Photographs, 1924-1972, undated

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1931-1973

Series 9: Newspaper Clippings, 1939-1973, undated

Series 10: Magazine Articles and Newspaper Clippings, 1940-1974

Series 11: Publicity, 1935-1988

Series 12: Posters and Oversize Graphics, 1933-1989, undated

Series 13: Awards, 1939-1982

Series 14: Religious Material, 1928-1974

Series 15: Books, 1903-1980

Series 16: Miscellaneous, 1940-1974
Biographical / Historical:
A native of Washington, DC, Edward Kennedy Ellington was born on April 29, 1899. Edward was raised in a middle-class home in the Northwest section of Washington described by his sister Ruth--younger by sixteen years--as a "house full of love." Ellington himself wrote that his father J.E. (James Edward) raised his family "as though he were a millionaire" but Edward was especially devoted to his mother, Daisy Kennedy Ellington. In 1969, thirty-four years after his mother's death, Ellington accepted the Presidential Medal of Freedom with these words, "There is nowhere else I would rather be tonight but in my mother's arms." Both his parents played the piano and Ellington began piano lessons at the age of seven, but like many boys he was easily distracted by baseball.

In his early teens, Ellington sneaked into Washington clubs and performance halls where he was exposed to ragtime musicians, including James P. Johnson, and where he met people from all walks of life. He returned in earnest to his piano studies, and at age fourteen wrote his first composition, "Soda Fountain Rag" also known as "Poodle Dog Rag." Ellington was earning income from playing music at seventeen years of age, and around this time he earned the sobriquet "Duke" for his sartorial splendor and regal air. On July 2, 1918, he married a high school sweetheart, Edna Thompson; their only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, was born on March 11, 1919. Duke Ellington spent the first twenty-four years of his life in Washington's culturally thriving Negro community. In this vibrant atmosphere he was inspired to be a composer and learned to take pride in his African-American heritage.

Ellington moved to New York City in 1923 to join and eventually lead a small group of transplanted Washington musicians called "The Washingtonians," which included future Ellington band members, Sonny Greer, Otto Hardwicke and "Bubber" Miley. Between 1923 and 1927, the group played at the Club Kentucky on Broadway and the ensemble increased from a quintet to a ten-piece orchestra. With stride pianist Willie "The Lion" Smith as his unofficial guide, Ellington soon became part of New York's music scene; Smith proved to be a long-lasting influence on Duke's composing and arranging direction. At the Club Kentucky, Ellington came under the tutelage of another legendary stride pianist, "Fats" Waller. Waller, a protege of Johnson and Smith, played solos during the band's breaks and also tutored Ellington who began to show progress in his compositions. In November 1924, Duke made his publishing and recording debut with "Choo Choo (I Got To Hurry Home)" released on the Blu-Disc label. In 1925, he contributed two songs to Chocolate Kiddies, an all-black revue which introduced European audiences to black American styles and performers. By this time Ellington's family, Edna and Mercer, had joined him in New York City. The couple separated in the late 1920's, but they never divorced or reconciled.

Ellington's achievements as a composer and bandleader began to attract national attention while he worked at the Cotton Club in Harlem, New York City, from 1927 to 1932. The orchestra developed a distinctive sound that displayed the non-traditional voicings of Ellington's arrangements and featured the unique talents of the individual soloists. Ellington integrated his soloists' exotic-sounding trombone growls and wah-wahs, their high-squealed trumpets, their sultry saxophone blues licks and Harlem's street rhythms into his arrangements. In the promotional material of the Cotton Club, the band was often billed as "Duke Ellington and His Jungle Band." With the success of compositions like "Mood Indigo," and an increasing number of recordings and national radio broadcasts from the Cotton Club, the band's reputation soared.

The ten years from 1932 to 1942 are considered by some major critics to represent the "golden age" for the Ellington Orchestra, but it represents just one of their creative peaks. These years did bring an influx of extraordinary new talent to the band including Jimmy Blanton on double bass, Ben Webster on tenor saxophone, and Ray Nance on trumpet, violin and vocals. During this ten year span Ellington composed several of his best known short works, including "Concerto For Cootie," "Ko-Ko," "Cotton Tail," "In A Sentimental Mood," and Jump For Joy, his first full-length musical stage revue.

Most notably, 1938 marked the arrival of Billy Strayhorn. While a teenager in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Strayhorn had already written "Lush Life," "Something To Live For" and a musical, Fantastic Rhythm. Ellington was initially impressed with Strayhorn's lyrics but realized long before Billy's composition "Take the A' Train" became the band's theme song in 1942 that Strayhorn's talents were not limited to penning clever lyrics. By 1942, "Swee' Pea" had become arranger, composer, second pianist, collaborator, and as Duke described him, "my right arm, my left arm, all the eyes in the back of my head, my brain waves in his head, and his in mine." Many Ellington/Strayhorn songs have entered the jazz canon, and their extended works are still being discovered and studied today. Strayhorn remained with the Ellington Organization until his death on May 30, 1967.

Ellington had often hinted of a work in progress depicting the struggle of blacks in America. The original script, Boola, debuted in Carnegie Hall in November of 1943, retitled Black, Brown and Beige. The performance met with mixed reviews, and although Ellington often returned to Carnegie Hall the piece was never recorded in a studio, and after 1944 was never performed in entirety again by the Ellington Orchestra. Nonetheless, it is now considered a milestone in jazz composition.

After World War II the mood and musical tastes of the country shifted and hard times befell big bands, but Ellington kept his band together. The band was not always financially self-sufficient and during the lean times Ellington used his songwriting royalties to meet the soloists' salaries. One could assign to Ellington the altruistic motive of loyalty to his sidemen, but another motivation may have been his compositional style which was rooted in hearing his music in the formative stage come alive in rehearsal. "The band was his instrument," Billy Strayhorn said, and no Ellington composition was complete until he heard the orchestra play it. Then he could fine tune his compositions, omit and augment passages, or weave a soloist's contribution into the structure of the tune.

In 1956, the American public rediscovered Duke and the band at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island. The searing performances of tenor saxophonist Paul Gonsalves on "Diminuendo and Crescendo In Blue," his premiere soloist, alto saxophonist Johnny Hodges on "Jeep's Blues", and the crowd's ecstatic reaction have become jazz legend. Later that year Duke landed on the cover of Time magazine. Although Ellington had previously written music for film and television (including the short film, Black and Tan Fantasy in 1929) it wasn't until 1959 that Otto Preminger asked him to score music for his mainstream film, Anatomy of a Murder, starring Jimmy Stewart. Paris Blues in 1961, featuring box-office stars Paul Newman and Sidney Poitier in roles as American jazz musicians in Paris, followed.

Ellington's first performance overseas was in England in 1933, but the 1960s brought extensive overseas tours including diplomatic tours sponsored by the State Department. Ellington and Strayhorn composed exquisite extended works reflecting the sights and sounds of their travels, including the Far East Suite, 1966. They wrote homages to their classical influences; in 1963, they adapted Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite and celebrated Shakespeare's works with the suite Such Sweet Thunder in 1957. With Ella Fitzgerald, they continued the Norman Granz Songbook Series. Ellington also began to flex his considerable pianist skills and recorded albums with John Coltrane (1963), Coleman Hawkins (1963), Frank Sinatra, and Money Jungle (1963) with Charles Mingus and Max Roach. The First Sacred Concert debuted in San Francisco's Grace Cathedral in 1965. In his final years, Ellington's thoughts turned to spiritual themes and he added a Second (1968) and Third (1973) Concert of Sacred Music to his compositions.

In his lifetime, Duke received numerous awards and honors including the highest honor bestowed on an American civilian, the Congressional Medal Of Freedom. In 1965, Ellington was recommended for a Pulitzer Prize to honor his forty years of contribution to music but the recommendation was rejected by the board. Most likely he was disappointed, but his response at the age of sixty-six was, "Fate is being kind to me. Fate doesn't want me to be famous too young."

Ellington never rested on his laurels or stopped composing. Whenever he was asked to name his favorite compositions his characteristic reply was "the next five coming up," but to please his loyal fans Ellington always featured some of his standards in every performance. Even on his deathbed, he was composing the opera buffo called Queenie Pie.

Duke Ellington died on May 24, 1974 at seventy-five years of age. His funeral was held in New York's Cathedral of St. John The Divine; he was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. His long-time companion Beatrice "Evie" Ellis was buried beside him after her death in 1976. He was survived by his only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, who not only took up the baton to lead the Duke Ellington Orchestra but assumed the task of caring for his father's papers and his legacy to the nation. Mercer Ellington died in Copenhagan, Denmark on February 8, 1996, at the age of seventy-six. Ruth Ellington Boatwright died in New York on March 6, 2004, at the age of eighty-eight. Both Mercer and Ruth were responsible for shepherding the documents and artifacts that celebrate Duke Ellington's genius and creative life to their current home in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

William H. Quealy Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings (AC0296)

Rutgers University Collection of Radio Interviews about Duke Ellington (AC0328)

Duke Ellington Oral History Project (AC0368)

Duke Ellington Collection of Ephemera and realated Audiovisual Materials (AC0386)

Annual International Conference of the Duke Ellington Study Group Proceedings (AC0385)

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0388)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Prints (AC0389)

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection (AC390)

Earl Okin Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0391)

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music (AC0406)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0415)

Music manuscripts in the Ruth Ellington Collection complement the music manuscripts found in the Duke Ellington Collection.

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington (AC0422)

Betty McGettigan Collection of Duke Ellington Memorabilia (AC0494)

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0502)

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0704)

Andrew Homzy Collection of Duke Ellington Stock Music Arrangements (AC0740)

John Gensel Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0763)

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC1240)

Materials at Other Organizations

Institute of Jazz Studies
Separated Materials:
Artifacts related to this collection are in the Division of Culture and the Arts and include trophies, plaques, and medals. See accessions: 1989.0369; 1991.0808; 1993.0032; and 1999.0148.
Provenance:
The collection was purchased through an appropriation of Congress in 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Occupation:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Big bands  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Bandsmen -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- Performance  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
African Americans -- History  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0301
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0301
Online Media:

Alexandra S. Watkins papers relating to Miye Matsukata

Creator:
Watkins, Alexandra Solowij, 1933-  Search this
Names:
Matsukata, Miye, 1922-1981  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1969-1980
Scope and Contents:
Forty slides (1969-1979) taken by Watkins of jewelry and a bathroom frieze designed by Miye Matsukata, two press releases (1980), and three photocopies of clippings (1979) concerning Matsukata and her work, one is an obituary.
Biographical / Historical:
Watkins is a jeweler, goldsmith, Boston, Massachusetts who headed jeweler Miye Matsukata's workshop for many years and photographed pieces as they were returned for cleaning or repair. Miye Matsukata (1922-1981) was a Japanese American jewelry designer and metalsmith based in Boston, Massachusetts. She worked at her jewelry firm Janiye in Boston from 1950 to her death.
Provenance:
Donated 1985 by Alexandra Solowij Watkins.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Jewelers  Search this
Goldsmiths  Search this
Jewelers  Search this
Topic:
Jewelry  Search this
Jewelry making  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American women  Search this
Asian American women artists  Search this
Japanese American art  Search this
Japanese American artists  Search this
Japanese American women  Search this
Japanese American women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.watkalex
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-watkalex

SCDBA 156 Documentary Camera

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
July 7 - 13, 2002
Scope and Contents:
The International Film and Television Workshops for Documentary Camera 7/7/2002 to 7/13/2002 (Bestor Cram). Segments without sound: "Roadside" chyron; shots of vehicles driving on road; strange close ups of trees, plants being cut, leaves; close up of an old woman, exterior of a house, flowers in the sun. Segments with sound: "Motel" chyron; clock marking time; old woman talking about death; "Grand Old Girls" chyron; old people in nursing home. End chyrons: "Special Thanks to My Family"; Bester Cram; Juliet Erickson. Boating; flag "Will Row For Beer"; boat maintenance, comments from the people maintaining the boat, rowing the boat, interviews with people about the boat. Chyron By Liz Canner and Chris Bladwin. Sign: "Welcome to Rockland, Maine". Waterfront scenes. Chyron "Lobster Maine-ia"; interviews about fanciful lobster sculptures. Chyron "Tow Ears and One Mouth"; shots of an auto dealership, Fuller Chevrolet. Chyron "By Dave Brown and Elena de Brujine" and "Thanks to Ed and the Guys at Fuller Chevrolet". Chyron "Life is a Boat"; scenes and interview on a sail boat. Chyron "a film by Jennifer Keegan and Paul Mathieu".

Film Type: Color; Sound; VHS Run Time: 0:25:47
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VD 02496
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref1056

SCDB-014: STS-107

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
(Still frame Ilan Ramon and Laurel Clark blood draw. William McCool interview Public Affairs Office (shot from side) (face blown out); discusses medix experiment (would need to get the real interview); bone loss, student experiments; fire (cm2) safety experiment; how he got involved: pilot, marine, his father parental influence. Most. Picture ok. Woman, no sound. Resume interview. William McCool interview continues. How does STS-107 help environment with Earth science; ozone levels, Midex; solsme. Exploring the universe, life sciences. Proud parents. Spotlight. Wave of the future. Freeze.

Film Type: Color; Sound; MiniDV (SD) Run Time: 0:57:38
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VK 00013
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref909

SCDB-050: STS-107 Crew Photo #2

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
August 14, 2001
Scope and Contents:
8/14/2001. Posing in Launch Entry Suits, crew pictures bit soft. Crew joking and laughing (nice moment). Laurel Clark clowning. Good flash. Tilt heads and flash. Lean in. Picture with ? Unknown (maybe backup). Another team member poses with crew; Roz. With trainers. With both women. With "Robert." Some good laughs. Commander Rick Husband joke picture, lying horizontal. Group breaks up lighting no good. Lined up in Launch Entry Suits on chairs? Unusual view. Commander Rick Husband mugs, nice laugh.

Film Type: Color; Sound; MiniDV (SD) Run Time: 0:30:00
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VK 00048
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref944

SCDB-056A: Spacehab Bench Review #1

Collection Creator:
Brown, David M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
bulk March 19, 2002; March 23, 2002
Scope and Contents:
Personal Duplicate of March 19, 2002 (3/19/2002) Spacehab, and March 23, 2002 (3/23/2002) women birdwatching (same as tape 65).

Film Type: Color; Sound; MiniDV (SD) Run Time: 0:10:29
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
David M. Brown Papers, Acc. 2006-0013, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0013, Item VK 00053
See more items in:
David M. Brown Papers
David M. Brown Papers / Videotapes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0013-ref949

Information on Related Collections

Collection Donor:
Nickse, Hugo  Search this
Johnson, Hanford  Search this
Steinway, Henry Ziegler  Search this
Collection Creator:
Comstock, Cheney and Co.  Search this
Pratt, Read and Company  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977-1992
Scope and Contents:
This series contains information on collections related to the Pratt Read Corporation Records. Some of this information was included in the collection when it was acquired by the Archives Center and some was assembled by the archivist while processing the collection. These collections are located in the Archives Center, in other branches of the Smithsonian Institution, and in other repositories. Arranged by repository, each folder typically contains finding aids for the appropriate collection, brochures or newsletters describing the repository, and correspondence with the repository.

A diagram and narration at the beginning of each film explains the overall organization of the glider wing and how each part fits into the whole. The wing is divided into panels: inboard and outboard. The inboard panel is divided into sections: trailing, nose, and center. The sections are built separately and assembled in a special jig.

A number of different, apparently experienced woodworkers both men and women are used throughout the series. There is no information regarding their employers, the filming location, or any connection to Pratt, Read. There are no personal production credits on the films, other than the names of the federal agency's administrators.

Aircraft work: Wood fabrication./A Bray Studios Production. Produced by the Division of Visual Aids, U.S. Office of Education, Federal Security Agency (c) 1944. 6 reels (4330'): sd.; b&w ; 16mm positive. Copyright notice on films: Bray Studios; 1944.

All data given are taken from the films; no additional research has been attempted. All are in generally good condition, showing remarkably little wear for their age. Most are slightly warped at their ends.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records, 1839-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0320, Series 6
See more items in:
Pratt, Read Corporation Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0320-ref281

Portrait photograph of Wild West performer and son of Trapper John Nelson

Collection Creator:
Lehner, Frank  Search this
Seiling, J.  Search this
Braithwaite, Charles Henry  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 Copy negative
Container:
Photo-folder 7
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1891
Scope and Contents:
Studio photographic portrait of Wild West performer and son of Trapper John Nelson and an unidentified Sioux woman. The boy was possibly named Amos Grant. Photographed at Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; 1890; Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, NMAI.AC.147; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.147, Item P10219 and N36524
See more items in:
Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-147-ref31

Ruby Elzy

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Ruby Elzy, 20 Feb 1908 - 26 Jun 1943  Search this
Medium:
Photogravure
Dimensions:
Image: 22.5 × 15 cm (8 7/8 × 5 7/8")
Sheet: 55.9 × 35.5 cm (22 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1935 (printed 1983)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Ruby Elzy: Female  Search this
Ruby Elzy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.83.188.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
Photograph ©Estate of Carl Van Vechten
Gravure and compilation ©Eakins Press Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48c958185-9151-4daa-9972-5c6be2c22353
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.83.188.14

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By