Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
29 documents - page 1 of 2

Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers, 1919-1987

Creator:
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 1903-1987  Search this
Subject:
Howe, George  Search this
Johnson, Philip C.  Search this
Goldwater, Robert John  Search this
McCormick, Thomas J.  Search this
Kaufmann, Edgar  Search this
Berman, Leonid  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van  Search this
Berenson, Bernard  Search this
Berman, Eugene  Search this
Francis, Henry Sayles  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr.  Search this
Gill, Brendan  Search this
Erffa, Helmut von  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David)  Search this
Oud, J. J. P. (Jacobus Johannes Pieter)  Search this
Soby, James Thrall  Search this
Smith, Peter van der Meulen  Search this
Smith, E. Baldwin (Earl Baldwin)  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Thomson, Virgil  Search this
Summerson, John Newenham, Sir  Search this
Sterner, Harold  Search this
Porter, Kingsley  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Pevsner, Nikolaus  Search this
Panofsky, Erwin  Search this
Sizer, Theodore  Search this
Scully, Vincent Joseph  Search this
Schindler, R. M. (Rudolph M.)  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph)  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln  Search this
Washburn, Gordon B. (Gordon Bailey)  Search this
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd  Search this
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Abbott, Jere  Search this
Austin, Arthur Everett  Search this
Type:
Writings
Photographs
Topic:
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9728
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212014
AAA_collcode_hitchenp
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212014
Online Media:

Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers

Creator:
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 1903-1987  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Jere  Search this
Austin, Arthur Everett, 1900-1957  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972  Search this
Berman, Leonid, 1896-1976  Search this
Doesburg, Theo van, 1883-1931  Search this
Erffa, Helmut von, 1900-1979  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956  Search this
Francis, Henry Sayles, 1902-1994  Search this
Gill, Brendan, 1914-1997  Search this
Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973  Search this
Howe, George, 1886-1955  Search this
Johnson, Philip C.  Search this
Kaufmann, Edgar, 1910-  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-  Search this
McCormick, Thomas J.  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Oud, J. J. P. (Jacobus Johannes Pieter), 1890-1963  Search this
Panofsky, Erwin, 1892-1968  Search this
Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1902-1983  Search this
Porter, Kingsley  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Schindler, R. M. (Rudolph M.), 1887-1953  Search this
Scully, Vincent Joseph, 1920-  Search this
Sizer, Theodore, 1892-1967  Search this
Smith, E. Baldwin (Earl Baldwin), 1888-1956  Search this
Smith, Peter van der Meulen  Search this
Soby, James Thrall, 1906-  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Sterner, Harold  Search this
Summerson, John Newenham, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Thomson, Virgil, 1896-  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Washburn, Gordon B. (Gordon Bailey), 1904-1983  Search this
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Extent:
24.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1919-1987
Summary:
The papers of architectural historian, author, critic, teacher, and museum director, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, date from 1919-1987 and measure 24.8 linear feet. Almost all of the collection is comprised of Hitchcock's correspondence files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. Letters are from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators, and family and friends. Also found are two feet of writings by Hitchcock and others, scattered biographical information, printed material, and photographs of Hitchcock and architecture.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of architectural historian, author, critic, teacher, and museum director, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, date from 1919-1987 and measure 24.8 linear feet. Almost all of the collection is comprised of Hitchcock's correspondence files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. Letters are from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators, and family and friends. Also found are two feet of writings by Hitchcock and others, scattered biographical information, miscellaneous records, printed material, and photographs of Hitchcock and architecture.

Among the biographical documents are Hitchcock's birth certificate, passport, and wills. Awards, citations, honorary degrees and commendations are from the University of Pennsylvania, Wesleyan University, the Friends of Cast Iron Architecture, National Institute of Arts and Letters, and the Victorian Society in America.

Chronological name and subject files consist mostly of correspondence and printed material along with a small number of photographs. They include personal and professional correspondence and subject files relating to academic research, teaching, curatorial interests, and professional associations. The correspondence includes large numbers of letters from prominent architectural historians, architects, artists, preservationists, museum directors and curators. Also included are students, friends, relatives, publishers, and representatives of organizations and institutions. Among those of note are: Jere Abbott, Everett A. (Chick) Austin, Alfred H. Barr, Bernard Berenson, Eugene Berman, Leonid Berman, Lyonel Feininger, Henry (Harry) Sayles Francis, Brendan Gill, Robert Goldwater, George Howe, Philip C. Johnson, Edgar Kaufmann, Jr., Lincoln Kirstein, Thomas J. McCormick, Lewis Mumford, J.J.P. Oud, Erwin Panofsky, Nikolaus Pevsner, Kingsley Porter, Paul J. Sachs, R. M. Schindler, Vincent Scully, Jr., Theodore Sizer, E. Baldwin Smith, Peter van der Meulen Smith, James Soby, Victor Spark, Harold Sterner, John Summerson, Virgil Thomson, Paul Vanderbilt, Theo Van Doesburg, Helmut von Erffa, Gordon Washburn, Rudolf Wittkower, and Frank Lloyd Wright.

Writings by Hitchcock consist of manuscripts and drafts of numerous published and unpublished articles, book chapters, and his masters thesis. Other writings by Hitchcock include lecture notes and texts, book reviews, notes, outlines, photo lists, and a bibliography. Among the other authors represented in this series are John Coolidge and Sir Wilfred Green.

Miscellaneous records consist of the alien registration card of Hitchcock's friend Peter van der Meulen Smith, architectural drawings by Hitchcock, book contracts, and a small number of receipts and invoices.

Printed material consists of articles about, by, or mentioning Henry-Russell Hitchcock, along with advertisements for his books, and postcards of architectural subjects.

Photographs are of architecture, art work, events, people, places, and miscellaneous subjects; also included are color slides, negatives, and transparencies. Architectural subjects include the work of Frank Lloyd Wright and Gaudi, as well as interior and exterior views of buildings identified only by location. Photographs of people include Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Chick Austin and Ernestine Carter, Alexander Dorner, Tammy Grimes, Lincoln Kirstein, the Steinway family, and Edgar Tafel. Events recorded include the Society of Architectural Historians at the Newport Casino, Hitchcock receiving honorary degrees at the University of Glasgow and Wesleyan University, and a high tea sponsored by the Victorian Society in America. Family houses and views of Greece are among the photographs of places. Miscellaneous subjects include exhibition installations and family heirlooms.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1922-1984 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Chronological Name and Subject Files, 1919-1987 (Boxes 1-22; 21.9 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, 1922-circa 1978 (Boxes 23-24; 2.0 linear ft.)

Series 4: Miscellaneous Records, 1928-1977 (Box 25; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1922-1984 (Boxes 25-26; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1926-1979 (Box 26; 0.3 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock, considered the "father" of modern architectural historiography, played a major role in bringing modern architecture to the United States. As an eminent professor for more than forty years, Hitchcock trained and influenced several generations of scholars and critics. He combined a love of architecture with criticism and scholarship to produce a large number of distinguished monographs and articles on a broad range of styles and periods.

Born in Boston in 1903, Henry-Russell Hitchcock was the son of Mayflower descendants. At Harvard University, he studied medieval history with A. Kingsly Porter as his mentor and completed the undergraduate curriculum in three years. Hitchcock spent his senior year studying architecture, graduated in 1924, and stayed to study for a master's degree, which was awarded in 1927. During his years at Harvard, he wrote for Hound and Horn and knew Alfred Barr, T. S. Eliot, Philip Johnson, Lincoln Kirstein, Virgil Thomson, and others who became leaders in the modernist movement.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock's teaching career began when he was appointed an assistant professor at Vassar College for the academic year 1927-28. In 1929, he joined the faculty of Wesleyan University, where he remained for two decades before moving to Smith College in 1949. During his tenures at Wesleyan and Smith, his services as a visiting lecturer were employed on many occasions by Cambridge University, Connecticut College, Harvard University, the Institute of Fine Arts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Yale University. Upon retiring from Smith College in 1968, Hitchcock moved to New York City and taught briefly at Columbia University, the Institute of Fine Arts, and the University of Massachusetts, at Amherst.

Best known as a proponent of modernism, Hitchcock wrote more than two dozen books about a wide range of styles and periods, and most are considered standard works on their subjects. His first, Modern Architecture: Romanticism and Reintegration, appeared in 1929 and was the first book on the subject to be published in English; his final book, German Renaissance Architecture, was published in 1981.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock served as director of the Smith College Museum between 1949 and 1955. In addition, he was curator of several exhibitions, the first and most important of which was Modern Architecture: International Exhibition, organized in collaboration with Philip C. Johnson and held at the Museum of Modern Art. Their book, The International Style: Architecture Since 1922, was published in 1932 in conjunction with the exhibition.

During World War II, Hitchcock's civilian service included working as director of the U. S. Navy's Photographic Library and writing Pratt and Whitney aircraft engine manuals.

Henry-Russell Hitchcock was an active member of many professional associations. He served as president of the Society of Architectural Historians from 1952 to 1954. In addition, he was a founding member of The Victorian Society in Great Britain, and between 1969 and 1974 was president of its sister organization, The Victorian Society in America.

During his long and illustrious career, Henry-Russell Hitchcock won many awards and honors. Awards for Early Victorian Architecture in Britain and Architecture: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries were conferred by the Society of Architectural Historians (1955) and College Art Association (1960), respectively. Hitchcock received the Royal Society of Arts Medal for Best Lecture (1956) and its Benjamin Franklin Medal (1970), in addition to the American Institute of Architects' Architectural Critics' Medal (1970). Other awards include: National Institute of Arts and Letters Award (1956), American Council of Learned Societies Prize for Distinguished Accomplishment in Humanistic Scholarship (1961), Friends of Cast-Iron Architecture Certificate of Commendation (1978), the American Institute of Architects Award of Merit (1978), and Municipal Art Society Certificate of Merit (1978).

He received honorary degrees from Glasgow University and the University of Pennsylvania in 1973, and in 1979 from Wesleyan University. In Search of Modern Architecture: A Tribute to Henry-Russell Hitchcock, edited by Helen Searing, was published by The Architectural History Foundation in 1982.

Due to declining health, Henry-Russell Hitchcock lectured rarely and wrote little in the three years preceding his death from cancer. He died in New York City, February 19, 1987.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds Henry-Russell Hitchcock letters to Dorothy Stroud and John N. Summerson, 1946-1949. Additional Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers (circa 8 linear feet) are in the Special Collections division of Wesleyan University Library.
Provenance:
Mosette Broderick, assistant to Hitchcock and his literary executor, donated the papers to the Archives of American Art in 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Architectural historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers, 1919-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hitchenp
See more items in:
Henry-Russell Hitchcock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cb624d3d-e380-4dcf-859e-da6a6a651b2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hitchenp
Online Media:

The sculptor's workshop : tradition and theory from the Renaissance to the present / Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
19 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Sculpture, Renaissance  Search this
Sculpture--Technique  Search this
Call number:
NB185 .W83
NB185.W83
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_60904

Marvels of the East, a study in the history of monsters / by Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Donor:
Beckwith, J. Bruce 1933-,- DSI  Search this
Browning, Nancy Gay DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Murray, Peter 1920-1992 DSI  Search this
Murray, Linda DSI  Search this
Issuing body:
Warburg Institute  Search this
Courtauld Institute of Art  Search this
Author:
Beckwith-Browning-Peterson Teratology Collection (Smithsonian Libraries) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
pages 159-197 : illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1942
[1942]
Topic:
Monsters in art  Search this
Mythology, Greek, in art  Search this
Mythology, Indic, in art  Search this
Call number:
N7745.A5 .W58 1942
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1111335

Sculpture : processes and principles / [by] Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
288 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Call number:
NB1140 .W57
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_644215

The divine Michelangelo : the Florentine Academy's homage on his death in 1564 / introduced, translated, and annotated by Rudolf & Margot Wittkower

Author:
Giunta, Jacopo fl. 1564  Search this
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Wittkower, Margot  Search this
Accademia delle arti del disegno (Florence, Italy)  Search this
Subject:
Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475-1564  Search this
Physical description:
170 p., 32 p. of plates : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
C1964
Call number:
N40.1.M612 G49 1964
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_661616

Allegory and the migration of symbols / Rudolf Wittkowker

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
223 p. : ill., facsims., map ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
1987, c1977
Topic:
Allegories  Search this
Symbolism in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_691968

"Remove not the ancient landmark" : public monuments and moral values : discourses and comments in tribute to Rudolf Wittkower / edited by Donald Martin Reynolds

Title:
Public monuments and moral values : discourses and comments in tribute to Rudolf Wittkower
Author:
Reynolds, Donald M  Search this
Subject:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 237 p : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Monuments--Moral and ethical aspects  Search this
Memorials--Moral and ethical aspects  Search this
Patriotism  Search this
Arts and morals  Search this
Sculpture--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Call number:
NA9320 .R45 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517263

Bernini : the sculptor of the Roman Baroque / Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Guidolotti, Pino  Search this
Subject:
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo 1598-1680  Search this
Physical description:
313 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Italy
Date:
1990
C 1990
Topic:
Sculpture, Baroque  Search this
Call number:
NB623.B5 W83 1990
NB623.B5W83 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_426897

Architectural principles in the age of humanism / Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Italy
Date:
1988
Topic:
Architecture, Renaissance  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture--Composition, proportion, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA1115 .W82 1988
NA1115.W82 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_372779

Selected lectures of Rudolf Wittkower : the impact of non-European civilization of the art of the west / compiled and edited by Donald Martin Reynolds ; forward by Margot Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Reynolds, Donald M  Search this
Physical description:
xxix, 235 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1989
Topic:
Art, European--Asian influences  Search this
Art, European--Foreign influences  Search this
Call number:
N6750 .W56
N6750.W56 1989X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_390111

Studies in the Italian Baroque / Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
304 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Italy
Date:
1982
Topic:
Architecture, Baroque  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1116.5.B3 W57 1982
NA1116.5.B3W57 1982
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_204717

Palladio and English Palladianism / Rudolf Wittkower ; [compiled by Margot Wittkower]

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Subject:
Palladio, Andrea 1508-1580  Search this
Palladio, Andrea 1508-1580 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
224 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
England
Date:
1983
1983, c1974
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1123.P2 W57 1983
NA1123.P2W57 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_229076

The drawings of the Carracci in the collection of Her Majesty the Queen at Windsor Castle

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Subject:
Carracci, Lodovico 1555-1619  Search this
Carracci, Agostino 1557-1602  Search this
Carracci, Annibale 1560-1609  Search this
Windsor Castle  Search this
Physical description:
178 p. illus., plates. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1952
[1952]
Call number:
NC1045.W58x
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_186658

Born under Saturn; the character and conduct of artists: a documented history from antiquity to the French Revolution [by] Rudolf and Margot Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Wittkower, Margot  Search this
Physical description:
344 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1963
[1963]
Topic:
Artists--Psychology  Search this
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N71.W54X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_192684

Palladio and English Palladianism / Rudolf Wittkower

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf 1901-1971  Search this
Subject:
Palladio, Andrea 1508-1580  Search this
Palladio, Andrea 1508-1580 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
224 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
England
Date:
1983
1983, c1974
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1123.P2 W57 1983
NA1123.P2W57 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_195755

Gian Lorenzo Bernini: the sculptor of the Roman baroque

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Subject:
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo 1598-1680  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 286 pages frontispiece, 254 illustrations, 9 plates, tables 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1966
Call number:
N40.1.B52 W8 1966
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_11659

Essays in the history of architecture presented to Rudolf Wittkower; edited by Douglas Fraser, Howard Hibbard & Milton J. Lewine

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Hibbard, Howard 1928-1984  Search this
Fraser, Douglas 1929-  Search this
Lewine, Milton J  Search this
Physical description:
x, 381 p. illus., plate (port.), plans, diagrs. 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1967
Topic:
Architecture--History  Search this
Call number:
N2560 .E7X
N2560.E7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_15874

Architectural principles in the age of humanism

Author:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 144 p. illus., plans. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Italy
Date:
1952
Topic:
Architecture, Renaissance  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture--Composition, proportion, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA1115 .W82 1952
NA1115.W82 1952
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_19480

Essays in the history of art presented to Rudolf Wittkower / edited by Douglas Fraser, Howard Hibbard & Milton J. Lewine

Author:
Fraser, Douglas 1929-  Search this
Fraser, Douglas  Search this
Hibbard, Howard 1928-1984  Search this
Hibbard, Howard  Search this
Lewine, Milton J  Search this
Subject:
Wittkower, Rudolf  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 421 p. : ill., ports. ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1967
Topic:
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5303 .E7X
N5303 .E7
N5303.E7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_23721

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By