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Reuben Snake papers

Writer of accompanying material:
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Church of North America  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Linear feet (3 archival boxes)
Culture:
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Date:
1970-1996
Summary:
The Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian, contain writings, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to the Native American Church which document the literary and political activities of this Winnebago tribal leader.
Scope and Contents:
The Reuben Snake Papers encompass original writings by Snake, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to Reuben's activism on behalf of the Native American Church.

Also included in this collection are video and audio tapes that contain interviews, talks, radio broadcasts, and other orally and visually transmitted items. These materials have been transferred to the NMAI Media Archives. All photographs have been transferred to the NMAI Photo Archives.
Arrangement:
The Reuben Snake papers are divided into four series:

Series 1, Writings, (undated, 1972-1993),

Series 2, Correspondence (undated, 1982-1996),

Series 3, Biographical (undated, 1985-1996),

Series 4, Native American Church (1971-1993)
Biographical / Historical:
Reuben A. Snake, Jr. was born January 12, 1937 at Winnebago, Nebraska, the youngest child of Reuben Harold and Virginia Greyhair Snake. Reuben's mother divorced her husband and later remarried, but Reuben's early life was fraught with hardships, including a period of separation from his parents and siblings. When the family's financial situation improved, parents and children were able to reunite and eventually settled in Hastings, Minnesota.

Reuben entered Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas, in 1950 but later dropped out due to problems with alcohol. He joined the Army in 1956, from which he was honorably discharged, and two years later he married Kathy McKee, with whom he raised four daughters and two sons. In 1965 he quit drinking.

Reuben was active in the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the 1970s and organized many demonstrations during his tenure as national chairman of that organization. After being elected chairman of the Winnebago tribe, Reuben reorganized the tribe, centralizing its administration and improving funding and accountability. Reuben was involved with educational issues as well, serving on education committees for the National Congress of American Indians and the National Tribal Chairman's Association. He worked both nationally and internationally to help make more widely known issues of Indian health, education, and religious freedom.

Reuben began to renew his spiritual and cultural ties with the Native American Church in the 1970s and eventually became a Roadman for the church. With the help of Senator Daniel Inouye from Hawaii he fought judicial battles to legalize the importation of peyote from Mexico for use in sacramental ceremonies. In 1990, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that the sacred use of peyote was not protected by the Constitution, Reuben became the official spokesperson for the Native American Church to educate the public about church philosophy and history. He organized the Native American Religious Freedom Project to lobby for national legislation what would amend and strengthen the American Indian Religious Freedom Act.

Reuben had suffered a major heart attack in 1986, and by the early 1990s, his health was deteriorating. He died on June 28, 1993. Reuben did not live to see the results of his hard work on behalf of Native American religious freedom, Amendments to the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, which President Clinton signed into law in October, 1994. These amendments protected the religious use of peyote by Indians.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Kathy Snake in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the Archivist of the National Museum of the American Indian. Please submit a written request to NMAIArchives@si.edu. Copyright vested in Reuben A. Snake, Jr. has not passed to the National Museum of the American Indian; researchers are responsible for determining any other copyright questions.
Topic:
Peyote  Search this
Function:
American Indian Movement
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.012
See more items in:
Reuben Snake papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-012

Denver, CO: General Material

Collection Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
National Congress of American Indians records / Series 1: NCAI Conventions and Mid-year Conferences
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-010-ref34
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Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection

Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Names:
Reformed Church of America (New York)  Search this
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
699 Nitrate negatives (3 1/4 x 5 1/2 or smaller)
0.25 Linear feet (envelopes)
2 Gelatin silver prints
Culture:
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Nitrate negatives
Gelatin silver prints
Place:
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico -- Missions
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico
Date:
1913-1928
bulk 1914-1919
Summary:
This collection of photographs, shot by Reverend James O. Arthur while serving as a missionary for the Reformed Church of America, documents the activities on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska in 1913 as well as Mescalero and Chiricahua Reservation in White Tail, New Mexico from 1914-1919. Additional images depict vacations and travels throughout the United States by the Arthur family and friends between the years 1913-1928.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 701 photographs shot by Reverend James O. Arthur while serving as a missionary for the Reformed Church of America and documents the activities on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska in 1913, and on the Mescalero Apache and Chiricahua Apache Reservation in White Tail, New Mexico from 1914-1919. The photographs depict informal portraits of Winnebago, Mescalero Apache, Chiricahua Apache, and Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache people; Reverend James O. Arthur, his family, and friends on the reservations and their travels throughout the United States between the years 1913 to 1928; groups such as Indian school children, quilt sewing circles, and Indian police and fire brigade; activities such as church life, fairs, picnics, sports, hunting, horticulture, agriculture, and building construction; and animals such as cattle, deer, turkeys, and wolves. Notable images include those of an elderly Chief Naiche (Chiricahua Apache), Jasper Kanseah [nephew of Goyathlay (Geronimo)], and Eugene Chihuahua (son of Chihuahua).The majority of the images were photographed by Rev. James O. Arthur himself, except for the few images in which he appears. This collection also contains Reverend Arthur's negative envelopes which include his typed notes about the photographs such as dates, subject matter, and his ratings of the photographs. Arthur used a Vest Pocket Kodak camera from circa 1913-1914 and a 3A Folding Kodak camera from circa 1914-1928.

The titles of the photographs were assigned by the photographer.
Arrangement note:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 15 series by location and then chronologically.

The nitrate negatives were originally physically organized by Reverend James O. Arthur in two sets of envelopes first by image size and then by chronology. Upon donation, NMAI image numbers where assigned to the nitrate negatives and then physically stored according to this number in four boxes; Box 1 (N53103-N53272), Box 2 (N53273-N53460), Box 3 (N53461-N53663), Box 4 (N53664-N53801). The 2 prints are stored in Photo Folder 1. Box 5 contains the envelopes in series 5. In 2008 the nitrate negatives were moved to an offsite storage facility.
Biographical/Historical note:
Reverend James Osborne Arthur (1887-1971) and his wife Katherine Arthur (1883-1960) were missionaries for the Reformed Church of America, working on the Nebraska Winnebago Reservation from 1912 to 1914 and among the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apaches in the Whitetail section of the Mescalero Apache Reservation in New Mexico from June 1914 to 1919.

Arthur was born in South Dakota in 1887 to Frank G. Arthur (1861-1948) and Jean O. Schuler (Scouller; 1863-1914), but spent his early life in Iowa. James had 5 siblings Margaret W. Arthur (b. 1889), F. Gale Arthur (1892-1952), Dorothy M. Arthur (b.1894), Jeanie (Jeanne) Arthur (1896-1961), and Jessie M. Arthur (1899-1992).

On June 26, 1911, James Arthur married Katherine Magdeline Gottberg Rhoades (1883-1960). The Arthurs had five children who are documented in this collection: Margaret Jean (1913-2010), James, Jr. (1915-2002), John Paul (1917-1987), Robert Lee (1919-2000) and Kathryn (1923-). Reverend Arthur died in August 1971 in Lomita, California.
Related Materials:
The following book documents the Arthurs' work and life on the Mescalero Apache Reservation: Herbert, D. and R. K. Herbert. Yah Et-Te: A Struggling Missionary's Record of Work Among Geronimo's People on the Mescalero Apache Reservation in 1914-1919. Philadelphia: Xlibris Corporation, 2000.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to NMAI in 2007 in memory of Reverend James O. Arthur and Katherine Arthur by Barbara Jane Arthur Jacobs (the Arthurs' granddaughter) and family.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Missions -- Nebraska  Search this
Missionaries -- New Mexico  Search this
Missionaries -- Nebraska  Search this
Missions -- New Mexico  Search this
Winnebago Indians -- Missions  Search this
Chiricahua Indians -- Missions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Nitrate negatives -- 1900-1960
Gelatin silver prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-057
Online Media:

West End Church and Parsonage

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
April 11, 1913
Scope and Contents:
View of the West End Church and parsonage on a snow covered field on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53103
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref805

Clara Sun and Sister Anna Sun

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
April 11, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Sisters Clara and Anna Sun (Winnebago) sitting on a large snowdrift on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53104
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref806

Anna Sun on snowdrift

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
April 11, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Baby Anna Sun (Winnebago) held on top of a snow mound on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53105
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref807

Anna Sun and Charlie Payer

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
April 11, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Anna (Annie) Sun and Charlie Payer, young Winnebago children and possibly cousins, pose atop a snowdrift on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53106
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref808

Group portrait

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
May 6, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Group of Mission workers and Winnebago Indians standing outside of house on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska. Missionary Katherine Arthur is third from the left.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53107
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref809

Winnebago Indian Church

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
May 6, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Exterior view of the Winnebago Indian Presbyterian Church on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53108
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref810

Camp meeting scene Nebraska

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 28, 1913
Scope and Contents:
View of camp site and the Winnebago Indian Presbyterian Church on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska. Two men and a dog are walking in the background.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53109
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref811

Stephen Cleveland family and home

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 15, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Five children of Stephen Cleveland (Winnebago) sit on the porch of their house on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska. His wife is in the distant background.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53110
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref812

West End Parsonage and Church

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 16, 1913
Scope and Contents:
James O. Arthur and his mother sitting on porch of West End Parsonage on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska. The West End Church is in the background.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53111
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref813

West End Church, Nebraska

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 16, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Exterior view of the West End Church on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53112
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref814

Reverend Arthur and mother on bridge near Winnebago

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 19, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Missionary James O. Arthur's mother standing on a wooden bridge near Winnebago, Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53113
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref815

Clara Sun, mother and daughter

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 28, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Clara Sun (standing), her mother, and her young daughter Anna Sun posing outside a cloth tent on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53114
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref816

Eating dinner camp meeting Winnebago

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 28, 1913
Scope and Contents:
View of boys sitting at a long wooden table waiting for dinner at a camp on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53115
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref817

Eating dinner camp meeting Winnebago

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
August 28, 1913
Scope and Contents:
View of men and women eating dinner at long wooden tables at a camp on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53116
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref818

Waldo Thomas and mule colt

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 2
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
September 9 to September 10, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Waldo Thomas [Winnebago (Nebraska)] holding the reins of a mule colt in Emerson, Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53433
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref820

Maxine Thomas and mule colt

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 2
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
September 9 to September 10, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Maxine Thomas riding a mule colt in Emerson, Nebraska.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53434
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref821

Henry Thomas children

Collection Creator:
Arthur, James (James Osborne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Nitrate negative
Container:
Box 2
Culture:
Winnebago [Nebraska]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Nitrate negatives
Date:
September 9 to September 10, 1913
Scope and Contents:
Henry Thomas' wife and children posing outside their house in Emerson, Nebraska; back row (L to R), Edna, Mary, Annie Earth, Reuben; front row (L to R) Maxine, Theodore, and Waldo.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.057, Item N53435
See more items in:
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection
Reverend James O. Arthur photograph collection / Series 1: Nebraska- Winnebago Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-057-ref822

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