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MS 4739 American Indians as Orators

Creator:
Hodson, Clarence, 1868-1928  Search this
Names:
Black Hawk, Sauk chief, 1767-1838  Search this
Logan, James, -1780  Search this
Pushmataha, approximately 1764-1824  Search this
Red Jacket, Seneca chief, approximately 1756-1830  Search this
Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief, 1768-1813  Search this
Wilson, Peter (Cayuga)  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
American Indian -- Oratory  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Mingo Indians  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Text includes speeches by the following Indians: Chief Logan, a Mingo, 1774; Red Jacket, a Seneca, 1805; Tecumseh, a Shawnee, 1810; Pushmataha, a Choctaw, 1824; Black Hawk, a Sauk, 1832; Peter Wilson, a Cayuga, 1847.
Biographical / Historical:
Address delivered at Washington College, Chestertown, Maryland, October 12, 1921.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4739
Local Note:
Typescript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ohio Valley Iroquoians  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4739, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4739
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4739

Daguerreotype of Peter Wilson

Collector:
Thomas, Philip E. (Philip Evan), 1776-1861  Search this
Names:
Wilson, Peter (Cayuga)  Search this
Extent:
1 Daguerreotypes (photographs)
Culture:
Cayuga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Daguerreotypes (photographs)
Photograph.
Date:
circa 1852-1855
Summary:
Daguerreotype of Dr. Peter Wilson (Cayuga) given to Philip Evan Thomas.
Scope and Contents:
P25296

This collection contains 1 daguerreotype depicting Peter Wilson (Cayuga) circa 1852-1855 housed in a leather case. A handwritten note from Wilson inside the case reads, "Peter Wilson --- Wa-o-wa-wa-na-onk to his friend P.E. Thomas--- Sa-ga-oh." Wilson most likely gifted this daguerreotype to Philip Evans Thomas (1776-1861).
Arrangement:
This daguerreotype is housed in an archival phase box.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Peter Wilson (1815-1872), also known as Wa-o-wa-wa-na-onk, was born on the Buffalo Reservation in New York, but subsequently spent a good amount of his life on the Cattaraugus Reservation. Wilson was a signatory to the Second Buffalo Creek Treaty of 1838, in which he was included with a group of Cayuga Warriors, but would later give speeches advocating for fair compensation to members of the Six Nations who had lost much of their land in this and other treaties. Among the speeches were two delivered to the New York Senate in 1848 and 1850.

Peter Wilson earned a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in 1844 and appears to have served as an Assistant Surgeon with the United States Army, either during or soon after the Civil War. He also spent time as the interpreter for the New York Agency of the Office of Indian Affairs.

Philip Evan Thomas (1776-1861) was the first president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B and O). He also served as chairman of the Society's Indian Affairs Committee and was the representative to Washington for the Six Nations of Indians, where he most likely met and befriended Dr. Wilson.
Provenance:
The immediate source of acquisition is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Photograph.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Daguerreotype of Peter Wilson, P25296, NMAI.AC.405; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.405
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-405
Online Media:

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