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Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume of 14 drawings (8 leaves, colored pencil, ink, graphite, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Bound book of unruled paper, now disbound and laminated. Includes scenes of hunting, ceremonies and daily Indian camp life. The manuscript now contains 14 drawings and the original volume cover. Original sequence of pictures not recorded. Identified as by a Cheyenne prisoner held at Ft. Marion, Florida (1875-78) on the basis of style and content.
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. They were accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064C
Local Note:
Believed to be "Sioux" by Mrs. Hazen, but re-catalogued Cheyenne on authority of Mrs. Karen Peterson (see USNM catalog card) and R. DeMallie, Guide to Siouan Manuscripts (1969). Per Father Peter Powell (October 1971) the drawings are Cheyenne, probably by Cohoe and certainly by a Ft Marion prisoner. The Sun Dance scene was verified as Cheyenne by William Fletcher and Gordon Yellowman, Cheyenne Sun Dance priests, in 2000.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred Mc Lean.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064C
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064c
Online Media:

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
32 Drawings (17 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 11 x 19 cm.)
Culture:
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual and scenes of warfare, hunting, domestic activities, and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS 154064A).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 B
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064B 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064B
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064b
Online Media:

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
36 Drawings (19 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual men and animals, and scenes of warfare and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS154064B).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 A

USNM ACC 25748
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064A
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064a
Online Media:

William Babcock Hazen

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
William Babcock Hazen, 1830 - 1887  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.7 x 5.5 cm (3 7/16 x 2 3/16")
Mount: 8.8 x 6 cm (3 7/16 x 2 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Button  Search this
Interior\Studio\Photography  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Male  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.79.246.7
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4280d532d-d1f4-4991-b2b6-44130b0d88d0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.79.246.7

William B. Hazen

Attribution:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Sitter:
William Babcock Hazen, 1830 - 1887  Search this
Medium:
Glass plate collodion negative
Dimensions:
Plate: 9.2 × 5.9 × 0.3 cm (3 5/8 × 2 5/16 × 1/8")
Type:
Photographic Negative
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1860-1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Artist's Effects  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Male  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number:
NPG.81.M874
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm401565bad-7276-4527-a7e5-b94b90b33818
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.M874

Sherman and His Generals

Artist:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Sitter:
William Tecumseh Sherman, 8 Feb 1820 - 14 Feb 1891  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard, 8 Nov 1830 - 26 Oct 1909  Search this
John Alexander Logan, 9 Feb 1826 - 26 Dec 1886  Search this
William Babcock Hazen, 1830 - 1887  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis, 2 Mar 1828 - 30 Nov 1879  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum, 24 Sep 1827 - 14 Apr 1894  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower, 22 Aug 1827 - 6 Jan 1870  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 36.7 x 45.5cm (14 7/16 x 17 15/16")
Mount: 54.7 x 61cm (21 9/16 x 24")
Mat: 61 x 71.1cm (24 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1865
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Interior\Studio\Photography  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Male  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois  Search this
John Alexander Logan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Male  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New York  Search this
Henry Warner Slocum: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Male  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Captain  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Joseph Anthony Mower: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Male  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
William Tecumseh Sherman: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Male  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
Oliver Otis Howard: Education\Founder\University  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Male  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
William Babcock Hazen: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Male  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Jefferson Columbus Davis: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Murderer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.94.97
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm426a2cf64-1a09-4665-9f97-3b11faa06d33
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.94.97

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