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Oral History interview with Carlos Villa

Interviewee:
Villa, Carlos, 1936-2013  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc.  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts  Search this
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991  Search this
Brown, Joan, 1938-1990  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Garcia, Rupert, 1941-  Search this
Hudson, Robert, 1938-  Search this
Neri, Manuel, 1930-  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989  Search this
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Extent:
134 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1995 June 20-July 10
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Carlos Villa conducted 1995 June 20-July 10, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Villa discusses his "progress" from Filipino background to his art world identity; the phenomena and individuals who contributed to the new awareness in the mid-1970s: "El Movimiento," Chicano "Rasquache," Rupert Garcia, Amalia Mesa-Baines; the idea of "recuperation," and the sense of Asian-American identity and community as a basis for his art. Villa recalls growing up in San Francisco; his early life; living in the Tenderloin district and his exposure to racism; the influence of his cousin, artist Leo Valledor; growing up Filipino in California and the difficulties that accompanied it. Villa discusses popular (black) culture, jazz "guapo," zoot-suit style as role models and basis for aesthetic/art; his admiration for black self-esteem; his aesthetics; viewing art as a way out of the ghetto and an escape from racism.
Villa discusses his introduction to the California School of Fine Arts (soon thereafter the San Francisco Art Institute); his need to be part of the artist community; CSFA and other students and teachers; and his self-conception as a modernist. He discusses the technical aspects of his art; the influence of various Bay Area artists on his work; his investigation of Filipino art history and his role models; the role of the women at the CSFA and women as role models. Villa recalls his first show at Pointdexter in New York; his associations with minimalists and the Park Place Gallery group; his New York minimalist phase and his need to escape the New York environment after six years. He discusses his return to the Bay Area and his use of identity/politics as subjects for his art.
Villa recalls or mentions Rupert Garcia, Leo Valledor, Manuel Neri, Joan Brown, Bill Morehouse, David Stone Martin, Wallace Berman, William Wiley, Bob and Dona Hudson, Bill Allen, Elmer Bischoff, Richard Diebenkorn, Ralph DuCass, Walter Kuhlman, Wally Hedrick, Bruce Conner, Alvin Light, Claire Falkenstein, Bob McFarlane, Hayter, Tapies, Fred Martin, Nathan Oliveira, Jennifer Bartlett, Dick Maclean, Elizabeth Murray, Alfred Neumeyer, Mark Rothko, Kenneth Noland, Sol Lewitt, Mark di Suvero, Robert Grovesnor, Tom Seligman, Kurt Schwitters, Robert Rauschenberg, Angela Davis, and Moira Roth.
Biographical / Historical:
Carlos Villa (1936-2013) was a Filipino American painter, curator, and educator in San Francisco, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 8 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 15 digital wav files. Duration is 7 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Filipino American art  Search this
Filipino American artists  Search this
Asian American painters  Search this
Asian American curators  Search this
Asian American educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.villa95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9568c3d5e-69b0-469a-a02b-20a978a5ad1d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-villa95
Online Media:

[Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs, photographer]

Photographer:
Jacobs, Mimi  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984 -- Photographs  Search this
Adams, Mark, 1925-2006 -- Photographs  Search this
Allan, William George, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Anderson, Jeremy, 1921-1982 -- Photographs  Search this
Armer, Ruth, 1896-1977 -- Photographs  Search this
Arneson, Robert, 1930-1992  Search this
Arnoldi, Charles, 1946- -- Photographs  Search this
Asawa, Ruth -- Photographs  Search this
Beall, Dennis Ray, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Beasley, Bruce, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Bechtle, Robert Alan, 1932- -- Photographs  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al -- Photographs  Search this
Benton, Fletcher, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Berlant, Anthony -- Photographs  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991 -- Photographs  Search this
Blunk, J. B., 1926- -- Photographs  Search this
Brice, William, 1921-2008 -- Photographs  Search this
Brown, Joan, 1938-1990  Search this
Celmins, Vija, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Chicago, Judy, 1939- -- Photographs  Search this
Conner, Bruce -- Photographs  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
De Forest, Roy, 1930-2007 -- Photographs  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989 -- Photographs  Search this
DeLap, Tony, 1927- -- Photographs  Search this
Dickinson, Eleanor, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993 -- Photographs  Search this
Dill, Guy, 1946- -- Photographs  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923- -- Photographs  Search this
Gilhooly, David -- Photographs  Search this
Goldyne, Joseph R.  Search this
Gooch, Gerald -- Photographs  Search this
Gordon, Russell Talbert, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Graham, Robert, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Hedrick, Wally, 1928-2003 -- Photographs  Search this
Holland, Tom, 1936- -- Photographs  Search this
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
Howard, Robert Boardman, 1896-1983 -- Photographs  Search this
Hudson, Robert, 1938- -- Photographs  Search this
Ihle, John Livingston, 1925- -- Photographs  Search this
Irwin, Robert, 1928- -- Photographs  Search this
Johnson, Robert E. (Robert Emory), 1932- -- Photographs  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-2010  Search this
Light, Alvin, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Lobdell, Frank, 1921- -- Photographs  Search this
Martin, Bill, 1943- -- Photographs  Search this
McLean, Richard Thorpe, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998 -- Photographs  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941- -- Photographs  Search this
Neri, Manuel, 1930- -- Photographs  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010 -- Photographs  Search this
Paris, Harold, 1925-1979 -- Photographs  Search this
Raffael, Joseph, 1933- -- Photographs  Search this
Ramos, Mel, 1935-2018 -- Photographs  Search this
Reichman, Fred, 1925- -- Photographs  Search this
Richardson, Sam, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Ruscha, Edward -- Photographs  Search this
Saar, Betye -- Photographs  Search this
Saunders, Raymond, 1934- -- Photographs  Search this
Shaw, Richard, 1941 Sept. 12- -- Photographs  Search this
Siegriest, Louis B., 1899- -- Photographs  Search this
Sinton, Nell, 1910-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne -- Photographs  Search this
Todd, Mike, 1935- -- Photographs  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989 -- Photographs  Search this
Villa, Carlos, 1936-2013 -- Photographs  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002 -- Photographs  Search this
Wasserstein, Julius -- Photographs  Search this
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914- -- Photographs  Search this
Wonner, Paul, 1920-2008 -- Photographs  Search this
Zammitt, Norman, 1931- -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
140 Items (photographic prints, b&w)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1981
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of artists, many from the San Francisco Bay Area, taken by Mimi Jacobs.
Artists photographed: Ansel Adams, Robert Arneson, Ruth Asawa, Billy Al Bengston, Fletcher Benton, Robert Bechtle, J. B. Blunk, William Brice, Joan Brown, Imogen Cunningham, Jay De Feo, Eleanor Dickinson, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Archeliat Esherick, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Robert Graham, Henry Hopkins, Robert B. Howard, John Ihle, Robert Irwin, Allen Jones, Alvin Light, Lee Mullican, Isamu Noguchi, Howard Paris, Joseph Raffael, Fred Reichman, Ed Ruscha, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Richard Shaw, Louis Siegriest, Nell Sinton, Wayne Thiebaud, DeWain Valentine, Leo Valledor, Carlos Villa, Peter Voulkos, William T. Wiley, Emerson Woelffer.
Photographs of Mark Adams, William Allan, Jeremy Anderson, Ruth Armer, Charles Arnoldi, Dennis Beall, Bruce Beasley, Tony Berlant, Elmer Bischoff, Vija Celmins, Judy Chicago, Bruce Conner, Roy de Forest, Tony DeLap, Guy Dill, Claire Falkenstein, Gerald Gooch, Russell Gordon, Wally Hedrick, Tom Holland, Robert Hudson, Robert Emory Johnson, Frank Lobdell, Robert Craig Kaufman, Richard McLean, Bill Martin, Manuel Neri, Bruce Nauman, Nathan Oliveira, Mel Ramos, Sam Richardson, Michael Todd, Julius Wasserstein, Paul Wonner and Norman Zammitt.
In 1999, additional photographs were donated including many duplicates of the previous donations. These include 50 mounted photographs of West Coast artists, twenty-four of which were exhibited in 1980 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and published in 50 West Coast Artists: A Critical Selection of Painters and Sculptors (1981, Chronicle Books). Photographs are of Ansel Adams, Robert Arneson, Billy Al Bengston, Robert Bechtle, Fletcher Benton, J. B. Blunk, William Brice, Joan Brown, Imogen Cunningham, Jay De Feo, Eleanor Dickinson, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Archeliat Esherick, Sam Francis, David Gilhooly, Joseph Goldyne, Robert Graham, Henry Hopkins, Robert Howard, John Ihle, Robert Irwin, Allen Jones, Alvin Light, Lee Mullican, Isamu Noguchi, Howard Paris, Joseph Raffael, Fred Reichman, Ed Ruscha, Betye Saar, Richard Shaw, Louis Siegrist, Nell Sinton, Wayne Thiebaud, De Wain Valentine, Leo Valledor, Carlos Villa, Peter Voulkos, William Wiley, and Emerson Woeffer.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer; Kentfield, Calif.; b. 1911; d. April 1, 1999. Known in the San Francisco Bay Area for her portraits of prominent local figures, many of whom were artists. She eventually expanded her scope beyond Northern California to included artists in the Los Angeles region as well. These images were widely reproduced in books and in exhibitions and in many cases became the portraits by which the individuals were best known. Among her subjects were Ed Ruscha, Robert Graham, Peter Voulkos, Joan Brown, Isamu Noguchi, Jay DeFeo, Wayne Thiebaud, Imogen Cunningham, and Richard Diebenkorn. Several exhibitions were devoted to the photographs as independent works of art, an acknowledgement of their pictorial qualities as well as their value as documents.
Provenance:
Donated 1976-1992 by Mimi Jacobs. Additional photos, many of them duplicates of previous donations, were donated in 1999 by Leslie Fleming, Jacobs' daughter, for the Estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- California  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Portraits  Search this
Artists -- California -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.jacomimi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99e52eeab-c8aa-437c-9967-ac2af528c69f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jacomimi

William T. Wiley letter to Audrey Sabol

Creator:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
19--
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1861
See more items in:
Audrey Sabol papers, 1962-1967
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1861

William T. Wiley letter to Audrey Sabol

Creator:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1965 Dec
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1875
See more items in:
Audrey Sabol papers, 1962-1967
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1875

William T. Wiley letter to James A. McGrath

Creator:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
McGrath, James A., 1928-  Search this
Subject:
McGrath, James A.  Search this
Wiley, William T.  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
between 1970 and 2011
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15519
See more items in:
James A. McGrath papers, 1950-2011
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15519

William T. Wiley christmas card to Jimmy Jalapeeno

Creator:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Jalapeeno, Jimmy, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1979
Topic:
Holidays  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11240
See more items in:
Jimmy Jalapeeno papers, 1972-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11240

Oral history interview with William T. Wiley, 1997 October 8-November 20

Interviewee:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Nauman, Bruce  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Funk  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12900
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216353
AAA_collcode_wiley97
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216353
Online Media:

William T. Wiley illustrated journals, 1971-1974

Creator:
Wiley, William T., 1937-2021  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13509
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211771
AAA_collcode_wilewill
Theme:
Diaries
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211771

Diary For a Monday Morning, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Wood, lead, rope, chain, tin, and paint
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
University of Kansas Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art 1301 Mississippi Street Lawrence Kansas 66045 Accession Number: 72.40
Date:
1966 and 1971
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 75004966
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_9170

Columbus Re-Routed #3, (painting)

Painter:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Crocker Art Museum 216 O Street Sacramento California 95814
Date:
1962
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8G220224
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_479394

American Rope Trick, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Hansen Fuller Gallery San Francisco California
Date:
1968
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 8G220225
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_479395

Boo Dada Bar BQ, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Wood, brass, steel, painted
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Allan Frumkin Gallery New York New York
Date:
1982
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 8B390050
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_409498

In the Name of (Not to Worry It's Juxtaposition), (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
paper umbrella, plywood, sticks, cardboard roller, rubber ball, sheet metal, wire, etc
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Smithsonian American Art Museum 8th & G Streets, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20560 Accession Number: 1983.81B
Date:
1982
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 08582386
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_394097

You Are As Close As You Will Be, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Wood, lead, hide, ceramic
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Dayton Art Institute 456 Belmonte Park North Dayton Ohio 45405 Accession Number: 1987.160
Date:
1972
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 41320007
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_374976

The Hound Harbor Series, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Mixed
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Denver Art Museum 100 West 14th Avenue Parkway Denver Colorado 80204 Accession Number: 1978.22.1047
Date:
1977
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 05520030
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_375112

Slant Step, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Cast concrete with embedded link chain
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Oakland Museum 1000 Oak Street Oakland California 94607 Accession Number: 70.57
Topic:
Architecture--Detail--Stairs  Search this
Control number:
IAS 75000969
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_3404

Ship's Log, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Cotton webbing, latex rubber, salt licks, leather, plastic, wood, canvas, lead wire, nautical and assorted hardware, and ink and watercolor on paper
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art 151 Third Street San Francisco California 94103 Accession Number: 70.37 A-L
Date:
1969
Topic:
Allegory--Life--Creation  Search this
Allegory--Other--Physics  Search this
Abstract  Search this
Travel--Water--Boat  Search this
Control number:
IAS 04280333
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_303939

Eye Talisman Strain, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Wood, Plexiglas, metal, rubber, and cloth
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Oberlin College Allen Memorial Art Museum Oberlin Ohio 44074 Accession Number: 72.55
Date:
1971
Topic:
Emblem  Search this
Control number:
IAS 42190030
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_301045

Thank You Hide, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Wood, leather, ink & charcoal on cowhide, pick, found objects, and six accompanying drawings and watercolors
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Des Moines Art Center 4700 Grand Avenue Des Moines Iowa 50312 Accession Number: 1977.9
Date:
1970-1971
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAS 14570025
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_299034

Zebra Tomb, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Wiley, William T. 1937-2021  Search this
Medium:
Mixed media
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Los Angeles County Museum of Art 5905 Wilshire Boulevard Los Angeles California 90036
Date:
1964
Topic:
Architecture--Monument--Tomb  Search this
Animal--Zebra  Search this
Control number:
IAS 75000626
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_1086

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