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William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b2223e72-e872-41c5-ae7b-abd0b27eaf6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Vistas and Dreams 3: James E. Snead

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-12-14T19:21:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_XOYfMoEP8Kc

Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research 1961 Summer Season

Collection Creator:
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Solecki, Rose L.  Search this
Container:
Box 218
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers
Ralph S. and Rose L. Solecki papers / Series 5: Research and Teaching Files / 5.1: Research Files
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw391d33a1b-f353-4625-a144-c49eefd1032b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2016-29-ref1781

[Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 82
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
William C. Sturtevant papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3da28b2b5-1eb3-4bbf-89e8-d12772a62cd2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref3498

Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Names:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition 1930  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Huntington Free Library  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Collector:
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Former owner:
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Extent:
400 Linear feet
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Administrative records
Photographs
Annual reports
Field notes
Correspondence
Ledgers (account books)
Minutes
Date:
1890-1998
Summary:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Scope and Contents:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Arrangement:
The MAI, Heye Foundation records have been arranged into 21 series and 50 subseries: Series 1: Directors, 1908-1990 (1.1: George Gustav Heye, 1863-1962, 1.2: Edwin K. Burnett, 1943-1960, 1.3: Frederick Dockstader, 1950-1976, 1.4: Alexander F. Draper, 1972-1977, 1.5:Roland W. Force, 1963-1990, 1.6: George Eager, Assistant Director, 1977-1990) Series 2: Board of Trustees, 1916-1990 (2.1: Board of Trustee Minutes, 1916-1990, 2.2: Individual Board Correspondence, 1943-1990, 2.3: Subject Files, 1917-1990) Series 3: Administrative, 1916-1989 (3.1: Subject Files, 1904-1991, 3.2: Personnel, 1956-1991, 3.3: Legal, 1900-1989, 3.4: Task Force, 1976-1986, 3.5: George Abrams, 1980-1991) Series 4: Financial, 1916-1990 (4.1: Ledgers, 1900-1962, 4.2: Correspondence, 1905-1985, 4.3: Subject Files, 1916-1990) Series 5: Expeditions, 1896-1973Series 6: Collectors, 1872-1981Series 7: Registration, 1856-1993Series 8: Collections Management, 1937-1988Series 9: Curatorial, 1963-1990 (9.1: Curatorial Council, 1973-1990, 9.2: Gary Galante, 1979-1991, 9.3: Mary Jane Lenz, 1974-1994, 9.4: James G. E. Smith, 1963-1990, 9.5: U. Vincent Wilcox, 1968-1984, 9.6: Anna C. Roosevelt, 1973-1988) Series 10: Exhibits, 1923-1991 (10.1: MAI Exhibits, 1923-1990, 10.2: Non-MAI Exhibits, 1937-1991) Series 11: Public Programs, 1935-1990Series 12: Publications, 1904-1994 (12.1: Annual Reports, 1917-1989, 12.2: Publications by MAI, 1904-1990, 12.3: Publications by Other Sources, 1881-1990, 12.4: Administration, 1920-1988, 12.5: Archival Set of Official Publications, 1907-1976) Series 13: Public Affairs, 1938-1991Series 14: Development, 1927-1991 (14.1: Administration, 1979-1990, 14.2: Donors, 1978-1990, 14.3: Fundraising, 1973-1990, 14.4: Grants, 1970-1990, 14.5: Subject Files, 1976-1990) Series 15: Other Departments, 1914-1990 (15.1: Archives, 1914-1990, 15.2: Conservation, 1972-1989, 15.3: Education, 1921-1990, 15.4: Indian Information Center, 1977-1989, 15.5: Museum Shop, 1947-1989, 15.6: Photography, 1918-1990, 15.7: Physical Anthropology, 1919-1956) Series 16: Huntington Free Library, 1926-1991Series 17: Museum Relocation, 1969-1992 (17.1: Subject Files, 1979-1990, 17.2: American Museum of Natural History, 1980-1987, 17.3: Dallas, Texas, 1984-1987, 17.4: Smithsonian Institution, 1979-1990, 17.5: U.S. Custom House, 1977-1990, 17.6: Other Locations, 1974-1987) Series 18: MediaSeries 19: PhotographsSeries 20: Miscellaneous, 1837-1990Series 21: Oversize, 1873-1972 (21.1: Maps, 1873-1975, 21.2: Miscellaneous, 1884-1982)
History of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation:
The Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation was established by wealthy collector George Gustav Heye in 1908. Heye began collecting American Indian artifacts as early as 1897 and his collection rapidly increased over the next several years. Based in New York, Heye bought collections and documentary photographs, sponsored expeditions, and traveled and collected items himself. In addition, once MAI was established he sponsored numerous expeditions across the Western Hemisphere, including North American, Canada, South America and Central America.

From 1908 to 1917 Heye housed his artifacts on temporary loan at the University of Pennsylvania's University Museum, Pennsylvania, in lofts on East 33rd Street in New York City, and at other depositories. In 1917, the collections moved from his apartment to their permanent museum location at Audubon Terrace, at 155th Street and Broadway in New York City. The museum, containing ethnographic and archaeological collections from North, Central and South America, opened to the public in 1922. Less than ten years later, Heye completed a storage facility in the Pelham Bay area of the Bronx, known as the Research Branch. Heye served as Chairman of the Board and Museum Director until his death in 1957. After growing concern about the financial and other management of the collections came to a head, the museum became part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1989 and in 1994 opened exhibit space in the U.S. Customs House at Bowling Green near New York City's Battery Park. The Cultural Resources Center in Suitland, Maryland later opened in 1999 and the main Washington, DC museum opened in 2004.

Please visit the following links for more information about the history of the museum; History of the Collection, Collections Overview, and Significance of the Collection. Moreover, for information about how the museum currently cares for and exhibits the collection, please see the Conservation department and recent entries regarding Exhibitions and Conservation on the NMAI Blog. In addition, see portions of the NMAI Archive Center's collections highlighted in the SIRIS Blog.
Related Materials:
In 2004, the Huntington Fee Library, once part of the MAI/Heye Foundation, was transferred to the Cornell University Library Rare Book and Manuscript Collection. While this collection mainly contained books, it also contained a significant amount of archival materials. The Huntington Free Library's Native American Collection contains outstanding materials documenting the history, culture, languages, and arts of the native tribes of both North and South America, as well as contemporary politics and human rights issues are also important components of the collection. Further information about the collection and links to finding aids can be found here: rmc.library.cornell.edu/collections/HFL_old.html.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Tennessee  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New York (State)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Panama  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Jersey  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Missouri  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Nevada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Indians of South America  Search this
Indians of Central America  Search this
Pre-Columbian objects  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Texas  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Ethnological expeditions  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Museums -- Curatorship  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Cuba  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Ecuador  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Arkansas  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Canada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Guatemala  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Haiti  Search this
Genre/Form:
Administrative records
Photographs
Annual reports
Field notes
Correspondence
Ledgers (account books)
Minutes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv412df8cf1-44c0-41fd-9101-eefb477e5aef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001
Online Media:

'Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Incorporated: Report for 1990 and 1991: Fiftieth Anniversary Issue"

Collection Creator:
Medicine, Beatrice  Search this
Container:
Box 59
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1992
Collection Restrictions:
Materials relating to student grades, letters of recommendation, and evaluations have been restricted.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Beatrice Medicine papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Beatrice Medicine papers
Beatrice Medicine papers / Series 21: Reports
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34a113fef-6c67-4b93-8458-47dba971bfc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1997-05-ref1336

The Shoemaker

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (33 minutes, black-and-white sound; 1206 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1978
Scope and Contents:
Edited film follows a shoemaker who had always assumed that he would spend his last years in his native village, Casa Viejas, Andalusia, Spain. When his children leave to work in a tourist town, the shoemaker follows. Separated from his network of family and friends, he struggles to adapt to the isolation. Sound track consists of Spanish language interviews with English voice over. Spanish title is El Zapatero.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Aging ; Moving, Household ; Occupations ; Shoes ; Domestic relations ; Domestic and family life ; Family Spain ; Cities and towns ; Tourism
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.1
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9cbc2957e-9615-4a2d-946d-b43cd7adf693
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref1

Pepe's Family

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
2 Film reels (41 minutes, black-and-white sound; 1426 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1978
Scope and Contents:
Edited film shot in Casa Viejas, Andalusia, Spain, documents a migrant laborer's concerns when he needs to confront moving his large family to the town in Germany where he has found work. Film explores his social networks and the challenging decision he must make when his father refuses to leave his rural community.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Social isolation ; Social interaction ; Occupations ; Rural-urban migration
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.2
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc954b8a9d2-4fa5-4aea-b899-cbe5d00b601c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref2

Romeria: Day of the Virgin

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
2 Film reels (54 minutes, color sound; 2135 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1986
Scope and Contents:
Edited film focusses on a religious pilgrimage to a local shrine of the Virgin near the town of Alcala de los Gazules, Cadiz, Spain. Film shows the elaborate preparations needed for the day long event and includes interviews with organizers and worshippers who reveal their personal ambiguous feelings towards their religion and affiliations.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Celebrations Spain ; Religious beliefs ; Pilgrims and pilgrimages
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.3
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc988123845-6859-47c8-939b-c1da17c19550
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref3

Carnaval de Pueblo

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
2 Film reels (58 minutes, color sound; 2098 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1987
Scope and Contents:
Edited film documents events leading up to carnaval (carnival) and the carnaval in Casa Viejas Pueblo, Andalusia, Spain. A primary feature of carnaval are the irreverent songs about local affairs and social criticism about national events. A controversary is created when one song names a parent of an illegitimate child which is followed by the villagers discussing an individual's privacy and what results in insult versus entertainment.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Rites and ceremonies ; Music ; Songs
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.4
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9d17804fd-71ba-4ced-968a-650fee9fc143
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref4

Perico the Bowlmaker

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (45 minutes, black-and-white sound; 1170 feet, 16mm )
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1987
Scope and Contents:
Edited film looks at the changing roles of a craftsman in Casa Vieja Pueblo, Andalusia, Spain, and the societal and personal factors that shape his occupation. Film also captures the making of wooden bowls, difficulties in marketing his goods and off season work during the cork harvest.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Social interaction ; Occupations ; Cork industry Spain
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.5
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc962d881fa-03df-4ac4-a9c8-56e4e1514be2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref5

The Shepherd's Family

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (22 minutes, black-and-white sound; 700 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1978
Scope and Contents:
Edited film is a portrayal of a family in Casa Viejas, Andalusia, Spain, that maintains its ties to the land and the community through the traditional occupation of sheperding a flock of sheep. The children are shown supplementing the family income by gathering snails, picking cotton and hoeing.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Sheep ; Social interaction ; Occupations ; Shepherds Spain ; Children Spain
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.2 [sic]
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9c70fbe4b-2e17-4f2a-81b5-9e0914e71b2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref6

Jerome Mintz Film Project: Andalusia, Spain

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
35 Film reels (black-and-white silent; 24,600 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1969-1976
Scope and Contents:
Outtakes from Jerome Mintz' film project in Casa Viejas, Andalusia, Spain. Edited films made from this project are: "The Shoemaker", "Pepe's Family", "The Sheperd's Family" and "Perico the Bowlmaker".

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Social interaction ; Occupations ; Rural-urban migration
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.7
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9b9949f62-5197-43ba-a143-16abdff22cf1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref7

Jerome Mintz Film Project: Andalusia, Spain

Collection Creator:
Mintz, Jerome R.  Search this
Extent:
60 Film reels (color sound; 24,000 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1981-1982
Scope and Contents:
Outtakes from Jerome Mintz' film project in Casa Viejas, Andalusia, Spain. Edited films made from this project are: "Carnaval de Pueblo" and "Romeria: Day of the Virgin".

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Domestic relations ; Family Spain ; Social interaction ; Religious beliefs ; Festival
Local Number:
HSFA 2011.8.2 [sic]
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Jerome Mintz films of Andalusia, Spain, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Jerome Mintz films and photographs of Andalusia, Spain
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc91387dc20-64f2-40a5-b477-fea54c6f6c31
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2011-08-ref8

Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research

Collection Creator:
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Ralph Leon Beals papers are open for research. At Ralph Beals' request, his 1930-1933 correspondence were restricted until 2000. These include letters to and from his wife while he was in the field, several letters to his children, and one letter to his mother-in-law. Beals supplied edited copies of the restricted letters for public access. The restrictions have since been lifted, and the edited copies have been retained with the original letters. His field assistants' materials have been restricted for the lifetime of the creators.

Access to the Ralph Leon Beals papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ralph Leon Beals papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ralph Leon Beals papers
Ralph Leon Beals papers / Series 1: Correspondence / General correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw396d1cf16-17b1-4954-91c3-5ec09aeee8bf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1980-54a-ref54

[Egungun headdress depicting a Hausa Muslim], Oyo area, town of Lanlate, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R7-28, Egungun mask at Lanlate, carved in Erua by Afinfon. (I doubt it), owned by Ojelabi."
Publication title reads, "[Fig.] 8. Egungun headdress depicting a Hausa Muslim carved by Afinfon of Erua. Lanlate, 1970."
Local Numbers:
R7-28
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Masks  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00224
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7aab0775c-5bfd-425b-ade3-447d7c8f385b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1242

[Egungun headdress depicting Aroni], Oyo area, town of Lanlate, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R7-32, Egungun at Lanlate. Owned by Akewe Egun."
Local Numbers:
R7-32
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Masks  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00227
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo79d8ce716-8df6-4273-9d9d-dfa92ea6d780
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1245

[Egungun headdress named Alapala], Oyo area, town of Otu, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R8-4, Egungun at Otu - Carved by Akano in Isalu, Iseyin. Male - Left, Female - Right, Monkey in Foreground."
Publication title reads, "Top: [Fig.] 3. Egungun headdress named Alapala. The white feathers on the foreheads of the male and female human heads indicate that the headdress has recently received a chicken sacrifice. The teeth of the two monkeys are bared and have been rubbed with white chalk, Efun. Said to have been carved by Akano of Isalu quarter, Iseyin. Otu, 1970."
Local Numbers:
R8-4
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Animals in art -- Monkeys  Search this
Animals in art -- Feathers, furs and skins  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00234
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo79e2d7789-5aa7-435e-af9a-418cc4d75176
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1252

[Paka Egungun masquerader known as Janduku], Oyo area, town of Otu, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R8-15, Egungun at Otu. Also called Janduku - hooligan masquerade."
Publication title reads, "[Fig.] 1. Paka Egungun named Janduku, Otu, 1970."
Local Numbers:
R8-15
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00239
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo76a639d37-243d-4522-9a94-453c5b169f75
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1257

[Gelede mask of the satiric type], Oyo area, town of Otu, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R8-33, Gelede at Otu. Carved by Awenke of Ketu. Owner: Onifade of Otu."
Publication title reads, "[Fig.] 10. Gelede mask of the satiric type. This and Figure 9 are said to have been carved at Ketu by Awenke. Otu, 1970."
Local Numbers:
R8-33
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Gelede -- Photographs  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Masks  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00245
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77ee3694b-7b40-4aef-bbe7-fe91106324f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1262

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