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Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Names:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
5 Mounted prints (albumen)
7 Prints (cyanotype)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Prints
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Date:
circa 1886
Scope and Contents note:
Includes images of We'wha (Zuni) spinning wool, setting up a loom, and weaving a blanket at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The photographs were probably made as part of a demonstration commissioned by Matilda Coxe Stevenson or the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Biographical/Historical note:
We'wha (d. 1896) was a Zuni berdache and one of Matilda Coxe Stevenson's main informants in her research. In 1886, We'wha spent six months in Washington, D.C., living with Stevenson and her husband and helping the Bureau of American Ethnology to record Zuni knowledge. As part of this documentation, the Bureau also photographed We'wha demonstrating Zuni weaving techniques.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2004-03
Location of Other Archival Materials:
One albumen print mounted on boudoir card, previously held in MS 4624 (now in Photo Lot 23) has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 2004-03.
Original glass negatives for most of these images are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional photographs of We'wha are in the National Anthropological Archives in the Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs (Photo Lot 23).
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers (MS 4689).
See others in:
Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making, circa 1886
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Spinning  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Citation:
Photo Lot 2004-03, Photographs of We'wha demonstrating Zuni textile making, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2004-03
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aeebc865-6b65-449d-96b9-25e4d34041a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2004-03

MS 895 Notes on Zuni clans

Creator:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Annotator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also a list of clans obtained by A.S. Gatschet from Wewa, June 20, 1886; 2 pages typed transcript from Gatschet's Zuni notebook (Bureau of American Ethnology Number 1550), with added notations in hand of Gatschet and Cushing.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 895
Local Note:
Of the 24 pages of notes on clans, 8 are in Cushing's hand, and the rest are in the same handwriting as Bureau of American Ethnology Numbers 1013 and 3917, presumably that of a clerk.
Topic:
Kinship -- Zuni  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 895, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS895
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b853ebef-b2a9-49a5-bf85-0c3d815e0324
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms895

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress, Spinning Yarn with Whorl Inside Room

Creator:
Hitchcock, Prof ?  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 008 in mounted on 005 in x 008 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02408500

OPPS NEG.BAE 2235A
Local Note:
Note: Possibly Romyn Hitchcock, Curator, USNM, 1883-1887, And Professor at Koto Chu Cakko, Osaka, Japan, 1887-1900
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
District Of Columbia ? -- Washington, D C ?
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Zuni BAE 24-28 02408500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Zuni
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref21067

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress, Spinning Yarn with Whorl Inside Room

Creator:
Hitchcock, Prof ?  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 008 in mounted on 008 in x 010 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02408600

OPPS NEG.BAE 2235A
Local Note:
Note: Possibly Romyn Hitchcock, Curator, USNM, 1883-1887, And Professor at Koto Chu Cakko, Osaka, Japan, 1887-1900
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
District Of Columbia ? -- Washington, D C ?
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Zuni BAE 24-28 02408600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Zuni
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref21068

We-Wha or Whe-Wa in Native Dress and Holding Olla (Water Jar) Outside His

Creator:
Wittick, George Ben  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box XV:43, Folder 2
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Her Adobe House
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02425500
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
New Mexico -- Zuni Pueblo
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Zuni NM 26244 02425500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Zuni
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref21153

Portrait of We'Wha Holding Clay Ceremonial Prayer-Meal Basket

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (007 in x 011 in mounted on 007 in x 011 in)
Container:
Box XV:43, Folder 12
Box XV:44, Folder 2
Oversize OS:3, Folder 12
Oversize OS:4, Folder 1-2
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02440800

OPPS NEG.85-8666
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
District Of Columbia ? -- Washington ?
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Zuni NM No # People 02440800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Zuni
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref21317

[We-wha or Whe-wa, setting up loom on Smithsonian grounds]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3641
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13381

[We-wha or Whe-wa, spinning]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3642
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13382

[We-wha or Whe-wa, spinning sheep wool into thread]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3643
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13383

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3644
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13384

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3645
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13385

[We-wha or Whe-wa, weaving]

Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3646
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / We'wha, 1849-1896
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13386

We'wha, 1849-1896

Type:
Archival materials
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13517

We'wha weaving belt

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Depicted:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.2261 C
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Topic:
Transgender people  Search this
We wha  Search this
We-wha  Search this
Transgendered  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / ANONYMOUS
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12068

Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Photographer:
Wittick & Russell  Search this
Cobb, William Henry, 1859-1909  Search this
Names:
We'wha, 1849-1896  Search this
Extent:
3,352 prints (modern contact prints and reprints, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
2,139 negatives (nitrate)
118 negatives (glass)
657 copy negatives
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Zia Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Copy negatives
Photographs
Place:
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Date:
1882-1914
bulk 1904-1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made during Matilda Coxe Stevenson's field studies among Southwest Indians, particularly at Zuni. Images primarily document pueblos, people, ceremonies, and daily activities, as well as some photographs of Santa Fe, New Mexico, and ranches, probably those belonging to Stevenson or her friends. The collection includes photographs by William Henry Cobb and Wittick & Russell, as well as Stevenson's assistant May S. Clark and "Mr. Gray," a photographer that Stevenson hired as an assistant.
Biographical/Historical note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 23
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Stevenson photographs previously filed in BAE number 4325, MS 4624, MS 4717, Photo Lot 14, and Photo Lot 33 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 23. These photographs were also made by Stevenson and form part of this collection.
Additional glass negatives made by Stevenson are held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.
Photographic images and portraits of Stevenson are in the National Anthropological Archives in the following collections: Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 89-19, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Additional photographs of We'wha, probably commissioned by Stevenson at a studio in Washington, D.C., are in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2004-03.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Pueblos  Search this
Ranches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 23, Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.23
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-23

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