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J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)

Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Names:
Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota  Search this
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Fort Totten Agency  Search this
Extent:
41 Glass plate negatives
41 Copy negatives
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Turtle Mountain Chippewa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Photographs
Place:
Devils Lake (N.D.)
North Dakota
Date:
1890-1893
Summary:
This collection includes glass plate negatives shot by J. Harold Waugh, the son of Indian Agent John H. Waugh on the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) reservation between 1890 and 1893. The agency headquarters were located at Fort Totten in North Dakota and Waugh (Sr.) oversaw both the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Turtle Mountain reservations. J. Harold Waugh's photographs include images of agency buildings, activities on the reservation and members of the Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] Tribe.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 41 glass plate negatives and copy negatives shot by J. Harold Waugh, the son of Indian Agent John H. Waugh on the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) reservation between 1890 and 1893. Waugh, who was a young man at the time, shot photographs documenting the activities at the Fort Totten Agency in North Dakota in addition to taking several group portraits and photographing buildings and landscape views. The buildings Waugh photographed included agency offices, post buildings, Issue buildings, a hotel in Fort Totten, the Episcopal mission, Roman Catholic convent and the Fort Totten Industrial Training School. Waugh shot photographs during several Wahpetonwan Dakota dances (some restricted), on Issue Day, and of a sham battle that took place in front of his house in Fort Totten. He also made portraits of Wahpetonwan Dakota community members, including members of the Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) Indian police force. Several of the group portraits also include his father, John Waugh, and his sister, Edna Waugh. Although the majority of the photographs were made outside, there are several portraits of Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota] girls who were students at the Fort Totten Industrial school which appear to have been shot inside the school. Many of the Wahpetonwan Dakota community members were identified in the original catalog, though name spellings vary. Several photographs still remain unidentified.

The copy negatives were created by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (NMAI's predecessor museum) during a photo conservation project in the 1960s.

N20150 - N20192. N20158 and N20189 were destroyed, no copy negative exists.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
John Harold Waugh:
John Harold Waugh, Sr. was born west of Greenville, Pennsylvania in 1853, son of Judge William W. Waugh. Around 1873 he married to Ella M. Hammond, daughter of Dr. Hammond, formerly of Brooklyn, and they had two sons, William Hammond and John Harold, and one daughter, Edna. Waugh was stationed as the Indian agent from 1890-1893 at the Devil's Lake Agency which included the Fort Totten Reservation and Turtle Mountain Reservation in North Dakota. Fort Totten reservation is now part of the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake) in North Dakota. Between 1867 and 1890, Fort Totten served as a military post policing the surrounding reservation inhabited by the Wahpetonwan Dakota, formerly called "Devils Lake Sioux." In 1890 the Fort was decommissioned and on January 5th, 1891 the former post became the property of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

J. Harold Waugh, Jr., born in 1877, was still a young man while his father was stationed in North Dakota. After the death of his father in 1894 he along with his mother and sister moved back to Pennsylvania. Waugh eventually settled in New Jersey and opened an advertising firm. He later donated his negatives to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1930 and deposited additional materials with the museum in 1950.
The Fort Totten Industrial Training School:
The Fort Totten Industrial Training School was originally an outgrowth of the mission school established by the Catholics in 1874 and the industrial school established by the order of the Grey Nuns from Montreal. After a fire burned down the main buildings of the mission in 1883 a new mission was built half a mile northeast of Fort Totten. In 1890 when the Fort was decommissioned, the Mission school was consolidated with the Industrial School and placed under the supervision of Superintendent William F. Canfield. Under Canfield the school taught students from the Spirit Lake (Devils Lake) reservation, Turtle Mountain reservation, and Standing Rock reservations in North Dakota, the Fort Peck Reservation in Montana, the White Earth Reservation, Red Lake Reservation, and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota. Most pupils were enrolled for three to five years and half the school day was devoted to industrial work including harness making, shoemaking, tailoring, carpentry, masonry, blacksmithing, farming and engineering for the boys and cooking, breadmaking, housekeeping, laundry work and sewing for the girls.
Related Materials:
J. Harold Waugh later donated a collection of plains ethnology to the MAI in 1941. These items had been collected by his father John H. Waugh while he was an Indian Agent in North Dakota from 1890-1893. You can view these items here: John Waugh collection items.
Provenance:
Donated by J. Harold Waugh, Jr. in 1930.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Dakota  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-143
Online Media:

Priest at a church altar

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 27 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of a Roman Catholic priest standing beside a church altar on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. Wooden pews can be seen in the foreground.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20150
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref1

Issue day in Fort Totten

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 46-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of issue day in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] tribal members sit grouped in a field with wagons and horses.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20160
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref10

Agency buildings in Fort Totten

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 46-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of the hotel and other agency buildings in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. See also N20157 for a closer shot and N20185.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20161
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref11

Issue office buildings on issue day

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1892
Scope and Contents:
View of the office and issue buildings in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota on issue day. Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] community members can be seen lining up in front of the building. See also N20187.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20162
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref12

Fort Totten Industrial School

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1892
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of the post buildings, used for the Fort Totten Industrial Training School, on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. The post buildings were turned over from the military in 1890 and used for the school until 1935.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20163
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref13

Wahpetonwan Dakota gift dance

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor view of Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] group seated on the ground and in wagons for a dance on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. Tipis can be seen in the background. It is possibly an intermission during a gift dance.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20164
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref14

Catholic convent and school

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of a Roman Catholic convent and mission school on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. See also N20151.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20165
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref15

Wahpetonwan Dakota sham battle

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
View of Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] group on horseback after a sham battle in front of the Indian Agent's house (John H. Waugh) in Fort Totten. On the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20166
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref16

Fort Totten

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
1892
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) in North Dakota.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20167
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref17

Devil's Lake Indian Agency employees

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor group portrait of the Devils Lake Agency Indian Service employees including Indian police, judges, and Indian agent, possibly shot in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. L-R Standing: [unknown], Frank Palmer (non-indian store-keeper), Indian police officers Canpocksa (Caupaxa), Tyakmani, [unknown], Thomas, Jim, Swift Bear, Oyesna (Abraham), Police Captain Wiyakamaza (Iron Feather), Mike, Louis Langin, Sanica. Seated L-R: Tio Waste (Little Fish, Judge), Matochatka (Chief Left Bear, Judge), Ichnjanka/Ecanajinka (Chief Standing Steady, Judge) and son, John H. Waugh (Indian Agent), Curley. See N20171 for a similar group photograph.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20168
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref18

RESTRICTED

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
RESTRICTED. View of Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] scalp dance on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20169
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref19

Catholic convent and school

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 27 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of a Roman Catholic convent and mission school on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. See also N20165.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20151
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref2

View in Fort Totten

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view from a house in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. It's possible this was the view from J. Harold Waugh's home while his father was stationed as Indian Agent there.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20170
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref20

Devil's Lake Indian Agency employees

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor group portrait of the Devils Lake Agency Indian Service employees including Indian police, judges, and Indian agent, likely shot in Fort Totten on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation). Standing row of Indian police (Wahpetonwan Dakota) L-R: Tyakmani, Jim, Swift Bear, Oyesna (Abraham), Thomas, Canpocksa (Caupaxsa), Sanica, Police Captain Wiyakamaza (Iron Feather), Louis Langin, Mike, [unknown]. Seated row in front L-R: [unknown], Ichnjanka/Ecanajinka (Chief Standing Steady, Judge), Waanatan II (Chief Wanata, Judge), Matochatka (Chief Left Bear, Judge), unknown child, John Waugh (Indian Agent) with daughter Edna Waugh on his lap. The man kneeling behind the front row was possibly an agency interpreter. See also N20168 for a similar group portrait.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20171
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref21

Maude Bender and Annie Telfsson (Minnesota Chippewa)

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of two young Minnesota Chippewa women, Maude Bender and Annie Telfsson, from the White Earth Reservation at the Fort Totten Industrial Training School on Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. They both wear school uniforms.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20172
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref22

Three Minnesota Chippewa students at Fort Totten

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1893
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of three young Minnesota Chippewa women from the White Earth Reservation at the Fort Totten Industrial Training School on Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. They wear hats and dresses and are posed in front of a work of embroidery.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20173
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref23

Wahpetonwan Dakota dance

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 47-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor view of Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe] group seated on the ground and in wagons for a dance on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. Tipis can be seen in the background. Possibly a council meeting during a dance intermission.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20174
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref24

Episcopal Mission

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 71-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1892
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of an Episcopal Mission on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota. See also N20182.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20175
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref25

Devil's Lake bay

Collection Creator:
Waugh, John Harold, Jr., 1878-1956  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative
Container:
Box 71-2 (glass plate negatives)
Culture:
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Glass plate negatives
Date:
circa 1891
Scope and Contents:
Landscape view of the Devil's Lake Bay on the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation) in North Dakota.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

One of the photographs is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devil's Lake Reservation) image #, NMAI.AC.143; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.143, Item N20176
See more items in:
J. Harold Waugh photographs from the Spirit Lake Reservation (Devils Lake Reservation)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-143-ref26

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