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50 years ago : WPA/AAA : Washburn Gallery, 41 East 57, New York, November 4-29, 1986

Title:
Fifty years ago
Author:
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Physical description:
[32] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
[1986]
20th century
Topic:
Lithography, American  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Call number:
N8838 .F53 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_651278

Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.) [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Topic:
Art Organizations  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_102234

Leon Polk Smith papers, 1921-1997

Creator:
Smith, Leon Polk, 1906-1996  Search this
Subject:
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Humblet, Claudine  Search this
Jamieson, Robert  Search this
Galloway, David D.  Search this
Gego  Search this
Buck, Robert T.  Search this
Danto, Arthur Coleman  Search this
Meyers/Bloom Gallery  Search this
Wilhelm-Hack-Museum  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
East Central Oklahoma State University  Search this
Galerie Denise René  Search this
Butler Institute of American Art  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Transcripts
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Essays
Interviews
Citation:
Leon Polk Smith papers, 1921-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- United States  Search this
Native American artists  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Native American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6162
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216395
AAA_collcode_smitleon
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Native American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216395
Online Media:

Washburn Gallery records, 1906-2017, bulk 1971-2010

Creator:
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Washburn, Joan T.  Search this
Peridot Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Washburn Gallery records, 1906-2017, bulk 1971-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Theme:
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17453
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)387716
AAA_collcode_washbgall
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_387716

Leon Polk Smith papers

Creator:
Smith, Leon Polk, 1906-1996  Search this
Names:
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Butler Institute of American Art  Search this
East Central Oklahoma State University  Search this
Galerie Denise René  Search this
Meyers/Bloom Gallery  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Wilhelm-Hack-Museum  Search this
Buck, Robert T.  Search this
Danto, Arthur Coleman, 1924-  Search this
Galloway, David D.  Search this
Gego  Search this
Humblet, Claudine, 1946-  Search this
Jamieson, Robert  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Extent:
7.2 Linear feet
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Transcripts
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Essays
Interviews
Date:
1921-1997
Summary:
The papers of New York abstract painter Leon Polk Smith measure 7.2 linear feet and date from 1921 to 1997. The papers consist of biographical material, business and personal correspondence, interview transcripts and an interview video recording, writings, financial records for the corporate entity Leon Polk Smith, Inc., printed material, photographic material, and a scrapbook of newspaper clippings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of New York abstract painter Leon Polk Smith measure 7.2 linear feet and date from 1921 to 1997. The papers consist of biographical material, business and personal correspondence, interview transcripts and an interview video recording, writings, financial records for the corporate entity Leon Polk Smith, Inc., printed material, photographic material, and a scrapbook of newspaper clippings.

Biographical material includes official affidavits, certificates, passports, expense receipts, and a travel expense notebook. A curriculum vitae, family history, and medical records are also included in the series.

Correspondence, both business and personal, comprises the bulk of the collection. This includes correspondence between Smith and his life companion, Robert Jamieson; art critics Arthur C. Danto, Claudine Humblet, and David Galloway; and artists Gego (Gertrude Goldschmidt) and Ray Johnson. Business correspondence relates to Smith's various gallery and museum exhibitions, loans, and sales. There is extensive correspondence between Smith and the Brooklyn Museum, Butler Institute of American Art, Di Laurenti Gallery, Edition and Galerie Hoffmann, Galerie Denise Rene, Meyers/Bloom Gallery, Washburn Gallery, and the Wilhelm-Hack Museum. The business subseries also includes correspondence between Smith and his alma mater, East Central University, formerly known as Oklahoma State University.

Interviews consist of six typewritten transcripts of interviews conducted with Smith over the course of his professional career from 1950 to 1993, a 1995 video interview of museum director Robert T. Buck discussing the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Leon Polk Smith for the television program National Arts, and a 1965 interview transcript with gallery owner Lucile Horsley.

Writings include sixteen published and unpublished scholarly essays on Smith and his work. The series also includes notes and a brief artist's statement by Smith regarding the pros and cons of modern art galleries.

Financial records are 1978-1989 federal income tax filings and routine tax preparation and payment receipts for the corporate entity Leon Polk Smith, Inc. Smith's personal filing records from 1987-1989 are also included in this series.

Printed material consists of two books, including the Brooklyn Museum's monograph Leon Polk Smith: American Painter, newspaper clippings reviewing Smith's work, and exhibition announcements and catalogs of Smith's museum and gallery shows from 1941 to 1997.

A scrapbook contains newspaper clippings documenting Smith's years as an educator and artist in Oklahoma in the 1930s and 1940s.

Photographs are of Smith and his acquaintances circa 1920-1960, and a representative selection of photographs and color slides of Smith's artwork from 1939 to 1960.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-1994 (Box 1, OV 10; 11 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1939-1997 (Boxes 1-5, 9, OV 10; 5 linear feet)

Series 3: Interviews, 1950-1995 (Boxes 5-6; 8 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1963-1996 (Box 6; 13 folders)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1979-1990 (Box 6; 15 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1941-1997 (Boxes 6-7, 9; .5 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1930-1940 (Box 8; 1 folder)

Series 8: Photographic Material, 1920-1990 (Box 8; 8 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Leon Polk Smith (1906-1996) worked primarily in New York City as a painter, educator, and lecturer. He is considered one of the founders of the hard edge style of minimalist abstract art.

Smith was born in Chickasha, Indian Territory one year before its formal incorporation into the Oklahoma Territory. Both of his parents were of Cherokee ancestry and he was raised in a small farming community that included Cherokee and Choctaw Indians. After receiving his teaching degree in 1934, Smith worked as an educator in rural Oklahoma communities and, at the same time, took the opportunity to introduce arts programs to local schools. In 1936, he enrolled in Columbia University's Teachers College to pursue a graduate degree in arts education and began painting full time. That summer, he visited the Albert E. Gallatin Gallery of Living Art at New York University, where he was first introduced to the work of the European modernists Constantin Brancusi, Jean Arp, and most importantly, Piet Mondrian.

In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Smith accepted university teaching positions at Rollins College in Florida, and New York University and Mills College of Education in New York. During this time, Smith moved beyond his early explorations of neo-plasticism and began to paint in a more hard edge style, typified by geometric lines, curving shapes of color, and the use of tondo (disk shaped) canvases. In 1958, Betty Parson's Section Eleven Gallery showcased his new work in two one-man exhibitions, which introduced him to a wider audience of museum curators and art collectors. In the 1960s, Smith's work was included in two of his most important group exhibitions, The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art (1965) and Systemic Painting at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1966). In 1995, the Brooklyn Museum curated Leon Polk Smith: American Painter, a retrospective exhibition of Smith's career.

Smith produced works exploring shapes and lines, minimalist use of color, and modularity well into the 1990s and exhibited at a number of affiliated galleries, including the Stable Gallery, Galerie Chalette, Galerie Denise Rene, Washburn Gallery, and ACA Galleries. Smith died in 1996 in his home in Manhattan, at the age of 91.
Provenance:
The papers of Leon Polk Smith were donated by the artist's partner, Robert Jamieson, in 1998 and 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- United States  Search this
Native American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Transcripts
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Essays
Interviews
Citation:
Leon Polk Smith papers, 1921-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitleon
See more items in:
Leon Polk Smith papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw949ddcac6-68cb-4837-a23f-a9606981815b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitleon
Online Media:

Youngerman in Paris : September 8-October 30, 1999

Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1999
Call number:
ND237.Y73 A4 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732618

Mary Callery : polychrome sculpture

Author:
Callery, Mary 1903-1977  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Callery, Mary 1903-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1978
[1978?]
Call number:
NB237.C36 A4 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_896135

Jack Youngerman : September 29-October 26, 1987

Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[6] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
[1987]
Call number:
N6537.Y68 A4 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732626

Alice Trumbull Mason : paintings, drawings and prints, 1940s and 1950s

Title:
Paintings, drawings and prints : 1940s and 1950s
Author:
Mason, Alice Trumbull 1904-1971  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Mason, Alice Trumbull 1904-1971  Search this
Physical description:
4 unnumbered pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2008
[2008]
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_908284

Byron Browne (1907-1961) : paintings and gouaches, c. 1950 : February 6-March, 1 1980, Washburn Gallery

Author:
Browne, Byron 1907-1961  Search this
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind 1916-1979  Search this
Sandler, Irving 1925-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Browne, Byron 1907-1961  Search this
Physical description:
[6] p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
[1980?]
Call number:
N6537.B796 A4 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_911851

Jack Youngerman : September 16-October 25, 1997

Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1997
[1997]
Call number:
N6537.Y68 A4 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732625

Reliefs by Charles G. Shaw : January 5 through February 3, 1979

Author:
Shaw, Charles Green 1892-1974  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Shaw, Charles Green 1892-1974  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1979
[1979?]
Call number:
N6537.S52244 A4 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_925001

Burgoyne Diller : April 18 - May 20, 1978, Washburn Gallery

Title:
Burgoyne Diller (1906-1965) : an exhibition of drawings
Author:
Diller, Burgoyne 1906-1965  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Diller, Burgoyne 1906-1965  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1978
[1978]
Call number:
NC139.D55 A4 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729553

Jack Youngerman : May 9-June 5, 1981, Washburn Gallery

Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : 3 illus. (2 col.) ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1981
1981]
Call number:
N6537.Y68 A4 1981
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732627

Richard Baker : December 3, 1997-January 17, 1998

Author:
Baker, Richard 1959-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Richard 1959-  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1997
[1997]
Call number:
ND237.B227 A4 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_912779

Jack Youngerman : recent wood relief paintings : October 16-November 15, 2003

Title:
Recent wood relief paintings
Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2003
[2003]
Call number:
N6537.Y68 A4 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732608

Jack Youngerman : Washburn Gallery ... May 1-31, 1985

Author:
Youngerman, Jack 1926-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Youngerman, Jack 1926- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[6] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
[1985]
Call number:
N6537.Y68 A4 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_732624

George Sugarman, collages, paper and paint : December 5, 1990-January 19, 1991

Author:
Sugarman, George 1912-1999  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Sugarman, George 1912-1999  Search this
Physical description:
[4] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1990
[1990]
20th century
Topic:
Collage, American  Search this
Call number:
N6537.S9 A4 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_895491

Charles Demuth (1883-1935) : the early years - works from 1909 to 1917 : February 4 to March 1, 1975, Washburn Gallery, New york

Author:
Demuth, Charles 1883-1935  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Demuth, Charles 1883-1935  Search this
Physical description:
[4] p. : chiefly ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1975
20th century
Topic:
Watercolor painting, American  Search this
Call number:
ND1839.D4 A4 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_896832

Bruce Kurland : paintings & watercolors : April 19 - May 7, 1977, Washburn Gallery

Author:
Kurland, Bruce 1938-  Search this
Washburn Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Kurland, Bruce 1938- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : 7 ill. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
[1977]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_909938

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