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National Sculpture Society records

Creator:
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
20.3 Linear feet ( (partially microfilmed on 10 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Place:
New York N.Y. -- Photographs
Date:
1883-1962
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, scrapbooks, printed material, correspondence and business records.
UNMICROFILMED MATERIAL: 4 photograph albums, glass negatives and photographs of works of art by society members; exhibition records; bank records and check stubs; scrapbooks and clippings on the New York Architectural League; and books on Karl Bitter and John Quincy Adams Ward.
REEL D132: 414 photographs and reproductions of sculpture by society members. Information on the back of photographs includes artist, title, location, dimensions, date, price and material.
REEL NJ1: Complete run of National Sculpture Review, the quarterly publication put out by the National Sculpture Society from Dec. 1951 to Spring 1962.
REELS 488-494: Financial and general correspondence; financial records, ledgers, cash books, tax records and check books; a catalog distribution book; publications and clippings; War Memorials Project material; a constitution, membership lists, minutes and an exhibitors' roster.
REEL 3097: Lantern slides of the work of 262 sculptors and views of New York City.
REEL 3161: Mimeographed copies of minutes of the Council of the National Sculpture Society, 1951-1952, kept by Katherine Lane Weems, Chairman of the Library and Research Committee, 1951, and Recording Secretary, 1952.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1893 The society works with architects, art councils, and sponsoring committees in selecting sculptors to execute new works. Assists governmemt art councils with advice on rules for competitions and in preparing exhibitions. Conducts research, maintains an archives and library, and sponsors exhibitions and competitions.
Provenance:
Material on reel D132 lent for microfilming by the National Sculpture Society, 1964. All other material was donated by the society, 1964-1972.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
War memorials -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.natiscul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-natiscul

Jervis McEntee papers

Creator:
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Names:
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Anthony, A. V. S. (Andrew Varick Stout), 1835-1906  Search this
Baker, George Augustus, 1821-1880  Search this
Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882  Search this
Boardman, Andrew  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Boughton, George Henry, 1834-1905  Search this
Butler, Benjamin F., 1830-1884  Search this
Casilear, John William, 1811-1893  Search this
Chapin, E. H. (Edwin Hubbell), 1814-1880  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Church, Isabel  Search this
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900  Search this
DeForest, H. G.  Search this
Derrenbacher, John  Search this
Donoho, J. R., Mrs  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Hart, William McDougal, 1823-1894  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Hubbard, Richard William, 1816-1888  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Husted, James W.  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
Jourmans, E. L., Mrs  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick, 1816-1872  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
McEntee, James S.  Search this
Meeks, Louisa B.  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904  Search this
Sawyer, C. M.  Search this
Shumway, Henry Colton, 1807-1884  Search this
Stoddard, Richard Henry, 1825-1903  Search this
Stone, William O. (William Oliver), 1830-1875  Search this
Stribling, C. K.  Search this
Sykes, Charles W.  Search this
Thompson, Launt, 1833-1894  Search this
Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895  Search this
Von Glumer, Francisca  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), 1841-1926  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Wickes, E. T.  Search this
Youmans, Kate  Search this
Zarnnhus, E. L.  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Lake George (N.Y.) -- Pictorial works
Lake Champlain (N.Y.) -- Pictorial works
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.)
Date:
1796, 1848-1905
Summary:
The papers of Hudson River School painter Jervis McEntee measure 1.6 linear feet and date from 1796 and 1848 to 1905. Letters from close friends and family members to McEntee include many from his mentor Frederic Edwin Church, and fellow artists Samuel Putnam Avery, George Henry Boughton, Sanford Gifford, Richard Henry, Eastman Johnson, Elizabeth B. Stoddard, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and others. Papers relating to the McEntee family include obituaries, a family genealogy, and letters from and regarding family members. There are also papers relating to the Vaux family (McEntee's brother-in-law's family) and American architect and landscape artist Calvert Vaux, who designed a studio for McEntee. Of special significance are five volumes of diaries dating from 1872 through 1890 which provide a detailed depiction of the American art world in the 1870s and 1880s.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Hudson River School painter Jervis McEntee measure 1.6 linear feet and date from 1796 and 1850 to 1905. Letters from close friends and family members to McEntee include many from his mentor Frederic Edwin Church, and fellow artists Samuel Putnam Avery, George Henry Boughton, Sanford Gifford, Richard Henry, Eastman Johnson, Elizabeth B. Stoddard, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and others. Papers relating to the McEntee family include obituaries, a family genealogy, and letters from and regarding family members. There are also papers relating to the Vaux family (McEntee's brother-in-law's family) and American architect and landscape artist Calvert Vaux, who designed a studio for McEntee. Of special significance are five volumes of diaries dating from 1872 through 1890 which provide a detailed depiction of the American art world in the 1870s and 1880s.
Arrangement:
The Jervis McEntee papers have been arranged into five series, based on material type.

Series 1: Letters, 1850-1905, undated (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Vaux Family Letters and Correspondence, 1850-1890, undated (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Third Party Letters, 1861-1873, undated (Box 2; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Miscellany, 1796, 1848-1895, undated (Box 2; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Diaries, 1872-1890 (Box 3-4; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jervis McEntee was born in Rondout, New York, July 14, 1828. He had early literary and artistic aspirations and studied under Frederic E. Church, who had himself studied under the Hudson River School master, Thomas Cole. McEntee was to maintain a close relationship with Church for the rest of his life. After an unsuccessful stint as a businessman, McEntee settled in New York in 1857 as one of the charter residents of Richard Morris Hunt's Tenth Street Studio Building. Since many of the other occupants were either bachelors or commuters, and since Mrs. McEntee was a lively, sympathetic hostess, the couple became the center of a spontaneous salon frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the time. After his wife died in 1878, McEntee stayed on, an increasingly neglected widower until his death in 1891.

McEntee was identified with the Hudson River School and an accomplished and sensitive painter of autumnal landscapes. He wrote in 1874, "Perhaps what would mark my work among that of my brother artists is a preference for the soberer phases Nature, the gray days of November and its leafless trees." McEntee stood at the center of the interlocking directorate formed by the National Academy of Design, the Century Club, and the Tenth Street Studio Building. In the latter part of the 19th century, these formed a supreme art establishment whose membership was composed of the old guard American artists, such as McEntee's close friends Eastman Johnson, Sanford Gifford, John Ferguson Weir, Worthington Whittredge, and Church, who were fighting an ultimately futile battle against the encroachment of European influences among both artists and collectors.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel D9) including a diary dated June 12, 1851-August 17, 1851. This material was returned to the Adirondack Museum in Blue Mountain Lake, New York and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Adirondack Museum lent one diary for microfilming in 1964. The rest of the collection was acquired from several donors between 1959 and 1997. The noted collector Charles E. Feinberg donated letters in 1959 and, Mrs. Helen S. McEntee, who married the nephew of Jervis McEntee, donated the five volumes of diaries in 1964. William Gaffken, director of the insurance company that acquired the McEntee family insurance business, donated the remaining papers in 1997.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires and appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Jervis McEntee papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Bull Run (Va.), 1st Battle, 1861  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.mcenjerv
See more items in:
Jervis McEntee papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mcenjerv
Online Media:

Albert Rosenthal papers

Creator:
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Names:
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Diederich, William Hunt, 1884-1953  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790  Search this
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Hartmann, Sadakichi, 1867-1944  Search this
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 1841-1935  Search this
Houdon, Jean Antoine, 1741-1828  Search this
Palmer, Alexander Mitchell, 1872-1936  Search this
Peters, Harry Twyford, 1881-1948.  Search this
Rosenthal, Max, 1833-1918  Search this
Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Washington, George, 1732-1799 -- Portraits  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1860-1940
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, printed material, and photographs relating to Rosenthal's work, primarily as a portrait painter and collector of American art and artists' papers. Some material pertains to Rosenthal's father, the engraver Max Rosenthal.
Included are: biographical notes and articles by and about Rosenthal and his father, Max; writings by Albert about his father; and reproductions of Albert's work.
Rosenthal's research material on early American art consists of articles on artists, notes about portrait painters, typescript copies of letters of or about early American artists, among them Rembrandt Peale, G.P.A. Healy, and John Rampage, several original letters, including 5 from John Quincy Adams Ward to various people, and one from Ben Silliman to Asher B. Durand, and an engraved copy of a letter from Ben Franklin to Mr. Strahan, July 5, 1775.
Other material includes files on Rosenthal's portraits of French officers who served in the American Revolution; Gilbert Stuart's (George) Washington portraits, 1922-1923; the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia (includes correspondence with Jules Mastbaum, the founder of the museum, and others, 1925-1932); Jean Antoine Houdon's busts of Washington and Lafayette, 1925-1932; Harry T. Peters' book "America on Stone", 1931; and on "Rosen-Thal," Albert's home that was originally the Huffinagle mansion in Buck's County, Pa.
There is voluminous business and other correspondence, 1860-1940, relating to Max, Louis, and Albert Rosenthal's work and to Albert's portraits of Supreme Court Justices. Among the diverse group of correspondents are: Samuel Putnam Avery, William Hunt Diederich, Charles Henry Hart, Sakakichi Hartmann, Oliver Wendell Holmes, A. Mitchell Palmer, Alfred Stieglitz, William Howard Taft, and J. Alden Weir.
Photographs are of Rosenthal's work and of unidentified portraits possibly by Rosenthal; reproductions of European paintings, miniatures, sculptures; and miscellaneous portraits by various artists.
Unmicrofilmed material (0.4 feet) consists of miscellaneous photographs and reproductions.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert Rosenthal (1863-1939) was a portrait painter, printmaker, writer, and collector in Philadelphia, Pa. Rosenthal was a student of his father, engraver Max Rosenthal, and later published a book about him. He is also known for his portraits of Supreme Court Justices, and his collection of American drawings, which he donated to the Free Library of Philadelphia in 1927.
Provenance:
Donated by Albert Duveen, 1959. Duveen collected American artists' and art related papers with the intention of forming an American artists reference facility. He purchased at least some of Rosenthal's papers and much correspondence from the Albert Rosenthal Estate, and subsequently gave them to AAA upon its formation.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Etchers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- United States  Search this
Judges -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rosealbp
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosealbp

Charles Henry Hart autograph collection

Creator:
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Names:
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1846-1916  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
James McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Rubens, 1784-1865  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Vanderlyn, John, 1775-1852  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1731-1918
Summary:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.
Scope and Contents:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection dates from 1731-1917 and measures 1.7 linear feet comprised of 226 letters, portrait prints, and other documents signed by American artists.

Originally titled by Hart as "The History of Art in America as Told in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century," the collection includes letters and other items signed by Thomas Anshutz, John J. Audubon, William Merritt Chase, Frederic Edwin Church, John Singleton Copley, Kenyon Cox, Thomas Eakins, Jervis McEntee, Samuel F.B. Morse, Charles Willson Peale, Raphaelle Peale, Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale, Titian Peale, James Daivd Smillie, Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Sully, Abbott Handerson Thayer, John Vanderlyn, Elihu Vedder, John Quincy Adams Ward, Benjamin West, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and many others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1917 (226 items; Box 1-5)
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Henry Hart (1847-1918) was a historian, lawyer, writer, and director, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1882-1904. Widely, he published on the subject of 18th and 19th century portraiture in the United States.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the personal papers of Charles Henry Hart, dating from 1774-1930, bulk 1888-1918.
Provenance:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1954 as an anonymous gift. It is assumed that Hart assembled the letters. Original collation was two letterbooks entitled "The History of Art in America as Tolk in a Remarkable Collection of Autograph Letters and Documents of Celebrated American Artists of the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Century."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Charles Henry Hart autograph collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Autographs -- Collections  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Portraits  Search this
Autographs -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Autographs  Search this
Citation:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hartchar
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hartchar

John Quincy Adams Ward papers in the New York Historical Society

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Names:
Interstate and West Indian Exposition (Charleston, South Carolina: 1901-1902)  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Adams, Herbert, 1858-1945  Search this
Appleton, Thomas Gold, 1812-1884  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Chilton, R. S.  Search this
Cushing, Robert  Search this
Dana, Paul  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Herber, C. A.  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937  Search this
Orr, Alexander Ector, 1831-1914  Search this
Potter, Edward Clark, 1857-1923  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington), 1853-1942  Search this
Thomas, Charles N.  Search this
Extent:
2 microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1857-1915
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence regarding the St. Louis Exposition, the World's Columbian Exposition, the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition, statuary in New York City and the Library of Congress, the Washington statue in Newburyport, Mass. Letters from Robert Cushing in Italy pertain to the supervision of the execution of Ward's marble statuary group in Carrara. Correspondents include Herbert Adams, Thomas Gold Appleton, Karl Bitter, Gutzon Borglum, Daniel Chester French, Robert Underwood Johnson, Thomas Addison Richards, Edward Clark Potter, Alexander E. Orr, R. S. Chilton, Paul Dana, F. Wellington Ruckstuhll, Charles N. Thomas, C. A. Herber and Ward's wife.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Lent 1973 by New York Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wardjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wardjohn

Paul Wayland Bartlett papers

Creator:
Bartlett, Paul Wayland, 1865-1925  Search this
Names:
American Art Association of Paris  Search this
American Club of Paris  Search this
Exposition universelle de 1889 (Paris, France)  Search this
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900 (Paris, France)  Search this
Gorham Company (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Bartlett, Truman Howe, 1835-1923  Search this
Clark, William A. (William Andrews), 1839-1925  Search this
Elwell, F. Edwin (Frank Edwin), 1858-1922  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard, 1895?-1942  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Hartley, Jonathan Scott, 1845-1912  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834 -- Monuments  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely, 1828-1902  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885 -- Monuments  Search this
Pearce, Charles Sprague, 1851-1914  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington), 1853-1942  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet ((on 4 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1925
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence with family, artists, and others, 1887-1925; legal and financial documents, 1887-1925; printed materials, 1888-1925; sketches, drawings, and blueprints, undated 1916-1920; and certificates, 1915-1918.
Correspondence consists of a chronological series, 1887-1925, containing letters and postcards from John White Alexander, Samuel P. Avery, William A. Clark, Frank Edwin Elwell, John Flanagan, Daniel Chester French, Henry-Bonnard Bronze Company, Gorham Company, J. Scott Hartley, John LaFarge (undated), Charles Loring, Frederick MacMonnies, Charles Sprague Pearce, Auguste Rodin, Frederic Wellington Ruckstull, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and scattered letters from other nineteenth century artists regarding the execution of works, commissions, exhibitions and expositions in Paris and the United States, among them the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904) and the Exposition Universale (1899-1900), and Bartlett's illness and death in 1925.
The remainder of the correspondence, arranged by subject, includes letters from Bartlett's father, Truman Howe Bartlett, 1899-1913, many written from Boston where he taught in the architecture department of MIT, or from New Hampshire where he kept a studio, and letters to Paul regarding his father's entry in the National Cyclopedia of American Biography, 1925; correspondence with the American Club of Paris, 1903-1906, regarding Bartlett's membership; correspondence with the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, 1905-1907 (some from Joseph Pennell) regarding exhibitions; correspondence regarding commissions, including Lafayette, McClellan, General Warren, Library of Congress and other statues; postcards from artists, 1892-1895; and miscellaneous letters.
Legal documents relate to the Lafayette statue, 1900, and also include Bartlett's death certificate. Financial records, 1899-1922, consist of bank statements, checkbooks, bills and receipts for casting, photography, dues and rent. Clippings and a scrapbook deal with Bartlett's Lafayette statue. Other printed material includes articles on various Bartlett sculptures and other sculptors, exhibition catalogs, passes and announcements, yearbooks from the American Club of Paris, 1905-1909, and material from the American Art Association of Paris, including a 20 p. booklet by Bartlett giving the history of the group, and an invitation, 1906, to an auction to benefit the victims of the San Francisco earthquake.
Also included are sketches by Bartlett and his father, undated and ca. 1913; oversized drawings, plans and prints for monuments, statues, and the Capitol ceiling, undated and 1916-1920; postcards depicting Bartlett's sculpture; and certificates from the National Academy of Design and the Panama Pacific International Exposition.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor and portraitist; Paris, France and Washington, D.C. Bartlett was born in Connecticut and raised in France where he entered the Ecole des Beaux Arts and also studied under Emmanual Fremiet and Auguste Rodin. His early sculpture focused on animals and his piece "Bear Tamer" was presented to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1891 and exhibited in the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. After 1895, he produced a number of public monuments, sculptures, and historical portraits including the figures of Columbus and Michelangelo for the Main Reading Room of the Library of Congress, the Lafayette statue presented to France, and the pediment for the House wing of the U.S. Capitol. Bartlett died in Paris of blood poisoning on September 20, 1925.
Related Materials:
Additional Paul Wayland Bartlett papers also located at: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming by the Tudor Place Foundation, Inc., 1994. The Tudor Place Foundation inherited the papers in 1994 with the estate of Armistead Peter III of Tudor Place. Peter III was married to Caroline, the daughter of Bartlett's wife by her first marriage to Mahlon Odgen-Jones. After Bartlett's death in 1925, Suzanne cared for his papers, and donated the bulk of them to the Library of Congress in 1954. The papers she retained passed on to Caroline, and at her death to Armistead Peter III.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Sculptors -- France -- Paris  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Monuments -- France -- Paris  Search this
Monuments -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bartpaulw
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bartpaulw

American Academy in Rome records

Creator:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
Names:
American Academy in Rome  Search this
American School of Architecture in Rome  Search this
American School of Classical Studies in Rome  Search this
Aldrich, Chester Holmes, 1871-1940  Search this
Boring, William, 1859-1937  Search this
Breck, George, 1863-1920  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B.  Search this
Egbert, J. C. (James Chidester), 1859-1948  Search this
Ely, Theo. N.  Search this
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Guernsey, Roscoe  Search this
Hewlett, James Monroe  Search this
Kendall, William M.  Search this
La Farge, C. Grant (Christopher Grant), 1862-1938  Search this
Marquand, Allan, 1853-1924  Search this
McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909  Search this
Mead, William Rutherford, 1846-1928  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Morey, Charles Rufus, 1877-1955  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Pope, John Russell, 1874-1937  Search this
Roberts, Laurance P.  Search this
Smith, James Kellum, 1893-1963  Search this
Stevens, Gorham Phillips, 1876-  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Vitale, Ferrucio, 1875-1933  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
65.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1855-2012
Summary:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the American Academy in Rome measure 65.9 linear feet and date from 1855 to 2012. The collection documents the history of the institution from its inception in 1894 as the American School of Architecture in Rome, through the end of World War II, and chronicles the contributions the academy has made to America's cultural and intellectual development. Nearly one-half of the collection consists of an unprocessed addition received in 2014 containing records that mostly post-date World War II and include correspondence and subject files of officers and executives based in the New York office of American Academy in Rome.

Items predating the 1894 founding of the American School of Architecture in Rome are personal papers and memorabilia of individuals associated with the institution.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, is composed of the records of the American School of Architecture in Rome, 1894-1898, and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, 1895-1913. Records of the American School of Architecture in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, correspondence, financial records, and printed matter. Among the Managing Committee's records are notes and correspondence relative to the founding of the institution, minute books and reports; also, legal documents including records concerning its dissolution prior to being reorganized as the American Academy in Rome. Correspondence is mostly that of Vice President Charles F. McKim who handled administrative matters. Financial records include capital stock certificates, invoices and receipts. Printed matter consists of scholarship competition announcements.

Records of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome include records of its Managing Committee, Committee on Fellowships, publications, printed matter, and treasurers' records. The Managing Committee's records consist of the proposed resolution concerning its merger with the American Academy in Rome. Committee on Fellowship records are comprised of correspondence, reports, and fellowship applications. Publications records include correspondence and invoices. Printed matter includes general information, annual reports of the Managing Committee and Director, annual reports of the Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies, fellowship applications and examination questions, and the proposed consolidation agreement. Treasurers' records include the files of Alex. Bell and Willard V. King. Bell's sparse records consist of a budget, receipts for salary payments, an invoice, canceled checks, and correspondence. King's files, while more substantial than those that survive from Bell's tenure, are quite incomplete. They include correspondence, banking records, budgets and financial statements, investment records, invoices, and receipts for salaries and expenses.

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, is comprised of legal documents, minutes, and reports; records of Trustee committees; records of officers; and records of individual Trustees. Legal documents, 1897-1926 and undated, consist of by-laws and amendments, certificate of incorporation, and constitution and amendments. Minutes and reports of the Board of Trustees, 1897-1947 and 1957, including those of its annual meetings, are carbon copies rather than the official minute books, and are incomplete. Reports of officers are incomplete, as well. Also included are reports of Officers'/Trustees' visits to Rome, and reports of the Director and Secretary in Rome submitted to the Board of Trustees.

Records of Trustee committees, 1905-1946 and undated, consist of reports and/or minutes arranged alphabetically by committee; these, too are incomplete, with many committees represented by a single report. Committees represented are: Building Committee, Carter Memorial Committee, Endowment Committee, Executive Committee, Finance Committee, Library Committee, McKim Memorial Committee, Nominating Committee, Committee on Publications. Committee on the School of Classical Studies records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Advisory Council and the Jury on Classical Fellowships. Committee on the School of Classical Studies also include reports of officers and staff of the School of Classical Studies to the Committee on the School of Classical Studies as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Annual Professor, Director of the Summer Session, Professor of Archaeology, Curator of the Museum, Editor, Librarian, and Committee on the Welfare of Women Students. Committee on the School of Fine Arts records consist of its own minutes and reports, reports of its Special Committee on the Plan and Expense of a Department of Music in the School of Fine Arts, and report of Fine Arts Program, Triptych Project with the Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc.; also, reports of officers and staff of the School of Fine Arts to the Committee on the School of Fine Arts as follows: Director, Professor in Charge, Associate in Charge, Annual Professor, Professor in Charge of the Department of Musical Composition. In addition, there are minutes and/or reports of the Committee of Twelve and Subcommittee of Five and the Special Committee on Villa Aurelia.

Records of Officers. 1898-1957 and undated, consist mainly of correspondence files and reports, with large numbers of transcriptions and carbon copies. Included are records of: Presidents Charles F. McKim, William R. Mead, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, and James Kellum Smith; Vice Presidents Theodore N. Ely, George B. McClellan, and Henry James; Secretaries H. Siddons Mowbray (Secretary/Treasurer), Frank D. Millet, C. Grant La Farge, William B. Dinsmoor, and H. Richardson Pratt; and Treasurers William R. Mead, William A. Boring, Leon Fraser, and Lindsay Bradford Office files of President Mead, Secretaries Millet and La Farge, and Treasurer Boring are the most complete; files of other individuals, the Vice Presidents in particular, are often quite sparse.

Records of individual Trustees, 1902-1946 and undated, consist of material relating to official Academy business that was created or maintained by each in his capacity as trustee. (Note: many of these individuals also served as officers or staff of the Academy, and their records documenting those functions will be found in the appropriate series.) Included in this subseries are the records of: Chester H. Aldrich, Gilmore D. Clarke, James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, William M. Kendall, C. Grant La Farge, Edward P. Mellon, Charles Dyer Norton, Charles A. Platt, John Russell Pope, Edward K. Rand, John C. Rolfe, James Kellum Smith, S. Breck Trowbridge, Ferruccio Vitale, John Quincy Adams Ward, Andrew F. West, and William L. Westerman. These records tend to be sparse; files maintained by James C. Egbert, Barry Faulkner, Allan C. Johnson, and Ferruccio Vitale are notable exceptions.

Series 3: New York Office Records, consists of records of staff, rosters, printed matter, photographs, personal papers, Association of Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, and miscellaneous records.

Records of staff, 1919-1950 and undated, include the office files of Executive Secretaries Roscoe Guersney, Meriwether Stuart, and Mary T. Williams; Librarian George K. Boyce; and Endowment Fund Campaign Secretaries Phillilps B. Robinson and Edgar I. Williams.

The rosters, 1895-1939 and undated, are printed forms completed by fellows and students, with occasional attachments (usually correspondence or photographs). Included are the rosters of the School of Fine Arts, School of Classical Studies, and School of Classical Studies Summer Sessions.

Printed matter, 1905-[1981?] and undated, has been classified as Academy produced and produced by others. Items produced by the Academy, 1905-[1981?], include general information including act of incorporation and by-laws, fundraising brochure, constitution, Directory of Fellows and Residents, histories of the institution, newsletter of the Director, and printed items relating to special events. Printed matter specifically relating to the School of Classical Studies includes annual announcements, the consolidation agreement, a directory, fellowship announcements and applications, lecture announcements, newsletters, and brochures about summer sessions. School of Fine Arts printed matter includes annual announcements, concert programs, exhibition checklists and catalogs, fellowship announcements and application forms, history, and newsletters.

Printed matter produced by others, 1905-1940 and undated, consists of three scrapbooks of news clippings and photographs compiled by the American Academy in Rome, extensive clipping files, and articles from miscellaneous publications. All of these items are about the American Academy in Rome, or by or about individuals associated with the institution. Also included is a poster for Leave Courses offered at the Academy for U. S. servicemen.

Photographs, 1891-1941 and undated, are organized into the categories of works of art, people, buildings, places, events, and miscellaneous. Works of art are by visiting students and fellows, Frank D. Millet, collaborative problems, Rome Prize Competitions in Architecture, Rome Prize Competitions in Landscape Architecture, and Prix de Rome Competition exhibitions. Photographs of people are both of individuals and groups; among the groups are summer school students and fellowship winners.

Buildings depicted are American Academy properties. Among them are the "New Building," including interior and exterior construction views; studios; and Villas Aurelia, Mirafiore, and Richardson. Also included is a group of photographs of Academy architecture students measuring buildings in Rome and Florence. Places pictured are views of the Academy property and surrounding areas.

Photographs of events include cricket games, Thanksgiving and Fourth of July dinners, Architectural League exhibition, and inauguration of the Manship Fountain. Miscellaneous photographs are of an architectural drawing for a proposed building.

Personal Papers, Memorabilia, and Ephemera, 1855-1923 an undated, were donated to the American Academy in Rome or otherwise left on its premises. None are official records generated by the institution. Included are: Ernest Lewis' photograph album/scrapbook; Allan Marquand's papers; Charles F. McKim's memorabilia, photographs, printed matter, and artifacts; Charles R. Morey's correspondence; and Elihu Vedder's Bible.

Records of the Association of the Alumni of the American Academy in Rome, 1913-1945 and undated), consist of a small number of scattered records including correspondence, fellows' war/government service information (compiled by Sidney Waugh), membership lists, and a newsletter.

Miscellaneous records, 1899-1926 and undated, are writings and architectural records. Writings consist of published and unpublished manuscript material about the American Academy in Rome and its history, and article by H. Siddons Mowbray advising on ornamentation, and text and illustrations for the Art and Archaeology issue on the Academy. Also included are fragments of unidentified letters. Architectural records [oversize] include property and floor plans of Villas Aurora, Chiaraviglio, Ferrari, and Ludovisi.

Series 4: Rome Office Records, consist of records of staff and personal papers. Records of staff, 1903-1947 and undated, include the office files of Directors H. Siddons Mowbray, George Breck, Jesse Benedict Carter, Gorham Phillips Stevens, James Monroe Hewlett, Chester H. Aldrich, Amey Aldrich [Acting Director, very briefly, perhaps unofficially], Charles R. Morey, and Laurance P. Roberts; and records of two members of the School of Fine Arts faculty, Frank P. Fairbanks, Professor of Fine Arts, and Felix Lamond, Professor of Music. Records of Carter, Stevens, Hewlett, and Aldrich appear to be fairly complete; records of early directors are sparse; those of Morey and Roberts appear to be missing significant portions; and those of Professors Fairbanks and Lamond consist of a few scattered items.

Also surviving are the personal papers of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens, 1912-1931 and undated), consisting of correspondence, financial records, and documentation of professional and charitable activities.

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records was received in 2014 and consists of 31.6 linear feet of the New York office's records for officers, directors, and executives.
Arrangement:
It was obvious that before they came to the Archives of American Art the records had been rearranged more than once, and in such a way that materials from many different departments had been intermingled. In keeping with archival theory and practice, the records were organized to reflect the structure and operation of the institution that created the records, making them more understandable and accessible to a wide variety of researchers.

In general, the records of each officer and staff member are arranged alphabetically, with general correspondence preceding the alphabetical sequence; arrangement within each file is chronological, unless noted otherwise.

Records of the American Academy in Rome are organized into five major series. Each series, except series 5, is divided into several subseries, with the arrangement described in detail in the series descriptions.

Series 1: Predecessor Institutions, 1894-1913 (box 1; 0.88 linear ft.; Reels 5749-5750)

Series 2: Board of Trustees Records, 1897-1957, undated (boxes 1-17, 35, 37; 15.25 linear ft.; Reels 5750-5777)

Series 3: New York Office, 1855-circa 1981, undated (boxes 17-32, 36; 15 linear ft.; 5777-5795)

Series 4: Rome Office, 1903-1943, undated (boxes 32-34; 3 linear ft.; 5795-5800)

Series 5: Unprocessed Addition to the American Academy in Rome Records, 1933-2002 (boxes 35-103; 31.6 linear ft.)
Historical Note:
While in Chicago to advise and work on the fine arts section of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, and Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge and Frank Millet, and sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly. From their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school for artists in Europe. Charles F. McKim was especially enthusiastic. He strongly believed that collaborative experience should be available to future American artists, and perceived a real need for an American school in Europe--preferably in Rome, the very best place to study art, in his opinion.

By March of the following year, McKim was busy devising plans for the school and persuading like-minded architects and artists to assist. He proposed to finance the school by convincing institutions with traveling scholarships in the arts to send those students to Rome. Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, and the Rotch Scholarship fund readily agreed to the scheme, and in ensuing years many others followed suit. In October, 1894, the American School of Architecture in Rome opened temporary quarters in the Palazzo Torlonia. The school consisted of its Director, Austin Lord, three fellows, and a visiting student; its "library" contained but one volume.

A move to the larger, more suitable Villa Aurora occurred in July 1895. Rent from two subtenants (the newly established American School of Classical Studies in Rome and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome), along with a personal contribution from McKim, made this financially feasible.

The American School of Architecture in Rome was incorporated in the State of New York, 1895, and 10 shares of capital stock were issued. Despite substantial fundraising efforts in Chicago, New York, and Boston, severe financial problems continued. The American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacated the Villa Aurora in 1896--and with it went a sizeable portion of the School of Architecture's income. McKim frequently made up the deficit from his own pocket.

Eventually, it was decided that the American School of Architecture in Rome must be reorganized along the lines of the French Academy and that national sponsorship needed to be obtained through an act of Congress. In June of 1897, the American School of Architecture in Rome voted to dissolve itself and create the American Academy in Rome. The new institution would assume all assets and obligations, fellowships in painting and architecture were to be added to the program, and its Board of Trustees would include architects and artists. The Academy is not a school. Its fellows and visiting students, already professionally trained, go to Rome for further development and for collaboration and association with others. In the words of Director Gorham Phillips Stevens: "The object of the American Academy in Rome is not to afford opportunities for a few individuals to perfect themselves for the practice of their chosen professions. The ideal is to create an atmosphere in which a limited number of carefully selected artists and scholars may develop that synthesis of intellectual culture which will make them worthy to preserve and continue the great traditions of the past in order that the standard of art and literature may be handed on from year to year, constantly strengthened and improved."

Beginning in 1901, bills to make the American Academy in Rome a "national institution" were introduced in Congress on several occasions. A hearing was finally scheduled in 1905, and a revised bill that prohibited government funding and specified that U.S. officials may not be Trustees was signed into law. Serious efforts to create an Endowment Fund and secure better quarters were associated with the movement to obtain status as a national institution. The Academy was successful in meeting all of these objectives. In 1904, the Academy moved to the Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori), which it soon purchased and renovated. The Endowment Fund raised well over a million dollars. Donors of $100,000 to the Endowment Fund, designated "Founders" of the American Academy in Rome, were: The Carnegie Foundation, Henry C. Frick, Harvard College, Charles F. McKim, J. P. Morgan, Sr., J. P. Morgan, Jr., The Rockefeller Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., William K. Vanderbilt, and Henry Walters. Other categories of donors were "Incorporators" (a new Act of Incorporation was required at the time the American Academy in Rome was chartered as a national institution) and "Life Members."

The American School of Classical Studies in Rome, which had been established by the Archaeological Society in 1895 and during its first year shared the Villa Aurora with the American School of Architecture in Rome, entered into a consolidation agreement with the American Academy in Rome in 1911. Their merger went into effect on the last day of 1912, and ever since, the American Academy in Rome has consisted of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies, administered by a common director. The School of Classical Studies is composed of fellows and visiting scholars who are graduate students, secondary teachers, or professors engaged in research in the areas of archaeology, ancient art, philology, and humanistic studies. Women were a part of the School of Classical Studies from its beginning, but were not permitted to participate in the School of Fine Arts until well after World War II. Beginning in 1923, the School of Classical Studies instituted Summer Sessions which appealed to secondary teachers, and attracted an enrollment that was largely female.

Originally, the School of Fine Arts offered fellowships in architecture, painting, and sculpture. Fellowships in landscape architecture were added in 1915; in 1920, a Department of Music was established, and along with it fellowships in musical composition. Fellowships in art history were established in 1947. Unmarried men under age 30 were eligible to compete for the fine arts fellowships awarded annually (except for landscape architecture, awarded every third year); the duration of fellowships ranged from one to three years at various points in the institution's history. In residence along with fellows of the American Academy in Rome, might be holders of various traveling scholarships: the McKim Fellowship, the Columbia Traveling Scholarship, the Perkins Scholarship, the Robinson Traveling Scholarship (Harvard), the Rotch Scholarship, the Julia Appleton Scholarship, the Traveling Scholarship and Stewardson Memorial Scholarship (University of Pennsylvania), the Cresson Scholarship (Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts), the Drexel Institute Traveling Scholarship, the Lazarus Scholarship (Metropolitan Museum of Art), the Lowell Scholarship (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and the Rinehart Scholarship (Peabody Institute, Baltimore). Visiting students, who remained for a much briefer period than fellows or recipients of various traveling scholarships, were admitted to all lectures and granted use the library, but resided elsewhere. The Academy opened an Atelier in downtown Rome for visiting students in 1927, which operated until financial considerations forced its discontinuation seven years later.

As the merger was being planned, J. P. Morgan, Sr., who was interested in both the American Academy in Rome and the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, began buying properties on the Janiculum, adjacent to Villa Aureilia. Villa Aurelia, built on the summit of the Janiculum in 1650, had been bequeathed to the American Academy in Rome in 1909 by Clara Jessup Heyland. Complications surrounding the gift of Villa Aurelia--including the will being contested by Mrs. Heyland's brother, and problems with unsettled tax assessments--were overcome in the interest of acquiring the outstanding building and its extensive grounds. Not long before his death in 1913, Morgan donated his neighboring land, and the American Academy in Rome continued to expand its Janiculum holdings through purchases and gifts from others. Morgan also agreed to provide a loan for construction of a new building. This building, designed by McKim, Mead, and White and known as the Main Building or Academy Building, opened in 1915; it served as the fellows' residence and work area, and included room for the library, offices, and space for exhibitions and other public events.

During World War I, the American Academy in Rome managed to remain open, although no new fellows arrived during the war years and the number of resident fellows and staff dwindled considerably. Most who remained were involved in some type of civilian war work, often with the Red Cross. In fact, Villa Aurelia was rented by the Red Cross in Italy for office space, and the Main Building was offered as a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to that use.

After Italy declared war on the United States in 1941, the American Academy in Rome closed for the remainder of World War II. Those who had been awarded fellowships in classics just prior to the Academy's closing were given the option of using their stipends for study at home or waiting until conditions permitted travel to Rome. A very reduced staff stayed to care for the property and continue library cataloguing, coping with often severe wartime shortages of food and fuel. In addition, there were financial hardships. When bank accounts of enemy aliens were frozen and it was no longer possible to transfer funds from the United States, the Swiss Legation and Vatican arranged for loans to keep the Academy and its staff afloat. Funds that would have been awarded to new fellows during this period were put to use in other ways. In 1943, the American Academy in Rome made a grant to the Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc. for competitions to award commissions to artists and art students throughout the country, funding more than 100 triptychs for chapels, as well as murals, medals, and sculpture. Seniors in American colleges and universities were eligible to compete for several scholarships for graduate work in classical studies awarded by the American Academy in Rome.

In 1945, the Academy was the site of Leave Courses on various aspects of Italian culture offered to servicemen. From the end of the war until the Academy reopened at the start of the 1946/47 academic year, G.I. Fellowships were offered to discharged soldiers wishing to study at the Academy, making the institution eligible to receive surplus equipment and rations. During this time intensive planning was underway for administrative changes and new programs.

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1893 -- While in Chicago to collaborate on the fine arts section for the World's Columbian Exposition, architects Charles F. McKim, Daniel Burnham, Richard Howland Hunt, painters John La Farge, and Sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Daniel Chester French, among others, met regularly and from their collaborative experience and discussions came the idea for an American school in Europe.

1894 -- American School of Architecture in Rome opened in temporary quarters at the Palazzo Torlonia with Austin Lord, Director, three fellows, and a visiting student.

1895 -- Villa Aurora leased with 2 subtenants, the American School of Classical Studies and the British and American Archaeological Society Library in Rome American School of Architecture incorporated and 10 shares of capital stock issued (2 each to McKim and Hunt, and 1 to Burnham, Kendall, Schermerhorn, Boring, Garland, and Dill) McKim visits Rome.

1896 -- Metropolitan Museum of Art, administrator of Jacob H. Lazarus Scholarship for the study of mural painting, agrees to send the winner to Rome American School of Classical Studies in Rome vacates Villa Aurora.

1897 -- American School of Architecture in Rome dissolved and reorganized as the American Academy in Rome; the assets (including the lease on Villa Aurora) of the American School of Architecture in Rome were transferred and its program expanded to include fellowships in painting and sculpture Samuel A. B. Abbott appointed first Director Rome Prize discontinued (for 9 years) due to lack of funds.

1898 -- Incorporated in New York State; trustees begin to focus on raising an endowment.

1904 -- Move to Villa Mirafiore (also known as Villa Mirafiori); occupied until 1914.

1905 -- Chartered by the Congress of the United States; a bill signed by President Roosevelt made the American Academy in Rome a national institution (receiving no government funding and barring U.S. officials from acting as Trustees).

1906 -- Purchase of Villa Mirafiore finalized; renovations begun.

1909 -- Villa Aurelia bequeathed to the Academy by Clara Jessup Heyland (used until 1932); there were protracted problems surrounding the acquisition of the property including a brother who contested the will and unsettled taxes.

1911 -- School of Classical Studies in Rome (established by the Archaeological Institute of America in 1895) and the American Academy in Rome announce their consolidation [the merger became effective on the final day of 1912].

1912 -- Lands on the Janiculum adjacent to Villa Aurelia, recently acquired by J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., transferred to the American Academy in Rome.

1913 -- American Academy in Rome now consists of the School of Fine Arts and the School of Classical Studies. New York office moves to the Architect's Building, 101 Park Ave., remaining at this location until 1973. By this date, largely through the generosity of J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., nearly all of the land bounded by Via Angelo Masina, Via Giacomo Medici, Via Pietro Riselli, and the Aurelian Wall on the Janiculum had been purchased and many improvements made to the properties near the Villa Aurelia. Construction begins on the new Academy building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and situated on the grounds of Villa Aurelia; financed through a loan from J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr. (after Morgan Sr.'s death, his son offered to cancel the loan at an amount equal to funds raised by the Academy for the purpose).

1915 -- First Fellowship in Landscape Architecture established; opening of new Academy building housing the fellows' residential quarters, work areas, library, offices, and spaces for public programs.

1917 -- Villa Aurelia rented to the Red Cross for office space, and the new Main building was slated to become a convalescent hospital, but the war ended before it could be put to use.

1919 -- New York office reorganized by Roscoe Guernsey, executive secretary; sale of Villa Mirafiore; Academic Council established in Rome.

1920 -- Department of Music and Fellowship in Musical Composition established.

1923 -- School of Classical Studies establishes summer sessions, largely attended by teachers.

1926 -- Second Fellowship in Landscape Architecture funded by Garden Club of America (later permanently endowed).

1927 -- Academy opens an Atelier in downtown Rome, providing studios for visiting students (operated until 1934).

1929 -- First Thomas Spencer Jerome lecturer appointed.

1941 -- Academy closes for duration of World War II; a skeletal staff remain behind to care for the property and continue library cataloguing; Italy declares war on the United States.

1942 -- After transfer of funds from the U.S. proved impossible and enemy aliens were prohibited from withdrawing their own funds from Italian banks, the Swiss Legation and Vatican offered assistance to the Academy by providing loans.

1943 -- Academy grant to Citizen's Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc., funded hundreds of triptychs; murals, medals, and sculptures also commissioned Academy awards scholarships in classical studies at American colleges and universities.

1945 -- "Leave courses," held at the Academy, consisting mainly of lectures by distinguished scholars still in Rome, instituted for U.S. servicemen.

1946 -- Regular program resumes at the start of the academic year.

1947 -- Fellowship in the History of Art established.

1965 -- Loan of printed matter for microfilming by the Archives of American Art (reels ITRO 2-3 and 11-13).

1973 -- New York office moves to American Federation of Arts building, 41 East 65th St. (until 1993).

1982 -- Gift of New York office records to the Archives of American Art.

1990 -- Gift of Rome office records to the Archives of American Art.

1993 -- New York office moves to Metropolitan Club, 7 East 60th St.
Related Material:
Papers of a number of former fellows, trustees, and other individuals associated with the American Academy in Rome are among the holdings of the Archives of American Art.

Chaloner Prize Foundation records, 1915-1974 (microfilm reels 5664-5669) were received with the American Academy in Rome records. They have been arranged and described as a separate collection.

Valentine, Lucia and Alan Valentine. The American Academy in Rome, 1894-1969. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels ITRO 2-3, and ITRO 11-13) including annual reports, exhibition catalogues, a history of the American Academy in Rome, the American Academy in Rome at the World's Fair, and the Golden Gate Exposition and newsletter. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and can be found at the American Academy in Rome, Italy. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The material on reels ITRO 2-3 and ITRO 11-13 were lent to the Archives of American Art for microfilming by the American Academy in Rome in 1965. Records of predecessor institutions, the Board of Trustees, and the New York office, including photographs and personal papers, were donated in 1982 by the Academy president, Calvin G. Rand. In 1990, Rand also gifted the Rome office records and the personal documents of Gorham Phillips Stevens. An addition of New York office records was donated in 2014 by the Academy director, Adele Chatfield-Taylor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The American Academy in Rome records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Architecture -- Study and teaching  Search this
Architecture, Classical -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art schools -- Italy -- Rome  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
American Academy in Rome records, 1855-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ameracar
See more items in:
American Academy in Rome records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ameracar
Online Media:

John Quincy Adams Ward papers in the New York Historical Society, 1857-1915

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Subject:
Dana, Paul  Search this
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Herber, C. A.  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood  Search this
Orr, Alexander Ector  Search this
Potter, Edward Clark  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison)  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington)  Search this
Thomas, Charles N.  Search this
Adams, Herbert  Search this
Appleton, Thomas Gold  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Chilton, R. S.  Search this
Cushing, Robert  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
Interstate and West Indian Exposition  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6954
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209083
AAA_collcode_wardjohn
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209083

John Q. A. Ward letter, 1886 Jan. 1

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Subject:
Green, Jesse C.  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10338
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213547
AAA_collcode_wardjqal
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213547

American Academy of Arts and Letters records

Creator:
American Academy of Arts and Letters  Search this
Names:
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948  Search this
Hambidge, Jay, 1867-1924  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Vedder, Elihu, 1836-1923  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Wood, Charles Erskine Scott, 1852-1944  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Extent:
800 Items ((on 5 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1864-1942
Scope and Contents:
A collection of artists' papers containing correspondence, notes, biographical material, exhibition catalogs, and other published material. Includes:
volume of notes, drawings, and calculations made by George Bellows for a study of Jay Hambidge's theory of Dynamic Symmetry; correspondence and published and unpublished biographical and critical material on George de Forest Brush, Childe Hassam, Francis D. Millet, Joseph Pennell, Elihu Vedder, and J. Q. A. Ward. The Hassam papers are particularly voluminous, with letters from John Taylor Arms, E. H. Blashfield, William Merritt Chase, Royal Cortissoz, J. Alden Weir, and Charles Erskine Scott Wood. All groups contain official Academy correspondence from its secretary Robert Underwood Johnson.
Biographical / Historical:
Organized 1904, incorporated 1914; New York, N.Y. The American Academy of Arts and Letters was established "to afford recognition to distinguished achievement in literature and the fine arts...." [The American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters merged on Dec. 30, 1976].
Provenance:
This is a collection of miscellaneous papers representing a gathering over the years of unsolicited documentary resources on American art given or addressed to the Academy.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc. -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Function:
Learned institutions and societies -- United States
Identifier:
AAA.ameracaa2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ameracaa2

John Q. A. Ward letter

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Names:
Green, Jesse C.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1886 Jan. 1
Scope and Contents:
Letter to Dr. Jesse C. Green apologizing for being unable to obtain the autograph of Mr. H. K. Brown for Dr. Green.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1955-1962 by Charles E. Feinberg, an active donor and friend of AAA.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wardjqal
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wardjqal

Charles R. Lamb scrapbook on the Dewey Arch

Creator:
Lamb, Charles R. (Charles Rollinson), 1860-1942  Search this
Names:
Dewey, George, 1837-1917  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Date:
1899-1901
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook contains clippings concerning the construction and history of "Dewey Arch" in New York City, a monument designed by Lamb built to honor and welcome Admiral George Dewey upon his return from Manila Bay where Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet, helping to end the Spanish-American War in 1898.
Biographical / Historical:
Architect, sculptor; New York, N.Y. Lamb was the designer and architect of the Dewey Arch. Born in New York City, Lamb studied there as a pupil of the Art Students League of New York, where he also served as president, 1886-1887. Lamb was the first to suggest the idea for the arch while he was vice-president of the National Sculpture Society. In 1899, under the auspices of the National Sculpture Society, he designed the initial model for the arch using the Roman Arch of Titus as a prototype. John Quincy Adams Ward, who was president of the National Sculpture Society at the time, designed part of the sculptural detail of the arch. The Dewey Arch never achieved permanent form.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1972 by, Joseph Condie Lamb, the youngest son of Charles R. Lamb.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Architects  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Topic:
Dewey Arch (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Architecture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Monuments -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Triumphal arches  Search this
Function:
Memorials
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.lambchar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lambchar

William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers

Creator:
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Godwin, Parke, 1816-1904  Search this
Names:
Adams, Herbert, 1858-1945  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook), 1824-1900  Search this
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Bispham, William  Search this
Brackett, Edward Augustus, 1818-1908  Search this
Brown, George Loring, 1814-1889  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886  Search this
Brown, John George, 1831-1913  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson), 1855-1925  Search this
Cozzens, Frederic S. (Frederic Swartwout), 1818-1869  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892  Search this
Dix, Charles Temple, 1840-1873  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William, 1806-1863  Search this
Ehninger, John Whetten, 1827-1889  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François, 1816-1882  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Hall, George Henry, 1825-1913  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Howland, Alfred Cornelius, 1838-1909  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Jefferson, Joseph, 1829-1905  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
Laurence, Samuel, 1812-1884  Search this
Lippincott, William H. (William Henry), 1849-1920  Search this
Mayer, Frank Blackwell, 1827-1899  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Miller, Charles Henry, 1842-1922  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Noble, Louis L.  Search this
Noble, Thomas Satterwhite, 1835-1907  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon, 1823-1909  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott, 1842-1904  Search this
Rogers, John, 1829-1904  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871  Search this
Rowse, Samuel Worcester, 1822-1901  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Thompson, Cephas Giovanni, 1809-1888  Search this
Thompson, Launt, 1833-1894  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
White, Edwin D., 1817-1877  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman, 1823-1903  Search this
Extent:
200 Items ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1821-1901
Scope and Contents:
Letters and printed material.
Reel N5: Correspondence of Bryant and Godwin.
Correspondents include: John White Alexander, William H. Beard, Eugene Benson, Albert Bierstadt, William Bispham, Edward A. Brackett, George L. Brown, Henry Kirke Brown, John G. Brown, John G. Chapman, William A. Coffin, Frederick S. Cozzens, Christopher P. Cranch, Charles T. Dix, Francis W. Edmonds, John W. Ehninger, Regis F. Gignoux, Horatio Greenough, George H. Hall, Thomas Hicks, Alfred C. Howland, Daniel P. Huntington, Laurence Hutton, Joseph Jefferson, Eastman Johnson, John LaFarge, Louis Lang, Samuel Laurence, William H. Lippincott, Jervis McEntee, Frank B. Mayer, Charles H. Miller, Samuel F. B. Morse, Louis L. Noble, Thomas S. Noble, William R. O'Donovan, Johannes A. S. Oertel, Thomas A. Richards, Horace W. Robbins, John Rogers, Thomas P. Rossiter, Samuel W. Rowse, Napoleon Sarony, James D. Smillie, Bayard Taylor, Cephas G. Thompson, Launt A. Thompson, John Q. A. Ward, John F. Weir, Robert W. Weir, Edwin D. White, Worthington Whittredge, and Thomas W. Wood.
Reel N25: A calling card of Herbert Adams; a letter to Mrs. Frederic N. Goddard from Adams, returning photographs of Bryant; and a letter to Bryant from F. Tabbot about his painting of a forest.
Biographical / Historical:
Poet; New York City. Bryant's son-in-law, Parke Godwin, was an author, one of whose books was a biography of Bryant, THE LIFE AND WORKS OF WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, 1883.
Other Title:
Bryant-Godwin collection (NYPL microfilm title)
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Poets -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bryawill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bryawill

Alfred Williams Anthony papers

Creator:
Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939  Search this
Names:
National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Beard, Daniel Carter, 1850-1941  Search this
Benjamin, S. G. W. (Samuel Greene Wheeler), 1837-1914  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Brenner, Victor David, 1871-1924  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson), 1855-1925  Search this
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892  Search this
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-1888  Search this
Dielman, Frederick, 1847-1935  Search this
Downing, A. J. (Andrew Jackson), 1815-1852  Search this
Eastlake, Charles Lock, Sir, 1793-1865  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880  Search this
Herbert, Henry William, 1807-1858  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Isham, Norman Morrison, 1864-1943  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Leavitt, Edward C., d. 1904  Search this
Linton, W. J. (William James), 1812-1897  Search this
Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Mills, John Harrison, 1842-1916  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902  Search this
Opper, Frederick Burr, 1857-1937  Search this
Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904  Search this
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Smillie, George Frederick Cumming, 1854-1924  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson, 1838-1915  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Tuckerman, Henry T. (Henry Theodore), 1813-1871  Search this
Volk, Douglas , 1856-1935  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Waters, Clara Erskine Clement, 1834-1916  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (partial microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1880-1930]
Scope and Contents:
Letters, autographs, biographical data, and miscellany collected by Anthony about 19th century artists.
Artists include: Edwin A. Abbey, Ernest Albert, Elizabeth A. Allen, Daniel C. Beard, Frank Beard, Samuel G. W. Benjamin, Albert Bierstadt, Nathaniel Blaisdell, Edwin H. Blashfield, Evangeline Blashfield, Charles W. Bolton, Victor D. Brenner, Sydney & Mrs. Burleigh, William M. Chase, Frederic E. Church, Harry Cochrane, William A. Coffin, Timothy Cole, Thomas Cole, Royal Cortissoz, Palmer Cox, Christopher Cranch, Felix O. C. Darley, Frederick Dellenbaugh, Frederick Dielman, Andrew J. Downing, Charles L. Eastlake, George W. Edwards, Daniel C. French, Edmund H. Garrett, Sanford R. Gifford, V. Gribayedoff, Henry W. Herbert, Elbert Hubbard, Daniel Huntington, Laurence Hutton, Ernest L. Ipshen, Norman W. Isham, F. Lynn Jenkins, John La Farge, Edward C. Leavitt, William J. Linton, Benson J. Lossing, Will H. Low, Jervis McEntee, George Merrill, John H. Mills, Thomas Moran, Samuel F.B. Morse,
A. R. Mullen, Thomas Nast, National Arts Club, Wilbur F. Noyes,Frederick B. Opper, Mrs. Archie M. Palmer, Erastus D. Palmer, William F. Paris, Carl R. Parker, Hiram Powers, Howard Pyle, Thomas B. Read, Albert Rosenthal, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, John Sartain, Walter Smedley, George F. C. Smillie, Francis H. Smith, Bayard Taylor, Col. Henry S. Taylor, John Trumbull, Henry T. Tuckerman, Union League Club, N.Y., D. B. Updike, Vasili Vereschagen, Charles Vezin, Douglas Volk, D. Everett Waid, John Q. A. Ward, Clara E. Waters, Robert W. Weir, J. Thomson Willing, Ellsworth Woodward, Mabel Woodward, William Woodward, and F. Hammond Wright.
Biographical / Historical:
Clergyman, educator; Lewiston, Maine.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Clergy -- Maine -- Lewiston  Search this
Educators -- Maine -- Lewiston  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.anthalfr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-anthalfr

Jerry L. Thompson Collection

Photographer:
Thompson, Jerry L., 1945  Search this
Names:
Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904  Search this
Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1983 - 1989
Summary:
This collection contains photographic material taken during Jerry L. Thompson's career at the Metroplitan Museum of Art (New York, NY). The collection includes black-and-white photographic prints, negatives and color transparencies documenting the work of four prominent American sculptors: Erastus Dow Palmer, Frederic Remington, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and John Quincy Adams Ward.
Scope and Contents:
Comprised of 3 linear feet, this collection contains black-and-white photographic prints, negatives and color transparencies taken by Jerry L. Thompson documenting the work of four prominent American sculptors: Erastus Dow Palmer, Frederic Remington, Augustus Saint-Gaudens and John Quincy Adams Ward. Each artist is represented by approximately 100 photographs. The collection includes images of over twenty outdoor public monuments by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, including multiple views and details of the Adams Memorial (Rock Creek Park, Washington, DC), taken in 1985-1986. The collection includes detailed photographs of 16 major casts by Frederic Remington.
Arrangement:
Photographic materials are arranged alphabetically by artist's name.
Biographical / Historical:
Jerry L. Thompson has been a professional photographer since 1973. Born in Houston, Texas in 1945, he studied at the University of Texas and Yale University. From 1972 to 1975, he served as Walker Evans' principle assistant; and was a member of the faculty of Yale University from 1973 to 1980. He has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts (1977) and the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation (also in 1977). In addition to his portraits from the Coney Island amusement park of the early 1970s and his street work in New York City neighborhoods, he is best known as a photographer of sculpture.

Thompson began photographing sculpture in the mid-1970s. His first major project was to photograph the African works in the collection of the Museum of Primitive Art in New York City. In the early 1980s, Thompson began work for the Metropolitan Museum of Art (NYC). Under the direction of Lewis I. Sharp, curator of American sculpture and administrator of the American Wing, Thompson served as photographer-in-residence, photographing all the American works of sculpture in the museum's collection. He has also done extensive photography documenting the sculpture of Erastus Dow Palmer, Frederic Remington, John Quincy Adams Ward, and Augustus Saint-Gaudens. His work on the two latter sculptors included their major outdoor public monuments.

Initially in his career, he used black-and-white 8x10 inch negatives, but eventually began to work with color transparency materials as well. In 2013, his book Why Photography Matters was published by MIT Press.
Provenance:
Gift from Jerry L. Thompson, July 2014.
Restrictions:
The collection, which is undergoing processing and cataloging, is open for research use in the Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Advance appointments are required.
Rights:
Copyright to photographs from the Jerry L. Thompson Collection is held by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Requests for permission to reproduce photographs from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Photograph Archives. Certain works of art, as well as photographs of those works of art, may be protected by copyright, trademark, privacy or publicity rights, or other interests not owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It is the applicant's responsibility to ascertain whether any such rights exist, and to obtain any other permission necessary to reproduce and publish the image.
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Art, American -- Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Jerry L. Thompson Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Identifier:
SAAM.Photo.THO
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-saam-photo-tho

John Quincy Adams Ward, New York, N.Y. letter to Asher Brown Durand

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1880 Dec. 20
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7046
See more items in:
Charles Henry Hart autograph collection, 1731-1918
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7046

An address at the unveiling of the statue of Washington : [sculptor: John Q.A. Ward] upon the spot where he took the oath as first president of the United States. Delivered on the (25th) 26th November, 1883, the one Hundredth anniversary of the evacuation of the city of New York by the British army, by George William Curtis

Author:
Curtis, George William 1824-1892  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George 1732-1799 Inauguration, 1789  Search this
Washington, George 1732-1799 Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Physical description:
35 p. front. (port.) 25 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
New York
Date:
1883
Call number:
CT275.W31 C93
CT275.W31C93
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_110719

Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910

Collection Creator:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
14 Photographs
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Open to researchers by appointment. Contact Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum by email: sapa@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The photographs are owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum and requests for permission to reproduce photographs from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Photograph Archives. Certain works of art, as well as the photographs of those works of art, may be protected by copyright, trademark, privacy or publicity rights, or other interests not owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It is the applicant's responsibility to ascertain whether any such rights exist, and to obtain any other permission necessary to reproduce and publish the image.
Collection Citation:
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs, Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Metropolitan Museum of Art study collection of American sculpture photographs
Metropolitan Museum of Art study collection of American sculpture photographs / Series 1: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-photo-met-ref499

General George Brinton McClellan, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910  Search this
Designer:
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr 1822-1888  Search this
Subject:
McClellan, George Brinton  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Relief
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Metropolitan Museum of Art 5th Avenue at 82nd Street New York New York 10028 Accession Number: 2015.755
Date:
1864
Topic:
Portrait male--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Military--General  Search this
Dress--Uniform--Military Uniform  Search this
Equestrian  Search this
Dress--Accessory--Hat  Search this
Control number:
IAS 88180052
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_305027

Major General John F. Reynolds Bronze Standing Memorial, (sculpture)

Title:
General John Reynolds, (sculpture)
Sculptor:
Ward, John Quincy Adams 1830-1910  Search this
Founder:
Robert Wood & Company  Search this
Subject:
Reynolds, John  Search this
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Administered by United States Department of the Interior National Park Service Washington District of Columbia
Administered by Gettysburg National Military Park 97 Taneytown Road Gettysburg Pennsylvania 17325
Located Gettysburg National Military Park Near Baltimore Street gates Gettysburg Pennsylvania 17325
Date:
1871. Dedicated Aug. 31, 1872
Topic:
History--United States--Civil War  Search this
Portrait male--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Military--General  Search this
Dress--Uniform--Military Uniform  Search this
Dress--Accessory--Binoculars  Search this
Control number:
IAS 77001089
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_11905

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