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MS 4452-a Two books of Cheyenne and Arapaho drawings

Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Extent:
2 Volumes (100 drawings, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 21 x 32 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1880
Scope and Contents:
Vol. 1: 46 drawings of war scenes on leaves of ruled and numbered paper from a ledger book, now disbound, covers retained. Inside of cover inscribed D.N. McDonald, US Army. Vol. 2: 54 drawings on leaves of ruled and numbered paper from a ledger book, now disbound, covers not retained. Scenes are primarily of warfare, but also include horse raids, courting, and two maps. Several pages inscribed "Washee," a name recorded among both Cheyennes and Arapahoes in the 1880s.
Biographical / Historical:
David N. McDonald graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point in 1877. He served at Fort Sill, IT in 1878 and then at Fort Reno 1878-81, subsequently being posted in New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4452-a
Local Note:
Several pages in vol. 2 inscribed with word Washee. Misreading of this as Nashee led to erroneous speculation that the drawings were associated with the Apache leader Naiche.
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Reno.
United States Oklahoma Fort Reno.
Album Information:
MS 4552A 000
Provenance:
Myer, W. H.
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4452-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4452A
See more items in:
MS 4452-a Two books of Cheyenne and Arapaho drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4452a
Online Media:

Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne artists

Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Collection Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (volume of 46 drawings, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 21 x 32 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1880
Scope and Contents:
54 drawings of war scenes on leaves of ruled and numbered paper from a ledger book, now disbound, covers retained. Inside of cover inscribed D.N. McDonald, US Army.
Arrangement:
Subgroup
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4452-a1
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Reno.
United States Oklahoma Fort Reno.
Album Information:
MS 4552A1 000
Provenance:
Myer, W. H.
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4452-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4452-a Two books of Cheyenne and Arapaho drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4452a-ref1
Online Media:

Book of drawings by anonymous Arapaho artists

Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Collection Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (volume of 54 drawings, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 21 x 32 cm.)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Maps
Date:
ca. 1880
Scope and Contents:
54 drawings on leaves of ruled and numbered paper from a ledger book, now disbound, covers not retained. Scenes are primarily of warfare, but also include horse raids, courting, and two maps. Several pages inscribed "Washee," a name recorded among both Cheyennes and Arapahoes in the 1880s.
Arrangement:
Subgroup
Biographical / Historical:
David N. McDonald graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point in 1877. He served at Fort Sill, IT in 1878 and then at Fort Reno 1878-81, subsequently being posted in New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4452-a2
Local Note:
Candace Green identified all the drawings in this book were probably drawn by Arapaho artists. Several pages are inscribed with the word Washee. Misreading of this as Nashee led to erroneous speculation that the drawings were associated with the Apache leader Naiche.
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Reno.
United States Oklahoma Fort Reno.
Album Information:
MS 4552A2 000
Provenance:
Myer, W. H.
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Maps
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4452-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4452-a Two books of Cheyenne and Arapaho drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4452a-ref2

Book of Cheyenne drawings by Yellow Nose and anonymous artists

Artist:
Yellow Nose, 1848-1910  Search this
Collector:
Voth, H. R. (Henry R.), 1855-1931  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume of 85 drawings (53 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 19 x 31 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1889
Scope and Contents:
Ledger book, now disbound, containing drawings of warfare, courtship, hunting and ceremony. The pages are numbered 1-113, with the following numbers missing: 5-6, 27-28, 31-32, 69-70, 93-96. Endpaper inscribed "Cheyenne Agency, Darlington Ind[ian] Terr[itory]". Additional laminated sheet contains original collector's tag, associated note, and early museum label. The drawings are by several artists, the most prominent being Yellow Nose. When possible, individual drawings have been assigned to Yellow Nose on stylistic grounds by comparison to his other known work.
Biographical / Historical:
Yellow Nose aka Little Face, Hehuwesse, He-her-we. (1848-1910) was a Ute captured as a young boy by Dives Backward and raised within Northern Cheyenne society by his adopted father Spotted Wolf. He is recorded to have participated in the Battle of Rosebud (June 17th, 1876) and the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 25-26th, 1876) where he reportedly 1) lost a famous shield made by Whistling Elk (later acquired by the NMAI) 2) captured the guidon of the 7th Cavalry and 3) strangled Custer to death with his bare hands. After the Battle of Little Big Horn, Yellow Nose traveled with a group of Northern Cheyenne led by Little Wolf and Dull Knife eventually making camp along the Powder River. The group was attacked by General Ranald McKenzie in the Battle of Crazy Woman Fork (November 20th, 1876). During this battle Yellow Nose distracted the US soldiers, allowing the women and children to escape, and sustained a shot to the chest. Eventually, the group, including Yellow Nose, was captured and removed to the southern Cheyenne reservation in present-day Oklahoma, where Yellow Nose remained for the remainder of his life. Information on Yellow Nose from: Powell, Peter John, Sweet Medicine: The Continuing Role of the Sacred Arrows, the Sun Dance, and the Sacred Buffalo Hat in Northern Cheyenne History. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press (1969).
For a biography of H. R. Voth, see Kaufman, Edmund G. (1973) "Heinrich R. Voth" in General Conference Mennonite Pioneers. North Newton, Kansas: Bethel College. (1973) pp. 326-333
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 166032
Local Note:
This book was originally noted as having been created solely by Yellow Nose. Stylistic differences between the images suggest that more than one artist is represented within the manuscript.
Place:
United States Indian Territory Cheyenne Agency Darlington.
United States Oklahoma Darlington.
Album Information:
MS 166032 000
Provenance:
Voth, Heinrich R.
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Cheyenne  Search this
Wrestling -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Habitations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hunting -- Cheyenne  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 166,032, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS166032
See more items in:
Book of Cheyenne drawings by Yellow Nose and anonymous artists
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms166032
Online Media:

MS 4452-b Book of drawings, probably Cheyenne, primarily of individual men on horseback

Extent:
27 Items (drawings in leather-bound notebook 28 leaves and inside covers, crayon, graphite and colored pencil, 8 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Scope and Contents:
Leatherbound pocket notebook of ruled paper, containing 27 drawings, 3 with associated horse tracks on facing page. Most of the drawings depict individual men on horseback dressed in finery, but there are also five scenes of warfare, two of courting, and one of two feathered lances. Storekeeper's account entered on first page. Many pages were loose from the binding when inventory numbers were assigned. The original order was reconstructed and the volume rebound in 2002.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4452-b
General:
This work of art was conserved with a Save America's Treasures program grant.
Album Information:
MS 4452B 000
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4452-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4452B
See more items in:
MS 4452-b Book of drawings, probably Cheyenne, primarily of individual men on horseback
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4452b
Online Media:

MS 1897-d Data on Cheyenne painted shields and lodges

Creator:
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (16 pages)
1 Item (slip )
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
With names of owners and locations, and on counting coups of different tribes of Indians.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1897-d
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Habitations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Shields -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1897-d, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1897D
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1897d

MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Artist:
Murphy, Charles (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sweezy, Carl, 1881-1953  Search this
Names:
Wolf Face (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
15 Volumes (autograph documents, photographs, and graphite, ink, colored pencil, crayon, and watercolor drawings.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Ledger drawings
Date:
bulk ca. 1903-1904
Scope and Contents:
Notes and drawings by Native artists relating to heraldry, as Mooney termed tipi and shield designs. Also some myths and linguistic data from these and other Plains tribes. The manuscript is a compilation of materials created over a period of years, assembled under the current number by the BAE archivist. Bound volumes (since disbound for lamination) were placed under this manuscript number; loose notes and drawings on the same topics were primarily assembled under manuscript number 2538.
Biographical / Historical:
James Mooney (1861-1921) was a self-taught ethnologist. He was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1885 until his death. In this capacity, he worked extensively among the Cherokee and Kiowa. Among the Kiowa his studies focused on pictorial calendars, the peyote religion, and heraldry, the term he used to refer to the designs on shields and painted tipis. In the course of his study of Kiowa and Cheyenne heraldry, he commissioned illustrations of shield and tipi designs, as well as miniature shields and tipis. For additional biographic information on James Mooney see: Christopher Winters, General Editor, International Dictionary of Anthropologists, Garland Publishing, 1991. Neil M. Judd, The Bureau of American Ethnology - A Partial History, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967. L.G. Moses, The Indian Man - A Biography of James Mooney, University of Nebraska Press, 1984.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2531

OPPS NEG 57,508-A---521-A

OPPS NEG 71-3046-A

OPPS NEG 71-3046

OPPS NEG 72-1801 CN-1818 CN
Local Note:
The John M. Seger Referred to in Vol VIII (and also in Mooney's peyote files) was a teacher of agricultural methods. Walter Campbell edited his autobiography, "Early Days among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians," Univ. of Okla. press. Genevieve Seger, his daughter, lives at Geary, Okla.; she may be a trustee of the Okla. Historical Soc. --Information from Althea Bass, here May 1959.
Mrs. J. H. Bass (Althea Bass) here May 6, 1959, thinks that the "Paul" referred to occasionally in Vols. III, IV, and V may be Paul Boynton, an interpreter who spoke both Cheyenne and Arapaho. His family still lives at El Reno. His father had something to do with the Agency. Paul Boynton is mentioned in one of the letters in Mooney corresponence for 1902-06 (Smithsonian Institution - Bureau of American Ethnology correspondence files.)
Date written on several pages by Mooney; almost certainly drawings done by same artist at same time and place as Ms. 2531, Vol. 10, identified by Mooney as "Drawn by Nakoim' eno = Bear Wings/alias Charles Murphy, Cheyenne Cantonment, Okla."
Album Information:
MS 2531
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Winter counts -- Kiowa  Search this
Cradles -- Kiowa  Search this
Clothing -- Kiowa  Search this
Names, Personal -- Kiowa  Search this
Shields -- Cheyenne  Search this
Camps -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Games -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hide preparation -- Cheyenne  Search this
Folklore -- Kiowa  Search this
Horse trappings -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Kiowa  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2531, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2531
See more items in:
MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2531
Online Media:

MS 4959 Photographs of drawings made for Captain Bethel in 1888

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Depicted:
Kill Bear, Cheyenne  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Tall Bull, circa 1853-  Search this
Extent:
21 Negatives (19 prints)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
1969
Scope and Contents:
Titles include: 1.Tall Bull, Cheyenne, escaping from the Utes. 2.Common occurrence in Running Buffalo. 3.Tall Bull, a Cheyenne Brave, Killing Two Pawnees. 4.Crow and Cheyenne Warriors. 5.Kill Bear. 6.Tall Bull, Cheyenne, Killing a Navaho. 7.Cheyenne Brave Killing a Crow. 8.Fight between Soldiers and Cheyennes. 9.Cheyenne Killing a Pawnee. 10.Cheyenne Killing a Ute. 11.Cheyenne Killing two Kiowa women. 12.Kiowa Brave. 13.Making Medicine. 14.Dance of the Cheyenne Soldiers. 15.Untitled (dance with chiefs and musicians). 16.Sioux Indian hunting deer. 17.Sioux Woman and Cheyenne man. 18.Cheyenne to the Rescue. 19.Cheyenne Chiefs Reviewing their young men. 20.Sho-sho-nees in pursuit of Cheyennes. 21.Grand War Dance in Costume of the Cheyennes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4959
Local Note:
photographs
Restrictions:
Restricted
Rights:
Negatives made 11/26/1969. For reference purposes only. Requests for prints should be directed to the Fort Leavenworth Museum.
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
War -- Crow  Search this
War -- Pawnee  Search this
War -- Navaho  Search this
War -- Ute  Search this
War -- Kiowa  Search this
War -- Shoshoni  Search this
Grand War Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hunting -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Cheyenne  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4959, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4959
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4959

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