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A. Francis Arcier Collection

Creator:
Arcier, A. Francis, 1890-1969  Search this
Names:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Fokker Aircraft Corp  Search this
GAC (General Airplanes Corp)  Search this
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Wittemann Aircraft Corp  Search this
Arcier, A. Francis, 1890-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.97 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Financial records
Publications
Date:
Circa 1890-1981
Summary:
A. Francis Arcier, (1890-1969) was an aviator, scientist, designer and engineer whose pioneering work in aviation design spanned six decades and earned him many honors.
Scope and Contents:
The A. Francis Arcier Collection contains approximately 3 cubic feet of material relating to his extraordinary career in aviation. This collection has biographical and professional documents, technical information on aircraft designs, patents, correspondence, newspaper clippings, publications, certificates, photographs, negatives and three scrapbooks.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned.
Arrangement:
Every effort was made to provide dates when possible and each series is arranged in chronological order.

The collection is arranged as follows:

Series 1: Biographical and professional material

Series 2: Technical material

Series 3: Publications

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Scrapbooks
Biographical/Historical note:
A. Francis Arcier, (1890-1969) was an aviator, scientist, designer and engineer whose pioneering work in aviation design spanned six decades and earned him many honors. Born in London, he studied aeronautics in Passey, France under Sir Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower. He served as draftsman for such notable aircraft designers as Gabriel Voisin, Henri Coanda, Frank Barnivell and Gordon England. At the age of 21, he learned to fly and received his international aviator's certificate. He served as a flight instructor at the Hall School of Flying in Hendon, England and during World War I, with Handley Page, Ltd. He designed the first twin engine and the first four engine bombers used by the United States and its Allies. Arcier emigrated to the United States in 1919 and was employed as Chief Engineer at the Witteman Aircraft Corporation, makers of the Barling Bomber designed by Arcier. It was the largest heavier-than-air aircraft of its time. During his years with Witteman, Arcier won the Army Air Service Engineering Divisions' design competition for a bomber aircraft design. That same year, Arcier became Chief Engineer for the Fokker Aircraft Corporation, where among other notable accomplishments, he designed the Fokker Trimotor Transport which was used by Amelia Earhart and by Richard Byrd in his flight over the North Pole and also across the North Atlantic. After Arcier attained his United States citizenship in 1929, he became Vice President of Operations and Director of the General Airplanes Corporation in Buffalo, New York. In 1930 under his leadership, the "Mailplane", one of the first all-metal airplanes, was built. Later in 1930, Arcier became Chief Engineer of the Weaver Aircraft Company, WACO. He worked for WACO for 17 years in various capacities. Arcier and the Waco Aircraft Company made many contributions to the National Defense Program during World War II such as the Model UPF-7. The Waco Company was entrusted with the entire combat and cargo glider Program of the U.S. Army Air Forces. This was initiated in an Army Design Competition which the Company won and resulted in a program involving the design, prototype construction and, in some cases, production construction of some twelve models ranging from Model CG-3A to the CG-15A. These gliders were built by the thousands under Arcier's technical direction by sixteen prime contractors and many hundreds of sub-contractors throughout the nation. In 1948, Arcier became Chief Scientist for U.S. Air Force Intelligence at Wright- Patterson AFB until he retired in 1963. After his retirement, he served as consultant to the Commander, Foreign Technology Division and Special Advisor to the Division's Advisory Group on scientific and technical intelligence matters. Among his honors were the USAF Meritorious Civilian Service Award (1953), and the USAF Distinguished Civilian Service Award (1961.) A. Francis Arcier died on November 21, 1969.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Arcier, gift, 1972, additional material received from Francis Arnoult, 2019, NASM.XXXX.0072.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Financial records
Publications
Citation:
A. Francis Arcier Collection, NASM.XXXX.0072, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0072
See more items in:
A. Francis Arcier Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0072
Online Media:

Waco Aircraft Company records

Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Names:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Weaver Aircraft Company  Search this
Brukner, Clayton J., 1896-1977  Search this
Junkin, Elwood J. (Elwood James), 1897-1926  Search this
Weaver, George E. "Buck", 1895-1924  Search this
Extent:
184.1 Cubic feet (168 Legal document boxes; 35 drawers)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Financial records
Drawings
Reports
Date:
1930-1950
Summary:
This collection consists of the records of the Waco Aircraft Company. The material includes office files of the company, marketing and sales information, and design data. Also included are original engineering drawings and report files.
Scope and Contents note:
In 1920 Clayton J. Bruckner, Elwood "Sam" Junkin and George "Buck" Weaver formed Weaver Aircraft Co. In April of 1923, they renamed the company Advanced Aircraft Co. and, in May of 1929, Waco Aircraft Co. By the 1930s the company was a leader in the design of wood and fabric aircraft. At their most widespread use, Waco aircraft were operated by public, private, military and corporate owners in thirty-five countries. During World War II, Waco devoted itself entirely to war production, manufacturing large numbers of troop- and cargo-carrying gliders. Following the war Waco attempted to market a wholly new design, but the post- war slump in the private aviation market and the high development costs of the aircraft forced Waco to withdraw from aircraft manufacture in June 1947. During its twenty-seven year existence Waco produced sixty-two different aircraft models and led all its competitors in the number of aircraft registered.

The Waco collection is divided into two parts. Part One comprises 24,855 drawings. The locations and descriptive information of these drawings are listed on an electronic database entitled the Waco Aircraft Engineering Drawings Data Base. The drawings vary greatly in size from small drawings of 4x5" to large sheets of over 150" in length. The majority of the drawings included in Part One are numbered, but many of the drawings are unnumbered. These drawings span most of the Company's existence and depict many of its powered and glider aircraft. There are several smaller sets of drawings which include layout drawings, tool drawings and stress analyses. Production charts and data charts are also among these drawings.

Part Two includes the business records of the Waco Aircraft Company. These documents can be generally divided between the engineering and sales departments. Most of the drawings within Part Two are from sub-contractors and U.S. Government agencies.

Waco aircraft company designations are confusing. Many variations exist regarding the practice of assigning model designations. Despite these exceptions, some basic rules serve as a guideline. Prior to 1930, Waco models were designated by a single number, 1 through 10. The last aircraft designated in this manner, the Waco 10, became the Waco Model O under the new scheme of designation.

Waco early models were additionally referred to by their horsepower. This may have been a practice of distributors and salesmen.

Since 1930, The Waco Aircraft Company used a combination of three letters with which to name its models. An example would be the Model ASO. The letters are best read from right to left. The letter on the right represents the fuselage, i.e. Model O. The middle letter represents a modification to the basic model, i.e. CSO for straight wing or CTO for tapered wing. The letter on the left represents the engine, i.e. CSO for Wright J-6, 225 horse power engine. Additionally, Waco models were often followed by a number indicating the year in which the aircraft was built. A YPF-6, for example, was manufactured in 1936.

Waco World War II gliders, designed for the U.S.A.A.F, were designated by an alpha-numeric combination. The four unpowered gliders produced shared the same letter prefixes of CG, which stood for cargo glider. The numeric suffix distinguishes the aircraft. They were the Models CG-3A, CG-4A, CG-13A and CG-15A. An X preceding the designation denotes experimental, i.e. XCG-4A. An addition of two letters denotes the manufacturer, i.e. CG-4A- TI for Timm Aircraft Co. Many of the Waco designed gliders were constructed by various companies. Powered versions of the gliders were referred to by the prefix PG for powered gliders.
Arrangement note:
Series 1: Numbered Engineering Reports

Series 2: Model Engineering Reports

Series 3: Engineering Documents

Series 4: Government Contracts

Series 5: Contractor Reports

Series 6: Correspondence

Series 7: Publications

Series 8: Sales

Series 9: Blueprints & Drawings

Series 10: Drawings Lists

Series 11: Model Indexes

Series 12: Contractor Drawings
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1920 Clayton J. Bruckner, Elmwood "Sam" Junkin, and Buck Weaver formed an aircraft company known as the Weaver Aircraft Company in Troy, OH. By the 1930s the company, known as Waco Aircraft Co. since 1929, was a leader in the design of wood and fabric aircraft, with Waco aircraft being operated by public, private, and corporate owners in thirty-five countries. During World War II Waco devoted itself entirely to war production, manufacturing large numbers of troop- and cargo-carrying gliders. Following the war Waco attempted to market a wholly new design but the postwar slump in the private aviation market and the high development costs of the aircraft forced Waco to withdraw from aircraft manufacture in June 1947. During its twenty-eight year existence Waco produced sixty-two different aircraft models and led all its competitors in number of aircraft registered.
Related Archival Materials note:
Other collections within the Archives Division of the National Air and Space Museum which are relevant to Waco are as follows:

The Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers(1906-1982), Accession #XXXX-0171. Junkin was married first to George Weaver and later to Elwood Junkin, both founders of the Waco Aircraft Company.

The A. Francis Arcier(1890-1969) Collection, Accession #XXX-0072. Arcier was one of the leading engineers with the Waco Aircraft Company.

The National Air and Space Museum Archival Video Discs. Included in this collection are three blocks of Waco Aircraft photographs; prints listed by model type under the Company name in the Aircraft Finding Aid, prints listed under "Glider Aircraft" in the U.S. Air Force Collection finding aid and prints listed under the Company name in the "General Subjects" of the U.S. Air Force Collection Finding Aid.

The NASM Archives Technical Files. The documents filed under "Waco" include mostly photographs and newspaper articles. Information about some of the individual Waco employees, including Hattie Junkin and George Weaver, can be found filed under the individual's name in the biographical section of the Technical Files.
Provenance:
Ray Brandley, gift, 1970-1971, XXXX-0151
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Waco Aircraft Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Financial records
Drawings
Reports
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0151
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151
Online Media:

Report #158, Polar Diagram and Performance Estimation of Model EC Landplanes

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
05/27/32
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref100

Report #1082, Stress Analysis of Landing Gear, Models UPF-7/YPT-14

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
05/03/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1000

Report #1083, Actual Weight & Balance of Model AQC-6, (Serial No.5037), Export to Canada

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
03/28/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1001

Report #1084, Nomenclature of Technical & General Aviation Terms in Brazil

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
01/05/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1002

Report #1085, Stress Analysis of Landing Gear, Model ARE

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
04/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1003

Report #1086, General Design Data of Model ARE

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
04/17/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1004

Report #1086, Revised, General Design Data of Model ARE, (1 of2)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
06/26/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1005

Report #1086, Revised, General Design Data of Model ARE, (2 of 2)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
06/26/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1006

Report #1087, Stress Analysis of Wing Cellule, Model ARE, (1 of 5)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
08/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1007

Report #1087, Stress Analysis of Wing Cellule, Model ARE, (2 of 5)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
08/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1008

Report #1087, Stress Analysis of Wing Cellule, Model ARE, (3 of 5)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
08/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1009

Report #159, Airplanes Model UEC with 70 GAL. Fuel Capacity

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
06/01/32
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref101

Report #1087, Stress Analysis of Wing Cellule, Model ARE, (4 of 5)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
08/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1010

Report #1087, Stress Analysis of Wing Cellule, Model ARE, (5 of 5)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
08/04/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1011

Report #1088, Stress Analysis of Control Surfaces, Model ARE

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 44, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
05/22/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1012

Report #1089, Stress Analysis of Fuselage, Model ARE, (1 of 4)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 44, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
07/27/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1013

Report #1089, Stress Analysis of Fuselage, Model ARE, (2 of 4)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 44, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
07/27/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1014

Report #1089, Stress Analysis of Fuselage, Model ARE, (3 of 4)

Collection Creator:
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Container:
Box 44, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
07/27/39
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Waco Aircraft Company records
Waco Aircraft Company records / Series 1: Model Engineering Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0151-ref1015

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