Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
89958 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

United States Fish Commission laboratories

Author:
Photo Engraving Co. of New York  Search this
Subject:
United States Bureau of Fisheries  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Armory Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Engraving
Type:
Engraving
Interior
Date:
1880s
Topic:
Ichthyology  Search this
Fishery research stations  Search this
Standard number:
95-1178
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9204

United States Fish Commission laboratories

Author:
Photo Engraving Co. of New York  Search this
Subject:
United States Bureau of Fisheries  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Armory Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Engraving
Type:
Engraving
Interior
Date:
1880s
Topic:
Ichthyology  Search this
Laboratories  Search this
Fishery research stations  Search this
Standard number:
95-1177
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9205

United States Fish Commission Laboratories

Author:
Photo Engraving Co. of New York  Search this
Subject:
United States Bureau of Fisheries  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Armory Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Engraving
Type:
Engraving
Interior
Date:
1880s
Topic:
Ichthyology  Search this
Laboratories  Search this
Fishery research stations  Search this
Standard number:
95-1185
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9206

Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission

Author:
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
23 v. : ill., maps ; 23-28 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
Date:
1881
1903
1882-1904
Topic:
Fisheries  Search this
Fish culture  Search this
Call number:
SH11.A2 F53
SH11.A2 F53
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_425251

United States Fish Commission Laboratory

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
Stereoscopic photographs; 5 x 8;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Albemarle Sound (N.C.)
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fisheries  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3084]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388739

United States Fish Commission Steamer

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Research vessels  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3336]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388757

United States Fish Commission Offices

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
10 x 8;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Buildings  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3364]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388766

United States Fish Commission Records

Collector:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
4.66 Cubic feet (20 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cyanotypes
Photoengravings
Drawings
Date:
1871-1892
Scope and Contents:
Most of the collection consists of drawings, both pen and ink and pencil, photoengravings and photographs and blueprints of fish, fishermen, fishing gear, nets, traps, seines, fishing vessels both small and large, and fish processing. Some are identified by type, some by location; others lack specific identification. Many carry comments and directions for reduction. These may have been illustrations for annual or other reports and publications. Many of the photographs were taken in the 1880's and 90's. The key to a number of them is in U.S. National Museum Bulletin No. 27, which consists of descriptive catalogues of the collections sent by the United States to the International Fisheries Exhibition held in London in 1883.2 Where a photograph has been identified in Bulletin No. 27, a notation of the appropriate page number has been made on the back of the photo.

Also included is a bound, handwritten journal of the Commission with entries that relate to official actions such as its establishment, its appropriations, and Congressional authorizations for specific activities. These identify the statute or House or Senate journal entry that is applicable. The entries run from February 9, 1871 to December 24, 1892. There is an index by subject. There are some handwritten notes about fishing vessels made by Captain J. W. Collins and his partial draft manuscript describing fishing vessels. A draft of his annual report for 1884 is also included. A small amount of correspondence relates to descriptions of fishing vessels as well.
Historical Note:
The United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, established in 1871, launched and carried out the first sustained study of marine biology in the United States. It was instrumental in the artificial propagation of fish, thus increasing the country's fish resources and in concentrating attention on the preservation of natural resources. In 1877 the Commission initiated the collection of detailed and reliable data on American commercial fisheries, their modernization and improvement.

The immediate origin of the Fish Commission lay in a dispute in southern New England between the owners of traps (nets, weirs, or other means of capturing large quantities of fish) and a much larger group of fishermen who fished from small boats or the shore with single lines. Accusations that traps were responsible for the diminution in the supply of coastal fish raged. Spencer Fullerton Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, with a keen interest in marine biology had followed the dispute closely. He recognized that the practical work related to its solution would contribute to proving the utilitarian value of science and provide excellent opportunities for basic marine biological research. Backed by prominent friends and his own knowledge of the political dynamics of Washington he sought a congressional appropriation for an extended investigation of coastal fisheries.

At the request of Henry L. Dawes, chairman of the Appropriations Committee of the House of Representatives to whom Baird had turned for help, he outlined in a letter of January 3, 1971 the dispute in southern New England, including a proposal for a commission charged with determining the scientific reason for the decrease in coastal species and headed by a mediator empowered to consult with the states and seek a fair solution. As it shortly emerged from Congress the resolution established the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries. This created a body with no time limits, and without restriction as to area, thus opening the way to a national investigation. The head of this new agency was to be appointed by the President, to be an officer of the government and to serve without additional pay. With its basic authorization assured, a $5,000 appropriation was quickly approved and Spencer Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, was appointed Commissioner by President Grant. He took the oath of office on March 8, 1871.

While its appropriations for the propagation of fish far exceeded those for research, the Commission on Fish and Fisheries was influential in promoting scientific development in the federal government. In 1881 the Congress at Commissioner Baird's request, appropriated $190,000 for a sea going vessel, the Albatross, especially equipped for marine biology. He settled on Wood's Hole in Massachusetts as the site for a permanent scientific station and arranged for the purchase of the land by private subscribers such as the Johns Hopkins University, Princeton University and Williams College. Such institutions had a right to send a specialist to the station to do research. The marine biological laboratory at Wood's Hole developed into a world famous research institution.

In 1903 the independent commission became the Bureau of Fisheries in the Department of Commerce and Labor. The Bureau was transferred to the Department of the Interior in 1939 and in 1940 was merged with another bureau to become the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Interior, circa 1940.

About 1940 when the Bureau of Fisheries became part of the Department of the Interior and was renamed the Fish and Wildlife Service, most of these photographs were given to Mr. Frank Taylor of the U. S. National Museum, Department of the Interior. The collection was transferred to the Division of Transportation of the NMAH in 19 _. The collection was transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Transportation on April 10, 1987.

Many of the photographs, particularly those identified in Bulletin No. 27 of the U. S. National Museum were taken by Thomas W. Smillie on the staff of the Smithsonian and also of the U.S. National Museum.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Fishing  Search this
Fishes  Search this
Fish and fisheries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cyanotypes
Photoengravings
Drawings -- 1870-1910
Citation:
United States Fish Commission Records, 1871-1892, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0256
See more items in:
United States Fish Commission Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0256
Additional Online Media:

United States Fish Commission Railroad Car

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2523]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385270

United States Fish Commission, Fort Washington Station

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Fort Washington (Md. : Fort)
Potomac River
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fishery research stations  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3341]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388759

United States Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross"

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Albatross (Steamer)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Woods Holl (Mass.)
Date:
1882
Topic:
Research vessels  Search this
Fishery research stations  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3454]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_388898

United States Fish Commission Research Station

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Wytheville (Va.)
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fishery research stations  Search this
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3526]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_389190

United States Fish Commission Research Station

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Wytheville (Va.)
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fishery research stations  Search this
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3531]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_389191

United States Fish Commission Research Station

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Wytheville (Va.)
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fishery research stations  Search this
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-007 [MNH-3527]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_389236

United States Fish Commission Research Station

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fishery research stations  Search this
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-3726]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_389526

United States Fish Commission Ship Hatchery

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
10 x 8;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2725]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385281

United States Fish Commission Hatchery Ponds

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2966]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387729

United States Fish Commission Hatchery Ponds

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2967]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387730

United States Fish Commission Hatchery Ponds

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2968]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387731

United States Fish Commission Hatchery Ponds

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1880
1880s
Topic:
Fish hatcheries  Search this
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2969]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Public Domain
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387732

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By