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Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico

Creator:
Cordry, Donald Bush  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
93 Photographic prints
9 negatives (photographic)
24 copy negatives
Culture:
Nahua  Search this
Guerrero Nahua  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Chinantec [Chinantla]  Search this
Cora  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
Zoque  Search this
Otomi  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Copy negatives
Photographs
Negatives
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1933-1940
Summary:
Images consist mostly of portraits of the indigenous people in the Mexican states of Michoacán, Guerrero, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Oaxaca, Chiapas and Veracruz. The collection primarily contains images of Wikarika (Huichol) people, but includes images of the Purepecha (Tarasco), Guerrero Nahua, Chinantec [Chinantla], Zoque, Otomí (Otomi), Tzotzil Maya, Yoreme (Mayo) and Zapotec peoples.
Scope and Contents:
The Donald Bush Cordry collection primarily contains photographic prints and negatives made by Cordry while he collected objects from 1935 to 1938 on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Photographic materials from his private 1933 trip to Guerreo and a few taken around 1940 are also housed in the collection. The photographs depict the native peoples of the Mexican states of Chiapas, Guerrero, Michoacán, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, and Veracruz and represent people preparing food, making masks, pottery and textiles, and dressing for and participating in ceremonies. In addition there are village scenes and informal portraits of individuals. Series 1: Michoacán and Guererro States, includes images shot within the Purepecha (Tarasco) and Guererro Nahua communities between 1935 and 1936. (Negatives: N21118-N21126; Prints: P11986- P12008; Copy Negatives: N36725-N36731) Series 2: Nayarit and Sinaloa States, is the largest series and includes images shot in various Wixarika (Huichol) villages in 1937 and depicts many ceremonial functions. (Prints: P12659-P12672, P12880-P12887, P13273-P13275, P13386-P13414; Copy Negatives: N36855-N36863, N41431-N41432) Series 3: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Sonora and Mexico States, includes images from various culture groups from around 1940. These include Chinantec [Chinantla], Zoque, Otomí (Otomi), Tzotzil Maya, Yoreme (Mayo) and Zapotec. (Prints: P15052-P15053, P15202-P15203, P15347-P15348, P16553-P16562; Copy Negatives: N37306-N37307, N37335-N37336, N37506-N37507)

The photographic prints are all silver gelatin (DOP) and are a range of sizes. The majority of the negatives are copy negatives made by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation during a photo conservation project in the 1960s.
Arrangement note:
Arranged into three series by date and geographical location. Series 1: Michoacán and Guererro States: Purepecha (Tarasco), Guererro Nahua, 1933, 1935-1936; Series 2: Nayarit and Sinaloa States: Wixarika (Huichol), 1937; Series 3: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Sonora States: Various communities, circa 1940. Within each series the prints and negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Starting in high school, Donald Bush Cordry was deeply committed to theatrical set design and puppetry and while attending the Minneapolis Institute of Art began to carve his own wooden marionettes and hand puppets. In 1931, Cordry made his first trip to Mexico (Guerrero) and become fascinated by contemporary Mexican Indian art, especially mask making. In 1934, Cordry moved to New York to work as a marionette designer for puppeteer Tony Sarg and soon contacted George G. Heye to learn more about Mexican Indian art. From 1935 to 1938, Cordry collected Mexican masks and other art forms on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. On his first 1935 collecting trip for Heye, Cordry traveled throughout the states of Michoacán and Guerrero and collected carved and painted dance masks.

In 1936, Cordry married fellow artist Dorothy Mann. Shortly after their wedding, the newlyweds traveled by horseback for six months through Nayarit, Jalisco, and southern Sonora and extensively collected among and photographed the Huichol, Cora and Mayo Indians. The couple moved to Mexico in 1938, first settling in Oaxaca; in the mid-1940s, no longer working for Heye, they relocated to Mexico City. There Cordry established his own design business and produced decorative Mexican folk art-style crafts. His business was highly successful and his work was featured in House and Garden magazine. The couple moved to Cuernavaca, where in 1953 Cordry suffered a stroke and was forced to close his workshop. His stroke also put an end to his traveling and collecting activities. Deeply interested in the history and traditions of Mexican Indians, Cordry assembled an extensive reading library of pre- and post-conquest Mexico materials and together with his wife published "Costumes and Textiles of the Aztec Indians of the Cuetzalan Region, Puebla, Mexico" (1940); "The Costumes and Weaving of the Zoque Indians of Chiapas, Mexico" (1941); and, most importantly, "Mexican Indian Costumes" (1968). Cordry's monumental "Mexican Masks" (1980) was published shortly after his death. Cordry died in Cuernavaca, Mexico, at the age of 71.
Related Materials:
There are around 900 ethnographic items collected by Donald Cordry in Mexico in the National Museum of American Indian's ethnology collections. For more information about these materials contact NMAI Collections.

The National Anthropological Archives (National Museum of Natural History) holds several collections of Donald B. Cordry photographs. See: NAA Photo Lot 87-38, NAA Photo Lot 82-14, and NAA Photo Lot 80-3. The Donald Cordry Mexican mask collection at Natural History can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accession 355867.
Provenance:
The majority of the Donald Cordry photographs came to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation along with field collections in 1936 and 1938. There were additional donations of photographs made by Cordry in 1937, 1940, 1941 and 1943.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of Mexico -- Social life and cutoms  Search this
Indians of Mexico -- Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Nayarit (Mexico)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.008
See more items in:
Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-008
Online Media:

Tzotzil Maya group in a plaza

Collection Creator:
Cordry, Donald Bush  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 copy negative
Container:
Photo-folder 10
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1940
Scope and Contents:
Group of Tzotzil Maya women and young girls gathered near a plaza fountain in San Bartolomé de los Llanos, Chiapas State, Mexico. They wear traditional clothing and some hold jugs for gathering water.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.008, Item P15052
See more items in:
Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico
Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico / Series 3: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Sonora, Mexico States: Various communities
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-008-ref548

Tzotzil Maya group portrait

Collection Creator:
Cordry, Donald Bush  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 copy negative
Container:
Photo-folder 10
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1940
Scope and Contents:
Group portrait of five young Tzotzil Maya women and children in traditional clothing in San Bartolomé de los Llanos, Chiapas State, Mexico. They are posed in front of a fence.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.008, Item P15053
See more items in:
Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico
Donald B. Cordry photographs from Mexico / Series 3: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Sonora, Mexico States: Various communities
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-008-ref549

Violin

Donor Name:
Commissioner Of Chiapas  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya, Chamula  Search this
Object Type:
Violin
Place:
Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
31 Dec 1885
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
016998
USNM Number:
E93552-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/324487c6d-83b1-4eb3-977b-1781f7ebf155
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8487673

Transverse Pottery Flute "Flauto"

Donor Name:
Commissioner Of Chiapas  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya, Chamula  Search this
Object Type:
Flute
Place:
Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
31 Dec 1885
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
016998
USNM Number:
E93554-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bf7d7e9f-c368-473b-8c0c-36740caa0f6b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8487675

Man's Belt "Schuk Vinik"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Belt
Place:
Santiago, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419550-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3040f7b0e-819a-40f5-873a-5c8bddca4803
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452026

Scarf With Corner Tassels "Pok'"

Collector:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Robert M. Laughlin  Search this
Length - Object:
95 cm
Width - Object:
98 cm
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya, Chamula  Search this
Object Type:
Scarf
Place:
San Juan Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
5 Sep 1986
Collection Date:
1980
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
359007
USNM Number:
E423107-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/373953d9d-7b74-482c-9afc-dfd18ad93dc2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8456089

Man's Costume

Donor Name:
Richard Ceough  Search this
Culture:
Tzeltal Maya  Search this
Tzotzil Maya, Chamula  Search this
Object Type:
Poncho / Trousers / Belt / Hat / Sandal
Place:
Tenejapa, Near San Cristobal Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
31 Mar 1943
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
164992
USNM Number:
E382775-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/356743ca4-b22d-403b-bd42-952384950a00
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8418043
Online Media:

Woman's Blouse "Luchbil K'U7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Blouse
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419528-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c8f58e2c-9d3a-4508-a58f-bb49a9e78633
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452001

Woman's Blouse "Luchbil Khu7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Blouse
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419529-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3da44de11-4a31-4029-9da2-acfdfc080452
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452002

Woman's Belt "Chukil"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Belt
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419530-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33e3a9d3f-f8cb-4eb6-b260-1586174c5a47
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452004

Woman's Blouse "Jalbil K'U7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Blouse
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419531-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bd33e3e4-d6ae-4a9f-989b-03142f1cdc32
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452005

Woman's Skirt "Tzekil"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Skirt
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419532-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39df02829-76e9-471b-96ca-49ffbbd67692
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452006

Tortilla Bag "Pak'Al Vaj"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Bag
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419533-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f5c217db-85b1-4aae-82ac-b840130e7bb3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452007

Girl's Blouse "7unen K'U7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Blouse
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419534-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3dd1d7631-0203-492d-a142-9e99242600d7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452008
Online Media:

Man's Pants "Vexal"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Trousers
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419535-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31b6e77ab-a46c-4990-8524-b4a3feee60d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452009

Man's Belt "Chukil"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Belt
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419536-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35a202c57-28cf-4a3d-9ea8-70d7e2f18bf6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452010

Man's Hat

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Hat
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419537-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30327b445-89fa-4fdc-8800-9b783d2abef2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452011
Online Media:

Man's Shirt, "Tzajal K'Ob K'U7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Shirt
Place:
San Andres Larrainzar, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419541-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cf4dea0c-48e9-45ef-9241-194e366d041f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452016

Woman's Blouse "Luchbil K'U7il"

Donor Name:
Walter F. Morris Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Object Type:
Blouse
Place:
Magdalenas, Chiapas, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
4 Aug 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
332766
USNM Number:
E419542-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/353de95b9-7ac6-4470-9e25-c4e6c57a43d9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8452017

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