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Library of Congress Copyright Office photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Library of Congress. Copyright Office  Search this
Photographer:
Alfred S. Campbell Art Co.  Search this
Alligator Farm  Search this
Art Foto Company  Search this
Bailey Company  Search this
C. C. Pierce & Company  Search this
Case & Draper  Search this
Cobbs, The  Search this
Cornish & Baker  Search this
Crippen & Reese  Search this
Curtis & Miller  Search this
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
Frashers Inc.  Search this
Fred Harvey (Firm)  Search this
H.H. Bennett Studio  Search this
Harrison & Harris  Search this
Heyn & Matzen  Search this
James & Pierce  Search this
John F. Byrnes & Co.  Search this
Karl E. Moon & Co.  Search this
Kendrick Studio  Search this
Kesir Brothers  Search this
Lewiston Business College  Search this
Locke & Peterson  Search this
Lomen Bros.  Search this
Mary Ann Studio  Search this
McIllheney & Engstrom  Search this
Mishler & Walker  Search this
National Art Co.  Search this
Osborne Company  Search this
Perry & Petrik  Search this
Robinsons, The  Search this
Rose & Hopkins  Search this
Smith & Hassel  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Adams, Ira Clay  Search this
Allyn, Harry J.  Search this
Anderson, J. A. (John Alvin), 1869-1948  Search this
Anderson, John F.  Search this
Anderson, Oliver P. (Oliver Phelps)  Search this
Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948  Search this
Arnold, C. D. (Charles Dudley), 1844-1927  Search this
Arnold, John J.  Search this
Baker, A. J.  Search this
Bakey, William August  Search this
Black, T. Henry  Search this
Blessing, J. Lynne  Search this
Blotcky, Abraham G.  Search this
Boag, W. J. (William John)  Search this
Boos, Edward H.  Search this
Bortell, P. Clinton  Search this
Bowman, W. S. (Walter S.)  Search this
Bradford, C. S. (Charles Sydney)  Search this
Brady, Ferdinand  Search this
Bratley, J. H. (Jesse H.)  Search this
Brewster, Arthur J.  Search this
Britain, J. W.  Search this
Buchman, Albert R.  Search this
Bunnell, S. U.  Search this
Burke, F. P. (Frank P.)  Search this
Carpenter, A. C.  Search this
Clark, R. H.  Search this
Cline, Walter M., 1873-1941  Search this
Collins, J. W.  Search this
Cornish, Geo. B. (George Bancroft)  Search this
Countryman, Edwin W., 1872-1946  Search this
Crossland, W. R.  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davis, Trevor M.  Search this
Dean, F. E.  Search this
Distin, William  Search this
Dixon, Joseph K. (Joseph Kossuth)  Search this
Dobbs, B. B. (Beverly Bennett)  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Drake, J. D.  Search this
Drum, O.  Search this
Duckwall, David Thomas Jr  Search this
Eickemeyer, Carl  Search this
Eklund, Hildore C.  Search this
Ellingson, M. A. (Martin A.)  Search this
Emery, C. E. (Charles E.)  Search this
Endner, Harry W.  Search this
Evans, Wilmot R.  Search this
Fair, Henry, 1856-  Search this
Faulk, B. J.  Search this
Fawcett, Waldon  Search this
Fewkes, John  Search this
Fine, Eben G.  Search this
Fishbaugh, W. A. (William A.)  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Fitch, W. T.  Search this
Fly, M. E.  Search this
Forrest, Earle R. (Earle Robert), 1883-1969  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Freeman, Emma B., 1880-1928  Search this
Fully, Albert  Search this
Gifford, Benjamin A.  Search this
Gifford, Ralph  Search this
Gilpin, Laura  Search this
Glasier, E. C. (Emma C.)  Search this
Glasier, F. W. (Frederick W.)  Search this
Goetze, O. D. (Otto Daniel)  Search this
Gonner, F. (Frank)  Search this
Grabill, John C. H.  Search this
Grady, M. A.  Search this
Graves, Faye, -1945  Search this
Hakkerup, N. L. (N. Larson)  Search this
Hall, A. W.  Search this
Hall, Fred G.  Search this
Hamilton, James R.  Search this
Hance, G. W. (George W.)  Search this
Hand, Fred  Search this
Haran, J. A.  Search this
Harrison, J. V.  Search this
Hartwell, Sidney R.  Search this
Haynes, Jack Ellis, 1884-1962  Search this
Hebard, Grace Raymond, 1861-1936  Search this
Herman, Eddie  Search this
Hibbard, C. J.  Search this
Hill, Eva M.  Search this
Hill, Harry E., 1869-1937  Search this
Homan, Edward Jr  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Hunt, P. S. (Phinney S.), 1866-1917  Search this
Ingersoll, T. W. (Truman Ward), 1862-1922  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Jansrud, J. C.  Search this
Jensen, W. F.  Search this
Johnson, George W.  Search this
Johnson, Jessamine Spear, 1886-  Search this
Johnson, John A.  Search this
Jones, Ida  Search this
Kellogg, P. H.  Search this
Kern, Bernhard  Search this
Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)  Search this
Kinsey, Darius, 1869-1945  Search this
Kip, Benjamin M.  Search this
Kiser, Fred H.  Search this
Knott, Franklin Price  Search this
La Roche, Frank, 1853-1934  Search this
Langdon, J. W. (John Warren)  Search this
Lange, William  Search this
Ledford, Duke E.  Search this
Lewis, Anna  Search this
Linton, Esther Letitia, 1866-  Search this
Logston, E. W.  Search this
Lubken, Walter J., 1881-1960  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacKenzie, Colin (Colin H.)  Search this
Markham, B. C. (Benjamin Clayton)  Search this
Markley, Iris  Search this
Matthews, George L.  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
McAllister, William O.  Search this
McClintock, Walter, 1870-1949  Search this
McKay, R. H. (Rollin H.)  Search this
McKee, Thomas M., 1854-1939  Search this
McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944  Search this
Mcbride, C. C.  Search this
Meiser, J. A. (Jesse A.)  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mercer, Anson Cary  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merryman, Aubrey Ewert  Search this
Metcalfe, Frederick Andrew  Search this
Meyers, Henry C.  Search this
Miller, James A.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929  Search this
Moore, F. E. (Frank E.)  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee, 1850-1926  Search this
Morris, Charles E.  Search this
Morris, T. A.  Search this
Murray, Sylvia E.  Search this
Newcomb, Alta Ida  Search this
Newton, Warren Z.  Search this
Norcott, Culver K.  Search this
Northrup, Dale O.  Search this
Nowell, Frank H., 1864-1950  Search this
Oakes, Mortimer L.  Search this
Oliver, Warren Mack  Search this
Palmer, Frank, 1864-1920  Search this
Palmer, G. E.  Search this
Parker, Robert Gish  Search this
Peabody, Henry G. (Henry Greenwood), 1855-1951  Search this
Peeso, Frederick E.  Search this
Pennington, William M.  Search this
Percy, Henry George  Search this
Phelan, A. B.  Search this
Pickett, W. B.  Search this
Plank, Henriette A.  Search this
Pleissner, Ogden M.  Search this
Poley, H. S. (Horace Swartley)  Search this
Porter, Milton E. (Milton Edson)  Search this
Powell, Tod  Search this
Prestbus, Ingemar  Search this
Price, Robert C.  Search this
Putnam, A.  Search this
Quick, Floyd Edgar  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rauderbaugh  Search this
Reading, R. L.  Search this
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Rice, Thomas J.  Search this
Risem, A.  Search this
Robinson, K. E.  Search this
Rogers, May S.  Search this
Ross, D. F.  Search this
Rosser, J. H.  Search this
Rowland, Perley C.  Search this
Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
San Jule, F. E.  Search this
Schwemberger, Simeon  Search this
Scott, Frances  Search this
Shattuck, Rena  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Shipman, B. J.  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Siebert, Edward S.  Search this
Smith, Benjamin A.  Search this
Smith, Erminnie A. (Erminnie Adele), 1836-1886  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Spencer, George A.  Search this
Splawn, A. J.  Search this
Spurr, E. Willard  Search this
Squires, C. F.  Search this
Starrh, Thomas M.  Search this
Stephenson, Benton E.  Search this
Stevens, J. E.  Search this
Stimson, Joseph Elam, 1870-1952  Search this
Stonecipher, C. U.  Search this
Strakal, Chris J.  Search this
Sweney, Dallas R.  Search this
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924  Search this
Tancred, Douglas  Search this
Tangen, Ed, 1873-1951  Search this
Tanner, W. S.  Search this
Taylor, G. S. (Gracie S.)  Search this
Tees, Howard  Search this
Terry, John Jesse  Search this
Thedens, Fred R.  Search this
Thomas, Arthur  Search this
Thompson, Lucy, 1856-  Search this
Thompson, P. T.  Search this
Throssel, Richard, d. 1933  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Truman, Edward  Search this
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Turner, Thomas  Search this
Van Oeyen, L.  Search this
Waite, C. B. (Charles Betts), 1861-1927  Search this
Wallace, H. J.  Search this
Warren, O. B.  Search this
Waterman, O. W.  Search this
Wheeler, C. S.  Search this
White, Lily E.  Search this
Wolf, C. A.  Search this
Wores, Theodore, 1858-1939  Search this
Young, F. A. (Fred Andrew)  Search this
Names:
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928 (photographer or copyright claimant)  Search this
Extent:
6,085 Mounted prints (circa, albumen, collodion, silver gelatin, platinum)
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Kato Indians  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Haida  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Palouse  Search this
Duwamish (Dwamish)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Tlakluit Indians  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Interior Salish  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Peoria  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Swinomish Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Oto  Search this
Osage  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Wailaki Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Zia Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Yuki Indians  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Twana Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Wappo Indians  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Walla Walla Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Yaqui Indians  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Cowichan  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Chehalis  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Chimakum  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1890s-1920s
1860s-1930s
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs relating to Native Americans, which were submitted to the copyright office of the Library of Congress in and around the early 20th century. Many of the photographs are studio portraits as well as photographs made as part of expeditions and railroad surveys. It includes images of people, dwellings and other structures, agriculture, arts and crafts, burials, ceremonies and dances, games, food preparation, transportation, and scenic views. Some of the photographs were posed to illustrate literary works, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha, while others depict paintings or other artwork.

Tribes represented are Achomawi, Ahtena, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cahita, Cahuilla, Cayuse, Chehalis, Chemehuevi, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chimakum, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Clatsop, Cocopa, Comanche, Cowichan, Cree, Creek, Crow, Dakota, Duwamish, Eskimo, Fox, Gros Ventre (Atsina), Gros Ventre (Hidatsa), Haida, Havasupai, Hoh, Hupa, Iroquois (including Mohawk, Onandaga, Seneca, and St. Regis), Kalispel, Karok, Kato, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Klickitat, Kutenai, Kwakiutl, Maidu, Makah, Mandan, Maricopa, Menominee, Miwok, Mohave, Mono, Navaho, Nez Perce, Nootka, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Paiute, Paloos, Papago, Passamaquoddy, Pawnee, Peoria, Pima, Pomo, Ponca, Potawatomi, Pueblo (including Acoma, Cochiti, Hano, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, Sia, San Juan, Taos, Tesuque, and Zuni), Quahatika, Quapaw, Queets, Quileute, Quinault, Salish (including Flathead), Sarsi, Sauk and Fox, Seminole, Shawnee, Shoshoni, Sinkiuse, Skitswish, Spokan, Swinomish, Tenino, Tlingit, Tolowa, Tonkawa, Tsimshian, Twana, Umatilla, Ute, Wailaki, Walapai, Wallawalla, Wampanoag, Wappo, Wasco, Washo, Wichita, Winnebago, Wishram, Yakima, Yavapai, Yokuts, Yuki, Yuma, and Yurok.
Arrangement:
Collection is organized alphabetically by copyright claimant.
Biographical/Historical note:
The collection was formed from submissions made to the Library of Congress as part of the copyright registration process. In 1949, arrangements were made to allow the Bureau of American Ethnology to copy the collection and some negatives were made at that time, largely from the Heyn and Matzen photographs. The project was soon abandoned, however, as too large an undertaking for the facilities of the BAE. In 1957-1958, arrangements were begun by William C. Sturtevant of the BAE to transfer a set of the photographs from the Library of Congress to the BAE.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 59
Provenance:
In 1965, the Bureau merged with the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and in 1968 the Office of Anthropology Archives transformed into the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 59, Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.59
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-59

MS 1766 The Twana, Chemakum, and Clallam Indians of Washington Territory; a historic account prepared for the press

Creator:
Eells, Myron, 1843-1907  Search this
Extent:
440 Pages
Culture:
Twana -- Place names  Search this
Chimakum  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Twana -- population  Search this
Twana -- Food  Search this
Twana -- Drugs  Search this
Twana -- Medicine  Search this
Twana -- Hunting  Search this
Twana -- Fishing  Search this
Twana -- Utensils  Search this
Twana -- Dwellings  Search this
Twana -- Pipes  Search this
Twana -- Clothing  Search this
Twana -- War  Search this
Twana -- Body decoration  Search this
Twana -- Weapons  Search this
Twana -- Transportation  Search this
Twana -- adornment  Search this
Twana -- Numbers  Search this
Twana -- Amusements  Search this
Twana -- Games  Search this
Twana -- Dance  Search this
Twana -- Music  Search this
Twana -- Basketry  Search this
Twana -- Hide preparation  Search this
Twana -- Woodwork  Search this
Twana Indians  Search this
Twana -- Folklore  Search this
Twana -- Marriage  Search this
Twana -- Children  Search this
Twana -- Cannibalism  Search this
Twana -- Puberty rites  Search this
Twana -- Potlatch  Search this
Twana -- Mortuary customs  Search this
Twana -- Government  Search this
Twana -- Law  Search this
Twana -- Religion  Search this
Twana -- Masks  Search this
Twana -- Archeology  Search this
Twana -- Oratory  Search this
Twana -- Time  Search this
Twana -- Art  Search this
Twana -- language  Search this
Twana -- Agriculture  Search this
Twana -- Gambling  Search this
Twana -- Ceremonies  Search this
Twana -- Education  Search this
Twana -- Sweat house  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
April, 1879
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Part I-Man. A. Names, locations, and divisions of the tribes. Twanas, Chemakums, Clallams. B. History. C. Population, and causes affecting. D. Progress: In medical practice. In house building. In dress. In implements. In social customs. In education. In morals. In religion. Part II- Surroundings. A. Inorganic. Outline, etc., of Territory. Geology, economic. Climate. Minerals. C. Social. Travels. Commerce. Part III.- Culture. Chapter 1- Means of subsistance: A. Food. Fish and marine mammals. Shell fish. Roots and branches. Wild fruits. Land mammals. Birds. Salt. Cooking. Storing. B. Drinks. Infusions. Ardent spirits. C. Narcotics. D. Savors. E. Medicines. Chapter II- Habitations and other structures and their appurtenance: A. Houses for human occupancy. Potlatch houses. Sweat houses. Large dwelling-houses. Flat-roofed dwelling-houses. Houses with the roof wholly on one side. Government houses. Mat houses. Half-circle camps. Tents of cotton cloth. Out-buildings. B. Appurtenances to dwellings. Doors. Fireplaces. Material for building. C. Furniture and utensils. Beds. Rugs. Mats. Chapter III- Household vessels and utensils: A. For holding water, food, etc. Baskets. Boxes. Dishes. B. For preparing food. C. For serving and eating food. Mats. Baskets. Plate and troughs. Trays. Ladles. Stone dishes. Pipes. Napkins. D. Miscellaneous. Torches.
Chapter IV- Clothing: d. Head clothing. Hats. E. Body clothing. Pantaloons, shirts, and coats. Blankets. Mat-coats. F. Arm clothing. G. Leg and foot clothing. H. Parts of dress. Lace. Fastenings. Fringes. Bead-work. I. Receptacles for dress. Boxes. Baskets. Chapter V- Personal adornments: A. Skin ornamentation. Tattooing. Painting. B. Head ornaments. Head bands. Plumes. Ear pendants. C. Neck ornaments. Necklaces. D. Breast ornaments. E. Ornaments for the limbs. Bracelets. Finger-rings. F. Toilet articles. Combs. Chapter VI- Implements. (I) Of general use. Knives. Axes, and adzes. Wedges. Chisels. Hammers. Awls. (II) Of war and the chase. A. Weapons for striking. Clubs. B. Throwing weapons. Strings and shots. Fire-pots. C. Cutting weapons. D. Thrusting weapons. Spears. E. Projectile weapons. Bows and arrows. Cases for projectiles. F. Defensive weapons. (III) Implements of special use. A. For stone working. C. For bow and arrow-making. D. Fishing implements. Spears and hooks. Traps and nets. Bouys. Sinkers. F. For leather-working. G. Builder's tool. K. For procuring and manufacturing food. L. Agricultural implements. M. For basket-working. Tools. Ornamentation. N. For working fiber. Hacklers. Spindles. Looms. P. For special crafts. Painting. Dyeing. Sand paper. Rope and strings. Of vegetable matter. Of animal matter.
Chapter VII- Locomotion and transportation. A. Traveling by water. Canoes. Large canoes. Shovel canoes. Small canoes. B. Accessories to water travel. Poles. Paddles. Oars. Sails. Rudders. Anchors. Bailing vessels. C. Foot traveling. Snow shoes. D. Land conveyances. Chapter VIII- Measuring and valuing. A. Counting. B. Measuring. Time. Length. Quality. C. Valuing. Chapter IX- Games and pastimes. With bones. A. Gambling: With disks. Women's games. Cards. B. Field sports and festive games. Dancing. Horse-racing. Shooting. Children's plays. Chapter XI- Music: Instruments and accompaniments. Songs. Boat songs. Patriotic songs. Gambling songs. Nursery songs. Funeral songs. War songs. Religious songs. Chapter XII- Art: On baskets. On cloth. On skin. On wood. Carvings. On horn and bone. On metal. On stone. Chapter XIII- Language and literature. A. Language. The Twana. The Skwaksin. The Chemakum. The Chinook jargon. The English language. B. Literature: Tales about thunder and lightning. Tales about the Sun. Proverbs of the Clallams. Fables of the Twanas. The pheasant and the raven. The enchanted husband. The colcine Indian and the wolf. Domesticating wolves. Modern orations.
Chapter XIV- Domestic life: A. Marriage. B. Children. Cradling. Naming. C. Women. Puberty dance. Chapter XV- Social life and customs: A. Eating. B. Cannibalism. C. Potlatches. Potlatch Number 1. Dancing. Gambling. Tamanous. Eating. The potlatch proper, or distribution of gifts. Learning. Potlatch Number 2. Potlatch Number 3. D. Funeral and burial customs. 1st Period. 2nd Period: canoe burial. 3rd Period: scaffold burial in cemeteries. 4th Period: burial in the ground with Indian accessories. 5th Period: civilized burial. Funeral ceremonies. Mourning observances. Cemeteries. Progress. Chapter XVI- Government. A. Organization. B. Laws and regulations. Division of Labor. Property rights. Chapter XVII- Religion. A. Objects and implements of reverence and worship. Supreme Being. Demons. Angelic spirits. Inanimate objects. Images, pictures, etc. Water. Idols. The sun. Implements of worship. Hand-sticks (wands). Head bands. Drums. Rattles. Masks. B. Holy places C. Ecclesiastical organization. Medicine men. Rain-makers.
D. Sacred rites. Tamanous. Finding tamanous. Using tamanous. Tamanous for wind. Tamanous for gambling. Tamanous to produce and cure illness. The crazy tamanous. Tamanous for the living. Tamanous for lost souls. Black tamanous. Purification. Sacrifice. Dancing. E. Myths and traditions. The Flood. Ants. Snakes. F. Beliefs. Dreams. Future existence. Incarnation and metamorphoses. Chapter XVIII- Archeology: Stone age. Skeletons. Shell heaps. List of archeological items in the book.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1766
Other Title:
The pheasant and the raven
The enchanted husband
The colcine Indian and the wolf
Topic:
Names, tribal -- Twana  Search this
Names, tribal -- Chemakum  Search this
Names, tribal -- Clallam  Search this
Names, place -- Twana  Search this
Names, place -- Chemakum  Search this
Names, place -- Clallam  Search this
Food preparation -- Twana  Search this
Food preparation -- Chemakum  Search this
Food preparation -- Clallam  Search this
Drugs -- Twana  Search this
Drugs -- Chemakum  Search this
Drugs -- Clallam  Search this
Medicine -- Twana  Search this
Medicine -- Chemakum  Search this
Hunting -- Twana  Search this
Medicine -- Clallam  Search this
Hunting -- Chemakum  Search this
Hunting -- Clallam  Search this
Fishing -- Twana  Search this
Fishing -- Chemakum  Search this
Fishing -- Clallam  Search this
Pipes -- Twana  Search this
Pipes -- Chemakum  Search this
Pipes -- Clallam  Search this
Clothing -- Twana  Search this
Clothing -- Chemakum  Search this
Clothing -- Clallam  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Twana  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Chemakum  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Clallam  Search this
War -- Twana  Search this
War -- Chemakum  Search this
War -- Clallam  Search this
Weapons -- Twana  Search this
Weapons -- Chemakum  Search this
Weapons -- Clallam  Search this
Transportation -- Twana  Search this
Transportation -- Chemakum  Search this
Transportation -- Clallam  Search this
Numbers -- Twana  Search this
Numbers -- Chemakum  Search this
Numbers -- Clallam  Search this
Games and toys -- Twana  Search this
Games and toys -- Chemakum  Search this
Games and toys -- Clallam  Search this
Dance -- Twana  Search this
Dance -- Chemakum  Search this
Dance -- Clallam  Search this
Music -- Twana  Search this
Music -- Chemakum  Search this
Music -- Clallam  Search this
Basket making -- Twana  Search this
Basket making -- Chemakum  Search this
Basket making -- Clallam  Search this
Hide preparation -- Twana  Search this
Hide preparation -- Chemakum  Search this
Hide preparation -- Clallam  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Twana  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Chemakum  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Clallam  Search this
Marriage and family -- Twana  Search this
Marriage and family -- Chemakum  Search this
Marriage and family -- Clallam  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Twana  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Chemakum  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Clallam  Search this
Cannibalism -- Twana  Search this
Cannibalism -- Chemakum  Search this
Cannibalism -- Clallam  Search this
Puberty rites -- Twana  Search this
Puberty rites -- Chemakum  Search this
Puberty rites -- Clallam  Search this
Potlatch -- Twana  Search this
Potlatch -- Chemakum  Search this
Potlatch -- Clallam  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Twana  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Chemakum  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Clallam  Search this
Religion -- Twana  Search this
Religion -- Chemakum  Search this
Religion -- Clallam  Search this
Masks -- Twana  Search this
Masks -- Chemakum  Search this
Masks -- Clallam  Search this
Oratory -- Twana  Search this
Oratory -- Chemakum  Search this
Oratory -- Clallam  Search this
Time -- Twana  Search this
Time -- Chemakum  Search this
Time -- Clallam  Search this
Gambling -- Chemakum  Search this
Gambling -- Clallam  Search this
Gambling -- Twana  Search this
Sweat house -- Twana  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Clallam (Klallam)  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1766, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1766
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1766

MS 649 Upper Chehalis Vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Creator:
Eells, Myron, 1843-1907  Search this
Informant:
Big Sam, Upper Chehalis  Search this
Davis, Marion Upper Chehalis  Search this
Extent:
98 Pages
Culture:
Upper Chehalis  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
January - March 1885
Biographical / Historical:
Informants: Marion Davis and Big Sam, Chehalis Indians living among Twana Indians.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 649
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Upper Chehalis language  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 649, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS649
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms649
Online Media:

MS 722 Tooanhooch Vocabulary

Collector:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Twana Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 722
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 722, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS722
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms722

MS 655 Twana vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Collector:
Eells, Myron, 1843-1907  Search this
Extent:
87 Pages
Culture:
Twana Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Skokomish Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
January-August 1878
Scope and Contents:
Contains 923 terms.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 655
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 655, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS655
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms655

Burden basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
30 x 25 x 30 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7918
Barcode:
057918.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6da5f3ad5-cf3b-45e1-8473-049929fb1362
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62487
Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Cedar bark, rush/rushes
Techniques:
Twined, coiled
Dimensions:
45 x 7 x 30 cm
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7871
Barcode:
057871.000
See related items:
Twana
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6307f4b26-5364-4c49-9b21-07ae0c20c9c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62440
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Vegetal Fiber
Techniques:
Coiled
Dimensions:
39 x 29 x 12 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7895
Barcode:
057895.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6238093e2-2079-4ff6-91a9-af12b9a852ea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62464
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
22 x 20 x 13 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7890
Barcode:
057890.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6450309eb-f22a-4026-b198-438bdc5198cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62459
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
14 x 13 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7876
Barcode:
057876.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ec757009-af5a-4ebd-95f3-524089ccc9ac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62445
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
24 x 21 x 23 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7922
Barcode:
057922.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b4af1672-97df-43bd-b947-085055589f9c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62491
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
25 x 21 x 19 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7879
Barcode:
057879.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65c7dc324-411b-48cd-8208-1bc7ca618b1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62448
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
33 x 20 x 15 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7909
Barcode:
057909.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws694080d50-89d5-4353-9161-3f07d7544a54
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62478
Online Media:

Burden basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
35 x 29 x 30 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7924
Barcode:
057924.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65f84f5c7-066b-4f48-915b-6f86259bb42c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62493
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
probably Twana (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Judge Nathan Bijur, Non-Indian, 1862-1930  Search this
Lilly Prochownick Bijur (Mrs. Nathan Bijur), Non-Indian, 1867-1944  Search this
Harry Bijur (Harry Ash Bijur), Non-Indian, 1887-1972  Search this
Madeline Bijur (Mrs. Harry Bijur), Non-Indian, 1901-1982  Search this
Seller:
Harry Bijur (Harry Ash Bijur), Non-Indian, 1887-1972  Search this
Madeline Bijur (Mrs. Harry Bijur), Non-Indian, 1901-1982  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Cattail, wood, hide thong/babiche, cedar root/roots
Techniques:
Twined
Dimensions:
30 x 30 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
20/8282
Barcode:
208282.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws609a7ea32-479b-4c4d-afa0-261c930892d5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_222581
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Cattail, bear grass, raffia
Techniques:
Twined
Dimensions:
21 x 15 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7882
Barcode:
057882.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68b16d3c0-6da0-4b8c-818d-5226ec84fb16
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62451
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
probably Twana (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Edward M. Bratter, Non-Indian, 1905-1957  Search this
Donor:
Edward M. Bratter, Non-Indian, 1905-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Cedar bark, conifer root, bear grass, cherry bark
Techniques:
Twined
Dimensions:
24 x 32 x 24 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
1900-1930
Catalog Number:
22/5165
Barcode:
225165.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws674cd030b-35aa-4721-9284-13cb6331cd10
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_240030
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
29 x 24 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7883
Barcode:
057883.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66435e235-725d-46e6-ac34-28ca67374196
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62452
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Conifer root, grass, bark
Techniques:
Coiled, imbricated
Dimensions:
38 x 30 x 22 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7894
Barcode:
057894.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64b58d72a-2cae-45fb-a24e-4a0d83227d62
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62463
Online Media:

Burden basket with burden strap/tumpline

Culture/People:
Twana  Search this
Collector:
Leo J. Frachtenberg (Leo Joachim Frachtenberg/Leo J. Frachtenburg), Non-Indian, 1883-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket with burden strap/tumpline
Media/Materials:
Cattail, bear grass
Techniques:
Twined, plaited
Dimensions:
28 x 20 x 20 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Tulalip, Tulalip Reservation; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
5/7884
Barcode:
057884.000
See related items:
Twana
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws639d1fbf2-d491-4f28-8e20-2981acd4a2c0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_62453
Online Media:

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