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Gathering Autumn Leaves

Artist:
Winslow Homer, American, 1836–1910  Search this
Medium:
Brush and oil paint on wood panel
Type:
figures
Painting
Object Name:
Painting
Made in:
USA
Date:
ca. 1877
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Savage Homer, Jr.
Accession Number:
1917-14-3
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1917-14-3

Venus and Cupid Sleeping

Artist:
Gérard de Lairesse, Dutch, 1641–1711  Search this
Medium:
Engraving on white laid paper
Type:
figures
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
Netherlands
Date:
ca. 1700
Accession Number:
1957-41-228
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1957-41-228

Oeuvre

Designer:
Jean Bérain the Elder, French, 1640–1711  Search this
Medium:
Etching on off white laid paper.
Type:
ornament
Book
Object Name:
Book
Made in:
France
Date:
ca. 1709
Credit Line:
Purchased for the Museum by the Advisory Council
Accession Number:
1921-6-201
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1921-6-201
Online Media:

No title

Inventor:
François Boucher, French, 1703–1770  Search this
Type:
albums (bound) & books
Book of engravings
Object Name:
Book of engravings
Made in:
France
Date:
1703–70
Credit Line:
Purchased for the Museum by the Advisory Council
Accession Number:
1921-6-203
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1921-6-203
Online Media:

Le Schoenburg from river

Medium:
Glass
Object Name:
Slide
Type:
Slide
Date:
20th century
Credit Line:
Gift of Miss Frances Morris
Accession Number:
1945-201-89
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1945-201-89

Lilian Swann Saarinen papers

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Names:
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Faculty  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc.  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Armitage, Merle, 1893-1975  Search this
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry, 1899-1963  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Weese, Harry, 1915-1998  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1909-1977
Summary:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.

Biographical material consists of resumes and biographical sketches, as well as a 1951 blueprint for the Eero Saarinen and Associates Office Building in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Correspondence documents Saarinen's personal and professional life through letters to and from Eero Saarinen and other family members, including six letters from Loja Saarinen; correspondence with artists and architects, including Merle Armitage, Charles and Ray Eames, Carl Koch, Henry Kreis, Carl Milles, Laszlo and Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, Robert Venturi, and Harry Weese; and friends and colleagues at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and Knoll Associates. Also documented is Saarinen's business relationship with Midtown Galleries and Caresse Crosby, and publishers and publications including Child Life, Interiors, Otava Publishing Company, and Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc.

Writings and Notes document Saarinen's work on several children's publications, including Picture Book Zoo (1935) and Who Am I? (1946), through correspondence, notes, manuscript drafts, and extensive sketches. This series also includes Saarinen's ideas for other publications and incorporates some early writings and notes, as well as typescripts of her reminiscences about Eliel Saarinen, the Saarinen family, and the Cranbrook Academy of Art.

Diaries consist of bound diary volumes, loose-leaf journal entries, and heavily annotated engagement calendars, documenting Saarinen's personal life, artistic aspirations, and career development from the 1930s-1970s. This material provides a deeply personal view of the emotional landscape of Saarinen's life, her struggles to balance her identity as a working artist with the roles of wife, mother, and homemaker, and the complex, and often competing, relationships within the renowned architectural family into which she married.

Project files document Saarinen's work on book cover designs, federal and post office commissions in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, reliefs for the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, and other important commissions including the Harbor National Bank Clock in Boston, Massachusetts, the KLM Airlines installation at JFK Airport, the Fountain of Noah sculpture at the Northland Center in Detroit, Michigan, and the interior of Toffenetti's restaurant in Chicago, Illinois. Also documented is her role in designs for the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, with Eero Saarinen.

Teaching files document Saarinen's "Language of Clay Course" which she taught at Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Financial records document exhibition and sales expenses for two exhibitions, including her show at G Place Gallery in 1944.

Printed material consists of clippings about Saarinen and her family, exhibition announcements and catalogs for herself and others, and reference files from the 1930s-1940s, primarily comprising clippings of animals.

Additional printed material documenting Saarinen's career can be found in one of two scrapbooks found in the collection. An additional scrapbook consists of clippings relating primarily to Saarinen's parents.

Artwork comprises extensive sketches, particularly animal and figure sketches, in graphite, crayon, ink, pastel, and watercolor. The sketches demonstrate in particular Saarinen's developing interest in and skill with animal portraiture from her childhood to the 1960s.

Photographs are primarily of artwork and Saarinen's 1944 exhibition at G Place Gallery. Also found are one negative of Saarinen, probably with Eero Saarinen, and a group photo including Lilian, Eero, and Eliel Saarinen with the model for the Detroit Civic Center, circa 1940s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1930s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1974 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 8, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1920s-1973 (1.3 linear feet, Boxes 2-3, 8, OVs 13-16)

Series 4: Diaries, 1930-1973 (1.4 linear feet, Boxes 3-5, 8)

Series 5: Project Files, 1931-1966 (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 5-6, 8, OVs 17-19)

Series 6: Teaching Files, 1966-1970 (3 folders, Box 6)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1940s-1970s (2 folders, Box 6)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1930s-1970s (0.2 linear feet, Box 6)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, circa 1909-1974 (2 folders; Boxes 6, 9)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1920s-circa 1960s (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 6-7, 9-10, OVs 20-27)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1940s, 1977 (0.5 linear feet, Boxes 7, 11, OV 27)
Biographical / Historical:
Cambridge artist and sculptor, Lilian Swann Saarinen (1912-1995), studied at the Art Students League with Alexander Archipenko in 1928, and later with Albert Stewart and Heninz Warneke from 1934-1936, before moving to Michigan where she studied with Carl Milles at the Cranbrook Academy of Art from 1936-1940. Saarinen was an accomplished skier and a member of the 1936 US Olympic ski team.

At Cranbrook, Swann met architect Eero Saarinen, whom she married in 1939. She subsequently worked with Saarinen's design group on a variety of projects, including the Westward Expansion Memorial, which later became known as the "Gateway Arch" in St. Louis. Lilian and Eero had a son, Eric, and a daughter, Susie, before divorcing in 1953.

Saarinen, who had developed an affinity for drawing animals in childhood, specialized in animal portraits in a variety of sculptural media. In 1939, she exhibited her sculpture Night, which depicted Bagheera the panther from Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, at the World's Fair. The sculpture was placed in the Boston Public Garden in 1986. In the 1930s and 1940s Saarinen was commissioned to work on a variety of architectural projects, including reliefs for post offices in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, and the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois. She also executed commissions for the Harbor National Bank in Boston, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) at JFK Airport, the Northland shopping Center in Detroit Michigan, and Toffenetti's Restaurant in Chicago.

Saarinen was a contributing author and illustrator for a variety of publications, including Child Life, Interiors and Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly. In 1935 she illustrated Picture Book Zoo for the Bronx Zoo and in 1946 Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc. published Who Am I?, a children's book which Saarinen wrote and illustrated.

Saarinen taught ceramic sculpture to soldiers for the Red Cross Arts and Skills Unit rehabilitation program in 1945, served on the Visiting Committee to the Museum School at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from 1959-1964, where she taught ceramics, and later taught a course entitled "The Language of Clay" at the Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One of Saarinen's private students at Cambridge was her cousin, Edie Sedgwick.

Saarinen died in Cohasset, Massachusetts, in 1995 at the age of 83.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1152 and 1192) including a scrapbook containing clippings, copies of letters and telegrams received, and reproductions of Saarinen's work. There is a copy of Saarinen's book, "Who Am I?", and three albums containing photographs of Saarinen, photographs and reproductions of her work, a list of exhibitions, quotes about her, and writings by her about sculpture. Lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Lilian Swann Saarinen donated the collection in 1975. She lent additional materials for microfilming in 1976.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Lilian Swann Saarinen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Topic:
Women artists -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.saarlili
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-saarlili
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Online Media:

Miami -- Vizcaya

Former owner:
Deering, James, 1859-1925)  Search this
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell, 1882-1980)  Search this
Landscape architect:
Suarez, Diego, 1888-1974  Search this
Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
5 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Vizcaya estate (Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County -- Miami
Date:
circa 1930-1950
General:
The Vizcaya gardens span over ten acres surrounding the former winter home of the wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts, James Deering (1859-1925). The Vizcaya estate, located in the Coconut Grove area of Miami, was conceived of by Deering and artist and designer Paul Chalfin (1874-1959). Together they traveled extensively through Europe, particularly Italy, to inspire the design for Deering's South Florida retreat. Vizcaya which means "an elevated place" in Basque, was built in the years 1914 to 1916, and transformed a jungle tract of land into one of the most celebrated houses on the Eastern Seaboard. Diego Suarez (1888-1974), a Columbia-born landscape architect trained in Florence, Italy, was commissioned to create a modern, subtropical interpretation of classical, European Renaissance and Baroque landscape design suited to Miami's climate and terrain. Suarez' extensive knowledge of Italian gardens was combined with a consciousness of architectural design to create a setting for the house.

The garden scheme was divided into various terraces and areas, including a completely walled secret garden, a maze garden, theater garden, pergola garden, and the fountain garden, which features a fountain from the town square of Sutri, Italy. Plants were chosen for their ability to withstand south Florida's climate and pests and combined with native soil and plant materials in designs inspired by gardens seen by Deering and Chalfin on their tours of Italy and France. Varieties of bougainvillea, roses, water lilies, and jasmine were among the flowers found throughout the gardens, along with potted pines and podocarpus, some carefully trimmed in the art of topiary. The gardens were trimmed with hedges and trees and feature decorative walls, balustrades, urns, and sculpture. The areas were supplied with water through designed elements meant to compliment the garden such as pools, cascades, a frescoed grotto pool, fountains, and a system of canals, which invokes scenes on the waterways of Venice.

Unique among country estates, the gardens of Vizcaya integrated statues, busts, vases and urns that ranged from antiquity to the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as well as modern art from Deering's time into the lush vegetation. As the artistic advisor of the property, Paul Chalfin, acquired artifacts as decoration rather than to create a collection. Garden artworks ranged from antique elements to new sculptural decorations by contemporary artists. The gardens also featured several structures including a Baroque casino (garden house), decorative bridges, a large boathouse with a rooftop garden, and a domed garden house called the Casba. The most celebrated outdoor feature was the Barge by artist Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), located in the water in front of the house. In addition to the house and gardens, the grounds also housed a swimming pool and tennis courts. Over two-thirds of the estate, originally 180 acres of subtropical forest along the shores of Biscayne Bay, remains in its natural state. The untouched hammock, shoreline, and pineland serves as a background for the more formal main gardens and along the drive up to the house. The Vizcaya property was surrounded by a wall with decorative paintings on stone and wrought-iron grills.

The house was designed to take advantage of its location on west shore of Biscayne Bay and each side of the house had a unique relationship with the surrounding grounds with loggias, terraces, arcades, and a partially enclosed swimming pool and, from some rooms, views of the gardens and bay. Architect F. Burrell Hoffman Jr. (1884-1980) was commissioned to design the house in the manner of an Italian Renaissance-style villa. Hoffman adapted traditional Mediterranean architectural elements to the subtropical climate in the palatial 70-room mansion. The beautifully planned interior was designed around an airy garden courtyard with a peripheral gallery, originally open to the sky, that was the heart and primary living space of the home. The house embraced modern conveniences and employed the latest technology of the period with an automated telephone switch board, a central vacuum-cleaning system, central heating, several elevators, generators and a water filtration system. The house also included a billiard room, bowling alley, and smoking room. The interiors were designed by the artistic advisor Paul Chalfin around objects acquired on Deering's travels in period rooms ranging in style from the Renaissance through the Neoclassical. The villa housed entire ceilings, mural paintings, chimney pieces, carved paneling, and doorways removed from foreign palaces along with rare rugs, tapestries, and antique furnishings. A working farm called the "Village" with eleven outbuildings was also located on the estate. These buildings were designed to look like an Italian village by Hoffman to compliment the architecture of the house. The Village included barns, stables, chicken houses, mechanical shops, housing for the staff, and the gate lodge making it nearly self-sufficient. A pumphouse provided water for the flower and vegetable gardens, groves for citrus, pineapple, and other fruits, greenhouses, and a large shade house for delicate plants grown at the Village to supply the mansion.

The estate, mansion, and its interiors were celebrated in magazines of the time. Deering occupied the house for four months each winter season beginning at Christmas in 1916.The whole complex was created for entertaining and recreation and Deering frequently invited family, visitors, and houseguests to the enjoy his estate. After Deering's death in 1925, the estate passed to his brother's children. Some of the acreage was sold off, and in 1952 Dade County purchased the remaining land and house. With donations of art and furniture from the family, the Vizcaya estate, became a decorative arts museum operated by Dade County Park and Recreation Department. The property, including the house, gardens, hammock forest, and Vizcaya Village, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994.

Other notable artists who contributed to the house and grounds were: Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), Robert Chanler (1872-1930), Charles Gary Rumsey (1879-1922), Ettore Pellagatta (1881-1966), Paul Thevenez (1891-1921), and Samuel Yellin (1885-1940).

Persons associated include: James Deering (former owner), F. Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect), Paul Chalfin (architect of interiors), Diego Suarez (landscape architect), and Alexander Stirling Calder (sculptor), and Metro Dade County Park & Recreation Department (owner).
Varying Form:
Also known as Villa Vizcaya, Vizcaya Palace and Vizcaya Museum and Gardens.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File FL083
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1329

Natchez -- Longwood Plantation

Architect:
Sloan, Samuel  Search this
Owner:
Pilgrimage Garden Club  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Mississippi -- Adams County -- Natchez
Date:
circa 1930-1950
General:
Longwood Plantation was located on eighty-six acres south of Natchez, Mississippi. The property was purchased in 1850 by Haller Nutt (1816-1864), who earned his fortune farming sugar and cotton in Louisiana and Mississippi. The purchase of Longwood was inspired by his wife Julia, who had always been fond of Natchez. From 1860 to 1873, Longwood was the site of geometrically-patterned gardens, trees and allées following the drive, and vast rose gardens. The gardens once covered fifteen acres of the land surrounding the house, with a full ten of the acres planted in roses. Anecdotes state that the gardens were so large that Julia Nutt had to take a horse and carriage out whenever she wanted to pick flowers. The grounds also included a small bowling alley for the family's amusement and large peach and pear tree orchards and vegetable gardens, which Julia used to feed her family when they had fallen on hard times. Surviving records suggest that Mark Kyle, a Philadelphia gardener and landscape architect had a hand in the creation of the gardens at Longwood. When the home was designed, it included four verandas overlooking the gardens and shaded by the ancient oak trees that grew on the plantation.

The house on Longwood Plantation, also known as the Octagon House or Nutt's Folly, was designed by the Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan beginning in 1859. The octagonal house design was popular during the 1850's throughout the United States, and the form was praised for its utility and cheapness. Longwood is the largest and grandest of the octagon houses built in the United States. The Oriental Revival style residence uniquely combines both Moslem and Italianate architecture with the eclecticism and exotic romanticism, which flourished in mid-nineteenth-century American architecture. Constructed from 1860 to 1862, the palatial structure is an eight-sided, two and one-half story, brick house over a full basement and topped with a large onion-shaped "Moorish" dome. The scale of the house is immense, spanning 30,000 feet, and including thirty-two rooms, eight verandas, four porches, 115 doors, twenty-six fireplaces, twenty-four closets, twenty-six coal-burning fireplaces, and a rotunda that opens to the cupola. Construction was halted in 1861 when the Civil War broke out, with only the exterior and nine rooms on the basement level completed. In 1862, Nutt finished the basement level, and the family moved into this completed section of the mansion. The estate also included several planned outbuildings, many of which were never used for their intended purpose. These structures, still standing today, include the kitchen, necessary (privy), slave's quarters, carriage house, and stables. The Nutt family's cemetery was also kept on the grounds at a considerable distance to the southwest of the mansion.

From the first floor up through the third, the house remained an incomplete, empty shell due to the severe financial losses caused by the Civil War. By the time of his death in 1864, Nutt was deeply in debt and his unfinished home came to be known as Nutt's Folly, a symbol of his financial fall. Haller Nutt died in the home in 1864, and his wife, Julia, remained in residence until her death in 1897. The property remained in the possession of the Nutt family until 1968, when it was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams, who in turn sold it to the Pilgrimage Garden Club of Natchez. In 1969, Longwood was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. Sadly, during this time the once spacious and well-tended gardens fell into a state of disrepair, with only the path of the driveway remaining from the original garden plan. When the Pilgrimage Garden Club began restorations there were no visible surface signs of the former gardens of Longwood Plantation. The Pilgrimage Garden Club still owns Longwood today and operates it as a historic house museum and offers tours. Despite the fact that Longwood was never completed on the interior above the basement level, the exterior detailing has survived in an amazing state of preservation. The vast upper stories remain just as the workmen left them in 1861, which provides an opportunity to see a mid-19th-century house under construction. Together with the papers of the owner, Haller Nutt, and the architect, Samuel Sloan, Longwood offers a comprehensive view of the creative process and architectural theory of the period.

Persons associated include: Haller Nutt (former owner), Samuel Sloan (architect), Mark Kyle (landscape architect), Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams (former owner), and the Pilgrimage Garden Club (owner).
Varying Form:
Also known as Nutt's Folly and the Octagon House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Mississippi -- Natchez  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File MS030
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Mississippi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1455

Ficopomatus miamiensis

Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico  Search this
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Place:
near mouth of St. Marks River, emptying into Apalachee Bay, NE coast of brackish water ponds on submerged trunks of trees, Florida, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
Common name:
Polychaetes
Published Name:
Ficopomatus miamiensis (Treadwell, 1934)
USNM Number:
54795
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Annelida
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3137858df-5f41-46d1-b460-284ca6b73a42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_873669

Nemopalus nearcticus

Collector:
D. G. Young  Search this
Prep Count:
1
Preparation:
Slide
Sex:
Female
Place:
About 1 mile west of Gainsville between Hogtown creek and I-75 in tree crevice, Alachua, Florida, United States
Collection Date:
9 Sep 1991
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Arthropoda, Insecta, Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae
Published Name:
Nemopalus nearcticus
Barcode:
USNMENT00857213
Other Numbers:
undefined : 332
USNM Number:
USNMENT857213
See more items in:
Specimen Inventory
Data Source:
NMNH - Entomology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/388efdc46-d5ec-4674-a5c4-d3a3f1301fd3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhentomology_13573628

Mouriri parvifolia Benth.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
M. A. Vincent  Search this
Ralph James Hickey  Search this
D. Osborne  Search this
Place:
Belize District: Crooked Tree, near Crooked Tree Lagoon., Belize, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
14 Jun 1993
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Myrtales Melastomataceae
Published Name:
Mouriri parvifolia Benth.
Barcode:
02955121
USNM Number:
3258945
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/386844c9d-2d2b-4fec-848e-59cddfb17cd9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14267149

Polystichum puncticulatum Alderw.

Biogeographical Region:
42 - Malesia  Search this
Collector:
B. E. G. Molesworth-Allen  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1433  Search this
Place:
Summit of Pine Tree Hill, Fraser's Hill [Bukit Fraser] area, Pahang., Pahang, Malaysia, Asia-Tropical
Collection Date:
Transcribed d/m/y: 31/3/53
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Polypodiales Dryopteridaceae
Published Name:
Polystichum puncticulatum Alderw.
Barcode:
01559366
USNM Number:
2084520
See more items in:
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Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ebc3f6f7-c27a-48f0-9502-9a2ecd9f7034
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12602336

Pyrrosia lanceolata (L.) Farw.

Biogeographical Region:
41 - Indo-China  Search this
Collector:
L. Pierre  Search this
Place:
Cochinchina, ad arbores in prov. Saigon [trees in Ho Chi Minh province], Vietnam, Asia-Tropical
Collection Date:
Apr 1865
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Polypodiales Polypodiaceae
Published Name:
Pyrrosia lanceolata (L.) Farw.
Barcode:
01588947
USNM Number:
2893937
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Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3634d3ddc-f2fd-4fee-aa17-35503ca81dd3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12525841

Hymenophyllum blandum Racib.

Biogeographical Region:
42 - Malesia  Search this
Collector:
B. E. G. Molesworth-Allen  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1219  Search this
Place:
Fraser's Hill [Bukit Fraser], path to Pine Tree Hill, Pahang, Malaysia, Asia-Tropical
Collection Date:
Transcribed d/m/y: 31/3/53
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Hymenophyllales Hymenophyllaceae
Published Name:
Hymenophyllum blandum Racib.
Barcode:
01417774
USNM Number:
2084398
See more items in:
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Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/345fb0466-2599-45d4-90ce-b541e1b14e71
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12274846

Croizatia brevipetiolata (Secco) Dorr

Biogeographical Region:
82 - Northern South America  Search this
Collector:
A. Licata  Search this
Rosa González  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Tree.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2250  Search this
Place:
Mun Carache. Burbusay, Sector el Alto., Trujillo, Venezuela, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
27 Jul 1995
Common name:
Coloradito
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae (phyllanthaceae)
Published Name:
Croizatia brevipetiolata (Secco) Dorr
Barcode:
01252130
USNM Number:
3402201
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34f24055f-8f6f-488b-a4e1-b3e01c17c9b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11378499

Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin

Biogeographical Region:
82 - Northern South America  Search this
Collector:
Basil G. Stergios  Search this
L. Delgado V.  Search this
Max. Elevation:
270  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Selva siempre-verde, húmeda de tierra firme de loma, media-media hasta media-subalata, ondulada  Search this
Min. Elevation:
200  Search this
Place:
Serrania Maigualida, E del río Caura, Bolívar, Venezuela, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 Apr 1989
Common name:
Palo de Sable; Sablito.
Palo de Yagua (Yagua Tree)
Pata Gallo.
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Apiales Araliaceae
Published Name:
Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin
Barcode:
00890157
USNM Number:
3468044
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Flowering plants and ferns
Guiana Shield
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/360c2c8b5-fb6c-45a8-877c-d65a31c51e9b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10690574

Pachira sp.

Biogeographical Region:
82 - Northern South America  Search this
Collector:
Basil G. Stergios  Search this
L. Delgado V.  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Bosques siempre-verdes de loma (tierra firme de quebrada), en ribera y lajas grandesen los alrededores del río  Search this
Min. Elevation:
500  Search this
Place:
Serrania Maigualida, E del río Caura, alrededores del río Zariapo, Bolívar, Venezuela, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
12 Apr 1989
Common name:
Sacha punga
chai-ká
cheé-nee
pachira
sharing brush tree
wan-ti-bee-ye
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Bombacaceae
Published Name:
Pachira sp.
Barcode:
00791285
USNM Number:
3397958
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Flowering plants and ferns
Guiana Shield
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ddef7cb1-8ed2-45c0-88a0-8519d28edb05
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10690797

Besleria sp.

Biogeographical Region:
83 - Western South America  Search this
Collector:
B. Boyle  Search this
A. Boyle  Search this
Jason C. Bradford  Search this
N. Skinner  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Mossy upper montane forest, with tall trees to 30 m high near creek margin, stunted elfin forest on ridge crest  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2740  Search this
Place:
Cerro Golondrinas, valley bottom ca. 1 km NNE of summer, Carchi, Ecuador, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
20 Jul 1994
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Scrophulariales Gesneriaceae
Published Name:
Besleria sp.
Barcode:
00738355
USNM Number:
3338787
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39a5eb57a-a0c7-4c82-8b99-859ef8d165af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10415633

Cohniella biorbicularis Balam & Cetzal

Biogeographical Region:
79 - Mexico Gulf  Search this
Collector:
R. Gonzalez  Search this
Max. Elevation:
400  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
On trees  Search this
Min. Elevation:
400  Search this
Place:
Veracruz Llave, Mexico, North America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
15 Feb 1971
Common name:
Parasita
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Orchidales Orchidaceae
Published Name:
Cohniella biorbicularis Balam & Cetzal
Oncidium ascendens Lindl.
Barcode:
00025612
USNM Number:
2703616
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b4207e13-8a1d-4767-9c71-034939168050
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2496784

Mikania discifera H. Rob. & W.C. Holmes

Biogeographical Region:
83 - Western South America  Search this
Collector:
B. Boyle  Search this
A. Boyle  Search this
Jason C. Bradford  Search this
N. Skinner  Search this
Max. Elevation:
2740  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Mossy upper montane forest, w/ trees to 30 m. tall near creek margin, stunted elfin forest on ridge crest.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2740  Search this
Type Citation:
Robinson, H. & Holmes, W. C. 2002. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 115 (4): 880.
Type Status:
Holotype
Place:
Cerro Golondrinas. Valley bottom ca. 1 km NNE of summit., Carchi, Ecuador, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
20 Jul 1994
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Mikania discifera H. Rob. & W.C. Holmes
Barcode:
00642069
USNM Number:
3321631
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Type Register
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30012eb6f-df36-415e-b5fb-e319333e3bdf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2101009

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