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John Bull: Riding the Rails

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-03-01T20:30:35.000Z
YouTube Category:
Autos & Vehicles  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_FxcdY2Cj5nQ

John Bull: Riding the Rails (1981)

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-02-12T13:45:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Autos & Vehicles  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_o8dtJVvL8VQ

Technology Review

Collection Creator:
Brooks, Arthur Raymond, 1895-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1961
1961-05
1930-07
Scope and Contents:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, vol. 32, no. 8, July 1930; vol. 63, no. 7, May 1961; and vol. 64, no. 1, November 1961.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection, NASM.1989.0104, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection / Series 1: Professional Materials / 1.8: Magazines
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0104-ref314
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Fairchild Hiller Heli-Porter STOL transport, history, owners and operators list, certification dates and press releases

Collection Creator:
Fairchild Aircraft Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 181, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Fairchild Industries, Inc. collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0060-ref1563

Velocipede used by Buster Keaton in the film Our Hospitality

Physical Description:
metal, iron (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 42 in x 73 in x 20 in; 106.68 cm x 185.42 cm x 50.8 cm
Object Name:
Velocipede
hobby horse
pedestrian curricle
swift walker
dandy horse
Place made:
United States: California, Los Angeles
Used:
United States: California, Truckee
Date made:
1923
Subject:
Motion Pictures  Search this
Bicycling  Search this
Entertainment, Film  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Buster Keaton
ID Number:
CL.308263
Accession number:
71392
Catalog number:
308263
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Movies
Popular Entertainment
Transportation
Movie Collection
Exhibition:
Director's Office
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-e26c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1322521

Subject – LETTERS FOR CLAUDIA M. OAKES

Collection Creator:
Oakes, Claudia M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 57
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Remarks – Most of the letters congratulate Claudia Oakes for the publication of her book. On of the letters shows concern with regards to the lack of women information in the libraries.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
United States Women In Aviation Through World War I Collection, Acc. XXXX-0424, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
United States Women in Aviation through World War I
United States Women in Aviation through World War I / Series 2: Claudia Oakes' Notes
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0424-ref121
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Civil Aeronautics Board, Washington D.C. Service Case

Collection Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1962
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
New York Airways Collection / Series 1: 1992 Acquisition
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0052-ref522
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  • View Civil Aeronautics Board, Washington D.C. Service Case digital asset number 1

Studies, Book, Transportation by Helicopter 1955-1975, The Port of New York Authority, Aviation Department (New York, NY)

Collection Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Date:
November 1952 (2nd Printing, May 1953)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
New York Airways Collection / Series 1: 1992 Acquisition
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0052-ref686
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  • View Studies, Book, Transportation by Helicopter 1955-1975, The Port of New York Authority, Aviation Department (New York, NY) digital asset number 1

Envelope, Dedication of Port Authority-West 30th Street Heliport

Collection Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
September 26, 1956
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
New York Airways Collection / Series 2: 1973 Acquisition / Documents, Miscellaneous (4)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0052-ref732
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  • View Envelope, Dedication of Port Authority-West 30th Street Heliport digital asset number 1

Lexington Group in Transportation History

Collection Author:
Society for the History of Technology  Search this
Kranzberg, Melvin, Dr., 1917-1995  Search this
Container:
Box 177P (Subgroup II)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Subgroup II: Technology and Culture Records

Series 2: Correspondence, 1965-1988

Files are restricted for thirty years from the most recent date of the correspondence. They may be opened, on a case-by-case basis, through appeal to the SHOT Editorial Committee.

Series 4: Editorial Review of Articles, 1960-1993

Files are restricted for thirty years from the most recent date of the review. They may be opened, on a case-by-case basis, through appeal to the SHOT Editorial Committee.

Series 9: Published Files, 1982-1994

Files are restricted for thirty years from the date of the last correspondence in the individual folder. They may be opened, on a case-by-case basis, through appeal to the SHOT Editorial Committee.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Society for the History of Technology Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Society for the History of Technology Records
Society for the History of Technology Records / Subgroup II: Technology and Culture Records / Series 8: Technology and Culture Editor / 8.8b: Correspondence (Robert Post, editor)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0400-ref2545

Frank H. Waring Papers

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
Creator:
Waring, Frank H., 1925-  Search this
Names:
RHM Consultants, Inc.  Search this
Virginia and Maryland Railroad Company  Search this
Waring Group, Inc.  Search this
Maryland and Delaware Railroad Company  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Reports
Date:
1912-1997
Summary:
Collection documents transportation analyst, consultant and planner Frank H. Waring and his consulting firm The Waring Group, Inc.
Scope and Contents:
Papers include reports, proposals, studies, and blueprints for projects on which Waring worked during the course of his consulting career. The subject matter includes railroad tariffs and rail abandonment to coal transportation. There are three blueprints, two photographs of Cloverdale and Colpitts annual dinner at the University Club and a roster of officers and members for the Traffic Club of New York.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series.

SPapers are arranged into nine series.

Series 1, The Waring Group Inc., Business Plans, 1976-1989

Series 2, Project Reports, 1949-1989

Series 3, Proposals, 1979-1988

Series 4, Studies, 1979-1983

Series 5, Other, 1964-1987, undated

Series 6, Blueprints and Maps, 1912-1991

Series 7, Subject Files, circa 1923-1997

Series 8, Photographs, circa 1931-1935, 1963, 1965

Series 9, Miscellaneous, 1951-1996
Biographical / Historical:
Transportation analyst, consultant and planner Frank H. Waring (b. 1925-) has over fifty years of experience in railroad transportation management and in general transportation consulting. Waring was employed by the Virginia and Maryland Railroad Company (VAMD) and the Maryland and Delaware Railroad Company (MDDE) where he served as Vice President both companies. Also, Waring worked for the Delaware-Maryland-Virginia Company (DMV). Waring founded an independent firm RHM Consultants, Inc. in January 1981 to dedicate more of his time to diverse consulting projects and to become less involved with the Delmarva Railroads. In September 1981, Waring's employment with VAMD and MDDE was terminated and he became a fulltime consultant. In 1983, the name of the firm was changed from RHM Consultants, Inc. to The Waring Group, Inc. In 1987, Printo, Kane Research, Inc. (PKRI) acquired the Waring Group.
Provenance:
Donated by Frank H. Waring to the Archives Center in 2005.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Transportation -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints -- 1950-2000
Reports
Citation:
Frank H. Waring papers, 1912-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0895
See more items in:
Frank H. Waring Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0895

Records

Topic:
Wheels and Wheeling: The Smithsonian Cycle Collection (Monograph : 1974)
Creator::
National Museum of American History. Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
15.51 cu. ft. (15 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Brochures
Clippings
Date:
1946-1985
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of curator's day journals, 1946-1956; a manuscript copy, Wheels and Wheeling: The Smithsonian Cycle Collection, 1974; and administrative files of the Division of Transportation concerning such matters as gifts and grants, annual budgets, minutes of meetings, publications, and historical inquiries regarding objects. Also included are records concerning exhibition planning, including fundraising, travel, and production files for the Hall of American Maritime Enterprise at the National Museum of American History (NMAH).

Curatorial staff represented in the records include Smith Hempstone Oliver, Associate Curator, 1946-1956; Howard Irving Chapelle, Curator, 1957-1966, Senior Historian, 1967-1971; John H. White, Jr., Assistant Curator, 1958-1961, Associate Curator, 1961-1966, Curator, 1966-1985, Senior Historian, 1986- ; Donald H. Berkebile, Assistant Curator, 1973-1975, Associate Curator, 1975-1980; Melvin H. Jackson, Associate Curator, 1966-1968, Curator, 1969-1977, Honorary Curator, 1978-1979; Robert C. Post, Curator, 1980-1981; and William L. Withuhn, Curator, 1983- .
Historical Note:
In 1978 the Division of Transportation was part of the Department of History of Technology, which merged with the Department of History of Science to form the Department of the History of Science and Technology in 1980.
Topic:
Transportation -- History  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Brochures
Clippings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 528, National Museum of American History. Division of Transportation, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 528
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0528

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels]

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
10.22 Cubic feet (consisting of 20 boxes, 2 folders, 9 oversize folders, 3 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (2 full, 1 partial.))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Menus
Bills
Ships' passenger lists
Patents
Legislative documents
Photographs
Advertisements
Advertising mail
Advertising
Illustrations
Contracts
Trademarks
Inspections
Programs
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Print advertising
Legal documents
Travelogs
Souvenir programs
Business cards
Concert programs
Publications
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Receipts
Theater programs
Business records
Legal records
Business ephemera
Invoices
Bills of sale
Ships' logs
Technical reports
Reports
Letterheads
Ephemera
Design patents
Travel brochures
Legislation (legal concepts)
Business letters
Timetables
Travel diaries
Printed ephemera
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- Transportation
Hudson River
Date:
1777-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Minimally covers the terminus of the wind-powered (sail) era and more fully documents the peak of the engine (steam) era of commercial cargo and passenger vesselsk, including freight and dockage services, maintenance and provisioning, ferry service, navigation (tug and tow) assistance, plus leisure cruising and touring. There is not a significant amount of material on battle or war ships. Includes both short distance routes such as lakes, rivers, and islets, and longer trans-oceanic crossings.

Documents within the collection consist of handbills, broadsides, leaflets, books, business cards, advertisements, insurance forms, wreck reports, passenger lists, baggage tags, freight manifests, rate cards, correspondence on letterhead stationery, booklets, newspaper clippings, postcards, menus, periodicals, manuals, photographs, engravings, woodcuts, sketches, bills of lading, receipts, catalogues, ledgers, journals, purchase orders, broadsides, brochures, custom forms, schedules, shipping and receiving documents, early steam guides, timetables, lithographs, announcements, etc. There are no navigational nautical maps. There is very little in the way of international import/export records. However, domestic and North American freight services are well-covered through invoices, bills of lading, manifests, and receipts for goods and services.

Some materials cover the history and development of steamships, particularly in the latter half of the nineteenth century with the iron screw replacing the wooden paddle steamer in the 1850s. The late 1860s brought the compound engine, which led to the steamship, previously used for the conveyance of mails and passengers, to compete with the sailing vessel in the carriage of cargo for long voyages. The 1870s brought improvements in accommodation for the passenger, with the midship saloon, conveniences in state-rooms, and covered access to smoke rooms and ladies cabins.

Ownership of specific lines and vessels was very fluid throughout shipping history, including the renaming of vessels. Mergers, dissolution, and absorption of fleets were frequent. Thus, researchers should independently seek out a more detailed history for any entity of particular interest.

The general maritime business series focuses on good and services related to maritime operations such as repair, shipbuilding, parts, ticket agents, chandlers, groceries, coal supply, dockage, wharfs/marinas, etc.

Operation records of named vessels contains primarily bills of lading and similar receipts for the movement of material goods or in-water services such as tow and tug assistance.

The largest series covering shipping lines and conglomerates offers a wide assortment of miscellaneous, nonexhaustive operation records for cargo and passenger lines and corporations, typically those with multiple holdings. These documents may include receipts, bills of lading, correspondence, and financial ledgers, plus promotional material for services and routes offered. Passenger sailings and luxury cruise documentation may contain menus, passenger lists, itineraries, shore excursion information, souveniers such as luggage tags, ticket stubs, and postcards. See also the subject category Menus, for additional examples of passenger and cruise ship menus.

When not associated with any of the above, general examples of materials related to the industry have been by arranged by their material type such as images, reports, and serial publications. More formal documentation, especially legal and reports, can be found here.

Narrative type materials related to lore, history, and building and design specifications have been sorted by subject. A scarce amount of material covers ships used for military service. Likewise, there are a few examples of maritime related material from the art world, mostly in the form of catalogues for exhibits or auction of paintings and scale models.

A note on vessel names: those used as contract carriers of mail and when in service, were entitled to unique prefix designations such as Royal Mail Ship (RMS.), otherwise, the ship name may be preceded by the more generic S.S. for single-screw steamer or steamship, SV for sailing vessel, PS for paddle steamer, RV for research vessel or similar type prefix. USS is the standard for the United States Navy commissioned ships while in commission, with HMS used for His/Her Majesty's Ship of the British Royal Navy.

Some of the major lines/companies represented in the collection include: American Line, American Steamship Company, Anchor Line, Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, Cunard-Anchor Line, Cunard Line, Cunard Steam Ship Company, Limited, Cunard White Star Line, Eastern Steamship Lines, Furness, Withy & Company, Hamburg American Line (HAPAG) / Hamburg Amerika Linie, Holland America Line (N.A.S.M. / HAL), Inman Line, International Mercantile Marine Company (IMM), International Navigation Company, North German Lloyd (Norddeutscher Lloyd Bremen), Panama Pacific Line, Peninsular and Oriental, Red Star Line, Royal Mail Steam Packet, U.S. Mail Steamship Company, United States Lines, White Star Line.
Arrangement:
Ships, Boats, and Vessels is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

General Maritime Businesses



Operation Records of Named Vessels



Shipping Lines/Conglomerates

Miscellaneous Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Keepsakes

Images

Ledger

Legal

News Clippings

Regulatory

Reports

Serial Publications

Stamps/Cigarette Cards

Associations and Societies

Images, Artwork, Racing, Technical Literature

Subject

Battleships, Warships

Destination Guides

Employment and Licensing

Insurance

Maritime History

Maritime Models and Art

Revue Generale Des Sciences

Warshaw Administrative Records
Related Materials:
Several other Warshaw Subject Categories may have closely related material such as Submarines and Transportation. For casual and recreational boating see Boats and Boating Equipment and Yachts. Other subject categories that may have related materials include: Canals, Dredging, Engines, Menus, Railroads (point of common transportation transfer), and Tours. .
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels] is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Passenger ships  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Ships  Search this
Shipbuilding industry  Search this
Ferries  Search this
Transportation -- Japan  Search this
River boats  Search this
Marine engines  Search this
Boats  Search this
Transportation -- Far Eastern  Search this
Ships -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Merchant Marine -- Manning of vessels -- United States  Search this
Docks  Search this
Health  Search this
Ocean liners  Search this
Merchant Marine -- United States  Search this
Ships -- Far Eastern  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Transportation -- river boat  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Merchant Marine  Search this
Harbors  Search this
Trade associations  Search this
Transportation -- 1900-1910  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Water transport -- 18th century  Search this
Boats -- Southeast Asia  Search this
Cargo  Search this
Local transit -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Sailboats  Search this
Waterways  Search this
Sailing  Search this
Transportation -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Local transit  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Water transfer  Search this
Transportation -- History  Search this
Wharves  Search this
Steamboats  Search this
Boats -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Public health  Search this
Marine engineers  Search this
Ocean travel  Search this
Seamen -- 1910-1920  Search this
Musical performances  Search this
Transportation -- Law and legislation -- United States  Search this
Merchant seamen  Search this
Marine engineering  Search this
Models and modelmaking  Search this
Navigation  Search this
Seamen -- 1940-1950  Search this
Travel  Search this
Importers  Search this
Shipping  Search this
Cruise ships  Search this
Ships -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Flags  Search this
Exports -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Menus -- Ships -- 1940-1950
Menus
Bills
Ships' passenger lists
Patents
Legislative documents
Photographs
Advertisements
Advertising mail
Advertising
Illustrations
Contracts
Trademarks
Inspections
Programs
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Print advertising
Legal documents
Travelogs
Souvenir programs
Business cards
Concert programs
Publications
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Receipts
Theater programs
Publications -- Business
Business records
Legal records
Business ephemera
Invoices
Bills of sale
Ships' logs
Technical reports
Reports
Letterheads
Ephemera
Design patents
Travel brochures
Legislation (legal concepts)
Business letters
Timetables
Travel diaries
Printed ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Ships, Boats, and Vessels, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Steamboats
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-steamboats

David Holton Harness-Maker's Account Books

Creator:
Holton, David, Jr., 1814-1865  Search this
Extent:
3 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1841-1864
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of three manuscript account books dating from 1841 to 1864. They were created by David Holton, Jr. (1814-1865), a harness-maker in Charlestown, New Hampshire. They record all of Holton's business transactions in daybook form. In a daybook, each day's transactions --both sales and purchases --are recorded in the order in which they occurred. Daybooks are very useful to researchers since they list details, including the customers' names, prices, and what was sold or repaired. Such details are usually not found in other account books, such as ledgers.

The entries in these volumes document the work typically performed by a small harness-maker, with most entries being for the manufacture, sale or repair of leather pieces that comprised harness systems. These included harnesses, saddles, harness pads, halters, bridles, reins, saddle girths, and numerous types of straps. In addition, Holton sold whips of various kinds and materials, bells, carriage window curtains, trunks, aprons, and a variety of textiles and hardware for carriage repair and decoration. His products were used with wagons, carriages, stage-coaches, and agricultural implements. They provide a detailed look at the daily business of a typical harness-maker of the ante-bellum period.
Biographical / Historical:
Horse-drawn vehicles were crucial to American transportation from Colonial times until well into the 20th century. Although some goods were moved over long distances by canal, river, and ocean prior to the railroad, the majority of goods were moved by horsepower. Horse-drawn vehicles were essential for agricultural work and for short-distance transportation, in rural areas and cities alike. Horse-drawn vehicles continued in service well into the early 20th century. For example, statistics listed in the October 23, 1919, issue of Breeder's Gazette showed that New York City had 128,224 horses in 1910 [quoted in Charles Philip Fox, Horses in Harness (1987), p. 18]. In 1935, there were still an estimated 17 million horses in the country [Fox, p. 190]. The industries which supplied these vehicles and their trappings were important both for their own sake, in keeping goods and people moving, and as a major factor in the economy in their own right. For example, the 1890 census listed more than 13,000 carriage-making firms, which employed some 130,000 workers and produced products valued at more than $200 million [Thomas A. Kinney, The Carriage Trade: Making Horse-Drawn Vehicles in America (2004), p. 263].

While never quite rising to that level of economic scale, America's harness-makers played an essential role in keeping all those horses hitched to all those vehicles. The industry seems to have followed the same economic developmental arc as the carriage-making industry. Rather than following the path of most 19th century industries towards consolidation and mass production, the harness-making industry seems to have been characterized by relatively small, family-owned firms and partnerships engaged in "short-run, flexible production of rapidly changing goods," a system Kinney refers to as "batch production." While mass production "relies on complex, highly mechanized processes for the creation of large quantities of standardized goods," batch production "turns out small groups of similar or identical goods to order or in anticipation of demand," which provides "flexibility as a means of coping with fluctuating demand and the vagaries of fashion." [Kinney, pp. 4-5.] Like the carriage-making industry, the harness-making industry grew in scope during the late19th century to eventually encompass everything from one- and two-man shops to large factories that employed hundreds of workers. But large scale factories were the exception and most harness-making operations remained modest in scope, particularly in the period covered by these account books.

Harness-makers were concerned with the manufacture, sale, and repair of three specialized areas of leather work: harnesses, saddles, and horse collars. In each of these areas, complex finished products that formed part of a complicated system were created from a variety of specialized component pieces. Horse collars and harnesses enabled draft animals to pull vehicles and agricultural implements; saddles enabled horses to be ridden. An important part of the trade was the decorative embellishment of the various leather pieces; the finer the rig, the more decorative it was. In addition, harness-makers also supplied accessories, such as whips, bells, saddle bags, and so on.
Related Materials:
The Transportation Collection of the Division of Work & Industry collects, maintains, and exhibits materials documenting developments in American transportation history. Animal-drawn vehicles form an important part of the division's Road Transportation Collections, totaling almost fifty such vehicles, collected in an effort to document each common type of American carriage, sleigh, wagon, and cart. The Road Transportation Collections also include the James Cunningham, Son & Company collection. This Rochester, New York, company produced horse-drawn vehicles from 1838 to 1915 and motor vehicles from 1908-1931. The Cunningham collection is scheduled to be transferred to the AC in the near future. W&I's horse-drawn vehicle material also includes examples of harnesses and saddlery, harness catalogs, and materials relating to carriage-building.

W&I's Engineering Collections include documentary materials on the Hoopes Brothers and Darlington Wheel Works, a major accessory supplier to the carriage trade. Founded in 1866 and active until 1973, this West Chester, PA, company was one of the largest and longest-lived manufacturers of spokes and wheels for horse-drawn vehicles. The company was the focus of a 1969-1970 Smithsonian-sponsored film project to document wheels manufacture. Associated documentation includes operational photographs, factory blueprints, oral history interviews, drawings, extensive research files, and historic photographs and catalogs. This collection will probably also be transferred to the AC in the near future.

The Archives Center also contains some materials relating to horse-drawn vehicles and the harness-making industry. Most obvious among these are the Hagan Brothers Carriage Works Records, a collection of twenty-one volumes, 1882-1903, documenting a carriage-maker in Frederick, Maryland. This collection was purchased with Jackson Funds in July 2009. These records document the typical shop of the "golden age" of carriage building. In addition, the AC also holds the account book of F. Ayres, a Vermont wagon maker active from 1834 to 1869 --pretty much the same time period covered by the Holton volumes. The Warshaw collection includes series on "leather" (four boxes), "horses" (nine boxes), and "wagons" (ten boxes), dating from roughly the 1840s to the 1920s. Together, these series contain receipts, illustrations, trade cards, and catalogs from hundreds of small and large firms dealing in harnesses, saddles, whips, horses, wagons, carriages, buggies, and sundry accessories. However, the AC does not have any collections concerned solely with the harness-making industry.

The NMAH Branch Library has an extensive collection of catalogs from manufacturers of harnesses and other leather goods, carriage and wagon makers, and carriage accessory manufacturers.
Provenance:
Collection purchased in 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Horses  Search this
Citation:
David Holton Harness-Maker's Account Books, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1226
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1226

Records

Creator::
National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
23 cu. ft. (23 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1927-1973 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These records chiefly document the operations of the Division of Transportation from its creation in 1957, and the operations of the Section of Land Transportation, 1946-1957. Lesser amounts of records relate to the administration of the land transportation collections prior to 1946 and to the marine transportation collections before 1957. Included are correspondence and memoranda files, circa 1927-1973; annual reports, plans of operations, and administrative subject files, 1955-1972; and records documenting the transportation exhibits in the National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT), 1958-1969. Also see the Department of Engineering and Industries Records, Record Unit 84, and Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum Records, Record Unit 189.
Historical Note:
The first objects in the Smithsonian collections related to the history of transportation were models of canoes and other watercraft used by Pacific islanders, which came to the Institution with the collections of the United States Exploring Expedition in 1858. From then until 1876, there were few other accessions of note. Following the Centennial Exposition of 1876 in Philadelphia, many exhibitors donated their exhibits to the Smithsonian including a number of transportation-related items. In 1880 and 1883, the Smithsonian and the United States Fish Commission participated in the Berlin and London International Fisheries exhibitions, and many models of fishing craft were added to the collections as a result.

As early as 1881, in George Brown Goode's "Scheme of Museum Classification," plans for the care of the transportation collections were being considered. In 1883, the first formal arrangements were made with the appointment of Joseph William Collins of the U.S. Fish Commission as Honorary Curator of the Section of Naval Architecture, Department of Arts and Industries, Division of Anthropology. The Section, with Collins as Honorary Curator, continued in existence until 1893, but Collins' Fish Commission duties left little time for care of the collections.

In 1885, J. Elfreth Watkins, a Pennsylvania Railroad employee, was made Honorary Curator of the newly-created Section of Steam Transportation, also in the Department of Arts and Industries. The Section's name was changed to Transportation in 1887 and Transportation and Engineering in 1888. Watkins continued as Honorary Curator until he joined the Museum staff in 1887 as Curator. Beginning in 1888, Watkins was also assigned various responsibilities for Smithsonian property, buildings, and supplies, and these duties often took precedence over work on the collections. From 1895 to 1946, the transportation collections were administered with the other technological and engineering collections. An 1895 reorganization merged the functions of the Sections of Naval Architecture and Transportation and Engineering, as well as those of a number of other sections, into the Section of Technological Collections, Department of Arts and Industries, with Watkins as Curator. This Section continued until 1897, and administrative units responsible for the transportation collections from then until 1946 included: Division of Technology, Department of Anthropology, 1897-1912; Division of Mechanical Technology, Department of Anthropology, 1912-1919; Division of Mechanical Technology, Department of Arts and Industries, 1919-1931 (administered with the Division of Mineral Technology, 1921-1931); Section of Mechanical Technology, Division of Engineering, Department of Arts and Industries, 1931-1938; and Section of Transportation and Civil Engineering, Division of Engineering, Department of Engineering and Industries, 1938-1946. The air transportation collections were part of the general transportation collections until 1931, when a separate Section of Aeronautics was established.

During this period, 1895-1946, there was no curator of transportation; although, some of the curators of the technology collections did do work in the history of transportation. These curators included J. Elfreth Watkins, Curator, 1895-1903; George C. Maynard, Assistant Curator, 1903-1912, and Curator, 1912-1918; Carl W. Mitman, Curator, 1919-1932; Paul E. Garber, Preparator, 1920-1921, Aid, 1921-1924, Assistant Curator, 1924-1931 (after 1931, in the Section of Aeronautics); and Frank A. Taylor, Aid, 1925-1928, Assistant Curator, 1928-1932, Curator, 1932-1946.

In 1946, a reorganization within the Division of Engineering led to the establishment of Marine Transportation and Land Transportation sections. Frank A. Taylor, who retained his position as Curator of the Division and also became Head Curator of the Department of Engineering and Industries in 1948, was in charge of Marine Transportation until 1955. Kenneth M. Perry, Associate Curator of the Section of Electricity from 1948 to 1956, served as Associate Curator of Marine Transportation from 1955 to 1966. Smith Hempstone Oliver was Associate Curator of Land Transportation from 1946 to 1956, and Robert S. Woodbury was Acting Curator from 1956 to 1957.

With the creation of the Museum of History and Technology in 1957 (National Museum of History and Technology after 1969), responsibility for the marine and land transportation collections shifted to the Division of Transportation, Department of Science and Technology, in that museum. The Division was moved to the Department of Industries in 1969. Curators of the Division of Transportation have included: Howard I. Chapelle, Curator, 1957-1967 (Marine); John H. White, Jr., Assistant Curator, 1958-1961, Associate Curator, 1961-1966, Curator, 1966- (Land); Melvin H. Jackson, Associate Curator, 1966-1968, Curator, 1968- (Marine); and Donald H. Berkebile, Museum Specialist, 1961-1973, Assistant Curator, 1973- (Land). George W. Hilton served as Acting Curator (Land) from 1968 to 1969.
Topic:
Transportation -- History  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 239, National Museum of History and Technology. Division of Transportation, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 239
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0239

Transportation: History, 1961

Collection Creator::
Science Service  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-122, Science Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-122-refidd1e996

Shotguns and stagecoaches : the brave men who rode for Wells Fargo in the Wild West / John Boessenecker

Title:
Brave men who rode for Wells Fargo in the Wild West
Author:
Boessenecker, John 1953-  Search this
Subject:
Wells, Fargo & Company Employees  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 348 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
History
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
2018
19th century
Topic:
Stagecoaches--History  Search this
Coaching (Transportation)--History  Search this
Stagecoach robberies--History  Search this
stagecoach drivers--stage riders--riding shotgun  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094692

Les photographies de J.-H. Lartigue; un album de famille de la Belle Epoque. Textes et légendes rédigés par Jean Fondin. Ami Guichard, éditeur

Author:
Lartigue, Jacques-Henri 1894-1986  Search this
Fondin, Jean  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. (chiefly illus.) 24 x 30 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
France
Date:
1966
C1966]
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Transportation--History--Pictorial works  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
DC33.7 .L33
DC33.7.L33
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_136615

Pan Am at war : how the airline secretly helped America fight World War II / Mark Cotta Vaz and John H. Hill

Author:
Vaz, Mark Cotta  Search this
Hill, John H. 1956-  Search this
Subject:
Pan American World Airways, inc History  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 393 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2019
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Transportation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1106504

J. Elfreth Watkins Papers, 1896

Creator:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth) 1852-1903  Search this
Subject:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth) 1852-1903  Search this
Pennsylvania Railroad  Search this
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
Pennsylvania
United States
Date:
1896
Topic:
Railroads--History  Search this
Transportation--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-175
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_291660

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