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John Canfield Ewers Papers

Correspondent:
Hanson, James A.  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Dempsey, Hugh A.  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Schaeffer, Claude E.  Search this
Taylor, Colin F.  Search this
Creator:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Names:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States. National Park Service  Search this
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Denig, Edwin Thompson, 1812-1858  Search this
Taylor, James E. ((Artist))  Search this
Extent:
97 Linear feet
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cree  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1945-1993
Scope and Contents:
The John Canfield Ewers Papers document his wide ranging anthropological interests from early White depictions of Native Americans to the material culture of the Plains tribes through correspondence, exhibit catalogs, field notes, illustrations, lectures, maps, photocopies of archival materials, photographs, and writings. The collection includes materials relating to his numerous research projects and publications such as his books on plains sculpture and Jean Louis Berlandier as well as his field research among the Assiniboin and Blackfoot tribes. Ewers' career as an ethnologist based in a museum is amply documented through correspondence, exhibit plans and scripts, notes, and reports showcasing his work for the National Park Service and his fifty plus years at the Smithsonian. The voluminous correspondence file highlights his close collaboration with individuals such as Stu Conner, Hugh Dempsey, Claude Schaeffer, and Colin Taylor. Ewers' graduate studies and his family are featured in Series XI. One special category of materials in this collection is Series XIV, the card files. Ewers pulled information from his field notes and other sources, classified them, and typed or wrote them up on 3x5 or 5x7 inch index cards. He then organized these files alphabetically by subject within large categories such as "Collecting Alpha by Collectors Name" or "Fur Trade and Trade Goods." The card files include correspondence and photographs and closely relate to materials throughout the rest of the collection. Though Ewers' papers are primarily textual in nature, there are graphic materials throughout his files. Series XIII features the graphic materials that Ewers kept separate from his files such as the contents of his slide cabinets. There is overlap within this series as Ewers kept multiple copies of his slides in various locations. This series also includes audiotapes of conferences and symposia at which Ewers spoke and three scrapbooks. Of note are original pencil and ink drawings from his book, The Horse in Blackfoot Culture, in Series XV. Transcripts of oral history interviews with John Canfield Ewers are also available at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Arrangement note:
This collection was organized into 15 series - Correspondence, Research & Subject Files, Research Projects, Trips and Presentations, Artists of the Old West, North American Indian Art, Plains Sculpture Book, Berlandier Project, Smithsonian Institution, National Park Service, Personal, Writings by Ewers, Audiovisual Materials, Card Files, and Art Work.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Canfield Ewers (1909-1997) earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College in 1931 and an M.A. in Anthropology from Yale University in 1934. Ewers began his career in museums as a Field Curator for the National Park Service. He helped design exhibits at Vicksburg National Battlefield and Ocmulgee National Monument among others. In 1941, the Bureau of Indian Affairs hired Ewers to design and establish the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana. After a short stint in the Navy during World War II, Ewers joined the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. He worked at the Smithsonian for over fifty years in numerous capacities including Director of the National Museum of History and Technology (now called the National Museum of American History). Ewers' research dealt with the Plains Indians and the Blackfoot tribe in particular. Ewers wrote several books on a wide variety of topics including White artists depictions of Native Americans, Plains Indian sculpture, and the horse in Blackfoot Indian culture.
Restrictions:
The John Canfield Ewers papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnohistory  Search this
Carving  Search this
American Indians -- Plains  Search this
Artists -- United States -- West -- Biography  Search this
American Indians -- Clothing  Search this
American Indians -- arts and crafts  Search this
Museums -- History -- Exhibitions  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Repatriation  Search this
Artists  Search this
Citation:
John Canfield Ewers papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-35
See more items in:
John Canfield Ewers Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-35

A Laughing Mask n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photomechanical Print 002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01605108
NAA MS MS 4605
OPPS NEG 56505
Restrictions & Rights:
Image removed from online display due to cultural sensitivity
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40874

Dancing Buffalo mask n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photomechanical Print 002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01605109
NAA MS MS 4605
OPPS NEG 56506
Restrictions & Rights:
Image removed from online display due to cultural sensitivity
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40875

Painting by Carl Wimar of Two Men in Native Dress, Including Roaches, and Bear Claw Necklace, on Horseback, Hunting Buffalo with Bow, Arrow, and Lance n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 008 in x 010 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Pawnee Indians (identification uncertain)  Search this
Indians of North America Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600000
NAA MS 4605
OPPS NEG 2860GG2
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40190
Online Media:

Group of Non-Native Men on Horseback Outside Wood Frame Military Station; American Flag on Pole Nearby; Mountain in Background n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 007 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600101
NAA MS MS 4605
OPPS NEG 77-13340
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40191
Online Media:

Non-Native Man on Ox Cart, Outside Masonry Commercial Building with Sign Reading, "C. W. Lewis" n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest ?  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600102
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40192
Online Media:

Group of Non-Native Men, Boys and Native or Mexican ? Men with Group of Saddled Burros Outside Adobe Buildings n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest ?  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600103
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40193
Online Media:

Street Scene, Showing Saddled Burros, Horse-Drawn Wagon, Group of Non-Native Men and Rows of Masonry Commerical Structures; Royal Baking Powder Sign on Building Post n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600104
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40194
Online Media:

Seven Non-Native Men, Soldiers ?, with Rifles, Bayonets, And American Flag, Preparing for Indian Attack n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600105
NAA MS MS 4605
OPPS NEG 77-13366
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40195
Online Media:

View, from Above, of Town, Showing Masonry Houses, Road, Plowed Fields, Graveyard, and Mountains in Background n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600106
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40196
Online Media:

Portrait of Vasquez, Bandit Executed in New Mexico n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600107
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40197
Online Media:

Group of Non-Native Men Hauling Goods in Horse-Drawn Wagons, Outside Masonry Buildings Including Restaurant and Shop ? with Sign Reading, "S Nathan" n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600108
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40198
Online Media:

Two Non-Native Men with Burro Carrying Firewood, Outside Brick Buildings; Young Burro Nearby n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 005 in x 008 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600109
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40199
Online Media:

Interior of Adobe Church Showing Altar, Religious Statues, Stations of the Cross, and Communion Rail; San Miguel Church n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Spanish-American  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600110
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40200
Online Media:

Three Women in Partial Costume and with Man, Outside Doorway of Adobe House n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest ?  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600111
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40201
Online Media:

View of Adobe Structures and Horse-Drawn Carriage n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600112
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40202
Online Media:

Woman in Costume Kneeling at Altar of Mary, Inside Santa Cruz Church n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600113
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40203
Online Media:

Ceremony, Corpus Christi n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Mexicans of the Southwest ?  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600114
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40204
Online Media:

Group of Men on Roof of Adobe Church with Bell Tower And Broken Glass Windows; San Miguel Church n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Culture:
Spanish-American  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600115
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40205
Online Media:

Marble Monument Erected by Emery Survey in 1853 Marking Boundary Between Mexico and USA; Man with Rifle Nearby n.d

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Physical description:
1 Photoprint 003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 01600201
NAA MS MS 4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West 1863-1900
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_40206
Online Media:

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