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General and Miscellaneous Materials

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (box)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1907-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Northeast/Southeast series contains materials pertaining to the area as a whole and those which are too limited in scope to constitute a full subseries in themselves. The files includes reading notes on Henry Clyde Shetrone's The Mound-Builders (1930), signed with the initial B. Notes in an accompanying folder suggest that they may have come to Harrington from Franz Boas. There is also a single remark from John R. Swanton on Ofo and one on Tunica, and the brief mention of a "slender string."
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Mound-builders  Search this
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 6.12
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 6: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Northeast & Southeast
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3978bb892-91bc-44ca-9857-b03023b67000
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref15080

Records Relating to Phonetics

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Names:
Bloomfield, Leonard, 1887-1949  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939  Search this
Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), b. 1885  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (box)
Type:
Archival materials
Notes
Manuscripts
Date:
1910-1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Notes and writings on special linguistic studies series contains materials resulting from Harrington's efforts to develop a phonetic alphabet for writing all languages.

There are four main groupings of notes relating to phonetics. A large set of uncategorized notes has been arranged in chronological order from 1910 through the 1950s. Most of the material dates from the period 1910 to 1915 and from 1921 to 1928; there are smaller amounts of data for the following three decades. The notes present alternate phonetic systems--sometimes referred to as "sonoscript"--in chart form with accompanying explanations of the rationale behind each proposed alphabet. There are also sample words and sentences written out phonetically. The notes from 1910 include a draft of a letter from Harrington to his mother and those from 1912 contain three large poster-sized charts. A second set of notes is arranged alphabetically by topic and includes subsections on alphabetic order, length, letters practical in handwriting, and pitch accent. A relatively large file labeled "phon[etic] letter forms" consists of various handwritten and typed letters as well as cut-and-pasted examples of letters from printed sources. There is also a clipping dated 1922 regarding an advocate of Esperanto with Harrington's own proposals for word forms in that language. In addition, the files contain a copy of an I.P.A. questionnaire and Harrington's comments on it. A third section of material consists of the notes which Harrington made during or immediately following interviews with about twenty linguists and anthropologists, among them Leonard Bloomfield, Alfred L. Kroeber, Robert H. Lowie, Edward Sapir, Morris Swadesh (misspelled "Schwadesh"), Ruth Underhill, Carl F. Voegelin, T. T. Waterman, and B.A.E. colleagues Hewitt, Michelson, and Swanton. Not all of the notes are dated; those which are clearly labeled cover discussions from the 1920s to the 1940s. The last grouping, compiled around 1923 to 1926, contains brief notes on various alphabets. The alphabetically arranged files cover the proposed systems of Arden, Forchhammer, Jespersen, Murray, Olbrechts, Pierce, Powell, and Rouse.

This subseries also contains drafts for four papers by Harrington on phonetics as well as a brief one-page draft description of a "Seminar in General Phonetics" which Harrington was planning to offer at the University of Southern California in 1935 or 1936.
Biographical / Historical:
One aspect of the study of linguistics of special interest to John P. Harrington was the development of a practical phonetic alphabet for writing all languages. It was an effort to which he devoted a great amount of time from 1910 to 1915, from 1922 to 1928, and again intermittently in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s.

In 1912 Harrington drafted comments on a proposal for an international conference to devise a universal phonetic system, and on a sample questionnaire which was mailed to many linguists by the International Phonetic Association (I.P.A.). It is unclear whether or not he actually submitted them to the I.P.A.

Also in that year he was chosen to serve on a committee ofthe American Anthropological Association to "prepare a scheme of phonetic representation which [would] have the official sanction" of the organization. Fellow committee members were Franz Boas (chair), Edward Sapir, Alfred L. Kroeber, and Earl Pliny Goddard.

Although later notes indicate that he consulted a number of language specialists, it appears that most of Harrington's efforts at devising a workable alphabet were undertaken alone or with only the cooperation of his friend Paul Vogenitz.

In the mid-1930s he was invited to teach a seminar on "General Phonetics" at the University of Southern California. While correspondence with Dr. Frank C. Touton, vice president of the university, suggests that Harrington contemplated offering the course at various times between the spring of 1935 and the summer of 1936, this plan was abandoned because of more pressing interests. He did touch on phonetics during his course on language at the University of Washington during the summer of 1910

At various points in his career Harrington wrote preliminary descriptions of the phonetic system he favored at that time. None of the early drafts appeared in print and as late as the 1940s, while writing the treatise "Linguistics," Harrington was undecided whether to publish his system or "die keeping it hidden."
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Phonetics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 8.17
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 8: Notes and Writings on Special Linguistic Studies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37683fd02-43cb-403a-bd16-24268d884c66
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref15672

MS 4233 Notes on Choctaw, Pottawatomi, Seminole, Chippewa (articles by Peter P. Pitchlynn)

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Creator:
Godbey, Allen Howard, 1864-1948  Search this
Gilliam, Charles Edgar  Search this
Klakring, Alfred  Search this
Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912  Search this
Pitchlynn, Peter Perkins, 1806-1881  Search this
Barnwell, John, approximately 1671-1724  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also includes Cherokee history notes; Journal of John Barnwell, Virginia; Miami words from French Traveler of 1804 (this is only a bibliographic reference to Volney-View The Climate and Soil of the U. S. 1804). Ball game (Alonzo de Zurita (Zorita, Corita, etc.), Madrid, 1909; reference to Cherokee map drawn on deerskin (British Museum); Note on Mondongachate (Moneton Indians ?); Creek customs (Travels in North America, in 1827-8 by Captain Basil Hall, R.N.); memorandum re. "double axe question" and specimens from Georgia and North Carolina from Allen Godbey, Durham, North Carolina (1936); Appamatoc sites at Bermuda Hundred and Swift Creek, noted by Charles Edgar Gilliam, Petersburg, Virginia; note on the Arkansas from Narrative of Douey, in Shea, Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi River; note on the Taensa villages, La Salle, etc., with excerpt from Tonti (Margry); excerpt from A Description of Carolana, by Col. Daniel Coxe (French Historical Collections, Louisiana, 1850, re. Arkansas Indians, and the Ouesperies; reference to Mississippi River tribes, from Tonti, in French Historical Collections, Louisiana, 1846.
A poem, in German, 17 stanzas, entitled "Makh-Piya-Luta" (Red Cloud), composed by a cousin of a friend named Alfred Klaking, once head draughtsman of Hydrographic Office. 2 pages. Letter from Andrew Lang, the author, dated February 6, (?), re. clans; mentions the Massim of New Guinea, the Tlingit, etc. (difficult to decipher). Excerpt from report ...of the Scots Society...who visited the Oneida and Mohekunuh Indians in 1796 (published in Collections Massachusetts Historical Society, 1st Series), re. plight of the educated Indian and his inability to adjust himself to either whites or to his own family and Indian environment. A map of "Environs du Fort D'Orleans", published by Missouri River Commission. (Pub. notice of "La Decouverte du Missouri et L'Histoire du Fort D'Orleans, by Baron Marc De Villers).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4233
Other Title:
Makh-Piya-Luta
Red Cloud
Topic:
Diaries -- Barnwell, John  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Games and toys -- ball game  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Massim  Search this
Kinship -- clans  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Oneida Indians  Search this
Education -- educated Indian, plight of  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Arkansas  Search this
Georgia  Search this
North Carolina  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 4233, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4233
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d72084ad-fab2-497c-8a64-0c2fbdc849da
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4233

MS 4180 Letter to John R. Swanton

Creator:
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Addressee:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November 21, 1941
Scope and Contents:
Regards Seminole religious concepts.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4180
Local Note:
typescript letter signed
Topic:
Religion -- Seminole  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4180, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4180
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ba17cd5e-1841-457a-9f85-a9e11320a272
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4180

MS 4182 Creeks and Seminoles from whom information about busk ground was obtained

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (slips )
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
List of informants and their tribe or town.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4182
Local Note:
Autograph document
Citation:
Manuscript 4182, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4182
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38a98ab89-5dda-4fe2-963b-43a414537593
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4182

MS 4169 Letter to John R. Swanton

Creator:
Porter, Kenneth Wiggins, 1905-1981  Search this
Addressee:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Names:
Horse, John, 1812-1882  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
August 25, 1943
Scope and Contents:
To John R. Swanton, regarding the origin of the name Bucker (Buckra) Woman's Town. Also refers to escape of John Cavallo, alias Gopher John, and other Seminole Indians whom he thinks escaped with Wild Cat from Fort Marion, prison, Florida.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4169
Local Note:
typescript letter signed
Citation:
Manuscript 4169, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4169
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e073dbc-7bd5-4e1b-8f7c-7b8ffdfa4ed4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4169

MS 4203 List entitled "Southern Collections in the Field Museum of Natural History"

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Names:
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes Seminole, Chitimacha, and Catawba, and Cherokee. 1 page 8 x 10 in.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4203
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4203, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4203
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3eea51c91-9f98-438d-b35b-f76f86fc09c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4203

MS 4161 Notes relating to the Seminole War

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Bailey, Joseph H.  Search this
Names:
Cooacooche  Search this
Wild Cat  Search this
Extent:
3 Folders
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Folder 1: Notes on Cooacooche or Wild Cat and other personalities and events of the Seminole War. 9 pages. Photostat and typed transcript of 9 page manuscript by Joseph H. Bailey, 1841, and 1 map; originals in possession of F. H. Douglas, Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado. (Almost entirely duplicated in Sprague; John T., Origin, Progress, and Conclusion of the Florida War, New York, 1848, pages 90-91, 325-329.) Folder 2: Five negatives (and prints) of 1 drawing, 2 maps, and 1 letter relating to the Dade massacre and other incidents of the 2nd Seminole War; originals in possession of David I. Bushnell, Jr (later willed to Peabody Museum, Harvard University ?). To have been published by W. P. Marchman, Secy, Florida Historical Society. Folder 3: Notes by Swanton from various published sources of the 1820's and 1830's. 23 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4161
Topic:
Seminole Indians  Search this
War -- Seminole War  Search this
War -- Dade massacre  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4161, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4161
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3416768c9-fcab-404a-be43-93bd6c8def7c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4161

MS 4932 Vocabulary of the Seminoli Language; A Reminiscence of Fifty Years

Creator:
Hoxie, W. J. (Walter John), 1848-1934  Search this
Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4932
Local Note:
typescript document with A. notations
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32c3ceffe-64a5-468a-af01-417f034bcfe3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4932

MS 4923 List of Seminole towns and their chiefs in 1823

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Yonsai  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Extracted from American State Papers, with comments from Yonsai, Oklahoma Seminole.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4923
Local Note:
typescript document with A. notations
Topic:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- list of  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4923, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4923
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31d78cf62-cf8e-4c66-ad5a-30ef3fd64e17
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4923

John Reed Swanton photograph collection of illustrations for "The Indians of the Southeastern United States"

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Artist:
McKenney & Hall  Search this
De Batz, A.  Search this
Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, 1533?-1588  Search this
Tidball, J. C.  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Names:
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Le Page du Pratz, -1775  Search this
Romans, Bernard  Search this
Verelst, Willem (painter)  Search this
White, John (painter)  Search this
Extent:
80 Copy prints (circa)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Houma  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Timucua (archaeological)  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Paintings
Sketches
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs used to illustrate John Reed Swanton's "The Indians of the Southeastern United States" depicting American Indians of the Southeast and their dwellings, food preparation, and ceremonies.
Biographical note:
John Reed Swanton (1873-1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE studying the Haida and Tlingit groups of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Indians. His focus then shifted to the American Indians of the Southeastern United States, where his interest remained for the rest of his career. In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied extensively the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern American Indians, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States (1946), a Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin (No. 137).
Local Numbers:
NAA Photo Lot R87-2Q
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs published in BAE Bulletin 137 can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 80-39.

Photographs made by Swanton can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 76 and the BAE historical negatives.

The National Anthropological Archives hold more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton, in the Numbered Manuscripts.

Objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577.
Contained in:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collections, undated
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints in this collection that represent photographs not held by the National Anthropological Archives are for reference only.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paintings
Sketches
Photographs
Illustrations
Drawings
Citation:
Photo Lot R87-2Q, John Reed Swanton photograph collection of illustrations for "The Indians of the Southeastern United States", National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R87-2Q
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cf240fa7-fc87-4519-af13-9b6fe4253942
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r87-2q

Smithsonian Institution Press illustrations for Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology

Collector:
Smithsonian Institution. Press  Search this
Names:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
200 Copy prints (circa)
50 Items (circa 50 drawings, diagrams, and maps)
5 Prints (halftone)
2 Copy negatives
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Timucua (archaeological)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Houma  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Copy negatives
Illustrations
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is made up of illustrations prepared for new printings of James Mooneyʹs "Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians," John Reed Swantonʹs "Indians of the Southeastern United States," and John C. Ewers's "The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture" in the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology series. It includes images of maps, Kiowa, Blackfeet, and Native Americans of the American Southeast, and ANative American artwork and other artifacts. Images of Native people include photographs, portraits, and drawings. There are also textual publication materials, including layout and notated reprint, available with the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
The aim of the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology series, which is comprised of reprinted BAE publications, was to appeal to a more popular audience. The series began in 1979 with the publication of "Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians" and "Indians of the Southeastern United States." "The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture" was published the following year.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80-39, NAA Photo Lot 80-6
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, circa 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photo Lot 80-6 has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 80-39. These photographs were also made and collected for the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology publications and form part of this collection.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by John Swanton, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 76 and 87-2Q.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by James Mooney, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 74 and 14 as well as NAA MS 2531.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by John C. Ewers, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the papers of John Canfield Ewers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Illustrations
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 80-39, Illustrations for Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80-39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c9d5691d-4d2b-4d54-94cc-7a0bb22a1292
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80-39

John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
175 Lantern slides
415 Prints (duplicates not counted, silver gelatin)
601 Negatives (nitrate)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Creoles  Search this
Houma  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Taensa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Pascagoula Indians  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Coosa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Prints
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900s-1910s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of Southeastern Native American people, homes, ceremonial grounds, and events made circa 1900s-1910s by John Reed Swanton. The lantern slides include images of southeastern rivers and bayous and historical maps. Additionally, there are a number of slides with notes and charts relating to linguistic comparisons.
Arrangement:
Swanton's original order has been maintained. The photographs are in alphabetical order by language group or tribe. Lantern slides are listed at the end.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Reed Swanton (1873-1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE conducting research among the Haida and Tlingit communities of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Tribes. His focus then shifted to Native Americans of the Southeastern United States.

In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern Native Americans, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137, 1946.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton.

Photographs relating to Swanton's work with the Tlingit are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.

The anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History hold objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States (accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577).
Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Dance  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Games  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bd54b9ba-90dd-4c40-ad8d-b106af9d3278
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76
Online Media:

Cookout area at ceremonial ground in the Greenleaf Mountains between Braggs and Illinois Station, OK

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
1908
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01753500

OPPS NEG.74-6524
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Cherokee / 118b-c: Cookout area at ceremonial ground in the Greenleaf Mountains between Braggs and Illinois Station, OK
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35130f7eb-69a4-4606-8bc3-24c2b248fc1e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1000
Online Media:

Possibly family of Benjamin Paul on porch of house. Elderly woman sitting is Clara Dardin

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Chitimacha  Search this
Taensa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01753600

OPPS NEG.74-6528
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Natchez  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Chitimacha / 70b-c: Possibly family of Benjamin Paul on porch of house. Elderly woman sitting is Clara Dardin
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30d30bc5e-10e7-4d19-bed6-538be004c31d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1001
Online Media:

Possibly family of Benjamin Paul on porch of house. Elderly woman sitting is Clara Dardin

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Chitimacha  Search this
Taensa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01753700

OPPS NEG.74-6535
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Natchez  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Chitimacha / 70b-c: Possibly family of Benjamin Paul on porch of house. Elderly woman sitting is Clara Dardin
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37d5f7383-f075-4047-affc-a383e782a3ca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1002
Online Media:

Silas Jefferson, "last Chief of Taskigi"

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01753800

OPPS NEG.74-6522
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Oklahoma
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Taskigi: Creek / 01753800-01753900: Silas Jefferson, "last chief of the Taskigi"
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3456d3d58-8c55-47df-bbba-b603225d75f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1003
Online Media:

People gathered under arbors at Fish Pond busk ground

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 003 in)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754000

OPPS NEG.74-6529
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Fish Pond Town: Creek / 116a-b: People gathered under arbors at Fish Pond busk ground
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ff503a41-d1af-440a-bcb8-fbaaa461ff14
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1004

Bob Verret's house, near Montegut, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754100

OPPS NEG.74-6526
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Houma / 245a-b: Bob Verret's house, near Montegut, LA
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bf4a4ca5-b3f7-46cc-bac5-d0f5abfa356b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1005
Online Media:

Mr Berger and Louis Frederick, Terre Bonne Parish, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754200

OPPS NEG.74-6527
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Houma / 138a-d: Houma families and individuals, Terre Bonne Parish
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38bebe3d5-8440-4436-ac8b-8ecc2caf7afa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1006
Online Media:

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