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MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Artist:
Murphy, Charles (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sweezy, Carl, 1881-1953  Search this
Names:
Wolf Face (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
15 Volumes (autograph documents, photographs, and graphite, ink, colored pencil, crayon, and watercolor drawings.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Ledger drawings
Date:
bulk ca. 1903-1904
Scope and Contents:
Notes and drawings by Native artists relating to heraldry, as Mooney termed tipi and shield designs. Also some myths and linguistic data from these and other Plains tribes. The manuscript is a compilation of materials created over a period of years, assembled under the current number by the BAE archivist. Bound volumes (since disbound for lamination) were placed under this manuscript number; loose notes and drawings on the same topics were primarily assembled under manuscript number 2538.
Biographical / Historical:
James Mooney (1861-1921) was a self-taught ethnologist. He was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1885 until his death. In this capacity, he worked extensively among the Cherokee and Kiowa. Among the Kiowa his studies focused on pictorial calendars, the peyote religion, and heraldry, the term he used to refer to the designs on shields and painted tipis. In the course of his study of Kiowa and Cheyenne heraldry, he commissioned illustrations of shield and tipi designs, as well as miniature shields and tipis. For additional biographic information on James Mooney see: Christopher Winters, General Editor, International Dictionary of Anthropologists, Garland Publishing, 1991. Neil M. Judd, The Bureau of American Ethnology - A Partial History, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967. L.G. Moses, The Indian Man - A Biography of James Mooney, University of Nebraska Press, 1984.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2531

OPPS NEG 57,508-A---521-A

OPPS NEG 71-3046-A

OPPS NEG 71-3046

OPPS NEG 72-1801 CN-1818 CN
Local Note:
The John M. Seger Referred to in Vol VIII (and also in Mooney's peyote files) was a teacher of agricultural methods. Walter Campbell edited his autobiography, "Early Days among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians," Univ. of Okla. press. Genevieve Seger, his daughter, lives at Geary, Okla.; she may be a trustee of the Okla. Historical Soc. --Information from Althea Bass, here May 1959.
Mrs. J. H. Bass (Althea Bass) here May 6, 1959, thinks that the "Paul" referred to occasionally in Vols. III, IV, and V may be Paul Boynton, an interpreter who spoke both Cheyenne and Arapaho. His family still lives at El Reno. His father had something to do with the Agency. Paul Boynton is mentioned in one of the letters in Mooney corresponence for 1902-06 (Smithsonian Institution - Bureau of American Ethnology correspondence files.)
Date written on several pages by Mooney; almost certainly drawings done by same artist at same time and place as Ms. 2531, Vol. 10, identified by Mooney as "Drawn by Nakoim' eno = Bear Wings/alias Charles Murphy, Cheyenne Cantonment, Okla."
Album Information:
MS 2531
Topic:
War -- Cheyenne  Search this
Winter counts -- Kiowa  Search this
Cradles -- Kiowa  Search this
Clothing -- Kiowa  Search this
Names, Personal -- Kiowa  Search this
Shields -- Cheyenne  Search this
Camps -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Games -- Cheyenne  Search this
Hide preparation -- Cheyenne  Search this
Folklore -- Kiowa  Search this
Horse trappings -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Kiowa  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2531, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2531
See more items in:
MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2531
Online Media:

MS 1900 Cheyenne notebook, diagrams, and notes

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Names:
Bushyhead, Cheyenne  Search this
Little Bear Cheyenne  Search this
Wolf Robe, Chief  Search this
Extent:
72 Pages
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1902-1904
Scope and Contents:
Ethnographic notes, with vocabulary, sketches, and diagrams, on camp circle, tipis, sun dance, shields of Bushyhead, Wolf Robe, and Little Bear, and various other topics. Diagrams and notes on Cheyenne camp circles by Mooney and G.B. Grinnell. 1902-1907. Manuscript and typescript document 12 pages. (Detailed list accompanies main catalog card.)

Diagrams and notes include: f.2 James Mooney. "Cheyenne Camp Circle Divisions" and "Cheyenne Camp Circle Authorities." no date. Autograph document 2 pages. f.3 James Mooney. "Soldier Band," "Cheyenne Clans," and notes on the warrior organization. no date. Typescript document with A. annotations. 3 pages. f.4 G.B. Grinnell. Letter to James Mooney, regarding the Cheyenne camp circle. New York. February 8, 1902. Typescript letter signed. 2 pages. f.5 Camp circle diagram by Mooney. Mount Scott, Oklahoma. January 28, 1902, 2 pages. f.6 Camp circle diagram by Mooney. Washington, D.C., 1906, 1 sheet approx. 17" X 40" and artist's ink rendering of same, 1 page. f.7 Camp circle diagram by Grinnell, January 31, 1903, with annotations by Mooney, 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1900
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Social classes and societies -- Cheyenne  Search this
Camp circle -- Cheyenne  Search this
Tipis -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1900
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1900
Online Media:

MS 2016-a Daniel Little Chief drawings of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements, with explanations by Albert Gatschet

Creator:
Little Chief, Daniel, d. 1906.  Search this
Annotator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume (65 pages) of 29 drawings and 34 pages of typescript.)
Culture:
Northern Tsitsistas (Northern Cheyenne)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
1891 February
Scope and Contents:
29 drawings and 34 pages of typed explanatory text, formerly bound together, now disbound, plus an identifying title page handwritten by Albert Gatschet and one drawing on ruled paper. The explanatory text was transcribed from Gatschet's notebook, No. 2016-b, with corrections by Gatschet. T.p. inscribed: "Crayon Pictures of Cheyenne Ceremonial Customs and Implements. Drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief, son of the present headchief of the Cheyenne Indians of South Dakota, at the Pine Ridge Agency. Explained by notes obtained from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet." The last drawing in the volume is signed "T.D. Little Chief," but cannot be identified as a drawing by Daniel Little Chief. Subjects include ceremonial items, name glyphs, painted tipis, and illustrations of Cheyenne customs. A nearly identical set of drawings by Daniel Little Chief is located at the Newberry Library in Chicago. Information provided by Candace Greene.
Biographical / Historical:
Daniel Little Chief, a.k.a. Wuxpais (?-1906), was a Northern Cheyenne warrior whose band of Cheyenne were sent south to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation in Indian Territory after their surrender, traveling there between 1878-1879. In 1881 this band moved north to the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. In 1891 Daniel Littlechief inherited the role of head chief from his father and remained in South Dakota until his death in 1906. For more information see "American Indian Painters: A Biographical Dictionary" by Jeanne Snodgrass 1968, New York: Museum of the American Indian.
Albert S. Gatschet (1832-1907) was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern [Ph.D., 1892]); University of Berlin. Early in his career, he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his interests was the etymology of Swiss place names. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew, of the United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey). Eventually John Wesley Powell employed him as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions. When it was founded in 1879, he joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and continued there until he retired in 1905. For the Powell Survey, Gatschet researched the ethnography of the Klamath in Oregon and the Modoc in Oklahoma. He also collected Native American material objects and investigated special problems for Powell's classification of the American Indian languages north of Mexico, working on languages of the Southeast, including groups forcibly settled in the southern Plains. He not only visited well known tribes but also searched out small groups, including the Biloxi and Tunica. He also worked with the Natchez, Tonkawa, Chitimacha, and Atakapa in the United States and Comecrudo and several other small groups in northern Mexico. Through library research, he studied the Timucua, Karankara, and the Beothuk. During the later part of his career, Gatschet was assigned comparative work on all the Algonquian languages. Although the project was never completed, he collected much about many of the languages, especially Peoria, Miami, and Shawnee. In addition, he worked with members of diverse tribes of the eastern United States. For more information, see NAA finding aid located at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/_g1.htm#jrg575
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2016-a
Varying Form of Title:
Crayon pictures of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements / drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief ... ; explained by notes from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet
Place:
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Agency.
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Album Information:
MS 2016a 001
Topic:
Habitations -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sweatbaths -- Cheyenne  Search this
Music -- Cheyenne  Search this
Married people's tipi -- Cheyenne  Search this
Weapons -- Cheyenne  Search this
Pipe -- Cheyenne  Search this
Amulets and fetishes -- Cheyenne  Search this
Medicine -- Cheyenne  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Cheyenne  Search this
Names, Personal -- Cheyenne  Search this
Medicine tent -- Cheyenne  Search this
Sun Dance -- Cheyenne  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2016-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2016A
See more items in:
MS 2016-a Daniel Little Chief drawings of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements, with explanations by Albert Gatschet
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2016a
Online Media:

The Torture Ceremony, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Torture Ceremony, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/156
Barcode:
270156.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a0ac8b45-33cb-454b-9ba3-88949b36d5cb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415563

The Dance to the Rising Sun, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne

Culture/People:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Paul J. Goodbear (Chief Flying Eagle), Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), 1913-1954  Search this
Seller:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Margaret Hollenbach (Molly Hollenbach), Non-Indian  Search this
Marion Hollenbach Saunders (Marion Grace Hollenbach/Mrs. Allan Saunders), Non-Indian, 1908-1998  Search this
Title:
The Dance to the Rising Sun, from the Sun Dance, Cheyenne
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, gouache/opaque watercolors
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
30.5 x 45.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Albuquerque; Bernalillo County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
27/154
Barcode:
270154.000
See related items:
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f58e6d4e-f40f-46dd-9dd4-29c9fbc79f5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_415562

Account of 1903 Cheyenne Sun Dance

Creator:
Dorsey, George Amos  Search this
Culture:
Cheyenne Sun dance 1903  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Topic:
Sun Dance--Cheyenne  Search this
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology Letters Received 1888-1906
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87444

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