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William Duncan Strong papers

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Names:
Columbia University  Search this
Institute of Andean Research Viru Valley Project  Search this
Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition  Search this
Extent:
64.88 Linear feet (87 boxes; 16 map folders; and 14 boxes of nitrate negatives, which are not included in the linear feet extent measurement)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North Dakota -- Archeology
South Dakota -- Archeology
Great Plains
Honduras -- Archeology
Labrador (N.L.)
Nebraska -- Archeology
Columbia River Valley
Date:
1902-1965
bulk 1927-1955
Summary:
William Duncan Strong's early interest was in zoology, but, while an undergraduate at the University of California, he was brought into anthropology under the influence of Alfred Louis Kroeber. He conducted archaeological and ethnological field research in several areas of the New World and was the first professionally trained archaeologist to focus on the Great Plains, where he applied the so-called direct historical method, working from known history in interpreting archaeological sites. Strong's papers include correspondence, field notes, diaries, newspaper clippings, teaching notes and student papers, manuscripts of his writings, writings by other authors, papers from the various organizations in which he served, maps, and a considerable number of photographs from his field work. The materials date from 1902 to 1965, with most of the materials being from 1927 to 1955.
Scope and Contents:
Strong's papers include correspondence, field notes, diaries, newspaper clippings, teaching notes and student papers, manuscripts of his writings, writings by other authors, papers from the various organizations in which he served, maps, and a considerable number of photographs from his field work. The materials date from 1902 to 1965, with most of the materials being from 1927 to 1955.

Strong's papers reflect his professional life, but there is little personal material. Except for the Rawson-MacMillan Labrador Expedition, there is little information from Strong's years at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. Other than information on field work expenses, there is little light shed on Strong's personal financial situation. There is no personal correspondence with either of his wives and little correspondence with family members, except for his brother, Ronald. Some correspondence from the late 1930s to the early 1940s is not present and its whereabouts is not known. Of special interest is a collection of drawings by Naskapi Indian children collected while Strong was on the Labrador expedition in 1928. Strong collected obituaries, vitae, news articles, and writings on and by other anthropologists. He was an inveterate doodler, and his fascinating creations appear throughout the papers.

Strong also collected materials from other researchers, including Loren Eiseley's 1931 field notes from the Morrill Expedition, Maurice Kirby's 1932 notes on the Signal Butte excavations, notes and drawings from the 1936 Honduras expedition by Alfred V. Kidder II, and the field notebooks kept by Clifford Evans for the 1946 Virú Valley expedition in Peru. Contributed photographs from field expeditions are from A.T. Hill, Waldo Wedel, and John Champe.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 12 series: (1) Miscellaneous personal papers, 1914-1963; (2) Correspondence, 1922-1965; (3) Materials relating to field work, 1921-1963; (4) Miscellaneous research notes, 1917-1960, most undated; (5) Maps and charts, 1902-1949; (6) Drawings by Naskapi Indians and Eskimos, 1910, 1928; (7) Manuscripts of writings, 1922-1962, undated; (8) Writings by other authors, 1902-1961; (9) Papers relating to organizations, 1926-1961; (10) Teaching materials and course work, 1909, 1928-1961; (11) Miscellany, 1902-1961, most undated; (12) Photographs, 1913-1950.
Biographical Note:
William Duncan Strong (1899-1962) was a major figure in American anthropology. His accomplishments were as a field worker in archaeology and ethnology, archaeological theorist, writer, and teacher. He was, furthermore, a leader in anthropological organizations. In 1954, his position in the field was recognized by the award of the Viking Fund Medal for his contributions to archaeology.

William Duncan Strong's early interest was in zoology, but, while an undergraduate at the University of California, he was brought into anthropology under the influence of Alfred Louis Kroeber. He conducted archaeological and ethnological field research in several areas of the New World, including Labrador, southern California, Honduras, and Peru. Strong was the first professionally trained archaeologist to focus on the Great Plains, and it was there that he applied the so-called direct historical method, working from known history in interpreting archaeological sites. His work in all these areas are represented by notebooks, diaries, specimen catalogues, maps, and photographs.

Strong spent the majority of his professional life affiliated with various universities and taught many anthropologists who became influential in their own right. His students included Loren Eiseley, Waldo R. Wedel, Joseph Jablow, Oscar Lewis, John Landgraf, Dorothy Keur, David Stout, Charles Wagley, Eleanor Leacock, John Champe, Albert C. Spaulding, Victor Barnouw, John M. Corbett, Walter Fairservis, and Richard B. Woodbury. Strong preserved the student papers by some of these anthropologists as well as their correspondence with him.

Strong influenced American anthropology by his service in professional societies. He served as president of the American Ethnological Society, the Institute of Andean Research, and the Society for American Archaeology. He was the director of the Ethnogeographic Board (his journal from his tenure as director is in the papers) and chairman of the Committee on Basic Needs of American Archaeology. In this latter capacity, Strong was involved in establishing a program to salvage archaeological sites before they were destroyed by public works. Strong served as the anthropological consultant to the Bureau of Indian Affairs during Franklin Roosevelt's administration and advised on new directions to be taken in Indian Service policy.

Strong died suddenly on January 29, 1962.

Chronology

1899 -- Born January 30 in Portland, Oregon

1917 April-1919 January -- In the United States Navy aboard the U.S.S. South Dakota on convoy duty in the Atlantic Ocean

1922 -- Collected faunal specimens in the Canadian Rockies, Skeena River district, for the University of California Museum of Vertebrate Zoology

1923 -- A.B., University of California Studied Max Uhle's Peruvian archaeological collection Collected faunal specimens, Columbia River, Washington

Winter, 1923-1924 -- Archaeological investigations in the southern San Joaquin Valley, California under the direction of Edwin Winslow Gifford

1924-1925 -- Expedition to study Shoshonean tribes (the Serrano, Cahuilla, Cupeño, and Luiseño) of Southern California (Riverside and San Diego counties) under Alfred Louis Kroeber Archaeological surveys and excavations of three months each in the middle Columbia River Valley in Oregon and Washington

1925 -- Archaeological expedition and collection of faunal specimens in the San Pedro Martir Mountains, Baja California under W. Egbert Schenk

1925-1926 -- Research Assistant, Department of Anthropology, University of California

1926 -- PhD, Anthropology, University of California

1926 July-1929 August -- Assistant Curator of North American Ethnology and Archaeology, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1927 -- An Analysis of Southwestern Society (doctoral dissertation)

1927 June-1928 September -- Anthropologist on the Rawson-MacMillan September, 1928 Subarctic Expedition of the Field Museum Studied Naskapi and Eskimos in Labrador and on Baffin Island

1929 -- Married Jean Stevens

1929 August-1931 July -- Professor of Anthropology, University of Nebraska

1929 -- Published The Aboriginal Society of Southern California

1929-1931 -- Director, Archaeological Survey of Nebraska, University of Nebraska

1930 June 11-September 6 -- Excavated at Rock Bluff cemetery site

1931 -- Helped organize the First Plains Conference (held August 31-September 2)

1931-1932 -- Morrill Expedition, central and western Nebraska and North and South Dakota: ethnological investigations of Arikaras at Nishu, North Dakota; excavation at Signal Butte, Nebraska; and excavation at Leavenworth and Rygh village sites in South Dakota

1931 July-1937 August -- Senior Anthropologist, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution

1932 -- Archaeological survey of northeastern Honduras along the Mosquito Coast and the Patuca River, archaeological work on the Bay Islands, and ethnological investigation of Sumu Indians

1933-1934 -- Two Civilian Works Administration archaeological expeditions (five months each) in California in southern San Joaquin Valley, Kern County, at Tulamniu (a Yokuts village) and eastern Chumash area

1934-1937 -- Trustee, Laboratory of Anthropology, Sante Fe

1935 -- Anthropological consultant to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Assistant editor, American Antiquity Published Archeological Investigations in the Bay islands, Spanish Honduras and An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology

1935-1937 -- Member, Committee on State Archeological Surveys, National Research Council

1936 -- Smithsonian Institution-Harvard expedition to northwestern Honduras to the valleys of the Chamelecon and the Ulua Rivers, Naco and other sites

1937-1962 -- Professor, later Chairman, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1937-1938 -- Vice-President, American Anthropological Association

1938 -- Fort Abraham Lincoln (Slant Mandan village) site and Sheyenne-Cheyenne village site excavations in North Dakota

1939 -- Chairman, National Research Council's Committee on Basic Needs in American Archaeology Excavated at Arzberger site in South Dakota and the area between the Chamberlain and Cheyenne Rivers

1940 -- Member, National Research Council's Committee on War Services of Anthropology Expeditions to western Florida and southwestern United States, especially New Mexico Peruvian archaeological survey

1941 -- Chairman, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1941-1942 -- President, American Ethnological Society Peruvian excavations at Pachacamac in the Chancay Valley and the Ancon-Supe excavations

1942? -- Peruvian excavations in the Naxca and Ica Valleys

1942-1944 -- Director, Ethnogeographic Board

1943 -- Published Cross Sections of New World Prehistory Appointed to Loubat Professorship at Columbia University

1945 -- Married Helen Richardson

1946 -- Peruvian excavations, Virú Valley Project National Research Council liaison member of the Committee for the Recovery of Archaeological Remains President, Institute of Andean Research

1948-1949 -- Chairman, Anthropology Section of New York Academy of Sciences

1949 July-August -- Peru-Mexico trip

1950 -- Talking Crow site expedition Excavated at Signal Butte

1952-1953 -- Peruvian expeditions, Nazca and Ica Valleys

1954 -- Awarded the Viking Fund Medal Trip to western United States

1955-1956 -- President, Society for American Archaeology

1962 -- Died January 29

Selected Bibliography

1929 -- Strong, William Duncan. Aboriginal Society of Southern California. Vol. 26, University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1929.

1935 -- Strong, William Duncan. Archeological Investigations in the Bay islands, Spanish Honduras. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Strong, William Duncan. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. Vol. 93, no. 10, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1935.

1938 -- Strong, William Duncan, Alfred Kidder, II, and A.J. Drexel Pail, Jr. Preliminary Report on the Smithsonian Institution-Harvard University Archeological Expedition to Northwestern Honduras, 1936. Vol. 97, no. 1, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1938.

1943 -- Strong, William Duncan. Cross Sections of New World Prehistory: a Brief Report on the Work of the Institute of Andean Research, 1941-1942. Vol. 104, no. 2, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1943. Strong, William Duncan. Archeological Studies in Peru, 1941-1942. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

1948 -- "The Archeology of Honduras." In The Circum-Caribbean Tribes Vol. 4, Handbook of South American Indians, edited by Julian H. Steward, 71-120. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin No. 143. Washington: U.S. Government Print Office, 1948.

1952 -- Strong, William Duncan, and Clifford Evans. Cultural Stratigraphy in the Virú Valley, Northern Peru. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.

For a complete bibliography of Strong's works, see Solecki, Ralph, and Charles Wagley. "William Duncan Strong, 1899-1962," American Anthropologist 65, no. 5 (October 1963): 1102-1111. https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1525/aa.1963.65.5.02a00080
Related Materials:
Additional materials in the National Anthropological Archives relating to William Duncan Strong can be found in the records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Handbook of South American Indians, Institute of Social Anthropology, River Basin Surveys, the Society for American Archaeology, and Tulamniu Project (1933-1934); the papers of Ralph Leon Beals, John Peabody Harrington, Frederick Johnson, Frank Maryl Setzler, Ruth Schlossberg Landes, Albert Clanton Spaulding (including information on the Arzberger site), and Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel; Photographic Lot 14, Bureau of American Ethnology Subject and Geographic File; Photographic Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology-United States National Museum Photographs of American Indians; Photographic Lot 77-80, Portraits of Smithsonian Anthropologists; Photographic Lot 92-35, Ralph S. Solecki Photographs of Anthropologists; Numbered Collections, MS 4821 (records of the Anthropological Society of Washington), MS 4261 (photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, California, 1934), MS 4302 (journal covering the 1936 expedition to Honduras), MS 4846 (correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE editor's office), and MS 7200 (original field catalog of Honduran artifacts, 1936); and in the non-archival reference file. There are also materials in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in record units 87 (Ethnogeographic Board), 9528 (Henry Bascom Collins interviews), and 1050102 (papers of T. Wayland Vaughan). In the Human Studies Film Archives there is material on Strong in the video dialogues of Charles Wagley, 1983.
Provenance:
The Strong papers were donated to the archives by Strong's widow, Mrs. Helen Richardson Strong. Most of the arrangements were handled by Ralph S. Solecki, then of Columbia University. He sent the papers to the archives between 1974 and 1979, and there have been small accretions since that time. These accretions came through Richard G. Forbis, Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary; Mildred Mott Wedel and Waldo R. Wedel, Department of Anthropology; and Nan A. Rothschild, Department of Anthropology, Barnard College. Mrs. Strong donated the rights in the unpublished material in the collection to the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
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Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-28
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ca9b7686-6050-4cf3-bb98-c6b00c48ebda
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-28
Online Media:

University of Nebraska archeological survey, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 68
Box N13
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Date:
1929-1931
Scope and Contents:
Includes a map of the Nebraska tribes territories and photographs of artifacts, the Walker-Gilmore site, Rock Bluffs cemetery excavations, crew members, Gate's site, Dooley site, Graham site, Marshall site, Hill site, showing off tans, historic and protohistoric Pawnee artifacts, fossil bison excavation in Custer County (Nebraska, 1930), Black Hills trip (1930), Walker-Gilmore site again, excavations on Nehawka mounds in Spring 1931, and the Burkett site (1931).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3beb4a5bb-27ec-4e68-839a-30618bc9f961
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1000

The Great Plains, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 69
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1931-1932
Scope and Contents:
Includes photograph lists with information added by Waldo Wedel, correspondence, a classification chart for chipped points (p. A), drawings of cross sections of Signal Butte (p. C), artifacts from the Dakotas from L.K. Fox (p. 117), drawings of Arikara dwellings (pp. 119-121), and maps of sites (pp. 122-125). The Signal Butte, 1932, section includes photographs of Signal Butte (begin p. 1), crew members (p. 1), artifacts (begin p. 43, also see pp. 70 and 92), aerial views of the Huff site (by Russel Reid and George Will, p. 51), artifacts from the Leavenworth site (by W. H. Over, p. 52), and Arikara Indians (?, begin p. 93). The Reconnaissance of the Upper Missouri, 1931, section begins p. 101.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b49aec5-1cf3-45bb-b1dc-9efbfc4c5c69
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1002

Honduras, 1933, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 70
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Includes a photograph list by Allan Payne; a drawing of a ceramic vessel(?) by Ruth Davis (see p. 67); and photographs of crew members (p. 1), Trujillo (begin p. 2), Puerto Castilla (begin p. 4, also see p. 25), trip up the Patuca River (p. 6), Patuca (begin p. 7), Miskito and Sumu Indians (begin p. 7, several Miskito identified), Wankybila (p. 17), the Bay Islands (begin p. 27), and artifacts (begin p. 67).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cf3d5128-1d13-4135-83c9-ec6e81eb9935
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1008

Tulamniu, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 71
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1933-1934
Scope and Contents:
Includes a map of the Tulamniu excavations, portrait of Hans Dischel(?), a 1926 photograph of the Tulamniu village site by J.B. Stevens, and photographs by Frank M. Boyd of crew members and excavations.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Rights:
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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36ac9e925-38ab-479f-90f8-1251e5ed657d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1010

Cuyama Valley, Santa Barbara Mountains, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 71
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Mathew site near the head of Quatal Canyon, mound 1 near Lokern, the Caliente Ranch site, Santa Barbara Mountains trip, storage cave in Logan Canyon, Salisbury Potrero, and crew members.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Rights:
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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e228559-1704-47fa-9e9c-8e755078f070
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1012

Honduras, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 72
Box 82
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Date:
1936
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of crew members (p. 2), excavations at Naco (begin p. 3), Chamelicón sites (begin p. 15), Las Vegas site (pp. 16-17), Tres Piedras site (begin p. 18, see p. 92), excavations at Las Flores Bolsa (begin p. 23), various sites on the Ulua River (pp. 34-35), Santa Ana (Farm 17) site (begin p. 36, see p. 92), Lake Yojoa excavations (begin p. 46), Quiriguá (begin p. 67), Copán (begin p. 71), Lake Yojoa artifacts (begin p. 80), Moore collection of Lake Yojoa pottery at the Royal Ontario Museum (begin p. 86), Santa Rita (Farm 17) artifacts sent to the Honduras National Museum (begin p. 89), and Playa de los Muertos (pp. 93-95, from 1929 and 1936).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37fc492aa-8ac8-4dac-bb83-51a2fa8ada51
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1014

Southwest United States, Honduras, Travesia, Ulua River, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 73
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1937
Scope and Contents:
The southwest United States, August 1935, includes photographs taken by Theos Bernard of Hopi (with tinted print), Red Crags (Gadwin's camp), Pueblo Bonito, Chetro Kettle, Zuni, Gila Pueblo, Snaketown, Casa Grande, Walpi, Old Oraibi, Canon de Chelly, White House, Acoma, and Santa Ana. The Travesia, Ulua River, August 4, 1937, section includes photographs from Conchita Turnbull of plaster structures. The northwestern Honduras, 1936, section begins p. 25 and inlcudes photographs of Naco artifacts (pp. 26-28), Las Flores Bolsa site artifacts (pp. 30-35), Santa Rita (Farm 17) site artifacts (pp. 36-52), Playa de los Muertos (Farm 11) site artifacts (p. 53), La Ceiba-Lake Yojoa artifacts (pp. 56-81), and artifacts from excavations near Los Naranjos (pp. 82-91).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33a6911c4-df4b-4559-9f07-bbfccbff3e5f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1016

North Dakota, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 74
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Fort Abraham Lincoln (Mandan) site (Slant Village 0 excavations, ceremonial lodges, crew members (pp. 14-15), Olds Hidatsa site (p. 34), portrait of George Will (p. 35), search for grave of Sakakawea (Ft. Manuel Lisa, pp. 36 and 58), Sheyenne site (begins p.37), Okiedan Butte (begins p. 51), artifacts (begins p.61).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

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Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw332e60f5d-4a5b-4eca-a257-e57d90125fa0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1023

South Dakota, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 75
Box 81
Box N2
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of crew members, Arzberger site, Buffalo Pasture site, Riggs site, Scotty Phillips site, Fort Sully site, Ludlow site artifacts, Buffalo Pasture site artifacts, and Arzberger site artifacts.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30b19a1d8-7da6-4fea-910b-152014462e48
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1025

Peru, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 76
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941-1942
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Lauri, Teatinos, Paramonga, Cerro de la Horca, port of Casma, Sechin, acropolis near Casma, Xavier Larco Hoyle, Santa Ana, Cerro el Brujo (Casa Grande), Huaca, Negra, Tambo Colorado, ceramics, carretera behind Pisco, San Isidro, Huaca on Av. Salaverry, Vista Alegre (Rimac Valley), and Pariache (Rimac Valley).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw327f2c872-b37e-4809-88cf-90cb78933fc9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1027

Peru I, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 77
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941-1942
Scope and Contents:
Photographs from 1941 include Quechua and Aymara Indians, Indian markets, Chavin de Huatar, Callejón de Huaylas, Nepena, Trujillo, Chan Chan, Moche, Chicama, Paramonga, Paracas, Tambo Colorado, Chincha Valley, Nazca Valley, Arequipa, Cuzco, Sacsahuaman, Kenko, Rumicolca, Pikillacta, Huiraccocha, Ollantaytambo, Machu Pichu, Pukara, Sillustani, Chucuito, Tiahuanaco, and Puno. Photographs from 1942 include coastal Peru, mouth of Ica River, Chincha sites on Ica River (Ocucaje and Ica), site near Guadelupe, Ocucaje, Cerro de Azul (Canete Valley), Hungara, Inca Huasi, Cerro Hucco, Cruz de Huesos, sites near Lima (Chilca, Vista Allegre), Manco-Marco, Ancon, Lauri (Chancay Valley), Cerro de la Trinidad, Ollada (Chancay Valley), and Supe. There are also photographs used in Cross Sections of New World Prehistory (1943).
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d6cfb093-b627-4473-9edc-14ea922f1174
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1029

Peru II, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 78
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941
Scope and Contents:
The scrapbook has 1942 written on it, but the only dated photographs are from 1941. Includes photographs of the reception of George C. Vaillant, Julio Tello and Strong at Pachacamac, portraits of Junius (Bird?) and Corbett, and scenes of Pachacamac excavations.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3905fd80a-d6ad-428e-8999-17fb5c24740e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1034

Peru, empty envelopes

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 79
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941-1942
Scope and Contents:
These are envelopes for prints from the 1941-1942 expedition that were not mounted in the Peru II scrapbook described above. The envelopes were kept for information they may contain.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3db3910b6-9782-46e6-a903-c2f3c88a7938
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1036

Peru, Virú Valley, scrapbook

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 80
Box 83
Box N6
Box N7
Box N8
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Date:
1946
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Lima, Trujillo, site V-51, Huancaco, and site V-162.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs / Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw355376922-79d2-4607-a240-bc961811403b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1038

Naskapi Man Putting on Snowshoes

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Photoprint, 002 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Naskapi man bending down to put on snowshoes. Strong's #61488.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000222

OPPS NEG.79-2122
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw329908adb-4e52-4bcf-8c64-f246d5e4bc95
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1547

Naskapi Family with Sled

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Photoprint, 002 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Naskapi family packed to travel. Strong's #61400.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000223

OPPS NEG.79-2123
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37f7f7881-a0c8-473e-8cae-f7b501e748f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1548

Naskapi Man with Drum

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Photoprint, 002 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Naskapi man kneeling on ground with drum to side. Strong's #61540.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000224

OPPS NEG.79-2124
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b834d895-e6e2-48bc-844e-8c02a0fc58c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1549

Naskapi Man making Snowshoes

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Photoprint, 002 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Naskapi man in foreground theading snowshoe. Strong's #61699.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000225

OPPS NEG.79-2125
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw308abddc1-bfeb-4c03-8809-753f49bceece
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1550

Naskapi Man beating Drum

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Photoprint, 002 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Naskapi man beating drum. Two other natives, one with a pipe, and one non-native man, also with a pipe looking on. Strong's #61538.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000226

OPPS NEG.79-2127
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 12: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw391c976a1-a8d0-44f5-96d6-dcc915cdac45
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref1551

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