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Acee Blue Eagle papers

Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Mae  Search this
Beaver, Fred  Search this
Bosin, Blackbear, 1921-1980  Search this
Campbell, Walter S.  Search this
Dale, Edward E.  Search this
Debo, Angie, 1890-1988  Search this
Dja, Devi  Search this
Echohawk, Brummett T., 1922-2006  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. (Charles Herron), 1913-1985  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Field, Dorothy  Search this
Gilcrease, Thomas, 1890-1962  Search this
Houser, Allan, 1914-1994  Search this
Howe, Oscar, 1915-1983  Search this
Jackson, Oscar B.  Search this
Lemos, Pedro de  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Martinez, Julian, -1943  Search this
Martínez, María Montoya  Search this
McCombs, Solomon, 1913-1980 (Creek)  Search this
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Mirabel, Eva  Search this
Momaday, Al  Search this
Pond, Charles E.  Search this
Rowan, Edward B.  Search this
Shears, Glen E.  Search this
Sheets, Nan  Search this
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Sunrise, Riley  Search this
Te Ata  Search this
Whitehorse, Roland Noah, 1920-1998  Search this
Extent:
673 Paintings (visual works) (approximate)
30 Linear feet (55 document boxes and 8 oversize boxes)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings (visual works)
Date:
1907 - 1975
Summary:
Acee Blue Eagle was a Pawnee-Creek artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. The papers relate to both Blue Eagle's personal and professional life. Also included are some materials of Blue Eagle's friend Mae Abbott and a collection of art by other Indians.
Scope and Contents:
This collection reflects the life and work of Acee Blue Eagle, internationally famed Indian artist of Oklahoma. Identified for his brilliant paintings of tribal ceremonies, legend and dance, Blue Eagle's work is represented in numerous private collections and museums both in this country and abroad.

A portion of the papers contains correspondence. Fan mail written by school children to Chief Blue Eagle of the Chief Blue Eagle television program is included. Letters regarding Blue Eagle's participation in Indian festivals and events, art shows and exhibitions, speaking engagements on Indian life and culture are found in the collection. Personal correspondence is included; most frequent correspondents are Devi Dja, Mae Abbott, and Charles E. Pond. There are approximately 100 letters from Devi Dja, approximately 90 to or from Mae Abbott, and approximately 36 from Charles E. Pond. Some letters addressed to these individuals from other friends and acquaintances are also within this collection.

Photographs comprise a large portion of the Blue Eagle collection. Included are not only portraits of the artist himself and photographs of his art work, but a large number of prints of Blue Eagle in full costume and other Indians engaged in tribal ceremonies, identified by tribe, whenever possible. Photographs of Mae Abbott, Devi Dja and the latter's Balinese dance troupe are identified. A file of negatives is arranged in the same subject order as the prints. Newspaper and magazine clippings regarding Blue Eagle's work and activities are also included in the collection. These clippings have not been arranged. In addition, Mae Abbott's recipes and notes for her cookbook, wood blocks, greeting cards and other miscellaneous publications can be found in the collection. These items have been sorted but not arranged.

Within the collection are also over 600 pieces of artwork. A good number are by Blue Eagle while most are by other Native artists. Artists whose are work are represented in the collection include Fred Beaver, Harrison Begay, Archie Blackowl, Woodrow Crumbo, Allan Houser, Ruthe Blalock Jones, Quicy Tahoma, Pablita Verde, and members of the Kiowa Five (Spencer Asah, James Auchiah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke).
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into six series: 1) Personal; 2) Collections; 3) Artwork; 4) Television; 5) Correspondence; 6) Photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Acee Blue Eagle was an artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. Born Alex C. McIntosh in 1907, Blue Eagle attended Indian schools in Anadarko, Nuyaka, and Euchee, Oklahoma, and the Haskell and Chilocco Indian schools. Advanced study came at Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma. At the latter, he studied with Oscar B. Jacobson. Privately he studied with Winold Reiss. Discrepancies exist in the records regarding his early life: born in either Anadarko or Hitchita, Oklahoma; he's cited as both Pawnee-Creek and 5/8 Creek without any Pawnee blood; his mother is either Mattie Odom, the first wife of Solomon McIntosh or Ella Starr, McIntosh's second wife.

A prolific painter who, for the sake of authenticity, carried out research in libraries and museums, Blue Eagle was an outstanding American Indian artist of the 1930s-1950s. His paintings hung in many exhibits, including the Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, 1932-1933; International Art Exhibition of Sport Subjects at Los Angeles, 1932; Chicago Century of Progress Exposition, 1934; a one-man show at the Young Galleries in Chicago; National Exhibition of Art at the Rockefeller Center in New York, 1936; a one-man show at the Washington, D.C., Arts Club, 1936; Museum of Modern Art, 1941; Northwest Art Exhibition at Spokane, Washington, 1944; a one-man show at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1953; An Exposition of American Indian Painters in New York, 1955; and a one-man show at the Philbrook Art Center in Tulsa, 1957. Between 1946 and 1965, over fifty galleries hung his paintings. Some pieces are among the permanent holdings of many institutions.

In 1934, Blue Eagle joined the Work Projects Administration (WPA) Public Works of Art Project, painting murals in public buildings. In 1935 at Oxford University, he participated in a program of the International Federation of Education and lectured on Indian art. A tour of Europe followed. He taught at Bacone Indian College from 1935-1938 where he founded the art program and became Director of Art. He also taught at the University of Kansas extension division in 1949 and Oklahoma State Technical College beginning in 1956. During World War II, he served in the United States Army Air Force; and, following the war, he spent a few years attempting to get into the movies. During 1946-1952, he was married to his second wife, a famous Balinese dancer, Devi Dja, and became involved in her career, an involvement that was briefly reflected in his art. However, Dja and Blue Eagle divorced and Blue Eagle lived with Mae Wadley Abbott for the last years of his life. During the 1950s, he had a television show for children on a Tulsa-Muskogee station. Acee Blue Eagle died on June 18, 1959 of a liver infection.

Sources Consulted

Martindale, Rob. Muskogee Paying Tribute to Blue Eagle. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

West, Juanita W. 1967. Acee Blue Eagle: A.C. McIntosh. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

1907 -- Born August 17, 1907 on the Wichita Reservation, north of Anadarko, Oklahoma

1928 -- Graduated Chilocco High School

1929-1934 -- Attended Bacone College, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State Tech

1935 -- Toured United States and Europe giving lecture-exhibition program, "Life and Character of the American Indian"

1935-1938 -- Established and headed art department at Bacone College at Muskogee

1936 -- Exhibited at the National Exhibition of Art, Rockefeller Center, New York

1942-1945 -- World War II, U.S. Air Force (Army)

1947-49 -- Free-lance work in New York and Chicago

1951-52 -- Artist-in-residence at Oklahoma Tech

1950-54 -- Conducted TV program, Muskogee, OklahomaToured U.S. West Coast exhibiting and lecturing about ways to improve TV programs for children

1958 -- Named Indian-of-the-Year by the American Indian Expostion at Anadarko, Oklahoma

1959 -- Died June 18, 1959
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to Acee Blue Eagle at the National Anthropological Archives include correspondence in the Solomon McCombs papers, 1914-1972, and correspondence with Betty Meilink under Manuscript 2011-20.
Provenance:
Acee Blue Eagle's private papers and collection of paintings were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Mrs. Mae Abbott of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Topic:
Indian art -- North America  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1973-51
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30f5eef50-cb31-4d85-87ef-5ae9fedac6f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1973-51
Online Media:

Bettina Steinke papers, 1936-1998, bulk 1936-1976

Creator:
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15961
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)302601
AAA_collcode_steibett
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_302601

Joel McCrea, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
McCrea, Joel  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331069
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478270

Frances Dee McCrea, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
McCrea, Joel, Mrs. (Frances Dee)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331070
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478271

Amanda Blake, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
Blake, Amanda  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331071
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478272

Barbara Stanwyck, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
Stanwyck, Barbara  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331072
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478273

Father and Daughter at the Crow Fair, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Figure group--Family--Father & Child  Search this
Ethnic--Crow  Search this
Recreation--Fair  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331073
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478274

Phil Lyne, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
Lyne, Phil  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Ceremony--Festival--Rodeo  Search this
Occupation--Other--Cowboy  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331074
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478275

Will Rogers, (painting)

Painter:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Subject:
Rogers, Will  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum 1700 N.E. 63rd Street Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73111
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Occupation--Other--Cowboy  Search this
Control number:
IAP 43331075
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478276

Bettina Steinke papers

Creator:
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1936-1998
bulk 1936-1976
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, printed material, and artifacts documenting Bettina Steinke's career as a portrait painter.
The bulk of the collection contains photographs of portraits by Steinke, including members of the Circus Saints and Sinners Club of America, 1936-1944, and military figures in the United States during World War II. Also included are photographs of Steinke in her studio, at work, and with others. Printed material includes newspaper clippings and magazine articles, many with printed reproductions of Steinke's portraits. Also included are two buttons, depicting Franklin D. Roosevelt and Dwight Eisenhower (the images presumably reproduced from Steinke's portraits).
Biographical / Historical:
Bettina Steinke (1913-1999) was a portrait painter in New York, New York. During World War II she painted portraits for the United States War Department.
Provenance:
Donated 2001 by the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution via curator Wendy Reaves who received the papers from Susan Conway, a friend of Steinke's.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios
Identifier:
AAA.steibett
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93daf0b4e-6813-46b9-b367-e0b4f803d369
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-steibett

Bettina : portraying life in art / by Don Hedgpeth ; with a foreword by Eric Sloane

Author:
Hedgpeth, Don  Search this
Subject:
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 155 p., [1] leaf of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1978
C1978
Topic:
Portrait painters  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.S8156 H4
N40.1.S8156H4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_117400

My time there : the art colonies of Santa Fe & Taos, New Mexico 1956-2006 : a memoir of art, essays, letters, and rare photos, about two of America's most important art colonies / by R.H. Dick ; with an introduction by Bambi Ellis

Title:
Art colonies of Santa Fe & Taos, New Mexico 1956-2006
Author:
Dick, R. H (Robert H.) 1943-  Search this
St. Louis Mercantile Library at the University of Missouri--St. Louis  Search this
Subject:
Dick, R. H (Robert H.) 1943-  Search this
Steinke, Bettina 1913-1999  Search this
Feshin, Nikolaĭ Ivanovich 1881-1955  Search this
Goebel, Rod  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southwest, New
New Mexico
Santa Fe
Taos
Date:
2006
20th century
Topic:
Taos school of art  Search this
Art  Search this
Artist colonies  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_902651

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