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MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Cherokee, Eastern  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Juaneño Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

The Library of Congress and the Smithsonian Institution: A Legislated Relationship

Author:
Gwinn, Nancy E  Search this
Editor:
Cole, John Y  Search this
Aikin, Jane  Search this
Subject:
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Jewett, Charles C (Charles Coffin) 1816-1868  Search this
Smithson, James 1765-1829  Search this
Mumford, L. Quincy (Lawrence Quincy) 1903-1982  Search this
Stevens, Ted  Search this
Clark, Leila Forbes  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard 1898-1973  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Ripley, Sidney Dillon 1913-2001  Search this
Shank, Russell 1925-  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries (SIL)  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
United States General Accounting Office  Search this
United States Dept. of State  Search this
National Archives and Record Administration (NARA)  Search this
Board of Regents Committee on Libraries  Search this
Smithsonian Deposit (Library of Congress)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution General History  Search this
International Exchange Service (IES)  Search this
Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge (Publication)  Search this
United States. Congress. Joint Committee on the Library  Search this
Library of Congress Relations with the Smithsonian  Search this
Librarian of Congress  Search this
Smithsonian Library  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 12; Page numbers: 91-102
Date:
2004
Topic:
Acquisitions (Libraries)  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Exchanges, Literary and scientific  Search this
Libraries--History  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Librarians  Search this
Assistant Secretaries  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Library science  Search this
Copyright  Search this
Controversies  Search this
International exchanges  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, DC: Library of Congress
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11603

Handbook of the new Library of Congress, comp. by Herbert Small; with essays on the architecture, sculpture and painting by Charles Caffin, and on the function of a national library by Ainsworth R. Spofford

Author:
Small, Herbert  Search this
Caffin, Charles Henry 1854-1918  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Subject:
Library of Congress  Search this
Physical description:
3 l., 128 p. front., illus., plan. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Date:
1897
Call number:
Z733.U58 S63
Z733.U58 S63X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_71863

The library of choice literature; prose and poetry selected from the most admired authors, ed., with biographical and critical notes, by Ainsworth R. Spofford ... and Charles Gibbon ... Illustrated with sixty-six engravings on steel

Author:
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Gibbon, Charles 1843-1890  Search this
Physical description:
v. fronts. (ports.) plates. 24 cm
Type:
Collections
Date:
1882
Topic:
Literature  Search this
Call number:
PN6013.S5 1882X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_249856

Celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the establishment of the seat of government in the District of Columbia / Compiled by William V. Cox. Under the direction of the Joint committee on printing

Author:
Committee on the centennial celebration of the establishment of the seat of government in the District of Columbia  Search this
Cox, William Van Zandt 1852-1923  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Bryan, W. B (Wilhelmus Bogart) 1854-1938  Search this
Hunt, Gaillard 1862-1924  Search this
Parsons, Arthur Jeffrey 1856-1915  Search this
Busey, Samuel C (Samuel Clagett) 1828-1901  Search this
U. S. Congress Joint committee on printing  Search this
Physical description:
343 p. : plates, 2 port. on 1 pl., fold. plans, facsims, (part col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1901
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
F194.C73
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_101183

Massachusetts in the American Revolution, by Ainsworth R. Spofford; an essay read before the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, April 10, 1895

Author:
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Sons of the American Revolution District of Columbia Society  Search this
Physical description:
1 p. l., [5]-37 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Massachusetts
Date:
1895
Revolution, 1775-1783
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
E263.M4 S76
E263.M4S76
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_78752

The Smithsonian Institution, 1846-1896, The History of its First Half Century

Editor:
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896  Search this
Subject:
Adler, Cyrus 1863-1940  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887  Search this
Baker, Frank 1841-1918  Search this
Benjamin, Marcus 1857-1932  Search this
Billings, John Shaw 1838-1913  Search this
Bolton, Henry Carrington  Search this
Cope, E. D (Edward Drinker) 1840-1897  Search this
Farlow, W. G (William Gilson) 1844-1919  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930  Search this
Gill, Theodore Nicholas  Search this
Gilman, Daniel Coit  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896  Search this
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Holden, Edward Singleton  Search this
Hubbard, Gardiner G (Gardiner Greene) 1822-1897  Search this
Jordan, David Starr  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
McGee, W. J. 1853-1912  Search this
McKinley, William  Search this
Mendenhall, Thomas Corwin  Search this
Rhees, William Jones 1830-1907  Search this
Rice, William North 1845-1928  Search this
Smithson, James 1765-1829  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
True, Frederick William 1858-1914  Search this
Woodward, Robert Simpson 1849-1924  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Establishment of  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries (SIL)  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States President  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages : 872; Page numbers : iii-x; 1-856
Date:
1897
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Benefactors  Search this
Bibliography  Search this
Botany  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Education  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Geography  Search this
Geology  Search this
Mathematics  Search this
Meteorology  Search this
Mineralogy  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Physics  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Science--Societies, etc  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D. C. De Vinne Press
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3159

Relation Between the Smithsonian Institution and the Library of Congress

Author:
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand 1825-1908  Search this
Editor:
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown) 1851-1896  Search this
Subject:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Gill, Theodore Nicholas  Search this
Adler, Cyrus 1863-1940  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries (SIL)  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 823-832
Date:
1897
Topic:
SI, Early History  Search this
Legislation  Search this
Transfers  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: De Vinne Press
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3548

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