Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
164 documents - page 1 of 9

Hudson D. Walker papers, 1920-1982

Creator:
Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976  Search this
Subject:
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Benn, Ben  Search this
Biberman, Edward  Search this
Booth, Cameron  Search this
Brenson, Theodore  Search this
Browne, Byron  Search this
Cahn, Joshua Binion  Search this
Charlton, Gene  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Dodd, Lamar  Search this
Gaertner, Carl F. (Carl Frederick)  Search this
Greenbaum, Dorothea S.  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Jules, Mervin  Search this
Maril, Herman  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Reeder, Dickson  Search this
Ribak, Louis  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Sokole, Miron  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
West, Clifford B.  Search this
Walker, Ione  Search this
Weeren-Griek, Hans van  Search this
Kemp, Harry  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Fuerstenburg, Eugenia M.  Search this
Fuller, Sue  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Botkin, Henry  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9261
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211456
AAA_collcode_walkhuds
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211456

Hudson D. Walker papers

Creator:
Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Walker Art Center  Search this
Benn, Ben, 1884-  Search this
Biberman, Edward, 1904-1986  Search this
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Booth, Cameron, 1892-1980  Search this
Botkin, Henry, 1896-1983  Search this
Brenson, Theodore, 1893-1959  Search this
Browne, Byron, 1907-1961  Search this
Cahn, Joshua Binion, 1915-  Search this
Charlton, Gene, 1909-  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Dodd, Lamar  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fuerstenburg, Eugenia M.  Search this
Fuller, Sue, 1914-  Search this
Gaertner, Carl F. (Carl Frederick), 1898-1952  Search this
Greenbaum, Dorothea S.  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
Jules, Mervin, 1912-  Search this
Kemp, Harry, 1883-1960  Search this
Maril, Herman  Search this
Maurer, Alfred Henry, 1868-1932  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Reeder, Dickson, 1912-1970  Search this
Ribak, Louis, 1902-1979  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Sokole, Miron, 1901-  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold, 1880-1958  Search this
Walker, Ione  Search this
Weeren-Griek, Hans van  Search this
West, Clifford B.  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 10 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1982
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; biographical material; artists files; files on organizations; business and financial records; photographs; writings and notes; diaries; scrapbooks; appointment calendars; exhibition catalogs and announcements; printed material; and miscellany.
REELS D351-D358: Biographical material; personal and business correspondence with family, artists, museums, and art organizations; 62 artists files containing photos of works of art, printed material, and correspondence; files on the American Federation of the Arts, Artists Equity Association, the Walker Foundation, and other organizations; business and financial records; material relating to Walker's work with Elizabeth McCausland in her studies of Marsden Hartley; printed material; and photos of Walker, his family, and miscellaneous works of art. Among the correspondents are: Berenice Abbott, Ben Benn, Theodore Brenson, Gene Charlton, Philip Evergood, Joseph Hirsch, Mervin Jules, Carl Sprinchorn, Harry Sternberg, and others.
REEL 130: Correspondence with Eugenia M. Fuerstenberg, Oct. 8, 1940-Sept. 25, 1941, concerning the consignment and sale of ca. 400 Alfred Maurer paintings owned by Mrs. Fuerstenberg. One letter is from Parke-Bernet Galleries, declining to handle the paintings.
REEL 1535: 4 volumes of a diary, 1929, 1930, 1942, and 1945. The first two volumes were kept while Walker was a graduate student at Harvard, the 1942 volume covers exhibitions and artists, including Marsden Hartley, and the 1945 volume details Walker's travels in Europe after World War II. Also included are 7 letters, a valentine, and two post cards from his wife, Ione G. Walker, and a 1967 letter from Hans van Weeren-Griek.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence with Henry Botkin, Philip Evergood, Susan Fuller, Marsden Hartley, Harry Sternberg and other artists and gallery directors; letters and poems by Harry Kemp, 1948-1955; essays by Walker on Joshua B. Cahn and Marsden Hartley; a report on the Walker Art Center by William Valentiner, 1930; notes from meetings, galleries and art associations; a silk screen by Seong Moy; financial records; 2 diaries, 1938-1939; 2 appointment calendars, 1950-1951; 8 school notebooks; 3 scrapbooks; exhibition catalogs; clippings; and photos of Walker and artists Cameron Booth, Byron Browne, Gladys Rockmore Davis, Carl Gaertner, Dorothea Greenbaum, Mervin Jules, Herman Maril, Dickson Reeder, Henry Schnakenberg, Miron Sokole, Harry Sternberg, Jean Tingley and Clifford West.
Biographical / Historical:
Collector and administrator; New York, N.Y.; d. 1976.
Provenance:
Material on reels D351-D358 & unmicrofilmed donated 1966-1982 by Hudson D. and Ione G. Walker; material on reel 1535 lent for microfilming 1979 by Ione G. Walker, widow of Walker; material on reel 130 donor unspecified.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm.
Occupation:
Administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.walkhuds
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-walkhuds

Jacob Getlar Smith papers, 1919-1966

Creator:
Smith, Jacob Getlar, 1898-1958  Search this
Subject:
Chain, Jack  Search this
Criss, Francis  Search this
Edie, Stuart  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Gershoy, Eugenie  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Halper, Nathan  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Matulka, Jan  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta  Search this
Stone, Irving  Search this
Tamotsu, Chūzō  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Genauer, Emily  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Watercolor painting  Search this
Drawing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7452
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209610
AAA_collcode_smitjaco
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209610

Jacob Getlar Smith papers

Creator:
Smith, Jacob Getlar, 1898-1958  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Names:
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Chain, Jack  Search this
Criss, Francis, 1901-1973  Search this
Edie, Stuart, 1908-1974  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Genauer, Emily, 1910-2002  Search this
Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901?-1983 or 6  Search this
Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991  Search this
Halper, Nathan  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Matulka, Jan, 1890-1972  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta, 1900-1975  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Stone, Irving, 1903-  Search this
Tamotsu, Chūzō, 1888-1975  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1919-1966
Scope and Contents:
Drawings, caricatures, scrapbooks, correspondence, photographs, writings, and printed material.
REELS 723-724: Two scrapbooks, 1919-1935 and 1935-1966, containing clippings, exhibition catalogs, and printed materials; and 128 letters from artists, galleries, and art organizations, including American Artists Congress, Associated American Artists Gallery, Thomas Hart Benton, Paul Cadmus, Philip Evergood, Emily Genauer, Julian Levi, Gregorio Prestopino, Zoltan Sepeshy, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, William Zorach, and others.
UNMICROFILMED: Caricatures and portrait drawings by Smith of Jack Chain, Francis Criss, Stuart C. Edie, Philip Evergood, Ernest Fiene, Eugenie Gershoy, Chaim Gross, Nathan Halper, [?] Hunt, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Julian Levi, Reginald Marsh, Jan Matulka, Concetta Scaravaglione, Irving Stone, Chuzo Tamotzu, and unidentified others. Also included is a self-portrait.
ADDITION: Ca. 40 letters; photographs, including Smith, other artists, and Woodstock, NY; draft manuscript for Smith's book, "Art and the Artist and You" (includes copy photographs of illustrations for the book); writings; exhibition catalogs and related printed material; and clippings. Ca. 35 of the letters were previously lent and microfilmed on reels 723-724.
Biographical / Historical:
Watercolor painter; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Material on reels 723-724 lent for microfilming 1974 by David Loeffler Smith, Smith's son. He subsequently donated the 2 scrapbooks and some correspondence from the loan, along with additional unmicrofilmed material, in 1983 and 1994.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Watercolorists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Watercolor painting  Search this
Drawing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
AAA.smitjaco
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitjaco

Zoltan Leslie Sepeshy

Artist:
Zoltan Leslie Sepeshy, 1898 - 1974  Search this
Sitter:
Zoltan Leslie Sepeshy, 1898 - 1974  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61cm x 51cm (24" x 20 1/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1947
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Fedora  Search this
Self-portrait  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Zoltan Leslie Sepeshy: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Academy of Design
Website: www.nationalacademy.org/
Object number:
1147-P-707
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e0d1fa58-a651-4ca9-b353-ef10fb35d53d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1147-P-707

Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997

Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Moller, Hans  Search this
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Martin, Fletcher  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino  Search this
Maldarelli, Oronzio  Search this
Magafan, Ethel  Search this
Lahm, Ren'ee  Search this
Kingman, Dong  Search this
Healey, Francis C.  Search this
Hale, Nathan Cabot  Search this
Soyer, Isaac  Search this
Gruskin, Mary J.  Search this
Gruskin, Alan D. (Alan Daniel)  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Taubes, Frederic  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Sokole, Miron  Search this
Shulkin, Anatol  Search this
Simkhovitch, Simka  Search this
Schoener, Jason  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty  Search this
Saarinen, Lilian Swann  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Reinhardt, Siegfried  Search this
Palmer, William C.  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Nagler, Edith Kroger  Search this
Nagler, Fred  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Vickrey, Robert  Search this
Varga, Margit  Search this
Wingate, Arline  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Betts, Edward H.  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Coiner, Charles T.  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Etnier, Stephen  Search this
Etting, Emlen  Search this
Midtown-Payson Galleries  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Video recordings
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7098
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209231
AAA_collcode_midtgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209231
Online Media:

Midtown Galleries records

Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Names:
Midtown-Payson Galleries  Search this
Betts, Edward H., 1920-  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-  Search this
Coiner, Charles T., 1897-  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Etnier, Stephen, 1903-1984  Search this
Etting, Emlen, 1905-1993  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Gruskin, Alan D. (Alan Daniel), 1904-1970  Search this
Gruskin, Mary J.  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Hale, Nathan Cabot  Search this
Healey, Francis C.  Search this
Kingman, Dong, 1911-  Search this
Lahm, Ren'ee, 1897-1945  Search this
Magafan, Ethel, 1916-1993  Search this
Maldarelli, Oronzio, 1892-1962  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino, 1896-  Search this
Martin, Fletcher, 1904-1979  Search this
Meyer, Fred  Search this
Moller, Hans, 1905-  Search this
Nagler, Edith Kroger, 1890-1986  Search this
Nagler, Fred, 1891-1983  Search this
Palmer, William C., 1906-  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Reinhardt, Siegfried, 1925-1984  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty, 1889-1971  Search this
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Schoener, Jason  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Shulkin, Anatol, 1899-1961  Search this
Simkhovitch, Simka, 1893-1949  Search this
Sokole, Miron, 1901-  Search this
Soyer, Isaac, 1902-1981  Search this
Taubes, Frederic, 1900-  Search this
Thon, William, 1906-2000  Search this
Varga, Margit, 1908-2005  Search this
Vickrey, Robert, 1926-  Search this
Wingate, Arline, 1906-1998  Search this
Extent:
86.82 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Video recordings
Date:
1904-1997
Summary:
The records of Midtown Galleries measure 86.82 linear feet and date from 1904 to 1997. The collection documents the operation and general administration of the business and includes artist records, exhibition material, inventories, financial records, photographs, and printed material.
Scope and Content Note:
Records of Midtown Galleries [including the addition], circa 1904-1997, comprise 86.82 linear feet on 117 microfilm reels. Records are sparse for the early years when the gallery was operated as a cooperative. As the business expanded and became profitable, recordkeeping was more systematic and thorough. Records consist of administrative correspondence, 1927-1989 and undated; exhibition records, 1934-1982 and undated; inventories and sales records, 1946-1980 and undated; financial records, 1933-1957; miscellaneous, 1934-1985 and undated; photographs, circa 1925-circa 1980; printed matter, 1932-1982 and undated; personal papers of Alan D. and Mary J. Gruskin, 1932-1983 and undated; and Papers of Francis C. Healey, 1932-1935 and undated An addition, represents scattered material, 1932-1997 and undated, that remained after the gallery closed in 1995. It includes administrative records, 1934-1995 and undated; photographs circa 1938-1988 and undated; artists records, 1932-1993 and undated; exhibitions, 1958-1993 and undated; videotapes, 1977-1988; and oversize printed matter, 1973-1977 and undated Because microfilmimg of the Midtown Galleries records was already underway when this material was received, it could not be integrated with the main portion of the collection.

Administrative correspondence is categorized as General Correspondence, Artists Correspondence, and Artists Applications. General Correspondence is with clients, collectors, museums and galleries, arts organizations, and businesses providing services to Midtown Galleries, and concerns routine business matters. Artists Correspondence contains both personal and business letters since the Gruskins were close friends of many artists represented by Midtown Galleries. Artists Applications consists of correspondence with artists seeking representation by Midtown Galleries. Both accepted and rejected artists are included in this subseries.

Exhibition records includes schedules and general correspondence about cooperative exhibitions and traveling shows. Exhibition files, arranged by title, contain correspondence concerning arrangements for each show.

Inventories include listings by artist and by warehouse location; also, lists of paintings on consignment, paintings returned to artists, loan/shipping log, and "traffic cards." Sales records include "groups totals,: artists account ledger, and sales slips.

Financial records consist of bills paid, banking records, accounting records, and tax returns with related documentation.

Miscellaneous items include manuscripts of Isabel Bishop Catalogue Raisonne and Biography by Karl Lunde and The Art of Philip Guston by Lester D. Longman. Also included are legal documents such as Act of Incorporation, partnership agreement, and leases; 32 guest registers, 1924-1985 and undated, and 15 samples of artist-designed fabrics produced by Onandoga Silk Co., 1946-1947.

Photographs of people include founders Alan D. Gruskin and Francis C. Healey, Mary J. Gruskin (Mrs. Alan D.) and many artists affiliated with Midtown Galleries. Photographs of works of art are by Midtown artists and others. Also, illustrations for Painting in the U.S.A. by Alan D. Gruskin; 2 albums of photographs of the work of Waldo Peirce, circa 1925-1930s (probably compiled by Peirce). Photographs of exhibitions include Midtown Galleries exhibitions and shows elsewhere featuring works by Midtown artists. Miscellaneous photographs include: Gruskin's Department Store (Pa.); models used by artists Julien Binford, Henry Koerner, and Doris Rosenthal; properties owned by Julien Binford and Hans Moeller; Anatol Shulkin's travel pictures of the Soviet Union; store window displays featuring Midtown artists, and fashion models at Midtown Galleries.

Printed matter includes material produced by Midtown Galleries: exhiition catalogs, 1932-1983 and undated; news releases, 1932-1983 and undated; Midtown News, 1965-1970; and miscellaneous items, 1943-1970 and undated Printed matter produced by others includes is comprised of artists files consisting mainly of newsclippings; also, articles about Midtown Galleries and the Gruskins.

Personal papers of Mary J. and Alan D. Gruskin contain biographical information, correspondence, financial records, miscellaneous items, calendars, and writings of Alan D. Gruskin. Correspondence, 1931-1970 and undated, with family and friends concerns personal business; also, letters of condolence on the death of Alan D. Gruskin, 1970. Financial records include personal finances and documentation of gifts of artwork to institutions, with appraisals and tax information. Calendars, 1939-1983, record both personal engagements and some business appointments. Writings of Alan D. Gruskin include manuscripts and drafts of columns, short stories, a screenplay, radio broadcasts, and lecture notes from courses at Harvard.

Papers of Francis C. Healey are comprised of correspondence that relates to both gallery and ersonal business. Also included are scripts and drafts for radio broadcasts, printed matter, press releases, and proposals for radio programs.

Administrative records received with the addition include general correspondence, correspondence with clients, and correspondence regarding gifts, sales and purchases. Records concerning the sale of Midtown Galleries to John Whitney Payson include Gruskin's and Payson's inventories. Also, included is a history of the gallery.

Photographs are of the Gruskins, their friends, and country house; also, views of Midtown exhibitions, openings, artists, and individual works of art.

Artists records are comprised mainly of artists files, largely containing printed matter. Among the artists records are a file of holiday cards by various artists, many with original artwork. Also included are catalogs of group shows featuring Midtown artists at other galleries

Exhibition materials include announcements, news releases, catalogs, miscellaneous printed matter, and a guest book. A small number of these items are dated after Payson's purchase of Midtown Galleries.

Videotapes of William Palmer, Isabel Bishop, and Robert Vickrey, as well as oversize printed matter relating to Midtown artists, complement the artists records.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 10 series. A detailed explanation of the arrangement of each series is provided with the series descriptions. Each series is subdivided, often by record type, with categories usually arranged chronologically; exceptions are noted. Administrative correspondence (Series 1) is arranged alphabetically, as are many inventories sales records (Series 3). Photographs of people, exhibitions, and works of art (Series 6) are arranged alphabetically, as are the artists files and exhibition clippings portions of the printed matter (Series 7). The addition is described separately in Appendix A; and, wherever possible, reel and frame numbers of related materials received and filmed with the addition have been included in the main text's series descriptions.

Series 1: Administrative Correspondence, 1927-1989, undated (51 linear ft.)

Series 2: Exhibitions, 1932-1982, undated (4 linear feet)

Series 3: Inventories and Sales Records, 1932-1980, undated (5.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Financial Records, 1933-1957 (3.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1934-1985, undated (2 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1925-circa 1980 (6.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Matter, 1932-1990, undated (7.25 linear ft.)

Series 8: Personal Papers of Alan D. and Mary J. Gruskin, 1904-1990, undated (4.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Papers of Francis C. Healey, 1932-1935, undated (0.5 linear ft.)

Series 10: Addition, 1932-1997, undated (2.5 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Alan D. Gruskin (1904-1970) hoped to become an artist, but while still a student realized that his talents were better suited to art administration than painting. Following graduation from Harvard University, he worked at a New York gallery that specialized in old masters, returning home to Pennsylvania after a year to pursue a writing career that ultimately proved unsuccessful. Gruskin returned to New York and opened Midtown Galleries at 559 Fifth Avenue in 1932. Specializing in work by living American artists, Midtown was one of a rather small number of commercial galleries in New York City that showed contemporary American art. Midtown Galleries represented academic and realist painters, and purposely avoided abstract art.

Founded during the Depression, Midtown Galleries was a shoe-string operation in its early years. Originally operated as a cooperative, Midtown Galleries' participating artists contributed to the costs and work of presenting exhibitions. Between 1932 and 1935, Gruskin served as "Art Director" of the gallery and his business partner, Francis C. Healey was "Publicity Director." Healey appears to have been responsible for weekly broadcasts on NBC radio designed to interest people in visiting the gallery. The 15-minute programs consisted of discussions with museum directors, curators, artists, writers, and musicians about a broad range of cultural topics. Copies of the scripts were offered for a dime, and the payments mailed by radio listeners bought Gruskin's meals. During this period, Gruskin lived in the gallery. After Healey's departure in 1935, Midtown Galleries ceased to be run as a cooperative.

Midtown Galleries usually represented approximately two dozen artists, and many remained with the gallery for decades. They included: Julien Binford, Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Gladys Rockmore Davis, Emlen Etting, Maurice Freedman, Dong Kingman, Oronzio Maldarelli, William C. Palmer, Waldo Peirce, Doris Rosenthal, Zoltan L. Sepeshy, Frederic Taubes, William Thon, Margit Varga, and Robert Vickrey.

Gruskin worked to educate and interest the public in American art and to promote the artists he represented. In addition to countless reviews, articles, and catalog essays, he wrote three books: Painting in the U.S.A. (1946), The Watercolors of Dong Kingman and How the Artist Works (1958), William Thon: The Artist and His Technique (1964). Gruskin advocated the use of fine art in advertising and industry, obtaining commissions for his artists and at the same time assisting clients in building corporate collections. A prime example is the Upjohn Company which, at Gruskin's urging, included reproductions of paintings in "Your Doctor Speaks," a series of public service announcements. Many of the paintings were purchased subsequently, forming the basis of the Upjohn Collection. A traveling exhibition, The Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, was circulated by Midtown Galleries and featured in a Life magazine article about fine art and advertising. Another example is the fabric patterns, based on paintings by several of Midtown Galleries' artists, commissioned by the Onandoga Silk Company; the fabrics were used for dresses by popular designers, with fashion shows and window displays of paintings by the participating artists at selected department stores throughout the country. Working closely with architects and interior designers, Gruskin and Midtown Galleries were innovators in the use of domestic and business settings to showcase art with Art In Interiors, a series of exhibitions held annually between 1952 and 1961.

Midtown Galleries was a pioneer in circulating traveling exhibitions to colleges and art associations in communities distant from major art museums and commercial galleries. Beginning in 1936 and or more than 35 years, Midtown Galleries circulated 8-10 shows throughout the country each year; most were group shows organized around a theme, though occasional solo exhibitions were offered. Other important exhibitions off the premises were the Central Illinois Art Exposition, 1939, and the contemporary American art exhibition at the New York World's Fair, 1964-1965. The 1939 show organized by Gruskin for the Bloomington, Illinois, Art Association was a large exhibition of American art borrowed from a variety of institutions; the very well-publicized show was heavily attended, drawing visitors from a large area of the rural Midwest, many of whom had never visited a museum or seen original art.

1932 -- established as a cooperative gallery at 559 Fifth Ave. by Alan D. Gruskin (Art Director) and Francis C. Healey (Public Relations Director); Midtown Galleries presented programs on contemporary American art broadcast by NBC radio

1934-1935 -- Tudor City Art Galleries at 8 Prospect Place, New York City, featuring works by Midtown Galleries' artists and others, administered by Gruskin and Healey

1935 -- departure of Francis C. Healey; gallery moved to 605 Madison Ave.; gallery ceased to be run as a cooperative

1936 -- began traveling exhibitions to universities, museums, and regional art associations

1939 -- Central Illinois Art Exposition (Bloomington, Ill.)

1946 -- San Francisco branch opened and closed; publication of Painting in the U.S.A. by Alan D. Gruskin

1951 -- gallery moved to 17 East 57th Street

1958 -- publication of The Watercolors of Dong Kingman and How the Artist Works by Alan D. Gruskin

1962 -- gallery moved to 11 East 57th Street

1964 -- exhibition of contemporary American art at the New York World's Fair, organized by Midtown Galleries; shown in American Interiors Pavilion, this was the only exhibit of its kind at the Fair; publication of William Thon: The Artist and His Technique by Alan D. Gruskin

1966 -- loan of Midtown Galleries' records for microfilming by the Archives of American Art; this small selection, along with many other gallery records, was donated by Mary Gruskin to the Archives between 1972 and 1991, with an additional gift in 1997

1970 -- death of Alan D. Gruskin (1904-1970); Mary J. Gruskin assumes position of Director

1972 -- first portion of Midtown Galleries' records donated to the Archives of American Art by Mrs. Gruskin

1985 -- sale of Midtown Galleries to John Whitney Payson; Bridget Moore, Director, and Mary J. Gruskin, Director Emerita

1986 -- majority of Midtown Galleries' records acquired by the Archives of American Art

1990 -- name changed to Midtown-Payson Galleries; gallery moved to 745 Fifth Ave.

1991 -- additional gift of records by Mrs. Gruskin

1992 -- records arranged, described, and prepared for microfilming

1993 -- microfilming began; continued sporadically, in small segments

1995 -- Midtown-Payson Galleries closed

1997 -- additional gift of records by Mrs. Gruskin

1999 -- microfilming completed
Provenance:
Midtown Galleries loaned a small number of records consisting of news releases, 1939-1966, and exhibition schedules to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1966. Subsequently, Mary J. Gruskin donated this material, along with many other gallery records, to the Archives in several installments between 1972 and 1991; an additional gift was received in 1997. The portion loaned in 1966 is now integrated with the main records and has been refilmed in sequence. Unfortunately, the addition of 1997 was received in Washington, D.C. after microfilming was well underway. The addition has been microfilmed and described separately as Series 10. Wherever possible, the main text has been annotated with reel and frame numbers for related items contained in the addition.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
The Midtown Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Video recordings
Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.midtgall
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-midtgall

Oral history interview with Glen Michaels, 1981 July 1

Interviewee:
Michaels, Glen, 1927-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rospond, Mary Chris  Search this
Subject:
Grotell, Maija  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Sculpture -- Technique  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Artists' materials  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12291
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212095
AAA_collcode_michae81
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212095
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Zoltan Sepeshy, 1973 April 26

Interviewee:
Sepeshy, Zoltan L. (Zoltan Leslie), 1898-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis, 1947-  Search this
Subject:
Booth, George G. (George Gough)  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11689
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212418
AAA_collcode_sepesh73
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212418

Oral history interview with Zoltan Sepeshy, 1963 January 13

Interviewee:
Sepeshy, Zoltan L. (Zoltan Leslie), 1898-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Woolfenden, William E. (William Edward), 1918-1995  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11799
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212419
AAA_collcode_sepesh63
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212419

Oral history interview with Tommy Simpson, 2004 May 6-July 2

Interviewee:
Simpson, Tommy, 1939-  Search this
Interviewer:
Cooke, Edward S., 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Castle, Wendell  Search this
Maloof, Sam  Search this
Maruyama, Wendy  Search this
McKie, Judy Kensley  Search this
Newman, Richard, (Artist)  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Smith, Paul J.  Search this
Zucca, Edward  Search this
Boston University  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Museum of Arts and Design (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Northern Illinois University  Search this
University of Hartford  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Furniture making -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting -- Study and teaching  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11632
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)248743
AAA_collcode_simpso04
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_248743
Online Media:

Oral history interview with William Bostick, 1981 August 11-19

Interviewee:
Bostick, William A., 1913-2007  Search this
Interviewer:
Rospond, Mary Chris  Search this
Subject:
Grotell, Maija  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Founders Society  Search this
Scarab Club  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Arts administrators -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11715
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212082
AAA_collcode_bostic81
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212082
Online Media:

William and Leza McVey papers, 1932-1974

Creator:
McVey, William Mozart, 1905-1995  Search this
McVey, Leza S. (Leza Sullivan), 1907-1984  Search this
Subject:
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Gonzales, Boyer  Search this
West, Clifford B.  Search this
Canaday, John  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7970
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210138
AAA_collcode_mcvewill
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210138

Ernst Scheyer papers, 1924-1972

Creator:
Scheyer, Ernst, 1900-1985  Search this
Subject:
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Mann, Thomas  Search this
Mann, Erika  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Churchill, Maria  Search this
Churchill, Alfred Vance  Search this
Lindbergh, Anne Morrow  Search this
Feininger, Julia  Search this
Feininger, T. Lux  Search this
Einstein, Elsa  Search this
Werner, Fred  Search this
Topic:
Blaue Vier (Group of artists)  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Painting, German  Search this
Expressionism (Art) -- Germany -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9100
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211294
AAA_collcode_scheerns
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211294

Zoltan L. Sepeshy papers, 1958-1965

Creator:
Sepeshy, Zoltan L. (Zoltan Leslie), 1898-1974  Search this
Subject:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9225
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211420
AAA_collcode_sepezolt
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211420

Wilbur D. Peat correspondence, 1929-1936

Creator:
John Herron Art Institute  Search this
Subject:
Peat, Wilbur David  Search this
Albinson, Dewey  Search this
Baylinson, A. S.  Search this
Bell, Wenona Day  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Blume, Peter  Search this
Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard  Search this
Bohm, C. Curry  Search this
Borie, Adolphe  Search this
Borst, George H.  Search this
Brackman, Robert  Search this
Brecher, Samuel  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Carian, Varaldo J.  Search this
Carpenter, E. F., Mrs  Search this
Carroll, John  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai  Search this
Cirino, Antonio  Search this
Clear, Charles Val  Search this
Cohen, Max B.  Search this
Curry, John Steuart  Search this
Davey, Randall  Search this
Davis, Charles H. (Charles Harold)  Search this
Dickinson, Edwin Walter  Search this
Dougherty, Paul  Search this
Eakins, Susan Macdowell  Search this
Eddy, Henry S. (Henry Stephens)  Search this
Evans, Virginia Bargar  Search this
Fabrick, Anton Piers  Search this
Farnsworth, Jerry  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Kelly (John Kelly)  Search this
Folinsbee, John Fulton  Search this
Gailor, Charlotte  Search this
Garber, Daniel  Search this
Gilder, Robert F. (Robert Fletcher)  Search this
Glackens, William J.  Search this
Grabach, John R.  Search this
Greener, Charles T. (Charles Theodore)  Search this
Gruppe, Charles Paul  Search this
Higgins, Eugene  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hunger, Bernard A.  Search this
Keller, Henry G.  Search this
King, Fanny Mahon  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Kuehne, Max  Search this
La Chance, Georges  Search this
Lucioni, Luigi  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Mattson, Henry E. (Henry Elis)  Search this
McFee, Henry Lee  Search this
Hofmeier, Miriam McKinnie  Search this
Millet, Clarence  Search this
Moffett, Ross  Search this
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis)  Search this
Mulhaupt, Frederick J.  Search this
Myers, Jerome  Search this
Nayland, Watson  Search this
Newcombe, Warren  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Perrine, Van Dearing  Search this
Philipp, Robert  Search this
Phillips, Marjorie  Search this
Plaschke, Paul Albert  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis  Search this
Reed, Doel  Search this
Rosen, Charles  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Rush, Olive  Search this
Ryder, Chauncey F.  Search this
Savage, Eugene F.  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan  Search this
Sewall, Edward  Search this
Seyffert, Leopold  Search this
Sheets, Nan  Search this
Simkhovitch, Simka  Search this
Singer, Clyde  Search this
Smith, Judson  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward  Search this
Speight, Francis  Search this
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Tromka, Abram  Search this
Verner, Elizabeth O'Neill  Search this
Warren, Ferdinand E.  Search this
Waugh, Frederick Judd  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Wilcox, Lois  Search this
Wiltz, Arnold  Search this
Wood, Grant  Search this
Wrenn, Harold Holmes  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8509
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210686
AAA_collcode_johnherr
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210686

Oral history interview with Tommy Simpson

Interviewee:
Simpson, Tommy  Search this
Interviewer:
Cooke, Edward S., 1954-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Boston University. Program in Artisanry -- Faculty  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Museum of Arts and Design (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Northern Illinois University -- Students  Search this
University of Hartford -- Faculty  Search this
Castle, Wendell, 1932-2018  Search this
Maloof, Sam  Search this
Maruyama, Wendy, 1952-  Search this
McKie, Judy Kensley, 1944-  Search this
Newman, Richard, (Artist)  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Smith, Paul J., 1931-  Search this
Zucca, Edward  Search this
Extent:
6 Items (Sound recording: 6 sound files (3 hr., 54 min.), digital, wav)
89 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
China -- Description and Travel
Europe -- description and travel
Date:
2004 May 6-July 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Tommy Simpson conducted 2004 May 6-July 2, by Edward S. Cooke, Jr., for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America.
Simpson speaks of growing up in rural Illinois; making things as a child; discovering his interest in art at Northern Illinois University; getting an MFA in painting at Cranbrook Academy of Art; using the wood shop at Cranbrook; exhibiting at various galleries in New York City and moving to Connecticut; showing work in the "Fantasy Furniture" exhibit at the Museum of Arts & Design; visiting Europe; the New York studio furniture market in the 1960s; writing the book, "Fantasy Furniture"; exhibiting in "Objects USA;" working as artist in residence at the Fairtree Gallery; teaching at the University of Hartford; his work ethic and productivity; living and working in Greenwich, Connecticut; the constraints of being classified as a furniture maker; teaching briefly at the Program In Artisanry and other schools; the increased public interest in fine woodworking in the 1980s; changes in the craft market; writing the book, "Two Looks to Home"; the influence of events on his work; his current interest in making whole interiors; working on commission; the current public interest in craft; expressing themes in his work; his working process in his studio; the future of fine woodworking; the difficulties of working with galleries; designing rugs; and visiting China. Simpson also recalls Zoltan Sepeshy, Wendell Castle, Paul Smith, Sam Maloof, Edward Zucca, Wendy Maruyama, Richard Newman, Judy McKie, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Tommy Simpson (1939- ) is a furniture maker and sculptor from Washington Depot, Connecticut. Edward S. Cooke, Jr. is a professor from Newtonville, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 54 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Cabinetmakers  Search this
Sculptors -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Furniture making -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.simpso04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-simpso04

Oral history interview with Zoltan Sepeshy

Interviewee:
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Woolfenden, William E. (William Edward), 1918-1995  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963 January 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Zoltan Sepeshy conducted by William E. Woolfenden on 1963 January 13 for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Zoltan Sepeshy (1898-1974) was a painter.
General:
Originally recorded 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 4 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Painters -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.sepesh63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sepesh63

Oral history interview with Zoltan Sepeshy

Interviewee:
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Booth, George G. (George Gough), b. 1864  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950  Search this
Extent:
30 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1973 April 26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Zoltan Sepeshy conducted 1973 April 26, by Dennis Barrie, for the Archives of American Art. Sepeshy speaks of his early years at Cranbrook Academy and describes the scene at Cranbrook in 1930, its staff, and nucleus of creative artists. He discusses the prevailing philosophy of freedom and independence for students at Cranbrook. He recalls George Booth, Eliel Saarinen, and Carl Milles.
Biographical / Historical:
Zoltan Sepeshy (1898-1974) was a painter.
General:
Originally recorded 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 18 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Painters -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.sepesh73
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sepesh73

Zoltan L. Sepeshy papers

Creator:
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Extent:
11 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1958-1965
Scope and Contents:
Commencement addresses delivered by Sepeshy at Cranbrook Academy of Art while serving as a faculty member and administrator; clippings; a curriculum vita; and an essay by Sepeshy on judging art.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, educator, Cranbrook Academy; Bloomfield Hills and Birmingham, Michigan.
Provenance:
Originally lent for microfilming 1973. Subsequently donated by Sepeshy, 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Painters -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sepezolt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sepezolt

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By