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Actiniaria / by Oskar Carlgren and T.A. Stephenson

Author:
Carlgren, Oskar,, 1865-1954  Search this
Stephenson, T. A (Thomas Alan)  Search this
Author:
Mawson, Douglas Sir 1882-1958  Search this
Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914)  Search this
Physical description:
34 pages ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Antarctica
Date:
1929
1929]
Topic:
Sea anemones  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Call number:
QL397.7 .L786 1928a
QL397.7.L786 1928a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_437892

Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs

Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Names:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Photographer:
Averell, William H.  Search this
Coe, Wesley R. (Wesley Roswell), 1869-1960  Search this
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909  Search this
Keen, Dora, 1871-  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Pillsbury, Arthur C. (Arthur Clarence)  Search this
Ridgway, Robert, 1850-1929  Search this
Artist:
Schreyvogel, Charles, 1861-1912  Search this
Extent:
396 Lantern slides
286 Photographic prints
1 Map
Culture:
Suquamish  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Maps
Place:
British Columbia
Siberia (Russia)
Alaska
Date:
1898-1900
1903
1914
bulk 1899-1899
Summary:
The Mary Harriman Rumsey collection largely consists of photographic prints and lantern slides documenting the Harriman Expedition to Alaska in summer 1899. These depict members of the expedition and Alaskan scenery and people. The collection also includes scenic photographs of Alaska taken by Dora Keen in 1914 and photographs of Blackfeet, Hopi, Apache, and Suquamish Indians made by Edward Curtis in 1900 and 1903.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection comprises photographic prints, lantern slides, and one map documenting the Harriman Alaska Expedition from May to July of 1899. These photographs were made by members of the expedition, most prominently its official photographer Edward S. Curtis, funder Edward Henry Harriman, and lead scientist C. Hart Merriam. They depict Alaskan scenery, members of the expedition, and Native people and settlements that they encountered. Mary Harriman Rumsey's collection also includes later platinum prints of American Indians made and signed by Curtis (1900, 1903), photographs of glaciers in Alaska by Dora Keen (1914), a photograph of a painting by Charles Schreyvogel (1903), and a photograph of White Pass by Arthur Clarence Pillsbury (1898).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series: photographs relating to the Harriman Expedition; photographs of Alaska that were not made on the Harriman Expedition; and other photographs relating to American Indians. The Harriman series is arranged in a rough chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Harriman Rumsey (1881-1934) was an important American philanthropist and the oldest child of railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman. In 1901, while studying at Barnard College, she co-founded the Junior League for the Promotion of Settlement Movements (later named the Junior League of the City of New York), which facilitated charitable work by privileged women among New York's impoverished groups. Rumsey's efforts lead to the establishment of the Association of Junior Leagues International Inc. in 1921. Additionally, Rumsey co-founded Today magazine with her brother Averell Harriman and others, and in 1933 she chaired the Consumer Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration.

In 1899, Mary Harriman was among the Harriman family members who accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Originally planned as a bear-hunting trip for the family, the expedition, was funded by Edward Henry Harriman and organized with the help of ethnographer and naturalist Clinton Hart Merriam. The party of accomplished scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers cruised from British Columbia to Siberia and back on a private ship, the SS George W. Elder, in June and July of 1899. The scientists' findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series, and Harriman also paid the expedition's official photographer, Edward S. Curtis, to compile souvenir albums from the over 5,000 photographs made during the course of the expedition.
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives, University of Washington Special Collections, and Library of Congress have photo albums relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition. The SI Archives also holds the Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection and photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series.

NMAI holds photogravure plates and proofs made from Edward Curtis's later photographs and Frederick Dellenbaugh's expedition notes in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records. The National Anthropological Archives also holds Curtis photographs and papers.
Separated Materials:
The following materials were also part of Mary Harriman Rumsey's estate, gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1934. Where possible, their current locations have been noted.

33 artifacts, most of which were likely collected in Alaska by the Harriman Alaska Expedition, are now housed in the NMAI object collection (catalog numbers 18/6460 - 18/6494)

A set of Harriman Alaska Expedition books, probably now in the Cornell University Libraries

4 phonograph records

A bundle of botanical specimens
Provenance:
This collection was donated as part of the estate of Mary Harriman Rumsey to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in May 1934.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-053
Online Media:

Portrait in a Minute: Charles Willson Peale

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-05-13T19:19:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_nx_o_RbApQc

Nymphaea gigantea Hook.

Biogeographical Region:
50 - Australia  Search this
Collector:
R. L. Specht  Search this
Expedition:
American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
In fresh water lagoon (pH 7.5) near East Alligator River  Search this
Place:
West Arnhem, Northern Territory, Australia, Australasia
Collection Date:
10 Oct 1948
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae (basal) Nymphaeales Nymphaeaceae
Published Name:
Nymphaea gigantea Hook.
Barcode:
01299917
USNM Number:
2125218
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/352ed5b9a-f9b4-44f2-a74d-fcc583d8df78
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11742326
Online Media:

Productions

Topic:
Sea: A Quest for Our Future (Motion picture : 1984)
Coral Reefs: New Discoveries, New Resources (Motion picture : 1985)
Coral Reefs: How to Make Use of 400 Million Years of Evolution (Motion picture : circa 1981)
Coral Reefs: Understanding Their Passage Through Time (Motion picture : circa 1985)
Blue Planet (Motion picture : 1985)
Coral Reefs and the Discovery of New Resources on a Blue Planet (Motion picture : 1985)
Tides of Maine (Radio program : circa 1994)
Creator::
Smithsonian Productions  Search this
Extent:
59.04 cu. ft. (56 record storage boxes) (3.04 non-standard size boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Videotapes
Place:
Maine
Caribbean Area
Virgin Islands
Bahamas
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belize
Maine, Gulf of
Norfolk (Va.)
Date:
1968, 1980-1985, 1989-1994, 2002
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of audiovisual elements created during the production of "The Sea: A Quest for Our Future;" "Coral Reefs: New Discoveries, New Resources;" "Coral Reefs: How to Make Use of 400 Million Years of Evolution;" "Coral Reefs: Understanding Their Passage Through Time;" "Blue Planet;" "Coral Reefs and the Discovery of New Resources on a Blue Planet;" "Tides of Maine;" other films associated with the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Life in the Sea Hall; and a film produced for the St. Louis Zoological Park about coral reefs. Much of the footage for these films was shot between 1980 and 1983 and was often used in multiple productions. Much of the footage was shot by Karen Loveland, Producer, Smithsonian Productions and its predecessor units, during NMNH research trips to the Caribbean and Maine on the ship, Marsys Resolute. Additional footage, also shot by Loveland, was taken in the NMNH laboratories and exhibits. Many of the films feature Walter H. Adey, NMNH, Department of Botany, Curator/Research Scientist, or were narrated by Adey.

"The Sea: A Quest for Our Future" is a 60 minute film produced in 1984 and broadcast by PBS. It is a documentary on the complex ecosystems of tropical coral reefs filmed in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Belize, and it focuses primarily on research projects conducted by the NMNH Marine Systems Laboratory. The film won several awards including the 1984 Best Nature Production Award from the International TV Movie Festival; a second-place award at the 1985 National Educational Film Festival; and a 1986 Gold Medal and Diploma of the International Scientific Festival.

"Coral Reefs: New Discoveries, New Resources" is a 30-minute version of "The Sea." It was produced in 1985 and distributed for educational purposes.

"Coral Reefs: How to Make Use of 400 Million Years of Evolution" was produced in approximately 1981 and accompanied the first live coral reef exhibition at NMNH.

"Coral Reefs: Understanding Their Passage Through Time" (11:30) replaced "How to Make Use of 400 Million Years" in the live coral reef exhibition at NMNH in approximately 1985.

"Blue Planet" is a 15 minute film produced in 1985 to accompany the NMNH exhibition "Exploring Marine Ecosystems." The film focuses on work performed in the Marine Systems Laboratory and also compares and contrasts the Maine coast with a tropical coral reef. Both ecosystems were reproduced in the exhibition.

"Coral Reefs and the Discovery of New Resources on a Blue Planet" is a 28 minute film produced in 1985. It chronicles the odyssey of a dozen NMNH scientists aboard the Marsys Resolute as they explore the ecology of coral reefs in the Caribbean. The expedition seeks to discover how coral reefs are able to flourish in notoriously nutrient-poor waters. The film was produced by Karen Loveland, directed by Karen Loveland and Robert Pierce, and narrated by Paul Anthony. The film was a Blue Ribbon winner at the American Film Festival.

"Tides of Maine" is a 30-minute radio program produced in approximately 1994. It is a recording of a ship's log during a voyage from Norfolk, Virginia to the Gulf of Maine with Walter H. Adey and his crew. This audio documentary records life aboard the Marsys Resolute and chart's Adey's stories as a seafaring scientist. Adey tracks and explains plant and animal specimens encountered during the trip.
Restrictions:
Restrictions pertaining to the use of these materials may apply (based on contracts/copyright). Access restrictions may also apply if viewing/listening copies are not currently available. Viewing/listening copies can be made for a fee. Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Coral reefs and islands  Search this
Coral reef ecology  Search this
Marine ecology  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Videotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 05-263, Smithsonian Productions, Productions
Identifier:
Accession 05-263
See more items in:
Productions
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa05-263

Records

Creator::
National Zoological Park  Search this
Extent:
147 cu. ft. (288 document boxes) (1 tall document box) (4 bound volumes) (71 microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Drawings
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Pamphlets
Diaries
Plates (illustrations)
Letterpress copybooks
Picture postcards
Architectural drawings
Date:
1887-1966
Introduction:
The earliest records concerning the National Zoological Park date from 1887. They were kept by the Office of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution until 1890, when they were transferred to Holt House, the Park's administrative headquarters. During the late 1960's the records were transferred to the custody of the Smithsonian Institution Archives. The finding aid for these records was first written in 1972 and revised in 1989.

The Archives would like to thank Dr. Theodore H. Reed, former director of the National Zoological Park, and Sybil E. Hamlet, Public Information Officer, NZP, for their support and assistance in the transfer of the records to the Archives, and in providing historical information necessary for the processing of these records.
Descriptive Entry:
The records of the National Zoological Park document the development of the Park, from the site survey work begun by William T. Hornaday in 1888 through the beginnings of its modernization plans in 1965.

Several series of records are of particular importance. They include records of the National Zoological Park Commission, 1889-1891, and records created by William T. Hornaday, who had a significant part to play in the early development of the Park. Some of these records also demonstrate the important influence of Secretary Samuel P. Langley, who succeeded in persuading Congress to authorize the Park, and who kept it under his close personal supervision until he died in 1906. This material consists of minutes of the founding Commission, plats, maps, blueprints, photographs, and correspondence documenting acquisition of land for the Park, as well as records detailing the Park's changing boundaries, layouts of buildings and grounds, and construction of buildings. A more detailed description of the Park's correspondence system can be found in series 12 through 14. Additional information regarding the Commission's activities and Langley's close involvement with the Zoo may be found in Record Unit 31, the incoming correspondence of the Office of the Secretary (Samuel P. Langley), 1891-1906, and related records to 1908, and Record Unit 34, the Secretary's outgoing correspondence, 1887-1907.

Correspondence in these records embraces a number of other subjects as well. Acquisition of specimens is extensively documented. Animals were obtained from donors, from dealers in wild animals, from circuses, from American military and diplomatic personnel, from participation in various American expositions, and from expeditions abroad for the purpose of collecting animals for the Park. Collections gathered abroad came from the Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition (1909), the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition (1926-1927), the Argentine Expedition (1938-1939), the Antarctic Expedition (1939-1940), and the Firestone-Smithsonian Expedition (1940-1941). In addition, the Park provided specimen exhibitions and built facilities for several expositions, including the Pan-American Exposition (1901-1902), the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904), the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (1909), and the Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1914-1917). Record Unit 70 documents the Smithsonian's participation in expositions in detail.

The records also document the more mundane aspects of Park administration. There is considerable correspondence between the Park's director and colleagues at other institutions at home and abroad, and with various federal agencies. There is particularly full documentation of dealings with federal offices in control of animal quarantine regulations and with the rebuilding of the Park by various New Deal agencies in the 1930's. There are daily diaries of the superintendents, directors, and assistant directors of the Park (1895-1930), as well as diaries and daily reports of various subordinate staff members.

Lastly, records of the Park document Samuel P. Langley's 1901-1903 research on the flight of birds, Frank Baker's survey of private and public zoological parks and his buffalo census, 1902-1905, and Baker's involvement on a subcommittee entrusted with recommending a site for a zoological park to the New York Zoological Society.
Historical Note:
In 1989 the National Zoological Park celebrated its centennial. However, as early as 1855 the Smithsonian had received gifts of live animals. In addition, the United States National Museum acquired living animals for life studies in order to create lifelike specimens for exhibit in the Museum. Since there were no facilities for caring for animals not used as specimens, those animals were either transferred to the Superintendent of the United States Insane Asylum (now St. Elizabeth's Hospital) for the amusement of its patients or else sent to the Philadelphia Zoological Garden.

However, parochial needs were not the only source for the idea of a national zoological park. During the last quarter of the nineteenth century there was growing concern that a number of animals would soon become extinct in their natural habitats, among them the American buffalo. William T. Hornaday, taxidermist at the Institution since 1882, had found the National Museum with only a few inferior specimens of the buffalo; and, with the support of Secretary Spencer F. Baird, he traveled to Montana in May and again in September of 1886 to collect specimens while they could still be had. Hornaday was able to collect numerous specimens. However, the state of the buffalo herds he observed during these trips evidently affected him deeply. In 1888, he published his The Extermination of the American Bison. Already, in March 1887 he had proposed to Secretary Baird that a zoological park be established in Washington under the Smithsonian's direction. Baird died before anything could be done; but in October 1887, with the consent of the new Secretary, Samuel P. Langley, a new Division of Living Animals was created in the U. S. National Museum and Hornaday was made its curator. In 1888 Hornaday had, at Secretary Langley's direction, undertaken a survey of land along Rock Creek in northwest Washington lying between the White House and Georgetown to determine its suitability as a zoo site.

The National Zoological Park was established by an Act of Congress in March 1889. The Secretary of the Smithsonian, the Secretary of the Interior, and the President of the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia, were constituted as Commissioners of a National Zoological Park in order to purchase land for a zoo in the District of Columbia, "...for the advancement of science and the instruction and recreation of the people." The commissioners ultimately acquired one hundred and sixty-four acres at this site, some by condemnation, most by purchase. In April 1890 Congress passed another act, placing the National Zoological Park under the direction of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. Half its operating funds were to come from the federal government, half from the District of Columbia. The Board was authorized to expend funds, transfer and exchange specimens, accept gifts, and to generally oversee Zoo operations.

Secretary Langley wanted the best professional advice in planning the layout and design of the Park, and Frederick Law Olmsted, the noted landscape architect, was consulted about all aspects of the Park's layout and design, including pathways, animal enclosures, public access, and the like. Copies of Olmsted's drawings and sketches are at the National Zoological Park today. In practice, however, much of Olmsted's advice was ignored, either because the Park lacked funds to follow his plans or because Secretary Langley often chose to follow his own counsel.

Hornaday became the first Superintendent of the Park but soon resigned because of differences of opinion with Secretary Langley over the scope of the superintendent's authority to control Park operations. In 1890 Frank Baker, Assistant Superintendent of the Light House Service, was appointed Acting Manager in place of Hornaday. From 1893 to until his retirement in 1916 Baker served as superintendent. These early years were full of difficulties. While the Rock Creek site had much natural charm, it was necessary to balance the demands for building construction, park layout and roads, and acquisition of animals--all on an extremely tight budget. Still, as the more mundane affairs of the Park moved slowly forward, there were important "firsts" as well. In 1891 Dunk and Gold Dust, the Park's first elephants, arrived. They were great favorites at the Park, notwithstanding their reputations as troublemakers in the circus which sold them to their new owner. That same year came French, the first lion, then only a cub, who was sold to the Park after he began to alarm the neighbors of his owner in Alderson, West Virginia. During its early years the Park was also the site of Secretary Langley's efforts to study and film the flight of birds, work he undertook as part of his effort to produce a manned flying machine.

On Baker's retirement in 1916, Ned Hollister, an assistant curator of mammals in the U. S. National Museum, was appointed to succeed him. Hollister served until his death in 1924. During his tenure the Park continued to receive very modest appropriations. On that account, it was not possible to purchase much zoo stock; but gifts were numerous. In 1922, they ranged from an opossum given by President Harding to the 15 mammals, 50 birds, and 17 reptiles collected by William M. Mann while on expedition with the Mulford Biological Exploration of the Amazon Basin. Housing for the animals remained inadequate, and many old structures had to remain in use. In 1924 the Park did manage to construct its first restaurant for the use of visitors, who numbered more than 2.4 million people in that year. Superintendent Hollister died in 1924 and was succeeded by Alexander Wetmore, who served only five months before leaving to become Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.

In 1925, Dr. William M. Mann became Superintendent (Director after 1926) of the National Zoological Park, a job he was to hold until his retirement in 1956. He hoped to build a zoo which housed a first-class collection in a first-class environment. As in the past, there was little money for purchase of animals, so he continued to rely on gifts. Mann was a good publicist, and he enlisted the sympathies of Walter P. Chrysler. On March 20, 1926, the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition set out, arriving at Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika, on May 5 of that year. The expedition was a splendid success and returned with 158 mammals, 584 birds, 56 snakes, 12 lizards, 393 tortoises, and 1 frog. Many specimens, like the giraffe, were quite new to the Park. The male and female impala obtained were the only ones in any zoo in the world at that time.

On his return, Mann finally succeeded in obtaining an appropriation for a new bird house to replace the one erected 37 years before. A reptile house followed in 1929. In 1935 some of the Zoo's remaining need for new buildings was finally met. The Public Works Administration, a New Deal relief program, allocated $680,000 for the construction of a Small Mammal and Great Ape House, a Pachyderm House, an addition to the Bird House, and several operations buildings. One of the New Deal's programs for the relief of artists, the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture, furnished artists to decorate areas of the Zoo. In fact, the Park employed more artists than any other local institution.

In 1937 the Park was once more the beneficiary of a collecting expedition, the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies. Mann brought back with him 74 crates of mammals, 112 crates of birds, and 30 crates of reptiles. In 1940 Harvey Firestone, Jr., offered to finance a collecting expedition to Liberia. Again, the expedition supplied the Park with many specimens, including a female pygmy hippopotamus, Matilda, as companion for the lonely Billy, already at the Park.

When World War II began, the Zoo could not escape its effects. In fact, in 1942 for fear that poisonous snakes might be released from their cages if the Reptile House were struck by an air raid, all the Park's collection of cobras and other venomous snakes was traded to other locations less likely to undergo air attacks. Subsequently, the Park spent some time making repairs and resuming normal activities. In 1956 Dr. Mann retired and was succeeded by acting Director Theodore H. Reed, who was made Director in 1958. In 1958 the Friends of the National Zoo, a group dedicated to supporting the National Zoo and maintaining its reputation as one of the world's great zoos, was organized. In 1960 the Park's budget exceeded a million dollars for the first time. For many years the formula which charged half the Park's expenses to the budget of the District of Columbia had caused a great deal of difficulty. Local residents felt they were being taxed to pay for an institution national in character. Park officials argued that they needed more money than the existing formula could provide. Finally, in 1961, a compromise was reached. All costs for construction and repair of the Park would be carried in the appropriation for the Smithsonian Institution. The District of Columbia would contribute only to the Park's operating costs. As if to give the new arrangement a good send-off, in 1962 Congress appropriated four million dollars for the Park, more than half of it earmarked for a perimeter road around the Zoo and a tunnel to carry automobile traffic through the Zoo. In this way, it was at last possible to close the Park proper to through traffic and to devote the Park reservation solely to strengthening and improving the National Zoological Park's programs.
Chronology:
October 1887 -- Department of Living Animals created under the direction of the United States National Museum

1888 -- William T. Hornaday, curator of the Department of Living Animals, directed by Secretary Samuel P. Langley to draw up a preliminary plan for the Zoo

March 1889 -- Congress authorized the formation of a National Zoological Park Commission to select and purchase land for a zoological park

April 1890 -- Congress placed the National Zoological Park (NZP) under the Smithsonian Institution's Board of Regents

May 1890 -- Frederick Law Olmsted invited by Langley to consult on the layout of the Zoo

May 10, 1890 -- Hornaday appointed superintendent of the Zoo

June 1, 1890 -- Frank Baker appointed temporary acting manager of the NZP

June 9, 1890 -- Hornaday resigned

-- 1891 Buffalo and elk barn built

January 29, 1891 -- William H. Blackburne appointed first head keeper

April 30, 1891 -- First animals, two male Indian elephants, Dunk and Gold Dust, brought to Zoo grounds

June 27, 1891 -- First group of animals moved from Mall to NZP

1892 -- Authorization to purchase and transport animals revoked for six years

1892 -- First permanent building completed. Called the main animal house, it was later renamed the Lion House.

1893 -- Baker appointed superintendent

1894 -- First beaver arrived from Yellowstone National Park. They inhabited "Missouri Valley," later called "Beaver Valley."

1898 -- Antelope House built

1898 -- NZP given authorization by Congress to purchase animals

1899 -- Illustrated circular on animals desired by NZP distributed to United States officers stationed overseas

1900 -- As a result of the circular, animals were received from Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Panama, and the Philippine Islands

1900 -- New iron bridge constructed across the creek at Harvard Street (then called Quarry Road)

1901 -- Twenty-inch sundial purchased in London and installed on lawn near the Animal House

1902 -- A flying cage was completed

November 1902 -- Two fifty-foot towers erected in order to provide platforms for photographers to take pictures of flying vultures. Work was in conjunction with Langley's research on flight.

1903 -- New Elephant House completed

1903 -- NZP received its first Kodiak bear

November 24, 1904 -- President Theodore Roosevelt gives the Zoo an ostrich, the gift of King Menelik of Abyssinia

1908 -- Last of the bear cages were completed

1909 -- Theodore Roosevelt in British East Africa on a Smithsonian collecting expedition. Friend William Northrup Macmillan offered NZP his animal collection if transported by a Zoo official. Assistant superintendent A. B. Baker transferred the animals to the Park.

1913 -- Cook House used for food storage and preparation was built

1916 -- Estimated attendance reached over one and one-half million visitors

November 1, 1916 -- Baker retired. Ned Hollister appointed superintendent.

August 13, 1917 -- Zoo purchased first motor truck

October 1, 1920 -- Visitor attendance reached two million

1921 -- Two giant tortoises received from Albemarle and Indefatigable Islands

May 24, 1922 -- African Cape big-eared fox transported to the Zoo. First of its species to be exhibited alive in America.

November 3, 1924 -- Ned Hollister died. Alexander Wetmore appointed interim superintendent.

May 13, 1925 -- William M. Mann appointed superintendent

May-October 1926 -- Smithsonian-Chrysler Fund Expedition to Tanganyika (now Tanzania). 1,203 animals transferred to the Zoo.

1928 -- First breeding of an American white pelican on record

June 1928 -- New Bird House opened

February 27, 1931 -- Reptile House opened. Voted by the American Institute of Architects as the outstanding brick building in the east.

October 7, 1932 -- Eagle Cage completed

November 23, 1933 -- The only maned wolf from South America to be exhibited in a zoo was received by the NZP

June 21, 1934 -- Zoo received its first Komodo dragon

January 16, 1935 -- NZP received a $680,000 Public Works Administration appropriation. Funds would provide for the construction of a Small Mammal and Great Ape House, Elephant House, addition to the Bird House, two shops, and a central heating plant.

January 12, 1937 -- Lucile and William Mann depart on the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the East Indies

September 27, 1938 -- 879 specimens from the East Indies Expedition are received at the Zoo

April 6, 1939 -- Lucile and William Mann leave for a collecting trip in Argentina

June 27, 1939 -- 316 specimens are received at the Zoo from the trip to Argentina

November 11, 1939 -- Zoo keeper Malcolm Davis sailed with Admiral Richard E. Byrd to establish bases during the Antarctica Expedition.

February 17, 1940 -- Lucile and William Mann leave on the Smithsonian Institution-Firestone Expedition to Liberia

March 5, 1940 -- Zoo received first emperor penguin collected by Davis while on Antarctica expedition

August 6, 1940 -- Zoo received 195 specimens collected in Liberia

December 31, 1943 -- Blackburne retired from Zoo at 87, after fifty-two years of service

June 29, 1950 -- Smokey Bear, a four-month old cub, arrived at the Zoo

November 5, 1953 -- Two Philippine macaques, Pat and Mike, launched by an Aerobee rocket to an altitude of 200,000 feet, were transferred to the Zoo by the United States Air Force

July 15, 1955 -- Theodore H. Reed became the Zoo's first full-time veterinarian

October 31, 1956 -- Mann retired. Theodore H. Reed appointed acting director.

1957 -- The Zoo was the first to use the Cap-Chur gun for the immobilization and/or treatment of animals

March/April 1957 -- United States Signal Corps transferred two hero pigeons to NZP. Anzio Boy and Global Girl completed sixty-one missions between them.

March 12, 1958 -- Reed appointed director of the Zoo

April 10, 1958 -- Friends of the National Zoo (FONZ) organized

April 16, 1958 -- Female banded linsang received as a gift from a staff officer stationed in Kuala Lampur, Malaya. The species had never been exhibited at the Zoo, and was the only one in captivity.

May 16, 1958 -- Julie Ann Vogt, two-and-a-half years old, was killed by one of the Zoo's lions

May 18, 1958 -- First birth of a female snow leopard in the Western Hemisphere

September 1958 -- First wisent born in this country

July 1, 1960 -- Davis retired after spending thirty-three years at the Zoo

December 5, 1960 -- Female white tiger, Mohini, received as a gift from the chairman of the board of Metropolitan Broadcasting Corporation

December 16, 1960 -- A master plan for the development of the Zoo was presented to the Smithsonian by the president of FONZ

September 9, 1961 -- A male gorilla, Tomoka, was born, the second born in captivity in the world

1962 -- An appropriation of 1.3 million dollars was approved by the Senate Appropriations Committee as an initial investment on a ten-year capital improvement program

April 17, 1962 -- The Zoo hired its first zoologist

April 5, 1963 -- Ham, the chimponaut, was formally transferred to the Zoo by the United States Air Force. On January 31, 1961, Ham handled the controls on a Redstone rocket. Traveling up to a speed of 5,887 miles per hour, Ham was on-board the rocket for a 16.5 minute flight. Three months later, Commander Alan B. Shepard operated Mercury 3, the United States' first manned space mission.

1964 -- Several construction projects, including reconstruction of the Bird House, a new Great Flight Cage, parking lots and roads were going on at the same time

January 6, 1964 -- Mohini gave birth to three cubs, one of which was white

September 1, 1965 -- Zoo hired first resident scientist to supervise the Scientific Research Department
Topic:
Zoos  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Zoo exhibits  Search this
Zoo directors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Drawings
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Pamphlets
Diaries
Plates (illustrations)
Letterpress copybooks
Picture postcards
Architectural drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 74, National Zoological Park, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 74
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0074

Poa annua L.

Biogeographical Region:
90 - Subantarctic Islands  Search this
Collector:
Y. Mejland  Search this
Place:
Tristan da Cunha. Norwegian Scientific Expedition 1937-38. Settlement, pasture., St. Helena Islands, Africa
Collection Date:
22 Dec 1937
Common name:
annual blue grass
annual bluegrass
spear grass
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Pooideae
Published Name:
Poa annua L.
Barcode:
04074788
USNM Number:
3396684
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3335fd630-96c9-4e27-8514-f3bfe4afa3e7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15912223

Poa pratensis L.

Biogeographical Region:
90 - Subantarctic Islands  Search this
Collector:
Erling Christophersen  Search this
Min. Elevation:
600  Search this
Place:
Norwegian Scientific Expedition 1937-38. Tristan da Cunha: above Settlement., St. Helena Islands, Africa
Collection Date:
21 Dec 1937
Common name:
June grass
Kentucky blue grass
Kentucky bluegrass
spear grass
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Pooideae
Published Name:
Poa pratensis L.
Barcode:
04071286
USNM Number:
3396683
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37c533f95-cdf9-44be-8d7b-73576aeb3959
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15891492

Correspondence and Memoranda

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum  Search this
Extent:
76.58 cu. ft. (151 document boxes) (3 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1860-1908
Descriptive Entry:
Most of the correspondence is directed to Goode, with lesser amounts to True, Walcott, and Rathbun. Also, a small amount of correspondence is addressed to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, (Baird, 1878-1887; and Samuel P. Langley, 1887-1906) but is generally referred to the Assistant Secretary for response.

Much of the material is routine correspondence from the general public, and deals with offers to sell and collect specimens, the identification of artifacts and specimens, museum administration, and requests for publications. Also evident is correspondence from contractors, publishing houses, and other firms conducting business transactions with the United States National Museum. A large part of the international scientific community corresponded with the United States National Museum, and many letters concerning 19th century science and scientific affairs are contained in this collection. A large quantity of correspondence exists from museums, scientists, various scientific institutions, and colleges and universities. Once again, much of the correspondence is routine, concerning exhibits, museum administration, requests for publications, and the exchange of specimens. A voluminous amount of material regards United States National Museum publications. However, most of the correspondence concerns the technical production of the manuscripts, rather than the content. Materials of special interest include correspondence from collectors and naturalists in the field, plans and accounts of scientific expeditions, and data on significant accessions. A small amount of outgoing correspondence appears in the collection.

See Record Unit 112 for outgoing correspondence.
Historical Note:
These records comprise the primary incoming correspondence of the officer in immediate charge of the United States National Museum. Beginning in 1850 with the appointment of Spencer F. Baird, the primary responsibility of the Assistant Secretary was the direction of the United States National Museum. The Assistant Secretary also performed other functions at the direction of the Secretary, and for various periods of time was in charge of publications, exchanges, and other areas. Incumbents included: (1) Spencer F. Baird, 1850-1878; (2) George Brown Goode, 1880-1896, including the years 1880-1887 when he served as assistant director of the museum without the title of Assistant Secretary; (3) Charles D. Walcott, Acting Assistant Secretary, 1897-1898; (4) Richard Rathbun, 1897-1918. After Goode's death in 1896, the business of the office was administered for a time by the executive curator, Frederick William True.
Restrictions:
Inquiries related to specimens should be directed to the appropriate museum registrar.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 189, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda
Identifier:
Record Unit 189
See more items in:
Correspondence and Memoranda
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0189

Folders 7-8 Stearns, Winfrid Alden, 1882-1902. The correspondence for 1888-1890 concerns a proposed scientific expedition to Labrador, headed by Stearns. The letter of 7/15/1899, to Frederick William True, regards the possible deposit of the Bradley Co...

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum  Search this
Container:
Box 123 of 154
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Inquiries related to specimens should be directed to the appropriate museum registrar.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 189, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda
See more items in:
Correspondence and Memoranda
Correspondence and Memoranda / Box 123
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0189-refidd1e12448

Folder 3 Steiger, E. - Stein, T. M. Correspondents include Robert Stein of the U. S. Geological Survey (1894), concerning a proposed scientific expedition to Ellesmere Land.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum  Search this
Container:
Box 124 of 154
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Inquiries related to specimens should be directed to the appropriate museum registrar.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 189, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda
See more items in:
Correspondence and Memoranda
Correspondence and Memoranda / Box 124
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0189-refidd1e12500

Trough

Culture/People:
Yagua (Yahua)  Search this
Expedition:
Wenner-Gren Scientific Expedition to Hispanic America (1940-1941) (Wenner-Gren Peru Expedition)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Dr. Paul Fejos (Pál Fejös), Non-Indian, 1897-1963  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Axel Wenner-Gren, Non-Indian, 1881-1961  Search this
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-  Search this
Object Name:
Trough
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Native Term:
tanta
Place:
Río Amazonas (Amazon River) area near frontiers of Peru, Colombia, and Brazil; Río Ampiyacu; Maynas Province; Loreto Region; Peru
Catalog Number:
20/4728
Barcode:
204728.000
See related items:
Yagua (Yahua)
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws699188d7c-ebd3-4d37-b959-06380f3757e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218275
Online Media:

Up and down California in 1860-1864; the journal of William H. Brewer. Edited by Francis P. Farquhar

Author:
Brewer, William Henry 1828-1910  Search this
Farquhar, Francis Peloubet 1887-1974  Search this
Type:
Books
Surveys
Place:
California
Date:
1966
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F864 .B84 1966
F864.B84 1966
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_44055

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 58

Author:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.0" x 3.5")
Container:
Box 22, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
1937 March 28-1938 September 11
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 4: Diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref347
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 58 digital asset number 1

Wetmore and Perrygo Collecting in Panama

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-03-14T19:43:56.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Museum administration  Search this
See more by:
SIArchives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
YouTube Channel:
SIArchives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_nqYSQaohp60

Harvard University oarsmen to go on scientific cruise. [photonegative]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Harvard University -- 1920-1930  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Boston (Mass.) -- 1920-1930
Massachusetts
Scope and Contents:
Caption: "Boston, Mass.: Photo shows the Auxiliary schooner Chance, which is to carry a scientific expedition under the leadership of O'Donnell Iselin, to the Coast of Labrador this summer. Mr. Iselin a student at Harvard will captain the boat, while the expedition will be under the direction of Dr. Henry Bigelow o[f] the Peabody Museum of Harvard. The Chance is 77 feet overall, has a 16-foot beam and an 11-foot [draft?] (see press dispatches)."
Local Numbers:
RSN 18436

Video number 17757
General:
Company catalog card included.
U&U caption in file box.1954-A204
Currently stored in box 3.1.71 [227B].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Research facilities -- Massachusetts  Search this
Sailboats -- Massachusetts  Search this
Waterscapes -- Massachusetts  Search this
Universities and colleges -- 1920-1930 -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1920-1930 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass.
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 18413-18537
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref14861

The travels and researches of Alexander von Humboldt being a condensed narrative of his journeys in the equinoctial regions of America, and in Asiatic Russia : together with analyses of his more important investigations by W. Macgillivray ; with a map of the Orinoco, and engravings

Author:
Humboldt, Alexander von 1769-1859  Search this
Contributor:
MacGillivray, William 1796-1852  Search this
Former owner:
Hoosick Falls (N.Y.).) Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
367 pages illustrations, map 16 cm
Type:
Books
Printed cloth bindings (Binding)
Ink stamps (Provenance)
Maps
Publishers' advertisements
Publishers' cloth bindings (Binding)
Relief prints
Travel literature
Place:
Mexico
Siberia (Russia)
South America
Russia (Federation)
Siberia
Orinoco River Valley
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1833
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F2216 .H919 1833
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1002002

Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale ouvrage publié par ordre de S.M. l'Empereur et par les soins du Ministre de l'instruction publique

Author:
Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale  Search this
Humbert, Aloïs 1829-1887  Search this
Mont-Serrat, Eugène de  Search this
France Ministère de l'instruction publique  Search this
Contributor:
Aubin, J. M. A (Joseph Marius Alexis) 1802-1891  Search this
Brasseur de Bourbourg abbé 1814-1874  Search this
Brocchi, P. M. le Dr (Paul) 1839-1898  Search this
Crosse, Hippolyte 1826-1898  Search this
Dollfus, Auguste 1840-1869  Search this
Duméril, Auguste Henri André 1812-1870  Search this
Fischer, Paul 1835-1893  Search this
Fournier, Eugène 1834-1884  Search this
Guillemin-Tarayre, E (Edmond) 1832-1920  Search this
Hamy, E. T (Ernest Théodore) 1842-1908  Search this
Milne-Edwards, H (Henri) 1800-1885  Search this
Saussure, Henri de 1829-1905  Search this
Vaillant, Léon 1834-1914  Search this
Former owner:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927 DSI  Search this
Henderson, J. B (John Brooks),) 1870-1923 DSI  Search this
Subject:
Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale  Search this
Physical description:
volume, leaves of plates (some folded) illustrations, maps 28-39 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Central America
Mexico
Guatemala
Date:
1868
Topic:
Amphibians  Search this
Animals  Search this
Botany  Search this
Geology  Search this
Manuscripts, Maya  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Myriapoda  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Plants  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
Q115 .M57 1868
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1007283

Nauchnye rezulʹtaty puteshestvīĭ N.M. Przhevalʹskago po TSentralʹnoĭ Azīi, izdannye Imperatorskoiu akademīeiu nauk ..

Title:
Wissenschaftliche Resultate der von N.M. Przewalski nach Central-Asien unternommenen Reisen
Historia naturalis itinerum N.M. Przewalski per Asiam Centralem ..
Mammals of central Asia DSI
Results Przewalski Expedition central Asia, Aves fasc. 1-4 DSI
Amphibien und Reptilien DSI
Przhevalskii DSI
Explorations of N.M. Przhwalski in central Asia DSI
Publisher:
Imperatorskaia akademīia nauk (Russia)  Search this
Author:
Herzenstein, Solomon Markovich 1854-1894  Search this
Bedriaga, Iakov Vladimirovich 1854-1906  Search this
Pleske, Ḟ. D (Ḟedor Dmitrīevich) 1858-1932  Search this
Büchner, Evgenij A. 1861-1913  Search this
Contributor:
Przhevalʹskiĭ, Nikolaĭ Mikhaĭlovich 1839-1888  Search this
Former owner:
Pelzeln, August von 1825-1891 DSI  Search this
Subject:
Przhevalʹskiĭ, Nikolaĭ Mikhaĭlovich 1839-1888 Travel  Search this
Physical description:
20 parts in 8, leaves of plates : illustrations (some color), folded tables ; 36-37 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Asia, Central
Date:
1888
1912
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Call number:
Q115.P7 A65 1888
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1095830

General

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 12-13
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1845-1919
Scope and Contents:
Related or pertaining to: navigation laws, Merchant Marine extension, coast survey, ship building channel standards, Memoir of the Dangers of Ice, port charges, iron replacing wooden ships, nautical pursuits and progress, Woodruff Scientific Expedition around the world.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Ships, Boats, and Vessels, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels]
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels] / Genre / Reports
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-steamboats-ref708

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