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German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]

Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Names:
Boehm, Hans Otto  Search this
Elder, Georg  Search this
Garland, Adolf  Search this
Hartmann, Erich  Search this
Hermann, Hajo  Search this
Hrabak, Dietrich  Search this
Molder, Jagerblatt  Search this
Neumann, Edward  Search this
Rudel, Hans-Ulrich  Search this
Schuck, Walter  Search this
Spate, Wolfgang  Search this
Steinoff, Johannes  Search this
Toliver, Raymond  Search this
von Huenefeld, Guenther  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet ((12 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
bulk 1940s-2000s
Summary:
The German World War II Ace Collection consists of 6 linear feet of correspondence and photographs of German aces and pilots of World War II collected by Kurt Schulze and Raymond Toliver.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 6 linear feet of mostly correspondence and photographs gathered by Schulze or Toliver, of German aces and pilots, including the following: Hans Otto Boehm, Erich Hartmann, Adolf Garland, Gunther Rall, Dietrich Hrabak, Edward Neumann, Hajo Herrmann, Georg Elder, Johannes Steinnoff, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Jagerblatt Molder, Walter Schuck and Wolfgang Spate. There are also German combat reports, accounts by German test pilots on World War II captured aircraft, information on the Tirpitz raid, photographs of Knights' Cross and Oak Leaves recipients, and material relating to the JG5 and JG51 Squadrons. Besides the correspondence and photography, the collection consists of obituaries, programs, publications and over 70 videos.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
Kurt Schulze (b. 1921) began his German military service in 1939 as a cadet with the Air Service Corps. He started out as a wireless operator and air traffic controller before becoming a navigation officer. As a Navigator, he flew 23 night missions in Dornier Do 217s over England. In September of 1943, he received his wings as a pilot and in March 1944 he started fighter pilot training. From then until May 1945, Schulze flew 103 missions. Sixty-five of those missions were in Messerschmitt BF-109 on the Russo-Finnish border. When Finland signed a peace agreement with Russia, Schulze's unit was moved to Northern Norway. Schulze's last nine missions were in command of the first JG-51 squadron. After the war, he was turned over to the American Forces and then to the French. In 1951 he moved to California and in 1958 he became a US citizen. Schulze had a strong friendship with Colonel Raymond Toliver, author of books on German World War II pilots, and he translated German correspondence and documents for Toliver's research, as the author did not speak or write German.
Provenance:
Kurt Schulze, Gift, 2012
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Germany -- Refugees  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2012.0025
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2012-0025
Online Media:

Miscellaneous 1 - German pilots [1 of 3]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref24

Miscellaneous 2 - Germany [2 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref45

Miscellaneous 3 - U.S. Pilots; Finnish Air Force; British Pilots [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref46

Miscellaneous 3 - U.S. Pilots; Finnish Air Force; British Pilots [2 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref47

Miscellaneous 4 - Germans [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref48

Miscellaneous 4 - Germans [2 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref49

"Eichenlaub"; photographs of German Aces, 1/2; A - Ml

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
General:
The original folder title, "Eichenlaub" (Oak Leaves) may refer to German pilots awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref33

"Eichenlaub"; photographs of German Aces, 3/4; Mh - Z

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
General:
The original folder title, "Eichenlaub" (Oak Leaves) may refer to German pilots awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref34

German POWs [Prisoners of War]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref35

"Ritterkreuz"; photographs of German Aces

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
General:
The original folder title, "Ritterkreuz" (Knight's Cross) may refer to German pilots awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref36

General Adolf Galland [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref37

General Adolf Galland [2 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref38

"Diamanten - Gold"; photographs of German Aces [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
General:
The folder title, "Diamanten - Gold" may refer to the Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), the highest degree of the Iron Cross award.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref39

"Diamanten - Gold"; photographs of German Aces [2 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
General:
The folder title, "Diamanten - Gold" may refer to the Knight's Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), the highest degree of the Iron Cross award.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref40

Erich Hartmann [1 of 3]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref41

Erich Hartmann [2 of 3]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref42

Erich Hartmann [3 of 3]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref43

Miscellaneous 2 - Germany [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref44

"Schwertern"; Photographs of German Aces [1 of 2]

Collection Creator:
Schulze, Kurt  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
General:
The original folder title, "Schwertern" (Swords) may refer to German pilots awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze] / Photographs and Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2012-0025-ref19

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