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Maryland Farm Diary

Source:
Valentino, Carmen D.  Search this
Associated name:
Bond, William  Search this
Brown, Annie  Search this
Brown, Charles  Search this
Brown, Edward  Search this
Brown, Henry  Search this
Campbell, William  Search this
Gemmill, Benjamin B.  Search this
Gemmill, Ephraim  Search this
Goodwater, Charles  Search this
Johnston, Thomas  Search this
Johnstone, Samuel  Search this
Jones, William  Search this
Klob, Ella  Search this
Lomax, Joseph  Search this
Morgan, John  Search this
Pugh, Edward  Search this
Schultz, William  Search this
Sewell, Rose  Search this
Spencer, George  Search this
West, William  Search this
Whitaker, James  Search this
Former owner:
Valentino, Carmen D.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 item)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Record books
Daybooks
Financial records
Account books
Place:
Harford County, Maryland
Fallston, Harford County, Maryland
Bel Air, Harford County, Maryland
Watervale, Harford County, Maryland
Maryland
Ashland
Hanways' Mill
Potspring, Maryland
Maryland -- Family farms
Timonium, Maryland
Fairs -- 1870-1879 -- United States
Forest Hill, Harford County, Maryland
Date:
1879-1884
Summary:
A farm journal and account book for a farm located at Long Branch, Harford County, Maryland, covering the time period March 1879 to August 1884 (excepting 1880) and documenting all aspects of farm life and labor.
Scope and Contents:
The diary bears numerous handwriting styles, denoting more than one author. The farm documented in this volume featured truck farming, orchards, small grain crops, dairying, and hogs. A possible German or Amish influence is indicated, probably due to its proximity to Pennsylvania, with such products as cider, sauerkraut, wheat and hay being produced, as well as by products from hogs including sausages, lard, and pudding (scrapple). Curing and preservation of meat is documented as well.

All tasks of day-to-day life on the farm, by whom they were performed and with what equipment as well as the weather were recorded. The compiler recorded other such detail as which fertilizers were used for which crops, variety names, how much was paid to each hand who worked on the farm (in the case of tenant farmers, with firewood or cow pasture), names given to animals, and such things as laborers' travel to nearby towns to purchase goods and supplies. Especially descriptive are the parts of the diary relating to livestock, with entries for births, sales, and activities such as butchering, sausage making, curing and preservation of meat.

The farm was comprised of fields, orchards, meadows and gardens, in addition to a number of outbuildings, sheds, smokehouses, a barn, a stable, and a blacksmith shop. Maintenance of these buildings is described in detail in the diary.

This volume is rich in detail about the functioning of a typical American farm during this time period. It also includes an entry for the Fallston, Maryland earthquake of March 11, 1883 (page 95).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1, Farm diary, 1879-1884
Biographical / Historical:
This diary is a combined farm journal and account book for a farm located at or near Long Branch, Harford County, Maryland, covering the time period from March 1879 to August 1894, excepting the year 1880. This was a time when American agriculture was on the cusp of mechanization, and a time when increasing urbanization was changing the demographics of farm life. More and more youth were relocating to urban areas, challenging small family farms to continue to run with fewer people, and forcing them to bring on day laborers or other help.

Farms in the northern part of Maryland were quite distinct from those in the southern part, where tobacco dominated. The farm documented in this volume featured truck farming, orchards, small grain crops, dairying, and hogs. A possible German or Amish influence is indicated, probably due to its proximity to Pennsylvania, with such products as cider, sauerkraut, wheat and hay being produced, as well as by products from hogs including sausages, lard, and pudding (scrapple). Curing and preservation of meat is documented in the volume as well. The products (wheat, hay, cider, sauerkraut) being sold in nearby towns (as documented in the volume) indicates that the farm was not just self-sufficient but also a profitable participant in the market economy.

An interesting entry is found on page 95, for March 11, 1883, "A very perceptible earthquake was experienced here the house shook, & things on sideboard rattled. It lasted about 3 minutes." This is primary documentation of the Fallston, Maryland quake. Other entries mention the Maryland State Fair at Timonium, trips to Hanways' Mill, Ashland and other local destinations.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Robinson and Via Family Papers, 1845-2010, (AC0475)

Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records, 1986-1991, (AC0773)

John K. Parlett Collection of Agriculture Ephemera, (AC1225)
Provenance:
This collection was purchased at auction from Carmen D. Valentino of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Housewives -- United States  Search this
Rural women  Search this
Rural scenes  Search this
Farms -- Maryland  Search this
Sausages  Search this
Rural families  Search this
Work and family  Search this
Farmers  Search this
Agriculture -- 1870-1940 -- Maryland  Search this
Gardens -- Maryland  Search this
Earthquakes -- Maryland  Search this
Gardening  Search this
Weather conditions  Search this
Family farms  Search this
Farmers -- 19th century  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Agricultural laborers  Search this
Agricultural supplies and equipment -- 1850-1870  Search this
Fairs -- 1880-1889 -- United States  Search this
Agricultural Prices  Search this
Agricultural products  Search this
Genre/Form:
Record books
Daybooks -- 1870-1880
Financial records -- 19th century
Account books -- 19th century
Daybooks -- 1880-1910
Citation:
Maryland Farm Diary, 1879-1884, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1267
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1267

Playbill for Pippin

Published by:
Playbill, American, founded 1884  Search this
Used by:
Imperial Theatre, American, founded 1923  Search this
Subject of:
Eric Berry, British, 1913 - 1993  Search this
Betty Buckley, American, born 1947  Search this
Priscilla Lopez, American, born 1948  Search this
Dorothy Stickney, American, 1896 - 1998  Search this
Ben Vereen, American, born 1946  Search this
John Rubinstein, American, born 1946  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 x 5 5/8 in. (22.9 x 14.3 cm)
Type:
theater programs
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1974
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
Broadway Theatre  Search this
Musical Theatre  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Kayla Deigh Owens
Object number:
2011.45.78
Restrictions & Rights:
Playbill used by permission. All rights reserved, Playbill Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b9c9837b-50d6-4eaa-ad11-32eefa7651b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.45.78
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Online Media:

Científicos Estudian el Ecosistema de los Bosques Nebulosos

Author:
Schultz, William G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1991
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_104719

Schultz, William Marshall

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref58652

Schultz, William Marshall

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CS, Folder 288000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Schultz, William Marshall
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref58653

Schultz, William (COO; Cessna Aircraft; USA)

Collection Creator:
Revista Aérea Latinoamericana  Search this
Extent:
1 folder
Container:
Box 109, Folder 83
Type:
Archival materials
Arrangement:
documents
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Revista Aérea Collection Collection, Acc. 2003-0028, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Revista Aérea Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2003-0028-ref8539

William L. Schultz: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Schultz, William L. 1925-1983  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF002627
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141325

Waiting for the unicorn : poems and lyrics of China's last dynasty, 1644-1911 / edited by Irving Yucheng Lo and William Schultz

Author:
Lo, Irving Yucheng 1922-  Search this
Schultz, William 1925-  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 423 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Translations into English
Date:
1986
C1986
Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Topic:
Chinese poetry  Search this
Call number:
895.11 .W15
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_889121

West Chester history : a review in early postcards / William Schultz & Robert Sheller

Author:
Schultz, William  Search this
Sheller, Robert  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
Pennsylvania
West Chester
West Chester (Pa.)
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
Historic buildings  Search this
History  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_937477

An emergency in slow motion : the inner life of Diane Arbus / William Todd Schultz

Author:
Schultz, William Todd  Search this
Subject:
Arbus, Diane 1923-1971 Psychology  Search this
Physical description:
245 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2011
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_973028

William L. Schultz [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_58579

Aves del Chagres

Author:
Schultz, William G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1992
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_104486

Una Mariposa Contra el SIDA

Author:
Schultz, William G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1991
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_104718

Growth of STRI Contributes to Quality of Research in Panama

Author:
Schultz, William G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1990
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_104939

Researchers Study Long-Term Effects of 1986 Oil Spill

Author:
Schultz, William G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1989
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_105251

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