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Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Chicano art  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Research and writing about art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216281
AAA_collcode_ybartoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Research and writing about art
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216281
Online Media:

Teodoro Vidal Collection

Collector:
Vidal, Teodoro  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (15 boxes, 10 oversized folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Religious objects
Prayers
Maps
Posters
Place:
Puerto Rico -- Antiquities
Date:
1592-1992
Scope and Contents:
Maps, prints, posters, religious articles, publications and photographs, relating to the history and culture of Puerto Rico. Mr. Vidal's family and personal papers are also included.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into nine series.

Series 1: personal Papers

Series 2: Vidal Family Background Materials

Series 3: Maps

Series 4: Prints and General Posters

Series 5: Religious Materials

Series 6: Publications

Series 7: General Photographs

Series 8: Poems, Ten Line Poems

Series 9: Miscellaneous
Biographical / Historical:
Collector of art, artifacts and documents on the history, culture and people of Puerto Rico. Vidal donated his artifact collection to the National Museum of American History in 1997.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Puerto Rico -- History  Search this
Art -- Collecting and Collectors -- Puerto Rico  Search this
Art, Puerto Rican  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Prints -- Puerto Rico
Photographs -- Puerto Rico
Religious objects -- Puerto Rico
Prayers
Maps
Posters -- Puerto Rico
Citation:
Teodoro Vidal Collection, 1592-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0712
See more items in:
Teodoro Vidal Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c0cb541d-4da6-4fce-ad2c-90d337ee3797
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0712
Online Media:

Tradición revista

Title:
TR
Journal of contemporary and traditional Spanish colonial art & culture
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1995
1995-
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic Americans  Search this
Call number:
AP1 .T756
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_491100

Santos : sacred art of Colorado

Title:
Sacred art of Colorado
Author:
Regis University (Denver, Colo.) Dayton Memorial Library  Search this
O'Sullivan Arts Center  Search this
Physical description:
37 p. : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Colorado
Date:
1997
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
Call number:
NK835.C6 S36 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_616473

Santos [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Goetz, Richard V.  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1965*
Image number:
JUL J0061488
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_61489

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Names:
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
33.1 Linear feet
1.27 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Date:
1965-2004
Summary:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, measures 33.1 linear feet and 1.27 GB and dates from 1965-2004. The collection, amassed throughout Ybarra-Frausto's long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States and chronicles Ybarra-Frausto's role as a community leader and scholar in the political and artistic Chicano movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.
Scope and Content Note:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, amassed throughout his long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States. As community leader and scholar, Ybarra-Frausto played dual roles of active participant and historian in the Chicano movement, chronicling this unique political and artistic movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.

Deeply rooted in American history, "El Movimiento," the Chicano movement, evolved from Mexican-Americans' struggle for self-determination during the civil rights era of the 1960s. It began as a grassroots community effort that enlisted the arts in the creation of a united political and cultural constituency. Chicano artists, intellectuals, and political activists were instrumental in mobilizing the Mexican-American community for the cause of social justice, and the movement was shaped by the affirmation of a cultural identity that embraced a shared heritage with Mexico and the United States.

Just as "El Movimiento" aimed to instruct and inspire through the recollection and conservation of culture, Ybarra-Frausto's own career as scholar and historian helped to shape the intellectual discourse of the Chicano art. As a leading historian and theoretician in the field of Chicano Studies, he has written extensively on the subject, and has been instrumental in defining the canons of Chicano art. His papers are accordingly rich and varied, and they will be of great use to future scholars.

His research material, dating from 1965 to 1996, are arranged in subject files containing original writings, notes, bibliographies compiled by Ybarra-Frausto and others, exhibition catalogues, announcements, newspaper clippings and other printed material, as well as slides and photographs. Many of these files also include interview transcripts and correspondence with prominent figures in the movement. While this research collection contextualizes Chicano art within the larger framework of Latino and Latin-American culture, the bulk of the files relates specifically to Chicano visual culture. The collection also contains pertinent documentation of the Chicano civil rights movement, material on Chicano poets and writers, and research files on the wider Hispanic community, but these also appear within the context of Chicano culture in general.

Prominent among the bibliographies are the many notes and drafts related to the publication of A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981 (University of California, Berkeley, 1985), which Ybarra-Frausto co-authored with Shifra Goldman. Ybarra-Frausto's files on Goldman, like other files in the collection, document his close associations and collaborations with scholars.

Art historians have traditionally found the categorization of Chicano art a difficult task. Unsure whether to classify the work as "American" or "Latin American," critics often ignored the work altogether. An outgrowth of this dilemma was the proliferation of artists, curators, and critics within the Chicano community, and the papers contain many original writings by Chicano artists about Chicano art, found in extensive files on artists that will be of particular significance to researchers. These often contain exhibition essays, dissertation proposals, and course outlines authored by the artists, along with the standard biographies, exhibition records, and reviews. Some of the files contain rare interviews conducted and transcribed by Ybarra-Frausto. Highlights include conversations with Carmen Lomas Garza, Amalia Mesa-Bains, and members of the Royal Chicano Air Force artist cooperative.

As a member of several Chicano art organizations and institutions, Ybarra-Frausto kept active records of their operation. The extensive files on the Mexican Museum and Galerie de la Raza/Studio 24, both in San Francisco, not only chronicle the history of Chicano art through the records of exhibitions and programming, but also offer case studies on the development of non-profit art institutions. The files on artist cooperatives, organizations, and exhibition spaces cover several regions of the United States, but focus on California, Texas and New York.

Two notable events in the development of Chicano art were the 1982 Califas: Chicano Art and Culture in California seminar at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and the 1990 traveling exhibition Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985 (CARA), of which Ybarra-Frausto served as organizer and catalogue essayist. His records document the planning and development of these seminal events. Ybarra-Frausto's files on folk art, altars, posters, murals, performance art, border art, Chicana feminist art, and Southwestern and Mexican imagery (both urban and rural expressions) mirror the diverse forms and subject matter of Chicano art.

Spanning almost four decades of American culture from a Chicano perspective, these files have a unique historical value. The legacy of Chicano art and its contribution to the cultural landscape of this country, kept alive in Ybarra-Frausto's files, attests to the richness and diversity of American art.

Henry C. Estrada

Research Fellow, 1997.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series of subject files. The general contents of each folder have been listed. The subject files are arranged in alphabetical order. While no two files are alike, they may contain résumés, printed and digital material, letters, draft writings, and photographs. Unless otherwise noted, each listing represents one file folder. The abbreviation TYF was used to refer to the name Tomá Ybarra-Frausto throughtout the Series Description.
Autobiographical Note:
Papelitos (little bits of paper), whether rent receipts, paid bills, or piles of personal letters, can become layered bundles of personal history. I have always been a pepenador (a scavenger) and saver of paper scraps. Diary notes, scribbled annotations, and first drafts are often useful indicators of ideas and gestation. Papelitos are the fragments of every-day life that gain expanded meaning integrated into the larger historical events of a period.

In the decade of the 1960s, I started saving ephemeral material--exhibition announcements, clippings of individual artists and of organizations fomenting a Chicano art movement. The social scenarios of the period such as marches, strikes, sit-ins, and mobilizations for social justice all spawned manifestos, posters, leaflets, and other forms of printed material. I somehow managed to assemble and protect the evanescent printed information that recorded the birth and development of Chicano art.

As I started to research and write about Chicano art and artists of the period, I continued to clip, photocopy, and preserve material given me by Mexican-American artists from throughout the nation. My idea was to form an archive that would be comprehensive rather than selective. I knew that it was the offbeat, singular piece of paper with a missing link of information that would attract the scholar.

Today, several decades after the flowering of Chicano art, there is still a lamentable paucity of research and information about this significant component of American art.

It is my fervent hope that this compendium of information will function as a resonant print and image bank for investigators of Chicano culture. Perhaps contained within the archive are the facts that will inspire new visions or revisions of Chicano art and culture--this is my fondest dream.

Dr. Tomás Ybarra-Frausto

New York City, 1998
Related Materials:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers are located at University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto in 1997, and in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Chicano art  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ybartoma
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e4916919-f4aa-4cd9-bf03-0335539ae06d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ybartoma
Online Media:

Ignacio [screen print poster]

Artist:
Cortes, Eduardo Vera  Search this
Author:
Marques, Rene  Search this
Sponsor:
Puerto Rico. Division of Community Education. Department of Education  Search this
Collection Donor:
Archivo General de Puerto Rico  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 80.2 x 50.1 cm.)
Container:
Map-folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Screen prints
Place:
Puerto Rico -- 20th century
Date:
1970s
Scope and Contents:
This silkscreen mimics the look of linoleum, since the artist creates the illusion of texture on the otherwise flat surface typically produced by the silk-screening process. The figure of the mother and child as well as in the man the foreground connects this poster with the tradition of carving religious figures, santos. The film, an adaptation of Rene Marques's short story Los Casos de Ignacio y Santiago (The Stories of Ignacio and Santiago), addresses the absence of community participation and the responsibilities and rights as citizens. (From exhibition text by Marvette Perez.)
Local Numbers:
AC0615-0000015.tif (AC Scan)

1997.3100.25 (Museum Cat. No.)
Exhibitions Note:
In the exhibition "Posters from the Division of Community Education (DIVEDCO) of Puerto Rico, 1948-1989," Sept. 17, 2008-Jan. 18, 2009, at the Smithsonian's S. Dillon Ripley Center.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mothers  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Linoleum  Search this
Politics -- Puerto Rico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters -- Puerto Rico
Screen prints
Collection Citation:
Puerto Rico Division of Community Education Poster Collection, 1940-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Puerto Rico Division of Community Education [DIVEDCO] Poster Collection
Puerto Rico Division of Community Education [DIVEDCO] Poster Collection / Series 1: Events / Movies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep844c8d011-a028-4e7d-bce7-09c0f1fd625b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0615-ref1029
Online Media:

A Coloring book of New Mexico santos / compiled and illustrated by Al Chapman ; with an introd. by James J. Maldonado ; Spanish translation by Benito Córdova

Author:
Chapman, Al 1928-  Search this
Hemphill, Herbert Waide  Search this
Physical description:
[32] p. : chiefly ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1973
C1973
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
Call number:
N7910.N6 C719 1973
N7910.N6C719 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_375943

Saints of the pueblos / Charles M. Carrillo

Author:
Carrillo, Charles M  Search this
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Subject:
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Physical description:
92 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), map, col. ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Pueblo art  Search this
Pueblo painting  Search this
Religion  Search this
Pueblo pottery  Search this
Missions  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Altarpieces  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_738749

Santeros puertorriqueños / Teodoro Vidal

Author:
Vidal, Teodoro  Search this
Physical description:
69 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Puerto Rico
Date:
1979
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Wood-carvers  Search this
Santeros  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_898536

Faces of faith = Rostros de fe / photographs by Barbe Awalt ; foreword by Thomas J. Steele

Title:
Rostros de fe
Author:
Awalt, Barbe  Search this
Steele, Thomas J  Search this
Physical description:
67 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Portraits
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Santeros  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N7910.N6 A934 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_720608

Santos de Palo : the household Saints of Puerto Rico

Author:
Museum of American Folk Art  Search this
Physical description:
[32] p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Puerto Rico
Date:
1991
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Wood-carved figurines  Search this
Call number:
N7928.A1 S24 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_923162

Wooden saints; the santos of New Mexico [by] Robert L. Shalkop. The Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center

Author:
Shalkop, Robert L  Search this
Taylor Museum  Search this
Physical description:
63 pages 16 plates 19 cm
Type:
Texts
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1967
[1967]
Topic:
Christian saints in art  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Call number:
NK835.N6 S52
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_90285

Manos y almas : la tradición de santos en Puerto Rico / [fue organizada por el Museo de Arte de Ponce] = Hands and souls : the santos tradition in Puerto Rico / was organized by the Museo de Arte de Ponce]

Title:
Hands and souls : the santos tradition in Puerto Rico
Tradicion de santos en Puerto Rico
Santos tradition in Puerto Rico
Author:
Ponce Art Museum  Search this
Subject:
Ponce Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
[x], 94 p. : ill ; 21 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Catalogs
Place:
Puerto Rico
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Christian saints in art  Search this
Saints in art  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Wood-carved figurines  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_915221

Saints & saint makers of New Mexico / by E. Boyd

Author:
Boyd, E (Elizabeth) 1903-1974  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 139 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1946
C1946
Modern period, 1500-
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Saints in art  Search this
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_469208

The migrations of meaning : a source book : [exhibition] / curated by Judith McWillie and Inverna Lockpez ; essays by Judith McWillie ... [et al.]

Author:
McWillie, Judith  Search this
Lockpez, Inverna  Search this
Hillwood Art Museum  Search this
Pittsburgh Center for the Arts  Search this
Lehigh University Art Galleries  Search this
Intar Latin American Gallery  Search this
Mississippi State Historical Museum  Search this
Physical description:
68 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Folk art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Spirituality in art  Search this
Call number:
N5313 .M63 1992
N5313.M63 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_433601

Santos, a primitive American art; introd. and text by Willard Hougland, with a foreword by Donald Bear

Author:
Hougland, Willard  Search this
Kleijkamp, Jan  Search this
Monroe, Ellis  Search this
Physical description:
44 p. 8 plates, map. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1946
C1946
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Call number:
N7910.N6 H83 1946
N7910.N6H83 1946
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_435660

What is a New Mexico santo? / Eluid Levi Martinez ; [Spanish translation by Julia Rosa Emslie]

Author:
Martinez, Eluid Levi 1944-  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Call number:
NK835.N5 M37 1992Y
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_476439

Santos contemporaneos : un nuevo romance con el arte : Museo de Arte de Ponce, 26 de Junio al 28 de Agosto de 1994

Author:
Ponce Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
60 p. : col. ill. ; 26 cm. + 22 plates in box
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Puerto Rico
Date:
1994
1994]
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
Call number:
N7928.A1 S23 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_486610

Marfiles cristianos del oriente en México / Beatriz Sánchez Navarro de Pintado ; [fotografías, Michel Zabé e Ignacio Urquiza ; dibujos, Xavier Talamante]

Author:
Sánchez Navarro de Pintado, Beatriz  Search this
Physical description:
128 p., [92] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Asia
Mexico
Date:
1986
1986, c1985
Topic:
Ivories--Spanish influences--Catalogs  Search this
Ivories--Portuguese influences--Catalogs  Search this
Santos (Art)--Catalogs  Search this
Ivories--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_464414

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