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Oral history interview with Judy Chicago, 2009 August 7-8

Interviewee:
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
Interviewer:
Richards, Judith Olch, 1947-  Search this
Subject:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Woodman, Donald  Search this
Taylor, Mary  Search this
Hopkins, Henry  Search this
Marisol  Search this
Copeland, John  Search this
Lucie-Smith, Edward  Search this
Schneemann, Carolee  Search this
Bullard, E. John (Edgar John)  Search this
Lemon, Jack  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold  Search this
Neel, Alice  Search this
Youdelman, Nancy  Search this
McFadden, David Revere  Search this
Bergen, Jeffrey  Search this
Semmel, Joan  Search this
Thompson, Viki D.  Search this
Dobbins, Norman  Search this
Dobbins, Ruth  Search this
Flack, Audrey  Search this
LaMonte, Karen  Search this
Lu, Jie  Search this
Rodee, Susannah  Search this
Pruitt, Tom  Search this
LewAllen, Arlene  Search this
Perkins, Flo  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
LewAllen Contemporary (Gallery)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Judy Chicago, 2009 August 7-8. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Feminism and art  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women performance artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15708
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)283567
AAA_collcode_chicag09
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_283567
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Judy Chicago

Interviewee:
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
Interviewer:
Richards, Judith Olch  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
LewAllen Contemporary (Gallery)  Search this
Bergen, Jeffrey, 1955-  Search this
Bullard, E. John (Edgar John), 1942-  Search this
Copeland, John  Search this
Dobbins, Norman  Search this
Dobbins, Ruth  Search this
Flack, Audrey  Search this
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009  Search this
LaMonte, Karen, 1967-  Search this
Lemon, Jack  Search this
LewAllen, Arlene  Search this
Lu, Jie, 1958-  Search this
Lucie-Smith, Edward  Search this
Marisol, 1930-2016  Search this
McFadden, David Revere  Search this
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Perkins, Flo  Search this
Pruitt, Tom  Search this
Rodee, Susannah  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold, 1906-1978  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-2002  Search this
Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-  Search this
Semmel, Joan, 1932-  Search this
Taylor, Mary, 1947-  Search this
Thompson, Viki D., 1947-  Search this
Woodman, Donald  Search this
Youdelman, Nancy, 1948-  Search this
Extent:
74 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2009 August 7-8
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Judy Chicago conducted 2009 August 7 and 8, by Judith Olch Richards, for the Archives of American Art, at Chicago's home and studio, in Belen, New Mexico.
Chicago speaks of her work since the late 1980s, having previously discussed her early life and works; printmaking projects with various print studios around the country; giving archived documents to important museums; creating a foundation with her husband Donald Woodman to protect the legacy of their art; the non-profit organization she started in 1978, Through the Flower; her studio practices and her most practiced techniques; keeping a regular schedule; her interest in collaborative projects such as The Dinner Party [1974-1979], the Birth Project [1980-1985], the Holocaust Project [1985-1993] and Resolutions: A Stitch in Time [1994-2000]; working with various textile and glass artists; feeling a kin with other female artists, like Nikki de Saint Phalle and Marisol Escobar; the responsibility she feels to share underrepresented information; her enjoyment of the process of making art and the hope that she creates art that is not bound by time; her relationships with galleries though the years including the ACA Galleries in New York and LewAllen Contemporary in Santa Fe; her intention in making art was not create proactive or controversial art; various teaching positions; her interest in combining text and images in works like Song of Songs [1997-1999]; her more current interest in glass; experimenting with the techniques of casting and etching to achieve her desired images; her want to change institutional policies that underrepresent women artists in museums and the absence of images of women by women artists. Chicago also recalls Henry Hopkins, Mary Ross Taylor, Susannah Rodee, John Bullard, Jack Lemon, Alice Neel, Edward Lucie-Smith, John Copeland, Harold Rosenberg, Carolee Schneemann, Jeffery Bergen, Audrey Flack, Joan Semmel, Nancy Youdelman, David McFadden, Viki Thomson Wylder, Tom Pruitt, Arlene LewAllen, Flo Perkins, Norman and Ruth Dobbins, Karen LaMonte, Lu Jie and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Interviewee Judy Chicago (1939- ) is a feminist artist and author who lives and works in Belen, New Mexico. Interviewer Judith Olch Richards (1947- ) is former executive director of iCI in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 compact discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Installation artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Performance artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Educators -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Glass artists  Search this
Topic:
Feminism and art  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women performance artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios -- New Mexico
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.chicag09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw928399961-f9b0-4d50-8a17-8cf441459e13
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chicag09
Online Media:

Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists

Creator:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Names:
Art in America  Search this
Velvet Underground (Musical group)  Search this
Asher, Elise, 1914-  Search this
Avery, Sally  Search this
Beck, Margit, 1915-1997  Search this
Bellow, Saul  Search this
Bultman, Fritz, 1919-1985  Search this
Cale, John  Search this
Cavallon, Giorgio, 1904-1989  Search this
Cohen, Jean  Search this
Cunningham, Merce  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Drexler, Rosalyn  Search this
Flexner, James Thomas, 1908-2003  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Freed, William, 1904-  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-  Search this
Gelb, Jan, 1906-1978  Search this
Gorelick, Shirley, 1924-2000  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Jones, John  Search this
Kahn, Wolf, 1927-  Search this
Karolik, Maxim  Search this
Katz, Alex, 1927-  Search this
Marcus, Marcia, 1928-  Search this
Margo, Boris, 1902-1995  Search this
Martin, Fletcher, 1904-1979  Search this
McLuhan, Marshall, 1911-1980  Search this
Middleman, Raoul F., 1935-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Nico, 1938-1988  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Orlowsky, Lillian, 1914-2004  Search this
Pearlstein, Philip, 1924-  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-2002  Search this
Ross, Alvin, 1920-1975  Search this
Rothschild, Judith  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Ustinov, Peter  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-  Search this
Whyte, William Hollingsworth  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew, 1917-2009  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1962-1976
Summary:
The Dorothy Gees Seckler collection of sound recordings relating to art and artists measures 1.6 linear feet and dates from 1962 to 1976. Recordings include 17 interviews conducted by Seckler, one interview by John Jones, and 17 additional recordings of mostly contemporary art-related programs and interviews taped from radio and television broadcasts. Recordings are on 26 sound cassettes and 25 sound tape reels.
Scope and Contents:
The Dorothy Gees Seckler collection of sound recordings relating to art and artists measures 1.6 linear feet and dates from 1962 to 1976. Recordings include 20 interviews conducted by Seckler, one interview by John Jones, and 17 additional recordings of mostly contemporary art-related programs and interviews taped from radio and television broadcasts. Recordings are on 26 sound cassettes and 25 sound tape reels.

Interviews with Artists consist of 17 interviews by Dorothy Seckler with artists including Elise Asher, Fritz Bultman, Judith Rothschild, Giorgio Cavallon, Marcia Marcus, Jean Cohen, William Freed, Lillian Orlowsky, Shirley Gorelick, Hans Hofmann, Wolf Kahn, Raoul Middleman, Robert Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler, Olin Orr, Larry Rivers, Alvin Ross, George Segal, Jean Tinguely, and Niki de Saint Phalle. Several interviews are with two subjects at once. Many of these interviews were conducted in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and are referenced in her introduction to the catalog for the exhibition Provincetown Painters, 1890's – 1970's held at the Everson Museum and the Provincetown Art Association in 1977, and several interviews were conducted as research for articles Seckler wrote and published in Art in America. Also found are group interviews on specific subjects, including an interview with Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Fletcher Martin, and Anton Refregier on the Woodstock art colony, and with Sally Avery, Boris Margo, Jan Gelb, Margit Beck and others on Op Art. In September of 1966, Seckler recorded some of Andy Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable in Provincetown, which includes a performance by Nico and the Velvet Underground, as well as an interview with one of the band's members, John Cale. A single interview conducted by John Jones of George Segal appears to have been copied by Seckler to prepare for her April 1966 interview of Segal.

Broadcast materials include sound recordings of television and radio broadcast programs taped off the air presumably by Seckler. Most programs are interviews, with subjects including Maxim Karolik, James Thomas Flexner, R. Buckminster Fuller, Merce Cunningham, Alex Katz, Phillip Pearlstein, Roslyn Drexler, Barnet Newman, Saul Bellow, Ben Shahn, Marshall McLuhan, Isamu Noguchi, Andrew Wyeth, and William H Whyte. Other recordings include documentary programs related to contemporary art, book reviews, and a comedy performance with actor Peter Ustinov.

Photographs include 12 color slides from October of 1967 that appear to have been shot in Provincetown, Mass. Subjects include Dorothy Seckler and two other unidentified women.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 3 series.

Series 1: Interviews with Artists, 1962-1976 (1 linear foot; Box 1)

Series 2: Broadcast Materials, 1962-1972 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 3: Photographs, 1967 (1 folder; Box 3)
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothy Gees Seckler was an art historian, critic, journalist, and artist active in New York City and Provincetown, Mass. Born Dorothy Elizabeth Gees in Baltimore, MD in 1910, she completed the program in Advertising Design at Maryland Institute College of Art in 1931 and was awarded a traveling scholarship upon graduation, which she used to study in Europe. She later received a masters degree from Columbia University in Art History and Art Education, and worked during World War II as head of an illustration unit in the Army's Judge Advocate General's office.

After the war, she worked at the Museum of Modern Art as an art historian in the education office until 1950, when she began writing for ARTnews magazine, reviewing New York gallery shows for its "Gallery Notes" section, and exploring painters' processes in the "Paints a Picture" series. She later served as contributing editor for Art in America from the late 1950s through the late 1960s, where her published work included features on Robert Rauschenberg and Louise Nevelson, as well as broad surveys of contemporary art such as "A Folklore of the Banal" (Winter 1962) and "Audience is His Medium" (February 1963). She taught at New York University and City College of New York, and wrote a long essay on the history of the Provincetown's art colony, published in Art in America in 1959, and later updated for the catalog for the 1977 exhibition Provincetown Painters, 1890's - 1970's. Between 1962 and 1968, she conducted thirty oral history interviews for the Archives of American Art and served as one of its manuscript collectors.

Throughout her career as a writer and critic, Seckler painted and worked in collage, and her work was shown in several Provincetown galleries, and in the Provincetown Art Center and Museum. She married Jerome Seckler in 1937 and they had one son. Seckler received the American Federation of Arts Award for outstanding writing in the field of American Art in 1952. She died in 1994.
Related Materials:
Other related materials in the Archives' collections include several additional interviews conducted by Seckler for its oral history program, a full recording and transcript of the August 28, 1963 symposium on pop art, for which brief sound notes are found in this collection, and a transcript of the John Jones interview with George Segal in the John Jones interviews with artists collection, 1965 Oct. 5-1965 Nov. 12.
Separated Materials:
In 2012, several duplicates of recordings Seckler made for the Archives of American Art's oral history program were removed from the collection including: Peter and Riva Dechar (1965 and 1967), David von Schlegell (1967), Joan Mitchell (1965), Theresa Schwartz (1965), Paul Burlin (1962), Ibram Lassaw (1964), Jack Tworkov (1962), Allan Kaprow (1968), Edwin Dickinson (1962), Nathan Halper (1963), Louise Nevelson (1964-1965), Karl Knaths (1962), and Stephen Greene (1968). Joan Mitchell's 1965 oral history interview remains with the Seckler collection because reel 2 of this recording also contains a discussion of optical art that belongs in the Seckler collection. The oral history interview has been digitized and is available through the Archives' oral history program.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection, including the interviews with the Provincetown artists, was donated 1995 by Don Seckler, son of Dorothy Seckler. The source of acquisition for the Seckler interviews with the Woodstock artists is unknown.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Optical art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Dorothy Gees Seckler collection of sound recordings relating to art and artists, 1962-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.seckdoro
See more items in:
Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9af226ceb-11fb-469d-ae6f-d35718934f26
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-seckdoro

Saint Phalle, Niki de

Container:
Box 7 of 31
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Box 31 contains materials restricted indefinitely; see finding aid; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7449, Joseph H. Hirshhorn Papers
See more items in:
Joseph H. Hirshhorn Papers
Joseph H. Hirshhorn Papers / Series 2: ARTIST'S CORRESPONDENCE. / Box 7
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7449-refidd1e3961

Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971

Creator:
Dwan, Virginia, 1931-  Search this
Dwan Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Parker, Raymond  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Weber, John  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Kienholz, Edward  Search this
Mitchell, Joan  Search this
Klein, Yves  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Raysse, Martial  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Arman  Search this
Arakawa, Shusaku  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Anastasi, William  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- New York (State) -- New York -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art -- California -- Los Angeles -- Exhibitions  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6056
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216037
AAA_collcode_dwangall
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216037
Online Media:

Dwan Gallery records

Creator:
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Anastasi, William, 1933-  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Arakawa, Shusaku, 1936-  Search this
Arman, 1928-2005  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Klein, Yves, 1928-1962  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Mitchell, Joan, 1926-1992  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-2018  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Parker, Raymond, 1922-  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Raysse, Martial, 1936-  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore, 1919-2007  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth, 1927-2016  Search this
Weber, John, 1932-2008  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1959-circa 1982
bulk 1959-1971
Summary:
The Dwan Gallery records measure 2.3 linear feet and consist primarily of files of exhibitions curated by Virginia Dwan at Dwan Galleries in Los Angeles (1959-1967) and New York (1965-1971). Found within this nearly comprehensive set of exhibition files may be lists of exhibited works, price lists, photographs, slides or color transparencies of installations, invitations, full-size posters, magazine and newspaper clippings and exhibition catalogs.
Scope and Contents:
The Dwan Gallery records measure 2.3 linear feet and consist primarily of files of exhibitions curated by Virginia Dwan at Dwan Galleries in Los Angeles (1959-1967) and New York (1965-1971). Found within this nearly comprehensive set of exhibition files may be lists of exhibited works, price lists, photographs, slides or color transparencies of installations, invitations, full-size posters, magazine and newspaper clippings and exhibition catalogs.

Artists that held exhibitions at the Dwan Gallery in New York and Los Angeles include: Robert Goodnough, Robert Richenburg, Larry Rivers, Philip Guston, Yves Klein, Salvatore Scarpitta, Arakawa, Martial Raysse, Ad Reinhardt, Arman, Franz Kline, Edward Kienholz, Claes Oldenburg, Niki de Sainte Phalle, Joan Mitchell, Robert Rauschenberg, Robert Morris, Dan Flavin, Raymond Parker, Kenneth Snelson, Carl Andre, Sol LeWitt, Robert Smithson, and Anastasi. Also, the exhibition files are nearly comprehensive and include: Language to be Looked at and/or Things to be Read annual series (1967-1970), Boxes (1964), Earth Works (1968), My Country 'tis of Thee (1962) and 10 (1967 and 1968). Many of the multiple artist shows were created and organized by gallery director John Weber and/or Virginia Dwan. Many of these exhibition files include full-sized posters and panoramic photos showing installations.

Also found are records created by a consulting firm hired by the Dwan Gallery to inventory the exhibition files prior to donation to the Archives of American Art. These guides appear at the beginning of each series and outline a chronology of exhibitions held at each branch.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Los Angeles Exhibition Files, 1959-1967, after 1981 (Box 1-2, 5, OV6, OV8; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 2: New York Exhibition Files, 1965-1971, after 1982 (Box 2-4, OV7; 1.0 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
In 1959, Virginia Dwan opened her first gallery on 1091 Broxton Avenue in the Westwood Village neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. Her independent wealth allowed her to open a gallery without worrying about business and sales. Three years after opening, the Dwan Gallery moved into a new Westwood Village space especially designed to express the gallery's contemporary aesthetic. In 1965, Virginia Dwan moved to New York City and founded an east coast branch of the Dwan Gallery at 29 West 57th Street.

Early exhibitions at the Dwan Gallery showed Abstract Expressionist artists and works of art from New York which Dwan consigned from other galleries. After traveling to New York and France, Virginia Dwan's interests and tastes manifested in exhibitions by 1961 with Yves Klein. Through Klein, Dwan made connections to other Nouveaux Réalistes artists that the gallery featured in solo and group shows. Later exhibitions featured Land and Minimilist artists. Dwan recognized that many of her shows were not considered salable but continued to show the avant-garde. She saw the gallery as an opportunity to expose the public to different styles of art.

Virginia Dwan maintained a close and personal relationship with many of her artists. She allowed large stipends to gallery artists and invited them to spend time at her home in Malibu, California. When working with artists concentrating on found objects, Dwan would accompany them on scavenger hunts and shopping trips. In the case of Robert Smithson and other Land Art artists, she traveled to offsite locations to visit works of art in progress. Dwan relied on her longtime gallery director, John Weber to interact with collectors as she preferred to maintain her connection with the artists.

The Dwan Gallery Los Angeles closed in mid-1967 but the New York branch remained open. By 1971, Virginia Dwan felt pressure to support her thirteen artists through a period of economic insecurity. She decided to close the gallery secretly and only informed her artists at the last minute. The final exhibition at Dwan Gallery New York closed in June of 1971.
Related Materials:
Also found within the Archives of American Art is an interview with Virginia Dwan conducted March 21 through June 1, 1984 by Charles Stuckey.
Separated Materials:
Dwan Gallery exhibition catalogs that were donated to the Archives in 1989 were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution American Art and National Portrait Gallery Library.

Bard College's Center for Curatorial Studies and Art in Contemporary Culture holds Dwan Gallery materials related to exhibitions in the Library and Archives.
Provenance:
The Dwan Gallery records were donated in 1996 by Virginia Dwan, the former owner of the gallery.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art -- New York (State) -- New York -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art -- California -- Los Angeles -- Exhibitions  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwangall
See more items in:
Dwan Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94e337be1-1336-40b7-a8a2-03c8589bab03
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwangall
Online Media:

Niki de Saint-Phalle: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF002566
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_141264

Interview with Jean Tinguely and Niki de Saint Phalle

Creator:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Subject:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1962 November
Citation:
Dorothy Gees Seckler and Jean Tinguely. Interview with Jean Tinguely and Niki de Saint Phalle, 1962 November. Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12842
See more items in:
Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12842

Oral history interview with Jeanne L. Wasserman, 1993-1994

Interviewee:
Wasserman, Jeanne L., 1915-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F  Search this
Subject:
Agam, Yaacov  Search this
Beale, Arthur  Search this
Cook, Christopher Capen  Search this
Coolidge, John  Search this
Hyde, Andrew C. (Andrew Cornwall)  Search this
Indiana, Robert  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino  Search this
Messer, Thomas M.  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Plaut, James S. (James Sachs)  Search this
Prokopoff, Stephen S.  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Ross, David A.  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Thurman, Sue M.  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Wasserman, Max  Search this
Fogg Art Museum  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Jeanne L. Wasserman, 1993-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Art museum curators -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11984
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216506
AAA_collcode_wasser93
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216506
Online Media:

Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976

Creator:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Subject:
Asher, Elise  Search this
Avery, Sally  Search this
Beck, Margit  Search this
Bellow, Saul  Search this
Freed, William  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Whyte, William Hollingsworth  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Ustinov, Peter  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Cunningham, Merce  Search this
Flexner, James Thomas  Search this
Drexler, Rosalyn  Search this
Cale, John  Search this
Bultman, Fritz  Search this
Cohen, Jean  Search this
Cavallon, Giorgio  Search this
Middleman, Raoul F.  Search this
McLuhan, Marshall  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster)  Search this
Gelb, Jan  Search this
Martin, Fletcher  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Rothschild, Judith  Search this
Ross, Alvin  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Nico  Search this
Pearlstein, Philip  Search this
Orlowsky, Lillian  Search this
Jones, John  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Gorelick, Shirley  Search this
Marcus, Marcia  Search this
Katz, Alex  Search this
Karolik, Maxim  Search this
Kahn, Wolf  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Velvet Underground (Musical group)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Optical art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11534
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215801
AAA_collcode_seckdoro
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215801
Online Media:

Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971

Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Subject:
Watts, Robert M.  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Christo  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Paik, Nam June  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Sabol, Audrey  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Indiana, Robert  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Klüver, Billy  Search this
Maitin, Sam  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia,Pa.)  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Citation:
Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art United States  Search this
Industrial design  Search this
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5587
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211919
AAA_collcode_kronjoan
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211919
Online Media:

Niki de Saint Phalle [tentoonstelling, Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 22 juli-5 september, 1976]

Author:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Author:
Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Artists' Books DSI  Search this
Physical description:
folder (34 pages) illustrations 15 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibition catalogues
Artists' books (books).)
Artists' books
Date:
1976
Call number:
N40.1.S14 M9
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_334173

Niki de Saint Phalle structures for life [Niki de Saint Phalle] ; editor, Ruba Katrib

Title:
Structures for life
Artist:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Writer of added text:
Katrib, Ruba  Search this
Kitnick, Alex 1981-  Search this
Dressen, Anne  Search this
Mauss, Nick  Search this
Tattersall, Lanka  Search this
Host institution:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.),.)  Search this
Subject:
Saint-Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Physical description:
231 pages illustrations (some color) 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2021
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Sculpture, Modern  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153759

Niki de Saint Phalle aan zee = [Niki de Saint Phalle] : by the sea auteurs/authors, Joost Bergman, Xandra Schutte ; fotografie/photography, Wim de Boer ; vertaling/translation, Small Caps Bush Translation

Title:
Aan zee, Niki de Saint Phalle, by the sea
By the sea
Writer of supplementary textual content:
Bergman, Joost  Search this
Schutte, Xandra  Search this
Photographer:
Boer, Wim de  Search this
Author:
Container of (work): Saint-Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002 Works Selections  Search this
Host institution:
Museum Beelden aan Zee  Search this
Translator:
Small Caps Bush Translation  Search this
Physical description:
142 pages, 2 unnumbered pages illustrations (chiefly color), portraits (chiefly color) 27 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Biography
Exhibition catalogs
Biographies
Catalogues d'exposition
Date:
2019
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1115616

La Lune, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Saint Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Medium:
Mixed media
Type:
Sculptures
Date:
1987
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Landscape--Celestial--Moon  Search this
Animal--Fish--Lobster  Search this
Animal--Reptile--Turtle  Search this
Control number:
IAS 8G120049
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_478546

Joan Kron papers

Creator:
Kron, Joan  Search this
Names:
Beautiful Bag Co. (Philadelphia,Pa.)  Search this
Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia. Arts Council  Search this
Christo, 1935-  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Hendricks, Geoffrey, 1931-2018  Search this
Indiana, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Maitin, Sam  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Rosenberg, Karl  Search this
Sabol, Audrey, 1922-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000 -- Photographs  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Turner, Evan H.  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Watts, Robert M., 1923-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Date:
1959-1971
Summary:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York City art entrepreneur, curator, and journalist Joan Kron date from 1959 to 1971 and measure 1.4 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, scattered financial records, notes and writings, printed material, photographs, a sound and video recording, and project/exhibition files concerning Kron's involvement in the 1960s with the exhibtions of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia and her business, the Beautiful Bag and Box Co.

Papers relating to Kron's volunteer chairmanship of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association (YM/WHA)of Philadelphia include general files concerning the administration and operation of the organization, as well as exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise 1967.) Files generally consist of correspondence, clippings and other printed materials, notes and writings, photographs, and financial documents. The exhibition files for Art 1963/ A New Vocabulary include a typescript "Dictionary Suggestions" by Billy Klüver which contains slang terms with creative definitions, and photographs of Claes Oldenburg, Billy Klüver, Joan Kron, Sam Maitin, Niki de Saint-Phalle, Audrey Sabol, George Segal, Jean Tinguely, and Robert Watts. The files for Museum of Merchandise contain a painting on paper by Geoffrey Hendricks, a drawing by Ray Johnson, a photograph of fabric designer Karl Rosenberg, a photograph of a wedding dress design by Christo, and a 1/2" open reel videotape made by Nam Jun Paik of Kron's appearance on The Tonight Show.

The records of the Beautiful Bag and Box Co., an art entrepreneurial business created by Kron and her colleague Audrey Sabol, include correspondence, a ledger of sales and deposits, income tax records, miscellaneous invoices, notes and writings, clippings, miscellaneous printed material, and photographs. Also found are project/product files for Art Museum Store, Temporary Tattoos, Durable Dishes designed by Roy Lichtenstein, Eat Pin likely designed by Robert Indiana, Art on Billboards, and Stunning Stationery. The file for project Art on Billboards contains postcards from Allan Kaprow and Jim Dine expressing interest in the project, and a photograph of Edwin and Audrey Sabol on a motorcycle posing in front of a billboard designed by Roy Lichtenstein. There is also a 7" audio reel tape recording of a radio program Hey, Look at That containing comments about billboards from Kron, Roy Lichtenstein, architect Robert Venturi, and Evan H. Turner, Director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Arts Council of the YM/YWHA of Philadelphia, 1959-1971 (Box 1-2, OV 3; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Beautiful Bag and Box Co., 1963-1969 (Box 1-2; 0.8 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Joan Kron (circa 1928-) is a fashion and style journalist in New York City, but began her career in Philadelphia as an advocate of avante-garde artists and co-founder of The Beautiful Bag Co. which worked with artists to produce commercial household and fashion art products. Kron worked on projects with Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Indiana, among others.

Joan Kron was born circa 1928 in New York. She studied at the Yale University School of Drama from 1946-1948, graduating with a degree in costume design. She married surgeon Dr. Samuel Kron and lived in Philadelphia during the 1960s. For almost a decade, Kron volunteered as chairman of the Arts Council of the Young Men's/Young Women's Hebrew Association of Philadelphia (YM/YWHA.) The YM/YMA Arts Council focused on promoting and hosting new and avant-garde programs in dance, theatre, poetry, crafts, and the visual arts. Under Kron's leadership, the YM/YWHA Arts Council curated Arts1963/A New Vocabulary (1962) and Museum of Merchandise (1967.)

Kron's work with the Arts Council allowed her to build business partnerships with several artists. She partnered with Andy Warhol to produce a line of perfume, "You're In," packaged in silver Coca-Cola bottles, with Robert Indiana for a Love Ring, and other products and projects associated with the exhibitions of the Arts Council. Then, around 1964, she partnered with colleague Audrey Sabol to form The Beautiful Bag and Box Co. and continued to explore commercial products created or designed by artists, including a line of dinnerware "Durable Dishes" designed by Roy Lichtenstein, a series of billboards displaying art work and the Eat Pin, most likely designed by Robert Indiana.

Kron began her career in journalism in the late 1960s by contributing an article about a cannabis harvest in an upscale neighborhood to the Philadelphia magazine in 1969. She continued to write for the magazine until after her divorce. She moved to New York City in 1971 and was hired by New York magazine. She researched and wrote a special issue about the blossoming SoHo art district. Kron then focused the remainder of her career primarily on writing, and worked for a number of magazines and newspapers, and published several books. As of 2010, she was living in New York City and working as contributing editor at large for Condé Nast's Allure magazine, primarily covering the subject of cosmetic surgery.
Related Materials:
Additional copies of microfilm reels 4224-4225 are available at the Free Library of Philadelphia.

Also found in the Archives are selected papers of the Young Men's/Women's Hebrew Association Arts Council that were loaned by Judith Golden for microfilming, and are now available only on microfilm reels 3898. Another small collection of printed material from the YM/WHA records was donated by Acey Wolgin and microfilmed on reel 4340, and transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library's vertical files.
Provenance:
Joan Kron donated her papers in 1987.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Topic:
Curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Wearable art United States  Search this
Industrial design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Drawings
Sound recordings
Citation:
Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kronjoan
See more items in:
Joan Kron papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9da6dc59e-86a1-4877-879f-28aa750c582f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kronjoan
Online Media:

Niki de Saint-Phalle, 1930-2002 [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Art & Artist files at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_31545

Oral history interview with Jeanne L. Wasserman

Interviewee:
Wasserman, Jeanne L.  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Fogg Art Museum  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Art collections  Search this
Agam, Yaacov, 1928-  Search this
Beale, Arthur  Search this
Cook, Christopher Capen, 1932-  Search this
Coolidge, John, 1913-1995  Search this
Hyde, Andrew C. (Andrew Cornwall), 1941-  Search this
Indiana, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino, 1896-  Search this
Messer, Thomas M.  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Plaut, James S. (James Sachs), 1912-1996  Search this
Prokopoff, Stephen S.  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Ross, David A., 1949-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-2002  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Thurman, Sue M., 1927-2012  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Wasserman, Max, 1913-1986  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (sound cassettes (7 hrs., 30 min.), analog.)
125 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1993-1994
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Jeanne L. Wasserman, conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, in Cambridge, MA from January 28, 1993-July 19, 1994.
Wasserman speaks of her parents' cultural interests; first becoming interested in sculpture after visiting a Rodin exhibition in Paris with her family; visiting art galleries and studying painting in New York City as a young woman; her education at Fieldston and Radcliffe; trying to get a job in New York after college; working in advertising; meeting her husband, Max, and building a business with him; beginning to collect art; putting together a collection for the condominium project, 180 Beacon; the opening of 180 Beacon; working on a condominium project in the Virgin Islands; curating sculpture exhibitions at the Fogg Museum and at Wellesley; writing the catalogue for a Daumier exhibition at the Fogg; serving on the board of the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; organizing forums on contemporary art with the Council of the Arts at MIT; becoming involved with Harvard's Institute for Learning in Retirement; and notable purchases of work by Daumier, Rodin, Degas, Giacometti, de Chirico, Nicolas Schöffer, Henry Moore, and others. Wasserman also recalls Alfred Stieglitz, Peppino Mangravite, Elie Nadelman, Hyman Swetzoff, Joseph Hirshhorn, Erica Brausen, René and Charles Gimpel, Louise Nevelson, Niki de Saint Phalle, Jean Tinguely, Robert Indiana, Claes Oldenburg, Denise René, Yaacov Agam, George Rickey, George Segal, David Ross, Milena Kalinovska, Jacques de Caso, Yulla Lipchitz, Vera List, Jim Cuno, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Jeanne L. Wasserman, (1915-2006) was a museum curator and art collector from Boston, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 7 hrs., 12 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Art museum curators -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- Massachusetts
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.wasser93
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw986441a19-aace-4232-9861-425a5650f36d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wasser93
Online Media:

Untitled (Nana on a Unicorn), (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Saint Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Medium:
Painted polyester
Type:
Sculptures
Date:
1995-1996
Topic:
Fantasy  Search this
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Literature--Character--Unicorn  Search this
Control number:
IAS 8G040051
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_477003

La Lune, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Saint Phalle, Niki de 1930-2002  Search this
Medium:
glass tile, mirror tile, and painted polyester
Type:
Sculptures
Date:
1987
Topic:
Fantasy  Search this
Landscape--Celestial--Moon  Search this
Figure female  Search this
Animal--Fish--Lobster  Search this
Animal--Dog  Search this
Control number:
IAS 8G040052
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_477004

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