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Sarasota -- Umbrella House

Former owner:
Hiss, Philip  Search this
Von Tilborg, Rachel  Search this
Von Tilborg, Ross  Search this
Stoller, Gary  Search this
Stoller, Carol  Search this
Ciulla, Vince  Search this
Ciulla, Julie  Search this
Architect:
Rudolph, Paul, 1918-  Search this
Preservation architect:
Hall, Greg  Search this
Landscape designer:
Anderson, Richard  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Umbrella House (Sarasota, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota County -- Sarasota
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 16 digital images. The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
Umbrella House is known for its architecture, melding the International Style and Frank Lloyd Wright's Usonian principles to produce a midcentury modern icon for a subtropical location. Architect Paul M. Rudolph was commissioned circa 1950 to build an affordable yet cutting edge residence that would promote a new housing development in Sarasota, Florida, on a small property lot. The style of this house and others came to be known as the Sarasota School of Architecture. The house was geometric and compact with a higher, secondary slatted roof that shaded the property and boosted air circulation. Landscaping was sparse, a single monkeypod tree and crushed native shell instead of grass that could withstand the climate, but the tomato crate wooden slats used for the iconic secondary "umbrella" roof were destroyed in 1966 by Hurricane Alma.
Several successive owners worked with preservation architect Greg Hall to restore the "umbrella" using aluminum and treated wood that conforms to current building codes and can withstand winds of 150 mph. Landscaping was refreshed by removing overgrowth, replacing paved walkways and the swimming pool deck, and adding a new cement and stucco privacy wall along a busy parkway, low enough so the distinctive roof can be seen by passing traffic. Areca palms form privacy screens on each side of the swimming pool, and facing benches are nearly encased in dwarf conifers. Royal Poinciana, Walter's viburnum, bromeliads, shrubby cardboard palms, ornamental grasses, dwarf podocarpus and a staghorn fern can be found in the minimalist landscape. In addition to the swimming pool there is a water feature pond with water jets and a gazebo comprised of a solid roof attached to the aluminum poles that hold up the umbrella roof.
Philip Hiss (former owner, 1950- ); Sommers family (former owners, 1955- ); Ross and Rachel Von Tilborg (former owners, 1969- ); Gary and Carol Stoller (former owners, 1997- ); Vince and Julie Ciulla (former owners, 2005- ); Paul Marvin Rudolph (1918-1997) (architect, 1953-1954); Greg Hall (preservation architect, 1997-2018); Richard Anderson (landscape designer, 2014- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Sarasota  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL265
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32660

Barbara Rose papers

Creator:
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Names:
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby, 1934-  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
Bierman, A. K., 1923- (Arthur Kalme)  Search this
Bladen, Ronald, 1918-1988  Search this
Bowles, John  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Davis, Jim, 1901-1974  Search this
Davis, Ron, 1937-  Search this
De Forest, Roy, 1930-2007  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Frazier, Charles  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Hare, David, 1917-1992  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
Kauffman, Craig, 1932-2010  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lefebre, John  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Locks, Seymour, 1919-  Search this
Lye, Len, 1901-1980  Search this
Mack, Heinz, 1931-  Search this
McCracken, John, 1934-2011  Search this
McShine, Kynaston  Search this
Meier, Richard, 1934-  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-2018  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Mundt, Ernest Karl, 1905-  Search this
Murray, Robert, 1936-  Search this
Myers, John Bernard  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Padovano, Anthony  Search this
Piene, Otto, 1928-  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rexroth, Kenneth, 1905-1982  Search this
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Rudolph, Paul, 1918-  Search this
Sandler, Irving, 1925-  Search this
Segal, George, 1924-2000  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Taylor, Edward Silverstone  Search this
Wasserman, Tamara E.  Search this
Wesselmann, Tom, 1931-2004  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Lectures
Date:
1962-circa 1969
Summary:
The Barbara Rose papers date from 1962 to circa 1969 and measure 1.4 linear feet. Papers include letters, writings, printed material, interviews with artists, panel discussions, and lectures relating to Barbara Rose's research as an art historian.
Scope and Contents:
The Barbara Rose papers date from 1962 to circa 1969 and measure 1.4 linear feet. Papers include letters, interviews with artists, panel discussions, lectures, writings, and printed material relating to Barbara Rose's work as an art historian and critic.

Letters consist of responses to queries and questionnaires Rose and Irving Sandler sent to contemporary artists as research for writing projects. Questionnaires were sesnt in preparation for an article in Art in America on artists' sensibility of the 1960s, with responses from Robert Motherwell, Robert Craig Kauffman, Len Lye, Robert Morris, George Segal, David Hare, and others. A separate query asked sculptors for their assessment of contemporary sculptor's needs and the potential for patronage, and responses are found from Carl Andre, Charles Frazier, Robert Murray, Anthony Padovano, Ron Bladen, Roy Lichtenstein, Len Lye, Sol LeWitt, Heinz Mack, Otto Peine, Dan Flavin, and Donald Judd.

Interviews conducted by Rose between 1965 and circa 1969 are found with Richard Bellamy, Leo Castelli, James E. Davis, Henry Geldzahler, Ivan Karp, Lee Krasner, John Lefebre, John Myers, Donald Judd with Frank Stella, and Tom Wesselmann. All interviews include original sound recordings, and the Judd and Stella, Krasner, and Myers interviews include transcripts. Panel discussions and lectures include sound recordings and transcripts of seven events on a variety of contemporary art and architecture subjects held between 1962 and 1968. Sound recordings are present for five of the events on 10 sound tape reels, and transcripts are present for all events. Participants in the panel discussions and lectures include Barbara Rose, Ronald Davis, Dan Flavin, Robert Kauffman, John Harvey McCracken, Friedel Dzubas, Ansel Adams, Arthur Bierman, Kenneth Rexroth, Edward Taylor, Ernst Karl Mundt, John Bowles, Roy Dean De Forest, Seymour Locks, Walter Hopps, Mark Di Suvero, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, Kynaston McShine, Walter Darby Bannard, Donald Judd, Larry Poons, Robert Rauschenberg, Richard Meier, Paul Rudolph, Claes Oldenburg, and Robert Murray.

Writings include photocopied typescripts of "Myth, Symbol, or Me," by Emily Wasserman and "Excerpts from a Work Journal on Flying Sculpture," by Charles Frazier. Printed material consists of two copies of the premiere issue of the 57th Street Review, from Nov. 15, 1966.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Letters (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Interviews (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Panel Discussions and Lectures (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Writings and Printed Material (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Barbara Rose is an American art historian and critic who has published widely in the field of modern American art. Born in 1938 in Washington, DC, Rose studied at the Sorbonne, Smith College, Barnard, and finally, Columbia University under Meyer Shapiro. Rose became immersed in the New York-based circle of modernist artists and curators in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and made her substantial contribution to the discourse on contemporary art with the insider's perspective this afforded her. In 1961, she married the painter Frank Stella and they had two children before their divorce in 1969.

Rose taught at Yale University, Sarah Lawrence, University of California at Irvine and San Diego, and the American University Art in Italy program, and was senior curator at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, from 1981-1985. A prolific writer, Rose is the author of American Art Since 1900 (1967), The Golden Age of Dutch Painting (1969), American Painting: The 20th Century (Skira, 1969), and monographs on the artists Magdalena Abankawicz, Helen Frankenthaler, Robert Rauschenberg, Alexander Liberman, Larry Rivers, and others, as well as dozens of exhibition catalog essays. She held editorial positions at Art in America, Vogue, Artforum, Partisan Review, and Journal of Art, and her writing has also appeared in Art International, Studio International, Arts Magazine, and ARTnews, among many others.
Related Materials:
Barbara Rose papers, 1940-1993 (bulk 1960-1985) are located at The Getty Research Institute Special Collections.
Separated Materials:
Additional papers of Barbara Rose are held by The Getty Research Institute.
Provenance:
Donated 1971-1977 by Barbara Rose.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Lectures
Citation:
Barbara Rose papers, 1962-circa 1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.rosebarb
See more items in:
Barbara Rose papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosebarb

The International style in perspective : sound recordings

Creator:
Harvard University. Graduate School of Design  Search this
Names:
Beeby, Thomas H.  Search this
Bletter, Rosemarie Haag  Search this
Cobb, Henry Nichols, 1926-  Search this
Colquhoun, Alan, 1921-  Search this
Drexler, Arthur  Search this
Eisenman, Peter, 1932-  Search this
Forster, Kurt Walter  Search this
Handlin, David P.  Search this
Hewitt, William E., 1935-  Search this
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 1903-1987  Search this
Levine, Neil  Search this
McCue, Gerald M., 1928-  Search this
Meier, Richard, 1934-  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Rudolph, Paul, 1918-  Search this
Rykwert, Joseph, 1926-  Search this
Searing, Helen  Search this
Sekler, Eduard F. (Eduard Franz)  Search this
Smithson, Peter, 1923-  Search this
Stern, Robert A. M.  Search this
Zevi, Bruno, 1918-2000  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (sound cassettes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
1980 Apr. 16-17
Scope and Contents:
A symposium, "The International Style in Perspective," sponsored by Harvard University Graduate School of Design and held to commemorate the 1932 exhibit 'The International Style' held at the Museum of Modern Art. Speakers and panelists include architects, architectural historians and critics, among them: Thomas Hall Beeby, Rosemarie Bletter, Henry Cobb, Alan Colquhoun, Arthur Drexler, Peter D. Eisenman, Kurt Forster, David Handlin, William Hewitt, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Philip Cortelyou Johnson, Neil Levine, Gerald Mallon McCue, Richard Alan Meier, Lewis Mumford, Paul Marvin Rudolph, Joseph Rykwert, Helen Searing, Eduard Sekler, Peter Denham Smithson, Robert A. M. Stern and Bruno Zevi.
Provenance:
Donated 1982 by Harvard University.
Restrictions:
Untranscribed; use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Architecture, Modern  Search this
International style (Architecture)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.harvuniv
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-harvuniv

Paul Rudolph : the Florida houses / Christopher Domin and Joseph King

Author:
Domin, Christopher  Search this
King, Joseph  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Physical description:
237, [11] p. : ill., plans ; 21 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
2002
C2002
20th century
Topic:
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_674836

Experiencing Bond Centre / Nora Leung

Author:
Leung, Nora  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918- Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Bond Centre (Hong Kong)  Search this
Physical description:
80 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
China
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (China)
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Office buildings  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA6234.C62 H85 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_455367

Paul Rudolph : drawings for the Art and Architecture Building at Yale 1959-1963

Author:
Yale University School of Architecture  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
31 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1988
C1988
Call number:
NA737.R9 Y18 1988
NA737.R9Y18 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_388478

Paul Rudolph: drawings. Edited by Yukio Futagawa; designed by Gan Hosoya

Author:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Futagawa, Yukio 1932-  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Physical description:
211 p. illus. 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
Call number:
NA737.R8F87X 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_280289

The work of Paul Rudolph / Lamia Doumato

Author:
Doumato, Lamia  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-  Search this
Physical description:
19 p. ; 28 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
20th century
Topic:
Architecture--History  Search this
Call number:
Z8763.863 .D68X
Z8763.863.D68X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_119327

Paul Rudolph retrospective exhibition 1967 : [held at] Tampa Bay Art Center of the University of Tampa, Tampa, Florida, 4 May-26 May ..

Author:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Tampa Bay Art Center  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : chiefly ill. ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1967
1967?]
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA2440.T3 T33
NA2440.T3T33
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_139565

The architecture of Paul Rudolph. Introd. by Sibyl Moholy-Nagy. Captions by Gerhard Schwab. With comments by Paul Rudolph. [Translation of the captions into English by Maria Kroll.]

Author:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl 1905-  Search this
Physical description:
239 p. illus. (part col.), map, plans, port. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
[1970]
Call number:
NA737.R9 M69
NA737.R9M69
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_4506

Kaufmann House, Fallingwater, Bear Run Pennsylvania, 1936 / Frank Lloyd Wright ; edited and photographed by Yukio Futagawa ; text by Paul Rudolph

Author:
Wright, Frank Lloyd 1867-1959  Search this
Futagawa, Yukio 1932-  Search this
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Subject:
Wright, Frank Lloyd 1867-1959  Search this
Edgar J. Kaufmann House (Bear Run, Pa.)  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. ; 37 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
1970, 1974 printing
Call number:
NA737.W7 F873X
NA737.W7F873X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_71542

After you left/they took it apart : (demolished Paul Rudolph homes) / Chris Mottalini

Photographer:
Mottalini, Chris  Search this
Author:
Arieff, Allison  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 71 pages : color illustrations ; 21 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
Lost architecture  Search this
Architectural photography  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Construction and demolition debris  Search this
Wrecking  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1047512

The architecture of Paul Rudolph / Timothy M. Rohan

Author:
Rohan, Timothy M.  Search this
Subject:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 290 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Date:
2014
Topic:
Brutalism (Architecture)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1050593

Writings on architecture / Paul Rudolph ; foreword by Robert A.M. Stern

Author:
Rudolph, Paul 1918-1997  Search this
Physical description:
163 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2008
C2008
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Architecture--Philosophy  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_958590

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